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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, May 16, 1921, Image 8

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NEW YORK HERALD
PUBLISHED BY THE SUN-HKRALD
CORPORATION, 280 ? BROADWAY;
TELEPHONE, WORTH 10,000.
Directors and officers: Frank A Munssy,
President; Ervin Wardman, Vice-President;
Win. T. Dewart. Treasurer; R. II. Ttther
tagton, Secretary.
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Louvre.
Tim New York Herald was founded by
James Gordon Bennett In 1833. It remained
the sole property of Its founder until his
death. In 1872, when his son. also Jarr.es
Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership
of the paper, which remained in his hands
,:itn his death. In 1918. The Herald be
ams the property of Frank A. Munsey, Its
present owner. In 1920.
MONDAY, MAY 16, 1921.
Sitting In Abroad.
The President's acceptance of the
Allies' invitation to America to '' in
at their conferences dealing with :l\e
adjustment of after-wur problems
has given great concern to many of
those who opposed the League of
Nations. They see in this acceptance
a yielding to the pro-League sentiment
in America.
The New York Herald is certain
that the facts do not jostify ;his
conclnsion. It holds that in Her own
interest America must possess an in
timate knowledge of what is going
on. American representatives sitting
in at these allied councils will fur
itldh this information to their Gov
ernment, and through them their Gov
ernment may express itself to these
councils.
America fought in the great war
side by side with the Allies to save
the world from Iron heeled autocracy.
America must now cooperate with tile
Allies in rescuing the world from eco
nomic chaos. This does not mean
;hat America must finance Europe,
other than in the usual banking sense,
but that she owes It to the world to
exercise her influence in securing the
best solution of the problems yet to
be settled.
We may assume, and not be far
wrong, that we have already made
progress in this respect since our Gov
ernment again commenced to function.
TMs is apparent in the matter of the
amended reparations demands on Ger
many whlrh have been unco^lirion
aiiy accepted, whereas all previous
demands failed of acceptance.
If Mr. Hardtxu isn't strong enough
to hold straight to his course with
our representatives abroad sitting in
at the allied councils, he isn't strnftg
enough to hold straight to his course
with America Isolated from the rest
of the world. But there need be no
fear of Mr. Haxdiko on the soore of
weakness. His position on the I-eugue
of Nations, and on -to angl omenta
abroad, has been clearly defined.
Mr. Hardixo fully realizes the ser
vice this great neutral nation can
perform in the present involved in
ternational entanglements. He has
already begun the work.
Banking to Our Trade.
Everybody With enough sense to
know that the tail doe*n"t wng the
? tog will understand the shrewd bank
ing strategy behind the decision of
?he Federal Reserve Board authoriz
ing Federal -Reserve central banks to
purchase In the open market commer
cial acceptance drafts np to six
months maturity Instead of taking,
as heretofore, only bills running up
to ninety days.
When the American merchant goes
into South America or Into India or
any other foreign market, for the mat- j
ter of that, and offers to sell Amerl-j
'?an goods he finds in this day a dif
ferent atmosphere from what there
was in these same markets two years
ago, when orders were pouring in on
him unsolicited.
American seller* find a welcome;
now only when they offer American;
goods at the same price as. or n shade
better than, the price which is asked
by merchants of England, France,
Germany, Italy. Japan. Norway. Swe
den, Denmark. Australia or any of
the other countries thnt are again
doing busineas as before the war, and
who one and Jointly arc indehtod to
.Apieriea. directly or indirectly, and!
Imve therefore an urgent and special
eason for outclass, g their \merteanj
mpetltors.
And American merchants after sub
ittlng an inviting price have still
nother requirement to meft having
:|to do with selling terms and the
length of credit. American goods not
only must come as good in quality ns.
or ? shade better than, and as low
in price as. or a shade lower than,
'gdoda from other countries, but must
be cold under credit terms as reason
able and na convenient as. (,r a shade
%more so than, the terms extended
' by other*.
1 In South and O-ntr.i America and
In several oilier Important foreign
uiarV'ts H ha* |orr?' the custom
lo buy on six months time, lie,ore
'the w4f fcuglnnd and Gerutanj froel>
granted this well nigh indispensable
privilege to their merchants. Where
the custom called l'or six months
credit there was no difficulty what
ever in negotiating the credit and
disposing of the drafts drawn against
if. America was able to ignore these
practices during the war. while the
war made this the compulsory buy
ing place of nearly all the rest of the
world. But this is changed now.
America is not a compulsory buying!
place. Tliere is no such thing. Many J
of the commodities for which the!
world was begging two years ago
are a drug on the market.
The New York Herald believes
that in clearing away the obstacles
in the path of foreign trade, so far
as the financial and banking end of
the bargain is concerned, the Federal
Reserve Board Is doing its part and
doing it well.
The New Price Fixing Law.
Governor Miller lias done well to
approve the so-called photo-engraving
bill prohibiting the fixing of prices
en any article or product used in the
conduct of trade, commerce or manu
facture, and It Is fitting to sp?u"
again of the far-reaching importance
of this measure.
