Newspaper Page Text
LORD BRYCE WARNS
OF GOVERNMENT AID Says Nations That Do Not Interfere Develop Most Prosperity. IS AGAINST SUBSIDIES Germany's Trade Advances Attributed to Assiduity of Merchants. DISCUSSES HIGH FINANCE Institute of Politics Told of Effect Money Has in Mak ing Peace or War. fipecial Despatch to Tim New Tosk Hbrai.d. Williamstown, Mass., Aug. 5.?Vis count James Bryce, in his third public address before the Institute of Politics at Williams College to-night, said that while "every Government must defend the rights of its citizens in commer- ? cial, as well as In other matters, the lrs? Governments have to do with busi- \ ness and international finance the bet- ! ter for their peoples." In addition to opposing Government participation in business he questioned the value of Governmental aid to com- ' mercial interests. He said that the na- I t!on which does not help Its Industries, j as Germany did hers before the war, 1 will in the long run, develop a more vigorous commercial life than the country which subsidizes and nurses their manufacturers. Germany's ad vances In trade, he said, are not due to Government's help so much as the fiPiiduity of her merchants. Speaking of the connection between finance and war. Lord Bryce declared - "Money can exercise as much llle * glttmate Influence in democracies as ?Isewhsre. In some of them it can buy the pres?!, perhaps also a section of . legislators. Where the standard of pub lic virtue is high those who want to get something from a Government will seek not to bribe, but will, to use a current expression, 'try to get at the press,' while also seeking to induce in fluential constituents to put pressure on their members and members to put pres sure on Ministers, the object in view | being represented as a public interest, i whereas It is really the interest of a small group. When the standard Is : low the group will approach the private secretaries of a Minister or even a Minister himself. Influence of Money on War. "That wara are made by financiers la not generally true, but they have a great hand In negotiations and In fixing the lines of policy, and they sometimes turn it in direction not favorable to true national Interests. Governments must, of course, consult financiers, and may often not only profit by their advice, but make use of them. A consortium of banks such as has been set up for China may prevent?and I think It does prevent?evils which would arise If each national group Intrigued for Its own in terest. "There are upright men valuable to a nation In 'high finance' as in other pro fessions You know them In America and we know them In England. They have their sphere of action necessary to the world. But wherever largo trans actions Involving Governments arise the danger sign for watchfulness should be raised." Discussing Germany's growth before the war. ho said": "The commercial rivalry of England and Germany was not the cause of bad feeling so much as the unrestricted building of the German navy. It did not chill the relations of the two peoples, for the English sense of fair piny checked It and it certainly did not affect the official policy of England toward Ger many, which continued to be friendly until the extensions of the German navy raised suspicions of a different nature. "Many persons In England and some In Germany deemed the reciprocal bene fits which the two countries drew from their trade to constitute if not a security yet a strong force making for peace. We in England were mistaken. See what happened In 1914." Of the charge that munitions makers are sometimes interested in creating ill feeling between peoples, Viscount Bryce had thla to say: "It has been frequently said of late years that in several countries the great firms which manufacture munitions of' ?war endeavor to influence military and naval expenditure and resorted to a secret alarmist propaganda, or even tried to stir up 111 feeling between nations. In order to Induce governments to propose and legislatures to vote large sums for; such expenditures. This may have hap pened In enunA^es which it Is better not tj- ft#Lin*t hut no evidence sufficient to ???wjtlrm so odious a charge has to my 1 Knowledge been produced. I do not be- j lj*ve that the thing ever happened In England." Comment* on Roowtelt. At the morning session Baron Serglus A. Korff. former Deputy Governor-Gen- j eral of Finland, presented a Russian view of Theodore Roosevelt's efforts ?which brought about the end of the j Russo-Japanese war. Dealing with the relations of the two j nations during the past fifty years. ! Baron Korff deplored the "unnecessary I and unnatural war between the two nations." Of the Portsmouth confer ence he said: "Not doubting Roosevelt's sincerity in forcing Jai>an to yield tho Indemnity, thero Is question whether It ?was a wise thing to do. "No one of us ever believed that Rus sia would be victorious. Hhe could not have won. but she could not have been worse off than at that particular time. A little protraction might have brought on constltuionaJ changes In Japan which were lust ripening." The war was caused, he said, by the overbearing and contemptuous attitude of the Russians for Japan, In which course the Oerman Kaiser confirmed the C*ar shamefully, knowing that Germany wss sure to gain whoever won, for If Ruasla was Involved In the Far Eaat ?he would no longer be a dangerous fac tor in European politics and If Japan won Russia would be a long time coming back to power. Referring to the feeling prevalent In America that Japan Is not to be trusted In International politics, Baron Korff de clared It was not strange she should conduct, her affairs this way, since in ? he first plunge she took Into European political dealings, at the conference of Bhlmonosekl In ISO.