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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, January 08, 1922, SECTION SEVEN, Image 83

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'"I J^ct5bMB
Tnw
rtomeo
'Both Their Hous
Until the Lover;
TO THE L..YST MAN. By Ziini Grey
Harper & Brothers.
THE popularity of Zune Grey hai
long been a puzzle to man:
critics. His romances ari
frankly tales of blood. He always fur
nishes his growing clientele with i
grand holocaust. Yet despite his san
guinary themes he has many reader
who hold the usual run of Westeri
thrillers in deep scorn. His hold 01
them is not hard to understand, fo:
he gives them good straight stories
free from the shallow sentimentalit;
and lurid phraseology that sometime
\ mar this kind of Hction.
In a preface to his latest story, Zatr
Grey tries to let us into his secret
lie describes his methods. He hold
a brief for romance. "Romance," hi
asserts, "is only another name fo
idealism, and I contend that life with
out ideals is not worth living. Neve
in the history of the world were ideal
needed so terribly as now. Tt wai
Stevenson particularly who wielded :
bludgeon against the realists. I'eopl
live for the dream in their hearts
And I have yet to know arty one wh<
has not some secret dream, some hope
however dim, some storied wall ti
look at In the dusk, some painted win
(low leading to the soul."
Further on in the preface he says
"My inspiration to write has alway
come from nature Character um
action are subordinated to setting. Ii
all that I have done I have tried t<
make people see how the world is toi
much with them. Getting and spend
ing they lay waste their powers witl
never a bre.ath of the free and wonder
ful life of the open!"
Zane Grey then toils how he cami
to write the story of a feud. He heart
rumors of a terrible struggle in thi
Pleasant Valley in the Tonto Basin o
Arizona. He decided to go there ii
rtuest of material. To his surprise hi
found that the natives were ver;
reticent about the episode, and it tool
several successive visits to gain theii
confidence. In 1920 he says: "With
out my asking it several different na
fives of the Tonto came to tell mi
about the Pleasant Valley war. X<
two of them agreed on anything con
eerning it, exefept that only one of thi
active participants survived the fight
ing. Whence comes my title 'To th<
Ijjist Man.' Thus t was swamped ii
a mass of material out of which '
could only flounder to my own con
elusion. Some of the stories told m?
are singularly tempting to a novelist
But though I believe them myself, ]
cannot risk their improbability t<
those who have no ideu of the wild
ness of wild men at a wild time
There really was a lerrime unu uiuuuj
feud, perhaps the most deadly am
least known in all the annals of th<
West. I saw the ground, the cabins
the graves ill so darkly suggestivi
of what must have happened.
"T never learned the truth of tin
cause of the Pleasant Valley war. 01
if 1 did hear it had no means ol
recognizing it. All the given cause;
were plausible and convincing
Strange to state there is still seorecj
and reticence all over the Tonto Basil
as to the facts of this feud. Many de<
seendants of those killed are livlnf
there now."
Mr. Orev has seen and absorbed am
yet his conception of what happened
seems to be peculiarly his own. W<
suspect that he feels all the tru<
novelist-creator's affection for Jear
Tsbel and Ellen Jorth, the children o:
the leaders in the feud. Jean Tsbe
was summoned from Oregon to ak
his father and his half brothers in tin
war which they saw approaching be<
tween themselves and the encroachinf
sheep herders. Jean has Indian bloo<
in his veins, and this helps him it
ambushing the family's desperate one
mies. There are two sieges in thi
story, the first an attempt of the Jo?-tf
faction to wipe out all the Tsbels bj
surprise, and the second the retail
fion by the Tsbo's. In the final ohap'
ter only Jean and Ellen survive anf
Jean Is ab'e to say: "You're a Jortt
and I'm an Tsbel. We've blood on out
hands?both of us?T for you and yot
for me!"
