Newspaper Page Text
f > ...
NEW YORK HERALD!
J UBLISHED BY THE HUN-HERAX.D
E CORPORATION. 2S0 BROADWAY ; |
'1ELEPHONE, WORTH 10,000.
Director* uiid officer*: Frank A. Munaey,
: r?*Ment; Ervin YYurdman, Vice-President;
Wm. T. Dewart. Troa?urer; 11. H. Tlthertijjton.
MAIL SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
One Sit One
By Malt, Postpaid. Year. Months. Mouth.
' AILY A SUNDAY...913.00 *0.00 $1.00
DAILY only lO.'JO 3.00 A'' I
SUNDAY only ?.<*> S.30 .40
SUNDAY' only, Canada. 0 00 3.-5 .o."1
DAILY A SUNDAY...$20.00 $13.30 $2.40
tXatt .v nnlv 18.00 0.00 l.lih ;
^UNPA Y oni> ! 75 5.12 <<! :
All checks, money order*, ?c., to be made !
(Mvyable to The 8un-Hernld.
Slninch Office* for receipt of advertisements I
sale of papers:
VmiN'-iPAL Uptown Or.ocD-Hno.tnw tv and
.'.lit Sr. Entrance 105?* Broadway tone,
flieht up). Tel. Chelsea -1000.
Hari rm Osvie-b, 205 wratt 11 5th St., near
l-bmiNTH Avr. Tel. 7W Mornlngslde. Open
?f Ttntll 10 P. M. j
Washington Hkmiits "iTIIT-IA"' ^P"tJ
181 st St. Tel. 1)008 Wadsworth. Open until i
?0 P. M.
SlXTEJCNTH ST. OSTI<T>--CO*NHS IflTH ST. ANB 1
: rvRNTH Ave. Tel. Chelsea 4000.
Downtown Cpphi? 106 Bkoabvvat. Open I
'* A. M to 10 P. M.: Sundays. 2 T. M. to I
"10 P. M.
Brooklyn 0?tict?~24 Cocbt St. Tel. Mailt |
K458. Open until 10 P. M. Kaglu Building,
::?1 wakirr ton St. Tel. 1100 Main.
.. Uhon* (li ; iit?518 Willis Avk., at 14Htii 1
tlt. Tel. Odtiti Mel row. Open until 10 P. M.
Prinrlpal American anil Foreign Bureaus.
M ASHINOTON?Tho Muneey Building,
v KIOAUt1'oS Sout.i l.a Salle St.
T.ONDON?10-43 Fleet St.
J ARI8?11) Avenue de l'Opera, 38 Hue du
' Thr New York Humid was founded by i
lamas Cordon Bennett in 1835. It remained i
'the sole property of !t? founder until his j
A?.1. i? .1,.. |.|. ??n >)?? lames
Gordon Bennett. Rucceeded to the ownership
it the paper, which remained In his hands i
until his death, in 191k. Tub Hbuai.o be- j
tame the property of Frank A. Munsey, its i
jir. sent owner. In 102'!.
saturday, november 19. 1921.
France Scores Handsomely in
In line keepin' with the spirit of
the American proposal, France now
comes f< rwartl with a suggestion on
the Far Eastern problem that is
highly worthy of that great nation.
M. Sarraut, the French Colonial
Minister, said in the conference on j
Thursday that France will surrender!
Kwang Chow to China if Great Brit-!
ain will surrender Wei Hei Wei and j
if Japan will surrender Shantung i
and the Port Arthur peninsula to j
What France offers to lolu/n to j
China, cancelling a lease which has !
seventy-six years to run, is not a j
large territory, scarcely 200 square j
miles. The population is about 200,000.
But it was all that France took
tn China when Germany seized Kiao
< 'how, Great Britain Wei Hei Wei
and Russia Port Arthur; and the
terms obtained by the Europeans
were practically the same in all
cases. Now, of course. Japan has
the concessions obtained by Russia
Evidently France believes that by j
wiping clean the slate of the bargain- j
ing that took place after the Boxer j
war?with the European victors will-1
ing to rent choice Chinese territory
at their own prices?some international
jealousy might be dissipated.
In the Far East field France makes
an offer similar to that of Mr.
IfruiiEs: "We will drop something if
the other fellows will." This is good '
diplomacy. It creates a friendly i
spirit if nothing more.
s Kwang Chow, which has been a
tree port since 1902, lies in the south |
of China. It gives the French actual ;
control of the great island of Hainnn, I
from which it is separated only by a J
strait. With France in possession of
Kwang Chow and Hainan, French
Tndo-China, which lies to the west
a< ross the Gulf of Tonkin, is made
Two French steamship lines call
at Kwang Chow and It is one of the
most important coaling stations in
the French colonies, or large coal
heds are close at hand. So it is certain
that France, in offering to give
tip this station, is not merely striking
a magnanimous pose, secretly glad
to rid herself of a nuisance. She:
voul<J never willingly let another I
Power obtain control of a port so j
near her own great possessions in |
Indo-China. She very likely believes i
t at hv nptinar irenerouslv with China
and setting a Rood example to other:
Powers she will receive fair treat-;
ment from the grateful Chinese. And j
France has a right to believe this, j
China does not forget her friends.
M. Sarbaut remarks that French j
Tndo-China, with its 25,000,000 inhabitants,
is not to be involved. This
is obvious; the French acquisition of1
that region is another and much
* lder story. No dispute lies there'
except perhaps over the eastern boun- J
dary, and this the French are willing j
"France," says M. Sarbaut of the
Chinese problem, "is for open deal- \
jngs." Open dealings and the open
loor will do much to restore China':! j
confidence in the outer world. It
would be a good thing for white men
And yellow men if China and her
irienos were convince"! iiiai sue was
regarded as something more than
good picking. France has pointed
one way to signify this. And, in response
to the challenge, (Jreat Uritain
could well afford to turn hack
Wei Iiei Wei to its old landlord.
It is from Japan that the final an '
swer to Miia generous French offer
must com t.
A Memorial Avenue of Elma.
