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NEW YORK HERALD
PUBLISHED HY THE SUN-HERALD CORPORATION, 2S0 BROADWAY; T&UCPHONE, WORTH 10,000. t)fir*ctoi* and officer*; Frank A. Munsey. P**tirtdent; Krvln Wardnian, Vice-President; Wm. T. Dewart, Trtaaurt?r; It. II. Tither l'tytott. Secretary. J MAIL SUBSCRIPTION HATES. J One SU On# Staff Mail, Postpaid. Yt-ar. Months. Month. XXAlLY & SUNDAY.. .#1:1.00 *e.oo $1.00 JMpt.Y only 10.00 5.00 .85 BUEkDAY only 4.00 2.25 .40 tjCNDAY only. Canada. 5.50 '2.75 .50 / FOREIGN KATES (EXCEPT GREAT # UKITAJN). /r A1I.Y & SUNDAY.. .*18.00 *0.00 $1.50 fl'AlLY only 14.00 7.00 1.15 Bl'NDAV only 5.50 2.T5 .50 TO ENULANItil ELAND. SCOTLAND AND WALES. DAILY & SUNDAY.. .?20.00 513.30 ?2.40 3 ?AILY only 17.40 8.70 1.45 SUNDAY only 0.75 5.12 .86 All checks, money orders, &c., to be made raj-aWe to Tlie Sun-Herald. Branch Offices for receipt of advertisements I mid sale of papers: I'kincii'Al (' ci own Office?Broadway and t''tH St. Entrance 11158 Broadway (one flight up). Tel. Fit* Hoy 1500. HaHI KM OlTflCB?205 WEST 1-"'TH St., NBA!! | Skvhnth Ave. Tel. 704 Mortilrigslde. Open | until 10 P. M. Washington Hjrchts Orriea?585 West t 381st St. Tel. 0008 Wadsworth. Open until 30 P. M. Sixteenth St. iVxice?Cornkr 16th St. and Skwsnth Ave. Tel. Chelsea. 4000. Downtown Omcis?10*5 Ukoadwat. Open 8 A. M. to 10 P. M.: Sundays. 2 P. M. to 30 P. M. , ItnooKi.v.N OmcRs?24 Court St. Tel. Main ; C458. Open until 10 I?. M. Eagle BtiLMXG, , RK! Washington St. Tel. 1100 Main. Bronx Ofkicb?518 Wit.T.ia A to.. AT 143th I Bt. Tel. IHHJ6 Melrose. Open until 10 P. M. I Principal American and Foreign Bureaus. j WA3HINOTON?The Munsey Building CHICAGO?2"8 South La Salle St. LONDON?10-43 Fleet St. DUBLIN?27 Westmoreland St. ROME?56 Via Gre;orlana. PARIS?ID Avenue de l'Opera. S8 Rue du Louvre. Tub New York Hekai.d was fourv'e.1 h.v James Gordon Bennett In 1839. It remained the sole property of Its founder until h's 1 death, in 1872, when Ills son. also James [ C.ordon Rennett, succeeded to the ownership of the paper, which remained In his hatds ! until his death. In 1918. The Herald be rame the property of Frank A. Munsey, Its [ present owner, In 1020. TUESDAY, MARCH 14, 1922. "Let America Pay!" London bankers and London econ omists generally have Insistently stated that Germany never can pay the one hundred and thirty-five bil lion gold marks demanded of her by the Allies?thirty-five billions of gold dollars. In sympathy with this idea Sir Robert Horne, Chancellor of the British Exchequer, a sound headed Scotchman with an eye open to the main chance, now comes forward j with the ingenious suggestion that | America shoulder one-third of Ger- J many's burden and pay it to the A1 lies. This is handsome and entitles j Sir Robert to high place among the j best of his race in point of imagina-1 tion?such distinguished men of j fancy as Sir Walter Scott. Rotckrt Louis Stevenson and Sir James j Barrik. Sir Robert's invention would be a good thing lor Germany and a sweet thing for the Allies, but in the finality it lacks originality. It is not new. It is born of the same old attitude now become so familiar to these shores. "Let America Pay!" If, however, this invention had originated in America with regard to America's own sacrifice it would have had the merit of good taste and generous spontaneity. But com ing from a nation that itself would be benefited to the tune of billions of dollars by America's sacrifice, com-: ing from a nation that would get genuine gold for what it regards, in large measure, as a worthless credit, will not produce any considerable thrill of delight in the hearts of the American people. If the Chancellor of the British Exchequer had presented an argu ment showing how it would work to the restoration of economic world stability and to the revitalizing of commercial and industrial activities if all the I O Us among all the allied nations and the associated nations were scrapped, and the indemnities of the Central Powers were scrapped as a part of the job, his argument would at least get a receptive hear ing in America. It would get a receptive hearing In America because it would furnish real thought for economic discussion and would be wholly beyond palpable selfishness. But to put forth an ar gument. or make a suggestion, that would call upon America to pay one third of Germany's staggering indem nity, with England and the other Allies making no sacrifice whatever, is unthinkable and Intolerable. In the judgment of Tin; Nkw York Hesald Sir RoBMtT has not scored heavily in putting out this feeler, and in the judgment of Tut: New York Hkra!.p America will never cancel one cent of the indebtedness due from the Allies except all slates be twecn all nations be wiped clean. What America would do In a situa tion of thin kind Is entirely unknown, hut that America would dig deep into the economic heart of the mat tar Is certain. ? Peach Crop Prospecti. Peach growers within a hundred miles or so of New York hope to pro duce an uncommonly large crop this year. All conditions are reported to b? favorable for the peach. Con tinued low temperatures, with several timely sleet and show storms, hove kept the sap back in the trees' lower d?ptJJ>s and thus prevented premature swelling of the buds. The rest th-i crop failure of 1921 gave the tree has proved highly beneficial. They have grown in bulk and in strength. Why fruit growers hereabouts have not generally resorted to warm ing their orchards with one or more of the various devices that have been used with more or less success In Florida and on the Pacific coast is not clear. In other fruit growing dis tricts smudge fires have saved many crops, and had thiB or some other method of combating frost been util ized in this vicinity last year there is every reason to believe that the wholesale destruction wrought by the late frosts after the