Newspaper Page Text
f > ... NEW YORK HERALD! J UBLISHED BY THE HUN-HERAX.D E CORPORATION. 2S0 BROADWAY ; | '1ELEPHONE, WORTH 10,000. Director* uiid officer*: Frank A. Munaey, : r?*Ment; Ervin YYurdman, Vice-President; Wm. T. Dewart. Troa?urer; 11. H. Tlthertijjton. Secretary. MAIL SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One Sit One By Malt, Postpaid. Year. Months. Mouth. ' AILY A SUNDAY...913.00 *0.00 $1.00 DAILY only lO.'JO 3.00 A'' I SUNDAY only ?.<*> S.30 .40 SUNDAY' only, Canada. 0 00 3.-5 .o."1 FOREIGN RATES. DAILY A SUNDAY...$20.00 $13.30 $2.40 tXatt .v nnlv 18.00 0.00 l.lih ; ^UNPA Y oni> ! 75 5.12 <<! : All checks, money order*, ?c., to be made ! (Mvyable to The 8un-Hernld. Slninch Office* for receipt of advertisements I sale of papers: VmiN'-iPAL Uptown Or.ocD-Hno.tnw tv and .'.lit Sr. Entrance 105?* Broadway tone, flieht up). Tel. Chelsea -1000. Hari rm Osvie-b, 205 wratt 11 5th St., near l-bmiNTH Avr. Tel. 7W Mornlngslde. Open ?f Ttntll 10 P. M. j Washington Hkmiits "iTIIT-IA"' ^P"tJ 181 st St. Tel. 1)008 Wadsworth. Open until i ?0 P. M. SlXTEJCNTH ST. OSTI<T>--CO*NHS IflTH ST. ANB 1 : rvRNTH Ave. Tel. Chelsea 4000. Downtown Cpphi? 106 Bkoabvvat. Open I '* A. M to 10 P. M.: Sundays. 2 T. M. to I "10 P. M. Brooklyn 0?tict?~24 Cocbt St. Tel. Mailt | K458. Open until 10 P. M. Kaglu Building, ::?1 wakirr ton St. Tel. 1100 Main. .. Uhon* (li ; iit?518 Willis Avk., at 14Htii 1 tlt. Tel. Odtiti Mel row. Open until 10 P. M. Prinrlpal American anil Foreign Bureaus. M ASHINOTON?Tho Muneey Building, v KIOAUt1'oS Sout.i l.a Salle St. T.ONDON?10-43 Fleet St. J ARI8?11) Avenue de l'Opera, 38 Hue du I.ouvre. ' Thr New York Humid was founded by i lamas Cordon Bennett in 1835. It remained i 'the sole property of !t? founder until his j A?.1. i? .1,.. |.|. ??n >)?? lames Gordon Bennett. Rucceeded to the ownership it the paper, which remained In his hands i until his death, in 191k. Tub Hbuai.o be- j tame the property of Frank A. Munsey, its i jir. sent owner. In 102'!. saturday, november 19. 1921. France Scores Handsomely in the Conference. In line keepin' with the spirit of the American proposal, France now comes f< rwartl with a suggestion on the Far Eastern problem that is highly worthy of that great nation. M. Sarraut, the French Colonial Minister, said in the conference on j Thursday that France will surrender! Kwang Chow to China if Great Brit-! ain will surrender Wei Hei Wei and j if Japan will surrender Shantung i and the Port Arthur peninsula to j China. What France offers to lolu/n to j China, cancelling a lease which has ! seventy-six years to run, is not a j large territory, scarcely 200 square j miles. The population is about 200,000. But it was all that France took tn China when Germany seized Kiao < 'how, Great Britain Wei Hei Wei and Russia Port Arthur; and the terms obtained by the Europeans were practically the same in all cases. Now, of course. Japan has the concessions obtained by Russia and Germany. Evidently France believes that by j wiping clean the slate of the bargain- j ing that took place after the Boxer j war?with the European victors will-1 ing to rent choice Chinese territory at their own prices?some international jealousy might be dissipated. In the Far East field France makes an offer similar to that of Mr. IfruiiEs: "We will drop something if the other fellows will." This is good ' diplomacy. It creates a friendly i spirit if nothing more. s Kwang Chow, which has been a tree port since 1902, lies in the south | of China. It gives the French actual ; control of the great island of Hainnn, I from which it is separated only by a J strait. With France in possession of Kwang Chow and Hainan, French Tndo-China, which lies to the west a< ross the Gulf of Tonkin, is made strategically safe. Two French steamship lines call at Kwang Chow and It is one of the most important coaling stations in the French colonies, or large coal heds are close at hand. So it is certain that France, in offering to give tip this station, is not merely striking a magnanimous pose, secretly glad to rid herself of a nuisance. She: voul<J never willingly let another I Power obtain control of a port so j near her own great possessions in | Indo-China. She very likely believes i t at hv nptinar irenerouslv with China and setting a Rood example to other: Powers she will receive fair treat-; ment from the grateful Chinese. And j France has a right to believe this, j China does not forget her friends. M. Sarbaut remarks that French j Tndo-China, with its 25,000,000 inhabitants, is not to be involved. This is obvious; the French acquisition of1 that region is another and much * lder story. No dispute lies there' except perhaps over the eastern boun- J dary, and this the French are willing j to discuss. "France," says M. Sarbaut of the Chinese problem, "is for open deal- \ jngs." Open dealings and the open loor will do much to restore China':! j confidence in the outer world. It would be a good thing for white men And yellow men if China and her irienos were convince"! iiiai sue was regarded as something more than good picking. France has pointed one way to signify this. And, in response to the challenge, (Jreat Uritain could well afford to turn hack Wei Iiei Wei to its old landlord. It is from Japan that the final an ' swer to Miia generous French offer must com t. A Memorial Avenue of Elma. The Road of Remembrance, reaching from Buffalo to New York city, which It Is proposed to establish, its sides to be lined with elms planted in mnmnrv nf f Iiasp Ufhn fnncrlif lit the world war, would be a fine tribute to the soldiers of 1917-1918. Tt might appropriately be carried to Montauk 1%>tnt, on Long Island, and extensions of the tree lined highway might be | carried to the Canadian line on the north and the Pennsylvania boundary on th<- south. Hut before the project Is undertaken there should be careful inquiry as to the suitability of the elm for thiB purpose. Many of the magnificent elms I | ?. which only a few years ago arch*J New England village streets and gave to even unpretentious hamlets beauty and distinction have died. The elm is subject to