As the Donnelly law- against mo
nopoly price lixing previously stood
it applied only to "any article or I
commodity of common use." It was
under a court decision that employ
ers and employees in the particular
photo-engraving trade were permitted
to make and enforce a selling price
agreement because their product was
held to be not of "common use." The
price lixers, employers and employees
together, thus could and did tell any
member of the trade that he could
not ?ell his product to the public be
low their price lists, no matter how
cheaply he could manufacture it or
how anxious he was to make only a
reasonable profit. They could and
did prevent any members of the
union from working for him unless he
maintained the fixed prices. They
could and did shut up his plant and
drive him out of business if he per
sisted in selling below the decreed
And all dils because the court held
the photo-engraving product, as an
article not of "common use," was
immune from the anti-monopoly law.
although photo-engraving might be
used not merely in publications, illus
trations and the like, but in so many
different ways, like advertising, labels
on commodity containers and wrap
pers. us to affect the prices of all
kinds of necessaries of life making up
the general cost of living.
It was, indeed, an extraordinary
condition of affairs where under the
statutes of New York price fixing
monopolies were legal crimes in one
field but legal virtues in another. It
was an astounding performance when
Sam Gompers and other union lead
ers declared to the Legislature that
'employers should be permitted to flx^
prices for monopoly purposes as long)
bs they did so by grace of union em
ployees and when those lenders even
dared to warn the Legislature not to
interfere with this special license
for employers and employees, acting
together by approval of the Federa
tion of Labor, to impose prices which
consumers must pay.
And it was the height of impudence
when these threatening lenders mag
nanimously offered that if the Legis
lature and the Governor would not
make rhe anti-monopoly law apply to
all price fixers alike they would con
sent to reach some private arrange
ment with certain complaining em
plovers that would be satisfactory to
them. Never one thought about the
equality of all under the law. - Never
one thought about even handed jus
tice to anybody and everybody. Never
one thought about the rights of the]
public.
But the Legislature and the Go\
ernor did weigh all these considers-1
tlons. did Ignore the insolence and re
slst the blustering and, in extending
the Donnelly anti-monopoly law so as
to end the exclusive price fixing priv
ileges of those favored employers and
employees, did set up n shining and
widely influential exnmple in enlight
ened and courageous legislation for
the 1 oeflt of the whole public and
nobo. but the public.
Cost of Britain's Coal Strike.
Oreat Britain has been in the grip
of the ronl strike now for six weeks.
Fuel is being rationed, train service
has been curtailed, scores of Indus
trial plants have closed, throwing
hundreds of thousands of employees
out "f work.
Although wages are supposed to be:
tlie issue, the strike is not on Indus
trial dispute aj all. Extreme nidi-1
rnls of the left wing are endeavoring j
to make the strike u Waterloo not
only for the present Government of
Great Britain hut for the existing
constitutional system of government.
Tlicy wonld puve the way for com
plete state socialism by nationaliz
ing the coal mines end forcing on
the great majority of British labor!
and of the British people a coal sub- j
sidy amounting approximately to an
nnnunl tax of $10 n head for every
man, woman and child In the United
Kingdom.
But the political aspect of the dis
pute does not by any means divest It
of n purely industrial aspect, of vital
importance not only to England but
to the existing British Empire as a
whole. British Industry owes its ex
J St once to cheap fuel. The British
merchant fleet has been nourished on
cheap bunkers and plentiful cargoes i
of coal for outward voyages to fetch
hock 'be coarser Imports which Eng
land refined Into n higher priced, i m
bulky class of g<jods requiring 1<
ship tonnage for export. On this
foundation of clieap fuel and indus
trial and maritime efficiency, rein
forced by a vast banking and Insur
ance mechanism, rests the super
structure of the British Empire.
British mine union leaders knew as
well as did British capitalists and the
British Government wherein lay the
source of British economic strength.
These radical leaders sought to ter
rorize the Government by threatening
to destroy the foundation of the
British Empire. They chose what
they thought was an opportune mo
ment for the attack, because British
coal production and British coal ex
ports had been steadily failing off as
the result of labor's policy of shorter
hours and higher pay.
In 1913 the coal exports were 70,
425,000 tons, in 1919 they were 33,
643,000 tons, and in 1920 only 23,
281,000 tons. But all this time the
price kept advancing. The relation of
values to export tonnage underwent
the following change:
Exports. Tons: Value.
1913 70,425,000 ?50,727,000
191S 33*543.000 F3.213,000
1920 23.281,009 99,627,000
While ignoring entirely the lower
tonnage of British coal exports, the
British labor leaders turned their at
tention to the higher prices. They
knew in their hearts that the higher
(he price of British coal for export,
the weaker became the hold on Brit
ish markets abroad. They knew in
their hearts thut the less coal sent
overseas, the more ships sailed iu
ballast arid the weaker became the
British merchant fleet They could
have verltied this by simply referring
to the figures for British coal ex
ports to the principal markets which
without a single exception are smaller
tbnn before the war and in some
cases have dw indled to less than one
tenth the 1914 figure.
And as to the result of the higher
prices the facts were that at the end
of Government control In March the
cost bf producing coal due to high
wages was so much greater than the
receipts from coal sales, despite high
prices, that the Government was pay
Ing out of its Own pocket about $25,
000,000 a month as a subsidy to keep ?
the mines running.
Restore Grant's Birthplace.
The cabin in which General Ulys
ses K. Grant was born at Point
Pleasant, Ohio, on April 27, 1S22, now
stands on the Ohio State Fair Grounds
in Columbus, It having been given to
the .State lu 1SSS for safe keeping by
tiie late Henry T. Chittenden, who
bought it from an itinerate showman,
by whom it had been exhibited In
various parts of the country. A move
ment has been started by TInon L.
