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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, May 09, 1921, Image 1

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Sy 9 7 7 o
MAY 10 1921
WEATHER FORECAST.
ture; gentle west winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 73; lowest, 54.
Detailed weather report* will be found on editorial case.
Fair to-day and to-morrow, mild tempera- THE NEW YORK HERALD
THE BEST IN ITS HISTORY.
best of The Sun intertwined with it, and
the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better
icopYRicHT, 1921, by THE sun-herald corporation.] and sounder newspaper than ever before.
VOL. LXXXV.?NO. 252?DAILY. NEW YORK, MONDAY, MAY 9, 192L-E^DcAV1.rSc,^Ka y?"' PRICE TWO c CENTS [
MARINE STRIKERS
REJECT WAGE GOT
BUT SEEK PEACE
Engineers Send Committee
to Washington With Coun-1
tor Proposals for Sec- 1
retary Davis.
ONE BRANCH YIELDS
Union 3Ien 'Open to Any
Reasonable Agreement
and Give Officials Full
Power to Act.
SETTLEMENT FORECAST
Attitude of Owners Also Be
lieved to Be Favorable to
Speedy End of the
Deadlock.
A settlement of the marine strike
this week wan forecast yesterday. One
of two Indications that the unions' at
tempt to keep the men on strike were
failing- came In despatches from Gal
v eston, where the Galveston branch of
the Marine Engineers Beneficial As
sociation agreed to accept the final
proposition of the owners and the
Shipping Board?a wage reduction of
approximately 15 per cent., with re
tention of the eight hour day, and the
reinstatement of all striking engineers.
At a meeting of the Marine Engi
neers Beneficial Association branches
in tills city compromise proposals,
emanating from the Department of
iiabor at Washington, were rejected,
but at the same time the men em
powered their officials to resume nego
tiations looking toward immediate end
ing of the strike.
Simultaneously with these two meet
ings marine engineers in all American
ports met and discussed the situation
and the proposals. There were no des
patches from other cities to indicate
which way the local conditions were
urning, but the union leaders assem
bled at the Continental Hotel here said
that all the meetings took the same
stand as the local meeting, at least, in
opposing the wage cut and the pro
?posGdl bonus? system.
T-ust night officials of the marine
engineers' organization, headed by
Timothy B. Healy. left for the Capital
with a series of counter proposals.
These will be presented to Secretary
of T.abor Davis this morning. They
were framed at a meeting in the Conti
nental, but their nature was not made
known.
Efficiency Wage Favored.
One of the compromise proposals put
before the meeting at Cooper Union
was that fhe 15 per cent, wage reduc
tion he accepted. As this was the
Principal point which led to the call
ng of the strike a week ago they
voted "No." Th?, assurance that the
wage cut would he offset by the pay
ment of bonuses for efficiency was re
garded sceptically by the men. A sys
tem of bonuses, It was pointed out. has
worked fairly well on the Standard
Oil ships, but conditions on other lines
and in other forms of shipping are
different.
"n.ff'r,"r,ry now Is befn*
talked of to tRke the plaee of the pro
tin'on XT Th* tPrm' "* Plained bv
union loaders. means tha, ? _
glneer will get a fixed wage and. in ad
r n?-h * I v 1>0r?enfn'f" of what be
can show he has saved the company bv
efficient methods. "An engineer can be
Heals r u* ?Ut C,0?<''" 8alf1
Tea Ie>. SUeh a system. It was pointed
out, would encourage engineers to save
all they could, knowing that their nav
would lack the natural uncertainty of a
bonus system.
It was asserted last night by a m .n
high in union affairs that the officials
wfth ln W;*"h'??fton this morning
w th the express purpose, not of quib
bling or bluffing, but of settling th.
strike as soon as possible. The commit
tee has the power to do exactly what it
thinks best, he said, and win be J* n to
any reasonable compromise proposals
even to agreeing to a small cut In
?'Th Th? ;eff,clencjr Probably
will be agreed upon to offset the redue
(lor,.
The seamen's and other unions win be
guided by the action of the engineers.
Itegnrri Harding aa Friend.
The belief was expressed by leaders
of marine engineers that Secretary Davie
and Secretary of Commerce Hoover, aa
well as President Harding himself,
were disposed kindly toward the strikers
and sympathised with their position.
There was laughter when Mr. Healey
said :
"President Harding has the greater:
regard for the marine engineers. Aa an
Inducement to settling the strike 1 am
assured that the committee will be per
mitted to have Its picture taken on the
White House steps."
Member* of the American -Steamship
Owners Association remained unchanged
yesterday In their position that they
would keep In effeet the IB per cent,
wage eut and would sail their ships
with strikebreakers If necessary. Like
the unions, they claim that victory Is
thelra. They deny that shipping has
be?n seriously Interrupted, though they
admit several delays In sailings The
onions, on the other hand, declare fhat|
they are well satlstled with the effects
of the strike so far; that the men are
? tending together In refusing to accept
the wage reductions, and that all ports
ere virtually tied tip. On the Pacific.