The Road of Remembrance, reaching
from Buffalo to New York city,
which It Is proposed to establish, its
sides to be lined with elms planted
in mnmnrv nf f Iiasp Ufhn fnncrlif lit
the world war, would be a fine tribute
to the soldiers of 1917-1918. Tt might
appropriately be carried to Montauk
1%>tnt, on Long Island, and extensions
of the tree lined highway might be |
carried to the Canadian line on the
north and the Pennsylvania boundary
on th<- south. Hut before the project
Is undertaken there should be careful
inquiry as to the suitability of
the elm for thiB purpose.
Many of the magnificent elms I
which only a few years ago arch*J
New England village streets and gave
to even unpretentious hamlets beauty
and distinction have died. The elm
is subject to attack by pests of several
kinds and in numerous cases it
has been found impossible to save
the trees when disease assailed thein.
Local conditions along the entire
course of the highway should be carefully
studied, and if a community
bordering on it is losing Its eluis the
blight should be eliminated there before
an avenue for its transmissal
from one end of the State to the
other is established. The planting
niwl oiilfivnMmi nf the troes should
of course be (lone under the supervision
of u forester.
A noble avenue lined with majestic
trees is a glorious memorial, but its
construction should not begin until
all the conditions affecting it have
The Vote Everything; Duty
When the present House of Representatives
first passed its tax bill .t
had the economic wits to put the
maximum surtax rate on incomes at
32 per cent. The Senate agricultural
bloc, pistol in hand, held up the Penrose
tax measure until the maximum
surtax rate was raised in the upper
branch of Congress to 50 per cent.
Then the matter went into the committee
of conference of the two
Houses and became deadlocked.
President Harding did not doubt
that ihe sounder and more productive
of the two surtax proposals would be
the 32 per cent. rate. He argued and
he worked for it. But to get action
on the deadlocked measure he finally
urged a compromise at 40 per cent.
On Thursday the House of Representatives,
rejecting the plea of the
President, yielded to the Senate
Representative Frear of Wisconsin,
who led the opposition to sane
taxation, declared to his fellow members,
with an insulting sneer at the
President of the United States,
"Don't you think, when you go back
to your constituents, you will need
more than a letter from the President
to answer for that record?"
Fri:ar thus reveals himself among
the precious collection of bidders for
the votes of the ignorant and the deluded
as one who has the hardihood
to stand up and unblushingly proclaim
that what he is in Congress
for is not to serve the interests and
the needs of his country and its people
but to look to the votes that will
is Freak's self-acknowledgvu purpose
and business does he not think, to
borrow his own expression, that when
3,000,000, 4,000,000 or 5,000,000 unemployed
workers later form themselves
into political lynching committees
to deal with Congressmen
who have kept them out, of jobs indefinitely,
he and those who have
played such miserable politics on the
tax measure will need more than
their kind of humbug to answer for
As long as Congress continues to
chase working capital out of active
industrial enterprises with a 50 per
cent, surtax scalping knife there is
going to be a curtailment of the payrolls
in the mills and factories. And
as long as surplus capital is driven
by the same weapon into tax exempt
securities there is going to be a
shrinkage of Treasury revenues from
taxes on such capital. So the Frears
who make tax schedules to dupe
credulous voters are simply throwing
monkey wrenches into the industrial
machinery of the country.
When tho American public realizes,
as its common sense will bring
u 10 realize, wnai me rrears nave
been doing to cut down its bread
and butter. President Handing, who
tried to help the situation, will not
be held accountable. It will be the
brazen and blatant Frears who
blocked the efforts of the President
and of other straight thinkers to
keep capital at work in the greatest
possible degree so that wage earners
could be put to work in the largest
Wage Costs and Trade.
For some time the monthly reports
of foreign trade of the United States
have displayed no conspicuous alterations
in their general aspect as represented
by total exports and imports.
October was no exception. Exports
for that month were 5346,000,000,
a figure from six to twenty millions
larger than exports for any
month Bince March, with the one exception
of August, when the outgoing
trade was $367,000,000.
Imnorts for October were J1S3.000 -
000. a figure which varied by only a
few millions from import figures for
every month since June. Likewise
the excess of exports for October,
$16.1,000,000, was about the average of
the excess exports in the range from
$85,000,000 in April up to $172,000,000
But close- analysis of the nine
months to October 1, 1021, reveals
that our t \ports have been undergoing
a marked alteration in character.
In the last six months we have lost
our grip on many markets calling for
manufactured goods ready for con
sumption. Had it not been for the
sustained and even increased foreign
demand for our raw materials and nr
tides of food our trade In that period
would have made a much worse show
lug than It did.
In January. 1921, manufactured
articles exported constituted 4G per
cent, of the outgoing trade in value;
In February the figure was the same:
in March, 42 per cent.; in April, 4.1
per cent. In May, which was virtu
ally the culmination of deflation nnd
depression here, our manufactured
exports slumped to 28 per cent.; in
Juno the percentage was 34; in July,
1 rin. jSCj
I 30; iu August. 26; in September, 26. j
j All the rest of our exports were composed
of crude materials for use In I
foreign factories or of foods.
Other countries fully equipped to
make and export finished products
1 are again iu the running. In the
matter of quality we can compete.
In the matter of financing we ought I
to be able to come out with an ad-1
vantage, because we have larger
credit reserves than any other nation.
But in the matter of costs we
go down to defeat, because wages,
the chief factor in the price of finished
products, are still inflated.
Other countries can offer lower
prices than ours, not because the purchasing
power of their money is
higher in raw materials which go
into the finished articles but because
the purchasing power of their money i
in their labor markets is higher than
the American dollar in the American
labor market. This is particularly
true of Germany. It is true even of
England; and these are the chief
manufacturing nations with which
we have to compete.
The report of British trade for October
shows that with exports of
?72.640,000, imports of ?84,740,000,
and excess imports of only ?12,000,!
000, Great Britain has been able to
keep up her exports and reduce her
unfavorable balance, lareelv ,V the
| sale of manufactured goods, to approximately
the level of the excess
imports of pre-war months.
