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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 06, 1922, Image 8

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NEW YORK HERALcj
I'UBUSIJED liY THE SUN-HERALD
CORPORATION, 280 BROADWAY;
TELKP1IONE. WORTH 10,000.
Directors and officers: Frank A. Munsey, I
I resident: Ervln Ward man, Vlee-Prealdent;
?ti?. T. Hewarl, Treasurer; II. 11. Ttther
"Hlon. Secretary.
MAIL 8UESCK1PTION KATES.
One Six One
By Mail, Postpaid. Year. Mouth*, Month. |
IAIUY ? SUNDAY...$15.00 Sd.uO $1.0*
DA 11,y only 10.00 5.00 .85 '
?nly -l.no ".25 .40 I
SL.VPAT only, Ctnadit. u.C0 '.'.70 .50 !
FOREIGN KATLS (yXClSPT GREAT
BRITAIN).
JDAILY ? SUNDAY.. .$18.00 tf.00 $1.50
V.VII.V only ll.no 7.00 1.25
UUNDAY only 5...0 2.75 ,5t
TO KNGLANI '. IKKLAND. SCOTLAND
\ND WALUS.
PAILY & SUNDAV.. $-*K.tW $i:;.:;? $r.K>
DAILY oulc II. jw K 70 l.?5
SUNDAY only 9.15 5.12 ?
All checks, money miters, Ac., to k>c mail?
payable to Tho yun-Hcralu
Bmrli Olflrrii (or lucetyt of ?d\niUcments
and tale of papers:
I'r.l.M tl'AL Ul'TOWn Ohkb fSa<V\hW** 4Nu '
"'"'Tir sir. Entrance 1U5S Uioadv. ay toue
fit-lit tip.) Tel. l it'. Rev ?;?*>.
Il*mem Omcts- -05 Wbht 1 -5i11 Sr., mm '
8r<?MH A\-:. Tel. Wl MorutH?aide. Olxm'
un'il 10 I". M.
Wavhinoion IIet.uts OKrH b~5S"> Wish!
1SI*t St. Tel. UOt'S Uaii??on?u Open until i
10 P. M.
Sutcmn'i it Sr. orriir-CujMw Id'tu St. *no
Bn ?.v rn Ate. Tel. CheUea >000.
Dowmow.s OmiE- mi lUtfiviA,\\. Oven .
8 A. M. to 10 1'. M.; Sundays. 2 P. M. to :
10 P. M.
MaouKi VN Oin b-21 Cnvcr St. Tel. Mi in j
H4..S. Open until 10 P. >1. ten Niiluinu. |
CO.'! WiaillM.'KiN St. T?l. 1U0 Wain.
llnoxx On ti i-~ .MS Willi* Avk. , AT 14SlH
Si. Tel. fitftWl Wot roue. Upeti until 10 1*. M. j
Prinripnl American nod Koreijn Bureaus.
W A S111 N< 1TON -The MMiUKiy Building.
CHICAGO?208 South l.n Salle St.
I.ONDON?40-1" I'leet St.
l?l I'.l.lN?"7 Westmoreland St.
PARIS?40 AM-nue tie I Opeia, .".3 Rue du
l.ouvic.
Tut New York ll?i*in " as * . nded V
.Tames Gordon Bennett In 1 It ri>H>alue<l I
the sole property of its founder until Ills I
death. In 187", when his son, also Jam's
Gordon Bennett, suoueciled to the ownership
of the p.ip?*r, which remaln?-d in hla hands '
until his death in LH8. Tun I Ikpai.ii lie- '
came the property of Frank A. Munsey, Its
present owner. In 19i'0.
MONDAY, MARCH fi. 19-2
The Most Vicious Soldier Bonus
Measure Yet.
The latent bonus device of Fois?nky
and his faithfuls of the Ways and
Means Committee for Rouging five
thousand millions of dollars out of
the American people would *legrade
the Amerkjan dollar and wri'k the
Republican party. No party can raid
the Treasury tor five billions of dol
lars for its own political advantage
and retain the confidence- at the folks
back home.
Checking out live billions of the
people's money for the bonus doesn't
seem to mean anything to Congress.
AH Congress lias to do is to commit
the country to the debt and then let
the people find the money to pay the
debt. And finding the money to pay ,
tlie debt means more and more taxes.
The Treasury can't pay out money
until it gets the money in, and the
only way it gets the money in is by
squeezing it out of the people.
If Congress w ere conscientiously j
for the bonus its frenzy to jam u
bonus measure through wouldn't be
so offensive. A conscientious act is
nn honest act. A conscientious act
may be stupid, but it is not vicious, j
A conscientious act. "whatever its
measure of intelligence, is not born
of selfishness. The bonus raid on the i
Treasury by Congress is born of self
ishness.
In working up the latest scheme for
chiseling out the bonus money Chair-!
man FotsifET excluded all Democratic !
members of the Ways and Means!
Committee from the secret conclave.t
The Democratic members may well
congratulate themselves that they1
liad no part in this latest Way3 and,
Means monstrosity. It is 100 per'
cent. Republican, to the shame of the
Republican party. As an example of <
economic wisdom it is a blight.
The o?icinal plan of this measure
gave the pawnbroker and the usurer i
n chattoe at these bonus note.". The
present draft makes it impossible
for n soldier to borrow money on his
bcniii certificate from these source?.
l>ut In eliminating the pawnbroker
nstf the usurer the measure puts a
ftcuand on the banks of the country
that would prove a calamity. It de
mands that they loan to soldiers 85
t>er cent, of the face value of their
bonus notes.
T'ut to meet thee bonus loan de
mands tTie banks would have to call
in the inor.ey t'ow loaned out to busi
ness, to agriculture, to industries, to
transportation, io< luding the money
loaned o farm mortgages, on home
I Uildtag mortgages and on other
item-. If this were done it would
precipitate a nationwide disaster, <
strewing the land with bankruptcy
and wreckage.
Killier this, or the Covernment
would be compelled to furnish the
money to the banks for these loans.
And in view of the fact that tbc Gov
ernment hasn't a surplus dollar on
hand it would be forced to start up
its printing presses and turn out end
less millions of fiat money to meet
tho requirements of the banks. And
this flat money becoming a part of
the entire currency of the country
*ould dcpreciaJ'j the value of all our
money?depreciate tho value of your
money, Mr. Citizen, lessen the pur
chasing power of your money, Mr.!