Coast, according to Ernest F. Pe.?g,
Continued on Tenth fay.
VOMEN of the Better fort to ? newer
the Help Wented Female arts, ttist appear
In The Herald. Turn to the ('lanslfled Ssc
in HI'' 'SSiaiu.
Hon and th# Want#.?Ado.
f?
Woman'? Party Watch
Tower Opposite Capitol
Sp trial Despatch to Tun New Voik
Haur.u.
New Yerk Herald Bureau, j
Wu?hliif;tun, I>. C? May H. t
'J'HE National Woman's party
announced to-night the pur
chase of a house on a terrace
facing the east entrance of the
Capitol, which will be converted
into a political "watch tower"
for women. The house was the
meeting place of Congress from
1815 to 1819 when the Capitol
was being rebuilt and it was the
scene of the inauguration of
President Monroe.
"It is the ideal site for the
lobbyist," Miss Elsie Hill, chair
man of the Woman's party de
clared. "It is a vantage point
from which we will be able to
keep Congress under perpetual
observation."
1
WOMEN OF NATION
PLAN FOUNDATION
Members of Prominent Clubs
Meet To-day to Arrange
Incorporation.
CENTRALIZATION IS AIM
Ten Acre Site for Headquarters
of Activities Purchased
in Washington.
A group of women who have l>een,
prominent In women's club work for
several years will meet this afternoon
in the home of Mrs. Francis Burralt i
Hoffman, 58 East Seventy-ninth street,;
to discuss the incorporation of the
Women's National Civic Foundation,
through which It is hoped to central
ize the work of many of the leading
women's organizations of the United
States. The meeting will be attended
by delegates and founders of societies
which have decided to participate in
the movement to establish the founda
tion, headed by Mrs. C. C. Calhoun of
Washington.
Mrs. Calhoun and her associates in- j
tend to locate the Foundation in Wash-1
ington and have aiready purchased ten
acres of land at Sixteenth street and
Connecticut avenue, the Dean estate.
As soon as the officers and directors
of the organization have been named
and the plans of incorporation com
pleted arrangements will be begun for
the first unit of the Foundation build
ings. Tentative building plans already
made call for the erection of a theatre
to seat 2,000 persons a club assembly
room, a sylvan theatre to seat 3,000
persons, executive buildings and other
structures for the use of the various
organizations which participate in the
Foundation.
For the present, however, the Foun
dation intends to retain the old Denn
residence which is on the property. A
caretaker will go Into the structure this
summer and plans for tea and dinner
service for club members will be made.
Much of the present estate will be used
in erecting the various buildings of the
Foundation, particularly the trees, which
will be employed as a setting for the
i.ew buildings. No announcement has
been made regarding the probable cost
of the Foundation, but It Is said the
building scheme Is so comprehensive the
expenditure will exceed $1,000,000.
Besides Mrs. Calhoun the following
Washington women who are numbered
among the founders will take part In to
1 day's meeting: Mrs. James Carroll
Frazer, Mrs. James MacDonald, Mrs.
Rafael Oovln. Mrs. Richard Townsend,
Mrs. Harold Walker. Mrs. Henry C. Per
kins, Mrs. Howry and Mrs. Wood. Dele
gates will also be present from the Na
I tlonal League of Women Voters, the Na
tional Civic Federation, the Colonial
Dames of America, the Colonial Dames
of New York, the Daughters of the
American Revolution, the Federation of
Women's Clubs and the Garden Clubs of
America und the Junior League. Plans
of the foundation will be outlined by
Miss Janet Richards.
GIRLS JOINED TOGETHER
ARE BORN IN PATERSON
Two Legs on One Side, An
other With 10 Toes on Foot.
Twin girls Joined together were born
yesterday afternoon in the Barnert Me
morial Hospital In Pattraon, N. J., with
their heads on opposite ends of a long
trunk, but with completely formed hands
; nd arms. Two complete and normal
U > a are on one aide of the trunk, and
another leg of abnormal alio and with
ten toes on the foot Is on the other side
of tlie body.
The two girls are different from the
famous Siamese twins, and physician*
have not yet been able to decide whether
there are two bodies or one body with
two head* and two seta of limbs. Hos
pital authorities said last night that
they do not believe the children will live.
KILLS AN INTRUDER
WITH BARE HANDS
Wrestling Champion Puts on
a Deadly Hold.
8an Framcisoo, May 8. Louis H. Ar
douln of the Olympic club, who recently
won the amateur heavyweight wrestling
championship of the Pacific coast, early
to-day killed with his bare hands a man
he found rifling a bureau drawer In his
home. The man later was Identified as
William B. Anderson.
Ardoutn told the police that after grap
pling with Anderson, who waa unarmed,
for Ave minute* he applied a severs
wrestling hold to detain him until Mrs
Ardouln could telephone for help.
