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NEW YORK HERALD
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SniuoiTU St. Oinrj-Cowiw liVrit St. and hinHNTU Avb. Tol. Chelsea 4O00. Downtown Oe?HU?20(1 Broadway. Open 8 A. M. to 10 X'. M.; Sundays, 2 P. M. to 70 y. M. BaoOKi.YN Om< K??24 Coobt St. Tel. Main 5458. Open until 10 P. M. Kaoib Bulging, 208 Washington St. Tel 110O Main. Bbo.nx Omen? 518 Willi* Ave., at 148tu St. Tel. 9060 Melrose. Open until 10 P. M. Principal American and Eoreifn Bureaus. YVASHINUTON?The Munsey Building. CHICAGO?208 South La Sallo St. LONDON?Kl-43 Fleet St. >'AKIS?49 Aveuuo do l'Opera, 38 Rue du Louvre. Ttra New Y'oek Herald was founded by ?lames Goiuuii Bennett In 1835. It remained the sole property of Its founder until his death. In 1872, when his son, also James Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership of the paper, which remained In hi* hands until his ('catli. In It' 1H. Tim Herald be came the property of Frank A. Munsey, Its present owner. In 1920. SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1921. End of a Notable Conference. The gathering of statesmen, jurists 1 and internationalists in the beautiful J great green bowl at Williamstown, j under the auspices of Williams Col-1 lege, came to an end last ntght. It was announced at the final dinner that the idea of such an Institute of | Politics was conceived by President Harry A. Garfield in 1913, more than a year before the beginning of the great war, and that the realization of the scheme now, when world con ditions permit, is due to the unselfish and unobtrusive liberality of Mr. Bernard M. Barcch. It is right that both facts should be of public record. The Institute of Politics has been a credit to the originator and to the generous donor of the funds. They may well be sat isfied with results. The success of the Institute is measured not only by the calibre of its personnel, the intellectual ability and high author ity of the distinguished gentlemen who have participated, but also by the unusual popular interest in the proceedings. The evidence of this is seen in the amount of space which the crowded columns of many rewBpapers besides The New York Herald have yielded to the lettuces and papers at Williamstown. The most noteworthy thing, how ever, about this summer school of world politics has been its absolute freedom from uuy attempt to run it ?r misuse it for propaganda. When we say this we say much. Next year's session will command ' irora the very start increased inter-; est and absolute confidence in the catholicity and impartiality of the curriculum which Mr. Baruch is financing for the general good. The Gompcrs Hallucination. Into the mammoth cave of hallu cination walks Sam Gompekh and j lulls the hole in after him when he calls upon wage earners, organized nnd unorganized, to support his non sensical Atlantic City proclamation by resisting attempts at wage re ductions and urging all the people to join In the demand that our proc esses of production be stabilized and that the "well organized and con certed efforts of the exploiters of our land for the further reduction of wages shall come to an Immediate end." In one paragraph he raves about resisting wage cuts and in the next he inveighs against importation of cheap labor to do the tasks highly paid, skilled Americans will not do. He wants the Government to come to everybody's help by shovelling out more Inflated dollars, piling up more I O U's and steering a straight course for financial ruin, all for the rake of keeping up wages and stim ulating production which could never be sold In competition with the pro duction of other nations. ile talks still more nonsense when he says the reduction of wages docs not affect prices. He knows and everybody else knows that prices have come down faster than wages, and that existing unemployment Is due to the very fact that present prices in domestic and foreign mar kets do not warrant the wage scales in force in many industries. Conse quently there is nothing else for those Industries to do but to shut down until they can resume on a competitive basis. This would indeed be a very much better country to live in than it is to-day and there would be vastly more happiness if all the workers could be kept fully employed all the time at top notch wages without ever any thought of domestic or foreign eompetition or any regard for the value of service rendered in relation to the wage paid. But the economic balance of this country and of tbo world is so den tate that not only do we have to give consideration to the foreign competitors who will shut us out of cur own markets unless our costs of production are properly adjusted but we have to perfect mich a scheme of wage adjustment that workers shaP i.ot profit at one another's expense. Tf.the labor leaders have any real pynAathy with the great army of vpg(6 workers in this country and not simply with one or two special groups they will not obstruct the gradual scaling down of wages iu all industries, including coal mining and transportation, in proportion with the scaling down of interest rates on capital and the reduction lu the cost of living, which is now lower In the United States than in any of the other principal countries In the world, j Was This the Same Flag? There could be nothing more touch ing and suggestive than the grief oi some of the Panama patriots over Secretary Hughes's firmness In bringing about a complete if unwill ing acceptance by them of a just arbitral decision. Dr. Nabcibso Garay, Minister of Foreign Affairs In the aggrieved little republic, takes ship for the Isthmus, shooting back ut Washington a Parthian arrow iu the shape of a note crying to heaven against the outrage he alleges and declaring that