*, following the Chlno Japan**" war, she beheld n spectacle of duplicity and trirkerv and later saw foreign generals and representatives of foralgn nations take from China after the Boxer u&slKng all the loot they could carry. I . 11 - Hordes of Grasshoppers Die Rather Than Go Back QUEBEC, Aug. 5.?Hundreds ^ of thousands of dead grass hoppers floated down the St. Lawrence River to-day and ex cited the curiosity of agricultur , ists who could offer no plausible i explanation. At Three Rivers J the insects covered the river i from shore to shore at one point. New York agriculturists ad vanced the suicide theory in con nection with the discovery of hun dreds of thousands of dead grass hoppers floating down the St. Lawrence. Jhey explained that, i like Napoleon's cavalry, these in ! sects never turned back. Scien tists believe that, having eaten everything behind them, the horde approached the river, failed to negotiate the broad jump and plunged ahead to their death. SILESIA PROBLEM BAFFLES EXPERTS Allied Commission, Like Mili tary Board, Fails to Solve Boundary Puzzle. Special Cable ta Tub Nrw Yoik Hbhai.d. Copivtght, 1921, by Tun New York Hb?ald ' New York Hernld llurrnu. 1 ParU, Auk. fi. 1 ! After flounderir.R In figures concerning tfr* plebiscite and In a maze of ethnolog ical data regarding Upper Silesia, the Amies' expert commission' which Is rup posfld to And a ?>'utlon to the boundary ! problem where military experte actually j on the ground hn<5 faili-d, now have de-1 elded that It t? impossible to reacn | unanimous decision, and are merely going ; to hand In a aeries of economic studies 1 when the Supreme Council meets on Monday. This Is the net result of the plan by which Premier Briand hoped to bring Great Britain into line with the French views. While the thermometer stood a 100 daily, the experts have doffed their coats and collars In trying to suggest a suitable compromise on the boundary question, but according to the lnforma- ; tion obtained by The New Yokk Heiiald 1 ^'ureau, they Invariably ran up agalnnt conflicting national policies before the | discussions advanced far. Of the British, only one delegate leans ' to giving the bulk of the southern com munes to Poland, while the Italian trio, who have been representing themselves j as being for something close to Count j Sforza's line, mow are suggesting that [ if this dellmlnatlon Is altered it should : be In Germany's favor. France's ttu*ee : experts reiterated the arguments in favor of the Polish contention which have tilled the European press for; months. Under these circumstances the .Su- | preme Cbuncil's task increases daily, us instead of only varying on military ; suggestions, it is feared that days will , havo to be spent in untangling the views j of the economic an J geographical ex - ! porta unless, as has -eon suggested, the problem is submitted to Ambassador Harvey or some other disinterested neu trul for arbitration. Great Britain's suggestion that the north be given to Germany and the south to Poland, with an intermediary zone internationalized for fifteen years to let national antipathies calm down, has not been reotlved with enthusiasm i here, and If Premier Lloyd George in tends standing on this proposal there Is little doubt that the Supreme Council i will have superheated sessions. Premier Brland's political opponents are frankly hoping this will be the case, as, although the Chamber is not in session, any con cessions even In the interest of tem porary peace that require the rewriting 1 of the treaty's vrotocol regarding Upper Silesia with Germany's approval, would give ammunition for debates which might easily overthrow the Premier next October. The semi-official Temps to-night pre dicts that the British suggestion would be acceptable neither to Germany nor Poland, and moreover it would provide only an Imaginary solution at a time when reality is needed. "The treaty demands that the frontier be traced," the Tamps says. "Let us trace it." Adalbert Korfanty, Polish rebel leader, j is still In Paris, somewhat discouraged because he has not been called before the allied expert?. He is pleadlriK dally through newspapers ugalnst giving Ger many any portion of the industrial basin of Upper Silesia. In the Eclair Korfanty ridicules the Idea that Germany alone was able to furnish efficient engineers to keep up the region's prosperity, and insists that thousands of Poles who formerly held the highest positions in Russian indus tries have succeeded in escaping from the Bolsheviks and are ready to take over the Upper Slleslan works as soon as the Allies show confidence by carry ing out the spirit of the treaty. BRITISH SEX EQUALITY TAKES STEP FORWARD Women to Have Same Civil Service Status as Men. fiy the A?