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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 09, 1922, Image 1

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Fair and slightly warmer to-day; to-mor
row rain; northeast and east winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 39; lowest, 3a.
The New York Herald, with all that wm
best of The Sun intertwined with it, and
the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better
Detailed weather report* will be found on editorial pas*. tCOPTRIOHT, 18 22. BY THE SUN-HERALD CORPORATION! and SOUnder newspaper than ever before.
* ? - %
Opens Loekwood Hear
ing by Denouncing
Questionable Invest
ments of Companies
Superintendent Attacks 40
P. C. Building-Loan
Mortgage Bill.
Predicts Rents "Will Drop at
Onee if Metropolitan Life
Bill Passes.
Uprnal Dispatch to T?? Ngw y0kk hb*m.d.
New York Herald Bureau, )
,, Albnny. March 8. f
!? oderal and State courts have broken
down almost completely in their en
deavor to curb unlawful combinations
ope.atir.ff in defiance of the anti-trust
ws in restr.iint of trade, Samuel Un
termyer 'old the members of the State
i -legislature to-day. He appeared in
support of :ho bills presented by the
Lickwood committee.
Mr. Untermyer also demanded a
Slowdown with the insurance com
iwni.s on the question of their stock
Peculations, insisting that the public
lias the right to demand that the as
sets of auch corporations should be in
vested in safe securities, such as real
'state, instead of going into wildcat
ind wild dog stocks in which great
sums have been lost in recent years.
One of the most important If not the
most Important bill which Mr. Unter
myer advocated Is that which gives to
the Metropolitan Life Insurance Com
pany authority to Invest $100,000,000 in
building enterprises. The committer
insists that If this measure Is passed,
rents will drop almost immediately in
New Tork.
Gov. Miller had stated that he was
not certain such a bill should be paired
Mr. Untermyer callcd iwthe Governor
to-day and tried to persuade lilnr ihat
the measure is absolutely essential to
the success of the committee's program
? nd for the relief of the building situa
t.on. The result of the conference was
not made known, but it was reported,
however, that the Governor's attitude
had somewhat changed and that he
might not actively oppose the measure.
All lie would say was that "the atmos
phere was clearer."
? or Slate Trade ('onsmlaalon.
Another big feature of the commit
tee a p.ograni is the bill to create a
State trade commission to regulate cor
porations and prevent violations of the
anti-trust law. In advocating this pro
posal Mr. Untermyer said:
"I regard this bill as the most im
portant part of our program. Its pur
pose Is to bring about regulation of
trade and the suppression of illegal
combinations. Our investigation dis
close.! Ihat qvcry industry related to
bollding and housing not only In this
Mate but throughout the country is In
fected with illegal combinations which
openly challenge the law.
"These combinations, our disclosures
ave Shown, cannot oe suppressed by
regular machinery of Justice. The
"hole country is In their grip. This
Mate certainly i?. And the Lockwood
f-rUn"1?* Ca,lnot In existence
fonder to act as a policeman.
There was no opposition to the meas
ure at the hearing, although then- has
VPPTt,0n b0,h ,n ,h" r?P'
IJm / .?. ?rk- 0rily ,h* flnan. ial
P nf Hi# committer's program uai
heard to-day Cher measures will be
'onsioered to-morrow.
The first measure tafcen up was the
proposed amendment to the anti-trust
? aw making thr Inflation of pn*on Mn.
Uncea mandatory for violations of the
law. Henry U Kllleen of Buffalo was
on|Jr opponent He aald ,hc
"r* *?" "* *es?ure of dlsappolnt
*?' ?"? veiled crltieiam of the
rourts. declaring that judges in the
Mare court, were able to do their duty
without Instruction from the I.eglsla
"The suggestion ihat this Is a gesture
?L,.^T .Tnt '? no, v'r> compll
memary to the committer which ap
proved th a bill by unanimous vote
n!,rT'*r "**? ?tate and
^ rourt" have enforced the antl
Imi? laws aa If they did not like to In
iict penalties on violators of ihia stat
ute. He mual p*?? this bill if ^
*h* 'mW ,0 ron,in?" " ''*ad
Oror Innrasre Hill*.
Tb? Mil to .-on,pel inauranee row
Males to taraat in p<r p,.,,, of ...
a Mai a In mart*a??* and bulMmc loan.
