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i v / 7 -z. ^ ?t ?? V'?M W ?**i' ' !Q 1922 WEATHER FORECAST. Partly cloudy and somewhat warmer to day; to-morrow fair; northerly winds. (? THE NEW YORK HERALD THE BEST IN ITS HISTORY. The New York Herald, with all that was best of The Sun intertwined with it, and the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better oSLa wmHTttuui oV^itortlu^sf3 [copyright, 192 2. bt thb sun-herald corporation.j and sounder newspaper than ever before VOL. LXXXVI.-"?NO. 363?DAILY. ???? NEW YORK, MONDAY, AUGUST 28, 1922.-E^ VAc^S, If7?"*' PMCE o?ENTS HYLAN SUBWAY PLAN! CALLS FOR 35 LINES; JUVV/J' Recapture of I. R. T.'s West| Side Route and B. R. T. System Proposed. $25,000,000 IN BUSES Whole Thing to Be Oper-| ated by City at a Single Five Cent Fare. WORK TO BEGIN 'AT ONCE' Mayor Says *L' and Surface | Cars Will Be Eliminated by New Competition. Mayor Hylan's long heralded plan for new subways and other transit fa cilities for tho city was announced yesterday at the City Hall and will be presor ted to the Board of Estimate on Wednesday, September 6. The plan proposes the spending of $600,000,000 on thirty-five new subway routes, extensions and tunnels, the re capture of the West Side subway line now being operated by the Interbor ough; the recaptuie of the whole of the subway system operated by the B. R. T. under the dual subway con tracts; the operation of all of these | by the city at a single fare; the estab lishment of a $20,000,000 bus system to feed th; subways, and the gradual I elimination of all elevated and surface | car lines through disuse. Acknowledgment Is made in the general statement that some legisla tion will bo necessary, but the matter of financing the construction pro gram, which is to cover a period of fifteen years, is dismissed more or less casually on the assumption that rev enue from recaptured lines will re lease $500,000,000 of city bonds from the debt limit consideration and that sums available within the debt limit and the revenue resulting from in creased assessments will do the rest. The announcement of the plan was! made b" John F. Slnnott, the Mayor's secretary, who gave out for publication a twelve page general statement as to the plan, what It would accomplish ano what Its execution would eoat, a separate j document setting forth the proposed new routes In detail, a third document giving twenty-seven "salient features" of the plan and a fourth paper giving the order of construction of tho many projects. Plana Work "at Once.' In some of its chief physical fea tures the Mayor's plan resembles that of the Transit Commission, though it is fa' more elaborate and the lines as pro posed by tlie Mayor are longer and reach greater stretches of territory. The two principal differences are in the proposal to recapture one of the great trunk lines of the present Interborough system and In the proposal that the whole of the system planned shall be operated by the city. The assertion is flatly made by the Mayor that tho city can recapture, no mutter what the at titude of the Commission may he. and that the Commission In such a move would merely be the ugent of the city. It Is considered likely that there wilt be a controversy over this point. One of the outstanding character istics of the statement issued by the Mayor is that he does not use the word "may" at all, but definitely says that the city "will" do this and do that. He further asserts that the plan will not only be adopted but that work on the proposed new lines will commence vir tually at once and that much of the work, as well as the recapturing of the lines at present privately operated, will be accomplished before he goes out of office. The statement does not read like an engineers' report nor a technical dis cussion. It is a mixture of construc tive proposals, historical statements and criticism of the dual subway contracts the Transit Commission. Gov. Miller, the Republican legislature and Oeorgc McAneny. It contains also many state ments as to the purposes to bo accom plished, with several references to the five cent fare and "the longest ride obtainablo anywhere on earth for a nickel." "The plan Includea." says the Mayor's statement, "new subway trunk lines In and to all boroughs, other new subway lines, extensions to existing lines and a bridge and tunnels uniting all boroughs ? In all, thirty-five new subway routes, extensions and tunnels. These new rapid transit lines will bring every part of the Greater City Into direct and Immediate touch with every other part and will provide real rapid transit for many )<-ars to come. It will provide steady and continuous employment for a largo part