?HI'KDMIt EMlt niCATlI PEJfALTT
Stockhoi.m. May x.?Capital punish
ment In Sweden has been abolished by
a hill which lies been passed by the
Riksdag.
THEME I* often Just the pneltlnn you want
, or the Iflnil of help you are looking for
at the Employment A gene lex using Herald
Want ?de. Bra Cla**lf!?*J Section.?A4i\
SIR PUFFS SMASH
BIPLANE IN PIECES
AS 10,000 WATCH
Maj or Abbey Climbs Out of
Wreck With Only Few
Minor Injuries.
WIFE SEES COLLAPSE
* I
Crowd Thrilled as an SE-5's
Nose and Wing Hit Earth
and It Is Destroyed.
DAY OF BIO SKY STUNTS
Fine Display of Flying and
Exhibition of Varied Equip- j
ment at Mitchel Field.
' lie ultimate in narrow escapes from
mo? WaS demonstrated to a crowd of
10,000 persons at Mitchel Field,
? lineola, yesterday when Major Henry
Abbey, Jr., commandant of the field
crashed to earth while attempting a
?indingr and survived uninjured, al- !
loug i his plane was smashed into an
unrecognizable wreck,
Th? wreck was the biggest thrill of
an afternoon in which everything
there is of speed and daring in flying.
iom parachute Jumping to aerobatics
r,irby cm"" *"a"???
The Major, after vainly chasing
Jeut j?h?r. Roullet in a faster pline
m ? lusirr plane
over a forty-flve mile course, glided
own over the hangars and close above
L ilP iTlr/1 _ . .
f_ ? emu viuse aoove
the crowd, among which was his wife
111 9)1 fl
?=. ??ivu nis wire
, f" ontomobile. He had almost
anded his little one seated SE-5 bi
plane when a puff of wind got under
the MaT" The P'ane side8"PPed and
was ^ See'n* that h'S mat'bine
fhr i' e "V t0 r?" over> opened the
throttle wide.
Instantly the ship shot ahead. One
rfST.W.
?>?. '??"??ncUnh.:,?r^cr^r:s I
another puff caused a slip downward '
The w-ing hooked into the turt The'
nose of the plane, which was travelog
at 75 or 80 miles an hour crashed ntf1
Urn fle^'d ^ P'ane L"tw^eled 0vS
The marm x m?t0r t0re ltself loos*
he machine bounded back onto its
wheels again, total] BI1Jaflhod
buiance and chemical engine started for'
he wreck, dimly seen amid clouds of
smoke and dust. Mrs. Abbey. ? hUn
dred yards away, sat silent, watching.
Cheers for the Aviator.
Then out of the mass of spJintoeal
wood Major Abbey climbed. un.nS
Ther wJ|d yen from J U_
and mechanics and a general rush for
out of the plane, thundered on. for some
bow lt8 wlrins had Burvjved the -ome
The commandant switched It off bor
wZlo4, C'*ar?"e' and hastened io his
wife to nssuro her he was intact
"Well, j gUMS r contl.,buted sometJli
On till 'I'' r,mark,(1. cheerfully,
had ? 7", "n invpntor>" be found lie
ad barked the skin on two knuckles
dug a small hole In his knee, ruined a
new pair of breeches and swallowed a
little motor oil.
None of the other pilots or the Major
could explain how )t happened he was
not Killed or badly crushed
"You never can tell in a crash - said
one flier. "The worst looking crackups
are sometimes the least serious, and then
again an easy ??le smash will k,U a
SpVraJ7f,Abb0y rec'ntlY landed another
SE-5 after one of the landing wheHs
had dropped off and was unscathed Th
Plane turned completely over ,n !
Her?h"d '??p" but did not s^sh him
He has a reputation as a skilful ami
daring stunt pl|?t. and
Tlie air service lives in
?-?*"><*
The day was perfeet cxcent ?
?dona! puffs of win,I 1? for occa"
havoc with Major Abbey andVx pl"y''(1
cut loose everything thev lm i i *
by way of celebrating -h. retu n of good
Sir,;,?'1,;""*'' ?
r. \pz,
Nobody asked for money back at
gate, but several Inquire,! for remedlee
for sun burn on the roof of the mo7th
Wood Aeronautical Display.
During the morning there iriu a dis
play of aeronautic machine* and equip
ment and In the afternoon the pilot* and
: men got busy and put all their apparatu*
i Into action?mueh action.
("apt. Harry Smith started the after
noon'* event* by leading a flight of five
plane* In V formation In a roaring da*h
i around Mlneola. Garden City and West
hury. On the wing* of the V were
I?leut*. Victor C. Reau, Jr., Arthur TO.
Slmonln, Howard N. Herri* and Eugene
H, Hiirkadale. The big De Havllnnd
plane* swept through various inanoeu
vre*. a* If the five ship* were down by
a single man. They roared low enough
over the crowd to make the more
thoughtful reflect what would happen If
these plane* were equipped with their
war quota of machine gun* and bomb*.
