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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, May 05, 1921, Image 8

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Director* *>rv< officers: Prank A. Munwy,
PresicUut; Li -In Wardman, Vlc*-Preald?nt.
Wm. T. D? *? .it, '1r?o*ur*r. H. 11. Tlthsr
fn?to*. litrttuT.
On* 8lx On*
By Mail, Postpaid. Year. Month*. Month.
DAILY a SUNDAY...112 00 $6 00 8100
DAILY only 10 00 0.00 .05
SUNDAY only A00 2.25 .40
SUNDAY only. Canada. ? 00 8-25 .65
DAILY A SUNDAY.. SMOO 818.30 $2 40
DAILY only 18.00 11.00 1.60
SUNDAY only 0.78 8.13 .88
All eh*eka, money orders, As., to b* mad*
payafcl* to Tit* Sun-Herald.
Braarh Offices for r*c?lpt of advartl**m?nt*
and sale of pap*r*;
Pain n ru. Uptown One*? Baucwn iNn
80th St. Entrant* 1888 Broadway (otia
Dight up). T*l. Chal**a 4000.
'Ultm Ornc??205 Wgar 12StH St., nvab
Kbtbnth Atk. Tal. 704 MornlngsiCe. Open
until 10 P. M.
Wv*hihoton Hiiskts Omo-MB Wwt
181st St. T*l. 0008 Wadeworth. op*n until
10 P. M.
Somani if St. OpFin-Cssn 18rM St. an*
SarraTH Av*.?T*l. Chelsea 4000.
Downtown Omrw?206 Bhoadway. Open
8 A. M. to 10 P. M. i Sunday*. 2 P. M. to
10 P. M.
Bbookitn Orrr mt?34 Courr St. Tel. Main
5488. Open urtll 10 P. M. Kaui.* Hlildino,
808 WaaHiNPioN St. T*l. 1100 Main.
Baoxx Onms?018 Wiui* A?*.. at 148th St
Tel. MM Melroee. Open until 10 P. M
Prlarlpal Amertcaa all Feretgn Unmans.
WASHINGTON?The Munsey Building.
CHICAGO?208 South La Belle St.
LONDON?40-43 Fleet St.
PARIS?49 Avenue d* l'Opera. 38 Rue du
Thb Nbw Yo?k IIcsaio mi founded by
Jamea Gordon Bennett In 1885. It remained
the sole property of It* founder until hi*
death, in 1872. when his son, also James
Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership
of the paper, which remained In his hands
until his death. In 1018. Tit* Hbiald be
came the property of Frank A. Munsey, Ite
present owner, In 1920.
THURSDAY, itAY 5, 1921.
The Steel Corporation Now in
the Procession.
Nothing of greater moment has
happened In the economic readjust
ment demanded In America than the
United States Steel Corporation's
wage reduction of 20 per rent And
this would have come sooner, as The
New York Heuald understands, ex
cept for certain technical reasons.
How important it Is to this country
that the Steel Corporation has Joined
the Industrial procession hack to eco
nomic sanity can be no better pic
tured than with Judge Gaby's illumi
nating explanation: "The wage costs
make up nearly 00 ner cent, of the
cost of manufacturing steel."
For that very reason the nine wage
ecale Increases from the beginning of
the war to February, 1020, and the
labor cost of a ton of finished steel
went up together like clockwork. In
1012, with an average yearly wage of
$<<57 the lnbor cost a ton was *15.13.
In 1014 the average wage was $005
and the labor ton cost $18.01. By
the average annual wage was
up to $1,042 and the labor ton cost
up to $17.04. By 1017 the average
nnnunl wage was up to $1,280 and the
labor ton cost up to $23.24. Then
came these further increases: 1018,
average annual wage $1,685. labor ton
cost $32.04 : 1010, average annual wugc
*1,005, lnbor ton cost *30.95; 1020,
average annual wage $2,173, labor ton
cost $40.80.
The average annual wage going up !
from $857 in 1912 to $2,173 in 1920
was up two and a half times. The |
ton labor cost going up In the samei
period from $15.13 to $40.80 was up!
two and a third times.
.Tust as labor cost, accounting foT
nine-tenths of the whole cost of uink-j
Ing the steel, could not fail as it went;
np to carry up correspondingly the
cost of steel, so there could be no pos
sible way to bring the cost of steel
down without working down the pre
ponderating labor cost The Steel
Corporation does not, of course, at
tempt to get Ua costs down to earth
again in one great jump. It did not
them up in one great Jump. It
would he altogether too drastic and
disturbing to come down the whole
way all at once, for with the nine
wage increases from 1015 to Febru
ary, 1920, the company carried
wages up 153 per cent The 20 per
cent, reduction, however, with which
the company doea make the start hack
takes fifty points off the 153 point
Increase. The average wage, In other
words, which was $2 a day in 1915,
and rose to $4 in early 1913, and on
up to $5 in 1920, goes back to $4,
where It was three years ago, before i
the last three Increases.
The break having come with the
rertnlnty that other readjustments
must follow, the huge value of the
change to the country is obvious.
For what is true of the steel busi
ness as to labor costs is true of the
construction business, is true of
transportation, Is true of manufac
turing the necessaries of life.
The cost to the American people of
housing themselves, of feeling them
selves, of clothing themselves u
had a chance, as The New Yosk Hiu
atn iterated and reiterated when cap
ital and labor alike were hesitating
to begin to return to reason?the cost
of American living neier had a chanco
to get back permanently to anything
like normal aniens ami until a.l their
labor r. sts, in the great majority of
cases 90 per cent, of production costs,
should get back to something like
When the United States Steel C5or
pomtlon meets the vital Issue squarely
as It now does it adds enormously to
ftie momentum of the national swing
back to normal. When the United
States merchant marine meets the is
sue squarely, as It ia now doing, It
further helps. When the Untied
States Ball road I.nhor Board meets
the Issue squarely, as It must In '
few days tf It Is fit to hojd ' .
r.?< serve the needs of the country, li
! will further help.
It Is a question of ti pull together
all along the line. No one Industry. \
no one hundred Industries can stund >
apart, keeping up production costs.
