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NEW YORK HERALD
1 UBT.il SHED by the sen herald CORPORATION. 2*" BROADWAY; telephone. worth in,do#. Dliwiors and officers I Prank A Munaey, J'raaWant: Krvln Ward man. Vice-President; wra. T. Do wart. Treasurer: H. H. Tlther ?nStaa. Secret a ry. _ MAIL SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One Six One _SgM?U, Postpaid. Year. Months. Month. Y5AILY & SUNDAY...*12.00 $6.00 $1.00 1'An.V only 10.00 5.00 .85 KUNDAT only 4.00 2.85 .40 BUNDAY only, Canada. 3.50 8.75 .50 FOREIGN HATES. DAILY a SUNDAY... $26.00 $13.30 $2.40 DAILY only 17. to 8.70 1.4*. SUNDAY only 0 73 P.12 .8U AH checks, money order*. Ac., to be made Payable to The Sun-IIerald. Branch Office* for receipt of advertisements And aale of papers: Pawn-si. Uptown Omct- Bboadway at S7tji St. Entrance 1.707 Broadway. Tele pnena Pita Roy 1500. Open until 12 midnight. IUairu Omca? 200 Wist 125th Sr., n*a? PeraNTH An. Tel. 704 MornlncslUe. Open Until 12 midnight. Washington Heights Omn?583 Wast 181ht St. Tel. 0098 Wadaworth. Open until so r. m. , SlgTBINTH ST. OfTICS?C'oXNEK 16tU ST. ANIt FtjraHTH Am. Tel. Chelsea 4000. Open all Say and night. Baooat.TN Ornrp-24 Covet St. Tel. Tri angle 71110. Open until 10 P. M. EaOI.B Bt ilo- , *80, S07 Washington St. Tel. 1100 Main. Bbonx Om.B?518 Wii.na Ate.. ?r 148ril ba Tel. 9666 Melrose. Open until 10 P. M. Principal American and Foreign Bnrean*. WASHINGTON?The Munaey Building. CHICAGO-20S South T.a Salic St. LONDON?10-43 Fleet St. PARIS?40 Avenue de 1'Opcra, 5S Run du Louvre. BERLIN?Dorotheenstra**e 34 Glof Llnkx). ROME-36 Via Uregorlana. DUBLIN?27 Westmoreland St. T*a Naw Toxk IIebud was founded by James Gordon Bennett In 1835. It remained the sole property of Its founder death. In 1872. when Ids eon. also Jamei Gordon Bennett, eucceeded to the ownership of the paper, which remained In hi* hands until hi* death. In 1918. The Hi:*Aih be c&m* the property of Frank A. Munaey# us preeent owner. In 1920. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 18. 1822. The World's Disgrace. It Is sot quite clear At General Tnwsssnsn. the outtUndlMIapt ?t the recent Islam wnra and cel. br?rt a, the hero i- ? ' means when he sa> be no peace in t e Near j " ' B9 Constantinople not P by the Turk he is. and auti ity on Orien mat term that he may be. the Chilean and civilized world cannot. agre bim that the Turk ever didI have o over can have any rightful place ^Vhe'chHstian and civilized world, also cannot agree with the apparent attitude of the British Government, that under certain circumstances Con-, etantinople should be restored to the Turk, although that Government de Clares it will not countenancesuc^ restoration under the threat and ter ionization of Kem.u.. the tnumphant conaueror of the Greeks and the frightful butcher of non-combatants lnotfotTeVstly disappointments of the war which began more than eight years ago was the doubt i which was left the status of the Turks, for centuries the menace of the Balkans and the blot uP?n ? ropean diplomacy and hlstor.. Christian and civilized ^Id ex pected, and the Christian u.m civi lized world demanded, that as a r - suit of that war the unshakable, Tark should be forthwith expelled and forever kept out of Europe. The Christian and civilized world still de mands that this shall be worked out. ? If there is any doubt now, what- j over the military success of Kemal. the Oriental genius, against the vain glorious but impotent pew on of tb Greeks for Asiatic conquest, that the Turk should be permanently kept out of Europe that doubt is due solely to the political Jealousy ot Great Britain, of France and U the other great Powers of Europe. 'There Is not one of them whose policy has not been that the Near East shouh drown in a welter of blood rather than that any first class nation of Europe should gain an ounce of po litical or commercial advantage ou of the obliteration of Islamic power end influence from the territon ?where the Turk never had any nat ural right to be and never ought to be tolerated by European morals, sen timents, ideals and orawn. There is not one of them whose international policy has not been governed by the repulsive theory that the Turk wou d better be a lasting storm center in I the European world than that an> petty, miserable, debased Balkan State should emerge from political debasement or economic anarchy. Until the great Powers of Europe give themselves a clean bill of health In respect of a common will and a Axed program, now that the un speakable Tdrk is out of Europe, to keep him out at whatever cost of life and treasure, the American people will not and cannot put themselves into the Biokening problem of the Near East, which continues to bo the disgrace of the enlightened world. Golf Keeps Them Young. No event among contests In outdoor sports has a more salutary lesson for the public than the Seniors' golfing tournament. The competitors are men between the ages of 65 and 80, and the play Is masterly on occa sions. an instance being the 77 of Fseneaii k Snare, the uewly elected president of the Seniors, made over the sodden links at Apawamis fol lowing last Tuesday's downpour. What golf has done for Individuals In middle Ilfo and In the period which was described as old age before men found joy on the links is apparent in the alert bearing, the activity and gensrslly contented demeanor of its devotees. Mr. Snabe has been a diligent pro moter of golf for many years. The people ot Cuba owe him much for: hts Interest In the game. The Coun-; try Club of Havana, whose links are among the sportiest to be found any where, owes Its popularity In a great degree to his untiring efforts. When golf was Introduced into Cuba