attack by pests of several kinds and in numerous cases it has been found impossible to save the trees when disease assailed thein. Local conditions along the entire course of the highway should be carefully studied, and if a community bordering on it is losing Its eluis the blight should be eliminated there before an avenue for its transmissal from one end of the State to the other is established. The planting niwl oiilfivnMmi nf the troes should of course be (lone under the supervision of u forester. A noble avenue lined with majestic trees is a glorious memorial, but its construction should not begin until all the conditions affecting it have been studied. The Vote Everything; Duty Nothing. When the present House of Representatives first passed its tax bill .t had the economic wits to put the maximum surtax rate on incomes at 32 per cent. The Senate agricultural bloc, pistol in hand, held up the Penrose tax measure until the maximum surtax rate was raised in the upper branch of Congress to 50 per cent. Then the matter went into the committee of conference of the two Houses and became deadlocked. President Harding did not doubt that ihe sounder and more productive of the two surtax proposals would be the 32 per cent. rate. He argued and he worked for it. But to get action on the deadlocked measure he finally urged a compromise at 40 per cent. On Thursday the House of Representatives, rejecting the plea of the President, yielded to the Senate holdup. Representative Frear of Wisconsin, who led the opposition to sane taxation, declared to his fellow members, with an insulting sneer at the President of the United States, "Don't you think, when you go back to your constituents, you will need more than a letter from the President to answer for that record?" Fri:ar thus reveals himself among the precious collection of bidders for the votes of the ignorant and the deluded as one who has the hardihood to stand up and unblushingly proclaim that what he is in Congress for is not to serve the interests and the needs of his country and its people but to look to the votes that will is Freak's self-acknowledgvu purpose and business does he not think, to borrow his own expression, that when 3,000,000, 4,000,000 or 5,000,000 unemployed workers later form themselves into political lynching committees to deal with Congressmen who have kept them out, of jobs indefinitely, he and those who have played such miserable politics on the tax measure will need more than their kind of humbug to answer for their records? As long as Congress continues to chase working capital out of active industrial enterprises with a 50 per cent, surtax scalping knife there is going to be a curtailment of the payrolls in the mills and factories. And as long as surplus capital is driven by the same weapon into tax exempt securities there is going to be a shrinkage of Treasury revenues from taxes on such capital. So the Frears who make tax schedules to dupe credulous voters are simply throwing monkey wrenches into the industrial machinery of the country. When tho American public realizes, as its common sense will bring u 10 realize, wnai me rrears nave been doing to cut down its bread and butter. President Handing, who tried to help the situation, will not be held accountable. It will be the brazen and blatant Frears who blocked the efforts of the President and of other straight thinkers to keep capital at work in the greatest possible degree so that wage earners could be put to work in the largest possible numbers. Wage Costs and Trade. For some time the monthly reports of foreign trade of the United States have displayed no conspicuous alterations in their general aspect as represented by total exports and imports. October was no exception. Exports for that month were 5346,000,000, a figure from six to twenty millions larger than exports for any month Bince March, with the one exception of August, when the outgoing trade was $367,000,000. Imnorts for October were J1S3.000 - 000. a figure which varied by only a few millions from import figures for every month since June. Likewise the excess of exports for October, $16.1,000,000, was about the average of the excess exports in the range from $85,000,000 in April up to $172,000,000 in August. But close- analysis of the nine months to October 1, 1021, reveals that our t \ports have been undergoing a marked alteration in character. In the last six months we have lost our grip on many markets calling for manufactured goods ready for con sumption. Had it not been for the sustained and even increased foreign demand for our raw materials and nr tides of food our trade In that period would have made a much worse show lug than It did. In January. 1921, manufactured articles exported constituted 4G per cent, of the outgoing trade in value; In February the figure was the same: in March, 42 per cent.; in April, 4.1 per cent. In May, which was virtu ally the culmination of deflation nnd depression here, our manufactured exports slumped to 28 per cent.; in Juno the percentage was 34; in July, 1 rin. jSCj I 30; iu August. 26; in September, 26. j j All the rest of our exports were composed of crude materials for use In I foreign factories or of foods. Other countries fully equipped to make and export finished products 1 are again iu the running. In the matter of quality we can compete. In the matter of financing we ought I to be able to come out with an ad-1 vantage, because we have larger credit reserves than any other nation. But in the matter of costs we go down to defeat, because wages, the chief factor in the price of finished products, are still inflated. Other countries can offer lower prices than ours, not because the purchasing power of their money is higher in raw materials which go into the finished articles but because the purchasing power of their money i in their labor markets is higher than the American dollar in the American labor market. This is particularly true of Germany. It is true even of England; and these are the chief manufacturing nations with which we have to compete. The report of British trade for October shows that with exports of ?72.640,000, imports of ?84,740,000, and excess imports of only ?12,000,! 