Mr. Orev gives those readers whr
like b'ood their moipv'ii worth Thert
In a Hash Knife cane of rustlers anf
an Imports! Texas srtinman who fle-uri
In the storv. Nearly everv one shoot"
to kill. The peonle of the storv art
little more than animated tarcets
Zane Orey treats his suhlerts as Klne
Huno of Pwar.i'and did when he socured
a rifle. But Omy's real enthusiasm
Is for his seftlne. Fie Is s
Action scene painter of no mean order
as the render's flrst slprht of Tont<
Rastp proves.
"}1t> felt n sheer foree, a downward
drawing of an lmm?"e atrvss beneatt
him. . . . tt seemed tp he a stupendous
tru'f surrounded on thre<
sides hv hptd tindu'atlntr lines o!
peaks, and op his side hy a wall st
hlrh that he felt lifted aloft on th?
rim of the sky. . . .
"For leagues and leagues a cnlossa
red and yel'ow wtui, a rampart, i
7
and Juliet P
es' Go On Fighting
3 Alone Are Left
mountain faced cliff seemed to zigzag
westward. Grand and bold were the
s promontories reaching out over the
f void. They ran toward the/ westering
sun. Sweeping and impressive were
8 the long lines slanting away from
" them, sloping darkly spotted down to
t merge into the black timber. . . l. ]
. The craggy broken cliffs merged Into
1
Zane Grey drinking
E
; On a British
. WITH BEATTY IN THE NORTH SEA.
By FUson Young. Little, Brown & Co. j
s t i' I ^ HE modern naval battle is difI
ferent from everything else
i In tV... nni.1^ In Ttlat
6 w.c ... ....o.
. nowhere else do men, banded together i
s in such numbers and wielding such
1 , power, contend with one another at so
extreme a peril to themselves. It is
more ringed with terror than any
other human experience. Each man
commits himself, with a thousand
others, to a vulnerable shell, and
J launches it into an arena sheeted and
Superman
SELECTED L.ETTERS OF FRIEDRICH i
NIETZSCHE. Doubleday. Page & Co. |
THE NIETZSCHE-WAGNER CORRE- I
8PONDENCE. Edited by Elizabeth I
Foerster-Nletzsche. Boni * Llveright I
Reviewed by
BENJAMIN DE CASSERES.
NIETZSCHE!
A word to madden and con- j
Jure with?a word that is a
blasphemy, a sword, a bomb, a scareorow,
a boo-boo! In the ears of the
illiterate and the sentimentalists.
In the early years of the last century
children used to be taught how
to behave by saying to them: "Tom
1 Paine'll get you!" In certain books
" of the time one of the saviors of the
- Colonial army an<1 the great enemy of j
r cant and camouflage was represented
1 with horns and tnil.
t Then, again, a little further back
there was a. certain Benedict de ftpl?
noza, a quiet, ascetic thinker of Ami
sterdam. who was excommunicated
' from the Jewish church in that city
- j with the most formidable and heartless
anathema that has ever been proI
nounced anywhere. This Ood-tntoxli
rated man was called "An atheist and
a menace.". Tills man, who lived In a
i little furnished room, ground lenses
for a living and ate a howl of oat)
rtieal with some bread and eggs three
' times a day, was put oown m me
I Who's Who of the time as a "swinish
> senstiallst."
? One can. of course, write a hook on (
> the venom that pursues the trans.
valuers of current values and dlsasr
soclatlonists of Ideas hack to Prome
theus. It Is an old story?and merely
proves that all new visions are born
i with the evil eye.
. | In 1X83 Nletssche wroto to his sls?
tor, Mmo. Koerstor-Nletzsehe, frotn
| fills-Maria: "It Is absolutely n<w.
I .?trp that I should be mi*unrlrmtnod;
i nay, I would even ro further and say
that I must succeed In heina under>
stood In the worst possible way ani
f l despised."
