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weaYher forecast. X ? L-L- -t -m*W T rrA Tr .-w* * A T T^v THE best in ITS HISTORY.
Fair to-day; to-morrow unsettled, con tinued cool; fttesh northeast to east winds. Highest temperature yesterday, 65; lowest, 55. THE NEW YORK HERALD The New York Herald, with all that was best of The Sun intertwined with it, and the whole revitalized, is a bigger and better ?>ct?ii?<i weather reports win iw found on editorial pace. _ (COPYRIGHT, 1 92 2. dy tub sun-hbrald corporation.1 and sounder newspaper than ever before. I * : ? : VOL. LXXXVII.?NO. 20?DAILY. +.+? NEW YORK, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1922.?' PRICE TWO CENTS J .SK'i ' IN NEW YORK CITY. [FOUR CENTS EEBEWKEr: CANVASS OF SENATE WILL BE SUSTAINED Supporters of President Reported as in Excess of Thirty-three. DO NOT FEAR RESULT Harding's Message Against Measure to Be Fortified With Data. HOUSE MAY GET IT TO-DAY Treasury Department Sends Memo to White House on Bill's Dangerous Aspects. Br LOUIS SEIBOLD. fipectal Dispatch to Tim New Yosk Hmto. -N** York Herald Bureau,) Washington, D. C? Sept, U. J The <5,000,000,000 bonus raid on tho taxpayers of America held the atten tion of executive officials and members of Congrress and political leaders to day to the exclusion of all other sub-? Jecta. The President devoted much of his time to the consideration of the meas ure and hearing arguments for and against it. He probably will announce to-morrow his decision on the most vexatious legislative irritant that ever engaged the attenton of Congress. Even the most optimistic advocates of the bonus bill passed by the two houses of Congress in tho face of Ad ministration protests believe the. de cision of the President will be a veto. The best informed executive officials and Congressional leaders predict that the message disapproving the bonus bill will greatly enhance the reputation of the President us u wise statesman and conscientious administrator. Mrmnge to Be Convincing. Ii was asserted by these officials that the President's message which will be sent to Congress with the vetoed meas ure will be politically strong and eco nomically sound. It is furthermore declared that it will reflect the earnest though reluctant conviction of the JTesident that the bonus enterprise would prove of little value as u busi ness venture, provide few if any bene fits of a permanent character to those eligible to receive them, and result in disastrous economic consequences to the pecyile generally. There existed to-night hardly any iiilrerenee of opinion as to the fate of I he bonus measure at the White House, "here is equal confidence among oppo nents of the scheme that the effort to override the Presidential veto will fail on the final test In the Senate. A canvass of the upper iioa.se Which was communicated to the President mis afternoon unmistakably revealed that a sufficient number?in excess of ?'W votes?will be cast to uphold the Presidential veto and kill the bonus project in the present Congress at leost. The Senate poll taken bv Senators New (Hep.. Ind.) and Underwood i Pern.. Ala.) was most gratifying to tne opponents of the bonus scheme Two Senators whose final conclusions were not revealed were added to the opposition. Senator Weller (Hep.. Md.). who is on his way from the Orient, cabled to Republican Whip Curtis to "pair" him In support of the ITesidentlal veto Senator McKlnley (Hep., 111.), W!io avored the bonus measure, also cable,1 from Uurojie a request that his vote he recorded under the pair arrange ment In support of the Presidential 0n<-' n'- two shifts either wav may be developed in the flnnl test, but ."re Is little or no chance of Buch action affecting tho final result. Proltnhle Result In llonae. The House of Representatives will probably vote to override the Presi dential veto by a substantial majority, though much less than that which characterized its original consideration of the men sure. The legislative decks In both houses have .been cleared for action on the bonus the minute that tho President s veto Is received. The House leaders count upon having the Executive com munication in hand to-morrow after noon, or Wednesday at the latest. By common consent there will lie little or no debate over the veto message, b.verybody concerned In the transac tion wants to get rid of It as soon as possible. Consequently, a record vote win be approached without loss of time and the measure sent to the Senate to receive the finishing touches. Senatorial supporters and opponents n tile bonus scheme are quite as eager to get rid of it as their conferees In mfi kW'T ..h?"N"- Th"rf" W a little backfiring of a political nature for home consumption when tho bonus ialtr' ' f'Ut 11 wl" **' oi "host duration and a vote will be reached in two or three hours. The loaders of the nLh,th' '"""I'm to night that the bonus will be out of the w,v. thank G al. before Thursday." tdvantage with Opp??,f,OM. Proponents and opponents of (he I scheme carefully Checked ,he lists pre EE\bf, *?h. "'I' UllM and | agreed tluit the Presidential veto will " ll, f ' 011 1,10 showdown. Under the legislative rules the measure must " Olve a majority of two-thirds In or der to overcome veto. The member ship of the Fenate is ninety-?