The next event was completely over
the hends of the thousand* around the
field?so far abovo their head* that no
?one saw It happen. While ('apt. Smith
anil his aerial cavalcade had been
charging around through the lower at
nioaphere another I'e Havlland, with
I^leut. Fonda Johnson at the control*
and Sergeant Jenn Riviere In the gun
ner's cockpit, had been making altitude.
At 12,200 feet, a height at which only
the keenest-eyed could see the plane,
Sergeant Riviere stepped out.
According to regulation* Sergeant
Riviere should have counted three a* he
plunged downward before Jerking the
ring hi* hand wan clutching. Whatever
j he did, he cleared the tall of the ma
chine, which wan shooting along at close
I to ino mile* an hour before the para
| chut* pack attached to hi* back opensd
Continued on Hoienlrmth Pngo.
PERSHING ASKS STRONG ARMY,
CALLS ON CITIZENS TO TRAIN
FOR A U. S. WAR RESERVE
Special Despatch to Tub Nbw Yohk Heraid.
New York IIrttld Burtuu. 1
WaNhlncUn, U. May H. J
f~*EN. PERSHING, who is just beginning his duties as com
^ mander of the newly created General Headquarters Staff, issued
a statement to-night in which he emphasized the obligation of every
citizen to prepare himself to serve his country in time of need. The
purpose of the statement was to indorse the citizens' military train
ing camps to be held this summer. In part Gen. Pershing said:
From a purely military standpoint our policy should provide,
first, a permanent military establishment large enough to guard
against sudden attack; second, a force sufficient to meet our in
ternational obligations, particularly on the American continent;
third, such force as may be necessary to meet our internal re
quirements, and, fourth, a trained citizen reserve organized to
meet the emergency of war.
In considering a reserve we already have a nucleus in our
trained units that have had experience in the war. I refer to the
units of the National Guard as well as those of the so-called na
tional army. They have returned with traditions, history, pride
and service and high ideals of citizenship, all of which together
constitute a valuable asset in any organization. I should like to
see those divisions held together, retaining their officers in so far
as their efficiency records show them capable of performing the
duties of their respective grades. I would retain the organization
of these divisions and utilize them aa reserve divisions into which
the young men would pass as they come from the army or from
training camps, thereby the traditions and the spirit of these his
toric units would be kept alive to encourage and stimulate ef
ficiency in those who fill their ranks in future.
WRONG HORSE WON
RAGE FOR BRADLEY
Owner and Friends Stood to
Win More Than $500,000
if Servant Won.
INSTRUCTIONS NOT GIVEN
Thompson Rode Rehave Your
self to Victory in Derby to
Get Bonus of $F,000.
E. R. Bradley, owner of the Telle
Hour Stock Farm of Lexington, Ky?
and of the famous Beach Club of Palm
Beach, Fla., missed winning a fortune
on Saturday when his horse Black
Servant failed to win the Kentucky
Derby at Louisville, although another
horse from his stable. Behave Your
self, won the race and Black Servant
finished second. He received almost
$50,000 as the prize for winning the
race, but he lost many times that
much because he had made a bad bar
gain with his Jockeys and failed to
collect the bets he had laid on Black
Servant with the winter books in New
York and Chicago.
So far as is known Mr. Bradley lost
nothing in actual cash, because his
bets on the stable Just before the race
probably covered him, but there is no
telling how much he would have won
had the fates been kind to him. It
was common gossip on Broadway last
night that Mr. Bradley, members of
his stable forces and his friends would
have won between $500,000 and $750,
000 had Black Fervant won the race.
Racing men believe that Mr. Bradley
Intended all along that Black Servant
was to win the race over Behave Your
self if possible. In proof of this they
point to the faot that he gave the mount
on Black Servant to Jockey Lawrence
Lyke, the beat rider 1n his stable, while
he put Thompson on Behave Yourself
Lyke la a star rider and everyone knows
It; Thompson won glory for himself on
Saturday, but before that be was an un
known quantity, with a reputation in Tla
Juana. but none on the American tracks.
But to make both boys ride to win Mr.
Bradley told them ho would give the
winning Jockey $4,000 and the loser
$1,000. He expected Lyke to win with
Black Servant and hoped that Thompson
would finish second with Behaye Your
self. He nominated neither horse to
win for his stable, in which case it would
have been perfectly legitimate for the
Jockey on the other to have palled up in
the stretch
But the thing that really caused Mr.
Bradley and his employee# and friends
the loss of more than half a million
dollars wa? hi# failure to follow the
usual custom when big money >.? offered
to Jockeys If they ride winning races.