) Which is a pieco of psyi hology and
> a prophecy. What lies have been ufi
tcred in his name! What stupidities
I have been ascribed to him! What
i vi inc.1 he has had to shoulder' He |
THE NEW YORK
taversed
red sided cedar greened slopes running
down and down into gorges
choked with forests, from which
soared up a roar of rushing waters. |
Slope after slope, ridge beyond ridge, [
canyon merging into canyon?so the
tremendous bowl sunk away to its
black deceiving depths, a w^derness
.across which travel seemed impossible."
But when there's any shooting to
do those mountains never got in the
way. What's a little thing like a
mountain between enemies?
j
' _ - m M
* ?#? * n
at a desert spring.
Battle Cruiser
blotted with flame and concussion. He
can do nothing for His own safety, but
only for the common purpose. . . .
This is warfare at the point to which
Christian civilization has so far succeeded
in bringing it; and no pagan
ingenuity has invented anything more
hellish than this?that man's floating
home and citadel can in a second be
turned into a weapon to destroy him
by the thousand. . . .
"One has some right to say this who
/or the whole of a gray January morn-1
ing knelt in the Lion s top while the
storm of that concentrated bombardment
gradually enveloped her. and had
nothing else to do but consider it and
Philosopher
has been called "monster," 'the author
of the world war," a "preacher of brute
force"?and what else?
Personally. T have made it a point
to challenge every one for the last
twenty years whom I have heard re
vue me name or mis me most portentous
figure of modern times and
one of the greatest psychologists and
poets of all time. In every case without
exception I have founS that these
abusive critics had never read a single
line of Nietzsche! They were
merely parrots.
In "Thus Spake Znrathustra" Nietzsche
says: "Such things are not said
for long ears. Every word. also. Is not
suited for every mouth. These are
fine, fur away things; at them sheep's
hoofs shall not grasp!" Long ears
and sheep's hoofs- It Is Just those who
believe that Nietzsche wn< a nihilist,
when as a matter of fact he was an
optimist, a world creator, the great
trumpeter of individualism against
Prusslanism, paternalism and state
and ecclesiastical slavery of every
kind.
These letters of Nietzsche are a
treasure of incalculable worth. They
begin In his youth and end in 1888,
when that mighty brain went Into
darkness? with a letter addressed to
another man whose mind was going
"into its penumbra?Strlndberg. Nietzsche's
last letter to the great Swede
is "slcned "The Crucified." There is
another signed "Klet*sche Ctesar."
Strindberc has a letter to Nletasschc
signed "The Mont, the Highest God.';
Which merely proves that grent men
have the same privilege of going Insane
as stock brokers, Sunday school ;
teachers. Congressmen nnrl shoe clerks?
Before any one begins the study of
Nietanche f advise him to read these
two volumes. They reveal the soul?
the strong, sweet, marvelou.?ly human
soul?of this reviled man. They project
the most significant figure in all
human thought on the enrthplane. j
They portray the author of "Thus j
Spake Zarathustra"?the greatest
prose-poem written since the Bible?
as n spiritual entity in flesh of the
very highest, order. His whole life was
n mental, physical and financial martyrdom
He was ascetic. Ho wu!
: HERALD, SUNDAY,
iOOK
S OF RECENT PUBL1
iWS AND VIEWS OF i
give himself to its sensational embrace.
I remember that the increasing
uproar and concussion came gradually
to have a stupefying rather than an
exciting effect; the mind became numb
to mere terror, while it remained actively
interested in what was going on.
Many mere details are , registered on
my mind and memory; The smell and
taste of cordite smoke, as the wind
drove it back upon us from the mouths
of our guns; the great sounds about
us, which I admit to be among the
noblest sounds I have ever heard, so
enormous were they, so deep and
trembling. . . . I remember also 1 he
silences; lulls that came in the very
heat of battle, when sometimes for live
or ten seconds there would be no
sound but the soft brushing of the
wind and its harplike harmonies in
the rigging, until a salvo from our
guns would split the heavens again
and, like its echo, the hollow growl of
the enemy's guns would fill the gap
between it and the next. . . .
"On the pictorial side the chief impression
of the action was its remoteness.