some day "redeeming justice will come by the Inexorable design of God." This sounds more like Colombia than Panama. President Porbas is the successor of the President Amador whom that maker of Central American history, j Philippe Bunau* Varilla, helped with his brains and cash to set up in office nearly a score of years ago ' after the liberation of Panama and the end of the regime of Colombian tyranny. President Portias is re ported as signing a decree which puts the republic in mourning for a whole month and which half masts its flag during that considerable period. These demonstrations are harm-1 less If somewhat ostentatious. They are not likely to impress the great world or to change the chirography of tho Moving Finger thut writes events. On the contrary, to every-1 body who remembers the contents of the first chapter of the Book of Gene sis in Panama's history they are calculated to inspire sentiments of kindly mirth rather than pathos. We wonder whether the flag which Dr. Porras has hauled half way down the pole as a protest against the just ' actions of his great and good friends In Washington Is the same flag whereof the origin Is thus described by the organiser of Panama's inde pendence. The scene is New York: "Amadop. had listened to me with a distressed air. "Well,' he said, *1 shall try to carry your point." " 'Nothing remains,' I added, 'but to make the model of the flag. I am > going to-morrow to Join my family j at Highland Falls on the Hudson at the BIgelows', and I shall And there j the agile and discreet Angers that will make the new flag.' "We separated. I hastened to go I and buy at tho nearest shop the silk necessary for making Che new j standard of this republic whoso birth was to be. I spent the rest of the day correcting and revising the documents I had prepared for ! Dr. Amador. "I left the following day, Sunday, \ for Highland Falls, to join my j wife and children, who were enjoying the delightful hospitality of the Bigelow family. "Mme. Bunau-Vakilla remained in her room In the greatest secrecy the whole day making the flag of liberation. On Monday it only re mained to have a copy of all the 1 documents made by a dactylograph. A young woman totally Ignorant of Spanish, and who acted In the ca pacity of secretary In the Bfgelow family, came to New York for the purpose. She executed the work, far from Indiscreet eyes, In the then empty residence of the Bigelows in Gramercy Park. "On Monday I came back, having everything ready. Amador cam? to admire the flag, which he found perfect." If it is this same original flag of Panama which President Porfas has now ordered to the half mast for a month to come the Interesting inci dent serves to illustrate both the humor of events and the vicissitudes of bunting. Safety in War, Not in Peace? On the subject of the use of hy drogen instead of the non-explosive helium in the ZR-2 a despatch from Washington In The New York Her ald says: "Navy officers explained that at the time the contract for the airship waa let the development of helium was not complete. The contract, con sequently. waa for hydrogen gas bags. A different sort oi bag is required for helium and It was the lnte.ntlon when the ZTt-3 reached the United States to refit her for this gas." Discussion of the proposed con tract with the British Government for the purchase of the R-38, later called the ZR-2, was not begun nntll 1019. The newspapers did not hear of it until October of that year. We have It on the official word of the Hon. Benedict Orowell. Assist nnt. Secretary of War, that 147,000 ruble feet of helium was at tide water on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918, and that "we were building plants which would produce helium at the rate of 50.000 cubic feet a day, and the cost of obtaining it had I dropped from $1,700 a cubic foot to approximately 10 cents." Wo have It on the written word of the Hon. Frahklth D. Roosevelt, who was Assistant Secretary of the Navy not only when the great helium plant was developed at Fort Worth, Texas, but when the contract j was made for the purchase of tho | British dirigible, that "If the war had lasted until spring tho British and American Governments would have sent hellnn?' filled rigid air ships over strategic points in Ger many, each capable of dropping a total of teu tons or more of high explosives." In other words, there would have been unlimited helium in 1919 for war but there is no helium for the peaceful days of 1921, although the cessation of hostilities among men did not abate the potential hostility of the treacherous hydrogem gas with which the ZR-2 was filled. For the United States to have con sented to bring overseas an airship lifted with hydrogen was a more in excusable blunder than tiie British constructors could have made in the matter of the dirigible's girders. If the British had had better material for the girders they would have used it. But the United States, with helium in its power to produce, ac cepted an explosive gas which should have become obsolete, so far as America was concerned, the moment the secret of obtaining helium In quantity was learned. Four Years Is a Long Time. Major Cirban, who has been desig nated as the Fusion candidate for Mayor, puts the campaign issue In a nutshell when he says: "Do we want four years more of the present city administration, or do we want a new deal?" The question should be easy for the men and women of New York to answer. Do they want four years more of Hyi.an, four jeera more of Board of Estimate bickering, four years more of failure in the schools, four years more of oppression by arrogant po licemen, four years more of squan der, four years more of Hettrick'b letter writing, four years more of "Ask Duncan," and four years more of district