|x. with ( on tinned on I'nge Six. Thsstrtcsl and llutel 'i??l 1!r?tii,ir>ut. AitVffttaJfir? will hw foiimi f ii l'v" 10 -,\Hv. - ? v Public Debt Expenditures $418,000,000 Higher WASHINGTON, Sept. 18.? Slightly decreased outlay chargeable against ordi nary receipts and heavily advanced disbursements on the public debt were shown in the statement of classified expenditures of the Gov ernment for August issued to-day by the Treasury Total expenditures chargeable against ordinary receipts for the month aggregated $221,000,000, com pared with $225,000,000 during July, while public debt expenditures dur ing August aggregated $453,000,000, compared with $33,000,000 the pre vious month. Interest on the publl* debt, ag gregating $188,000,000, was the largest item of expenditure charge able against the August ordinary receipts, while redemption of Treas ury certificates to the amount of $299,000,000 and retirement of vic tory notes amounting to $145,000, 000 wero the principal items of ex penditure on the public debt. STUDENT'S FATHER SAYS HE WAS KILLED Green Scorns Suicide Theory of Boy Found Shot at Fair field, Conn. SAYS NOTE WAS PLANTED Son Had Been Sent Off to Col lege, but Stopped to Visit Girl at Norwalk. The police of Fairfield and Norwalk. Conn., arc making an investigation to determine whether John H. Green, 20. a student, of New Rochelle, was mur dered or committed suicide. When his body was found at llenson road, Fair field, Sunday night, with a bullet wound in the right temple, encircled by powder marks, and a pistol and his motoreyclo lying near by. it was thought that the young man had killed himself. The police found In one of his pockets a note in which it was state! that he had planned suicide for two years, and this left no doubt in lheir minds concerning bis fate, Hut yes terday John J. Green, father of the young man, who is employed In a New York broker's office, expressed the opinion that his son might have been murdered and the note "planted" in his pocket to mislead the authorities, and he asked that this theory be made the basis of an Investigation, Young Green was graduated from Haratrow Preparatory School in Nor- j walk. Conn., last June, and liis parents '< had arranged to send him to Rensselaer j Polytechnic Institute, Troy, to study j mechanical engineering. Police Traced Him. They accompanied him to the Grand | Central Terminal Thursday nnd saw ; him board, a train for Troy, and that was the last time he was seen by them ! alive. It had been planned for him to ! go on Wednesday, but iie took his father's automobile and drove to Nor walk. The police found lilrn there at the father's request and sent him back to New Rochelle. It was stated in the suicide noto that the young man was trying to get at friend out of trouble In Norwalk. When his parents failed to receive a | telegram from young Green on Friday i advising them of his safe arrival In ' Troy they communicated with the In stitute'and learned that he was not there. In view of his trip to Norwalk , on Wednesday they suspected tliut he had got off tho train before it left the terminal and made a seiond trip to the i Connecticut city, and Mr. Green went there himself, but was not able to find him. Knowing that his son had frequently j visited Aliss Lillian Krtcson of Norwalk, j Mr. Green telephoned to tho Kricson home Sunday afternoon and asked Miss Gertrude Krtcson, a sister of Lillian, if she had seen him. She said she hail not. not knowing at the time that Lillian had met him earlier In the afternoon. He had Just come up from New Koehelle an his motorcycle, he told licr, although It ! was learned after Tils death that he had been staying at the Royaf*James Hotel in Norwalk since Thursday. C.irl Told Him to I.eore. He went on his way after a brief Talk, ' saying that he was going to call her on the telephone that evening. When | he called at 6:30, Miss Kricson said, and Invited her to walk with him. nh<- ad vised that he leave town nt once, us his father was looking for him. He told her that he would and tho conversation ' was terminated. At 9 o'clock his body was found alongside the road. In the note, written on the hack of his college entrance examination certificate and unsigned. it was stated (hat the ap parent reason for the young m.tn going j to Norwnlk was not the real one: (hat he merely passed the time of day with a certain person, meaning. perhaps. Miss Krlcson. nnd that his ml.