High costs in American manufac- j
i tures do not figure solely in the for-,
, eign trade. Despite all the tariff'
! wrinkles that might he invented, un-!
I der prevailing conditions nothing I
I can prevent foreign nations from un- j
; derselling our goods right here in
j the domestic markets, and even if I
i they could bo barred from the Amer- j
. ican lleld they would, by shutting us!
out of foreign markets, compel us to
| retain our surplus goods at home.!
| For us this would mean, and it has j
j meant, as anybody can see, slack i
I production and increased unemployI
iuent as natural result^.
; Tariff or uo tariff, the argument
| for bringing down labor costs either
! with wage cuts or with higher pro-:
j ductivity at a maintained wage is
Tag Birds or Lose Them.
Those who have been in the habit
of shipping wild ducks, geese and
other migratory birds without tags
describing the contents of each pack
age have been violating a Federal
law and are liable to prosecution by
the United States authorities and to
suffer the seizure of their game.
Sharing one's bag with a friend is
a manifestation of the true quality
' of sportsmanship. It is the outward ;
sign of the spirit which finds joy'
in giving, and it would be a pity to '
have its expression marred through ;
lack of knowledge of the law.
That this may not happen the |
Bureau of Biological Survey of the
United States Department of Agriculture
calls attention to the law,
which provides that all packages containing
migratory birds must have
i tno names ot tno snipper ana tne
; consignee and an accurate statement j
of the number and kinds of birds j
i contained therein clearly and con-1
spicuously marked thereon.
With so simple a regulation it
would seem the part of isdom for
I shippers to comply with the law.
. This would not only protect the ship!
per but at the same time insure the
j gratitude of the man who had the
1 hominy and the appetite waiting for
the canvasback or the redhead at the j
I other end of the line.
Mr. Howat's Two Civil Wars.
The question long pending whether 1
' Alexaxdeh Howat is the State of
| Kansas remains complicated with the
| further question whether Howat is
| the United Mine Workers of America.
Mr. Howat's collision with the State
of Kansas has put him iu jail, with
every prospect of his remaining there
; for the next six months. His colli!
sion with the United Mine Workers
I lias put him out of that union.
But Mr. Howat delies both Kansas
i and the union. He will not recognize
the laws of Kansas except such as
I meet his personal, expressed approval,
and he proclaimed the fact
| from the housetops until the laws of
; Kansas restricted the forum of his
proclamations to the confines of a
i jail cell. He will not recognize the
edicts of the Mine Workers Union,
I and he hurls defiance at that union
' through the grated jail windowa. His
attltu toward the State of Kansas
and the union collectively he compresses
into the" terse slogan'. "To
hell with Governor Ali.f.n and Joiw j
Be wis. Our plans aro unchanged, j
We will continue to fight."
Meanwhile the Court of Industrial |
Relations, which was the cause of
I Mr. Howat's declaration of inde- j
, pendence against the State of Kansas I
and of the civil war which he is [
now waging against that Commonwealth?so
far as jail rules will per1
nilt?is functioning quite smoothly
and ironing out labor controversies
with much success. In the year and
eight months that it has been in existence
more than thirty cases have
been brought before it for adjudication.
It may savor of treason to
the Howat cause, but the fact remains
that labor union leaders them-1
selves brought the majority of these |
appeals for judgment. Twenty-eight
of the cases have been decided and
. out of these twenty-eight decisions,
all of them affecting wages, working
conditions and contracts, twenty1
seven have been accepted an entirely
. satisfactory both to employeos and
I At the time of the Howat declara- j
i Hon of war against Kansas lie an-,
. nouncdl that If the Industrial Court j
W 1 UiVIV d
were not abolished all the miners
would leave the State. Five hundred
did leave, and the Kansas coal production
of the year following their
departure exceeded by 900,000 tons
what it had been tho year before
when they were on the job and kicking
up strike rows. A few hundreds
of the Howat army of miners are
still in the held industriously loafing
and resolving in mass meetings that
they will not do a stroke of work un
Ill JIU.X.VSUKK IS UUl U1 Jitll. -IltUU"
v, hile the output of Kansas coal continues
to be satisfactory. That seems
about to cover the news from the
Howat-Kansas civil war front.
The statuB of the Ilowat-United
Mine Workers conflict is more complicated.
The attorney of the United
Aline Workers has notified all banks
holding Ivans; % district funds to
honor no checks signed by representatives
of the Kansas district organization.
The attorney for the
Kansas district organization has
served notice on the same banks to
honor 110 checks not signed by representatives
of that organization. I
Thus the Howat and the United Mine I
Workers forces are in a legal deadlock.
There is a special public interest
in this civil war between the two
prnnt fn.nl lahnr hurons. Howat and
Lewis, because It is in progress
so near the time when existing union
mining contracts terminate and the
union demand for higher wages and
a five hour day is to bo launched.
That will be about the first of next
Hurley's Praise of Our Ships.
When Edward N. Hurley, formor
chairman of the United States Shipping
Board, declares that "compared
ship by ship and type for type with
foreign vessels the American cargo
carriers are as good as any other
vessels," he makes a statement which
cannot be refuted. Even ignoring
the fact that the American merchant
marine is deficient in fast passenger
vessels, there would still be no
grounds for adding any qualifica
nous to :vir. tiuiu.rcY S statement tnat
the merchant fleet flying the Stars
and Stripes, considering the ships on
the general average, is as good as the
merchant marine of any other nation
if the one and all of a merchant
marine were the size and type of its
As it happens, the United States
is able to build ships more rapidly
than any other nation. We have
within easy reach all the materials
which go into a ship and we have the
yards and facilities for putting this
material together. But once the shin
is built the problem of operatiou
comes in, and right here is where the
American merchant marine runs
into one obstacle after another.
