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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, May 07, 1921, Image 1

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MM -9 1921
Highest temperature yesterday, 54; lowest, 46. , , *u k,fnr.
D?t*Hed vtuhtr ruports will btr found on editorial (COPYRIGHT, 192 1, BT THE BUN-HERALD CORPORATION J 8*^ SOUnQer newspaper than ever DeiOTC.
Lockwood Committee's Res
olution Demands Substan
tial Sentences.
Untermyer Is Instructed to
Confer With Attorney-Gen
eral for Next Move.
Samuel Untermyer, counsel for the
Uockwood committee investigating
housing, was instructed by a resolu
tion adopted yesterday by the com
mittee to confer with Attorney-Gen
eral Newton in regard to recommenda
tions to be made to the court in cases
of corporations and individuals con
victed or who pleaded guilty to in
dictments found as a result of the
committee's investigation.
The resolution sets forth that illegal
combinations cannot be abated and
building revived unless offenders are
punished by "substantial prison sen
tences." The resolution, it was made
clear, was not directed solely at the
thirty-two corporations and individ
uals that recently entered pleas of
guilty and who are to be sentenced
by Supreme Court Justice Vernon M.
Davis on Monday. It was adopted to
apply as well to all future prosecu
Mr. Untermyer declined to indicate in
any way what his next move would l>e
or when he would take the matter up
with the Attorney-General. His per
sonal views, however, he set forth in
remarks before the committee last
Wednesday, when he expressed the
opinion that the full measure of bene
fit would not be derived from the com
mittee's investigation unless Jail sen
tences followed.
One Way to End Evil.
The resolution follows, in part:
"Whereas, the Investigations thus far
conducted though still uncompleted
have already disclosed the existence of
widespread criminal conspiracies tn re
straint of both State and Interstate
trade in substantially every line of in
dustry affecting building construction,
the effect of which has been to render
the cost of building well nigh prohibi
tive and to greatly enhance rents and
the general cost of living; . . . and
"Whereas, many indictments of mem
bers cf such illegal combinations have
been found and many convictions have
already resulted aa the outcome of such
action; . . . and
"Whereas, the experiences of the com
mittee have demonstrate^ that such
Illegal combinations cannot be abated
and the evils flowing from their opera
tions ended und the construction of
building revived and stimulated unless
the guilty individual offenders who are
shown to have actively, flagrantly, per
sistently and knowingly violated the
criminal laws are punished by substan
tial prison sentences; and
"Whereas, the committee is of the
opinion that the views of Mr. Unter
myer, senior counsel to the committee,
on this subject should be brought to the
attention of the Attorney-General of the
State to the end that he make from
time to ttme such recommendations to
the courts before whom these offenders
are arraigned for trial as he may deem
proper in the light of the above recited
facta and as may be permitted by the
court; now. therefore, be It
"Resolved, That Mr. Untermyer. sen
ior counsel for the committee, be and
he Is hereby requested to confer with
the Attorney-General, and to make such
recommendations to the Attorney-Gen
eral as he rnuy deem warranted by the
Opposition to Resolution.
1 he resolution wan not adopted by
unanimous vote, although the exact
division was not disclosed. Individual
members of the committee decltnod to
discuss the action, but It was learned
that an element present was opposed to
making any suggestion whatever to tho
Attorney-Cencral on the theory that the
committee's work ended when Indict
ments hud been found. Two members
Of the committee. Senator Salvatore A.
Cotlllo, Democrat, and Assemblyman
Edward Neary, Republican, of Queens,
were excused from voting on the ground j
that tlicy had only recently been deslg- ;
nil ted members and were not familiar
with tlie subject. Assemblyman Heler
A. Letntngef, Democrat, was not pres
It was stated, unofficially, that the
vote on the resolution stood 4 In favor
ar?l 3 opposed. Those favoring the
resolution were said to he Senator
Charles O. I.orkwood, chairman; Sen-;
ntor William A. Carson and Assembly
men James H. Caulfield and Ward V.
