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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 26, 1922, Image 1

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HUH 27',
WEATHER FORECAST.
Increasing cloudiness and somewhat
warmer to-day, followed by showers.
Highest temperature yesterday. 56; lowest, 44.
PetnlleU weather reports will be fuund on page 13.
THE NEW YORK HERALD
?=
[COPY RIGHT. 1 9 2 2. BY THE 8 U N -11 R It A L D/ C O K I' O R A T I O N.]
%
THE BEST IN ITS HISTORY.
The New York Herald, with all that was
of The Sun intertwined with it, and
the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better
and sounder newspaper than ever before.
VOL. LXXXVI.?NO. 208?DAILY.
NEW YORK, SUNDAY, MARCH 26, 1922.
ENTERBP AS SECOND CLASS MATTI8R
POST OFFICE, NKW YORK. M. V.
120 PAGES.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
In Manhattan. Brooklyn and
Hroux. Klwwhfrr 10 rent*
SENATE ALIGNMENT
SHOWS GROUP ABLE
TO SMOTHER BONUS
Division in Chamber Indi
cates Harding May Be
Deciding Factor.
LONG DELAY IN SICfHT
Finance Committee Will
Meet Effort to Stampede
With Rebuke.
LAND JOKER IS DOOMED
Bill Will Br Rewritten if Ac
tion Is Taken?Faith
in Mellon.
njr i.ouis sKinoi.o.
Special IHnpatch to Trie New Yokk Hbrai.d.
New York Herald Bureau. )
Wnftliington. I>. C.. Mairli 2.">. (
Propaganda designed to stampede
the Senate into railroading the bonus
raid on the public Treasury will fail.
The methods employed to frighten
timid members of the lower house
will be met by a rebuke despite the
fact that some Senators apparently
are as susceptible to the demands of
the bonus raiders as the majority leg
islators in the other wing of the
Cfipitol.
Action by the Senate before ad
journment will depend entirely on
developments resulting from an effort
to redeem individual promises made
to ex-service men during the last
rampaign, as also upon other factors
in tho situation that did not exist in
, the lower house.
It is quite certain that any bill
passed by the Senate proposing the
payment of cash gratuities or prom
issory notes to bonus claimants will
not be the measure "Jammed" through
the House of Representatives by mob
processes on Thursday. That docu
ment has few, if any, friends in the
Senate, though it has sonic sup
porters.
Bill Find* No Defender!.
Even the Senators who are com
mitted to voting for a bonus bill ut
tered no word of defence of the make
shift five part scheme embraced In
the bill now before the Finance Com
mittee. Tt is pronounced amateurish,
badly constructed, impossible of exe
' fUtion and reflecting little credit on
its framers.
Senatorial opinion appears to be that
the House measure will need a lot of
editing before It is taken up. For one
thing, the absurd land settlement
"taker" is generally frowned upon.
The Treasury Department pointed out
that this feature of the scheme would
< ost the Government $18,000,000,000 if
carried out.
Chairman McCumber of the Finance
Committee, who is for a bonus bill, said
this afternoon that the visionary land
*< hemo should and probably would be
removed from the measure.
"There is no justification for It, In
my opinion," he said. "Under the pro
visions of the bill, the beneficiaries of
the adjusted compensation must select
their options within three years. It
will require ten years to set up the
reclamation scheme and prepare the
redeemed lands for settlement."
Concur In Chairman'* Opinion.
Others of the committee concur In j
the opinion of their chulrman. Further
than this, they express disapproval of
other features of the House bill, nat
urally beginning with the certificate
loan plan, which Secretary Mellon,
Comptroller Crissinger. Federal Re
nerve Governor Harding and Senator
Carter Olass. the creator of the Fed
eral Reserve system. have united in de
claring to be absurd and unworkable.
Several members of the Finance
Committee undoubtedly will propose1
the restoration of the cash feature
abandoned by the House. Others will
insist upon the adoption of the stiles
tax as recommended by President Hur-1
ding. Two or three members of the
committee arc withholding their views
until they oan discuss the subject more
fully with President Harding.
From authoritative sources it la
learned that Senators who are in favor
of the bonus, those opposed to It and
Ihose not having declared themselves
one way or the other are disposed to ,
follow the lead of the Administration
on the subject. They refuse to accept.
the vaguo and indirect statements |
made by Representatives Mondell,
Fordney and I/ongworth during the,
House debate that the President will ,
accept and approve the certificate loan
bill passed by the House.
Conflicting predictions rewarding the
sftHude of tho President were circu
ited during the preparation and con
sideration of the bill in the House.