Due to our long absence from the
Beas this country has to enter trade
routes practically as a stranger in
the ocean carriage business. A
stranger is not welcomed in the maritime
field by the shipping world unless
he offers superior terms and superior
service. And service in the
maritime field includes more than
the mere selling of cargo space. It j
means regularity of sailings and
trustworthiness in deliveries as well
as reasonable rates. To give this
kind of service and these reasonable
rates a merchant marine organization
must include not only ships of
the best types but a large staff of
experienced operators whose ultimate
objective will be the good of the]
fleet. But if a merchant marine is \
hedged about, as ours is, with high
wage costs and a multitude of legislative
restrictions all that a staff
of experienced operators could do in
a whole liretime or earnest service
would not amount to as much as a
drop of rain in u cloudburst.
We could build ships until our
merchant fleet equalled in size the
combined merchant navies of the rest
of the world. Moreover, we could
build ships of the finest types, large
and small, so there would be nothing
on the globe to compare with them.
But they would be worth mighty little
to promote our welfare on the
seas unless they could be operated in
competition with foreign ships.
Every right thinking citizen must
think, as Mr. Hi bley does, that America
should have an adequate and efll- j
cient merchant marine in every sense
and not merely a huge tonnage of
white elephant ships. But, lirst,
something must be done to remedy
the home laws and conditions which
break down the merchant fleet.
The Brooklyn nmnteur distiller who
was knocked out for four months by
ono punch of his product woe sentenced,
upon recovery, to live in
Rhode Island hereafter. Is this a
case of making the punishment lit
Observe the haze
We have these days;
A smoky pall
Clothes tower nnd wall
In overcoats blue.
The sun is red
And overhead :
He marks a way
As In the bay
The ferryboats do.
Takes a degree
Much higher than
They give a man
In college channels.
You throw the wtnDows
wide and In
Your shirt sleeves work,
While out you Jerk
Swear words at flannels.
Kach friend you moot
Down In the Htroet,
Htops, mops hln brow
And loudly vowb
"This Is ii bummer'."
You rntoh a cold
And sniff and mope-Dy
all this dope
It'a Indian Hammer I
/I a Xily.l A f xW ( uxtXi/i-lk
Against 'Viper* Warfare.
Chinese Minister Com mend s the New
York Herald'* Editorial.
Washington, Nov. 18.
Prank a. munsey,
Publisher The New York Herald:
I have read with profound interest
your editorial in The Herald of November
17, entitled "Make a Clean
! Sweep Now of All Outlaw Warfare.
Although Chinn was somewhat outside
of the main track of the European
war wo did feel, to a considerable
extent, some of the effects of it
which were covered in your editorial.
liy this I mean tliut the Chinese
laborers on the western front suffered
illllll lilt; USD Ul puiovil U11U uur
commerce suffered a great deal from i
the menace of the submarine.
Although our delegation is not par- 1
tlcipating directly in the discussions
pertaining to the limitation of armament
in the present conference we do ;
have a vital interest in the entire
matter. It is no secret that civilization
received a serious setback in the
recent war, and it will require a long
time for the world to recover from its
We hope that the present conference
will eliminate wars entirely from
the world, but in case that Ideal cannot
bo reached certainly we do hope
that the conference will make future
wars less d'-nstrous by eliminating
many of the features that served to
make the last war a permanent blot
upon the world's civilization.
With sincere compliments to you
for your strong stand on this subject,
I am, Sao-kb Alfred Sze,
Freedom of Speech.
Opinions About Police Interference
at. the Town Hall.
To The New York Herald : Please
permit me to differ with your editorial
article entitled "Wholly Inexcusable."
There seems to be a generally wrong
opinion of what free speech means. The
New York Constitution says distinctly
that every citizen has the right to express
his sentiments ; but he Is held responsible
for its abuse. That means
that there Is a certain curb put upon
free speech. If this was not done, there
would be all kinds of anarchistical
speeches made, and there would be no
way of preventing the overthrow of
organized government. Also if there was
no limit to the kind of speeches which
a person could make we would have
advocates of immorality and advocates
of other crimes. Henc tho clause in
the Constitution making- the person responsible
for the abuse of free speech.
It seems to me that the only "wholly
| Inexcusable" act done by the police was
; In not gathering enough evidence to hold
tiie defendants for Special Sessions.
I Where was Captain Donohoe? It is no
' excuse to say that he could not be found.
He knew that the case was coming up
in court on a certain day and he should
i have been there. Magistrate Corrigan
did not say anything about free speech ;
, ho held that the evidence was iiiou'ilclent.
Alex. M. Jarkckie, LL. M.
New York, November 18.
An English Instance.
To The New York Herald: At a recent
meeting of the British Association
I.ord Dawson, a distinguished sociologist,
delivered ati address on love, mar- ;
riagc and birth control. So far as I
know nothing has happened to him at
the hands of the police. They really '
seem to have clearer ideaa abou. liberty
in England. Brevih. '
New York, November 18.,
A Power for Right.
To The New York Herald: What a ,
1 power for truth and right you are! I
am with you. Your editorial article
"Wholly Inexcusable" prompts this.
i rv \f Tt
New York, November 18.
Improving the Locomotives.
Objections Stated to the Snorsestlons
of a Kailroad Man.
To The New York Herai.d: A letter,
[you recently published regarding wastes
permitted in railroad locomotive operation
is a very good example of the type
of misinformation which the public Is '
being fed up on in regard to the railroad
It is very true that many railroad
shops are very antiquated, but the suggestions
your correspondent made have
many objections or they would have
been in use long ago. The air com- i
pressor cannot use exhaust stes.ii be- ,
cause portable apparatus cannot be
made condensing. This would require
greatly increased bulk and condensing
water, a sufficient amount of which cannot
be carried, also a dry air pump to
maintain the necessary vacuum.
Furthermore, the compressor is usually
operating whilo the train is stopped,
wnen tnere is no exnausi nioam, rinn
as some simple means must be provided
to maintain the draught, the exhaust
Is sent up the stack.
