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The Cii Rival of the Foun-; dation of Romulus Once Nearly < Conquered the j Romans Who ; Kazed It in Revenge By HELEN AUGUR. Special Correspondence of Thb New York Hrald. Romr, June 5, 1922. IF modern science has proved that truth is more romantic than fiction, the tpcheologist has proved that legend id truer than texthooks of history. One of the Strang- 1 est legends which has hovered about 1 g the very early history of Rome was ^ the tale of the "Ghost City," which ( for generation after generation t fought Rome to the death, and more o than once nearly succeeded in level- I ing her as flat as the Campagna. a This tale of the "Ghost City," the n "Queen of the Etruscan League," has always been thought the inven- a tion of romancing poets. Nobody be- 1? lieved there could have been another 0 city strong enough to threaten the s * vi jr iuc vi iwiiic, any uivic uuui "serious" students have believed in b the legend of the lost continent of Atlantis- ? c tl Veil, Archeologically Known. p Now, after twenty-three centuries, h the pride of Veil, this great forgot- F ten city, has been vindicated by an ii archeologist, G. Z. Glglioti, director v of the Etruscan Museum. His recent b excavations of a grassy old plateau twelve miles from Rome have proved that here, many centuries before Christ, there flourished a great city, ^ resourceful in war, responsive to _ F color and gayety, a city which built a up an art that for a time at least ^ was far superior to that of Rome. f The discovery of this art, so mo- 0 bile and full, of the joy of living, is h helping to confirm the theories of j, archeologists who axe almost ready r <c publish to the world the theory j, that the lost "Atlantis" was none a other than the continent that ^ stretched from Italy to Africa, and a which was suddenly engulfed by the v Mediterranean. According to their 0 researches Atlantis was the mother t of all known civilizations, her culture n existing in a marvelous state of de- w velopment before the Babylonian or 1 Greek or Egyptian States came Into a being. r The theory is that when the continent slipped into the sea the rem- j s nan Is of Atlantian culture took ; refuge in Asia Minor and Greece, implanting in Babylon and Athens and Thebes the art sense which cen- ) turies afterwards returned westward j to the Etruscan cities and Home. In Other words, the "Greek art" which dominated Italy may have been nothing but the return to its source of the most ancient art of all, which the archeologists call Pelasgian. Off the coast of Italy, archeolo- j gists in specially made boats with glass bottoms have been able to see down through the clear water the remains of gigantic walls which are still staunch after thousands of years. In recent excavations, hand i wrought gold necklaces and other i objects have been found which date) THE NEW YOR] ty Tha h> far back that a revision of history is necessary. A Civilization 600 B. C. The Veii excavations show the sxistence of a civilization which had eached a high point of perfection six centuries before Christ, and an irt so genuine and spontaneous that t may have been a direct inheriance instead of an imitation of 3reek style. Most fallen lovely cities of history lave left an epic behind them, a cry lown the centuries not to forget heir vanquished pride. But Veil, he city that tried to be Rome, suc eeded so nearly that in revenge itome wiped her off the records and loomed her to oblivion. Her name launted obscure corners of history ind legend, but her greatness was covered up by the jealous pride of he Eternal City. Veii lay twelve ?iiles down the riber on the old highway from Rome o Gaul. The city was built on a treat undulating plateau commandng the plain, through which the Iremera runs to join the Tiber. Now here is only a lonely medieval castle in the bluff, the little village of sola Farnese sprawling at its feet, mid a dreary succession of field and aeadow. A few months ago the Roman rcheologists brought back with iborious care a few shabby pieces f terra cotta. They were part of a tatue of Apollo which had stood in he Veil Temple at least six centuries efore Christ. In 427 B.C. another statue was arried from Veil to Rome. This ime it was the image of Veii's atron goddess, Juno, borne at the ead of a surging, shouting mass of toman soldiers who were celebrating the final conquest of the city thich for more than 200 years had een Rome's greatest rival. Apollo That Walk*. The statue discovered in Veii has ieen given the name of "The Apollo That Walks," because of his striding rosture, down with the authority of i highly developed art. The Apollj ras found to be one of a group of our figures, and under the direction if Dr. Giglioti the group has now ieen restored, and with it a vanished *gend. Apollo, with his sister Diana unning up tehir.d him. are springrig forward to rescue a deer, bound s if for market and quivering under he foot of Hercules, who brandishes . thick clpb. Hermes, with his ringed cap, is beside Hercules. The Id Greek vei.es tell a story of a conest between