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NEW YORK HERALD
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The bonus issue has reached a con clusion. The pity of it all is that the Pres ident's own party had no more con sideration for him than to force on hlin legislation that as an honest man he would be compelled to veto. The country may congratulate it self and feel deeply thankful that it has Wabken G. Habdinu in the White House. The country may congratulate it self and feel deeply thankful that the I'nited States Senate has in its body thirty-five men who stood strong and true with the President in sav ing the nation from a colossal mistake. Summer Fades Out. This is the last full day of sum mer. To-morrow afternoon at 4:10 o clock, daylight saving time, autumn will rustle into the scene. The bathing suit and the mos quito disappear into the shadows. . The waistcoat and the pork chop leturn to their thrones. The cry of the hot dog merchant dies to a moan. The whisper of the falling leaf, the songs of the au tumnal stars, the creak of the coal wagon will soon reach the eager ears of the people. The conventions, the world series, registration, election, the return of pumpkin pie and baket' "twins?who would miss these things, miss the finest of the seasons? In autumn more than in any other season the favored inhabitant of this region is tempted to speak disre spectfully of the equator. Exterminator's Notable Record. That great old cup horse Exter minator capped hi* season on Wednes day by winning, for the third year in succession, the Autumn Cup Handicap in Toronto, shouldering 132 pounds and running the mile and a quarter as fast as he ran it in his victory of 1921. When Exterminator won the Sara toga Cup over the mile and three quarters course on the closing day of the Saratoga meeting he became the sixth largest money winning thoroughbred in the world and es tablished a record in the way of con secutive victories, having won four laces in succession. His latest vic tory makes him the fifth greatest money winner, for he passes the Eng lish horse Bayardo. With a trifle more than $230,00(7 to Ms ercdit. Exterminator is led only by Man o' War among the thorough breds of the United States. Man o' War's twenty races won as a two and three year old were worth a total of $249,465. As he is still sound Exter minator, now in his seventh year and with valuable engagements yet to be filled, has a chance before he retires to wrest the laurels from the sou of Fair Play. But even in that event many persons would still give Man o' War the greater measure of praise. Man o' War was beaten only once and then by a horse to which he after ward conceded twenty pounds. Ex terminator's career has been punctu ated with defeats. Man o' War will nlways be remembered for the superb brilliancy of his performance and for his ability to run faster and with less effort than his competitors. Ex terminator will nevertheless be cred ited with representing the dogged courage and superb bottom of the ideal thoroughbred. "3Hm,"' as he is affectionately ? ailed by followers of the Kilmer stable, runs without blinders end has as much personality as most humans. lie will take the lead and gallop an opponent into the ground or be can be restrained until the proper moment comes to turn seem ing defeat into victory. When in front the old gelding's flaglikc tail is waving a challenge in the faces of the held. Whenever one of his competitors Is swift enough to be come menacing tho old fellow wags one ear slightly and does his best from then to the wire. Like other good horses Exterminator will not do more than he has to, and most of his races have been won by a ; head or neck. Stout hearted and iron limbed as he is, Exterminator has little chance ot surpassing the world record in prize winning, which is the 5291,275 credited to the English horse Isin glass. This huge total was rolled up in eleven races, as against the more than forty victories of the American gelding. Donovan and Kock Sand, with 5277,215 and $238,900 respec tively, are the only other English horses with winnings exceeding those of the chestnut whose last days will be spent on the Kilmer farm at Bing hamton in this State. ^ The New Tariff Law. The Fordney-McCuinber tariff meas | r.re is now a law and in operation governing the country's imports from the world. It is regrettable that such an act had to go to the Presi dent for his signature. But bad a3 the measure is, and in respect of many of its scandalous provisions, such as the sugar schedule, the wool | schedule and the glove schedule, it is j very bad. there was nothing for the President to do in the circumstances but to sign it. The Republican party was pledged to early revision of the Democratic tariff. President Harding was pledged to the revision, and during the cam paign and after the election two yeurs ago there was nobody, either Repub lican or Democrat, that did not ex pect President Harding and his party to give the country a new tariff based on Republican protection principles in place of the one based on Demo cratic principles. That was no excuse for the Con gress tariff makers to frame such a faulty and dangerous measure as they finally passed and there is no de fense for the wretched quality of much of the work they put into it, regard less of industrial conditions and eco nomic facts. There is no telling what the results will be to the American people in respect of their cost of liv ing and there is no telling what the political consequence will be to Repub lican organizations in various parts yf the country. , Nevertheless, foreign currencies pre so debased in many of the ex porting countries, with their produc tion costs lower than ever as" com pare!