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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 24, 1922, Image 4

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Allied Experts Draw Up the
Commercial Conditions
Avoiding Political.
If Soviet Delegates Refuse
Amends, Reconciliation
AVill Be Impossible.
Phases, Involving: Recognition
of Moscow, Dangerously Near ^
Political Dispute.
Special Cable to Tim Nrw Yoik Mbkai.d.
Copyright, 19:2. by Tub New Venn IIbkald.
Xtw York Hrrald Buresn. )
l.ondon. Milrrh S.'i. (
The allied economic experts meeting
here to prepare for the Genoa confer
ence have reached an agreemnet on
the general principles of the steps
necessary to secure guaranties for the j
restoration of Russian trade and then
recognition of the Soviet Government.!
Certain details have now been left to
a subcommittee, the experts turning
their attention to problems in middle
Europe aijd the Near East in an effort
to evolve a scheme for the adjustment
of exchange so that profitable trade
may be resumed.
The Russian program has been kept
secret, but "will be presented to the |
several Governments represented, then
to become the subject of discussion in
the light of its political aspects, which
the experts scrupulously have avoided.
The program is likely to have a place
in hte agenda of the Genoa conference, j
where the Russians will have a chance J
for free discussion.
There is no disposition to hand the 1
Russians the program with the option !
of taking or leaving it. Rather* the 1
experts reeorrlmeiTd the freest survey by j
all concerned in an attempt to reach a 1
sound basis for doing business: The '
proposals include the most stringent I
guaranties by the Russians that they j
will renounce their former methods for |
their own good and as an earnest of ;
good faith make justifiable <ua?-nds to j
the Allied Governments and 'private j
busTness interests, which have suffered ,
because of the Soviet accession to
power. It is admitted that if the Rus
sians are not ready to adopt this spirit
there will be no hope of getting to
Fundamentally, the experts are agreed.
But It is reported that certain minor
phases, which border dauserously on
the political dim belief! to the Allied
< ?over\Smenti. Tnis to 'taken to mean
by many observers tnat It will be dif
ficult to avoid politics at Genoa.
' V- *V,
Lenine Not Going to Genoa,
at His Heart Troubles Him.
Moscow, March ?.3 ( Associated'Press). I
? All the indications are that George
T Tchichcrin. Soviet Foreign Minister,
will head the Russian delegation to the
Genoa conference, which. It is expected,
will depart Saturday. Premier Lenlrje'ls
not going. It is said.
Reports say his heart now is bother
ing him, in addition to nervousness.
There is some idea, however, that the j
Premier might proceed to Genop later !
If it were deemed that the Soviet posi-!
lion was critical, but that if he did go I
he would go quietly, avoiding any pos
sible danger of an attack en route.
Fear for the Premier's personal safety
Is said here to be not the only factor in
his remaining behind. Even if he were
feeling flt. some of his personal ad
visers have pointed out to him the ad
visability of remaining at home, consid
ering that by directing the delegates by
telegraph and radio he will carry more
weight than if be were sitting bargain
ing at the conference table.
Would Take Up Politics, In
cluding Soviet Recognition.
Rom I?, March 2.1 (Associated Pre**).?
The majority opinion In governmental
circles favors broadening the scope of
tlic coming International conference at
'ienoa to Include political questions,
italian officials are skeptical over the
auccess of any plan for the economic, re
construction of Europe without first
solving the problems of war reparations.
International debts, balancing of state
budgets and disarmament both on the
wra and land.
If these topics are admitted to the
conference agenda the scope at the
meeting would lie Widened ao as to enter
the political field. In which case the hope
Is expressed that other important polit
ical problem* would +>e faced. Including
the recognition of Hovlet Ituasla.
Bomb Wounds Two in Street
and Two Constables Shot.
Bm.rAST, March 24 (Associated
Prese). Owen MacMahon. a saloon
keeper, and three of Ills softs were mur
dered e-.irly this morning when an arm? d
gang forced an entrance Into his resi
dence. Another son and MacMahon's
bartender were badly wounded by the
A bomb was thrown In front of a
residence on Hyrtnaa street to-night.
Hubert Johnson and his sister Stts in
were wounded and had to be taken to
a hospital.