Senators whose attentions have been
centered on the international treaties
are Inclined to accept statements of
this character as entirely unwarranted.
They agree that the views of the Pres
ident will play n prominent and de
sUlve pnrt In the consideration of
bonus legislation In the Senate. But
aome of them said to-day they would
rot accept any indirect versions of the
President's position.
It la the purpose of several Senators
Contlnned on Page Two.
fcrrrnbrler, White Ruiphur Hprlng*. W. V*.
i 'hamplonahlp Rolf. Tloth cour??* open. Thx
?ortille, t*nn|a, nwlimnina and the cur*. Or?ir
Blsht from N?w York. Booking*. Plua.?44v.
PILOT TELLS STORY
OF TRAGIC DEATH OF
FIVE IN PLANE WRECK
Three Women Passengers of Miss Miami Die in His
Arms on Top of Overturned Craft?Two Men, Ex
hausted, Perish in Sea?Survivor Tells of
Desperate Battle for Life Off Florida Coast.
Special Dispatch to Tub Nkw Yo*k Herald.
MIAMI, March 25.?Thanks to the ministrations of a woman. Hubert
i Moore, pilot of the wrecked seaplane Miss Miami, is alive to tell the tale
j of his marvelous escape from death and to relate how Ills five companions
j ?three women and two men?one by one, died of exposure and slipped
helpless from his arms into the sea. Moore was brought here by a subma
j rine chaser and is now in a hospital.
Moore's rescue by the William Green was a matter only of minutes,
! according to the tanker's captain, Charles A. Wachsmuth, who reported
that if he had been fifteen minutes later he would have been unable to see
the solitary man lashed to the overturned fuselage of the Miss Miami.
| Moore became unconscious as he was taken aboard the tanker.
"I was about forty-one miles off the East Indian inlet," said Capt.
Wachsmuth, "when, just about dusk, I sighted what appeared to be a human
iigure, feebly waving his arms, a mile off the starboard bow.
"We drew close until we could dis-<
rei n a man who appeared to be lashed
to a .spar. We hove to, launched a
boat and rowed out to the rescue. A
heavy sea whs running, and it was no
easy task, but after considerable dif
ficulty we managed to get him aboard.
He was lashed with a piece of rope
about his neck and another piece about
his waist, and was totally exhausted.
Sorry lo Trouble Rricoen.
"As we cut him loose he murmured,
'I'm so sorry to put you fellows to so
much trouble.'' Then he became un
conscious.
"We found he had attached himself
in some manner to an overturned fly
ing boat. The exact location in which
he was picked up was atltude 27 38
north, ongitudo 79 33 west. The time
was 6:30 P. M. We undressed him
and placed him in my cabin, where he
was cared for through the night by
Mrs. J. Stewart Williams, a passenger.
"We found that his entire body was
blistered and burnt and that his lips
were so badly swollen he could not
open his mouth. His eyes, from the
salt, water and blazing sun, were In
such condition that at first we thought
he was blinded, but after Mrs. Will
iams had bathed his face he seemed
to recover somewhat, though he ap
peared to be entirely out of his mind.
"We found three dollar bills In which
he had torn holes In hla delirium, a
pair of glasses which had been
smashed and a woman's vanity case."
Mrs. Stewart, who reluctantly relin
quished him to the doctors aboard the
submarine chaser which went, out to
meet the William Green, said Moore
had been In a constant delirium
through the night and was under the
impression that she was his mother.
He told her practically the whole story
of his experiences during the flfty-slx
hours ho had been adrift In the Gulf
Stream.
All Thrown Into Sea.
The Miss Miami broke her propeller
when about fifteen miles from Bimlnl
and she had descended in the Gulf
Stream during a sal*. All through
that night and the next day the flying
boat drifted helplessly northward, be
coming swamped after being in the
water a few hours. An effort was
made to pump the water out of the
cockpit, but the seas were no high that
the cockpit was filled each time a
wave washed over the fragile craft.
On Thursday morning, as related by
Moore to Mrs. Williams, the pontoon
of the boat sprung a leak and soon |
turned over. The three men?Moore, I
August Bulte of Kansas City and Law- ;
rencc E. Smith of the same city? I
managed to drag the exhausted women '
to the top-of the boat where Moore en
deavored to hold them. One by one,
however, the women died in his arms
and slipped into the sea. the fury of
which seemed to increase with each!
passing hour.
First, Mrs. J. S. Dickson of Memphis
died and fell into tho ocean. Then I
Mrs. Bulte gave up the struggle, and '
finally Mrs. Smith also succumbed.!
