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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, April 11, 1922, Image 1

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ArK i <; razz
Showers and cooler to-day and to-nar
row; increasing southeast winds.
Highest temperature yesterday, 8a; lowest, 58.
will be found on EXHtorlil page.
Detailed weather repoi
The New York Herald, with all thatiwatf
best of The Sun intertwined with it, and
the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better
and sounder newspaper than ever before.
' , /
NEW YORK, TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 192Z.?mTSSDo^,S^ctS&.'V7i^
Tells Head of Federal Em
ployees' Federation Rea
son for Dismissals.
Nothing Less Could Assure
Protection of Govern
ment's Interests.
Dismissed Workers Entitled to
Retirement and Other Civil
Service Benefits.
Washington, April 10.?President
Harding states in a letter to Luther
C. Steward, president of the National
Federation of Federated Employees,
that the changes made in the Bureau
of Engraving and Printing "were or
dered after extended deliberation and
were inspired wholly for the good of
the service." The letter follows:
"I have before me your letter of
April 1, in which you write to me in
protest of the Executive action in ef
fecting the reorganization of the Bu
reau of Engraving and Printing and
with which you enclose to me the let
ter of Gertrude M. McNally, secretary
of the Women's Union, malting simi
lar protest. Because you and Miss
McNally speak officially for so large
a part of Federal employees, I desire
personally to make courteous ac
knowledgment, but I must suggest at
the same time that courtesy shall not
be confused with apology.
"The changes made at the bureau
were ordered after extended delibera
tion and were Inspired wholly for the
?ood of the service. It was so stated
at the time. I do not understand that
such a statement or such an aciton
impugns any one's character or calls
lor charges against the emrloyees con
cerned or demands explanation by the
Points Oat Misunderstanding.
"The order in Bhe case specifically
stated that those of dismissed em
ployees who were eligible to retirement
?would be retired as' from the date of
the order, which I think you will agree
is not subject to the construction that
their characters were impugned In any
U^Mtss McXally's letter states that
these persons 'are Ineligible to rein
statement In the Government service
because summarily dismissed on
charges and they lo?e the benefit of
the retirement act.' This indicates a
distinct misunderstanding of the ac
tion taken. There were no charges
and there was a distinct assurance
that the benefits of the retirement act
w<*re preserved.
?In the circumstances which were
presented to the Executive nt the time
of taking this aetlc-n. It seemed spparent
to me then, ns It does now. that no ac
tion less sweeping than was taken
could give complete assurance of the
full protection of the Government s In
? I shall maintain every regard for the
civil service law. but :f a responsible
executive head may not tfcke such ac
tion is Is deemed necessary for tne
good of the public service then such an
inhibition on tb?* powers of tn? Execu
live ought to be mad? very clear to
Congress, to ?< v rnment employees anrt
to the American public to which we nre
all answerable. Tr.en the responsibility
niav no longer be lodged with the Ex
ecuMve I'ntll such understanding is
wade clear Invito you and others who
rpeak for Federal employees to Join me
in doins the things deemed necessary to
promote the highest possible degree of
Federal service."
Reply to President.
The federation replied to Mr. Hard
Ine's letter and pointed out "that In
addition to the stigma attached to them
bv the manner of their dismissal all
but two of th* dismissed employees will
io?o their, retirement nnnuity.
"The principles of the civil service law
.,e the fundamental safeguard to thr
w,? service." the ;ett?r said, adding
that the highest efficiency, sense ofduty
and respOMlbllity to the public should
-be brought about through a ?trlctly
merit system of appointment, promotion
KpectfoUy submit that had this sta
lP,n been made at the time of the dis
missal that they were dropped without
nreludict* to their rtcord the.v would
have heer, without the lifelong handicap
STlSSe- th"" ,n ?eeklnS ?ther
*'A*'the1 'matter stands the summary
dismissal without notice, under rlrcum
stances which implied a cause not di
vulged, their record is such that they
.r? disqualified for any service In the
noverr.ment whatsoever; at any rate
inducible for reinstatement In any ca
pacity even under the Ave year exten
sion order Issued by you tinder date of
June 25, 1921."
Wire Communication Para
lyzed by Storm.
Omaha. April I0.-9now raln, fall
Ing temperature and high winds, which
heean late Sunday and continued to
have paralysed wire communlca
tion with the West to-night.
