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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, April 22, 1922, Image 11

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NEW YORK HERALD
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present owner, in 1920.
SATURDAY. APRIL 22, 1922.
A Subtle Countermove.
Of course the public has not had,
and is not likely to have, the whole
story ot the Rapallo treaty between
Germany and Russia. The secret mo
tives that caused its precipitate exe
cution have not been revealed.
The rather casual statements given
out by Germany and Russia to the
effect that a treaty between these two
nations had been discussed in Berlin
and was on the verge of execution at
the time of the opening of the con
ference arc not convincing.
Neither is the statement convinc
ing that they wished to enter the
conference unhampered by a treaty
alliance. Such statements are ad
missible in diplomacy.
If Germany and Russia had found
the atmosphere of the conference
more to their liking; if they had
found themselves in the favored
sphere of influence, it may well be
that the Rapallo treaty never would
have been framed and signed.
Indeed, the whole affair has the
r?ppcarance of a subtle countermove
by these two nations to strengthen
their position, and the indications at
this juncture are tbat they did so?
strengthened it markedly.
Argentina's Turf Hero Dead.
South America suffered a great, loss
in the recent death of the young
liorse Botafogo, a thoroughbred
which excelled anything in the way
of a racehorse in the Argentine quite
us mtirh as Man o' War excelled all
other ra<otoorscs in this country dur
ing his campaigns in 1919 and 1920.
Rota logo's career 011 the turf was
much like that of Man o* War in
that he suffered a single defeat out
ol" nineteen starts, only to run away
irom the victor. Gray Fox, when the
pair were matched for another race
later in the season. This was when
the colt was a three-year-old. The
circumstances surrounding the defeat
of the South American champion de
veloped a scandal the echoes of which
are still heard in and arfrand the
home of the Jockey Club in the city
of Buenos Aires.
There was the same dissatisfaction
in this country when Upset beat Man
o' War for the Saratoga Special in
1919, and if the American turf has
had a more unsatisfactory race it 16
not on the records. It was the only
time the sou of Fair Play was ever
beaten, and he showed his superior
ity to Upset and all the other horses
of his own ago at other times in so
pronounced a fashion that his single
dof?sat has never been explained to
ihe satisfaction of informed students
of form.
Americans had a personal Interest
in Botafogo, for his dam, the imported
mar-3 Korea by Raeburn, was owned
In this country for a time. She won
several rates before going to the
stud of Major Tiioma* J. Carson.
formerly of Kentucky but now of
Mississippi, who sold her in South
America along with others from bis
fjfxlana Stud ut the time of the dras
tic anti-racing legislation which well
nigh annihilated blood stock breed
ing in the United States in the years
between 190s and 1912.
Old Man, the sire of the dead cham
pion, was a Krandson of Bend Or,
whose descendants have becu doing
big things on the turf in every land
under the sun for more than a gener
ation. Rotufogo was looked upon as
worthy of carrying on the traditions
of the family In the stud. There are
? number of line sires in the Argen
tine possessing strains of the same
remarkable blood. Tracery by Rock
Sand nut of Topiary by Orme has it
in abundance and so lias the dis
tinguished Crnganour by Desmond
out of Veneration II. by Uaveno.
which finished first in the Kngllsh
Derby of 1913. but was put back for
fouling Aboyeur.
Stock breeders of the Argentine
will pay more for a sire of high qual
ity. whether it be stallion, bull, boar
or mm. tbnn nny other breeders In
t'ic world. They gave Aunt/m
Bet siojfT $264,000 for Tracery?the
highest price ever paid for a thor
oughbred Btallion?and readily met
the price of $150,000 asked by C.;
Boweb Ismat after Cragauour's:
Derby. Botafogo himself was bought i
by Seflores Benito Villanueva and
Mabtinez de Hoz for $225,000 gold at
the close of his racing career.
Hylanesque.
In his effort to counteract the ef
fect of Governor Moxer's speech on
the State's duty in the matter of the i
city's transit situation Mayor Hylan |
resorts to all his old ways of abusing
the Governor. One of these is the ;
htatement that Mr. Mu-leji was once ;
the attorney of the Brooklyn Rapid
Transit Company.
What is the evil in that, assuming
its truth? Mr. Hylan himself was
once the attorney for the Black Dia
mond Automobile Company. If that ;
corporation were still alive and look
ing for city business would the Mayor j
be suspected of favoring it? No, only ,
by the meanest minds.
It is doubtful, however, whether\
the Governor cares what the Mayor
says so long as the city gets better ;
transportation service. In the same
speech in which he breathed fire at
I the Governor Mr. Hylan as much I
I as promised that the Board of Esti- (
I mate would act soon on the Four
I teenth street subway contracts. It;
j sounded like a man who is yielding i
| to the inevitable.
i Governor Miller made it plain to !
I the people of New York that the'
i State, through the Transit Commls- j
I Bion. is doing its best to right the.
j transportation wrongs and that it
! will uot patiently endure obstruction ;
j from politicians or public service
! corporations.
The straphangers do not care how
j badly the Governor has wounded the
Mayor's vanity. They will be de
I lighted, though, if the Governor s;
plain talk stirs the Board of Esti- j
' mate to action.
Time for Action in Ireland.
Generally speaking, a strike is a i
poor weapon to use against disorder: i
it is likely to add fuel to the fire, j
But the one day strike threatened by j
the Irish trades unions as a means I
of bringing the Provisional Govern- j
ment of the Irish Free State to a full
sense of Its responsibilities is at least (
a good indication of the Irish atti-j
tude toward the lamentable condition
of affairs in the island.
