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NEW YORK HERALD
I'l'BUSHED BY THE SUN'-HERALD CORPORATION. 280 BROADWAY; TELEPHONE, WORTH 10,000. Directors and officers: Prank A. Munsey, President; Ervln Wardman. Vice-President. Wm. T. Dew art, Treasurer; R. H. Tlthvr Ington. Secretary. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One Six One By Mail, Postpaid. Year. Montlts. Month DAILY A- 8UNI 'AY.. .$12.00 $?.Oil I1.0O DAILY only 10.00 5.00 .65 SUNDAY only A.00 2 21 .40 SUNDAY only. Canada, fl 00 8.25 .5.*. FOREIGN RATES DAILY A SUNDAY ..$26.00 $13.30 $2.40 DAILY only 18.00 0 0O 1.50 SUNDAY only 0.75 5.12 .80 All checks, money orders, Ac., to be mado payable to The Sun Herald. Bruneh Offices for receipt of advertisements and sale of papers; Principal Uptown Owice?Broadway and 20th St. Pint re nee 1358 Broadway (one flight up). Tel. Chelsea 4000. Marijsm OlTlcB?203 West 125th St., NRAR Srtenth Ave. Tel. 704 Mornlngaide. Open until 10 P. M. Washington Heights Okficb?585 West 181st St. Tel. 0008 Wadaworth. Open until 10 P. M. Sixteenth St. Omr??Corner 16th St. and, Seventh Ave. Tel. Chelsea 4000. Downtown Omca?20ti Broapwat. Open 6 A. M. to 10 P. M.; Sundays, 2 T. 51. to1 10 P. M. Brooklyn Omi kh?24 Court St. Tel. Main 5458. Open until 10 P. M. Eagi.b Bflt-DtNO, KOti Washington St. Tel. 1100 Main. Bronx Ophtr? 518 W'ti.us Avr.. at 148th St. Tel. 1'tilki Melrose. Open until 10 I". M. Principal American and Foreign Bureaus. WASHINGTON?The Munsey Building. CHICAGO?208 South La Salle St. LONDON?40 13 Fleet St. PARIS?49 Avenue de l'Opera, 38 Rue du Louvre. Tilt: N'rw Yokk Hrrmj> was founded hv ?lames Gordon Bennett In 1835. It remained the sole property of Its founder until his death, in 1872. when Ills son, also James Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership of the paper, which remained in his hands until hie death, in 1918. Tin; Herald be rame the property of Frank A. Munsey, Its present owner, in 1920. MONDAY, AUGUST 8, 1921, A Wasteful Public Office. Bronx rounty was erected on January 1, 1914. Before that the District Attorney of New York county had charge of the criminal law office of the two boroughs com prising New York county, Manhattan and The Bronx. In 1913 the budget for the District Attorney's office in New York county was $456,410. In 1914. instead ofj costing less to run as its territory decreased, the budget was $469,810. But District Attorneys Whitman i and Pkkkins, while they did not suc ceed in reducing the expenses, kept them pretty well in hand. In 1915, the last year of a Republican Dis-! trict Attorney, the budget had risen only to $478,110. Then came Swaxn. Since he en tered office the budget for the Dis trict Attorney's office in New York county has risen $162,000. This ' year it is $640,268. If the county of New York had grown in these years there might be some excuse for the rise. But j it has fewer inhabitants now than there were four years ago. The combined population of Man hattan and The Bronx is about the same as it was in 1913, but the cost of running their District Attorneys' offices has nearly doubled in the eight years. There is some reason for this In the rapidly growing Bronx, but none in Manhattan, where the growth of population has ceased. The people of New York county should not be paying $640,000 a year for service that ought to be provided for $500,000 or less. After December 31 they will be rid of Mr. Swaxn, but they ought to put in the office a man pledged to economy as well as to a good legal administration. The District Attorney's office needs a thorough housecleaning, not only as to its general conduct but as to its economic side, and this fall is the time to name the man to do it. Massachusetts Motor Fatalities. In motor vehicle fatalities Massa chusetts is making an unenviable record. The State Motor Vehicles Registry figures show that during the v first six months of 1921 an average of ten persons a week were killed in accidents involving motor vehicles of one sort and another. This is an in crease of more than 42 per cent, over the corresponding period of last year. This year 262 were killed. In 1920 j the fatalities were 184. From his analysis of accidents re ported the State Registrar, Mr. Good win, reaches the conclusion that the j main cause of this increase in fa-' talities is drunkenness. It cannot be attributed to increase in the number of motor vehicles on the road. This was 17 per cent.?from 272.648 vehicles in the first six months of 1920 to 318.575 in the same period in 1921. On the other hand, the record of revocations of licenses of drunken drivers seems to support Mr. Goon-' win's opinion. In the first six months of this year there were 495 such revocations. In the correspond ing interval in 1920 there were only j 195. The Registrar notes the closed relation between the 42 per cent, in crease in fatal accidents and the 51 per cent, increase in cancellation of licenses of drunken drivers. There is no reason to believe that the experience of Massachusetts In motor vehicle fatalities and their causes is exceptional. Probably analysis of the statistics of other States of correspondingly dense pop ulation would reveal much the same averages. The inevitable deduction is that the drunken automobile driver is the most dangerous individual that Infests our highways. Another deduction in that in some way he has got to be exterminated or so reduced numerically as greatly to minimize his capacity for slaughter. Fines will not do It. License revocation win not do it. Both have been tried. Both have failed. Put there are other and more dras tic measures that may be applied. One is to convince motorists that ivery person caught driving a car while drunk will get a prison sentence?a prison sentence not of days or of weeks or of months hut of years, and that, too. quite irre spective of whether he kills anybody on his spree or not. Not that this would end the evil. r In all human probability it ?'