leader rule in every de partment? Or do they want four years of that! Intelligent leadership for which Henry Citrran has publicly shown his capacity? Four years is a long time. A Great Heir of Great Names. When Petf.r Cooper Hewitt died in Paris on Thursday of pneumonia following an operation for appendi citis an American scientist and scholar who had attained interna tional fame by his achievements passed away. The reputation he won in his lifetime did not do justice to Mb accomplishments: the full fruit age of his genius Is yet to be reaped. Years may pass before the world generally understands how profound and fundamental were his contribu tions to the conquest of nature by man and to the subjugation to beneficent uses of the forces upon control of which modern civilization Is dependent. That the peoples of the earth were Mb debtors had long been acknowl edged; how deep their dobt is no man can now say. On the founda tions laid by his patient industry, untiring research and the genius of a splendid mind other men in days to come will build with confidence and success for the enduring good of ibe human race. For New York the untimely death of Mr. Hewitt means much more than the loss of a citizen of notable usefulness. In his veins coursed the Hood of two of New York's greatest citizens. Seventy-seven years have elapsed since the incident described below occurred: "Peter Cooper's con, En warp, wiuj in Columbia in the class of 1843, but was In delicate health and did not graduate. The elder Cooper engaged Hewitt as tutor to tako tho boy abroad. "On the return trio they were shipwrecked and drifted in an open boat twelve hours one December day before they were picked up. Mr. Ilrwrrr used to say that he never had warm feet after that ex perience. Mr. Cooper says the other future Mayor saved fhls life. "However that may be, when the two young men got home Peter Cooper told young Hewitt that he wanted his son to go Into business and that the son wanted Hewitt for a partner." Thus began the association of Abbam 9. Hewitt with the Cooper family, which ultimately brought to him as his bride 9arau Amelia, the daughter of Peter and sister of Ed warp Cooper. Of this union Peter Cooper Hewitt was the Issue, and worthily he upheld the honor of two great names. Peter Cooper's life story is a romance of moral and men tal success under what seemed to be crushing handicaps. His command ing position as a philanthropist has caused some of his many accomplish ments to be forgotten. His transi tion from hatmaker to financier was marked by numerous employments and experiments. He built the first locomotive engine constructed on the American continent and rescued tho Baltimore and Ohio Railroad project ?rom ruin. He stood behind the At lantic cable with his fortune when faith in that enterprise fell to zero except with a faithful few. There was not a process he touched he did not improve, not a proposal he investigated his intelligence and disciplined native shrewdness did not illuminate. A very great man. his chief material monument Is Cooper Union, whose record In education is the best testimony to its founder's perspicacity and sterling sense. Of Adram 9. Hewitt as much in praise may he said as of Peter Cooper. Impaired eyesight balked his ambition to practise law after his admission to the bar. The ship wreck which cemented his relations with Edward Conrm gave to great constructive Industry and to tranship a mind of rare attainiiihits, a nature arduous for the public wel | fare. In national, State and city1 politics his elevated stuudards, his acute intellect, his unswerving pur pose to do good to his country were rich in results. In the management of his greut industrial properties he practised what nre even to-day pro nounced highly advanced methods of labor management; as an lronraas-j ter he visited England in 1862 to learn how to make gun barrel Iron, which he sold at a loss to the Gov ernment; as a politician he strove ilrst to reform Tammany from within, and then, failing in that pur- j pose, to destroy it from without. Against the historic background ; prected by these giants Fetish Coofek Hewitt built. He was born to wealth, : to assured position, to ease, had he chosen it. But the blood of his torebeurs denied him the purposeless luxury of a vacant life. His mind and heart were impelled to service. , in productive labor he spent his busy years. His eager curiosity led him as a pioneer into many fields; in all of them he tilled unselfishly for the benefit of all. He Inherited and dis played in his daily labors the genius [and high resolve of the men whose names lie bore, and did them proud 1 in the place he made for himself. Erzberger's Death. It was perhaps true, as lias been frequently asserted, that Mathias Erzberoer, once Minister of Finance and Vice-chancellor of Germany, who was murdered yesterday, had more enemies than any other man in Ger man politics. He won them through his varied and erratic activity and the inability of either friend or oppo nent to determine which course he might be depended upon to follow with any degree of consistency. llis last important public appear ance was early in 1920, when the long and bitter fight between him and Dr. Karl Helfferich reached the stage of a suit for libel. Dr. Helf ferich had become so insistent in his charge of malfeasance in olttce against Erzberger that the latter de manded a hearing in the matter be fore a court. lie made use of his old bullying tactics in the Reichstag and aroused against himself so in tense a feeling that he was pro tected with difficulty and was slightly wounded on a Berlin street by a stu dent who declared him a man too dangerous to Germany to be permit ted to live. The trial ended Erz reboeu's political career. No person seems to have under stood the reason of his unusual po litical activity in the few years pre ceding the war when he was assum ing his familiar character of unoffi cial adviser to cither the Chanceljpr or the Minister of Finance. He ap parently took charge of the German mission in Albania and it was at one time believed he was to become ruler of the new State. Ho spent much of his time on trains between! Berlin and Vienna and Constant!