the prediction was mftde that. It would newer be taken up seriously by tbe, natives and that the Country Club, situated in the suburbs of Havana between Marianao and La Playa. would have to depend for its exist-! ence on the patronage of the tour-; ists. The error of this view Is deni onstrated by the number of clever players of native or Spanish blood ? ; on the roster of the organization. It is the same the world over. The Scotch game brings health and lou , gevlty to all who do not take it too seriously. To none does it bear j greater gifts than to the Seniors, every one of whom is a Junior, at least in spirit, after a day on the links. I Congress as the Supreme Court. The American Federation of Labor announces it is going to try to amend the Constitution of the United State' so as to enable Congress to decide whether any of its own acts are or are not constitutional. Tho Supreme ( ourt will be permitted to express its opinion but the legislating Congress will decide the matter. This is a fair enough proposition, although it would work the nullifica tion of a large part, and in the last analysis the most important part, of the powers and duties of the Supreme Court of the United States. It is a fair enough proposition lie cause the Constitution itself provides that anybody has the right to try to I amend that fundamental instrument of the nation under the methods of procedure prescribed in the same fundamental law. It is a fair enough proposition, al though it amounts to an attempt to ! have Congress make a new Constitu- j tion for the nation, because in the course of Congress rewriting the Constitution with the various laws hat Congress would pass and then, dde were constitutional by the re ige of the laws over the decision 1 - the Supreme Court, as the Gom pers scheme proposes, sooner or later , there would be nothing at all left of ! we now have and, j that, nothing left of j government. ;eration of Labor j 8t enough proposition because 11 u it gets sufficiently far beyond a Congress motion to give the States and the public a chance at it Samckl Gomters will get an illuml- j nating idea of what tho American ' people think of his modest pro- ; gram to constitute himself and his federated labor union the United States Congress, the United States Supreme Court and the whole United States Government. The Primaries. The primaries will be held through out the State to-morrow. In New York city the hours for voting will be from ,1 o'clock in the afternoon until 9 o'clock in the evening. Every voter who enrolled when registering last fall is entitled to vote in to morrow's primary elections. This year there are no contests to stir the political blood of the city. It Is a good thing, however, for every qualified voter to go to the polls. Women, and particularly women who have never voted In a primary, should vote to-morrow. It is worth while to know the ropes. Primary attendance, registration and election day voting?none ought to be slighted by men and women who are jealous of the privilege of the franchise. Clouds and Cheer. When after a few days of brilliant sunshine the face of the sun is veiled by gray clouds many men and women ' permit their spirits to become de pressed, utter plaints about the weather and are apt to assume that Nature has set up a minor conspiracy to make the world and his wife more unhappy than it is absolutely neces- ' Bary for them to be. 1 here is a type, however, more com-1 mon than it may seem, that takes cheer from the overspreading gray] clouds. To some the shield between them and the sun brings cooling com-1 fort, a relief to the eyes and an! aesthetic pleasure in the vapory veil itself for reasons of Its low toned color. Whether one must bo pos sessed of a melancholy temperament to take delight in a gray day is an open question: a gray atmosphere In Itself does not make for the melan-! choly temperament. Possibly the real solution of tho Philosophy of these lovers of gray days, the happy folk who take com fort and delight in them, is that they xeally have a philosophy about lifo and living, and that they can, thus fortified, be a? cheerful on cloudy days as when the sun is shining. They find the silver lining in every cloud without having to go to a proverb for it. Chestnut for Winter Fuel. When tho chestnut blight laid 1 waste large areae of woodland In every Eastern Slate from Connecti cut to Virginia appeals to cut the dead trees into fence posts or other material instead of leaving them to rot were answered by some commu nities. In others they were allowed to become breeding places for other enemies of forestry besides the pest which had kilted them. In a journey through any of the Eastern States those dead chestnut trees are to be seen In many wood lots and they are a valuable posses I sion at this time of fuel shortage Every stick of chestnut timber, stand ing or down. Rhould be converted into firewood and housed ready for the coming of winter. An Idea of tho havoc which the chestnut blight brought in the East may be gleaned from the fact that more than 6,000 troes were destroyed j on the Harbor Hill estate of Clar. ence H. Mackay on Long Island. Mr. Mackav's example of setting up a portable sawmill which converted the trees into fence posts and lumber would. If followed generally, have prevented the total loss which the timber, dead and standing, repre sented. Any community in-which a dead stick of timber is found next Christmas will lay Itself open to a charge of lack of thrift. j Twenty Years of Murphy. The first absolute boss of Tammany Hall, William M. Tweed, lasted ten j year.,; the second. John Kkli.t. twelve years; the third. Richaio Cbokeb. fourteen years. The fourth, Ciiabi.es F. Mi