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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, May 13, 1922, Image 10

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10 +++ NEW
YORK HERALD
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SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1922,
" = j
The Dignity of Nations.
The dignity of nations is at stake j
in the Genoa Conference. The dignity
of nations is in the marketplace of!
barter and sale at Genoa. The dignity j
of nations is swaying on its founda- i
tlon at Genoa nnder tlie influence of i
commercial greed.
This is what is happening in the :
Genoa Conference in respect of the |
bargaining going on there with Russia
concerning the payment of her foreign
debts a v.d the sacredness of for
I'IgU UWUOU l-iupcilico AW uuoaici.
There is a point beyond which the
well ordered, substantial nations of
the world cannot go with dignity and
self-respect in their desire for con-!
ciliation and the rehabilitation of
Europe. Discussing the question of
reciprocity with a nation to induce j
that nation to pay its foreign debts '
is this point. Discussing it with i
Russia with her vast domain and
boundless natural resources is quite
as far fetched as discussing it with
any puny nation.
Russia was one of the allied nations i
ranged against the Central Powers in j
the war. A new government came:
into power in Russia when the war
had been in progress for about three |
years, and under this new govern-1
ment Russia repudiated her compact (
witn tne otner Allies, wunarew irom :
til* contest, and left them to fight it
out alone with the great German
military forces. The mere change of
government cannot relieve a people
of sacred compacts, of sacred responsibilities,
cannot relieve Russia.
The Russian people have not discharged
their obligation to their partners
in war and cannot discharge it.
It is not humanly possible to make |
good to France, England, Italy, Belgium
and Japan Russia's failure to
stand by her compact. But it is
possible for the Russian people, no
matter what their government, to'
pay their foreign debts in full, j
given time, and to reimburse foreign
owners of property in Russia for
property confiscated by Russia.
Anything short of so meeting these
obligations would be a dearly bought
saving to a great nation, to a great
people?a saving that Russia cannot
afford to ask for, cannot afford to
accept. This is where France makes
her stand in the Genoa Conference,
the principle for which she contends,
and in this contention France is
right.
if Russia's stand, stripped of all
diplomatic tactics and diplomatic
verbiage, is that she will refuse to
pay her foreign obligations, in part
or in full, unless she gets reciprocity
guaranties, Russia is wrong, wholly
wrong; and the nations in conference i
that listen to these proposals are i
themselves wrong. 11
Russia, under her new govern- i
ment, not only withdrew her armies 1
from the allied forces, but cut apart j <
from other nations and renounced
the conventions and usages of other '
nations, and set up new usages and I
new customs wholly foreign to the 1
systems of organization and methods I
the world has worked out in long
centuries as suited to human en- I
deavor and human existence. I
The experiment has been dearly '
paid ror^oy uussta in paisien maun- 1
tries, ruined credits, the destruction '
of commerce, the destruction of trans- '
portation, and in famine and death {
measured in millions.
In this situation the other nations '
of the Genoa Conference invited Rus- 1
Ma in her serious straits, making out- '
aide assistance imperative, to come '
Into the Conference to talk with them '
and put before them the picture of
| her situation. Their purpose was to 1
help Russia and to welcome her back
into the family of nations?to do this
both in the interest of Russia and in '
the interest of world stability and international
business relations. As it
was Russia that broke her relations
with other nations, it would seem that
she of all nations shouldn't permit
herself to show a spirit of dictation to
the Conference. And this is what she
la doing when she ignores her foreign
obligations as just debts, denies the
sacredness of the principle involved
nnd makes the astounding statement
that aha will do this or that or the
other in the way of meeting these obll
gallons in this or thai or th? other
, f
| measure as a matter of reciprocity
! only.
That Is. If the nations of the world
will refinance her with vast loans of
; immediate money to help her to get
on her feet again, she will in the
course of long, indefinite time make
' payments on the claims against Russia
contracted under a previous government.
f To make it possible for the world
or auy part of the world to get this
picture of Russia at Genoa cannot be
to Russia's advantage. The New York
Herald has always had a strong
friendship for Russia, and this friendship
for her and interest in her still
continue. But It sincerely regrets
her attitude in the Conference when
she has so much to gain, whtn her 1
cordial cooperation in the work of
the Conference along wall demon-!
Btrated lines with regard to herself i
and to other nations would eo so far !
in the readjustment of chaotic after
war conditions.
With Russia's cordial cooperation
the Genoa Conference will pass into
history as achieving great world success;
with Russia standing out for
her present contentions, unsound and
unwise, the Genoa Conference will
have failed in its big purpose and
Russia will have failed in commanding
world support, world financing
and the cordial good feeling of the
world that the world would like to
give her.
Without Shame.
A business agent of the plumbers'
union was convicted of extortion a
year ago, thanks to the exposure of
his methods by the Lockwood Hous
lng Committee. When this man,
Chapman, came out of prison the
union restored him to his place as
walking delegate. The Loekwood
committee put such pressure on the
union that Chapman resigned.
It developed at a session of the
Housing Committee on Thursday
that the union, in accepting Chapman's
resignation, had expressed
its "deep regret," that it had given
him a vote of ennfidence and that he
had been made a member of the
union's committee on jurisdictional
disputes.
"Aren't you ashamed of yourselves?"
asked Sampex, Untebmtkb,
the committee's counsel, of James
Morris6EY, recording secretary of the
plumbers' union. To this Moesisset
list with only 180 trees.
