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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 12, 1922, Image 1

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WEATHER FORECAST. WITT -m. T -ww -w -w^ ?*? w -w^ a * -w^ THE BEST IN ITS HISTORY.
Vfclr to-day and to-jnorrow; slightly
warmer to-day.
Highest temperature yesterday, 40; lowest, 3a.
THE NEW YORK HERALD
The New York Herald, with all that wa*
best of The Sun intertwined with it, and
the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better
D?taiied we*th*r reporu win be found on page 2o. [COPYRIGHT, 1922. BY the bun-herald corporation.] and sounder newspaper than ever before.
VOL. LXXXVI.?NO. 194?DAILY. +++? NEW YORK, SUNDAY, MARCH 12, 1922.-"^* Vftc'E?'?S&C?K.112 PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS (
DBS CREDITORS ASK
mm TO GIVE
$2,000,000TO FUND
He Will Pay Only $200,000,
Contingent on Raising of
$1,000,000 More.
EXAMINED LONG AGO
His Own Lawyer Reveals
His Appearance in Bro
ker Failure.
NOW DROPPED FROM CASE
Receiver Sees No Need of Ques
tioning Him Further, De
spite Complaints.
Charles A. Stoneham, owner of the
New York Giants, and broker, has been
called on by E. D. Dler & Co., creditors,
to pay $2,000,000 to help In a composi
tion for them, it was revealed yester
day by I^eo Bondy, his attorney. Mr.
Stoneham, however, will contribute
only $200,000 contingent on $1,000,000
more being put up by others con
cerned in the firm, said Mr. Bondy
flftfly.
Mr. Stoneham already has appeared
before examiners investigating the
failure of E. D. Dier & Co., as^'ted
Mr. Bondy, who said Mr. Stoneham
had given testimony several weeks
ago on his return from Havana.
Until the statement of Mr. Bondy
there was no informatfon that Mr.
Stoneham had been examined, al
though an order requesting his return
from Cuba, was dispatched several
weeks ago by Alexander Gilchrist,
Commissioner in Bankruptcy. Mr.
Bondy said there was no subpoena
for his client, but that he and Ross
V. Robertson, his partner, had comte
from Cuba, told their stories and re
turned there.
Record Not Obtainable.
At the' offlccs of Hays & Wadhams,
attorneys for Manfred W. Ehrlch, re
ceiver for E. D. Dler & Co.. It was said
that "the policy Is not to make any
Statement regarding Mr. Stoneham's con
nection with the matter Just now." Will
iam Abramson. who has been assisting
Arthur O. Hays In examining witnesses,
refused to say whether Mr. Stoneham
had been examined. No record that
the examination had taken placc before
Commissioner Gilchrist could be ob
tained.
Mr. Bondy said the contribution of
fered by his client had been suggested
at a meeting of lawyers In the case some
six weeks ago. At that time, he asserted,
Mr. Stoneham eald to thooe present:
"Gentlemen, I feel badly about this
affair, especially that my former
clients, recommended by me to trade
with Dler A Co., should have suffered
this loss, and I feel that anythlrtg I
can do should be done. If you will man
age to raise $1,000,000 by June 1 I will
contribute my $200,000."
Mr. Bondy Insisted everything was
regular in the transfer of the clients
b.v Mr. Stoneham to the Dler firm, and
that they had ample opportunity to take
their business to any brokerage house
they saw fit when Mr. Stoneham sol4
out.
Daniel W. Blumenthal, wno with his
brother, Maurice Blumenthal, is acting
for more than 500 of the creditors of the
Insolvent brokerage, said that until the
full particulars regarding the transfer
ol the Stoneham accounts had been dis
closed and thoroughly Investigated he
had advised his clients to refuse any
offer of a partial payment at this time.
A mass meeting of the members of the
Independent Creditors' Protective Com
mittee, represented by Mr. Blumenthal,
snd those represented by O. P. Carpen
ter, is being arranged for next week.
Maurice Blumenthal is In Chicago con
ferring with C. C. James, chairman of
the Dler creditors of the West.
Complaints About Transfer.
According to Mr. Blumenthal many
of the clients of Stoneham A Co. were
transferred to the Dler firm without
?heir knowledge. He showed letters
complaining that while the writers knew
the Stoneham house they were unfa
miliar with E. D. Dler A Co., but that
their accounts had been transferred
without sanction.
The statement that Mr. Stonehsm
would contribute $2,000,000 was charac
terised as "highly ridiculous" by Mr.
Bondy. On the contrary, he said, Mr.