} with ours, that everybody realized something had to be done to guard this country against an overwhelming flood of imports that : might come at any time, and was ' sure to come as such exporting i countries recovered their producing | powers. The safeguard was the J tariff. And with nearly a year and seven months gone since President Har ding and the present Congress took ' office and with no assurance that the men likely to be in control of the next Congress would do any better In the matter of tariff making in the next year and seven months, it was a foregone conclusion that if the Ford uey-McCumber measure reached the President before the adjournment of thi3 Congress he would feel it was incumbent upon him to 6ign it, ,as he has done. No doubt, also, one thing that rec , cnciled the President to placing his ! signature on legislation so generally defective and so potential for mis chief is the clause in the measure pro viding for changes in the tariff schedules by Executive action when ever the duties are found in actual practice to be working injury to the country or otherwise to be impracti cable and undesirable. With his natural business sense, his capacity for getting at the bot ! torn of things and his way of having them corrected when they are wrong the President who yesterday signed the tariff bill and made it law will not be willing hereafter to let it cause unlimited economic and political wreck. Careers for Women. The primary or election nowadays which falls to start another woman on the road to public service is the exception. Tuesday saw the nomina ' tion of Miss Hutu Taylor in West chester county as the Republican choice for Judge of the Children's Court. She is the first woman to run for judicial office in that county. From Washington comes the an il nouncement that President Harding has sent to the Senate the nomina tion of Miss Lucius Atciierson of I Columbus, Ohio, to be a secretary of ' embassy or legation. Miss Atcher* son is the first woman to be chosen for an important post in the Ameri : can diplomatic service. Women ought to acquit themselves | creditably in both these fields of pub 1 lie service. Objec tions are advanced to the occupation by women of ju dicial offices in which they would be S called upon to pass sentence upon mature criminals. Many believe that their emotional susceptibilities, their quick sympathy, would disqualify them for unflinching administration of the law. These objections arc hardly valid in the case of the Chil ! dren's Court. There sympathy and ' that intuition which everybody be 1 Moves in may accomplish more than j unmelting sternness. As for the diplomatic service, there ! Is another of woman's special quali ties which should help her in that field. Her intuition we take on trust, but her tact in its application to prac tical affairs has already been amply demonstrated in the business world. And is not tact nearly synonymous with diplomacy? Every year the barriers which have separated women from free choice of a career have grown fewer and more easily surmountable. Their right of entrance to any field is scarcely ques tioned. But it still remains to be proved whether having chosen one career she can efficiently and without harm to herself and the race com bine that career with the one which has always been open to her. Hooveria. A new planet, discovered by the astronomers of the University of Vi enna and hitherto known as No. 032, is to be called Hooveria. This com pliment to the American Secreta#y of Commerce is paid him by the uni- j versity and the Austrian Senate be-1 cause of his relief work In Europe. It is a great thing to have a planet or a star named for you. It puts you in the same class with Jupltw, Mars and other old gods. It is not like haVing a theater named after you, only to see the next owner of the building tear the sign down. No body, not even Joe Day, has ever i bought or sold a planet?except parts of old Earth. A woman once remarked that the names of the stars were beautiful, but tha^ she could not understand how the astronomers ever found out what the names were. In the case of Hooveria we must wonder whether tha't planet will ever know its name. ?ome day, if scientific dreams come! true, it may. Miller's Running Mate. The feeling is general among the Republicans of this State that Gov ernor Miu.tu, as the leader of the party in New York and the wheel horse of the coming campaign, must pass upon the qualifications of the i.ominees who will he with him on the ticket. The Republicans of New i York want* to see the Governor go Into battle with a staff of strong, able and respected men?men who will help a ticket made powerful by the Governor's heading it. It is particularly important that the Republican candidate for Lieu tenant-Governor should be a clean cut, vigorous and popular man. So there Is general satisfaction among the New York Republicans at the prospect of drafting for the nomina- j tion Colonel William J. Donovan of i Buffalo. Ordinarily it would be considered political imprudence to nominate the candidates for both the Governorship ' and the Lieutenant-Governorship from ' the western end of the State. But i Colonel Donovan, although he was born in Buffalo and lives and prac- J tices law there, is as well known to New York city as if he were a resi dent. He is a graduate of Columbia ! and a