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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, August 24, 1921, Image 10

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NEW YORK HERALD
PUBLISHICD BY THE 8UN-HERAL.D
CORPORATION, 280 BROADWAY;
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Direct n und otfl'ers: Prank A. Munsay.
Preatdem . Ervln WarUman, Vice-President;
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tngton, Secretary.
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The New York Herald was founded by
James Gordon Bennett In 1835. It remained
the sole property of Its founder until his
death. In 1872. when his son. also James
Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership
of the paper, which remained In his hands
until his death, in 101S. Tiie Hhrald be
came the property of Frank A. Munsey, its
present owner, in 1920.
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21, 1921,
The Indivisible Fourth.
To-night is the time set by the Sen
ate for the beginning of a month's
recess. At the present writing there
seems to be nothing to delay this va
cation except a possible deadlock be
tween the two Houses of Congress
concerning the Stanley amendment of
the Willis-Campbell bill, relating to
the enforcement of the Volstead act.
The disagreement on the deficiency
bill, with its appropriation of nearly
$50,000,000 for the Shipping Board
end its provision for the expenses of
the coming international conference
to consider reductions of armament?
the event commonly but erroneously
styled the Disarmament Conference?
dropped out of the way in the
Senate yesterday. Other measures at
issue, like the McNary agricultural
aid bill and the Tlncher grain and
cotton gambling bill, are practically j
within the Senate's control for!
settlement.
There remains, however, this no
table difference of opinion and ac
tion between the two houses con-1
cerning the extent to which one |
clearly declared constitutional prin
ciple and requirement may be vio
lated in order to give effect to an
other plain purpose of the Constitu
tion. Two weeks ago The New Yokk
Herald pointed out the broader as
pects of this surpassingly Important
question. About a week ago we dis
cussed the significance of the pro
posal to nullify the Fourth Amend
ment, in whole or in part, for the
rake of an easier and more conven
ient enforcement of the Eighteenth
Amendment and the legislation there
under. In conference there has been
no approach yet to a reconcilia
tion of the respective attitudes of the
Senate and the House. The two po
sitions are. indeed, irreconcilable;
and if the House stands to its avow
als and the Senate holds the ground
it has most emphatically made its
own. Congress will be kept in ses
sion unless the settlement is. post
poned till after the recess. The sit
uation is this;
The Senate maintains that to leg
islate prohibitory enforcement by
means of searches and seizures with
out warrants specific in every case Is
to violate the guaranties of the
Fourth Amendment; to outrage the
right of the people to be secure in
their persons, houses, papers and
effects against unreasonable searches
and seizures; to nullify for the con
venience of a statutory law the con
stitutional requirement that "no war
rants shall issue but on probable
cause, supported by oath or affirma
tion and particularly describing the
place to be searched, and the person
or things to be seized." This Is the
guaranty and the principle expressed
in the Stanley amendment, which the
Senate adopted by a signal majority
end which the House has resolutely
? refused to accept in its entirety.
The House has been maintaining
that while the constitutional rights
of personal liberty guaranteed by the
Fourth Amendment may be held to
apply to household search and seiz
ure they Bhall not apply to other
attempts to search and seize without
a warrant; as, for example, In cases
of transportation by automobiles or
ether vehicles, or In parcels on the
person of the citizen.
It is as clear as daylight that the
distinction cannot be made by law
without violating one part of the
Fourth Amendment while pretending
to respect the other part. The spirit
and the language of the constitutional
guaranty protect the citizen equally
i t either case, and it does not meet
the obstacle to say, as the House
substantially says, thut. while the
Fourth Amendment may be per
mitted to run in the case of the citi
zen who is behind the doors of his
own domicile, the practical exigen
cies of enforcement require that it
shall not run In the case of the
citizen's person when he is outside
his domicile.
The House's position in this re
spect is untenable There can be 110
division of the positive requirements
of the Fourth Amendment. It is
either all valid or all negligible. It
cannot be half alive and half dead
at the same time.
We are glad that the importance
pf this Issue Is coming to be recog
nized by many other newspapers as
triendly as is The New York Herald
to the general purpose of the Eigh
teenth Amendment and as desirous
as is this newspaper that all valid
laws shall be honestly enforced. But
the prohibition leaders in the House
have been contending for the annihi
lation of that which is of greater
moment than any statute.
Consider what the attempt to di
vide and partly nullify a constitu
tional provision really means. There
are other guaranties in our precious
Bill of Rights. For example, the Con
stitution guarantees to the citizen
accused of crime the right to a speedy
and public trial by an impartial jury.
If the Fourth Amendment can be
swept away, in whole or in part, for
the sake of legislation under the
Eighteenth, so equally can the Sixth
Amendment be swept away, in part
or whole, for the sake of legislation
under the Eighteenth. That is to
say, on the House line of reasoning,
if it should be found difficult to
find juries to convict offenders against
the Volstead act at public trial, the
House leaders might as reasonably
contend for legislation which should
nullify the Sixth Amendment in
liquor cases and send the accused
bootlegger to secret trial by a com
mission appointed by the Anti-Saloon
League's principal counsel.
Striking When the Iron Is Hot.
President Harding's recent appear
ance at the Capitol in opposition to
the enactment of the soldiers' bonus
bill at a time when the state of the
nation's finances imperatively for
bids the proposed expenditure was
one of the best acts of his career. It
was justified both by its purpose and
by its result
In a spirited debate in the Senate
on Monday some of the Senators, fol
lowing the Hon. Boubke Cockban's
lead in the House, sharply criticised
the President as if for a dictatorial
proceeding; tho technical ground of
the complaint being that the Presi
dent's errand amounted to interfer
ence with tho pending legislation
through an address to a single
branch of Congress.