The Lion being our leading ship
there was nothing before me but the
horizon and the four black smudges
on the port bow that only through binoculars
were identifiable as big ships.
If one looked abeam, however, the
whole pattern of the chase could at
times be observed^ and a curious effect
of the great outspread chase to the
southeast was that it seemed motionless,
like a problem spread out on a
chess board. The far line of the enemy
battle cruisers, the farther line 01 our
light cruisers on their quarter, our destroyers
astern and in the middle, and
at the apex and the head of the whole
the smoke from the German destroyers
and light cruisers?these for half an
hour at a time would not change in
relation to one another, and so, being
the only things visible on the circle of
the sea, appeared to be motionless."
mis civilian s aescriiiuon 01 me
Dogger Hank action in the North Sea
on January 25, 1915, is the high water
mark of Filson Young's "With Heatty
in the North Sea." Beside thlsj picture
all formal despatches fail in emotional
effect and the terror of German officers'
descriptions of conditions aboard
their ships leave the reader cold. No
one ever painted so moving and true a
picture of a modern naval battle so
poignantly as this, for no one appears
to have had the power of detachment
that came to this writer who as a
civilian aid to Admiral Beatty served
on the Lion for six months with this
as his crowning experience.
Primarily Filson Young's text is
concerned with what to him are more
important things. These Include a
daily account of life aboard a battle
cruiser in war time, attacks on the
British Admiralty, an exposition of the
British navy's unreadiness for war and
a defence of the vessel that floats over
the ship that flies and the one that
submerges. But readers of war books
have had their fill to overflowing of
such matters. And what they will find
for satisfaction in these pages is such
stirring and memorable passages as
the excerpts we have quoted above.
They are what make this book stand
out for admiration and gratitude.
T) /\i -i 4- ^P/-\
J3UUgJLlL ?U
sickly almost every day of his lif?
always on the verge of collapse. He
was threatened with blindness for
many years. He wandered from plac e
to place In Europe in pursuit of health
and quiet.
A Freudian paradox?this prophet
Friedrich Nietzsche. Drawn by
Stuart Davis.
of th<- superman. Gentle, urbane, correct
to the point of the most ultraphillstlnlsm,
a stickler for the conventions
nnii the proprieties (ho
breathed a slch of relief when Warmer
legitimised liis child by msrr.vlng
Cosima and felt shocked when lie
heard the great Richard take the
name of Christ blasphemously), he
preached the most revolutionary and
exhilarating doctrine that humanity
has ever listened to?unless we except
Max Stirner. His whole philosophy Is
an attempt to conceive himself and j
humanity as they are not. He gave
man a new vision, a new illusion, and
unveiled?or at least formulated -a
new truth, thn Wlll-to-Power. It is
ultimate. Whatever lives desires
power. Humility, sclf-nhnegntion and
JANUARY 8, 1922.
Young Chin
THE FOREIGN RELATIONS OF
CHINA: A HISTORY AND A SURVEY.
By Mlngchien Joshua Bau.
Fleming H. Revell Company.
THE march of events in China,
and the developments of the
Washington conference, lend
an additional interest to Dr. Bau's
book, which, in any case, would stand
out as a study of primary importance
in the discussion of world politics. Dr. i
Bau has performed a colossal task
with tireless energy and careful n\- 1
search, and l^e has done it with a Judicial
poise, a clearness of insight and
a fairness and breadth of view that1
j give his work high rank both as a !
j contribution to history and as a philo:
sophical statement of political theory,
with concrete application to the case
! in hand.
Dr. Bau's qualifications are themj
selves remarkable. He is a graduate
I not only of the Tsing Hua College, and
j of Columbia, but also of Yale and
j Johns Hopkins. He has held the CarI
negie Endowment International Law
j Fellowship, and has also studied at the
Union Theological Seminary and the
Yale Divinity School! His command
of English is complete; his style is
altogether admirable?fluent, simple,
vigorous, dignified, and always accurately
adjusted to the matter of his
discourse. And. above all. one feels,
deeply, that he is actuated throughout
by devotion to the highest ideals, boil)
of loyalty to his native land and of a
broader world-citizenship. But he nowhere
wan-ers into a vague idealism.