uriiY, will to-morrow have been master of the Hull twenty years. j Whatever the reasons for Mubpht's long tenure, there was no mystery in his attainment of the leadership of \ tho Democratic organization of New j York county. The fittest survived, j When Cbokeb went to Europe, imme- 1 diately after the disgraceful Van Wyck administration had been ousted, he left Lewis Nixon to hold the leadership until he returned. Just as he had left John C. Shep.han to hold it in 1896. Nixojt'h pride was great, and, vexed by the interference or Choker's kitchen cabinet with his every act, he resigned his phantom ; leadership in May. 1902. The district leaders of Tammany chose in Nixon's place the triumvi rate which Devert nicknamed Sport, Two Spot and Joke. They were dis trict leaders: Mubphy of the Gas House District. Dan McMaiion of the West Side and Lons F. Hapten of The Bronx. Four months later, on Septemln r 19. 1902, the triumvirate met the fate of all triumvirates. It died peacefully, however, for it was > Hapten himself who Introduced a resolution at a meeting of the execu- j ttve committee of tho Hall declaring that the experiment of the committee of three had "proved the desirability i of individual responsibility in leader- j ship" and that the powers and duties ; of the committee should he "hereafter exercised and performed by Charles F. Murphy." Some believed that Mubphy would step aside if Cbokeb returned, but Cbokeb was through. The leaders , wanted more jobs and fewer swallow- j tall functions at the Democratic j Club. Murpht, ten years leader o , his district, was a practical man. He | had made a fortune in liquor stores and real estate. He had been a Dock Commissioner. He knew the ropes. He was of the people. He had been ; a street car driver, a factory hand j and an amateur ball player of parts, j Mi'uphy was chosen boss by a vote ( of 26 to 9. Of the leaders who voted for him only three are district lead ers to-day; Frank J. Goodwin. William Dalton and Peteb Doolino. The Sullivans, by whose grace Mur phy was elected boss, have disap peared. The whole lower East Side group of leaders that supported Murphy is gone?not only from poli tics but from the earth: Little Tim and Big Flobrie Sullivan, John F. Ahearn. the picturesque Julius IIar burger, Johnny Oakley, Pat Keen an of the silk hat, Joe Scully, for years City Clerk, and two Murphys, Mike and Tom. Of the nine men who voted against Murphy all but two are dead or out of politics. These two are Thomas F. Foley, who Is next to Murphy the most powerful man In ^o Demo cratic organization, and Percival K. Naole, now Sheriff of New York. In 1902 they, with JonN F. Carroll, John B. Sexton, James J. Martin,, Barney Martin, Frank Lantry, Pat Keahon and Pat Ryder, preferred Carroll as leader. At the last mo ment Big Tim Sullivan, who voted; the East Side leaders as a bloc, de cided that Murphy's election suited his own interests best. There have been revolts against Murphy, but he has not been seri ously menaced. When a new district leader is elected tho Chief buys him with a Job or Bhuts him out of the i executive committee. In recent years I he has employed conciliation rather ' than force. Tho good old days when ! leaders like Devery and Naole were 1 ejected from the Fourteenth street temple are gone. So tactful is tho i hoes that, although the organization I gives women equal representation on ; t.lic executive committee and women are active in Tammany politics, not one of the fair sex has enjoyed the distinction of being thrown out of j the Hall. | Mr. Murphy ends his second dec ade as securely In power as when hs began his first. Some of the lead ers dislike him. but they dislike one another too. There is no man in the organization around whom a rebel 1 lion against Mi-bpht could be gath ered. Foi^r has personality and power, but he Is heartily for Mua . pht. Most of the other district lead ers are single cylinder men. Holding his job has been easier for Murphy than having his own way at the polls, even In this normally i Democratic city. In his twenty years 1 the Democratic Mayoralty ticket has ' won five times?twice with Mc? Clkilan, once with Gatnob and twice with Hylan. Mayor McCleluun foHowed Murphy's orderB in his term only; Gaynor did not follow ! them st all; and Hylan, although he 1 has taken care of a lot of Tammany dead wood, has his own political game ; to pl?y. In 1913. when Mubpht nomi nated a Click and thin organization man. Judge Met'ALL, he was badly beaten by John Purrot Mitchel. Murphy's leadership has been a strange combination of audacity and timidity. He had the nerve to nomi nate Hearst for Governor In 1906 against the wishes of his own or ganization. He had the nerve to causa Governor Sulzeb's impeach ment. He was bold enough to refuse to nominate Justice Newburgeb, an act which brought a Btrong rebuke from the public. A year ago. when he tried the same tactics In the case of Justice Talley, he was forced to back down. His worst case of timid ity was In 1917 when, although At, Smith was the logical candidate for the Mayoralty nomination, Mubthy entered the bargain which resulted In the election of Hylan. Mubphy was bold enough when, as the leader of New York county only, he welcomed conflict with McCarren; but as he grew to be the boss of the whole city organization, reducing the Democratic chieftains of the other boroughs to satraps, he substituted a crude aiid weak sort of cunning for his old daring. Nor has he done well I with the State organization. Three Democrats have been elected Gover nor in twenty years?Dix, Sulzeb and Smith?and Smith alone has re flected credit on the Democratic party. And his principles, his Ideas of administration, did not come from