President Harding's course was de
fended by the citation of a Wil
sonian precedent.
In the view of The New York
Herald, President Harding needs no
such defence. If instead of travelling
Pennsylvania avenue ho had sum
moned the Senators in delegations to
the White House and communicated
to them in that quarter his ideas on
the proposed legislation there could
have been no criticism worth a mo
ment's notice.
The President struck while the iron
was hot and he struck well and in the
public interest.
Of Course!
"Of course," says Mayor Hylax'h
Commissioner of Markets, Mr. O'Mal- i
ley, when asked whether he had
given preference to Tammany lead
ers in allotting stall space, "???
course I have favored the organiza- ;
I tion whenever I could."
Of course! That is why he holds
j his Job. He is an "organization
man" In the Tammany sense. Four
teenth Street therefore likes him.
The Chief, Mr. Murphy, had him ap
pointed or approved his appointment.
So he takes orders.
Commissioner O'Malley is only
j one of many. Mayor Hylax has ap
pointed, at Chief Mt-rpiiy's direction,
dozens of city officials who are as
obedient to the organization as the
Commissioner of Markets is. For
Tammany the Hylan administration
provides what Dox Marquis calls
the Almost Perfect State. That Is7
every district leader who wants a
city job has one; and few scorn the
opportunity.
Murphy can't be blamed. He Is
the head of an institution the undis
! guised purpose of which is to get
! jobs. His leaders and their lieuten
' ants go into office to favor the or
ganization wherever they can. If
they fail to make good to the or
ganization they lose their Jobs.
If the voters of New York want the
Tammany grip on the payroll broken
(hey must elect a Mayor who will not
serve for the benefit of a political or
i conization. They must evict Hylax,
who is the most pliant Mayor Tam
many lias had since Vax Wyck.
Trade Is Europe's Salvation.
Salvation by the trade route Is not
the kind of salvation prescribed by
simon pure idealists and political
dreamers. But, as Europe is finding
out, salvation by the trade route has
this in its favor: it is practicable and
j it works. The greater the demoraliza
! tion, the more severe the hardships
of war, of famine or of other mls
I iortune, the more intense the suffer
. Ing and discouragement which may
' overtake a nation, just in so much
j greater proportion does the restora
! tion of commonplace trade and the
prosaic business of exchanging goods
among nations ease heavy burdens
and clear away what look like in
surmountable obstacles in the path
to settled conditions.
Germany and France nro finding
this out. On opposite sides of the
trade fence two years ago, and even 1
a year ngo, inveighing against each
other and vowing to refrain from
ordinary commercial interchange,
they got nowhere. The last twelve
months have wrought a remarkable
change not only in the psychology i
of German and French business men
toward each other but in the prac
tices growing out of the changed
psychology, and chief of all in the
attitude of the two peoples.
Out of this new relationship
France emerges as Germany's best
trade customer. Frpnce once more
obtains from Germany the raw ma
terial for French Industry. And out
of this combination both Germany
and France have built up a favorable
balance of exports for themselves, a
thing which was seldom true before
the war, when the problems of credit
and foreign exchange presented a
minimum of difficulty.
The latest figures for French trade,
covering the first five months of this
year, show a drop of 5,816,000,000
francs In the aggregate, but this Is
wholly due to the smaller imports.
Exports increased by more than a
billion francs compared with the
same time In 1920.
The most remarkable feature of the
report, however, Is that an unfavor
able trade balance of nearly eight
billions of francs last year Is con
verted into a credit balance of about
half a billion this year. The follow
ing table shows how France has de
creased her food imports and turned
4,268,000,000 francs of raw materials
Imported into 5,507,000,000 francs of
manufactures for export:
Categories. January-May.
Imports. 1920. France 1921. Francs.
Foodproducts 4,092,317,010 1,997,991,000
Industrial ma
terials 7,244,531,000 4,288,554,000
Manufactures 4,385,607.000 2,417,859,000
Total 15.722,455.000 8,683,904,000
Exports.
Food products 687,365,000 852,496,000
Industrial ma
terials 1,890,981,000 2,177,421,000
Manufactures 4,890,190,000 5,507,807,000
Parcel post
packages .. 359,027,000 512,167,000
!
Total 7,827,563,000 9,049,391.000
i
The German report, though not
compared by the Federal Statistical I
Bureau of Germany with trade for 1
last year, Is no less remarkable than j
the French figures. The report Is
for the first ten months of 1920:
Imports Exports
In million doublo cwt
? 1-10 metric ton
October 17 H
January-October .... 150 16!
The values given for exports are af
follows:
Million marks.
October 6,494
January-October .... 53,753 ....
The articles chiefly exported were:
January
October October
tn million marks.
Iron 1,388 10,546
Machines 661 4,312
Chemicals and dyer. . 495 7,082
Paper 853 2,234
Automobiles and other
vehicles 31S 2,344
Fuel 276 3,495
Electrical articles ... 264 1,839
Glass 240 1,325
Pottery 129 832
German exports have always been
higher In value by unit of volume
than German imports. But assuming
the same value for both, the German
credit balance for the period covered
bv the report amounts to more than
four billions of marks.
Without French markets for Ger
man goods and without Gorman ma
terials for French industry these rec
ords would not have been possible.