abnormally warm January might have been in a great measure averted. Records of success in other parts of the country should encourage the adoption 6f frost combating devices here. Eastern people are not generally given to trailing in the rear of prog ress, but in this particular they have hardly kept up with the procession. There are not many weeks now be tween us and comparative safety for the peaches. But these weeks are treacherous for buds, full of high j temperature lures Into freezing death | traps. With the prospect now so bright for an enormous peach crop it would be a pity if growers should fail to be ready with any orchard protecting device that has demon strated its value. The Wage of Our Policemen. The owner of The New York Herald secured for our policemen in 1918 the first advance, but for a pal try hundred dollars in 1916, they had had in their wage in twenty-four years. And the advance in the wage of these policemen made way for a similar advance in the wage of the firemen. Since this advance was granted to both the policemen and the firemen their wage has been further ad vanced so that now the first grade po licemen get $2,280 a year. The fire men of the first grade get the same ( wage. The policemen and the firemen' are now asking that their wage1 ?those of the first grade?be ad vanced to $2,500. The owner of The New York Herald is in complete sympathy with this request. This Is not too much, but, considered in view of the fact that policemen are retired on half pay after twenty-five years of service and firemen are retired on half pay after twenty years of ser vice, it is fair and reasonable pay. Up to 1918 first grade policemen were getting only $1,400 a year. In 1916, in the midst of the war, first grade policemen got the munificent advance of $100 a year, carrying their wage up to $1,600. And this was the wage of the first grade policemen when the owner of j The New York Herald, in 1918, took up their case with the citizens of New York and got them an increasfeand put them on the road to additional increases. Mazzirr and Margaret Fuller. Fifty years ago last Friday Gin flKPVE Mazzini, the Italian patriot and one of the outstanding figures In the revolutionary movement^which brought about the present Kingdom of Ttaly, died at Pisa. At Rome Sun day republican associations paraded under the red standards of Gaii bai-di in a tribute to the memory of Mazzini, his friend and coworker. Other Italian cities hare undertaken memorial services, the most notable of which will be the observance to day at Pisa of the anniversary of his funeral in that city on March 14. 1872. The bitterness of the political con troversy over those stern revolution ary days has been In fifty years sufficiently forgotten for people to recognize in Mazzini a national pa triot who at the cost of many self denials ungrudgingly devo?ed his life to the cause of Italy's freedom. His career was that of many other Ideal ists and dreamers flred by patriot ism; by his unpractical Ideals he at times more retarded than advanced the course of events to the goal which he himself sought. The insurrections at both Man tua and Milan which he planned were failures. He was twice sen tenced to death, he was imprisoned at Gaeta, he was frequently com pelled to flee from Italy and seek refuge in London or Switzerland. When at last he was permitted to return to Pisa he was broken in health and spirit He was never reconciled to a monarchy in Italy. "I bow my head sorrowfully to the sovereignty of the national will," he wrote, "but monarchy will never number me among Its servants or followers." He lived to see Cavoiu's statesmanship make Italian unity an accomplished fact. Ix>okfng back through these fifty years It seems a strange coincidence that the tragedy of the career of this ardent and intense man should give a tragic tinge to the life of one of America's most brilliant women, Maruarkt Fiiij.ro. She early took a lively interest in the Italian struggle for independence. To her Mazzini arose as its most commanding and attractive figure. He was to her the only real prophet of the struggle. It was their common devotion to Mazzini and the cauBe of the revolu tion that drew her and Marquis Ossm.i Into companionship and even tually brought about their mar riage. She refused to leave Rome when the city was besieged, and while her husband fought on the walls she, at MazhHi'h request, took ? charge of one of the hospitals and performed heroic service. When the city fell she and her husband fled first to the mountains of Abruzel and *h??n to Florence. Ma mini became a fugitive with a p*4c? on his head. They sailed' from Leghorn for V America in May, 1850. Ossoli's spirit was broken by the failure of the revolution, and when their ship was wrecked off Fire Island beach just as they were approaching New York harbor he made no attempt to, save his own life or- that of their child. No one knew exactly what happened as the ship was breaking up under the pounding of the waves, but it is said that his wife also was lost through her failure to make an effort to save herself. With her sank too the manuscript of her ac-1 count of the Roman revolution, an ex haustive work based upon her per sonal knowledge and experience and ' her acquaintance with its chief ac-1 tors, a work which was an irrepar able loss to the historical literature of the period. Brady and Hylan. The charge was made by William I A. Brady at a dinner on Sundayi night that indecent plays are pro-' duced in New York because of "rot-1 ten politics on the part of Mayor Hylan'k administration." Mr. Brady added that he would tell Mr. Hylan "right to his face" where the fault lay. To this Mayor Hylan replies with dignity that he will be glad to hear Mr. Bkady at any time and that .he will have the reporters present to listen to the discussion. This is much more sensible than denouncing Mr. Brady as a Tool of the Interests or a Plunderer of the Plain People, titles which the Mayor usually con fers upon those who criticize his ad ministration. Many persons will agree with Mr. Brady's statament that the city ad ministration is to blame because it has the power to prevent improper productions. PerWaps the Mayor will b?