OCR Interpretation

The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 14, 1922, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045774/1922-03-14/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 4

Officials Reject Intimation
It Involves New View of
Versailles Treaty.
America Will Not Recede
From Position Held as
Explicit Agreement Reached
Germany Was to Pay for
Special Dispatch to T?? N?w Yon* Hnuto.
" nshincton, I?. c., Mni^h 13. |
The American position that $241.
000,000 is justly due this country for !
expenses of maintaining the force 011 ,
the Rhine, a safeguard suggested by '
the Allies as necessary after the ar- !
mistice, was elaborated to-day by high
officials when further reports from
abroad reflected an intention by the
Reparations Commission to disregard
the American claim.
Administration officials cast aside '
all intimations that the attitude of
this Government involved a new in- :
t?rpretation of the Versailles treaty.
They also rejected suggestions of for
'ign origin that the American claim
brought into question the validity of
the treaty of Berlin.
?niui,*ra\ asserted that th0 American
po. ition is so fundamental thai this
Government cannot be expected to re
cede lrom it. and officials were confident
tno Allies would not entertain such a !
thought when onre they fully grasp the
#neaning of America's position.
Explicit I >i<lemtanilin?r 1** Stnrt.
Officials said that under the terms of J
the armistice the allied armies of occu- 1
pation remained in Germany with the
explicit understanding that the costs
were to be paid by Germany. The
United States Government saw no neeo
or keeping its forces on the Rhine, but
upon allied representations that the sta
tioning of the forces was necessary to
maintain good order the United States
consented. It is contended now that the
Allies would not be justified in taking
?11 German assets without reimbursing
the United States.
With regard to the contention that the
united States has not assumed obliga
tions imposed by the treaty of Versailles
it. is noted that practically the only por
tions of that treaty/now Incorporated In
the treaty of Berlin are those respecting
boundaries in Europe and other matters
purely of concern to European nations.
The contention that the American
claim came as a surprise to the Allies
Is not seriously considered In official
quarters. From the first this Govern
ment has maintained that the costs of
maintaining the United States Army on
the Rhine must be paid. The matter has
been regarded as one entirely separate
from the question of the foreign debts
to United .States for loans made
to the Allies. Officials at the Treasury
?aid to-day there was no purpose to link
tip the army occupation expense claim
* **? fun.d,n* ne*?tlatlon* soon to begin
* ith foreign Governments.
Speculation Arontrd.
The intimation that the American claim i
brings into question the whole matter ot 1
i lcMs nnder the treaty of Versailles, and
therefore throws doubt upon the validity
of such portions of the Berlin treaty as
make reference to tlie Versatile i treaty,
aroused speculation, but no official com
It was pointed out that the Allies al
ready have recognized, either tacitly or
openly, the rights of the United States
under that tre*ty by reason of the fact
that they have accepted the American
position regarding mandate territories,
most of which were ceded to the prin
cipal allied and associated Powers by
Germany In the treaty of Versalller.
Since the cession of this territory was
made under that document. It is arfrued?
and the AIHe* have practically admitted
the Amerioaji Interests In those terri
tories?that there can be little question
??r to their having 'admitted American
rigSits under tl* treaty. The same line
of reasoning w<nuld apply In the case of
the former German cables, It Is held.
Barracks Bags HQ*
Have Many lines "w
They cost the government |
much more to produce. '
St rone, heavy material. For .
laundry. wa?te paper, tools, |
and any number of uses.
Main Flonr
1872? Golden Anniversary Year 1922
59th !o 600* ? Le*. to 3d A?e.
to the Rubber
toffen troubles
^^e maruelou.t
rU nmmtmlm P? with >h, Kxip Hn,
At all Dealers'?*21! and un
germany rejoices at v. s.
call for rhine army pay
'We Don't Know Where We Are Going,' Says
'Tageblatt,' but 'We Will Have Good Company'?
Hope for Reconstruction in American Pressure.
Bekliv, March 18 (Associate*! Press).
? The German press continues to show
satisfaction oyer the American request
for reimbursement to cover the cost of
maintaining the American troops on the
Rbihe. ?
"We don't know where we are going,
but we will have good company en
route," .says the Tageblatt, which is par
ticularly pleased that the demand fol
lowed immediately upon the refusal of
the 1'nited State* to participate in the
Qcnoa conference.