-s ion there was to get n friend out of trouble. Circumstances alone worn responsible for his suicide, th<- note conclift d. Miss Kileson said Green ofti u car ried a pistol like (ho one (hat was founTl beside his body, but his father declared that Hie boy had never oirrlod a j weapon of any kind. A Cheek for his tuition at the Institute and n small amount of money were found In ills pockets. Two of the pistol's eartr'dge-i hud been discharged, but Green had only one wound. Miss Krlcson <eid she j recognized some phrases of the note as having been used by Green when talking to her. CI.RMB\CKAir SAILS iVbv. II. Havre, Sept 18.? Former Premier Clemeneeau has engaged sccominods- I Hons on the French line steamer Paris i which will ssll Novmbrir It (Armistice Day) for .Sen Vork ALLTHE47TRAPPH) BEHIND A BULKHEAD Discovered by Federal Mine Agent Who Led the Res cue Crews. NOTE TELLS OF DEATH Indicates Men Succumbed Few Hours After the Fire Started. EVERY EFFORT IX VAIN ^ ictims Built Barriers in Vain Attempts to Keep Out Deadly Gas. Jackson, Cal., Sept. IS (Associated Press).?All forty-seven of the miners entombed in the Argonaut mine Au gust 21 are dead, it was announced officially just before 9 o'clock to-night. All the bodies were found behind the second of two bulkheads the impris oned men had built in a cross cut t,3o0 feet down in the mine. Byron O Piekard, chief of the Federal Bureau of Mines for this district, was the first man to go behind the bulkhead and discovered the bodies. Piekard on an earlier exploration behind this bulkhead had counted forty-two bodies and expressed the l>c lief then that there were others there. -Vote Found <ui Body. A note found on one of the bodies in dicated to the mine officials that the ? "apped men had met death within five i.ours after they were entombed This rite read as follows. "3 A. M., gas bad." The same note bore a scrawled figure 1.' apparently indicating the same man who hail attempted to leave word for those who might come after of the condition of the mine at that hour Mine officials declared that the con iiition of the cross cut behind the bulk head was such that life could not have been sustained there by the entombed men for more than five hours. The bodies were piled one on top of another arul decomposition had prog ressed do far that Identification would be impossible, Piekard reported The mine officials said the actions of the men. as evidenced by the bulkheads !| bulltand ?'hcr matters. Including the scribbled note, indicated they had died soon after being entombed The officials declared the mute evi dence of the men's struggles showed they were forty-seven of the most cool headed men imaginable. <"lvtr ( lothlng for Bulkhead. Sixteen of the entrapped miners re moved their clothes to provide material for stuffing the cracks In a wooden barrier hastily constructed, which was found early this evening. Then another barrier was built of rock, earth and debris. However, the gas and fumes from the fire appar ently seeped through the first bulkhead and the men fled from the site where they were building the second one to start a third farther on. This third attempt to wall off the death dealing gas was made at the end of the 1,3.?0 fool cross cut In the Argo naut, but the fact that only a bare start was made at It proved, the mine officials said, that the deadly carbon monoxide and the suffocating carbon dioxide had reached it and performed their fatal office before the forty-seven unfortunates could raise even an excuse for a barrier. Mine officials said that death ha I come to the entombed men painlessly The gases, they said, would produce first a lethargy, then a coma and finallv death. Jackson am n whole took (he trng ? news calmly and courageously. Tho general topic of conversation, except >n the Immediate family circles of the dead was arrangements for the funeral' W'hich. It was believed, would be a Joint affair. s Jackson to-night takes its greatest tragedy In silence. After the first hasty news that forty-two men had b>en found dead, crowds flowed from homes, stores and hotels. Small groups gathered on the Sidewalks and discussed the possibll-I Ity that some at least of the tlvc others I who bad been entombed since August I 27. were alive. Itelntlve* Are Crashed. Hut nowfc came soon that all tho men were dead, and the little hope still held by wives, mothers, fathers, sisters and sweethearts vanished. Knots of people gat lie red and gave or received news of this or that dear one who hud met fate bravely and been overcome. Relatives of some of the dead could be seen walking slowly, calmly to the telegraph office to send word to other relatives In distant cities that there no longer was any hope. Jackson's long period of bitter anxiety. ' ?spcrato fttrugKl<< an?l Htipperwe was over. The discovery of the bulkhead was I made at r, ;12 P. M. The bulkhead Is In a crosscut. This wag broken down. Be hind the bulkhead the air was very bad the rescuers said. After waiting a short time the rescue I crews proceeded through the crosscut, where