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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, September 18, 1921, Image 3

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Warns of World Breakers
Unless Delegates Handle
Big Crisis Humanly.
AJTECTS ALL NATIONS
Revival of Russia Needed to
Restore Trade Balance
and Destroy Unrest.
NEW VIEW GIVEN OF BEDS
British General Tells How
Starring: Country's Old In
dustrial System Is Dying.
By SIR PHILIP GIBBS.
Special Cable to Tub Nbw Yo?k Hmuu>.
Copyright, lVtt, by Thi Niw Yo?k Hiuu.
New York Hrrald Bureau, )
London, Sept. 17. J
As far as I can see through the
dust and turmoil of events now mov
ing our world the state of things
1s not looking bright for the Wash
ington conference on limitation of
armaments in November as regards
its larger hopes of arranging the
foundations of universal peace.
The success of that conference will
depend largely on the previous set
tlement of outstanding troubles and
cn the cooling down of that witches*
cauldron of the passions and fears
of Europe and otlier parts of the
world. It will be useless for Secre
tary Hu&nes, Senator Lodge and
other American delegates to put for
ward ideals or proposals before Eu
ropean statesmen like Mr. Lloyd
George and Premier Briand if Eu
rope and Asia are convulsed by po
litical or moral fevers or threatened
by imminent upheavals.
Nor can any decision made at the
conference be effective if the na
tional delegates, however distin
guished, however sincere, fail to get
the support of the democratic opin
ion of their respective countries, and
?till less if powerful forces like hun
ger, poverty and the despair of great
populations lead to new tragedies ut
terly beyond the control of the gen
tlemen sitting in the Washington
council chambers.
Great Britain Hat Handicap.
In the case of Great Britain, one
handicap which would spoil every
thing may be removed by November
11 if the Irish leaders declare for
peace instead of war, as I fully be
l.eve they will at the eleventh hour.
Mr. Lloyd George is working gal
lantly to that end, and so is repair
ing errors of his past policy; but
there is India as well as Ireland,
and Egypt as well as India, and, as
I wrote at length In a recent article,
the British Empire is faced with a
very sinister movement in the Mo
hammedan world.
Great Britain also is advancing
toward a winter which is bound to
be full of anxiety for domestic reu
sons. Unemployment still is an
alarming problem. The unemployed
?re becoming insistent upon relief on
a far more generous scale than
hitherto at a time when British
trade is at low ebb, with no Imme
diate prospects of rapid recovery,
owing to the economic ill health in
*11 parts of the world.
It may puzzle my readers to un
derstand how I connect that situa
tion with the programme of the
Washington conference, but the truth
is that it iB just this economic dis
ease afflicting the world to-day which
may wreck all hopes at Washington.
For there can be no advance in ideal
isms or even common sense among
countries entirely absorbed in desper
ate efforts to keep on solid ground
amid the quagmire of ruin and to
save themselves and their own ma
terial interests at the expense of
other people and with any kind of
risk according to the law of self
preservation.
Famine a Dominating Factor.
The Russian famine dominates all
of the international problems to-day.
even as far as the United States. It
if Russia that may wreck the Wash
ington conference. The reason for
that is simple to any one who has
row learned how all the parts of
the world are dependent upon all
other parts as links in the chain of
our commercial and material life.
Before the war Russia was one of
the big granaries of Europe, and in
return for grain and other supplies
;ecelved exports of manufactured ar
ticles from many countries, and
nbove all Germany. Germanys re
covery and ability to pay the In
demnities depend a good deal on her
uture chance of reconstructing Rus
SALESMEN.
Excellent opportunity
i? offered several experi
enced salesmen with high
earning capacity to con
nect with Metropolitan
Jistributing organization.
Applicants should give
full particulars. D 752
Herald, 280 Broadway.
pia. France needs tbo German in
demnities for her own national sol
vency as well as tor the repayment
of old Russian loans. Great Britain
needs German trade, and so does
Italy and many other countries, in
cluding the United States.
With Russia wiped out still further
by disease and death, the future health
of Europe and the whole world is not
likely to Improve. But this Russian
famine has raised all sorts of ques
tions which will endanger peace, or,
at least, postpone anything like dis
armament, unless they are quickly
dealt with by generous statesman
ship. It was made clear to me in Ger
many recently by men like Dr. Gustav
Stresemann, leader of the People's
party, and by the Scheidemann Ma
jority Socialists, that their chance of
paying the war Indemnities after next
year at the latest would largely be in
fluenced by a revival of Russian trade.
