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NEW YORK HERALD
PUBLISHED BY THE SUN-KERALD CORPORATION. 280 BROADWAY; TELEPHONE. WORTH 10,000. Directors and officers: Franli A. Mtinsey. President; Ervin Ward man. Vice-President: Win. T. Depart. Treasurer; R. 11. Tltlier Inftton, Secretary. MAID SUBSCRIPTION RATES One SI* ?"? By Mall. Postpaid. V.-ar. Montis Month. r?v man. in?ipaia. ...... ? DAILY A SUNDAY...?l-.00 *<> '*> W.00 DAILY only 10.00 MO >? SUNDAY only 4.00 ??' Ur'V'liAY ni.li- PanuHii F?..iO ?.7o DAILY only 10.00 SUNDAY only 4.0O RJJNDAY only, Canada. .1.50 FOREIGN RATES. DAILY & SUNDAY...*28.00 lU-jg *2 <0 J3A1 LY only H-JO g? SUNDAY only 11.75 All checks, money orders, Ac., to he made payable to The Sun-Herald. Brunch Office* for tecelpt of advertisements j And sale of pepera: I'hini ii al Li-iown OrvnA?UaoADWAT at; *'ili St. Entrance lltiT Broadway. fole phone Fltz Roy 1500. Open until 12 midnlgtu. llaRi.R.u OrmiTt?205 ttast 12."tii St.. nsus Seventh Ave. Tel. 71*4 MornlngMidu. Open Until la midnight. . 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The Tariff Captains. The latest program of work on the tariff bill is not encouraging to those who wish that the House of Repre sentatives would cleanse the measure of its excessive taxes. , As the plan stands the real work of conference between the Senate and the House is to be left to Senators McCumber, Smoot and McLean and Representatives Ford.ney, Green and Lo.ngwokth. The three from the House are the ranking members of the Ways and Means Committee. Senators McCimbek and Smoot rank first and second on the Senate Finance Committee, but Senator McLean is fifth in point of seniority on that committee. The tariff fram ers have sidetracked Senator La Follette, who is third in seniority but who opposes the bill as it passed the Senate, and Senator Dillingham, who has no such enthusiasm for very high tariffs as Senator McLean dis plays. It is noteworthy that the two conference leaders, McCumber and Fokdney, are not to return to Con gress. the Senator having been turned down by his constituents and the Representative having decided to '?retire." It may happily be that the House will awake to the economic and po litical evils that lie in the schedules which favor the profiteer at the ex pense of the consumer. It may be that the House, awakened, will put .pressure on its conferees to compel *a return to sanity in the tariff bill. But with the six conferees named In command of tiie situation the ^chances of tariff modification along common sense lines seem regret tably dim. The New Moroccan Problem. General Berexgi'ee, Spanish High Commissioner In Morocco, returned recently to Madrid and resigned his , post. In a statement to the Span 'tsh Senate explaining his resignation he did more than anybody else has done since the beginning of the in surrection to enlighten Spain upon the Moroccan situation. The Span lards themselves seem to have had little knowledge of what their Gov ernment had done. They had per rbaps even less than people of neigh boring nations, because the task of restoring order in their Moroccan zone was undertaken as an interna tional duty and Europe has been in tently watching Spain's progress to this end. Referring to General Sn.VEST*E.%the officer who advocated a strongly ag gressive policy and whose expedition fended disastrously. General Berew oieb gave the impression that this t officer did not have a thorough un ' derstanding of the difficulties with which he was confronted when he entered upon the Moroccan warfare. He advanced into the enemy's coun try without first learning if the na ? tive troops were loyal to him. The result was that Sievestke sud denly discovered that the morale of bjs troops was not good, that he was surrounded by a large Moroccan force and that he was so completely cut off from supplies and hope of re lief that there was nothing left for him but to abandon all advantages he had gained. This was the explana . tion of the evacuation of the Spanish , stronghold in the Interior of the country, the capture of General Navarro and his command and the disaster to General Siltentrk's expe dition, of which so much has been expected by Spain. Speaking of his own position when he took command of the troops at Melllla, he declared that he had not enough men to relieve General Navarro when he was besieged in the mountains by the Riff tribesmen or to make any other military demon stration against the enemy. When Spain finally sent him troops he found tliat many of them did not even know %ow to load their rifles. They were without, supplies, and "the only thing .they had was enthusiasm." The Moroccan question Is thus 'again the most Important matter; with which the Spanish Government lias to struggle. There are two marked divisions among the people. One party favors a purely concilia tory policy and a protectorate founded upon the principle of mutual forbear ance and assistance. The other party, which says that it cannot see how such a protectorate can be brought about in the face of the tribesmen's open hostility to peace, asserts a real protectorate must be established by force and if Spain weakens now she will miss one of the greatest epportunities she has ever had and she will lose forever her international prestige. The Spanish Moroccan policy of tlrmness and decision announced a year ago seems to have disappeared. In its place has come a series of po litical expedients as vacillating and indefinite as any in the past. It thus becomes a matter of unusual in terest to observe what course France, Great Britain and other nations in terested in north Africa will take in the present perplexing situation. Hughes