tliey discovered a second bulk head. This had b-en built by tho en tombed miners, who stuffed their clothes Into the cracks to make it ;i|r tight. However, the clr was -o bail between the two bulkheads that the rescue crew* fear breaking It down before fresh air has been restored to th. part of the drltt In front of tlv second bulkhead. A fresh air station was ?etahllshed on I the 4.20O font level of the Argonaut I nine about S ;80 |?. M. to be used In rosuroltw, nK ,nv of wh | be found In the workings who need It. T'oetors and nurses were rushed to the Argonaut mine to-night and all roads were crowded with automobiles bearing the physicians and their aids, while mlner.y ' nt "VP'' that the miners were alive, ntt?1 nervous tension reached a high pitch. A rescue crew or twenty.four men under Mr. Piekard fought p. n.," Continued on Page Vven. I- ? I ? ? n I I II I.I ?' I ^ King Boris Wants Bride; Rich, Beautiful American Special Cable to The New Vo?k Herald. Copyriyht, 1'J22, by The New Vuik Hqald C>ENEVA, Sept. 18.?There's a j vacant throne waiting for some American heiress will ing to become the bride of a young but lonely monarch of the Balkans, King Boris of Bulgaria. His de sire to wed a beautiful but wealthy American maiden was revealed to The New York Herald correspon dent quite seriously by Premier Stunboulinskl himself, who is here at the head of the Bulgarian dele gation to the League of Nations. The Bulgarians, ne explains, are a practical and democratic people who have lost their faith, since the war, in the value of royal alliances, and they believe that an American queen would provo a greater asset to their country than a European princess. Boris is 30, and Insists his bride must possess beauty, health and wealth. SURPRISE TO FAUX Heiress, Daughter of Late Commodore, Bride of Rob ert 0. Elbert. MARRIED IN BALTIMORE Was Engaged in 1918 to Alex ander Benson of American Diplomatic Service. News of the secret marriage of Miss Marion C. Bourne, daughter of the late Commodore Frederick O. Bourne of the New York Yacht Club, who left an estate of many millions, to Robert <3. Elbert of New York will come as a j surprise to society. According to a brief announcement made last night by Frank Lyon Polk from his office at | ; 15 Broad street, Miss Bourne was mar- j ? ried to Mr. Elbert in Baltimore. The j ' date or exact place of the wedding was ! ? not learned. At leant to some members of the! Bourne family the wedding was as much of ;s surprise as tt will he to ; I their many friends in New York and other oti.es. At the home of Mrs. Ar thur K. Bourne, sister-in-law of the t bride, it was said last night that news of the marriage had Just reached there | and that nothing was known of it other than the fact that it had taken place. A member of the family said that they did not know Mr. Elbert. Mrs. Elbert has been living with Mr. and Mrs. Ralph B. Strussburger at Nor mandy Farm, Owynedd Valley, Pa. Mrs. Strassburger was Miss May Bourne, j | a sister. Another unmarried sister, Miss ' I Marjorle Bourne, also makes her home ; j there. The supposition is that Miss Bourne : I joined her llance in Philadelphia and I Journeyed to Baltimore for their wed | ding. j Mr. l'olk. who represented the fam : Hy. could not be reached last night. ? ills house in New York Is closed and his place in the country could not bo reached j by telephone. Alfred S. Bourne, a brother of the bride, is ste pping at the Ambas sador Hotel, hut could not lie found ther.. ,\or was her other brother. George F. r.ourne, nor her sister, Mrs. Anson W. Hard, to be found last night. Following the death of Commodore Bourne and the division of his Immense properties, largely in securities of the finger Sowing Machine Company, of which he was president for a number of years, a legal controversy arose with in the family over tlic division. Mrs. Elbert purchased from the executors of her father's will, who Included her brother. Arthur K. Bourne, and George P. Vail, the beautiful estate of Commo dore Bourne on Dark Island, in the St. ' Lawrence River, near Alexandria Bay. This great castlelike house was spe cially beloved by Mrs. Elbert, as she hud spent much time there and she wished to possess it. Following her purchase for about $389,000 she decided that she hid paid too much for the prop erty and sought last year to set aside the sale and receive her money back. In May. 1918. the engagement was i announced of the former Miss Marion Bourne to Alexander Benson, son of Mrs. Edwin N. Benson of Chestnut Hill. j ! Pa. His father was at one time presi- ! ( dent of the TTnlon league Club of Phil- ' delphla. Mr. Benson at the time his engagement was announced was tn the i diplomatic service. In 1919 tho engage ment was broken. After Commodore Bourne's death in j 1919 his daughter. Marion, with one of I ; her sisters, continued to make their | home in th. Ir father's palatini residence, ! Indian Neck