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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 09, 1922, Image 4

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SUNDAYS Mar. 12-26. Apr. 9-23
Leave W. -.'id St., T ;
Liberty St.. 8:00: Ja<'k
sun Ave.. Jersey City
8:1. A. M.
Uiate W. ^'lil St., 8:17;
Liberty St., 8:30: Jaok
aon Ave., Jersey City,
8:31 A. M.
Tickets good only on special train.
Newest Spring
Sport Hats $1.67
Of soft, pliable Caterpillar
straw that shapes becom
ingly. Smart colors, with
grosgrain ribbon edges and
bands. Lined with satin
to match. Main Floor
1872?Golden Anniversary Year?1922
59th to 60th?Lex. to 3d An.
The dampers of your heat
ing plant were put there to
control the fire. They have
to be operated as the outside
temperature changes to keep
your house comfortable.
Why not do it automatic
Run your plant the most
economical wav.
Fuel costs money, don't
waste it.
If your dampers are not
right, we will remedy it.
Let us install
yWl Meat Regulator
in your home on thirty d ays*
There is no obligation if we
don't help you.
This instrument is backed
by the guarantee of the New
York Tribune.
Let's Talk It Oyer!
Call, 'Phone or Write
? . Tttftd and
Clarence O. Baring by tk?
York DutrJmtc
Suirc 56J5?Grand Central
Terminal Building
Telephone Vandcrkili
5388 or 8689
Do You Think
You Are Fast
Running Down?
YOU probably aren't. Most
people are at least twice as
healthy and vital as they think.
Not two people in a thousand use
more than a part of the vitality that
belongs to them. A book for every
body. Read
26th Thousand. Price $2.50
Outwitting Our Nerves" it pub-*\
lished by The Century Co.. 353 j
Fourth Ave., New York City, j
and is sold by all bookstores../
7 Point
CnafciiMtionac Black and white; white
and hiacki node and brown.
W-Rf* At*. New York 213 Braadrrv
Kterjr rowel vnf>le *(}!???rnlftinu. inl
laptihlp, Kwlnsinc?to meet any rowlitlon
In offlie or home.
We aprrinliix no bracket*. It?pre??ati?
?!*? will .-all to <efn?n?linte.
Cirevtnr of Alt Btvt? on Request.
H*eknmn 4411. M tlwkman Bt., N. T.
However, There Is Still
Danger of Tragedy; De
cisive Step Near.
British Maintain Severe Aloof
ness While Preparing: for
Their Evacuation.
Special Cable to Tri Nrw Tofk Hmuui.
Copyright, lost, by Tub Nkw Yo*k Hbuld.
Limejiick. March 8.?Unless the
anti-treaty rebels of the Irish Repub
lican army make some aggressive
move their seizure of Limerick is
iikely to be recorded in history as an
incident parallel to the maneuver of
the famous French King who marched
hia army up a hill and then marched
| it down again. In fact the men of
i I.imerick themselves seem Inclined to
j treat the Invasion of their city as a
| joke.
Peace efforts thus far have failed.
| but there are no war efforts. It Is
j generally believed that a decisive step
j will be taken to-morrow, though the
| nature of It is unknown. If the in
j vasion subsides quietly It will have
j been a comedy, but the fact cannot
bo overlooked that the stage was set
for a tragedy.
The anti-treatyltes, as the Irregular
troops are called, for both claim to be
Republicans, having commandeered the
I principal hotels, unloaded about 800
quiet, unassuming country lads who are
( doing nothing: all day long but standing
i drowsily In the corridors waiting to be
j told what to do next. At each entrance
J stand a couple of sentries with rifles
with fixed bayonets and revolvers, while
! bulging1 ammunition pouches are sus
j pended from their shoulders. All of
them obviously are the type of youths
who are ready to follow some leaders,
i More of them arrived to-night.
The regular troops mostly are well
fitted out, equipped with rifles, and some
of them have had military training.
They also have an armored car, which
occasionally Is seen running through
the streets.
Their strength is believed now to be
in the neighborhood of 1,000, with more
coming and still more available. The
leaders of the rival forces apparently
i are on perfectly good terms. The Lord
Mayor, wishing to end the ridiculous slt
| nation, had both staffs to lunch to-day.
Commandant Brennan, head of the regu
lar troops, told The New York Herald
correspondent that they had discussed
the situation but were unable to see a
way out.