- j liople. The publicity which ho gave to his movements was frequently the cause of no little embarrassment to j the Berlin Government. As the self-appointed leader of the Catholic party he assumed a power in the peace discussions in the Reichstag which was scarcely justi fied. He was undoubtedly responsi ble for the overthrow of Betiimaitn Hollweo and his Cabinet. He de manded peace by agreement, and when that suggestion failed of favor he went to Zurich and made the announcement by which he is best re membered?that with half an hour's talk with Premier Lloyd George or Mr. Balfour he would succeed in bringing about peace. Erziif-rcer came from the people and as long as he remained truo to his early principles they stood hack of him. Unfortunately for him it was the people themselves who first mistrusted him. An English historian insists that King Arthur was not a Briton but a Dutchman. A square bead at the Round Table? Mr. La Guardia's dally announce ment that he is still a candidate is uttered for his own benefit. If he did not keep on saying it he would forget St. as almost everybody else has. Mr. db Valera 'becomes President without even the mild agony of a front porch campaign. A practical Joker In North Carolina has been revealed aa the author of the pirate ship yarns which took In a number of Federal officials this sum mer. However, this is nothing for him to be proud of; every Govern ment Is cursed with a few officials notoriously easy to fool. Perhaps when politicians become fully alive to the fact that women have the right to vote Tammany will not bo as brutal in its treatment of widows as it appears from testimony beforo the Meyer committee to be. It Is urged, that Mr. Curran run for Mayor on a sanitary platform. What ?ould be more appropriate when the Job before him will be to clean up the city government? The "army of 5.000 miners" march ing on Mingo county, West Virginia, has been turned back. It consisted of about 600 men, most of them Impelled to take an excursion by curiosity and enabled so to do by Idleness. A policeman carrying the police field day receipts from Astoria to Manhat tan had a bodyguard of two patrol men. The police evidently are not as confident of the safely of -New York streets as Wall Street brokers arc. Qualification-*. Joes sn Ideal conversation- I l* With his toiTTIle Hungary and Rumania. The Former Hungarian Premier Iteplles to Prince Blbesco. To The New York Hmrai.d : You pub lished on Monday a letter by Prince Bibesco, Rumanian Minister, In which he writes that come of the (statements made In one of my lectures before the Institute of Politics are aeml-sclentlflc. Thla epithet ho applies to the compari son which X drew between the size of certain sections of old Hungary, as lately partitioned, and the size of cer tain States of the United States; but especially does he apply It to my re mark that possession by the Rumanians and Czechs of the headwaters of the rivers which How through Hungary en dangers, through the possibility of floods, the Hungarian plain. I am not in a position to acknowledge the authority of Prince Blbesco as a judge of the scientific value of this lat- j ter statement of mine, 'because In an- j swerlng It he makes the greatest selen tlflo mistake which he could have made. Observing that the upper course of the ! Rhine and the Rhone rivers lies in Switzerland, and that this has never led ' to any difficulty between Switzerland on the one hand and Germany and France on the other, he cities thl3 tact as a proof that' Hungary likewise can have nothing to fear from the possession of the headwaters of her rivers by foreign States. Now It Is well known to every one that the Rhine In Its descending course from Switzerland flows through the Lake of Constance (the Bodensee) and the Rhone through the Lako of Geneva. Moreover, it Is known that the head waters of both rivers come down from glaciers, the Rhone glacier being espe cially well known not only to geogra phers but also to every tourist. So that Prince Blbesco, even if lie did not notice that I said that In the case of the rivers of Hungary the danger and Its aggra vation lie precisely in the fact that there aro no lakes and no glaciers to regulate and temper their spring floods, should have been aware that the last i two rivers In the world which can be | compared to our case are the Rhine and 1 the Rhone. As to the comparison between cer tain sections of old Hungary and cer tain sections of the United States, this was used in my lecture solely to make clear the comparative sizes of the ter ritory Involved, with a passing sugges tion of Its economic nature. The racial issues raised concerning It by the Ru manian Minister are therefore in this Instance extraneous. With regard to the political issue taken by Prince Blbesco that Hungary is occupied with questions of the throne and of revenge Instead of seeking an economic understanding with its neigh bors, I would like only to 11 mtlon the fact that I made the first suggestion looking toward such an un<J> rstandlng as early as July, 1919, but received a flat refusal. After the winter of 1919, when the Rumanian army fun her con tributed to disturb public s. ntiment, the situation grew more difficult. Not withstanding this, we repcatedl. endeav ored to bring about mutual diplomatic representations, the