Longwood, May 5, 1821. j
A room about fourteen feet square,
Ita walls hung with dull brown nan
keen, its two small windows framed
with cheap white curtains. Above
the white wood mantelpiece, with Its
small dark fireplace, are portraits of
Mabic Loures and the King of Rome.
To the right Is a picture of Joseph
ine. The furniture consists of a
chest of drawers, an old bookcase, a
sofa, a small Iron camp bedstead and
a sliver basin and Jug. The sliver
vessels are the only furnishings that
suggest royalty. The iron bedstead
holds all that speaks of greatness.
Outside the long, low house a storm
whips an Island that la always the
toy of the trade winds. Trees wre
down and gardens ruined. Occasion
ally Dr. Antommabchi steps out Into
the tempest as If to find relief In ?
struggle less bitter to the spectator
than that which Is going on In the
Mttle room where his fellow Ooralcan
Is coming to the end.
The morning breaks with tropical
speed, but with It comes no calm. At
6 o'clock the man on the cot springs
up for the last time and speaks, also
for the last time: "TGte d'armfie!"
It Is the cry of one In a great dream.
General Montholon gently forces
him back upon the cot. After that,
except for the storm, the silence is
almost complete; once there Is a lit
tle commotion when the young son
of Bertrand, coming in for a last
look, faints and falls.
All day the storm outside, all day
the battle of the soul to be free. The
familiar consciousness disappears,
leaving the brain to the subliminal
nnd the parade of memory. The grand
moments of the past flash upon the
screen of remembrance: Marengo,
Jena, Austerlltz; the magnificent year
of 1812, when all the sovereigns in
Knrope except three were his ser
vants; the day of the Consulship;
the day of his second marriage; the
birth of his son ; the wonderful march,
after Elba, from Cannes to Paris.
Regretful pictures too; the failure
to conquer the East; the grandeur
with which he would have closed his
life If he had died at the summit of
his glory at Dresden; nnd, of course,
the misery of Waterloo.
If there can be visions of the fu
ture: a Prussia, made strong by fear
of him, nearly as drunk with strength
as he was; a Europe more shaken
with war than even be shook if
kings displaced by their people as
rudely as he had pulled them down
to put his brothers on thrones; a
Europe nearly all republican and not
at all Cossack j his France united In
i battle with his old enemy, Eugland;
1 the Louisiana territory, which he had 1
said would be the means of hnmbllng
England, pouring Its men nnd food
across the Atlantic to help England
n? well as France; his aphorism,
"wur is a matter of tact," proving
the key of the allied triumph.
I be day ends. The storm growing
fiercer, broken branches clatter against
the windows and the sides of the
house. The only sound now |n the
little room Is the labored breath of
the sufferer and the low voice of th?
Abbe Vionali In the prayers for the'
dying. The prayers end. The doctor !
makes a test. Enter the friends In
exile. .Mostholon, Las Cabas and
Heutrand, and their families. Now
they can weep, for tholr Emperor will I
never hear anything egaln. Two EngJ
llsb officers In uniform come in like i
machines, approach the iron cot and
lay their fingers on the hands that
for twenty years played with the
world. There Is no warmth, no pulse.
Still like machines they leave the
room to report to the Governor that
he will have no more complaints from
General Bonaparte. Europe may
breathe easily again.
Mabchand, faithful valet since the
dnys of his master's greatest fortune,
lays an old cloak over the thin form
on the Iron cot. Month olon, who
was in the Italian campaign as a
boy, remembers that he first saw the
clonk at Marengo, more than twenty
years before.
Out In the storm two men start
across the fields with spades.
Castles in Spain.
A Spanish architect, Serlor .Torres
Campos, has Just published an upiwnl
for the preservation of the ancient
castles of Spain. lie Is apparently a
sensible young inan with n practical
plan, which is not concerned with
those airy structures raised in day
dreams all over the world but has to i
do with embattled and turretcd wn'ls
silhouetted on the heights of cliffs nnd
which often seem In the twilight flont
lu; foundationieKs among fbe clouds.
But the castles for which Scfior
Torres Campos asks protection are
l reminders of the romantic days of
i Hpnln's military and commercial
power, of I.i Saoe and Gil Bias, Cer
vantes nnd Don Quixote and of the
1 conquistadors who brought back from
1 the American colonies the gold with
which many of these great fabrics
were ra!>ed,
The cnstle of Coca, In the fifteenth
nnd sixteenth centuries ihe seat of'
the powerful Fonseea family nnd ree- j
osmlxed as one of the most beautiful
plcees of military architecture not
only In Spain but In the world, has
been rubbed of Ihe great Genoese'
marbles which adorned Its courtiard.,
ami many of Its turrets have been i
hacked bv seeker* for building stone,'
while its richly carved arches and
sculpture have been carried away by
nbtk|tuirifln?. In the hills of Eslre
mndura, over which Pizarro, the de
of Peru, tramped as a sheep
herder; where Cortkz, the conqueror
of Mexico, was born, and where many
other of the conquistadors returned
with their wealth, the magnificent
castles and palaces they built are
being ruthlessly destroyed.
The fine old castle of Manzanare'.
In the land made familiar by many of
the adventures of Don Quixote, has
fallen Into ruins. In the great hall
of the palace of Petiaranda, near
VaUadolld, decorated with a marvel
lous celling of Moorish carpentry, a
sawmill has been Installed, and the
grand stairway has been partly torn
away to make room for It. The an
cient fortress of Curlel, one of the
best examples of the lost art of the
Anduluslan Arabs, has suffered from
the antiquarians' Inroads; the grand
stairway and the best of the wood
carving were carried away to Madrid,
and tons of beams covered with paint
three centuries old were taken away
as firewood. The town of Ouellar, seat
of the great Albuquerque family, is
In decay, the great castle Is dilapi
dated and the superb Albuquerque
tombs hare been acquired by the His
panic Society of America.
Sefior Torres Campos recognizes
the fact that many of these old castles
must become ruins; but he wishes
them to grow old with the centuries,
not to be robbed of their treasures or
to be carted away by house builders.