Stoneham would withdraw his offer If
the additional $1,000,000 Is not raised
by June I. He added:
"Mr. Stoneham's contribution Is merely
* gratuity to the Dler creditors becauae
Wr. Stoneham Is sorry that they lost
thjlr money. He Is In no way connected
^Ith or responsible In any way for the
failure of the firm."
ilr. Bondy said he could not remem
ber Just where the meeting of the law
yers took place when the $200,000 offer
was made nor when or where Mr. Stone
ham had been examined by the attor
ns?'? for the receiver. The offer by his
client, asserted Mr. Bondy, was not made
at any one's suggestion but came di
rectly from Mr. Stoneham. Several
other wealthy men, many of them
frl?nd? of the banebnll owner, through
out the country ore aiding In raising
the $1,900,vOO, said Mr. Bondy, who be
lieves It will be found before June 1.
Inquiry about future proceedings by
the receiver elicited no Information from
Hays A Wadhams It was made clear,
however, that the receiver has no claim
of an;* kind against Mr. Stoneham, and
there Is no evidence that everything In
the transfer was not regular. Neither
Mr. Hays nor Mr. Abramson would say
when the henrlngs will be resumed.
OIIRRftON GENRRAL IS KILLED.
Mkxioo Crrr. March 11 (Assocla*e<l
T'ress).?Gen. Gerardo Reyes and six of
his men were killed yesterday In the
State of Vera Cru* during on encounter
with the rebel l^arlT, Miguel Aleman.
RrnntMnl I room ?nlte, $.100 pe? month.
Hotel Marseilles. IMwy. at 103d St.-^dv.
I
f \
Bullet Holes Found.
in Famous Portrait
Special Dispatch toTh? New Yoik Hssald.
PITTSFIELD, Mass., March 11.
; ?Three old bullet hole* and
J slashes, apparently made by
a sword, were discovered by James
E. McAlplne, a Boston artist, In the
canvas of Van Dyck's famous
paiiftlner, "The Duke or Richmond,"
In the Berkshire Museum of Fine
Arts. Mr. McAlpine noticed the
mutilation when at work restoring
the picture. Two of the bullet
holes are in the Duke's face. It is
a full length portrait, with a hound
sitting beside the Duke.
The painting was bought by the
late Zenas Crane of Dalton for the
museum, and apparently it was
damaged long ago. It had been
poorly repaired.
V
URGES LAW TO BLOCK
DRUG STORE 'SALOON'
Present State Pharmacy Act
No Protection, Asserts
Director Day.
SHOPS ARE DOTTING CITY
Are Unlicensed Shelters for
Persons Selling Bootleg
Liquors.
A new State pharmacy law was
recommended yesterday by Ralph A.
Day, State prohibition director, to
combat the growth of drug stores
which have for their chief purpose
the illicit sale of liquor. Mr. Day said
this type of drug store, made possible
under the present pharmacy law, was
rapidly taking the place of the corner
saloon.
He said he had Just received a
memorandum from the Retail Drug
gists Association, in which it was
stated that applications for the regis
tration of more than 125 new drug
stores have been received by the State
Board of Pharmacy within the last
two weeks, and that during 1921 sev
eral hundred new stores were opened
in various sections of the city.
Under the existing law any person,
an alien or a citizen, may own a drug
store, whether a licensed pharmacist or
not. The only requirement is he must
have' a licensed pharmacist or druggist
in charge. Once a man has registered
as the owner of a drug store the pro
hibition director is powerless to refuse
him a permit for the sale of liquor on
prescription, unless he is later caught
In the evasion of tho law.
Mr. Day said he was in favor of a
bill now before the State Senate by
which drug store owners would be re
quired to be licensed pharmacists or
druggists.
"Futhermore," said Mr. Day, "defi
nite requirement as to the slie of stock
Is required of wholesale druggists In al
lotlng their supply of spirits, but the
retail druggist who opens up with a
toothbrush and a bar of soap is legally
entitled to his liquor as well as the
next druggist.
"If this condition is permitted to con
tinue tho State will be flooded with
drug stores that care nothing for the
drug end of pharmacy, but who solely
rely on illicit trade In narcotics and
liquor. The present situation is a men
ace to the public health, because many
I>ersons who are buying whisky or
brandy for medicinal purposes go to
the drug store In confidence they will
get good stuff and may receive liquor
that Is dangerous to drink, as our tests
have shown. The situation also Is most
unjust to the legitimate druggist."
Director Day issued a further warning
against the denatured alcohol which Is
being used in vast quantities by liquor
law violators of all sorts. "Hundreds of
bootleggers," he said, "are attempting
to withdraw the poisonous elements
from denatured alcohol in order to sell
it as whiskey. Sometimes they succeed
and sometimes they don't. Often this
stuff is bottled and labelled so it is very
deceptive.