He is practical, soundly rooted to the
solid ground of fact. Any estimate of
the book naturally runs to enthusiasm.
Moreover, it tills a place hitherto
vacant. There is nothing in English
covering the same field adequately.
M. Henri Cordler's special study? j
Hiatoirr tics Relations the la Chine
avec les Puissances Ocddcntaiea?
comes down only to 1900, ind Although '
his monumental ffistoirc <i< la Chine
reaches the present and Is full in dofid'
it is a less comprehensive view
than that of Dr. Bau, and, if anything,
the advantage of impartiality lies with
the Chinese writer.
But oven more interesting to tne
American reader is Dr. Bau's outlook
toward the future, his outline of
what should be China's attitude toward
the rest of the world. It may be
called idealistic, but it is no impossible
counsel of perfection, and that
it could be evolved by a Chinese mind |
is of no small significance. It is a!
striking contrast that M. Cordier ends '
his great history with a forecast of
a militant China, a rejuvenated giant,
taking part in future world wars?
"China," says he, "has played a great
role in the Far East; she will play
an equally great role in world wide
affairs. . . . War will endure as
long as our world lasts"?whereas Dr.
j Buu sees the China of the future ;is
! a civilizing agent, practicing the
, Golden Rule in world relations.
He was confronted by no small diffli
ys for Wag
i "goodness" arc masks of the Will-to- i
Power. It is the backstairs route to
I the silverware and goldplute.
Another far flung lie that this correspondence
will kill forever Is the
assertion of the illiterate that Nietzsche
is the arch diabolis* of Teutonism,
of Prussianism. I quote from the
letters;
"I regard the Prussia of to-day
[1870] as a power full of the greatest
dangers for culture."
"Sojourn in Germany has forced me
to exactly the same point of view as
yours did. dear friend [Peter Oast]?
that Is to say, I no longer form part
of her."
"Heavens^ what extraordinary peo- i
pie these Germans are! and how tedious!
Not a single intel'igent word
ever eomes to me from that direction!"
In the same letter we have "German
cattle." ; i
To Taine: "All my instincts have i
declared war on Germany."
About "The Twilight of the Idols"
r<e writes to Taine; "It would be of in- 1
calculable value to me If it could bo <
read only In French."
To Strindberg; "O fortunate* nlmlum i
sua si bonu nesciunt?that Is to say,
tint you are not a German. There t
is no other culture hut that of France." I
To Strirdberg: "I have kept firmly I
on the side of French culture through- ;
out. I treat Gorman philosophers, en
masse, as counterfeiters."
In 1SRR the stinkpots were already
flying at Nietzsche, for he signs a
letter to Brandos In that year, "Yaur
Nietzsche (now n 'monster')." j
This "monster" we glimpse in one
of his letters spending several weeks
In Basle buying Christmas toys for
the children of Wagner and for Coslma."
We sco this "monster" again writing [
this to Peter Gast: "fine ceases from j
loving one's self properly when one
ceases from exercising one's self in
love toward others." Something like
that was said two thousand years ago.
There Is a wild alarm In these
pages?as there is in his books. One 1
hears a tocsin sounded by night and i
day. A thunder of hoofs as In some '
tupendous cavalry charge. Prodigious
figures Mpen and clow before our eyes. L1
4
^ O ^-v /"\ /X TT, ^
d oees xierst
Twenty-seven-Y earPoints
Out Path o:
cultles in laying the foundations of
his study. There is no regular official
record of Chinese foreign relations and
he was obliged to go to archives of
many foreign offices for his data. It
is a monument of original research,
made for the most part from primary
sources such as treaties, diplomatic
documents, &c.
The tirst part of the book sketches
the diplomatic history of China from
1689 to the present, covering the opening
up of the country to trade and
diplomatic intercourse, the gradual :
loss of her dependencies, the inter2
,'+ -> - - m
I
* .