trustee of that university, j What's more, he led a New York city regiment through the great war. Colonel Donovan is a fighting man, and the Republicans of New York will need fighting men tills year. He served on the Mexican frontier in 1916 with Troop I. As soon as the United States entered the war he de serted the cavalry for the infantry, knowing that only the foot soldiers were likely to go to France. He went abroad as a Major, commanding the First Battalion of the 165th Infantry, of which the old Sixty-ninth Regi ment of New York city was the nu cleus and which was part of the Rainbow Division. He and bis regi ment, which lost 615 killed and 2.682 wounded, saw service on five fronts, beginning In the Baccarat Bector and ending in the Argonne. Donovan returned to the United States after the war a Colonel in command of a regiment which had lived up to all its traditions. He had won the Distinguished Service CrosB, the Italian War Cross and the Medal of the Legion of Honor. Colonel Donovan has more than a war record. He is one of the leading lawyers of Buffalo and is United States Attorney for the very impor tant district of Western New York. Tilts month the Fuel Administrator, Mr. Woodin, appointed him as his legal adviser. He is also the com mander of the 301st Cavalry, Reserve. and president of the Rainbow Di vision Association. Rather a busy man to take on active service in a political campaign, but he is a zealous Republican and his party needs men of his caliber this fall. He is young?only 40?active and a good speaker. Colonel Donovan ? ouid be a West ern New York candidate who would not have to be introduced or ex plained to Eastern audiences. Every body knows him or knows of hiniT And ho is not the kind of man who would he submerged in the Lieu tenant-Governorship. That office in recent years has been famous, so to speak, for the obscurity of its incum bents. But nobody could possibly forget Colonel Bill Donovan. The Best Seller. At nil informal luncheon of pub lishers in London the question of the best seller came up. What makes n best seller? To whom must a book appeal to make it a best seller? What is the psychology of readers that causes this book to make a sensation while that book falls flat? Out of the discussion there caine a definition which is being taken with some seriousness by publishers of Action. The authority who brought light out of the darkness began with the familiar statement that the best seller is by no means necessarily the best book. This publisher, who has put one of the most popular novnla in years to his credit, then went on to explain in detail what makes ?ne book sell much better than another. There is a substratum of readers who take pleasure only in the frankly sensatlonnl or the sentimental. Above this class of readers are those who demand a higher grade ef literature. Topping this grade is a class which approves only the beat in contempo raneous fiction. For a book to be a best seller it is necessary to please all these strata Lucky is the author, vthrice blessed the publisher, when such a book is produced, It must so appeal to the (liferent classes of readers that they find It irresistible. For every stra tum tlie.a must be the characteristic which it holds indispensable. Thus when all kinds of readers feel the irresistible urge to read a book which contains something for every one of them the best seller has been achieved. Readers are of course more numer ous to-day In proportion to the popu lation than they have ever been. Libraries and other agencies put novels within the reach of many who never before thought of reading them. It is quite possible to agree with the London publisher that people of many varying tastes must be satisfied. It may be that his theory founding the best seller on the ability to appeal to them all, to offer something to every one of them, really explains the phe nomenon, which exists more generally now than it did in former days. To read the pronouncements of the, pub lisher it would seem that every book put on the market to-day is a best seller. Dare Kemal Try to Cross ? The war cloud over the Near East is less threatening now than at any time since first it lowered over the smoldering ruins of Smyrna. Prance's friends au_ong the Balkan nations and Bulgaria have shown no inclina tion toward military adventures at the Turkish straits and Soviet Rus* sia has modified her plans of assist ance from the offer of a Bolshevist army to a tender of her offices as mediator. Great Britain still main tains her stand at the Dardanelles, but Kemal'h eagerness for an im mediate advance into Thrace has apparently cooled. Peace seems now to rest largely with Kemal,; to depend, in fact, upon whether or not he attempts to force his way Into Europe against the military and naval opposition which Great Britain will offer. Good Euro pean friends perhaps have advised him that Great Britain is really in earnest and that challenging British power is a different matter from driv ing Greeks out of Asia Minor. Kemal's attitude has unquestion ably been changed by the halt for parley which has been forced upon him. He is less of a Mohammed II. with Europe on its knees before him, and Constantinople is not so nearly a prize to be plucked by merely ad vancing to take it. He finds a new and a rather strange alignment of friends and enemies. England, who in the days of the astute old Kiamii. Pasha, was alike the friend of Islam and Turkey, to-day stands solidly and alope against the Turk. The Balkan States, which considered Tur key their