He sees the Inability of the ow ners to
care for them, but he hopes that by
directing the world's attention to them
they may through tho publicity thus
attained be saved to future genera
tions as a heritage of passed days.
PoralMff In this practical age good
building stones count for more than
castles In Spain whether on the
ground or In the air.
Tariffs the World Over.
The American tariff system, based
on a scientific principle and operated
for a consistent purpose, is now In
contrast with all sorts and varieties
of tariffs here, there and everywhere.
It has become a worldwide habit for
one set of nations to adopt protective
measures against another set whose
currencies have depreciated, whose
wage costs are low and who are
liable, or thought to be liable, to dump
goods on the International markets
at ruinous prices. The tnrlff as a
cureall for inevitable complaints
against after war conditions due to
the laws of nature itself has found
a multitude of apostles In far off
India and Australia, its well as In
Canada, the West Indies and South
In Chile an import tariff has re
cently been authorized to protect
Chilean agriculture and to throw up
breastworks around new domestic
manufacturing enterprises. A sec
ondary purpose is to supplement the
national revenue heretofore drawn
principally from export duties.
in free trade England a tariff as
high as GO per cent, has been au
thorized as a barbed wire entangle
ment around key industries like
glass making, magneto manufactur
ing and the compounding of chemi
cals. In Canada and in the British
West Indies, as well as in Australia,
the tariff is being used to promote
by preferential duties u closer trade
alliance among British possessions.
In Austria the tariff has been
raised again and again until It is
now eighty times as high as the pre
war tariff, the motive being to make
Import revenues paid In depreciated
paper money equal the tariff receipts
paid In gold or its equivalent before
the war.
liut it is the Indian tariff to which
particular attention should bo drawn
because it Is framed on the principle
that a system of high import duties
can in these unusual times be used
to correct the adverse effects of low
exchange rates arising from an ad
verse balance of trade. Until last
year India was practically on a sil
ver basis and the rupee, the common
monetary "nit of that country, w is
worth at par a little more than 32
cents. In 11)20 India went on a gold
basis, and to give the rupee a par
value in line with its actual value
In the high silver market then pre
vailing par was fixed at about 48
cents, or two English shillings, in
gold. Since then the silver market has
fallen and Indian trade has turned
adverse. The rupee has declined to
2(1 cents here and to one shilling
three pence in London.
The reason for a protective tnrlff
In India was not the need for devel
opment of home production, which
was higher than ever. Nor was there
any great danger of ruinous competi
tion from other countries with ad
verse exchange and low wage costs.
The idea was simply und solely to
raise the price of forelgu goods to the
Indian consumer so he would pur
chase loss abroad aud thus cut down
tin- adverse balance of trade and raise
the price of the rupee.
The belief that a tariff will do this
may or may not be bo , e out by fu
ture developments. Manifestly the
expectation that the tariff will do
what Tndin wants it to do is based
on sound logic. It will certainly
raise tin- price of foreign goods, and
tliere could he no surer way of re
ducing the consumption of such goods,
outside of an embargo, than by rais
ing prices.
And tiiis bears directly on our own
tariff question. The money of other
countries Is so far h?low the normal
price In dollars that many foreign
purchasers rnnnot afford to buy our
merchandise, which has accumulated
in vaat quantities In the selling places
abroad. And in addition to this, the]
low value of foreign moneys makes ;
this a ohi>ice market for foreign good*
and lays ua open to the danger ofj
What will happen, then, if we im
pose too high a tariff and raise unduly
the price of foreign goods? Here, as
In India, the consumption of such
goods will be curtailed. The result;
of this curtailment will be in this
country what It Is in India, a further
Increase in the price of domestic cur
rency and a farther depreciation of
foreign moneys. If we cut off the
market for foreign goods here we
shall also cut off foreign buying
power and thus rob onr own goods of
markets abroad. If we raise still
further the price of the dollar abroad
we shall further postpone the collec
tion of unpaid debts and interest
owing us.
This country has no foreign obliga
tions to pay, no adverse trade bal
ance, no depreciated exchange. It
has largo capital Increment abroad,
an enormous accumulated surplus of
exports and a dollar altogether too
high In the International markets to
facilitate trade or contribute to our
The Hired Man.
That there Is a disposition on the
part of many men who a year ago
would not consider work outside the
centres of population to take Jobs as
farm huuds la reported by various
observers. This Is an encouraging
development and suggests an Improve
ment in farm conditions.
In the old days farm work in most
parts of the United States was syn
onymous with drudgery. From sun
up to dark wag the working day for
many farm hands, and only those
who have gone through a spring plant
ing or an autumn harvesting under
the old conditions can appreciate the
strain such toll Imposes. Nowadays
farm labor has been systematized and
made easier in many respects.
With changed conditions in the
country and a realization that much
of the attraction of the cities was
artificial, men who were drawn to the
towns by war industries are turning
to the farms again. Shorter hours
and good wages have also gained for
the farms recruits from the ranks of
factory bands on part time, and
within the last two months many a
mun has been grateful for the edu
cation acquired on the farm. It lias
been n satisfaction for blm to be able
to say the mysteries of milking or
hitching a double team were an open
book to liim.
The man who sticks to the soil may
never have as lnrge a bank account
as some of those who stay close to
the paved sidewalks and streets, but
he will have the pleasure of living In
the open, and If he Is the owner of
even the smallest farm, bought, with
the proceeds of the labor of his hands,
he will derive from It a satisfaction
which only those who have experi
enced the keen Joy of walking on
their own land cnn fathom.
Cortez Wins by a Song.
The first sentence of Senator
Lodge's recent speech on the Colom
bian treaty was: "Since the day wtien
Cortez In poetry and Bai.boa In fact
discovered the Pacific Ocean the
Isthtnns of Panama has never ceased
to play a part in the history of the
world." Since Keats more than a
century ago wrote
"Then felt I like some watcher of the
?k lea
When a new planet swims Into hla
ken ;
Or llko stout Cortez wlw with eagle
He stared at the Pacific "
the world has credited the discovery
to Cortkb. Historlnus may lecture,
statesmen protest, geographers scold,
orators thunder; a singer erred and
popular acclaim gives bold Cortez
honor for the discovery of the Pacific
Ocean when he took Panama.