?uUl i not. The mania for taking ? he r- e* ! of all aorta in automobile driv >te seems to he ineradicable. Yet a "? * j striking obje< t lesaona of ?lru <-i drivers relegated to prison nj? for a term of years might p< ?<? bly have a restraining effect i thu 'form of bacchanalian ga)?*> It l? I an experiment well worth tr> lag. Elgyptian Cotton Compromise. The United States Shipping Board representative in I<ondon has done a useful service to American mer chant vessels in persuading the Liverpool Conference Lines, con t ing of British ships only, to allot to American ships the transportation of 50 per cent, of the Kgyptian cott 'i shipped to the United States. fhe amount of shipping involved will i <t much exceed 50,000 tons, and It m.n not even rench that figure But the principle at stake was one whi< h tl country, if it ha* any intention -if maintaining its merchant marim could not afford to see ignored by the British lines. If a small body of men in K- pt were now allowed to discriminate against American vessels and con fine to British bottoms the trantpor tation of Egyptian cotton, even w hen shipped to America, there would he nothing to prevent like discrimina tion against our ships in all parts of the British Empire and in th< British protectorates, and on all kinds of cargoes. Our American im porters would then be deprived of the right to designate what ships , they wished to use to bring their goods to the United States. We have had a first example, and , a gratifying one, of the efficiency of 1 the merchant marine act in protect ing our merchant fleet against meth ods calculated to bar our ships from legitimate competition. Missouri 100 Years a State. Missouri became a State 100 years ago this month, being the second west of the Mississippi to enter the Union, Louisiana, the first, having been ad mitted nine year6 before. The cen tennial celebration of Missouri's Statehood will begin at Sedalla to- i day, the anniversary of the day when I the long fight over the famous Missouri Compromise, its ramifica tions and complexities reached the stage which assured the passage of the bill for the State's admission, and it will be at its height Wednesday, August 10, the anniversary of the day in 1821 when Missouri was admitted into the Union. The honor of hold ing this celebration did not go to the larger cities, St. Louis and Kansas City, but to Sedalia?the name seems peculiarly to belong to Missouri?a town near the centre of the State in the fertile Missouri Valley, the seat of a county with an old Missouri name and surrounded by other coun ties bearing names with which Missourians conjure, Boone, Morgan, j Henry, Johnson and Benton. The historic pageant which is to be presented as one of the features of the celebration has an interesting j past upon which to draw, for the an- j nals of Missouri are rich in varied material. The State was held by the French and Spanish before it became American. The St. Louis merchant Mani fx Lisa, the father of naviga tion on the Missouri, belonged to the j Spanish era; Ste. Genevifeve, Cape Gi rardeau, St. Francois and St. Louis j along the Mississippi, and C6t6 sans j Dessein near Jefferson City are all landmarks of French occupation. J The Jesuit Marqcktth and Jomet J and the adventurers La Sai.le and J Df. Frontenac were some of the j earlier explorers. The men and women who followed them and became the State's first set- j tiers were referred to as sturdy and vigorous. Their descendants, the exclusive, aristocratic Cabann<Ss and , C'houteaus and other old families of ! Lindell Boulevard and Vandeventer; plare and the suburban hilltops of j St. Louis, Tiave well sustained their pioneer spirit. The descendants and successors of the men who laid out Westport landing on the Mis-j souri at the mouth of the Kansas > climbed long ago over the yellow river bluffs and built the present Kan-; sas City with the fine homes in the j Hyde Park district where New Eng- j land culture reigns and on Llnwood Boulevard or Independence avenue, where the languid ease and grat^ of: the old South still survive. The re mote Ozarks have given up razor j back hogs for peaches and straw berries and Springfield had more | Browning clubs than any other town of twice its size. There is a bit of tragedy which may not submit to stage presen- j tation in the remarkable earthquake | of 1812, the most destructive up to that time this country had known, which devastated the region about New Madrid, took a heavy toll in lives and property, opened enormous fissures in the ground and formed i great lakes along the Mississippi. One of these lakes, the Reelfoot, I which is twenty miles long and seven miles wide, is an enduring evidence ; of this catastrophe and an un deniable proof of Just what had hap-i pened to that first doubting Mis- j sourian who when told of it ex claimed "You've got to show mc!" Neither will the period of the Mor mon immigration lend itself grace fully to pageant use; there seem to have been mistakes made by both Mormons and Missourians. But the Indians, of whom there is promise of a large gathering, will fit well into the picture; Missouri had her full share of red men and red perils in her early days. What a character for the stage was Ihe imperious old Bourbon states man Benton, who even in his polltl-1 i ill ? amiiittgM - *.