? as opiMMd fcy Superintendent of
insurance rVancla II Stoddard. Will,
lass H Hot. hkiaa farmer Insurance Mn
9T^n.'*nd""t- r*praawwtIng a number of
companies. J || r>o>I, ?f the
** r,r* ' oderw rtt?r*.
?levari nt thr Kum
owner* AaaoeiMiMi and others
Mr I'nieentrar aald that in p*r cent
r. aM?u 0?t
?We of Sew H?u h a hrrn7_l
V^je4 la rea, and ^.ntinuj
? "twpanlee in ihla Hi... >,
*?*? derr*aeln? <h*lr ,-ai '
: .* 1 '???*!* m
'Mtmffll n? I* I h* luraa
?? ? b^a of the .
? r? placing it on ft,. flfill#f. ,n<j
permanent haata ih>i r?aii> i.?
,? ~ 'ovaaimenis
* T for ,h- letter
Xaiders and the l?wa?a fewer than ihV-I
"Si""* ttom *"*???? tn?ee?menta
^e are irrtag M get tk? fire Ins'ir
fteatlaaed mm Page Viei
(detective, held op,
! shoots 2 NEGROES
Hauptmann, Halted in Hall
way, Collapses in Feigned
Young Bandits, Trailed by
! Police to Cellar, Are Hos
pital Prisoners.
Two negroes crouched In a dark
hallway on the second floor of the
tenement house In 106 West 137th
street last night thought Detective
William J. Hauptmann of the West
152d street station was the rent col
lector when they saw him coming
down stairs with several slips of paper
in his hand and a bulge in his right
hand coat pocket.
They thought the bulge was money
and stopped him, one In front and the
other behind, and both pressed re
volvers against the detective's body.
Hauptmann feigned fright. He be
gan to tremble, and when one of the
negroes ordered: "Give us the day's
receipts!" Hauptmann fell to the floor,
apparently too frightened to stand. He
got his body beneath the line of the
two guns and the negroes relaxed
their vigilance, but insisted he give
them the money.
"I'll give it to you as quick as I can
get It," said Hauptmann. "Don't kill
Ho slipped a hand in hla pocket and
clutched the revolver. Turning on one
side he Jerked out the gun and before
the negroes realized what he was doing
had begun to shoot. His first bullet
struck the nearest negro in the abdomen
and " lie pitched down the stairs to the
first floor landing.
Hauptmann, still in a crouching posi
tion, fired at the other negro before the
latter had time to shoot. The bullet hit
the n< gro in the left thigh, inflicting a
deep wound. He threw away his gun
and plunged down the stairs as Haupt
mann fired three more shots. Then he
blew his police whistle.
Some one telephoned to the West 135th
street station and Detectives Winter
halter. Redding and England, with
Hauptmann. followed a trail of blood
through back yards and over fences to
a cellar in 126 West 137th street. There
in a coal bin they found Frank Jackson,
a negro messenger boy, of 11 East 131?f
street, and Hubert Josephs, a ne?rro boot
black. of the same address. Jackson had
a bullet wound In the abdomen and .To
sephs nad been shot In the left thigh.
The two negroes were taken to the po
lice station and charged wlMi assault,
attempted robbery and violation of the
Sullivan law, a pistol having been found
under Jackson's hat In the coal bin.
Then they were taken to Bellevue Hos
pital. to the prison ward. Both will re
'Lone Star* Hans and 2 Men
Robbed in Omaha Grocery.
Omaha, March 8.?Fred M. ("Lone
Star") Hans of Omaha, Indian scout
under Gen. Philip Sheridan in 1876 to
( 1N81, and renowned an one of the fastest
i shooters of a single notion pistol in thp.
; world, was narrating to two companions
! lust niKht the story of r'uster's last fight
when the trio were held up and attacked
by three men who entered a grocery
htore and escaped after robbing their
To-day Hans said It was "plumb dis
trusting to let that fellow and the two
chaps that followed him into the store
take my money, but what could a fel
low do unarmed against three men each
with a pair of guns apiece."
Hans wns instrumental In bringing
Sitting Bull back to the United States
from Canada.
Takes Issue With Him on Pro
hibition Statements.
, Spri ml Pi-iiiotch to Tun Stw Vn?K Hm.u.D.