"It must.have been a dramatic mo
ment," it continues, "when Mr. Boyden
drew this memorandum from his pocket.
There is a fine outlook for Genoa?from
England comes a slek statesman and
from Ffftnce sick logic." ,
Yortvatrts says: "America does not
desire to participate in a consultation
over a dangerously sick patient when
the physi< lans only intend to cut his hair
and manicure him. France's idiotic deo
Continued from First Page.
the upkeep of the United States Army in
the Rhineland. appeared to-day. The
Daily Chronicle, under the caption,
"America's Bombshell," says : "Intrins
ically the claim is not unreasonable, and
1? the practical effect is to make some
of our Continental friends less zealous
to prolong the occupation of German
soil this would he quite as much to the
taste of British public opinion as' to
America." The paper thinks the fact
that America undertook the Rhine occu
pation jointly with the Allies "does give
1-er some moral claim for joint reim
bursement." The Chronicle submits that
:i more valid objection would be that. If
America really wanted the money, she
should have asked earlier and not waited
until the Powers had elaborated thoir
plans on the. assumption that she did
not want it.
The Westminster Gazette, using the
some headline, says the claim is con
tested, and that there is not ijiuch doubt
that every penny the United States takes
will have to come out of the Allies' share
of the reparations. It continues: "This
action by the United States compels tho
Allies to face the f&ot that the cost of
occupying German territory is altogether
out of proportion to the debt for which
the occupation is security, ami that the
whole scheme of payments and sanctions
reeds to be substantially revised. The
lesson will be cheap at the cost of a
milliard gold marks."
London *Times' Questions
Proper Fund for Payment.
London, March 14 (Tuesday).?The
Times, while holding that the American
right for repayment In full of the costs
| of the army of occupation is "clear and
Indisputable." questions whether it -is
? due from any moneys dependent upon
| the treaty of Versailles, it calls at
[ tention to the fact that the United States
did not sign the treaty, the Spa agree
ment or the pact of London, and that
the Allies were not consulted on tis sepa
rate peace made with Germany.
It is undeniable, however, says the
Times, that the Allies requested America
to keep a contingent on the Rhine, and
America may plausibly contend that she
did not wTfuse to ratify the Versailles
treaty because she differed with the
Allies on German payments.
It was an unpleasant surprise, ac
cording to the Time*, when all the diffi
culties between the Allies concerning
payments had been overcome, to have
; this new claim made upon the fund. All
j sorts of nice legal questions might read
' laration that 'the German barbarian
must pay' is being: toned down by the
American ice compress. When America
bugins to bring pressure to bear on po
litical unreasonableness there is some
hope for general economic reconstruc
Thw Deutsche Zeitunv says Boyden
threw a bomb into the Reparations
Commission, and adds: "Doubtless the
Vnlted States wants more money, but
she is after business. The attitude of
France, ? /supported by Great Britain anil j
Italy, is interfering with her commercial
aspirations i? Europe. We Germans
should nut be deceived that America
wants to i?eip us; she wants to help
The VoTka Zeitung applauds "Amer
ica's frank, tactics."^ while the Rote
Fahne describes the refusal to take part
in the Genoa conference and the request
for reimbursement as "a move of the
American bourgeoisie to whip England
into line.?
Home's German Debt
Scheme Not Favored
Special DispatcV toTne New York Hdeai.d.
??' York Herulil Bureau. )
"WashinKtoi*. I). C.. March 13. !
rT",HE proposal of Sir Robert
* British Exchequer, for amor
tization of the German debt by a
scheme to throw one-third of the
burden upon the United States,
found no ?avor in official Washing
ton to-day.
High officials read of Str Robert's
plan with a degree of interest and
merely placed it in th? category of
varied plans evolved at different
times, having for their object the
ultimate cancellation of the foreign
debt of $11,000,000,000 due to the
United States.
There was no official comment
upon the suggestion, as officials
with authority to speak for the
Administration declared that Presi
dent Harding some time ago firmly
put an end to debt cancellation talk
from abroad, and his attitude is
said to have undergone no change.
ily'be proposed regarding its character
and relevancy, but the Times ventures
to predict that it will not be determined
upon technicalities.
Minister of Agriculture Urges
Increase of Exports.