Citizen.
Mythical Tax Reduction.
The 11 .v 1 h n administration an
nounces a "rcdix Hon" in the city
tax rate to a flat- figure of $2.74 on
???{ U |100 worth of property. If Huh
actually meant a saving of money to
property owners it would he great
pood news, because it would mean a
i ut of from two to nine points from
the tax rates for 1921, which were
th? highest in the history of the
uiy. It would he the first definite1
sign that New York <ity had aban
doned Its wild, reckless spending.
Ilut unfortunately the reduction in
the tax rata does not mean a reduc
tion in the cort of running the city.
There is no indication in the city
budget that expenrllturcr, arc to he
reduced. The 1922 budget is (350.
[ 601,507, compared with a budget of
?343,5r50,0:;9 for 1921, which was the
largest budget up to that year. The
amount of money which must be col
lected in taxes this year to supple
ment other receipts by the city is
estimated at $2^0.1100.000 by the
Comptroller. This item makes uo
provision for contingencies; even so.
thi3 $2$$.000,00!i in taxes equals the
amount collected in 1921.
The joker in this schem? to make
\'ew Yorkers believe they are going
to pay smatter taxes is the assessed
values oti which the tax rate is based.
To enable the Hvlaa administration
to keep within the law and still fix
a tax levy high eaowgh to raise the
money for its spendiugs thiii year's
valuations of real and personal prop
erties for purposes of taxation are
fixed at S10J60.5n9.SS0, and on this
amount the tax rate of 2.74 will
yield the $2SS,OOfcftO# needed to meet
the budget. Last year's valuations
were $10.1S(?,207,279. If this year's
tax requirements were collected on
the property valuation ot 1921 the
tax rute would be above 2.80, the
highest average rate for all the
counties in the history of the city.
Gatti-Ca.sazza's New Term.
The extension for three years from
1923 of Mr. QATTf-CiUilu's engage
ment as managing director of the
Metropolitan Opera Company, an
nounced to-day by the officers of that
organization, will be received by the
operaguing puhlic as a suitable rec
ognition of his accomplishments dur
ing the fourtocn years of his ruler
ship and an assurance that the pol
icy he has followed to the satisfac
tion of the patrons of the institution
v.iU bo 'naintained in the future.
The Metropolitan is now the most im
portant lyric theater in the world.
To Gatti-Casazza this preeminence
of the Metropolitan Opera House in
the musical world is in large meas
ure due. No other operatic theater
now equals the Metropolitan in its
breadth of enterprise or in the ex;
cellence with which its plans are
carried out. It may be said that no
other similar undertaking has the
material support on which the New
York opera may draw, but it would
| not rcflect particular credit on auv
impresario to win unique faruo at
the cost of reckless and unprofitable
expenditures. It is one of the char
acterUttes of the administration of
Mr. Gatti-Casazza that operatic pre
eminence and business methods have
been united. The highest artistic
standards have been reached, but
obedience has been given to conscrva
tive business principles, on which
every gre:it enterprise in its final
analysis raust l?e based if it is to
endure.
Mr. Uattt-C vsazza's term of man
agement has not been marked by the
development of many great singer*
anywhere in the operatic world. lie
lias obtained the services of the best
when they were to be reasonably ob
tained. The business of producing
opera is not one that can be made to
run parallel with other commercia'
undertakings. Mr. Gatti-Casazza has
done more than any of his predeces
sors, however, to instill business
methods into the conduct of an opera
house.
Possibly the most important result
of Mr. Gatti-Casazza's fourteen
years of management at the Metro
politan is the recognition of the
opera house as an institution of New
York. To-day less than ever before
is the public led to attend its per
formances bcause of the appearance
of this or that individual singer.
New Yorkers aow go to the opera.
They do not go on account of this
or that artist, as their predecessors
in large numbers did. O? course
such an attitude of mind could be
brought about only by raising every
detail of each production to a uni
formly high plane of merit. In spite
of most discouraging labor condi
tions in recent years the orchestra
has been made an organization of
splendid excellence. The chorus has
been trained to an equally high de
gree of skill. The scenery surpasses
In beauty and appropriateness the
settings used In any other opera
house in the world.
These reasons would be sufficient
to explain the wise course of the
directors in renewing Mr. Gatti
Cabazza'n term of management. To
them must be added a liberal but
conservative business policy which
has made his administration unprece
dented in its prosperity.
A Froify Blessing.
Let those persons who arc disponed
to make grouching comment on tht
wintry debut of March take a second
thought on the subject, l.et them
consider the balmy weather of a year
ago and what that balmy weather
did to American fruit crops.
l'remature high temperature fn
1921 brought forth the buds and ex-!
poacd them In their tenderness to thr
late frosts that almost Inevitably fol-1
low a spring of unseasonable warm'h
Apples, poaches, plums, pear* an.l
all the luscious family of berries
were frozen stiff In their cradles. |
The 1921 shortage in these Important,
varieties of food was the most severe j
In years. Here In New York and in
all the adjacent State* stj'-h fruit as :
we got had to come from points fari
distant. Tritrs'llmlicd skyward. To!
many they were prohibitive.
During February of this year there
were periods of warm, almost sum
mery. weather which created Mrh
uneasiness among fruit growers. Tem
peratures up in the seventies were
recorded, (irass began to take a dls
titi'' Unge of green Fruit. trcn litids
? welled and seemed likelv to emerge,
thus to encounter a peril similar t"
that which resulted so disastrously |
in 1921.
Then came March, storming in \
with its snow and sleet. Bac k wentj
the buds to sleep again, just as they j
should at this time of year. The |
fruit growers then breathed a long,
deep sJgU of relief. The weather;
gave them just what they needed.
The peril of another frost blight on
their cr?ps is at least temporarily
averted.
With continued retardation of
blossom time until the late frost dan
ger is passed there is every prospect j
of bumper 1922 fruit crops in this
section of the country. The trees
are more vigorous because of the rest j
they got hist year They have grown ;
in size and increased in strength.
The crust of snow and sleet on their j
trunks and branches has kept the
sap back near their roots. This is
what i:; required fee prevent untimely
expenditure of their strength and un
timely development of their buds and
blossoms. The fruit crop of 1922 is
not yet secure, but March's frosty
advent has saved it from one peril.
