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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, March 27, 1922, Image 6

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State Political Managers
Convinced That He Must
Remain as Governor.
Executive Is Known to Be
Indifferent About Be
T> ins: denominated.
Virtually All of Their Issues
Except Liquor Question
Are Eliminated.
Dispatch to This New Tobk Hrai.d
Nfw York Herald Iturrau, )
Albany. March 36. f
legislative record now being
n into the State's law books will
f not only the platform for the
campaign for Governor in the
an but makes it almost a cer
/? that the Republican candidate
will stand on that platform will
ov. Miller.
e Governor made t.he record for
larty and the State political man
s have reached the tilmost unani
i mows conclusion, one Week after Ihe
! /idjournment of the session that the
Inevitable outcome of the situation
i must be that the Governor remain at
1 tl e head of his party through another
1 campaign.
The Governor himself is known to
j be indifferent to the nomination, but
j 1f that attitude continues the outlook j
I now is that the party will force him j
' Into the running again.
Democrats on Defensive.
After two trying years in the State j
capital the Governor ha? put the Demo
i ciatic party on the defensive and ,
' handed his own political following In j
the State a list of accomplishments with i
which they can start an aggressive, of- '
fensive campaign at any moment. I
! Half a dozen political issues which ;
proved troublesome in several recent i
campaigns have been taken Into camp !
by the Governor: his own party organ
ization remains intact almost without * '
partisan contcst In a single county, and ;
the Democrats are running around In i
circles with half a dozen candidates
chasing each other and all trying with
out much success to And & real political
issue for the campaign.
Surveying closely the political stock
of the two parties in view of the ac
complishments of the two Miller-Hepub- |
llrnn legislative sessions, the political |
wiseacres find that the Governor hasn't
left much for Jils opponents. Half a
dozen big State issues which have been
the straw men set up year after year in
this State have been settled. The Re
publicans are prepared to go out and
? laim the credit for settling them: the
Democrats are trying to figure out what
is the next best thing to do..
One question which the Republican
leaders would like to have answered is
whether Tammany will dare go to the
polls on a beer and light wine platform.
Many Democrats are advocating it.
They say they could win on it and that
it is their best, chance. Will Alfred E.
Smith consent to run for Governor
acainst Miller on a wet platform? Some
of the wise old politicians would like to
st the Tammany favorite making such
* race.
Specter of Hrarat Rob* ITp.
But as is always the ca?e with Demo
' cratlc politics, the specter of Hearst
frmbs up to frighten the advocate* of the
I -M Smith and a modified dry plank. They
)<now that Hearst would not support a
, vet platform or candidate, and just at
, present Charles F. Murphy and his asso
ciates throughout the State are holding
1 their breath In the hope that they may
agree upon candidates and platform
which will hold Hearst In line.
With prohibition out of It the Re
, publicans Insist there Isn't much left
tlie Democrats In the way of campaign
j material, Here are the old campaign
mainstays which the Democrats have
used with more or less success for ten
? years and which the Governor in two
sessions at Albany has put out of the
Keonomy In State Government?The
novernor has put Into effect more prac
tical measures of economy In a year and
? half than did the five or six Republi
! can and Democratic Governors before
! Mm. In one year he has cut $!?.000,000
out of the budget. The useless Jobs snd
, waste have been eliminated. The ma
chinery has been created for central
purchasing, standardising all State sup
plies. selling useless real estate, con
solidating bureaus and putting business
i methods Into operation in every branch
of the State government, which will
mean many more millions saved in the
next year. Economy as a campaign cry
Is lost to the Democrat*. Miller has
captured it and. if he wishes, can talk
?weeks about what he has done?not
?w hat he promises to do.
Five Cent Fares?With one stroke of
Ms pen Gov. Miller last week killed the
old :> cent fare bugaboo with which Hv
]an ran away In the last city election.
,T?y Ills quick decision and prompt ac
tion he beat the Interborough Company
5n Its effort to get on record a petition
sfor an 8 cent fare before the transit
net amendment forbidding such increase
rould be signed. The Governor sensed
the trick, signed the amendment and
blocked all prospect of s fare increase
In New York, while at the same time
clubbing the Interborough and other
transit companies Into line for the new
transit reorganisation plan, which offe.-*
the only hope for real service New York
Jias had for years. The 8 cent faro cry
Is dead for campaign purposes.