Hall, at Oakdsle. It was completed in 1897 after five years of j construction at ft cost Of $500,000. f*tt nated In the center of a .3,000 acre tract. It boasted a canal, u private land ng for yachts and a lighthouse. A. A. RYAN STARTS ANEW BY INCORPORATING $50,000 Company Authorized at Albany. Allan A. Ryan's intention of return | ii't? to the business world of Wall street following his bankruptcy last July with i I liabilities of $18,000,000, was cxpessed j yesterday l>y lite, filing of Incorporation I papers for th ? firm of the Allan A. Ryan I Company, Inc. According to tho papers of inoorporn- 1 Hon the new firm will deal,In stor ks and i ! bonds and will have an active capital of j $.80,090. The stock of file company will ! be 50,0()0 shares of no par value, 2.500 shares of Glass A stock and 2.500 shares of Chgxs H stock. Tiie Incorporators are George K. tew Is. who was Mr. Ryan's | personal attorney in th" bankruptcy pro- 1 ? ceding* ; H. H. Tlliberts and Col. W ill iam Rand, Jr. Their attorneys are Guthrie, Jerome, Rant! & Kresset of 33 I Wall street. None of the Incorporators would dis cuss the n->w firm for publication. |t 1 was learned, however, that there will j be an organization meeting soon ami ; the concern will then embark in active business. Mr. Ryan's affairs are still In the bankruptcy courts, and It Is not yet known Just how fsr he will he allowed to go In his efforts to build up a new business. ARREST TODAY SURE IN MYSTERY KILLING OF HALL AND SINGER Detectives at New Bruns wick Get New Evidence About Midnight Crime. WOMEN'S VOICES HEARD Eccentric Actions of W illie Stevens, Mrs. Hall's Brother, Stressed. ? '-I RECTOR IS BURIED HERE Investigators Find No Clews at Pastor's Church?Mills Funeral To-day. Special Dispatch to Tiik New Iohk HebaI.p. New Brunswick, Sept. IS.?Detec tives of Somerset and Middlesex coun ties. after working all day on the mys tery around the killing of the Re%. Ed ward W. llall and Mrs. James Mills of his choir some time late Thursday night, made preparations to-night to make an arrest to-morrow. Whether there will be. one arrest or two is still to be determined. It is also uncertain whether the oftlclals will act early in the day or wait until after the funeral of Mrs. Mills at 10:30 o'clock. It is regarded us probable that no action will be taken until the after noon. Careful checking up of the ptories that have been told since the ttndirv-, of the bodies on Saturday rflorrdng show certain discrepancies which are considered significant. Early to-morrow an effort will be made to straighten out some of these, and it Is anticipated that the servants of the Hall household, will be qucs ? i'. ned. It is not improbnble. too. that seme of the members of the Mi If fam ily will be questioned more clo*e'y. The most important evidence yet whs obtained tills evening by George Totten, county detective of Somerset. He found and questioned Harry Me Cabe and his wife, Catherine, who live between the Karltan Itiver and the Canal, at,, what Is known as the landing bridge, three-quarters of a mile to the north of where the bodies were found. The gist of the story of these two was that at a little before 12 o'clock on Thursday night they heard .screams which w-ere of such a nature that Mc Cabc dressed and went out to see what was going on. And, says Mrs. McCabe, j with every air of perfect surety: "There were two women's voices. I am sure of It. I cannot be mistaken The women screamed and then at the last there was one scream, dying swaj Into a moan." Screams Andl'. le Half a .title. McCabe told his story thus: "1 had gone to bed at about half i>ast eleven. My wife was saying her rosary we are Catholics. I heard something nnd she nudged me Hnd usked me what I heard. 1 told her I heard a woman scream a piercing scream. "I Jumped up and put on some clothes. The dogs were barking. I ran down the road (George .-treet) and to a house where there had been some trouble a little while ago. There was no one there and I came hock after Us- I tenlng a minute. When I got up stairs again I heard another scream and then i another. Then there was a long cry j like a moar. and it died away till it was so faint I could not hear it any more." McCabe raid the sounds came from the south. T" the south runs Landli\g Dane, a dirt road over a hill leading to Kaston avenue, near which the bodies wcro found. The road passes by the Parker Home for the Aged, which Hall and Mrs. Mills used to visit In connec tion thctr church work. In a direct line the distance from the McCabe home to the spot where the bodies were found is probably a little more than half a mile. McCabe say.r sounds trnvel freely In the neighborhood and that lie could easily have heard shouts and screams from the spot where the bodies lay. H agreed with his wife that there were two women's voices. Another llenrd Sho'.s. The point of this testimony Is that It definitely establishes the time of the crime as between 11 and 12 o'clock on Thursday night, and reveals the entirely T point that more than one woman v as near the scene of the nmrder Tim testimony about the time is corrobo rated by Mrs. Mary Waters, who lives across the river on rtlvor road, bhe told Totten she Hear<l f?hotii between n and 12 o'clock, but was unable to fix the time more accurately. 