Too Much to Ask of a Child.
A European writer, Rudolph Re
qcadt, has a scheme for studying
the human animal. He is now look
ing for a small tropical Island, rich
in fruits and small game. On this
island lie and his scientific colleagues
purpose to turn loose half a dozen
boy and girl babies. Concealed from
the infant the students will see what
the young of the species can do when
it is left to its own resources. The
watchers will take notes and make
motion pictures.
Such is the plan. Of course it will
fail unless the children are well be
yond the toddling stage. A child
brought >ip after the fashion that
has prevailed for thousands of years
is unlikely to thrive on berries and
other foods that grow within its
reach. At the end of two day3 the
pitying spectators will be leaving
milk for their subjects.
Mr. Reqcadt's ide:i is net new
More than twenty years ago. in a
short story called "Primordial." the
late Uuuertson caused a bov
and a glvl, each aged about three
years, to be cast ashore on opposite
: sides of a lonely island. The boy's
struggle for existence, his pursuit of
| food, his discovery of fire and. at the
end. his meeting with the other cast
away. made-a literary classic. Every
reader was thrilled; few believed.
It's too late, Mr. Reqi adi. Civili
zation has led us so far from nature
, that there is no way for the infant
to wander back. Of all the mammals
'the child Is the only one that cannot
find for itself even its mother's
breast.
Lloyd George's Crucial Year.
Political observers in England note
j that David Llotd George, the British
j Prime Minister, has come bang up
1 against the onerous job of preventing
history from repeating itself to his
disadvantage. Of Dr.siofcThikes ii
is written that "his influence in the
councils of his countrymen reached
its climax in the eight years between
the peace of Philocrates in 31C B. C.
and the battle of Chasronea In 335
B. C." Moreover. It was just eight
years after Jim s C.ksab formed his
i alliance with Pompet and Chassis
l in 6ft B. C. that this coalition was
wrecked and C.csar elected to pro
ceed thenceforward on his own ac
count. The eighth year has a defi
nitely established reputation as a
crucial one in politics,
i he star of I.i/>td George has
dominated the political firmament of
Britain for seven years. During all
this time he has been incessantly
tackled and heckled by Liberals, Con
servatlves, Laborites. Unionists and
Independents, and never has he so
much as batted an eyelash. When
his opponents wanted battle he gnve
it to them, good and plenty. When in
131S a general election seemed de
sirable he gave them that too. When
his opponents condemned the Ver
sailles treaty he champloncd it and
then modified it.
Ilia political foes accused him of
shaking hands with murder by open
ing up trade with Russia, but he
replied that the welfare of Europe
demanded the resuscitation of Rus
sia. and the English people were deaf
to his critics and ignored the fact
that no trade with Russia developed.
The opposition wanted recently to
make an issue of economy. Llotd
George grabbed its thunder by ap
pointing the Geddes economy com
mittee. whose report, if adopted,
would save millions where the oppo
sition's proposals would have saved
only thousands.
In addition to all this, the oppo
sition has been practically leader
lens. The names of Grit, Balfocii
and Cecil have been mentioned as
possible candidates for the Premier
ship, but until now there has been
only negligible response from the
electors. But the eighth yenr of the
reign of the smiling Welshman is
nigh: besides, the fifth year since his
election will expire in 1923, and Brit
i-h political tradition says that no
Premier shall go longer than five
jears without a vote of confidence
from the electorate.
It seems therefore that* a general
election in the not distant future is
likely. AVhat will happen to the
coalition which has backed up the
Premier nil these years Is a pres
ent concern of Englishmen. There
j has b"en talk of a new Nationalist
: oarty to be beaded by the Prime Min
i 'ster, bis letter to Auste.n Chamrek
; f-Ai.v telling the Chancellor of the
Exchequer that Unionist backbiting
! and sniping would have to stop lend
j ?lor t > the belief that the Premier
| is ready to jettison any who do not
feel like joining him In the new
party move. Certainly the letter 13
no indication that the Premier will
try to conciliate the recalcitrant
members of the coalition simply to
win their support.
In the light of the past the rumor
that the Premier intends to resign
and that his letter was intended to
pave the way Is not convincing. He ,
lias never shown himself a quitter. ^
On the contrary, he always has been
eager to join issue with liia oppo-j
Rents. The only reason for paying
any attention at all to the rumor
that Li.ovb Glokci. might resign is,
the fact that it originated with the
I'all Mali Gazette, a London news
paper reputed to be well informed
with regard to the political plans of
Li.oyu Gkokc.k. He might, however. I
resign as leader of the coalition and
throw down the glove to his foes. j
The plight o'f Li.oyd Gkor?e is not1
nearly as gloomy as it is pictured by i
his opponents. Sir G*>?oe Yolngkks i
recent bluff was called by Li.o^n
Gkorcc, aud Yockoj-ii was obliged to
admit his weakness. The Premier's ?
star still outshines all others; with-',
out a strong leader there would be no
chance for any or the other British
leaders to wiu against him it he (those
to head a Nationalist combination!
recruited from among the liberals of
all existing political group.?. Even;
Astjinn. nominal leader of the op
position, who is making at letist one
or two spec lies a week iu the House
of Commons, does not, exccpt at tong
intervals, say anything that has
enough of the ring o? battle in it to ,
get into the newspapers.
It is not the Premier who looks,
upon the deserting members of the
coalition and exclaims "Kt tu. Brute!
Despite the approach of the eighth
year of his power and the fiCth year j
of his political rule, Li.oyu Gkorcu
still swinga his fists in tl\e air and
strikes terror in the hearts of his
foes.
Lower Telephone Rates.
Telephone rates can now be re
duced j per cent, in New York city
end T per cent, in other parts of the
State, as ordered by the Public. Ser
vice Commission, without endanger- ;
lng either the efficiency of the tele
phone service or the financial posi-j
tion of the companies. This is all to
the good. So far as it takes into ac
count the lower costs of material and
the somewhat lower level of wages j
the commission's order cutting rates!
is another indication that conditions'
are returning to normal.
However, the criticism that the
New York Telephone Company has
set aside too much for depreciation
and has accumulated enough undi
vided profits to warrant a reduction
in rates cannot have figured im
portantly in the considerations which
led to the Public Service Commls-,
sion's order, even if the criticism did j
come from the commission itself. I
During the war the problem of tele-1
phone service was a physical one. It
was a question of supplying a suffi-1
cient number of telephones with ad
equate service to meet the necessities
of the Government, of manufacturing j
plants and of offices engaged in war
work. All non-official individuals and
businesses not contributing to the
nation's war effort had to wait for
installation of telephones until after
the war emergency.