-pid *tt*r pla c ;-i*n *#lf apoa ? late! ?mh hi* ? ? IMt;tu Hi? iiwf ?? h. ,, - * ? *-%>#*- ? t blW ;*< citl <??#. n?( m fellow i Htm?! < hen iNtn were the -??? ? > ? V?sv gad Ft, i* |*. |, ( g, t he ? :>*t| the Nia i* ! ( Niiar Oi.?*w. and a i-ag list ??! ether* ? h , '?< e 1 ' ? t! i t pert* Pi Missouri s Itiatarf might b? < lawiitaral mm ? *i .| si' for Ik* Oesr.orrmtle ?unto It*" Ih# ??ii (rata lt2't to i41, he rrlarii.1 In !l?t. and ti?I not re 11m unit nntil llitii lioiif 'm-ansf <ne*r?t ? Inm * ran Trmpsportattw it t<? fmr* neatly in till* . enteumst display; the f.ral laraaallrt ?? If# Mate is In he etkibitM *id i i?o4et of the Mw lot? H like, the Crat steamboat to dock at Hi. T '?:? In tn be ? ?>?.?n Mlmrnn frees tin - e?>; m i paeHion iina play* < an . itar i fart la tha da i elspmti.t ??f tnteapoftetiesi went ef the M:-,rinetppi. Ft l..Hi:a fitted ??at idiMttrm. tr*'.(u ? and hiattr for the wtt?la. In return the ataembaat of tha M laaaurl i r< or' t birk to its markets a ?et>!th of far* ant ;be firnt (old from tkt near mine* of t ?>lo tado and tk? North went Tha at ant trail* w hit h rreward the prairie* and the Ho kien to the Pa. i" const started from the weetere border of Missouri at St Jeneph, ladepeaden a and Westport. Here toe were I >rged the last links in ?'?if of the irsae coatlaentnl railroad liars which opened ap the unknown world beyond the Missouri to the Eastern settler and homrseeker. Miaaouri in rich in State pride She adores her M*?k Tw* x. aha loves her Gr* Tiiumo. her Rt pi.bt Hi'uhbs, her Homi k Caot and all her writers and poets, her Cassom. Buk with and her other painters and artists. She palliates the faults and shortcomings of hi r erring ones; her Jameson, QuantrlUa, Younger* were to her only ml?chie\ ous boys with a little touch of the romantlr in their nature until her neighbors began complaining of their misbe havior. Those who survived the jails, prisons and bullets of pursuing posses she permitted to live on un disturbed, indulgently smiling on their annual Lone Jack reunions and turning a deaf ear to the outspoken indignation of Kansas. The State stands high in resources and wealth; it has been styled an empire in itself, aud undoubtedly It is economically one of the most In dependent States of the Union. Its activities extend from corn und cot- j ton to coal, iron nnd line. It has | more lead than any oth t Slate, it has chat, jack and things which no | other State has; it has millions of dollars worth of chickens and it pro ! duces eggs in vast, increasing quan titles. It has so many mules that an old mule buyer of Clay county could go out before breakfast and collect enough to start any good sized nation on the way to a victorious warfare | And the fly in the ointment! Some unofficial investigators rated Missouri fhirty-fourth in education. False, declares the Missouri Red Book, she \ is twenty-first. But, says the Kansas i City Star, there is no comfort in j ranking twenty-first in illiteracy. ; Old Mother Missouri is going out with a club and bundles of school books among the hill billies and > other of her backward ones and will change all that. Just wait. Mis ouri will show you. The Metropolitan's Future. During the long supremacy of Ex-1 nrro C ABC ho at the Metropolitan Op era House there was frequent criti-' cism of the managerial policy which ; emphasized to such a degree the per sonality of one artist. What will ; happen, was a frequent question, when the public no longer has the opportunity to listen to this unique voice? What can the direction offer in place of such an incomparable magnet to the operagoers? Should there not be a gradual preparation of the operatic public to enjoy operas or to take perhaps as much pleasure in other artists? The management of the Metropoli tan has had to listen to similar warn ings in the past. During the suprem acy of Jean be Reszke one waggish commentator on music called the j opera house "the Faustspielhaus" be cause nothing could keep the audi-j ences from filling the theatre to overflowing whenever De Reszke sang the hero of Gounod's opera. Put when the Polish singer departed to make way for a successor it was found that an attraction equally po tent had been found. Now the Met ropolitan is confronted with the situ ation which has for some years wor ried its critics. Undoubtedly there will be the same interest in the performances that has always existed. The mantle of the departed tenor will probably not de scend at once on any single artist. None will immediately take his place in the affections of the public. This is not an era of highly gifted lyric artists. Never were there so few among them that could really be called great. There are, however, interesting strangers coming to the opera com pany next year; there arc new works which may or may not meet with great success. There are familiar op eras, however, which are certain to be received with favor. Gradually the Wagner music dramas are being restored to their important place. They are appreciated probably more than ever by a public hungry to hear them. It is possible that the with drawal of so powerful an attraction as C a at' so may for a while be felt. There are few singers the mere an nouncement of whose names insures a sold out house. The tenor was such a drawing card, and it will take the grouping of several popular artists in a programme to be equally alluring. The .Metropolitan Opera House will urvre prosperously, just as It has even though su.-h a loss is 1 1 ,n hp ' ghtly e.