on the Newberry Case. The letter written by Secretary Huoiies to the Rev. Mr. MacCauley of Paterson, New Jersey, in defence of Senator Newberry of Michigan is bound to be of political importance even if Mr. Hughes wrote it only to satisfy the clergyman's desire to ob tain a statement of fact from the great Jurist who was Newberry's counsel before the Supreme Court of the United States. Senator Newberry's term of office does not expire until March, 1925, tut there has been talk of the possi- j bility of expelling him from the Sen ate at the next session. Further more, Senator Newberry's colleague and supporter. Senator Townsend, is having a fight for renomination in the Michigan primaries* next month. The friends of both Newberry and Townsend may well feel that Secre tary Hugiies's letter will help to clear the political air. Always a poworful writer, Mr. Hughes hits hard and hotly in de fence of the Senator whose convic tion in Michigan of conspiring to vio late the Corrupt Practices act was set aside by the highest of our courts. That conviction, declares Mr. Hughes, was obtained under an invalid stat ute and, "despite the long period of preparation, the rigid investigation, the careful choosing of their ground, the long drawn out trial, the attempt in every possible way to besmirch, and the zeal and even bitterness of his pursuers, their attempt to estab lish a violation of law on the part of Senator Newberry completely failed." Secretary HuonEs remarks that under the construction which the prosecution put on the statute "hardly any candidate could have es caped violating it." That is perfectly true, for the Michigan law forbade the expenditure by a candidate of more than $3,750. A candidate and his supporters might as well be for bidden to spend anything. Tliey could not reach more than a small fraction of the voters of a populous State with $3,750. The campaign of GtKEORD Pjnchot for the Gubernato rial nomination in Pennsylvania cost r.early $130,000. The primary system now in efTect is to blame for the high cost of candi dacy. A man seeking office must un dergo two campaigns almost equally hard on the voice and the pocket. The primary expense is particularly severe because only in rare cases, such as that of General Wood in 1920, will the public open its purse to the man who is still only a candidate for nomination. In the Michigan case Newberry's friends saw Him opposing one of the richest two men in the country?per haps the richest now that Mr. Rock efeller has given so magnificently to aid humanity. Those friends appar ently believed that it was necessary to spend liberally in order to beat Henry Ford. That they went to an improper length is likely; and for their sins Newberry was, in Secre tary Hroun'fl phrasing, "wrongly and nfost unjustly convicted." No wise man is going to defend the spending of huge sums to nominate or elect men whose only political asset is their wealth, bat before pass ing on the morality of political ex penditure all the circumstances of the case should be considered. Some of the gentlemen of the United States h&ve shed crocodile tears over the so-called corruption in Michigan. A few weeks ago The New York Her.vi.d had this to say about these statesmen: "For two or three years the purists I in Congress have viewed with horror I the alleged expenditures made by Senator NxwrRRRT from his own purse?from his own purse, mind y0U?to secure his nomination for the United States Senate. To-day many of these men?these same pur let*, mind you ? who denounced Newberry in bitterest and most scathing term# are themselves out for the purchase of votes, but this time not with their/own money but witJh your money, Mr. Cltixen. This Is what Jamming through the bonus bill means, stated in cold facta." What was true when that was writ ten is true to-day. It will still be I true and worth remembering if the attack on Newberry is renewed for ' partisan purposes. % What Strike Violence Means. When striking railroad shopmen or i their sympathizers pulled spikes from the lies of the Michigan Central j tracks near Oary, Indiana, Sunday morning, causing the rails to spread i and ditch a train, and thus killing two men, they confessed that the I shopmen's strike had been ineffective. Tf the Michigan Central had been tied up by the strike In the way the striking shopmen tried to tie it up there would have been no reason for strikers or sympathizers with strik ers to resort to violence. If the Santa Fe shops at San Ber nardino, California, were idle; if the railroad company hud not been able to recruit a force of shopmen large enough and sufficiently capable in craftsmanship to do satisfactory re pair work, neither strikers nor strik ers' sympathizers would have thought it worth while to attack the shops, as they did the other night, and assault the men at work for the railroad. If the Southern Railway shops at Salisbury, North Carolina, were not i repairing rolling stock at a rate alarming to the striking shopmen neither strikers nor strikers' sympa thizers would have taken the trouble to cut the water mains serving the yard on Saturday night. Such acts of violence are not dem onstrations of strength by strikers or strikers' sympathizers. They are con fessions of weakness, confessions of defeat. They are designed to intimi date the public at large. They cor roborate the confident assertions of i the railroad executives that so far as it is a struggle between railroads and shop unions the shopmen's strike has been won by the railroads. Perhaps there are strikers and strikers' sympathizers who in their ' desperation believe they can lntiml- j date the American people by violence, j They cannot do it. The