"Various methods of coloring are be
ing employed to transform the stuff Into
bootleg liquor, among them Iodine, and
while the resultant fake whisky does
not necessarily kill, blind or paralyse,
the tissues of the stomach are destroyed
and organs generally so affected that
disease is certain to ensue.
"The process of denaturing alcohol
requires either bichloride of mercury,
lysol, formaldehyde, carbolic add or a
similar disinfectant, fcnd the compound
ing of bootleg whisky brings Into use
lead, copped and line poisons, to say
nothing of fusel oil.
"I learn from specialists In the treat
ment of psychopathic cni.es that the
toxins in home brews *nd moonshine
are cumulative and reinsln permanently
In the itystem, frequently producing s
condition of Imbecility which resembles
perpetual drunkenness without the ex
hilarating effect for which liquor la
taken."
MAY ASK INTERVENTION
OF U. S. IN COAL TROUBLE
Harding Silent on Plan; Hint
Government Operation.
Dattona, Fla.. Mil re h 11 (Associated
Press).?Oovernment Intervention to In
sure sufficient fuel for ths movement
of 'trains and the running of essential
, Industries may be recommend** to the
Administration nt> a proper counw of
actlor. In the event of a coal strike, It
was declared here to-day by a member
of the party accompanying President
Harding on hi* Florida trip.
It w?s emphasised, however, that this
view did not necessarily reflect the
opinion of President Harding, who has
mado no comment on the situation re
sulting from the expiration of the wage
contract* the la?t of the month.
Consideration might also be given If
the emergency warranted, the official
Mid. to i program m'hlch would provide
for p. commission representing the opera
tors. miners and public to arbitrate the
controversy. Falluro of arbitration, it
wai added, might result In a suggestion
for more drastic action, even to the
point of operation of the mines by the
iMcrnmrnt.
/
Moving to Strangle Finan
cial Measures Behind
Closed Doors.
LUSK TO BLOCK GAME
Majority Leader Promises
Bills Will Be Acted Upon
in Open Senate.
ASSEMBLY THEIE TOMB
Albany Believes Jail and
Money Bills Will Be Killed
in Lower House.
Special Dispatch to Turn New Yo?k Hsulo.
New York Herald Bureau. )
Albany, March 11. |
Senator I>usk took full responsibil
ity to-day for the error which yester
day set back the Lockwood commit
tee's bills, threatening their defeat by
throwing the measures into the gen
eral orders rule In the last days of the
legislative session. Senator Lusk, the
majority leader, completely exonerated
Senator Lockwood, whose sudden dis
appearance while the Senate Cities
Committee was In session astonished
the Senate.
The fight over the Lockwood bills is
getting hotter. The lobbies opposing
the Insurance provisions are not relax
ing their efforts, and Senator Lock
wood rushed back to Albany to-night
announcing he was ready to f&ht to
the last to save the bills demanded by
Samuel Untermyer.
The situation is still much confused.
Every one appears more anxious to
establish an alibi than about the fate
of the bills. Senator Qibbs, chairman
of the Senate Cities Committee, blames
Senator Lockwood for the mixup; Sen
ator Lockwood blames the other Re
publican leaders, and these leaders
say they are for the bills and that the
trouble all lies in the Assembly.
Opponents of the radical measures re
quiring Insurance companies and sav
ings banks to Invest more money in real
estate mortgages say they are confident
the proposals cannot pass the Senate.
The fate of those measures i* admit
tedly doubtful in the Assembly and
there is little prospect that the recom
mendation for a trade commission to
regulate building and calling for prison
sentences for violations of the anti-trust
laws can pass either house.
Lnslc Promises Shonrdoim.
Senator Lusk announced to-day that
if necessary he would bring In a special
rules report to insure action being
taken on the housing bills. That would
put every member of the Senate square
ly on record on every measure. What
most of the members seem anxious to
avoid is a record vote. Many who are
opposed to the Untermyer program in
secret would find it embarrassing to
vote against it In the open and are
seeking every possible way of killing
off the measures behind closed doors.
The Cities Committee of the Senate
will meet on Monday and It is expeoted
to bring in a favorable report on all the
bills now In Its possession.
Senator Lusk said: "A meeting of the
Senate Cities Committee to take up the
housing bills has been called for 2
o'clock Monday afternoon. It was my
understanding Friday that the Cities
Committee would not act upon these '
bills before Monday, and I so Informed
Senator Lockwood. I told him that I
wished to go carefully over these pro
posed measures during the week *nd
and he left for New York JFYiday with
the understanding that he would return
here Saturday afternoon and we would
work together on tho housing bills.
"Ever since these bills were intro
duced Senator Lockwood has been dili
gently working for their advancement.