While no future meetings have been
arranged they can easily be called when
desired, Brennan says, because the heads
meet each other frequently In the the
aters and restaurants.
The Lord Mayor, however, seems to
have another scheme because lmme
1 d lately after the lunch he started for
j Dublin and expects to return to-morrow.
! It is thought possible that he may have
gone to meet Do Valera because he Is a
stanch Republican supporter.
The first move must come from the
| irregulars, as the regulars positively
state they will not take any aggressive
action unless necessary for self-defense.
At present neither side 1s interfering
with the other, neither seeks trouble
and both are keeping calm.
The reason for the attempt made
upon Limerick by the irregulars is
vague. It Is chiefly explained as having
beer, due to a desire to give evidence
of sympathy and support to the Middle
Limerick brigade leaders who recently
issued a manifesto reiterating their ad
herence to the republic. The Insurgents
are composed of a small number of local
boys with small groups from various
other Irish Republican army units,
which in most cases have followed some
one of their leaders here owing to the
dissatisfaction over the Free State
Apart from this desire to show
sympathy for the cause, the only bone
of contention seems to be the control of
the castle. The irregulars declare that
It should be given to them, but the
regulars refuse, and as It Is almost Im
possible for the Irregulars to take It
the matter ends there. The townsmen
go about their buslneaa unconcerned.
Adjacent Waters Finest Grounds in World, Where
Shoals of Mackerel, Herring and Cod Swarm,
but Lack of Gear and Poverty Have
Kept Fishermen From Deep Sea.
This it the fourth of m. series of articles on the Ireland of to
day and it deals with her fisheries, food products and her textile
Special Correspondence to Tits New To*k Hbsalo.
Copyright, by Ths N*W Yoik Hbsald.
New Ysrk Herald Rnrwi,)
Dublin, Feb. CO. (
There Is an ancient Industry In Ireland that Is due for a revival?
the sea fisheries. Their story, running back into dim tradition as do so
many things in Ireland, is shot with the glamour of sea romance, of hard
men at hard tasks In hard weather; of political circumstances working
against them; of their steadily losing flght, until now the industry has
fallen to its lowest ebb.
Despite this the waters around Ireland are among the finest fishing
grounds of th? world, and the fleets of other nations still ply there, while
Irish fishermen through the paucity of their gear and the poverty of
their establishments are obliged to pother along Inshore, taking fish only
when they can reach them, instead of pursuing the great shoals of
mackerel and herring and cod and all the deep sea fish that swarm
through these waters warmed by the Gulf Stream and fed by tb? living
organisms which the tropic waters of the great stream carry.
froceedtngr on the theory that neither*
the flsh nor the fishermen are lacking
to make the Irish fishing trade im
portant, the Commission of Inquiry
has recommended a scheme whereby
the state will provide loans to enable
fishermen to buy adequate boats and
gear, whereby adequate harbors will
be built and maintained with proper
curing and shipping facilities, and a
cooperative market scheme whereby
the fish will be got to the consumer
much as butter Is now handled by the
cooperative dairies. The scheme even
includes the provision of motor trans
port for retail sale through the in
land towns of Ireland Itself.
In the fishermen the Sinn Fein
Government sees the genesis of an
Irish navy. Furthermore it is the
theory of the proponents of this
scheme that the fisherman, like the
man o'war, should be protected and
insured as far as may be by the state
from the extra hazardous nature of
his calling.
Tancht Scotch to Flak.
It is contended that the Irish really
taught the Scotch the fishing industry.
Records axe cited to show that in 1764
Irish experts were brought to THst to j
teach the manufacture of kelp and j
that in 1765, when eight Irish wherries i
of twenty-five tons burden and eight j
men apiece were hired by Shetland
merchants, the Scotch fishermen ob
jected because the Irish crews, by
starting earlier In the season, going
further to sea and fishing "in a more
dexterous manner." matfe records
which the Scotch could not equal. Five
hundred Shetland boats with 2,600
men caught only 11,274 quintals of
flsh, while the sixty-four Irishmen
with eight boats caught 1,056.
It was Irish fishermen of this time,
according to the contemporary British
reports, who really founded the New
I foundland fisheries.