American people are not to be intimidated by! the lawless acts of reckless strikers or sympathizers with the strikers. Mounts for Our Troopers. The quality of the 243 horses bought in Missouri by Superintendent Gkoroe F. Chandler of the New York State Troopers when the service was organized more than live years ago is indicated by the fact that 140 of them are still on the job. When it is i stated that a trooper with his saddle and equipment may weigh anywhere from 175 to 250 pounds credit must be accorded to the head of the State Police for showing good judgment in selecting the type of horse that would stand up under the work. Nothing is known of the breeding of the animals, which were bought in a lot at Lathrop, Missouri. They are a stout, round bodied lot, about 15 hands high, and the coats of the majority bear the marks of the branding iron. The road is not the only place where these Western horses have proved their qualities. Those that became footsore or unfit for work through other reasons have been turned over to the State Department S of Health for serum making purposes. ^ A recent letter from the officials in i charge of the antitoxin, vaccine and serum laboratorlef of the State says they have been found well suited to laboratory work. Whether the quali ties desirable for serum making are o heritage derived from the uncon-1 lined life on the ranges of the West or a condition develoi>ed in constabu- | lary work is an unsettled question. An even greater degree of health . and serviceability may be looked for j in the troopers' mounts of the future. Experiments in combining the blood of these horses with thoroughbred strains are now being carried on in cooperation with the breeding bu reau of the Jockey Club. The old est of the foals are now three years of age. Some will develop into offi cers' mounts or high class hunters, one animal of the latter type by Fashion Plate having lately been sold for $500, Superintendent Chandler has his own ideas of the size a trooper's mount should be, and it will be in teresting to watch the careers of ^ horses whose blood represents a blending of the race horse and the mustang of the plains. That they | will be easy of gait and tough of fiber is probable, long experiment showing that the warm blood of the race horse I Improves every type with which it is combined. Policemen's Powers. Advance sheets of the Law Reports for August 12 contain a memorandum of interest in the dipcussion of the powerB of policemen brought on by the alleged overzeal of a patrolman who deprived a woman of a cigarette she endeavored to smoke in the street. It was written by Presiding Justice Edwards on a motion for dis missal of action ant! other relief made by a man whose, behavior on the highway around the suspicion | of a policeman, and who on being i searched was found to have a re volver in his possession. The man had no license to possess the revolver and the policeman on finding it ar | rested him. The accused man pleaded that the policeman in stopping and searching him committed an invasion of his I constitutional rights, citing the RHl of Rights, the Civil Rightff Law and the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the 1'nited States to support his contention. Justice Edwards examined at length the law bearing on the facts, declaring that: "On fundamentals, surely, (he court and advocates on both sides stand on common ground, Any form of autocracy, of usurpation of author ity, of 'Insolence of office,' Is Intol erable In America to-day, as always heretofore. Nor ts thirc controversy hern between Individualism and col lectivism as an abstraction. Society functions for Its Individuals. A mul titudinous community lacking Indi vidual aspiration and effort Is, to use an algebraic expression, sero to the nth power?nothing, though multi plied Indefinitely. Hut the freedom of the Individual cltiren Is circum scribed by the requirement of obedi ence to rules of right conduct where others are concerned and by the mere presence and contact of numerous fellow citizens, also having rights." Reasoning from this ground of ugreement, Justice Ed\vakl>s wrote: "Was the arrest lawful? The de fendant was all tho while commit ting the crime of having the re volver in his personal possession without a license. "Was the crime committed In the presence of the officer? The defend ant was on the street a few paces from the officer; all that Intervened between the officer and the physical object, the body of the offense, was a brief space and a bit of cloth. To this mere propinquity were Joined visible Indications in some degree significant. Defendant's glancing at tho officer and retreat as described when the latter appeared to be about to accost him might reasonably have been considered flight with its Impli cation of guilt. Personal presence Includes corporeal extension within the sphere of sense perception. Pres ence is not the same ot> view. "To Justify arrest without a war rant by an officer for a misdemeanor the statute requires that the offense be actually committed or attempted In the officer's presence. There Is no definite statement of the necessary extent of the evidence conveyed to the officer's consciousness. The purpose of the permission Is promptness, to secure apprehension and Identifi cation. "In the emergency the officer pro ceeds or tarries at his peril. If he does not act he may incur penalty of dereliction. If In arresting he makes mistake of law or fact as to the com mission of the offense, no matter how clearly apparent to him may seem the doing of the forbidden act by the person arrested, the officer Is a tres passer and liable accordingly." The policeman wan held to have