Home little ((notion
Home Rule for Cltlaa?With the un
fit oval of the Mayors conference the
Governor succeeded In getting through
the legislature a real home rule amond
' rncnt to the constitution giving the mil
jii< ipslilles a greater degree of *elf
nmnagement than thev ever have had.
\'#w Vork Port Development ? The
Governor suppoVted the port authority
plan, which Is now the law and which,
after twenty-five years of indecision hnd
talking, provides for real development
of the metropolitan harbor In a manner
1n keeping with Its Importance as tin
ration's chief port. Alfred 10. Smith "?ur?
p.trted the plan throughout and ad\c
otted Us adoption. This is gone as a
Democratic issue,
S'ite Highway#? Tammany has been
telling the up-State voter* for yea ?
what *haul<! be done with the State
highways. The Millar admlnlauraien
baa d&ne ?.
Continued frttm First 1'agp.
the day and deed that was done on it.
As surely as the nun shines and the
?reasons come nnd feO in this Itepublio.
founded by Washington and saved by
Lincoln, thwj Sinn tors will reap the
harvest of the whirlwind of public con
?lemnaiioii which they have sovwi by
this awful ac; of ratification."
Earlier in his address Mr. Hylan .said:
'I he slogan of the Hardins campaign
was 'No league ?r Nations' Scarcely a
year after this new national Adminis
tration entered into office a peace par
ley was called to effect an association
of nations?which is the same thing as
a league of nations?to bind this re
public of the United State of America,
pulsating with life, to the moribund
monarchies of Rurope.
"No one connected with this alleged
peace parley dares answer truthfully
he question as to what direct benefit
the United States will gain by adopting
i he various treaties of alliance with Old
World Imperialism. They oijther involve
a departure from our traditional policy
of splendid isolation, or they do not.
It' they commit us to such a sacrifice
they are charged with national TNT: If
iliey do not commit us their negotiation
is useless."
The Rockefeller-Standard Oil inter
ests, Mr. Hylan said, were the head of
an octopus that "sprawled its slim."
length over city. State and nation.
Operation of Octopus.
"It operates," lie went on, "under
rover of a self-created screen and seizes
In its long and powerful tentacles out
executive officers, our legislative bodies,
our schools, our courts, our newspapers
and every agency creatcd for the public
The "corporation dominated" news
papers of New York. Mr. Hylan said,
had systematically held him up to ridi
"Their mudsiinglng was never more
reckless; the vehement denunciat'on
never more violent," said Mr. Hylan.
"The hooting. Jibing and sneering at
my candidacy and the tacking upon me
of the nickname which was an echo of
the days when 1 used ? the pick and
shovel and drove a locomotfcve were
ntost flagrant and disgraceful.
This peculiar combination of selfish
interests caused my Administration to
be Investigated by various inquisitorial
bodies at an expense of several hundreds
of thousands of dollars to the taxpayers
of the State and city. They dragged me
personally before grand Juries, scurril
ous threats were sent to the members
of my family and all sorts of vicious
propaganda resorted to.
"The self-seeking interests feared me
Snd with jcood reason. You may be in
terested 'to know that when I entered
upon my first term as Mayor ^the city
administration started in to break the
stranglehold which the traction interests
had on the city government, the denl
aens of the underworld on the Police De
partment; the railroad and shipping
Interests, particularly the British, on
the port of New York, and the Rocke
feller and Gary interests upon our public
From this Mr. Hylan went into the
fields of international affairs.
"It appears that, as a result of the
international (negotiations in Washing
ton. It has been decided to scrap our
new battleships along with our time
honored policy of non-entanjfling alli
ances. to sacrifice the naval supremacy
already within our grasp, to forego the
fortification of the Philippines and
Guam, and to entrust the safety of our
islands in the Pacific to the generosity
of Great Britain and Japan, while these
Old World empires are in no wise preT
vented from fortifying their distant pos
"It should be remembered that, under
either the League or the Association
of Nations we would be compelled to do
the things which the father of our coun
try repf-atedly warned us against.
"We have in this country a few Tories
who are more interested in the welfare
of foreign countries than they are in
the United States Government. Some
way ought to be found for dealing ef
fectively with them.
"Our departure from the patriotic and
wise admonitions of our far sighted early
patriots which led to our participation
In tiie world war lias targht thinking
America a lesson, sad. bitter and costly.