Kepoita that t!ie snipers on the south
ern side of the IJKter border were using
light muchlni guns against recount I
terlng partlei reached Belfast. The
anipcrs were-llflng Intermittently In the
?pernr between Aualmaclay and t'aled in.
In Belfast Xwo Class "A" special con
stables were shot vesterday by a band.
One of the constables was killed and
the otner died In a hospital.
John Murdoek, 20 years old. war.
halted by armed men in Kails road and
shot In the stomach. The home of a
"B" special conatable In the Trllllck dis
trict was attacked by armed raiders
and the "rtlcer'a brother wai ihot and
Lloyd George's Support of
Rhine Payments Assured.
Spfcial cable to Tint N?w Yiwk Hmui.d.
Copyright, Hit, by This New v,?K H*uu>.
Stm York Herald Hureaii. )
I.on?lon. March 83. (
Official# of the Foreign Office still are
chary of comment on the note from
secretary Hughes demanding payment
i* American expenses of Rhine occupa
tion. Little comment is made on it in
the press, for obvious reasons. It seems
to be the general opinion, official and
unofficial, that Great Britain forth
rlghtly will admit the justice of the
American claim and seek some way to
meet it. after consultations of the
Reparations Commission, Foreign Minis
ters and Ambassadors.
In view of the tendency of Mr Lloyd
George's mind apparently is taking
toward inducing American participation
in a European conference by compliance
with American conditions defined in
Seretary Hughes's answer to the invita
tion to Genoa, it seems most likely that
British support of the claim against
German payments will be very hearty
To Decide on Particioation of
Its Experts in Work. ?
Paws, March 23 (Associated Press).
- II extraordinary session of the council
oi the league of Nations will decide to
morrow what shall be the relations be
tween the League of Nations and the
Genoa economic- conference and the ex
tent of the participation by the technical
organizations of the league In the work
?it the conference.
Questions concerning Russian refugees
ar.d regarding the nomination of new
members of the temporary commission
on mixed armaments have been added
t othe agenda.
Adds PJenalty to Bill for Re
storing Order.
Belfast. Mftrch 23 (Associated
Press).?The House of Commons of the
Ulster Parliament to-day added a new
cluuse to the restoration of order bill
authorizing the imposition of the death
penalty for bomb throwing.
The Attorney-General, supporting the
amendment, said he was prepared, if
these special powers proved inadequate,
to advise the Government to extend the
<?eath penalty to other offenses, such as
bearing firearms without a permit.
When asked whether the death penalty
would apply in rases where bombs did
not cause death he replied:
"Certainly. It is only through faulty
construction of a bomb or the mercy of
Providence that death does not occur."
Ulster Given Month to Decide
After South Acts.
liONDON, March 23 (Associated Press).
? The report stage of the Irish Free
State bill was completed In a short ses
sion of the House of Lords to-day.
Several amendments were withdrawn
or rejected, and the only change made
was the addition of a new subsection,
proposed^by Viscount Peel In behalf of
(Tie Government, making clear that the
one month allowed to Ulster to contract
out of the Free State agreement would
run from the date of ratification of the
new Irish constitution upon which south
Ireland will vote.
Fellowships Announced by Re
weareh Council.
Washington, March 23.?Establish
ment of fellowships In medicine, to In
crease the supply of qualified teachers
in medicine in cMnicai and laboratory
subjects and in curative and preventive
aspects.' was announced to-day 'by the
national,research council of. the Rocke
feller Foundation and General Educa
tion Board.
They will be open to Americans or
Canadians of either sex holding or qual
ified to hold degrees of doctor of medi
cine or doctor of philosophy. Success
ful candidates may choose institutions
or universities.
Hopes Genoa Will Lead to Xa
tions Agreeing Not to
Declares in Letter to Candi
date That Nothing- Justi
fies Divisions.
Special Cubit to Tub Naw Yosk IImuid
Copyright, bu Tun New Yo.k Hn.,,',.