acted within the law and the motion was denied In all things. The mem orandum concludes with the unim peachable declaration that "courts exist to accomplish justice in the actual world of living human beings, and In such accomplishment It Is In dispensable to find the truth; there fore the rules of evidence generally sanction the pursuit of truth wher ever it may be found and from what ever sources it may be obtainable." Signs in Ireland. Reports from Dublin represent Eamox de Vai.eba as telling the reb els that they are free to return to i their homes whenever they see lit. This would be cheering news for Ire- j land if Mr. i>e Valera had more in- j fluence with the irregular troops than he really has. It is significant, how- i ever, of the general situation In Ire land. There is no hope for the Irregulars. Wherever the Free State troops have advanced the rebels have been driven out in defeat. The armed irreconcil- I ahles are overmatched. More than that, they lack the friendship and support of the civilian population. | The Irish people who supported Sinn Fein In its struggle for freedom are supporting Collins ?and hla Free State Government. No rebellion can win unless the rebels have their own people behind Surrogate Cohalat* goes out of office by the hand that put him in. The agricultural extension agent of Catron county. New Mexico, has been singled out for anonymous but special distinction by the United States De partment of Agriculture for equipping his automobile with special low gear shifts to enable him to overcome a rise of 2,000 feet In two miles on one of the highways he has to travel. Motor ists who feel aggrieved because they sometimes must shift to second to top a rise hereabout should take heart from the news. At least they do not have to rebuild their cars to make the grades they regularly encounter. Cupid's coiyt at Hammonton, New Jersey, is reported as already en countering difficulties. Like the course of true love, that of its substitutes apparently is not smooth. Yesterday was the coldest August 21 recorded in the archives of the New York Weather Bureau, and Observer Scarr has not received a single com plaint about It. Morvlch easily beaten.?Kewapaper headline. How are the mighty fallen! The Cheat. Life is cheating you, Pouring her counterfeit coins into your lap You think they are gold because they glitter, You never test them to sec if they ring true. Yes. you are letting life cheat you. Nothing remains to be said, You would not hear if 1 were to warn you, If you should lienr you would not listen, If you should listen you woul^not un derstand, Xf you understood yo j would do nothing Just as you are doing now; You would,go on letting life cheat you. Home time you will have a new vision, A finer preception, A keener sense of discernment. You will discover that your heap ofj coins Is worthless. That yo?r house Is falling? The ho ii e that you tried to build with out a foundation ; You will lit^re rfothlng left. Nothing but the realities you scorn. When this time comes I ask but one thing of you, When you realise that you hav# bean cheated Do not say that It was I who cheated you, That I Hhould have told you, warned you? Ood give you the wisdom you now lack. Wisdom to sec that you cheated your self. BusAsrrit Sooixard. Gasoline Price*. Found to Be Hlghrr In New York City Than In the Adirondack*. To The New York Herald: What fixes the price of gasoline? 1 decided about four weeks ago to take the bus out for a trip through the country and filled up the tank at start ing at the rate of 30 cents a gallon. 1 drove to PeekakHI. where the rate was 28 cents a gallon. AU along the rivor. from Foughkecpsle to Albany, the rate was 25 cents a gallon. Now we have reached the end of the water route but not of the railroad. We made a little stop at Qloversville, where the rate was 26 cents. Then we got to Northvi;ie. at the end of rail and trol ly. There the rate was 26 cents. From Northville everything must be carried on trucks to be taken up the mountain. Nevertheless, at Wells the rate was 28 dents. At Speculator the rate was -8 gents. At Lake Pleasant the rate was 28 cents. Then we went on to Indian Lake Village, where the rate was 28 cents. Now to get to all of these towns means a haul of from thirty-three to sixty-one miles through a rough coun try and all by auto truck, and yet the rate was less than It was In New York city. Why is this so? S. I. Austin. ?New York, August 21. Chemistry for Junkmen. How an Anaconda Dealer Might Have Obtained Pure Copper. To The New York Herald : Mr. Parry asks" Information about how that Ana conda junkman obtained pure copper from a stream by means of scrap Iron. If a list of activities of the metals is consulted It will be found that Iron comes before copper, which means that It will replace copper, or any other metal which follows In the list. In a chemi cal combination. The blue waste water most likely was a solution of the well known copper sulphate, or blue vitriol, and the iron re placed the copper, leaving Iron sulphate In solution and free copper deposited on the Iron. The melting point of cast Iron is from 1.150 to 1.250 degrees centi grade. while that of copper is 1.083 de grees. clearly showing that It may be separated in this manner. To see what happened in the Junk man's case try dipping a steel knife or a Piece of Iron in oil of vltrol and see what a nice copper plate Is obtained at the expense of the Iron of the knife. Brooklyn, August 21. A. H. J. The Herrin Murders. Information Wanted as to What the Anthorities Are Doing. To The New York Herald: There are some millions of red blooded, free born American citizens who are asking them selves a few questions these days. Among these are the following . 