of the city's population and will spread prosperity to ail boroughs. It will bring New York to the pinnacle of social, civic and commercial great ness. "The city Intends to spend $600, 000.000 during the next fifteen years to construct and equip these new rapid transit lines. It Intends to begin Its first construction immediately?as soon as the necessary detailed plans can be prepared by tlv engineers?and It in tends to have new subway lines In opera tion before the expiration of the term of the present elected city officials. The construction of these new rapid transit lines will go on at the same time in all boroughs. No Partners In Enterprise. "These new rapid transit lines will bo constructed by the city Itself. The dty will have no partners In this gi gantic enterprise and It will entertain no partnership In the operation of anv of these lines when finished. It will be exclusively a city undertaking. The city will become the sole operator of all of these new lines and of existing f'onllfltied on Pago Fife. Theatrical and Hotel nnd Restaarants. Advertising will be found on Page S.? Adv. BERLIN WANTS U. S. BANK ON ALLIED1 RECEIVERS' BOARD; Willing to Submit to Com-; plete Financial Control by Impartial Hands. FEARS FRENCH RULE! Bradbury Tells Repara-j tions Board Plan He Dis cussed With Wirtli. DECISION IS WITHHELD i Germany to Have Final Chance | to Make Proposals on Next Wednesday. By liAl'IlENCE HILLS. Special Cable to Thb N'rw Yoik Hbhai.o. CopirrloKt, 1922, bp Tn? Nbw York Herald. New York Herald Bureau. I Paris, Aur. <7. f Tho Investigation and control of j German finances by American finan ciers acting under the authority of the Reparations Commission is the latest solution proposed to avert inde pendent action by France in the rep arations question. Representatives of the German Government in the con versations they had with Sir John Bradbury. British member of tho Rep arations Commission, are understood to have agreed in return for a mora torium to allow a complete control of j their finances to be assumed by a com mission acting in the name of the Allies, provided, however, that this body is composed of representatives of parties outside of the present discus sion, preferably American financiers. The Germans have asked for a three years moratorium. A recent dispatch to The New York | Herald from Its London Bureau said that J. P. Morgan, who represented American bankers at the recent in- i ternntlonal conference of bankers in Paris to discuss a loan to Germany, was sttil in Scotland and was prepared i to resume conferences if develop ments warranted. The suggestion Is that this commis sion have full control, even to the extent of governing Germany's entire expenditure* and the measures to be taken to stabilize the mark. It was made by Sir John Bradbury to the Reparations Commission at its session this morning, and is known to have been prompted as a result of the per sonal conversations which Sir John had with Chancellor XVirth and others ! in Berlin. Ready for Receivership. The German leaders expressed their willingness as debtors to undergo a vir tual receivership, but only on the condi tion that the receivership he conducted by Impartial hands. No contro! wherein tYunce would have a dominating voire could be tolerated, the Germans main tained, nnd It was in this connection that American financiers. Including Frank A. Vandcrlip, were suggested. Whether or not thts suggestion will be accepted by the French. It aeemg cer tain that some definite decision will bo taken next Thursday, the Reparations Commission having indicated this in to day's communique. Germany, as a re sult of to-day's meeting, at which Col. James A. Logan sat as American ob server. will be given one more hearing next Wednesday before a decision re garding a moratorium is taken. A tele gram to this effect was sent to Berlin this afternoon. "The outlook seems brighter." Sir John said this afternoon. "This Is indicated by to-day's postponement, and I ani hoping that the suggestion I made in formally and which I consider the best solution will be accepted by France and by the other delegations." Following the meeting M. Dubois, president of the Reparations Commission, saw President Millerand, and is un derstood to have discussed Sir John's suggestion with the head of the re public. French Opinion Changing, The collapse of tho mark nnd other grave reports from Germany have con vinced a large mass of French opinion that nothing Is to pe expected from Ger many Ir. the Immediate future, and that she is financially demoralized and threat ening to all Europe AH the liberal press In France now is urging the Gov ernment not to take Independent