Providknck. March 8<?Mrs. Margot
I Aaquith. speaking at Infantry Hall here
. to-night, .?ald :
"1 read In a New York newspaper
that Lord Lee of Fareham, the
head of our Admiralty, says I have said
what Is cruel, wrong and untrue about
(nohlbltion. He declare# that in the
thirty years h" liv#<1 here he inner ob
' served the harm done by prohibition.
Prohibition has not bean here thirty
veara. I've aim-ays been for it, but I
find It ian't quite what 1 thought It
t WkK."
"It does not seem to me that prohi
bition works fairly as between the rich
?ind the poor. Lord l?ee says 1 say your
tnurig tnaldens are frequently Intoxl
>'a(e i i did not f?y that. I spld tney
break the law every day."
Rev. Peter McNab's Romance
Ends; Fiancee Nearly J00.
FliM*HKsrBtt. March 8 - The death to
da> '>f Pie Re\ l?pr Mr Nab at Tork. s
?mall village In Livingston county, ended
a riman< e with few parallel*.
Mr McMafc on January R last felebrated 1
hi? lewk birthday. Mett April 4. If she i
liven, the sweetheart of his youth, Miss
?"harlot te Walker, also of York, will
i ""?le|?rate her Iftnth birthday.
Their marriage planned in early Ufa,
?raa iKwrt^nad and ?\etitually abandoned
Hsraiia* of *fr. tfc^ab'a 111 health.
\ *
The Fordney fiat ha.s gone out. The Fordney bonus
bill is to be railroaded through the House. The Ford
ney fiat says pass the buck to the Senate and the Repub
lican House will kowtow to Fordney and do his bidding.
But what of the Senate? What will the Senate do
with the Fordney monstrosity? To say it will pass it
or it won't pass it would be guessing, and why guess?
The New York Herald can say without guessing
that the Fordney bonus bill will not have an easy time
of it in the Senate. It may get through and it may not.
If it does get through, The New York Herald believes
President Harding will veto it.
The President knows that his party is pledged to
save money, pledged to cut out waste, pledged to lighten
the tax burdens of the people.
The President knows that the Republican party i?
not pledged to the payment of a horizontal soldier
The President knows that the only Republican
bonus pledges are individual pledges of Republican
Congressmen made to insure their election in 19*20.
The President knows that these individual pledges
of Congressmen to raid the Treasury for their own
political advantage did not have the authorization ol
the Republican party.
The President knows that instead of costing the
country five billions of dollars to pay the Fordney bonus
it would cost the country ten billions of dollars before
the last cent was paid?perhaps twice ten billions of
dollars?twenty thousand millions of dollars.
The President knows that the Fordney "Adjusted
Service Credits" are nothing else than promissory notes
of the Government, just straight Government bonds,
and the President has placed himself squarely on rec
ord against the Government adding five billions of dol
lars more in bonds to its already staggering debt.
Because President Harding knows all this and lias
a wise appreciation of the whole matter The New York
Herald holds confidently to the belief that the Fordney
bonus measure will never have his approval.?Editorial.
Six Women and Six .Men in
Trenton Spend Most of Time
Playing Cards.
One Husband Speaks His Mind
to Judge?Gov. Prens De
nounces Situation.
Tkkntos. March 8._After passing
the night in deliberating a Jury com
posed of -six women and
turned a disagreement to .Tudg
B Marshall In Mercer court to-day in
the trial of Raphael Ptoelle, charged
with immoral conduct.
This Is the first time a m?xed Jury
has been locked up over night here
The jurv was relieved of further con
.(deration * U.. c??. *?". ?><? tMnto
Of the court. The women jurors ore
all married and more than one i- th^
mother of children. Two constables
and a matron were detailed to attend
tC The junorsTwere allowed to occupy the
larKe court roo^.^g^C0^u1 cushioned
chamber Is h?,_e locked up for the
seats. and upon aPncl read
night and after P > . . tc |n the
ing the newspapers cushions
evening the Jurors took tn ^ ^
and, disposing themse
intervals. They Except for
rupted. fcowever. to vate. **
^at&Ve?y an liked the experience
but did not care for a lot of It.
Tells of VlBll.
Mrs. I ess ? Telephone Com
h??r. ?