France and Germany crave a full din
j tier pail and they have hit upon the
I right way to get it.
The Serbs Want a Queen.
The proclamation of his accession
to the Serbian throne issued by young
Alexander was yesterday read
throughout the Kingdom of the Serbs,
Croats and Slovenes. Alexander, ill
i at Paris, intrusted the exercise of the
royul authority to his Cabinet until
his recovery. The reports of his at
tending physicians Indicate an im
provement In his condition and a like- j
lihood that he may soon safely return
to Belgrade. The Serbs may thus
look forward with some assurance to I
the reign of a King In whom they
have confidence and a national pride.
But what the Serbs as well as the i
other people of the Jugo-Slav king
dom want Is a Queen, and this boon,
j too, seems now promised to them.
The modern Serbs have been pe
I culiarly unfortunate, except in the j
1 case of some of their early princes,
because of tho lack of consorts for
, their rulers who might represent the
Serb ideals of royal womanhood.
This is more marked in view of the
fact that they are a nation strongly j
attached to family life, marrying
early and raising large families?
had they not been a race to whom
many children were born, said a Serb
writer, they would never have sur
vived their five centuries of Turkish
oppression. Princess Natalie, who
in 1872 was married to Milan, found
existence Impossible with her rake
of a husband and spent little of her
married life at the royal palace.
When Alexander succeeded Mit-an In
the Obrenovltch line lie was alone
ion the throne until he elevated to
royal rank Draoa, whose unpopular
ity brought about tho assassination
of both anil tho end of the Obreno- j
vitch dynasty. King Peter's wife,
the Princess Zorra of the Montene
grin princely family, died before he
was called to the Serbian throne and
from 1903 to the present day the
royal Konak at Belgrade has been
without a Queen.
The gossips of Europe have sev
eral times given to young Alexander
a bride, but they have always been
compelled to confess their error.
Austrian Influence before the world
war was strongly against a union of
the Karagcorgevitchs with any of
the reigning houses. Vienna or Buda
pest waB ever ready to point out the
impossibility of a marriage between
gentility and a "a swineherd'* de
fendants." The young man's one
romance perhaps grew out ot his visit
in 1914 to Petrograd. It was said
then that there was a possibility of
a marriage between Alexander and
the Grand Duchess Olga, the oldest
of the Czar's daughters, but that the
bluntness of the aged Serbian Pre
mier Pasitch, who accompanied the
young Prince and who objected to
the small part he was permitted to
take in the match making, offended
the Russian imperial family. At any
rate the world war forever ended
the hopes of the Serbs for a union of
their own reigning family with the
Romanoffs.
Alexander's conduct as the real
leader of his people in the dark days
of the war and his ability as a com
mander of the Serbian army changed
Europe's estimate of him. The re
mark of old King Peter, "My grand
father was a peasant and I am
prouder of that than of my throne;
crowns are lost but the blood of
those who have lived of the earth
does not die out," took on a
new significance. His son was
received in court circles of Eu
rope which his ancestors had never
entered and now it is announced
with a considerable degree of author
ity that Ai-exander Is to marry Prin
cess Sophie of Venddme, of the
Bourbon-Orleans house, which is con
nected by marriage with most of the
royal houses of Europe. Alexander,
it is said, was on a visit to Paris to
see the young Princess when he was
taken ill. The gloomy old palace at
Belgrade, the scene of Balkan in
trigues, of tragedies and marital mis
fits, may at last take on a pleasanter
aspect and Serbia after her years of
longing may at last have a real
Queen.
Next Winter's Charity.
Under the industrial conditions
now existing it seems inevitable that
the necessity for charity in the
United States, and particularly In its
great cities, next winter will be
greater than has been the case since
1913-14, when soup kitchens were
opened and bands of homeless men
and women, skilfully led by agita- j
tors, demanded that the churches bo
transformed Into public dormitories.
It Is by no means certain that the
situation will be as had as pessimists
predict, but that tliero will be need j
for aid is conceded by everybody.
The first thing to do in preparing ;
to meet the requirements of this sit-,
uation is to decide what agencies
shall be used to distribute relief and
rrotect the charitable from impostors.
It is highly important that hysteria
be avoided, and that well meant but!
uninformed ministrations of ama-1
tours be diverted to profitable chan- j
nels. It is likewise highly Important
that the crooks and parasites who
live on the heedlessly generous be
kept from reaping a harvest intended :
for the unfortunate.
There is no need for the creation j
of a single new charity society or as-!
sociation to meet the necessities of
any part of the population. There
are in New York city public and pri
vate organizations in sufficient num
Ler to collect and disburse all the j
money which may be distributed.
These societies cover every calling j
and occupation. They have among
their employees experienced men and j
women who cannot be deceived by a |
pride which seeks to hide hunger any
more than they are fooled by profes
sional beggars. The city government
has efficient agents to help the poor.
To relieve whatever poverty and i
suffering may require charitable help ]
in the coming season no new society j
should be formed, but the established
private and public instrumentalities
of relief should be intelligently and
promptly coordinated.
Baseball in Japan.
Just home from the East, Mischa ;
Ei.man declares that the most lm-!
pressive thing he saw In Japan was 1
the skill of the boys at baseball.'
They played with expertness and j
abandon and hit the ball hard.
It would be a good thing for our t
national game if some other people |
took it up in a serious way. The |
prospect of an international series
should appeal to ball players and to
fans rich enough to pay the passage
to Tokio. We have international golf,
tennis, polo and yachting. Nothing I
has prevented international baseball j
except lack of enthusiasm and skill
In the other countries.