But after the war ended no other
public utility In the State or nation
restored normal service more quickly
than did the telephone company. The
telephone company, in comparison
with concerns loss ably directed, ex
perienced a minimum of difficulty In
making the transition from war to
peace conditions.
Tl.-e House of Representatives has
once more cut from the Agricultural
Department appropriation bill the
item providing $300,000 to pay for the
distribution of free flower and vege
table seeds through members of Con
press. When this gesture of economy
has been made in the past the Senate
has always replaced the Item in the
bill. This year Its suppression may be
sustained In the final draft, of the bill,
for economy Is the watchword in the
Capitol, and the free distribution of
?eod Is * useless waste of taxpayers
money.
Judge Hboh Means of the D??trict
Court In Lawrence. Kansas, has de- ,
els red null and void a rule of the Vine
land Rural High School that the skirts j
of girls attending its classes must
ban? three inches l>eiow their Unees. 1
Tie judicial mind appears to be better
attuned to practical matters than is
the pedagogical intellect: Judge Means ;
recognised that when fashion issued
its dictate no mere political instltu-!
tion can successfully oppose it.
A maid employed in one of the!
ereat New York hotels had $16,100 In
hank when she died. The ancient and
honorable practice of thrift still has ,
;u followers, and their rewnrd in pro- j
vision for ol,? age and days of adver
sity Is sure.
A March Storm.
The locust tree taps on the entry door |
if It begged a eheltcr from the
storm, j
The white magnolia, like some ghostly
form,
Shivers and bends beneath the streams
that pour
With eerie hints of Undine's mock'M
lore;
The .laffodils lie broken on the ground. ,
Trodden by thunder's heavy steps,
thfit hound
Ra?h blossom In the garden's fragrant
store.
Snarling and wild the wind goes rushing ,
by
leaving a trail of wreckage In Its
wake,
And. dropping from torn nests, wee bird
ling* die,
Ker tender wings their mtsery can
Vet. whence fury of the norm is told.
v, w tut 1 Shaft till the Pisces of the
- _
rwAStwr. nretrnn.
Meat as Food.
'4'U? Duuiter I* in the Juices* One
Uxperinu-uh-r Tltinks.
To The New York Herald: Mrs. Mil
ler is mistaken In assuming that meal is
made fit to eat by combining it well with
other foods. Me;u is never suitable tor
food until its Juice has been separated
and rejected.
Grind beef in a chopper, stir It in
warm water, throw away the water, and
tl.en stibcook the beef. Iletter still, put
chopped beef in a collander or sieve,
land it in .1 container with a talse bot
tom unci a cover, and place the whole in
an electric oven adjusted to 105 degrees
and subbalie for four hours. Theu eat
the meat .ind treat the dripped juicc au
refuse,
I lived on such an exclusive diet for
the twelve months of 1917 without a
sick day. Neighbors on every side of
me had their serious sick spells?when
they begged the soup which it was "a sin
to throw away." All were healthy people
and I the only sickly one.
I had previously tried a monodiet of
beef, juice and all, and never had suc
ceeded in holding to it longer than two
and one-half month?.
Epgar Dayton Bri.vkekhoff.
Kast Ob.vngb, N. J.. March 4.
Out in the Deaert.
Struggle of Two Settlers With Rat
tler*, Famine and Natnre.
To The .Vew York Hebaxd : The en
dowed article from the Chandler AW
toai.i headed "Uoltec( States break?
rules by giving land patent to man and
wife" a?ay be of Interest to your read
era. The novelty lay in the fact that
J. I-. Oliver and his wife filed claims on
separate homesteads and each has now
received a patent for 320 acres. Mr.
Suver sa.vs of his experiences:
"Many times during tlio nine and ono
lialf year* wo liavo lived here we were
almost starved out. Five years ago our
horses ncttrly starved. Two of thorn be
< ame luco"<t. our cow and one horse
were bitten each twice by rattlesnakes,
though wi? seved their lives.
"Om dav v.blle lying on the ground
tliider p siir.de tree a snial" diamond rst
tli.r craw led under my back with Just
tl ? thicl;no?j of my sfblrt between us.
We lived ten miles from where church
?services were held onco a month. No
v. ay tg travel only on a hty wagon with
a dray hotse; ro this supiuier I heard
my first acrraoc preached by Brother Mc
Murdo et our desert schoolhouse two and
three-quarter in Lies from us.
"We have 1,1(10 rods of dikes, over lftO
acres cleared and leveled, about six
miles of wire fence, besides the house,
shed aid well forty-six feet deep from
which I draw the water with a windlass
for three years for four horses and a
cow and hou3e use. \V? now pump with
a small e>v#lue.
"We grow wheat, maize, cattle and
chickens. New 1 am past 65 years old
niu! can co abovt all my own work."
I have just started a desert library
with about fifty volumes in Mr. Suver's
community. Robert McMurdo.
Goodyear, Ariz., February 28.
Central Park West.
A Resident Objects 1? Proposals to
liemore Tracks and Trees.
To Thh Xkw TonK Herald: In re
sard to Central Park West Hoasitar'
Johnson advocates widening the avenue:
and says "there Is no use for the half'
grown trees along- the line of the curb" j
next to the nark. He therefore sug
gests their removal.
Why stop there? Why not remove J
a good chunk of the park, and in fact
in tho course of time remove the entire
park, because It would be a very nice j
place to put up building?, filling it up!
solidly from Fifty-ninth street to 110th .
street? There are certainly a great
many half grown trees In the park and
they could be removed along with the;
full grown on?s.
Not content with removing tracks
from Central Park West, Mr. Ottlnger
wants to take them away from .Amster
dam avenue also. Is it his idea to run
double decker cars under the elevated
railroad on Columbus avenue to take
r.ire of the crowds, or would he propose
making It a four track trolley street?
Assuming that both these gentlemen
have the interests of the public at heart,
after reading their suggestions for the
improvement of present conditions I am
reminded of the quotation "Savo me
from my friends." H. H. S. P. i
Ngw York, March 4.
Experience of a Juror.