000, Great Britain has been able to keep up her exports and reduce her unfavorable balance, lareelv ,V the | sale of manufactured goods, to approximately the level of the excess imports of pre-war months. High costs in American manufac- j i tures do not figure solely in the for-, , eign trade. Despite all the tariff' ! wrinkles that might he invented, un-! I der prevailing conditions nothing I I can prevent foreign nations from un- j ; derselling our goods right here in j the domestic markets, and even if I i they could bo barred from the Amer- j . ican lleld they would, by shutting us! out of foreign markets, compel us to | retain our surplus goods at home.! | For us this would mean, and it has j j meant, as anybody can see, slack i I production and increased unemployI iuent as natural result^. ; Tariff or uo tariff, the argument | for bringing down labor costs either ! with wage cuts or with higher pro-: j ductivity at a maintained wage is I unanswerable. Tag Birds or Lose Them. Those who have been in the habit of shipping wild ducks, geese and other migratory birds without tags describing the contents of each pack age have been violating a Federal law and are liable to prosecution by the United States authorities and to suffer the seizure of their game. Sharing one's bag with a friend is a manifestation of the true quality ' of sportsmanship. It is the outward ; sign of the spirit which finds joy' in giving, and it would be a pity to ' have its expression marred through ; lack of knowledge of the law. That this may not happen the | Bureau of Biological Survey of the United States Department of Agriculture calls attention to the law, which provides that all packages containing migratory birds must have i tno names ot tno snipper ana tne ; consignee and an accurate statement j of the number and kinds of birds j i contained therein clearly and con-1 spicuously marked thereon. With so simple a regulation it would seem the part of isdom for I shippers to comply with the law. . This would not only protect the ship! per but at the same time insure the j gratitude of the man who had the 1 hominy and the appetite waiting for the canvasback or the redhead at the j I other end of the line. Mr. Howat's Two Civil Wars. The question long pending whether 1 ' Alexaxdeh Howat is the State of | Kansas remains complicated with the | further question whether Howat is | the United Mine Workers of America. Mr. Howat's collision with the State of Kansas has put him iu jail, with every prospect of his remaining there ; for the next six months. His colli! sion with the United Mine Workers I lias put him out of that union. But Mr. Howat delies both Kansas i and the union. He will not recognize the laws of Kansas except such as I meet his personal, expressed approval, and he proclaimed the fact | from the housetops until the laws of ; Kansas restricted the forum of his proclamations to the confines of a i jail cell. He will not recognize the edicts of the Mine Workers Union, I and he hurls defiance at that union ' through the grated jail windowa. His attltu toward the State of Kansas and the union collectively he compresses into the" terse slogan'. "To hell with Governor Ali.f.n and Joiw j Be wis. Our plans aro unchanged, j We will continue to fight." Meanwhile the Court of Industrial | Relations, which was the cause of I Mr. Howat's declaration of inde- j , pendence against the State of Kansas I and of the civil war which he is [ now waging against that Commonwealth?so far as jail rules will per1 nilt?is functioning quite smoothly and ironing out labor controversies with much success. In the year and eight months that it has been in existence more than thirty cases have been brought before it for adjudication. It may savor of treason to the Howat cause, but the fact remains that labor union leaders them-1 selves brought the majority of these | appeals for judgment. Twenty-eight of the cases have been decided and . out of these twenty-eight decisions, all of them affecting wages, working conditions and contracts, twenty1 seven have been accepted an entirely . satisfactory both to employeos and ! employers. I At the time of the Howat declara- j i Hon of war against Kansas lie an-, . nouncdl that If the Industrial Court j W 1 UiVIV d were not abolished all the miners would leave the State. Five hundred did leave, and the Kansas coal production of the year following their departure exceeded by 900,000 tons what it had been tho year before when they were on the job and kicking up strike rows. A few hundreds of the Howat army of miners are still in the held industriously loafing and resolving in mass meetings that they will not do a stroke of work un Ill JIU.X.VSUKK IS UUl U1 Jitll. -IltUU" v, hile the output of Kansas coal continues to be satisfactory. That seems about to cover the news from the Howat-Kansas civil war front. The statuB of the Ilowat-United Mine Workers conflict is more complicated. The attorney of the United Aline Workers has notified all banks holding Ivans; % district funds to honor no checks signed by representatives of the Kansas district organization. The attorney for the Kansas district organization has served notice on the same banks to honor 110 checks not signed by representatives of that organization. I Thus the Howat and the United Mine I Workers forces are in a legal deadlock. There is a special public interest in this civil war between the two prnnt fn.nl lahnr hurons. Howat and Lewis, because It is in progress so near the time when existing union mining contracts terminate and the union demand for higher wages and a five hour day is to bo launched. That will be about the first of next March. Hurley's Praise of Our Ships. When Edward N. Hurley, formor chairman of the United States Shipping Board, declares that "compared ship by ship and type for type with foreign vessels the American cargo carriers are as good as any other vessels," he makes a statement which cannot be refuted. Even ignoring the fact that the American merchant marine is deficient in fast passenger vessels, there