Most parts of the earth have seen
the American ball player in action,
thanks to the tours made by our pro-;
fpBsionals. Rut there can never be |
true Interest except where the game j
is played by the natives. Has Japan
a Walter Johnson or a Ruth?
Mayor IItlan blames the war for
the high cost of his administration.
"Ask Duncan" is succeeded by "Ask
Mars."
The admission fee at a Moscow thea- j
fro ts four pounds of peas. In the j
distressed state of Russia an actor j
is safe from eggs and tomatoes.
The Oreat Need.
The best of health is always his.
He stands well with the social elan,
And every one agrcee lie Is
The finest figure of a man.
Mis wife In beauty dotli excel.
Mis home Is full of treasures rare.
Mis business pays him very well
And there is money he can spare.
And yet. though glad he ought to be.
The cud of discontent he chews;
He views the future gloomily
And works himself Into the blues.
He thinks the Mates are most unkind
And drab the prospect looms and dlm
tn all the world ho cannot find
A single thing lo worry him!
Nathan M. Levy.
A Porto Ric&n Editor.
Appreciation of tke English and the
Temper of tha Hon. Willis Sweet.
To Thr New York Herald : I notice
your commendation in your article "Our
Flag In Porto Rico" of the editorial ex
praaalonB in the English section of Kl
Tiampo of San Juan, all of which Is1
Justly deserved and eminently true. The
gentleman In charge of the section Is
the Hon. Willis Sweet, formerly a Judge
and a Congressman from Idaho, who
went to Porto Rico as Attorney-General
In 1901, and who after the expiration
of his term as such decided to cast his
lot among the islanders, far which they
were the gainers In the field of new*,
paperdom.
In a country like Porto Rico, where
personal diatribe Is the order of the day
In most of the public prints. Judge
Sweet, as hs Is generally called, has
always kept himself within the bounds
of decency and moderation In his writ
ings ; behaving as a wise counsellor
rather than an Impugner of tho theories
of his adverser*.* .a the politics of the
Island.
We islanders may or may not agree
with Judge Sweet's point of view, but
the fact cannot be gainsaid that wc are
attracted toward the human touch of his
editorial articles, as there la r.o sting
left In them to mar social relations and
true friendship. Judge 8weet 1s a gen
tleman of the old American school and
he Is teaching Porto Rlcans the art,
the fine art, of differing with your ad
versary without Insulting him, and the
only pity Is that his power of expres
sion is not In the Spanish language to
make stronger the Influence on the Span
ish speaking country of his ethics of
journalism of which we need great doses.
Porto Rico would be the better with
more Judge Sweets among continental
residents. His love for our island is
true and sincere. D. Collazo.
N*w York, August 28.
The Marksman Porcupine.
Circumstance* to Bo Considered By
a Sceptical Naturalist.
To The New York IIrralo: In telling
of the target shooting of the porcupine
at Canada Lake your reporter haa gone
a little too far from the path of dis
cretion, or else has shown a very lamen
table amount of misinformation as to
what a porcupine can or cannot do with
his spines or quills.
Anybody who knows anything about
that animal should know that he does
not throw his quills, but to have them
come out he must come In contact with
something, be It either an animal or a
wooden or other surface.
J. A. Sevbold.
Kin-osmere, Quebec, August 22.
Ordinary porcupines do not shoot
their quills; even extraordinary porcu
pines under ordinary conditions and
in the presence of ordinary observers
do not practise this method of offen
sive defence. Our Canadian naturalist
should bear in mind, however, that this
was an extraordinary Canada Lake
porcupine, admittedly old, experienced
and full of wisdom, observed in his
target practice by youths In whom
imagination is not dead and embalmed
in history by artists who scorn the
limitations of mere nature.
The Court of St. James's.
Correct Form of u Designation of
Atnbnssador Harvey's Post.
To Tub Nkw York Herald : On July
25 your Washington correspondent In re
viewing "The Mirrors of Washington"
says: "Tn his article on Ainba-sador
Harvey the author doe. not mix his
metaphors, but lets one re-1 something
of hia delight In simplicity by three
times alluding to the Court of St.
James's as the Court of St. Jamee."
The Inference is that your correspon
dent believes the "Court of St. James"
to be incorrect. Kvery travelled, well
read American knows that the English
speak of "St. James's Square" and "St.
James's Street," but that to speak of the
"Court of St. James's" would be to em
ploy a double possessive, which is un
grammatieal.
Carolyn Shipman Whipple.
London, August 5.
The British court Is known as the
court of St. James's Palace. If the
word "Palace" is omitted. St. James
should still he in the possessive, St.
James's. The other form, though used
by some persons, is less correct.
Ice Cream at Howellt.
Meant to Help Trade, It Aroused
a Farmer's Indignation.
To Tub New York Herald : Yester
day I drove Into town to deliver a load
of sweet corn and to find a market for
another.
Tn ordtr to open negotiations with a
prospective customer I bought an Ice
cream cone; It was handed to me, a yel
low. tasteless, frozen imitation of real
crcani.
I wish to ask you, Is it right that the
coming generations shall be raised on
skim milk filled with cocoar.ut oil, and
should our Ice cream be mado from the
same mixture?
There was never a cow so poorly bred,
so scrubby or despised that she would
feed her calf oleomargarine.
OttonoE K. Howell.
Howell:-. August 23.
Murray (.ullons's Thank-.