He has not only repeatedly requested
that they be reported out of committee,
but has (lied a notice of motion on the
floor of the Senate to discharge the
committee in caso the bills are not re
ported out.
Bills in ? Bud Position.
"I have assured Senator Lockwood '
that no technical use of the rules of the I
Senate will be permitted to Interfere |
with these bills having prompt and full |
consideration. They will undoubtedly
come up before the Senate Tuesday."
Every trick known to the experienced
legislator Is being used by the opponents
of the bills In their effort to kill them.
They have succeeded, at least. In Jockey
ing the Untermyer program into a bad
position.
Of the eight Senators who signed the
petition calling for the meeting of the
Cities Committee two said to-day they
signed with the Understanding that the |
committee would merely consider the '
bills, hut would not take action until i
next week.
ALL HOME RULE BILLS
SLATED TO BE KILLED
. I
Create Commission to Study
Subject and Report.
??
Special Dispatch to Tii? N'rw Yoik Hmti.it. !
New York llernld (tureati, I
Albany, Sfarrh 11. (
All home rule bills are to go Into the
discard. The legislature will not pass ,
any of the measures demanded by mu- i
nlclpallties giving, greater freedom In
the administration of their own affairs.
As a substitute the leaders propose, '
at Gov. Miller's request, to create an
unpaid commission which will draft a
home rule constitutional amendment
covering the entire subject, but the re- :
port, like that of the Charter Revision
CmMiwI m Page Twenty.
Oreen brier, White Sulphur Springs, 4. Va.
Championship golf, noth course* open. All I
outdoor sports. Just over night.?Adv.
Next Presidential Fight
to Be Fought by Wireless
SWARTHMORE, Pa., March 11.
?The next Presidential cam
paign will be conducted
largely by wireless telephone, en
abling millions of voters actually
to hear the appeals of candidates.
Prof. G. O. Aubrey of Swarthmore
Preparatory School, to-night pre
dicted In an address before the
Radio Club at the school
"In my opinion," Prof. Aubrey
said, "the wireless telephone will
offer distinct educational advan
tages. Students in academic and
collegiate institutions of learning
may hear and discuss in class some
of the most Important and vital
subjects of the day.
"Better acquaintance with the
various candidates for the Presi
dency in 1924 is almost assured
with the increasing use of the wire
less telephone. Voters, millions of
them, most likely will hear the
messages sent out by the candi
dates by wireless, for receiving
sets will be found In homes and
meeting places throughout the na
tion."
FRIEND OF TAYLOR'S
SLAIN AS I WAS
Motor Assassins Shoot J. T.
Brunen in His Home Near
Camden, N. J.
BUSINESS HATRED CAUSE
Victim Was Widely Known as
Amusement Promoter and
Circus Owner.
Special Dispatch to Tim New Toik Hehat.d.
Philadelphia, March 11.?Detective
Ellis Parker of Burlington county inti
mated to-night that the murderer of
John Theodore Brunen, wealthy cir
cus owner, who was killed in his
home, 508 New Jersey avenue. River
side, at 7:35 o'clock last night is
known to the police, and that an ar
rest would be made soon. The de
tective who has solved some of the
most mysterious murders in South
Jersey would not discuss what evi
dence he had unearthed.
Brunen, who was shot while read
ing a newspaper in the kitchen, had
returned to his home in his automo
bile from Willlamstown, N. J., where
his circus Is in winter quarters, with
his face covered with mud. Brunen
explained to his wife he was "racing"
three men In an automobile and the
mud flew from the wheels.
According to his wife he did not ap
pear nervous and while she went to the
bathroom to prepare his bath he re
mained In the kitchen. Some one crept
up to the window, placed a shotgun
against the glass and fired. Brunen was
sitting two feet from the window and
the contents of the shotgun entered his
head, killing him Instantly.
Friend of Taylor.
Brunen was a lifelong chum to Will
iam Desmond Taylor, tho motion picture
director who was found shot to death
several weeks ago in his bungalow In
Los Angeles. The police do not place
any credence in reports the two men
were killed by the same gang. Detective
Parker believes Brunen was killed by a
business rival. Mrs. Brunen said at the
time of the Taylor murder her husband
had declared he had a premonition he
was to die suddenly and, as he expressed
It at the time, "with my boots on."
Mrs. Brunen, who was Brunen's sec
ond wife, having bepn married to the
circus man for fifteen years, was ques
tioned several hours In her home by
Detective Parker. Miss Yost, his stenog
rapher, took down her statement*.
Parker said he Is satisfied Mrs. Brunen
knows nothing of the tragedy.
Mrs. Brunen told the detective that
when she was upstairs she heard a loud
report aad believed It to be a railroad
torpedo on the tracks In front of the
Brunen home. Feeling alarmed, she
called downstairs and when she received
no answer went Into the kitchen and
found her husbanad dead In his chair,
the paper still clasped In his hands.