Word received here said all of west
er Nebraska was under a blanket of
in.VS,n ,hn rt'v Denvw r*?orV"1
that a snowstorm of considerable ln
"".tv had swept the northern and
iidrile Ttocky Mountain area. At Lesd
I'tiiai fol ? the theramometer registered
1 ported an eight Inch snowfall.
? T tMlrfcal ~MsT " nn* itee?aoi*?tS.
till"* ?* l0Und 0" ** l2 ~A4v
Summer Weather Beats
April Record of 51 Years
PRINO got ?o ardent yester
day afternoon that it did not
require a stretch of the
Imagination to mistake it for ?um*
mer. The temperature, which rose
to the half tropical altitude of 82
at 4 o'clock, beat ail records for the
date in the flfty-one years that
Uncle Sam has been keeping: tabs.
It even was higher than on any
other April day up to the middle
of the month.
High humidity would have made
it probably the most uncomfortable
? early April day in the annals, but
fortunately for folk in winter flan
nels the moisture in the air was
about normal and there were no
prostrations. A twenty mile breeze
from the southwest tempered the
summerlike conditions.
The forecasters believe the
warmth will continue to-day and
may be relieved by showers, the
proper meteorological caper in
Presidents Form Permanent
Conference to Inaugurate
Beform Next Year.
Amherst, Bowdoin, Colby,
Wesleyan, Hamilton, Will
iams Are in Movement.
Special Dispatc* ,o>T?? ^ To? H?l?
SpniNoriELD, Mass., April 10.-Wth
the adoption of a resolution to abol sh
the seasonal coach in all sports, begin
ning with the fall of 1923. the presi
dents of eleven colleges of New Eng
land and New York this afternoon
crossed the athletic Rubicon and
threw out a challenge to Americas
bifr universities to "go thou and do
After organizing a permanent con
ference and discussing in a sketchy
way a programme which bids fair o
revolutionize and cleanse intercol
legiate sport In a manner which only
a year ago was pronounced Ltopian
and unattainable, the college head,
went at what tfcoy declared was the
root of all evil?the seasonal .oach.
As a preliminary they arrived at a
definition of the term "seasonal
?a team instructor who is engaged
only for the current season, particu
larly in football and baseball.
Thev were unanimous In the beiiei
merely selflsh-that he Is imbued with
an inordinate desire to win In order that
2 own reputation and ^ ary may be
Increased. They .!? ftM~
nopal coach has attracted
attention and grown too important for
the welfare of his team. the. sport ar.d
the college employing him.
Blow at Alum... Control.
In place of the temporary coach the
college presidents voted to adopt the
faculty system. This Provides that all
coaches shall be members of the teach
ing staff-either in the Apartment of
physical education or in any other
division of the faculty, and what Is
radical and highly Important.
that the coaches shall be paid by
colleges themselves, as are other Instruc
tor- and not by athletic associations,
student bodies and groups of Graduates^
This Is a blow at alumni control and
influence, which has come In for a lot
of attention lately. The resolution fol
l?WRecognlzinB that Intercollegiate
athletics are at present a part of the
work of the department of physical
education, we recommend to our re
spective faculties and trustees that
beginning with the fall of 1923 * '
coaches be appointed ,n the ""?
way as are members of the faculty
and other officers of the Institution.
We further recommend that as
soon as It Is practicable, and if pos
sible by the fall of 1023. seasonal
coaches be replaced by coaches who
are members of the faculty as de
fined In the following terms: 1. they
shall be paid by the col'ege and only
by the college; 2, they shall be In
residence throughout the year; 3,
they shall have other duties in the
phvslcal training department or in
some other department <n addition to
their coaching : 4. they shall be paid
at the same rate as the other mem
bers of the faculty ; , 5, they shall
have the same permanence of ap
pointment as other members of the
faculty: 6. they shall be selected In
the same way as other members of
the faculty.
President Alexander Melklejohn or
\mherst, who has been a leader In the
movement against the sessonsl coach,
presided over the new conference. The
other college heads who attended were
Kenneth M. Sl??. Bow.Ioln; Arthur J.
Rrberts, Colby: Frederick C. Ferry,
Hamilton: Paul T>. Moody Mlddlebury:
Rf msen B. Ogllby, Trinity; John A.
Cousens. Tufts; Charles A. Richmond.
1-nlon Guv W. Bailey. Vermont: Wll
Itm Arnold Shanklln. YVesleyan : Hany
A narfteld. Williams. President Clifton
B Gray of Bales wss unable to attend
It is taken for granted that Pates wi'l
abide bj the decisions of the conference
ami send a delegate to the next mee'.