action, while Premier Polncare himself, by the suspension of the Alsace-lxirraine re prisals, Is showing thnt he Is begin ning to how to litis opinion. These facts encourage the British representative* to think they still may succeed In getting i a moratorium accepted by the Rapara ' tions Commission on Thursday. Germany, according to Sir John Brad bury, has Indlenled her willingness to waive complete sovereignty concerning financial affairs as an eleventh hour concession If assured of the Impartiality of those who will control her financial destinies. This Is the point upon which . Wednesday's meeting with the Germans I may turn. Remarks made at to-day's j meeting are understood to have shown that Sir John's suggestion was not | wholly unacceptable to the French. GERMAN OFFER MEANT TO KEEP DOOR OPEN Wirth Clutches at Last Straw With Counter Proposals. Special Cable ta Tub Nbw Yosk IlssAi.n. Cnpi/rlplil, 1022, bp Tub Nbw Youk Iteeu.n. New York Herald Bureau, ) nerlln, Aug. 37. ) The Berlin rounter proposals are more a gesture of putting out a foot to pre vent having the reparations door slammed In Germany's face, than a rrnrtlcal program. The scheme to turn over the coal and wood output under the pledge of German Industrialists Is but Continued oip Page Fonr. A Few Facts That Are Due the Public The New York Herald has opposed the various soldier bonus measures because it does not believe in handing a bonus to the young men of the country for doing the thing that is their right and duty to do?the protection of their country. The New York Herald has opposed these measures on the ground that with the coun try now carrying a war Indebtedness of twen ty-three billions of dollars the Congress has no, right to put an additional burden of five billions of dollars of Indebtedness on the backs of the American people?live thousand millions of dollars. The New York Herald has opposed these measures on the ground that they are largely political raids on the Treasury devised and engineered by politician-statesmen in Con gress as an appeal to the soldier vote. With the purpose of neutralizing the efTect of the fight The New York Herald has made against the bonus certain men and certain pub lications have been somewhat careless or downright malicious .in their fervid charges against the man responsible for the stand of The New York Herald on the bonus grab. That man is myself. Some of the charges are bitter, some of them venomous and crim inally libelous. Briefly they amount to this, that I am a rich man, that I made a large share of my fortune in United States Steel and in munition stocks, that these Bteel stocks were enormously profitable during the war. One newspaper, the Daily News of New York, puts it this way: "A large part of Munsey's large fortune "is from investments in United States Steel "stock. This steel company made the ma "terial for the guns, bayonets, shells, au "tomobiles, tanks and so on which were "used in the war. Holders of steel Btock "profited enormously by the making of "these weapons. "Such weapons as these killed?killed "five or six million human beings during "the war. "The process of killing these five or six "millions and wounding fifteen or sixteen "millions more enormously enriched hold "ers of munition shares like Mr. Munsey "* * * large owners of munitions stock "like Mr. Munsey?well, their profits ran "up into tens of millions. "Furthermore, if we recall gorrectly, Mr. "Munsey was extremely anxious in his "newspapers for us to get into the war. "He thought we were supine because we "didn't do it sooner. He always believed "in the draft, in seizing the young men and "shipping them across the ocean to take "their chances." There is one truth in this whole utterance; just one?no more; that is that I deprecated America's delay in tnking her part in the war. With Jills single exception this malicious ut terance is utterly and wholly false. It has no shading or suggestion of truth. The public will perhaps be interested in the facts concerning this charge and similar charges. The public is always fair in its judgment and its attitude when it has the facts, and the public is entitled to the facts in this instance. The facts that have to do with these charges are these. The fortune I have, be it little or big. did not come to any considerable extent through the buying and selling of stocks. Some years ago, when my income was mount ing large from my magazine business. I put some of my money then lying idle in bank into the security market. Up to this time all my thought and energy had gone into the up building of my magazine business. There is not much natural sympathy be tween money earning and money investing. A