The suggestion that the Injector uses
livo steain and Is therefore wasteful Is
not found so In practice. It Is one of 1
the most efficient heat users we have, as
all the heat in the steam Is Immediately
returned to the boiler?It Is true
at a Jower temperature, but the heat
units have not been lost. Modern loco|
motivi have tubes In which the feed
'water is partially heated by the spent
furnace gases, but if the heating Is
carried too far the Injector will fall to
function, because It is primarily a condensing
device and depends on a sufficient
difference In temperature between
tho steam and the feed water to give
that water sufficient velocity to enter
the boiler against steam pressure. Should
an Independent pump be used tt would
There are undoubtedly economies
which can be made In the larger locomotivce,
such as brick arches and mechanical
stokers, which would avoid the
open lire door, permitting cold air to
enter and chill the gases entering the
fire tubes. The best engineering minds
aro working upon these problems, but
many limitations prevent practical operation.
New York, November 18.
The Cobra and tlie Rabbit.
To The New York Herald: Cobras
must kill their food by poison or die by
starvation. This was told me by Mr.
Dltmars and applies to all poisonous
It may seem cruel to allow snakes to
kill rabbits, &c., but game shooting is
worse. K. Q. CunTiss.
nitw York, November is,
1 Chnnre fur ? Missouri Argument.
From the Morj/vlllr Dttnocraf-Forum.
A trailer in Itnrnnrd recently stumped tits
, editor by nsklng It he knows of any person
who ever rtvv a "horse of nnother eotor."
Prize Winners Native in
"Varnishing day" at the Academy is
usually a varnishing day in name only,
but yesterduy there actually was onj
young artist who had the temerity to
take down his canvas from tho walls
and apply the revivifying varnish. But
tiiis young niun was the only one among
the company of artists who had assembled
to pass Judgment upon tho general
effect who had any pep. For tho mo3t
part a . (range apathy prevailed. The
artists were enthusiastic about meeting
each other, for the fall varnishing day
is the ofllcial moment for the reentry
into town after the summer's work; but
they were not enthusiastic about meeting
No one could be found among them
who felt that the exhibition marked
any great progress upon the part of the
aged institution. ".Same old Academy"
was the remark that was most frequently
heard. As it was invariably an
academician who was speaking it may
be taken as authentic that this exhibition,
therefore, makes no departure from
the standards that have prevailed on
Fifty-seventh street for some years.
The Altaian prize winners, me nuuuuXTp,"
by Carl Runglus, and "Superstli
by K. i j. Blumenshein, were
treated with especial coolness. It is
often difficult, when the merit of the
picture is not obvious, to know the reason
upon which the committee of awards
acted, but in the present case, or case*,
there was apparently a wish to foster
tlie native subject and the native tradition.
This is commendable in Itself.
Mr. Runglus's picture Is correct
enough, doubtless, in its topography and
all that, but as art it is not strong.
There is a generally evasive air about
the work, as though the painter hud not
been heart and soul Interested in it himself.
The only bit that suggests personal
observation is the section that includes
the horses' lieuds. The heads of
the two men officiating at the roundup
are blurred over. If the committee
had meant to emphasize the native subject
it might have more pointedly called
attention to such material by giving tlie
prize to W. Herbert Dunton, whose
"Cattle Buyer" has much more life in
it than the one finally chosen. Mr.
lltinton certainly naints the West as
though his heart an J soul were in the
West, and that's the chief thing to be
asked of a painter. His present cattle
picture is much more bold and theatric
than some of his former pictures, but it
still guards the air of having been produced
Mr. Blumenshein's "Superstition" is a
cheap and tawdry Indian picture. The
Indians have suffered a great deal from
the white man in times past, but it begins
to seem as though we were destined
to hound them to the von* end. Mr.
T'fer's Indian pictures are equally without
artistic excuse. He shows the base
uses to which the once noble red man
has now descended?he paints a squaw
actfng as table Maid for an artist In the
Taos colony, and Mr, Blumcnshein gives
us an ex-warrior working at the plasterer's
trade. Considering everything, these
arc painful themes and nothing in the
treatment awarded them redeems them.
The centre of interest yesterday for
the artists seemed to lie in the northeast
corner of the Vanderbllt Gallery,
w .? " there was a landscape, "Primeval
Forest." by Charles S. Chapman, and a
bust of the "Baby Angela," by the sculptor
Emilio Angela. Between these two
there was a painting of a young girl in
a hammock by Leon Kroll, by long odds
the most showy picture in the whole exhibition,
but most of the talk centred
A November Nightfall.
rhfi sky is wrapt In sullen gray;
The wind repeats a sad refrain;
The long roud dips, then fades away,
An umber ribbon In the rain.
The cattle cower about the byre;
The barren branches writhe and twist;
The slender finger of the spire
Is spectral in the shrouding mist.
Then dusk shuts ominous and sheer
Upon a land of lost delight.
And till the dawn one seems to hear
Weird goblin voices haunt the night.
A Naval Holiday of 1902.
Convent ion Between Chile and Ar<
centina Prevented War.
To The New York Herald: May I
lirect your attention to the enclosed copy
of the convention on limitation of naval
firmaments ? Igned between Chllo tind the
Argentine Republic in 1902 when on the
irery verge of war? This Judicious agreement
prevented great harm from being
lone to the cause of Hispanic American
It is worthy of note, as a rare event
in the history of the world, that when
the suggestion of peace was made In
Argentina and Chile public opinion
awakened from Its dream of war glories
to comprehend the real benefits of International
A year after the pact was ratified the
people of Argentina and Chile by popular
subscription erected the gigantic
statue of Christ the Redeemer in th<
most frequented pass of the Andes an a
Bymbol of peace and friendship.
f. Nieto del Rio.