-ti mated. The di <" t . n not j? tb9 Jeagt reB,JOn. ible for the overwhelming part that 'he tenor played in the affairs of the theatre. The taste of fhc public is not '<? I i.ire. ted ? nto any channel that ci#*h not appeal to j?. ,\ew York "anted to hear ( ...i , sunr. ;:o it *er-t to enjoy this opportunity as it J **nt at r.o other time. No impre arto would try to drive it away, but veuld. orj the other hand, bo gratc f?t. Public support in the future moreover w !1 he ji.-.t as generous j and certain as it has been in the peat, even jf the i-ciisational success j of r^at no be absent. ihe Polyclinic Hospital. In sto i her column on this page Tn Vie "?* IlrsAia prints to-day ' r?f of the trustees of the Hospltrl arainst the fail-j "r# '?'* T"plt?j States Public j H** ' ' * I* < lore th; t Snsti tion to it* oaioi j?nd allow it to be ??>.! for t?'.? pnr . id for which it! * is eetiil.) ^t,ed hj, k and wounded service men are now under treatment! in !' Going beyond their obligation in the premises, the trustees have " ughi and found other suitable quar- i ters for the Public Health Service to 1 do Hi. work for soldiers and sailors, it'iurn of the Polyclinic plant to its i owners would not mean hardship for! 'he patients now in it. It would ? ?ao a great improvement In the hospital situation in New York city. In a national emergency the Poly clinic was turned over to the Federal Government for administration by the Hurgeon-Ceneral of the army, with the understanding that its oc ? upancy by the Government was to be temporary. It was transferred to another agency of the Federal estab lishment. and no effective measures to reinstate its owners have been taken by the Government. The pro tect of the trustees of the hospital la completely Justified by the facts. The public Interest in reclaiming the Polyclinic Hospital rises from the circumstance that the Institution was founded as a general and emergency hospital to meet the needs of a large population and to provide facilities for the education of medical students. Money was solicited for and given to It on the agreement that Its resources should be devoted to theee purposes. It is now impossible for Its directors to fulfil the obligations they assumed. ' The public does not get from the hos pital the benefits to which It is en titled. The present occupation of the buildings as s special Government hospital imposes serious Inconven ience on the city, which would lie gladly endured If It were necessary, but which is not necessary. The Polyclinic Hospital should be reinstated in the service for which it was erected, and the Government should do its work for service men somewhere else. Grow Walnut Tr*e?. No American tree surpasses the walnut in utility. Its nut crop is valuable, while the lumber ia useful for furniture and for house trim. There was so much walnut in rer tain partB of the United Stales in the early days that fence rails were split from the giant trees. Some of the old walnut snake fences may still he seen in parts of Indiana. Ohio. Ken tucky, Tennessee and Missouri. Pennsylvania is one of the first of the States to make an effort to renew the supply of this beautiful tree. According to the Forestry M<tgaz\ne 150 bushels of seed have been planted at Mont Alto. It is expected that these will produce 100.000 seedlings for next spring. Requests for young stock have been received by Com missioner Girrono Pi.k hot at Harris burg from many owners of woodland who desire to start walnut groves. The walnut tree is comparatively quick in growth. The ease with which a grove may be started is shown in the experience of an Indiana farmer who gathered wagonloads of nuts and litter in the Wabash bottoms and spread the at off on the frozen ground lata in the fall. The next spring when the frost had gone the nuts were pressed into the soil. Now he has a promising young grove of trees. Considering the value of the prod uct and the ease with which a grove may be started, and alao bearing In mind the necessity of increasing our timber supply, the growing of walnut trees Is worthy of encouragement. Chicken sandwiches appear to have been standardised as to price at forty cents each In ralirond luncheon rooms In New York. In other rating plar-s equally satisfactory chicken sand wiches cost half as much, or perhaiw twenty-five cents.. Is there no th?> ight of deflation in the railroad luncheon rooms? The young men now under military training at Plattsburg have found a way to serve their country and them selves nt the same time. Th ? eligible men who neglect this opportunity will live to regret their l ick of forenght. I>e?linle<i. He crossed the rainbow bridge. Fearless and strong: I waved my hand to him? I eoutd see him long Oh. the light upon his hair And In his eyss? All the world before him Where adventure lies! Wat there a pot of gold Or did he find Only bitter memories And tears that blind? Ah, I shall never know , . , I wonder yet . , . Years may come, years may go? 1 ehall not forget. Aswan. W. Cskssom. The Polyclinic Hospital. The Trustees l'rotcht Against the Public Health Service's Course. i To The New YORK Herald: Tn ' name of tho trustees and meeHcal'to* ! of tbu Polyclinic Hospital 1 protes i municipal officers and to ?*?-? r " "ni woman who believes In ' I uon of an honorable obligation to a [in bringing such pressure a the authorities at Washington thaMUs great hospital?serving one o . Unions districts of the dty f ^ York, in which there Is a great short > ago In hospital accommodations f largely increased civil population ^ a> be returned to Its owners and again . used for the benetlt of our own Peoph. , In the crisis of the world war. at ^ period when New York cIty was crowded with returning " lti0nary wounded of the American Expeditionary Forces, many of whom were not re celvlng Proper hospital treatment b reason of an inadequate ?