*oclatrd rretw. London, Aug. 5.?An Important step In the direction of equality between the sexes was taken In the House of Com mons this afternoon as the result of dis cussions regarding the admission of women to positions in the civil service A resolution introduced by Sir Robert , Stevenson Home, Chancellor of the Ex- i chequer, was unanimously adopted pro- : vldlng that after the transitional period | of three years women shall b<? admitted to civil service in the United Kingdom ' under the same conditions and regula- i tlons as govern men. Regard, however, is to be had to the suitability of women for the situations to he filled. Women appointed to post* In the civil service will have tho same status and authority as irion, but, having regard to the financial position of the country, the question of remuneration of women as compared with nn>n shall be | reviewed within three years. A proviso was Inserted In the resolution safeguard ing the Interests of former service mon. MILITARY JURY URGED FOR WAR CRIMINALS German Suggests Interna-1 tional Group of Jurors. Special Cable to Tiis Nnw Toss Hmuro Capi/rtpht, tttl, hv Tits New Yokk Hs*au>. I New York Herald Knreuii, ) Merlin. Aug. 5. J An International military Jury is pro posed by the prominent German par liamentarian. Dr. Kuelr, as the fairest method of assuring Justice In the trials ' before the Supreme Court at Lelpelo of! Germans accused under the provision* of the Treaty of Versailles. Me argue* that the best civilian court in tho world would he Incompetent to pass Judg- ! ment on the acts of men during tho var. 1 TT? suggests that the Jury shou'd b*> | composed equally of German, allied and : neutral Jurors, all men who either took j part In the war or who have seen mill -1 tary service. DOMINION PREMIERS HURT BY 0. S. ACTION Re&ret Refusal to Approve Preliminary 3Jeeting to Arms Conference. THOUGHT IT OUR IDEA Expected to Agree on Sub-1 stitute for Jap Treaty to Satisfy America. STATEMENT GIVES VIEWS Discussion of Empire's Affairs Effects Remarkable Change in British Policy. Special Cable to Tub Nrw York Hbiui.d. Copyrighti lost, by Tub New Yo*k Hbiui.d. Now York Ilrrnld Bureau, ) l.omlon, Aiie. f>. I The Imperial Conference of Premiers feels itself severely rebuffed by Presi dent Harding's refusal to invite the political heads of the dominions to at tend a preliminary meeting: with Jap anese representatives at Washington forthwith to discuss the possibility of substituting for tho Ajiglo-Japanese agreement "some larger arrangement between the three great Powers con cerned, namely the United States Japan and Great 'Britain." This was revealed in an official statement issued after the final ad journment of the conference here to day. It was further made known that Japan had accepted such a suggestion, which the imperial conference thought had emanated from Washington. When later Washington made It clear that it had not intended to approve a pre liminary meeting, tho imperial confer ence dropped the subject, though it does not fail to express chagrin that much time was devoted to planning to go immediately to Washington wtlb Premier Lloyd George and Lord Cur zon, In accordance with what was be lieved to be Washington's desire. Dominion Premiers Active. Despite the informal character of to day's statement it reveals the truth of | Mr. Lloyd George's aphorism. "The Bra i pire is running Downing Street." The ! Dominion Premiers not only discussed ICmpire affairs but exercised a control | ling voice In the Slleslan policy and the all Important matter or" tho conference at Washington, thus effecting a change in the British constitution perhaps the most Important since King John met th barons at Runnymeile. The statement says regarding Wash ington : "In accordance with a sugges tion believed to have been made by the American Government that the confer ence on disarmament should be preceded by friendly conversations and consulta tions between the Powers principally concerned In the future of the Far East and the Pacific, the Imperial Conference was anxious that for the Anslo-Jap&nese asreement should be substituted some larger arrangement between the three great Towrs concerned, namely, the United Staffs, Japan and Great Britain. ! "And holding the firm conviction that later discussions on disarmament to which they attached transcedent Impor tance could best be made effective by a previous mutual understanding on the Pacific questions between those Powers, the conference devoted many hours to examination of the question as to how such an understanding could be best ar rived at, where the proposed