Fourteenth street. The Hall does not exude great political doctrines. Mr. Murphy does not expound them. Ho i once remarked that he was "for the | Uplift" and then hastily withdrew to that shell of silence which has Berved him so well. After these twenty, years the Bosb can survey a good deal of personal achievement. The organization still holds together. It has tho lion's share of the small patronage of the city. It controls the Board of Estimate. The Tammany Hall contractors, though not so notorious as of old, still do nicely. And Mr. Murphy can take up a list of the Judges of New York and point to a large number of names of men who would never have received the ermine if he had not willed It. To write a man's name on a slip of paper and thereby make that man a Judge of the Supreme Court for fourteen years at $17,500 a year?that's power, power which the ( Boss has enjoyed a dozen times. A few months ago, when asked when he was going to resign, Mr. j Murphy said that it would be when his beard reached his knees. Since then, however, the round, inscrutable and somewhat cherubic face has been as smooth as ever. The Boss, only 64, treats Time lightly. Years ago, when our neighbor the World longed for the abdication of Murphy, It used to cry periodically "Must a Boss be an Abb?" In future, we fear, it will have to Inquire "Must a Boss be a Centenarian?'' Barring the Mayflower. When the donor of the Interna tional Fishermen's Trophy put that prize into the care of a board of trus tees he did bo with the clear inten tion of encouraging the building of real seagoing fishing schooners, ves sels that could keep the sea In all weathers, blow high or low. All pro fessional fishing schooners were eligible to compete in the annual races, but the idea of a schooner be ing especially designed and built to win the prize was directly opposed to the thought Mr. Df.snis bad in mind in establishing the trophy. Obviously it is this knowledge that I has impelled the Halifax trustees of the trophy to declare ineligible for this fall's race the Boston schooner Mayflower, repeating the action they took last year. In their letter ex plaining the reasons for their action, sent to the chairman of the United States race committee, the Halifax trustees say: "In our view, though a vessel of the Mayflower type, or one that exemplifies that type in a still greater degree, may be a bona flde fisherman, more or less suited to the fresh fishing business as carried on in Boston, to carry such a vessel to the international race would contra vene the intention of the donor ex pressed In the deed of gift. What appeared to be a campaign of publicity on behalf of the May flower waB started early this year by the publication of various statements as to her trips to the fishing grounds and the value of her catches. This has not Impressed the Halifax trus tees, it is evident, for their objec tions to a schooner of her type are just as pronounced as they were in 1921. Four vessels are still left to take part in the elimination races off ; Glom-ester ou October 12, 13 and 14, and against none of these fcuve the trustees voiced any objections, doubt less for the reason that each one of them was economically built for fish ing at sea with no thought of racing in the mind of the designer. English scientists are discussing the ' case of a boy of 14 years who has never laughed because, lie aaya. he has never seen anything to laugh at. Of course he has never attended a meeting of the New York city Board of Estimate. Inheritance. Death shall not rob me of the best I've known. When duet has clothed my altered circumstance: I need net take the final steep alone. These things I keep for my inheri tance : A morning blown with stars; the span gled sea A scarf of silver on the earth's white breast: A single wan blush where the moon should be. And dawn's rose fingers pointing to the west. A night of fog; the gray sea clothod about With other gray, mysterious and grim; The quiet kiss of far tides drifting out; Tho salt sweet apray; a gull's lone flight. And him Who day long companioned at my side? Within whose heart I shall not yet have died. ITilen FRAJtra-Bowxn. Catching Cold. A Way to Jflp the Villainous Germ In the Bad. To The New York Herald: The article on catching cold which you re printed from the Journal of the Ameri can Medical vlsaoclofioit reminded me of my own discovery?not of a solu tion of the mystery of catching cold but of a way to stop a cold. At the first sneeze I drink half a tea spoonful of bicarbonate of soda In hair a glass of water, and I repeat the dose in half an hour. This treatment has stopped a dozen threatened colds In a year. I don't know why this simple treat ment la so efficient, but the chronlo cold catcher will notice that his sneezing usually starts a short time artcr dinner or some other hearty meal. Perhaps the white corpuscles have left the throat and nose to guard the stomach. The soda, reducing acidity, lets them go back to their Job in the head. The doctors may snort at the remedy but It works. X. X. J. New York, September 16. Mr. Baker's War Record. Charges Against Him Not Mentioned by the Britannlra. To The New York Herald : The friends of Newton D. Baker seem to have been 111 advised In making a pub lic complaint as to tho notice given Mr. Baker in the Encyclopedia Brltannlca. They have given It a hundred times the publicity It would otherwise have had. They might Instead have congratulated themselves on what was omitted. Would they have been pleased to have had reference made to that order to officers of the army for epecl&l consid eration In the treatment of pacifist pris oners, which forbade those officers to reveal tha existence of such order, or