traditional enemy, are winking at the Turk's return to Eu rope. France comes to his aid and with France sides Russia, which in the past hungered most for an open waterway from the Black Sea to the -Egean. France, though, backed Kemal to ?win in a war against Greece?not in a war against Great Britain. British military successes at the Turkish straits might result in the very thing which France most wishes to avojd? a preponderance of British power and influence in the eastern Medlter ranean. So France very naturally wishes for almost anything rather than an actual clash between Great Britain and the Nationalists. This situation must give Kkmai. matter tor thought. Exactly how will he fare with France, the Balkans and Russia all* striving for advantages at Constantinople? He may find it tfter all just as well to wait to see | what he can get by means of an I allied conference. Great Britain has so far held the Turk in Asia. She has estopped him I from crossing Jho straits and carry I Jug the sword into Constantinople and Thrace. Does Kkmai. dare bring on war in Europe? Great Britain la prepared to meet him at the Darda nelles. She has not receded from her firm stand to keep him in Asia, and there is no indication that she will weaken. If war can be avoided the fate of Corrtantinople and the straits comes once more to the conference table. The danger of the situation is em phasized by the incidents of the past few days. They have shown civili zation, as nothing in recent years has shown it, that there is no place in Europe for the Turk. Fire Prevention Day Is set for Oc tober !>. The world series will be on then and pitchers must bo careful in warming up. Now thnt the undertakers have an roup red that they too want a dictator the vogue for industrial overlords may he said to have assumed moro than a surface character. The fall allowing of new patterns in lcavea hats begun. Life. Life is hanging by a thread That l? what the spider said. T.lfe Is one demned horrid grind, do the grindstone next opined. 1,lfo Is Just one grand sweet song The mosquito Joined the throng. l.lfe but. brings one to the serateli Interposed the safety match. Life Is love, asserted youth, ttold the preacher, life is truth. Life, the sun remarked, Is light, Life Is blackness, answered night. Philosophos viewed the strife, Smiled, and pondered, "Such Is life." Maumc* Mounts. Duty of the Powers. Keep the Turk Out of Europe and Establish the Armenian Ntate. To Tun New York Hbuald: I cannot refrain from thanking you for the mas terly editorial article entitled "The World's Disgrace." Your proposed atti. tudc for the American people Is the only attitude which they can take or would deslro to take, namely, that they will strike hands with no Dower that does not stand squarely for keeplns the Tur|| out of Europe, "at whatever cost of life and treasure." Our State Department ought to make that clear to these Powers, and to make if clear also that that resolution Is only the lirst Item of the policy that the Pow ers ought to adopt in dealing with the Turk and In establishing on a firm basis the Armenian mats, the bounda ries of which have heretofore been agreed upon. Charles E. Manikrre. ?New York, September 21. From a Deserted Husband. He Doe* Not Think the Law Dis criminates Against Women. To Tub Nbw York Hbrald: A special dispatch from your Washington Bureau quotes the National Woman's Party as saying that the State of New York dis criminates against women, especially in domestic relations. Personally through a sad experience I have found it just the other way around. 1 have learned that a wife can run away with another man, leaving a sick husband and a boy of thirteen, after having lived a dounlo life for more than a year. Oh, yes, there are the divorce courts, which are costly, and to get tho right evidence is even more costly and most difficult. The so-called Domestic Rela tions Courts, 1 was told, are "all for the ladle3." Oh, I've learned a lot these last three weeks! Thank Qod the war is over and one is allowed to express at least part | of one's opinion. What are women go ing to do about the laws of desertion and infidelity v-hen 'he woman is guilty? New York, September 91. R. The Herb That Heals. Information Wanted About a Plant of the Mysterious East To The New York Herald: Will you kindly permit me to ask through your paper for Information about a certain herb known in the ancient Syriac ana Armenian tongues as tho healer? It grows in parts of Armenia and India. It was brought to my notice by an Armenian who used it for curing diseases and believed that Its chief prop erty was to rejuvenate, and that it did tills to a remarkable degree. I -have not been able to gather any botanical in formation about it. I liave seen il once in the lower Him alayas, have gathered and eaten it, but the natives knew nothing about it. It iu a *mali plant growing close to the ground with veined, crisp, fanlike leaves. Can any one gay If such a plant is known among the herbs of America or Europe? It is probably the mythical Daura of Paracelsus, for my Informant assured me that It would keep me young for rppre than a hundred years and oure all my Ills. 1 gathered a quantity, mixed It as I was told and ate it regularly while it lasted and I was astonishingly well and strong while I took It. It may be known In America under some other head than herb, or as a weed. I would ask every one to do what he can to encourage greater investigation Into the herbs of the field. Many are not known yet, and some Eastern ones have marvelous