Throughout the country the num- *
ber of apple trees Beems to have re- v
mained about stationary during the r
last decade. In six States there have '
been large increases, totaling 2.491, 1
209 tree^ bat these figures offset "
by heavy decreases in the .\ tbwest '
ind in the central Western S'-.tcs. a
in Washington and Oregon many c
Farm and home orchards have dteap- t
peered, and in the central West various
foes have wrought much damage 1
to trees. These pests include the F
borer, which perforates the trunk a v
little above the ground; the woolly d
aphis, which attacks the tender c
shoots; the caterpillar, which de- "
vours the leaves; the canker worm, *
Uu? apple moth and other enemies, F
which have almost ruined many fine ^
central Western orchards. Statistics 1
covering the number of trees de- 11
stroyed by these pests are not avail- 1
able, but that the total would offset 8
increases elsewhere is probable. 0
In New England the apple output r
has declined with other agricultural ^
products, which IS to be lamented on
sentimental grounds If on no other, d
For New England was the first I
American home of the apple. Early t
ettlera brought trees from England c
snd planted them oh an inland about o
- ~" "X"4
?y?vu mil lie ?tt3 J11UI1U U1 II1U
union's indorsement of Chapman;
that Chapman was a "faithful servant
of the union," and that "we don't
regard Jhim guilty; he was carrying
out the mandates of our body."
For all the exposure of their methods,
for all the punishment of their '
leading crooks, for all the aversion '
which the public feels toward them,
these labor czars have had no change 1
of heart. Their underlings show no 1
sense of the resentment toward them 1
that all honest men should feel.
Bbindkix is shown up as a scoundrel
who not only held up builders
and delayed housing but also robbed
the treasury of his own union. But
Brindell still rules his union from
his cell. Honest men in the organi- 1
zation who try to establish clean 1
methods are thrown out because |1
Bbindkix hates them and Bbindelx, ^
orders their expulsion.
Whv should a minor official like *
Mobrisset be ashamed of himself
when Sam Gomfebh, the Great Mogul
of the American Federation, is not
ashamed? Less than a month ago
Gomfers excused Brindell on the
ground that he was affected by a system
which had grown up since Sam
Parks began his rascality?and then
excused Sam Parks because he had
been poor and the bribes offered to
him had been large.
The System is still defiant and unashamed.
Brindell will emerge
from Sing Sing a hero. The public
will suffer until the last ounce of its
patience is gone. The only hope is
in the continuation of the Legislative
Housing Committee and the impartial
administration of Justice.
The bosses will not learn shame.
They must learn fear.
Concerning Apples.
The Department of Agriculture has
crowned Delaware with a championship
wreath of apple blossoms. In
the number of apple trees to the
square mile in her orchards Delaware
leads all the other States. She has
548 apple trees to the square mile.
Mew York comes next with 287 trees. 0
Virginia is third with 256 trees, and 0
the State of Washington, famous for h
her apples, takes fourth rank in the
THE I
known to this day as Apple Island. <
From that starting point apple tree |
planting spread. The Indians helped i
on the good work and Indian or- I
chards became common. The fame i
of New England apples spread all I
over the world. Soon after Fred- i
ebick Tldob of Bostou began exporting
ice to tropical countries in 1805
the exportation of apples as acconr
panying cargoes followed. New Eng- j
land apples in prime condition were (
laid down in all the ice markets of
India. China and Smith America
where they commanded quick sales <
at high prices.
The American apple still holds its
prestige the world over, but, alas, its
home price has soared to heights j
painful to the plain American
citizen.
8
1
Chicago's Reign of Terror. <
The police, the machinery of jus- 1
tice and the citizens of Chicago have I
met a desperate situation with quick ! I
and strong resistance and they seem 1
to have the upper hand. The indict- 1
ment of eight leaders of the thug ele- t
ment in organized labor on charges t
of murder should give pause to the | f
crew that lias been trying to terror- 1
ize the city. a
The Chicago conspiracy yas slm- t
pie and savage. The Chicago building
trades agreed to submit their j
wage disagreement to an arbitrator, t
Judge Landis. Some of the labor : t
leaders, men of the type that grqws j;
fat on Btrikes, refused to accept the a
Landis award. When a building tya?
started on the Landis terms it was
bombed. When the police were sent
to protect the property two of them
were murdered. The bombing con- ^
tinned until a Chicago Judge declared
that the city was practically
in a state of war.
It was a deliberate war, with the
violence committed in cold blood, ac- v
cording to Chief of Police Fitzmor- 0
bis. The pay of the bomb throw- 4
ers ranged from $50 for a bomb con- n
taining one stick of dynamite to $250
for a six stick bomb. The criminals
who slugged workmen received from 1
$50 to $150 for each job, the highest v
price being paid for breaking the 1<
victim's arms or legs. t b
Chicago is coming in for some d
mealymouth criticism because the po- v
lice rounded up 400 prisoners in their
raids on labor union headquarters 5
and because most of the prisoners c
were held without bail. But New o
York, which recently had a taste ofj
letting the bailed criminal go back1 si
to his crime, knows how the people! j
of Chicago feel. Chicago is aroused,'n
and fortunately so. The police have j a
behind them not only a citizens' j w
committee which has raised $6,000,-; jj
D00 to end the reign of terror; they t]
have with them the decent union: j,
men who are shocked by the murder S(
and rioting done by criminals in the ' j,
name of labor. h
Chicago's motto is "I Will" and It
looks as if she had not forgotten it. c
Our Almshouse Population. n
In the first issue of Tiie New York J"
Herald attention was called to the 1
act that there were tlmn 6,457 paupers |
n the almshouses of New York State,
rhe population of the State was about "
!,160,000, or approximately a third of 1
hat of the city of New York of tolay,
while the State population in the j f(
nterval has increased by more than a
sight and a quarter millions. - ''
Despite this enormous growth in ei
topulatlon the almshouse population I(
las Increased by only a little more 11
han 3,600. It is now approximately
.0,000. And an apparently encouragng
feature of this exhibit is that for 1"
" *>? hoolr notinor rnator ^
IUIIIC /coin ?.??v ^uMyv* ? w*?w
ias remained approximately station-!
iry, with a tendency of late to re- 01
edc, according to statistics prepared 11
>y the State Charities Aid Associa- 11
ion. d
On its face 'the stationary, or 11
ilightly recessionary, character of the b
ilmshouse population figures seems 11
o warrant optimistic expectation.
Jut there are offsetting facts to be ^
onsidered. The proportionately smalt
ncrease in poorhouse population to- 01
lay is largely due to changed classifl- la
ations and distributions of persons r<
lependent upon public charity. No h
urther back than 1872, and fox many "I
ears thereafter, the poorhouse was f?
he sole refuge for all dependent
rards of the State except criminals. V)
n it were packed men and women, tl
Id and young, the sicjf and well, sane w
nd insane, the lame, the halt and the h<
iltnd. practically regardless of men- 01
al or physical shortcomings.