New York, November 18.
convention on limitation of navai
armaments between chile ani
The Chilean Minister of Foreign Relations,
Mr. Jose Francisco Vergars
Iionoso, and Mr. Jose A. Terry, Envoj
Kxtraordlnary and Minister Plenipotentiary
of the Argentine Republic, me!
together in the Chilean Ministry of Foreign
Relations and have agreed to se<
forth In the following convention th<
various resolutions adopted with a view
to limiting the naval armaments of th<
two republics, resolutions which hav<
been made through the Initiative and th<
tlio rjni'prnmpnt of h!<
Britannic Majesty, represented In Clill<
by Its Knvoy Extraordinary and Mlnlstei
Plenipotentiary, Mr. Gerard A. Lowther
and In the Argentine Republic by Iti
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary,
Sir W. A. C. Harrington:
Article 1?In order to remove everj
source of anxiety the Governments ol
Chile and the Argentine Republic doslal
from acquiring the war vessels they havt
In course of construction and from making
fresh acquisitions. Both govern
ments agree moreover to reduce their re
spective lleets, for which purpose thej
will continue to negotlatq until they arrive
at an agreement productive of t
aiscreot equipoise ot ineir respectm
navitl forces. Tills reduction must bi
made within twelve months from thi
date of the present agreement.
Article 2?The two governments blnf
themselves not to Increase their nava
armaments, without previous notifies
tlons of eighteen months, during a perlot
of live years. This clause does not aftcd
the fortification of coasts and ports, ant
either government may aomitre any float
Has Varnishing Day
Fuchs Shows Portrait.
i about Mr. Chapman's landscape. It was
admired by some because it seemed so
\ much like a landscape by Oourbet, an*.
1 was condemned by others for ?he same
1 reason. The bust of the "Baby Angela'
i was considered to bo a strong rival of
the "Baby Manship," which was shown
' with success some years ago.
"The Portrait of a laidy," by the late
Abbott Thayer, has been given the place
. ui mmur in me taiiunrviiii uaucij, u.nu |
i other puintings that hid for attention i
I are the "Peace of Sleeping Nature," an ,
i excellent landscape by William H. j
Singer; the ".Repose of Evening," byBun
Poster; the "Portrait of Cluire Sheridan,
Sculptress," by Emil Kuchs; the
"Norsemen," by Max Bohrn ; the "Edge
of the Wood," by (J. A. Moch; "Shadowy
Peaks Remote," by Floyd Crews; "Small
Town," by Charles Rosen; the "Dying
Monarch," by II. Bolton Jones, and
"Norma," by Royston Nave.
NOTABLES TO SAIL ON
THREE LINERS TO-DAY
I Gen. Baron Jacques of Belgium
Gen. Baron Alfonso Jacques. Chief of
Staff of the Belgian forces and hero of
the siege of Liege, who came to the
United States to attend the American
Legion convention at Kansas City, will
be a passenger on the Red Star liner
Zeeland, sailing to-day for Plymouth, j
Cherbourg and Antwerp. Baron Jacques
will be accompanied by Capt. Commandant
A. E. M. Do La Ruwlere.
Mr. and Mrs. William Jay Schleffelin
and Miss Ix>uise Vanderbilt Schleffelin,
their daughter, will start for Europe today
by the Baltic with the Intention of
being abroad six months. The White
j Star liner also is to take abroad Mr.
Luis A. Ourgel do Arnaral, Secretary of
tho Brazilian Embassy in Wasnington;
Mme. Gurgel do Amaral, and Senor Don
Alfredo Michelson, Second Secretary of
the Colombian Legation n Washngton.
Others on board will he the Rev. Dr.
Henry van Dyke, former Minister to the
Netherlands; Miss van Dyke, Lady Yule
and Miss Gladys Yule, Col. Sir Sidney
Wishart, Mr. Robert McBride. Mr. C. E.
Sorenson and Mr. Bnibakcr, directors of
the Ford Motor Company,
Cameronia of the Cunard-Anehor lines,
sailing to-day for a cruise to Madeira,
Gibraltar. Monaco, Genoa and Naples,
will be the first oil burning passenger
steamship from New York to the Mediterranean
Sen. Arriving from Glasgow
on Thursday, she was ready to turn
around again within twenty-four hours,
and then had a full day left before sailing
time. Tho time between arriving
and departing was just forty-four hours.
The ship's tour will occupy five weeks,
with ample time at all ports of call to I
vl.lf ?V.O, t. ? 4T..1 ... I
>is>v I.1W K'B'iw. MIC omj a.v niimca Will
permit of a visit to Home, Pompeii,
Capri an<l Vesuvius. AmonK the prominent
passengers will be Mr. and Mrs.
Samuel W. Bridgham of Boston. Dr. and
Mrs. H. A. Garfield of Williamstown,
Mass.; Mr. and Mrs. N. Ij. McCready,
Mr. and Mrs. Kobert L. Montgomery of
Philadelphia, Mr. and Mrs. Louis M.
Ogden, Mr. and Mrs. C. N. Plrle of Toronto.
Mr. and Mrs. Beverly Scott.
Sailing to-day by the Dante Alighieri
of the Transatlantica-Itallana Lino will I
be Mr. James Meckley Potts, formerly I
j with the Seaboard National Bank: Mrs.
I Potts, Mr. and Robert Andrew Woods,
| Mr. Thomas E. Gavin, Major and Mrs.
i Luigi Falchl and Prof. Fedcrlco Giolittl.
The ship will sail with 280 cabin pasI
ing machinery for their particular defence,
such as submarines, &c.
Article 3?The sales to which this
agreement may give rise shall not be
! made to any country having questions
i pending with either of the contracting
Article 4?With a view to facilitating
the transfer of pending contracts both
governments bind themselves to extend
for two months the term stipulated for
me aenvery or tneir respective vessels [
in construction, for which purpose they
will give the necessary Instructions on
signing the present agreement.
Article 6?The ratification of the present
agreement shall be exchanged within
sixty days from date and the exchange
shall take place in Santiago.
In witness whereof the undersigned
' sign and seal in duplicato the present
convention In the city of Santiago tho
28th day of May, 1902.
J. A. TERRT.
J. F. Vkboaba Ponoso,
Extinct Volcano Burial Plnre.
I'rom the Popular Mechanics Magazine.