Paris, March 13.?National wine week
opened to-day with great solemnity in
the Sorbonne amphitheater under the
presidency of M. Cheron, Minister of
Agriculture. Members of the Chamber
of Deputies, representatives from all the
wine growing regions of France and of
the Wine Urowers Association and mem
bers of the foreign chambers of com
merce in Pari^ attended. M. Cheron
referred to the necessity for intensify
ing the exportation of wines, while Dr.
Jacques Bertillon, chief statistician of
Paris, spoke upon the healthful quali
ties of French wines.
Measures will be taken to facilitate
the disposal of the enormous stocks of
champagne and red and white wines
which at the present time fill the French
cellars to overflowing owinp to the col
lapse of the American market. To-mor
row will be "American Day." A spe
cial 'committee will report on the sale
of wine in the United States, Canada
and Liatin America and will advise the
delegates how public opinion in the
United States is disposed toward the
present dry regime and the prospects of
the modification of the prohibition laws
so as to permit wines to enter.
Britain Will Retain Liberal
Attitude but Likely Change
Stands Well With Indian Mos
lems, Whom He Led in
Special Cable to Tim New Yoek Hbuld.
Copt/right, lit!, bp Tub New Yoik Hkkald.
New York Ilrrald Bureau, )
London. March 13. I
The Government made a great effort
to-day to make it clear that the ousting
of Edwin S. Montagu from the Indian
Secretaryship does not mean a reversal
of the Liberal Indian policy. Never
thelcss, Westminster is buzzing with
rumors of the coming resignation of the
Karl of Reading as Viceroy of India,
and the appointment of the Earl of
Derby, a leading Tory peer, as Secre
tary of State for India, and either Field
Marshal Viscount Allenby, High Com
missioner for Egypt, or Field Marshal
Karl Halg. or some other distinguished
eoldier. as Viceroy to replace Lord
The nutter came bofore the House of
Commons to-day, but the effort of the
Government was handicapped by the 111
ness of Marquis Curzon, Foreign Secre
tary, which prevents him from replying
to Mr. Montagu's attacks upon the Gov
ernment's policy until to-morrow. He
will then speak before tbe House of
Lords, and probahly will read the letter
which Mr. Montagu called "plaintive,
hectoring, bullying and complaining."
Those Interested In the efforts to
continue a liberal policy in India are
much Inclined to hopo that Gen. Al
lenby will be named Viceroy, even
though his work in Egypt is lar from
completed. They say he has laid a j
firm groundwork there, which any other
commissioner can build upon. Allenby
stands very well with the Indian Mos
lems. many of whom he commanded In
the Near E&ai.. Making a pun upon his
name, "Allah Nebi" or "Prophet of
God," they say he is destined to lead
Islam to new glory. Allenby's support
ers here say that Is right, because few
Occidentals, If any, possess military skill
in combination with statesmanship and
sympathetic understanding of Orientals,
as those qualities are' possessed by
"Allah Nebi." ?
Policy Not Harmed.
London, March 13 (Associated Press).
-When the House met this a'ftempon
? Mr. Chamberlain. In reply to a question,
declared Mr. Montagu's resignation had
! nothing to do with the merits of the
policy advocated by the Government of
India, but only with the eublication on
i ills sole responsibility, without consult
ing the Prime Minister or the Cabinet,
| of a telegram which raised questions
i the importance of which extended far
beyond the frontiers of India.
The question to which Mr. Chamberlain
replied was wether, in view of the
I effect upon the Mohammedans of Secre
tary Montagu's resignation, following
I the pronouncement of the Gevornment
of India, some decisive repudiation of
! lack of sympthy with the Moslems of
I India on the part' of the Government
: might be expected.
i The Government, Mr. Chamberlain
added, had Riven careful and sym
pathetic consideration to the views of
the Government of India and of the
Indian Mohammedans with the object
of securing a Just and honorable peace
between the belligerents in the Near
Discussing Mr. Montagu's speech of
last Saturday, Mr. Chamberlain declared
the formej Secretary gave no hint to
Marquis Curzon, that there still was
time to stop publication ot the telegram
from the Government <?f India. Had
he done so, continued Mr. Chamberlain,
steps would have been taken immedi
ately to prevent its publication.
Reviewing the sequence of events load
ing ur> to Mr. Montagu's resignation.