"It will be a lesson- well learned If
we but return to the tried and true na
Attorney-General's Candidacy
Gives Cheer to Democrats.
8pr*ial Dispatch 1o Tub Nkw Yokic Hhsai n.
Bosto.v. March 26.?Announcement nf
the cand'dacy of Attorney-General J.
Weston Allen for the Republican nom
ination for Governor this fall, coupfed
with Joseph S. Warner's declaration
that he will run for nomination on the
same ticket for lieutenant-Governor,
means the biggest split In the rank* of
the Republican party In this State In
It means not only a red hot fight be
tween Gov. Cox and Mr. Allen and an
other between Lleut.-Gov. Fuller and
Mr. Warner. but also Indicates such a
bitter factional fight ns may affect the
chances of Senator Lodge groin* back to
the Senate.
Those who should know say they do
not see how Senator Lodge ran well
avoid taking sides in the Cox-Allen fight.
To attempt to remain neutral would cost
hiiA votes in both camps, while to take
sides means making an enemy of the
other man's followers.
it is generally recognized that the
Democrats of the State believe th>v
have an excellent chance of defectum,
Senator IjOdge if they can unite rtrt
strongest candidate and give to thi *
man the full party support. Such a
course means the solid party vote for
flielr nominee, together with that of the
anti-Lodge Republicans, that is. those
members of his own partv who have
never been with Senator Lodge in his
stand against the League of Nations
and who are not over-enthustastic for
the Senator in Ills strong advocacy of
the four Power treaty.
The Democrats regard the split in the
Republican ranks in the light of a God
send just at tills time find ate bound
to make the most of it. Their principal
difficulty, apparently, will be to avoid
a clash on the Irish Issue To please
both elements of the party, the followers
of an Irish Republican and the advo
cates of the Irish Free State, promises
to call for some clever tact. Neither
will It be the simplest matter to select
the bnst candidate out of the many de
sirous of sitting In tlie Senate with
Senator Walsii
As for the Republicans, there does not
seem to be th? slightest 'hfctice of their
getting together. Friends of Mr. \llen
declare Gov. t'ox gave Mr. Allen to
?inder?tand that tlx latter ttnutd have
a, clear field this fall Therefo' ?? Kiev
declare, th" Governor's announcement of
his candidacy for renominntlon calls for
rebuke. This, they feel, can he admitt
Isteri .1 by Mr. Mien running for the
nomination this fall.
Mr. Warner. ex-Speaker of l In House,
open I v says he la after Fuller's scalp,
fie feels the latier cheated him out of
the nofrtltlMlrtn In the last campaign by
stump charges that have just been re-.
jetted by the court, and that vindication ,
by the court Is practically certain of
being followed by -vindication at the'
polli. h'
111?.-'.|M.thS' aml awaUpn "? the knowl
' '"at 0l,r ?tren*th lies in our right
ZTl" .8nd "nt in l?mporal thing*
d?mhoi .'nterna"ona' leagues and per
P^tnal 11111 a ncen,
"Lei m? remind you that the Ku'-o
Iiati nations that constituted the Allien
owe the I'niled Slates approximately ten
Wilton dollars. In addit.on, we are prac
tically loaning our foreign debtovs about
a million dollars ? day because of our
uOM-rnnu'nt's apparent indiltereneo to
the collection oi these debt-*; and this
very sum would bo sufflclent to meet the
soldier bonus the fitst. year.
"There i? no evidence that either (he
piinclpal oi' the interest is likely to be
paid by any of these debtor nation*, as
ihey and their American agents in finan
cial clicks are politely telling us to
cnalk those debts on ice.
Mayor Attacks (.rent Britain.
, '1m? payment of the four and a quar
ter billions owed to us by Great Britain
: occasions that Empire no concern, for
he straightway proceeds to pay a bonus
to iter own soldiers with the monev of
;-?n?5.rj^''?while ,he soldiers of America
: beseech Congress for their own honest
. reward, and for the fulfillment of the
Party platform pledges, so freely made
in the last national campaign.
' "Let us not forget the indicative at
titude of our erstwhile allies with regard
to the money they owe to the United
? rates. When this Government asked
for the payment of its share of the ex
penses for policing the Rhlneland, at the
time when German funds were being
distributed, the request of the United
Mates Government oecasl6ned much
merriment among some of our allies and
?? i.Uu f"sP'ei,8ure among some others.