*able to dissipate this idea. The promised interview ought to be intensely dramatic. The news papers will do their best with it, of course. But it really is an event that calls for the radio. When two ora torical thunderbolts like Brady and Hylan come together their words should ring to the very welkin. Or would the ether crack under the strain? First Catch Your Plesiosaurus. For an animal nobody is sure any body has ever seen the jolly old plesiosaurus of Patagonia is getting publicity which a prima donna might regard with envy. The Argentine humane society which corresponds to our own S. P. C. A. protests agairu t the capture or killing of the supposed survivor of a prehistoric j species. The head of the society de clares that the plesiosaurus might die if it were brought north. Nonsense! The creature's grandfathers and granduncles, several ages removed, lived in New Jersey, Kansas and Wyoming. Coming north from the southern Argentine would be like old home week for a plesiosaurus. Let there be no undue excitement over the treatment of the monster, \ however. First catch your plesiosau-; rus, but gently. He might be lured to land with jazz, the strains of which are notoriously liked by all reptiles. Dr. Albarracin, the presi dent of the Argentine humane so1 ciety, insists that the scientists study the creature In its own habitat while It is enjoying full liberty. We feel sure that they will. The monster will be kodaked, cinematographed, phono-' ? graphed and charted. Grave intelli-; gentsia will report and interpret his every gesture and snort. His meals ' will be weighed. ihaps he is eat-( ing too much protein. What kind of! diet will extend the life of a plesio saurus another 5,000 years? The Buenos Aires expeditionarles | are determined to go after the oldest i breathing relic of the past. They will start this week, says Professor i Ojtclm, "provided additional funds j are forthcoming." There's %n idea for the bucket shop men. Plesiosau i rus Preferred; get in on the Cre : taceous floor. Another Disastrous Experiment in Government Railways. France has decided to sell her Gov ernment owned railways, according to dispatches from Paris, which means that another experiment in Government operation of railways has proved disastrous. The French j railways comprise six great lines, j one of which, the Western system, the longest in France, operating 6,212 miles of railway, is owned by J the Government. The five other rail ! ways, all privately owned and oper j ated, are: The Nord, 2,396 miles; the Est, 3,133 miles; the Parls-Lyon M^diterran^e, 6,061 miles; the Or leans, 4,881 miles, and the Midi, 2,520 miles. No fairer or more thorough experi ment in government railroading has | been made than the one carried out I on the Western system in France. | Nearly twenty years ago this system I was consolidated with the Ancient j Reseau, or Old Lines, which servo ; Paris as a s6rt of interurban rail I road. Before 1004 the Old Lines had ; been prosperous. But within four years after the Western Railway had been taken over by the Government a deficit was shown. The balance has been on the wrong side of the ledger ever since, although the rail -ways under private operation earned | profits up to the beginning of the i war. Even these private lines were i subject to Government control dur ing the war. The State guaranteed | their earnings. War time deficits of all the railroads cost the Government , more than 5,000,000,000 francs. The abnormal war period does not | furnish an accurate criterion by ? which to Judge French railway, con I trol. The table below shows the re suits of State railway ownership In France from 1904, when the Western Railway was taken over, until the outbreak of the war. The figures were contained in preliminary esti mates of the budget of 1014, receipts, expenses and profit or loss being here shown in millions of francs: Yoar. Receipts. Expenses. Loss 1904 245 242 ?3 1906 261 245 *6 190 6 263 256 *7 190 7 266 272 6 190 8 a<S 288 13 190 9 280 305 25 1910.. ? .292 340 48 191 1 301 361 60 191 2 313 383 71 191 3 319 401 83 191 4 334 410 76 ?Profit. The French experiment in railway ; operation had cost the Government j all told 365,000,000 francs in the ten j years before the war. To this must be added the amount of the Interest on the purchase price of the rail-1 ways, which is not Included in the earnings statements of the State railways. If the capital charges had been included the deficits would have been more than doubled. In 1921, the first full year under normal operat ing conditions after the war, the loss on the State railways is estimated at 100,000,000 francs, and this without interest on the investment, in spite of the poorer service and fewer trains as compared with the pre-war schedules. England's Betting Code. The betting practices followed in England for many years made it com paratively . easy for Captain Owen Peel to defraud the bookmakers ( through the false timing of telegrams placing money on a race. By long distance telephone a confederate learned that Paragon had won the race for the Duke of York Stakes at Kempton Park last October, and Cap tain Peel induced an aged village postmaster to put a false filing time on telegrams addressed to bookmak ers, so as to make it appear that the messages were sent before the race was run, not after it had been won. In other words, he actually dhl what wiretappers pretend to do when they swindle gullible persons. Another circumstance which helped to make the fraud successful was the fact that Captain Peel had