^lc* ? trustees of the New York Polyclinic Medical School and Hospital without^ a , dissenting volcn voted to turn j erty over to the; Medical OJJJ. | sritfsr-s'ti ZecutU of the pr' .?> nt war." This proffer was *<*eP?d_ without hesitation and wlthevy predion of generous uppreclalioi , _ ??under no circumstances was to be held beyond eighteen months after I the termination of the war ln,c hZJX", ?s L of the Medical Corps of the War Department, lor which s^rvlce i 1 bad been specifically designafd ln the anj by the resolution or in lease a no vy th? wishes and !?,7??bUc H~W> eo? still at war because the treaty of peace Ld not been signed by tips President. . ^ig act of Injustice, doubly enXlid whe" the patriotic motive nMhe lessors Is considered, the trustees and medical to -vlty protest More thin two years has passeu th. public Health Service took r *sslin of this property, and no one deny that with the -? and wealth of the United States tm Service has had ample time and al mean, to h.vs pjcun* otbar saHabls accommodations for t of cur e,-service men ' a'l advantage of the pretext that the war | is not vt over to continue an occu pan-'jr which Is akin to e?nfl"C3U?n\ This S'rvtce ha. had placed at Its dlerxMMil a magnificent property adml rab.v located near the city limits, capable of a. ommodstlng three or four times as m.ny patients a. the 1 oly Cllnic Hospital, which property It has "'^Pu't.;;: Hi alth Styles owning the Hudson Street Hospital in . v,.rk city might well employ this In stitution for IIS local arute emergency transferring these to the One Hundrsd A^re Park and the salubrious envlron men? of the extensive and attractive Sings situated upon the Pocantlco HI is In plala v tew of the Hudson River, by which, tn addition to three railroads. It is readily accessible. John v. wtsth. M. P.. President Medical Board, Polyclinic] Hospital. Nkw Yosk, August ?? Inventors Should Act. The Time I Iluned ?? Proleet PiImN Ahmad Rsplrra Soon. To Thb Nrw T"*k llnaaur: Inaufll- I dent publicity In lh? I'rNN Mtttn ha* kwn glv? n t? lh? Nolan bill bjr whlrti thousand* of foreign Inv Mom IwwIIN j application* for ptloriU In the United Htatea. ReotprocsPj-. the Nnlun Mil perm IU Inventor* in the Imfcd Htata* to Ale nppllcntlon* abroad covering any j Invention* where the right* of priority t had not ?*plr?d Aitru?t I, 1*14. The?e privilege >?*pirn September S. lttl, after rMrh da" any valuable pat ent tight* which ac rued Hiring th< war to United State* Invcntora cannot be prote<cied nbrondL Mannfai tur?rs of Oortna Franc* and < treat Britain hava tahen great Internal In thla hill, aa la evidenced hy the thousand* of ap plleatlona already Sled under Ita pre via ton*. but I'nMad fni'i manufacturer* do not aeewi to have brcg . nn.-iently In formed of Ita provlalans nnd h- nee thla letter t* you. Manufacturer*, fnvert-.ro and othera Infatuated *hnuld promptly aee their pat <nt attotne>?, a* there la atill time to Sir the neoeaaary appli atlond abroad. Naw Tann, Angn*t ? R. Hisor*. Wages of Servants. Hnre Work and Pay Proposed by ? import II<>u-deeper. To Tut Niw !???* lira*u>: No ra form nee-ia more promptly to be put Into - (feet than the r .tu tt-.n of wage* for aervant* Thouannda of far. *H caw hnuaeholda In whh h the h "mi to a earnor tnuar reaorr to ocowowt e of every aort ta le able to |-?y the uore.aanabla wage* which train* i and ?.nt rained aarvnnt* alike denaod le t our hogneheeper* -mite aa a union ; or as n commute# *"4 r?r-iae to go to) agree! * Incubating unreasonable far* and waged, a at be firm in not paying; ?urh wages as from |?t to f tad * month | for an nvoeagw cook, doing no work1 out aid- of ooklng. ?M |H a month for a waiter, nho b< a valla hie only far the dicing room hut who *h--uld ha useful for all worh t SrrrnatN* >< ?curseta. Nswnoar, ft I. August < PnbllrHy an IM to EeoMfay. To Tm Naw v -?* lit* ah tt won Id - help to aeruro economy fa CU veminent I eipendtturaa If you eould pubttoti monthly a Uhle giving the receipt* and ripendliuree |n the prtarlpaJ depart mentaof ourOovernmrnt Fais It at. Sraivormt t?, Maao.. Auguat t. (eia h Pure t.?ld fbwgins - correepnwdewce t* lh? C'reea Fee eat (iet.l Trikwee. Kverybody In I-ougl*** west to the chll drea'e day esrrrtae* In Coin Rtjaday. They let u* *lng for them a Httb while and eerve<l a acrumptlou* dinner. Cowes Yacht Races Genuine Thrillers Half a Dozen of Be*t Known Men of Fngland Are Swept Overboard?King a Good Sailor. I Sp'rial Cable to Tub Nbw Voik Heme Copyright, 1911, by The New Yoax )luut.E New York Herald liureaii. I London, An*. 1. | The yacht racing season at Cowes has not been the gayest on record be cause the weather haa been against it, but it certainly htw been the most crowded with sporting Interest. With ilio six meter races lending an interna tional interest, and with tho briskest racing breezes, making every contest a thriller?a half dozen of the best I known men in England were swept (overboard at one time or another dur ing the wreck?wrhat America calls the rocking chair fleet was entirely eclipsed by the s;ilt encrusted brethren?and sisters. It was not a Cowes week of immacu late flannels and pretty frocks, by any means. Pictures of the King, in fact, show him soaked with sea water, and with his trim cap exchanged for a sailor's round hat with a chin strap he is shown hauling manfully at the ropes. Invariably his companions aboard the Britannia have been the Princess Mary and the Duke of Connaught. The rest of the family was contented to remain aboard the royal yacht Victoria and Al bert or to stroll on the lawns, the Duke of York devoting much timo to tennis ashore. But the Princess Mary proved her Norse