It was not because the State wished
o be niggardly, still less crnel. It si
ras because the care of dependents,
nental deficients and the like was!
Ittle understood. In the half cen- |
ury since 1872 the progress made in w
lie study of the problem of raring for ai
he helpless has been notable. From h<
. chaotic jumble the care of public ^
harges has been brought to somehing
like a science.
If (IIIaMO A f .1 a1 1 '1 llAt.A It AA a annnt
n diverting from that one common 1
100I of misery, the poorhouse, those
rhose mental and bodily afflictions
lemaoded separate and specialized
are. Hospitals and asylums of varl>us
kinds haye all but depopulated
he poorhouse, as it was once known. Tl
raetlcally all admissions to the poorlouse
nowadays are of old people,
'hree-flfths of them are men and
learly one-half are of foreign birth. B
'en thousand enter every year and
n equal number go out. A quarter
f the exits are to the grave. The ''
emalnlng 7,!)00 are mere winter
warders. A,
There Is a distinct tendency toward 1
lecrcase In the pauper population,
mproved economic conditions and
he constructive work of health and w
harlty organizations are among the
a uses contributory to this result
f the downward tendency were to
/
^EW YORK HERALD,
continue as it has been going for the
past five years the poorhouse would
joon be vacant. But this is scarcely
to be looked for. Human frailty is
lot likely to be eliminated, though
the ways in which its victims are
tided may be steadily improved.
Where the Boy la King.
The Kentucky Derby will not delect
all Interest from another of tolay's
sporting events?the marble
ihootlng contest for the championihip
of the East at Jersey City.
Surely the thrills experienced around
he ring in Pershing Field will be
iu iesa genuine man muse uwi am
he onlookers at the flnish line at
Churchill Downs.
Jersey City seems to know real
iport and is not doing this thing by
lalves. Jack Dkmpsey or Babe Ruth
ould come to town and he would not
'eceive any more attention than will
>e paid to Michael Tbiano, the charailon
of Washington, District of Coumbia,
and to the heme boy, Buster
Iech. Let the Governor of Kenucky
stroke Morvich's mane! These
wo youngsters will have the Governor
of New Jersey to pat their
leads. And the Rotarians are to give
i big dinner for the contestants and
he winner gets a loving cup.
Count on mother to have her boy
n the pink of condition and on father
o bolster up his courage with a fairy
ale of his prowess in his boyhood.
L world of young boys and old boys
iwaits the decision.
May the best man win!
Valuable Thoroughbreds Lost.
While Are is one of the dangers
reeders of llye stock have to provide
gainst, it is seldom that such a loss
a recorded as that suffered by J. N.
!amden and his trainer, J. C. Milam,
>*hen thirty-one head of their thorughbreds
were burned to death at
he Lexington racetrack on Tuesday
lght.
None of the Kentucky stables conained
more promising material, both
n the handicap and the juvenile diislons,
and ir.; :jy of the animals
ast had a largL- potential value for
reeding purposes. Under the conltions
it is thought that $$50,000
muld be rather jupder than over the
alue of the animals destroyed. Mr.
Iii.au said after the Are that he
ould have sold two of the two-yearIds
In his lot for 150,000.
It was from Senator Camden's
tud that the phenomenal Ally Miss
oy came last season to surprise the
icing public by her speed, which was
s great as that of Morvifh. She
ras sold to Mo.xtfobt Jones early
tst year. Those who know sometrinir
nf Mm rnnahili?l?? nt th? hnrsps
i "the stable this spring say that
evoral of the ybungsters were of the
igliest promise and that Mr. Mn.AU
ad hopes of duplicating the sucesses
of 1921 at Saratoga during the
oming August.
Horses are stupid animals when
aught in a fire. They frequently
ush back into the flames after being
skcn from burning stables. Tuesay
night's fire was supposed to have
een started by lightning and there
fas time to save only a few of the
noroughbreds.
Most thoroughbreds, whether kept
)r breeding or for racing purposes,
re insured. Those destroyed at Lexlgton
were not. Many horse ownrs
accept with equanimity whatever
>sses may come to them, but few
ave the philosophy characteristic of
>.? Iota P.. A BY .f> wViJk at nn O
ixj inio v' 11 aju-r-o ivr^uv, wuu at uuw
me owned the Saratoga track in
artnershlp with John Morkjbsey
nd Charles Spencer.
After Reed gave up being a soldier
t fortune and became a breeder of
loroughbreds, paying $105,000 for
ic Derby winner St. Blaise at the
ispersal sale of August Belmont's
orses, he had a large brick barn
uilt for some of his best mares at
is Fairview Stud in Tennessee.
One of his servants woke Reed In
le middle of the night to tell him the
rood mare barn was on Are. "Which
ne?" said Reed, who was extremely
iconic. "The frame one," was the
jply. "Thank Heaven it isn't the
rick!" was the rejoinder of the
>ortsman as he turned over and went
ist asleep again.
I
Several Hudson River towns have
?ted not to employ teachers who boh
leir hair. This 1b the first time that
hat a girl has on tho outside of her
rad has been put above what she has
i the inside of her head in deciding
i her capacity to teach school.
In the making of bargains ths Rusan
la Indeed a bear.
Members of Congress, it is nsserted,
re "wondering how to adapt themBlves"
to the life of Washington
hen, on Monday, that town, to gain
i hour of daylight, goes to work an
Diir earlier than It has been doing.
Hiy should they not join the proceaon
and do as the others do?
Bobbles.
raw Time blowing bobbies through a
reed.
And one he christened Ix>ve and one
Delight.
