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WHITE HOUSE TO BE
Every Maneuver Predicated on Possible Intervention bv President. PLEAS ARE EXPECTED yftaid Supporters Go Ahead r With Plan to Press Meas ure To-morrow. ANTIS WELL PREPARED MacNider Declares Senate Will Pass $3.000,000,000 Bill This Week. By I.OI IS SKI BOLD. Fptcial Dispatch to Tub New Yobk Heihi.d. New York Herald Bureau. ) n whlniioii, D. C.. Ask. 31. [ No 1600 Pennsylvania avenue (the White House) will be the real storm center of the battle over the $5,00?, 000,000 bonus raid which begins in the Senate on Wednesday. Every maneu ver connected with the preliminaries for the oral conflict over the scheme to burden the people with heavier taxes was predicated to-day on probable or possible intervention on the part of the President. Up to to-night there had been no actual or concrete development to Indi cate that it is the purpose of the Presl dent to supplement his disapproval of the McCumber bill, which Is the only bonus measure that the supporters of the gratuity scheme have any thought of passing. Attempts to procure from the Presi dent a definite statement of his pres ent estimate of the bonus proposal will undoubtedly be ma/ie by the leaders on both aides of the argument before the short arm fighting over It begins in the Senate. Such a statement from him at this moment would settle at least one phase of the controversy. Effect of Intervention. A positive declaration that he does not look with favor upon any attempt to further strain tho already overstrained resources of the Treasury or to impose further taxes on the people of the country would greatly increase tho number of Senators opposed to the McCumber plan and might result In the rejection of It without delay by a majority of votes, though present In dications favor its passage. An Intimation from the President that ho might sign a bill modified to imply merely recognition of the bonus principle would unquestionably cur tail the protracted debate that now appears imminent. Whether the President will consent to express hie present views on either or both of the propositions Is a mat ter of lively speculation in Senatorial circles. The most recent and direct informa tion of the White House view reach ing the Senate clearly indicated the President's determination to insist thai the bonus bill provide an acceptable plan for financing it without burden ing the country with further taxea Not half a dozen of the ninety-six Sen ators believe he will approve the Mc Cumber scheme, which does not carry any financial feature. Even the most ardent supporters of the scheme to win the support of the mercenary sol dier vote for Individual political can didate* by awarding them Government j cash admit the probability of a veto, j No Change la Probultle. Regardless of their conviction in this respect, however, they Intend to go ahead with the deal *hich they made with the politicians in the Amer ican Legion, and of which the people of the country arc to bo the victims. It Is not likely therefore that there will be any change in the plans of the bonus supporters in the Senate to call up the McCumber bill on Wednesday and fight It through to a finish. Mr. McCumber, the author of the measure, said to-night that he did not expect any change in the program out lined by him when the Senate ad journed on Saturday after passing the tariff bill. He does not look for any "interference" from the White House, as do some of his Republican and Dem ocratic allies on the bonus proposal. Reports mere interesting than sub stantial engaged the attention of both proponents and opponents of tho bonus to-day. One was that the Pres ident would request the Senate to lay aside tho bonus bill and keep the decks clear to permit Immediate considera tion of measures relating to the rail way and coal problems. If a sugges tion of this sort Is made by the White House It will be welcomed with open arms by gpveral greatly harassed Sen ators who would like to dodge a lineup on the bonus proposition. The leaders on both sides do not look for any development along thlH line. Accordingly f hey are going ahead with their plan to take up the Mc Cumber measure on Wednesday and "bull" It through to a tinal decision re gardless of its fate at the hands of the President. Senators on both sides aro raiding the department and Govern ment records for material to use in urging the passago or rejection of the McCumber measure. The programs of both sides are most pretentious In scope and character and promise a vast amount of vocal entertainment which may continue for several weeks. Negotiations at an End. Mr. McCumber declared to-night tl.at the bonus Senators would not make