Both of the other men by this time'
were completely demented, and loosing I
their holds on the precarious flying
boat, slipped into the ocean. When
night came on Moore alone remained
on the boat.
"In some manner," said Mrs. Will
iams, "Moore said he managed to ob
tain a piece of rope, fastening one end
around his waist and the other around
his neck. This alone saved him from
being washed Into the ocean with the
other five. On Friday morning the
pilot, having been two days without
food and water, was almost at the end
of his resources.
Mnf 9hlpa P?md Wrfck.
"During his delirium he told me nine
ships had passed him while he was in
the water, ono of them being so closa
that he could read the name. Though
he waved frantically, no one appar
ently saw him, and the vessels passed;
out of sight, leaving him to his fate.
"Just before ono of the men went to
his death he handed to Moore a large
sum of money, asking him to save it,
but Moore threw it In the ocean. When
he was rescued al he had on him
was $3."
Mrs. Willtams was the only person
on the vessel the half demented man
would allow to touch him, and it was j
not until she promised to go with him
that he allowed himself to be removed
from the tanker to the submarine
chaser. He told her of his efTorts to
save the three dying women under
the strictest admonition that she
would not say anything about it to
any one else,
"He kept telling me that ho had
done his utmost to save the women,"
said Mrs. Williams, "and that ho had
4?
Continued od Pare Fight.
A. & P. Employee, Stooping
Over Iiov 011 Floor, Shot
Without Warning-.
SHOPPING CROWDS NEAR
Ex-Convict, Caught Stealing!
Bolt of Silk, Kicks Truck
Driver to Death.
Richard .T. O'Shea. manager of the ]
Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company's!
store at 735 Third avenue, near Forty
seventh street, was shot to death last
night by one of two bandits who tried |
to hold up the store. |
The gunmen ran-through a Satur-j
day night Jam of shoppers without at- j
tractlng attention and disappeared in
an automobile which sped north 011
the thoroughfare. They made no at
tempt to open ?h~ oush register or :
| the safe.
The murder of O'Shea was the third ,
j of its kind in thirty days. All were i
' committed by youths and in each case
; the deadly shots were fired before the '
j victims had made the slightest effort!
j to resist.
| John Brune. grocer, was killed In hi? j
' store at So Johnson street, Brooklyn, j
' last Wednesday nlKht. Before he died I
I ho said one of the gunmen fired only !
[ because he was nervous. Paul J. Olll- |
man. druggist, was shot down in tus store '
j at 162 Court street. Brooklyn, on Feb- j
| ruary 23 in almost identical circum- j
j stances. For this crime William J. j
Evans will be sentenced to-inorrow to 1
die and three boys with him will spend J
1 long terms In prison.
Attack In Small Slope.
j The store In which O'Shea was at
| tacked is small, thirty feet in depth :
j and about ton in width. Sam Golden- |
berg, a clerk, was helping O'Shea ar- j
range boxes of fruit at 8 o'clock when !
the door was opened by the gunmen, j
1 The two men stepped into the middle J
I of the store, standing directly Dack of;
O'Shea, who was stooped over a box j
of grapefruit. Goldenberg, thinking
O'Shea would wait on the men, paid no
attention but went on with his Job
of bagging coffee. One of the bandits j
poked O'Shea with the barrel of a
revolver and commanded:
"Stand up and put up your hands!" j
Goldenberg heard the command but gotj
1 no chance to see the action that fol
lowed. O'Shea may have made a tnoveJ
that caused the bandits to think he was
going to resist, but Goldenberg told the
police he did not think the manager had
time to do anything. Almost with the i
last syllable of the gunman's order, a
shot was fired. Turning, Goldenberg saw
O'Shea plunge headlong and then roll
over on his back. A clatter of feet near.
the door was all he heard of the rob- <
bers.
Make Getaway <l<ilrkly.
The clerk rushed Into Third avenue a
few seconds later. Already the gunmen's
automobile was rolling away from the,
curb. The sidewalks were Jammed with;
shoppers, but apparently none had no- |
tlced the fleeing men. At the moment j
the shot was fired an elevated train had ,
rumbled by drowning th<> report.
Goldenberg used a police whistle to
attract Patrolman Boedeckcr, who came
running from Third avenue and Forty
ninth street. He telephoned for an am
bulance and detectives.
Dr. I.atin of Ileceptlon Hospital exam- !
Ined the manager and said he could not |
U"e. A bullet. It was thought, had
passed into the base, of his brain, which
was proof that he was shot from behind. 1
O'Shea was taken to Bellevue Hospital, 1
v. here he died without regaining con- t
sclousneas.