That "very wise man." quoted by
Andrew Fi^tcher of Snltoun In a
letter to the Mnrqnls of Montrose.
who believed that "If a man were
permitted to make all the ballads he
need not care who should make the
lows of a nntlon," must wink with
kindly splrltuul eyes at Keats when
they meet in the Elyslan Fields.
According to the news from Wash
ington President Hardinq has dis
armed disarm anient.
The skies seetn to have established
a sunlight saving system.
Professor Wuxum Robkut Brooks,
who died at his home In Geneva. New
York State, on Tuesday, was credited
with discovering more comets than
any of his contemporaries. He had
twenty-sevov to his credit, according
to the lat? available record. Many
of these he discovered by the use of
a telescope of his own construction,
for, like many other astronomers, he
was an Instrument maker of unusual
ability. His devotion to his work may
l>e Judged from the fact that his fatal
Illness is attributed to his continued
observations at Smith Observatory In
Geneva, voluntarily undertaken after
he had done his routine work. He wn?
a useful and Industrious student of a
most fascinating specialty.
Ha\ erelgn.
I own the world : mine are tho hills
And mine the verdant vales,
The lakes end rivers and the sens,
The highways and the traits.
The forests and tho mountain tops.
The deserts and the plains.
And all the argosies of cloud
Discharging snows and rslns.
I have no consort, but I reign
Forevertnore alone,
A primal force, to' death and time
To m ? are belli unknown.
St-premest freed im I enjoy.
No power my wlnga can bind :
Invisible, Invincible,
Behold! I am the wind.
AltN'NA iKVlNrj,
A Trillion Dollar Trust.
The Earth, Inc., Proposed to Take
Charge of the Globe.
To Tub Nbw York Hkkald: Many
suggestions have been made for & method
of control of international relationship.
The league of Nations, while not per
fect, has many points to commend It, and
we find nearly everybody agreed tnat
there should be some form of interna
tional organization.
What would he more natural In han
dling these big affairs than to use the In
strument which has found almost uni
versal application In controlling the bus
iness relationship of individuals? Our
ideas of corporations have grown by
leaps and bounds during the past twenty
rive years and we see to-day numerous
corporations whose soope of operation
And capitalisation would have staggered
the Imagination of our forefathers. The
war, if It accomplished auythlng, has
taught us how to think In large figures.
We are used to thinking of billion dollar
corporations, so why not take the next
step and organise n trillion dollar com
pany, "The Earth. Inc."?
Since It Is only on account of Interna
tional intercourse that the various coun
tries are interested in each other, why
not make the international commerce for
the past ten or twenty years the basis
for the Issue of the proferred stock In
the proposed company? The common
stock Issue could be based on the po
tential possibilities of the country.
Kor example, 'China with Its large ares
and population in proportion to Its for
eign commerce would be entitled to
large block of common stock. Amerloa
with a large Import and export business,
besides a large area and population,
would bo a heavy stockholder and en
titled to a place on the executive com
mittee or perhaps the office of chairman
of the board.
The profits of the company would be
derived from a small tax on all goods
shipped from one country to another
and would be used primarily In main
taining an International police force and
various other bureaus of International
service. The surplus profits could be
paid in dividends and the stock used as
collateral for national Indebtedness.
Having got the nations working to
gether on a common business proposi
tion. all other relationships would be
more easily solved and we would then
have a basis for unlr'i/sM peace and a
chance to demonstrate the square deal
even to the minority stockholders.
Howard B. Bishop.
Summit. N. J., May 4.
Wool Needed Again.
This Time for Sweaters for Tubercu
losis Patients and Poor Children.
To Th? Nfiw York Herald: Two
thousand women, connected with forty
different organizations. are knitting
sweaters for the benefit of the poor and
the sick In New York's tenements.
These sweaters will be greatly needed
during the coming summer by women
and children who suffer from tubercu
losis and who should live In the open
air. but particularly by undernourished
and delicate children who will be sent
to summer camps and seashore homes.
This sweater knitting campaign was
recently inaugurated by the New York
Association for Improving the Condition
of the Poor through an appeal printed
in the dally newspapers, and the re
sponse for knitters was so generous that
the A. I. C. P. is now embarrassed by
the lack of a sufficient quantity of wool.
The association therefore mukes an
other appeal, this time for wool?por
hapa some that was left over from the
war period?or the money with which
to buy It. A minimum of $5,00(1 is
For each dollar Invested In material a
three dollar sweater will be produced.
We need more knitters, but our great
est need Just now Is wool, and we ask
the friends of the poor to respond to
this need as generously as possible.
Please send all contributions of wool
and money to the office of the A. I. c.
P., 105 East Twenty-second street. New
York. Bailey B. Burrppt, |
General Director A. I. C. P.
New York, May 4.
Why These Bathtubs?
An Aboriginal of Greenwich Village
Puzzled by Newronierg.
To The New York Heraid; Every
time a house In Greenwich Village la
sold the new owner descends 011 the
premises, looks over the building and
says with authority that the plumbers
will be around the next day or two to
begin work. Notwithstanding that title
to the property haa not yet been taken,
the bath must bo Installed.
Wo poor aboriginal descendants wore
taught the uso of hot water and soap
and wo hope wo are clean, but how can
we tell when our Immediate world has
hud no conversation with our new neigh
bors except about the bathtub?
Perhaps some newcomer will axplnln
Just why all these bathtubs. L. C.
New York, May 4.
Continuation School Rules.
Attendance May Be Required of
Children L'nder 17.
To The New York Herald: Please
inform me If the new school law does
not ssy that a boy or girl 1? years old
can go to work and does not need attend
continuation school thereafter.
Brooklyn, May 4. James Duoan.
Director Sengle, in charge of eve
ning and continuation schools, an
swers the question In this fashion:
"Any boy or girl under 17 not a
kradunte from elementary school must i
attend a continuation school four hours
each week."
Lloyd's of Ixmdoii.
To the New York Herald: A bet*
that Lloyd's of London Is a regularly
Incorporated Insurance company. R beta '
it Is not. Which le right?