The labor manifesto demands that j
the military be brought to recognize i
civil authority. In other words, the ;
administration of Collins and j
Gbiffith must put down the insur-!
rectlon that exists or confess itself
unable to govern. The negotiations
now under way between the Free!
State leaders and the De Valera
group ore unlikely to end the
guerrilla warfare which besets Dub
lin. The wild young men who are;
saying with their guns that they will
have a republic or nothing would ;
probably repudiate any agreement
made by De Valeba in the way of
peace.
The hesitation of Collins to use |
drastic methods toward the rebels is j
naturally attributed to his disin- I
cliuation to have them regarded as j
martyrs. But as the rebels are raur- j
dering citizens?citizens of the Free
State which the Collins Government'
has been commissioned to maintain
and protect?it is about time that
they were recognized and treated as
: outlaws, not as patriots.
Contrasts in City Hall-Park.
Now that "Civic Virtue'' is on its
pedestal in City Hall 1'ark the pub
! He has its chance to form Its own
opinion of the MacMonnles marble.
If it thinks the hero's face too remi
niscent of the football player of the
'90s, if it finds the bobbed hair or
i the bony form of the sirens distaste-;
1 ful, If it fears the work too large for;
' its surroundings, then let the Art |
j Commission hear the verdict of the
Six Million.
At any rate, the people should go
! and see. And if the big white fel
low on the fountain does not fill their
mind's eye then they have only to j
' turn around and find solace In an- <
(other work of Mr. MacMonniek. exc
j cuted thirty years ago. In all the
I world of sculpture there could be no
greater contrast than that between
| "Civic Virtue" and the bronze like
ness of Nathan Hale. One is huge, i
I white, well fed and somewhat vacant
i of expression. The other is small,
dark, lean and burning with the fire
j of the patriot.
It is worth while putting "Civic i
! Virtue" up in the Park if it serves
no other purpose than to bring New
Yorkers to a spot where they must
nee the Appealing llgure of Hale.
The Tragedy of Monastir.
I The explosion at Monastir, in west- i
ern Serbia near the frontiers of Al-!
bania and Greece, of 400 carloads of,
ammunition belonging to the former
allied armies In the Near East Is one i
! of the greatest, catastrophes of the
kind which the world has ever j
I known. This beautiful Balkan town
I appears to have had little else than
tragedy in its strange, eventful hid
! tory, and its inhabitants in the fare
of this last disaster might, well be
Inclined to agree with one of Its his
! torlans that Monastir from Its found
j Ing some twenty centuries ago seems
to have been chosen for 8 tragic
destiny.
Monastir. the Heraclea Lyncestisof
the Roman Empire, was the most Im
portant commercial and strategic
point between the Adriatic, and Sa
Ion lea on the Via Eunati. the great
highway connecting the Eastern and
! Western empires. Roman factions
j fought over It and ??? would de
I
stroy it, another rebuild it. Later
it was besieged and captured by Al
banians. Greeks and Bulgurs, and
served all in turn as a capital. Near
by at Ochrida Czar Samubx. in the
tenth century proclaimed the Bul
garian Empire, and through Monastir '
straggled back home Samukl'h 15,000 ^
soldiers, blinded by order of the
Byzantine ruler Basil II.
The Turks after a long siege cap
tured it and, partly destroying it,
built upon its old foundations a new
town with Turkish palaces, great
administration buildings, barracks'
and a hundred . splendid mosques, j
Monaatir in the last century was the
center of the long racial and re
ligious strife In Macedonia. The
Serbs finally won it in the Balkan
war and transformed it into a Ser
bian defense. No place in the Bal
kans was so hard fought over in the
world war as Monastir, and when the
Bulgars with King FV.rdinand at
their head marched into the captured j
stronghold they found a silent, devas-'
tated city.
The inhabitants had scarcely be
gun to remove the scars of wars and
fires when they were confronted with '
this week's disaster. Hundreds, ac
cording to the report, were killed
and more than half of the inhabi
tants are shelterless owing to the de
struction of their homes. If this
town of tragedies is to be rebuilt it
would seem that Europe must help
in the work of reconstruction. Who
was to blame for the disaster is not
yet clear; perhaps the responsibil-j
ity will never be determined. But!
the placing of such an immense
stock of high explosives in a position .
which imperiled a whole town full
of peoplo is certainly an offense!
against humanity which should not j
pass without an investigation.
Vatican and Soviet.
Even before Cardinal Ratti be- j
came Pope it was reported in Rome :
that the Catholic Church had in !
mind a missionary invasion of Rus-'
sia. which had suffered a decline'
spiritual as well as political and eco-1
nomic. The election of Cardinal,
Rattt. who had been Papal Nuncio!
to Poland in the days of that coun-I.
try's struggle against Bolshevism,
added to the belief that Rome would
send its workers to the vast region
where the organization of the Greek
Church, alienated sister of the Roman..
had been l>roken by the revolution.
So it is no surprise to hear from '
Rome that representatives of the So
viet have signed a treaty with the I
Vatican permitting Jesuits, Francis-i
cans and some other orders to enter
Russia and carry on educational j
work. The Soviet, which came to'
power through disorder, now longs
for order. As the Roman Catholic
Church is a strong supporter of gov
ernmental order the Lenine Govern
ment expects to benefit by admitting
the missionaries. The reasons of the I
Church for wishing the door opened
to the Russian field are obvious.
Two Mothers.
A youth of 19 was convicted as a
robber in New York city last week
and was remanded for sentence by i
the court. He may be sent to Sing
Sing for a term of twenty years.