good social standing and a fine war record. The amount won by him was $17,500. When the first suspicion of irregular ity was expressed by those who had lost on the race he said that rather than rest under a charge of wrong doing he would return the money. This action, English accounts of the affair say, made friends for him, and it is possible that he might have escaped with merely a tarnished rep utation had not the postal authorities taken the matter up. The fdct that he had made a tool of the aged post master was an offense which the Gov ernment would not overlook and his prosecution was ordered. The case came to trial recently and attracted wide attention because it was the first criminal prosecution of importance which had arisen from betting in a number of years. Cap tain Pf.el pleaded guilty. Mrs. Peel, who was accused Jointly with her husband and who is a daughter of one of the best known of English racing men, Sir Robert Jardine, en tered a plea of not guilty and will be tried shortly. Altogether the affair throws an in teresting light on turf conditions in England. Racing Is a fashionable pastime there, though, its patrons come from every walk in life. The betting system Is founded on a code of honor. Great sums are wagered "on the nod," to use the English rac ing term, or through the mails or by telegraph. Settlements are made every Monday. Failure to settle a betting debt is one of the most serious social offenses an Englishman can commit, and the man who can pay and will not in ostracized. It is an offense that carries the severest penalties and its memory follows an Individual through life. Under these circum stances the shock caused by the dis covery of the fraud carried out by Captain Peel can be understood. A passenger In a crosstown car whose pocket was picked by a profes sional thief turned the tables by pick ing the thief's pocket. Perhaps the public's protection against robbers of this class may be found In teaching all honest men to pick pockets. On his arraignment on a charge of sedition, Gandhi, the Indian agitator, pleaded guilty. It Is hard for the Government to tell what to do with a non-resister. Gandhi In confinement may present as difficult a problem as Gandhi at liberty. The Transit Commission wants to convince New York women that the early shopper catches the bargain. Bnt Yesterday I Caught a Vision Fleet. But yesterday I caught a vision fleet As sunlight on the water, a faint trace Of loveliness; I seemed to see your face Amid the passing throng, and the dark street Was of a sudden light and life com plete ; Rut only for a moment, then the race, The mad pursuit of pleasure Ailed the space Where I had glimpsed your Image bright and sweet. My thought went back to vanished yes terdays When, if I sought you, you were al ways there. Your love and presence never were wfth drawn ; It Is not so here In the city's ways. For when I think to find you you are gone?? Swift am a anatch of song upon the air. !5U 8ARCTH SCOIXARD. Men, Not Cats, Blamed. Puss's 8ins Attributed to Human Cruelty or Sesrlect. To The New York Herald: I demur to the indictment against the cat. Why not ask the compiler of statistics to make a record of cats tortured, atoned and shot by vicious boys, and another one of neats robbed, mother birds killed, birds killed out of season and general mortality from human hands? No cat lover would stand for cats killing birds. Cats properly fed and housed are no more attracted to birds than to stray leaves in a breese. I hare only compassion for the other kind of eat. He comes without any wish of his own and observes the first law of nature while he is 'here. I don't blame him for anything he does. People allow rats to multiply without any thought of the future, kick them out and blame them for what they do to sustain life. I've known people who had time to throw a rock when they didn't liave time to take the unwanted cat to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals or some* other in stitution of like nature, where It would be painlessly destroyed. We don't need legislation against cats. What we need is a greater understand ing of nil nature. Let the legislation be against owners and do let's enforce the laws we have. A Cat Lover. New York, March 13. The Crucial Year. Savonarola an Instance of the Rule Confronting Lloyd George. To The New YoRk Herald: In the editorial article on Lloyd George's cru cial year you say that the eighth year has a definitely established reputation ha a crucial one in politics. You point to the duration of the influence of De mosthenes In the councils of his coun trymen, which reached Its climax in the ? ight years between the peace of Phl locrates in 346 B. C. and the battle of Chaeronea. You advert to the breaking up of the coalition, eight years after it had been formed, toy Julius Csesar, Pom pey and Crassus. Other instances of eight year political periods suggest themselves. One of the most notable* is presented in the sway | of Olrolamo Savonarola as the absolute ruler of the highly cultured city of' Florence from 1490 to 1498. He drove the Medici into hiding, ruled the man ners, morals and politics of Florence, and shook the very foundations of the Renaissance. Like Demosthenes, and In a degree Csesar, Savonarola appealed to emotion alism, touched the tieart and the con science, while the very practical wizard of Criccieth, whose breadth of vision comprehends the interdependent needs of all the nations and who dexterously and with lightning swiftness adjusts himself to the political exigencies of the hour, holds power by a stronger and more lasting grasp. He Is tfrie statesman of world business and the world has present and further need of such a man. Frank Deedmeter. Birmingham, Ala., March 10. Palestine and the Jews. A Prophecy Fulfilled by the British t'aptnre of Jerusalem. To Tub New YoftK Herald: If I may add a word