man may be good at one and good for nothing at the other. It was up to me now to handle the money flooding In from my pub lishing Interests. My modest Initial invest ments in the Street grew ultimately to im portant holdings. Weird stories have been circulated about my undertakings in the security market. Until now they have been good-natured, though, I muBt say, grossly inaccurate. The bitter charges now, because of my stand on the bonus, are largely founded on these in accuracies and exaggerations with respect to my security holdings. But inaccuracies and exaggerations good-naturedly expressed are one thing, and malicious, bitter and wholly unwarranted attacks with the view to dis crediting my newspapers in their fight against the bonus are quite another. While I am on the subject I may as well put the record straight so that well-meaning newspaper men will not hereafter indulge in fantastic pictures in respect of ray security holdings when I was in the market. It was recently said that In my stock trans actions I acted on inside information, a sure thing. There has never been a sure thing in any of my business activities, or in any of my financial investments. I have always been willing to take a chance on my own judgment, always been willing to take a loss on my own judgment. I have never had a business partner in my publishing enterprises and other interests. I have reasoned out myxtwn problems, done my own thinking, and I followed this method strictly in my stock transactions. In dealing in the volatile values of Wall Street I was indulging a spirit of adventure. But all the while my time was given to my publishing Interests. Wall Street was a side issue. Neither then nor at any time, before or since, in my life was I a party, directly or indirectly, to putting up, or putting down, values of securities. And neither then nor at any time, before or since, in my life did I buy or sell securities on tips or on short spec ulative movements. I bought or sold securi ties on the underlying business conditions of the country and the money conditions of the country as I saw them. I bought always with a view to a long term and not a short one. Getting in and out of a stock every day, or every few days, or several times in a day, is highly speculative; buying for a long term, that is, to hold with the ex pectation of increased values with improving business conditions, is like buying and selling real estate. But Wall Street never had any real interest for me. My real interest and real aim in life has been, and i3, to do constructive work, to create something worth while, to make two blades of grass grow whfre one grew before. Money coming in from this creative work has the seeming of real money; money coming in from the marking up and down of stocks isn't the same thing with me. With sufficient experience in the security market to satisfy me and with some profit? not enough to get excited about?I withdrew my capital from the Street and turned to something more dramatic, more worth while, the daily newspaper My actual net profit from my security holdings was relatively in consequential compared with the aggregate profit of years from my publishing, real estate and other interests. I have not owned a share of Wall Street securities of any kind whatsoever in, I should say, something like a dozen years. I owned no Wall Street securities at the beginning of the war. I owned no Wall Street securities during the war and I have owned no Wall Street securities since the war. I do not own now, and never have owned, a share in any munition plant of any kind or description. I had no connection, directly or Indirectly, with any property or interest that lent Itself to profiteering during or after the war. I made no money whatever, directly or in directly, out of the war or anything associated with the war. On the contrary, my interests, due to the high cost of magazine and news paper making and the generally disturbed condition of affairs, suffered a very heavy shrinkage during the war and in the inflation period after the war. This statement, answering the charges that my fortune has been made largely in Wall Street and from munition investments and war profiteering, must not be taken to mean that I have any apologies to make for my operations in listed securities. I ventured leas into the realm of chance in Wall Street, far less, than I did in undertaking to found and build up without capital and without ex perience a magazine business in competition with the great established magazine proper ties of New York, alid I took far less chance than I have taken, and one generally takes, in the daily newspaper field. The fortune I have, such