conversa tion could be beet held, in what manner the representatives of the British Domin ions who are so vitally affected could moat easily participate, and upon what broad principles of policy It was de sired to proceed. Reason for London Parley. "It was difficult for the Dominion Prime Minister, to attend at Washington late in the autumn. On the oth" r hand advantage might be taken of their pres ence in England to exchange views with tho representatives of the other great Powers who had been invited to go to Washington later on. It was under these circumstances that the idea was mooted of preliminary conversations or consultations to which the American Government had In principle agreed should be held In London. "When It transpired a little later that there was some misunderstanding as to the nature of the preliminary con versa 'ions which had been suggeBtod, the British Government In an earnest desire to remove any possible misconception nn?l to meet what It believed to be the American views on each stage of the impending discussions, volunteered to attend a meeting on the other side of j the Atlantic at which the agenda of the forthcoming conference at Washington could be discussed and a friendly ex change take place In order to facilitate j the work of the main conference later j on. "The British Prime Minister and For eign Secretary, together with the Domin ion Premiers, Were prepared to attend, such a meeting if Invited to do so by the American Government. The Japan eso Government signified Its willing ness, If Invited, to take part In the sug gested conversation. "The American Government, however, did not fnvor the Idea, which accordingly was dropped. This conclusion was viewed with the utmost regret by the members of the Imperial conference, who had devoted no small portion of their time to working out arrangements which they understood would have been equally acceptable to all parties, and Its abandonment could not, they feared, be otherwise than prejudicial to the great objects which all had In view. ?ril Pacific Vmlrrntandlng. "At no stnse had It been suggested ' that the results of such a conversation 1 as contemplated should either anticipate tho work or tie the hands of the Wash ington conference at a later date. On | the contrary, holding as we do the Arm i belief that without a Pacific under standing the conference on disarmament will find It less easy to Attain the su preme results hoped for by all, the im perial conference made the proposal be fore referred to because It was anxious to remove every possible obstacle from the path of the Washington meeting, which they desire to nee attended with complete and triumphant Buwcees." The Premiers had already Indira ted Informally their desire to go to Wash ington, but to-day's statement was tho first hint of how far they had actually gone along that path, or that they had embarked on It under the Impression that Washington would approve. As already stated they had given to Pre mier Lloyd George elaborate statements of their viewpoints, exacting the promise that ho would not oommlt the empire to any new policy at Washington without conferring with the Dominion Govern ments. NEW COAL BEARING FIELDS DISCOVERED IN THE VOSGES Yield of 10,000,000 Tons Yearly at Doors of Lorraine Metal Industries Is Estimated?Extend From Gironcourt to Sarre Valley. Special Cable to Thi New Yobk Hkhai.d Copyright, I9it, by Tub New Yobk Hebau>. ?w York HrritUI Rnrrau, I Pari*. Auk. 5. ( New coal bearing fields have been discovered In the Vosges extending from Gironcourt throuhg Lunevllle and Nancy and running east to the boundaries of the Sarre Valley, at Is estimated that more than 10.000,000 tons yearly can be obtained, says M. Ballly, the Gov ernment's mining expert. If the whole field yields as does the area between Forbach and Pontamousson, where 150 acres have been prospected, expoclng a rich coal vein. Engineers have been prospecting In tho district for more than ten years In the belief that a rich coal field ex isted there, but only recently have their expectations been confirmed. The Im portance of the find will be enormous, as the field Is at the very doors of the Lorraine metal Industries, which have not yet regulned their normal output owing to lack of fuel. Only seventy five of 216 furnaces are operating throughout Prance, while less than 30 per cent, of the Lorraine furnaces have been relighted. HUGHES TO BE HEAD OF U.S. DELEGATION Probable Tie Also Will Be the President of Conference to Limit Arms. Special Despatch to The New York Hkrai.d. New York Herald Bureau. ) Washington, I). <'.. Auk. 8. I Secretary of State Hushes will head the American delegation at the Wash ington conference on limitation of arma rrents and Far Eastern questions. In all probability Mr. Hughes also will be president of the conference. Before he left for New England, Presi dent Harding let it be known that he had already made up his mind regarding two of the men who aro to represent the United States. There is no doubt but that one of them is