Nichols, formerly Chief Justice of
the Ohio Supreme Court, to restore
the cabin to its original site as a
part of the celebration of the cen
tenary of General Grant's birth
next year.
Naturally enough, lite Ohio Secre
tary of Agriculture does not want to
part with such an interesting relic,
but Judge Nichols's project will com
mend itself to those who without offi
cial bin8 consider the proposal in the!
light of historic appropriateness.
The cabin once more set up at
Point Pleasant would he much more
Interesting than it can possibly be
made in Its present surroundings.
The home of General Grant's father
and mother might easily bo restored
to its appearance at tbe time their
first son, named by them Hiram
Ulysses, hut. by accident registered
at West Point as Ulysses S.. was
born. Tt could be preserved for all
time as a memorial to this great
American,
The Ohio authorities should help
Judge Nichols put the birthplace of
General Grant where it stood when
Jesse R. Grant and his wife Han
nah StwrsoN lived In it.
Aland Islands to Finland.
The troublesome little Aland Islands
have been so loug the subject of a
bitter controversy anions the Scandi
navian countries with many of the
other European states either Inter
ested operators or active partisans
that It would seem as If any settlement
which would bring a sense of secur
ity to the Islanders and peace among
the disputants would be welcomed.
But It Is not evident that this secur
ity and peace will' follow as a result
of the recommendations decided upon
by the Aland Islands Commission at
Oneva : flu-re is some doubt that Fin
land will ogree to the limitations
fixed on the award of the islands to
her by the commission, while It is
m-nrcely likely that Sweden will sub
mit to having her whole eastern const
left without iprrofection against an
enemy nation's attack.
The Aland Islands, lying at the
ent-nnce to the Gulf of flothtita on
the north and the Oulf of Finland on
the east, occupy the strongest, stra
tegic position in the Baltic Sea. The
islands, about 300 in number, form a
halnof mostly rocky points not. more
than from teu to twenty miles apart
from the coast of Sweden north of
Stockholm to the const of Finland
near Abo. Two or three of the
Mrgpr Islands, mostly those off the
Swedish coast, have richly productive
farming soil; about eighty of them
nre Inhabited, and n fourth of the
entire number might possibly be
avail able as sites for forts, naval sta
tions or aviation bases.
It was on account of their strategic
Baltic that -Russia gobbled tlieiu up,
; together v-lth Finland, In 1*oo. Swe
den (hen l>egnii her fight either to re
?"ver the Islands ->r In prevent them
Vein ii maining a menace to her coast.
! Fifty years later Russia agreed uot
| to fortify the islands or to permit
j them to be used for military or for
naval purposes. This agreement Rus
i aia kept until the beginning of the
world war, when she fortified them
j against the Germans, but she always
refused to return them to Sweden.
Finland defended her claim to 'he
; Aland* upon this Russian occupation
and it prevailed before the commis
sion. The Islands are to be annexed
to Finland upon that country guaran
teeing certain rights of franchise, of
government and protection of the
Swedish population. These provisions
are rather severe ones for the Finns
[ to accept. The population of the isl
ands is almost entirely Swedish?the
last official estimate was that of 21,
.858 Alanders 20,458 spoke Swedish
and' 895, or only a little more than 4
per cent., spoke Finnish. As tlie isl
anders preserved this proportion for
more than 100 years under the auto
cratic rule of Russia, they are likely
to continue to preserve it under Fin
nish Government, which must pledge
itself not to Interfere with the lan
guage, schools or customs of the peo
ple of the islands. Finland in ac
cepting this provision agrees to the
incorporation within her State of a
body of Swedes irreconcilably opposed
to becoming Finnish.
Sweden supported her demand for
the islands upon not only historical nnd
racial rights but also upon the neces
sity of the Alands to her economic
development and the protection of
her country. The trade of the isl
ands in the past was almost entirely
with Sweden. In the plans for the
building of a railway across southern
Sweden the Islands were to form a
link which would connect her trans
portation system with Aho and the
Baltic States. The occupation of the
Alands by an unfriendly Power would
be a distinct menace to Sweden. The
Aland Hof, between ther coast and
'.he islands, Is a deep channel, through
which war vessels could pass to her
Bothninn Gulf const. The Swedish
capital. Stockholm, and the important
town of Upsala are both wltliln range
of modern big guns which might be
placed on the larger of the Alands.
There is nothing to indicate that
Sweden has received any safeguards
against these perils. Until this is
done the commission's recommenda
tions will find bitter opposition in
that nation and the whole /Viand
question will remain as much a trou
ble maker as ever it was in the past.
Should this turn out to l>e the ease,
another failure of after-war adjust
ment must be charged against the
diplomacy of the world.
Are Women Uncivilized?
Women, according to Professor
Hamilton P. Oadv of the University
of Kansas, are "far less civilized than
they were In the so-called barbaric
ages." Then men painted themselves
and women didn't: as time went on
men "came to realize the futility of
such deception," and painting the
body was abandoned by thein. but
women have brought the art to u
jKtpulflrity It never had with men.
If Professor Capy Is correctly
quoted, It follows that in his opinion
men have advanced in civilization
while women have been slipping back.
This Is alarming If true. Men have
just given equal political rights to
women here, in England and in many
other countries Tf It turns out that
women are retrograding, the males
have blindly invited the destruction
of everything humanity has won
through the ages.
We may l>e permitted to hope Pro
fessor Caoy is undnly agitated. He
is a. chemist in a coeducational
school and consequently has excel
lent opportunities for observation.