obvious first step to a real understanding. Fount Paul, Txlhki, Professor of Geography. Willi am stow n, Mass., August 26. Courtesy of New Yorkers. A Visitor's Kindly Ileniembraiico of Experiences in This City. To The New York Herald: We read a great many assertions that the peo ple of New York city arc lacking In courtesy and intimating that courtesy standards in the country aro higher. Courtesy Is a quality of human nature, largely of the heart. It cannot be regu lated by rules. It is said that courtesy Is the cheapest tiling in the world and goes the furthest. The greatest city In the world is not lacking In this fine feeling. I have known the city off and on more than half a century and can speak from pleasant experiences. Not long ago an old gentleman boarded a subway train at Fifty-ninth street with a young grandson. Of course | every seat was occupied ut 5 o'clock in the afternoon. The old gentleman by long custom was prepared to bo a strap hanger. Very soon a middle aged gen tleman arose and Insisted that his elder companion should take his seat. The offer was made so pleasantly that it could not bo refusod. The next duy the same old gentleman, taking a train on the Boston and West Chester, reached the station platform a few minutes ahead of his train. Every bench on tho platform was occupied. A young man seated beside his wife arose, touched the old gentleman on the shoulder and politely Insisted that he should take his scat. Ever since tho old gentleman h.is had a kindly remembrance of the courtesy of New Yorkers. Old Gentle *a<. Albany, August 26. Suspended Sentences. To The New York Herald: It would make Interesting reading matter to pub lish tho record- of suspended sentences In the Court of Special Sessions. Bur glars, safe blowers, all sorts of high waymen are let loose under the guise of giving them a chance at reformation. New York, August 25. A Juror. t Mlngrr. The Tin?Strange nobody has Invited me to that disarmament conference. An Ozark Renins. from Hit hanion Citu Star. "Thst Is quite an Idea of youra building your house on a side hill so that the slope of the structure will cause the front door to | shut Itself when left open." admiringly said a tourist In the Ozarks. "Eh-yop," prhlefully replied a resident of Straddle Hldge. "It saves a heap of pester, one time and snother. Hut It took me right smart of a while to flggnr out some scheme for opening It from tho outside without touching It, but I got It at last. Hoe that there lever and hlock at tho lower end of the house? Well, when the children come tearing liomo from school. Instead of slam banglng at Ihe door they pile onto tho lever, heave ho, lift the house and the door flaps open as pretty as you please." New Zest to Middle West Bathing. from th" St. Louit (llobt-Dtmorrat. Hslr raising panic prevails at all tho bathing beaches for one hundred miles along I the Illinois River. Fourteen alligators, from seven to ten feet long, have cancelled their engagements as attraction! at a park here hy breaking their wire barriers and escap ing Into tho rlvrr. Rifles aro In demand and tho open season for alligators Is on. Proof Positive. from thr PUfttturfth Dlnpotrh. A Jtmlatn man hat hewn given an official prize for catching the largest tmul In IV 1111 ? xl'snla In 1621. Institute of Politics Gift of Baruch Donation by New York Financier Made Williams Col lege Lectures Possible, Says President Garfield. M'jlliamstown, Mass., Aug. 26. An nouncement that Bernard M. Bariu li of New York was the donor of the funds which made possible the holding of the Institute of Politics at Williams College was made by Harry A. Garfield, presi dent of the college, at the closing dinner of the institute to-night. HWj gift also will cover the expenses of Institute ses sions In 1922 and 1923. The principal address at the dinner was made by Elihu Root, who "Poke extemporaneously. Viscount James Bryce, President Tommaso Tlttonl of the Italian Senate and the other dis tinguished Institute lecturers from abroad were present with tha exception of Stephen I'anajtytoff, recemtly reap pointed Bulgarian Minister to this coun try, who will sail for Europe to-morrow. All spoke briefly. Several hundred members and guosts <>f the institute, which for a month has been considering International relations, attended the dinner in the college gym nasium. Or. their behalf a committee consisting of President Ellen F. Pendle ton of Wellesley College, President Charles F. Thwlng of Western Reserve University and Col. C. M. Vestal of the Army General Staff colleges o.fered a memorial of appreciation for the bene fits derived from the Institute. Mr. Hoot's Address. Mr. Root emphasized the effect of the ?war In producing many new democra cies. These democracies, he said, hurl much to learn, but "because people can learn the art of free self-government 1 believe thty can learn the art of inter national peace." They must become "In ternationally mimled," he added, and must learn "the limitations upon their national rights." "Never before In the history cf the world," lie said, "has thare been so much occasion for an effort of this de scription. The war lias left many changes, but one of the greatest is the change in the procession of power In the governmnts of the world. Not only do democracies hold in their hands the power of government, but the effect of war has been to set freo the millions of people who constitute these new govern ing bodies from their old habit of re spect to authority in matters of opin ion to emancipate the.in from their old habits and customs and ways of feel ing. They demand the right of decision. They follow closely upon the lietds of their representatives and dictate what they shall do. "The old autocracies understood inter national affairs