Whole Neighborhood Searched.
Detectives and patrolmen, under com- j
mand of Inspector John I>. Coughlin of
the Homicide Bureau, scattered up and
down Third avenue and through cross
streets near by seeking witnesses of the
flight of the murderers.
From a storekeeper near Third ave
nue and Forty-sixth street it was
learned that a touring automobile con
taining two men, who were seen climb
ing Into It a few minutes before Golden
berg began calling for help, turned off
Third avenue at Forty-sixth street snd
hurried away east. This wjas regarded
as the only clue that may lead to the
capture of the men, and the detectives
admitted It was weak.
0'8hea was 40 years old. His home
was at 355 East Fifty-seventh street.
He had been employed by the grocery
company for many years and wan one
of their most trusted employees. Ac
cording to Ooldenberg, O'Shea never let
the amount. In the cash register set be
Con( In tied on Fug* St>?rn,
Detectives in Large Estab
lishments Watch for
Male Vampires.
CLERKS DISCARD PINS
Education Heads Confer on;
Ending Craze? Emblem
Sellers at City Hall.
KISSES ONE INDUCEMENT!
Flapdoodle and Whangdoodle
Chapters Ari' Phases of
Slaiifffnl Epidemic.
The Board of Education will con
sider the Society of Shifters to-morrow
and probably issue a call upon all pub- j
lie school principals to adopt any
measures that may be necessary to
discourage the further growth of the
movement amoiiR the children. Al
though the Shifter craze {has been j
upon the youth of New York city bull
two weeks it has taken in thousands j
of youngsters?from elementary school |
pupils to students at Barnard and Co- J
lumbia.
George T. Ryan, actinpr President of
the noiirri of Education, said yester
day that he had intended conferring
with William I>. Ettinger, Superintend
ent of Schools, and asking the latter
to seek more detailed information con
cerning the menace, if there be any.
represented by this sponsorless organi
sation. Failing to see Dr. Ettinger yes
terday, Mr. Ryan declared that he
would see him to-morrow.
"So far as 1 know." said Mr Ryan,
"this Shifter business is but a fad that
will pass. Also I understand that it
was quite innocent and harmless in its
inception and that the va-st majority
of boys and girls promoting it and
spreading it have nothing more serious
in mind than perpetrating some prac
tical joke upon a frien'l
Fart IIik Hull FMtdfM.
"However, 1 am Informed that the fad
has been abused and that these, abuses
hhve developed Into more or less serious
incidents. I shall see Dr. Ettinger on
Monday and ask his advice. If it 1?
true that school children are bebing sub
jected to indignities and that any of the
bovs or girls are making it unpleasant
for others we shall do everything we
can to eradicate the movement. Cer
tainly if we find that being a Shifter
exposes any child to danger of moral
contamination w? shall take very vigor
ous action."
Four large department stores In this
city lined up in opposition to the Society
of Shifters yesterday. Moreover, it was
said in the offices of the World Sunday
School Association and the New York
Sunday School Association that numer
ous teachers and superintendents in lo
cal Sunday schools Intended warning
their charges against the possible Shifter
evil. Even clergymen have declared
their desire to Investigate the move
ment- _ . .
The Rev. Dr. Christian F. Relsner or
Chelsea Baptist Church declared that he
hoped to make personal Investigation.
"The very fact that this organisation
teaches children to graft makes It Im
moral." said Dr. Rcisner.
The four department stores banning
the Shifter declared they had no desire
for publicity through such a medium,
but that they had found it expedient to
post notices at the employees' entrances
saying that no employee might take his
or her station wearing the lnslgn a of
the Society of Shifters, whether It be
the metal clip or the more Pretentious
budge that yesterday was selling in al
most every section of the city.
One of the officials of a large depart
ment store said that many of the young
women employees had voluntarlly de
vested themselves of the Shifter em
blems because they had been -ub ected
to annoyance from mashers In and out
ridethe stores. In all cases the store
detectives were ordered to watch for
male vampires sauntering through the
aisles looking for feminine
of their numerous and prominently dls
played badges.
Ballyhooi InTsde Park R?w.
No fewer than five ballyhoos were
hawking Shifter buttons In Park Row
yesterday afternoon. ,
"Ult yer Shifter buttons." they yelled,
"five cents and ten cents fer gold ones.
Be Shifter boys and be kissed by the
Shifter sisters." , . .
V negro vender did a thriving busi
ness selling the buttons to the crowd
that was being harangued from City
Hall steps by veteran bonus spellbinders.