Tolbert. all Republicans. Those op- 1
posed were said to be Senator J. J
Dunnigan and Assemblyman P*t?r
liamlll. Democrats, and Aascmblyma i 1
Thomas W. McWhlnney, Republican
Lg>vtavn.i.?. Way 6.?One hundred
esses of whiskey, valued at $5,000, were
stolen late Inst night from the Do-.vllng
Distillery at Tyrone, Anderson county.
Ten masked men held up two guards ai
the distillery, the reporta said, snd after
loading the liquor on four motor trunks
made their escape.
When you think of writing,
think of WMITTNR.-drtt
WIIRN your Want Ad. goes Into The Herald
you may know that high grade returns ?r?
renting from It. More than 700.000 quality
(jtisndty circulation assurs* results -Adv.
/ \
Harding Commend* War
Memorial Tree Planting
Special Despatch to Thb New Yoik
New York Herald Burenn, J
Washington, V. C.. May 6. I
letter to Joseph M. Patter
son of Chicago to-day gave
nearty indorsement of the
movement of planting memorial
trees along the important public
highways as a tribute to the
Americans sacrificed in the
world war.
"I can hardly think of a more
fitting testimonial of our grati
tude and affection than this,"
Mr. Harding said. "It would be
not only the testimony of our
sentiments, but a means to beau
tify the country which these
heroes have so well served.'
Storm of Criticism Reaches
War Department Silent?Bill
Designed to Protect Papers
Publishing Names.
Special Despatch to The New York Hbrai.d.
New York llrrald Bnre.au, ;
Washington, I>. C.. M?r fl. (
Despite the fact that a storm of pro
test poured In on Washington to-'day
from all over the country where the
so-called slacker lists have been pub
lished, the War Department has made
no move to stop the publication.
In face of extreme care which the
department asserts was devoted to
preparation of the lists, it is clear
many cases of grave injustice occur
through inclusion of names of inno
cent men, some of whom served with
So many errors' have crept into the
lists that pressure is likely from Con
gress either for revision or suspension
of publication.
Members of Congress began to interest
themselves in the subject and the office
of the Adjutant-General was bombarded
with telephone calls from Representatives
who were hearing from their constituents,
both individuals and newspapers.
Reports show that newspapers are de
clining to print the lists because of the
manifest errors they contain even In cases
where publication had begun. The cases
of error reported in New York are said
to be duplicated elsewhere, although on a
smaller scale.
As an evidence of the storm of protest
that has arisen because of the Incorrect
ness of the lists. Representative Hill
(Md.) introduced a bill which directs the
Department of Justice to conduct the de
fence of publications sued for wrongful
publication of the names of alleged
slackers and provides that In the event
of the "recovery of any judgment against
the publication the United States will
Indemnify It for damages recovered."
"The bill I Introduced," said Mr. Hill,
"provides that in the event of such suit
due to errors in the official list of slack
ers aa published by the War Department
the United States will undertake the de
fence and bear the coet, if any, of such
error In the official list. In my opinion,
since the United States Government
wishes this iiat widely published It Is
unfair to allow newspapers to Incur even
the possibility of suits."
Another short list of alleged draft
dodgers was made public In this city
yesterday, but because of the numerous
Inaccuracies contained In the first list
and protests already made concerning
the second list these names are not pub
lished by Tub Nrw York Herai.o.
Neighbors Find Body in Room
Victim Occupied Alone.
Buffalo, May 6.?The body of John
F. Kceyes, 68, was found to-night In
the rooms which he occupied alone. He
had been missing since Monday. To
night neighbors broke into the house.
Keoyes had been bound and gagged
and tl?nl to the bed and left to die. The
gag and the ropes had cut through
the man's skin in his efforts to free
Commission in Nicaragua
Checking Up on Plans.
Managua. Nicaragua, May 6.?An
American Government commission has
begun the work of placing a valuation
on the land which It will be necessary
to purchase for the building of the pro
posed Interoceanlc canal.