Screams of Mrs. Brunen attracted
neighbors, the police were notified and
a search made, but no trace of the
murderer was found. Footprints out
side the window showed where the mart
stood when the shot was fired. The
footsteps led acros* a freshly plowed
field to a roadway ieading to the trolley
station and was then lost. With the
footprints as the only clew the detectives
were completely at sea until detective
Parker late this afternoon found in the
field the grip of the shotgun that held
the stock and barrel together.
Detectives believe the slayer while
running across the fields endeavored to
take the shotgun apart and dropped the
grip when the stock and barrel came
apart. On the grip was the manu
Contlniied on Pnge Twenty.
Finance Ministers Refer
Claim for Rhine Expenses
to Governments.
U. S. NOT IX TREATY
Therefore Reparations Com
mission Cannot Meet De
mands of Her Xote.
'REMEDY IX DIPLOMACY'
France Gets Shook and Press
Shows Displeasure at Pres
entation of Bill,
Special Cable to Tun New Vo.K Herald
Covvrioht, 1912. by Tun New Y?hk Herald.
New York Urnild Bumrn. )
March 11. f
The allied finance ministers hero to
day refused to grant the demand of
the United States for priority In the
distribution of reparations to cover
the cost of the American occupation
of the Rhine. However, they attached
the diplomatic phrase "subject to the
rights of the United States" to their
ratification of the reparations ar
rangement whereby the billion gold
marks in question is to go to the al
lied nations
Allied opinion here is that America
should ratify the treaty of Versailles
If she wants any of the money col
lected by the Reparations Commission,
or she should appeal direct to Berlin
under her own treaty reminding Ger
many that she paid only 1,000.000,000
gold marks instead of 12,000,000,000
as provided by the treaty of Ver
sailles.
The argument of Rowland W. Boy
den, American observer, before the
finance ministers yesterday only re
sulted to-day in the "subject to rights"
phrase and the American claim will
be forwarded for doubtless long diplo
matic study by the allied Ministers of
Foreign Affairs.
It Is realised here that the American
demand la far more than a mere applica
tion for I241.000.00W. Even conserva
tive officials at the Foreign Office and
the equally conservative Temp? admit
that it opens unexpectedly and possibly
dangerously the whole question of how
far the treaties of Versailles and Berlin
can be made to Interlock.
Question for Diplomacy,
The question Is to be taken from the
hands of both ?he Reparations Commis
sion and the Finance Ministers to be
subjected to the diplomatic routine so
cherished by Premier Poincare, the Pre
mier supporting the contention of M
Lo-steyrie, Minister of Finance, that the
American note is one solely for the at
tention of the Foreign and not the Fi
nance Ministry.
In fact the correspondent of The New
ionic Herald to-day found a tendency
to consider the American demand as
undiplomatic. Some say it should have
come through Ambassador Merrick to
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to be
transmitted to the conference rather
than In the porson of an unofficlaJ ob
j "erver of the Reparations Commission
Which hud A Ing to do with yester
day's conf? ?#
The action has served to accentuate
the peevishness displayed since the
I nlted States refused to attend the
Genoa conference. The tone of the press
Is frankly unpleasant, with abundant
references to America's mercenary spirit,
hven the Temps does not hesitate to
Point out that If the United States ever
does ratify the treaty of Versailles her
rights will become effective only from
the date of ratification. In other words
her claims are permanently secondarv
to hose of the Allies if the treaty is to
be invoked.
rv/1 F,rp?'h ?mber of the Reparations
ommlsslon said: "I cannot understand
Americas attitude. Taking cash from
Europe at the very time It Is needed to
restore the confidence of our own people
and at the very moment that the United
complaining that wo ?re not
?lon* with the reparations seem,
mneh I m'"' A Z7.*T,?* nlr<,*''y has too
m ich gold. A billion ln Europe would
Improve exchange rates nnd enable the
States" l? purcha,M' from the United
A flrftfah Statement.
A British official said: "America Is1
urging us to show the utmost considera
tion for German. Why. then, does
America show such Intransigence
toward the Allies 7"
A member of the Paris Chamber of
ommerce customs commission declared
Contlnned on Page Ten.
Gunmen Bind Two, Escape With
Theater's $5,000 Near 1,500 Crowd
WKhln twenty feet of the last row
of balcony seats, during a performance
last night In Keith's Boyal Theater.
Westchcwter and Bergen avenues, The
Bronx, two gunmen forced their way
Into the treasurer'* office, tied and gaffed
Oeorge Baldwin, the treasurer, and
made off with about $5,000 In ca.sh, the
receipts for the finy and the Saturday
night payroll.