That is. to offer, say. 16,000 to th?' two
of them and tell them that they will
each get half, no matter which horse
wins, but to see that the stable win#,
and then nominate a horse to win and
have the other Jockey puli If the stable
has the race safe and the nominated
horse has a chanee. If that had been
done Saturday Thompson would have
pulled Behave Yourself tn the home
stretch, and Lyke would have gone home
wPh Black Servant a winner.
But It la apparent that Mr Bradley
neither nominated one of hi# horses, nor
did he give the riding Instructions th#t
were to have been eapecte 1, aftor bets
of such size had been laid. An a result.
Thompson wss riding not only to win
with Behave Yourself and make a repu
tlon as a Derby winner, but he waa rid
ing for $4,000 in cash.
Reports In racing circles last night
had It that Mr. Hradley and others with
him began to back Black Servant, with
an occasional bet on Behave Yourself,
away back last spring, after the former
had beaten Leonardo IT in the Blue
Continus<$ on Aeven/rcnfb Pops,
CHURCHGOERS SEE
PLUNGE TO DEATH
Woman Who Had Been 111
Hangs to Window Ledge,
Then Drops Five Stories.
IS SEEN BY PASSERSBY
(Friends Try to Rescue Her,
but She Cries Farewell as
She Releases Her Hold.
Believed to have been mentally de
ranged and brooding over a nervous |
disorder from which she had been suf
fering, Miss Helen Fiedler, 23 years
old, and a typist in the Irving Na
tional Bank, dropped to her death
from the fifth story window of an
; apartment at 1110 College avenue. The
| Bronx, yesterday while early church
goers looked on.
Miss Fiedler passed the night at the
home of a chum, Mrs. Minnerta Qla
eomo, where she went late Saturday
night. There was evidence that she
had passed a sleepless night planning
to take her life, for the l>ed In which
she was to have slept had not been
: used.
She went to the parlor window of the
Olacomo apartment before either Mrs.
Ciacomo or her mother. Mrs. Minnie
j Oorhardt, were up. climbed out on the
ledge and apparently hung there for sev
eral moments before her strength failed
her. In the meantime passersby saw
'he girl. Some hurried to the door of the
apartment house anil frantically rang the
hell. Mrs. tlerhnrdt was aroused, and,
passing through the parlor sa<v the win
dow open and heard Miss Fiedler crying
farewell. She dropped to the street be- ;
fore the family could reseue her, and was j
dead when a physician arrived.
I Miss Fiedler bad for the last week
I been under the rare of a doctor at the
| home of her aunt, Mrs. Agnes Modra, |
' 351 East Twenty-sixth street, Brooklyn.
Saturday morning she left the house |
while breakfast was being prepared,
i Yesterday It developed that she had
gone to see her step-grandparents, who
! live on College avenue not far from
the home of the Olacomos. Arriving
there without her hat. she borrowed her
grandmother's and went to the home of
Edward W. Wltkowskl, her uncle, at
1105 Flndlay avenue. Her aunt noticed
her odd headwenr ami offered her a lint,
and the young woman returned to her I
grand parents, later liking her grand-j
mother to a motion pk ture show early
in the evening.
Returning from the entertainment,
she again left the house saying that she
was going to see other relatives who |
I live In the neighborhood. She went,
| however, to Mrs. Olacomo's and asked
if she might pass the night
Miss Fiedler was an accomplished
musician, Polish by birth, and h id taken
part In numerous .benefit performances
for Polish relief. Mr. Wltkowskl, her
uncle, was a member of several financial
missions during the Pnderewskl i glme.
She had been employed about three
years in the foreign department of the
1 Irving National Bank.
TRAVELLERS' MONEY
NEW GOUGE IN TYROL
Tour iitts Yield Ten Times
What Natives Have to Pay.
VrgNNW, May 8.?The Tyrol has In
troduced "travellers' money" to solve
the local economic problem. By an set
passed by the r>let a non-resident shsll
pay t<?n times more than the native for
everything.
The non-resident must hue speiis i
money on the basis of the ijerman mark,
the exchange late being ten to one, and
is compelled to u*e it Instead of crowns
Half the profit of this transaction goes
to the Government.
What Is It You Want?
Better Help? A new position? Sell or exchange
your automobile? More capital for your business?
A furnished room? Country Board? No matter
what your WANT is a Want Ad. in The Herald is
most likely to gratify it. Telephone Chelsea 4000.
THE NEW YORK HERALD
40 POLICE CHIEFS
SAY THEY CANNOT
ENFORCE DRYLAW
Admit Wetness of lip-State
Cities in Letters to May- i
ors' Association.
ACT HELD IX CONTEMPT
Measure Making Criminals
of Hitherto Decent
Citizens.
NEED MOKE 'SQUEALERS'
Local Police Are Too Well
Known to Carry Out Un
popular Statute.
Spuria I Despatch to Tmc Nsw York Hskai.d.