to have recalled Che fact that our soldiers had to be Instructed with wooden guns, or to the misleading announcement of Mr. Baker that a rifle for each man ?would be ready when they reached France, concealing the fact that In ac tive warfare aeveral rifles for each was necessary ? Our soldiers were short In rapid Are guns. The Lewis gun was being manu factured in large quantities for English forces. It could have been turned out at once for our men. Long delay to perfect and turn out another model Is what occurred. Tho United Stater spent money like water to provide airplanes, but our sol diers In France lacked them. Our field artillery had to accept from hard pressed France her 73s, and of the heavy guns for which the people paid enormous sums In taxes only one or two reached the front before the armistice. The last conspicuous act of Mr. Baker was an Intensive campaign for recruits after the Administration had been snowed under at the November election and tie know that his successor would reduce tha army. He thus willfully addafl to tha heavy war debt by this move In disregard of public welfare. Charles E. Manierrb. New Tork, September 16. The Balance of Europe. An Explanation of England's Attitude Toward German Trade. To The New York Herald: .Some weeks ago Lord Beaverbrook In an ad dress before the Heading Chamber of Commerce particularly called attention to the fact that England's prosperity and therefore the employment of her workmen were not dependent upon any single foreign market. He showed that In 1913 only J0.7 per cent, of Great Britain's exports went to Germany, Rus sia, Austria-Hungary and the Balkans all combined. Including Greece and Tur- 1 key. And since only 30 per cent, of her total production was exported these countries took only 6.2 per cent, of ner total production. His contention was that the English were enormously magnifying the Im portance of the central and eastern European markets and he advised them to turn their eyes to the development of the empire's trado and the extra European world, including this country. England's exports to India alone amounted to 75 per cent, more than those to Germany, and to India, Australia and Canada they amounted to 3V4 times those to Germany, according to the Statesman's Year Book for 1914. Lord Beaverbrook'a Idea seems to be that the revival of the German market la too small a matter for Lloyd George to employ as a continuous brake on Franco's settlement with Germany. Any Englishman who will stop and think will recall the fact that up to tho war of 1914 England with her free trade was a perfect dumping ground for German goods and that Germany was fully protected with her scientific tariff against the entrance of British manu factured products. In fact her Imports from Germany amounted to twice her exports to her. Tho cry of a revived German market, then, for British goods and the conse quent revivification of employment for the British workman la merely a cover for concealing tha real motlvo of tho British Government's attitude toward Germany and therefore toward France. The domination of the Continent by one great Tower has never been an Ideal state of affaire for English diplo macy. Having removed Germany from this exalted position England now finds It oocupled by France. Hlnce no oppor tunity exists for removing France her self she considers It most feasible to solve the problem by again restoring Germany and reestablishing a Conti nental equipoise. Neither tho German mark nor tha German market has anything to do with England's policy, and Lloyd George's effort to spread this idea Is like flood ing Ids peoplo with mere moonshine? and very psle moonshine at that. Robert L. Preston. LensiURd. Va., Beptember 16. ('gitalin an Fond. To The Editor ok Tun Herald: Who ever thought of tho cattail plant that adorns wet lands all over the country ?s anything but an ornament for a mantel piece? Yet I find on page 236. April June number. 1920. of the Onopranhlral Review of tl o American Geographical Society of New York a reference to this | weed as a valuable food product from which flour can be made. Tho name of the book and Its author are given In a footnote. Another food product Is always welcome. Robert P. Green. New Tork, September 16. The Price of Fame. Frrrrn the Ottawa (Kan.) Herald. A town will Ro on for year* producing good citizen* who don't lie about their taxes or the speed of their motor cars, but It has to brtng forth a five legged calf or a triple yolked egg before It Is known beyond the county line. Episcopal School Seeks $1,000,000 Bishop Lawrence Announces Fund Will Be Raised foi Cambridge Theological Institution. Special Dispatch to The New Yoek Hhui.d. Portland, Ore.. Sept. 17.?One mil lion dollars will be raised by popular subscription for the Episcopal Theologi cal School In Cambridge, Mass., It was announced to-day by the Right Rev. William I^awrence, Bishop of Massachu setts. who la attending the Oeneral Convention of the Episcopal Church here. As chairman-general of the campaign Bishop Lawrence will give the major portion of his time to Its direction, turning over to the Bishop Coadjutor Elect, I)r. Slattery. the routine admin istration of the diocese. A coast to coast organization of graduates of the school ,w!ll be built up for carrying on the campaign, which Is to be completed by spring. The Episcopal Theological School at Cambridge Is adjacent to Harvard Uni versity, and It 1s affiliated with the university, all courses In one Institution being open to the students of the other. It Is unique In that It Is the only theo logical school in the country which ?was founded and Is administered by laymen. "The one great need of this country, racked as