His SerTlee In Court a Wasta of
Time In Fart. He Thinks.
To Thh Xkw Tour Herald: The
great causo of trouble as regards Jury
men is with the bench and bar.
The New York business man is under
large expense In carrying on his busi
ness and cannot waste time listening to
argument not relating to the case pre
sented. After a conviction usually at
nmpts are made to reform the prixoner.
either by probation or a suspended sen-!
tence. Such a result Is discouraging to
Jurors who patiently studied the evi
dence. for it means that all this worl:
r.as thrown away. Juror.
New York, March 4.
The Sixth Who Goes Back.
To The Niw York Herald: Warden
T,s.wes of Sing Sing prison denies cod
dling the inmates and says that only
i.no prisoner out of every six returns
the second time. 1 wonder If the mov
ing pictures, vaudeville, baseball and
the classics that they teach up there
lave anything to do with the one pris
oner out of every six wonting to take
Another look. There would not be so
many If they learned that old song.
"One, two and three four we march In
.1 line. To the shoe shop or quarry we
have to keep time."
Frank w. Evan hob.
Ckktkr Moriches, March 4.
Mnslln*s Tatern.
To Thb New York Herald: Can any
o. your readers give me Information
about Muslin's Tavern, In Little Oeorg*
street, also 85 Church street and 63
Broome street, about the year 183 2?
Has the system of numbering houses
changed In the last half cjntury? How
near Broadway were the above local
ities" Harry we Ci.ktnk.
Niw York, March 4.
< nlisry's Municipal Jtreel Hallway.
from MtmMpnl Ttrfrrenrr Library SeJtc*.
Calgary's (Canada) municipal street rail
way carried 1S.7T1.271 passengers In 10?l,
art average of per car hour, *hirh Is
Just two ft iH>vo the estimated car hour
(raffle necessary to run the system. Csl
gary gives elslitepn tickets for St. -1 for
?.5 rents, eight children's tickets for
cents and charge* t" cents cash fen. l.ast
yeai 417,90?l rash far s *?r? paid. Tlio
ratimsl ?l revenue nf the a>itrin for lit'jj
U and expenditure fW", IW).
Damroach Greeted by Sunday Audience
Symphony Orchestra Pleases at Aeolian Hall With
Fifth of Bach's Concertos.
H> W. J. HKXUKBSUN.
It has been noted in this place on
several occasions that the Sunday after- j
noon audiences of the Symphony Society
seem to assume a kind of proprietary
interest in the organisation. Aeolian
Hall, where the concerts are given, is
rnore couducivc to sociability than the
cavernous spaces of Carnegie Hall, and
the meetings of Sunday l>eoome, as it
were, family affairs. So there was an
especial friendliness in the greeting be
stowed upon Walter Damrosch when he
appeared on the platform yesterday
afternoon to conduct the llrst Sunday
entertainment since his return froin
abroad.
The program was variegated. It be
gan with Dvorak's symphony. "From the
New World." The second number was
the fifth "f Bach's Brandenburg con
certos. the edition being that of the Bach
Society made by Alexander Siloti. who
w?3 at the piano. The final number was
Debussy's "Iberia."
The performance of the Bach con
certo for harpsichord, violin and flute,
with accompaniment of strings, gave the
audience unquestionable pleasure. It
would be strange if it failed to do so,
for It is a delightful composition, in
which not the least enjoyable move
ment is the Irish jig at the end. Pos
sibly Much did not know it was Irish,
but atiy New Yorker will be sure of it.
Doubtless, too, the Margrave of Bran
denburg. who is preserved in the P**?"
of history oecause he was an . ss duous
collector of concertos, regarded this as
one of his cnoice specimen*.
These excellent noblemen of the past
who had the laudable habit of keepin?
private orchestras, provided for pos
terity much better than they knew. We
cannot enjoy performances of these con
certo., i:i precisely the condition* ofln
tima< v. small audience rooms and ^ocial
relaxation for which they were dee gned
hut in such a placc a, Aeolian HaU they
can be made to approach closely
to what we may imagine to be
ortgTtuTl effect. The fifth was Played
vesterday with Mr. Siloti as the
lluatave Tinlot. concert ^cr of l1
orchestra, violinist, and ueorges Bar
!c a' casual hearer would conclude that
,his concerto had a special 1,ltere^ fo^
Mr. Siloti. because Bach who was a
harnsiohord performer of first rank,
r m^ht Into the first movement before
Its close an extended and elaborate
harpsichord part (now Eiven to pl?0^
iitinir the nlace occupied 111 tno aaj,
the Beethoven concerto by the cadenza.
of this Mr Siloti made much but. he
cUd "^nr^^he'second8 in which th"
^Holo'lnsTruments pW?jd[without
parity with his companions In richness
?*"The*ot her?po rt?ons of the concert need
no description beyond the statement a
A Cloud at Snnset.
Where the sky dips down to the Pall-j
sades the sun slipped over the
rocky rim .
\nd out of sight in a sea of light th*t,
rolled av ay In the distance dl . I
The gulls swooped home to thelr craggy
ne:,t? in dizzy circles on {lashing
V wind blew t,p from the unseen sea i
and whispered stories of won
drous things,
'The time scarred fare of the granite
cliff was veiled In a scarf of
amethyst.
The boulders scattered along Us base
grew Indistinct in the evening
mist, , ...
.V shimmering river of rubies red the
ripping tide of the Hudson ran.
And overhead in the afterglow I saw
the banner of GengU Khan.
A streamer of cloud In the fj"*
j vault to other eyes, but behold I
to mine
?Twas silk and silver and vivid rose
with golden fringes and seed
pearls fine,
The flax that over the comucror s liead
in the reek of battle so bravely
flew , , .
I When swords and lances and desert
sands were all of a dark and
dreadful hue.
As the hordes once rallied around It lo?
so trooped the stars In the dark
enlng arch,
enlng arcn,
Glittering armies In Jeweled mall along
i the llnea of their nightly march. |
! The rose light faded, the gold turned
l gray, and high In the sclntellant.
sapphire space
I It slowly flaunted beyond my gaze? the
long lost banner of Gengis Kahn.
Minna Irving.
Evolution in Schools.
Its Teaching Opposed on the Ground
That It Is Only a Theory.