Apollo and Hercules ver a sacrrd tripod, and the deer ras sacred to Apollo and Diana, 'he group i t done with great spirit, .nd is pained in a diverting man ler. The arch'-.ie fashion in makeup is triking. Tre statues are done with he flesh a ltd brown, hair and eyebrows jet blfuk, and the white of the ;yes realistically painted white. The tarments are of yellow* clay, with lesigns in vermilion and purple or jlue at throat and knee. The Veiians evidently liked gayety. rhey decorated their roof gutters with antifix. s? as the Gothic architects decorau-d th'irs with gargoyles, rhe nymphs and satyrs, who were a 'avorite roof decoration, were of a highly sophisticated sort. The nymphs, instead of t>eing shy wood [ reatureg, were fashionable ladies with earrings, wearing an elaborate head ornament which was evidently the rage in ancient Veii, as the tombs >f the best ladies bore reclining | statues of themselves with the sain* | \ ft HERAia/, SUNDAY, t Triec I headdress. It is not so very different from Gaby Deslys's favorite aureole of ostrich plumes. Veii was very gay. ir.aeeu, sna proDamy originated the custom of "painting the town red," in the days before the phrase became a mere figure of speech. On great feast days, the whole town, even the sacred statues, were painted a ruddy crimson. When the dignified face of Apollo and the other gods found in Veii are oiled the red paint comes out plainly. Bat a Sketchy Legend. History and legend tell only a sketchy story of Veii. According to the old records, she was the strongest of the dozen cities of the Etruscan League and lorded it over the whole cigh^ bank of the Tiber to the sea, even owning the precious salt works at the mouth of the Tiber. To Veii belonged the Vatican Hill, Monte Mario, where an American m.oving picture company now has its studio, and the Janicolo, the lovely terraced hill where the American Academy and luxurious villas now sleep in the noon sunshine. Tradition says that Romulus forced Veii into a war and made her give up the land she held south of the Vatican Hill. That sounds as if Romulus, regarded as the beginner of history in Italy, had just arrived on the scene of an established civilization and decided^to appropriate some of it for the town he was building on the Seven Hills. After this conflict a truce was de Veiian Appendices and the Apollo That Walks. dared for a hundred years, but neither side was interested in keeping the truce. They were at each other's throats for most of the period when kings ruled Home. Early in the fifth century B. C. Veii decided to put an end to upstart Rome. 5 he joined in a defensive alliance with the other cities of Etruria and called for volunteers. A clan of Veii. called the Fabrii, stepped up and declared that they would sacrifice themselves to a man in ridding the world of Rome. Three hundred and six Fabrii set out from Veil and established themselves in a fortress halfway to Rome. They held that fortress for two years, ravaging the plains round about for food. Those were the days when warfare was a matter of wiles, not of nyips and aeroplanes and shells. Rome conquered the Fabrii by leading them into an ambush and slaying them to a man. A young boy, who ha/1 nnmo with h?a rohitiv- j frr.m a sense of adventure, alone was left to carry on the famous family. After this defeat the Romans sealed up the right arch of the Porta Carmentalia, through which the Veians had passed in their last rej treat, and cursed it. Modern Rome calls this bitter road Consolation I Street. [ Veii rose up to avenge her bravest JUNE 25, 1922. I rn _ T) . L 1 U ?>< clan and marched with streaming banners to the very gates of Rome. Just outside the Porta Maggiore and the Porta Collina the Veians were driven back. They climbed the Janicolo, which is the highest point in Rome, raining down stones on the Romans who climbed the steep hillsides. It was a bloody conflict on the Janicolo until a truce was declared in the very place where American archeologists are now poring over the old Latin records of the fight. After this second failure Veii acknowledged the strength of her rival and waited a favorable moment for the next blow. When Rome was racked with a pestilence Veii and her neighbor, Fidenae, a town on the left bank of the Tiber about seven miles from Rome, struck at her. Rome's answer was 10 wipe out Fidenae. In 396 B. C. Veil started a systematic slaying of all the Romans living within- her city walls. Rome decided it was time to lay seige to the city and consulted the augurs as to what luck she might expect. They pointed out that the waters of the Alban Lake nearby were rising and that this must be an important omen. The Oracle of Delphi was consulted. He pronounced the following prophecy: "Whatever race can lower the waters in this lake without letting them run directly into the sea will j be victorious." , So the Romans built an underj ground outlet emptying into a stream. This outlet is still in good working order, and the Alban Lake has never overflowed since. Perhaps the building of the underground passage gave the Roman generals an idea