In Presidents Melklejohn. Ogllby and
Si-Is were named the executive commit
tee with O. Ogllby as secretary, and wl I
.oon send out a call for another meet
lnS at which ?he various presidents w?
renort the action of their faculties an-1
lv nrd? of trustees and ratify the reaolu
Xn That all the colleges will stand
bv their presidents Is a certainty, aa the
vi rlou.a l.rnds without doubt knew their
gtound before entering Into to-dsy? ?e?
S,?In discussing the resolution President
M.lhlejohn declared that the barrln* of
r, nsonnl coaches was the first step
toward the abolition of coaches.
?When we net facility roachaa nstea.l
?f professional. seasonal. ',ln'rV^
coaches, we will take the coach off -he
bn.ch and the side lines and put htm in
Contlaied on Pm
5000 on FOR
Reserves, Including Cav
alry and Motors, Wanted
to Fight Crime Wave.
A Few Already Start Walk
ing Posts; Majority Wait
for Further Orders.
Home of Mrs. Martha Mac
Craeken Is Looted of
Priceless Silver. ?
Extraordinary measures taken by
Police Commissioner Enright follow
ing the revelation the police have been
concealing news of a $40,000 robbery
in the apartment of Mrs. Martha Mc
Cracken in 815 Park avenue, precisely
as they attempted to suppress news of
the burglary of Myron C. Taylor's
home in 16 East Seventieth street,
marked the last twenty-four hours
I of the period of violent crime.
The principal step taken by Enright
amounts virtually to an appeal to the
public to volunteer for police work to
supplement an undermanned force.
The Commmlssioner directed Deputy
Commissioner Rodman Wanamaker in
charge of the 5,000 police reserves to
call this citizen force into service, and
last night a considerable proportion
of experienced volunteers were walk
ing post in aid of the regulars.
Only n Few Report.
Both Commiiisioner Wanamaker and
his aide, former Inspector John F.
Dwyer, were out of the city yesterday,
so it could not be learned what steps
are being taken to obtain the release of
the reservists' from their civilian em
ployment so they can go on police duty.
In the absence of any definite Instruc
tions only a few of the men reported
for duty last night In Manhattan, at
the Fifth street, Clinton street, the
WeKt 152d street. West 177th street and
the West 100th street stations.
The lieutenants of several stations
said that reservists had come In to in
quire about their tours of duty, and
had left after being told that no official
orders had been received. At the head
quarters of the reserves In Greenwich
street last night it was said that no one
was in who had sufficient authority to
make public the number of reserves on
Another measure directed by the ha
rassed Commissioner was the calling
into night patrol duty of the majority
of the motorcycle squad, and this means
tr.at about seventy-five armed police
men using motorcycles capable of speed
ing up to eighty miles an hour will be
combing the streets for crooks and
ruspicionable persons throughout the
night. The Commissioner announced
also he Intended to go before the Board
of Aldermen to-morrow to ask for six
high power motor cars with which to
chase motoracar bandits. It has already
been indicated that his request will be
granted and that $20,900 will be found
for the purpose.
McCracken Home Looted.
Revelation of the McCracken robbery
came within a few hours after It be
came known that the home of Myron
C. Taylor, now In the South with his
family, In 16 East Seventieth street had
been robbed by two men who smashed
j the plate glass of the front door, only
i a few steps from Fifth avenue, at noon
I on Sunday. Mrs. Martha McCracken.
I Ihe widow of George McCracken. who
died about five years ago, and who
! formerly lived In Tarry town. iert her
, apartment on March IS. leaving a cook
and maid In charge. They went to the
movies when evening came and did not
return until 9:30. They found the apart
ment topsyturvy, bureau drawers turned
out upon the rug*, chests overturned
and the silver closet as bare as Mother
Hubbard's cupboard.
More than $40,000 In almost priceless
old silver which had come down to Mrs.
McCracken from several generations of
her family; considerable Jewelry and
clothing were taken. The robbery was
imported to the police of the East Sixty
seventh street station, the station house
where the news of the Taylor robbery
was kept from all the newspapers yes
terday morning except Thk Nkw York
Hfrai.d. Under Oapt. Wall of that
station detectives have been Investigat
ing the robbery for nearly a month with
no apparent results. It Is supposed the
burglars got Into the sp^rtment from a
f're escape and window, and that they
gained access to the fire escnpe from the
roof of an adjoining garage.