1. What have the local. State and Federal authorities done, or what If anything, do they Intend to do relative to the unspeakable slaughter at Herrin of men acting within their constitutional rights by a cowardly mob of brutal as says In a most treacherous, Inhuman and fiendish manner? 2. What steps. If any, have been taken or will be taken to bring these murder ers and assassins to justice? 3. If no measures have been taken, and It Is obvious that no effective ones have been taken, why not? Is It through Inability to obtain testimony regarding a shocking crime committed In the pres ence of thousands of witnesses? Is It through a lack of a sense of duty on the part of the officials? Or is It that the officials are so afraid of the red ele ment that they have been intimidated? If the radicals want a fight by nil means let us have one, and to a red hot finish. R. U d* N- FoRD New York, August 21. The authorities of Williamson county, Illinois, showed no disposition to pur sue the rioters with perseverance and diligence. Consequently Attorney-Gen eral Brundage of Illinois Intervened soon after the outrage occurred and has been conducting an Investigation. It was reported last week that a spe cial Orand Jury would soon he impan eled to consider the evidence which hns been collected. The Federal Govern ment has no Jurisdiction In t.hc case. Wages of Trainmen. q-fl The New York Herald. If evi dence was needed that trainmen are overpaid the railroad man who writes to vour paper furnishes It. He says It takes from two to Ave years to make a brakeman and during that time he get* $4.48 a day. He quote 1 a superintendent as saying It takes about five years before a conductor Is any good. And for five years the no good conductor gets $5.80 a day. lie asks If these rates of wages are disproportionate to those received by other classes of labor. They certainly are Richakd O'Connor. ?New York, August 21. What the Business Woman Needs. To The New York Herald^ If a busi ness woman Is not quite happy It Is not because she happens to be In business and has no time to keep house, but be cause she lacks an objective. In order to he contented we must ell ; have something to take our minds off > the daily grind. men as well as women. , whether that something be muBlc, art,1 literatures or some other fad or avoca tion, Thomas 13. Marlet. Mileord, Pa., August 19. Time for Impersonating Queen on Stage. Correspondence London Titnr.s, Surely the answer to the question as to when Queen Victoria may be Impersonated on th.' Stage Is "Wlisn good taste permits.' The vry fact that the scene In which the Queen would be portrayed Is only suoli as hns ialready been discussed In books and criticisms would seem to show that there In something of a controversial character about It. If Mr. Ellis wants a more definite answer to Ills question I would submit that It In not good taste to Impersonate Queen Victoria during the llfo of any of her children. Mnjor J. Dbsi-enc its-Robwsthon. Meteors I'nil In Saskatchewnn. From th* Mostrrsl Onsrtf*. A giant meteor plunged Into the Illg Quill Lake, near Wynward, Saskatchewan. A fiery body was seen by many in the dis trict to drop from a clear sky and clouds o? steam rose from the lake for some time after It had sunk In the water. Other meteoric disturbances are reported from Vanscoy, Saskatchewan, southeast of Sas katoon People In the neighborhood heard flvo or si* loud esplo-lons and the earth between Vanscoy and Pike Lake was shaken. The Difference the Comma Makes. From the l.iwt*iana t.tfo.) Jnurnal. gtlll, business In Pike county la good. 1,-ave off the comma and you ??ill see Ute point of our remark. I Japan Declared Nation of Peace No More Militaristic Than Other Powers, Dr. Fujisawa Says at Williamstown?'Swelled Head* Going Down. Sptcial Ditpati'h to Tn* Now Yusm 'Issue WlLUAMSTOWN, Miim , Aug 'J 1 Dr. Rikitaro Fuji saw a of Japan tn ths pub lic lecture at llio Institute of Polttlll to-day. compared mlliiariinn tn JivpAn and other countrte*, tin admit led tliut after the sudden and complete triumph over Russia In IS05 the customary self-restraint of the Japanese people gave wuy to a militaristic or "swelled headed" attitude. He declared, however, that "the mis taken notion that Japan Is militarist la to the core Is just about aa far from the truth as the truth Is separated from tha assertion that Japan la ru^ at alt militaristic." Of Japan's activities In Manchuria he remarked that her every act was scrutinised with exceptional severity. The most wholesome lesson taught his people by the war, he declared, waa the revelation that "the noble Qualities which we have been unconsciously proud of gre shared by the people of most of the countries in ths war in an equal. If not tn a surpassing, degree." "Japan has been frequently, and par ticularly in the foreign pre?s, accused of being belligerent, a warlike nation, and consequently a menace to the peace of the world," he said. "Let me now analyse how far such an accusation can be justified by undeniable facts. "Japan has a record for peace that may well be the envy of other nations. For two hundred and fifty yeara before j the advent of Commodore Perry Japan was at peace with the outside world, and, what Is, I believe, not less remarkable, with herself. ''During the seventy years Japan came In contact with the West there have been two internal wars and three o? perhaps four. If we Include the Boxer rising, external ones, all comparatively brief, altogether taking up hardly one twelfth of her seven decades of world Intercourse. Thus viewed statistically her record compares favorably with those of any other