blood by crouching fearlessly under the weather rail at each tack and otherwise conducting herself like a real sailor. King Visits Admiral N'tblnck. It was not that social functions were neglected. One of the King and Queen's most brilliant dinners was given uboard the Victoria and Albert when they en tertained the American Admiral and Mrs. Albert P. Niblack. The King set a precedent the first of the week by repaying Admiral Nlblack's call person ally aboard the flagship -Utah. Since then there has been much Impersonal visiting back and forth between the two ships. Newcomers thought that the water was well crowded with craft of ail kinds but old timers insist that tho effect of the war and the tax toll on yachts is still plainly visible and the numoers arc not equal to pre-war years though the enthusiasm never ran higher. Admiral Niblack is one of the chief exponents of this enthusiasm. "It is the best inter national sport I ever saw," referring to the six meter yacht races. "There is more interest in these races In America than here. It is purely a question of skill and seamanship without handicap. Lord Dunraven said the other night that these races were the best thing that ever happened to yachting and he is right." Next Races for This Side. Admiral Niblack declared that irre spective of who won the present scries, the next races would be either in New In an Old Book Store. From the Kansas City Star. Patron, pause a moment at this door, And close thine eyes as one in prayer, To realize the treasures here in store, The age long gathering of its Joy and care. For here upon a shelf half hid from view We gazo upon a life of deepest woe. A fleeting smile, sometimes, there fol lows, too, And then a rush of tears as on we go. While here is knowledge kings of old might yearn. And there a verse men sang in ages J gone. Ah ! had we but the time to stay and learn. What worlds of vivid life we all might gaze upon. To peer, as though 'twere passing In the street, Upon a land now dead, across the sea, Or beauties of the depths beneath our feet, Then travel to the moon, In fancy free. Here urchin in your meagre clothes forget And be a prince, the while you read the lines. Or hold within your hands fair jewels, y*t No greater wealth was ever digged from mines. So, patron, pause a moment at this door And close thine eyes a moment there, To realise the riches, great In store. The treasures of the ages, thine to | share. Rosne A. Walker. Strong Boys Best Pupils. lRie*tlg*tlnn In Dntrolt I.'psets an Old Theory. From the Detroit .Yews. That < oinfortlng tradition which held that tha lean, undersized, begoggled pupil In the schools was compensated for hi* physical lack by being "the bright scholar" has been shattered by an Investigation of the Board of Educa tion covering 84.000 children. This in v. stlgation shows that the physically ro bust boy stands at the head of his class In school and Is far In advance of the wenk youngster of similar age. In arriving at this conclusion what was called tho coefficient of develop ment was flrst found. This was the re lation between the child's height and wight for his age. It was then found that the bigger and better developed the | child the further along he was In his school work. Taking the grade for a child of normal weight and hetght for hU age at 100, it was found that If a child Is two and ? half years ahead of his age group In school he Is also 10.2 per cent, higher an.] heavier than the ordinary child of las a#> in lh<- same way It wan found that a child 9.5 per cent, under weight and height for his age Is four years behind In school. Th -se figures held true for the entire M "it# children examined, though the <1M?< renco among girls was slightly less than among boys. Hut boys or girls, the accelerated ehlldran? those heavier and taller than usual?are ahead In school, while th? retarded children?those un developed?are behind. flow v. r, "wifl arc many factors?^ nationality and hereditary characterls t which In different Individuals and ?rnup* tend to modify these eoneluslons, tho investigation showed. Because of the varying characteristics of tho dlf ferent nationalities the height-weight ratio has to Ira considered In connection with the group to which the child' belongs. Of tha 14.1*9 children examined, 84, M9 were classed as United Htntes white, 8,194 United tttates negro, 8,903 were Vnglo-Hazon, 8.077 Teutonic, 5,590 [.ntIn. 8.573 Russian (Jewish) and 10, 183 miscellaneous. The study revealed that the United Slates whites follow cloaely the average for the city In weight but are slightly above It In height. The Anglo-dtaxon children are average In height but slightly below the average for the cily In weight. The Teutonic York or N>*p?n Atftn rtl Nihack, In- I ckien?*ll>. la on# of tlw first men. not a member of th? Hot at Yiu ht Htjuatlron ever to b? Invited to attend Ike annual dinner over *hi h the K its pr* #!<!'? There haa been acmr talk that the hai rier* of this moat eflurtu < luh in the world naght tie let down Id lavor of women beeaua# this year they have been let down for them by so many fxmdon clubs, but the rule remain# that women are not entitled either to lunch or din. in the club house though the wlvea of members and their guesta are allowed on the club lawn. Many of them frankly had a |<i< ' h there with sandwiches, fruit. *? while their husbands lunched Indoors. 