This young man's mother was a
highly respected resident of one of
those settlements in this town!
wherein neighborliness persists and 1
friendships arc cultivated. She bore I
up bfavely when her eldest son gave ?
his life for his country in Prance; I
that sacrifice she could make, not
without grief but without despair.
When her second son's disgrace j
came upon her. however, she could
rot bear up under it. Her mind gave ,
way, and yesterday she si* eeded in
taking her own life.
While this tragedy was iu .gress I
in the crowded city Mrs. Caxharink
Effojr, the young wife of a farmer I
living near Nelson, Missouri, ajlowed j
herself to burn to death rather than |
endanger the lives of her two chil-1
dren. Her clothing was ignited from
a stove. She ran to a bedroom to |
get a blanket to smother the flames.
Her children lay asleep on the bed.1
Mrs. Enon feared that if she went to |
the bed to take the blanket from it 1
her flaming clothing might endanger '
her children. She spared them
danger, hut at the cost of her life.
A great deal of time is spent in the j
consideration and denunciation of the !
superficial follies of women. In
thinking of women let us think of
these two mothers.
The New Broom Makes Trouble.
Clean sweeping is the traditional
virtue of the new broom; on the.
other hand, the spread of the Euro-;
pean corn borer must be charged
against it. That pest was first dis
covered in the United States in 1917.
and investigation has shown that it
came here from Europe in bales of
broom corn.
A survey made In 1920 revealed
an infested area covering eastern
Massachusetts, another In New York
extending across Albany and Scho
harie counties and a third in the
extreme western part of the State.
This last area of Infection now ex
tends along the lake shore clear
across fhe State or Ohio. The ento
mologists of the Department of Agri
culture believe that the corn borer
crossed Lake Erie from Canada to
Invade northern Ohio.
The corn borer is the grub or cater
pillar of a small yellow white moth , 1
about an Inch in spread of wings. I
The wings of the female are trav
ersed by faint smoky colored lines.!
The male moth is slightly smaller
than the female, brownish in color.'
with yellow ?PoM on his wings.
There are two generations each year
and an AvertlTe of nearly five linn
dred eggs are deposited by each fe
male, usually on stalks and leaves
open to air and sunlight. Although
the voracious young caterpillars have
a preference for ears of growing corn.
they are willing to feed on Btalks of
celery, young beans, beets and nearly
two hundred kinds of other plants.
including chrysanthemums and dah
lias.
The theory that the moths are
blown across Lake Brie from Canada
Into Ohio has been pretty well sub
stantiated. The moth itself has very
feeble power of flight, not more than
two or three miles at a low speed,
but a stiff wind will carry the InseM
many miles. It is found also that
after falling into the water the moth
under certain conditions may again
rise and proceed in its enforced
flight.
The menace of the corn borer is a
serious matter. Effective methods of
protection against it are yet to be
found. In Europe the best remedy
discovered so far is the use of para
sites which kill the insert or sterilize
its eggs; but even this plan fails to
exterminate th? corn borer.
The Opera's Closing.
With Caruso gone, New York has
had its first full season of grand
opera?the season of five months at
the Metropolitan which will close
this evening. Cabuso was supreme.
N'ew York had come to look upon him
as Indispensable to grand opera. Yet
lacking Caruso the opera season has
been a success.
With Gatti-Casazz.v at the helm
opera went on. New talent was en
gaged and New York had a strikingly
successful season.
The Metropolitan Opera House has
held uniformly large audiences. It
may be found on investigation that
the patronage this year has been
greater than ever before in its liis
tory. ,
The company has been strengthened
by the engagement of Gaiai-Cubci
and Titta Ruffo. Jebitza proved a
greater favorite than anybody had
reason to foresee and Chaliatin drew
immense audiences. These newcom
ers added their power to the strength j
jf the familiar company, and the 1921
1922 season goes down in the operatic
history of New York as one of its,
most successful.
Studying Foreign Soils.
Results of the visit to European
countries of Dr. Curtis F. Marbut
of the United States Department of
Agriculture, who goes abroad to
make a study of soil conditions, wil. j
be awaited with interest.
One of the purposes of his trip is.
to learn whether there is any marked ;
difference between the soils of the:
great wheat growing districts of Rus
sia and Rumania and the land of our j
own Northwestern States, chiefly the ?
Dakotas. Parts of Germany. France.
Poland and southern England have j
been likened to parts of Maryland, j
Pennsylvania and Ohio in the matter |
of soil and crop production. Dr.
Makbut will make an analysis of the
foreign conditions and report on the
results achieved by agriculturists
in the districts he visits. j
His researches will embrace Italy
and Greece, where crops have been
grown continuously for two thousand |
years on land that is rarely if ever
fertilized and has been without the ,
benefit of much live stock farming.;
The famous English experiment sta
tion at Rothamstead. where as much
as forty bushels of wheat to the acrc ;
is reported as having been produced.
will also be visited.
The American commissioner will
have an opportunity to compare notes
on soil fertility with the best of the
foreign experts at a convention in
Prague. When that is concluded
samples of soil from every country
in Europe will be obtained in the hope
that a corelation may be established
in soil work with foreign nations. It
is planned to arrange for the adop
tion of a common terminology in
describing soils and Boil problems.
Trusting citizens of Oklahoma have
caused the arrest of three men who!
offered to sell dollar bills for twelve;
and one-half cent* each but after col- (
ieoting the accrced price did not de-j
liver the soo. h. It is difficult to say
which Is more utrtkln*. the n a*cl^ i
of the swindlers or the innncre on
their victims. _____
Sixty-eight men have gone to Uus
xln from the United te?