Yet his conclusions should be checked
up before they are finally accepted.
Fortunately, wc mnr be able to com
pare them with the outcome of the
studies of our young women now be
ing made by another chemist.
The colleague of Professor Caoy
whom we have in mind may i?e
known to him by reputation. We
refer to Mme. Cubie.
One hundred and twenty-four Finn
Fein candidates out of 128 won In the
elections for the South of Ireland Par
liament. Their opponents know ex
actly how the Democrats In thU coun
try felt on November 2.
Dr. Corm, who tosses the Quaran
tine Station, has Issued an order under
which his boarding officers begin thHr
activities by the sun's rising and not
by the clock. The result yesterday
was that eleven vesselsgotpratique In
record breaking time. This improve
ment of service will be felt all along
the water front. Dr. Cofek has earned
thanks for an Interference with time
which will please everybody?except,
perhaps, the boarding officers doomed
to early rising
The Forget-Me-Not.
By banks of green, down golden ways
I strayed.
Paside a stream from out the moun
tain side;
And ?s I watched Its silver waters
glide
On to the sapphire ocean I delayed
In wonderment, for where the current
played
About the boulders in a genUn tide
A fair frail flowerlet raised Its face
and vied
With heavens coloring of azure shade.
It was as though^ito the stream of life
I looked and saw Its waters flowing
free;
Some currents placid and some fraught
with strife;
The blossom In the brook's heart spoke
to me,
Whispering, "See! In life's remotest I
spot
Flowers riod's remembrance, tip '
forget-me-not, 1"
Kusasxrw Scou-asp.
Coal Prices.
.1 Domestic Kecord of the Rise From
95.50 to 912 a Ton.
To The New York. Herald: X submit
the following record of prices paid for
furnace coal In fifteen ton lots, delivered '
and stored in the cellar at a town within ,
twenty-five miles of Hoboken on the j
Lackawanna Railroad!
Trice
Year. a ton.
1907 $?"
1906 O.W)
1909 6.60
1010 e. 6.B0
3911 5.r>0
1018 5.96
lOU..... 6.76
191 4 6.85
191 5 5.85
1919 6.45 i
191 7 6.75 |
191 8 8.25 !
191 9 9.60 I
192 0 11,50 ?
192 1 (asked) 12.00 j
New York, May 14. C. K.
Higher Rates in Maine.
To The New York Herald : The
timely challenge to coal profiteers
throughout our country contained in your
editorial article "Coal Prices Must Come
Down" calls for the gratitude of the
whole nation and leads me to write of
the coal prices demanded here in this
Maine coast village.
Summer cottage residents are encoun
tering higher prices for coal than last
season, though we know that all other
prices are steadily falling. This village
community has been subjected all this
winter I learn to what is now the price
asked for nut coal, $17.50 a ton. In
addition there Is an extra charge for
delivery. I.ast summer we paid $16 a
ton for nut coal and $6 extra?$22 a
ton In all?for trucking from York beach,
Bix miles distant. Summer ICesident.
Oounqutt, Maine, May 10.
Slacker List Errors.
Men Who Served Can't Be Hurt, a
Former Captain Thinks.
To The New York Herald: Why these
objections to the slacker list publica
tion? The writer never notified his draft
board that ho had enlisted, and in all
probability his name will appear on the
lists of draft evaders from Morris county.
New Jersey, when that list Is published.
This, however, he regards with perfect
equanimity, as all his friends know that
he served overseas, and to all others he
can show his American Lieglon button
and his discharge.
This is the caao with all true sorvico
men. The charge of slackertsm, if it can
be honestly refuted, simply redounds to
the credit of the accused and but empha
sizes his war service.
As the honest cannot, therefore, be
hurt, let us by all moans know tkp draft
(ledgers and those who played baseball
?in the shipyards at $10 a day and who
did not even take the trouble to have
their records straightened ont.
IhirvATB Wtio Became a Captain.
New York. May 14.
Hot Corn.
Poetry Inspired in a Vender by a
I/ost Art of the Cook.
To The Nrw York Herald: An old
colored man used to stand at the corner
of Fourteenth street and Sixth avenue
some forty years ago with a wash boiler
full of hot corn and with good butter,
salt and pepper on the side. As nearly
as I can remember his chant was:
The corn costs money
And the fire's expense,
Hut all I ask
Is a big five cents
For my hot corn.
Smoking hot corn.
Such an ear of corn could not be pur
chased at any of the small restaurants
of this day, as the old Southern darky
had a way of cooking It which hns not
been passed on to the present genera
tion of cooks. Harrt Bap.rt.
New York, May .14.
Turning on Mr. Edison.
It Is Alleged He Cannot Answer Two
of His Own Questions.
To Thb Nrw York Herald : I fee!
certain that Mr. Edison cannot answer
correctly two of his question;;. You
failed on Friday.
How is leather made? fomt hides
and skins are made into leather without
tannic acid.
?How is celluloid made? 1 challenge
Mr. Edison to answer tills brlerfly. Ho
has been familiar with plastic materials
for twenty years nnd was a friend of
John Hyatt, inventor of celluloid. 1
should like to see Mr, Edison's answers.
New York, May 14. Jersey man.
Pittsburgh's Rivers.
To Tn? Nbw York Herald : in an
swer to Mr. Kdison's question, "What
rivers converge at Pittsburgh?" you say
"The Allegheny and Ohio rivers." This
is wrong. The Allegheny and Mononga
hola rivers Join at .Pittsburgh and form
the Ohio River. The Monongahela
Kiver runs north so that when you are
going up the river you are travelling
south. Arthur Tottkn.