it Is with moral, financial. Industrial and spiritual problems, la leaders, men of force, character and de votion," said Bishop lAwrence. "While the Immediate goal of this campaign Is a million dollars, the real purpose is that by the better equipment of the school It will do more effectively what Its short history has proven It can do? turn out such spiritual leaders. "One out of every thtrty-flvo gradu ates is now n Bishop; of these twelve seven are missionary Bishops, and our young Bishops are in charge of a large I>art of the territory between the Rockies and the Pacific. Graduates have founded | Oroton School, St. George's School, New port, and Morrlstown School, and In clude many head maaters, masters and professors, five deans of cathedrals and divinity schools and rectors of strong parishes. The school draws Its men from all parts of the country and aeads them to all parts. "I have accepted the duty of chairman because I am 72 years old and have known every student, teacher and officer of the school In Its fifty-six years of history. I havo been student, teacher and dean. T have had experience, too; have worked eight yeurs with wage earners, nine yearR in Cambridge at this school and at Harvard ; have been Bishop of a large aad thickly populated area for twenty-nine years and have traveled for the church throughout the counti-y In peace and war. What Is ex The Rainbow Fairy* (for try daughter) The Rainbow Fairy sat high onheratch. Where the sun drove the shower In And hefdress was all spangled with glittering drops Like, gems in the clear golden light. O never queen sat on such radiant throne As the Fairy's dazzling bow. And none ever wore so splendid a robe As she caught from tho sunbeams aglow. The Rainbow Fairy cried. "VIBGYOR!" And 1 asked whatever she Was it Choctaw or Russian or Eskimo. Or some tongue from the Orient. But she merrily laughed at my puzzled Whlle?she tinkled her crystal shoes. And then cried "I will give you tiny hint? "Seven letters recall seven hues. go I studied her bow with Its glorious stripes On the cloud-darkened While I tried her strange 'VIBOtOR for a key To unlock Its bright notary. ??O Fairy dear." I complained In my "I'm afraid you'll fade wholly away Before I can solve any problem so hard. Do have pity upon my dismay. "Well, then, here's the answer." she graciously called. "As the bands , in my Bow are ar S?o 'VIBGYOR' tells you thetr colors fair sheen. - And their order can never be changed. Tho Innermost border '?vloet'rlch' An<T-the 'V' stands for that In my 'i' is for Indigo, second in rank. ^"d .hi b " **bh?. third. -S.X., bl.ndlny by d.llcbt. ."P" ?'! ?js *? While 'yellow 'springs from It. as blos som from stem, And chooses the TT from my key Then the sixth band ta orange. rloe fruit agleam, , So 0f course It must have the round | And last*' gorgeous red. that claim, my, Form^th*outermost rtm of my Bow." The Fairy no sooner had told me this | Than'The melted like dew on the But I 'heard her faint, faraway, merry From'the sky now as clear as pure And ahl^ys since then, when the rain bow appears, And I search for each radiant hue. Her "VIBGYOR" Anda ?v*ry band Its place? , Try It. Shirley, and let It ehowyoul iry Eliot Whit* Billy Kountz, Humorut. He Sold Win* and Wrot? of I'"? About Town In Sew Aork. To Vim N?w York ??ald^ ?n Masson In his very humane *hd con ( ?ddcratc essay on hunior In your mag M^e section reminds us that Mr. Dunne ^Dooley) came Just after HIM Nye had f rested an audience for him. but falls t? note George Ada's ?r?*t obllg^lon to Billy Kountz. author of B"ir j***15 * letters." an obligation as (treat to the discerning and as Uttte acknowledged by the beneficiary as Is Kipling s obli gation to Bret Harte. Kountz. who as a wine pusher was a vounger contemporary of George Kess fcr! became Interested In a then new but now well known brand of mineral water about eighteen months beroro his death. As a keon advertising man he produced this series of classics, based on ough knowledge of life about town. In' that short tlmo. Then ho died of Brlght'a disease. His use of capital letters may have taken Trom A. C. Uunter, hut he originated hla own style. In "Cutting Into the Orape." the story of ths lone somo rounder In evening dress, slightly maudlin, who blows Into a hotel bar. perlence rood for except to place It at the service of others and In the best cause? "It will take time for the people of | the church who have known almost nothinr of the process of preparing young men for the ministry and of the ological schools to realize what an es sential work they are doing for the church. We have been giving year after year toward the construction of churches and parish houses. Of what use are they without a Btrong, spiritual leader ship manning the staff, ministering to the people? Behind them all must be the power of living faith In Christ. How will that be upheld unless the ministry of Christ be strong and full of Intelli gent. living faith? "Our theological schools must be such as to develop and turn out such men. We must keep our eys and Interest now on the theological schools; we must give them a strong share In our support. We will. In considering our gifts for the coming year, prepare for the call of the Episcopal Theological School In Cam bridge." The Cross of the Holy Sepulchro has been conferred upon President Bishop Daniel Sylvester Tuttle, Bishop James H. Darlington of Harrisburg, Bishop William T. Manning of New York, Bishop Charles P. Anderson of Chicago and Bishop Walter Taylor Sumner of Oregon, according to cable dispatches received here to-day. The honor was conferred by His Holiness, Damlnanos, Patriarch of Jerusalem. Confirmation of the honor bestowed was given