Now France during the last week or
two has been Influenced to some extent
by articles by men like Keynes, and
her own economists are bringing
themselves to the conviction that Oer
man bankruptcy cannot long be post
poned and that future indemnities of
the scale decided upon in the Ver
sailles treaty are but thin air. From
that they conclude that they must
take quickly what they can get from
Germany In other forms,,at least safe
guarding themselves in a military way
by divorcing the Rhine Provinces from
the rest of the Empire and supporting
Bavarian secession from Prussia.
Germany la la Confaaloa.
That raises the hornets' nest again
and is not good for the prospects of
peace. Meanwhile, in Germany itself
the conflict is growing more intense
between the Nationalists and the re
actionaries who revolt against the
high taxation imposed by the Wirth
Government in order to fulflll their
pledges to the Allies, and on the other
side by the Republicans, who favor
still greater taxation of capital, pro
vided labor gets fair wages.
So it is that the economic state
of the world is intensifying political
unrest again, and movements and
forces are arising that are not easily
controlled by statesmanship, even If
Inspired by good will. Looking at this
problem In a large way and Ignoring
the more petty national troubles, it
seems clear that Russia must be saved
with the help or without the help of
her present rulers.
Fipst of all, as Dr. Nansen says, it is
a question of humanity. We cannot
stand by and see millions of our fel
low human beings starve to death
without stretching out a helping hand.
It would be a crime, convicting every
soul among us of abominable indif
ference to human agony. But even
from the most selfish viewpoint, it is
necessary to save the Russian people.
Their famine and the failure of
their harvest are going to lower the
standard of life everywhere, because
without Russian trade Europe, of
which Russia is such an immense
part, Is not going to regain her old
prosperity, and until Europe prospers,
trade will languish in the rest of the
world. That may not seem obvious
to many people. It may seem fantastic
and absurd to people in Canadian and
American towns. Nevertheless, It is
a grim fact of life, which is as clear
as sunlight to those who understand
the tides and currents of commerce
and industry and international finance.
We must save Russia for the sake
of our own souls, to say nothing of
our own stomachs. To me there is
something frightful in the squabble
now going on about the political side
of various relief schemes. While
20,000,000 to 30,000,000 people are sick
unto death with hunger. Governments
are exchanging notes proposing com
missions for investigation and play
j ing politics with the Bolsheviki.
Moat Go On With Reieae Worlc.
Personally, I respond to Dr. Nan
sen's way of argument, which 1b to
get on with the rescue work. Get food
to the starving people and demand
nothing from the Soviet Government,
except the safeguards that relief offi
cers shall be helped and not hindered,
and the supplies shall be used for
starving peasants and not for the
Red armies. The work of the Quakers,
which has been going on quietly for
many months, shows that such meth
ods are successful.
I have been severely criticised for
suggesting that Soviet organizations
should be used locally to provide for
transportation and assist In distribu
tion. There seems to me to be no
If I Should Die
T omorrow
Who in the depths of grief would buy my burial
place? My widow? My relations? My friends?
Would a WISE choice be made? Would JUDGMENT
prevail? Would ANY choice be made, or wou'd I linger in a
public receiving tomb indefinitely. Is it fair to them to
neglect this purchase now?
No surplus funds, you say. Then make a small deposit
to secure your choice.
Not enough time, you say. But suppose you should die
to-morrow?
Why not do it AT ONCE and save the family the ordeal
of doing it THEN.
Phone Kensico. Say "Send an automobile for our
family." There is no charge. Ride up to the magnificent
Westchester hills and see the most beautiful burial park in
America. Choose your lot. Make a small deposit. And
have the freedom of mind of duty done.
Time flies. The unlooked-for happens. So do it NOW?
AT ONCE.
KENSICO
America's Permanent Burial Park
CITY OFFICE?103 PARK AVE.
Phone Murray Hill 1811
Write for "The Passing of Our City Cemeteries," th* amazing
results of a strange investigation. Free on request.
(FURRIERS EXCLUSIVELY)
ANNOUNCING
An eventful showing of
just arrived Parisian
Fall and Winter Models.
These, combined with
our own original and
adaptations, make a
noteworthy assemblage
of advance fur fashion.
FURS in everything
fashion or fancy may
suggest.
Specially
Featuring
ALASKA
SEALS
Made in a variety of
models valued from
$375 upward.