To The New York Herald: T asked
for a mall shower on my thirty-fourth
birthday, and It turned out to ba a per
fect summer deluge. Everybody had a
word of cheer.
I received hundreds of letters and
cards, books, postage stamps, candy,
flowers and many other tokens of cheer,
alto some motwy which will come in
great use. How wonderful, how Hind
your readers are! Visitors carne to see
me. It was not only one day, August 12,
of sunshine, but a week almost.
1 thank each and every one who re
sponded so kindly to my plea In your
paper. My heart Is simply overfilled
with appreciation to them. I arn writ
ing to as many as I possibly can.
It took me over four hours to open ttp
my mall on August 12. I also received
many old and now foreign stamps which
helped to swell up i.iy collection and
many evenings will I spend looking
them over as I lie here on my couch In
my afflicted condition and I will smile on
r.i usual. Murray Qullons,
Brooklyn, August 23.
The Picnickers In the Majority.
From the Leavenworth Poet.
Too many persons do not know what to (to
vlth ths great outdoors except to cat In it.
No Coercion in Magyarizing, Says Teleki
?
Tells Williams College Hearers Process in Hungary Is
Like Americanizing Campaign Here.
Williamstown, Mau, Aug. 23.?The
attempt to M&gyarlze non-Magyar races
In Hungary la not more an act of op
pression than the endeavor to American
ize foreign races In this country, de
clared Count Paul Telekl, former Hun
garian Premier, in a lecture before the
Institute of Politics at Williams College
to-day.
"While you all know," he said, "that
no idea of pressure or forcing against
the will is attributed to the word Amer
icanization, the corresponding term of
Magyarlzatlon has been used by o
enemies as symbolising racial oppres
sion.
"I do not believe 1 need to apologize
In this country for an endeavor made in
another country, likewise harboring
many races of divers languages, to
spread the knowledge of the language of
the minority of the population as
means of intercommunication among the
various races, and of a better under
standing of the traditions and ideals of
the majority of the Commonwealth.
"Had the non-Magyar races been able
to communicate with one another In
Rumanian, Slovak, Serb or Ruthenlan
there would hardly have been an ex
cuse for substituting Hungarian for It.
But no one of these principal non-Mag
yar races could communicate with an
other without the Intermediary of an
other language known to all. The trans
plantation of English. French or Ttallan,
completely strange to all, would have
been Just as absurd as the introduction
of Esperanto In the United States.
"Thus the choice lay between German
and Hungarian. The Austrian Adminis
tration had done Its utmost for estab
lishing German for centuries. It had
failed not only because the German ele
ment was but a small element In Hun
gary, but also because the individual
culture of the country was Hungarian
and not German. The development and
spread of Hungarian was a life and
death struggle, not merely cultural, but
also political. In a country lying on the
path of Germany's expansion toward the
East. Thus it is safe to say that in
the successful uggle to spread the
Hungarian ige in order to sup
plant the German of the absolutist Aus
trian rule In Hungary, the chief loser
The Caruso Candle.
One day each year for full five thousand
years
This candle Is to burn through hours of
emllcs and tears!
I think of it to-day as something yet
to be:
A mortal dream of Immortality.
It will be tall, a thing of Atttc grace.
With Christ, the Dying, pictured at its
base.
And men will place It In the Church of
God
In Naples, where kind saints have trod.
I think of It In years to come while
life
Metes out Its endless doles of peace
and strife
To generations as they softly pass.
Timing their footsteps to the solemn
mass.
How many weary eyes will see its flame,
While grateful Hps pronounce a pacred
name!
There In tho church's legend haunted
shade
It will not know worlds die and worlds
are made.
Days will be born and send their golden
hue
Through stained glass windows' re*
green and blue.
And daye will fade again, but o. . i
year
lis ageing flame will All sad hearts with
cheer.
We who are living now can scarcely care
About the changing scenes th's wax will
sharo.
Wo think that Dante has been dead so
long.
And yet six hundred years are but a
song
To those Ave thousand years that this
will stand,
Seeming each year more sacro 1 though
less grand 1
Five thousand yeRrs! I think of It at
last
When all Its grandeur and Its art have
passed.
But near the fleme that's dying at Its
base
r seem to see an age worn, sacred face;
While in the children's choir I seem to
see
Another child of dream built Italy.
The flame dies out; but from his little
breast
There comes a voice, more clear than all
the rest!
'ivc thousand weary years, but not till
then
hall mortals have Caruso's voice again !
Violjt Almoin* Store r.
Tax Exempt Securities.
Plan to Limit tho Preference >"ow
Shown to State Issues.
To Tub New York Herai.d: In yotir
news columns Appeared this paragraph:
There is a movement before tho com
mittee to propose creation of a special
commission to devlso some form of plan
by which Incomes derived from tax ex
empt securities can be taxed.
For tho commission's benefit I make
the following suggestion : That the ex
emption of all such securities ho limited
to the normal Income tax Imposed on all
persons subject to an income tax. The
Supremo Court, If It uses Its 'rule of
reason" In this Interpretation of tho
Constitution and the law, would probably
hold that this exemption and freedom
rrom normal Income taxes would be all
that tho States could demand or expect:
? tut the higher Incomo taxes and sur?
ti xes were In tho nature of a penalty on
the holders of large Incomes ond. being
a special class, that tho exemption
should not apply In those curs.