properties, and It is probable that the early races owed their longer span of life to the knowledge and use of these plants. There is no doubt that flesh can be cultivated to a state of purity that will resist age and decay for a very Ions time as easily as rare varieties of flowers and fruit can be grown from common wild stock. This science formed part of the esoteric teaching preserved here and there in the Armenian traditions, and the healer played an Important part In it. I wltl be grateful for pressed leaf specimens of any plant answering the description for purposes of Identifica tion. whether herb or weed. It Is said to have a small seed pod or berry, but It was not In fruit when I saw it and so I cannot describe it. Miss M. E. Forbes, 212 Uu? Sajnt Jacques, Paris, 5, France, September 12. Conscience and Thrift. Ingrnloos Repentance of an Old Time Quaker. To The New York Her aid: The early Quaker settlers tm eastern Penn sylvania anil adjoining parts of Dela ware and Maryland were generally as thrifty as the Scotch and often more Ingenious In th? application of thrift to their business affairs. This Is re ! called by an item found in the booklet ! of the bicentennial of the Brick Meet ing House at Calvert, Cecil county, Md., a locality settled largely by followers of ' William Penn, and thought' to be In 1 Pennsylvania until the survey of the j .Mason and Dixon line between 1763 and I 1767 gave a strip of land which included | it to the heirs of Lord Baltimore According to tho records on April 28, ' 1764, John White, ns c\ecutor of the I "state of Ills fatlier-ln-law, "had been so far concerned In selling negroes as to ! sign a receipt for tho money paid for 1 them." The matter was considered seri ous enough to be brought up In meeting, wherein he "signified that It had brought ; trouble on his mind, which If It were j to be done over again ho would not act the same." The record adds that "this was taken for satisfaction from John." Could any I body have made a better baigaln with | his conscience than that? Robert Bntrc*. New York, September 21. l.oiig Walk to School. Jfrom the Milan (Mo.) Republican. StsrR fathers who delight In telling their sons how far they used to walk dally to at tend the little country school will have to take a back scat when Benjamin Leader Is sround, for he hss Inst completed a walk of 1.R00 miles from New York to attend the T'nlverslty of Missouri, lender carried a violin under his nrm all tho way and It Is with this Instrument thnt he expects to rain his wsy throng i college, tin his trip West lie walked leisurely, stopping st plares ?f Interest for a vtsflt as h> cams. He declares the trip was enjoyable and that he will re turn that way for his vacations. A Neighborhood Issue. AttcerHermrnt In Havensville (Kan.) Rrrtetc. Found?In my tomato patch, seven chick ens, Six Plymouth llocks about tho *Uo of quails, one larg" white One. Owner ran have them by calling at rny home, paying for ths tomatoes and this notlcs. M'S. Fans* W*nnbs. Episcopalians Back Up Dry Law Ignore Question of Its Merits, but Urge It Be Obeyed Gailor Again Heads Council. Special Vitpahh to Th? Ksw Yon it Hmut.n. Portland, Ore., Sept. 21.?Obedience to the -national prohibition law ia urged In a resolution adopted by the House of Deputies of the Episcopal convention this morning and sent to the House of Bishops for ooncurrence. * Condemnation of "mock marriages" and "Tom Thumb weddings" and other parodies of religious ceremonies and a tilt over a? amendment to the Book of Common Prayer,- which was held by somo of the Bishops to allow something of Mrs. Eddy's doctrines of healing to creep Into the Epfscopul Church, marked the session of the Bishops, but chief In terest centered In the long deadlock be tween Bishop T- P. Uailor of Tennessee and Bishop Charles H. Brent of Western New York for the presidency of the national council. Bishop Gallor was finally reelected on the seventh ballot. The prohibition resolution In tho House of Deputies deplores "the growing tendency of the people to disregard the laws?especially tho prohibition law," and urges that the church take a tlrro position for observance of the law. The resolution does not put the church on record as favoring the principle of pro hibition, but puts the plea for observ ance on the basis of the duty of every citizen to abide by existing laws. Bishop Johnson of Missouri launched the opposition to the amendment of the prayer for the sink in the Book of Com mon Prayer, but was voted down. Tho | amendment, which was adopted, omits the clause which prays as an alterna tive, ip case the patient cannot recover tiat he may he given gruce to bear his illness. "In striking out of the prayer book this clause," declared Bishop Johnson, "you are striking out of the prayer book the spirit of Jesus when he prayed, "Nevertheless, not my will but thine bo done.' "We And It necessary and Important tcf hold beforo the mind of the sick per son the Idea of health instead of the idea'of oickness." retorted Bishop Par sons of the comm|ttee on revision, "and for that reason we have made the elimination. In a great number of cases where we are called upon to pray for the sick there Is every reason to expect them to recover and no occasion to im press upon the mtnd of the sick person the Idea of the possibility that they may grow worse tr possibly die." A murmur of dissent was heard through the hall, and one of the dele gates muttered: "It's putting Chris tian Science Into the Episcopal prayer hook." I Bid Yoa Kwp Some Few Small