1 uirln* intervals of sunshine the women b corned lovely in frocks worn unsun|?ect. d und r seagoing mackintoshes. On-' woman l came ashore wearing sn old fashioned waterproof hood over the uri.?t kind of a Paris turban. Under the cir cumstances knitted Shetland costumes in the brightest colors w. r extreme!) popular. Lady Dunraven, landing with Mrs. Niblack from the Admiral's barge, wore a white frock with n rough white skirt. The fashions ranged all the way front these to l-ady Oilent&nar's home spun suit and furs. With the Oowos season over, royalty goes to to London only long enough for the King to hold a council to dispose of routine matters. Then, with "every body." he will go northward to Bul ntoral and the grouse moors for the "Twelfth." the opening of the shooting season. Despite the drought and disas trous heather fires in many parts most reports say the birds are plentiful and plump and an excellent season is prom ised to all guns. So heavy Is the rush this year that all places on Scottish trains beforo and Just after August 12 were sold a week ago. IIOMEWAltD BOUND VOYAGERS. The White Star Liner Olympic, due to arrive at New York August 10, bring# a number of people well known here and abroad. Her passenger list Includes Col. Charles B. Warren, new American Am bassador to Japan; Foxhall Kcene, Archibald Roosevelt, Reginald C. Van derbilt, the Earl of Camperdown, Judge Julius M. Mayer of New York, Count Orlowskl, Frank A. Munsey, publisher; Dr. H. R. Gaylord, pathologist, of Buf falo ; Peggy O'Neill, actress ; Francis L. Coleman, lawyer; Sheriff David H. Knott, Miss Daphne Pollard of the Lon don Hippodrome, Hugh Ward, Austra lian theatrical manager; Lieut-Col. A. W. Tate, bringing Sir Edward Edgar's motor boat Maple Leaf VII. to compete for the international trophy at Detroit; I Gilbert Miller, theatrical manager, and Basil Dean, theatrical producer. children agree with the city average in j height but depart slightly In weight, be- | ing generally below. The Latin children show a large vari ation in both height and weight, being I below average In both. The Russian | children are shorter than tho average, but are practically the average weight. The study revealed that there are | about as many children above the aver age as below the average. The devla- I tlon from the normal is greater among I girls than among boys, particularly dur ing the adolescent period. Those 10 per | cent, above and 10 per cent, below were ] considered normal. Naval Ships Suspected. OH Appeared on the Hudson After They Arrived In Port. To The New York Herald: You refer to the pollution of waters hereabouts by the discharge of refuse from scows dumping within the three mile limit and from oil tankers and oil burning ves sels. My observations on the last three visits of the fleet to this port tend to show tlu,t the navy vessels are respon sible for fojllng the Hudson River. On each visit for the next seven or eight days the surface of the river was covered with a thick acum of floating oil, which not only played havoc with the yachts and motor boats moored in the river but nlso fouled the floats and approaches to all the clubs. A more serious aspect of the case was the Inconvenience and danger to bathers making use of the facilities offered along the Palisades Interstate Park, not to mention the thousands of unauthorised bathers in the form of the youngsters who dally swim along the river front. From tho fact that the pollution only occurs during the first part of the fleet's visit and then gradually disappears it would seem that It was due to the pump ing out of the bilges as soon as they arrive In port, and if the subject of don tarn Ina tlon of the local waters is be ing Investigated I suggest consideration and correction of the above source of trouble. The destroyer divisions of tho fleet are now at moorings so far up the river that It brings them within the limits of that part which Is given over more to pleasure than to strictly com mercial purposes. W. Van B. Claussen. New York, August 6. Urgent f'nll for Advice. From the Paris (.Vo.) Merruru, If none of your neighbors raised chlel and n bunch of yellow legged fryers froi distance, say about a block, whose ovt you dlil not know, wandered into your yi entered your garden and nte tip your lotture, whlrh you had to have for y health, and pecked holes In your new tomatoes as fast as they appeared, and were fond of fried rhlcken but paral) at the price, and you had Inquired falthf and posted warnings where tho chlel could read them without trouble, and awakened each morning before anybody got up, and believed that with a little si of speed or a rock you could?what wi you do? Think the matter over and let know at once. We are klnda mixed In matter. A Bold School Hoard. From the Jewell (Kau.l Republican The hoard of education of the Smith Centre schools takes the price this week for bravery. They have prescribed a uniform for all high school girls and those In the eighth grade, it Is to consist of the regulation white middy with detachable blue wool col lars and cuffs. Plaited navy blue wool skirt twelve Inrhes from the floor. (Subject to modification for short girls.) Stockings cotton lisle or wool. Shoes with Cuban or military heel in brown or black. Tie, any color preferred. The rule goes Into effert October 1 and tho big fight will then b# on. ,lall the l'encos. From the Trnv Time*. n N?w York Herald declares a truth ,rutty expressed In our own columns i receivers of stolen property when It nctly say*: "If ah the fence# could bo I the number of theft* would promptly Daily Calendar, THE^WEATHER. For lC**tern New York?Partly f l-.isitn -lay ? to-morrow . i?,ntv ami cooler to-uay ? fwlr fre.h vr^t ?nd ?ov.h?^ )d U "" * | -Cntettlrd to i For Northern Now 1-nf to??T interior day; probably 1<? ?< f , soutu ami o <i*> : to-morrow fair. ?