further appeal to the opposition to negotiate an agreement as to the length of debate or to tlx a date for a vote. He said every proposal of this character had been summarily vetoed by Senators Borah and Wadsworth, Republicans, and Underwood and Shields, Democrats, on behulf of the opposition. The battle over the bonus will call into action the heaviest oral artillery on both sides. The chief arguments in support of the bonus will be offered by Senators McCumber, La Kollette, Lenroot, Lodge and McCormlck. Re publicans, and Walsh (Mass.), Jones (N. M.), Heflin, Robinson and Sim mons, Democrats. The guns of the opposition will be chiefly manned by Senators Borah, Moses, Wadsworth, Pepper and Edge, Republicans, and Underwood, Shields, Williams, Pome rene and Myers, Democrats. Each side has an available suply of reserves to bring up as necessity demands. in forensic ability the opposition Is j generally conceded to have a decided advantage. Several of the Senators who are opposed to the bonus have been preparing for the fray for sev eral weeks. They believe when they have thoroughly dissected the bonus proposition and revealed to the coun try the disastrous consequences that I will follow, public sentiment against j it will be even more pronounced than it is at present. The absence of many Senators from Washington on various matters that largely have to do with party pri maries is rather more disturbing to the promoters of the bonus scheme than to the opposition. At present there are not more than seventy mem bers of the Senate at the Capitol. Of course most, if not all the absentees aro paired on the bonus proposition. The chief effect of their truancy will: therefore be reflected In the dabate' and in the final outcome of it. Supporters of the bonus continue to assert that they will be able to put the | OpvMfM !?? York CWntrftl fcillw?d <U The Century and The Wolverine The Wolverine via the Michigan Central rivals the Twentieth Century Limited for overnight service be tween Chicago and Tht Wo,ytTime NCW York. Lv.N.w York 5.00p.m. Ar. Detroit 7.10 a. m.. K. . .. .. , Ar. Chicago 2.00 p.m. arrives in New York _ Lv. Chicago 9.05 a. m. in the morning and Lv. Detroit 5.55P.m. leaves for Chicago at ? the close of the busi- 20,k c"""^ ____ 1 _Lv. Chicago 12.40 p.m. ness day. Ar.BoaJT I2 noon Ar. New York 9.40 a. m. For Reservation*: Lv. New York 2.45 p. m. .... Lv. Boston 12.30 p.m. Telephone Vanderbtlt 3200 , Ar. Chicago 9.45 a. m. NEW YORK CENTRAL bill through by a majority approx imating two to one. The opposition is equally confident that before a vote is reached the division over the project will be very much closer than the sup porters of the scheme predict. It is significant that in the controversy over the probable lineup of the Senate the bonus supporters exhibit little, if m y, confidence in their ability to re pass the bonus over the veto of the President. Opposing Senators who have care fully canvassed the Senatorial senti ment on this phase of the situation are positive executive disapproval will be upheld. The estimates of fhe rival groups on this point are therefore far apart and contingent upon develop ments of the battle both In the Senate and in the region of the White House, j The politicians In tho American Legion who have made the Capitol a daily rendezvous display much more concern over the outcome of the pend ing battle than they publicly care to admit. Their propaganda machine is going full tilt and is deluging Senators with arguments, pleas, threats and promises inte ided to touch the hearts if not the hardheaded common sense of members of the upper house whose votes are desired. MacNIdcr Is In Chare*,' Commander MacNider of the Ameri can Legion, who says a personal can vass shows a majority of Senators for the bonus, has assumed personal charge of the battle. He predicts the Senate will pass the bill this week. His agents are operating all over the executive and legislative maps. John Thomas Taylor, the legislative agent of the Legion, is more guarded In his predictions than he was a month ago. He declared the Senate will pass the bonus bill "within a few days." He said the same thing four months ago. In the meantime various civic organ izations, business men and citizens generally aro expressing through the telegraph and mails their disapproval of the bonus scheme for moral as Well as economic reasons. A protest made to several Senators by A. M. Loeb, president of the na tional council of Traveling Men's As sociation. has aroused the lro of poli ticians in the American Legion. Mr. Loeb, who is the head of an organiza tion which embraces 600,000 commer cial travelers, declared that the over whelming sentiment among them Is