New York llrruld Rurpuii. )
T, l.ondoii, Mwrrh *3. (
i line Minister Lloyd George fired his
opening gun to-day in his fight to go to
the Genoa conference backed by a vote
of confidence from the British nation. |
as represented by Parliament. From
i ricceith, Wales. he made public to
night a letter written to the coalition
candidate for Parliament In East j
Leicester, declaring: "Nothing but
grave U, \ of principle could justify
divisions ^ dissensions among the
citizens of i \country when (he nation
is confronted >lth such grave difficul
ties an we ha \n common with other
lands as a resti \^f the great war."
Such was Mr. L jyd George's persona]
seal upon a remarkable article in the
Daily Chronicle (a Lloyd George orgart)
by "A Student of Politics," written
from Cricceith. The writer presents an
elaborate outline of what the Genoa
policy looks like from Cricceith.
''Hope* in America."
The article not only substantiates
statements already made, in these dis
patch'es that the Genoa conference is
the crowning ambition of Mr. Lloyd
George's career, but, indicates forcefuilyi
the Premier's desire to bring America
into the Kuropean concert of nations,
nnd the belief that she will come, once
her conditions for European stability are
One pertinent paragraph reads: -"Ask
an>" thoughtful American whether he
thinks there is danger of Europe slip
ping back into the middle ago. and if
he is frank his reply will astonish you
?the danger to him is real, perhaps the
greatest reality in politics. That is why
Genoa Is incomparably the biggest issue
just now."
The article then outlines the hops that
thera will be another conference based
upon real success at Genoa, with Amer- |
lea present to effect eonuine Europear.
disarmament and stability. 'It says that,
the Premier expects Genoa to lay the
foundations of ah agreement that, na
tions will not attack one another, even
to the extent of establishing a neutral'
zone along all borders, so as to make
it clear which side js the aggressor.
KuNNia and (irrmany Needed.
The writer emphasizes the nec?ssil- j
of both Hussia aid Germany entering
the conference foi the establishment of
good will and for making tha agree
ments universal. Admitting that the
question of indemnities at trenoa hap
been ruled out, he adds: "The remark
able ingenuity of .Sir Robert Homes
proposals on interallied indebtedness
and German indemnities has laid a
foundation upon which good will can
build; and if we begin to build America
will neither stand a loot nor mock, but
take a hand herself." . ? j ??/, ,
The article concludes by saving that
in the letter of conditional resignation
sent to Austen Chamberlain Mr Lloyd
G?orge promised to continue to work
with the coalition Government provided
it would accept Genoa and his Genoa
policy, pass no reactionary legislation
and stand by the Irish settlement.
Continuing his letter to the East Lei
cester candidate. Mr. Llovd George. ;n
general terms, backs up these state
ments. "We era all united." he writes,
as we were in the war. as to generai
aims and national policy. The extrem
ist minorities on either side represent
but a fraction of the nation. Much
progress has been made in the revival
of trade since the wnr, but much re
?d<ine' Stcrn economy must
P actlced in every brsnch of na
tional life. The reconciliation of Ire
land must also be an essential part of
the home policy. Abroad, nations must
be brought to the temp?r of peace
of Xnhour.r*ent and Param0unt
"In spite of all difficulties and much
? ,rhTff?n.tatl?n we inv,t? ths support
of the electors of your Important con
. tituency to enable us to continue our
wouTd'JSva i ? C0nfldence such support
THAT the Smart Young Mis8 may
have a touch of the Parisienne
in her wardrobe, Gidding dressmakers
and tailors are busy reproducing models
from Jenny, Lanvin, Callot, Molyneaux
and other couturiers who feature models
that are distinctly youthful.
Silhouette crepe in
shades of bur
nished copper or
tangerine is com
bined with navy
twill in an unusu
ally smart three
piece outfit which
should delight any
young miss?395.
Canadian homespun sport suits checked
in blue and tan, rose and gray, or if one
prefers the plain tones of rose, blue or
tan, are especially priccd?$50?$58.
To slip conveniently over one's knicker
bockcrs after a morning on thclinks arc
coat frocks of English or Scotch fab
tfth Street-nth Street London,
Report Imperial Government |
Would ray Constabulary
Resented by Collins.
Special Cable to Tub Nrw Yoik Herald.
Copyright, Hit, by Tub New Yobk Hbuld.