At all the subway kiosks the buttons
were on rales. From varloue parts of
the city came most remarkable stones
about the growing Shlfterhood.
Four perfect flappers, correct in every
detail from the sport shoes and camel's
hair stockings to the blue or red nip
hats on bobbed hair, were sauntering
Contlnned on Page Ten.
LLOYD GEORGE STAKES ALL ON RUSSIA;
LENINE GIVES HIS AIMS FOR GENOA;
GERMANY BALKS A T REPARA TIONS
DEMANDS REJECTED
BY BERLIN CABINET
Wirth Government Won't Try
to Raise the Sixty Million
Marks in Taxes.
SOCIALIST WING DIFFERS
Organ Advises Seizing Fourth
of Private Profits to Meet
Payment.
Special Cable to Thb New York Hsuaid
Copyright, 1922. bp Tun New Vo?k Hbrai.d.
New I ork Herald Bureau. 1
Berlin. March 25. (
The German Cabinet is united in the
support of Chancellor Wirth in his
protest against the violation of Ger
many's "financial sovereignty" by the
Reparations Commission. It refuses to
try to raise an additional 60.000.000.000
marks paper in taxes, as required by
the allied note.
The Coalition party as represented
in yesterday's Cabinet meeting came
promptly to this conclusion. Differ
ences came up over the positive meas
ures to be taken and the Chancellor I
has summoned the federal leaders for
a conference Monday. The fanfare of
protests will begin in the Reichstag!
Tuesday, with Ilerr Wirth as the first,
spokesman.
Opinions differ as to the reaction in
labor circles. Socialist organs have j
Joined non-Socialist organs in calling j
the new terms impossible.
The Frankfort Yolkulimnte, orgun of :
the Majority Socialists, however, insists '
that labor must force through the par
ticipation of the State in all private
enterprise.
"With 25 P?r cent, ownership, the
State will come Into possession of 8.750,
600,000 marks gold, or 650.000,000,000
paper. The revenue from this would
suffice to raise 60,000,000,000 in taxes It
the landed estates were included." the :
paper says.
Students of the labor question are in
clined to believe that a fundamental
step has been taken in the last repara
tions demands, in that paying repara
tions finally has been defined as clearly i
a matter of taxation. It is felt that this
definition gradually will change the pa
cific attitude of German labor toward
the Allies for when reparations become
taxes, labor will be in no position to
retain the theory that war coats can |
and must be borne by capita!.
The only great amount the Govern
ment can raise?unless federal partici- ;
pation In private enterprise becomes a
fact?will be raised from indirect tax
ation, which labor, as a consumer, will 1
be forced to l*Or in a greater measure '
than now. Whatever tno tax rate in >
Germany may be in comparison witn j
other countries, the German workman
pays more than his colleague abroad.
It is because of the effect on labor
of tho latest note that the CJonserva- j
tlves arc expected to maxe tremendous
gains.
MYSTERY IN MOVES
OF BRITISH CHANCELLOR
Paris Hears Sir Robert Home
Is There Before He Arrives.
Special Cable to Tub New Yoik ILeiuld.
Copi/riplit, 19!t, bp The New Yoik Heiui.d.
?w York Hrraid Iturrnii. )
Pari*. Marrh 25. \
Although official French newspapers
inspired by the Foreign Officc stated
to-night that Sir Robert Home. British
Chancellor of the Exchequer, had con
fcrred with M. de Lasteyrle, French
Minister of Finance, this afternoon re
garding the American note and tho
allied debts, The New York: Herald
correspondent was informed at M.
l.asteyrie'a residence that Sir Robert
Homo had not yet arrived.
In fact late yesterday Sir Robert tele
phoned the Fnsnch MInistery of Finance
that he was unable to come to Paris
for at least another week, when hi ex
pects to take up not only the questions
nbova named, but also the regulation of
the costs of Greek evacuation from
Asia Minor and of silled occupation
should the Impending armistice nego
tiations between Greece and Turkey bJ
concluded satisfactorily.
An element of mystery has entered
Into Sir Robert's reported visit, how
ever, as a high official of the Forelgii
Office to-night declared that Sir Robert
did visit Pnris, but only on his way to
Cannes, while at the Rltr, Hotel It wan
declared that Sir Rotvrt had applle.1
for a bedroom and sitting room there,
but when he was unable to obtain them
he weni elsewhere.
Both tfM British delegation to the con
ference of Foreign Ministers and the
British Embassy here declared to-night
that they had not received word from
fir Robert to-day, although orw mem
ber of Lord Curzon'# party declared he
had received orders to renerve railroad I
accommodations for Sir Robert, "but In
the opposite direction to Cannes."