The robbery occurred when the thea
ter was filled. None of the 1,500 per
sons In the audience, Intent on the staire,
knew of the more thrilling performance
behind their backs.
Just before 9, according to theater
employees, two young men went to the
box office and bouht tickets for the first
balcony.
Baldwin mi Inside the cashier's of
fice getting the pay envelopes ready.
The door was locked, but when one man
knocked, saying he was sn attendant
and wished to turn In a pocketbook he
had found, Baldwin opened the loor
Two pistols were pressed against hi*
stomach.
One bandit gagged Baldwin and tied
him to a bench while the other locked
the door and began to stuff bank notes
Into his pockets. Before they had fin
ished the Job another knock cam<\ It
was Oeorge Burruth, ticket taker on the
second bnlcony. who had come to turn
In his ticket stuhr. They let him In.
tlorl him, fragged him and trussed him
up beside Baldwin, The nthey went on
with robbery undisturbed.
At least ten minutes elapsed after the
gunmen l?>ft th? room, locking the door
from tho outside, before Burruth was
able to wriggle out of his bonds and
cali for help. Twenty defectives re
sponded on the Jump. but. the robbers
liaU cscaped unobserved.
LAND SETTLEMENT SCHEME
OF BONUS BILL IS ASSAILED
AS A MOST VICIOUS GRAB
Its Defeat Would Be Calamity.
He Declares, in Denying
Any Intrigue.
UNDERWOOD DEFENDS IT
Democratic Senator Asserts
Document Insures Peace
in Pacific Region.
Special Dispatch to Tub N*w Yosik Hrai'i.r.
New York Hrruld Bureau, )
Washington. D. C.. March It. |
Secretary Hughes entered the de
bate on ratification of the four Power
Ireaty to-day. He took cognizance of
the efforts that have been made by
Ihe "poison gas squad" In the Senate
to discredit the authorship of the
Ireaty and to make It appear there
had been sinister secrecy about Its
preparation and that It was something
that the American delegation accepted
with marvelous gullibility.
Secretary Hughes unmasked this at
tack, showed there had been no se
crecy about Its preparation and au
thorship. He worked in harmony with
Senator Oscar Underwood (Ala.),
Democratic floor leader, and one of the
American delegates at the conference.
Secretary- Hajchea'a Letter.
Senator TJnierwood was the chief
speaker of the day In the Senate, urg
ing ratification. In the course of his
remarks he read the following letter
which Secretary Hughes had written
in answer to jnuondoes that had been
made about the treaty:
I understand that in the course
of debate in {he Senate upon the
four Power treaty questions have
been raised with respect to its au
thorship. It seems to be implied
that in some way the American dele
gates have been imposed upon, or
that they were Induced to accept
some plan cunnlnBly contrived by
others and opposed to our interests.
A part from the reflections upon the
competency of the American dele
gates. such Intimation betroys a very
poor and erroueous conception of
the work in connection with the con
ference no part of which?whether
within or outside the conference
meetings?was begun, prosecuted or
concluded in intrigue. Nothing could
be farther from the fact.
It is, of course, wholly inconsist
ent with the amenities of interna
tional intercourse, that the Infor
mal and confidential suggestions and
conversations incident to negotia
tions should bo stated, but the Sen
ate may be assured that a full dis
closure of everything said or done
in the course of the negotiations
would reveal nothing deregatory to
the part taken by any of the Ameri
can delegates or I ivolve any consid
eration or acceptance of any posi
tion not entirely consistent with the
traditional policies of this Govern-'
ment
It should be remembered that
the four Power treaty dealt with a
subject?the Anglo-Japanese alli
ance?which, as an agreement be
tween two Powers competent to
make and continue It, was not, find
in the nature of things could not be,
appropriately placed upon the con
ference agenda. Technically, it was
a matter outside the conference, al
though the conference furnished an
excellent opportunity for conversa
tions regarding It
While I cannot, of course, under
take to state what was proposed or
sug^epted in confidence by any of
the delegates, I think it entirely
proper to say that the negotiations
relating to tho four Power treaty
were conducted within limitations
defined by the American Govern
ment. The views of this Govern
ment as to the Importance of the
termination of the Anglo-Japanese
alliance had been communicated
Ion* before the conference met and
it had also been clearly stated that
this Government could enter into
no alliance or make any commit
ment to the use of arms or which
would impose any sort of obligation
as to Its decisions In future con
tingencies. .
It must deal with any exigency
aocordlng to its constitutional
methods. In preparing for the con
ference, the American delegates re
viewed the matter thoroughly and
tho ?ntire course of the negotiations
in connection with the four Power
treaty was In accord with these
principles, and, as I have said,
within the limits which we defined.