Great quantities of gold coined In the
I'nlted Htatea have arrived here. The
coins Will he put In circulation at a
value equal to that of the Nlcarsguan
cordoba, equivalent normally to the
American dollar.
BtnilNOTOlt, Vt., May 6.?The ap
pointment by Oov. Hartneas of Mrs.
John Hedwood Fisher of Arlington, au
thor of numerous books under the name
of Dorothy Fanfleld, as a member of the
State Hoard of Education was an
nounced to-night She Is the first woman
to become a member of the board
Briand Expects U. S. Sup
port in Floating Rep- |
aration Bonds.
Penalties Become Applicable if |
Germans Fail to Observe
Special Cable to Tub New York Herald.
Copyright, 1921, by Tub New York Herald.
New York Herald Burton, I
Pari*. May 6.
The yielding of Premier Briand to
Premier Lloyd George on the im
mediate occupation of the Ruhr region
was solely for the purpose of obtain
ing American support In floating the
bonds which Germany, if she accepts
the London solution of the reparation#!
problem, must issue immediately. This
was said in well informed quarters
following his return to Paris last night.
He undeniably Is worried as to how
the latest delay will be taken by his
political opponents.
Already the Premier is preparing to
counter the opposition by the fol
lowers of Raymond Poincare by show
ing the value to France of being able
at least to mobilize Germany's debt.
And also he is planning to appease the
Tardleu faction by showing that the
Paris accord has been definitely buried
by all the Allies and that the figures
of the Reparations Commission alone
are henceforth to govern attitude tow
ard Germany.
Floating Bond* All Important'
The all-Important question to France
of whether she can extricate herself
from her budget difficulties, even If Ger
many acecpts the ultimatum sent to
Berlin by the Reparation Commission,
depends entirely on the ability of the
Reparation Commission to market Ger
many's bonded promises, primarily In
America. The official terms of the ulti
matum, as contained In London des
patches yesterday, were handed to Dr.
von Oertzen, head of the German War
Burdens Commission here, by the com
mission this mortning.
These terms leavo all France In doubt
as to how much she will receive, the
Tempt says to-night In a long analysis
of the terms, stressing that on Its face
the London solution of the reparation
problem seems Inferior to the Paris
accord of the Allies. This will be the
focus of a political discussion involving
the fate of the Cabinet of Premier
Brland, as France must have money Im
mediately, unable as she Is now to ad
vance any more to the devastated re
gions until the German reparation pay
ments begin to arrive here.
It Is apparent already that the Lon
don agreement by no means reaches
France's future budget requirements,
although covering her Immediate needs
provided buyers can be found for the
German bonds, France receiving about
twenty-five days after Germany's ac
ceptance of the terms about one and a
half billion franca in paper, and as soon
as the November Issue is completed
and marketed, if at par, she should
receive approximately six and a half
billion dollars as her share of the pro
The value of the London solution,
therefore, as compared with the Parts
accord, for France?which Is now a
vital factor In the European situation
?It Is admitted here depends, first, upon
the German attitude, and, second, upon
the absorption power of the American
and neutral markets. If the will of the
German people la not behind the bonds,
there will be behind them only the
French army and British sympathy.
No Reparation Commission expert here
whom Tun New York Herald corre
spondent Interviewed to-day would ven
ture to say what the bonds would bring,
but Inquiries brought out the fact, hlth
' rto overlooked, that Germany, whatever
may be the discount value of the bonds,
must make up to the Allies for the dlf
t ference. This was flatly stated by ex
i perta to-day, although It seems contrary
| to the common Interpretation of the Lon
; don text, and It would increase Ger
! many'a exterior debt by the amount of
I the discount, which la a factor not to be
j overlooked by bond buyers,
i Undoubtedly a furious discussion Is
t about to begin here regarding the Lon
! don terms, which, hevtng so many un
i certain factors, Including doubt as to
; how long the final issue of
marks gold will be allowed to run, can
, he the sunject of many Interpretations
by Premier Brlnnd's political enemies.
| With ao many uncertainties, the Trmpa
sees French rights subject to many
; vicissitudes.