Tv'bw York, May 14.
Questionnaire of the Calendar.
To The New York Herald: I won
der how many of your readers can
answer these questlo; n offhand:
1. On What d?v of the week does n
common or regular gear end that be
gins, for example, on a Saturday?
2. Same question applied to leap year.
3. The centennial year 1900 hegnn on
? Monday. On what day of the week
did ft end?
4. dive the particular numeral coin
ciding with the first Sunday In each
month of the common year that begins
on h Sunday.
5. Same question applied to leap year
I. Enumerate a period of seven con
secutive common, regular years.
New York, May 14. S.
ft Ih Right.
To The N'ew Yotik Herald: A says
children born In the United States of
unnaturalized parents have to be natu
ralised before becoming citizens. B says
anybody born In the United States is
citizen and entitled to vote. V. E. J.
Pbt.tii Ahrot, N. J.. May 14.
Merely en Informsl Meeting.
From the < hteetpo Tribune.
Mrs. K. ?. Westlake, Mis Chase a venae,
whose automobile was struck by fhe "tniTi
|m ' r amenta I car" of Mrs. Richard R. Drown,
nreenleaf avenue, Pnturday night, de
nies that she and Mrs IHov.n are veil
acquainted, ?* reported In Sunday's Tribune
Tells Aims of New Club for Women
.
Mrs. Clarence C. Calhoun of Washington Says Organ
ization Will Hold Aloof From Politics.
Mrs. Clarence C. Calhoun of Wash
ington, one of the principal organizers
of the Women's National Foundation,
announced yesterday In New York that
Herbert Hoover. John Haya Hammond,
Milton K. Alles. Henry Cleveland Per
kins and Charles J. Bell. Washington
business men, have been invited to be
come members of the foundation ad
visory committee. The organization
proposes to construct a $3,000,000 club
house in the national capital to house
women's organizations.
The advisory committee of men will
give counsel in business matters re
lating to the raising of a budget and
the construction of buildings, but the
foundation affairs, according to Mrs.
Calhoun, will be in the hands of a
board of governors composed entirely
of women members. Wednesday, on the
Dean estate in Washington, which was
purchased recently by tho foundation,
the founders and others who may bo
eligible for membership In the board of
governors will hold a meeting to com
plete organization plans.
Mrs. Calhoun, who is a guest at the
home of Mrs. Francis Burrall Hoff
man, 58 East Seventy-ninth street, told
of foundation alms briefly. The founda
tion will be civic In spirit, but will
hold aloof from partisan politica it
will advocate a national Americaniza
tion programme, will attempt to dif
fuso a greater knowledge of govern
mental processes among the women of
the country, and will support generally
movements aimed to ameliorate the con
dition of the unfortunate in society.
Mrs. Calhoun was a guest yesterday
afternoon at the home of Mrs. Preston
Satterwhite at Great Neck, D. 1.
Cover Designs on View.
Miss It. X. Jaflfe Wins Museum of
Natural History Prize.
On view at the American Museum of
Natural History there is an exhibit of
designs suitable for use on the cover
of the Museum's magazine, Natural
History. The designs are the work of
Wahington Irving High School students,
to whom the Museum, through Dr. James
P. Haney, director of art In the high
schools, offered a first prize, a second
prize and seven general prizes for the
best nine covers submitted.
The sixty-two designs are to he seen
in the Hall of Forestry at the Museum.
The winning cover, representing a con
ventionalized frog, is the work of Miss
Bertha N. JafTe. The second prize win
ning design, that of the owl, was made
by Frances Oessner. The seven general
prizes were accorded to Misses Bailey,
De Takacs, Frledfnan, Isaacs, McAleese,
Tonjea and Wlllhelm.
Thirty poster designs by students in
tho second year advertising class of the
New York School of Fine and Applied
Art have been placed on exhibition in
the Southwest Indians Hall. They were
inspired by research In the Indian rooms
of the museum. Some of the participat
ing students are former service men,
working under the guidance of tho Fed
eral Vocational Board.
A collection ctf iposters, made by
children in New York's elementary
schools, is exhibited on the third floor
of the Museum. The posters were de
Other Dawn*.
From the Arkansas Gazette.
Against the east the blackness fades to I
gi ar:
?,The dingy buildings bulk against the I
gloom
And restlessly and faint and far away
Life threads again the shuttles of its j
loom.
Weaving once more its web of mist and 1
murk
In grind of wheels and tread of pass
ing feet. I
The sorrows rouse, day's weariness and
work
Begins again Upon the rlanglng street.
Yet have T seen the day come swift and
sweet;
Yet have I seen the city tinged with
fire
When gilded wall and buttress rose to
meet
The rising sun with rapture and desire.
Old days, far days that shall not come
again.?
Yet still days come, and still the sunk
arise
And time and tide run on unchanged as
when
J watched dawn waken In thy dream
drugged eyes.
Conditions in Alaska.
Objections to a Will in Congress Af
fecting Its Resources.
To The New York Hkiuu>: There
was introduced May 3 In the House of
Representatives a bill, H. R. ofi94, to
provido for the administration of na
tional property and interests In the
Territory of Alaska and for other pur
poses. It is evident that there is every
tntentlon of rushing this bill through
tho committee, for although it was in
troduced May 3 hearings on it began
May 9.