The treaty Itself Is very short
and simple, and is perfectly clear.'
It requires no commentary. Its en
gagements are easily understood
and no Ingenuity In argument or
hostile criticism can add to them or
make them other or greater than its
unequivocal language sets forth.
There are no secret notes or under
standings.
In view of this, the question of
authorship Is unimportant. It was
signed by four Powers, whose dele
gates respectively adopted It, all
having made various sutrgf stions.
I may say, however, with respect
to the general course of negotia
tions that after assent harl been
given by Great Hrltaln and Japan
that France should be a party to
the agreement, I prepared a draft
Contlnned on Page Two.
? ; \
Cressinger the Target in
Bonu* Bombardment
Special Kit patch to The Nrw Yohk Hbbald.
\'? u York Hrrnld Htirfuu, j
Washington, D. C., March 11. (
SOME! idea of the volume of tel
egrams and letters received
? by members of Congress
about the bonus raid is furnished
by a Representative of an Bastern
State, who in the last month has
received 3,319 communications, 677
favoring a bonus and 2,642 oppos
ing it.
Comptroller of the Currency
Cressinger is the latest target be
cause of his courageous statement
that he 'considered the adjusted
service certificates provided for in
the Fordney plan the worst kind
of frozen credit with which na
tional banks could burden them
selves.
600 CASUALTIES IN
RAND MINE BAM
: Strikers at Bcnoni Ambush
Scottish Detachment, Kill
ing 18, "Wounding 25.
AIKPLANE IS SHOT DOWN
| Trade Union Hall, Full of
Miners, Bombed and Ma
jority Killed.
Johannesburg, March 11 (Associated
Press).?The Rand Daily Mail places
Friday's casualties at 600, of whom 80
are believed to have been killed. The
casualties among the strikers are not
known.
A Scottish detachment was am
bushed at Benoni to-day by strikers
hidden in a plantation, who suddenly
poured a heavy Are into the soldiers,
killing eighteen of them and wounding
twenty-five. Most of the detachment
were ex-service men.
The trades union hall at Benoni, near
Johannesburg, crowded with South Afri
can gold mine strikers, was bombed fry
an aviator to-day. says a Central News
dispatch from Johannesburg. The ma
jority of those assembled were killed and
the building was dentroyed. An air
plane was shot down at Benoni, the
aviator. Capt. Calrey Thomas, being shot
through the heart.
Strikers' Plana Well Laid.
The strikers' plans evidently had been
well laid. The leaders apparently almtd
at cutting off communications in order
to facilitate the seixure of Important
strategic positions. The possession of
Fordsburg was a part of the movement
The push extended northwest, flanked by
Auckland Park, near a big police camp
If this line Is driven In an Important
section of the railway and the central
portion of Johannesburg will be im
perilled.
Oen. Beeves, commanding at Wlt
watersrand, has ordered the public to
remain indoors from 7 P. M. until 6 A. M.
Jeppe, a suburb adjoining Johannes
burg to the east, was seething with
strikers ?hi? afternoon. Most of the
men were armed and a number carried
bombs. They are credited with planning
to hold up the police In that area so as
to prevent them from reinforcing other
points, particularly Fordsburg. where
intermittent firing was continuing.
The position at Brakpan ar d Benoni
was extremely grave. The strikers ap
parently had obtained the upper hand,
at least temporarily, and numbers of
dead anl wouided were lying In the
streets.
railed Bolshevist Hevolt.
London, March 11.?The general strike
railed by miners' leaders at Johannes
burp Is In reality a revolutionary move
ment, according to <he Cape Town corre
i v>nndent of the Daily Telegraph. The
strike Issue has been eclipsed by th?
threat against the State, he says.
' There was some speculation over
i Premier Smuts's delay In proclaiming
martial law. which was regarded as
gravely overdue, but It Is understood he
wa.< actuated by fear that such a step
would precipitate a conflict In which
th? strikers, who are mainly Dutch,
nnrht be reinforced from the veldt.
The Johannesburg correspondent of
the same newspaper reports that num
bei*b of Dutch farmers In the Boksburg
end Benoni districts have Joined the
striker?) and formed mounted com
mandos which attacked Benoni.
The 7*<?tie?'? Johannesburg correspond
ent. on the other hand, ascribes the
foilhle to a wl<fosprend Bolshevist plot,
and says the Fordsburg commando re
tards ttself as a Bed Hoard. He ndds
that flrhtlng Is In progress throughou*
the Hand, the most sever" trouble b?>;nr
In the eastern section. He believes that
the police will soon gain the upper
hand In Johannesburg and Benoni, but
admits that, owfnr to the prevalllrg
chaos. It Is very difficult to verify tht
various reports
WOMAN DOCTOR DIES
REDUCING HER WEIGHT
Effort to Cut 31 Pounds in Six
Weeks Causes Pellagra.