Evidently the McCracken visitors were
Continued on Pain* Seven.
Banker Tells Salvationist
He Will Quit Army if
Committee Says So.
Executive Body Will Decide
Its Stand in the
Up-State Methodists Indorse
Barring of Anti-Prohibi
tionists From Drive.
T*mes Speyer. banker, In a telegram
yesterday from White Sulphur SP"ngs,
?w. Ya? to Miss Evangeline Booth,
commander of the Salvation Army, re
fused to follow out her suggestl f
?. ? n.tlon.lv.e.-tre.^n^of
the Association Against th
,lo? Amendment while MUM <
m.n of a cltlien. committee tore to
further the coming Salvation
home service drive for 1500.000.
Miss Booth was making a
wide trip when Mr. Speyer was made
chairman of the Salvation Army
rr-ittee It was not until her return
to this city on Friday that she was |
informed of this action of th?c0?^n"t
? pp which is made UP P
bankers, city officials and business
mctl. When Miss Booth le"ned ^ .
Mr. Speyer was an officer th^?U.
prohibition organization she sent
telegram on Saturday asking hi?
resign from that body and ?,
as head of the Salvation Army drive.
In his telegram to Miss Booth Mr.
js'??'..Id he would take wh.tev.r
I So the citizen. committee would
suggest regarding hi. ?'lsn*?";
Whereupon Ml?? Booth called a meet
ing of the citizens committee for
Lnernoon In the Hotel Penn.ylv.nl.,
'Vre.U'tVo? r'S
I prohibition stand."
F/XMOtlrvM 'I"'*
Frederick Houeman. vice-chairman of
i 1'iw"1 ?___? drive In comment
the Salvation Army dnve- M.?
lnK on th^contro^X^n^s
LTamleimg of ^
5 Vcon
ference in the Hotel Pennsy'vanla.
Besides Mr. Speyer and Mr. Housman.
the members of the
tee of the citizens commltte? f?r
Gulterner. The 'Uixen. cornmiUee aj>
has as member ^ BulKley. i
nard M. Baruc . cadman. Robert
Relgelmanjrank R?oaevelt.
mtt Roosevelt, ^o'1 >H w Taft.
Charles H_ Saw ^am GeorKe F Wl -
George W. \\ ic* BChe- William Hamlin
son. Jules - ? vVhalen. David H.
Chllds, orover ? Harold A.
K"Ott. Alfred l g M?.
Hatch, Heri>er yveard. James H.
dure. M. Schwab. Lee Shu
Perkins, Chia .. T Marring, Jesse
rrLaskv?aPnd^ S1SK Joseph Sll/ermaa
i Miss Booths telegram to Mr. Speyer
re*d?: mv return last night from the
?'Upon my bv representative*
r.osst I was In , onor you have con
?f the press of ttw ho"^ Army by con
fi-ri-ed upon th - . an 0f our drive com
?ntlng<o be ^ deep(y appreciating
n:lttee. As wei ^ namp my grwa
the influence nd^,rat,oh for your be
affectlon 8" particularly happy
level ^lf? r?*thuTconnected with our
to have you tnus
organization. told prM1,
"l Warn,lxeV of vour occupying a
representatl ? anti-prohlbltlon
leading P?i?lonJ\?: your knowledge
movement. I Army.B belng an Inter-1
of the Salvation understand
natlonal org*nUatlo^ ? wp hav#
irg th%^m theb^gInning against the
taken |rfttinK liquor In any and
t.? of .intoxicating ^ of fhe
even' f?rm nuestion of politics but
world, not will" s*,fi <h" <"fr,culty
rrl^IPi bv the announcement of your
created ** rv t0 our teaching.
views -con-rv he possible for
r' ""
mntlnned on Page Poor.
Search at Races for Myers
and Rockefeller, Jr.'s, $5,000
Detective* of the District Attorney'!
office are searching at race tracks and
elsewhere for Jerome A. Myers, national
director of the Constitutional League of
America, against whom a grand larceny
charge has heen made by William de
Forrest Manlce, member of the law firm
of O'Brien, Boardman. Parker A Fox.
120 Broadway and treasurer of the
The larceny charge Is said to Involve
$6,000 given to the league by John D.
Rockefeller. Jr., and deposited by Myers
in his personal hank account. It Is
understood that the sum came from Mr.