New York Herald llurnui, I
Dublin. Marrh 23. (
A utorm of popular indignation that
will be fully expressed in a protest
Michael Collins, head of the Provisional
Government, will make to the British
Government, greeted the report here
that Hugh McDowell Pollock,- Finance
Minister of Ulster, in a speech in the
Belfast Parliament had announced that
the imperial Government would bear the
expense of the Ulster special constabu
lary now active on the border until Oc
tober and possibly longer. Mr. Collin*
will demand with what authority the
Ulster Minister spoke, and if he had ii ,
guaranty oi such nature from the im
perial Government.
Officials interpret the announcement
as a flagrant violation of the Free State
treaty and a direct attempt to subsidize
the force" that are believed here to be
designed to provoke the south to such
retaliation as will Justify England em
ploying British troops to suppress It.
Suspicion has been aroused further
by the report that Gen. Sir Nevil Ma
t-ready, chief of the royal forces in Ire
lend. attired in civilian clothes, went
to Belfast Saturday and was met by
Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson. It
was that evening that the Field Mar
shal, who recently was placed in com
mand of the Ulster forces. Issued his
ramous letter to Sir James Craig, the!
Ulster Premier, outlining his plans for !
pacifying Ireland. As he also is mill-1
tary advisor on Ireland to the British
Government, the incident aroused gen
eral attention.
Whether these two incidents conceal
anything that ought to cause fear in the
south of not, they do cause great alarm,
and the present suspicion Is likely to
accelerate what Is now a growing movt
ment for unity between the Free Staters
and the Republicans. This Information
reached the correspondent of The New
York Herald from sources close to the
rival leaders.
Attempts are being made to form
coalition party. The great difficulty is
the Republican delsrc to see the election
poKtponed and a new registlation of
voters taken, as the Republicans believe
the present register does not include
many of their supporters, including sol
diers who recently came of age.
('resident Arthur Griffith of the Dall
Uifeann felt that he^matfc.a big. conces
sion to De Valera when he consented to
three months' postponement of the elec
tion in order tp..prt5?erve unity in the'
Sinn Fein. He now questions the value
of the postponement in view of the heck
ling tactics the Republicans are em
ploying. If unity can be bought only
by further postponement, therefore, the
movement for coalition is likely to fail.
Whether the Ulster difficulty will pro
vide enough outer pressure to force these
conflicting elements together before the
trude .^xlblres is a question- that may be
arfswerea this week. 'Observers thing
this most recent Ulster problem has the |
greatest chance of bringing about unity. ;
The matter probably will be decided be-1
fore the week ends.
Minister Warns Attendance
Means Quitting Army.
Nliccial Cable to The New York IIbuai.d.
Cupi/rtplit, l'JJi, bu Tub New York Hbuami.
??w York Hrruld Bureau, )
Dublin. March S3. |
Richard Muleahy, Minister of Defense
In the Provisional Government, issued a
staterpent to-night telling the member*
of the Irish Republican army thut at
tendance at the prohibited convention
of the I. R. A. on Sunday would mean
severing their connection with the
army. Cautioning the commanding of
ficers to- take tlie greatest pains to avoid
antagonism among those who thus sever
their connection, he instructed them to
regard each case for the present a?
being under suspension.
While the convention will 'break the
solidarity of the army. Mr. Muleahy
nays, it must not lie allowed to break
the brotherhood. "Political friction has
been forced into the urmy from out
side." says Mulcahy'a statement, "but
in the fare o ftlie grave issues beore the
country we must anticipate that this
friction will pass and the fundamental
unity of the army reassert itself." (
Mr. Mucahy's letter leaves the issue
to the men and gives the Impression
that the Government will not interfere
with the meeting, but canont keep men
in the ranks who refus- to obey the
president of the "republic." Arthur
C.rififth, president of the Dail Eireann,
proclaimed last week that the conven
tion would be illegal.
Everett V. Meeks to Succeed
New Haven, March 2S.?The resigna
tion of William Serge.-int Ker.Sa'.I, M. A.,
V. A., as dean of the Yale School of Fin.!
Arts has been accepted by. the Yale Cor
poration. Mr. Kendall's ;esignation as
William Lefflngwell professor of paint
ing and design also lias been accepted.