Rprrtal Piipntrh tn Tur Nrw Tosk Hrm?i n
Batti.k Of.ek. March 11.?Dr Winona
I^ong, blood specialist of Battle Creek
fault a rlum and graduate of Hot Springs
Medical College, died here late Friday
night. She wns 34 yarn old.
The use of her medical knowledge In
weight reduction In an effort to reduce
her weight thirty-one pounds In a period
of six weeks brought on pellagra, which
caused death.
The American Medical Association
had been appealed to In Chicago for as
sistance In an effort to save Dr. I<ong's
life, but death came befor-' suggestions
for methods of treating her were re
ceived.
NO CHECK ON RAID
New Federal Board
Would Have Power to ,
Run Cost Into Many
Billion Dollars.
BURDEN ON STATES
Measure Framed to Compel
Cooperation in Recla
mation of Lands.
FARM BLOC IS RESTIVE
Sales Tax Adherents Will
Make New Attempt to Sub
stitute Their Plan.
By ions SEIBOLD.
Special Dispatch to Tnr New Toik Hbbau,.
... y Herald Murium, I
Washington, I>. C.. Mnrrh II. f
The bonus raid on the public Treas
ury and business of the country la
facing a revolt In the House of Rep
resentatives, which up to date has
been the home of its friends.
The insurance certificate loan plan
concocted by the Republican mem
, bers of the Ways and Means Com
mitte$ is being assailed from several
unexpected quarters. Aside from
Chairman Fordney and Republican
Leader Mondell, who still think Presi
dent Harding can be induced to
change his mind regarding the bonus
raid, defenders of it have in fact be
gun to apologize for its many defects
The Ways and Means Committee
chairman and the majority leader
continue to assert that the $5,000..
000,000 insurance certificate loan
scheme will be favorably report
the House "with a few minor at . r :
ments" on Monday and railr?
through that body with little 1: ?x ,
i opposition.
Members who have favored 1
legislation are beginning to ei
doubt as to the infallibility o
two bonus spokesmen.
Farm Bloc IS RF(t|Tr,
I To supplement the troubles .
harassed Ways and Means cha ,
and the men who support his
mination to ignore the advice jf the
President. Secretary Mellon, the over
whelming adverse sentiment in the
Senate and the protests of all classes
of people, the farm bloc became rest
ive to-day and threatened to "kick
over the traces."
Supporters of the sales tax. which
the farm bloc opposes, also became
active. They are arming themselves
i for another attempt to substitute this
scheme for the insurance certificate
loan plan.
, I The discovery of another "Joker" in
the loosely drawn and unworkable
measure framed by the Ways and
Means Republicans has further added
, to the confusion that prevails on th?
House side of the Capitol where fear,
impulse and emotion are the ruling In
fluences.
An analysis of the land settlement
I feature of the "Ave way" plan formed
by the American Legion and adopted
out of hand by the Ways and Mean*
II Republicans has uncovered a schema
which in the opinion of critics of the
bill Is reminiscent of old time "grabs.'*
Gronnd for Party Machine.
' If the conclusions of the experts
who have put the acid test on th?
I "land settlement" feature Is correct,
j the Republican party would be able to
build up a powerful political machine
for partisan advantages.
In addition, the Government would
j be compelled to go Into the real estate
business on a tremendous scale, build
j towns, develop Irrigation schemes, ays -
tems of public roads and become In
volved In so-called reclamation proj
ects that have hitherto been frowned
upon.
Just how much money the land set
tlement of the Insurance certificate
loan scheme would cost the people of
the country before Its terms could b?
carried out is a matter of speculation.
Kstlmates Justify the opinion of ex
perienced intarereter* of legislative
ambiguities that ihe stat ?rr<j?nts re
cently made by Senator Borah tegwii'
ing the whole bonus project are cor
1 rect
The Idaho Senator In a recent speech
attacking the bonus raid on general
( principles predicted that before the
[ country got through with flnam tn* the
? bonus projects contained in the "nv<
wny" plan which the Fordney commit
tee has Introduced, the cost would run
Into untold billions?perhaps $60,000,'
000.000 or even 175,000,000,000.
"Moat Vlrlonx" Feature.
The "land settlement" feature, wbicW
Is to be*-o^* operative on January |
next and not on maturity of the
ance certificate.* to be issued ex-aerv.
Ice men. Is pronounced by a membei
who admitted that he supported It, as
| "one of the most vicious attempts
r.?ld the country ever undertaken in
, Congress."
The basis of his criticism waa the
1 protes'. made by the """amronnt of ^0

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