Hawaiian tradition that the crater of the
extinct volcano llaleakala. on the island of
; Maui, served us a burial ground for Ha- j
wailan chiefs in ancient times lias been I
substantiated by recent discoveries of an |
eminent ethnologist. Three terraced plat- I
forms, surrounded by stone walls, wero
found In n cone In the centre of the crnter.
i In a nearby cone was a stone cairn In which
! was the skeleton of a woman, placed face i
down with the knees flexed. Two poles of
1 mamano wood above and at either side sugI
gested a sort of Utter for carrying bodies.
rutting It I'p to the Kdltor.
, Mount Levi correspondence riarkaville Herald
Winter Is hero and our clothes are very
J thin. What will wo do, Mr. Edltor7
A Lay Cure.
From the Manchester Ovardian.
"I^carn a sonnet of Shakoircaro'a whon !
you arc phavln* in # the nicrnln*" Is Sir I
vimrirm j. oymonfla ? recipe tor attaining !
, mentn! fltnesa.
1 How many moments In tb? day
Unprofltably glide away!
How many men recite an ode
While they are walking up tbo road?;
llow many women learn a ballad
While washing lettuce for the salad?
I. too. was once among the slack?
Sir Charters' words have brought me
And now. as these few lines will witness,
T tread the way to mental fitness.
Thus: In the morning, when I wake,
I Start the day with "Break, break, i
While for my hath I run the water
I've time to learn "The Miller's Daugh- j
Then, lathering my hirsute chin,
I drink a Shakespeare sonnet In.
Together with my eggs nnd liam
I feast on "In Memorlam,"
And take my toast and marmalade
To Tennyson's "The Bight Brigade";
Then, neatly rolling up my brolly.
Declaim "H'-nce. loathM Melaneholv "
And, as I hasten from the house,
I carol Burns's "To n Mouse."
" While to my morning strati I cling
" I learn an "Tdyll of the King,"
Or If, instead of trains, I bike It,
r Itepeat a scene from "As You Like It."
t I never waste my brain a minute,
But keep on cramming culture In It.
9 And all my mental clouds disperse
9 By taking constant draughts of verse.
But when my wife Is buying bonnets
I need more solid stuff thnn sonnets:
In fact. If you will credit me,
I saunter through "Aurora Leigh"
And half way through "Evangeline"
While she compares the blue and green,
And by the time she's chosen yellow
I've reached the last line of "Sordello."
B. !f. S.
For Eastern New York?Rain to-day ;
to-morrow clearing and much colder; Increasing
For New Jersey?Kaln to-day, to-morrow
clearing and much colder; increasing southerly
For Northern New England?Rain to-day.
to-morrow clearing and much colder; Increasing
For Southern New England?Rain to-day.
creasing southerly winds.
to-morrow clearing and much colder; !nl'or
Western New York?Rain to-day. much
roider this afternoon and to-night; to-morrow
fair and colder; strong shirting winds, be
WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.?Pressuro remains
high ulong the Atlantic coast, high and rlsin;
In far Western and Northwestern districts,
and lov; in tho Mississippi Valley and tin
region of the great lakes, with the centre
of minimum pressure near tho mouth of the
Exceptionally warm weather prevailed during
to-day generally east of the Mississippi
River and along the west Gulf coasts, with
temperatures exceeding the highest of record
so late in the season at a number of polnts
in the Eastern and Southern States. In th.Northwest
the temperuture lias fallen d?
cidedly and It Is now below zero In North.
PsVo?a northwest North Pakota, Albert!
and Saskatchewan. Much colder weather haa
also overspread the upper Mississippi Val
ley and the Interior of the woat Gulf StateThere
have been general rains during th.
last twenty-four hours in the north Atlantic
States, the Ohio and lower Mississippi val
leys and the lake region, and light to general
snows In the upper Mississippi Valley, the
plains States and the Rocky Mountain region.
In tho middle Atlantic and New England
States the weather will be unsettled, with
rain la.marr.,iv nnrf alaarln. o..S V. ?
weather on Sunday. In the south Atlantic
State there will be local rains to-morrotv
and clearing and much colder weather on
Sunday. In the east tiulf States, Tennessee,
the Ohio Valley and the lower lake regton
there will be rain and much colder weather
to-morrow, and fair and colder wrsather on
Sundny, with a cold wave. In the upper lake
region there will bo rain and colder weather
to-morrow and fair and colder weather on
Sunday, with a cold wave In lower Michigan.
Storm warnings are displayed on the great
Observations at United States Weather Bureau
stations taken at S I\ M. yesterday,
seventy-fifth meridian time:
last 24 hrs. Baro- last 24
Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather.
Ahllene (18 41 30.04 .. I't. Cldy
Albany 70 ,10 30.12 .. Clear
Atlantic City... 84 r>4 30.22 .. Clear
Baltimore 74 0(1 1IO.10 .. Clear
Bismarck 20 4 30.34 .. Clear
Boston........ 48 40 30.18 .. Rain
Buffalo 48 40 20.02 .. Rain
Cincinnati 70 58 20.8(1 .04 Cloudy
Charleston 74 8-1 30.20 .. Cloudy
Chicago 48 42 20.82 .78 Rain
Cleveland 68 51! 20.88 .12 Cloudy
Denver 34 22 80.06 . . Clear
Detroit 62 r>6 SO.82 .12 Clouoy
C.alveeton 78 72 20.80 Clear
Helena 0 <1 30.32 .10 Know
Jacksonville... SO 68 30.10 .. Pt. Cldy
Kansas City... 38 34 20.00 .. Cloudy
I.ns Angeles.. 68 4tl 30.22 .. Clear
Milwaukee 40 30 20.84 .00 Haln
New Orleans.. .80 70 20.04 .. Clear
Oklahoma.1... 38 34 50.00 . 30 Cloudy
Philadelphia.. 76 PS 30.18 .. Clear
Pittsburgh 78 PS 20.06 .. Pt. Cldy
Portland, Me... 41 36 30.32 .. Cloudy _
Portland, Ore. 46 42 30.18 .10 Rain
Salt Hake City. 34 24 30.16 .. Clear
Kan Antonio... 88 74 20.80 .. Cloudy
Ban Diego 62 46 30.18 .. Clear
Snn Francisco.. 08 40 30.32 .. Clear
Seattle 40 58 30.18 .. Haln
St. Louis.... 50 44 2.06 Rain
St. I'aul 30 22 30.02 .. Cloudy
Washington... 80 54 30.18 .. Clear
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
Harometer 30.18 30.19
Humidity 00 76
Wind?direction 8.W. S.W
V/lnd?velocity 8 24
Weather Pt. Cldy Cle?'