as it is, has come primarily from two sources: the forty dollars capital 1 brought with me from Maine to New York forty years ago and the capacity God gave me for work. There has been no mystery, no legerdemain, no short cuts to fortune building with me. It has been done by fairly sound reasoning, the courage to put my conclusions to the test and by paying the price in work. I am a thorough believer In work. I love work and I wish ail Americans loved work as I love it. Generally speaking, there is no such thing as getting something for nothing. We must pay the price in thought, in care, in watchfulness, in work?intense, everlasting work. If I were a manufacturer of hardware, or textiles, or shoes, or anything else not linked up with public affairs, this statement in an swer to careless and vicious charges would not be imperative, though I hold that one who is at all before the public, whatever his line of endeavor, owes it to the public to correct misstatements and put the truth before the public. Calumny travels fast anu far, and unless apprehVuded is accepted as the truth by the public. The public has no reason to supposo calumny isn't the truth if allowed to stand as the truth. But with the newspaper owner the situa tion is highly sensitive, as the newspaper is a public, institution. The newspaper is just what the man back of it makes it. The news paper mirrors the man oack of it, mirrors the man who puts himself into it. If his heart is in the public service his newspaper will be a bulwark of strength to the community and to the country. Indeed, with the present political subserviency to the vote the best hope for sound government must rest with the well purposed, independent press. The attitude of The New York Herald on the bonus question has been the conscientious attitude of the owner of The New York Herald. I have no personal or selfish motive in my objection to the bonus. Fifty bonuses might be paid to soldiers and it wouldn't affect me personally. I have taken my stand against the bonus on the ground that it is all wrong in theory, that it degrades the American soldier. It robs him of the spirit of patriotism, the spirit of defense of his country. I have taken my stand against the bonus because the Govern ment is in no condition to shoulder this addi tional burden, because the taxpayers of the country are in no condition to shoulder this additional burden, and because .he payment of this proposed bonus to soldiers would be a vicious precedent for future generations to deal with. Frank. A. Munsey TRANSIT PARALYZED ON ALL MANHATTAN! Interborough Generator Fail-J ure Holds Every Train and Surface Car. The entire system of the Interbor ough Rapid Transit Company and the trnctlon lines depending upon It for power stood still for twenty minutes yesterday afternoon when a 02,000 kilowatt electrical generator In the East Seventy-fourth street power house broke down. Not n wheel turned on any Importnn' line while engineers of the Interborough made frantic efforts to bring other gen erators into play to pick up the load dropped by the disabled machine an 1 distribute the electrical' current. The Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company lines in Manhattan, using Interborough power, halted and could offer no aid to Interborough passengers, who left the trains and sought other means of trans portation. The same condition obtained with the Manhattan elevated lines anil the New York Railways Company's sur face csrs. Although short, the tleup was ono of the most complete In the history of traction service In the city. Tho actual duration of the generator trouble, by official records of the Tran sit Commission engTneirs, was fourteen minutes; but It was much longer than this before the current was (lowing to capacity In the third rail carriers and trains were moving T'sssengers on tho bridge oars of the B. R. T. who timed the waits declared It was thirty-flvo minutes before they were able to pro Continued on Page Two. WETS SELECT 100 FIELDS FOR BATTLES WITH DRYS Leaders Predict They Will Increase Congress Quota by Fifty?Women's Vote ?ig Factor. [This Is the first of a series of articles on the part tne prohibition Issue will have In the Congressional campaign. The second article will appear to-morrow.] Special Dt?potch to Till! Nsw Yosk Hiimld. Nfw York Ilernld Rnreac I Washington. I>. Ana. S7. I Prohibition will be itn Issue In Approx imately 100 of the 4SB Congressional districts In the November elections and In not more than Ave or six of the thirty-five Senatorial contests In as many States. In some sections, notably Missouri, New Jersey and to a lesser extent Ohio, the Issue will be paramount, but else where for the most part It will be sec ondary. The much discussed possibility of prohibition becoming n national Issue la not materialising. Since tho drys have what they want?the Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead act?