REMODELLING
Your old fur* re-?tyled to
conform with your choice
of the newett models.
Ajaeckel
alternative except to let the starving
millions die. It Is the only organiza
tion that exists and could be smashed
only by a< great war, which Is Incon
ceivable, and nothing can be done
without it.
This opinion of mine, which I hesi
tate to put forward because to some
minds it may seem to favor support of
Bolshevism, for which I have no use
at all, is confirmed by Brig.-Gen. Bird
wood Thompson, who has Just come
from Russia, and has allowed roe to
publish his own conclusions from
personal observations. They run
counter to most thing* published in
the European press, which he accuses
of sensation mongering for sinister
purposes, and which have contributed
In no small measure to the unemploy
ment of 2,000,000 men and women in
England.
"Russia," he says, "is now living on
the last remnants of her pre-war In
dustrial system. That system had
been built largely by British and
American enterprise and technical
skill. The Germans built her manu
facturing centres. Four years of war,
for which Czarist Russia of all the
European states was least prepared,
began the undermining process. Then
came the blockade and four successive
invasions. Now famine is raging in
the most fertile districts. It is more
than probable that no other country
except America could have survived
so many ordeals, each of which dealt
a heavy blow to Russia's industrial
life, and their cumulative effect may
prove fatal.
"By fatal Is meant that Russia may
cease to produce for the European
market and will relapse Into the eco
nomic conditions which prevailed In
the seventeenth century. The loss to
many elements of Russian population
will be great, but It will be far greater
to the states of Europe, more espe
cially to Great Britain."
Finds Commtiliti Strong.
Gen. Thompson will surprise most
people outside of Russia when he says
that although the Communists have
modified some of their economic the
ories their political position is strong
er than ever. In his opinion, even
Lenlne's most bitter opponents admit
that Russia's present rule is aione
capable of carrying out the tasxs of
reorganization and reconstruction.
That fact, he says, must be faced be
fore any practical policy can be iramed
for dealing with the gravest of all In
ternational problems of the present
time
Such a policy should be free from
greed, and should aim at reconstruc
tion in Russia as part of an lndis
pensible and preliminary stqp.
"Until this first step Is taken," he
said, "all intercourse with Russia will
be superficial, and in consequence
both the humanitarian efforts to re
lieve the famine stricken people and
the economic enterprises of wider scope
will fall to achieve their ends."
This remarkable opinion of a man
of the highest reputation, who speaks
from first hand knowledge of Russian
conditions to-day, cannot be ignored
or ascribed to Bolshevist tendencies.
Gen. Thompson is a realist who Is also
an Idealist, and he Is convinced that
although Russia's plight is desperate,
so is that of other parts of Europe,
!
and that by helping Russia we help')
ourselves.
Bolshevism will be killed quickest
by letting in light and air and rescu
ing the Russians from their famine
hunted state. Be that as it may, and
I do not dogmatize on knowing the
danger and difficulty of this problem,
it is certain, as I said in the beginning
of this article, that the Washington
conference will have no chance of
great success if the French delegates
and others are haunted by old fears
and new bogeys, and If the European
and Asiatic peoples are in turmoil of
Insurrection and conflict.
I write this as a warning note with
the sound of breakers ahead, but I
think that if these dangers were real
ized and not ignored by men rising
above petty conflicts and national in
terest to the larger needs of human
ity the rocks of ruin may be avoided.
There is a great gathering of popular
opinion beating up which will reach
out to Washington and give spiritual
support to the delegates who face these
things with courage and largeness of
heart. But if they faU by smallness
of character or timidity there will be a
heavy reckoning from the world's
despair.
FISH MEX ATTACK FREIGHTS.
Atlantic City. Sept. 17.?Reduction
of freight and express charges to lower
the cost of fish was urged at the clos
ing session of the United States Fish
eries Association to-day. If lower prices
prevail, the per capita consumption of
eighteen pounds would be doubled, said
delegates. Gardner Poole, president, of
Boston, and other officers were re
elected.
Finance Exports Meet Bunkers
but Fail to Arrange for
Payments.
By the Associated Press,
Berlin*, Sej't. 17.?Government finan
cial experts to-day conlerred with pri
vate bankers on the question of raising
gold credits to meet reparations obllga- I
tions, but failed to make any definite j
arrangement for the payments, the A i
sociated Press correspondent was in- |
formed in official quartern.