by Archbishop Pantalelon, representative I of the Patriarch of Jerusalem, who aPo is attending the convention of the j Episcopal Church in this city. The bishops on whom the order of the Cross of the Holy Sepulchre has been bestowed have all been active in bringing about otoeer relations of the Episcopal Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church. Visiting bishops and clergymen to-day | occupied pulpits throughout the North west. Laying of the cornerstone of St. I Michael's and All Angels' Mission was a feature of to-day's meetings. Bishop | Tuttle was in charge of the ceremonies. CANCER SOCIETY GETS ft,BOO. Mrs. George H. Davenport of Marble head, Mass.. has given 91,900 to the American Society for the Control of Cancer, requesting that it be made the nucleus of the Mrs. Clement Cleveland Fund. Mrs, Cleveland, who died within the year, was one of the pioneer cancer surgeons of the country, and wee a sister of Mrs. Davenport. room about midnight, Kountz rings the bell for brevity. The first rounder notices another at the far end of the bar and in the same condition, but with a quart of wine for company. The bartender Introduces them and they have more wine together. Suddenly one of them tltngs his arms down on the bar top, iaya his head upon them and sobs as If his heart would break. Number Two tries to comfort him. "Waxza mat'r, ol' man7" Number One blurbs "I'm an orphan; my mother is | dead." The other says "Thai too bad. When did she die?" And his neighbor says " 'Bout thirty years ago!" George Adc has never equaled that, and besides In Kountg's stories the moral is lert to the reader's Intelligence. It doesn't have to be printed at the end. SUPPANIBH MOr.SE. Jamaica, September 16. Coke. It Makes a Quicker and Hotter Fire Than Coal. From the Utility Bulletin. Coke is practically a pure fuel. Soot and most of the dust and smoke have been removed from It in making gas. It Is entirely combustible, leaving only a fine powdery ash. about half as much In quantity as results from the burning of an equa| weight of hard coal. The coke is lighter than coal, consequently easier to handle In households. It can be burned Just as coal Is burned in a range or furnace, but requires somewhat different treatment in firing in order to yield the best results. Being porous, coke kindles easier than coal. In furnace use three or four shovelfuls of coke should be thrown on In the morning and all drafts opened for ten or fifteen minutes. When there Is a good bed of fire the fire box should be filled as full as possible. The drafts should be left on for ten or fifteen mln- I utes longer, then should be shut off and j the check drafts all opened. Unless the weather ie severe the furnace will | not require any further attention un til night. If the weather .Is severe the fire box ^should be filled at noon. Coke fires do not need to be shaken out as much as do ooal fires. There should ! always bf a layer or blanket of about' two Inches of ashes on the grate bars i of the furnace. This prevents burntng out of the grate and also prevents a too quick consumption of the fuel. At night the fire should not be shaken. A j few holes should be run through the bed of coals with the poker In order to give draft, the fire box should be filled full, the fire should be burned under draft for about ten minutes, then all drafts should bo shut oft and the check drafts opened. The fire will keep well all night and there will be a good bed of live coals In the morning. In using coke in ranges care should be taken to burn It under little or no draft once it is well started. It will give a quicker and hotter cooking flro than coal. Coke has hitherto been considered an Inexpensive fuel. Because of Its uso In Industry and the heightened demand for It it Is now selling In many places for more than coal and the gas companies which are producing It from high priced coal declare that they are making less profit on It even at the higher price than they used to at lower prices when they were able to buy cheap coal. De? doped Water Power In New York. U. .1 Geological Kurvtu Bulletin. New York Etate leads the country in the airount of ite developed water power with 1,800,000 horsepower. California cotnee next with 1.111.100 horsepower. These flguree place New York Etate almoet on an equality with the most progressive countries in water power development in Europe, where France leads with 1.400.000 horsepower, Norway has 1,380,000 horsepower and Sweden 1,300. 000 horsepower. Down the Drift of Dreams. Down the drift of dreams come many things Tn the silent watches deep and long? Tuo bright flutter of autumnal wings And the murmur of ascending song. ove, would all these golden dreams were true, Their beguiling glamours and their gleams, or through some ethereal magle you? You nrc over present In my dreams 1 CUINTON SCOLLAItD. Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. For Eastern New York?Fair and cool to-day and probably to-morrof; moderate northerly winds. For New Jersey?Fair to-day and probably to-morrow; continued oool moderate to fresh northeast winds. For Northern New England?Fair and cool to-day and probably to-mor row; moderate northerly winds. For Southern New England?Fair and cool to-day and probably to-tnorrow; moderate northerly winds. For Western New York?Fair to-day and to-morrow, no change In tempera ture ; moderate northe.rly winds. tt ashijjoton, Sept. 17.?An extensive area of high barometer covers the region east of the Mississippi River and has Its crest over the great lakes, and the pressure Is also high and rising over the northern Rocky Mountain region. The pressure Is low over the southern plateau region and relatively low over extreme