?w York Herald Bureau, |
Albany. May M. I
Chiefs of police of forty New York
cities, in reply to a questionnaire sent
out by the New York State Conference
of Mayors, have replied that in their
opinion it is almost impossible to en
force the State prohibition laws passed
at the last session of the Legislature
and signed by Gov. Miller. This list
includes many of the second class
cities of the State. In most cases the
police chiefs declare the principal rea
son they cannot enforce the laws is
they do not have sufficient policemen.
Another objection is that in the smaller
cities all of the policemen are known
and find it impossible to obtain evi
dence.
New York was one of the few cities
which reported the law could be en- j
forced by the regular Police Department
and without the employment of private
detectives. Others in this list include
New Rochelle, Middletown. Auburn, Buf
falo, Oswego and Poughk-'-epsle. Among
the forty cities whose police chiefs say
it Is not possible to enforce the State
laws are Saratoga, Troy, Batavia, Bea
con. Corning, Dunkirk. Glen Cove, Hor
r.ell, Hudson, Glens Falls, .tohnstown,
Ithaca, Lockport. Mount Vernon, Platts
burgh, Tonawanda, White Plains. Port
-fervls. Blnghamton, Geneva, Mechanic
I ville at.d Newburgh.
A typical answor from many of the
upstate cities wa' that sent by the Chief
j of Police of Amsterdam, who said thut
j "to enforce such an unpopular law as
| tiro Vdefend act you must first develop
1 100 per cent. Americanism into 100 per
I cent, squealer, for there |s no other way
to make It a success," Most of the
chiefs wrote they objected to the use of
j private detectives in cooperation with
the regular force, but they agreed that
without them not much progress could
be made In enforcing the law. The chief
' of the Gloversville department said
j strangers would have to bo hired to get
evidence and a frequent change of per
I sonnet would be necessary.
From Kingston the Chief of Police
' wrote that men who never before had
I shown criminal traits are now engaged
[in the liquor traffic, and declared the
I tea son for this was the laxitv of the
Government officials in enforcing the
Volstead act.
"The fear to violate a Federal law
has passed," he said, "and a large num
ber formerly In fear of Federal forces
are now boldly carrying on their crimi
nal practices."
The chief of the North Tonawanda
police department wrote that in his
opinion the matter was a strictly Fed
eral affair and should be enforced by the
Federal authorities. The head of the
Plattsburgh force suggested that prohi
bition can be enforced only by men who
do not use liquor and who are paid euch
large salaries that they cannot be
bribed and will not have to graft.
The White Plains chief said he did
not think It possible to keep the Iden
tity of the lnve?tlgntlng "ffl er .a secret
while another chief declared It was only
by accident that evidence was obtained
"The general run of policemen," he
said, "are either disheartened over the
present law or are not in sympathy with
It"
BREAKS INTO GAS FILLED
ROOM; SAVES SLEEPER
Brooklyn Policeman Becomes
III After Experience.
Patrolman (Jeorge R. N'sdler broke
Into a gas filled room at 149 Washington
street. Brooklyn, yesterday ami rescued
Edward Chandler, who had been over
come while asleep. He gave Chnndler
first aid treatment and smt a call to
Cumberland Street Hospital. Dr. Kauf
man, who responded, said that Nadler's !
prompt work undoubtedly had saved
Chandler's life. The gas, It Is believed,
had blown out accidentally during the
night.
Soon after returning to post Patrol
man Nadler became 111 from the effects
? if the gas and was ordered home.
MOUNTAIN BAD MAN'
LYNCHED IN TENNESSEE
Accused of Slaying Woman?
Once Tried for Murder.
lltJKTSvn.LK, Tenn , May Berry
Bollng. white and an alleged "mountain
bad man," was lynched here last night
by ftftv armed men who gained entrance
to the Scott county Jail, removed him
and hanged him from a. tree.
He had boon arrested on a charge of
murdering Mrs. Mary Jane Harness, in
years of age, last Tuesday at her home
Six mon'hs ago he was tried for the al
leged murder of her husband, hut a tnls- |
trial resulted.
imxoits it:i7,e mission a n v.
l'BKtv, May S.?Outlaws have cap
tured a Hrltish missionary named
Stevens near Kenghsien, in the province
of Shensl. It la said In advices to the
British legation here. Despatches In
dicate the object of his capture is to
bring to bear pressure on provincial
authorities to abandon repressive mess- '
urej
Overcome by Heat
Playing Baseball
'pHE first case of heat prostra
tration this year was reported
yesterday. Louis E. Stewart, 17,
of 244 William street, was over
come while playing baseball in
Van Cortlandt Park. First aid
treatment was given to him by
Patrolman Joseph H. Arnold and
he went home.
MAYER DECLINES
TO FORM CABINET
German Ambassador to France
Asked by Ebert to Recon
sider Decision.
TIE WOULD SIGN TERMSi
Probably Could Not Find Ma
jority in the Reichstag to
Support Him.
Special Cable to Tin New York Hbralb.