They floated on the atr, elusive, bright,
111, pleroed by down blown from a
thistle weed,
tiey broke In bits upon a daisied mead ;
Then Time took up his pipe again
and blew
A bubble christened Grief, of darker
hue,
ut sunbeams Mled It like a broken
bead.
ong hours I siood and watched, as
tireless he
Blew foamy balls Into the lambent air,
nd folk, who paused aueh loveliness
to see,
Strove to possess what no one might
ensnare,
rhlle Time, when he grew weary of
such play,
isttered his reed and w?nt upon his
way.
t Charlotte Becker.
SATURDAY, MAY 18
Woman's Sphere.
Should She Be a Good Housewife o:
a Cog In Business!
To Thh Nbw York Hbhalp : In so fa
as I can Judge the critics of Klizabetl
Jones, the married flapper, fail to not
what I believe she sought to focus at
tention upon. Mrs. Joires expressed thi
opinion that young women were betnl
developed alopg wrong lines.
If a husband is expected to provtdi
money with which to maintain a hom<
from the time of the marriage is 1'
unjust to demand that the wife shal
be competent at the time of the mar
rlage to manage the home? There fi
no doubt the woman who discover!
after marriage that her mate cannot
provide money necessary to support th<
home has been imposed upon. Does 11
not follow that tho man who marries
a woman who can neither coolt noi
wash, iron nor sew has been lmposec
upon also?
Mrs. Jones may be correct In her reasoning.
Perhaps it would be better for
the community and for the nation il
young women could be developed a:
potential wives, mothers, home makers
ratWer than as cogs in the wheel ol
commercial life.
Constance Cameron.
New Tore, May 12.
Quadrupedestrian.
Linguistic Question Raised by the
Sew Style Locomotion.
To The Jiir York Haute: Youi
editorial article on "Quadrupedestrian"
raises a question as to nomenclature
If a quadrupedestrian is one who effects
locomotion with more or less ease, dignity
and comfort on all fours, then
those of us who still cling to the fashion
in vogue for some years of getting
about?when we lacfc taxi fare or art
out of gas?on our two hind legs are
duopedestrians. "Webster gives the word
"pedestrian" as:
1. One who walks or Journeys on toot;
a footman or foot traveler. k
2. One noted for his powers of walktng
or running; a foot racer.
I have from time to time seen many
a so-called pedestrian, carrying a letter
from the Mayor of Chicago or some
other outlying district, arrive at the
City Hall and solemnly hand his missive
to the Mayor amid great applause
from those of the noDulatlon who liarl
nothing' bettor to do than to stand
around and watch the proceeding.
Just why a letter was Intrusted to
so slow a method of travel as walking
when for years we have had the mails,
the telegraph, later the long distance
telephone and now the wireless, heaven
only knows; but that is aside of the
point.
It seems that all the while these
trenchant trudgers, who In their simplicity
were not only content but proud
to be kpown as pedestrians, were
really duopedestrlans but didn't know
it. And how about the unfortunate who
gets about on one leg with the aid of
a crutch? Is he a monopedestrlan?
F'urther, the still more unlucky one who
gets about on two wooden legs, which
of course are not legs at all but makeshifts,
how is he classed?
To one who like myself Is limited in
his T.atin to the single word "ignoramus"
this leads entirely beyond his
linguistic depth. I appeal to you to
I set me right In this matter. T. I\
New York, May 12.
Shut Out.
j American Tobaoco In France and
French Cognac In America.
I To The Nkw York Herald: Varian
' Bank* seems to think that the refusal
of the French Government to allow *he
Importation of two pounds of American
tobacco Into France Justifies tha Senate
rate of 60 per cent, duty on French
cloves, and inquires, "W+iat would Mr.
Utard'a feelings be if he learned that
our Government would not allow the
entry of French gloves under any conditions?"
May I answer by asking a second
question, "What would Mr. Banks's feel,
ings be If our Government would not
allow him to Import two gallons of the
best French cognac presented to him by
a friendly Frenchman? Would he Immediately
approve a high tariff by France
against products of the United States?"
The thrco old ladles who made a fine
living by taking In each other's washing
at least were only out the transportation,
but the high tariff Idea at
present wishes to sell to everybody, buy
I from nobody, and as sales to France
cannot) bo paid for In fold they can
only bo paid for by purchases, and In
trying to prohibit these the high tariff
leaves the American consumer the
doubtful benefits of high prices and reduced
exports. Edwabd Thompson.
Tbnaflt, N. J., May 12.
Protecting the Forests.
Volunteer* Are Ready to Assist Congervatlon
Commissions.
To Tub New York Herald: The rec'
nrd of forest fires In New York State,
In New England, Pennsylvania, New
Jersey and Maryland Is disheartening.
P*rt of this destruction has been
brought about by natural causes, but
this should not equal 20 per cent of
j the total. This Is a matter which cannot
be entirely remedied, but the enormous
remaining loss of SO per cent, can
he overcome almost entirely through assistance
of volunteers.
Take, for Instance, New York .State,
New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Their
conservation commissions have n certain
number of volunteers anxious to
protect the natural resources of these
States. The volunteer* ventlm it.* ?
rlousnesa of the situation and tlvlr
spare time In tho great outdoor? In used
Itftenforclng fifth and gamo laws, to nay
nothing of tho protection of tree life,
especially tho young saplings. The
greater part of this group comes under
the heading of campers. They do every,
thing possible to prevent that which is
wrong and contrary to Btate laws.
Why not let the different States consider
this matter and give a little authority
to selected members who would
work wondere for absolutely no compensation?
" H R Suobn;
"West Hobokbm, N. 3., May 12.
Far for Spee*.
From tht Hulrhlnsnn Nttri.
A pair of spectacles will ba sent from
Hutchinson to a mission station In ths eaIrsms
north of Alaska, one of the farthest
north posts In that country. Mrs. Fitegeralri,
wife of tho missionary there, was a former
Hutchinson girl, Ituth Borgsr. She writes
that one of the faithful native Christiana
there, ?n elder In the native church,
needs glssses. The nearest optlrlan Is probably
a thousand miles from there. A number
of pairs of glasses will be sent, with the
hope that uuq pair pill fit 1dm,
t, 1922. ?