thoroughly, but the old autocracies were utterly selfish. The new governing democracies are gener ous. They mean what is right, they arc honest, they wish for peace, they abhor war, but they aro most Imperfectly formed. Many of them are cguito obliv ious to the fact that there are different factors, different ways of thinking and feeling among the people of oaher coun tries. They assume that their own ideas arc the ideas which ought to prevail and which will prevail. Need International Ml ml. "The nations have much to learn. They must learn that the Idea of justice Is not only justice to themselves and their families but justice to others; that liberty is not only that they shall be free, but thaf they aiuill be glad tliat others are free. "They must learn that in international The Thrall of Autumn. The creeper is crimson, and crimson the briar: The haw and the hip are both scarlet with fire: The south wind of autumn Is low like a lyre. The birch is like amber of tenuous fold ; The bough of the linden waves pennons of gold ; As though topaz tipped are the ferns on the wold. Like fairy spun silver the gossamer gleams; The valleys are filled with the singing of streams; The watches of twilight arc purple with dreams. From hilltop to hilltop the sky Is an arc Of glamour of glory, whereon like a barque The round moon sails up through the aisles of the dark, And we who are thrall to the bounteous store Spread widely before us on height and on shore Feel heir unto all of the autumns of yore. Clinton Scollard. A Butler's Book. Tells What He Saw In the Trenches hut Nobody Will Print It. To Tub New York Herald: When you nay yon are i butler, houseman or something like that everybody looks at you with Indifference, and If you try to do something nobody will help you. For Instance, I know a butler, an Intelligent and willing young man. coming over j after ho bad been all the time during the war In the trenches. He understands the things he has | seen In their very truth and discovered many others In the horrors to which he was a witness and he wrote what he had In his mind, and got some manu scripts that can make not ono but sev eral very Interesting books. I would not say the work Is perfect, but the Idea Is in It and It is a very noble one. Ho tried to see If he could publish his work some months ago, but all the | publishing houses where he went asked him an exorbitant price when he said J he was a butler and looked at him without Interest. After that he tried to change his posi tion ; ho went to some banking houses, willing to do anything, tried to get a position as salesman; went to som" moving picture houses for any job, but everywhere when he said ho was a but ler nobody paid any more attention to lilra or asked him to do a long train ing before he can get a Job. There It Is. If ha was something else than a servant perhaps he would find somebody who would bo Interested in his work and he could make his life different and more useful. Jean Dbt.ai.ttni. Southampton. August 26. Renews Treaty.Yearly. Canada Curries Ont an Old Contract With Indians. from the rtttrntt fine day a. year Is treaty day for the -.medic fndt?ns of the nortb-rs part affairs, just as in family affairs and neighborhood affairs, respect for the feelings and the prejudices of others Is a condition of having one's own feelings and prejudices respected. They must learn to have kindly consideration and they must learn the art of mutual con cession ; they must become internation ally minded?they must learn to be broader, it Is not what a nation does for Itself, It Is what a nation does for humanity that entitles it to honor. They must learn that In God's good world the way to sustain the heights of prosperity Is not to pull down others and climb. over them but to help all up together' to united success. "The peoples had hoped for a new and belter result of the world war. They find that the old .passions still sway the j world; that personal. Ignoble interests . are ruling and that the clash of Interests still goes on and the reaction from the exalted virtue fired by the war is over, j It Is time for action and they don't know what ought to be done or how it ought to he done. "Now this is quite plain?if a man Is . to sail in an airship he wants the builder j to know how, and If the democracies of i the world are to control the international 1 affairs of civilization they must make i It their duty to learn the business, for i without that they will make havoc and have to come to their lesson through sad experience. They must learn, these plain people, the limitations upon their na tional rights." Insures Academic Freedom. Tn his address President Garfield said: I "The gentleman who has made possi ble the realization of the plans for the institute is Mr. Bernard M. Baruch. His gift enables us to carry on the work for the three first years of the institute. "Announcement of the donor's namo was withheld because he said the amount did not deserve special mention and be cause lie believed that the purposes of the institute would be defeated If any pressure of Influence were brought to bear directly or indirectly upon the lec turers, round table leaders or enrolled members. Mr. Barueli believed in academic freedom. Now. when the first session is over, when each has spoken freely and when heneeforth no one can doubt his position, he has consented to the announcement of his nnmo. T wish thus publicly to express to Mr. Baruch our deep appreciation. "The session of next year will he convened during the last week of July. Arrangements for lectures have nut yet I been definitely made, but every endeavor t will be made to keep up the high stand ard of this year's aheievement. "In a dark hour of the world's history you have by your joint efforts made an appeal to the reason and common sense | of mankind. The session has been pe culiarly free from attempts to promote special causes anil movements, however | good.'