Difficulties are being encounterci
from certain industrial groups, particu
larly in the Rhlneland, which ask how
they are to pay for raw materials pur
chased abroad if they surrender their
foreign credits to the state. Director
General Wledfoldt of the Krupp works
recently declared at a meeting of the
Rhenish Westphalian Chamber of Com
merce that such a surrender meant "the
sacrifice of the nation's life blood," an.1
that no one 'vas able to say Whether
even this measure would give satisfac
tory results.
Another point of controversy Is that
the Rightist parties, which largely rep
resent Industrial and landed interests,
would have an Important part In any
credit arrangement and in return might
demand a proportionately large repre
sentation In the Government.
Newspapers hint that offers of credit
have been received from American.
Dutch and other European financial In
stitution.*, but bankers have made no
announcement!) of this kind. The Vor
waerla doubts the ability of German fin
anciers to raise sufficient funds to meet
the repara.tloni) payment* by voluntary
means. It declares that appropriations
through state legislation alone will
prove effective.
The gravity of the financial situation
has been more generally recognized
among financiers and politicians sine*
the exchanges between bankers and the
Government began.
There is apparently no tendency to
declare the condition of the currency
hopeless, or to abandon efforts toward
raising the next reparations instalmert,
despite the fact that the ReichsbanU's
gold, amounting to little mote than one
billion marks, cover* the pap?r money
In circulation at the rate of 1.43 pfennigs
to the mark.
"The situation is serious and the ilood
of paper money must be stopped," an
Industrial leader said, "but the dW
culty of finding a way is the crux of the
matter.
"Fear that failure to meet our obliga
tions would result in further occupations
of territory, upon which France Is In
sisting," he continued, "has united ail
parties in the belief that nothing should
oe leu undone to raise the necessary
funds."
MEDIATION IN FRENCH STRIKE.
Textile Manufacturers Accept
Brland's Invitation.
IjII.i.k, France, Sppt. 17.?Representa
tives of textile and other industries In
the region of Koubalx and T.ourcoing.
where the workmen are on strike, have
accepted Premier Briand'g Invitation to
a conference.
The meeting will be held in the Pre>?
mler's office Monday afternoon.
'Paris
&,Co.
Fifth Avenue ar 35th Street
Established 1879
J^ondon
SOME OF OUR SMARTEST FASHIONS
FOR WOMEN ARE INEXPENSIVE!
CMALL prices, in themselves, have no merit! It is only
^ when coupled with merchandise of high quality and
undeniable smartness that low prices are interesting.
And that is why we call your particular attention to
these items.
Women's (great-Coats
of Imported Fabrics
35.00
Swagger is the word! English tweeds and plaid
back vicunas are tailored into these "easy-fitting"
overcoats in belted or loose style, with raglan
sleeves. Leather buttons; straps at wrists; wide,
tailored seams; bound button-holes ? every
detail is smart, and the whole coat is serviceable
and good looking as one could wish.
Women's Dressy Coats
Crepe de Chine Lined
85.00
For Formal Wear, a softer coat, crepe deadline
lined, uses stitching or embroidery for trimming.
The materials are orlando, malta, pollyanna and
marvella?the models are loose or belted- In
malay, sorrento blue, navy, brown and black.
Women's Tailored Suits,
Collared in Fur
55.00?75.00
Her Tailored Suit should have a fur collar.
Duvet de laine is a very wise choice of material,
and .when a mole collar in choker style tops a
straight unbelted model the result is as smart
as you could wish. Another style fur has
a convertible collar of American broadtail. In
blue, marmot, malay or black. - 55.00
* i
Longer Coats are the features of a particular
group, with collars of beaver or wolf. The
model sketched (on the left) is of mochatex,
with wolf collar. Duvet de laine is another
fabric in this group, that includes black, malay
brown and shades of blue. ? ?? 75.00
Women's Poiret
Twill Dresses
49.50
(At left) A Dress in surplice style has the odd
collar and sleeve facings of white cordograin
silk. A bloused panel at the back extends al
most to the hem, hanging loose from the belt.
Panel sashes and blouse front are lined with
navy georgette.
Another pretty model fat right) is trimmed
with black soutache braid, and little braid balls.
The rolling collar and slim little sash belt are
becoming .... the whole effect particularly
trim and smart. There are other models at
this price, all developed in very fine Poiret twill,
well-tailored and with new, effective details.
THIRD FLOOR
35=
J

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