..-xs&sjJSer
1 V. / '
I **? ssooi wmmm>
wmwmmmmm .ji
Mingchien J Bau.
national struggle for concessions and
the present phase of international aid ;
and control, culminating in the new
consortium of bankers. The second
part deals minutely with the policies
of the great Powers toward China?
Russia, France, Germany, Great Britain
and the United States, and the
third part of the book is given wholly
to the policy of Japan in China. The
fourth section treats of the progressive
impairment of China's sover- '
eignty by extraterritoriality, concessions,
leases, spheres of influence and
tariff restrictions. It is a sorry tale. '
Dr. Bau is at his best in his interpretation
of the attitude of the nations
toward China. Russia he pronounces
aggressive, unscrupulous,
tricky, sometimes violent. The attitude
of France has varied, depending ,
largely upon her own relations to her ,
allies, especially Great Britain?opportunist,
but not wholly unfriendly.
Germany from a mild beginning developed
to a position of out and out j
ner's Child
i
Great gouts of life are hurled at our i
heads. IJtanie* that end in screams <
and sobs. Catafalques of bronze burst
and give forth doves and butterflies? i
so hard, so tender is the soul of this
wonderful man.
His "superman"? Simply, "Be hard i
[on yourself] and live dangerously."
The existence of man Justifies man. '
The existence of pain Justifies pain.
The existence of death Justifies death.
Whatever is is a bridge to a beyond.
Perpetually create new vistas, new <
values, new heights. Fuse will and j '
dream. Put wings oil your vires. Let !
your purpose 1m- a sword. Exalt your
pains. Make golden butterflies of your
gricis. Be playwright to yourself. I?rt j
your brain ptyy Shakespeare to your i
fatalities."
If this he not Faith then what does f1
the word mean?
The great moment in Nietzsche's life
after reading Schopenhauer was his
meeting with Richard Wagner. And
there is a very humorous letter from
Nietzsche to Rohde which tells of
how the tailor delivered to him his
evening clothes wnly a half hour before
he was due at Tribschen, demanded
his money, and when Nietzsche
told him he could not pay him^
(lie tailor stripped hlin. raced away *
In the rain with the suit, leaving the
future prophet of the sufs rm.in In his
ihlrt and underdrawers.
The correspondence between Nietzsche
and Wagner is ? rich mine. One
"oilin quote rrnm almoin fvcry icrter. *
There I* a foreword by H. I, Mencken, '
llie Jnck Dempsey of American t-rltl- |
dstn. He believes that Wagni r failed '
to apprehend the full greatness of
Nietzsche. As a matter of fact, Nleta- ' 1
ache outgrew Wagner. Nietzsche was '
a *tin that buret at high noon.
Warner was a sun that grew senescent.
Compare "Parsifal" with Zar.a- I
thustra." However, It Is *i good thing I
that Nietzsche did not live to tho age 1
af Warner?he, too, might have done i
"Parsifal.' 1
The letters ara Interspersed with >
biographical matter by Nietzsche's sis- i
ter, which adds to the value of the
volume. I
These two hooks are the non-fiction i
ooi<s of th' year and of tux' year. I
9
;lf Honestly
Old Native Author
f Peaceful Service
terrorism and brutality, though some
what astonishingly Dr. Bau appeals
to credit the German 'bout face toward
friendship just before the war as sincere.
British policy on the whole he
finds fair and marked by a desire for
just dealings. He has only praise for
the American position, which he sees
to be unselfish and truly friendly. H'
also relies upon its continuance.
As to Japan, while he clearly sees
the menacing elements in her actions,
he remains hopeful, even optimistic,
as to the future, greatly desiring
friendship and cooperation rather than
conflict. He traces five separate steps
In the Japanese policy: beginning with
her own need for self-protection
against Russia and the rest of the
world, and dividing into periods of economic
exploitation, of territorial aggression,
of "influence" and political
interference, leading to a fourth phase
where open political control was the
aim. and Anally the evolution of an
"Asiatic Monroe Doctrine.''