Secretary Hughes. It is customary for the head of the delegation in whose country an interna tional conference of this kind ia held to be selsofed by the other delegates as the presiding officer. So diplomatic cir cles are taking it for granted that Mr. Hughes wil take the chair. Now that the time for the opening session has been virtually agreed upon as November 11, Armistice Day, it <s the desire of the Administration that the American delegation bo organized as soon as possible so that It may prepare for the meeting. The President already has said that the Senato will be represented on the American delegation. Senator Lodge, (Mass.), and Senator Knox, (Pa.)p have been mentioned in this connection. It Is also known that the President intends to make the delegation nonpartisan in character and eotno persons have thought that he might select Senator Shields, (Tenn.). as ihe Democratic member. The size of the delegation Is a matter still to be determined by the President. It was stated officially to-day that there may be some interchange of opinion be tween the various governments on ihis point with a view to having all the dele gations the same, or about the same, in numbers. The United States may make some suggestions along this lino. Another whose name has been sug gested as a possibility for the American delegation is Chief Justice Taft. Sev eral women's organizations have asked the President to put one of their sex on the delegation. The President recently indicated that he regarded this request as quite proper and that he was giving It serious consideration. It Is becoming more apparent as the plans for the conference mature, that the wishes of the United States will be followed on practically every Important point in the preliminary arrangements. The latest indications are that Great Britain. France, Italy and China are perfectly content to have the United StateB select the topics for discussion, thereby virtually fixing the agenda. Japan alone Is holding out on this point because of her desire to exclude some Far Eastern questions which this country deems of vital Importance. But In the end it seems certain that Japan will have to yield to the superior influ ence of all of the other participating nations. SAGHALIEN PARLEY OPPOSED BY JAPAN Understood She Will Strive, for Exclusion of Question. Bv ">e Associated Press. Tokio, Aug. 4.?The Nichi Nirhl Shiftibun ways to-day It understands the occupation of the Saghallen district, on j the past Siberian coast. a? a result of | the Nlkolalevsk massacre will be ex- s eluded from the negotiations with the Far Eastern Republic of Siberia at Chita. It understands also, declares the news paper. that Japan will strive for the ex clusion of this question from the coming Washington conference because she con siders the Saghnlien occupation a separ ate matter requiring a settlement later ?with "a responsible Russian govern ment." Replying to questions asked as to the scope of the agenda of the Washington conference, Tremler Hara Is quoted as saying at a meeting of the Srlyu-kal pnrty leaders yesterday that he believed such accomplished facts as the Shantung nnd Top problems would not be Included In the programme. The Tremler explained that the m:iln object of the conference was discussion of the limitation of armaments, of which the basis was to be arranged, he in said to have declared, by a preliminary con ference between the United States and Japan. LEGION'S INVITATION ACCEPTED BY BEATTY British Admiral to Attend Coming Convention. Kansas Citt. Aug. 6.?Admiral Sir Datrftd Ucatty, First Sea I>ord of th" Hrltlsh Admiralty has forwarded to the State Department and to the American Legion his official acceptance of the Le gion's Invitation to be its guest at the National Convention In Kansns City Oc tober 81. Noovember 1 and 2, according to a cablegram received from Ambassa dor Harvey to-day. An attempt will be made, Legion offi cials ?ald, to have Admiral Beatty sail on the same British lln?r which brings Field Marshal Halg to the t'nited States The Lesion already has made arrange- i ments for the letter's passage NEWBERRY VOTE TI ESDAV. Washington, Aug. 6.?The Senst" Prlvlleses and Elections Committee will tnke a final vote next Tuesday under an agreement reached to-day on the election contest between Senator Newberry (Rep., Mich.) and Henry Ford, his Dem ocratic opponent in the 1W8 election. REDS SEE DANGER IN FOREIGN RELIEF International Communists Warn Against Unrestricted Aid From Allies. Special Cablr to Tub New Yokk Hbrai n. Copi/rioht, 1921, by Tub Nbw Vosk Hmuud. Nrw York Herald Burmn. j PnrlH, An*. B. I The first move by International Com munists to checkmate what they suspect to bo the intention of the Allies or the United States to hasten the collapse of Bolshevism by obtalnlt.g unrestricted powers for Herbert Hoover's relief or ganization appeared in an s.ppeal to the proletariat Issued from Communist liead quarters here signed by all the members of the Moscow executive committee. This outburst warns Reds of all sfades against