Rockefeller on condition that $20,000 be
raised from other sources. Officers of
the league wouhl not confirm or deny
Ths Best Writing Papers
art Whiting Papers,?Adv,
thl? version. Mr. Rockefeller could not
be reached.
William H. Anderson of the Antl
Paioon league had charged that the
Constitutional I.eaguc was hoaxing
prominent persons Into Its ra-iks and
demanded that the District Attorney ex
amine Myers's books. Myers addressed
a letter to District Attorney Banton
urging him to conduct an Investigation,
A few days later, according to reports,
Myers disappeared. Business associates
yesterday said they believed he had left
t? rlty due to III health.
\ le president of the Cons'Itutlonal
League |s Morgan J. O'Brien, v.ee-presl
dent. Theodore Roosevelt. Jr., a.id secre
tary. Herbert C. Pell, Jr. It claims
among lt? members President Hardin*.
Secretary Hughes and hundred* of
other high public officials.
Berlin Says No to Allies' De
mand to Control Her
Final Default May Involve
Stern Measures Under the
Versailles Treaty.
Paris, April 10 (Associated Press).?
What is viewed in official circles as a
grave crisis in the relations between
France and Germany was reached to
day Just as the Genoa conference was
assembling:, with the possibility of the
military occupation of further Ger
man territory presenting itself. This
came as a result of a negative reply
from the Berlin Government to the
note of the Reparations Commission
on the German reparations mora
torium in which certain fiscal reforms
were demanded of Germany.
tA dispatch from Berlin says the Ger
man reply to the Allied Reparations
Commission says Germany cannot con
tent to the guaranties demanded by the
commission where they exceed the offer
made In the German note of January 28,
or consent to proposed allied control of
its revenues and expenditures. The note
re quests the commission to revise its In
cision of March 21 Involving the demand
that Germany increase her taxation by
60,000,000,000 paper marks.]
Mine Explosion Kill* Score.
The explosion of a hidden mine at
Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, involving the
killing of more than a score of French
soldiers, Is considered as likely to
complicate the situation, provoking as
it will energetic diplomatic action on
the part of France at Berlin.
High French officials now express
th< Ir conviction that the present Ger
man Government will be unable to curb
the reactionary agitation and that tha
time is near when the Allies will >?e
olliged either to renounce the execution
of the treaty of Vetsailles or bring
strong pressure to bear on Germany.
The Reparations Commission may
now adopt one of three different methods
in meeting the situation. It may Insist
u;>on Its conditions. In another com
munication to the German Government j
it may announce to Berlin that the
conditions having been refused the
moratorium is canceled and demanJ
payments under the allied schedule or it
may refer the German refusal to the
Allied Governments as a final default
in the execution of the treaty of Ver
Steps to Enforcement.
In case a final default Is reported to
the Governments each ally may under
tlie treaty of Versailles take separate'y
such measures to protect Its Interests
as it deems proper, It Is held by high
French authorities. This would permi1
military occupation of the Ruhr V*l
lty or other additional German terri
tory by one of the Allies, France fur
instance, without an accord with the
other Allies.
The French Government's attitude In
the past year has been against further
occupations, but the present adminis
tration Is known to be much concerned
over the situation and tha feeling is
growing also tnat the reactionary ele
ment in Germany Is stronger than the
Government and that no improvement in '
the situation is to be hoped for.
The German note of January 28, ,
which was In response to the Repara- '
tlons Commission's demand for explan
ations of Germany's alleged Inability to '
meet her obligations for January and
February, requested that Germany be |
relieved of all cash payments In 1922. |
It also asked for a general reduction In ,
cash payments and an Increase in pay
ments In kind.
The refusal by Germany of the allied
conditions attached to a partial mora- |
torium on reparations was forecast Irr a
speech b*. Chancellor Wlrth In the '
Reichstag March 22. The Reichstag 1
shortly afterward passed a resolution
declaring the demands of the commls- i
slon were intolersble and Indnralnir the
Chancellor's statement with regard to |
Eleven French Soldiers Killed,
Hand Grenades Found.
Paris, April 10 (Associated Press).?
Eleven French soldiers were killed and I
ten Injured In the explosion Sunday near
Oleiwltz, Upper Silesia, when a bomb
wan detonated In a graveyard by the
soldiers who were searching for hidden
arm*. The sexton of the church In the
cemetery *?? among the Killed. Fifty
rifles were found concealed under the
earth of the cemetery. This Information
was given out officially here this eve
A commission of Inquiry has been ap
pointed to establish the cause of the ex
plosion and fix the responsibility.