? Ir Robert Hornc, Chancellor of the Brit
ish hxcliequcr, ventured the ingenious
suggestion that the Allies would stand
a better chance of getting the more than
thirty billions of dollars owed to them
by Germany If the United States with
one sweep of the pen would cancel the
1 allied debt due our Government.
',7h? United States should insist on
collecting the huge sums loaned to the
Allies to help finance them In their
Hour of need. I, for one. insist that
i the Government demand the return of
principal and interest as toon as pon
sible, so that at least ;iart of these
sums may be distributed to the soldiers
of the United States and their families
who are in need. Seventy-five thousand
ex-service men are tramping the streets
of the city of New York hungry and
jobless, and on behalf of them and
every other unemployed veteran I sin
cerely hope that Congress will take this
matter tip and insist on an early settle
ment of at least part of the debts
owing to the t'nited States bv these
i Kuropean countries.
Theory nu?l Demonstration.
"It is evident that our present plan
' . .la?, ra's">K and tax gathering is
| virtually a failure. The present Ad
ministration at Washington, and the
j legislative officials, were put in pow?r
apparently, on the theory that they
had all the real brains of the country,
it has been demonstrated that it was
only a theory. If a fact, thev have
successfully concealed it.
"Political action should never he
founded on racial or religious ImpuHe.
or alignment; it should always be
rounded on the impulse of public policy.
' orrupt Interests In the past have
covertly made use of racial and religious
appeals to brln- about the selection of
complacent officials. Open or cloaked
requests for political support based on
racial or religious grounds should meet
with severe rebuke and punitive politi
cal action.
"t trust that when the next presi
dential election co'neg around men are
nominated by both parties who are
fltenulnely independent, men who have
a ?tt?e of the milk of human kindness
m their souls. men of the tvpe of
Hiram Johnson. William Randolph
Hearst and Rodman Wanamaker These
men are mentioned because I person
ally know that they are truly conse
crated to the service of their country
and that their sympathies are alwava
alive and attuned to the needs of the
people. In naming these men It Is
done without disparagement to hun
dreds of Other men who are in sym
pathetic accord with the people and
whose names are or will become
familiar to us as time rolls on.
"We shall then nave a return to
that stanch Americanism of the earlv
patriots who bullded so wiselv and so
Chop Pine Scrub to Beat Out
Threatening Flamet.
Brihli e, N. J., March 26.?Two fires
to day gave the Brlelle volunteer Bre
men ana members of the Mannsquan
River cottage <olony, who joined with
them, two hard fights. Wealthy busi
ness and professional men from New
York, Philadelphia and New Jersey
cities occupying cottsgas grabbed brooms
and dwarf pine trees chopped out of
the scrub and Joined Brlelle firemen and
clam diggers from the river in fighting
the flames.
The first blaze started at 10 o'clock,
when burning rubbish scattered by a
strong wind from the home of William
Tone of Newark swept up to the
Cone home and then to the boarding
house of A. A. Trotter. Thla had just
been subdued when the firemen were
? ailed to the summer cottage section.
Sparka from a railroad train set grass
ablaze. The flames spread with great
rapidity and seared and scorched several
houses. One of these was the bungalow
A^upted In summer by the boys' choir of
ft. Timothy * Protes'ant Kplscopal
ri ur<h of Philadelphia.
Among tha?c whose cottages were
damaged were Mrs F .T. McClelland.
Nevf York : Mrs. Stella Hray, New York;
Robert B. Palgllsh, Morrlatown ; Charles
Nelson, Allentotvn; William Mpunt,
.TameSbtirg, N. .1.: Rober' 13. Dennlson.
Kast Oranar ; Geot cc M. Keashy of
Newark; (Jeorge Vnnalckle, William
Smith. leorge K. Warren, Paul V. Mor
ris and Theodore MeCann of Brlelle end
I'a ul Smith of Philadelphia.
I'oslnl Improvement Week to He
lie voted to Service.
Wash t^OTOW, March 26.?The flrirt
wee|< In Mny Is ti> lie desiirnated "Postal
Improvement Week," a^cordin* tr> an
announcement to-dajf-by thS Pogfc Offlt*
Hfforta will he made during the week,
First A*slstant PoBtmasOr-Oeneral Bart
less paid, to Ret all the 580.000 postal
'innlovrcs throughout the country "on
ilnlr toes" in the interest of better ser
vice for the public.