This would give the States four-tenths
of 1 per cent, advantage over other se
curities, which ought to be sufllclent to
make tholr securities marketable, consid
ering that prior to the Incomo tax laws
the States had to compete on even terma
with other bonds. This plan avoids tho
segregating In the hands of the wealthy
a mass of tax exempt securities from
their purpose of defeating the law as to
surtaxes.
This plan also followa the Supreme |
Court's decision that tho Federal Gov
ernment has not the power to tax the
Income of State securities as a constltu
tlonal proposition and yet limits the ex
emption* In such ? manner as not to |
create a preferred class of taxpayers.
New York, August 2*. 8.
?was German and not tlie language of
any other of the larger groups of non
Magyars in the realm.''
AMERICANS IIV PARIS.
Special Correspondence to Tub Nxw Yohk
Uebald.
P(S|:, Aug. 6.?The following are
among the Americans registering at the
office of The Nkw Touk Herald of
Paris:
From New York?Mr. and Mrs. How
ard MoCaddln, Miss Mildred MoCaddtn.
Mr. and Mrs C. M. Fuentes. Mr. and
Mrs. Philip Milledoler Breet, Philip Mil
ledoler Breet, Jr.; Miss Margaret Gray
Brest. James Charles Craft, Thomas L. Lo
Hegan, Dr. and Mrs. M. Allen Starr,
Thomas Caldecot Chubb. Miss Helen
Fitzgerald, Mrs. Daphne B. Fitzgerald,
Mrs. Roland Hlnton Terry, Mrs. Lewis
K. Plerson, Mise Grace Plorson, Lewis E.
Plerson, Jr., and Louis A. Slgaud.
John C. Newall and the Mlases Luttra
and Eleanore Moore.
Mr. and Mrs. Rulon-MIUer, Mrs. Alex.
R. Skinker, Charles A .Gebert, Mr. and
Mrs. Oscar Libros, Joseph Fttzell nnd
Ml?s Mary Do 31. Dcrcum of Philadel
phia. ?
Mrs. E. M. Hurts and Miss Mabel J.
Kurtz of Buffalo.; Ivan Beede, Boston ;
Mrs. Caruthers Ewlng and Miss Frances
C. Church of Memphis; Mrs. E. M.
Ragan and MJss Q. Guelton of New Or
leans.
Albert Elkus, San Francisco; Mr. and
Mrs. Arthur T. Andrews, Tuft's Col
lego, Massachusetts ; Mr. and Mrs. K. T.
Weakley and William Weakley of Day
ton. Ohio; Mr. and Mrs. Leigh Mitchell
Hodges, Doylestown, Pa.: Mr. and Mrs.
William Speed and the Misses Alice and
Virginia Speed. Louisville.
Mr. and Mrs. George R. Sims and
Reginald Sims, Great Neck, L. I. ; ,VV.
Brown Baker, Houston, Tex. ; Mrs. Gu
drum Anderson Hulja, Seattle, Wash.;
Dr. and Mrs. Arthur W. Justin, Union
Hill, N. J.
W. C. Preston, Bates W. Booth and
A. G. Anderson, Fort Worth, Tex.; G. E.
Wlsswell, New Haven ; Dr. J. J. Dudley,
Washington, D. C.; Mrs. James H. Mer
rltt, Miss Louise O. Merrltt, Edward H.
Merrltt, Brooklyn; Mrs. Rolf Bauhahn,
Detroit; H. ?. Collins, Mr. and Mrs.
Dana O. King, Los Angeles.
Cairo's Holy Carpet.
Elaborate Ceremony When It Starts
on Journey to Mecca.
A Briton in London Daily Mail.
In the present state of the Moslem
year, which depends on the revolutions
not of the sun, but of the moon. It Is
toward the end of July that the Moham
medans of Egypt undertake the annual
pilgrimage to the holy place at Mecca,
bearing at the heud of their procession
the valuable tissue of gold and brocade
known through tho world as the holy
carpet.
The term Is, of course, a misnomer.
The fabric is not a carpet at all. It Is
not even in one piece.
It is a series of pieces of tapestry
embroidered with texts of the Koran,
worked In gold wire and destined to be
hung round the walls of the Kaaba, a
square stone building in the centre of the
court of the great mosque at Mecca.
Most resplendently embroidered of all
theso hangings Is a series of pieces
worked in green and gold, comparable to
a number of altar cloths, known collec
tively as the Kisweli, and designed to
cover the tomb of Mohammed.
Attended hy a brilliant concourse of
'he sheiks and doctors of Islam, the
?irned men of the Azhar University,
lite troops of the Egyptian army, and
representatives of the Sultan and the
Urttiah Government, the departure of the
pilgrimage and the KIsweh Is cele
brated by an elaborate ceremonial in the
wide open square below the citadel of
Cairo.
In tho centre of the square, guarded I
by troops, stands the KIsweh, draped'
on a species of ark modelled In shape 1
and slzo on tho Prophet's tomb.
A string of camels, each bearing a I
piper playing an eerie and melancholy j
tunc, marches slowly In process:on three j
times round the elnborate dlepl-y of dra
peries to the thundering salute of puns.
At tho head of the line, carefully led !
by attendants holding brilliantly embroi
dered reins, inarches a superb specimen
of a cream colored camel, bearing nn
embroidered palanquin beautifully j
worked in red and gold.
Tills Is the Mahinal. It Is empty i
save for two copies of the Koran, and
year by year such a palanquin has!
marched at the head of tl?c Egyptian j
pilgrimage ever since, In the thirteenth
century, the beautiful Turkish slave
Shagaret-el-Durr, who became Queen of
Egypt, made the pilgrimage to Mecca in
just such another erection.