Breams. I pray that you may never have The things you long for most; For lie who gratifies desire Must pay a princely cost. The doll I wanted as a child Seemed str&ngaly wonderful. Until I held her In my arms? Then she was Just a doll. The world that stretched beyond my door, It spelled romance to me; I spent ten years In travel?now There's nothing left to see. My heart that quickened with desire While love wae yet ahead, Now wakes not at his whispered word Nor stirs not at his tread. The things we long for give to life The purpose and the gleum; The things we get, however fine, An never what they seem. Oh, rather would I bid you keep A few small dreams in trust Than see you have the things you want And watch them turn to dust. Helen Fhazee-Bower. Along the Mother Lode. Deep Gold Mines Near the Scene of thr Argonaut Disaster. To The Nf.w York Herald: The ArKonaut mine disaster recalls a some what similar accident at another of the treat California gold mines. The Argonaut, as I recall, has Its top works on the slope of a westerly hill side less than half a mile from the fa mous Kennedy mine, which looms with its hoisting works about the middle of a picturesque little valley rimmed by low ridges of the westerly slopes of the Sierra. Both mines have been operated for more than a quarter of a century, and both are down about three-quarters of a mile on the inclined strata, and are following the narrow white quarts lodge that, extending along the slopes of the 8lerra for about 140 miles, con stitutes the so-called mother lode or orig inal source of most of the loose gold found In the lower streams and rlvcr i beds of the northern half of California. A few miles to the northwest of both the Argonaut and tho Kennedy, but closer to the little town of Sutter Creek in Its saucer valley, Is a famous mine that hns long remained idle, its shaft j caved In,. Its surface buildings dilapl i dated or missing. Several decades ago a Are in the timbering down in that | mine caused the Imprisonment and death of a group of miners, and after I that accident the mine was ortli red | abandoned by Its owner, the late Hetty Green of New York city, and 1 think I It still refrains unoperated unless Colo I r.ol Green, her son, made arrangements different from those he announced with icsiiert to the properly. Many of those old California mines on tho mother lode were fabulous pro i ducers of gold. One, the Kmplre, at Grass i Valle^, in Nevada county, northward from tna^rgunaut, had been producing day and night steadily for more than ; sixty years when 1- last visited Its lower ! levels more than a dosen years ago. At ! Us top was a beauty spot, with spacious lawns, lovely llower gardens, a Grecian swimming pool, tennis courts, lordly pines and other ornamental trees, and an exceptionally fine stone mansion. It stands over drifts nnd side tunnels that extend at levels a mile underground and held three eight hour dally shifts of miners blasting out and sending up the auriferous quartx that was ground fine In tho stamp mills and then passed over the mercury tables that caused amalga mation of quicksilver and gold, allow ing the stone muck to flow on. It Is only at rare Intervals that read ers at a distance hear much about Cali fornia gold mining of to-day, and yet regularly California continues produc ing about 120,000,000 a year In the beau tiful yellow metal. Archie IUce. New York, Heptemlier 21. Those Klnti. To Til* Nxw York Herald: Another suggestion for the Kngllsh class: "those kind." Haven't you heard some of the persons who use the best?English se this combination of plural and slngularf Beacon, Ssptamhar II. O. S. IX The amendment will go to the House of Deputies for concurrence, and It is Intimated that a more severe tight against it may be made there on ghe basis that it Is an injection of the Chris tian Science principles. Bishop Reginald Herbert Waller of Fpnd du Dae, Wis., who filed a minor ity report on the question of a concor dat with Congregational chunches, has been fighting the msjorlty report stub bornly since the cpncordat came- up for consideration yesterday afternoon, and the fight may be carried over until to morrow. He declares that the resolution pro posed by the commission does not af fect any agreement tending toward unity with the Congregational church as a church, but will merely effect a series of agreements with individuals under which the ministers will accept ordina tion by an Episcopal Bishop, which, in case thc-y resign from their pulpit in the Congregational church, leaves them "'priests hanging in the air and belong ing neither to o?e church or another." Clashes between the high church fac tion and the low church faction and betweer the modernists and fundamen talists iff the House of Deputies yes terday'and to-day resulted in every case in victory for the low church and the modernist groups. In the discussion on the revision of the Ten Commandments, the Rev. A. P. .Klnsolviqg of Maryland said: "The young people of the present are not at all impressed by the wording of the Commandments." Champions of the fundamentalists de clared that attempts to abbreviate or change the text of the Commandments were a blow at the very foundation of religion, but their position was not sus tained in the vote. In the voting for president of the Na tional Council. Bishop Brent's lead over Bishop Gailor dropped in th.e fourth ballot, when he received 37 votes to 3?? for Bishop Gailor. Bishop Brent appealed to the house to allow him to withdraw his name and at the same time the name of Bishop