France to geek Market Here.
In conversation last night Premier
Brland declared that If previous terms
drawn up under the provisions of the
! treaty had been accepted by Germany
j It would have been Impossible to mar
I ket any bonds, as the bankers would
i never know whether the date fixed for
) maturities would not be extended by the
Reparations Commission on Germany's
plea thai her economtc prosperity win
Insufficient to meet expenses
Now If Oermany accepts France will
take her share of the flret bond laeue
and will firomptly attempt to find buy
ers among her frlenda. chiefly In the
United States. The fact that certain
American bankers were known to be
Interested In having the maturities def
Conflnntif on Second Pagt.
nrMKMRF.n this fact: The
A*>no??l?i<?TT "WW" nv."
American Born General
to Lead Ruhr Advance
By the Aeeociated Pre3*.
American born soldier will
command the occupational forces
if an advance into the Ruhr re
gion of Germany is ordered by
the Allies. He is Gen. Hen
nocque, now in (command at
Duesseldorf. He is called "Our
American General" by the poilus.
Gen. Hennocque was bom in
Gallipolis, Ohio, some sixty years
ago. His mother was American
and his father French. He has
many relatives in the United
The troops of Gen. Hennocque
constantly are being reenforced
in preparation for a possible
movement into the Ruhr. There
are now 50,000 well trained
French troops bordering the
Ruhr region. The new class of
1921 is being sent to the rear
and older men are being brought
forward in readiness for eventu
Railroad Closes Deal to Sell
$50,000,000 15 Year 6l/2 Per
Cent. Bonds in U. S.
New York's Financial Prestige
Shown by Action in Brit
ish Dependency.
The Canadian Pacific Railway Com
pany closed yesterday arrangements
to sell $50,000,000 of Its fifteen year
6*? per cent, debenture bonds to a
syndicate of bfuikers headed by the
Guaranty Trust Company and the
Union Trust Company of Pittsburgh.
A distributing (syndicate will be formed
Immediately and the schedule calls for
an offering early next week.
The international significance of
that action, which Is the biggest single
piece of Canadian railroad financing to
bo placed elsewhere than In London.
i$ the growing importance of New
York as the centre of worldwide finan
cial undertakings and the ever closer
fiscal relationship between this city
and Canadian industrial, railroad and
financial developments.
Prior :o the war Canadian Pacific ;
financing was handled In London
through the sa'.e of 4 per cent, deben
ture ato"k or the offering of notes to
stockholders. Six months before the
outbreak of the war $52,000,000 of 6 per
cent, note certificates, which become
due on March 2. 1924, were offered to
the comoany's stockholder*. In the
early put of 1915 r syndicate composed
of the Guaranty Trust Company, Brown
Brothers & Co., White, Weld A Co . and
Colgate, Parker A Co. offered and suc
cessfully sold In this market $12,690,000
of the road's equipment 4V4 per cent,
gold certificates.
The most recent Canadian Pacific
financing In this market was the
offering In .March, 193$, by a syndicate
headed by the Guaranty Trust Com
pany and the Union Trust Company of
Pittsburgh of $12,000,000 equipment trust
6 per (ent. gold certificates. Other
members of that tyndlcate were Brown
Brothers A Co., the Bankers Trust Com
pany, White, Weld A Co . and Colgate,
1'arker A Co. It will be recalled that
for the privilege of offering that Issue
there wfth keen competition.
For the new offering there Is expected
to be a larjer distributing syn Urate
than 'or the one formed for the $12.
000,00(1 equipments. Only the otner day
E. W. Beatty, president of the Can
adian Pacific, announced that his com
pany had arranged to sell a block of
4 per cent, debenture stock In London,
out It carel only for Its European
needs. The new financing Is expected
to care for the road's Canadian require
ments : >r a considerable time.