The camel that carries this light but
elaborate burden has been bred for this
day's work, and after the pilgrimage is
completed ho will never do a stroke of
work again.
Three times round the KIsweh goes
the procession, and then to the sound of
I salutes and salvos and the music of th.'
j soldiers' band it swings slowly down
the road to the mosque of the Tfnssanen,
whenco the pilgrimage starts on its long
Journey across tho desert?a Journey In
which, however, modern convenience lias
not disdained to Invoke the secular as
sistance of railway and steamboat.
What is the origin of this old time
. ceremonial it is hard to say. Its roota 1
undoubtedly go far deeper Irt time than
Islam, which, af r all, Is a comparn-!
| tlvely modern religion.
The Kaaba at Mecca is of course
| far older than Mohammed. It was a cen
tre of idolatrous worship in his day, and
we are told that the Prophet purged it I
of Its Idols,
It Is a square stono building Into the I
wall of which Is built the Hlack Stone, 1
the most venerated objoct of the Islamic I
worship.
I Indications aro not lacking to connect I
the original worship of the Kaaba with !
un Asiatic version of Venus. It may j
well he, then, that in the annual pl'grlm- !
age o the Moslem world wo have nn I
echo of something very like tho proces- j
slons In ancient Athens.
Deflation In the Conn! Zone.
From tht Panama Canal Hccord.
Deduction* ranging from 10 to !W per rsnt.
have been made the Inst week In tho prices
of dry goods, boots and shoes, leather
goods and hardware. Among tho principal
Items affected nro shirts, hose for nten,
women nnd children, felt hats, work parits,
overalls, bedspreAda, umbrellas, dtvas ma
terials, curtain goods, underwear, towils,
ruit ensrs, hand Uass, aluminum ware, and
practically all styles and qualities of foot
wear carried lu the retail stores. This Is
tho most sweeping reduction ever mads In
tha prlcss of commissary stocks, ths Items
being marked to osll at repiacamtnt values
or less, as nearly .as can bo ascertained.
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern New York?Fair to-day
anil probably to-morrow ; moderate tem
perature; moderate eoutucaat and
winds.
For Now Jersey?Fair t?-.4ay; :ri .!cra'e
temperature; to-ninrrow pmi#Wy fair; mod*
?rate southeast and south winds.
For Northern New king Mid?Fair to-day
nnd to-morrow; warmer except on the Maliu
coast to-morrow; gentle modai a.c southerly
wlnda.
For Southern New England?Fair lo-da:- :
moderato temperature; to-morrow probably
fair; moderate southeast and south winds.
For Weatet-n New Yo-li?Fntr to-day; mod
erate temperature; to-morrow probably falrf
moderato east anil southeast winds.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 113.?Freesure contin
ued high over tho Eastern States and tho
north plains States. It was lower over tha
south plain States and the Rocky Mountain
and plateau regions. Local thunder show
ers have occurred within the last twentj -
four hours In the lowor Ohio and middle
Mississippi valleys, the south Atlantis
States and the middle and south Rock'
Mountain and the plateau regions. The rain
fall at Yuma during til* twelve hours ending
8 P. M. was 1.84 inches. In the other re
gions generally fa r weather prevailed. The
temperature was somewhat higher to-day In
the upper Mississippi Valley and tho north
lloeky Mountain region, ami It continued ab
ucrmaHy high in Kansas, West Missouri and
the middle anil west Gulf Btntea. eevorul
stations repotting a maximum of 100.
The outlook is for mostly fair weather to
morrow and Thursday In the States east of
the Mississippi River. However, local thun
der ehowers are probable In Florida and In
portions of the lower Ohio Valley and Mlchl
gas. The temperature changes will not be
important.
Observations at United States Weather
Bureau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
eoventy-fifth meridian time:
Rainfall
Temperature. Bar- last 24
Stations. High.Low. oineter. hre. Weather.
Ablleno 1110 T'l 20.80 .. Clear
Albany 7H 60 30.10 .. Clear
Atlantic City.. 74 00 30.18 .. Clear
Baltimore .... 70 110 80.10 .. Clear
Bismarck 80 -id 30.06 .. Clear
Boston 7i 02 30.20 .. Clear
Buffalo 70 00 30.14 .. Clear
Cincinnati .... 78 0 4 30.08 .. Clear
Charleston ... 80 70 30.08 .. Clear
Chicago 70 00 80.00 ,. Clear
Cleveland 72 68 30.12 .. Clear
Denver 70 02 20.84 .. Clear
Petrolt 74 04 30.14 .. Clear
Galveston 82 82 30.00 .. Cloudy
Helena 84 52 20.80 .. Cloudy
Jacksonville .. 82 78 30.00 .14 Cloudy
Kansas City... 80 70 20.88 .. Clear
Los Angeles... 80 00 20.80 .. Clear
Milwaukee ... 72 04 30.04 .. Clear
New Orleans.. 00 82 20.92 .. Cloudy
Oklahoma City.102 70 20.88 .. Clear
Philadelphia .. 70 08 30.10 .. Clear
Pittsburgh .... 80 58 80.08 .. Clear
Portland, Me.. 74 00 30.20 .. Clear
Portland, Ore.. 03 50 20.08 .. Pt.Cl'dv
Halt Lake City 84 08 20.82 .. Raining
San Antonio... 03 70 20.80 .. Clear
San Diego 70 00 20.80 .. Clear
San Francisco. 04 50 20.00 .. Clear
Seattle 08 50 20.03 .. Pt.Cl'dy
St. Louis 88 70 2'J.04 .. Clear
St. Paul 82 02 30.00 .. Clear
Washington ... 80 01 30.10 .. Pt.Cl'dy"
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
Barometer 30.23 30.1."