Prof. Kendal', ha* been dean since 1913
and lias also held the chair of painting
and design during that time.
Everett Victor Meek?, a graduate of
Yale College in 1901 aiul a B. F. A.
from Yale in 1917, lias been elected to
succeed Prof. Kendall. Mr. Meeks has
been teaching architecture at Yale Uni
versity since 1916. having been ap
pointed professor of architecture In 1919
and becoming at that time the cha^
man of the department of architecture.
Report of 20,000 Rounds
Found in I.R.A. Quarters Fake
Spcial? Cable to Tub New York Heiui d.
Coppriolit, 1021, bu Tiik New York Herald.
New York Herald Hureaii, )
Dublin. March 23. |
The Dail Klreann.'s -publicity bureau
has issu?d a statement categorically re
futin greports from Belfast that am
munition has been found during a raid
on St. Mary's Hall in Belfast, where
the Irish Republican army maintains its
headquarters, it had been reported thai
l*0,ono rounds of ammunition had bjen
found there. t
The Dail statement quotes an Irish
Hepubjlcan army officer at Belfast as
saying that the report is all bosh;-for,
if they hnd had that much ammunition,
they would not have suffered the shoot
ing of Catholics to continue without re
Employers Must Cluiiiffe 'Ran
corous Attitude* Before He
Will Attend.
Senator Lockwoodt> chairman of the
legislative housing committee. In a let
ter yesterday to Walter Stabler, comp
troller of the Metropolitan Life' Insur
ant'* Company, and chairman of the
group of volunteer conciliators endeav
oring to bring about a meeting of rep
resentatives of the Building Trades Em
ployers and the Building Trades Coun
cil, declined on behalf of the members
of the Lockwood committee to partici
pate in any such conference, or have
any negotiations with the employers
while that association maintained its
"rancorous attitude."
The date of the proposed meeting was
sot for next Tuesday and the invitation
was extended to members of the hous
ing committee on the understanding
that they come as private individuals.
At a meeting Monday specific objection
was made to the appearance in the pro
posed conference of Samuel Untermyer,
counsel to the Lockwood committee.
This was supported by the declaration
of Christian G. Norman, chairman of
the Board of Governors of the Building
Trades Employers Association, that his
organization would not participate in
any conference attended by Mr. Unter
myer. Provision was made in the invi
tation that counsel to none of the par
ticipants would be recognized.
In his letter to Mr. Staler Senator
Lockwood reminds the conciliators of
Mr. Untermyer's services as an arbi
trator in labor disputes; informs him '
tlia twhile members of the Stabler com
mittee have freely expressed their \
opinions that there should be a wage
reduction, Mr. Untermyer has not done
so except in the proposed wage agree
ment fixing a flexible scale with effl- <
ciency a standard. He asks then on
what basis the committee members feel
themselves better qualified to sit in on
such a conference than Mr. Untermyer.
Senator Lockwood says he is at a
loss to understand the kind of psy
chology that holds Mr. Untermyer ac
countable for his opinions and fre^s i
members of the Lockwood committee
for responsibility for theirs.
The employers' associations, the let
ter adds, ?re more responsible for ex
isting conditions in the building indus
try than are the labor unions, through
their exploitation Of labor, wherein, the j
Senator asserts, a profit of from !<0 ?? '
200 per cent, is common, and charg'-d |
against tlie. builder. Against this, lie j
says, the demand for $1 a day addi- i
tional wage made by the unions Is a j
mere bagatelle.
The Senator warns that on thh re- j
sumption of the public hearings, if it j
is found that the employers' associations
are still exploiting labor the committee
will know how to deal with them.
Pong Song and Lo Mong were tast
ing the delights of the poppy yesterday
and had hardly flnislied their second
pipe when two detectives of the rytrcotic
divislop entered, the premises at 91
Chrystle street and hauled them off to
the police station. The men said they
ha'd Just arrived as seamen with a
freighter and were taking a little r?lax
ation. Magistrate Simpson in Essex
Market Court imposed bail of J500 on
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our correct English models in dinner suits and
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Our importations have included the correct
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