placing confidence In capitalistic relief, and urges all Communists to sub scribe at least a day's wages to the Communist party itself, which will un dertake to purchase wheat and medi i olnen in the best markets to be for warded to the Soviet leaders where the famine la raging the fiercest. Secretary Hoover's offer is denounced as a movement to start a counter revolu tion by turning hungry hordes against the Moscow commissaries If the latter refuse to open Kussla to allied invasion. "The Governments of the United States and England," It is stated, "or dinarily prolific with humanitarian phrases, promise to aid Russia In a roundabout fashion, but Insinuate th.it the promises will not become acts until the day Soviet Russia allows full liberty of action to their diplomats, as well as to the counter revolutionary bour geoisie." The appeal arriving simultaneously with confirmation of reports that Ienlne and Trotzky have agreed to allow the Menshlvlkl partial control In dealing with the famine, the Communists' new attitude hps provoked much concern here ns It is feared Moscow intends to de mand the fullest guarantees that there will be no political Interference once the foodstuffs begin to arrive at the Russian i frontiers. The French are admittedly anxious to make the issue one for Joint action by the Supreme Council, and Premier Brland's appeal for aid for the Russians on humanitarian grounds undoubtedly was Inspired by a desire not to arouse Socialist antagonism to the Government at a time when tho vital Silcslan, the Near Eastern and the reparations Issues are on tho point of a settl< ment satis factory to Prance. There Is a feeling here that whatever assistance France contributes to Russian relief should be placed entirely at the disposal of the American Relief Associa tion for distribution. The American or ganization. It Is said. Is capable of cop In^ with the situation. France, in con tributing through this organization would in no way recognize the Sovlft Government. It Is argued In certain circles here that only one possibility now exists of harmony of action regarding Russia being maintained, namely, recognition by the I Soviet Government of France's financial claims, and political observers are fol lowing closely the r?ported negotiations , of Krasslnc on this point. PARTICIPATION BY U. S. IN COUNCIL EXPLAINED Embassy Issues Statement as Harvey Leaves for Paris. B.i the Annociated Pre*s. T/indon*. Auk. 6.?In connection with the departure of George Harvey, the American Ambassador. for Paris to at tend the Supreme Council, the embassy this evening issued to the English press quotations from the American Govern ment's acceptance of the council's in vitation to be represented and which will serve an a guide fnr Mr. Harvey. The general effect of the statement if t'mt the t'nlted States, while abstaining from European questions, considers It' is entitled to participate in economic questions arising out of the war. The State Department at Washington on May rt gave out the correspondence between Dnvld Lloyd George, President of Hhe Allied Conference, and Secretary of State Hughes, which contalnod the following paragraph : "The Government of the United States, while maintaining the traditional policy i of abstention from participation in mat ters of distinctly Kuropean concern. Is deeply Interested In the proper encour agement and in the Just settlement of matters of worldwide Importance which are under discussion in these confer ences, and desires helpfully to cooperate In the deliberations upon these ques tions." BOLSHEVIKI MAY ASK CONTROL OF SUPPLIES Prepared to Submit, However, to Hoover's Demands. Rv the Aatorlated Prmt. Rioa. Letvla, Aug. t.?Though pre pared to meet the condition' of the American Relief Administration relative ' to aiding Russia's famine sufferers, if Herbert Hoover as chairman of the ad-1 ministration insists upon them, the Bol ?hOTik rielogstes who will con': 1 at Riga with Walter 1* Brown. Kuropean direc tor of American relief, are cxpected to propose that the Americans submit to the general supervision of the Russian famine committee. Statistics received from Russia by wireless claiming to show the needs of i the population show that Ukraine and I Siberia have a surplus of food, but that It cannot be transported, it Is believed , the Americans will bo asked to take over one of the worst districts In the Volga region. ixatinv isto ponno* motif:* Washington, Aug D.?The senate to day adopted Senator Wadsworth's reso lution asking the Department of Com merce for information regarding compe tition of Kuropean motion pictures said to sell In this country at one-fifth of the domestic cast. : NO RUSSIAN FAMINE FOUND BY FRANCE Senator Says Enough Grain Is Available to Check Starvation. II. S. GOODS IN SHOPS ! Calls Communism Passing Utopian Phase, So Recog nized by Lenine. I ! I CREDITS GREATEST NEED Britain Already Doing Large ; Business, but German Trade Is Absent. Special Cabtr to Tub Nbw York Heiui.d. I Copirnght, lotl, by Tub Nbw You Hbbalo. Now York Hem 1(1 Ruruii, I Berlin, Auk. 5. 