Newspapers and the motion picture
Industry will be asU'd to cooperate in
;he < ampa icn.
Maxtco CiTr, March 26. Gen. .lesus
M Garza. who returned last night from
tlie mitcii state, told newspaper men
the expatriate groups of Mexicans there
nrT being led by IHfH tnen, Rstebah
I'antn. Men Francisco Miirgula and
'Jen Pablo GonaaJes, ftut hecsus# ot per*
sonal dlgtremenfa ate unable lo unite
their fore* to constitute even a minor
threat acatnst the Government.
Biy Savin# Promised by Bill
Giving State Control Over
Power Companies.
It Precludes Any Possibility
of Hydroelectric Grab at
People's Expense.
Special lJinpatrh to Tun Nsw York Hbiald
T?rk Hrralit Hurenii. >
Albany. March 28. (
The State gets absolute and complete
control over private companies licensed
to develop and sell water power undar
the Robinson bill, *4gned to-day by Gov. ,
Miller. Tt Is one of the administration i
measure*, carrying out the Republican ?
plan, instituted last year by the creation ;
of the State Water Power Commission,
of providing for the development of the j
State's hydroelectric energy by private
capital and under State regulation.
The consummation of the plan will
mean cheaper light, heat and power and
a big saving in the coal bills for every
body, from the biggest manufacturer to
the lowliest householder.
The bill brings under the provisions
of the law all those companies which
have heretofore obtained legislative
grants upon which they have rested
without actually developing power. There
will be no chance for them under the
rights they now hold to monopolize the
hydroelectric resources of the State.
Another Safeguard In Bill.
Another safeguard in the bill, the Gov
ernor pointed out, is the State's right of
recapture by requirlne a deduction of
earnings In excess of 8 per cent. In an
swer to the arguments that this might
tend to discourage thfe Investment of
capital. Gov. Miller declared that, an 8
ner cent, profit for a nubile utility is
ample, since full provision is maile for
the inclusion of every legitimate cost j
and the allowance of every profier deduc
"It must not be overlooked." said the
Governor, "that the rights of the State
are held In trust for all the people of
the State. A direct public benefit from
the development of the State's water
powers can be aaeured in only one of
two ways?either from revenue or from
the gcn.'tal distribution of cheap power.
"I beilevc that the greatest good to all
the people of the State will come from
the general distribution of dheap power.
The pawer of regulation must therefore
be reserved. If It turns out that capital
Is unwilling to Invest urder those condi- j
tions It will be necessary to consider :
the alternative of State development. !
"In this connection a great deal of
buncombe has been uttered during the
last twenty years by those who have I
been Interested in water power as a cub- j
ject. for political agitation, but who hfi'e
never studied the subject deeply enough
to consider even one practical method of
securing the development of the pat
ented water powers within the State.
Privately Owned flights.
"Excluding the boundary streams,
which Involve natlbnal and international
complications, there is a possibility of
developing a million continuous horse
power on interior streams if the. maxi
mum development and uie can he so- ?
cured. By far the larger part of tho^?
water power rights are now prlvstelv
owned. The State, however, owns rights
which puts it in a strategic position to j
facilitate water power development and
to secure therefrom the maximum public
"Xo one has undertaken to compute I
what It would cost the State for thi
mere ar-oulsltlon of private rights which '
would be nectssnrv to any scheme of :
State development. There can be no
doubt that the wise policy Is to encour- '
age <Mvelo0n-.ent by private enterur'so
in' such fashion as to secure the maxi- i
mum development an1 the maximum j
general benefit. This Mil la designed to ;
accomplish that purpose.
'The act as amended definitely estab
lishes the policy of the State, and It now
remains to be s^en whether private en- i
terprlse and initiative can be stimulated j
to develop the potential water powers of
the State under conditions which protect j
the public interest. The need of such
development is becoming yearly more j
urgent, and It Is only a question of time >
when the urgency will be so great as to I
compel the State Itself to undertake the |
development If. In the meantime, private
enterprise and initiative shall not have
been equal to the talk."
He Will Confer To-day With
President Obregon.