* Lord Bryee Favors Lrngnr, Specific indorsement of the League of [ Nations "with whatever amendments | may be found necessary" was made by I Lord Bryce In his final address before | the Institute. His declaration concern ing the league was as follows: "Those for whom I venture to speak, workers who have nothing to do with our respective governments, mean to | persevere in supporting It as the only plan yet launched with a prospect of I success. "Wo are nearer to tho confla gration thnn you are, but prairie fires j spread fast." Lord Bryce declared that "while wc are obliged to dismiss the conception of a super-state as outside the range of practical politics, still If tho people do not by some means try to destroy wur war will destroy them." of Canada. This annual event has been repeated every year for about half a century, following a treaty made in the reign of Queen Victoria, when tho Gov ernment took over their lands and agreed to ratify the treaty yearly "for ever and aye." At this occasion each chief receives a silver medal and suitable flag, and every third year a suit of clothes. The headman of each band receives a suit of clothes. Each common member of tho trlbo receives $5 and the chiefs re ceive 125 and tho headmen $13. Each person also receives ammunition and material for net making to the amount of $1, Each mother gets $15 for each child yearly. Each year the Govern ment pays out about $100,000 In $1 and $2 bills to the Indians. The small bills are used because the Indians have little use for bills of larger denomination. To-day the Innds are much as tliry were In tho days they were "taken over" by the Government, and the In dians roam just as freely as ever. Minnow and Cow at Work. A Partnership to Kill Mosquitoes nnt Aid the Dairy Hnd Beef Indnstry. George B. Vincent in the Rockefeller Bonn dation Review. One anti-malaria experiment in tin bayou region of Louisiana Is sufficient!) novel to deserve a separate paragraph. The bayou Is a slugglish stream car. tying a good deal of vegelation and af fording a favorite breeding place foi the anopheles. By the damming of r bayou and Impounding the water for n stretch of several miles a lake Is formed From this the vegetation is removed and the top minnows arc given thcii opportunity. The fish cat the mosqultr egga as fast as these are laid. Onlj one moro obstacle Is to ho overcome If the vegetation on the hunks is per mitted to grow freely It forms a pro tected zone in which eggs may be de posited beyond the reach of the top minnows. In some way the grasses on the banka muat be cleared away if the breeding of mosquitoes Is to he prevented. Tc rr.eet this nr-d Sirlp.-< along the l.ayou are turned Into pasture land on which eattlo are allowed to feed. Tho cown crop the grass close along the low hanks and leave the larva? an easy prey to eager minnows. Thus ihe natural appetites of minnow and" cow work to gether for the protection of man. More, over, tho dairy and beef industry Is fostered in a region which needs diver sification of agriculture. It Is too early to say whether this ex. perlment will be completely successful; the Indications so far are encouraging. The I'naftalned. Tho high atars pointing overhead Send down to curth their gleaming j ray; Once on a time they challenged ma Because they are so for away. But little did I know the path, Tho distant heights I may not climb, For I have failed tho goals I set And lost my ecorn of space and time. Still shine the stars, the unattalnrd, Bcmoto from all the troubled day, And now they strangely comfort me Because they are so far away. MV Lands ? nan Wilson Daily Calendar the" WEATHER. For Eastern New York?Fair to-day, to-morrow partly cloudy; moderate tem perature ; moderate southeast and south winds. For New Jersey?Fair to-day and to-mor row ; moderate to fresh eaat, shifting to southeast and south winds. For Northern New England?Fair to-day, to-morrow partly cloudy; moderate tempera tore; moderate southeast and south winds. For Southern Now England?Fair to-day and to-morrow; moderate temperature; mod erate to fresh eaat and southeast winds. For Western New York?Partly cloudy to day, probably showers by night; to-morrow unsettled, probably showers, not muoti change In temperature; moderate to frssli south and southwest winds. WASHINGTON, Aug. 28.?Pressure con tinued high to-day over the northeastern Statee and the Canadian maritime province:. It was relatively low over the Gulf of Mexico and the th Atlantic const ami it was low and lu..ing from Lake Superior south westward to Oklahoma, with centres of minimum pressure Friduy night over Wisconsin and eastern Kansas. This pres sure distribution has been attended by local thunder showers within the last twenty-four hours in Minnesota, portions of the upper lake region, along the north Carolina coast. In southern Florida and at scattered point. in the west Gulf States and the Rocky Mour tain region. Elsewhere fair weather r:? vailed Friday. The outlook is for generally fair weather to-morrow and Sunday in the Atlantic States north of Florida, while local thunder shower are probable in the lake region, the Ohio Valley and the east Gulf States and th. Florida peninsula. Temperature change* will not be Important. Over the east Gulf or Mexico moderate to fresh easterly winds, partly overcast weather, probably local ruins to-morrow. Over the west Gulf of Mexico moderate to fresh easterly winds and partly overcast weather to-inorrow. Over the Caribbean Sea and Windward pasrnge moderate easterly winds over north portion and moderate to fresh east and northeast over south portion, partly overcast weather and probably local rains to-morrow. Observations at United States Weather Hu man stations, taken at 8 P. M. yeaterdav, seventy-fifth meridian time: Temperature Italnfall e. 