! Nevertheless, from the time of the
Union, the Irish fisheries began stead
ily to decline. The decline had already
set in before this time, but with the
granting of Government bounties in
the hands of Westminster the Irish
I bounties were steadily cut, while the
Scotch and English bounties were In
creased and the trade fell from bad
to worse. It had fallen so low in 1849
that the Irish fisheries were able to
do little or nothing to alleviate the
horrors of the great potato famine of
that year.
It is now proposed that a depart
ment of fisheries should investigate
the plans for the most modern and
efficient type of fishing craft, steam
and motor, and provide funds and gen
eral Information out of which ade
quate Irish fleets may he equipped.
The need of speedy action maj be
seen when It la noted that to-day
British 'rawlers drag the waters of
i the Irish Sea plateau, bring their flsh
to Fleetwood, cure It, sell It and ship
it back for retail sale In the yery
towns whose harbors are filled with
small Irish craft unable to get to the
fishing grounds but a few miles away.
Ireland Imported several hundred thou
sand pounds worth more of flsh last
year than she was able to export
from her small mackerel and herring
Hence the commission will plan to
develop the industry along these three
To exploit tha entire wealth of the
rich seas about the Irish coast for
human food
To insure the fisherman satisfactory
materials In boats, nets, Ac., for this
purpose; to equip him at cost price,
and to provide a fair remuneration for
hia labor, with insurance against ac
cident, death at sea and loss of boats
and gear.
To organize cheap and speedy dis
tribution. first for the people of Ire
land and second for the most re
munerative foreign markets.
To return to Ireland's opportunities
ashore, by far the larger part of the
products of her animal industry will
be found listed among the commodities
which Ireland exports without making
similar imports. Against this can be
charged on the Import side only about
4.000,000 pounds worth of fattening
material such as maize and cotton and
linseed cake. The animal industry
then adds a larger proportion of value
to the credit side of Ireland's foreign
trade ledger than does the textile in
Textiles, nevertheless, add what may
be more important to the national
economy. The figures show all sorts
of textiles are both imported and ex
ported. In other words, textiles create
business to be done within Ireland for
Itself and outside Ireland for her for
eign trade. Hence the denser and
more industrial population which the
Belfast area is able to support.
What Ireland Export* Without
Corresponding Imports.
Aerated and mineral waten.m... ?206.307
Fat cattle 20.628.K22
?tore cattle........................ B,381,847
Milch cows 1,033,780
Calves 117.104
Sheep and lambs...M S.120,909
Swine ..H.....nM.M..n.n.nM 2.434,104
Egg! 18.471>, Ml
Feathers *3.380
Potatoes . 2.259,533
Hav and Straw.................... :>88.940
Fork 284.34H
Poultry 2.756,825
Game 90,872
Provision* and groceries 233,857
Steamships 10,600,000
Marble, granite, limestone 44.H72
Tar, pitch, creosote 110.247
Jute yarn 01,348
Rope, cordage, twine,.... 1.171.109
Bags and bagging .. 292.3M
Canvas .... .. ..... *>5<i.,S44
Roofing *?'? i 983,887
Woolen r""*1* ? ii i i ? 8.272,309
Teut imi?i.i ....... 848,002
Total .140.711.048
To this may be added ? recapltula
tioa of the animal industry's few im
ports to balance exports and the
tables for the textile industry each
considered in Itself.
Anlmnl Industry In Ireland's
Commodity. Export. Import.
Butter ?4,001,013 ?67,127
All rattle, sheep, hogs an
above 81.696.132
Egg* 15,479,581
Feather*, poultry, game. 2,93!,086
Horses 1,399,080 405,180
Pat a, lard, tallow 736,709 1,538.083
Hides, skins, leather.... 1,580,990 1,444,740
Bacon 4,546.334 8,252,247
Fattening feeds .... 4,649,656
Totals {63,271,520 ?11,357,613
Animal Industry's favorable balance
of trade, f51,913,912.
Textile Industry la Ireland's
Commodity. Export. Import.
Wool yarn . ?924,945
Raw cotton ?102,939 H45.072
Cotton yarn 134,199 S.IfW.OHO
Cotton goods 11.093,40". 18,587.916
Flax 511.850 3,798,432
I.lnen yarn 8,151.868 513,777
I.lncn goods 31,808,586 2,542.804
Wool 1,370,963 380,085
Carpets, thread, hosiery
and dry goods 2.618,256 6,350,585
Jute yarn, rope, cord
age, bagging, canvas,
Ac 2,971.74T
Roofing felt 283,887
Woolen goods 2.272,399
Totals ?59,420,099 ?30,715,676
Textile Industry's favorable balance
of trade. ?18,704,423.