William M. Brown.
Syracuse, May 4,
Lloyd's was Incorporated In 1S71 for
the purposes of 1, carrying on the
business of marine Insurance; 2. col
let-ling and distributing maritime in
telligence; 3, protecting the common
Interests and credit of members.
Strange f ase of Visibility.
Smith renter cormpvniltnra Tap<kn , ap,t?l
Ths electric storm Monday night carried
sway the Luther Golden fsmlly .log on a
farm near her,.. The dug has jUat t?.,n
found uninjured but very hungry in an
underground lea houao aoine distance from
the farmhouse which had been unroofed by
the storm before the dogs unwilling en
trants The animal's hair la charged
heavily with electricity since the etorni
The dog ahows up brilliantly after dark
Rare Napoleonic Works on Sale
Silver Statuette of Emperor Brings $635 at Auction of
Sidney G. Reilly Collection.
The collection of Sidney O. Roilly of
New York and London of literary, ar
tistic and historical works Illustrative of
the life of Napoleon Bonaparte was
placed on sale yesterday afternoon at
the American Art Galleries To-day two
sessions, which close the sale, take place
on the centennial of Napoleon's death.
Yesterday afternoon's total in bids was
An equestrian statuette In silver by
Prince Paul Troubetskoy. representing
Napoleon during the campaign In Prus
sia. 1306, the figure 17 >4 inches high,
brought the top price of the afternoon,
going to K. P. Bonaventure for $635,
The same bidder paid $350 for a small
oil painting by Penis Auguste Marie
Raffet called "Italic. 1796," and repre
senting Napoleon standing before a
campflre, his officers grouped nenr him;
1300 for a stipple print In color by Fran
cesco Bartolozzi of the "Sitting of the
Council of Five Hundred at St. Cloud";
$260 for a silver gilt statuette of "Bona
parte in Egypt" ; $310 for a stipple print
In color by Antolne Carden of "Napo
leon Accompanied by General Berthier
at the Battle of Marengo," and $180 for
a tortoiseshell gold lined snuff box
bearing on the co\er a miniature por
trait of Napoleon, signed and dated
Muneret, 1808.
An oil painting of Napoleon by Joeeph
Plat Sauvage, a bust portrait In the
uniform of First Consul, was purchased
by Mr. Willleombe for $475. The same
bidder paid $220 for six sliver handled
steel knives engraved with the imperial
arms of Napoleon, being part of the
silverware used by him at St. Helena,
as well as $155 Cor a bust In blsqult of
Napoleon as First Consul, the work of
the sculptor Bolzot.
Leg Elwyn paid $240 for a miniature
of Napoleon on porcelain, and H. C.
Matthews gave $190 for a silver gilt
coffee urn which was presented to the
Empress Josophlne by her sister-in-law,
Queen Caroline of Naples. A gold re
peating watch with a beautifully ex
ecuted portrait of Bonaparte as First
Chnsul by Pasquier was acquired by
Herbert Delpuy for $200.
Dance to Open Art Exhibition.
With a loan collection of ancient and
modern art as a setting the younger and
older generations of society will Join
to-morrow night in a dance in the Fine
Arts Building, 215 West Fifty-seventh
street, to mark tb? opening and private
view of the exhibition by the Junior Art
Patrons of America. From Saturday
on for a considerable period of time the
general public that takes an interest in
nil forward art movements will have an
opportunity of finding out for itself
something about this project that aims
to cultivate a taste for art among the
young. To-morrow night the Junior
Art Patrons will have the gallery to
themselves, and some of tnem will go
to the private opening from dinner
parties to be given by Mrs. Kgerlun E.
Wlnthrop and Mrs. Alfred C. Bossom.
in addition to Mrs. Wlnthrop and
Mrs. Bossom the patrons and i*itron
esses of the Junior Art Paurous of
America include their husbands. Prof,
and Mrs. Henry Fairfield Osborn, Mr.
and Mrs. Herbert I.. Satterlee, Mr. and
Mrs. It. Horace Harding, Mrs. William
K. Vanderbilt, Mr. and Mrs. R. T. ]
Haines Halsey, Mr. Adolph L<ewlsohii,
Mr. J. St. Aubin t'orllsson. Mr. Georgi .
Palmer Putnam. Mr. Jules S. Bache. !
Mrs. Vanderbilt Webb, Mrs. Willaid I
Straight, Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears,
Mr. and Mrs. John Henry Hammond,
Mrs. Gordon Abbott. Mr. and Mrs. U. J.
Caldwell, Mr. and Mrs. Benson Bennett
Sloan and Messrs. Robert Perkins, John
T. Spaulding and Thomas B. Clarke.
95,000 fur MeConiuu'k Box.
The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick paid
$5,000 for a bo* for John McCormack's
concert for the Irish relief fund to be
given at the Hippodrome tills evening.
The society's second contribution of
$5,000 is regarded as a compliment to
Mr. McCorxnack, who le a member of
the organization. Founded in 1784, It
has had In Its membership many of the
country's Illustrious eltiaens. Some of
those who served as presidents of the
society are the late John D. Criinmlns,
Stephen Farrelly, J. I. C. Clarke, Victor
Herbert, James A. O'Gorman, William
Temple Emmett, Edward E. MoCall and
Victor J. Howling. The present presi
dent Is Judge Daniel F. Cohalan. Henry
E. Joyce Is flrst vice-prealdent and
James J. Hoey la second vice-president.
The reservation for the box at the
concert was made through James J.
Hoey, chairman of the Manhattan Com
mittee for Relief in Ireland. The price
paid establishes a record, It Is said, for
a single bo* at a concert. In addition
to reserving the box for $5,000, the
members of the society made many sin
gle seat reservations for the concert.
Reception to Dr. Angell.
Hpeciat Owpatek to Tub N'bw York 11 braid.
New Havkj*. Conn.. May 4.?Dr. and
Mrs. Arthur Twining Hadley to-night
gave a reception to Dr. James Rowland
Angoll, president-elect of Yale Univer
sity, and Mrs. Angell, at the Yale School
of Fine Arts. In the assemblage were
members of the faculty and px'omlnent
residents of New Haven. During their
stay here Dr. nnd Mrs. Angell were the
guests of Dr. and Mrs. Hadley.