Humidity 01 00
Wind?direction N. S.
Wind?velocity 7 15
Wcnther Clear Clear
Precipitation None None
The temperature In this city yesterday, as
recorded by the official thermometer, is
shown In the annexed table:
8 A. M...00 1 I'. M...73 6 P. M...73
0 A. M...63 2 P. M...73 7 P. M...70
10 A.M...04 3 P. M...73 8 P.M...CO
11 A. M...08 4 P. R1...73 I) p. M...08
12 M 71 5 P. M...73 10 P.M...CO
1921. 1010. 1921. 1010.
0 A. M 03 03 0 P. M 73 73
12 M 71 03 9 P. M.... 08 72
3 P. M.... 73 70 IS Mid 00 71
Highest temperature. 70, at 4:30 p. M.
Lowest temperature, 60, at 8 A. 31.
Average temperature. 08.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Dinner, New York-New Jersey Harbor
Commission, Hotel Commodore. 7 P. M.
Meeting, Notional Council. American Im
porters and Traders, Hotel Pennsylvania,
2 r. M.
Rir Joseph William Isherwood, Inventor o?
tlio t-iherwood system of longitudinal fram
ing, will ho the guest of a group of Ameri
can shipbuilders. Waldorf, 7 P. St.
Address, "A Trip Through India." by Ma
jor Charles J. Olldden. Manhattan Congre
gational Church, Tlroadwny at Seventy-sixth
street, 8 P. M. Free admission.
MISS JANIS AMONG
OLYMPICS PASSENGERS
Mrs. Kahn and Her Daughter
Also on Board.
Special Cable to Tub New York Hmam*.
Copi/ripht, tun, by Tug Nkw York Hbualp.
New York Herald Bureau, I
Paris, Aug. H."
Sailing to-morrow by the Olympic for
New York arc Miss Elslo Jants, Mrs.
Otto H. Kalln, Miss Margaret D. Kah
nnd Ex-Gov. R. Livingston Beeckman of
Rhode l9lantl, Mr. A. Lc Breton, the
Argentine Minister In Washington; Mr.
I.loyd C. Orlsconi, former United State
Ambassador to Brazil; Dr. and Mrs. J.
If. Hock with of New York. Hoger W.
Gilbert and Isaac F. Marcosson, writer.
EX-SOLDIER WINS ART PRIZE.
I.loyd Ylorixiin Hilly Son of New
York Widow.
I.loyd Morgan, winner of this year's
$3,000 prize, the fourteenth annual
award of the Society of Beaux Arts
Architects, announced n few days ago,
was revealed yesterday as a young New
Y'ork architect, the only son of a widow
of 333 West Twenty-third street, and a
former soldier In tho 309th Infantry,
and was wounded In tho Argnnne. lit
was n draughtsman for Dennlson and
H Irons, architects, of 288 Iwxinglnti
avenue, before the war. Beforo that he
studied nt the Atelier Hlrons, 487 West
Broadway.
The prize will enable young Morgan to
study two and a half years at the
Ecole d< s Uoaux Arts In Paris. Tin
donor of tho prime money this year is
Mrs. Lewis B. Preston. The design
which won the prize was that for a
city centre for exhibitions and
assemblies.
BALL AT WHITE SULPHUR.
Mre. Oliver llnrrlnuin nnd Mrs. H.
YV, Tuft Anion gTliunr Present.
Apr, lot Despatch to Tnr New York Hi:*am>.
YVttlTR SUI.PUHR Sprinos, W. Va..
Aug. 23.?The ball lrmt night In the boll
room of tho Old White was attend",! hy
about s, venty-flve couplea of the younger
set. Among the hostesses were Mrs.
Oliver Harrlman, Mrs Charles Hopper,
Mrs. Henry W. Taft, Miss Mabel Burton,
Mrs. Ayres Hoffman, the Misses Boss
Haldetnan. Isabel HaMeman and Mar
Jorle Cowan of Louisville.
MUSICALE AT BEVERLY FARMS.
Special Pespatrh to Tnr Nxw Y'ork Humor,.
BCVWU.Y, Mass., Aug. 2*.?Most of tho
north shore colonies were represented
this afternoon at a muslcalc given by
Miss Virginia Wain wrlght at tho Tnnl
peo Inn, Beverly Farms. Miss Waln
wrlght read s.-vernl original poems and
short stories and Miss Gladys Fernan
dez sang.
Mrs. M. K. Van Rensselaer and Miss
Maude Vnn Uenasalasr of New York
have h-en visiting Mrs. George L. Meyer
at I.ongmeadows, Hamilton.
gn.OOO FOIt CHIMES AT DOWDOIY
Boston, Aug. 23.?Howdoln College is
I to get Ifi.onn for a set of chimes for
the College Chapel by the will of Will
lain 31. T'ayoon of this city filed to-dar
He also left vahiable old books and colnf
to the Institution. Both of Mr. Faysonw
grandfathers were trustees of Bowrtol^
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitls*
to the use for republication of all newa l?s
patches credited to It or not othsrwlM
credited In this paper, end also ths looal
news published herein.
All rights of republication of special des
patches herein arc aleo lutru-u,

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