1 This aftei noon Totten an.l other do-I tecttves began measuring distances from the. scene of the crime to nearby places, notably, along a dirt road that is almost hidden I" bigh grass and toward the Phillips farmhouse, now untenanted. Their actions Indicated clearly that th''\ had concluded that If the shooting did not occur exactly where the bodies were found l? occurred lo the immediate vicinity and not at such a distance as t., necessitate the use of an automobile to take the bodies to the Isolated plaee where they were discovered six hours: later. Mills trot of Pon side ration. Chief among the day's developments in thr double murder mystery was the sudden joining of forces In the morning bv the authorities <>f Middlesex county and those of Somerset county. In which the bodies of the murdered rector of the church of St. John the Kvangel st and his choir leader. Mrs. Mary Mills. were found. Thin cooperation \n in oxaot conform- | itv with statements made on Saturday; hv George Totten. county detective of Somerset, who said the authorities of New Brunswick and of Middlesex county would he called in Just as soon u bc-anv evident that definite action. t nntlniied on rare Four SERBIA AND RUMANIA JOIN FRANCE IN OPPOSITION TO BRITAIN'S TURKISH STAND REDS TO AID TURKS REGAIN THEIR CAPITAL AND STRAITS Special Cable to Tub New Vobk Hh.u.0. Copprtght, tut, by The New York Hi.iai.d. N>w York Hrruld Hurrau, i lirrltn. Srpt. 1H. ! THE Bolsheviki ar9 ready to give the Turks active military sup port in regaining Constantinople and the domination of the Dardanelles, according to George Tchitcherin, Soviet Foreign Minister. "Russia will fight by the side of Angora if necessary. We have made Angora our ally and mean to staud by the Turkish Nation alists," he said to-day on the eve of his departure for Moscow in an airplane from Konigsberg. The Bolsheviki intend to exploit to the utmost every military and political advantage gained by the Turks, hoping in exchange to obtain Turkish support of Soviet operations toward the Indian frontiers. M. Tchitcherin took part in a celebration of the recent Turkish victory at the Turkish embassy here, where he reaffirmed Soviet Russia's intention of upholding the Itusso-Turkish treaty of 1921 relative to the Black Sea, and emphasized Moscow's refusal to permit Great Britain or any other Power to intervene in any Black Sea set tlement. He promised military support, even in the face of superior military and naval forces. The Turks assured Tchitcherin to-day that they would respect the terms of the Russo-Turklsh treaty. Special Cable to Tun New York Hbbai.d. Copyright, 192.2, bv Trrr, New York I1i?u.d. Nrw York Hrruld Iturrun, I l.ondon. Srpt. is. J The correspondent for the Northern Xeics in Moscow telegraphs: "A military convention between the Soviet and the Angora Govern ment was signed yesterday. To-tiight two classes of Russian re servists were ordered to mobilize. Enver Pasha's troops in Bokhara will unito with the Reds in support of the Kemalists. The Rrssian Black Sea fleet has been mobilized." London official circles to-night said they thought this informa tion should be accepted with some reserve. Ground for Belief Kemul Will Prefer Diplomacy to Fighting. ANGORA MAY UPSET PLAN But if Turks Are (becked Prestige of Victory Will Be Lost. ??>? WAHO PRICK. ftpecial Cable to the Condon Daily Mail and Tnr New Yobk Hbbald. | Copyright, IDit, by Tub Nuw Yobk Bebm.iv I Constantinople, Sopt. 18.?Troops of ! Great Britain nro ready to defend thr neutral zone of Ismid on the iDar dunelles against a possible Kcmaliaf attack. Th- belief of your correspond - i out. bused upon a long talk had with IT'-mal In .Smyrna, is that he v ill pre \ to: to negotiate rather than challenge the Allies to a trial of strength. There is still the possibility that the more I fanatical elements in the National As j srrribly at Angora may force him to ' milltury action, but if he is checked : anywhere the whole prestige of his I recent victory is lost. The destruction of Smyrna already has greatly weak I ened him. . After showing that the Turks are determined to tolerate 110 threat. Ills time will come to hold a full dress final j conference of the Allies with the Turks ; and the Greeks definitely to settle the situation here which so long has been so dangerously neglected. Special Cable to the London Daily Mail ami The New Vobk IIeoam>. Tupyright, tfJJ. bu Tub New Vobk HebaUN C'HANAK, Sept. 13. via CONSTANTI NOPLE.?Here on the edge ol the plain jf Troy a spirited little British force, .vlth a small allied detachment, is pr> auing to give un account of itself if is every one hopes Is unlikely?tlx rvernalist army, excited by victory, is tn.Alous to push on toward Thrace and .he west, to Infringe upon the neutral tone along the southern sli-ae of the Dardanelles. 