The women's committee of the Greater
New York Committee for Relief In Ire
land will conduct a rummage sale for
the Irish Relief Fund May IB, 17 and
1$ at 126 East Fifty-ninth street. Mrs.
J. H. Woodward, chairman, and her
associates hope to raise at least $3,000
for the fund through the sale. Con
signments of goods for the sale are
being received daily.
The Wind Harp.
The wind harp played in the boughs
Telling of magical things?
Of lovers and lovers' vows
And fond sweet whisperings.
When the shadows began to weave.
And luminous afar
In the purple porch of eve
Glimmered the vesper ft:. -.
Wo heard it play and play
A tender rhythmical strain
That died with a plaintive sway
To rise to rapture agnin;
And we took it close to heart
As the springtime does Its flowers,
Till every passionate part
of the wind harp rune was ours.
Ours to treasure and keep
For some lonely after time
With the Silence chill and deep.
And the earth all white with rime ;
Ours to bear us In flight
Back from the Far Away
To the edge of the dreamy night
When we heard the wind harp play.
Clinton Scollard.
Summer Stars Rising.
Golden A returns and While Spira in
the Evening Sky.
To The New York Hbrald: West
ward the stars of winter take their
flrmamental flight. Sirlus, Orion, Alde
baran, rieladcs, Frocyon and Capella
one by one disappear from our terres
trial vision. Nevertheless Capella and
Gemini still linger long amid evening'e
western sky, and the Sickle of Deo,
adorned by glittering Regulus, lingers
thsrs after Capella and Gemini have set.
Eastward tho stars of summer are
slowly rising. To-night, when church
clooks uro chiming the hour of nine,
golden Arcturus and white Splca have
risen and behind them, hidden below the
eastern horizon, there are scintillating
and glowing blue Vega, ruddy Antares
and yellowish Altalr.
On high, like some star lighted monu
ment dividing the western suns of winter
from the eastern stars of summer, there
shines the familiar outline of the Great
Dipper, which occupies the eastern half
of the constellation Ur?a Major. Benet
nasch. Mizar and Altoth form the han
dle of this Great Dipper, Megrez, Phecda,
Mrrak nnd Dubhle Its bowl?seven suns
In all. Five of these suns, from Benet
nnsch to Phecda, have a somewhat
curved outline, the eastern end of which
points In the general direction of Arc
turus at the bottom of the constellation
P.ohtcs, and the western end In tin: gen
eral direction of Hegulus at the bottom
of the Sickle tn the constellation l*eo.
And. amid the constellation T.co, east
ward from Keguius. there are shining
the planets Jupiter and Saturn. Tlicy
shine throughout tho evening hours,
whereas ruddy Mars sets around 9
o'clock, according to daylight saving
time. Bright nnd beautiful Venus is no
longer nn evening star and she rises
around the hour of B A. M.
Orari.es Nkvers Holmes.
Newton, Mass., May 4.
No Jeli tor the Wight farrier.
From fbe /fossa* (71 fv Htar.
Shortly before Mr: death last week Sum
fladge*. an eccentric clllsen of Topesa. con
tract,.,| with the Topeka Capital for the de
livery of a copy of that paper at hi* gravo
every morning for the n> *? twenty years.
The burial took place la*t. Friday afternoon
and the performance of the contract began
the nest morning. Incidentally, a delicate
problem confronts the circulation depart
ment. The papers ar? delivered long be
fore daylight, and the route, which In
clude* the cemetery wherein reposes the
body of Mr. Badge*, I* covered by a young
negro rarrler. The route ne*t to It, how-I
ever, I* In charge of a white boy named I
Kmory Fittrell, It y*ar? old, and respon- i
Nihility for ths delivery of Mr. Radgo*'* j
paper on i n* ha* been Placed upon him j
for the present. A picture of the boy de
livering the first paper Saturday morning
appear* In the i apitaf and seem* to Indi
cate that the delivery was made after day-1
Healthy Babie. in New York.
TO, Infant Mort.llt) Bale *!>??? ?
Splendid Reduction.
Krom (he WerWp ^
ss ssrSrSiiTi ?
to 1* TTlC'J th^is UP
thirteen weeks of 1tho ,nfant
to the week ending Mar t ns
mortality rate wan 80 * * r>
for the corresponding
VOL a .WW** redu.Ho. ?' ???? ,
fant deaths from all causes.
Kor the first fourteen weeks ff
? tiiat 1h up to the week ending
Amli a we find an Infant mortality
rate of V as against 111 tor ^or
fourteen week, of the year ?P^nU,
a saving of 1.132 Infant lives. > his if*
quarter it 'iiieat numerical
corded in tne cuy ^ {
.K io?t twelve years. In i*cu 11
^'trolS that it is the inrgest
quarterly saving ever recorded in the
''r'h unusual reduction in Infant mor
tality IS all the more encouraging**?
U is remembered that there was an In
in the birth registration during
crease In the Dinn r=h
the flr"t quarter of 1821
. ost 1,000 above last year?to be exact
r A very interesting feature of the
Infant mortality situation is that every
?male weak during the first quarter of
hM shown a substantial reduction
n the number of Infant deaths from all
causes below that of the corresponding
week of ths previous year.
It is difficult offhand to state exactly
what causes are operating to pro u ,
,hls iow infant mortality. M e know
that th. ro is a decided reduction in the
infant death rate from respiratory,
diarrheal and contagious diseases In
the order named. Th< re Is also a reduc
tion in the number of infant deaths from
all causes, while the Increase In the ,
deaths from congenital diseases Is small.
The reduction In infant mortality from
alt causes is common to all the bor
oughs. the greatest being in theorder
named, as follows: Manhattan. Lrook
lyn The Bronx. Queens and Richmond.