Increase in Insanit
r |
Commissioner HaviUnd Sees
v
i Charges of Railr
s New plans for State care of the In- 1
, sane, and a renewed attack upon tuber- t
culosia in which |2,000,00o will be spent I
In thia State by the Milbank Memorial ]
s Fund over a period at Ave years, were
> discussed at the Blltmoru yesterday at I
t the second day's session of the fiftieth t
1 anniversary of the State Charities Aid (
. Association. f
, omci&ls charged with the adminlstra- f
9 tlon of the State hospitals dented re- f
cent statements made by Bird S. Coler, ii
Commissioner of Public Welfare, and
1 former Municipal Justice Hoffman that J
t sane persons are being committed to t
) State hospitals and I hat others are con. H
r lined much longer than necessary. c
I Dr. C. Floyd Havilgnd. chairman of r
the State Hospital Commission, said: ]i
"It is absurd to think that patients t
are ever Improperly detained in hos-t (
pitgls. In the first place, there is the a
f urgent necessity of relieving overcrowd- i
s lng. The Increase In the number ot p
i patients admitted during the year end- c
j ing this June will be larger than at ]
any ether time In the history of the p
State, and the same was true last year, p
Liberal Parole Poller. t
"The present liberal parole policy ^
shows that the hospitals are making a
every effort to restore patients to so- a
clety as soon as possible. - In fact, there '
' is far more danger a mental patient *
may fail to receive hospital care and r
treatment than there is of Improper C
' detention. There are now about 3,00(1 '
patients on parole in a total of 43,000.
"The fear of illegal commitment is a r>
i heritage of the past and is bas-^d on
. false conceptions. Jt may be asserted
{ that no person in a normal menta. con- ?
I dition could bo committed to a State
' ; hospital under our present laws. The
r, laws of New York respecting admission
! of patients are probably the most eni
lightened of any such statutes yet "
I framed." .
Dr. Havlland said h$ believed the Increase
In insanity could be ascribed
largely to post-war conditions. Thero ,
will be 1,400 additional beds Installed
this ^ear, he said, and as many next
year. g
Henry M- Sage, former State Senator,
' chairman of the Hospital Development
i Commission, said he had visited .ill the jj
i State hospitals, some of them many a
times, and had found that the patients p
( receive expert medical sifpervislon and b
advanced hospital facilities. v
Dr. George H. Kirby, director of the 'k
Psychiatric Institute on Ward's Island, r
said : "A few days ago I encountered a \
judge who refuses to commit patients y
to State hospitals unless it la shown 1
they are cither suicidal or homicldul. \
, Many of you probably read with amaze- a
ment the statement, attributed to a former
city judge, that thousands of sane g
persons are looked up and go mad in
asylums to which they are railroaded.
' It Is not only the ordinary citizen that
needs education." 0
e
Hospitals Give information. d
Dr. Havlland declared that the pres- b
ent day hospital must be a center .from \
which can be given out information on ii
all matters -pertaining to the mainte- n
r.ance of mental health, as well as the t1
treatment of persona mentally diseased, d
1 T> i - - J J - J iU-* U- iCloia Vis*bw?I*o1 Mfclo.n T1
I1C ttouru lliat tuc otato ** 0/?vv..i
would be Incomplete until thero has T
been established in New York city a "
psychopathic hospital, as 5,410 oe.sons t]
were admitted to the State hospitals !
from the metropolitan district last year.
Dr. Matthias Nlcoll, Jr., Deputy Stats
fommissloner of Health, declared that
if the present decrease In the death rate j
continues the time when tuberculosis j,
will have become a rare disease may be t
only a feneration or two away. He v
said the death rate in cities has fallen h
The Mackerel Fleet. ic
Ths marker*! fleet, 150 strong, has started ^
for ths hanks.? Haati.o Item. is
The maekerel fleet Is on its way? '
The mafkerel fleet, the mackerel fleet! v
Bejeweled by the flying spray, 11
A-sparkle in the sunny day, c<
It crowds the tossing street. j Ci
si
Each vessel trig from atern to prow? E
The mackerel fleet, the mackerel fleet! ?
Ench swelling (tall as white aa anow, a
IJke nulls they're swooping to and fro, h
The awarmlng depths to beat. w
Ring yo, ho, ho. as sailers should? *j
The mackerel fleet, the mackerel fleet!
tn it latfa. the atlnarlns scud ?
Shall salt your lips, a parting gopd? "
So, yarely with the sheet 1 ^
Beware, beware, ye silver spawn, *
The mackerel fleet! The mackerel fleet 11
Comes creeping on you with the. dawn M
And seines a writhing treasure drawn b
From Neptune's briny seat!
Macuci Morris.
u
. ?- t1
Road to Mandalay. ??
i Land of Teak, Kingfishers and lr
Laughing Women- "
From the London Ttmti. jj
, .It Is a green and leafy road, pleasantly
restful to the eye after the yellow h
soreness of most of northern India. There g|
1 Is yellow here too. for of the 3S& miles #]
I of the way?the way up from Rangoon j,
by the one meter gauge line of tha
J Burma railways?lbs ere;:ter part runj a(
I through one vast riot fleld, a wilder- Cl
nesa of paddy, and Hie rice has just been C|
j cut and Is being threshed. jj
But this yellowness Is tha yellow of ^
i the golden harvest fields at home, aug- c,
resting not aridity but fatnees, and f,
everywhere?around tha villages, push- n
Ing up to tha very edge of tha railway p,
Una, on every uncultivated yard of land tl
between tha paddy fields, above all, ty
along tha margins of the muddy winding
streams and round each seum filmed
{ pool and tank, where\er man doea not
thwart It?crowds the densa green tropI
|cal foliage, whether wild Jungle or
I rinmns of mango and palm or banana Si
groves set In a tangle of Strang* vege- >
table growth. nl
Especially there Is the teak. Unless *
J you know what It looks like teek la a m
surprise. A tree which grows so hard ,t
a wood should surely have a small leaf ri
?elm leaf else or oak leaf site at moat gi
?slowly and grudgingly produced. In- el
stead of which the teak has floppy
leaves as big as palm leaf fans. The
plant that bears them might grow to
the bigness of a burdock or hollyhock w
even, but that these great, hard wooded
trees should clothe themselves In such
luxuriance Is absurd. But It makes them
picturesque, and teaks, whether In for- T
eets or scattered trees or In young A
growth shooting up beMo the railway jr
line, are everywhere.