English Farmer Says Motors'
Whir Prods Chickens.
Rpertal Cable to Tils Nmv Vokk Mibiaio. I
Copyright, l?tl, by Til* New Ywk Hkiiai.d. |
?w York Horn Id Pun-su. 1
Istnilim. Mnjr 6. (
John Thompson, a farmer at Selby. 1
strongly opposes the Air Ministry's plans
to get rid of all air ships His farm Is
near the Hnwden air shin station, where
the American crew of the R-SS is train- i
Ing In the R-W, and he says fhst when j
the "blimps" pass over his heos get. |
Inspiration, that the sound of the aero
motors start them tackling *nd that the ;
eggs they lay arc shaped the same as j
the great canvas bag aloft.
Mr. Thompson denies that his hens
were In an sir raid during the war. and j
consequently are not suffering from egg :
?hell shock. '
Harvey to Sound Council on
Attitude of Allies To
ward Real Peace.
Would Release to Peace Prod
uctivity Vast Sums Expend
ed on War Machinery
Special Despatch to Tub New Yobk Herald.
New York Hrrald Bureau, I
Washington, D. May 6. (
The United States will advocate a
programme of mutual disarmament i
as part of the war settlements and as
a means of releasing to penee pro
ductivity the Immense suras now ex
pended for war machinery. This will
be one of the first tasks assigned to
George Harvey, Ambassador to Great
Britain, In his capacity as represen
tative of President Harding on the j
Allied Supreme Council.
This Government is wholly commit
ted to the idea of mutual disarma
ment and will make It part of Its
scheme for bringing the world back
to peaceful walks and of lessening
the suspicion that makes peaceful
aims at this time impossible.
In proposing disarmament to the
world Powers, President Harding will
not suggest the chimericul or Impos
sible. The position that will be pre
sented is that the United States hopes
to ?ee disarmaments brought about.
It is willing to join in any interna
tional agreement on this subject that
can be reached.
V. 8. Will Follow Others.
But It can be stated upon excellent
authority that this Government will
not become a Don Quixote among na
tions on the subject, and that it will
not stand still while other nations
are arming or remnln armed. The in
vitation will be extended and. If ac
cepted, the United States will do Its
sh? re.
President Harding will not appear
before Congress to make an address on
the subject of disarmament In the near
future, nor will be approve of any
move to force his hand In a matter he
regards as being of the utmost Impor
tance In Its relationship to the foreign
policy of the United States.
From official quarters to-day It wan
plainly Intimated that It Is the opinion
of the Administration that the Su
preme Council Is the place where a
movement for disarmament should
start, and It was also Intimated upon
excellent authority there will he no
undue delay In inaugurating the move
The determination to present a pro
gramme of disarmament to the world
Powers Is known here to be part of the
decision which prompted the accep
tance of the allied Invitation to par
ticipate In Old World councils, and
goes far to acknowledge the Impor
tant conference between Ambassador
Harvey and State Department officials
before Mr Harvey left for T.ondon.
All-fmpnrtnnt to Harellng.
It has heen known to those close to
the Administration that the President
has not been disposed to soft pedal
disarmament movements In Congress
because of any lack of Interest In the
subject. Ho la Intensely Interested In
It. and believes It the nil-Important
goal of any arrangement that may be
reached among the nations. He Is un
derstood to believe that without It an
association of nations can rest only
on power and that until moral Influ
ence takes the place of power and
force a true international understand
ing will be difficult. If not Impossible.
Senator Penroae (Pa.), chairman of
the Finance Committee, announced to
day that he would support the President
In his desire to have a free hand In the
formulation of a policy of International
"I am entirely In hsrmony with the
President on the subject." Senator Pen
rose said. He predlrted that the Borah
amendment for disarmament to the naval
appropriation bill would he defeated and
that the Republicans generally would
support the president In his desire to
work out the solution of the disarma
ment problem without Interference
OtfATlM A I. A City, Guatemala, May 6 ?