As stated above, It is difficult to state
specifically what causes arc OPeratrng to
maintain this low Infant mortal ty ra^
The possibilities that occur to our minds
Ire The mildness of the winter, whteh
resulted in more adequate ventilation
of the premises and tlm greater oppor
tunity for keeping infants out ?f doors,
both of which are extremely Important
in these days, when overcrowding in the
tenements Is so prevalent. It may also ,
that the public at large still has ,
sufficient money from recent prosperous
yes i s to secure better food, clothing and
other things conducive to health and well
being of Infants. |
Above all. it 1? not unlikely that the
educational propaganda of the depart
ment relative to disease, has stimulated
the general public to greater apprecia
tion of the need and Importance of per- j
senal and home cleanliness and hygiene
and to a greater readiness to seek medi
cal advice Immediately upon the onset
of illness. j
>n trknn?n? t'ogfeeslos.
,V?|?,,f t oilet/ n.rre.p^de-cs HMMllfUS ,
CnuritV' Pfwocffl*/ i
If, better to h? drunk on whiskey than
Ignorance. 1 know from esperteiwe.
The Kyc liovn
I cannot tell a Jericho.
A Bourbon from a Cherokee.
Miss latwrcnce front a Jacquevn no .
A China from a Burgundy.
And whom I hop. to cl.lm a. mine.
1, beautiful as any rose.
Nathan M.
Daily Calendar
For Eaatern New York?Rein to-day
and probably to-morrow ; strong north -
eaat winds and galea.
For New Jersey?Rain to-day and probably
ic-morrcw ; no change lu temperature; strong
northeast winds.
For Northern New England?Cloudy to
day. rain ever extreme smith portion; to
morrow fair; no change In temperature,
frvih east and northeast winds.
For Southern New England?Overcaet with
rain to-day end probably to-morrow: n>
change In temperature; strong northeast1
winds and gales..
For Western New York?Cloudy, with rain
In test and south and central portions to
day; to-morrow cloudy; not much Changs in
temiienature; fresh, strong easterly winds.
WASHINGTON, May 4.?The coast storm
has moved very slowly rortheastward ai d
to-night Its centre was off the coast be
tween Delaware Breakwater and the Vir
ginia i'apes. This dlsturbanee has bsen at
tended by rains in the middle Atlantic
States, south New England and the upper
Ohio Valley, and by strong winds and gales
along tliu middle Atlantic and south New
England coasts. Storm warnings rem am
displayed on the Atlantic mast at and be
tween Atlantic City. N. J., and Boston.
?Except for the rains caused by the eastern
storm fair weather was general throughout
? he country. There lias been a general rise
In temperature tn the central valleys, the
lake i-egton and the Northwest, temperatures
remain unseasonably low in the south States
east of the Rocky Mountains.
Tho outlook Is for a continuation of un
settled weather and rains In the uppsr Ohio
Valley, tho middle Atlantic Htates and south
New England and fair weather elsewhere
east of tho Mississippi River to-morrow and
The temperature will riso gradually In the
Sou til States and the great central valleys
and It will change but little In the region
of the groat lakes and tho middle Atlantic
and New England States.
Observations at United States Weather
Bureau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
seventy-fifth meridian time:
Tempers tore. Rainfall
last 24 hrs. Bare- last 24
Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather.
Abilene 78 38 30.04 ... Clear
Albany tig 36 29.90 ... Cloudy
Atlantic City.. 32 r>0 29.86 .80 Cloudy
Baltimore 32 Jk) 20.64 .88 Cloudy
Bismarck .... Otl Sti 30.24 ... Clear
iloatou rat 48 30.00 ... Cloudy
Buffalo 02 34 29.88 ... Cloudy
Cincinnati .... 6 1 30 29.00 .04 Cloudy
Charleston ... 60 32 29.78 ... Rata
Chicago 92 44 80.04 ... Clear
Cleveland 36 48 29.92 ... Cloudy
Denver 70 42 29.92 ... Clear
Detroit 64 30 30.00 ... Cloudy
Galveston .... 70 64 30.14 ... Clear
Helena 7(1 S6 29.61 ... Pt.Ol'dy
Jacksonville... 08 00 29 ft ... Clear
Kansas City.. 60 42' 80.24 ... Clear
Los Angeles... 62 34 8O.04 ... Pt.Cl'dy
Mllwauke .... 34 42 80.16 ... Clear
Now Orleans.. 70 30 :to.03 ... Clear
Oklahoma ..., 04 82 30.18 ... Pt.Cl'dy
Philadelphia.. 32 48 29.74 1.62 Rain
Pittsburgh .... ,'41 80 20.82 .20 Rain
Portland, Me.. 60 48 30.(6 ... Clear
Portland, Ore. t.2 18 30.04 . 02 ltaln
Salt Laks City 78 36 20.74 ... Cloudy
Han Antonio... 80 60 80.08 ... Clear
Han Diego 00 34 So.ua ... Cloudy
San Franclnco ,V. 48 30.0U .04 Rain
Seattle 30 II 29.94 ... Cloudy
HI. Louis 62 44 30.14 ... Clear
St. Paul 62 10 30.26 ... Clear
Washington ,. 32 48 29.62 00 Cloudy
8 A.M. 8 P.M.
Barometer , 20.79 2*.7 3
Humidity 8u 7(1
Wind?direction NTS NK
Wind?velocity lf> 32
Weather Cloudy ltaln
Precipitation 01 .49
The temperature tn this city yastorday, a-n
recorded by the official thermometer. Is
shown In tho annexed table;
9 A.M.... M t p. M 37 6P.M.... 57
6 A. M 62 2 P.M.... 30 7 P. M 65
10 A. iM r.3 3 P. M 57 ?P.M 46
11 A. M 64 4P.lt 30 OP. M.... 45
13 M 83 6 P.M.... M lo P.M.... 45
1921. 1920. 1921. l?2o
9 A. XL... 32 30 ? P. M.... 57 48
12 m ra ao o p. M.... 4.5 sr.
3 P. it.... 67 54 12 Alld 45 46
Highest temperature, 59 at 2 P. (M.
.'/owest temperature, 43 at 9 P. M
Average temperature, 32.