Kingfishers, lovely Jeweled creatures. M
alt on the telegraph wires, which rus O
very conveniently over the green watere A
of the tanks and ponds. where, aa la
not seldom the case, half the surface j{
of the water Is covered with beautiful V
mauvo or pink lotusee; and about the M
flowers In the tangled growth around T'
the water's edge flit clouds of brilliant A
butterflies more gorgeous than we know ^
at home. ^
In many rafts of ^nd!a q^e travels''
y It Laid to War j]
. " . \ % > H ^ _ . ' ''
1
Effect of Conflict?Color's
oading Denied. ,
______ t
'rom 115 in lOOfOOO of population In 1917 j t
o 63.6 In 1931. In tHe rural dUulcts it
Lhero has been a drop from 108.4 In i
:917 to 95.1 In 1921. t
Part of this difference, he explained I t
s because many deaths were counted In
he country's quota that should right- j b
ully have been cheeked up to the cities ' c
'rom whl?h the patients came. He j
idded: "Perhaps the most important I
actor now !b the discovery and care ol j f
nciplen^ cases of the disease." , 1 i
John A. Kingsbury, secretary of the \
.1 i 1 bunk Memorial Fund, announced that
he trustees have decided to undertake
in intensive campaign against tuber- ,
ulosls In a rural county, a second class >.
Ity and perhaps a district with a popu- [
itlon of 100,000 In a large city, to dc- f
ernilne whether every type of American j
lommunlty, with proper organization A
nd at reasonable expense can reduce c
ts death rate from tuberculosis to a .
raetical minimum. This has been ac- ! t
oipplished, Mr. Kingsbury said, In ,
'Yamtngham, Mass., through the ete- ^
enditure of 92.40 a year per capita of j
iopulatlon. I t
The Milbank Memorial Fund was es- j
ablished by Mrs. Elizabeth Milbank fl
inderson, who died In February. 1921. | \
nd who erected a*"1 endowed the fupd 'p
s a memorial to her father, Jeremiah
Jilbany. The trustees of the fund arc
Idwsrd W. v'virton. president; Albert
1. Milbank, treasurer: Klihh Root. John jj
}. Milburn. Thontas Cochnan. George L,
flchols and Dr. Charles M. Cauldwell.
* A
GARDEN DAY TO AID CHILDREN. *
H
Irs. W. ft. Nichols's Ryo Place to B
R
Be Open to Public. t
The second of the harden Days for ^
ho benefit of the temporary shelter c
f the Westchester County Society for c
'revention of Cruelty to Children will C
i? held this afternoon In the gardens J
f Petronla. the country place of Mrs. ,
Villlam Oilman Nichols, in Rye, N. T. j
'he garden of Mrs. Nichols Is one of fc
he best known In that county. It ex- I
ends to the edge of Dong Island Sound *
nd the tulips are of particular Interest ?
us' now. P
An admission fee of fifty cents will T
>e charged and the proceeds of .this I'
fternoon as well as of the following
iaturdays in this month and next will s
e used for the upkeep of the shelter, y
k'hlch is at 111 Warburton avenue, s
'onkers. Among those on the women's 8
ommlttee are Mmes. Franklin Coe,
Villlam R. Havlland, Rodney Hltt, v
'rank M. Tichenor, H. Adye Prlchard,
'homaa J. Powers. Jr., Charles II.
Varner, Frederick B. Van Kleeck, Jr.,
nd Frederick B. Dew is. p
H
CHOOL FOE WOMEN WORKERS. v
V
n
Five young women from New York
ity are among the eighty-aevon sueeasful
candidates out of several liun- ?j
applicants for the Summer School (
or Women Workers In Industry, which j
nglns its second aeason .Tune 13 at Bryu p
iawr,ColIege. The candidates, accord- r
ig to the requirements of the school, liust
be "wom?n who work with the
sols of their hands." Most of the stu- j
ents this summer are from the garlent
Industry and the textile trades,
'he NVw York girls are Esther Baraf.
t|l|lrv>r; Amelia Rrlcker, milliner; Bae
Irandsteln. neckwear maker; Mary
*ulop. novelties; Oertrude B. Noll, maline
operator, and Rose Pesotta, garlent
worker.
The summer school will linv.s Instruocirs
from Columbia. Amherst, Mount t(
lolyofie and other colleges. Br.vn Maw- ?
* the first woman's college In the courv
ry to offer Us plant and equipment tc u
/omen industrial workers ?:elcltyg
Igher education. (|
>ng distances without eight of a human J,
elng from the tralp; but this rich land
i thickly populated. Much more at- b
active also than the gray mud walled u
lllages of the plains are the thatched v
ouscs of bamboo and matting clustered
oolly among the trees and sugar cane, A
ach house generally raised on stilts
)me three feet off the ground. The v
iurmese doubtless have their failings ((
-one hears of them?but they arc an
ttractlva people, friendly seeming, u
lughter loving, and the Englishmen
no nave lived longest In the country '
peak even more kindly of them than ()
le newcomer when flrst captivated.
The agricultural laborer and the men- p
)lk of the very poor may be dressed
nly In a single atrip of cotton cloth of p
irty white, being naked down to the lf
alst; but the costume of the great
iass of the people of both sexes?the 1
rhite Jacketlike garment above and
right colored petticoat skirt below?Is n
mlnently picturesque and graceful. It P
i astonishing also how far down one
oes In the social scale before reaching ti
ie point where, at least on holidays,
to skirt Is not of aUk. and It Is this r
Imost universal use. of silk in every )L
raginable shade of the tenderest blues
nd greens, pinks and apricot and maise. a
lat gives the Burmese crowd Its dtainctlve
appearance. The sav. smell 1
jrbans of the men and the colled black
air of the women, always with a bright u
pray of flowers, and often richly Jewlled,
are both becoming and attractive p
eaddreascs. ;
The Burmese?especially the women? c
ism never to talk together except with J
Dnstant ripples of laughter, and the .1
llldren are a Joy. Like the high born i
[anchu girl among the Chinese, the well J
red Burmese girl Is of the most dellate
porcelain, almost too dainty and of
all to handle, and some of the small H
isldens who have been put forward to M
resent bouquetg to the Prince have been ty
is loveliest little dream dolls Imagine- * *)
le. It la a good road, this road to I
tandglay. *
1 - .