opposed to the bonus. He said to-day: "The Commercial Traveling Men's Association of the United States is unqualifiedly opposed to any bonus for the soldiers. We fully appreciate what the fighters did during the war. We believe, however, that the disabled veteran has a superior claim on the people of the country and that his needs should be cared for to the fullest extent. Regarding the proposal to pay a Government bonus to able bodied men I find public sentiment is over whelmingly against it. There is no wis dom in tho scheme to saddle the American people with heavy taxes to' give the representatives of one class i that do not need It from $600 to $700 i each. This country should not be asked to make this sacrifice for such a purpose.'' HARDING SAYS U. S. HAS NO WAR DESIGN Tells Citizen Soldiers This Country Is Concerned Only With Peace, 1,000 PASS IN REVIEW President Congratulates Volunteers as Renewing Confidence in Future. WANTS 100,000 ANNUALLY Gen. Pershing Also Impressed by Showing of Students , From Camp Meade. \ Washington, Aug. 21.?Tanned and hardened by three weeks' training at Cajnp Meade. Maryland, 1,000 citizen soldiers, most of them still In their 'teens, marched In review before Presi dent Harding to-day on the White House ellipse. The President declared the demonstration gave him new as surance, new confidence and new belief In the perpetuity of the American Re public. This opinion, voiced by the Chief Ex ecutive In a brief extemporaneous ad dress after the youths had passed In almost faultless formation, brought similar expressions of commendation from veteran army Chiefs, among them being Oen. Pershing. Secretary Weeks, other members of the Cabinet and members of the House and the Senate stood In the reviewing line with the President. On returning to the White House, the President delayed consideration of governmental nffulrs to review again the khaki clad contingent, divided Into Infantry, artillery and cavalry units, as It swung by on its return to camp. Mrs. Harding viewed bcth appearances, af plaudlng frequently as detachments filed by. Wants Massage spread. It was said to be the President's pur pose In addressing the troops from Pennsylvania. Delaware, Maryland and the District of Columbia, to convey through them his message to the 27."0 other students In scattered army camps. He declared that if he could have his wish tho 28,000 would be Increased "until more than 100,000 were annually studying and preparing for armed ser vice." Such training'as the young men were receiving, he added, was not given with the expectation that they would be called upon for military service. "I could not allow the opportunity to pass." eald the President, "without a word of felicitation and congratula tion. You have afforded ua this morning, those who were In review and those who carried on the review, a most impress ive and reassuring spectacle. You are' citizens of a republic wholly devoted to peace. There Is not a thought In Amer ica of armed warfare. There la not a design on the part of your country to carry on an armed campaign In any direction. 4,We are concerned only with peace and the security of peace, and I like to think that this great republic, reducing Its regular army -in accordance with Pi ideals, can have the assurance thai comes to It with such a spectacle as you have given us this morning. I con gratulate you with all my heart. "It Is a fine thing for the young man hood of America to turr. from the ordinary engagements of the vacation season to a study of military service and training for service. I am not sure, however, but you have profited quite as veil as your country. If my eye testi fies correctly you have benefited from the physical training which always means a higher state of American man hood. You have benefited by learning discipline. You have benefited as nil America might well benefit by learning a little more Impressively the obliga tions of the citizen to his country. Better Equipped for Work. "It Is a rather interesting thing modern science has learned 'hat the ills of the nervous and mental being mry largely be cured by the development of the physical being, and I take It that you have not only had a wholesome time, but that you are all teturnlng to your normal pursuits better equipped for the tasks of life. "You will be Interested to know that the volunteer citizens training move ment last year enlisted about 11,000 re crults. This year there were 28,000 o* you In the various camps If I could have my wish this number would in crease unty more than 100 000 were an nually studying and preparing lor armed service, not that we ever expect -to be called upon for such service but solely for national defense