Copyright, 1931, by Tin Nfw York Hbhai.d.
?w York Herald Buruu, 1
Berlin. Mh.v H. f
Dr. Wilhelm Mayer-Kaufbeureu, Ger- :
man Ambassador to France, who ar-1
rived in Berlin yesterday and was asked
by President Ebert to form a new Gov
ernment to replace the Fehrenbach I
Ministry, has declined to accept the re-'
sponsibility, according to the Vosslsche
Zeitung. The President has asked him
to reconsider his decision.
Should Dr. Mayer accept the Chan- j
cellorship his Ministry would be;
formed on the basis of signing the al-!
lied terms. Whether the Ambassador'
brought concessions or at least clearer!
interpretations from Paris, as has been j
rumored, has not yet been made public.'
Fnless he did this or can convince the ,
?party leaders that desirable conces- ?
sions or Interpretations can be ob- j
tnined from the Allies, It is regarded
as certain that he cannot And a ma-1
Jorlty In the Reichstag that will sup-;
port a policy of submission.
Tlie Majority Socialists still are not
tnolirod to participate in a new Cabinet,
and the task appears to rest upon the
present Coailtlon Bloc, comprising Cler
icals, the flermnn People's party. Demo
crats and Bavarian People's party.
The financial terms of the ultimatum,
it Is admitted, are somewhat more
favorable than the Paris figures, and
under the circumstances of a rapid in
crease in Germany's foreign trade
amount to considerably less than the
earlier ones.
"Should Germany's foreign trade in
1921-1922 reach the sum of fi.ooo.oon.noo
gold marks, and more than that amount
Is hardly possible wc should have to
pay nhout .1,500,900.000 marks accord
ing lo the London programme." writes
Dr. Pinner In the Taprblntt. "Accord
ing to the Paris terms this would be
2,720.000,000, but estimating the exports
for the years from 1923 to 1923 at
7.500,000,000 we would have to pay
3,900,000,000 bv the Paris terms and
3.950.000,000 by the London terms.
"Then. If in the next two years our
exports grew to 10,000,000,000 marks we
would have to pay 5.200,000,000 by the
Paris terms and only 4.600,000,000 bv
the London terms, liven If in 1932 we
should reach the point where our ex
ports would he worth 2">, 000,000,000
marks, as estimated by M. Loucheur
(the French Cabinet Minister), which
is out of the question, we should have
to pay 8.500,000,000 by the London
terms, as against 9,0O0,000.000 accord
ing to the Paris terms."
The Germans claim that they do not
object so much to these terrna as to the
lack of clarity concerning the power
given to the Allies to prolong the occu
pation of the Ruhr and also as to the
general proposition of prolonging any
occupation beyond the time fixed by the
treaty. Besides, even those who are
violently opposed to Bavaria having a
special militia do not believe It possible
t> carry out full disarmament there by
May 31.
MAYER'S OWN PARTY
OPPOSES ULTIMATUM
He Plans to Convert Clericals
as Coalition Nucleus.
Su thr Ax.iorinted Prrm.
Hkrltn. May 8.?Despite Dr Wllheim
Mayer's personal efforts to persuade the i
Clericals to agree to tmoondltlonal ac
; epptance of tho allied ultimatum, the 1
Bavarian people's party, of which he In
?i member, stubbornly opposes the allied
ri rme. i specially regarding disarmament.
Although j ledg.d to abide by hie party's
lertslon, Dr. Mayer is now endeavoring
to unite the Clerical party In favor of
accepting the ultimatum, hoping that It
would then form the nucleus for an
emergency coalition which would cotn
mand enough votes In the Reichstag In
favor of yielding
The Majority Socialists and I?emo
crats, who are Still divided among them-j
selves, have summoned their national
commltteee to Berlin for a conference
to-morrow. The German Pef>p|e's party,
of which t>r. Oustav Stresemann Is the
leader, continues l:s Attitude of r serve.
Dr. Mayer Is reported to be impress
ing the Reichstag leaders e Ith the In
evitable necessity of signing and thus
showing Germany's willingness to make
sincere e,Torts to ctsrry out the terms of
th" treaty In the hope that the Inv.iaton
of the Rum an-1 other | entitles will not
be applied If she temporarily fells to
meet her obligations In every detail
LIQUOR RATIONING BILL
TO COME UP IN NORWA Y
Government Would Abolish
Absolute Prohibition.
COPlNMAoatt, May I.- -The Norwegian
Government. the .Vofiono/ Tide dc.
will shortly Introduce In Parliament a
bill proposing to substitute the present
tempornry syntem of absolute prohibi
tion with a system of rationing slntlla"
to that adopted in Sweden.
The meAsuro also will provide that
all profits derived from tha sale of alco
hol be employed for the furthering of j
social reforms. 1
CONGRESS BACKS
HARDING'S POLICY
REGARDING ALLIES
He Would Receive Support
of Majority of Republicans,
According to Canvass
of Situation.