If an equation is to be struck be
tween tho agricultural south and the
industrial north It may be urged that
Belfast should be credited with her
?10,600,000 of ships built In 1919. But
against that would have to be charged
a very large proportion of Ireland's
coal Import of ?10,000,000 and much of
the nine million unfavorable balance
of trade In the metals and machinery
Belfast takes Its flax and gets every
thing out of It It possibly can before
the bulk of It Is put on shipboard.
Furthermore, It Imports more flax,
more linen yarn, more linen goods to
manufacture In its own factories and
mills and turn a penny on It, with
Irish capital and Irish labor benefiting.
Then it turns Its textile mind to other
fabrics and Imports and manufactures
and sells huge quantities of cotton and
Jute and hemp and their products. Its
great shipbuilding Industry is built
sheer and alone on organizing, work
ing and merchandizing ability, for it
possesses not a single natural advan
tage, except a deep water bay not pos
sessed by scores of other ports in Ire-1
Meat Imports.
Take the meat industry, on the
other hand, and it is found that the
vastly larger part of its product goes
out distinctly In the raw. Instead of
getting out of its cattle and pigs and
sheep everything but the squeal it ex
ports them almost as nature made
them and pays British and Scottish
workmen to fatten and kill and dress
them, to tan their hides, prepare their
wool and manufacture their bristles.
Ireland Imports twice as much fats,
lard and tallow as she exports. She
imports Just as much tides, skins and
leather as she exports, about a million
and a half pounds' worth. And to this
is to be added ?5,880,000 boots and
shoes Imported, as against a mere
?150,000 exported. There is no way of
telling how mtich of this material went
out of Ireland on the hoof to be turned
over to the profit of the British manu
facturer, workman, wholesaler and
their distributors in Ireland. Ireland j
imports almost two-thirds as much
bacon as she sells, despite that Irish
bacon might be thought to be a prod
uct unapproachable by any Imported i
kind. That is true in quality, but not j
In price.
So It is that the south of Ireland
needs Just the sort of organizing and
Belling abilities that have made the
north great if she Is to go on with
her dream of developing to support
her normal increase In population. It
is calculated that Ireland can hold
from sixteen to twenty million souls
before her upnrlculture becomes sub
ject to the law of diminishing returns.
But to do that she will have to br>
organized nationally, and organized
from Cape Clear to Malln Head.
To-morrow's article ok Ireland's
tat ore will deal with he* Imports
aad efforts to rodnoe their bulk.
Brief Cases
Of good quality cowhide, solid
brass extension locks, reinforced
ring handle, straps that go com
pletely around the case. Three
We tried to find at uhat
price similar cases are being
hold elseichere. We could not
find the identical case but ice
did find an inferior grade sell
ing for $5.00.
/Jjflica-rmh Floor, 34th (Mrrrt, Brnr.
Herald Square (S N?w York
Stern Brothers
West 42d St. (Between 5th and 6th Aves4? West 43d St.
Exceptional Values in a Sale
Thursday and Friday of
1 >\ MEN'S ; ~
Shirts & Pajamas
New, superior quality merchandise, embodying
workmanship and finishing detail of the '
* highest character throughout,
$2 -M
The PAJAMAS come in plain eolored Cotton
Pongees with silk piping and pearl buttons; also
Woven Madras, Silk Striped Crepe Cloths,
Fancy Repps; some with silk frogs, otfiers with
contrasting silk or satin facings*. Suit: $2.65
The SHIRTS are of a highly desirable Crinkle
Crepe which does not require any ironing or
starching. All have pre-shrunk neckband and
are well tailored throughout. White, or with
Bide, Tan and Hclio Stripes. Each : $2?65
Justice Holmes Spends
81st Birthday at Work
sociate Justice Oliver Wen
dell Holmes of the Supreme
Court to-day celebrated his eighty
first birthday by actively partici
pating in the sessions of the court.
He took his seat upon the bench
of the highest court December 8,
1902, and in the history of the
court only three members have
reached a more advanced age?
Chief Justice Taney and Associate
Justices Duvall and Field.