and the preserva tion of the Government undo which wc live. "You know modern soldiery Is very different from that of nearly all the his tory of the world. In olden times those who were in the profeeslons compen sated those In the pursuits of war. Ou? soldiering of to-day Is solely for na tional defense and the preservation of that Government under whicn we live. "There Is new assurance ; there Is new confidence; there Is new belief In the perpetuity of this American republic when one can stand as I have stood this morning and note such a company of ready volunteer defenders as you have shown us In this review. Again mv congratulations and my gratitude fo* your country." FOEEST FIBES EAVAGE ITALY. Ministry of Agrlonltnre Estimates Loss at $10,000,000. * Rom#, Aug. 21.?Partial estimates of the losses through recent forest fires In Italy have been calculated by the Min istry of Agriculture at $10,000,000. Fires are continuing In the provinces. In Messina three districts are ablaze. The road between Navorro and Franca vllla Is blocked, hampering the work of troops dispatched to that vicinity to endeavor to prevent a further spread of the fires. BATTEN When you retire will your business go on ? Many business men talk of in the business that thq public the day when they will retire. does not know. The busi Yet very few actually do it. ness that is advertised not They find they can't let go only gains a public good-will, absolutely right now?next but its standards and methods year maybe, but not now. become known to all men. They want the business The very pressure of public they have worked so hard to opinion helps to hold the ad build, to go on. They are vertised business upon its es afraid "the boys" are not quite tablished track, ready to take the reins. Count the business men you And often they are right. know who have actually or The head of a business can lay partially retired. You will down policies and judgments find that a large number of for forty years, and the forty- them were connected with first year someone in his com- firms that advertised their pany asks him what to do policies and their wares, about some matter that was The chief may be playing thought to be as settled as the golf or touring Europe, but alphabet. his business and his advertis This sort of thing happens ing are going on. Onck a month, or more frequently, we issue a publication called Batten's Wedge. Each issue is devoted to a single editorial on some phase of business. If you are a business executive and would like to receive copies, write us. George Batten Company, Inc. Advertising Boston 381 Fourth Avenue Ch,(at, 10 Stats Strut New York MtCarm c< riUg. Moulding favorable public opinion for articles or services that deserve it DAVIS WOULD HALT| CHINESE SMUGGLING Secretary Asks Closer Coopera tion Between United States and Cuba. 25,000 READY TO SAIL r' Suggests Movement of Coolies to Carribean From the Orient Be Checked. Wabhinoton, Aug. 31 (Associated Press).?Smuggling of aliens Into the United States, particularly Chinese from Quba, constitutes one of the most seri ous problems before the Department of Labor, Secretary Davis declared to-day la commenting upon efforts being made to obtain closer cooperation between the Cuban Government and the United States to suppress the practice. It became known that negotiations be gan In October, when Secretary Hughes asked the Cuban Legation here to call certain features of the situation to the attention of officials In Havana. Since then the legation has sent several other Inquiries to Its home Government, but has received no formal reply. A letter to Secretary Hughes by Sec retary Davis August S stated that the Labor Department "has deemed it proper as well as advisable to present this mat ter (smuggling of Chinese from Cuba Into the United States) for the consider ation of your department, with the re quest that, if you approt e of that course, the American Minister at Havana or other proper representatives of this Gov ernment mako appropriate representa tions to the Government of Cuba with the object of ascertaining if restrictions of a character which will serve to materially check the movement to that country of aliens of the Chinese race may not be Imposed under the laws of that country." Would Cheek Smuggling. Mr. Davis also suggested that the Cuban Government might be able to devise some plan whereby the departure from ports of Cuba of craft engaged In the smuggling of aliens to our coast rnd "who are not, or may not be, eligi ble for admission may be materially checked." He said his department was "very gravely concerned over the situa tion which now prevails on our southern Atlantic and Gulf coasts growing