?Mr. Churchill said the first telegram
H A It man $c (E0.
* *?
For to=day (Tuesday)
A Rare Offering of
II dD,<D)(0><0) Yards
Imported Washable Broadcloth
(all-silk; 40 inches wide)
/ -
at $ 1 ? II0 per yard
being less than one-half cost of importation
There is a choice assortment of pBain collors and novelty
striped! effects, suitable for dresses, Mouses, lingerie, men's /
shirts, pajamas and bathrobes.
% (Silk Department, First Floor)
* *
JKt&tnm Atrcnue-Jtftlj Aumtt. Km fork
9tmt Btmt
was received from the Government or
India at the India Office March 1, and
that Mr. Montague appeared to have
given Instructions to circulate It to th?
members of the Cabinet two days later.
The second telegram from the Indian
Government waa received at the India
Office March 4 asking permission for
immediate publication of thu first tele
Mr. Chamberlain said he believed Mr.
Montagu was In the country at the
time (it being a week end) and that
the second telegram was communicated
to him. Whereupon, he said, Mr.
Montagu directed the India Office to
send the telegram In his name author
izing publication that day. He said Mr.
Montagu's message was a private tele
gram, owing to his absence from Lon
don, and it was stated that he would
telegraph officially March 6. At the
Cabinet meeting of March 6, Mr. Cham
berlain said, Lord Curzon spoke to Mr.
Montagu about the question of publish
ing the Indian Government's first tele
gram and that Mr. Montagu replied:
"Oh, I authorized it on Saturday."
Communication Direct With
United States Is Planned.
Stockholm, March 13.?Direct radio
communication between the United
States and Sweden seems to be virtually
assured through an agreement between
the directors of the Swedish State Tele
graph Board and the Radio Corporation
of America, as a result of which the
State Board has proposed to the Govern
ment that the building of the large radio
station planned for thu west coast of
Sweden be immediately started.
The plans for the rudio station ?rew
out of the general desire to establish
closer and more direct connections with
the United States. Radio messages be
tween Sweden and the United States
have hitherto mainly been transmitted
and received via the most powerful sta
tion of Scandinavia, located at Stavan
gr>r, Norway.
-yCyiox men
and raglan .
in showerproof
shetlands and
offering the
greatest variety
and the
greatest value
in any imported
topcoat in
America today.
And we make no
exceptions to
that statement.
Men's Shops?Separate Entrances
On West 38th and 37th Sts.?Street Level
H Alftttatt & da
Spring Wraps, Capes
and Coats
for Misses and Youthful Women
The large assortments of new models
now assembled an the Department on
the Second Floor embrace every style
and material that is fashionable and
in good taste.
. Here are the very latest ideas in outer
garments for the street, for sports
wear, and for formal occasions; vari
ously (but always appropriately) ex
pressed in terms of veldyne, gerona,
marvella, eponge, pandora, veletta
and the smart sports fabrics; the
latter including camels'-hair cloth
and the new, glorified tweeds that
have recently come joyously into a too
sombre world.
The prices. In stock !
Coats, Wraps and Capes, $45.^)0 to 195.00
Sports Coats . . 25.00 to 95.00
ffluhimut Atiptut* - Jiftb Attpttu?
34tly atti* 35tlf N*ni $ork
Mr* Spring
| Clothes Buyer!
i We Think You Really
j Ought to Know That
i Our Showing of Just-In
! Spring Suits and Top
{ Coats is By All Odds the
| Biggest and Most Com
i prehensive in all New
? York Proved Con
j clusively by a Thorough
j Store-To-Store Check*
? ing Up Done by our
: Trained Investigator....
| Naturally, You Can Get
| Greater Satisfaction
i Where the Range of
1 Selections is Greatest!
j Top Coats and Suits
| *25 *30 *35 *40
Our 34th Year in Business
Three Convenient Stores
279 Broadway, near Chambert Broadway, at 49th Street
47 Cortlandt Street
? From Our London Office Comes
A Collection of
With this collection we
open the Top Coat season
?yours is waiting for you.
In Herringbone, Tweed or Overplaid. In Brown, Gray,
Tan or Lovatt.
Full back models, with that loose hang from the shoulder
that gives an inimitable swagger effcct.
Shoulders are Raglan or regular.
-Fifth F1 <*?!?, Front.

xml | txt