to my recent letter I would say that as the volume of the restora tion of the Jews Increases the United States will inevitably play a prominent part, not only in providing- transport but in many other ways. The restoration of the Jews concerns the whole world. Just as the entry of the British army into Jerusalem concerned, the whole world. For In that hour the ' "times of the rientiles" were fulfilled. Our Lord said: "Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled." That is definite language. When the British army entered Jerusalem It was delivered, it was no konger trodden down, and in that hour the "times of the Gentiles" were fulfilled. We are now living in an Interregnum. IIow long or how short that Interregnum will be no man knoweth. W. Stanlct Shaw, Captain late Middlesex Regiment. LONDON, February 28. Evidence From a Cage. Mountain Lions at a Wyoming Hotel Did Actually Swam. To The New York Herald: Ldlre your correspondent Henry W. Shoe maker X also have been much Interested j In the discussion concerning the mouti- j tain lion's cry and the various letters you have published on the subject. Thf evidence contained In these lettors only confirms the fact, well known to many of us, that the puma, or mountain lion, certainly does scream. Why that fact should be questioned by anybody Is not easy to understand. For myself, during twenty-odd years In which I lived In the Rocky Mountain region I hive not only often hoard that peculiar snarling shriek but have also on various occasions seen a mountain lion in the act of uttering the cry. Many persona who traveled over the Union Pacific Railroad during the late '80s and early '90s will doubtless recall the young lions which were kept In cages In front of the Union Pacific Hotel at Green River, Wyoming. And some of these persons will also remember having heard the cry those lions used to give vent to from time to time, most frequently Just before their meal hour. It Is also possible, nay, probable, that a majority of the people who saw those lions never hoard them scream and would be Willing so to testify. This lattef fact seems to epitomize the entire evidence produced In this discussion. On the one hand wo have a respectable minority who have actually heard the puma's cry, and on the other hand a multitude who never heard It and do not know anybody who has. It all reminds one of the Western Justice of the l'cnce who was trylhg a man on the charge of stealing a pig. The complaining witness and one other testified positively to having seen the defendant In the act of committing the theft. Put the defendant produced twenty reputable witnesses who swore with equal certitude that they had not seen him steal the pig. Whereupon the Justice held that the clear preponder ance of the evidence was In favor of the defendant, and pcmrdlngly discharged him. Gbotmjb Westfrvki.t. New York, March 18. Will Appeal to the Othi>r End. jVeut Home rorrmprmdmrt in WoMron (Arte.) Ailvnnrvtiivort'r. Mr. J>mII* Abbott *?w he could not do any ?R'?><l talking to Hllen while lie was selling hosiery, so he has gone to teaching at Pleasant Valley. Mme. Casals in Beethoven Concert Brahms Horn Trio Alto Part of Association's Program' at Aeolian Hall. By W. J. HB.VOERSOir. The program of the fifth concert I of the Beethoven Association at Aeolian Hall last evening consisted of the Brahms horn trio, songs sung by Mine. Susan Metcalfe Casals with Mr. Casals 1 aa accompanlsrt, and the Schumann piano quartet. The violinist was Alexander Schmuller, Hugo Kortschak played viol* and William Bachaus was the pianist. Mr. Casals, besides being at the piano when Mme. Casals sang, played the cello part In the quartet. The horn player was Xavler Relter, long the solo horniat of the Philharmonic Society. The horn trio, in which the other two Instruments aro violin and piano, is infrequently heard. This is to be expected. In chamber music, as in the orchestra, the horn, without being intrusive, ie decidedly obtrusive. There is no way ?f suppressing the aggressive emergence of Its characteristics except by relegating it to the useful but sub ordinate office of sustaining harmonies. As a solo voice it mercilessly dominates any Instrumental body, and hence a hom trio cannot be played often. To use the horn to advantage a composer must be on terms of Intimacy with it. Rossini was always happy when writ ing for the horn quartet, as witness his successful passage in the "Semlra mido" overture. "Weber was his su perior in that he wafi equally at home withone horn, as In "Oberon," or four, as in *Der Fr?lsehuetss." Beethoven did wonders with threo In the "Erolca." Wagner sported with the horn as a boy with a new toy and at least once, in his "Phaeton," Salnt-Saens c-eated a< model passage for the horn qua.'tet. But no one else surpassed Brahms, whose magnificent proclamation by horns in the last movement of the C minor symphony is unrivaled, and who showed In the trio how perfectly he could adapt the peculiarities of the horn to chamber music. The instrument dominates the thematic style of the composition, which is nevertheless not a mere horn solo, but a real trio in which each of the other Instruments speaks eloquently alone and in which all three unite In beautiful utterances. The work was admirably played last evening by the three artists. They steeped themselves in the spirit of the music and successfully communicated It to an audience, which received the message with every evidence of pleas ure. Mme. Casals delivered four songs of Beethoven, "Adelaide," "Wonne der Weihmung," "Ich liebe dlch" and "Neue Lilebe, Neues Leben." She sang all four with much sincerity and with plenty of voice, but was not always happy in her treatment of the music or the text. She made the best Impression with the second song. Mr. Casals Showed that he was a distinguished accompanist among cellists. Harold