*"" I ? shifting to X-l-rty cloud/ For South-? New Kngland-P^ y f u and raol.r today: tomorrow lair, southwest and west "_>loudv with mod. l or Western New 5 ork -CI"fair ?air temperature to-day. ,? westerly* and some* hat warm--, WASMINUTON, Au?. T'T!*r\j*}<tl- "atfan"Id aid failing to da> aver the Middle Canada, and North Atlantic States and east L STriAifr-e' ?S M?u..tal? and north plateau r-B11" . alii.vrra lu?\.> "??< urt ?t ?1 t-.i twenty-four hours ,n .''m. States ami a ? banii* th- southern plains State S 23 SSSHsSteSsg r?z ?? t?ru, outlook la for showers to-morrow Irj vJ Fnaiand and local thunder show era fo N?u _* ,?r1. . tuht hour- tn the south At th# t.mxi lofty ? hi him- otherwise Ben * . /> (?%?* Moderate temperature will prevail* throualtout ndddle and Hons -a.I ''v'r Jiadfc Atlantic and north ,,,* and tn the middle AW? w,athei A;irrh?;?,e warmer TuVsd.; In th- lake re ^on. The OhTo V.Uo and Tenne.see, Observations s p'm" yesterday, Bureau stations, taken at a r. a aavanty-ftfth marldtan time. Ralnfa? Temperature. n"f" lVr?2 Weatharw Ktallona. 11'f.D, ?-p itH ' ..' Clear Abilene l'*> ' TH .us Raining Albany ? *7 i, -out .. Cloudy Atlantic City.. TO jr Cloudy Baltimore .... JJJ '? .. Clear Bismarck [J- *. .,0 rr .p-J Cloudy Boston 5r .'la "oh" ? Cloudy Buffalo ?? ofl'nt .01 Clear Cincinnati ... ?* ? .. Clear Charleston ? ? ? 27 2* ?? ,u .. Clear Chicago ,7, spurt -01 Cloudy Cleveland !M, .. Clear Denver 2" ?. ..., s<j .. Pt.Cl d* Ihetroit ?* ' J 30 00 .. Clear Oalveston ** ' -in n" .. Clear Jacksonville .. 02 82 ? clear Kanase City... JJJJ ?* Cloudy I>os Angeles... 7W ??" So'02 . Cloudy Milwaukee ... ?? w ot cloudy New Orleans.. Oil ?? -ViA _f Cloudy Oklahoma City M .? M Clciu(|y Philadelphia .. HH > 34 cloudy Pittsburgh .... i* Wl -J .?? |ny Portland. Me.. >0 M ?? cl0|lI. Portland. Or-.. W J? ># pt.Cldy Bait l-aks City 8 ?0 rs .. Clear Ban Antonio... OH Ot - pt.Cl'd* fan Diego ?? JJJ ^ioo .. Clear Beat tie 2.J -n *io n" .. Clear ft. isiuis To TO dOTO1- ;; clBar 1XXIAI. WEATHBB RTCOIM. 2,M?d ' 20.85 Barometer ".... a". Humidity u 8. Wind?direction jr wind-velocity Cloudy Ralnln* Weather t-iou r <0 Trills im 10 A. M... il A E' m' "77 (I P M.. 1(1 12 M M '' W tl.H.V.Vz 10 P. M.. .70 1021. 1020. "?(}" oa.m....to to ?i ll$:i 70 7,1 K & at I A M Average temperature, EVENTS TO-DAY. aus prces* of*' thiT "assoc I ated" ?fThon Public "frvl "c^mmutlon will 'hold , hearing on tlio proposed Increase in ga ?"xiinri-rrrr. fstissss sra wSiSas k?. tSsirsr xsz Island, 8 P. M. DANCING BECOMES DEAUVILLE'S LURE South American? Challenge Popularity of Northerners. fiperlal Cable to Tub Nrw York Hbrai.o. Copprlpht, J92t, bp Tub Nbw York Hbrai.b. New York Herald Bureau, J Pari*. Aug. 7. I Dancing and not rambling promlt-cg to be the chief attraction (luring Deau Vtlle's Grand Scmalne, with* Brazilians, Argentinians and other rich beaux from the Southern continent challenging tho popularity of American dancing ineu whose sporting proclivities keep some of them in the baccarat rooms Instead of on the dance floors. With C&bourg running Deauvllle a c.ose race for first honors aa France's most expensive place, the proprietors of tho Deauvllle Casino admit they are worried about expenses, as the American contingents are already leaving for Ca hourg with the Intention of raising tho limit sky high to keep out South Amer ican players, who seldom visit any but the twenty loula tables. So far there has been no sensational playing such no marked the Deauvllle season last year, the old timers declaring that the bad luck which followed the million dollar winnings leaf season of Mr. Dstnast. a Cuban sugar merchant, has put a Jin* on Deauville's tables, even Henncsey not breaking the weekly bank as has been the custom for many years. Drmeal'a friends say that he Intends to return at the end of this month to repair his losses of more than $2,000,000 In New York and European stock exchanges. In fact. D"auvlllc probably will re turn to the "h'-a'th resort" class next year. A start in this direction has been taknn in the form of a camp for tired society women which has been opened on the outskirts of Deauvllle by Lieut. Herbert, a physical director in tha French army. Sleeplrifc In tents, doing their own i ooklng with courses of rhythmic danc ing and physical exercise in the morn ing and afternoon, fifty prominent so ciety women have abandoned their usual Deauvllle Interests. They are not al lowed to visit tho Casino or the town or to receive even women friends, antf Lieut Herbert, whose edict is that he will not permit patients to remain In camp If they converse with male pedes trians who are flocking to see the lightly garbed ladles get rid of their flesh and nerves, is already known as the "Master of Deauvllle," and haa booked more than 200 patients for next season's cure. FRANCE TO WELCOME VETS. Destroyer Escort for Ship Brarlag American Legion Delegates. Special Cable to Tint New York Hmut.s, Coppright, 1921, bp Tub Nbw York Hbrattw New York Herald Bureau, 1 I'orls, Aug. 7. [ The French Ministry of Marine to day decided to two destroyers to escort the steamship George Washing ton with .260 members of the tmerlcsan Legion delegation on board to Cher bourg. Meanwhile the Ministry has ordered the naval hand at Brest to proceed to Cherbourg Immediately to welcome the Americans. The Americans are coming to France to nttend the ceremonies In connection with the dedication of the French monument to the American Ex peditionary Force. Tho Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use fur republication of all news des patches credited to It or not otharwlse credited In this paper, and also the looel n-urs published herein All rights of republication of special des? patches herein are alio reserved.