great Power of the present day. "All the laudations and glorifications so lavishly bestowed by the outside world not only upon Japan's achieve ments during the Russo-Japanese war but on all that she waa able to accom plish In such a short time since the | restoration of 1868 gave rise to a severe tension to the moral fiber which has j hithereto tied up the self-restraint of the Japanese people. Without our know ing we were dragging tdward a mental attitude which deserved our being char acterized as militaristic or being called 'swelled head.' "In passing.lt may be observed that, even granting that Japan Is militaristic In a certain sense and to a certain de gree. such an insinuation as that there is jrto reason why the fate of the inde pendent Philippines should be left to tho will of the strong country which Is | covetous of the fertile soil and profitable commerce of the islands is far more than the Japanese militarism deserves and Is mo monstrous that It appears verily comical." Dr. Stephen Panaretoff, Bulgarian Minister to the United States, and Leonldaa Matlls, Opeek Consul tn Boston, engaged In a sharp verbal Interchange when the "Macedonian question" came Ths Patience of tbe Hills. Give me the patience of the silent hills. The green, calm hills that watch be neath the sky, Still vigils keeping as the years go by, Unmoved by storm or wind when win ter spills A snowy flood. O tranquil .-trees and rills, I would be like your majesty of green Through life's vicissitudes to dwell | serene Give me the patience of the silent hills! O noble contours; mighty glades that1 peer Heavenward, where the sunlight gleams on high, Companions of the cloud, sisters of J the star. Bride of the moon tn axure regions clear . . . Give me the silence of the vaulted jky, 1 Tbo patient fortitude that dwells afar! Blanche Shoemaker Waostaff. .The Old Time Cirrus. Arrival Was a Great Event in the Country Boy's Life. To Ths New York Herald: Of all itrivances designed to titillate the san y faculties of a country boy nothing lid equal the circus. Those advance iters, displayed on old barns, big tre?v i in the village stores, served notice the boys that it was time to begin to i 'e money for the purchase of an un- j erved seat on a splintered board, ["he clock moved slowly till the great r came. The flamboyant morning feant, the roar of the brass band, tho leks of the calliope, the grimaces of clowns, the beautifully caparisoned ?ses, tbe tinseled equestriennes, the rchlng and countermarching of t.v; ted lions and tlgcrs^he big elephant* iberlng along on foot ; all these were y a foretaste of the miracles con ?led on the other side of that flapping ivas tent. ? The show whs a big one according to ? standards, and to give tho manage - nt Its due those old circuses com ?ed favorably with the modern show ?cpt In tho point of magnitude. Stone Murray's Great International Circus | 1 never fade from the memory of the rs of that time. The show was out for money and j ibably realized that If a boy's ex iquer balked at the price for the big iw he might manage to rake up a dime the sideshow. This auxiliary decoy s also irresistible. There on the canvas, large as life, red the living skeleton, the tattooed n, the two headed calf, the bearded y, the educated hog and the wild man Borneo "Imported at enormous ex lse." Right by the entrance stood barker. The eloquence, vocabulary 1 delivery of that stentor converted fry boy within hearing of his vole -, j J It had a generous range. Then there was the liurdy gurdy In- j e, whose raucous ululations fairly iinotlzed us. We paid and filed In only discover thnt the Inside show was a I [low mockery of the promises pqr- j yed on the canvas. However, it was experience that It was well to have ?ly In life. Ths evening show over, the great clr i folded Its tents and stole away, but ; silently, en route for the next town. | Tho following day hay making was re- ' ned. The villagers once more were j ly with their peaceful vocations and i droning notes of the locust were iln heard In the land. * Osoaos T. Alobick. I foNKBils, August 21. j i up lii 1'rof. Robert H. Ixird's round table conference on "Problems of Kast crn nnd Southeastern Kurope." "Is It true," Dr. PanaretolT asked Mr. Matlls, "that the Ureek officers went to the Turkish Minister on one occasion and ini kl, 'Our soldiers are at your service to go and fight these Bul garians?' " "I do not believe It," the Consul re litlad. "I know from personal observa tion that was not the case." l>r. laird, Addressing Dr. PanaretolT, [said; 'The Idea has ssvsral times been yreached ihut the Macedonian question. | no far as Mcrbla and Bulgaria are con cerned, might possibly be settled some 1 duy If federations were arranged between Jugo-t)lavl& and Macedonia." The liulgnrlan Minister replied. "I be lieve If Serbia should grant autonomy to Macedonia yunder .Serbian rule Bul garia and Hekola could come to an un derstanding In one day." In the round table on Interallied debts a committee constating of A. G. Alley of Milton Academy, Leslla C. Sioper of Boston, Myron T. Pierce of Boston and Mra. L. J. Wurta of Pittsburgh reported a plan for the rehabilitation of Europe that resemblea In many details the so called Vanderllp plan. Oscar T. Crosby, leader of the round table, was not In full accord with the plan. It provides a board of trustees to whom the payments on account of the debts owed to the United States by the Allies are to be paid, such funds to be used for the rehabilitation of Europe by means, of loans od business collateral and to be returned ultimately to the Treasury of the United States In such small payments and over such a term of years that the