'Ph.. tnmnnrnlnro In this idtv veaterdav. a
recorded by tho official thermometer. Is
shown In the annexed table:
ft A.M... ">9 1P.M... H9 OP.M... Hs
f> A. M... 61 2 P. M... 70 7 P. M... flf.
50 A.M... 04 OP.M... 70 8 P.M...fill
A.M.. 70 4 P.M... 08 IIP. M... <V12
M 88 OP.M... 07 10P.M... 0
1921. 1920. 1921. 102"
9 A. M.... 61 44 8 P. M.... ?fi 4c
12 M 88 01 9 P. M.... 68 4
9 P. M 70 51 12 Mid 8"> 3'
Highest temperature, 71, at 11:10 \. M.
lowest temperature, 59. at 5 A. M.
Average temperature, 63.
Marshal Ferdinand Fo?n wlli be chief
guest at a luncheon of the Pennsylvania Society,
Waldorf-Astoria, 1 P. M. lie alt
will visit Roosevelt House, 28 West Twen
tloth street. 12:30 P M., will receive honor
ary degree, Columbia University, 3 P. M.. ,1
and will lay cornerstone of new home of
Academy of Arts and Letters, Broadwaand
155th street, 4:80 P. M. Dinner of tho
France America Society, Waldorf-Astoria.
8 P. M. Uala concert, Capitol Theatre.
10:45 P. M.
Former United States Senator James Harr
Uton Lewis of Illinois will speak at a di;
nor In honor of tho faculty of the College
of the City of New York, Amsterdam ave
nue and 138th street, 7 P. M.
Luncheon In honor of Sergeant 8amun
woocrui, Army ana ivavy uiiiu oi aium leu.
112 West Fifty-ninth street, 1 P. M.
Manufacturers' Trust Company, dinner.
Hotel Astor, 11 P. M.
Actors' Equity Association, annual ball.
Hotel Astor. 11 P. M.
"China and the Open Poor" will be discussed
at a luncheon meeting of the Foreign
Policy Association, Hotel Commodore, 12:43
The Associated I,ocal School Board of the
Borough of Manhattan, luncheon, Hotel Astor.
1 P. M.
First Reserve Squadron Post Nr. 74.".
American Legion, annual meeting and dinner.
Columbia University Club, 4 West Forty
third street, 7:30 P. M.
The Thomas Hunter Association of Gran,
mar School No. 33, annual reunion, Hot< 1
Astor, 7 P. M.
Queens County Men's S. and B. Society, an
nual ball. Central Opera House, 201 T3a?t
Sixty-seventh street, 8:30 1'. M.
Meeting under auspices of Hebrew Shelte.
Ing and Immigrant Aid Society, Centra:
Jewish Institute, 123 East Eighty-fifth
street, 8:30 P. M.
Sherman Rogers will lecture on "Can
Capital and Labor Pull Together'.'" Town
Hall, 123 West Forty-third atreet, 11 A. M.
Charles R, Morey will lecture on "The
Beginning of Byxuntlno Art,," Metropolitan
Museum of Art, 4 P. M.
Hall of Fame, New York University, Untverrlty
Heights, open to tho public 2 P. J",
to tl P. M.
Prof Samuel C. Schmucker will lectnro on
"Relics of the Past," American Museum o*
Natural History. Seventy-seventh street and
Central Park West, 8:13 P. M.
Associated Retail Credit Men of Net\
York, dinner. Hotel Commodore, 7 1*. M.
Osteopathic Society of New York, dlnnc
and mooting, Waldorf-Aatorla, beginning 8
American Society of Marine Draughtsmen,
meeting. Engineering Societies Building, V'
West Thirty-ninth street, 10 A. M. and 2
P. M. Pinner, Hotel llreslln, 7 P. M.
Now York HtBtO JtOiei Association, mgamt
clay of convention. Hotel Commodoro.
Rummage Sale to Be Given foe St.
A ruramuKO sale for the benefit of th.
St. Agnes Day Nursery will be held or.
November 29 and 3b at 13 VVi.'st Kleventh
street. Mrs. Robert R. Livingston, who
Is president of the nursery, will have
the assistance at the sale of Mntes.
Augustus Jay. Rita Lydig, Da'wln P.
Ktngsloy, Edgar Speyer, C 'mors
Wood, John Claflln, Martin vgel,
James Tlnipson, John Waterbury. William
Payton, Charles Carscallen and
An auction bridge for the benefit of
Ht. Michael's Home for Olria, In Mamaronerk,
will be held In the ballroom
of '-he Colony Club next Monday afternoon.
Tables at flO each and single
tickets at $2.50 may ho obtained from
Mrs. Adrian H. Lark In. 61 East Klgh -
ty-socond street. The orncers or rnr
home are Mrs. Stuyvesant F. Morris,
president; Mrs. Charles R. Henderson,
vice-president, and Mrs. William C
Under the auspices of the I). V. N. T
Society for the benefit of their settlement
hoiine. In Ueroy street, a concert
will be given In the new ballroom of the
Plar.u on the afternoon of November 3*.
The artists will be Mrs. George T\
Rohblns, violin; Miss Btty Uobbtns, Intorprrtntlve
dancer, and Jan van Rommel,
barytone of the Royal Opera, The
Hague. At ujng those Interested from
whom tickets niay b>j obtained ure Mrs
An??l Phelt . Miss Annette II. Hoard
....... 1 f vr (..? Pmll.
Scott and Mrs. Mcli. Livingston.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled
to the use for republication of all news den
patches credited to It or not otherwise
credited In this paper, and also th? loc?: ^
news published herein.
All rlxhts of republication of special despatches
herein are al-o reserved.