PR"h a Verdict, but In vain. Then we
reach a verm . newspapers and
sent out f?r _ ^ ^ men an? r(.ad
we played ca ^ ^ ^ Ured ot
the ? lonJ| orf the court
this we took the about the
r??rn The men were very considerate
room. Tho men treated the ex
of us. AH the * red|y but some of
perlence good B8 to how mat
them expressed woman
ter. were go Ing at home. ^ ^ ^
told me her hu? niorning had
dren to *>ed and In, the m breakfast
dressed th.ni. ?rep*Z **
and sent them to school.
ST' UerTo"* the confinement of seven
arose here over ^ and
w'tiir.en and Ave menJ>' two ^ ^
two nights in a Qov- Preus of
increased to-d > -never would I
"irC; Pre- to go through such
an ordeal."
Tlx. ?v.n nn *b?oWt.
women's organi?tl ^ men re.
equality of aeihack Sewn hUB
celved a decided of an or
bands have sow n th any morc
ganlzed movement agsm
mixed juries In St.. - a ^ nnd five
The Jury of seven ?_ Thoemke.
men In the Case automobile,
charged with and two
was "hung up for entity was
nights before a verdict or g
returned. , ,v? 4,irv heen dla
No sooner had the Jury ^
charged wi'h the us' cry went
Catlln than a great nue serving
up. Husband, of the worn n
on th. jury lldnj? ^"J/Sren during
work and caring for the cnuu ^
the day. hut when,at night Von
were herded Into chaining
?nd locked withnr
room, where there we ln? action
curtains to shield the ?nd
s r, Krrm.3.
He made full use or n ?hPr his
vocabulary and declared that n .
the circumstances the msn ^
rrriv"?- '."sss
good" ? ,,
Th# *?* Wrjt1n? P?Py
ar* Whiting frnvrt.?.A4v.
If It Reaches Chamber a Filibuster Will Ensue?Fre
linghuysen Asks Mellon Whether Measure Can
Be Financed?Gag Rule Planned in
House to Jam Bill Through.
Special Dispatch to Tub New Yoik. Her*i d.
Nrw York Herald Burean, )
Washington, D. C., March I. [
Despite conclusive evidence that the
vaults of national banks would be
locked against the bonus raid on the
Treasury and business of the country,
the House leaders purpose to Jam it
Republican members of the Ways
and Means Committee already have
agreed upon a plan to insure passage
of the measure. The inspiration of it
is the frenzied demand of Representa
tives, seeking the votes which the
bonus propagandists have promised to
deliver, to get rid of the makeshift in
surance certificate plan as soon as
possible and regardless of its ultimate
The bill will be reported by the >
Ways and Means Committee on Satur- j
day under a new rule which will be '
framed to shut o<T discussion and :
thereby perpetuate the secrecy which
characterised its concoction by Mr.
Fordney and his Republican associates.
If the new rule can be imposed all
amendments will be excluded by the i
gagging process and debate limited to i
forty minutes.
Cenanretl on Every Side.
Whether Mr. Fordney and the other
bonus advocates who are being cen- 1
s.ured on every side by Republican
leaders for embarrassing their party
can get away with the "gag rule"1
scheme remains to be seen. They un- ?
questionably feel confident they can
do so, not because the majority of the
Hotiae entertains any convictions In
the matter but simply as a matter of:
political expediency.
To permit full discussion of the cer
tificate loan plan, which Is generally
condemned In every quarter outside
the lower house, might precipitate %
condition of affairs that would Jeopar
dize its present favorable chance of,
getting through.
The bonus members of Congress, ad
mitting the common sense and logic
of every argument directed against It
from the White House, the Treasury,
the farming, commercial and indus
trial elements of the country, which
are supported by the leading men in
the two parties, do not want the bill's
defects exposed or their real victims ?
the bonus claimants?to realir.i' the de
ception that Is being practtocd upon
I.rnunr Official* Inclnrted.
The American I/cmon leader* ap
parently have agreed to he a party toj
this deception Concocted by Mr. Ford
ney and his Republican associates or
the Ways and Means Committee. They |
insisted to-day that the bill reported
by Mr. Fordney is "the five way plan"
which wo* framed by the legion. Tin
latest Fordney bill Is nothing of the
Public opinion. orgaitMcetf b\ The
New York Herald, compelled the elim
ination' df the cash lw>nu? Insisted on
by the legion and other l.onti? propa
gandists. To show the <Bfferenee it i?
only necessary to cite th?' fa* t that the
cash bonus feature of the original plait
was open to approximately 4,000,00m
ex-service men and would have In-1
volved an estimated outlay of Govern
ment cash of at least 1800,000,000 for
the first year.