'a*1 24 hrs. Baro- last 24 Stations. High. Low. mnter. hrs. Weather Abilene 300 78 29.94 ,02 Cloudy Albany ... so .10 80.24 .. clear Atlantic City.. 70 86 30.24 .. Clear Baltimore ....70 84 80.24 .. Clear Bismarck ....00 SO 20.Sk; .. Ft. Cldy R"""" 70 fio 80.32 .. Clear "}lff.ul? 80 ?8 30.18 .. Clear Cincinnati ... ?? (t(; 2iu)2 .. CIear Charleston ... 82 lis 80.08 .. pt. Cldy 2llca,R% *? 74 20.00 .. Cloudy Cleveland .... 80 84 80.10 .. Clear f 32 80 30.02 .. Cloudy Detroit 82 88 80.08 .. Pt. Cldy Galveston ... sh 80 20.94 .. Cloudy Helena ...... so (54 80.00 .02 Cloudy Jacksonville .. 78 72 80.02 . Cleat Kansas City.. 112 72 20.82 .. Pt. Cldy Los Angeles.. 84 82 20.80 .. Clear Milwaukee ... 80 72 20.82 .01 ltaln New Orleans. 80 70 29.90 .. Clear ^ .a!'?"'* ?? ?1?2 74 20.90 .. Cloudy Philadelphia . 70 04 80.20 .. Clear Pittsburgh ... 78 CO 80.16 .. Clear Portland, Me. 80 5s 80.34 .. Clear Portland, Ore. 70 56 29.98 ,. Clem R. Lake City. 88 82 29.88 .. Clear ban Antonio.. 98 70 20.02 .. Rain Han Diego 72 04 20.88 .. Pt. Cldy H. Francisco.. 08 54 29.92 .. Pt Cldy .Seattle 08 52 30.02 .. Clear bt. I,ouls 92 74 29.92 .. Clear **? !'?ul ?- ?? 39.88 .. Pt. Cldy Washington .. 78 u< 30.24 .. Clear LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A. M. 8 r. M. Barometer 80.30 30 25 Humidity 72 84 Wind?direction N.E. R.F. Wind?velocity 12 s Weather Clear Clear Precipitation None None The temperature In this city yesterday, as recorded by the official thermometer, Is shown In the annexed table: 8 A. M.. .64 1 P. M...72 0 P. M...70 9 A. M...U.3 ? P. M...72 7 P. M...08 10 A. M...06 3 P. M...72 8 P. I,I...(Ml 11 A. M...08 4 P. M...71 9 P. M...65 13 M 70 3 P. M...72 10 P M...04 1011. 1020. 1021. 1920. 9 A. M....63 89 0 P. M 7o 74 12 M 70 74 9 P. M 83 W1 3 P. M 72 79 12 Mid 84 88 Highest temperature, 74, at 4 P. M. Lowest temperature, 82. at 7 A. M. Average temperature, 88. EVENTS TO-DAY. Klngi County Historical Society will ecl? bratc the 14.1th annlveriary of the l'.attle of Long Island, at the band stand. Prosper. Park. 3:30 P. M. Testimonial dinner to Commissioner Grove A. Whalen of the Department of Plant and Structures, Midland Beach, 7 P. M. Buffet lunch In honor of Frank Bacon Little Theatre, afternoon. Dr. F. J. Reaver will give nn Illustrated lecture on "Colorado," In the museum build ing of the New York Botanical Garden. Bronx Park, 4 P. M. Hall of Fame, New York 1'nlversttjr, Unt vci- lty Heights, open to the public, 2 to 6 n ?f P. M. NOTABLES TO SAIL FOR EUROPE TO-DAY Earl of Dundonald Among the Oropesa's Passengers. Sailing to-day by the Royal Malt Liner Oropeaa wiil Be the Karl of Dundonald. returning to England from Peru, where he was the representative of Great Britain at the centenary celebration In Lima on July 28. Tils sister, Lady Eliza beth Cochrane, accompanies him. Others on board will be Major F. M. Ballard, Toronto; Mr. IV. J. Parrlsh, Jr.. Rich mond, Va.: Mr. and Mrs. K. P. Sonnes tuhl, Chicago; Mr. Robert 8. Grlnnell, Cnpt. Mnrtorell, skipper of the Pacific liner Quillota, with several officers of the same ehlp; Mr. and Mrs. Robert B. Bower of Philadelphia and Mr. Eric E. Stelnback. Among the fellow passengers of Baron do Cartler do Marchlenne, Belgian Am bassador at Washington. and Mlrso Abdul All Kahn, the former Persian Minister to this country, who haw been transferred to Madrid, outgoing to-day on hoard the Baltic will be Mr. Yano, first secretary of the Japanese Embas-y at Berlin; Mr. Otakl, nttnehe of the Japanese Embassy at Rerlln: Mr Kanakl Knmabe. Mr. Shunlehl Ease anil Mr. Fhunsuke Naruse, attache* to the Japanese Legation at Berne ; Mr. Thorn iwi B. Wells, manager of Harper-'y Mapa zinn; Major H. L. A. fwann of the British Army nnd Mr. William Tucker Lindsay of New York. ? The Right Rev. Thomas W. Driimm, Bishop of Dee Moines, Iowe. nnd a number of Catholic priests will call for Rome to-day by the President!? Wilson. They will visit the Pope. Tn the party ?re the Rev. J. P. McManus. secretary to Bishop Pruinm; tho Rev. Edward Jones of Morris. Minn., and the Rev. Fred erick T.upi of St. Francis Xavler Col lege of tlila city. Another passenger will be Dr. Rlcfan Roslckl, Polish vice-con sul* of Detroit. Another of the outgoing transatlantic liners to-day will be the Roeharnbeau. with the following among her passen gers: Mrs. J. A. Anderson, Mr. A. Dunham, the Mls-ses C. H? .T. P. and C. M. Dunham. Mrs. .T. do la Tour Fon due Miss G. do la Tour Fondue, Miss E. C. Litchfield. Air. and Mrs. J. M. Robinson. Mrs. William Brenton Well ing. Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Stewart. Mrs. L. S. Banning, the Baroness do Obrlolls, Miss E. L. Cleveland, Mrs. N. M. Cross, Major A. F. Drake, Mrs. J. R. Dixon. Mr.' and Mrs. W. II. Davis, Mr. W n. Van Home. Miss V. O. Harvey and Mr J. R. Wads worth. * Messrs. Ward T. Vsti Orman nnd Wtl Inril P. Reiberllng of Akron, Ohio. Amer ican entrants for the International bal loon race to be held at Brusscl* In tin autumn, will sail to-day by tho Finisn 1 of the Red Htnr Line. Mr. F. W. B. Pohlen, Mr. Norn an T, Gould, Mrs. William Haynrd Halo and her two smalt sons, William M. and Bat - nrd H. Hale, and Mr. and Mrs. Garrett W. McTCnerny will be passengers on tl e America of the United States Mall Steamship Line, sailing to-day for Plym outh, Cherbourg and Bremen. ' The Associated Prise I* exclusively entitled to the uso for republication of all news do notches credited to It or no? othepilse credit* la this psper, sad also tliu local newt published herein. Ml rights of republic-Minn of special des patches herein arc also reisrvca.