Bauer, president of the Bee thov#n Association, also appeared on the stage at this concert, but confined his performance to turning pages for The Battle. The earth has waged The "Winter flght, The foe engaged By day or night. On- vale and hill ?He met defeat. His bugles shrill. Have blown retreat But wounds were borne To hold the front, The earth Is torn With battle brunt. Conies Spring with ways Of wealth untold; A bonus pays Of crocus gold. McLandburoh Wilson. Near East Problems. Turkish Rule and tJie Replmes Which Have Succeeded It. To Thb New York Herald: The news from London that the Government of India through Lord Reading has re quested Great Britain for a revision of the Sevres treaty cannot help but influ ence the rather strained relations be tween the Foreign Offices at the Qual d'Orsay and Downing Street toward an amicable understanding over the Na tionalist question, if not to a permanent and satisfactory settlement of the Near Eastern problems. Such a revision will materially aH the establishment of the much needed peace in that part of the world, will cement further the Franco British Entente and assure the continu ance of the loyalty of the people of India. It Is interesting to note that half a century ago It was mainly through the efforts of an illustrious Jewish states man that the Treaty of San Stefano, so disastrous to Turkish fortunes, was re vised and replaced by the Treaty of Berlin under the benevolentlnfluence of Lord Beaconsfleld. If the Sevres treaty undergoes a similar alteration, and there is all the likelihood that It will. It will probably be due to Lord Heading's re cent telegram from Delhi. And why should not the Sevres treaty be revised according to the spirit of this message from India? The issue Is be tween the Turks, who are In majority In the regions mentioned, notwithstand ing the Hellenic Claims to the contrary, and the Greeks, who should have no particular claim to the allied support in view of their desertion of the only man who was identified with the allied cause. It is patent to every thinking person that It was mainly through the efforts of Veniselos that Greece finally aligned herself with the Entente, and It was to hi* personality that various con cessions to the Greek viewpoint were made. Stripped of this, there Is no good reason why Greece should be allowed to hold territory which Is humanly Im possible for her to digest without re sorting to high handed methods. And sirch methods are to be condemned Just as mlich when perpetrated by the Greeks as they are when practiced by the Turks. In the Balkans we have the original "agin" the governrr\fnt" policy deeply rooted. While und : the Turkish rule Bulgars, Serbian a wl Greeks protested against the iBultan's authority and very often w?nt Into open rebellion. After the Balkan war this rule was substituted by the Serbiai. Oreek and Bulgarian. The same protest*. In many wises stronger, beg,in to be heard. The Oreek who happened to live under the Bulgarian or Serbian rule found the yoke much more unbearable ami the Buigar who was allotted to live under the Greek management prayed for the return of the Turk. The spirit of dis content and strife Is In the atmosphere of the Neor East. And of all the meas ures worthy of consideration the treaty of Sevres Is certainly the poorest. Turkish rule, like capitalism, may have many drawbacks, but it Is a gov Mr. Bachaus. He seemed to give per fect satisfaction. MMB. NIKOLORIC'S RECITAL. Mme. Margaret Nlkolorlc, a pianist new to New York, gave a recital yester day afternoon at Town Hall. She was heard by a large audience, which waited at the end for encores. Her pro gram, If not of most comprehensive ( scope, was unconventional in design and of Interesting selection, it comprised two "Intermezzi" by Brahms, Chopin's nocturne In C sharp minor and two etudes, the "Prelude, Chorale and Fugue" of Cesar Franck; "Koechlin's "Promenade Vers la Mer," two "Move ments Perpetuels" by Poulenc, and, in I closing, a group of pieces by Debussy. | Mme. Nlkolorlc's performance showed her as being a player of serious musical purpose and possessed of a well poised rather than Impassioned style. She played always with a normal piano tone, her technic was commendable and her rhythmical sense and phrasing were good. Her playing of Chopin's music was generally pleasing if not always de fined In character, and the same may be said of her Brahms readings. In the Cesar Franck composition there was lack of breadth with some lagging of tempo; the fugue had clarity and the whole work no little feeling. The artist was at her best In the Debussy "numbers, where her tone coloring was always wol) varied, her nuance finished and often brlitikant; and her taste excellent. MALKIX'S PIANO RECITAL. Manfred Malkln gave hts second piano recital of the current season last eve ning in Carnegie Hall. His program was an all Chopin one. It Included the B flat minor sonfeta, a nocturne, the ballade In F, the C sharp minor scherzo, two mazurkas and the A flat polo naise. Mr. Malkln lrf a pianist whose color palette is hardly rich enough to paint the delicate or more sensuous tints of Chopin's music. He prefers to draw his lines clearly, sharply and with dynamic force. His intelligence and fleet finger work assisted him last night In a per formance of incisive outlines rather than in one which was marked by poetic and Imaginative qualities. He was warmly applauded by a large audience. tADT MACKENZIE LECTURES. L?ady Mulr Mackenzie lectured on India in the ballroom of the Ambassa dor Hotel, her topic being "In the Foot steps of Buddha." Among those pres ent were Sir Gerald Wlllafhlr?, Lady Henry, Mrs. Frederick W. Vanderbllt. Mrs. Minturn Plnchot, Mr. Stuyvesant Fish and Mr. Albert Morris Bagby. Previous to the lecture Mr. Ragby en tertained Lady Mackenzie and several I friends at luncheon at the Ambassador, ! among his other guests being Sir Gerald ?