would still be no grounds for adding any qualifica nous to :vir. tiuiu.rcY S statement tnat the merchant fleet flying the Stars and Stripes, considering the ships on the general average, is as good as the merchant marine of any other nation if the one and all of a merchant marine were the size and type of its vessels. As it happens, the United States is able to build ships more rapidly than any other nation. We have within easy reach all the materials which go into a ship and we have the yards and facilities for putting this material together. But once the shin is built the problem of operatiou comes in, and right here is where the American merchant marine runs into one obstacle after another. Due to our long absence from the Beas this country has to enter trade routes practically as a stranger in the ocean carriage business. A stranger is not welcomed in the maritime field by the shipping world unless he offers superior terms and superior service. And service in the maritime field includes more than the mere selling of cargo space. It j means regularity of sailings and trustworthiness in deliveries as well as reasonable rates. To give this kind of service and these reasonable rates a merchant marine organization must include not only ships of the best types but a large staff of experienced operators whose ultimate objective will be the good of the] fleet. But if a merchant marine is \ hedged about, as ours is, with high wage costs and a multitude of legislative restrictions all that a staff of experienced operators could do in a whole liretime or earnest service would not amount to as much as a drop of rain in u cloudburst. We could build ships until our merchant fleet equalled in size the combined merchant navies of the rest of the world. Moreover, we could build ships of the finest types, large and small, so there would be nothing on the globe to compare with them. But they would be worth mighty little to promote our welfare on the seas unless they could be operated in competition with foreign ships. Every right thinking citizen must think, as Mr. Hi bley does, that America should have an adequate and efll- j cient merchant marine in every sense and not merely a huge tonnage of white elephant ships. But, lirst, something must be done to remedy the home laws and conditions which break down the merchant fleet. The Brooklyn nmnteur distiller who was knocked out for four months by ono punch of his product woe sentenced, upon recovery, to live in Rhode Island hereafter. Is this a case of making the punishment lit tho crime? "November's Nemesis. Observe the haze We have these days; A smoky pall Clothes tower nnd wall In overcoats blue. The sun is red And overhead : He marks a way As In the bay The ferryboats do. The mercury Takes a degree Much higher than They give a man In college channels. You throw the wtnDows wide and In Your shirt sleeves work, While out you Jerk Swear words at flannels. Kach friend you moot Down In the Htroet, Htops, mops hln brow And loudly vowb "This Is ii bummer'." Crown overbold, You rntoh a cold And sniff and mope-Dy all this dope It'a Indian Hammer I Maurice Morris. I / /I a Xily.l A f xW ( uxtXi/i-lk Against 'Viper* Warfare. Chinese Minister Com mend s the New York Herald'* Editorial. Washington, Nov. 18. Prank a. munsey, Publisher The New York Herald: I have read with profound interest your editorial in The Herald of November 17, entitled "Make a Clean ! Sweep Now of All Outlaw Warfare. Although Chinn was somewhat outside of the main track of the European war wo did feel, to a considerable extent, some of the effects of it which were covered in your editorial. liy this I mean tliut the Chinese laborers on the western front suffered illllll lilt; USD Ul puiovil U11U uur commerce suffered a great deal from i the menace of the submarine. Although our delegation is not par- 1 tlcipating directly in the discussions pertaining to the limitation of armament in the present conference we do ; have a vital interest in the entire matter. It is no secret that civilization received a serious setback in the recent war, and it will require a long time for the world to recover from its effects. We hope that the present conference will eliminate wars entirely from the world, but in case that Ideal cannot bo reached certainly we do hope that the conference will make future wars less d'-nstrous by eliminating many of the features that served to make the last war a permanent blot upon the world's civilization. With sincere compliments to you for your strong stand on this subject, I am, Sao-kb Alfred Sze, Chinese Minister. Freedom of Speech. Opinions About Police Interference at. the Town Hall. To The New York Herald : Please permit me to differ with your editorial article entitled "Wholly Inexcusable." There seems to be a generally wrong opinion of what free speech means. The New York Constitution says distinctly that every citizen has the right to express his sentiments ; but he Is held responsible for its abuse. That means that there Is a certain curb put upon free speech. If this was not done, there would be all kinds of anarchistical speeches made, and there would be no way of preventing the overthrow of organized government. Also if there was no limit to the kind of speeches which a person could make we would have advocates of immorality and advocates of other crimes. Henc tho clause in the Constitution making- the person responsible for the abuse of free speech. It seems to me that the only "wholly | Inexcusable" act done by the police was ; In not gathering enough evidence to hold tiie defendants for Special Sessions. I Where was Captain Donohoe? It is no ' excuse to say that he could not be found. He knew that the case was coming up in court on a certain day and he should i have been there. Magistrate Corrigan did not say anything about free speech ; , ho held that the evidence was iiiou'ilclent. Alex. M. Jarkckie, LL. M. New York, November 18. An English Instance. To The New York Herald: At a recent meeting of the British Association I.ord Dawson, a distinguished sociologist, delivered ati address on love, mar- ; riagc and