Senorlta Quadalupe Estrada Chinchilla,
daughter of former President Manuel
Flstrada Cabrera of Guatemala, com
mitted suicide here to-day by shooting
For Country Board, Furnished
Rooms, or Board in the City
Want Ada. in The Herald will put you in touch with
the most desirable type of people. Run your ad. in
to-morrow's biff issue.
Get your Want Ads. In before 6 P. M.
Telephone?Chelsea 4000
Senators Back Harding
in Accepting Council Plea
By the Associated Frees.
Republican and Democratic
Senators were agreed that the
President's action in accepting
the invitation of the Council of
the League of Nations would re
Siire no expression or action by
e Senate. Republicans on the
Foreign Relations Committee said
the President's course appeared
to be wise in that he could obtain
information that otherwise prob
ably would be lost to this Govern
"The policy of the President,"
said Senator Moses, Republican,
New Hampshire, "involves some
extension of diplomatic capacity.
No Senate approval or action of
any kind, however, would seem
to be required. It appears that
the policy will not involve us in
any foreign entanglements, cer
tainly not so far as Mr. Harvey
is concerned."
Senator Moses had reference
to Mr. Harvey's opposition to the
League of Nations as voiced in
his speeches and writings,
Defiant Spirit in Berlin Over
Other Features Also Helps
to Keep Crisis Acute.
i Leaders Refuse to Join as Un
willing to Sign Acceptance
of Allies' Ultimatum.
Special Cable to Tub Nbw York Hhuld.
Cop'jrigbt, 19SI, by Tjik Nrw York Hsrald.
New Y'ork Herald Biirniu,
Hrrlln, May "?
The real Issue In the German Cab
inet crisis is whether the new Ministry
lhat is to be named will sign or refuse
to sign the allied terms, and unless
the actual text of these terms funda
mentally alters the versions already
circulated hero the greatest chances
favor a policy of refusal.
The allied note already has arrived
In Berlin, but It contains so many
financial and technical terms the
translations of It will not he com
pleted before late this evening.
The Industrial party, most of the
Democrats and a fair number of Cen
trists were this afternoon for a de
fiant programme, and this attitude has
a very serious bearing on the selec
tion of the new Ministry that will
have to answer "yes" or "no" to the
Allies' terms.
Particular heed will be paid to the
wording of the allied note regarding
the occupation of the Ruhr Valley, the
rehabilitation of French Industries
ruined during the war and the razing
of the East Prussian forts.
Should the Allies formulate condi
tions for the eventual evacuation of j
the Ruhr In such a way as to make it
possible for them to continue to oc- '
f'upy It unless Germany, in the allied
view, renders reparation in every de
tail, then the Germans will refuse to I
sign the Eondon terms. They regard
It as folly to sign away the Ruhr coal I
district unless It Is absolutely Impossi
ble to forsee any chance of meeting
the Allies' terms.
Also German manufacturers fear the
clauses relating to the rehabilitation of
the French Industries may lead to the
dismantling of their most Important
At tills time there Is particular op
position of destroying the forts on the
eastern frontiers, because of the menace
of a Polish offensive.
The personnel of the new Cabinet Is
In more doubt to-day than It was yes
terday and It will not be selected until j
the coalition parties are united on a
programme. The mention of Prince von
Hulow's candidacy sufficed to kill his
boom. He wss never considered serl- |
ously by President Ebert.
ITilllpp Scheldemann. one time Chan
cellor and now head of the Social Demo
cratic party, was reported to have re
fused to Join thi new Ministry, and the j
Majority Socialists leaders are strongly
opposing the participation by theli party
In the Cabinet if It contains representa
tives of the German People's patty. In- i
deed, the Majority Socialists hold that
the wisest course for Germany would
be to sign the ultimatum afti r going on
record as protesting against It as ex
ceeding the terms of the Versailles
treaty, but they decline to accept re
President Ebert held a conference
with Reichstag leaders, Bt which the
Majority Socialists were represented to
day, hut the crisis wss not ?< tiled. Her
man Mueller, formerly Chancellor and
now MaJ rlty Socialist leader, repre
sented his party.