1 walked around the front posllloli to lay with the British olfiisf comma nd ng on the Dardanelles. The position tna considerable natural strength, and ?ould be supported by the lire of the :lrltls!t navy In the straits behind. A iletachnp at of the Third Hussars r.?* trekking off to the frontier of the leutral none thirty miles Inland, in or* ler to act as scouts against a possible idvanoe by the Turkish divisions re ported fifty mth? away. Turks ( lose frontier. While we were out the English rnajof of the Turkish gendarmerie caine up and reported tout He- Turks had closed the frontier of the neutral zone against the Allies. Though the news sounded omlr< oil-, one found nothing but confidence and eager anticipation In the fnces of the t.anoashlfe Iad.< working In different parts of the lit:.*. Though post-war recruits, ail are veterans oft Flanders, and there Is not the slightest doubt that the small force may prove n .cry unpleasant obstacle fbr the Tuiklsh army to run up against. The country here Is like the twin peninsula across the l>nt<lsnrlle*?open, barren and covered with short yellow grass, but without the nullahs and gul 1I"S that made Galllpotl ro difficult. Though no one here thinks of attacking the Turks It Is fell that III offensive ugnihst 'lie British troops guarding the neutral nones of Ismld and the Darda nrllec should be regarded as a deliberate challenge to the British Umpire. And the little shabby town of Ghnnak, lw? side those fateful waters of I he Darda nelles. which have seen so much of his tory made. Is the pivot of an Immensely important situation for the Turks. The latest wireless from Smyrna says that, the town Is blazing as violently >n Page T' ALL TREATY RIGHTS Prepared to Act Alone in Securing' Open Darda nelles. MOBILIZATION DOING ON Curzon to See Poincare in Paris?Atlantic Fleet Or dered to Straits. Spieial Cahlr to Tub Nbw York TIsraid. Copyright, 1922. by Tub Nbw York HbaUi. New York Herald HnrrHtn > lyondon. S?pt. Ik. ( The British Empire In prepared If j tieceasnry to Btrike finale handed i against the Turk to maintain respect ; for the Sevres treaty In Constantino ple and the Dardanelles. It Is officially stated that England hopes it will not be necessary to net alone, but in the meantime it i?j proceeding alone, mobil ' izing its resources to guard against ! any abortive thrust Kemal run make. Reinforcements have been dls | patched without weighing the action i or absence of France and Italy; and | if neither lines up Britain will sec the | crisis through on its own. | The situation not only is regarded ! with the utmost gravity after two con I' Terences of Ministers in Downing Street. but the threatened break with Franco I to-night is making the war clouds far ! more sinister than the public realizes. I While many newspapers expressing the . sentiment of the man in the street are clamouring to scrap this war talk. First Sea Ix>rd Admiral Earl Beatty, General Lord Cavan, Chief of Staff, and Air Marshall Sir II. M. Trenchard, Chief of the Air Staff, are meeting with Prime Minister Lloyd George and a few c'losen Ministers. Sir (aiming Worthlngton Evans, War Secretary, and l.,ord Lee of Farehnm. First Lord of the Admiralty, j likewise are with the Prime Minister. 1 the other* being Austin Chamberlain. Winston Churchill. Colonial Secretary: Lord Chancellor Birkenhead. Sir Robert , S. Home, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Marquis Curaon, the Foreign Secro I tary. I j Afterward it wan announced sthat, drst. Great Britain would uphold her rights 4n the Near East, whatever the cost. Second, that Lord Curson was going to Paris to-morrow and would I meet Premier Poincare after a meeting I of the French Cabinet, because "such a | situation cannot be met by the inter i change of notes." Third, that army re i Inforcemcnts already were moving. ft l< officially admitted that a note I w.ia received from Paris p.-day. It was ] freely said in Whitehall that Britain , and France were on the verge of a part I Inn of the ways, it was announced that I no communications were passing be ! I ween Great Britain and the Balkan ' States, particularly Rumania and Scr | Ida. Great emphasis Is laid upon the ol> | servanee of Article X or the I/eague of Nations covenant In this latest em pire movement. In that replies had been ! received from Australia and New Zea land promising their support. Anti-Government newspaper* arc leveling their guns upon what is called the "blunder policy." because of Satur ? day's statement. The Government ox rlalns that It was Issued by a Foreign ; Office official In an attempt to clear up a misunderstanding, but it Is widely ac < epted as Mr. Churchill's contribution to 'an unfortunate affair Observers point out that the weakness of th? British toree* In the Near East makes It Improbable they could repulse Kemal If he ehtK>?es to ? nil the "blurt:." 