Lloyd of New York has added to the nomi nees. No names were permitted to be withdrawn. The new prayer for the marriage cere mony, asking that the marriage be fruitful, was adopted subject to con currence by the deputies. Nominations from the House of HJghops for the na'tonal council were marie yestefday and Included Blshot William C. Brown, of Virginia, and Bishop E. 8 Lines of Newark, Bishop W. T. Manning of New York and Bishop Theodore Irving Reese of Southern Ohio. Pay of Union Chiefs. Would Strikes Be Shorter If Their Income Stopped! To Tub New York Herald: "H. B. M." says In a letter to your paper that to "present even an abstract of the rules and regulations of unionism under which our producers stagger would be doing the country an inestimable serv ice." I would go still further and urge the publication of the salary roll of Gompers, Jewell, Stone, Lewis and others, all of whom have an unlimited expense account, every cent of which Is paid by union members. To secure this money the coal oper ators are required to collect by the check off system funds for the union treasury. When a strike Is ordered the miners' wages stop, but the salaries of the leaders, organisers, pickets, &c., go | right on, while the wives and children i may go hungry for all the, leaders care. How long would the miners' or the i railway strike have lasted if the lead ' ers had received no salary? | When the passenger trains were ma i rooned in hot deserts at Needles, Cal., |hnd a committee of passengers went to ! the head of the strikers and protested j against their detention the answer that ' committee received was "Go to hell I" As to the Herrin massacre in Illinois ; a union leader Is quoted as saying the : murdered men "were only a lot of | scabs." Has Gompers or any other labor leader ever uttered a word In condemnation of those or other acts of violence? Faf rington, chief of the miners' union of Illinois, says the unions will defend the men accused of the Herrin murders If it takes their last cent. Gompers says there shall be no open shops. A worker must be a member of some union; otherwise lie or ehe shall not work. The Important thing Is to show up to the country the salaries paid the union leaders. W. N. W. Washington, D. C., September 21. Broadway Knitters. A Colony of Old Fashioned Girls Hare Occupied St. Paul's Churchyard. To The New York Herald: What fa all this talk about there not being any old fashioned girls any more? There's a colony of them Just a few steps west of lower Broadway. If you will saunter past St. Paul's churchyard late In the I lunch hour any fine day you ran find sitting on the benches under the church wall at least half a dozen girls quietly I knit ling or crocheting or dropstitching or something feminine with needles, and ! they appear to be vety peaceful and j contented. Apparently not all the business girls i spend the leisure half of their lunch I hour parading tip and down Broadway, for I suppose tiicso must be business girls. Who else would come d^wn to i knit on Broadway? Passerbt, New York, September 21. Rusty Fire Hydrants. To The New York Herald: Your correspondent is quite rlgh# In criticis ing the proposed purchase of new auto mobiles for the Fire Department chiefs when so many practical essentlala are needed bndly. For instance, the rusty fire hydrants about the city need oiling and painting. Manttattanite. New York, September 21. Mag la. Front the Kansas City Star. My house was merely small and brown. No bouse more modest In the town Before you came. Its honeysuckle covered porch And narrow windows where The friendly hollyhocks looked In As I est reading there l>t me hear all the secrets gay The tittering poplar leaves gave way, But there was naught of special grace In such an undistinguished place"1' Until you cnnia And called my habitation fair, And In Its quiet found Best from the cares that prodded you When cities hedged you round ; You liked my flowers, my house, my trees. And multiplied their power to please By giving them kinship with you In all my tnoughts and memories too. I'm glad you came, For now my modest homo of brown Is quite tire finest house in town I Catherine Crakmbs. Daily Calendar THE WEATHER. I For Butem New YorkJ-CIoudy to , day. To-morrow fair, moderate tern | perature, strong northoaat winds wltli j Kales off the coast. ! For New Jersey?Cloudy to-day, to morrow fair, moderate temperature, strong northeast and north winds. For Northern New England?Fair to? day and to-morrow warmer; moderate to fresh northeast Hinds. For Southern New England?Fair to day, cloudy on the south coast. To morrow fair; strong northeast winds. For Western New York?Fair to-day and to-morrow ; moderate temperature ; strong northeast winds. Washington, 8ept. 11.?Storm warn ings remain displayed on the Atlantic eoast at and between Cape Hattera* and Boston, Mass. Pressure was high to-night over a wide belt, extending from the Canadian maritime pruvlnces southwest ward to Texas and low along the rtorthern border from the great lakes westward, There have been showers within the last twenty-four hours on the Virginia and North CaroUtiA coast and In south ern Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, New Mexico, northern Arizona and on the north Pacific coast. There has been a considerable rise in temperature in tt?e Ohio and Mississippi valleys and reading remains generally above normal west of the Mississippi Kiver. The weather has become cooler In the western Canadian provinces. The outlook is for generally fair weather to-niorrow and Saturday In tho Atlantic and east gulf States, except lp southern Florida, where there will be showers. Fair weather Is also Indicated for Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the lower lake region. Moderate tempera ture will continue generally west of the Mississippi River to-morrow and Satur day. Observations at United State* Weather Bureau stations, taken at 8 P. M. yesterday, aevcnty-flfth meridian time: Temperature Rainfi.ll Isat 24 hra. Baro-la.it 21 Stations. High. Pow. meter, lire. Weather. Abilene 88 no 80 00 .. Clear Albany 78 54 80.06 .. Clear Atlantic City.. TO ?2 .10.00 .. Cloudy Baltimore .... T8 60 30.06 .. Cloudy, Bismarck 02 .'