Huh a workers* colony, In \\hlch >
hope r,00 others from this country-will
eventually Join them, where a living,
will be guaranteed to the indubious,
but wage* will he unknown. The So
viet Government will take half
commodities they produce, the other
half will be theirs to d" withms they |
olease. In its cooperative features
the enterprise resembles a numbei ,
which have been tried in America |
Without success. Perh-ps in Hum.. .
U,o scheme will turn out better.
Rain Hong.
Hark to the rain!
Hark! Havk!
A lyric strain
Across the dawn and ?h? dark
Bringing us Joy again
Kven now
Wo may behold
The burgeoned bough
With Its soft Breen and gold;
From this glad hour
Will leap the buoyant flower,
\nd ardent thrills
Will quicken tht depths of the dale and
the heart of the hills.
Kaln*. rain!
O but our souls are fain
Man and the reed.
The root, the seed,
All
Confess the thrall -
follow and mead.
Pealt pnth. pine path, plain?
Thru!! of the mini
Cl.tVTOK SrOM.AHO
Our G . ett Coal Problem.
Too Many Mines and Too Many
Miners One of the Factors.
To The New York Herald : I have
read with much interest Indeed your
editorial article of April 7 on "Our
Great Coal Problem."
There is one factor In the situation
which the publio does not seem prop
erly to appreclute, and that is that the
coal business, an many others In this
country. Is overbuilt. Wc have too
many mines and too many minors for
the present coal trade.
Tlii* ig not merely an incident to the
expansion In war time, but so far as bi
tuminous mining is conocrned Is chronic.
The system of collective bargaining in
the central competitive States was built
up as an offset and with a view of In
troduclntc a certain amount of equaliza
tion of competition and a regularization
of industry, since under the Sherman
anti-trust act It was impossible for the
operators to protect themselves.
Tho Industry will not be on a sound
economic basis until no me means are
adopted to require the showing of u
public need before additional mines may
be opened In any district. This could j
1 be done through the Interstate Com
merce Commission, which has jurisdic
tion over the allowing of railroad con
nections and the allotment of all cars.
It is very doubtful, however, if pub
lic opinion will sustain any such restric
tive measures. H. Foster Bain,
Director Bureau of Mines, Depart
ment of the Interior.
Washington, April 21.
Affairs in Alaska.
The Situation Called Typical of the
Processes of Bureaucracy.
To The ,\gw York Herald : I note
the completion of a railroad in Alaska
467 miles Ions, costing $78,000 a mile.
Also that the total white imputation of
Alaska is about that of White Plains,
X. Y., or Bloomfleld, N. J.. q.nd steadily
decreasing. After scandalous accusa-1
tio:is a gainst the former prospectors and j
pioni . rs who would exploit the Terri- !
lory t' ' ? is the result.
It i. been stated that the only coal j
mines on the Pacific coast would be!
opened up by this railroad. Capitalizing I
the new railroad at the above stated,
cost, what would the price of coal have j
to be to pay 6 per cent, on the cost of J
the road? And how many tons couldj
be mined yearly?
And is the statement as to the value j
of the coal a true one? And is it not'
the fact that the navy, in whose behalf I
this money was spent, is abandoning'
the use of coal In favor of oil?
And is it not Gilford Pinchot, now
campaigning for Governor of Pennsyl
vania. who is responsible for the whole
situation, the throttling of the future
of the Territory ten years or so ago?
Is there a more perfect example of
bureaucracy in the whole departmental
history of this Government?unless it is
the money wasted on so-called irriga
tion in the arid districts?
If this business were turned over to I
an investigator like Herbert Hoover to
report tho facts what would be his ver
dict? Joseph d. Holmes.
New York, April 21.
How to Study Music.
Knowledge of Composition an Aid
in Actual Playing:.
To The Nkw York Herald: The rea
son many music pupils of the present
day take little interest in their work is
because they have not the remotest Idea
as to how music is composed.
The word harmony a generation ago I
meant years of endless writing of chords !
after fixed rules away from any Instru- j
ment. Present day methods have made '
it possible to obtain the elements of
simple composition in a year. A person '
who has learned how to write an eight
measure period with a very simple bass j
accompaniment is far more Interested!
und advanced musically than one who!
has learned a few showy pieces in the
name time.
To write these measures the student;
must possess a definite understanding of 1
how notes are written, the time ana
length of each note, the rhythm of it and :
the key or keys it may be in. The ob-!
ject of such study should not be to make !
another poor composer In the world, but
to gain an understanding of the process
so that in actual playing the reason for
everything seen on the printed page will
be obvious.
When \Ve know why a. thin* Is writ
ten In a certain way It becomes simple
to play It that way. Let music students
look deeper into their music and so ob
tain real pleasure and profit from It.
Russell 8. Gilbert.
New York. April 21.
Medical Journal Merger.
The \cw Paper Will Follow a Policy
of Independence.
To The Xew York Herald; The con
solidation of the Medical Record with
tho A'triv York Mcdtcal Journal does not
mean the passing of the Medical Record,
as stated by one of your correspondents.
The two will be printed under the name
Xew York Medical Journal and Medical
Rccord.
Again the statement that this combi
nation "means the end of independent
medical journalism" Is absolutely false,
for In fact the union enormously
strengthens Independent medical Journal
ism. The New York Medical Journal
has been, ever since its purchase in 1!?00
by Its present owners, absolutely five
from any affiliation with any associa
tion or single class of physicians and
tiio organ of no house.
A. It. Elliott Publish ino Company.'
Xew York. April 21.
Power of the Birch.
It Mhrht Br as Effective Wfh Holdup
Men as With Schoolboy*.
To Tub New YottK IU;rai.d: Speaking
of the use of the birch "Ex-Teacher"!
regrets it is no longer In vogue in our'
schools.