-the wots have such advantages as may be In choosing the battle ground, and they are confining It to places where there Is nn actual chance to win. Both Republican and Democratic na tional organisations are fighting shy of the Issue, taking the position, as they have all along, that prohibition Is not a matter of party politics. In New England and In Maryland some of the Republican candidates are wet, but It generally may he said that elsewhere the Democrats have the wet end of things. Beer nnd light wines, through modifi cation of the Volstead law, are the basis of the wet campaign. Much depends upon the moist character of the district In which the fight Is being made, but the premise l? fr,r beer with an alco holic content of from 4 to 5 per cent. f and wine of from 7 to 10 per cent. Some candidates, such 9* Oov. Edwards of New Jersey, who in his Demoomtlc race for the Senate wants to mike his State "as wet as the. Atlantic Ocean," take the extreme view, while others sec nothing more encouraging than 2.75 per cent, beer. The extent to which a modifica tion of the Volstead act can go under the Eighteenth Amendment Is a Judicial question to be decided eventually by the United States Supreme Court. The promised activity of the Antl Suloon League In the campaign has ma terialized. Where prohibition Is an Is sue this organization Is on the Job with plenty of money to spend, charging that there Is a national movement to re peal the Volstead law nnd nullify the Eighteenth Amendment. The dry candi dates have far greater financial hacking than those who are wet simply because they have the Antl-Saloon League and similar organizations behind tit ?m. while the wets are not nearly so well or ganised. Prohibition Is an Issue In almost every one of the New England States. In New York, New Jersey. Pennsylvania. Mary land, Delaware, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana. Illinois, Michigan. Wisconsin, Missouri, Ohio, Ne braska, Colorado, Washington. Oregon, California, 1'tah. Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana and Florida, tl. some Cf these States It will not be fought out In more than one or two of trie Congres sional districts, chiefly In the cities and large trwr.s or wh-rt, as Ir. Missouri Continued on Pa** 'I wo ITALIAN FLIER GOES 210 MILES AN HOUR Fokker Makes Record Glide Carrying a Passenger for Thirteen Minutes. Tumn, Italy, Aug. 27.?Lieut. Brak papa to-day in airplane flew nt a speed of 33?kilometers (about 209.9 miles) an hour. This Is said to be a world record. The previous speed record for an air plane was made by Had! I,ecnlnte, a French aviator. September 26, 1921, of 205.223 miles per hour. Lecolntc used a 300 horsepower machine. The (light was made in Paris. rprrial Cable to Tub New Yobs Mienr.n. Copyrightf 1912, bp Tub Kiw Yosk Hauls New Uric Hrrnld Itnrean, | P?rl?, Ana. ( It is expected that all previous records. Including that of the Italian, wlli be beaten at the forthcoming Deutach do :<n Motirthe cup race which is replacing the former James Gordon Hennett cup contest. The French war ace, MaJon, who Is entering a tailless alrp'ane driven by a 300 horsepower motor con fidently predicts that be will break all rercrds by a speed of 400 kilometers un hour. Fvi.oa. Germany, Aug 2? (Associ ated Press).?Anthony H <> Fonder, Ihe Putch airplane Inventor. to-o?j ?a tabliehed a new world re <,rd In niotjr lesc avintlon bv remainlr-r Ir. the air thirteen mtr.utee with a passenger In a biplane constructed by himself. THIS WEEK LIKELY TO SEE CRISIS IN RAILWAY STRIKE] President Believed to Be Mapping: Out Course of Action 011 Cruise. | SEIZURE FINAL RESORT 4 I Not to Take Over Roads Unless They Fail to Give Service. CABINET MEMBERS MEET I ; Cummins and Lasker Also With Harding on the Mayflower. Special Dispatch to Tub New Yoik Hexsld. Nfw York Itsi-nld Rtirmn. ) Wn*hin(ton, I>. Auk. 27. J This week In all probability will prove the crucial and decisive period In the industrial crisis confronting: the country. On the immediate ? develop ments ahead, both in regard to the condition of the railroads and the an thracite strike, will depend whether the extreme measures hold In reserve by the Administration are to be evoked. President Harding Is expected to re turn to Washington to-morrow from his week end cruise on the Mayflower with a more concrete and definite Idea as to what legislation is necessary to give to him the reserve powers which he wants In the