Justice Duvall died at 92, nine
years after he had retired from the
bench, and Chief Justice Taney died
at 87 while an active member.
Justice Field was 83 at the time
of his death, twenty-eight years af
ter he had ceascd active Judicial
Special Cable to Tin Nrw Toric IIiould.
Oopvnpht, l?ti, Tub Nnv To?k Herald
New York Hrrald Burrow.)
Dublin. March 8. t
Timothy A. Smlddy. professor of eco
nomics at the University College of
Cork, is being sent by the Dail Kireann
to replace Harry C. Borland as envoy
in Washington. It is believed that
Prof. Smlddy will make Ills first task
that of closing the issue of the second
Dall loan, and arrange for the redemp
tion of the two loans raised previously
in America. He will have the aid of
James O'Mara, former member of the
Dall; Sean MacCaoilte of Dublin and
Commandant Beaslal,
There is, perhaps, no man in Ireland
so eminent in economic studies, or who
enjoys a higher reputation than Prof.
Srniddy. lie is 46 years old and
has been a scholar of distinction in
Cork. London, Paris and Cologne, and
has been a moving spirit in the south
of Ireland, vigorously promoting the in
terests of higher education.
London, March 8 (Associated Press).
?The Irish Free State bill passed its
third reading In tho House of Commons
to-day by a vote of 293 to 62, the minor
ity about representing the "Die Hard"
strength. The report stago was com
pleted without any amendment, the only
interesting point being the size of the
Irish army. Winston Churchill, Secre
tary for the Colonies, explained that the
army would probably be between 20,000
and 30,000 men, and If Ulster contracted
out the quota of the Free State would
be reduced proportionately.
On the motion for the third reading
the "Die Hards," in the person of Ronald
McNeill, made a final attack by moving
rejection of the bill. He declared that
the attitude of the Government was ab
surd, because with the British trooya
withdrawn and under the conditions pre
vailing an Irish republic would no sooner
be proclaimed than It"would be accepted
by the British Government. Mr. Churchill
warmly repudiated this.
"If we strip Ireland of her grievance
and her power of exoiting the sympathy
of the world and of the support she baa
received from America and the Domin
ions," he continued, "we could place Ire
land In a position where if she broke
the treaty she wduld be In the wronn
and we should be*1n the right, and shu
would be absolutely isolated in the whole
frattfeUn Sttnon $ Co.
Store of Individual Shops
FIFTH AVENUE, 37th and 38th STS.
\ Eor Madame
' The Qape or Qoat
For Immediate W'ear
Replacing The Winter Wrap
With A Wrap That Can Not
Be Replaced In Either
Fashion Or_VaIueiv v .
Six Models And
Six Colors In
Marvella, Gerona
Or.Wondora . v *
>? '
Introducing Spr'nig Ideas frotn the
J^atest 'Paris Openings, beautifully
Silk Qrcpe Joined.
Women's Wrap Shop?Fourth Floor
Saks & Company
Will Hold Thursday, Friday
andSaturday .
"The, Annual
Women's Silk Hosiery
fewherein one may'fincf every fashionable shade)
Ed weave at unprecedented low prices. The]
w bois shades are in particular favor in Paris;,
?and^are^bound to gain particular attention Jn
thisassortment at_Saks., .
f* Jennie 'Qualite" pure ^thread
silk hose, full fashioned and well
reinforced with mercerized lisle
top, toe and heel. This quality
may be had in all street shades^
including black and cordovan./
Pure Thread Silk Hose, rper>1
feet in quality and sheer in appear')
ance. Well reinforced with a three
inch garter top and pure silk heel
and toe In all of the street shades,)
including black and cordovan/
( nAt
f'Madelon Qualite" chiffon silk hose,'42 gauge in a delightful
cobweb weight. This quality and gauge bave never before been
offered in New York at this remarkable price, a.65. The very
newest Parisian shades?especially the wood shades?that the
smartly dressed woman is wearing are all included m this very
special group. They are, very well reinforced with pure silk tops
and soles, and full fashioned.
Pure Ingrain Lace and Openwork Silk Hos?(
of the quality that usually sells at twice this price.
They are sturdily reinforced, perfectly woven, and
come in black, white, cordovan, russet, shades of
gray an<4 the very fashionable bei&e,^.street noon,
at 34ih STREET

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