If It were Introduced In our criminal I
system, as It once was. it would, I think, |
I along with more severe penalties help
i ite a little to Improve the conduct of
the holdup man and his like. Needless
to fay the operation ought to be accom
| panted by sufficient publicity In order to
get the whole benefit of the psychologi
cal clement. Social Student.
Xew York, April 21.
Another Use of Birch.
To Tun Nkw York Herald; Birch
trees were tapped here this spring. Home
of the water was boiled out of the nap
mid the remainder was permitted to fer
ment. The result Is a drink with a tre
mendous kick. FAriMRn.
|swrti?N, April 21.
Easton as Season's Last 'Isolde'
Semb&ch Sings Tristan at the Metropolitan Operaj
House Before Fashionable Audience.
By W. J. HENDERSON.
The last German opera performance
of the aeaaon at the Metropolitan Opera
House took place last evening when
"Tristan und Isolde" wan given. Mmc.
Florence Kaston was the Isolde. She
had sung the work before at the Metro
politan und with great success, but
never had she sung It better than she
did last evening. Iter voice was in
excellent state and she evidently was
impressed with tne significance of the
occasion. She sang with deep feeling,
with repression, with that finer emotion
which expresses Itself without violence
and without stridency of tone. It was
a fine and finished performance that
she gave, albeit lacking something of
the heroic proportions which have beea
long associated with the part.
Mr. Sembach, who was the Tristan,
was far less able to supply heroic Illu
sion, and his singing, conventionally
good, did nothing important toward put
ting communicative vitality to his con
tribution to the evening's Interest. Mme.
Julia Claussen sang Brangaene in a
style which would have won her much
pralso in Dusaeldorf or Hanover, but
effaced no memories associated with the
Metropolitan.
Mr. Whltehill'g Kurvenal continued to
be the stalwart figure of old, and Mr.
Blass made It perfectly clear why Kiny
Marlt was unable to win the heart of
the young Irish Princess confided to his ,
marital protection. Mr. Bodanzky con- I
ducted with sympathy and Intelligence. I
With Mrs. George I* Rives were Mr.
and Mrs. W. Barclay Parsons, Judge
and Mrs. Francis Cha?e Hoyt and Mr.
W. Rhinelander Stewart.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Bromfleld and Mr.
Bertram Cruger were with Mr. and Mrs.
R. Thornton Wilson.
Countess Anton Sigrav, Mr. and Mr?.
Paulding Fosdlck and Mr. Sherman Day
were with Mr. ajjd Mrs. Beverley Bogert.
Mr. and Mrs. Edward S. Isham, the
Rev. and Mrs. Andrew Wilson were with
Mr. and Mrs. T. Tlleston Wells.
The Marqucsa de Santa Ana y Santa
Maria. Mrs. William Henry Harrison
ond Mr. John Harrison were in Mr. and
Mrs. W. Rosa Proctor's box.
Mrs. Jo'uii R. Drexel, Jr., Mrs. Fran
cis O. French, the Rev. and Mrs. Gilbert
Darlington and Major Luke'Doyle were
With Mr. Frazier Pelke.
Mrs. Henry Martyn Alexander and Mr.
Francis Gallatin were with Prof, and
Mrs. H. Fairfield Osborn.
With Mr. and Mrs. Francis L. V. Hop
pin were Mrs. Bradish G. Johnson, Miss
Pauline Robinson. Mr. E. Coster Wilmer
ding and Mr. Ashbel H. Barney.
Dr. and Mrs. George D. Stewart were
with Dr. and Mrs. Ernest Fahnestock. j
Mrs. A. T. Lauterbacli's guests were
Mrs. Augustus Goodwin. Miss Minnie
Friedman. Messrs. John Barrett, Joseph
Baker Bourne and Wallace Cox.
Mr. and Mrs. R. Horace Gallatin, Miss
Louise Sands, Mr. and Mrs. F. Gray
Griswold. Miss Mary Cass Canfleld, Miss
Audrey Hoffman and Major G. Creighton
Webb also were in the audience.
JULIUS XOEHL'S DEBUT.
American Pianist Give* First Re* I
cltnl In Aeolian Hall.
Julius Koehl, a young American 1
pianist, gave his first recital here lastj
On a Lip Stick.
Oh. perfumed protective!
Oh, carmine corrective!
Oh, thwartcr of love and devotion !
How now can fond passion
Contend with a fashion
That's sweeping the land like an ocean!
You plump down before her
And swear you adore her.
And pour out your love to Prlscilla:
But seek then to seal it,
You merely congeal It
With tallow and oil of vanilla!
Was ever a stupid
The equal of Cupid
To let such a fad grip the lasses?
He'll lose his position
As master magician
And have to start calcimine classes!
Maurice Morris, j
Protecting the Beasts.
Some Activities of tlie Successors
of Henry Bergb.
from the Annual Report of the A. 8. P. C. A.
The usual supervision was maintained
over the horse markets, agents being
present on all sales days to inspect the
horses offered at auction. More than
21,000 horses were examined, and 1,249
condemned as being unfit for service
were mercifully destroyed.
Ono hundred and twenty-five con
demned police and fire horwes were
transferred to the custody of the so
ciety and placed in good homes or hu
manely dlepr.tched. as their condition
n-arrantcd. Since the enactment of the
law making this disposition of these
faithful city servants 488 department
horses have been provided for toy the
society.