contingency that the anthracite coal mines and some of the railroads may have to be taken over. It Is understood that the cruise w-as planned following the confusion result- 1 !ng from the somewhat diverse accounts as to what actually was decided on at the White House conference on Friday night, when the President discussed with Attorney-General Daugherty and Senator Cummins (Iowa), chairman of the Senate Interstate Commerce Com- I mittee. tho situation that would exist I if as a last resort, he had to seize "he anthracite mines and some of the rail roads as well. Definite Program Due. The expectation among Administra tion leaders to-day was that the con ferences of Friday right and of Satur day would be continued on board the Mayflower, and tho composition of the President's party strengthened the be lief that whether an announcement would be forthcoming a definite progrnm of legislation would t>e outlined. That the President should have with hint Secretary of Commerce Hoover. Sec retary of the Interior Fall. Senntor Cummins. Senator Kellogg (Minn.) and Chairman Uasker of the Shipping Hoard Indicated that he Intended to round out to a concrete form the Administration's plan of action. It was indicated to-night that the an nouncement made yesterday to the ef fect that only ns a Inst resort would the President consider the taking over of the railroads or a portion of them is to hold good. At the same time there Is every Indication that the plan to arm him with powers to act If necessary will be further developed and concrete de tails of legislation worked out. It appears now that the plan Is for Senator Cummins to have ready such a bill as would give the President author ity to take over any roads that he i deemed necessary In the public Inter- j est. while It would be definitely under- ' stood that it would crly be In the case ' of actual breakdown that the power would be used and In all probability j would be confined to coal carrying roads. Davis Seeks Coal Peace. With regard to the planned leglsla , tlon to take over the anthracite mines everything depends on the success of efforts now under way to get the op erators and miners together. Secretary 1 of tatbor Davis and Senntor Pepper (Rep.. Ta.), are now engeged In Phila delphia In an effort to obtain a settlement which would obviate the seiz ure plan Intimated by the Admin istration. While the necessary legislation to' take over the mines will be held up 1 pending the result at the efforts at a rapprochement the program is to have a i measure prepared and ready for sub mission the moment It becomes apparent that an agreement to resume operation* Is not In sight. President Harding has made It quite clear that he does not plan to seize any railroad unless It becomes abso lutely necessary to do so. At the same time It has been unequivocally set forth that the Government must reserve to It self the right to Judge when a railroad has failed to give service nnd the dis position Is to give the carriers "every opportunity" to show that they are nble to take care of the needs of the country. Because of the possibility that Con gress might adlourn Sen nor Cummins and others of the President's advisers thought it wise that legislation giving the President discretionary powers should he passed now This the Presi dent. himself, apparently approves On the other hand a vigorous attack on the proposed plan was launched the moment it became public nnd It was because of this attack that reassurance hnd to he given thst the President did not Intend any precipitate action. Question of Opposition, The question now Is whether the strength of the opposition to even the suggestion Government operation of the ronds will permit of the passage of the legislation which Senator Cum mins and the President discussed. Thia Is one Of the questions which are ex pected to be decided on In course of the conferences on the Mayflower. Already the railroad txecutlves and the leaders of railroad labor have let their wishes In the matter he known. , The labor group welcomes the sugges- ! tlon ns It Interprets It. Some of the lenders have gone so far as to declare that If the roads were taken over they would never go bark to private owner ship. In other words the maneuver would work dlreetly Into the hartd? of the Plumb plan league, of which a great Continned on Page Two. Wher. you think of Writing Think of Whttlng ? Adv LEGISLATURE OPENS ACT ON COAL FAMINE Governor Expected to Ask for Revolving Fund of $10,000,000. THREE BILLS FOREC P Fuel Administration v"i:h Virtually War Time 1 \ ers Proposed. DEALERS TO DISTRI Ti State to Apportion oa! Wherever It Is Necessary U? Cheek Profiteering. Special Dispatch