Popular resentment dire< ted ch'efly
against this feature of the bill c> "re
pelled Its abandonment. Undt*" tbc
new plan the only veterans entitle 1 u
n rash bonus are those who fvotil'' re- |
eelve less than $50 apiece, which would
require an outlay of Government cash
r.ot exceeding $160,000,000.
MaeNlcler Bark In I ayltat.
There Is little question, lucrevr
that the bonus raiders will accent the
new plan and assert that It Is ? "? sh
bonus bill," when It Is not. '""ommsn let
MacNlder, who came to Washington
to-day to crack the whip ov?' 'he
bonus members of the House. Tent
word through John Thomas Taylor,
his authorised spokesman, ;hat na re
garded the last edition of th* F*?rdne
bonus proposition a.s a "five way plan "
thereby implying its acceptance.
Some ex-service men who are op
posed to the bonus on general princi
ples inspired by patriotic sentiments
have taken the trouble to analyze the
Plan. They declare the needy soldier
who is demanding a cash bonus will
procure little actual benefit from the
operation of the Kordney measure.
Mr. Fordney and his associates, who
have defied the President, ignored the
advice of Secretary Mellon, swept
aside the expert analysis of Senator
Glass, the franier of the Federal Re
serve banking system, and have failed
to become impressed with the over
whelming shower of protests from all
classes of people, will rush the bonus
bill through the House on the theory
that It will relieve them of responsi
bility and will "pass the buck" to the
Senate, President Harding. Secretary
Mellon or anybody else on whose
shoulders It can be unloaded.
?Will Hitt Kept Onr Promise*.'
The House feels that by doing so it
will have "kept our promises to the
boys." If the plans of Mr. Fordney
and his bonus associates are realized
the certificate Insurance plan, pro
nounced to be worthless by men whose
Judgment is authoritative, will be tor
pedoed through the House next week
and dumped upon the Senate Finance
Members of the Senate Finance
Committee will be less susceptible to
tne stampede process successfully em
ployed by tho bonus propagandists in
the House. This fact was pretty firmlv
established to-day by the comments of
the Senate committee to which the bill
*?. rtferred ,f ^e House Anally
sends it along.
I'nless there Is a decided change o:i
the part of the members of the Senate
eomrruttee the bonus raid bill will meet
Its Waterloo In that body. The Senate
committee is composed of sixteen
members, ten of whom are Republi
cans^ The chairman is Senator Mr
umber of North Dakota. He is for
the bonus, but is not very enthusiastic
over the insurance scheme concocts
by Mr. Fordney without provision for
paying the lo.OOO.DOO.OOO bill.
The North Dakota Senator thl#
nvlV?^" "1freMed disappointment
over the elimination of the cash option
It means." he said, "that under the
n*w plan the bonus will cost the t!ov
ernment more and fh? soldier actually
will get lesa."
?m?nt Define* HI* Position.
Senator Smoot. the ranking Repub
lican member of the committee. ,,i,|
t.iat if the bonus bill passed by the
House does not carry any provision
ror raising the required revenue I will
opiMiae the proposition.'*
It happens that the F.nan. e Com
mil tee is largely composed of "Admin
istration ' Senators. They ate dis
posed to follow the Judanient of the
freaident. who only yesterday declared
he had not changed his opinion that
?ifiles* a sales tax was adopted 10
finance bonus legislation consideration
"f it should he postponed.
'? thla group are Senators Watson
L | ,S Y >. Frehnghuvs.n
? r!;.,. Curtis (Kan )
anil Dillingham (Vt).
Senator I^Kollett,. . Wis , Is sup
posed to he for the honu* hill mainlr
t?e.au?e the passage of it would em
harrasa the Administration He i* ?h.
Senator Sutherland ?W Va > Is for
the bonus hill. "It ??em* to he a w.||
thcught out plan," he said.