\Villshire. ernment that has the merit of contin uity. Experiments in trusting the wel fare of this region to Inexperienced hands cannot hope to achieve any greater success than the experiments of Messrs. Lenine and Trotzky In disregarding the time honored principle of continuity and rushing Into revolutions and abrupt eco nomic cihanges. New brooms might sweep well, but most of us prefer to trade with old established houses. Djevad Eyoub. Brooklyn, March 13. Wet Storage of Coal. It Is Practiced by Large Consumers Willi Success. From the Panama Canal Record. Both of the coaling plants at the canal terminals are provided with spaces for the storage of coal under water as well as in the dry. No complaint has been made of the combustible qualities of the coal stored subaqueously, but In order to ascertain If other plants had experienced any de terioration from water storage the Gov ernor requested the Chief of Office In Washington to obtain the conclusions of Mr. H. H. Stoek, professor of mining engineering at the University of Illinois, as to the relative merits of wet and dry storage of coal. In his reply Professor Stoek stated: "I would report that several companies in Illinois have used under water stor age apparently with success. One of the first companies to use this form was the Western Electric Company in Chicago, which has a number of concrete pits, Also, the Illinois Traction Company has used this method at several of Its larger power plants. Several of the elnc com panies In the State have used old sloughs for temporary storage, and In a similar manner a number of mines have used these sloughs for excess production. The largest under water storage plant of which I have been advised Is that of the Standard Oil Company at Whiting, Ind.. where provision has been made for 100,000 tons. The Duquesne Light Com pany of Pittsburgh also has a large under water storage plant. In the ab sence of negative reports from any of these companies I assume they have found under water storage satisfactory. "Experiments made at the University of Illinois on small quantities of ooal under water havo shown practically no deterioration, "The two large plant* above referred to, namely, those of the Standard Oil Company and the Duquesne Light Com pany, are of too recent construction to have very conclusive results extending over a sufficient period of time. "Under water storage Is of course best adapted for fine Rises of run of mine coal where It Is necessary to have a mixture of slses and a considerable amount of fine coal and dust in the ma terial stored. If the coal can be prop erly slued and carefully handled I do not believe it Is neressary to have under* water storage, as the expense of the plant Is of course materially greater than ground storage." No I,n*nry Tat Either, From KmpnrUi flaeette. An Emporia man In Topeka on hudneae rerrntly, stayed all night In a Topeka hotel, and took a rooni with bath. In preparing for hla bath he automatically turned off the water when the tuh was four inches full and crawled In. When he wan about half drcsaed ho remembered he wa.t not restricted In the us* of water, and he took hla clothes off again, filled the tub to the brlmf crawled In and noaked for half an hour. And In the morning he took another. Free Ride for Dad and the Royn. Shannon corre*pnndmre <n the Stuttgart Free Prr??. The Hplcer brothers are hauling rloa to town, also T. Helen and aon*. The Real Tragedy. ; Jack and Jill went up the hill | To get?you well may ask; Jack fell down and broke his cfown i And, Mill wotse, broke his flask. Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Has torn New fork?Increasing cloudiness followed by rain this after noon and to-night; to-morrow, probably rain and somewhat colder, fre"?h to strong south shifting to -west winds. For New Jersey?Inerenslng cloudiness fol lowed by rain this afternoon ami to-night. to-morrow rain end somewhat colder, fi'eah to strong south shifting to neat winds. For Northern New England?lnr.jva.iing cloudiness and warmer to-day, rain tills after noon or to-night; to-morrow rain and som? what colder, increasing south and southwest winds. For Southern New England? Dnoreasing cloudiness and warmer to-day, rain this af ternoon or to-night; to-morrow rain and somewhat colder, increasing eouth and south west winds. For Western New York?llain. with mild temperature to-day; to-morrow cloudy and oolder, probably rain. WASHINGTON, March 18.?The southwest disturbance has moved slowly wortheastw t\\d air. Its center was over Oklahoma to-night. It has been attended by showers and thunder storms In the middle Mississippi Valley, Ml* sourl, Kansas and Oklahoma and the middle anil west Gull Slates. The northwest ills turoaiiee has moved rapidly eastward to On tario and It has been attended by rains in tho north Pacific States and western Mon tana. Pressure was high, but fulling over tho eastern States, while it continued low to-day In the vicinity of Newfoundland. The temperaturu has risen east of tho Mis sissippi Hlver and In the plateau region nnd It has fallen In western Texas. Unseasonably warm weather peiavlled to-day almost gen erally from the plains Stales and lower Mis sissippi Valley eastward except In the At lantic States. The Oklahoma disturbance will move north eastward attended by rains almost genorally east of tho Mississippi Itiver within the next twenty-four hours, probably continuing Wednesday morning In tho Florida peninsula, the extreme upper Ohio Valley, the lowor lalio region and In the Atlantic States from Vir ginia northward. Observation* at United fltatee Weather Bu reau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday, seventy-fifth meridian time: Temperature Rainfall last 24 lira. Baro- last 24 Stations. High. Low. meter, hrs. Woathor Abilene 62 54 29.72 .. Cloudy Albany 64 20 30.16 .. Clear Atlantic City... 48 38 80.34 .. Cloudy Baltimore 00 86 80.32 .. Ft. Cldy Bismarck 60 82 30.10 .. Clear Boston 62 82 30.24 .. Cloudy Buffalo 68 34 K0.08 .. Pt. Cldy Cincinnati.... 