to Thb New Youk Heraid. New York Herald Korean, ) . Albany, Aug. 8". ( Throe measures are expected to be enacted by the extraordinary session of the Legislature when it convenes to-morrow night at the call of Gov. Miller. One will declare that an emer gency exists because of the shortage of coal, resulting from the coal and railroad strikes. The second will cre ate a fuel administrator, and the third will give him the fullest powers pos sible under the emergency police con trol of the State. The Governor is expected to ask for an appropriation of $10,000,000 as a revolving fund with which the fuel administrator can buy and sell coal and see that it is equitably distributed to all the people of the State. The plan is to have the coal turned over to the dealers throughout th<> State for distribution at cost, and the coal administrator is to have the power to fix the profits allowed. Severe penal ties will be provided for those who attempt to use the coal shortage sit uation as a means of hoarding or profiteering in coal. Problem of DlHtribn?Ion. If the Fuel Administrator is dissatis fied with the manner in which coal is distributed in any locality it is contem plated to gl .-e him power to create a dis tributing system of his own in that com munity. The Governor, however, is I anxious to leave g*. I*r. as possible the work of distributing Ihe coal to the present dealers. The power of the Statu to take over the distribution, it is be lieved. is for the purpose of acting as a deterrent to profiteering abuses. The Fuel Administrator, it is expected, will be enabled to bring into play all of the war time restrictions and curtail n rnts in the use of coal. He could even close schools and other public ins - tlons if it Is deemed Tucessary a'so could institute plans for eocot Ing the use of soft coal and wood a' householders this winter. Th< emergency measure will be on the fact 'hat for five month ?? anthracite mines have be'n Ml r1 that even though they should sta orations to-morrow there would serious shortage of fuel. Gov. Mil been Informed thst New York uses about 12.000.000 tons of hat a year. So far it has only bad 3, tons, making a shortage of I, tons which cannot po-slbly be m even though the mines should b" operation by October 1. Governor's Plans Approved The legislative loaders who oonfe with Gov. Miller already have appro of his plans and It is not expected th will be any serious opposition to t measures which will be ready for lntr ductlon at the same time that the Gov ernor's message is sent to the Legis lature. The only jmssible opposition may come from the effort of the cities to get the right to buy and sell coal for distribu tion to their dtltens. The Mayors' con ference. It Is understood, hs* a bill ready for introduction which will give that power. Gov. Miller Is opposed to It on the ground that with fifty-nine citbs competing In the purchase of coal all the benefits of centralized power In the distribution of fuel would he destroyed. New York Democrats may make a fight for power to carry out the Hylnn plan enabling New York city to ap propriate Il5.fl0ft.00fi to buy and sell eoal and distribute It free to 'be poor. Gov. Miller and the Republican leglalative leaders, however, are known to feel that New York, like the other cities of the State, ahould come under the control of the Fuel Administrator. STATE'S FUEL BOARD TO COMPLETE SURVEYS Commission Will Be Ready to Advise Administrator. The Governor's Advisory Fuel Com mission will to-day complete codlflcstlon of Its emergency plans and ?urv< vs. pre paratory to turning them ntrr to Its successor, fie new State Fuel Adminis trator. whose appointment Gov. Miller la expected to recommend at the special session of the Legislature In Albany to night. , To guard against transit breakdowns because of fuel shortage New York city merchants will confer at City Mall at 10 o'clock this morning This meeting was called by Acting Mayor Murray Hulbert. Mow housewives ran burn soft coal In kitchen ranges to best advantage dur ing tin4 period In which they must do without anthracite will be demonstrated for the press by the Stale s volunteer roal corps at the Broadway headquar ters at the same hour. Sumo tennnts say Ian llords In nsw leases are requiring waivers on heat The New .Jersey industrial district yes ferday Indicate I no likelihood of suspen sion. In Newark conversion of pow-r pparatus from coal to oil has reached considerable proportions. Coal users holding contracts with coal companies at a better figure thnn the $4.50 mine price set by Federal Fuel Distributor Spencer will not lone the benefit. Washington says. Further revi sion In the acalo of guarantiee reckons