Th" name of Dr. Guatav Str -ecmann.
Gorman People's party leader, continues
to be mentioned prominently for the
Chancellorship and the portfolio of For- 1
elgn Affairs.
It was said In high circles that some
of the members of the Km stantln
F'hrenback Cabinet would he named to .
the new Ministry.
It Is known, however, that all political
leaders are holding off in connection with
the naming of a new Ministry until a,
derision Is reached In the Itelchstag re
garding the allied terms.
Some of the coolest h?ads In the
Oemtin<ied an Icaond Pag*
Government Declares It Will Main
tain Its Traditional Policy
stention From Participate
Purely European Affain
Harding Believed to Have Assurances That
Allied Leaders Will Reopen Mandate
Question in Yap Case?Designations
Have No League Connection.
Special Despatch to The New Yobk Hioui.o.
N>* York Hrrnld Bureau, (
Wmhlatton, D. C.. Ms ?
The United Slates will he represented in the Allied Sun
the Conference of Ambassadors and the Reparations C<
became known to-night when the following reply to the
to the Washington Government to resume its relations i< i
ihe allied and associated Powers was made public:
The Government of the United States has receive. ..irough the
Rrit.ish Ambasaudor the courteous communication in which you state
that, with the unanimous concurrence of the Powers represented at
tlie allied conrerence in London, you are to inquire whether tills Gov
ernment is disposed to be represented in the future, as It was in the
past, at the aided conferences, at the Conferences of Ambassadors in
Paris and in the Reparations Commission.
The Government of the United States, while maintaining the tra
ditional policy of abstention from yiartlclpntion in matters of distinctly
European concern, is deeply Interested in the proper economic adjust
ments and in che just settlement of the matters of worldwide Importance
which are under discussion in the conferences, and desires helpfully
to cooperate in the deliberation upon these questions.
Mr. George Harvey, appointed Ambassador to Great Rritain, will
be Instructed on his arrival In England, to take part as the representa
tive of the President of the United States, in the deliberations of the
Supreme Council. The American Ambassador to France will he in
structed to resume his place as unofficial observer on the Conference
of Ambassadors, and Mr. Roland W. Royden will be instructed to sit
again in an unofficial capacity on the Reparations Commission.
The Government of the United States notes with pleasure your ex
pression of the belief of the representatives of the allied governments
assembled in London that American cooperation In the settlement of
the great international questions growlug out of the world war will be
of material assistance.
This answer of the American Government was in reply to the formal
nvlmtion presented at the Stnfe Department by Sir Auckland Oeddes, the
British Ambassador. The text of tlip Invitation, which was extended by
David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Great Britain, as president of tbe
allied conference sitting in London, was as follows:
As president of tbe allied conference which Is just completing Irs
sittings in Ixindon, I am authorized, with tire unanimous concurrence
of nil the Powers here represented, to express to the United States
Government our feeling that the settlement of the international diffi
culties in wbkli the world is still involved would be materially assisted
by the cooperation of the United States, and 1 am therefore to inquire
whether that Government is disposed to he represented in the future, ae
It was at an earlier date, at allied conferences wherever they may
meet, at the Ambassadors' conference, which sits at Paris, and on the
Reparations Commission.
We are united in feeling that American cognizance of our pro
ceedings oral, where possible. American participation In them will be
I test facilitated by this.
Decision Follows Conference
of the President With Cabinet
The decision followed a meeting of , United States believe* It would be better
the President with his Cabinet which , to h* advised concerning the progress of
wns devoted almost entirely to a con- European events In which It Is Interested
sideratlon of the relations of the I of thing, acrom
United states to the rest of the world. pl "hed American reparative.