Bltai.lN. April 10.?Official Kntente
quarters at (llelwlts say that since the
explosion occurred In the cemetery near
the Huetten Smeltln* Works forty hand
grenade* have been found scattered
about the cemetery. The conservative
press at Olelwltx attributed the explo
sion to a Polish plot whose purpose was
to cause trouble for Herman}-.
The explosion took place In the family
vault of fount Klnsledel, one of, the
founders of the Royal Smelting Works,
In thecem'-tery connected with the works.
The unofficial reports assort a hidden
mine was detonated.
Atlanta-lllrmlngham Mpnial. New I?ally
I Train. 2:0% P. M.. commencing Apr. tflth.
?up?rlnr dining car ssrvlce an<1 through
1 sUcpsrt. B(aboard. 142 W. 42nd Bt.?Adv.
Object Is to Find Best Way to Restore Prosperity,
Without Aggression and Recognizing One
Another's Contracts and Institutions With
Equal Justice in Courts.
Genoa, April 10 (Associated Press).?
Prime Minister Lloyd George, after
Signor Facta, Premier of Italy, had
delivered his formal address opening j
the economic conference, arose and j
"This is the greatest gathering of
European nations which has ever as
sembled on this continent, and having
regard for the magnitude of the as
sembly, the character of its represen
tation and the importance of the
topics we are here to discuss, the re
sults of the conference will be far
reaching In their effects, either for
better or for worse, upon the destiny
not merely of Europe, but the whole
"We meet on equal terms, provided
we accept equal conditions. We are
not here as allied and enemy states;
we are not here as belligerents or neu
trals; we have not come together as
monarchists or republicans or soviet-,
lsts. We are assembled as the repre
sentatives of all the nations and peo
ples of Europe to seek out in common
the best methods for restoring the
shattered prosperity of this continent.
So may each build up in his own land,
each in his own way, a better condi
tion of things for the people than the
world has yet enjoyed. But if we
meet on terms of equality it must be
because we accept equal conditions.
Conditions Laid Down.
"These conditions inviting the Pow
ers were laid down at Cannes. They
apply to all alike; they are the condi
tions which heretofore have been ac
cepted by all civilized communities as
the basis of international good faith.
They in themselves are honorable,
they are essential to any Intercourse
between nations, they do not derogate
from the complete sovereignty of the
state. We fully accept them ourselves,
they are the only conditions on which
we can consent to deal with others.
I will summarize them in two or three
"The first is, when a country en
ters into contractual obligations With
another country or Its nationals for
value received, that contract cannot
he repudiated whenever the country
changes its government without re
turning value.
"The second is that no country can
wage war on the Institutions of an
"The third is that one nation shall
not engage in aggressive operations
against the territory of another.
"The fourth Is that the nations of
one country shall he entitled to im
partial Justice in the courts of an
"If any people reject these ele
mentary conditions of civilized fnter
course between nations they cannot
be expected to be received Into the
comity of nations.
Accepted nt Cinnra.
"These conditions were laid down at
Cannes; they were Incorporated in the
invitation to this confcrence; they are
tho fundamental basis of its proceed
ings, and all those who accepted the
invitation must be presumed to have
accepted the conditions, and I have
every reason to believe that that Is the
view which every nation represented
in tliis assembly Is prepared to adhere
to in letter and in spirit.
"Europe undoubtedly needs a com
mon effort to repair the devastation
wrought by the most destructive war
ever waged in this world. That war
came to an end three years ago. Eu
rope. exhausted with its fury, with the
loss of blood and treasure it Involved.1
Is staggering under the colossal bur
dens of debt and reparation It entaileO.
Tho pulse of commerce Is boating
feebly, wildly; In some lands artlflclril
activity Is stimulated elfher by de
mands for repairing the ravages of
war or by generations of thrift by the
frugal and industrious among the peo
p'e; but legitimate trade, commerce
and Industry sre everywhere disorgan
ized and deprersed.
"There is unemployment In th?> West,
there is famlno and pestilence In the
Kast; the peoples of all races and all
classes are suffering?some more, som*
less, but nil are suffering?and unless
some common effort by all the nations
of Europe Is made, and made Immedi
ately, to restore European efficiency
I can see symptoms not merely that
the suffering will continue, but that It
may even deepen Into despair.
Peace the first Nerd.
"What Is the first need of Europe?