1 British Influence already has been shaken and If there Is a further backward step India Is llkcl> at any hour to accept lis ! opportunity to rise up, with the result that Britain will have in her hands a i problem more serious than that ot , August, 1914. because this time she may I have to stand alone. FOCNP ANYTIIINO? If to, fee If It Is gfl.crllsetl In the Lost an<! rctrtul columns of to-d*' New York Htrald. PLEA FOR AID FAILS England Runs Rinks in Asia 3Iiuor, Mesopo tamia Already Dis turbed by Revolt. BALKANS NOT WARLIKE V Jugo-SIavia's Chief Inter est Is That Thrace Be Not Given to Turks. FRENCH WITHDRAW FORCE Retire From Isniitl and Scu tari 011 Receiving Reassur ance From Kemal. Rpreial Cabte to Tub Nrw Vork IIeraiu J Copyright, l'JSt. by The Nbw Vork Hsratd New York llcriild Bureau. ? I'sri*. Sent. 1R. ( The Governments of Belgrade and BuehareHt gave their assurance to the ' French Government to-night thai". I their ideas in handling the Turkish ! situation coincided with those of the French in every respect. This means ' that these Governments have ranged themselves with France against the British policy in taking defensive military steps against the Turks Foreign Minister Ninchltch of ' Jugo-Slavia, after conferring with the French Government, left for London to-day to inform the British Govern ment of this attitude, and Bucharest is understood to be sending a note to the same efTect. The Italians also officially have informed the French Government, it was learned to-night, that they hold similar views. With these developments the view taken in Rome is that England's ap peal to the other nations has fallen flat. By acting alone against the i Turks England apparently is running a grave risk to her territories in Asia Minor, against which the wrath of the Tbrks already is turned. French agents in Mesopotamia In iormed the Government to-night that British troops have been forced again to fall back several miles, with heavy casualties, and that the situation I there is daily growing worse. Frunce for Prai-r, The French attitude is described V-' a high authority as "pacific and pacif y - I ing." Evidently enormous pressure has been brought 10 bear upon Ih > Balkan countries to adopt the eamo position, the French appearing mote than ever, in this new turn of events, as the directors of continental policies. Inquiry at the Balkan legations to day showed that these countries a i beset by internal difficulties, with Uttio taste for warlike demonstrations u: this time, even against their okl eneni the Turk, and absolutely unresponsiv e I to England's call to arms. Jugo slavia's only interest seems to be thai western Thrace should be given to the ! Greeks, which the Turks admit; while Rumania is concerned only about de fending Bessarabia against the R'ls i sians. Also, these countries are asking who is going to furnish th" munitions. | Only < izeeho-Slovakia appears t" be in sympathy with the British position, ; but It is deferring to the other Balkan countries in the Little Entente. France wants to meet the Turk with diplomacy, England with troops -and \ cruls' rs. Ft?nee has a diplomatic ad ' vantage through her practical alliance With the Little Entente, and the it - iluence she i.> suppose)! to have, op. tha other hand, over the Turks. Evident' " French diplomacy was exerted hi lining up the Balkan countries behlr I her policy, as against England's, foe there was great activity in Balkan fl'plomatlc cln 'es here to-day. French Y\lth<lra?v Troop*. Two developments here to-day ?ppm - particularly significant in th<> tension resulting from Britain's appeal to arm-. The first was information from officii I French circles that th? French troop i Wire belrif withdrawn from China... simultaneously with ordet s Just given by | the British to dig In there. It waa late. announced that the French had be > ordered to retire from Ismld and Mf tari, the French ' i ivorrnnent hn ? < calved an official note from r 1 faying that the .\ngora Turks > Intention of puasing the Rtralts The second development - ration to Tha Nrus York ITrralrf by Rental's spokesman here at officer with the French Oovc Far I it Bev. t rat the K'->m.'.llst tr i (org? <? to occupy ChaiiHk. and w. -ecognlae any neutral tone on tt ?ir side of the Straits. though r? ;ni. rhe Allies' occupation ot Co tiojile and OalllpoH. I "Our troops Intend to move n >t into Cbanak." said Ferld. "and . British wlrh tc provoke troub ..lame I* theirs. Turkey never 1 milted th? right of any nation *? j -he should not nut her troops It ?? definite territory save that actually o cupM by allied troops. which deea Bet I mean the British aloo. We are .ranchIng on Constant inept.- cr tft