birth control. So far as I know nothing has happened to him at the hands of the police. They really ' seem to have clearer ideaa abou. liberty in England. Brevih. ' New York, November 18., A Power for Right. To The New York Herald: What a , 1 power for truth and right you are! I am with you. Your editorial article "Wholly Inexcusable" prompts this. i rv \f Tt New York, November 18. Improving the Locomotives. Objections Stated to the Snorsestlons of a Kailroad Man. To The New York Herai.d: A letter, [you recently published regarding wastes permitted in railroad locomotive operation is a very good example of the type of misinformation which the public Is ' being fed up on in regard to the railroad situation. ; It is very true that many railroad shops are very antiquated, but the suggestions your correspondent made have many objections or they would have been in use long ago. The air com- i pressor cannot use exhaust stes.ii be- , cause portable apparatus cannot be made condensing. This would require greatly increased bulk and condensing water, a sufficient amount of which cannot be carried, also a dry air pump to maintain the necessary vacuum. Furthermore, the compressor is usually operating whilo the train is stopped, wnen tnere is no exnausi nioam, rinn as some simple means must be provided to maintain the draught, the exhaust Is sent up the stack. The suggestion that the Injector uses livo steain and Is therefore wasteful Is not found so In practice. It Is one of 1 the most efficient heat users we have, as all the heat in the steam Is Immediately returned to the boiler?It Is true at a Jower temperature, but the heat units have not been lost. Modern loco| motivi have tubes In which the feed 'water is partially heated by the spent furnace gases, but if the heating Is carried too far the Injector will fall to function, because It is primarily a condensing device and depends on a sufficient difference In temperature between tho steam and the feed water to give that water sufficient velocity to enter the boiler against steam pressure. Should an Independent pump be used tt would above. There are undoubtedly economies which can be made In the larger locomotivce, such as brick arches and mechanical stokers, which would avoid the open lire door, permitting cold air to enter and chill the gases entering the fire tubes. The best engineering minds aro working upon these problems, but many limitations prevent practical operation. Electrical Engineer. New York, November 18. The Cobra and tlie Rabbit. To The New York Herald: Cobras must kill their food by poison or die by starvation. This was told me by Mr. Dltmars and applies to all poisonous Bnakes. It may seem cruel to allow snakes to kill rabbits, &c., but game shooting is worse. K. Q. CunTiss. nitw York, November is, 1 Chnnre fur ? Missouri Argument. From the Morj/vlllr Dttnocraf-Forum. A trailer in Itnrnnrd recently stumped tits , editor by nsklng It he knows of any person who ever rtvv a "horse of nnother eotor." I XV, XoLl. National Academy Prize Winners Native in Much Attention?Mr. "Varnishing day" at the Academy is usually a varnishing day in name only, but yesterduy there actually was onj young artist who had the temerity to take down his canvas from tho walls and apply the revivifying varnish. But tiiis young niun was the only one among the company of artists who had assembled to pass Judgment upon tho general effect who had any pep. For tho mo3t part a . (range apathy prevailed. The artists were enthusiastic about meeting each other, for the fall varnishing day is the ofllcial moment for the reentry into town after the summer's work; but they were not enthusiastic about meeting the pictures. No one could be found among them who felt that the exhibition marked any great progress upon the part of the aged institution. ".Same old Academy" was the remark that was most frequently heard. As it was invariably an academician who was speaking it may be taken as authentic that this exhibition, therefore, makes no departure from the standards that have prevailed on Fifty-seventh street for some years. The Altaian prize winners, me nuuuuXTp," by Carl Runglus, and "Superstli by K. i j. Blumenshein, were treated with especial coolness. It is often difficult, when the merit of the picture is not obvious, to know the reason upon which the committee of awards acted, but in the present case, or case*, there was apparently a wish to foster tlie native subject and the native tradition. This is commendable in Itself. Mr. Runglus's picture Is correct enough, doubtless, in its topography and all that, but as art it is not strong. There is a generally evasive air about the work, as though the painter hud not been heart and soul Interested in it himself. The only bit that suggests personal observation is the section that includes the horses' lieuds. The heads of the two men officiating at the roundup are blurred over. If the committee had meant to emphasize the native subject it might have more pointedly called attention to such material by giving tlie prize to W. Herbert Dunton, whose "Cattle Buyer" has much more life in it than the one finally chosen. Mr. lltinton certainly naints the West as though his heart an J soul were in the West, and that's the chief thing to be asked of a painter. His present cattle picture is much more bold and theatric than some of his former pictures, but it still guards the air of having been produced from experience. Mr. Blumenshein's "Superstition" is a cheap and tawdry Indian picture. The Indians have suffered a great deal from the white man in times past, but it begins to seem as though we were destined to hound them to the von* end. Mr. T'fer's Indian pictures are equally without artistic excuse. He shows the base uses to which the once noble red man has now descended?he paints a squaw actfng as table Maid for an artist In the Taos colony, and Mr, Blumcnshein gives us an ex-warrior working at the plasterer's trade. Considering everything, these arc painful themes and nothing in the treatment awarded them redeems them. The centre of interest yesterday for the artists seemed to lie in the