The bill la complex snd not eaky to
understand, and it appears to be a seri
ous menace to all the natural resources
of Alaska. It provides for the transfer
to a board of Ave members?the Gov
ernor of the Territory of .Alaska, tho
president of the Ronrd of Road Com
missioners for Alaska and three others
to be appointed by tho President?of
powr over pretty much everything In
Alaska. Tho coal and the national
parks, which were in the original bill
were taken out.
The bill transfers to this hoard ail
Jurisdiction of all kinds over the na
tional forests, the fisheries, the fur seal
islands, the game of all kinds, all fur
heai'i" t animals and ail bird reserva
tions Vlasku. The hoard Is also to
control tii' administration of the I.aeay
act and the Federal migratory bird
treaty act so far as Alaska is concerned.
Tlie power? given the board are in
most unlimited and u neon trolled. Such
a body with such powers might work
enormous harm to the natural NMWM
of Alaska. The measure is obviously
political In character.
The board will be subject in ?-!l sorts
of locnl demands and pressure, and this
will result In the swift destruction by
1< ml people of everything that can be
turned Into money. This threatens tho
extermination In most parts of the Ter
ritory of much of the game that has
beer, and still Is abundant there The
brown bears, about which much lias been
said of late years, may very soon be ex
terminated, either under bounty laws or
by permitting the commercialisation of
their bides.
Alaskans are heartily In favor of this
measure, as are people In the northwest
ern United States, who are eager to
build tip Alaska so that the trade of
Seattle, Portland and San Frnr.elseo may I
be increased. Representatives of th<>e<- !
i-otmnunl! i? ire on tho ^..und n Wash- I
Ingtou, and a great crowd of them wst*
signed for the Humane Education Poster
Contest arranged by tlic New York
Woman's League for Animals.
MAY BOYCOTT SPANISH GOODS.
Argentine Communistic Federation
Makes Threat.
Buenos Aires, May 15.?All Spanish
goi/Ns will be boycotted by the working
men allied with the Argentine Com
munistic Federation of Labor unless the
Spanish Government changes its atti
tude toward the laborers of Spain, ac
cording to a note handed to the Spanish
Ambassador "by the secretary of the
federation. The federation's action is a
result of a worldwide movement initi
ated at the request of the Spanish
syndicalists among the organizations
affiliated with the Moscow Third Inter
nationale.
In the note to the Spanish Ambassa
dor the federation announced also that.
under the circumstances. It could not
indorse the proposed visit of tho King
of Spain to South America, saying:
"Tho Ambassador can easily understand
that an organization of the proletariat
that has class consciousness and a true
knowledge of Its historic mission cannot!
receive, unless perhaps from motives
of pure courtesy, a King who permits
the persecution of those persons who in
every country are an element of rich
ness and prosperity."
JAP WOMAN LEADS BANDITS.
Command* Notorlont Ruhr Trylnjc
to Avenite Siberian Murder*.
Tokio, May 5 5.?A despatch from
Vladivostok, says a Japanese woman
living there who Is a leader of a noto
rious band of mounted bandits of NJJ<q
laovsk left Vladivostok to take up ac
tive command of the bandits and aveng'
the death of 121 Japanese residents In
Siberia who wore murdered by Bolshe
vist bands near Nikolaevsk in June last
year.
The mounted bandits under the direc
tion of their leader are said to have
given much assistance to the Japanese
expeditionary forces and their leader
was twice decorated by the Japanese
commander for her bravo action In giv
ing them aid. She is supported by the
other Japanese residents of Vladivostok.
STUDENT COURTS-MARTIAL.
Organised in t'hamitr, Kan., to
Ileal 'With Delinquents.
Chaottr,. Kan., May 16.?Student
courts-martial havo been organized fn
the Junior high school here to deal with
students who are absent without good
excuse. Boys found guilty are sentenced
to dig dandelions and otherwise police
the school grounds, while girl offenders
are ordered to peel potatoes or polish
silverware for the domestic science de
partment, which conducts a cafeteria.
This unique method of self-discipline
and government is the development of a
contest between the "Army" and the
"Navy," the two sides into which the
students are divided for literary, musical
and athletic competition.
present at the first hearing:, held on
Monday last.. ,
Such activities are an old story. They
have been going on for twenty-five years
and always at the public expense; wit
ness the $60,000,000 railroad, which It is
now said will reach Fairbanks just about
in time to bring away the last man left
there.
For many years now, and especially
since the placer mines gave out, Alaska
has been steadily going down hill, until
now its population is absolutely desert
ing it. Some of the mining towns of a
few years ago, whose population was
once many thousands, h&vo now only
ono or two hundred people. I have
heard of one or two towns whoee banks
are liquidating and going out of busi
ness. They dor not earn the money needed
to pay their officials and their clerical
forces.
This is partly the fault of the Alas
kans, i iauy of whom, with no vision for
the flitco, have destroyed for present |
gain everything that was salable. Their
fisheries, which ought to have been per
manent for many generations, are fail
ing, and In some places have already
failed. People with interests in Alaska
declare that It has a great future, and
this la true; but thai future will coine
only after alow development and an in
telligent handling of conditions.
The citisens of the United States have t
as great an interest in Alaska as the ;
Alaskans themselves. Permanent resi- |
dents of the Territory are few, but there
is a floating population which has gone
there for the purpose of making a stake
and as soon as that stake has been
mode of getting out of the Territory
and going somewhere else to live.