. _ . *111 according!- be listening posts for
In accepting the 'citation the Pre.l- th;? fJovrrnm,nti hut pr.,Iiar..d to make
dent makes It plait first of all that th?? position of President Harding plain
this country purpose to maintain Ita luring the progress ..f discussions This
traditional policy of abstention In mat- method better enable the President
...... to acf in an advlaory capacity in th*
tera of distinctly European Concern s,.tlernent of the un?Ai?>,e;i business of
but Rdmlts American Interest In prot>er j the war.
economic adjustments and the "Ju.t ' None of the organisations In whose
settlement" of world affairs. .operations the United States will thus
, ... ... , _,.w .v ' participate In one form or another la the
t\!th this explanation and with the ofr.pj.tog 0f .Kr i^.,,gj? of Nations, and
combined ofTlrlal .md unofficial repre- the Reparations Commission only Is ??
sentntlon on the various allied organl- child of the VeraaH'es treaty. The Alllad
stations It is believed by the Harding roni"!,t" ?* tha head.
.... ... ... ,,, . of the allied governments It la an
Administration that there wil. be no association of supreme chiefs for the
question of the Am rioan Intention of purpose of "carrying on" in a spirit of
refraining from renewing any entan- "Wed aolllarlt>. It la for this reason
glements with European Oovernmemte 'h"' Mr; "an'7 " "}**
representative of the President ; but this
such as wore contemplated In the designation also carries the further sua
League of Nations covenant. geatlun that the United States Is openly
At th" same time the note of ac- ??*"?'? with (he allied powers In the
, . ,. . . ... sense of an "associated Power." ee '
ceptanco registers the determination WMth. war.
of the Administration to participate if)
world affairs so fur as they concern Harvey's Statin Kiplninrd.
the United States, and especially to In- It was explained that Ambassador
tercst Itself In such settlements grow- Harvgj will ?? ct i nde, instruction of
Ing out of the war ?*, Pt* ^ .th*1 th'
*? ..? ,. ...... .. . State- csnnot be bound by anything he
Neither tb.. White House nor the State WKy ,h,ough the conatltu
Ueparlm. nt contributed any Information tJonal functlor Ing oi the President. Ha
?n the Important question of the rela- will represent the President In his ac
tlonshlp of to-day's decision to the note knowledged right under the Constltu
.ddressed by S- irtary of .State Hughes "OT1 to Initiate foreign pollclet The
to the allied Powers In the Vap con- "faction of Mr. Hervey for this ta-k.
troverey and Its accompanying claim of Wl1' known opposition
of American rights growing out of the ,n e bngue. Is cxre-tod to drstro.
war. ?">' suaplcloit that the Administration
It was Indicated here shortly after '* w,t:' th- t organisation,
publication of the llughes note on Yap ,n his f Aniha-ssdor to
that the United .states would not know "rent Hiltnln end ?? representative o'
how "t.. march In step with the allied ">* Presiden* Mr Harrev win furnish
Powers" If this fundn mental Amerli an 'official" rep raw: lotion. a fact -.hat Is
position on matide tc? was not admitted. significant of tlx Intention of the
It Is believed, therefore, that President United Siatc-i to gi along with the
Ha-.ling has received assurance that the Allies so far a- It can consistently with
Supremo t'ounrll will agree to reopen the distinctly American policy of tba
the question of the mandate assigning President.
Yap among other Islands In the North- The A'lled Counc.l of Ambassadors
ern Pacific to Japan It Is not believed la a *r >up subordinate to the Supreme
the State Depart m- nt would have felt Council rf allied chiefs and It- work
warranted In participating In the allied consists mainly In performing ta-ks as
councils If It was to be made party signed to It by the council and la
to further arguments on this question handling ma'ters thai are not of suf
and subjected to the trading pressure . flclent importance for the Supreme
tht.' hrohably rrautt Council to undertake Until the arrival
has also h-en made plain that the of Ambassador Herrick In Paris. Ambas

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