As to this last ideal, while he :*dmits
the uses of such a doctrine if
properly understood, he is skeptical >1
the value of the Japanese conception
of it. There is too much of a desire
of tne tail to wag the dog about it.
China, and not Japan, is ultimately
the potential arbiter of Asiatic destinies.
The Japanese idea of a "Monroe
Doctrine" is too militant; it lacks th<
corollary of non-interference with the
nations outside of Asia. Dr. Bau's
analysis of this is keen, but he man
ages to remain hopeful of a revised
Japanese attitude that would bring
about genuine cooperation.
The fifth section of the book dealwith
problems that have arisen sinc<
the war; in particular with the new
consortium wherein he sees the l<cst
hopes for China, although fully awake
to its possible dangers. Ha is polit?
but unenthusiastic toward tho League
of Nations. The section closes with a
full discussion of tho Shantung question.
which is a fair but emphatic
statement of China's impregnably right
position in her demand for restitution
He gives an especially valuable account
of the steps in the making Of
the new consortium. Ills conclusion
is that if China makes the right use
of it, the way to economic and thereafter
to political salvation is open, but
that if .she defaults or misuses the
help offered it will mean renewed for
eign domination ana prooamy war.
The final section of the book is given
to a truly remarkable outline of what
he conceives should be China's future
policy; an ideal that, with some obvious
adjustments, might well fit th?
aspirations of any civilized nation
The whole book leads directly up t<
Ihis. "Ever since the opening of tie
country," says he, "the history of
f'hina has been dominated by foreigi
contacts. Hence a proper understand
Ing of the foreign relations of China
ind a formulation of an appropriate
foreign policy nrn indispensable to h'l
preservation and well being."
Obviously the first step Is rehabilitation.
This he divides into twi
beads?a policy of preservation am.
i policy of recovery. For the firsChina
must become strong?"that is
she should have a strong army and
navy and a strong, united Government
. . . Sovereignty presupposes eotn
petency." For the second she must
gradually recover the rights of ?o\
ereignty of whicli she has graduall?
been shorn, and must show herseli
capable of protecting them. All that
handly needs demonstration llut his
next step is to suggest the adoptior
if u "policy of the Golden Ilule," and
is a consequence, a "policy of world
welfare." In elucidation of the 'Gold
sn Utile" ideal he gives a cogent, ofte?
eloquent demonstration of its practical
r?r>_s?ihilit in.l ttf i f > v i.,n- tvi?1i :1m
l ere Mary warn ins: that it must b<
reciprocal, as other nations. Japan In
[ articular, must also learn It. I-asth
he outlines an attitude toward Japan
which should be based upon *elfrespect,
resisting aggression, hut also
unclliiitory and friendly. Me would
rive Japan preferences, as ChlnaV
closest fr.iend. but would not allow hei
unwarranted liberties.
The whole scheme culminates In .1
lofty vision of devotion to world wol
fare. China must not attempt domi
nation, nor Imitate the German mis
fake, but must "take the lowly path
if service." Mo w>r? an awakened na
Ion taking its place as an apostle 01
'Kill wit Ion, preserving Its" ancient
deals but also making full use of
tVestern science and acting In a spirit
?f altruism. His final word compels
quotation, Says he?
'"For the day will come when it i*
tot the nation that dominates others
phi snail no great, niu ine nation
:hat can render to mankind the grcit !?t
acrvtco." H. I.. PANOBORN.
Max Eastman dci linn that when he
lold Bernard RIia? that hp wu writing
a book on humor Shuw advised
k.lm to go to a sanitarium. "Thorn Is
10 mom clangorous litor.tr> symptom."
is said, "than the temptation to wrltt
ibout wit and humor. It indicates th?
otnl loss of both," But Kastm;tn por
listed in his undertaking, and hlftmok,
"The Sense ?>f Humur" (Scrlb
nor's) is among th> recent publicationa,
I

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