CRITICISM IS EXPECTED
Lodge and Knox Understood
to Have Acquiesced in
His Point of View on
Cooperation.
MOVE ATTACKED BY REED
Missouri Senator Declares It
Violates People's Mandate
?Predicts Entanglement
in Europe's Affairs.
Spfnai Drspat'h to Tiib Ne? Vihk Hkka! B.
New York Herald Hnrraii. i'
Washington, l>. C., Mar It. \
That President Harding would, on
a show down, receive the support of
a majority of the Rt publican members
of the Senate and House for his policy
of unofficial and conditional repre
sentation on the allied commissions,
so long a? it does not apear that this
country is going beyond the point of
merely looking after its own interests,
seems assured. While neither Sena
tor Lodge, Chairman of the Commit
tee on Foreign Relations, nor Sena1 or
Knox, author of the peace resolution,
is discussing the subject for publica
tion, it is understood they have ac
quiesced in the President's point of
view, at least for the time being.
The Republican leaders of the House
alro readily agree to a postponement
of the peace resolution. One reason
for their attitude is that Representa
tive Porter, chairn -n ol the House
Committee on Foreigrt Affairs, is not
in complete agreement with the Senate
as to the form of the rexolutfyn. lis
would like to have the clause cxvrO*RV
repealing the American declarHU.m of
war striken out, leaving It merely or
stating that the wat is over, bit not
a formal and legal declaration th-it Mih
United States is at peace with tier
many and Austria.
Bitter Enders' Attitude.
The efforts of President Hardlnc und
Secretary Hughes and oilier members
of the Cabinet to block open criticism
in the Senate are likely to he unavail
ing. Although the Republican "bitter
enders" have thus far kept quiet so
far as giving interviews for publica
tion la concerned most of them have
strongly condemned the President's
course In private conversation.
This criticism by Republican Sena
tors Is likely to be Indirect and take
the form of a demand for an early re
turn of the American troops from the
Rhine and a pro' -at against dolav in
the passage by the House <>f the Knox
resolution, which Is being held, accord
ing to these Republican leaders, at the
suggestion of the White House and
State department on the plea that Its
enactment at this tlnv would emb.ir
rass the Allies. .
Although thee? Republican Irrenencil
ablen are marking time, partly from a
desire not to embarrass the President
and partly to await developments which
will more clearly disrloee the nature of
American participation in tl ? allied
ounclls. It Is not unlikely that public
sentiment In some quarters may Indie e
them to speak sooner than now seems
likely.
To-day Senator Reed. Democrat ' M >. >,
a ho la known to entertain stmll r
views to those held by Himc of the Re
puhll-an irreconcilable.-, authorised th
publication of an Interview in which he
contends that the acceptance ,,f the al
lied Invitation to participate in delih-ra
tiona of the Supreme Council, the ?"oun
cll of Ambaaaadora and the Reparations
Commission constitutes a violation of
the mandate of the Amerh an people de
livered in the last Presidential election:
that It Is likely to be th" entering wedge
to American entanglement In European
affairs and that the Pre.iident ought to
bring the 1'nlted States troor? home
from (Iprraanj and get out of European
nffalrs altogether
Senator Reed's Statement.
Senator Reed let tt be known thai ha
does not want It to appcu- that he he a
any authority to sp?ak for .in; other
Senate "bitter enders," Republican or
Democrat. Tie say s In his stateno nt:
"I dlallke to appear in the role of *
ciblc of ibe Hat ding Administration,
but. frankly, I am astounded at the
move ju-t inad>\ 'Untllt ial represen
tatlon' is a mlina.i# and a aolecMfh
The tie ti who ar. to alt on the various
csnuisstona In Europe have m? business
there as private individuals. They must
be there as repre-entstlvee of the Gov
ernment if thiv are there at all.
"Tf th v ore representatives of ' l?
Government the-- must be offleia r#i :
? ontaMvea. What off or dtp ? s , #
they t" perfcrm? tf they are tjv?r s
mere onlotikerr mil news gat' ants ... t
rorV' no seful '.vjr pus.
"If they ?r. anything mote than nt"
gatherers then they must tgke
t>art iu the proceed!rgt; if not wltlM th#
board* are In session, then it least h?
wsy of consultation with die members
of the heard. If they do this thay in*,
mlt this Government to toe p doles they
have advocated or agreed to and t" the
suggestions ti e> ir.sy have t><nde 'i uat
la to any. they < nt unit tl ? Ro? > Ti
ns f.ir sa the executive branch of the
Government -an <o.iimlt It.
"Aa wp all know, the Executive, even
if net poeseceing full power to hind the
Government, inn take Much action a'
will grcitly enibiwrass and entangle th#
1'nlted States. The purpose nf the Eu
ropeans can l>e nothing ei?e than t ?>
draw us into tha settlement, edjustme
djystmeni
md enforcement of their cla f' and

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