The great majority of the 1,118 cases '
prosecuted were for driving horses that j
were painfully lame or had sores chafc<l
by the hameas. Acts of cruelty out of i
the ordinary do occur, however, as the (
following cases prosecuted by the so-,
clety's agents during the past year will
show: j
A woman circus and vaudeville per- 1
former was apprehended for keeping,
six performing Hons In shipping boxes j
in the rear of a poorly ventilated ga- ^
rage on the west side of the city. The
animals had not toeen released from
the narrow confines of their quarters, In
which they could not turn around, for
a number of week*. The owner was
required to remove the llona to an ex
ercising case, and after her conrlctlon
nnd on payment of the fine Imposed by
the court she took the animals to
another State.
Several persons have been prosecuted j
and fined for keeping dogs on short1
chains and for exposing doga to the In
clemency of the weather.
A number of peddlers have been con- j
vlctori of selling chameleons, a form of |
lizard capable of changing color to re- ,
senible surrounding objects, and thin
trade has been practically broken up
In this State.
For leaving a dock tailed horec In a .
field where It was annoyed by files from
which It had no protection a lx>ng
Beach owner was arraigned In the local |
court, convicted and ordered to provide
nets for the horses he turned out to'
pasture.
For compelling a bear to perform !
trick* until exhausted, the owner was I
convicted and heavily fined In a Rock- :
away court.
The rural ngents operating outside of ?
the city of New York prosecuted a num- !
bit of offenders for falling to provide |
ndequate shelter and sufficient food for
their stock during the winter months, j
for carrying calves In a crtiel manne* i
and for other nets of cruelty ami 1
neglect.
I
evening in Aeolian Hall. In Grieg's
E minor sonata, with which he begun
his program, he disclosed an interesting
musical talent.
His performance of the beautiful muslo
had freshness of spirit ~.nd some In
dividual expression in viretation. Ilia
tope, while often a?~ Me, was again
prone to hardness ir < rte passages, but
he showed under .ng of dynamics
and a good tecK. . tils general style
is not yet entirely rinlshed and smooth.
His list further included Schumann's
"Puplllons" and the sonata, opus 13. of
Beethoven. His playing was much liked
by his audicnce.
"BOBBY" BESLER'S RECITAL.
Manjr Small Chtldre/i In Audience
at Town Hall.
Many children, some very tiny, wero
in the audience at Town Hall yesterday
afternoon when "Misa Bobby" Bealer
gave hor annual costume recital of
"songs for young and grown up chil
dren."
The children came with their adult
escorts in groups small arid large. At
the back of the hall and up in some of
the boxes were large numbers of them,
of varying ages and sices, who had
come from different institutions of the
city."
Some of the little people prefaced' the
entertainment by sucking lolly pops and
some cried or went to eleep while the
entertainment was going on. "Miss
Bobby," with Miss Elinor Everitt at
the piano, gave m*iny songs by different
writers. They were grouped as "songs
of practice hour," "songs from the
South," "songs from old France," "songs
about lots of things" and "cautionary
tales." Mana Zucca's "My Sore Thumb"
and "Dirty Face" were ?ung and so
were Leoni's "Brownies" and Leh
manns "Rebecca?Who Slammed Doors
for Fun and Perished Miserably" and
"Henry King?Who Chewed: Little
Pieces of String and Was Early Cut
Off in Agonies." (Here the singer,
dressed in a Kate Grecnway costume,
really sobbed).
Miss Bobby's made up appearance and
imitations of a little girl In the practice
hour group was especially good and
at one time she even hoisted herwelf
up mid used the piano top for a seat
while she sang. The program, which
was given for the Wellesley College
semi-centennial fund, was very warmly
applauded throughout. ?
ROCHESTER AL.17M1VI DINNER.
The University of Rochester Alumni
Association held its dinner last night
at the Alpha Delta Phi Club, 136 West
Forty-fourth street. Dr. Rush Rhees
and members of the board of trustee*
attended. Anion* those present were
Dr. L. Eminett Holt, Dr. Rush Rhees,
Brig.-Gen. Brldgman, Elon Huntington
Hooker. William R. Willcox and Dr.
Otis W. Ofcldwell. The following of
ficers were elected for the ensuing year:
The Rev. John B. Calvert, president;
John H. Hamilton, vice-president: Carl
Park Penny, secretary; Harry C. Mi
chaels. treasurer. Dr. Rhees spoke of the
recent new development of the univer
sity. including the completion of the
Eastman Schcal of Music.
Big Sunflowers.
Australia dial leu ires New York WJth j
One 17% Inrhes Across.
To The Nrw York Herald; While In
New York last June I mentioned to my
sister that I had sent to Scotland from
my home here at Sale, Victoria, a sun-1
fl-iwer with a diameter of sixteen inches.!
.She has sent mfe a cutting from your!
paper containing a letter from an up-1
State reader who says that by growing -
a sunflower 16 M inches across New |
York had beaten California In this re- j
spect. I am writing to say he has not .
beaten Australia yet.
I am Inclosing three cuttings from'
your contemporury the Melbourne Her? |
aid, dated March 2, !) and 11, dealing'
with something big In the sunflower line.
You will note that William Tolley, i
gardener for Mr. H. H. Olney of Yan
tarlnga, Locksley road, Ivanhoe, has cut1
a flower 17 inches in diameter and 4
feet 4 inches In circumference. It]
weighed 11 pounds. The stem was thick,
but only about eight feet high. The
plant was self-sown.
Also, that a giant sunflower, grown
by A. H. it Quesne of Parkes, New South
Wales, reached a height of 11 feet 3
Inches. The circumference of the stalH
near the ground was fifteen Inches. The
large flower which formed the crown of
the giant was 17 inches across and 4
feet 5 inches around.
Also, that Mrs. A. Butters of Eeonl,
Leicester street, Preston, reports a sun
flower which, while not so high as the
New Koutli Wales specimen, had a i
(lower 17% Inches in diameter, with a
circumference of 4 feet 6 Inches.