1 That Communism In Russia Is not ? permanent, and Its "permanent" So-; | elali/itle forms of Government are Utopian, is a fact which such Russians , rs L<enlne have waJI grasped, according ; 1 to Senator Joseph I. Franco of Mary- ' i land, who has Just returned from Mos cow. His lmpressiors are given In an 1 article In the Voatiache Zeitung. Thlfl article states that Senator France returned with the conviction that individual leaders will play only a I subordinate part In bringing Russia out of her present confusion, and that Russia is going through its inevitable j development. "The old superannuated system col ! lapsed like the falling of i rotten I tree," the Senator is quoted as saying, I "and in its progress toward some new order Communism represents what i? perhaps an unavoidable phase." Communism Not Permanent. : 1 For the same reason the Senator does not regard communism as permanent. 1 the article continues, quoting hint? as ! follows: "The laws which ha\'e controlled busi ness for thousands of years and which have been directed altogether by private initiative also govern in Russia. Com munism as a permanent economic form Is Utopian. I found that the men in power In Moscow, especially Lenine, well understood this. "Kven in the period of the sharpest ! dictatorship under the proletariat sys tem, private business maintained Itself. In fact, private ownership of peasant land?and peasants make up 80 per cent, of the population?has been con solidated. It was Impossible to quite suppress private commerce and private industry. "The Soviet Government in Its late decrees has merely legalized something which no power In the world could have prohibited. By this act, according to the French point of view, the Soviet Gov ernment has taken Its most Important step for the security of its power. Pen sn lit* Snpport Government. "Although the peasants economically are considered to be conservative, they stand as the strongest supporters of the Government now that the Damocles ?word of threatened confiscation no ! longer dangles over their heads. Taxa tion which for the most fortunately situated peasants amounts to 10 per ! cent, cannot be d- emed oppressive and the president of the Central Executive Committee, M. Kalldan, himself a I , peasant, 1? directing a tireless propa ganda to convince the peasants of the good will of the Soviet Government. "It Is continually more apparent, how ever, that Industries can only be started by men under 45 years of age. Luxu ries can be bought again in the shops. There are plenty of Jewellers nnd haber- I dashers, and even articles In daily us*' ijre parsing through free commercial channels once more. Especially notice- [ able are the shoe stores, which have not only simple footwear, but goods of , better quality. Clothing stores are still larking because of the paralysis of the textile industry. "Members of the middle class are be- ; ginning to breath.- again now that they have the possibility of going into busl- I ncss.'' Senator France thought that the 80- ] viet leaders have little fear of these ac- ? tlvities, however The chief danger now . is coming from the radicals of the "left i wing," who opposed the granting of oon- J cessions and who want to have nothing to do with capitalism. Although the Soviet Government is not menaced from within, in the Senator's opinion, the fu ture development of Russia depends In large measure upon whether the Pow ers will accept what has happened and recognize the Soviet Government. This Is not so much because of political as because of economic consequences that may result from such recognition. Knmlnr Reports EisKKeratrd. An acknowledged Russian Government, backed by Russia's vast natural re sources, Senator France thinks, woQld be able to arrange credits abroad at normal terms. In this connection the Senator made an Interesting observa tion that America was a wealthy but not a pro?verous country. Questioned about th<' much discussed concessions. Senator France said that Russia found herself In a quandary such as that of a rich man owning hundred* of thousands of acres of fruitful land, but who had forgotten to bring along his pocketbook when he went shopping Such a m.in did not need to go to the pawnshop. If his wife wanted to buy pearls, said the senntor, he went to 1 Jeweller who was glad to extend credit. "Considerable foreign business already has been transacted although It d<"?? not match In proportion the g1gantl<- needs of the Russian people," Senator Franca said. "England has done the bulk of the business because she understood how to gain the advantage " The Senator encountered American goods, however, and in March he said several hundred thousand p?ilrs of shoes were shipped to Petrograd. Me found I the absence of Germans In Russian trade remarkable in view of th< Ir past | preponderance In Russian commerce. The famine reports, he said, wi r?. exag gerated, but It Was a catnstroph' < on- i parable with the drought of 18''l. There Is grain enough on hand f< r a few