Is the United ?States ppbllc content to
have the natural resources of Alaska,
Including its bird reservations, its game
and fur bearing animals, its forests. Its
fur seals over whieh for so many years
there was so much investigation,
much diplomacy and so much money
spent, entirely wiped out at the wish
of a few people in Alaska who wish to
seise every natural thing in the Terri
tory, and the few people In certain Pa
cific coast seaports who desire to soe
their local trade increased?
J. iloi-BEiN Smith,
New York, May 14.
Ton Much for the Statistic inn.
From the London Daily .Vail.
A report hu born received that the "Mad
Mullah" (ruler of rebel Dervlalies In Soma
Ifland) to dead, but It ha* .not been con
firmed, Mr. Churchill Informed the House
of Commone yeeterday.
Sir J. IV op?I* there any record In tlw
Colonial Office of thn number of tlmcsi the
Mullah ha* died?
Mi. Churchill- In the*e hnrd time* we can
not undertake to keep unnece**ary atatla
tlc*.
Tli* "Mad Mullah" *liare* with the lat?
Bmperor Menelik of Atiyealnla tlie fame of
havlnir been reported dead on far more occa
alon* than any other ruler of recent tlnn *.
l ulling Rack on (he lid Men.
Jtrtone comapondencr. Lor. Aitu<l<? Time*.
The farmer* of Verde Valley are trying
to bribe medicine men of the Mohave
Apache tribe to hold a rain dance. About
three week* ago a *ucee??ful rain dance
wa* held. Within twenty-four hour* there
wa? a reapectable downpour, though hardly
enough to tnaure (rasa. for the ground war
very dry. Now a aecond rain I* needed and
the Indian* are being asked to do Ifcelr
beat toward the dealred reault. Hut the
Indiana fefu?e to be cajoled and Withstand
all offer* of brlbea for the use of their
Influence upon Jupiter Plmlu* or hi* abo
rlglnal prototype.
A New Missouri \er*inn.
I Hii Il'arrepabur# Star t.iurnn'.
Charity may cover a multitude ..f -i
but ruriotlty uncover* a lot more.
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
Kor Eastern Now York?Partly cloudy
and cooler to-day; to-morrow fair, mod
erate west winds
For New Jersey?Partly cloudy and cooler
to-day; to-morrow fair.
Kor Northern New Kngland?Partly cloudy
to-day, cooler In Interior; to-morrow fair.
Fur Southern New England?Cloudy to-day.
cooler on the mainland; to-morrow fair.
Kor Western Now York?Fair to-day and
to-morrow; rising temperature to-morrow.
WASHINGTON, May to.?The pressure is
now high over all Interior districts east of
the llocky Mountains, abnormally low west
of tho ftocky Mountains and relatively low
over the Gulf of Mexico and the lower St.
Lawrence Va.ley. This pressure dlatrlbli
tlon has bee*' attended by widely scattered
showers in tno south Atlantic States, the
southern plnin States and tho Ftocky Maun
tain und central plateau regions.
The temperuture has fallen .Homov. hat In
the Atlantic and east Gulf States and over
much of the country west of the Rockv
Mountains. It haa become warmer over
the plains States, the upper Mississippi
Valley and the upper lake region.
The weather will he unsettled with rains
to-morrow and probably Tuesday in the
south Atlantic States, and generally fair
elsewhere east of the Mississippi Klver dui
lng tho next forty-eight hours. The tern*
peratura will fall somewhat In the middle
Atlantic Rtates und New England, and it
will rise In tho region of the great lakes.
Observations at United Rtatea Weather
Bureau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
seventy-fifth meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
last 24 lire. Baro- last 24
Stations. High. Lov. meter, hrs. Weather.
Abilene 70 .. 30.04 .10 Cloudy
Albany 76 62 30.06 .. Pt.Cldy
Atlantic City. .74 02 30.00 .. Clqud\
Baltimore ....78 06 30.02 .. OloutK
Bismarck 34 .. 30.28 .. Cloudy
Boston 82 r.s 30.02 .. Cloudy
Buffalo 30 40 30.10 .. Clear
Cincinnati 64 30.18 .. Clear
Charleston ...76 .. 30.10 Cloudy
Chicago 38 30.24 .. Cloudy
Cleveland .... 34 48 30.16 .. Pt.Cldr
Denver 60 .. 30.08 Cloudy
Detroit r?4 -14 30.20 .. Cleat
C.alveston 82 . . 28.08 .08 Cloudy
Helena 48 "0.O0 .01 Cloudy
Jacksonville ..74 28.84 .80 Cloudy
Kansas City...64 30.26 .* Clear
Dos Angeles...68 28.80 Clear
Mlltyaukeo ....46 30.22 .. Cloudy
Now Orleans..76 . 28.84 .01 Bain
Oklahoma- ....72 .. 30.14 Clear
Philadelphia ..80 6S 30.02 .. Cloudy
Pittsburgh 60 30.14 . . Cloudy
Portland, Me. .62 32 30.02 Cloudy
Portland. Ore..62 28.80 .. Bain
Salt Lake City.74 28.78 .04 Bain
San Antonio 82 28.81 .04 Cloudy
I ran Diego (12 29.80 .. Cloudy
ban Francisco.38 29.82 , Clear
St. T.ouis lit". . . 30.22 . . Clear
St. Paul 30 30.22 .. Clear
Washington ..80 .. 30.02 .. Cloudy
LOCAL WEAT11EB RECORDS
8. A. M. 8 P. M.
Barometer 30.08 30.00
Humidity 01 68
Wind?direction N. K. S.