Mr. Chanter wrote of one he had
grown this season which measured 13'
feet 4 inches In lwight and bore a flower
12 Inchcs In diameter and 35 inches In
circumference.
W. D. Beatty has a sunflower with a
height of 11 'fleet 1 inch and a flower
16 Inches In diameter and 4 2 inches In
circumference.
Parkes, where one of the big sunflow- i
ers was grown, Is In the adjoining State
of New South Wales; the others are
growing In Victoria, near Melbourne.
In the Orbost district of this State'
flowers larger than any of those whoso i
| measurement arc given are tald to be |
j In existence. If I hear of any I shall j
*cnd the dimensions to you.
Anyway, to talk of other big things,1
|he prise pumpkin at the Orhost show
weighed 1113 pounds. Walticr I .ton.
j Sai.e, Victoria, Australia. March 13.
It TlapiteiM Kven In Connecticut.
Fnrininm-llte < nrrtapniujrui r Rido* field /Vr.it.
j A Isily walking down Cain's Hill last week
I lost a dollar bill.
t.ood Place <o (Irt It.
j Kitting Curve corrr?pvtnlvnce Hl.nthnviU* j
Cnurltr.
A lot of flu around Kissing Curve.
In an Old Place.
From the S'tw
There are time troubled roads that run
to rest
I Among old houses. In a silent land;
Beechwood* make twilight upon either:
hand.
And legendary hills climb, crest by crest.
To the far stars; the leaves whirl to i
and fro
Under the crumbling trees where, Held i
mice go.
Some traveler came and wrote about old i
days.
Great swords mid bright cmblasonmenl1
of shields,
tlemsmberlng the people of the (lelds.
And that lost wonder of the forest ways- - j
Not hearing, like a sudden breath of i
prlda,
1 The untamed wind across the country-1
aid*. J. It Morton.
THE WEATHER.
For Eastern Now York?Fair with
slowly rlitlng temperature to-day nnd
to-morrow; gentle, variable wind.).
For New Jersey?Fair to-day and to
morrow; slowly rising' temperature;
Ken tie, variable winds.
For Northern New' England?Fair to
day and to-morrow; slowly rising tem
perature; gentle, variable winds.
For Southern New England?Fair to.
day and to-morrow: slowly rising tem
perature; gentle, variable winds.
For Western New York-Fair to-day
fure orrow: slowly rising tempera
AprU 21.?Pressure whs
MralU generally east of the Hockv
di.plni8 ?8', I10*"? haVe bet'n loCai
vm ii !?. twenty-four lioura in the
iinl L" ?t atates- the Ohio Valley
NVw v l fW Kn8'anc> and northern
. ? Jn a" other parts of the
country the weather remained fail.
cont'nued much below
,n tlle MMdle Atlantic
f"d ^ England States, the Ohio Val
Th/nl,l v?rP?lon 0f thc ?reat lakp?
tn or generally fair weather
\tlTnti Tt Sunda-V throughout the
?... 7h ?,*!' Gu,f States, TennoN
SI1 Valley and th(! lower lake
morris i ^temperature will rise to
th? mL?.' SurKlay over New England,
lake re?4 -Atlantic 'States, the lower
lake region and the Ohio Valley.
B^T^taMon. V ?Unlted 8t?t? Weather
^ M" yMt"d^
Temperature Rainfall
Stat Inn. u\si" rhrs- Bar?- !??? 24
Abilene . .. "rf' m"' T.7' ^
f'bany J? ? ^22 " S Y
i 1 g? |
Snail :/;5 3 II
< harleston./.. tlx -.on, . . . ' ?
Chicago...].. ? ;[:? '.If,-( ? ??*'
Cleveland.... as ;!0 r.O^ " clear
?7S g ?? :: eft
Galveston.... 71 Vo " Sou<l v
Helena 70 n, 22rl " ?*"??
Kansascity* || ? ijg-g ^ Clear
tolf- 3f 1 ;!? :: SftW
Oklk?ortna.n': 80 30 3018
Philadelphia. 30 30 24 " &
Pittsburgh... 44 ;;?> noAA 3*1"
Portland. Me. 44 30 :o?i ?e"''
Portland. Ore tifi 4^ -o { ** ?eai
Halt Lake City i;o .-,0 30 ft: !".!0l' y
?2Sr?:' g I 1| :: g?
Washington.. 48 ,5 ,01 &
LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS.
Hero meter ??. il.
Humidity i'j 30.JII
Wind?direction K \y '
Wind?velocity |1 1 S4 , w
Weather ' r[ * . ? '?
Precipitation ;;;;;; ??? -J?*
The temperature In this citv yeaterdsv ,
shmvn^ln ? ?* the offli!lal thermum- tei,' t*
shown in the annexed table:
n i" xr"'' 52 1 P' M"' ? 4~' 0P.M... 47
ioa!m.:: al Vv-.Vr- J?
8?:8:::2
1-M 4*? 5P.M... 47 10P.M...
1922. 1021. iQ2r} 10*"'i
0 A M.... ? ti, fl P. M.... 47 fi'i
1 I2, " P- M.... 44 (is
o P. M.... 47 72 12 Mid 42 <(7
Highest temperature, 40. at 1:13 T\ M
Loweat temperature, 31, at 0 A. >1 * '
Average temperature, 40.
EVENTS TO-DAY.
Special Rarnum-Balley-Ringllng llrolliet'
rlrcuo performance for convalcscent patlnu
l.ellevue Hospital, 10 A. M.