months, Senator Frnnie snld, ond before It Is exhausted enough could he accomplished to ward off starvation for , multitudes MORR PASSENGER RATES CUT. Kansas ('itt, Mo.. Aug 6 ?A cit of J nearly 60 p*r rent. In the round trip r>an senger rat>^ between Kansnt^ City ami S't Louis was announced to-day by the Chi- ; 1 rago and Alton and the Wabash rail- , roads, following announcement of a eim lar cut laat night by the Missouri Pa | olflc. / S Bread for Theatre Seats Plan of Russian Relief A CABLEGRAM from the Rus sian Telegraph Agency to the publication Soviet Russia stated that the All-Russian Famine Re lief Committee had sent out two relief trains from Moscow to aid 6,500,000 starving children in the Volga drought district. The despatch said that all State theatres would devote the month to benefit performances for the famine sufferers. The following poster is typical of the methods employed by the the atrical companies to raise relief supplies: "Brother peasants, pause and read: The artists give you spirit ual enjoyment, you pay for it with bread for your hungry brothers. Admission prices: first row, three pounds of grain, or four pounds of peas, or fifteen pounds of potatoes; second row, i etc., with tne various prices fixed I in terms of foodstuffs." / RELEASE OF AMERICAN PRISONERS IN DOUBT Little Faith Placed in Report of Freedom. WxsnrNGTON. Aug. 6.?The State De partment has Instructed Evan Young. American commissioner at Riga, to co operate with the American Relief Asso clatlon In lta efforts to assist American refugees reported to be on their way out of Russia. The Department was without advices to-day that the Amer ican prisoners had left Moscow. Food, medlral supplies and clothing have been sent to the frontier. Bu the Av*ociated PreB*. IxixnoN, Aug. 6.?The American re lief officials In London are placing little faith In the report that the American prisoners In Russia have been released and are now leaving that country. "The word we received yesterday was merely a Letvlan newspaper report for warded by our representative In Riga." said the secretary to Walter L. Brown. "None save Mrs. Harrison has as yet come through. This lends us to believe that the Letvlan report of their release must be a product of the Bolshevist pro paganda organization." AGREES TO ARMISTICE DAY. | Bu the Associated PreaM. Paris, Aug. 6.?France, replying to day to an Inquiry made by the State Department at Washington, agreed to November IX as the date for the con ference In Washington on disarmament and Far Eastern questions. 25 DRUG ADDICTS IN DAY'S ROUNDUP One Woman Rites Detective Who Charges Her With Possessing Heroin. POLICEMAN HELD IN BAIL Accused of Extorting Money From Alleged Drug User Af ter Invading Honse. Twenty-five more drug addicts w?r? arraigned yesterday In Essex Market court after thalr arrest by detective* on tho East Side Thursday. Most of them were held for trial. Among them was a young women who put up a fight when Detective Zech arrested her, bit ing his right thumb ho severely that an ambulance call was necessary. She said she was Lena Jackson of 14 Stats street, Brooklyn. She was held In $600 ball on a charge of possessing heroin. Dr. Carleton Simon, Special Deputy Police Commissioner, In charge of the Narcotic Squad, said he Intended to carry on his campaign until the streets are cleared of traffic In drugs. The percentage of persons with criminal rec ords among those arrested conMnues to be large. Dr. Simon said. Patrolman H. F. S. Matheson of th* West Forty-seventh street station was arraigned In the West Side court yes terday charged with having extorted money from an alleged drug addict Magistrate Ryttenberg held hltn In $5,000 ball for the ffrand Jury. Complaint was made by Joseph Slnc clo. a chauffeur living at 178 Eldrldg* street, that Matheson entered the apart ment of two women drug addicts In West Thirty-eighth street. In which lie happened to be. and searched them all but failed to find any narcotics. Then Siacclo quoted the detective as s^j-ing he would arrest him if somu money were not forthcoming. He said he gave Matheson a small sum on account, and promised to meet him at a later data with more money. Meantime Siacclo enlisted the aid of Mrs. Grace Humlston, who saw Assist ant District Attorney Banton. Detec tives were assigned, end on the night of August 2, they testified later, Siacclo passed $70 In marked bills to Matheson. EAT TOADSTOOLS I 8EVEX DIE. WijfNtPEo, Aug. 5.?Toadstools, eaten n the belief they were edible mushrooms, to-day killed seven persons In one family nt Stuartburn. near Dominion City. A six months old baby alone survived. Store Open cAll Day! Clemons EitablithtJ lSgS 39? & BROADWAY To-day J t Semi-Annual Half Price Sale Men's and Young Men's SUITS * \ Reduced from ?50 The patterns and the fabrics alone will tell you what these Suits are and what you're getting for $25. The Apartment House Direc tory appearing every Sunday in THE NEW YORK HERALD Real Estate Section will greatly assist you in finding the apart ment you are looking for.