Max Oser Coming Here for Easter,
Say Friends, as He Sells Stable
Zt rich, March 25 (Associated Press).
?Max Oser, the Swiss rifling master
and fiance of Mathilde Mct'ormlck.
daughter of Harold F. MeCormlck, Chi
cago, has sold his stable to a brother
officer In the Swiss army and Is pre
paring to leavo Zurich within a few
days, ostensibly to visit relatives in
westerii^Hwiticrtflnd.
User personflUJy refuses to give any
further Information concerning his
purposed movements, but neighbors!
asserted to-day that he would sail for :
the United States early In April to'
spend Easter with his bride to be and i
be presented to the McCormick and
Rockefeller families.
The neighbors of Oser also said that
he would take with him to the United
States members of the Mangold fam
ily, one daughter of which Is now Miss
McCormlok's companion.
'HOPEFUL OF GENOA,'
SAYS SOVIET PREMIER
Seeks No Political, Only Business Discussion?Tells
The New York Herald He Wants to Meet Lloyd
George Face to Face?Can't Treat Russia as Van
quished State, He Says, Adding He Can Bluff Too.
Bj a Sp?<ial Correspondent of Thi New York Hkjuld.
Special Cable to Tub New Yo?K Hhkai.d. <'opyright, 10'iZ, by The Nbw Yoik IIrkald.
MOSCOW (via London), March 25.?There is very solid ground for
t-ober optimism in the Genoa conference, Nikolai Lenine told me in an in
terview, adding that nothing short of physical collapse would prevent him
attending. He expects it will reopen Russian trade with the outside world
and mark the beginning of a new and brighter era for his country.
"It is not our desire to bring up political questions for discussion," he
said. "As we understand it, it will be a meeting along business lines, to
deliberate on business affairs. We shall go as business men?merchants, if
you like?knowing what we want from the bourgeois States, knowing also
what they want of us.
"The present state of affairs cannot continue. It is unhealthful both
for Russia and the rest of the world. We need trade with the bourgeois
States-must have it. On the other"
hand, they need our trade, for they i
know that without it it is hopeless to
attempt the serious economic recon-!
f?truction of Europe."
I saw Leninc on Sunday for thp first
timp in many weeks and had a long
talk with him. I found him vastly
changed. He is a tired nnd sick mar..
IIo looks worn and unhealthy, and
obviously is suffering a severe nervous I
and physical strain. But the man'.,
indomitable energy being his controll
ing spirit, apparently he is as detpr
minori as ever to go to the conference '
himself.
"The man I chiefly want to m?Pt
face to face is Lloyd Georgp. lie ha.
shown repeatedly that he is a roallst
and that he will not allow what ont'
might call snobbishness to interfere
with thp attainment of practical end*.
I feel that with him an understand
ing is possible- Again let me say that )
I do not expect a politico] understand
ing That in impossible betwpen a
Soviet republic and a bourgpois Statp.
"VV hat I mean is a business under
standing."
Asked if a political agreement would
not be necessary preliminary to a trade
agreement, Lenlne replied:
"Probably there must be some meas
ure of mutual political toleration at
lltst. Without that no trade agree
ment could b* ?ither valid or lasting.
But tflGfl? Ift no reason why that should
not be possible with Great Britain. I
Lloyd George is well aware that wp
already have arrlvod at a working1
business agreement with several I
States. I
"He knows too that the number of
Russian commercial undertakings in
which for?>ign capital is taking part
is steadily increasing. He Is too much
of a realist to allow British capital to
be frozen out of the future economic
development of Russia. Moreover, he
is quite an accomplished artist at 1e
visiug formulae.
There is no disposition, according
to telegrams from abroad, to.create a
smoke screen around Genoa. We arc
told the bourgeois governments are
in a state of uncertainty over their
programs, and hints are given out that
a whole series of as yet udeflned con
ditions will b? presented for Russia's
acceptance before the practical busi
ness conference is tackled. We are
not impiossed by such maneuvers. If
people Imagine they can take us by
surprise they are mistaken.
"We know how to bargain. There 1s
in all bargaining an element of bluff.
We are accustomed to bluff, too If
threats are tried they will not imprchs
us either. We are used to threats
and can afford to smile at them. We
have survived worse threats than any
that can be made at Genoa. There
was a time when bourgeois threats
took the form of artillery Are. I dare
say European diplomatists have lively
memories of the end of that particu
lar experiment. They are not likely to
seek to renew it In a hurry.
"If they do we are ready for them.