Pence?a real peace. We propose to
study th* currency. Oood! We pro
pose to examine the question of ex
changes. That also 1s good. We pro
pose to discuss transport and credit
That Is all good. But unless peace Is
established and good will among na
tions all these discussions will be of
no avail.
"On the other hand. If real peace is
the Issue of this conference all those
things will ho Added unto you. But Is
there no peace In Europe? It Is true
that actual fighting has ceased, but
the snarling goes on. ani? ss there are
many dogs In every country who
' Imagine that the louder they bark the
deeper Impression they make of their
ferocity and determination, Europe Is
deafened by this canine clamor.
"It is undignified; it is distracting;
it destroys confidence; it has rattled
the nerves of a nerve ruir.ed continent,
and we shall only make a real con
tribution to the restoration of Europe
1 at this conference wo can stop the
snarling. Europe needs rest, quiet,
tranquillity?that Is, she needs peace.
"If we act together in the same
spirit we shall succeed. Not in a
spirit of greedy vigilance over selfish
interests, but with a common desire
to do the best to restore the world to
its normal condition of health and
vigor. We shall do so if we measure
the success of this conference by the
good we achieve, not by the good we
prevent. We must not roll bowlders
in front of the plow. I.*t us think
more of what can be accomplished
than what can be restricted.
Weight of Public Opinion.
"We have all of us one common re
striction in the public opinion of our
own countries. The public opinion of
one country is concentrated perhaps
mors upon one aspect of affairs, the
public opinion of another country upon
a different object- That undoubtedly
creates difficulties. It is not easy to
reconcile theso divergent opinions,
even when they are not conflicting.
"But public opinion Is not a rigid
fact, like the Alps or the Apennines;
It is amenable to guidance, to direc
tion, to the appeal of reason and con
science, and I feel confident that in
every way It will yield a good deal to
an appeal made to Its mind and heart
by the common statesmanship of Eu
rope. Tt can bo taught that the good
of another country is not necessarily
an evil for its own; on the contrary,
that which benefits all the lands must
necMsarily be best for Its own.
' The world is one economic unit.
Economically it is not even two hem
| (spheres?It Is one round unbroken
I sphere. For that reason I regret that
the great American republic is not
represented . here. However, much
that has happened and Is happening in
Europe makes Americans cautious in
Interfering In our affairs. But If wo
can set these things right at this con
ference, I feel sure America will not
merely come In but come In gladly.
Another Colnmbna Wanted.
"A distinguished citizen of this city
once upon a time discovered America,
and as Genoa In the past discovered
America to Europe, I am hopeful that
Genoa once more will render another
immortal service to humanity by re
discovering Europe to America.
"Thirty-four nations are repre
sented at this table, and the interest
taken in the conference by the world
Is by no means exhausted by that
representation. The press of prac
tically all the world Is represented.
These representatives would not be
here If the great publics, which, ac
cording to their genius, they either
fortify and instruct or alarm and
chasten, wero not deeply concerned In
our proceedings and anxious aa to
the results.
"The world will follow our delibera
tions witb alternate hopes and fears.
If we fail, there will be a sense of
despair which will sweep over the
whole world: if we succeed, a ray of
confidence will Illuminate the gloom
which Is resting on the spirit of man
"Europe Is the cradle of the great
civilisation which during the last 600
years has spread aero, s the globe.
That civilization has been menaced
with destruction by the horrors of the
last few years. But if we do our duty
manfully, fearlessly, we shall prove
by this conference, meeting as It does
In a sacred week, that civilization is
capable of achieving Its exalted pur
pose by establishing on a firm basis
peace and good will amongst men."
No Animals to Abuse and|
Fines Fall Off.
Mr*. Nettle S. Rowell nnj eighteen
other member* of the New Jersey
| Society for the Prevention ?.f Cruelty
ventlon of Cruelty to Animals applied '
fore Vice Chancellor Feldler In
Nuwar for a rerelvershlp on the ground
t.ist the society had b>?en mis
managed and money expend.;d Illegally.
8 AVIsner Thorne, a former president of
the society, explained the roore exten
sive use of *he automobile had cur
tailed the society's Income from fines,
which the courts were In the habit of ,
turning over to the organization. Only
one agent Is employed nor, he said,
ulille formerly there were four, and this
one's salary ha* been drawn from the
treasury Several other officer* of ths
society testified everything was be:ng ?
I done according to law. The natter ws? j
! adjourned for two weeks.
Hobhers (ift IB Puree! Post Park
?gen for Council RltifTs.