northeast corner of the Vanderbllt Gallery, w .? " there was a landscape, "Primeval Forest." by Charles S. Chapman, and a bust of the "Baby Angela," by the sculptor Emilio Angela. Between these two there was a painting of a young girl in a hammock by Leon Kroll, by long odds the most showy picture in the whole exhibition, but most of the talk centred A November Nightfall. rhfi sky is wrapt In sullen gray; The wind repeats a sad refrain; The long roud dips, then fades away, An umber ribbon In the rain. The cattle cower about the byre; The barren branches writhe and twist; The slender finger of the spire Is spectral in the shrouding mist. Then dusk shuts ominous and sheer Upon a land of lost delight. And till the dawn one seems to hear Weird goblin voices haunt the night. Clinton Scollard. A Naval Holiday of 1902. Convent ion Between Chile and Ar< centina Prevented War. To The New York Herald: May I lirect your attention to the enclosed copy of the convention on limitation of naval firmaments ? Igned between Chllo tind the Argentine Republic in 1902 when on the irery verge of war? This Judicious agreement prevented great harm from being lone to the cause of Hispanic American civilization. It is worthy of note, as a rare event in the history of the world, that when the suggestion of peace was made In Argentina and Chile public opinion awakened from Its dream of war glories to comprehend the real benefits of International understanding. A year after the pact was ratified the people of Argentina and Chile by popular subscription erected the gigantic statue of Christ the Redeemer in th< most frequented pass of the Andes an a Bymbol of peace and friendship. f. Nieto del Rio. New York, November 18. convention on limitation of navai armaments between chile ani argentina. The Chilean Minister of Foreign Relations, Mr. Jose Francisco Vergars Iionoso, and Mr. Jose A. Terry, Envoj Kxtraordlnary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Argentine Republic, me! together in the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Relations and have agreed to se< forth In the following convention th< various resolutions adopted with a view to limiting the naval armaments of th< two republics, resolutions which hav< been made through the Initiative and th< tlio rjni'prnmpnt of h!< Britannic Majesty, represented In Clill< by Its Knvoy Extraordinary and Mlnlstei Plenipotentiary, Mr. Gerard A. Lowther and In the Argentine Republic by Iti Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Sir W. A. C. Harrington: Article 1?In order to remove everj source of anxiety the Governments ol Chile and the Argentine Republic doslal from acquiring the war vessels they havt In course of construction and from making fresh acquisitions. Both govern ments agree moreover to reduce their re spective lleets, for which purpose thej will continue to negotlatq until they arrive at an agreement productive of t aiscreot equipoise ot ineir respectm navitl forces. Tills reduction must bi made within twelve months from thi date of the present agreement. Article 2?The two governments blnf themselves not to Increase their nava armaments, without previous notifies tlons of eighteen months, during a perlot of live years. This clause does not aftcd the fortification of coasts and ports, ant either government may aomitre any float Has Varnishing Day rheme?Landscapes Attract Fuchs Shows Portrait. i about Mr. Chapman's landscape. It was admired by some because it seemed so \ much like a landscape by Oourbet, an*. 1 was condemned by others for ?he same 1 reason. The bust of the "Baby Angela' i was considered to bo a strong rival of the "Baby Manship," which was shown ' with success some years ago. "The Portrait of a laidy," by the late Abbott Thayer, has been given the place . ui mmur in me taiiunrviiii uaucij, u.nu | i other puintings that hid for attention i I are the "Peace of Sleeping Nature," an , i excellent landscape by William H. j Singer; the ".Repose of Evening," byBun Poster; the "Portrait of Cluire Sheridan, Sculptress," by Emil Kuchs; the "Norsemen," by Max Bohrn ; the "Edge of the Wood," by (J. A. Moch; "Shadowy Peaks Remote," by Floyd Crews; "Small Town," by Charles Rosen; the "Dying Monarch," by II. Bolton Jones, and "Norma," by Royston Nave. NOTABLES TO SAIL ON THREE LINERS TO-DAY I Gen. Baron Jacques of Belgium Among Voyagers. Gen. Baron Alfonso Jacques. Chief of Staff of the Belgian forces and hero of the siege of Liege, who came to the United States to attend the American Legion convention at Kansas City, will be a passenger on the Red Star liner Zeeland, sailing to-day for Plymouth, j Cherbourg and Antwerp. Baron Jacques will be accompanied by Capt. Commandant A. E. M. Do La Ruwlere. Mr. and Mrs. William Jay Schleffelin and Miss Ix>uise Vanderbilt Schleffelin, their daughter, will start for Europe today by the Baltic with the Intention of being abroad six months. The White j Star liner also is to take abroad Mr. Luis A. Ourgel do Arnaral, Secretary of tho Brazilian Embassy in Wasnington; Mme. Gurgel do Amaral, and Senor Don Alfredo Michelson, Second Secretary of the Colombian Legation n Washngton. Others on board will he the Rev. Dr. Henry van Dyke, former Minister to the Netherlands; Miss van Dyke, Lady Yule and Miss Gladys Yule, Col. Sir Sidney Wishart, Mr. Robert McBride. Mr. C. E. Sorenson and Mr. Bnibakcr, directors of the Ford Motor Company, Cameronia of the Cunard-Anehor lines, sailing to-day for a cruise to Madeira, Gibraltar. Monaco, Genoa and Naples, will be the first oil burning passenger steamship from New York to the Mediterranean Sen. Arriving from Glasgow on Thursday, she was ready to turn around again within twenty-four hours, and then had a full day left before sailing time. Tho time between arriving and departing was just forty-four hours. The ship's tour will occupy five weeks, with ample time at all ports of call to I vl.lf ?V.O, t. ? 