While Senator Frelin?hu> set. <N J )
^ Inclined to follow thr President, the
honus propagandists ount him s* "a
friend He has not . learly defined
his position to date Ho ma> do
when he receives a reply to a letter
w 1,< h he nddre??ei1 to Se, retary Mel
Irtn to-day .ah,ng hew mil.h money
the near Fordne, bonus plan aould
? ost the Government and where said
money la to come from
few i' any of the en mmnrrille
members of the Finance Committee
win support the Insirsn.e certificate
osn schema The De-noersflr position
a that the mone\ to finance an\ bonus
leglslstlon should . ome from tr?. p?,.
('?aliased ea Psgs Twe.
Dr. Prince Goes to Bod II op in a
I That His Slumber May
Be Disturbed.
Marv Ellen Mac Don a Id.
Quizzed, Repeals Story of
the Visitations.
Caledonia Mills. X. S., March K (by
Staff Expeditionary Member) ?Round
1 in the fight of the Antlgonisb Ghost
versus Dr. W. Franklin Prince soes
to the latter by default, his opponent
having failed to enter the ring.
Daybreak to-day found the iotri r,id
band of watchers at the MacOotmld
homestead in a state of relieved disap
pointment: relieved because they h id
not been rudely handled or chas"d cut
into the fury of the terrifli: wlr. 1 J?ml
rain storm that raged all through the
night and disappointed because ih*
ghost had failed entirely to moke'his
presence known.
Dr. Prince says he slept v.ell and h*
is not at all surprised that nothing
happened to interfere with his sl.;m
bers?that is. nothing of an utm?ual
nature. True, the house was rooked
and tortured by one of the mont
furious wind and rain storms that has
swept this locality for years. A per
fect setting for an incendiary and
manhandling ghost. But tfc?re wa =
not a rap. a creak or a flicker that re
minded us of the idiosyncrasies of the
famous Antigonlsh Ghost.
Too Stormy to Sleep.
But if the learned doctor slept well
It was not so with the rest of us in the
house. He retired early as per usual
1 custom, he eaid, and left the reat of us
j to our own devices but with Instructions
to fake no action. In case of unusual
| occurrences, without first arousing him.
We did not feel like sleeping. The
action of the elements was not con
i duclve to repose. So we sat around and
. smoUed and played cards. It was hard
to keep our minds on the subject. I
was looked upon as -a veteran, having
' r.lready heard and felt the manifesta
tions of the Inexplicable power that
' haunts this place. But I could not con
1 trol my nervousness and would not at
tempt to conceal It. All hands waited
i In unspoken apprehension for the zero
! hour?midnight. For that, according to
tradition. Is the critical moment for
| ghostly actions. Watenes were glanced
: at?surreptitious glances they were, too
If some ghostly rapping had sounded
the strokes of 12 o'clock on some spec
, tral gong I arp sure we wpuld have gone
through the wall.
But not a sound was heard that the
storm did not make, except our own j
uneasy activities as we clustered around .
the kitchen stove and tried to appeal !
"Twelve o'clock and all's well," said
MoMltchle, and he moved to retire
Scarcely had the words left his mouth i
when we-were electrified by the sound
of a tinkling bell In Dr. Prince's room
"The ghost!" some one exclaimed a.? 1
we waited, tense -with excitement for 1
what would come nexi.
But it was only Dr. Prince acoi- |
dentally Jarring the delicate apparatus
that he hopes will betray the presence
of unwelcome visitors during Ills slum
Door niimn In Iit Hturm.
Ho the (night passed with us. punc
tuated with fitful slumber between the
violent gusts of the storm. The door
was blown In more than once, and we
had to brace It strongly before it would
hold against the terrlflc force of the
gala. My prevloua experience in the
bouae has given me an uncanny belief
that I can tell when the weird forces are
about to get In their work. And I felt
sura last night, after the *ero hour had
passed, that we would witness nothing
i of a phenomenal nature
Nevertheless the ineffaiahte "(Tecf of
that alarming night when f'arroll 1? de
tective) and I were actually "slapped"'
by the strange power that we could
hear but not see. feel but not grasp, ha*
left ma with a horror of this house that
i grip* ?ne the rr oment 1 enter ?! Rut
our flrat night here was much the same
aa la?t night We witnessed nothing
unuaual. and my akepfJolim was stimu
lated hy Mia fact. But I ln*t it all the
awnnil night This partv la not so sker
ttcal T am wandering if they will he
even skeptical after another night
under the t?ef.
Or r-ln' e baa now eompirgd pracli
C??tinned on Tags *1v
Harding Tells Senate It Has
No Hearing on Ishii Agree
ment on China.