Missouri Judge's Extraordinary Find.
gr
From the Part* Mtrciirv. c
When Judge W, W. Graves of toe Mlueurl
upreme Court went out to f?cd\lilii chick- c
ma otnor morning In found Sill In tin i
Iglit the flood watir* of Moieau Itlver, t
hlch washes tin bluffa at tin rtar of hi* dli
iburban property, had deposited a ahark I
i hla land. In tin ahack wis a whisky *
111 which had evidently bein In operation I
cintly. It had a capacity of about tan
tllona a day, but to data nobody haa '
aimed It. ^ 1
~ACrjInj Need, dlJ
from 1h? Arcndla /ours#!. 1{>
What thla country nteda la a revolver that j
111 aount tan ferfora It ahoota. C?
A Highland Night. r'
from the field. ?
ham's a ripple on the river,
nd a whisper In the lira. "
1 the loch the long reeda quiver J
rhere the timid wild duck atlrs.
ountalna lean their sable ehouldera j,
n the lemon of the aky, ,
nd above the speckled boulders tft
aunds the curfew's eerie cry.
U
Ighland lullabys ere crooninf (
"here the moorland burns do flow; ^
aglc woodland pipes are tuning
o a eon* the Brownies know,
nd It's there that I'd he drowsing to
n soma heather bcautled brae; pi
rhere I'd see the cattle browsing
t the dawning of the day.
W. IIakold Thomson, pa
N
Daily Calendar
THE WEATHER.
For ICaslern New York?JTalr to-day
irul to-in<>rrow, little change in temper**
ure,.itinerate, variable wtads.
For New Jersey?Cloudy ar.d unsettled
o-day; to-morrow fair, little change In
emerature, moderate, variable winds.
For Northern Now England?Cloudy
o-day; to-morrow fair, little change in
emperature. moderate northerly winds.
For Houthern New England?tjener*
illy fair to-day and to-morr*w, little
hungo in terpperature, moderate, va iuble
winds.
m in wrpitrn mew xora?generally
air to-day and to-morrow, l;ttU change
n temperature, moderate, variable
vinds. ;
Warhinotox, May 12.?Pressure re- '
iiained low to-day over the Eastern .
Hates. There have been showers within
lie last twenty-four hours In the north- "
trn Hocky Mountain region, the upper
ake region and in portions of the middle
Atlantic States In other parts of the
:ountry the weather remained fair.
The weather became cooler to-day in ,
he middle Atlantic States, while thero
vas a reaction to hifther temperature
vest of the Rocky Mountains. The
ndlcations are for mostly fair weather
o-morrow and Sunday In the States east
if the Mississippi River- However, local
howers are probable to-morrow in the
ttlantic States south of Pennsylvania,
xcept Florida.
Observations at United States Weather Bueau
stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday,
eventy-flfth meridian time:
Temperature Rainfall
last 24 hrs. Baro- last 24
Stations. High. I^w. meter.'hrs. Weather. i
"?? v? ?u.i>* .. uiear
ilhanj- 64 46 20.80 .. Clear
itlantic City.. <10 54 29.78 .. Clear
laltlmore OS 56 29.74 .. rt. CMy
llsmarck 50 42 19.78 . , 'Pt. C'lrty
loaton., 86 4<T 20.7* .. Clear
luffalo 68 50 29.88 .. Clear
llneintiati 84 66 89.84 .. Cloudy
'ItarleMon 8% 68 29.76 .. Clear
lliicago 82 70 19.86 .02 Pt. CMy
Cleveland 641 54 29.86 .. Pt. CMy
lenver 5# 44 3Q.0B .. Cloudy
>etrolt 70 C6 20.90 .. Cloudy
lalveston 84 76 10.92 .. J't. CMy
telena...., 56 40 Cloudy
acksonvillo.... 90 70 29.92 .. Clear
lansas City, .. 74 54 2.0,00 .. Clear
.<>a Angeles... 84 60 29.94 .. Clear
lllwgukee 74 52 29.84 .. Pt. CMy
lew Orleans... 90 74 29.90 .. Clear
iklalioma 74 r>4 29.94 .. Clear
'hiladalphia... 74 58 29.78 .. Clear
'Ittaburgh 76 64 2J1.78 .. Pt. Ctfy
ortland. Me... 60 44 19.76 .. Clear
ortlatul, Ore.. 72 62 80.24 .. Pt. CMy
ialt Lake City. 62 .88 .80.1 t .. Clear
an Antonio... 90 72 29.94 .. Rain
an Diego.... 80 54 29.90 .. Pt. Cldv
an Francisco.. 78 52 30.10 .. Clear
cattle 70 46 .80,26 ... Pt. CMy
t. I .on is 80 66 29.94 .. Clear
t. Paul 64 52 29.86 .. Cloudy
Washington.... 74 60 20.76 .. Pt. CMy
IXJCAL, WEATHER RECORDS.
8 A. M. 8 P. M.
laroineter 29.81 JW.78
luniidity 72 41
Wind?direction K. S.
find?velocity 12 8
feather Clear Clear
recipltatlon None None
The temperature In thla city yesterday, as
ecorded by the official thermometer, Is
down In the annexed table:
t a. M...M 1 r. M...58 b v. m....io
9 A. 2 P. M...63 1 7 P.M. ...17
1A.M....17 3 P. M...6H BP. M....Mi
I A. M...00 4 P. M. ..,17 I) P. M...B0
*M 51) 5 P. M...00 10'P. M....13
1022. 1021. .1022. 1021.
1 A. M....50 .11 fl P. M. P. ..10 .18
: m .70 ra o p. ar?M r>?