4T..1 ... I >is>v I.1W K'B'iw. MIC omj a.v niimca Will permit of a visit to Home, Pompeii, Capri an<l Vesuvius. AmonK the prominent passengers will be Mr. and Mrs. Samuel W. Bridgham of Boston. Dr. and Mrs. H. A. Garfield of Williamstown, Mass.; Mr. and Mrs. N. Ij. McCready, Mr. and Mrs. Kobert L. Montgomery of Philadelphia, Mr. and Mrs. Louis M. Ogden, Mr. and Mrs. C. N. Plrle of Toronto. Mr. and Mrs. Beverly Scott. Sailing to-day by the Dante Alighieri of the Transatlantica-Itallana Lino will I be Mr. James Meckley Potts, formerly I j with the Seaboard National Bank: Mrs. I Potts, Mr. and Robert Andrew Woods, | Mr. Thomas E. Gavin, Major and Mrs. i Luigi Falchl and Prof. Fedcrlco Giolittl. The ship will sail with 280 cabin pasI sengers. ing machinery for their particular defence, such as submarines, &c. Article 3?The sales to which this agreement may give rise shall not be ! made to any country having questions i pending with either of the contracting parties. Article 4?With a view to facilitating the transfer of pending contracts both governments bind themselves to extend for two months the term stipulated for me aenvery or tneir respective vessels [ in construction, for which purpose they will give the necessary Instructions on signing the present agreement. Article 6?The ratification of the present agreement shall be exchanged within sixty days from date and the exchange shall take place in Santiago. In witness whereof the undersigned ' sign and seal in duplicato the present convention In the city of Santiago tho 28th day of May, 1902. J. A. TERRT. J. F. Vkboaba Ponoso, Extinct Volcano Burial Plnre. I'rom the Popular Mechanics Magazine. Hawaiian tradition that the crater of the extinct volcano llaleakala. on the island of ; Maui, served us a burial ground for Ha- j wailan chiefs in ancient times lias been I substantiated by recent discoveries of an | eminent ethnologist. Three terraced plat- I forms, surrounded by stone walls, wero found In n cone In the centre of the crnter. i In a nearby cone was a stone cairn In which ! was the skeleton of a woman, placed face i down with the knees flexed. Two poles of 1 mamano wood above and at either side sugI gested a sort of Utter for carrying bodies. rutting It I'p to the Kdltor. , Mount Levi correspondence riarkaville Herald and Democrat. Winter Is hero and our clothes are very J thin. What will wo do, Mr. Edltor7 A Lay Cure. From the Manchester Ovardian. "I^carn a sonnet of Shakoircaro'a whon ! you arc phavln* in # the nicrnln*" Is Sir I vimrirm j. oymonfla ? recipe tor attaining ! , mentn! fltnesa. 1 How many moments In tb? day Unprofltably glide away! How many men recite an ode While they are walking up tbo road?; llow many women learn a ballad While washing lettuce for the salad? I. too. was once among the slack? Sir Charters' words have brought me back, And now. as these few lines will witness, T tread the way to mental fitness. Thus: In the morning, when I wake, I Start the day with "Break, break, i break"; While for my hath I run the water I've time to learn "The Miller's Daugh- j ter": Then, lathering my hirsute chin, I drink a Shakespeare sonnet In. Together with my eggs nnd liam I feast on "In Memorlam," And take my toast and marmalade To Tennyson's "The Bight Brigade"; Then, neatly rolling up my brolly. Declaim "H'-nce. loathM Melaneholv " And, as I hasten from the house, I carol Burns's "To n Mouse." " While to my morning strati I cling " I learn an "Tdyll of the King," Or If, instead of trains, I bike It, r Itepeat a scene from "As You Like It." t I never waste my brain a minute, But keep on cramming culture In It. 9 And all my mental clouds disperse 9 By taking constant draughts of verse. 9 But when my wife Is buying bonnets I need more solid stuff thnn sonnets: In fact. If you will credit me, I saunter through "Aurora Leigh" And half way through "Evangeline" While she compares the blue and green, And by the time she's chosen yellow I've reached the last line of "Sordello." B. !f. S. Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New York?Rain to-day ; to-morrow clearing and much colder; Increasing south winds. For New Jersey?Kaln to-day, to-morrow clearing and much colder; increasing southerly winds. . For Northern New England?Rain to-day. to-morrow clearing and much colder; Increasing southerly winds. For Southern New England?Rain to-day. creasing southerly winds. to-morrow clearing and much colder; !nl'or Western New York?Rain to-day. much roider this afternoon and to-night; to-morrow fair and colder; strong shirting winds, be coming westerly. WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.?Pressuro remains high ulong the Atlantic coast, high and rlsin; In far Western and Northwestern districts, and lov; in tho Mississippi Valley and tin region of the great lakes, with the centre of minimum pressure near tho mouth of the Ohio River. Exceptionally warm weather prevailed during to-day generally east of the Mississippi River and along the west Gulf coasts, with temperatures exceeding the highest of record so late in the season at a number of polnts in the Eastern and Southern States. In th.Northwest the temperuture lias fallen d? cidedly and It Is now below zero In North. PsVo?a northwest North Pakota, Albert! and Saskatchewan. Much colder weather haa also overspread the upper Mississippi Val ley and the Interior of the woat Gulf StateThere have been general rains during th. last twenty-four hours in the north Atlantic States, the Ohio and lower Mississippi val leys and the lake region, and light to general snows In the upper Mississippi Valley, the plains States and the Rocky Mountain region. In tho middle Atlantic and New England States the weather will be unsettled, with rain la.marr.,iv nnrf alaarln. o..S V. ? weather on Sunday. In the south Atlantic State there will be local rains to-morrotv and clearing and much colder weather on Sunday. In the east tiulf States, Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the lower lake regton there will be rain and much colder weather to-morrow, and fair and colder wrsather on Sundny, with a cold wave. In the upper lake region there will bo rain and colder weather to-morrow and fair and colder weather on Sunday, with a cold wave In lower Michigan. Storm warnings are displayed on the great lakes. Observations at United States Weather Bureau stations taken at S I\ M. yesterday, seventy-fifth meridian time: Temperature Rainfall last 24 hrs. Baro- last 24 Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather. Ahllene (18 41 30.04 .. I't. Cldy Albany 70 ,10 30.12 .. Clear Atlantic City... 84 r>4 30.22 .. Clear Baltimore 74 0(1 1IO.10 .. Clear Bismarck 20 4 30.34 .. Clear Boston........ 