Trotzky made that quite clear the j
other day In hia speech, which was
not incompatible with the views I have
just expressed. On the contrary, it1
shows a clear understanding of the
situation. For my part, I aseribc no
undue importance to sententious tele-1
grams, even when inspired by diplo
matists. The bourgeois States know
perfectly well that to attempt to treat
Russia as a vanquished State, upon
which conditions can be imposed,
would be worse than folly?It would
be useless.
I m afraid the bourgeois govern
ments do not understand our preaent
economic policy. It will bo my task
to explain It to them. The long eco
nomic retreat of Russia Is at an end.
From now on we are ready to advance
onoe more. In saying this I'm not los
ing sight of the difficulties facing us?
they are enormous. The time has not
yet come when we will be able to look
Into the future with serene confidence.
The danger of war is not yet complete
ly averted, but the danger from inter
nal economic conditions is far more
imminent and serious.
"Still, I can say. on the eve of the
Genoa conference, that of ail the views
cn the economic state of Russia the
panicky view Is thv one which answers
l<*ast to the facts of the situation.
Therefore, I am hopeful of Genoa."
SIAMESE TWINS" IN HOSPITAL.
One of the Rlaseks Contracted Yel
CftrcAOO. March 25.?The "Siamese !
Twins," Rosa and .Tosefa Blasck. born
Joined together, were taken to a hospi
tal here to-dsy. One of them had just
contracted yellow jaundice end her con- '
dltlin was said to be critical.
Physicians recently examined th?
twins to determine If If would be poM|. i
fl? to separate them, but decided that !
vne necessary operation would prove.
low Jnnndler,
No .1 UffgJing- of Bookkeeping
Will Altor 1". S. Demand
for l{liine Payment.
AN, ANSWER TO FRANCE
Sho Had Claimed That She
Had Not Yet Been Paid in
Foil as Stated.
Washington, March 25.?The Ameri
can Government haa sent to the allied
Powers another note supplemental to
that recently dispatched and designed
I t0 "UPPort itx claim for equality with
those Powers in the payment of cost*
iirislnp from the Jihinelftnd occupa
| tion.
The new note, copies of which were
presented to-da.v to the British,
j French, Italian, Belgian aj)d Japaneso
Governments by American diplomatic
officials in the capitals of those na
tions. declares that whether or not
there should be a deficit in the French
account for its occupation army costs
<<S of May 1, 1921, the claim for equal.
Ity on the part of the United States
I would not thereby be affected.
\% III Sot Be Deferred,
The American Government, in words
characterized by one official as plain if
noi diplomatic, notifies ibe allied Gov
einmenta that no Juggling of bookkeer
In* a*- regard* the Hhineland occupa
tion coats will deter the United States
from pressing what is considers a just
claim.
Hlgli State Department officials In
making public the new note explained
| that the original Identical note deiiv.
j ered to the live allied Powers early this
' week stated that according to lnforms
tion and accounts In possession of the
I American Government It appeared that
the amount due to France for its occu
pation army cost* to May J had h?rn
i paid In full, as had costs of the arm Ins
i in Belgium and Italy.
Recent dispatches tor France. It wan
i said, had Intimated that the American
| f.overnment made a mistake In saying
j that France had been paid In full and
i the supplemental note delivered to-day
was designed to forestall any such sua
j gestlone.
Teat of thr Tfmtr.
The text of the supplementary note
ioII^wb ;
"In Its note of March 22. 1922 the
Government of the United States
stated that according to the Informa
tion and accounts in the possession
or the allied Governments It appeared
that the amount due to France for
Its army costs to Msy 1. 1921. had
been paid In full, chiefly through de
liveries of property.
"The Government of the United
Mates Is now Informed that It la pro
posed to postpone the debit to France
for the value of the Sarre mines as
thourh delivery were made In kind
during the year 1922. This Govern
ment does not de?m It to be neces
sary at this time to enter Into ques
tions relating to debits or credits In
the account or to consider the effect
of the postponement of tho debit for
the value of the Sarre mines, and ail
questions of this character are fully
reserved.
"It Is deemed to be sufficient to
ssy that it is the view of the Govern
ment of the United States that the
question whether or not there would
be a. deficit In the French account for
army oosts as of May 1, 1921. upon a
final agreed statement of that ac
count Is a matter which does not
affect the position of this Govern
ment with respect to Its right to re
ceive the payment of the actual cost*
of Ite army of occupation upon an
e<jual footing with the allied Powers."
EIGHT IN BOY SCOUT
PARTY DROWN IN LAKE
Members of Indiana Troop
Victimt of Accident.