I To Tim NKW YORK Hmald: I notice
that Trofessor Seligman of Columbia
and Professor Petrunkevltch of
I have issued rather drastic slate?n"
against those who disagree with them
rts to the teaching of evolution In tin
I ?< hools. The first of these gentlemen
Lays that If evolution Is eliminated from
the public achool curricula we will have
i left no science at all In the schools.
! The second denounces his opponents
| as enemies of the public good. Why
Is It that men of otherwise good mind* I
'and satisfactory education seem to take,
; leave of their logic when th?y approach
i the theory of. evolution?
: involution Is simply an Interesting
tl eory. It is almost destitute of any I
facta tendlnr 'o prove it. The entire
weight of evidence Is against It, and
the amazing thing Is that It Is swal
lowed by many who ought to rejcct It]
'immediately. The theory is a l.etcro- ,
aeneous mail of assumptions. Imag'na- (
It Ion supplying the great bulk of the
nl'egrd evidence In favor of l?. No com
petent Judge In try Ing Its validity I
I according to the ordinary rules of evl- |
dcnce would find In Its favor. Any
competent lawyer taking such a case in
court would expect to be thrown out
(after his opening statement.
The trouble In the matter, so far as
its being taught In the schools Is con-'
cern<* In that many Instructors of the
I tvpe Ot the two professors quoted do
i not safer to It as an interesting theory.
Thev teach it as a fact. And therein
lea the danger. This Is a Christian
I country, not only nominally but a. tu
ally as the Supreme Court of the United
State* has decided. Nevertheless Chrla
I Hon or unchristian, facts must l.c met.
but it Is dangerous t/i disturb the rellg*
1 ions sensibilities and feelings of 'he
' voung by teaching as a scientific fact
a mere theory which has been alread)
i lelegniod to the s f ntlflc d.imp heap.
! *To I'i'i fessvr Hcllgiwtn I would ss\
! fl at If the p-rhWe schools would turn
while some parts of the symphony were
rather roughly played the slow move
ment was finely treated.
UPROAR AT HEIFETZ CONCERT.
Crotvd So I.a rice Uauy Kurcc Their
W Ry Into Hall.
The fourth violin recital of Jaacha
HeifeU in Carnegie Hall yesterday
afternoon took place under conditions
approaching the sensational. The crowd
of those unable at the last to gain ad
mission thronged the outer lobby with
evident hopes, and finally a small por
tion of it took the law into its own
hands, and forcing its way through the
closed doors at the right of the music
entrance, made a dash for the inside of
the hull and Into the crowd which
already packed the standing room space.
Forced belonging to the management,
with detectives, were quickly on the
scene and the music loving invaders?
both men and women?were sought out
and removed from the hall, but not with
out a bodily struggle on the part of
some of the men.
It all happened just after Mr. Heifetz
had left the stage following a perform
ance of Charlier's transcription of the
"Chaconne," by vitali, and hence with
out disturbance to the artist. The vio
linist's other selections were I.alo'a
"Symphony Kspagnol," Bach's "Air on
the (} string," the Alter arrangement
of Haydn's "Vivace," an air from Rim
sky-Korsakov'a "Coq d'Or," Wieniaw
ski'a "Tarantelle" and the "Palpiti" of
Paganini.
Air. Heifetz was in splendid form and
In the expression of feeling he reached
some loftier heights than is his wont.
The audience overflowed onto the stage.
HAlKIl AND CASALS RECITAL.
Harold Bauer, pianist, and Tablo
Casals, violoncellist, gave a Joint recital
at Town Hall yesterday afternoon when
they played together an all Beethoven
program. These famous artists have
been heard here frequently in past
years in Joint entertainments, but not
within the most recent seasons. The
occasion was evidently one of rejoicing
that they had again chosen to appear
together. Their audience filled the
hall and their various offerings were
received with delight. The program as
announced was changed. The sonata
listed as the second number. In G minor,
opus 5, No. 2, was played as the first
number In place of the sonata in P
major, opus o, No. 1, and for the second
number was substituted the C major
sonata opus 102, N'o. 1. The remaining
works, the "Variations on a Theme "by
Mozart" and the sonata In O minor,
opus 5, Xo. 2, were given as listed.
The compositions furnished admirable
variety in showing how the master com
posed for tiie two instruments and In
their interpretations the two players de
serve only highest praise for their
beauty of tone, finish of technic and
artistic vision In plan of conception.
out children adequately trained In the
irathematical and other demonstrated
sciences they would be far better
equipped for the battle of life than by
the study of evolution.
As to Professor PetrunUcvitch, I
vould ask him to name one single man
to whom this country owes a debt of
giatitude who has been an active ex
ponent of the evolutionlstlc theory. This
country owes Its existence. Its preserva
t.on and the largest part of its prog
iess. both in a moral and material way,
to men whri have held and do hold the
time proved religious ideas. And a
treat many of them do not intend to
have their children subjected to teaching
which may lead to a contrary point of
view where this teaching is bised upon
20 per cent, of hypothesis and 80 per
cent, imagination. 12. V. MrERfl.
New York, March 4.
League for Filipino Women.
Kdncallon Through the Home Is
Object of >"ew Movement.
From thr .Wait I la Timta.
A number of prominent women in
Manila are starting a movement to
organize a civic league to be callcd Ihe
Filipino Women's Independent League,
the purpose of which is to disseminate
education among the people of the
Islands through the home, to help thi
men in their struggles for Independence
and to inculcate into the minds of
women n love of country and patriotic
interest in anything which concerns the
country's welfare.
The leaders of the movement are
women who may he said to be of the
most Intelligent and highly educated
clcss, including Mrs. Pura Villanueva de
Kb law, wife of Secretary of the Interior
Teodoro h'alaw; Mrs. Francisco Bcn
itez, wife of Dean Benitez of the college
of education, University of the ?hilip
pines, and herself an Instructor In the
university; Mrs. Uosa Sevllla de Al
vero, director of the Institute de Mu
Jeres, and Miss Ubrada Av?llno, di
rector of the Centro Kscolar do Sefior
itas.
Kducation through the home will be
the principal concern of the league. The
Intention Is to educate the mothers to
a proper appreciation of the high mis
sion of motherhood, to a realization of
what their ditties are toward an enlight
ered community, toward their families
and children. The leaders of the move
ment believe that proper education of
children can be attained only by a
proper education of mother". Patriot
Ism will ent>r a:? one of the most vllal
subjects for the young, and the mothers
will be mad" to, teach tliein that the
Philippines in their only country to love
and to defend.