48 40 30.18 .. Rain Buffalo 48 40 20.02 .. Rain Cincinnati 70 58 20.8(1 .04 Cloudy Charleston 74 8-1 30.20 .. Cloudy Chicago 48 42 20.82 .78 Rain Cleveland 68 51! 20.88 .12 Cloudy Denver 34 22 80.06 . . Clear Detroit 62 r>6 SO.82 .12 Clouoy C.alveeton 78 72 20.80 Clear Helena 0 <1 30.32 .10 Know Jacksonville... SO 68 30.10 .. Pt. Cldy Kansas City... 38 34 20.00 .. Cloudy I.ns Angeles.. 68 4tl 30.22 .. Clear Milwaukee 40 30 20.84 .00 Haln New Orleans.. .80 70 20.04 .. Clear Oklahoma.1... 38 34 50.00 . 30 Cloudy Philadelphia.. 76 PS 30.18 .. Clear Pittsburgh 78 PS 20.06 .. Pt. Cldy Portland, Me... 41 36 30.32 .. Cloudy _ Portland, Ore. 46 42 30.18 .10 Rain Salt Hake City. 34 24 30.16 .. Clear Kan Antonio... 88 74 20.80 .. Cloudy Ban Diego 62 46 30.18 .. Clear Snn Francisco.. 08 40 30.32 .. Clear Seattle 40 58 30.18 .. Haln St. Louis.... 50 44 2.06 Rain St. I'aul 30 22 30.02 .. Cloudy Washington... 80 54 30.18 .. Clear LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A. M. 8 P. M. Harometer 30.18 30.19 Humidity 00 76 Wind?direction 8.W. S.W V/lnd?velocity 8 24 Weather Pt. Cldy Cle?' Precipitation 'Ph.. tnmnnrnlnro In this idtv veaterdav. a recorded by tho official thermometer. Is shown In the annexed table: ft A.M... ">9 1P.M... H9 OP.M... Hs f> A. M... 61 2 P. M... 70 7 P. M... flf. 50 A.M... 04 OP.M... 70 8 P.M...fill A.M.. 70 4 P.M... 08 IIP. M... <V12 M 88 OP.M... 07 10P.M... 0 1921. 1920. 1921. 102" 9 A. M.... 61 44 8 P. M.... ?fi 4c 12 M 88 01 9 P. M.... 68 4 9 P. M 70 51 12 Mid 8"> 3' Highest temperature, 71, at 11:10 \. M. lowest temperature, 59. at 5 A. M. Average temperature, 63. EVENTS TO-DAY. Marshal Ferdinand Fo?n wlli be chief guest at a luncheon of the Pennsylvania Society, Waldorf-Astoria, 1 P. M. lie alt will visit Roosevelt House, 28 West Twen tloth street. 12:30 P M., will receive honor ary degree, Columbia University, 3 P. M.. ,1 and will lay cornerstone of new home of Academy of Arts and Letters, Broadwaand 155th street, 4:80 P. M. Dinner of tho France America Society, Waldorf-Astoria. 8 P. M. Uala concert, Capitol Theatre. 10:45 P. M. Former United States Senator James Harr Uton Lewis of Illinois will speak at a di; nor In honor of tho faculty of the College of the City of New York, Amsterdam ave nue and 138th street, 7 P. M. Luncheon In honor of Sergeant 8amun woocrui, Army ana ivavy uiiiu oi aium leu. 112 West Fifty-ninth street, 1 P. M. Manufacturers' Trust Company, dinner. Hotel Astor, 11 P. M. Actors' Equity Association, annual ball. Hotel Astor. 11 P. M. "China and the Open Poor" will be discussed at a luncheon meeting of the Foreign Policy Association, Hotel Commodore, 12:43 P. M. The Associated I,ocal School Board of the Borough of Manhattan, luncheon, Hotel Astor. 1 P. M. First Reserve Squadron Post Nr. 74.". American Legion, annual meeting and dinner. Columbia University Club, 4 West Forty third street, 7:30 P. M. The Thomas Hunter Association of Gran, mar School No. 33, annual reunion, Hot< 1 Astor, 7 P. M. Queens County Men's S. and B. Society, an nual ball. Central Opera House, 201 T3a?t Sixty-seventh street, 8:30 1'. M. Meeting under auspices of Hebrew Shelte. Ing and Immigrant Aid Society, Centra: Jewish Institute, 123 East Eighty-fifth street, 8:30 P. M. Sherman Rogers will lecture on "Can Capital and Labor Pull Together'.'" Town Hall, 123 West Forty-third atreet, 11 A. M. Charles R, Morey will lecture on "The Beginning of Byxuntlno Art,," Metropolitan Museum of Art, 4 P. M. Hall of Fame, New York University, Untverrlty Heights, open to tho public 2 P. J", to tl P. M. Prof Samuel C. Schmucker will lectnro on "Relics of the Past," American Museum o* Natural History. Seventy-seventh street and Central Park West, 8:13 P. M. Associated Retail Credit Men of Net\ York, dinner. Hotel Commodore, 7 1*. M. Osteopathic Society of New York, dlnnc and mooting, Waldorf-Aatorla, beginning 8 P. M. American Society of Marine Draughtsmen, meeting. Engineering Societies Building, V' West Thirty-ninth street, 10 A. M. and 2 P. M. Pinner, Hotel llreslln, 7 P. M. Now York HtBtO JtOiei Association, mgamt clay of convention. Hotel Commodoro. CHARITY ENTERTAINMENTS. Rummage Sale to Be Given foe St. Agnes Xnreery. A ruramuKO sale for the benefit of th. St. Agnes Day Nursery will be held or. November 29 and 3b at 13 VVi.'st Kleventh street. Mrs. Robert R. Livingston, who Is president of the nursery, will have the assistance at the sale of Mntes. Augustus Jay. Rita Lydig, Da'wln P. Ktngsloy, Edgar Speyer, C 'mors Wood, John Claflln, Martin vgel, James Tlnipson, John Waterbury. William Payton, Charles Carscallen and George Ethrldge. An auction bridge for the benefit of Ht. Michael's Home for Olria, In Mamaronerk, will be held In the ballroom of '-he Colony Club next Monday afternoon. Tables at flO each and single tickets at $2.50 may ho obtained from Mrs. Adrian H. Lark In. 61 East Klgh - ty-socond street. The orncers or rnr home are Mrs. Stuyvesant F. Morris, president; Mrs. Charles R. Henderson, vice-president, and Mrs. William C XMckey, secretary. Under the auspices of the I). V. N. T Society for the benefit of their settlement hoiine. In Ueroy street, a concert will be given In the new ballroom of the Plar.u on the afternoon of November 3*. The artists will be Mrs. George T\ Rohblns, violin; Miss Btty Uobbtns, Intorprrtntlve dancer, and Jan van Rommel, barytone of the Royal Opera, The Hague. At ujng those Interested from whom tickets niay b>j obtained ure Mrs An??l Phelt . Miss Annette II. Hoard ....... 1 f vr (..? Pmll. Scott and Mrs. Mcli. Livingston. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news den patches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also th? loc?: ^ news published herein. All rlxhts of republication of special despatches herein are al-o reserved.