Harry Collins will speak on "Dress of Otir
Own Times," Metropolitan Museum of Art,
10 A. M.
(?'oderation do VAlllance rramalse, meet
ip'Vl 1 r''oza, 10:30 A. M.; luncheon, 1 ;.",0
Chaminade Club of Brooklyn, luncheon.
| Hotel UUtniure, 1 P. M.
P?M*rnmCnt Club' luncheon. Hotel Astor,
?oM1e?r- c'"? of lunchcoti,
Hotel Astor, 1 P. M.
1 8p0UMland S1^5ers? luncheon, Hotel Act. r
Pan-riellenlc Association, luncheon, Hi'J
Astor, 1 P. m.
,''QWI1 Yeur Own Home" Exposition, Sixty,
tihith Regiment Armory, afternoon and t vi
nlng.
%V orKers Education Bureau, eonferenr.
>?w .School for Social Research. JOT. \V ?. !
"nventj'-third street. - P. M.. .s,muel
?f*iH wiii spiak at flie annua' dinner Mai -
P* m" l Uln' ?*'t Kouith street, ; ;o
I United American I.ines, luncheon on boa-.l
v. .i,1lAv i'"S .team.iilp Resolute. Pier ?>.!
Nnrth River, foot of M eat Forty-sl*th rrr.
! noon.
National Astoclatlon of Directors of f?ii ?
Camps and thc Camp Directors Association
I of An'erica, Joint meeting, Jlotcl Pernio..
i vania, J P. M.; dinner, t; p. m.
?V\, F' J>rl,ncc at a "psychic
i u . . ?tl,c *N,at!o?al Op?ira Club ot Amerl - i
| Hotel Pennsylvania. 2:30 P. M.
! meeting/ H??ra8t,THigU??l1p?^IA,?OC,a,!0',?
d?rf-A??la..?T?;,y S?C,Cty- br,d"'
12tJohp MamP' luncheon. Hotel M-A;dH.
AlpTn" tEp^e^Alumnae, lunch con, Hotel St.:
mSaa,.*,,'ssv?ii.H-s
1 Jp P" Fr"tt'rn">'' luncheon. Hotel Av( ,.
Pow' s HspgoSd1 w'ni spen k on ?"ThV?Vri|.i'I
1
Old Guard Meniorlsl Service, Chiire', . t ?
!!?".'p"m. m< , mi"' ?hov- '? ? ?
j^TJr^sr syarisarw
toiio, 1 I. M. lj.v-tlov. Smith ul'l -k
Dr" WMmi'?,', *r? 'J"1, NI.?l*"tikol in hono of
J . J? ,r,JFT' ""perliiti-nrt. i:t .f
Si Itools. Hotel Astor, 0 P. M.
' Tile Veterans Corps of the old SIyi-. .
I i y'ment ,Ml celebrate Its d.-parturo fo 'tU.
i hit vnr with n nmokrr and
Sixty-ninth Ite^imrnt Arn?or> .s p_ (\^ '
,.1'w .l'or!5, Coimtrinily Chorus, r.:u Ion
? dance, Washington Irving Higii tMinol -v.
I teenth street and lr\ln* plac.., 8 P. M. '
1 l.>,VtI,UnfM^"C'r" Af???TU,?n ?,f ,llM "t'Oflilj n
ItMip ? ' " ?
Vorkvllhfcaslno!* 8'M?'nmont ""1 lane ,.
i South Brooklyn Board of Trade tw-tv
I sixth annttsl banquet, the Acm?. Se?'entli v. -
, mie snd Ninth street. Brooklyn, * p. M.'
i Women's National Democratic Club. <nnn.'
Jpnsien s Restaurant. Broadway and T: : ?
tleth strert, 7 P. M.
toV?'V'i' H'm*' Sr,'r>o1, t""r,cr, Hotel Ai
AMW-?r ff"*?*"'" fr"",rn,t?'- ?l'nner. Hotel
tor TTm A*">,''""',n. ''Inner, Hotel A
Property Hull.dhi? and T^ian Association,
dinner. Hotel Astor, 7 P. M.
Wet Wash Laundry Association of New
York, dinner, Hotel Astor, 7 P. M.
K ipper Club, dance and supper, Hotel A#<
tor, t? P. M.
i.'Vr1RI5'^.V0-*'- ??"?'rtalnment and dance.
Hotel McAlpln. H P. M.
?'ntrc Anils, dance. Hotel McAlpln, 8 P. M.
n> "f Engineers, dinner.
h:Ul McAlpln, T P. M.
Pi Kpsllon Pi I'raternlty, dance, Ho'<l
Blltinore. 8:13 p. M.
Cosmopolitan Charity League, entertain
hient and ilarice, Waldorf Astoria. 8 P. M.
.Junior League* of tho L*>nox Hill Hnspll* ,
dance, Waldorf-Astoria, 8 P. M.
New York Iron and Steel Institute, dinii't
Waldorf Astoria, " P M.
Walton School of Commerce, dinner nnl
tin nee, Hotel Pennsylvania. 8 P. M.
l-'orlltude Lodge, dinner and dance, Hot. I
l'enns) Ivnnla, * P. M.
Pace Club, dinner and dance, Hotel Com
modore, 7 :.".0 P. M.
. Keystone l.odsf., P. and A. M., dinner an.I
?lance. Hotel Commodore. 7 P M.
Thc Associated Pr"** Is exclusively entttl' >1
| to the use for republlratloii of ail news dl
patches credited to It or pot othen?K'
'?'I(<tlt('d In this paper, and also thu lo-sl
news published herein.
All rights of republication of *&ccial dis
natelies Iwreln are ?l<o r>"erv*4.

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