!t P. M l? 57 12 Mid.......73 54
Highest temperature. (13, at 2 r. M.
I<nweat temperature. 52. at C A. M.
Ave ratio temperature, 50.
EVENrS~TO-DAY.
Annual police parade, start* from the He'
17 11:1.7 A. M. Medal* will be preern'r l
t the levlewlna stand. Twenty-third street
nd Fifth avenue.
W'onirn's International Auxiliary of P. v.
:. 8.. meeting. Hotel Plaza, 10:4.1 A. M.
American J,od[;r, U. O. T. p.. luncheon, Hull
Astor. 1 P. M.
New York Classical Club, annual meeting,
letropolltan Museum of Art, It :.Yf? A. M .
jllowe.l by a literary program and luncheon.
Visitation Academy Alumnae, lunchoen.
;l?lgo Boulevard and Eighty-ninth street.
rooWlyn, 12:30 P. M.
Now York Euphony Society, breakfast,
I'aldorf-Astorla, 11 A. M.
Women's Press Club, meeting, Waldorfstoria,
2 P. M.
All llalioyts Institute Auxiliary, bridge,
i'aldorf-Astorla. 2 P. M.
Nebraska Society, meeting, Waldorf-As>r!a,
2 P. M
St. Mary's Alumnae, meeting, Waldorf-As>ria,
2 P. M.
Continuation School Teachers Association,
ncheon, Hotel MuAlpln, 1 P. M.
I.utheran Woman's league, luncheon, llo>1
McAlpin, 12:80 P. M.
Syracuse Alumnae, luncheon, Hotel McAIIn.
1 r. M.
Areth tea Sorority, luncheon, TIoteWMcAlIn,
1 P. M.
Girl Reserves, annual field da7. Van Coitindt
Park, afleruoon.
Kappa Phi Club, luncheon. Hotel McAlpIn,
r. M.
Milrymount College, tea dance, Hotel Blltlore,
afternoon.
llutKora Alumnae, tea, Hotel McAlpln, 4
M.
National Tnduatrlal Council, meeting, Ho.
(1 Pennsylvania.
Montrlalr Normal School, luncheon, Hotel
eimsylvanla, 1 r. M.
lJuhllo Rrhool Kindergarten Aaeoclatlon.
incheon, Hotel Commodore, 1 P. M.
Carroll, Club, amateur olrcua, 120 Madloou
venue, 4 P. M.
Dr. W. A. Murrtll. lecture, "How Wild
lower* May Jte Protected." Botanical Gar.
en, Rronx, 4 P. M.
Horticultural Society, annual meeting. Jtoinlcal
Garden, Bronx Tark. 5:30 P. M.
Prof. .Tamra Melvln I-ee of New York ITnlrslty
will speak at the Single Tax Forum,
I Waat Thirteenth atreet. 8:30 T\ M.
Memorial for "Chinatown Gertie," Reaeu*
irlety Mission, 5 Dover* street, 0:30 P. M.
Brooklvn Auxiliary, .Tewtsli Koine for Caulescent*,
charity ball, Academy of Music,
-ooklyn, 8:15 T. M.
National Itepublloan Club dlnnrr to Charles
Hllles, clubhouse, 84 West Fortieth street,
P. M.
Dinner In honor of Oan. Pershing by the
'fleers of the Seventy-seventh Division,
otel Astor, 8 P. M.
De 1 a Halle Institute Alumni, dlnnrr,
anhattan Club, Madleon avenue and Twen-elxth
street, 7 P, M. Gov. ltd wards of
?w Jersey will speak. I
thirteen Club, presentation of two one act
*?-4.? 1 1- .1R It ?f
?7?# nuiri i cniin/ivBPiiii aau * ? *u.
Prof. Raletl will apeak on "Baparanto'a
iture," 68 Eaet Eleventh afreet, 8 P. M.
"ypoeraplilcal Union ffo. 6 Rand, rancart
in Mora. Saengerbund Hall, Bmltli and
hermarhorn atreeta, Brooklyn, 8:1(5 P. M.
rrafflr Bqti.nl llonavnlant Aaaorlatlon, dlnr,
Waldorf-Aetnrla, t:|V P. M.
Police Hood, dinner, Hotel Aator.
""ollagn of !'karmar>. FordUam Unlvaralty,
mar and daw. Hotel Aator, 7 P. M.
>few York Tmat Company Club, dlnnar and
nee. Hotel Aaior. 7 p. M.
topper Club, dance and aupper, Hetal Aar,
8 P. M.
Mumnl Aaaorlation of Ohrletodoro Hauae,
>tel Commodore, 7 P. M.
democratic Club of Weatrhaatar County,
tner. Hotel Commodore, 7 P. M.
teaboaid Bank Club, dlnnar and danaa,
>tel Commodora, 7 P. M.
\lpha Rigm* Phi Fraternity, dlnnar, Hot#!
immodore, 7:30 T. M.
3othln Hodge, dlnnar and danca, Hotal
Hnaylranla, 8 P. M.
\quehonaa Hedge. dlnnar and danaa, Hotal
immodore. 8 P. M.
Vacation Aaaoelatlon. entartalnment and
nra, Hotel Pennaylvanla, 8:18 P. M.
tlpha Kappa Pal Fraternity, dlnnar. Hotel
Alrln. 7 P. M.
tarrlman National Rank Employe**, danca,
)tel Mi AlpIn, 8 P. M.
'Ina* nf 1RS3 and Claaa of 1824, Cooper
lion, aupper. Hotel McAlpIn, 11:18 P. M.
r-eanileth Centmy Social Club, danre,
itel MaAlpIn, 8 P. M.
It. Natalia reunion and danca, neataunt
C'onatantln, 664 Fifth avenua, 7 P. M.
Tha Aaaoriatad Praaa la asclualvaly entitled
the uaa for republication af all nawa die
itcliee credited to It or not otharwteedited
In thla paper, and alio tha loeni
?a puhllalied herein.
All right* of republication of apeelal dlaitctjaa
liaielu pre alio raaatvtd.

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