CoUKCn. Bi.trrra, April 10.?Robbery 1
of a mall rar containing parorl post
from New York to Council Rluffs was
reported to-day by Post Office Inspector
? llenn. Fifteen pouches had been opened
! en route and selected contents stolen.
Th" ear had been padlocked at New
i York. An estimate of the lota Is lmpos
I slble.
Details as to the road, train and
rout* involved aro withheld,
Tchitcherin Quotes Bri
and, Bringing Protest
From French Dele
gation's Chief.
Llo.vd George Exercises In
fluence Against 'Over
loading Ship.'
Russia Finally Accepts in Prin
ciple, Reserving Rights for
Eventual Modification.
Social Cable to Tnr Nrw Yo.k Hbuld.
Copvrioht, 1915. ftv The New >ouk
Genoa, April 10. - Georgevitcb
Tchltcherin, the Russian Foreign
Minister, nearly became the Hughe*
of the Genoa conference at the open
ing session to-day by raising the
question of disarmament and invok
ing a storm which for a few minutes
threatened a catastrophe for further
proceedings. He did not. as did Sec
retary Hughes in Washington, begin
with a definite offer of sacrifice by his
own Government. In fact, his refer
ence to disarmament consisted of the
simplo statement that there was a
demand for it. and the conference
had better discuss it.
lJut that reference sufficed to set off
Louis Barthou. the French Minister
of Justice and head of the French
delegation, who was on his feet as
aoon as M. Tchltcherin had finished,
emphatically announcing that Franc?
under no circumstances would permit
the discussion of dlsarmanent in
plenary or committee or subcommlt
I tee sessions.
j M. Barthou declared that the pro
gram of what was not on the agenda
j and what was on the agenda bad to
be observed. M. Tchltcherin replied
in his quiet manner that RubsI* v
' knew what France's position on dis
! armament was. M. Brland at the
Washington conference, he said, naa
justified French armaments by say
ing that "Russia's armaments had
made disarmament impossible."
"We hope by open discussion to b*
able to allay French suspicion." said
M. Tchltcherin. "Russia must hare
disarmament, and knows it."
Prime Minister Lloyd George tried
to exercise a soothing influence, and
for a moment he sided with the Rus
sian delegate, admitting that Europe
must disarm if there was not to be
failure. He then opposed the addition
of disarmament to the agenda. He
likened the conference to a heavily
laden ship. To overload it was to
sink it; and he felt there already
was plenty of work for the present
M. Tchltcherln's speech included
references both to disarmament and
the prospect of future conferences. M.
Barthou protested that both these were
extraneous and forbidden because
they were not included In the agenda.
This was the first official statement
that disarmament will not be taken
up for discussion.
Luigi Facta. the Italian Premier
and president of the conference, not
withstanding that he himself, in his
opening address, had Included military
reforms among the questions needing
discussion, ruled disarmament out of
order and when M. Tchltcherin tried
to speak again refused to give him the
floor. M. Barthou also came under
President Facta's severe ruling, for in
trying to repeat the French view he
was called to order. Signer Facta say
ing he could not permit him to speak
because he had refused M Tchltcher^
Ins proposal. A peaceful spirit had
prevailed until this episode; but the
first Pan European conference in his
tory had made an Inauspicious start
The first wsslon was opened in the
bHI of the Palace of P?n Glorfto at I
o'clock this afternoon. File upon file of
Premiers. Foreign Ministers and "Co
r.cmlc experts were seated at the double
row of tables, composing the most dis
tinguished gathering of statesmen In
modern times. Every speaker availed
tvrrself of the fact thst Genoa Is a city
of commercial greatness, as a symbol
frrtboding the good outcome of the con
feren<-e. ,, .
' prlmo Minister Uoyd r.eorge eallru
*? trntlon to the unique fitness In that
lhr aesslon was housed In the building
?here G?noae first bank was estab
lished The British Premier sounded
the keynote of the conference with the
" "The"fighting has ceased In F.urope.
b?t the *narl ?oes on. The greatest con
tribution wc csn make^to reconstruct
?.or, Is to stop the snarl.'"
The address of Ixwi'.s Barthou was
delivered with convincing execution. It
was n proteetat'.on of France s pacifism
and her Intention to collaborate actively
| Genoa for world reconstruction I
bring the deliberate voice and the loyel
I h?>rt of France, he raid. Fa.tn in
1 %ctlon must save
direct challenge of Mr. Lloyd George s

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