? harity I* MN.Ing.
Unrrlt rmt r*p?vf1r?,r I nhimhta Onotfj/
(Ail:.) Irmlrr,
Mr. Luther Kltrliena a?ys "Have f?lth
hop. " lie ?urely must Jt*-. c lota of faith,
for If ha* been aoing with a tarty ftl.-nrt
twenty-one years ami has never propositi.
The ? ??ll of thr Buckwheat.
/?Vim tlir Tol'Hn ma dr.
On* th!.a hrttrr thai, i?,y alirnt ih.<k la
the knowledge that genuine country ga.wa-e
is going to he ? breakfast <ll*h.
The Annual Nightmare,
fV'dM Harritbvrg t/'n.) I'ahiu',
.After inahlriR out the Income lax most
nr in look like accident* com In* bruit from
happening
A Voyiiccr.
One I would he a voyager
And II the purple seas.
Seeking notne high adventure
Beyond the Cycladea.
Now w ere my hettrl contented
No ni'.?rc to r.inge and loam,
? 'o'lld I with l.ove |,e cabined
VV'tliin the wall of home.
Cr.lXTON SCOU.ARD.
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
Kur Eastern Now York?Fu.r :iwl
slightly warmer to-ilay, to??porivw in*
citasing cloudiness and Hjanuor ; svuU
winds increasing to-iuoirow.
For New Jersey?hull* and warmer : o - 0 < IX >
to-morrow UioreaslUii i'ioudlnesn aud winn
er: southerly winds, increasing to-uiwio?.
tor Northern New England?fr't^ir today;
to-morrow increasing eioudlnss and warmer,
diminishing west, shifting to south wimw<.
for Southern Now Bnglan?i? l-'air to-day :
to-morrow lnerta-ilng clouuiiw** iV?<i warm
er, dlnihiishlng west, sdiiftlug to south wind.
For Wost.rii Now York? l-'air ami waiiuei
to-day; to-iuorrow misruled, probably tain;
southerly wiuds, lm roasliitf to-ruorrow.
WASHINGTON, March 5.?Ti:o euasi rttorm
hati continued to mow tapidly 'vo.rtlKS.*t
ward. and its centsr was owr Nova S^otew
to-night. It Iia3 been HltvjiucU t> ruin of
snow within tile last twenty-four houro. and
in the upper Ohio Valley, tin lower la!.''
region and in the Atianu St 14 U a noilh < f
Virginia, and by gale* along (lie middle
Atlantic aud North Atlualiu coasts. The
highest velocity reported was suventv-\wo
miles, from tho Northwest, at New York
city.
The extensive area of low pressure that
w as over the Kar \V?at yesterday has moved
eastward, and tlu> lowest pressure ;0-ittght
wgs over the middle Missouri Valley. Tnl*
disturbance ha* beta attended by tains in
the Pacific State* arid by local rains or
snows In the plateau and north Kooky
Mountains regions and Western Nebraska.
'I'ho temperature has risen over thu east
ern half of the country, and it has fallen
throughout tlve Rocky Mountain and piute.au
regions and the northwest. The western
disturbance will move northeastward, pra
oeded b> rising temperature and generally
fair weather oast of the Mississippi River
to-morrow, and it will be attended by mueh
cloudiness during Tuesday, and rain is prob
able in tile lake region, the Ohio Valley,
Tennessee and tho east Gulf Stales. Mild
temperature will contlnun east of the Missis
sippi Ulver until Tuesday night, except that
it will fall In tho upper lakn region and the
lower Ohio and middle Mississippi valleys
Tuesday afternoon.
Observations at United States Weather
Bureau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
seventy-fifth meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
last 2-1 his. B?ro- last 24
Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather.
Abilene 84 76 2D.58 .. Snow
Albany 44 .12 29.98 .38 Clear
Atlantlo City.. fiO 86 80.08 .. Clear
Baltimore .... 56 36 80.12 .. Clear
Bismarck 32 .. 29.74 .. Cloudy
Boston 42 34 29.80 .08 Clear
Buffalo 38 28 30.08 .. Clear
Cincinnati .... 52 50 30.00 .. Cleat
Charleston .... (ID 3d 80.24 .. Clear
Chicago 50,34 29.71 .. Clear
Cleveland .... 48 ' 30 30.04 .. Clear
Denver 40 32 29.70 .08 Cloudy
Detroit 50 28 29.98 .. Clear
Galveston 114 .">2 20.90 .. Cloudy
Helena 31 28 29.98 .. Cloudy
Jacksonville .. 64 40 30.24 .. Clear
Kansas City.. 62 34 28.46 .. Clear
I.os Angeles... 62 58 30.10 .. Clear
Milwaukee ... 44 32 29.70 .. Pt.Cl'dy
New Orleans.. 60 42 30.08 .. Cloudy
Oklahoma .... 72 66 29.18 .. Cloudy
Philadelphia .. 54 34 80.08 .. Clear
Pittsburgh .... 46 30 30.12 .. Clear
Portland. Me.. 38 32 29.78 .04 Rain
Portland, Ore. 44 42 30.20 .08 rt.Cl'dy
Halt Lake City. 32 26 30.04 .01 Snow
San Antonio.. 78 76 29.76 .. Clear
San Diego 60 68 30.10 .. Clear
San Francisco. 52 50 80.28 .. Pt.Cl'dy
Seattle 48 44 80.20 .. Clear
St. I^ouls 58 34 29.70 .. Clear
St. Paul 42 40 29.48 ... Cloudy
Washington ..58 34 30.12 .. Clear
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
1A.M. S T. M.
Barometar 29.65 30.01
Humidity 91 37
Wind?direction N.W. N.W.
Wind?velocity 17
Weather Raining Ci~*ar
Precipitation 49 .??
Tho temperature In this city yesterday, as
recorded by tho official thermometer, i?
shown in tho annexed table:
8 A.M.... 86 I P. M 48 6 P. M |1
II A.M....37 2 P.M... 4". 7 P.M.... 4?
10 A. M 38 3 P. M 47 8 1*. M.... 40
11 A. M 39 4 P. M 4!) 9 P. M t?
12 M 41 6 P. M 49 10 P. M H
1922. 1921. 1922. 1921.