Sot TM Bern, ind., March 26.?Eight
persons. Including two Rcout masters
and six members of a South Bend Boy
Scout troop, were reported drowned at
Magician Uake near Dowagtac. Mich
this afternoon when the mo'or boat In
which they were riding capsized
Included in the eight were Joseph
raylor. heed of the local Boy Scout
troop, and his sod, Joseph, Jr.
ACTION IN LONDON
Premier Meets Cabinet
To-morrow and Pre
pares for 3love in
the Commons.
WANTS BALTIC PEACE
Will Demand Backing: in
Bringing Russia Into
Family of Nations.
ONLY 1IOPF, FOIf K1ROPK
I Churchill Differs With Him.
but Other Authorities Ac
cept His Stand.
|
Special Cahlf tn Tub Nrxr York Hvhmi.ii
! Copyright. 195J, by Thr New York Hbhm.p.
New York Herald Iliireaii. )
Tendon. March fi. \
Prime Minister Lloyd George has
! decided suddenly to return from
! Wales to London on Monday, when
I there will be a Cabinet meeting. Fol
! lowing it he will go to Chequers, his
! place In Kent, whence he will come
again on April 3 to throw down the
gauntlet to his enemies in the House
of Commons with a statement on the
| Genoa conference, which is expected
| to he historic. A resolution will fol
low, which will ask a vote of conti
I dence, not so mucn for the Govern
| ment as for the Premier himself
The terms of this resolution have
j not yet been decided. Also it is a
j question who will move the resolu
'tlon, and friends of the Premier think
that he personally will grasp the
1 helm and make the motion himself.
'
(.'*nar? Plunk on nu?*la.
| Recognition of Russia on the term*
! arranged at the Cannes confcrcnce
! forms the chief plank in the Pre
; mier's program, and he is prepared
I to stake his political future on this
1 step, by which ho hopes to point th?
way to new economic life in Great
Britain and Europe.
[As reported the Cannes agreement
on Ru.nsla provided
1?Recognition by Russia of all
foreign debts of the old Russian re
gime and recognition of the privat?
property principle ; 2?Cessation of
all onUlde propaganda and acknowl
edgment of the principle that alt
countries have the right to the"
own form of government without out
I side interference: 3?Russia tn
j agree that she will not attack othfi
1 nations with a reciprocal pledge givi n
! by them.]
Certainly the political situation is
clearer, notwithstanding the con
tinued cries of the "die hards.'
Austen Chamberlain, the Government
! leader in the House of Commons, is
receiving messages from all parts of
; the country urging continuance of
the coalition and his unqualified sup
port Mr. Lloyd George is receiving
messages asking him not to resign
j but go on with the rehabilitation of
j Europe.
The New Yobk Herald correspond
ent learns that after political recogni
I tion of Russia Mr. Lloyd George's
i second plank will be a treaty of peat ?
! with Russia on the one band and
I Poland, Rumania and Finland on the
j other. This he hopes to clinch at
I Genoa. He believes that If this is
J effected it will remove the possibility
i of further war In the Baltic. The
| Cabinet, however, is not in unison
for Winston Churchill, Colonial Sec
retary, is strongly opposed to recog
nltlon of Russia, save with the moat
extensive guaranties, though he is
prepared for trade with Russia. Yet
officials say that if the recognition
of Russia is ruled out before the
Genoa conference it la difficult to un
derstand how the conference can take
place.
Wlrth M?r JTot Attend.
SptrW Calle to Thi Nkw York 11h> a
Copyright, Jttt. by Thi N?w YoeiC IIbuld
New \?rk drrsltl (forma. [
Berlin, M*r<-ti SB. f
While the German delegation lo
Genoa was to have been headed 1"
Chancellor Wlrth, provided Premie*
Lloyd George went, the situation ha*
now changed, according to th< BcrUm t
Taoeblatt. The newspaper wiya tha
the new reparations demands h?v
made It doubtful If Chancellor Wlrth
will go to Genoa.
Tub KlW York Herald correspond
ent learns that the WUhelmstrasse al
ready has Informed the Italian Gov
ernmont that the German delegation
Including auxiliary personnel, wl'l con
slst of eighty.
Bikn. Sattierland. March 25.- The
Swiss Federal Council to-day decld?'l
I to authorize the Russian Soviet dele
gates to cross Swiss territory 'n goin,
| to the Genoa conference The long li?
of delegates submitted to the Swle
Government Included ri^mi^r l<?lline
Foreign Minister TehitcberttL Maxim
I Lit vinolT. chief of the Soviet' d"l"?
lions abroad; Leonid Kra&ain, foroig.i

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