southern Texas. The weather has become cooler over practically all sections east of the Mis sissippi River and over the northern Rocky Mountain region. There ware frosts this morning In the upper lake region. Thara have been showers within the last twenty-four hours along the south Atlantic and east Gulf coast. In the At lantic and east Gulf States the weathrr wtll ho generally fair without material change In ? temperature to-day and to morrow. except on the south Atlantic and east Gulf coast, where there will bs showers. The tropical storm reported the last several days In the West Indies was central to-night some distance north of Porto Rico and moving northwest. Re ports by radio from the Far East show a typhoon of considerable lntenslt" nov lng westward from the vicinity ot jam and another of like Intensity Imme diately north of the Philippines and movli^ northward. Observations at United States Weather Bu reau atattona, taken at 8 J\ M. yesterday, seventy-fifth meridian timet Temperature Rainfall list 24 tire. Baro- last 34 Stations. High. Low. meter, hre. Weather. Abilene 88 82 28.08 ... Clear Albany 82 62 80.28 ... Clear Atlantio City. 70 68 80.20 ... Clear Paltlmora ... 74 68 80.22 ... Clear Bismarck ... 70 02 80.10 ... Cloudy Boston 60 62 80.28 ... ft.Cloudy Buffalo ..... 00 60 30.88 ... Clear Cincinnati .. 08 64 80.20 ... Clear Charleeton .. 78 72 80.00 .12 Cloudy Chicago 68 SO 28 ... Clear Cleveland ... 68 64 SO.SO ... Clear Denver 88 70 1.0.96 ... Cloudy Detroit 00 4C SO 84 ... Clear Galveston ... 74 .. 20.96 .82 Cloudy Helena 66 62 S0.26 ... Clear Jacksonville . 78 76 20.02 .14 Pt.ClougT Kan??? City.. 74 70 30.10 ... Clear I.oe Angalee.,102 8* 20.78 ... Clear Milwaukee .. 60 62 80 30 ... Clear , New Orleans. 82 80 20.04 ... Cloudy Oklahoma ... 00 82 80.02 ... Clear Philadelphia.. 72 68 30 24 ... Clear Pittsburgh ..70 60 30.26 ... Clear Portland, Me. 62 48 30.26 ... Clear Portland, Ore. 72 .. 80.08 ... Clear Bait Lake C'y 84 82 20.08 ... Clear ben Antonio., 80 74 20.04 .04 Cloudy Tan Diego ... 02 84 20.74 ... Clear Han Francisco 64 68 20.02 ... Clear Hiattle 68 68 80.20 ... Clear Ht. Paul 64 60 30.12 .02 Rain Kt Louis 76 70 80.14 ... Clear Washington . 72 66 30.20 ... Clear LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A M. 8 P. M. Barometer 80.21 30.5U Humidity 76 68 Wind?direction ?.... N. N. Wind?velocity 12 16 Weather Pt.Cl'dy Pt.Cl'dy The temperature In this city yesterday, an recorded by the official thermometer, is shown In the annexed table: 8 A.M.... 69 1 P. M 65 6P.M.... ?6 8A.M.... 59 2 P.M.... 67 7 P. M.... 64 10 A. M 42 3 P. M 66 8 P. M 63 11 A. M 62 4 P. M 46 9 P. M.... 62 12 M 68 6 P.M.... 65 10 P. M 62 1022. 1021. 1922. 1021. OA.M 09 66 A P. M 66 89 12 M 68 64 9 P. M 62 70 3 P. M 68 67 12 Mid 60 ?? ? Higheet temperature, 69. at 4:46 P. M. Lowest temperature. 66, at 8:43 A. M. Average temperature, 62. EVENTS TO-DAY. Investigation of conditions In United States Veterans' Hospital No. 81. Klngabrldge road and Sedgwick avenue, The Bronx, will be lceumed at the hospital, 10 A. M. Fifth Avenue Association, luncheon. Hotel Btltmore, 1 P. M. Women's Activities Exhibit, Hotel Commo dore. opening day. WEEKS SAYS CITIZEN ARMY IS ESTABLISHED Secretary Asserts Training Camps Fused Military Forces. Washington, Sept. 17.?The summer's work In the military training camps went a "long step forward" toward uniting na tronal guardsmen, reserves and civilian army students Into "one homogeneous cltisan army of the United States," Sec retary Weeks said to-day In a statement reviewing what had been done in eaeh civilian element of the "new army." "This summer for the first time all ele ments of the army provided by Congress, in the light of the world war. for tho national defense have participated In field training," Mr. Weeks Hald. "Every where throughout the United States the outstanding feature of the training campa has been the enthusiasm with which all concerned have thrown them selves Into the work, and as a necessary sequence the generally high level of ao compliehraent." Mr. Weeks said that Regulars, guards men and reservists had worked with "a growing appreciation of the necessity for eadh element In the national defense." The organised reserves made their first appearance at the camps this summer, he added. 5,000 having received training. "The reserve officers generally left camp with the strong feeling that the reserve organizations to which they belongeil could no longer be called Justly a paper army," Mr. Weeks declared. WOMANREADSPSALMS ON HER 112TH BIRTHDAY 'I'm Old Because I'm Clever' Home Inmate Says. The oldest of the eight centenarians who live at the home for aged of the Daughters of Israel, 32 East 119th street, celebrated her 112th birthday yesterday. She la Mrs. Urdang, whose Initials are not known at the home, and who came to America from Ruasta about fifty years agy. Mrs. Urdang reads without glasses, walks erectly, mends her clothes and talks with animation. "I am old because I a*r> clever." she said In Yiddish. Hho refused to ex plain In moro detail what she meant. it re. Urdang reads only her psalms and theological works. RABBI SCHULMAN RETURNS. More Enthusiastic Than Ever Over "American Judaism." The Rev. Dr. Samuel Rchulman, rabbi of Temple Beth-El, In Fifth avenue, an<t Mrs. Schulman, who returned yesterday by the White Stur liner Celtic from a three months' vacation In Europe, said he found the countries there "arrayed ngninst one another In racial pr<tjhdlce." He declared that he was more enthu siastic than ever for "American Judaism snd Its glorlotiM possibilities," ami that it was more alive than any form of Judaism else where. . ? . >. 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