9 A.M.... 37 30 8 P. M 48 :?i
12 M 41 SS 9 P. M HI in
3 P.M.... 47 37 12 Mid 4.1 IJ
Highest temperature. 49. at 4 P. M.
Lowest temperature, 3t at 5:30 A. M.
Average temperature, 42.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Frederick Moron will speak nt the Wc '
Side Y. M. C. A. at 8:30 P. M. on "What
I Tlilnk of Americans and America."
Boys' Club Federation, dinner, llotcl
Commodore, 7 P. M.
W. Averell llarrlman will speak on "Th?
American Flag on the 8ea," Town Hall.
1-3 West Forty-third street, It A. M.
Yorkrllle Chamber of Commerce, meeting.
Turn Hall, Klght.v-fifth street and .Lexing
ton avenue, 8 P. M.
Transit Commissioner Deroy T. narknc*
will speak at a meeting: of tlrj West Km!
Association, Hotel Ansonla, 8:30 P. M.
Harlem Association for Disabled Negri.
Veterans, carnival. Twelfth Reginicni
Armory, Columbus avenue and BUlj -second
street, opening day.
Prospect Heights Citizens' Assoc lat inn.
dinner. Montauk Club, Brooklyn, 7 P. M.
Commission Resident Buyers' Aaaoclallim
of America, Inc., meeting, Hotel Pennsyl
vania, 7:30 P. M.
Dr. Ueorgo F. Killix will speak on
"American Diamonds and Other Precious
St ones" at a meeting of tito section "C
geology and mineralogy, New York Acad
omy of Silences, American Museum of
Natural History, Seventh seventh afreet and
Central Park West. 8:1 r. P. M.
i Dr. Thomas' Jesse .tones will give an II
i lustra ted lecture, benefit Brooklyn Urban
League and Lincoln Settlement, Brooklyn
! Academy of Musie, 8:15 P. M.
i Thirteenth Post, No. 313. Amerl an
j Legion, meeting. Tnlrteeutli Regiment
Arfnory, Il."?7 Fumnrr avenue. Rrookhn.
I 8:1.1 P. M.
f lovernmcnt Club, meeting. Hotel Astor,
I 2 P. M.
| Associated Dress Industries, convention,
I Waldorf-Astoria, beginning 10 A. M.
New Yorkers, meeting. Hotel Astor, :!
I P. M.
I Brooklyn Fond Show, Thirteenth Co* f
j Defense Command Armory, 3.*7 Suntt ' r
avenue, opening day.
: Friendly Sons of St, Patrick, meeting,
: Hotel Astor, 8 P. M.
t'smpslgn meeting, suspires New N <?rk
j .le? ish War Sufferers., Motel Pennsylvania.
I 8 P. M.
The Founders, meeting, llotnl Astor. Z
| P. M.
Alice T. Co.mco xv III Ire*turc for lilifti
i Rohoot clawed on "(ireck Athletics," Met*
| ropolitart Muiseum of Art. I I*. M.
? lllrd S, Colcr, OoiiiniHakmci of IMiMkt
j Welfare, will slvc a public lee t lire on "Tli"
1'Apartment of Public Wcrfare," Kra
! Mi.II High School, Church awl Ptatburli
j avenues, Brooklyn, 1*. M*
PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT.
MANHATTAN AND TIIK BRONX.
"Trend of the Times," by Prof. Nelson P.
Mead, ut Washington lt<lng 11. ?., Irving
I plac" nflit sixteenth street.
! "Trend of the Times," liy Prof. Willis m
i It Oils, til Pilgrim Hall, Flfty-iUtli si rent
and Broadway.
"Trend "f (lie Times," by Mr. Arthur I'.'
Keen, nl Morris High School, BMitll Ctro't
i and Boston road. Til" Bronx.
j "Books Thai Kvery Should Know ,**
I "Vanlti Fair," b' Prof. .1. < S. Carter Troop,
at I'. S. III,"., West I OKI }t alreet.
"Rome." !?>? Mr. Garrett P. Servis*. at
I P. III. Kitlth strevt and Si. Nicholas
aienue. Illustrated.
' The House Beatlllful," b> Mr. Krn ?t
Kuaufft, nt I'. S. .Ml. ?*?'!* Fast i'lf t y v?
! cnth alreet. lllu-itrated.
"Serbian Rebuilding Through American
, I'.dur-alloM," by Dr. RosallM s. Morton. ?'
I P. S 15T. St. Nicholas avenuu and ls~th
at i eel. Illustrated.
' "Flashes of Action," by i.hul. Ralph ('
| Bishop, at Labor Temple, Fourteenth
j ?i reel and .Second avenue. War Department
motion pictures.
"The Marvelous Valley of tie" Amazon.
' b> Mr. Herbert Mnlrltead. at St. Coluniha
III.II, .".13 West Twenly-flfth ?treat. Illus*
; trated.
? ? I .It t It- Women," by Mls.? Ulalv boil, st
Kv audi Child. 11. S., JHItl. drcet ami
I Field plae , The Brohv
BROOKLYN AND QL'KfCNS.
"Trend of Hi Times," by Ml " Jii'ti' M.
! itavl?. nt H'trhwlek II. H., living Avenue
. and Woodbine streH.
| "Trend of tin- Times, ' by Mr, Rvtlii.y N.
I tlsshrr, at Hastern District II 3., Marey
i aventto ami l<c?p street.
i "Trend of lite Times," by t'rof. WlH ani
! (|. t'.uthrle, l'h. f'., st I'. tf. .*(?, tl''.uei
? in" i and hrlttun ivuDlir, Kliiilnilr t, l? l
} "Roman! I" Modern Music," by Mr.
I Clii.sepp ? Aide Raudeggrr. st Manual Triihi
big II. S., Seventh avenue and Fifth street.
1 "Roneo and Juliet," a reading, b- Mist
' Mima Morgun, at Richmond lit!! II. .- ,
floolhoff and Rldg"\iood avenue*.
The Associated I'r-ss D e.ehish ely ?:?tlt l ->l
io the use for republltn lott of nil new* ill*
I patches ? rutl'eil tu It nt not o'lio'ni.lu
- ? 11 illlftl ii thii pip , ami aUu lit. lU'S.
I . .... p.ilitlsh" d III n In.
1AI1 rights of republiea'lon of i pedal till
patLlivu Ituiulo are also luservtU.

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