business of the coun try shall not be deranged. The plan calls for: First?An act of lofty generosity by the United States to raise Its prestige high among the nations. Second?The utilization of this prestige to secure a conference of nations to formulate methods of restoring Europe's well being. Third?The cooperation of j the United States with the other nations j In the safeguarding of the common wcl- j fare, Mr. Alley in presenting It said : 'tit Is true that this plan Involves sacrifices on the part of the United States. "The world has, or had, in embryonic 1 form, the habit of subordinating national1 violence to the common welfare as de- I fined by the constituted authorities, i Embryonic though the habit is it has. | by means of conference or arbitration, | prevented many wars and It gave us a. period of almost fifty years during which there was no war between first rate European Powers. "The preservation and development of this habit is the object of the course to which your committee would pledge the United States, and so Incalculable Is the value of this habit to the United States and the world that we do not hesitate to declare the strengthening of It to be an adequate return for such sacrifices as our plan may ask of tlie United States. "Finally, the committee's plan will free the United States from that innocu ous formula to which it is at present committed by Congress. I view w$tli no elation tho steady Increase of our book assets by the operation of the Con gressional 4 V) per cent." Cost of the Bonus. Five Bill Jons Moans a Tux of $200 on lh$. Average Family. To Tim New York Heraid: In con sidering the Bubjeat of tho bonus many who favor It do not realize what Ave billion dollars means, although uttered smoothly by tongue or type. Some reason that the United Slates Govajmment Is rich, but are unaware itYlta rlcht IhatVits riches are derived from the ou. pourings of the people. To arrive at t realization of such a vast sum as flv< billion dollars they must advance bj easy stages. In 1914 the interest bearing debt of the United Slates wai only slightly In excess of a billion, rep resenting about $10 per capita. Th< disbursements for that year aggregated $770,000,000. The debt In 1921 wai twenty-four billions?about $215 pei capita?the disbursements were over five billions. It is estimated that bonus pay ments may reach five billions, adding s per capita obligation of $50. A family of four would have $200 added to It; burdens, as all principal and Interej' must be met by various measures ol taxation. Flatbush Phu.osopht. 'New York, August 21. Money Orders for Germany. >'ew Postal Convention Will B? Brought Into Effect Soon. Poet Off let Department 'Bulletin. With the exception of money orders mall exchange between United Htatei and Ger/tiany has readied to a consider able extent pre-war efficiency, uecording to officials of the I'ost Office Depart ment. Officials of both Governments are now working out a money order con vention which it is expected will be put Into force within a few months. Difficulties presented by uncertain mtes of exchange have made the ar rangement of a money order convention difficult. It la regarded probable thai the transfer of money will be on the dollar basis. If money la sent from the United States to Germany the recipient would be given marks according to tlio highest rate of exchange quoted on the day he received the money order. Maryland's Claim of the Meanest Thief. y'rom the CkeHtrtovm Tranecript. Our Idea of a mean, low down cuss Is th. thief who stole these chickens. 8. A. Dob bin. formerly a blind soldier but now wltt his eyesight partly restored. Is tuccessfull) conducting a chicken farm near Kaston One night recently thieves stole about on< hundred pullets from his flock. In spiral Ion. T shall go nobly, having felt The majesty of these Mountains wlUch lift their kingly hca I Above the towering trees. Clothed with an azure purer far Than shrinks the dreaming seas. I shall walk patiently, who know How often In the past They mel, unmoved, unmurmuring, Buffet of stortn and blast, Waiting the hidden sun to crown Their brows with light at last. I shall go worshlpfully, who saw A glory on them fall, As once St. John thh vision caught Of heaven's Jeweled wall? Jasper and sard and amethyst. And pearl gates wide and tall. For who can look on heavenly thlnga And still as earthly be? Who Is not broader having known Tho sea's Immensity? Or higher, that he walked banealh The hllla' sublimity? X.OH WH lTTLSfBT. Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New York?Cloudy and somewhat warmer to-day; to-morrow unsettled with probably showers; variable winds. For New Jersey?Cloudy and what warmer to-day; to-morrow un settled. probably showers, gentle varia ble winds. For Northern New England?Fair and warmer to-day, becoming unsettled^t>y to-night; to-morrow cloudy" and un settled. probably showers, gentle varia ble winds. For Southern New England?Partly cloudy and warmer to-day; to-morrow cloudy and unsettled, probably showers, gentle variable winds. For Western New York?Cloudy and warmer with probably showers to-day and to-morrow, gentle variable winds. Washington, Aug. 21.?Pressure was high to-night over the Atlantic States and low over the Canadian maritime provinces and all Western districts. Centers of minimum pressure were charted Monday night over Kansas, Sas katchewan, Nevada and Arizona. Mod erate temperature prevailed generally over the country to-day except the mid dle and Southern plains States, where the weather was excessively warm. There have beem showers within the last twenty-four hours In the upper lake re gton, the upper Mississippi and lower Missouri vs'.leya and over the Rocky Mountain and plateau regions. In the Middle Atlantic and New Eng land States the weafher will become cloudy and warmer to-morrow rind be fol lowed by Unsettled weather and probably showers on Wednesday. In Tcnnea?o<\ the Ohio Valley and lower lake region the weather will be cloudy and somewhat warmer, with probably showers to-mor row and Wednesday. In the South At lantic and east Gulf States tho weather will be loudy to-morrow and Wednesday, with probubly local showers Wednesday. Observation* at United States Weatlvr lltiremi station*, taken nt 8 P. M. yesterday, seventy-fifth meridian time: Temperature Rainfall last 21 lire. 