Anglo-Japanese Relations I n
changed, He Says?Lodge
Issues Warning.
a*,.*! n,r?a>rh to Tno New Yoaw H?*? "
?w York Hfn.14 B,.r?.n, )
\V??liln*ton. D. C .. Marrh S.
Pi esldent Harding: answered the
Senate request for information con
cerning the effect of the treaties grow
ing out of the arms limitation confer
ence upon the Lansing-Ishii agiee
ment to-dny, announcing that in his
opinion the agreement is nullified and
I,.? no further effect as a result of
the negotiation of the nine Power
treaty relative to China.
The President holds that the fen
Power treaty has nothing to do with
the l^nslng-Ishii agreement, but took
advantage of the situation to express
the opinion that the four Power treaty
"is an essential part of the plan to
create conditions in the Far Kast at
once favorable to the policies we have
long advocated and to an enduring
'^The President's reply to the Borah
resolution wns received by the Senate
during the debate on the four l ower
treaty. 1" which Senator Lodge, chair
man of the Foreign Relation* Commit
ter. declared the abrogation of the
Anglo-Japaneee alliance was the great
accomplishment ot the treaty.
Treaties Clo.elv Related.
Senator Lodge's argument was the
most notable made In favor of ratlfl
, at ion. He was answered >n forma
speeches by Senator Reed (Mo.) an
Senator Watson (Oa). Senators Bo
rah (Idaho) and Robinson (Art.) pa?
ticlpat?d in the .Tinning debate.
Senator Lodge said defeat of the four
Power treaty threatened the five Powei
naval treaty, and that hope of a naval
reduction rested upon favorable action
on the four Power pact. ?
! -senator, ahould bear In mind, he
said, "that the defeat of the four Poser
treat v would endanger the treaty of the
limitation of naval armaments ?nd the
failure of the national treaty *oud
chock and startle the world and bitt.rb
disappoint the American P~?Ple
"We must not forget the *
tion of the two treaties. The defeat
of the four Power treaty would mean
the failure of the conference, l*t there
Ue no Illusion 011 that point.
I.odue Will Press '??? Atfllon.
Senator I-odge emptaaslxed ^
ihnt the treaty abrogates the Anglo
, ' n?, alliance and that the treaty
Senator power compaet
ctl?yf says the Anglo-Japanese
Which direct b abrogated upon *e em
c^e^atVatloTof the four Power
p^"l?s7on a'hrogating the An.la-Jsp.nea*
#l'''^swimlnB'that ? the An.lo-Japanese
alliance I- abrogated does any one be
lli ve that the relations between Bnglsnd
and lapan will be any different so Ion.
,'l^an I* nu'hing her operations in
"beHa snd Kn gland training in
'"senator Borah -aid later conCrnlng
president Hardin, a expUnaUot.of^
.?ffect of the treaties on the l.anelng
T.li'l agreement that he had re.wn to
'",,' ve the Japanese do not believe the
B(tI eemrni Is nullified by any of the con
ference treaties and U'St he proposed o
ference ,{f| ?|<t he was glad to
hi! president Harding's explanation
contention of the l.?nsing-Ishli s.i"
ment from that entertained by the Japa
President Herding'. diacuaalon of jh'
LAnslng-Ishll agreement In conne. tlot.
. 1 .1,,. treaties growing out of the <on
ference was sccepted as the final dispo
sition of that exchange of notes whl'h
h? caused considerable controversy.
??resident'. Opinion Kln.l.
The President called attention to the
f Jt that exchnngn of notes was merely
an understanding as .0 ..xeoutlvepollcy,
a iii u formal statement that the Ad
ndniatr^Mon "egards It as abrogated
th^lreatleV'wight **avs*upon it ln ad
J,t?,nnaSd'h! K/S? Pcrwer ' re.tlea '
relative to Chins. The Pre.ldent In his
letter said:
"To the Senate : 1
"I have received the resolution (S.
res 251). questioning me, if not Incom
patible with the publlclnterest? toa<T
'as the banfln.-T.hli .?-ement b.t^een
rvvwer past rrvw hefor' the Senate for
consideration. If t stifled. will abrogate
"",Ufv T Ind toWwha^ wlll be the
satd sgreement after the rati
mJt eigne* November 3. 1917. waa not
? treatv but w.s an exchange ?f note.