Senator lrvln-i 1.. I^enroot of WUcogaln
and Dr. J. Q. 9churman will speak at a din
iht In honor of Axel F. Wallenberg, Swedish
Minister In the United States. under the
auspices of the Amertnun-Hoandlnavtau
Foundation, Waldorf-Astoria, T P. M.
New York County Lawyers' Association,
mooting. Hotel Amor, 8 P. M.
The Dam- I,oggu>< of America, annual
dinner, National Arte Cub. is Gramercy
Park, 7 P. M.
Women'e Harding and Coolldy Club, re
caption, club rooms of (tie Seventh Assembly
district, Broadway, 3 P. M.
Comptroller Charles L. Cmi? will speak
on "City Finances" del ore the Civics Con
ference, Public School IT. Forty-seventh
street near Eighth avenue, 4:30 P. M.
Hiss Maude Miner will talk on "The Girl
Problem In New York,'' meeting of the
Girls' Protective League, In the home or
Mrs. Walter E. Muynard, 114 East Fortieth
street. 3 P. M
I>r. B. p. Ooodhart and Dr. Morton Prtne ?
of Boiton will speak at a stated meeting of
the Academy of Medicine, IT Weat Forty
third strait, fc.30 P, M,
Exhibition of Napoleonic coins and medal.',
American Numismatic Society, Broadway
and 155th street, beginning to-day.
Mrs, George E. Bean will speak on "Topics
of the Pay and Current Literature." Hotel
Plata, 11:30 A. M.
Central Union Trust Company, dinner, Dal
monlco's, k P. M.
New York Post No. 400, Veterans of INrr
eK-n Wsrs, dauoe. Hotel Commodore, 8 P. M.
New York Legislative League, meeting.
Waldorf-Astoria, 2 P. M,
Rotary Club, lunchoon. Hotel McAlpln, ll:8o
P. M.
New York Credit Men's Association, dinner.
Hotel Astor, 7 P. M.
Grand Lodge, F. A A. M., State of New
York, meeting. Masonic Hall, 71 West Twer
ty-thlrd street. 8 P. M.
Medical Society of the State of New York,
convention, Twenty-third Regimoat Armory.
Bedford and Atlantic avenuea, Brooklyn, all
Ft. Andrew's Society, meeting, Waldorf
Astoria. 8 P. M.
United States Pubtte Health Berries, tasoa
Hotel Commodore, 8 P M.
Daughters of the America* Revolution,
luncheon. Hotel McAlpln, 1 P. M.
"The Hnul of Russia," by Mr. Arthur D.
Hove, at P S. 82, Hester and Essex streets.
"The Every Day Chinaman." by Mr. Syd
ney N. lisaher, at Labor Temple, Fourteenth
street and Hecond avenue.; Illustrated.
"The Trend of the Tlmoe," by Mlee Myran
L. Grant, at Kvander Child* H. 8., 184th
street and Field place. The Bronx,
"Man. the Great Copyist of Nature,'*by
Mr. Royal Dixon, at Htuyvesant It. hi., Mf
tecnth street, weel of PI ret avenue.
"Russia Prom Within," by Mr, Jacob H.
Rubin, at Washington Irving 11. 8., Irving
Place anil Sixteenth street.
"Columbia." by Mr. J. H. H. Muirhead, at
P. fl. 50. Broadway and Academy street; Il
"Radium, the Rarest and Moat Prectoua of
Metals," by l?f Amos O. Squire, at P ' 88.
22N East Flfty-saventh street: llluetra'
"Lost Silk Hat." and ''Spreading Ihn
News." by Mr. Jerome Howard, at P. S. 93,
Amsterdam avenue and Nlnety-fhlrd street.
"Health- Succeas," by Ml** Doris Doscher,
at P. S. 118, 177th street near Audubon
"The Oriental Pollry of the United States."
l>y Prof James C. Ballagh, at P. 8. 185, 32'
Wosl 1 Until street.
"Songs of America and Other Lands," by
Mr. and Mrs Thomas W. Pttson, st Youtir
Women's Hebrew Association, 31 West 110th
"Chopin," by Miss Eleor.orc Payaa, at
Morrts II. S., 18flth street and Boston road.
The Bronx.
"A Message for Orurnbters,'' by T'r. Alex
a- der Lyons, at Eastern District H. H., Marcv
.i . ntie and Keep street.
Historic Lak? champlstn." by Miss Jen
-t M Mavis. at Erasmus Hall H. 3., Plat
avenue near Church avenue,
i .-ad of the T!mr?." by Mr. Cleveland
Rougers. at Richmond 11111 H. fl., Stoothoff
strea' and Ttldue weed o.e?nne, Richmond
"Achievements of the Jew," hy Mr. T*1M
Anil, nt Tin Ridge IT. F., Fourth avenue and
Sixty-seventh street.
"Thr Skill Game." by Dr. Henry R- Rota, if
Ttiiehwtci' H. ft.. Irving avsnna and Molts
street: Illustrated.
"The Cause of Crime." hy Dr. William
I D. V R'las. at Ma"i'al Training II. gov
entb avonm and Fifth street.
"A merfein lthie*rators." hy Mr. Ernee*
Knaufft, at P. H 48. Eighteenth nvtrnie and
SIxMp'ti .itreft; Illustrated.
??The -I'd A.-uthw,..- ?? tiv Robert O. Weyh
at R 8. 80. South Third street, near l'-rlrxs
aveum-: liYustfatod.
"Burma. Javn and the Malar Ptstes," hy
Mr. Harrv ( Ostrender, at R. 8 sp. Glean
atraet and Rrltton avenue, Flmhurst. T,. T .
"Wot- "it of Shak'-apeare," by Miss Har
rietts Wi-ems. at P. 8 13, Pennsylvania
avenue. Rosehnnk, F I.
"Anierh'S Lend of Heart's Desire." hv
Miss Ksft-teen Malhew at R. fl. aft, p|sk
lyy-enus. Wes' New Brighton, F I
The Associated Press Is avrluotvaly e-tttfled
to the use for republication of all news dee.
I patches credited to It or not otherwise
credited In tht" paper, and also 'ha local
news published herein,
i Alt rights ef r Jt'esHen r.? --relal dee
tt-atcliss herein arc alto reserve*.

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