.0 20.00 .. Clear Boston 8* M 80.14 .. Clear Buffalo 74 .14 30.08 .. , Clear Cincinnati .... 7fl Oft 30.06 .. ' Clear Charleston ... 82 til 20.92 .. Clear Chicago fit! 60 30.10 .. Clear Cleveland .... 60 38 30.10 .. Clear Penver 84 48 20.92 .. Cloudy Pcfrolt 70 52 30.12 .. Clear Galveston .... 86 74 29.94 .. Clear Helena 86 34 29.78 .. Clear Jacksonville .. 76 66 29.92 .. Clear Kansas City.. 72 54 30.08 .. Clear Los Angeles... 88 62 29.86 .. Clear Milwaukee ... 72 54 80.06 .. Clear New Orleans.. 88 74 29.90 .. Clear Oklahoma .... 80 30 30,04 .. Clear Philadelphia .. 74 62 80.00 .. Cloudy Pittsburgh .... SO HO 80.04 .. Clear Portland, Me.. 6ft 52 3ft.l8 .. Clear Portland, Ore. 72 50 30.00 .. Clear Salt I-ake City 84 56 29.80 .. Clear San Antonio... 88 tl4 29.94 .. Clear San Pi ego 70 66 29.86 .. Clear San Francisco. 60 54 29.90 .. Clear Seattle 64 54 80.02 .. Cloudy ?'. lamia 76 58 30.06 .. Char St. Paul 70 48 29.88 .. CI ar Washington .. 74 80 30.04 . CI tir . LOCAL WEATHER RECORDS. 8 A. M. t P. M. Barometer SO. (Mi o.os Humidity S:| 62 Wind?direction N.E. 12. Wind?velocity 11' Id Weather Cloud.* < - .inly Precipitation None .'one The temperature In this city yeet. rd /, a* recorded by the official thermal .et r, Ik shown In the annexed table: H A. M... ,03 1 P. M 70 6 P. M 72 9 A. M... . 64 2 P.M.... 71 7 1'. M .. 71 10 A. M... . 6d 5 P. M.... 72 8 P. M . . . 78 11 A. M... . 67 4 P. M 73 ft P. M. .. 67 12 M .60 B P. M.... 72 10 1'. M. .. 6.". 1922. 1021. 1082. 1921. 9 A. it.. 64 67. 6 P. M .... 72 tit, 12 M UP 62 9 P. M.... 87 70 3 P. M.... 72 85 1S Mid 01 70 Highest temperature, T3, at 4:40 P. M. Lowest temperature. 03, at 7 A. At. Average temperature, 08. EVENTS TO-DAY. War fame of artillery engineers and air service unite of the Oficera Reserve Corps, Mttchel Field, Mlneola. Convention and dinner of the National Chain Store Grocora Association, Waldorf Astoria. Meeting, American Industrial Lenders As sociation. Hotel Pennsylvania, 10 A. M. Women's Activities Exhibit, Hotel Commo dore, all day. Exhibition under the auspices of the Art In-Trade Club, Waldorf-Astoria, 8 I'. M. Dr. Frank Crane will addrrse the Junior Advertising Club at Its regular meting at 47 East Twenty-fifth street, 8 P. If. Child Welfare Conference under the direc tion of the Central Committee on Publlo Opinion, P. 8. No. 84. Tenth street, mar Avenue 13, 8 P. M. BOARD TO DRAFT PLANS FOR NATIONAL GUARD Weeks Names Committee of Veteran Militiamen. Special Dispatch to Tut New York lfsaet.a. New York Herald Bureau, > Washington, I>. C., Kept. 21. ( Secretary of War Weeks announced tn-day that he haa selected a number of National Guard officers t<f serve on a committee to study questions pertaining to tho National Guard, particularly th? allotment of troops to tho various Htatss. Among those selected are Brig.-Gen. Milton A. Record. Adjutant-General of Maryland; Brig-Gen. J. Leslie Ktncald. Adjutant-General of New York; Col. F. M. Kumhold, Missouri National Guard; Major-Gen. Milton F. Foreman. Illinois National Guard, and Lieut.-Col. F. P. Hchoomaker, Pennsylvania National Guard. L'nder the plan already worked out by the General Staff the National Guard la to consist of eighteen divisions, with a total strength of 427,200 men. HYLAN NOT IN FAVOR OF SALARY INCREASES Raises for County Judges Are Asked Before Estimate Board Mayor Ilylan at the hearing bv the Board of Estlmato on the budget re* quests for 1923 yesterday put himself on record against salary Increase*. "I am not In favor of Increases," ha declared. "From day to day I will call all those who make such requests by their first names so the publlo will know where the blame lies. Those pro posed increases are Impositions upon the taxpayer, and I serve warning that unless you stop asking for them you take the chance of being driven uut of office by the votera." When County Judge George J. Martl et Kings appeared to ask that the so arles of the County Judrea In Klnri Queens, Richmond and The Brora he Inoroasod from $12,500 to $17,500, Comp troller Craig said: "Are you aware that certain county officials and employees through man damuses 'obtained In court compelled the etty to take $500,000 from fundi out of whloh poor, dependent children, or unfortunate charity wards, are fed an, clothed? This money had to b# raid back or made good somewhere. Per haps we will be compelled to lay *8t thousand* of city employees." No definite nrUoin was taken on the request of Judge^fartln. but the hoard decided to deny several small meres*** asked by District Attorney Huston > Kings county, who he s been lnve**?A?rt2. Ing the Department of Mnrketa. The Associated Press ts~*xalu*lvely entitles to the use (er republication of all news du patches credited to It or not otherwise eridlted In this paper dkd also the loca. new* published herein. Alt rights of republication of sptelal die* patches herein are alee reserved.