?hr Secretary of State of the
, n tr<1 Stafa snd Viscount lahll, Am
Cos tinned on P.fe Tws.
Omits Questions Whic
Must Be Considered
in Rehabilitation
of Europe.
Action Necessary First by.
Those Besponsible for
Country's Disorder.
Hope Is Indicated That Meet
in2- May Lojui to Another
"pfiml Ui.-pa'rh In Thi New Yoaic Hm?>i.a.
New lork Hrrald Kiimn. )
Wellington, D. C., Mirrh S. f
The United States Government de
clined to-night to participate in the
Genoa conference.
Secretary Hughes presented the
American decision in the following
note addressed to the Italian Gov
ernment, through Ambassador RiccI,
i and made public at the State Depart
I ment:
' Department of State.
Washington. March 8, 1922.
"Excellency?I have the honor to
acknowledge the receipt of your Ex
cellency's note transmitting the in
vitation addressed by the Italian
Government to the Government of
the United States to take part In an
economic and financial' conference
to be convened at Genoa pursuant to
the resolution adopted on January 6,
II922, by the allied governments in
I conference at Cannes.
"I have also received your 1
notes with respect to American
resentation, the proposed agenda
the postponement of the date of
! conference.
Has Had Moil Rarnnl Attenti
"Since the receipt of your E)
' lenev's first, note (he question
American participation in the
posed conference has had the i
, earnest attention. I am sure that
will realize that the Governmen
the United States must take a
interes* in any conferr-nr^e which I
promise of effective measures to
mote the economic rehabilitate
Kurope, wince not only do we ke
? desir* the return of prosperity to
peoples who have sufTered most <
verely from the wastes and disl
tions of war. but it is also man > ??
| that there can lie no improvemec
world conditions in the absence of
topean recuperation. It Is with
s\m pathetic spirit, and with the
most reluctance to withhold Its sup.
port from any appropriate effort to
attain this object, that the Govern
ment of the United States has ex
amined the resolution adopted at
'Canne*- ini the suggested agenda for
the conference.
I "I iegret to Inform your Excellence
? that, an a result of thla examination. It
i has Ix'ti found Impossible to escape the
? onclu*l<>? that the proposed conference
! is not primarily an economic eonfer
"n< r. as questions appear to have been
excluded. from consideration without ths
oat it factory determination of which the
chief rauaea of economic dirt urbane*
must <ontlnue 'o operate, but is rather
a fonferer.ee of a political character In
which the Government of the Unltat
State* could rot h?lpfully partlclpa'e.
Thla Government cannot he unmlndfut
of tiia clear conviction of the American
people, while deairou". as has been abua.
dantl> demonstrated, suitably to aasist
In the recover* of the economic life of
Europe. that they should not unneces
sarily become Involved in European po
litical questions.
"II mar lit added, with reepect tn
Ruse) a, that thla Oorernment, anxious
to do all in Its (??'? to promote the
welfare of the Russian people, views
with the most eager and friendly In
terest every step taken toward the res
toration of e<*onomlc <otidltlor>a which
will permit Ru**la to regain her pro
ductive power, but il ??." conditions, \n
the view of thla UoNrnmtnt, cannot he
se< ured until adequate action is takasi
on the par' of those chiefly responsible
for Russia's pres-nt economic disorder.
"It Is also the ?!es of thla (loT?ri?
ment ? and It trusts that thla view
shared b* the Governments who have
? ailed the conference that, while swatt
ing the establishment of the eegentlal
baaes of rroductlviiy in Russia, to
which reference wee made In the pub
lic declaration of this Government on
March ii, 1*21. and without which this
Government Inheres a'l < onsHerat let
of economy revival to lr* futile noth
ing should be done looking -o the ob
taining of econoniH advantage! In Rua
-la which would Impair the Juat oppor
tunities of otcers. but that the r-eourtsa
of the itusslan people should be free
from -inn rxplo'tation and that falv
and equal economic opportunity In the'#
interest. ss well sa in the luteraat
all the Powers, should be preserved
' While thla Government doeg not b*
lleve that tt should participate le the
proposed conferee,If sincerely hcn?e
that rrogrees w ?* ?' In nreoarlwg
the way f/.r the ev.-oi ?l I i?<
s*ttlement of ih* (uinliiniiiul w. tug

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