Muxico ClTT, March 2R <Associated
Preis.?Adolfo de la Htlecta. Gov
ernor of Sonera and also Secretary of
the Treasury, followftigr a conference
With President Ofcresron. to-morrow will
decide whether he will make his pro
poned trip to the United StateS. Sentl
itlfcnt Is that De la Huerta will not
make the trip.
Tjocal newspaper* are makinr much
of the arrival In 'Mcslco City of William
D. Taylor, accredited to the United
States embassy.
Although the H*ate Department In
Waslitngion UMNW'M Mr. Taylor
would occupy a secretarial post, news
papers to-day asaert his arrival por
tends the Immediate departure of George
T.Summerlln. Charge d'Affatrea. to report
on the "tntut of the question of recog
ntt'on of "MMrteo toy the Urtlted States.
At th^ embassy to-day It was said
there have been no developments In the
recognition negotiations.
Rotarian$' Chief Laudt Sol
diers at Tomb of Unknown.
WaHminotov, Mareh 2ft.?The Un
knmvn Soldier entombed In Arlington
National Cemetery completely and sim
ply demon.itrat#s the Ideal of service
before self, the Rotary motto. Crawford
C. McCijIIouRh. president of the Inter
national Association of Rotary Clubs,
said In an address at the tomb of the
Unknown Soldier here to-day.
Mr. McCtlMough'i addve"s was Inci
dental to the placing of a bronae tahlet
on the inmh of the Unknown by the
"It la of striking significance that th*
service of all our soldiers has not heen
in vain, that the sacred cause to which
they dedicated, iind In dedication Rave
their lives, is becoming a practical
reality. It l? of striking slaniflcance
that 1, a Brltlab auh|e?i. should he hare
to-day representing 7S,0rtft business and
profeaalonal men In over 1,100 centers,"
b? said.
f - s
Third of N. Y. Residents
Come from Elsewhere
FKJl'RKS indicating how pow
erful an attraction New
York State is to outsiders
havp been compiled by the Mer
chants Association from the Fed
eral Census Bureau reports. The
number of foreign born citizens in
2,825.23: in tha State, or 27.2 per
cent, of the total population of
10.SS3.227. Krom other States New
York has drawn 92S.383, leaving
6,634,469 who were born in this
State. New York has drawn 216.
102 from Pennsylvania, 115,901
from New Jersey, 70.911 from Mas
sachusetts, 48,163 from Connecticut
and 43.69J from Ohio.
Although the percentage of na
tive born Americans in ihe State |
seems small, It lias increased from I
69.8 in 1910 to 72.8 in 1920. !
Hold Mass Meeting: at Law
rence and Decide to Kesist
20 Per Cent. Wage Cut.
Lawrinck, Mass., March 26.?A mass
meeting of mill workers on the Common
hers to-day under the auspices of the
one big union voted without dissent in
favor of a Strike. Seven Lawrence mills
employing 13,000 operatives have an
nounced a wage reduction of 20 per
cent, effective to-morrow, and some of
the craft unions tiave declared a strike.
The speakers, including Ben Legere,
head of the O. B. U.; Oliver Christian,
president of the boom Fixers Union, and
Sam Bramhall, head of the 1919 strike
committee, urged the English speaking
workers to start tne strike and declared
that the O. B. U. would finish it.
Representatives of the mills said to
night they would open to-morrow as
usual. They would make no estimate as
to the .probable nutnber of men who
would go on strike.
About a hundred machine printers In
the Pacific mills to-day accepted a 10
per cent, wage reduction. It was stated
that these men were skilled workers
and that the cut brought their wages
down to what is known as the "standard
Sfrni Mills In Cat.
Seven mills here have announced a 20
per cent, wage reduction effective to
morrow and some of the operatives have
declared a strike. Another mill has an
nounced an indefinite shutdown begin
ning; to-morrow, and the Lawrence Tex
tile Council has declared this to be in
the nature of a lockout. The bis mills
of the American Woolen Company have
not joined In the wage cutting.
The largest plant affected l? the
Pacific mills, employing some 10,000 op
eratives. The six others at which wages
are reduced employ a totat of about
8,000. The wool sorters, affiliated with
tlie t'nited Textile Workers of America
and first to declare a strike, are plan
ning to picket the Pacific and Everett
mill# to-morrcw.
The declaration that, the strike in N'i>?