Wind?velocity 7 12
Weather Cloudy Cloudy
Precipitation ..
The temperature in this city yesterday, a?
recorded by the official thermometer, is
shown In the annexed table:
8 A. M 62 1 P. 11 74 (iP.M 72
9 A.M.... 65 2 P.1I 77 7 P. M 7(?
10 A. M 69 3 P. M 73 *P.JI 68
11 A. M 75 4 P. M 74 9 P. M 63
12 M 75 6 P. M 71 10 P. M 64
1921. 1920. 1921. 1920
9A.M 63 30 6 P. M 72 61
12 M 73 54 9 P. M 63 56
SP.M 75 58 12 Mid 63 53
Highest temperature, 77, at 2 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 60. at 6:45.
Average temperature. 68.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Tlic Cliuroli Club of New York will give a
dinner In honor of Bishop William T. Man
nink. Waldorf-Astoria. 7 P. M.
National Association of Manufacturers,
convention, Waldorf-Astoria, beginning: at
10 A. M.
William G. McAdoo will speak at a dinne
under tho auspices of tlie American Com
mitten for Relief In Ireland, Hotel Aster.
Benefit entertainment and ball for the Ex
Service Men's Employment Bureau, Hotel
Pennsylvania. 8:15 P. M. ,
Reception in honor of the Installation or
Mrs. George W. Loft aa special Fifth Deputy
Commissioner and Mrs. Mary L. Hamilton
as director of tho women's proclnct. 4.rt
West Thirty-seventh street. 8 P. M.
Dr. R. II. Moore will give an Illustrated
lecture on "Radium and Tfctdio Activity at
a meeting of tho New York Electrical So
ciety, Englnerlng Socintlcs Building, -9 Wsst
Thirty-ninth streot, 8:15 P. M.
Associated Editors of Employees Mags
vines of New York State, annual conven
tion. Advertising Clu1> of New York, 47 East
Twenty-fifth street, beginning at 10.30 A. M.
A memorial tree In honor of Alan 8ee?J?r
will bo planted by Uie Writers Club. t\ asb
lngton square, this forenoon.
Miss Sarah Wambaugh will lecture on In
ternational Relations" in the home of Mrs.
Jann-s Lees Laldlatv, ttO East Sixty-sixth
"tBrowns^ilsMand East Now York Hogpltal
Campaign Otommlttsa, banquet. Hopkliwon
Mansion. 428 Hopklnson avenue, Brookljn.
7SscUon**!of Ophthalmology, meeting. Acad
emy of Medicine, IT West Forty-third street.
8 Alice T. Coseo will talk to high school
classes on "From Constantino to 9'Jt 4
magne," Metropolitan Museum of Art.
^ Herbert A. Wilkinson will lecture on "Hern
to i hoos.' Your Rlgl.t Vocation. Morton In
StCorni 11 "l Jb IvMaBy5 Medical Coliego .dinner.
HM<<hanb'sPand*MMaJS National Bank Club,
riniirrt Hotel ComnnMlor?, * V ? M. t
Baron Eugene Worsen will speak on lb ?
P?w? That Liberates." Carnegie Hall, 3
PNew York Swiss Club, supper. Hotel Astor.
8 Rotary Club, dinner. Hotel McAlpin. ?
P. M.
19, FIEST SAW HEE FATHEE.
Sooth Carolina Cilrl Meets Him ??"
Trip from Alabama.
ANDKH80S. S. C? May LY-Ola Sol'.
19-year-old sir!, met her father for tho
first time when Nathaniel Self came to
s r* fg??' tl'l Vfl CUT'). "Without
Anderson a few <ia>?
knowing that the girl was in this State.
Mr. Self chanced upon Iter when he
stopped for a few days in this city.
Mr. Self was living In Alabama when
he married his second wife, hut their
married life was unhappy and they
separated before Ola was bom. Father
und daughter wore overjoyed at tl.s
meeting and will keep In touch with
one another in the future.
GIRL, 15, IN JAIL IN IRELAND.
Ton Women, Y?nn* and Old. Scrv
ln? Torma Ip ?? Ten Years.
Bai-FAST. Ireland. May 15.?Ton women
and girls are undergoing Imprisonment
for Tr1?h political offences, their sen
tences ranging from three months to ten
years. . ,
The youngest prisoner. Mary Bowl< s.
who was captured near Cork wearing
armor and carrying a Lewis gun. is 1*
ye;irs of age. and she has been ordered
to be detained in a reformatory until she
reaches the age of 19 years. Fifteen
others have not yet been tried.
man found dead in woods.
Searchers From bogging lamp
Find Victim of Accident.
nvwkirrT, May 15.?The body of Gar
rett AJdingtoa was found in the wood*
seven miles northeast of Index by a
party of searchers from the camp of the
Index-Galena Logging Company, where
he worked. Heath was due to a wound
in his stomach, caused evidently by fho
accidental discharge of his pun when 1m
slipped off a log.
He had gone hunting earlier in the
day. Addington was 2:t years old alld
unmarried.
Associated Press ts r-.-liids-ely cntltl-?
f,,. ,?vpubll' ntton of all news d<
.reaped to It or n..' ??then* I
, 'illted in this paper, su<l sUo the l<* ?
,?v< published herein.
Ml rl*M(i of rtptibllGftMofi of
patches hetein are also rsssnsd.

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