out of tho smuggling over from Cuba of aliens In largo numbers," and explained that "It seems to be the generally ac cepted view of persons in touch with the situation that virtually the entire present Chinese population of Cuba (except, of course, those who arc engaged in busi ness there) have the one thought upper most In mind of gaining entry to the United States, which entry must neces sarily be accomplished by unlawful means." Secretary Davie declared the Labor Department "recently had a rather ex tensive investigation made Into smug gling matters oh the Florida coast, and its Investigators spent some time in Cuba looking Into the situation there." According: to the best information avail able, the Secretary said, "there are now in Cuba 25,000 or 30,000 young Chinese, mo?r"of whom are without employment and apparently without immediate pros pect of obtaining employment." Other Routings Utilised. Calling attention to the movement across the United States from the Pa cific coast of large numbers of Chinese "In transit" for Cuba, Mr. Davis ex plained to Secretary Hughes that "while the Department could quite properly, in view of their apparent lack of good faith in the matter, prohibit the further transit across United States territory of Chinese aliens destined for Cuba, the futility of so doing is apparent when it is considered that other routings fr#m China to Cuba are already being utilized, perhaps to a greatet extent than are the routes which carry them through the United States." If the movement of Chinese laborers to Cuba could in s^pte manner be checked, the Secretary asserted, "the problem of this Oovernmoht In coping with the smuggling situation would be relieved!, although doubtless a large percentage will eventually seek to gain unlawful entry to this country, and In all probability many of them will succeed In gaining entry owing to the lack of proper machinery on this side with which to frustrate their endeavors." T DIE, lOO HURT IN RAID CRASH Gravesend, England, Aug. 21 (Asso ciated Press).?Seven workmen were killed and 100 InJjfVed this morning when a train crashed Into the rear end of their work train, which was standing at the station here. " Cartier 7iftHAve.aniSHSt 3 PEARLS in bunches as imported SPECIMEN PEARLS for additions to necklaces ' ROPESofPEARLS 5assets -Sautoirs HS.SveryPearfin our Stock is indtviduaffypriced SANTA FE TRAIN SERVICE RESUMED (Western Union Telegram.) Chicago, 111., August 19th, 4:30 P. M. E. F. Burnett* D. P. A., A. T. & S. F. Ry., 302 Broadway, New York i Train and enginemen on Santa Fe Coast Lines West of Albuquerque have returned to work} all passenger trains now moving on regular schedule. (Signed) W. J. BLACK, Passenger Traffic Manager, Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway System. Further information regarding train service will be gladly furnished on application. Also, Pullman reservations made for throup-Vi trins to tW Southwest and California. E. F. BURNETT, D. P. A. A. T. & S. F. Ry., 302 Broadway, New York. Telephone, Worth 3677. ?>??? '?? \ 111 When the Children Ask for Candy it is Nature's craving for pure sweets. The youngster's grow ing body needs this nourishment not only to supply food for daily activities, but to add pounds to his weight and inches to his height during the growing age. Give the boys and girls plenty of ROGERS richest MILK Fresh Packed In Glass Jars Let them eat it with a spoon direct from jar. It supplies them with the sweets they crave and also with rich butter fats and other milk solids that build bone and muscle and brain. Rogers Richest is a veritable "milk candy." You are sure of its absolute purity and you gain your object of supplying other needed food along with,sweets. Spread it on bread for lunch. Give them all they want and "watch them grow." MOTHERS?Rogers Richest Milk is extra heavy in butter fat and other milk solids and contains less sugar than ordinary condensed milks, which makes it superior for infant feeding. FOR EVERY HOME USE except for beverage purposes Rogers Richest ia not only superior but more economical than bottled milk. FOR CAMPERS it makes the ideal package as it needs no icing and is easily opened with the free Rogers Opener supplied by the dealer. The jars always come in handy for use as tumblers. THE LABELS ARE VALUABLE. Send 100 labels from Rogers Richest to Rogers Milk Corp., 25 W. 43d St.* New York and a fine $6.00 Auto Vac uum Ice Cream Freezer will be sent you free. THE FOLLOWING DEALERS WILL SUPPLY YOU. Daniel Reeves, Inc T. J. He ley A. F. Beckmann A Co., Inc. Andrew Davey, Ine. Busy Bee Store* National Grocery Company Progressive Grocery Co. R- H. Macy A' Co. Bloomingdale Bros. "And Other Good Grocers"