England mills "will go to the limit to nee
whether the stockholders, by refusing
to cut fat dividends, can force workers
to reduce their meager wages." was
made to-day by Thomas F. McMahon,
president of the United Textile Workers
of America. Mr. Mr.Mahon was In Bos
ton on his way from Tthode Island to
strike centers of northern New England.
Quotes the Dividends.
Citing the case of the Pacific Mills, he
said: "The strike against the Pacific
Mills, which begins to-morrow morning,
would never have been called If the com
pany had. treated its workers with a de
gree of Justice which Would stand com
pmlson with the company's generosity
to Its stockholders.
"In 1921, a \ear of depression, the
Pacific Mills paid to Its stockholders
enougii to have given every one of its
10,000 employe** n 25 per cent, wag* in
crease, instead of the ^l) per cent, cut
they are trying to force "upon us.
"This company paid out $2,400,000 In
dividend* In 1921 and continued the
same rate of dividends in the first quar
ter of 1922. They nre paying 12 per
cent, a yMur on their capitalization. In
spite of the fact that the capitalisation
was Increased in 1919 by $5,000,000 in
stock dividends?a 33 1-3 per cent, in
"They have a surplus of over $14.
000,000-?enough to j>ay the ent're wages
of their operatives for a >ear without a
penny of other Income and at the. end
of the year they would have a surplus
remaining equal to more than 25 per
cent, of their capitalization.
"In 1921 the Pacific Mills made a
profit of over eight cents on every dol
lar of their sales, riot much below their
average profit for the war years.
?'The trouble with the textile Industry
of New England js Uiat It has capital
ized its huge ??. profits by stock divi
dends. Now. with sales slack, the mills
determine to Increase the margin Of
profit on their products ?o that divi
dend* as big as in the war years can be
Need of Budget Balance Seen
by Dt. Chandler.
The present Oerman problem, which
to-day constitutes one of the largest ob
stacle* to the recovery of trade through
out the world, arises to an overwhelm
ing degree from the deficit financing of
the Oerman Government, Dr. Henry A.
K. Chandler, coonomlst of the National
Bank of Commerce In "New York, de
clares In the hank's magnr.inc, Corwrnrrrt
Afnn'hlv. Once the budget Is balanced,
he believes, Oermany will be In a posi
tion ta accomplish the readjustment of
her production machine necessary to In
crease her capacity U? make the fullest
possible, reparation payments.
"The failure to balance the budget."
says Dr. Chandler, "has rendered neces
sary the currency Inflation to meet the
deficit, and thus has Introduced Into the
price situation a disturbing factor of
such huge proportions as to throw all
price relatlona out of Joint and td dis
rupt msny financial and economic rela
tions in Germany. The huslnes* Ufa
has thus fstlen under the dominating
Influence of the public finances.
"The effect of the Oerman deficit,
however, has not been limited to Ger
many. On the contrary, many of th?
most disturbing conditions In foreign
trade and even In the domestic trade of
other countries have come?Indirectly to
he sure, but no less certainly?from this
one source."
In seeking the causes of this huge
deficit. Dr. Chandler srtys one Is sdon
confronted with two outstanding facts.
In the first place there have undoubt
edly occurred Important wastes In th?
Internal expenditures In Oermany. On
the other hand the tremendous welfrht
of the Indemnity payments has rendered
It impossible for the Oerman authorlt'e*
fo enpe with the ?tliistlnn
Nationwide Battle Against
Destroying Armies of In
serts and Ilugs.
F.nemv Feeds on Food. Cloth
ing and Farm Products?I'n
dermines Many Buildings.
Special Dispatrh 1n The N'kw Yosk
Ynrk Uernlrt Hurrjiii, )
Washlugton. D. C? Mnr. li M. ( |
Food and necessary materials worfh ?
*1,500,000.000 arc destroyed each yw
In the L'nitad States by Insects a;i^ !
but?, according to scientists in the bin- i
logical sections of the Department ofj
Kngaglng in a continuous battle with 1
man, insects up to now have been win- '
ning, spoiling and destroying food, '
clothing and other necessities in such '
srreat measure as to make the losses of
the great war seem small by compari- ;
In the Department of Agriculture a
small army of specialists in insect lore I
are devoting their lives practically to I
carrying on a nationwide battle against
minute pests. The department now Is
preparing an educational campaign <0
line up every person in the Unit .d 1
States In the war against, insects. Farm- ;
eis. the city housewife, carpenters, 1
doctors, librarians, clerks and men and :
women in every occupation are to be
enlisted in the campaign. If successf'I !
it will mean the saving annually of
thousands of tons of wheat, cotton. I
clothing and even wooden buildings fro j
destruction by the enemy, the Govern
ment scientists say.