for their campaign. In any ease, they used the same means for their final victory against Veii. A Roman general, who was well named Furius Camillus, constructed an underground pasage from outside the walls of Veii into the temple of Juno. The Roman soldiers filtered quietly into the heart of the city and overpowered it. History does not say whether any soul was left alive in Veii after this vie tory. But it does record that jhe statue of Juno, Veii's presiding spirit, was carried off to Rome and I placed in a temple on the Aventine Hill. Life was ended in Veil. The plateau stood shorn and lonely, looking down on the plains. When Rome The Indus THE INDUSTRIAL CODE. By W. Jett 1-auck and Claude S. Watts. Funk & Wagnalls Company. urn HE one overshadowing need | of the world to-day," declare the authors of this hook, "is increased production." for only by production can we hope to atone for the unparalleled destructiveness and the economic anarchy attendant upon the great war. Yet "the first requisite to increased production is that there must be reasonably contented and satisfied workers in every field of production, and this is impossible so long as there is constant irritation and friction, with frequent economically disastrous conflicts." In other words, it is imperative for the economic salvation of the world that there be ft>rne swift and certain method of settling labor disputes and of averting the ruinous costs of strikes and lockouts, not only to the employer and employee, but to the general public as well. Such a method is proposed in the present volume; the need for it is emphasized, the various me ens of securing it are discussed, and iis possi, ble mechanism and scope are out 3 Rome ?as destroyed by the Gauls there was some discussion of building the new city on the side of Veii, but this project was abandoned and the site wa3 left until the beginning of the Christian era, when a new city was built there. It was soon destroyed by the tribes from the north, and this time Veii lay forgotten until a century ago. in 1810 somebody began digging about the top of the old plateau and a few excavations were made. The second city lying on top of the old Veii was unearthed, and the statue3 of Tiberius and Augustus found there brought to the Vatican Museum in Rome. It was not until 1888 that scientific excavation of the Etruscan tombs which lay in the. cliff sides began And It was not until 1913 that the archeologists began to get down into the ancient city beneath the layers of soil and the city of the Christian era. Tombs dating back to the tenth century B. C. were found?the ashes of the dead, together with their ornaments and vases, put in great funeral i urns and sunk in pits. Chamber r tombs of a later date were found, in ; which the funeral urns were placed ir. niches. Coffins were sometimes made of the trunks of trees hollowed out, and stone coffins containing children's bodies were also found. u ne torni)3 snow the strong Oriental influence that existed all over Etruria at that time. Some of the ornaments were very beautiful, made of gold, amber, crystal or enamel. When they excavated the side of the Veii temple, the excavators discovered tufa blocks from the temple, walls, roof tiles of terra cotta and a variety of antifixes. The "Apollo That Walks" evidently 3tood in the temple itself or in the courtyard. The road leading up the steep cliff i sides to the temple has been unearthed, and tinder the road were 1 found fragments of tlje figures which were buried beneath when the road I was built as modern builders put coins and documents in cornerstones. Until these excavations nobody believed the story told by Pliny, the j historian, that when Rome began work on her proudest monument, the : temple to Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill, she sent to Veii for her work .en. xjui nun me Apvuu mat I' Walks" strides into history again to \ indicate the pride and agony of the great City which created him. ;trial Code I lined. The plan is that which is ini dicated in the title of the book?to frame an industrial code which would j settle finally all questions such as the I right of employers and employees to | organize, the right of collective barI gaining, the right of labor to a living wage and of capital to a fair return, the length of the ho.irs of work and the position of woman in industry. There can be no denying that such a code, if once put in force, would bo of inestimable advantage in averting economic waste, in obviating needless friction and in producing general industrial harmony. The main problem is how to establish the code? and this question the authors attempt to answer by saying that it might be inaugurated either by direct legislative action, by a private agreement between capital and labor, UI 1>J an a^imiirin wiwwn capital and luixir affirmed by legislative action and enacted into law." Each of these methods present! certain advantages and certain disadvantages ?but advocates of the code are willing to employ any of the three, and, dc not care so much how the code is to be adopted as how num.