'Rare- last -4 Wtatlon*. High. Low. meter, hrs. Weather* Abilene 71 71 \ Albany 70 ,58 30.02 . . Clear Atlantic City. 72 r>4 30.(>H .. Clear Hnltlmore ....78 38 30.08 .. Clear Plsmarck .... VtO 38 211.82 Cloudy Boston 74 34 30.02 .. Clear Buffalo 72 58 80.08 .. Pt. Cldy Cincinnati ... 80 58 30.00 .. Cloudv Charleston ... 78 68 30.0ft .. Pt. Cldy Chicago 78 li(i 2t).R8 . . Cloudy Cleveland ... 74 .*><) 30.04 . . Cloudy Denver 82 00 20.88 .10 Cloudv Detroit 74 56 30.02 . . Cloudy Galveston 88 NO 20.112 .. Cloudv Helena 82 58 20.84 . . Cloudy Jacksonville . 82 70 30.02 . . ifloudy Kansas City. 04 68 20.72 .02 Clear Los Angeles.. SO 58 20.80 .. Clear Milwaukee .. 7(1 t(8 20.86 . . Clear New Orleans.. 04 78 29.0(1 Cloudy Oklahoma ...104 78 20.74 Clear Philadelphia . NO 50 80.03 . . Clear Pittsburgh .. 70 50 30.(81 .. Clear Portland, Me. 71 52 30.00 .. Clear Portland, Ore. 70 58 20.00 .. Clear ri. Lake City. 80 00 20.OS .00 Clear San Antonio.. 10 70 20.82 .. Pt. Cldy San Diego.... 74 04 20.80 .. Clear dan Francisco 04 54 20.80 .. Clear Seattle (16 50 30.00 . . Clear St. Louis 82 72 29.88 .82 Cloudy St. Paul 78 60 20.70 .. Clear Washington . 78 54 30.08 .. Clear LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A. M. 8 P. M. Barometer 30.00 30.04 Humidity 07 4:1 Wind?direction N. 8. Wind?velocity ... 18 10 Weather Clear Clear Precipitation The tempcrutuie In thla city yeiterday. aa recorded by the official thermometer, la shown in the annexed tablet 8 A.M.... 57 1 P. M 118 8 P. M 73 OA. M 38 2 P. M 70 TP.M 71 10 A. M 02 8 P. M 72 8 P. M.... 71 11 A. M.... <15 I P. M 73 0 P. M 70 12 M 07 OP. M 72 10 P. M 118 1022. 1921. 1022. 1921. 0 A.M ... 58 (II) (1 T*. M 75 73 12 M 07 07 0 P. M 70 ?8 3 P.M.... 72 <10 12 Mid.. A . 08 87 Highest lenipr ralure, 75, at 6 P. M. Low eat temperature, 35. at 7 A. M. Averata temperature. 05. EVENTS TO-DAY. National Retail Dry Goods Association, Merchandise Fair, Grand Central Palaca, 11 A. M. Synod of the British Went Indies Diocese, Church of England, Church of St. Mary the Virgin, West Forty-sixth street. American National Association of Mantes a of Dancing and International Association of Masters of Dancing, Joint convention. Hotel Commodore, U A. M., 2 and 7:45 P. M. Silk trade luncheon, llotal Pennsylvania, 12:13 P. M. Commissioner C,rover C. Whalen discusses a proposed new bridge over the Kast River at a Kiwanls Club luncheon. Hotel St. George, Brooklyn, 12:30 P. M. New York and New Jersg^ Tunnel commis sions, meeting. Hall of Records, 4:30 P. M. Public band concert, Prospect Park, Brook lyn. 8 P. JA. St. Benedict's Parochial Schoil, benefit block party, Herkimer street, between Ralph and Buffalo avenues, Brooklyn, 8 P. M. BRITAIN WOULD DELAY DEBT CONFERENCE Resists French Deaire to Force It Unleas U. S. Takes Part. Special Cable to Tim Nsw Yoik Hsuta Copyloht, 192?, by Tiib New Yoek Heiom. New York Ilernld Bureau. I I.oudon, Aug. 21. I Ureal Britain Is striving hard to post pone conferring on interallied debta until after the next general elections, while France, backed by Italy and Bel gium, la seeking to force the question Into the open and France especially la determined not to let the Balfour note reat until after the vialt of the British deht mission to Washington. It Is known that Britain would agree to hold a conference on debta If it could get the United States to take part, but as yet Washington haa not regarded the proposition? favorably. France la anxloua to caiTy further tho dlacuaslon of that part of the Balfour note refer ring a partial cancellation, but Britain la apparently as deaf to this aa la Ameri ca to Britain's desire that it come Into a general debt (^inference. Part of the Isindon press la angry at Premier I'oincare, holding It was his stand that wrecked the London confer ence and they demand that he change hla attitude toward Germany, atop challenging British policies, give up blatant militarism and perhaps Britain will remit part of the debt. Home attention la being paid to the American reaction to the Balfour not*, one view being that nothing much will he gained by offending America, whil* another view la that It la Just as well that America see herself as Europe seea her In her refusal to step forward and cancel the debts owed to her. MOOSUP COTTON MILLS RUNNING TO CAPACITY Entire Force of 700* Return After Two Months Strike. Moost'P. Conn., Aug. 21.?The union cotton mills of the Aldrich Manufactur ing Company here were operating to-day with practically the entire force of 700 workers, who have been on strike for tho paet two rnontha. back at work. The mills are running at full capacity with every machine In operation. The strike was called after the man agement refused to recognize the union formed by tho workers. There was no trouble over wages. he Associated Press Is exclusively entitled the use for republication of all newi dle cbes credited to It or not Otherwise ditcil In thle paper, and also the local va published herein. ,11 rights of republication of special 4On chee hereto are ate# reserved.