The enemy Is made tip of the 6.M1
weevil, the household ant. the ordinary i
fly, worms that cat books, magazines 1
and newspapers, moths, crickets and ca?- |
penter bugs.
War May I.?*t Ontnrr.
School children and professors and |
teacher* in scientific institutions and I
I universities are to be asked to aid in
the campaign which is intended to be the
beginning of a popular war aguinst in
sect peats. The war may have to be
carried on for years it may even be
waged for a century, but man can win
HKairist the insects if everybody enlists
for the struggle, the scientists say.
The war may tend to reduce the cost
of living, since millions of bushels of
wheat and other foods are destroyed
annually by insects, the Agriculture De
partment's records show. Insects at
tack wheat and nearly all Kinda of grain
in the elevators of the wost, not only
desiroyinir food but indirectly causing
fires and other disasters which Increase
the losses.
In the nation's libraries and museums,
norms are destroying books and price
less documents which never can be re
Ell Ki>??asllnst ml Homes.
In rw ?e< u?n? of tha country cer- j
tain varieties of ant* e*t away the
foun latlon* of houses costing many
thouAinds of dollars, causing the build
ings to collapse, sometimes killing the
The activities, of the boll worm in
spoiling the cotton crop are fomiliar to
Bugs and worms every year destroy
enough potatoes to feed the occupants
of New York State. There is no food (
and few necessary raw materials that
are not attacked by insect?, officials 1
say, to an extent that causes the nation
losses totalling millions a year for
each product.
Moths alone are blamed for destroying .
enough cloth every year to clothe half !
the residents of New England. These .
inroads tend to make higher the price I
of cloth and clothing.
Place of Origin of Many Mer
chants and Bankers.
That more than half of the leading
merchants and bankers of Broadway
and Fifth avenue hail from the East
Side is one of the claims put forward
by the Downtown Chamber of Com
merce in a campaign which it has under
taken to eradicate the nationally rooted
idea that the East Side constitutes the
"slums" of .\>w York. The campaign,
according to Harry H. Sehlaeht, presl
dent of the chamber, will be nationwide.
Just as the alleged unfair characterisa
tion of this section of the city is nation
wide, and the full energy of the chamber
will be spent in an effort to destroy the
"slum" idea in the public mind. The
merchants and bankers of Broadway
and Fifth avenue who got their start in
the business world on the East Sido will
cooperate in the "Boost the East Side"
campaign, it was said.
'"We have determined," said Mr.
Sehlaeht, who is in charge of the drive,
"lo call a halt on the exploiters who
invade our section and picture us as a
poverty stricken people and a hotbed of
radicalism and Bolshevism. From a
standpoint of unrightness and character
the East. Side will measure up with any
section in the country."
(Sl^eviHon Freres
A great variety at a wide range
of prices all from <mr own
trading posts.
Call 0360 Circle
5th Avenue at 53d Street, New Yorh
#. Altmmt Sc (?0.
Important for to=day (Monday)
A Special] Offering of
All-silk Crepe de Chine
(over 85,000 yarciis; 40-mch width)
at $9.58 per yard
There are iftfiy desirable colors to choose from in this
assortment; among- them orchid, flesh-tone and the
fashionable shades for Sprang, as wefil as aill-white and
,, (Sale on the First FSoor)
' _____ ..
A Special Safie of
Custom-tailored Suits and
Costume Suits
(the latter consisting of If foe k with coat or cape)
the entire connection embracing ten distinctive Spring
models (sizes 34 to 48), smartly tailored in the wanted
materials, beautifully finished and
presenting' exceptional v&lmie at
Iflhie new Spring Tailleurs, especially featuring the ultra -
smiart costume models (combining cape, wrap or coat
with frock), are now ready for selection. The fabrics are
Fashion's favorites for the season, and include twill cord,
plquetine, tweed, Canton crepe and other choice silks.
(Department on the Third Floor)
JflaMBim Aucitue - 3uftli Aurttur. Nrui fork
cljtrtjj-fourlfi Street ffiljirtij-fifllj Gttttt

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