70 42 30.18 ?. Cloudy Charleston..... 68 62 80.36 .. .... Chicago 04 40 30.10 .. Cloudy Cleveland f>4 40 30.12 .. Pt. Cldy Denver 58 32 30.02 .. Clear Detroit 00 36 30.08 .. Clear Oalveston 72 04 29.92 .. Cloudy Helena 42 32 30.00 .01 Pt. Cldy Jacksonville... 74 68 80.30 .. Clear Kansas City... DO 88 2H.H4 .12 Italn l-ios Angeles... 64 44 30.20 .. Pt. Cldy Milwaukee 04 38 30.02 .. Pt. Cldy New Orleans... 80 60 80.08 .. Clear Oklahoma 64 Clear Philadelphia... 68 86 30.34 .. Pt. Cldy Pittsburgh 66 42 80.18 .. Clear Portland, Me... 88 26 30.24 .. Cloudy Portland, Ore.. 46 88 30.08 .20 Pt. Cldy Rait Lake City. 46 24 30.20 .. Pt. Cldj San Antonio... 80 70 29.88 .. Clear San Diego 60 44 30.20 .. Pt. Clity San Francisco. 58 48 30.24 .. Cloudy Seattle 46 36 30.02 .02 Cloudy St. Louis 70 46 30 04 .62 Cloudy St. Paul 52 34 30.04 .. Clear Washington.... 60 32 30.30 .. Clear LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. A.M. P.M. Barometer so.51 30.28 Humidity 51 56 Wind, direction................. 8. Wind, velocity. ................ 6 30 Weather ........Pt.Cldy. Cl'r. Precipitation None None The temperature tn this city yesterday, as recorded by the official thermometer, Is shown In the annexed table: 8 A. M 46 IP. M....64 6 P. M 41 9 A. M 47 2 P. M 64 7 P. M 46 10 A. M 61 8 P.M. ...63 8 P. M 44 11 A. M 63 4 P. M 52 9 P. M 44 12 M 63 6 P. M 48 10 P. M 44 , 1922 1921 1022 1921 9 A.M.. 47 67 6 P. M 47 57 12 M 63 61 9 P. M 44 50 12 M 63 CO 12 Mid 43 47 Highest temperature, 66 at 1:45 P. M. Lowest temperature, 37 at 6:10 A. M. Average temperature, 46. EVENTS TO-DAY. International Flower Show, Grand Central Palace, 10 A. M. to 10 P. M. Police Commissioner Richard E. Enrlght will M|>rak at a meeting of the Harlem Board of Commerce, 200 Lenox aven.ie, 8 P. M. Lewis H. rounds will speak on "The Port Authority rian," meeting of the Woman'! Republican Club, Inc., Hotel Plaza, 10:30 A. M. James G. McDonald will discuss "The Problems of European Economic Rehabilita tion," Broadway Tabernacle Forum, Broad way and Fifty-sixth street, 8:15 P. M. Prof. James Harvey Robinson, lecture. "How the World Looks to a Historical Student," Cooper Union, 8 P. M. Mabel W. Cheel will speak at a meeting nf the Get Together Club, Community Church House, Tai k avenue and Thirty-fourth street, 8:15 P. M. East Harlem Health Center, annual meet ing, Health Center Building, 345 East 118th street, 4:30 P. M. A. C. MacNulty will discuss "The Revi sion of the Greater New York Charter as It Affects Real Estate," West Side V. M. C. A., 318 West Fifty-seventh street, 8:15 P. M. Gold Star Association, reception. Seventh Regiment Armory, Park avenue and Sixty sixth street, 3 to 0 P. M. Llnnaean Society, annual dinner, American Museutn nf Natural History, Central Park West and Seventy-seventh street, 1 P. M. Bronx Aerie, No, 401, Fraternal Order of Eagles, public meeting, home, Third avenue at ]42d hU ? t, 8:30 P. M. Thomas Uonyngton will speak on "Funda mentals of a Business Education," meeting of the New York 8oclety of Accountants, Uumford Hall, 50 East Forty-first otrce;, 8:15 P. M. Magistrate W. Bruce Cobb will speak on "The Wayward Minor," auaplcca of the Women's Prison Association, Is.-iac C. Hop per Home, 110 Second avenue, 3:30 P. M. Prof. Edwin Borchnrdt will speak on "Cur rent International Relations," Ethical Cul ture Meeting House, 2 West Blxty-fourth street, 4 P. M. Giuseppe Aldo Randegger, lecture, "Mod ern Composers," Bowery Mission, S P. M. "A French Maid Who Crowned Her King," lecture talks for elementary school teac'iorf, by Anna C. Chandler, Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3:30 P. M. B. R. Baumgardt, lecture, "The Arab, the Analytic Mind," Town Hall, 123 West Forty third street, 11 A. M. Society of Independent Artists, exhibition, Waldorf-Astoria, all day. Grand Street Boys' Association, dinner. Hotel Commodore, 7 P. If. St. Stephen's College dinner. Hotel Mc Alpln, 7 P. M. National Metal Trades Association, dinner. Hotel Astor, 7 P. M. Sphinx Club dinner, Waldorf-Astoria, 7 P. M. Confectionery Manufacturing Association, meeting. Hotel Pennsylvania, 3 P. M. Foreign Policy Association, conference, Waldorf-Astoria, 4 P. M. PUBLIC LECTURES TO-NIGHT. MANHATTAN AND TUB BRONX. "Trend of the Times," Prof. William B. Guthrie, at Wadlelgh H. 3., 115th street, west of Seventh avenue. "Plays of the Hour," Miss Ada Sterling, at N. Y. r. L., Woodstock branch, 75ft East 1 not11 street. The Bronx. "Success with Ease." Geoffrey Morgan, at P. S. 1(1, 208 West Thirteenth street. "Is Popular Muslo Gon<l Music?" Adolph Kugrl. at P. S. 6tl, Eighty-eight street ami First avenue. "Doubling the World's Efficiency." Mrs. Lucia Ames Mead, at P. S. 132, 182d street and Wndsworth avenue. "Hamlet," dramatic reading, Miss Motw Morgan, at American Museum of Natural History, Seventy-seventh street and Centra) Park West. "Tho Music of Italy," Miss Marin Jo sephine Wlethsn, at Hunter College, Lexing ton avenue anil Sixty-eighth strest. "Sons of Yesterday," Miss Esther Benson, at P. R. 207th street and Hull avenui , The llronx. "Calif":'!'!" and tlie Pacific roast." Rob ert G. Weyl'. at St. Vnselm's Hall, Tlntou avenue, near irc.th street, Tho Bronx. Illus trated. BROOKLYN AND QUERNS "Trend of the Times," Miss Jennie M. Davis, at Bay Ridge M, 8., Fourth avenuo and Sixty seventh street. "Book of tlm Hour." Prof J. G. t'srter Troop, at B. P. L., I'nclflc Branch, Pourtli >venue and radfic _Btrp?t. \ "The Associated Press Is exclusively entitle.! to the use for republicstlon nf nil news dls patrhes credited to It or not oUleMHs-i credited iti this paper, and also the local news published herein. All rights of republication nf npt < lal dis patches herein are also reserved.