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TARIFF RUSH BREAKS
N.Y. CUSTOMS MARKS Importers Pay In About $3,000,000 a Day to Beat New Rate. SOME SHIPS TOO LATE 10,000 Pases of British Whisky and 15,000 Cases of Wine in List. MUCH SUGAR WITHDRAWN Receipts Reach $27,068,782 for Last 17 Days in This City. The most strenuous ten days in the history of the Custom House ended yesterday in comparative calm, al though it was the last day in which importers could withdraw merchandise from bonded warehouses and pay duty under the old schedule, which was superseded last midnight by the new tariff, under which thousands of tons of valuable goods on a large fleet of liners and freighters now at sea will have to settle at much heavier rates. The office of Cashier Black, by order of Acting Collector Stuart, closed at 7 o'clock last evening after everybody that wanted to pay duties on goods in bond here had had a chance to do so. The mighty rush came on Tues day, when the cashier's office was Jammed all day, the impression being that the tariff bill might go into ef fect then. The unprecedented day's receipts of $3,464,447.94 was taken in then. Monday, and Saturday wore also three million dollar days, and the ten days ended yesterady found the cashier with more than $21,000,000 in his cof fers. Heavy Receipts In Seventeen Unyi. For seventeen successive work days, winding up last evening, the receipts from duties were $27,668,782.53. All rec ords have been smashed by the activity of Uie last two months and twenty-one days of the present fiscal year. The average daily receipts for this period have been $1,070,248.01, an Increase of $446,799.21 over tire dally average of the preceding period. Becldes the great sums paid for duties on merchandise technically withdrawn from warehouses on permits allowing the owners to take possession of them, much more money than usual was paid on merchandise, chiefly sugar, woolens, cottons and silk goods, recently arriving and imported especially to take advan tage of the old low tariff rates. The receipts for sugar were high, the new rate being double the old. One surpris ing feature wai, the payment of heavy sums on about 40.000 cases of fine old Scotch, Irish and English whisky and nearly 15,000 cases of French and other foreign wines. Naturally the owners of alcoholic stuff will not be allowed to withdraw it from the warehouses until it is to be used for medicinal or other law ful purposes. Among the ships with cargoes that the importers hoped might get here before the tariff bill was signed are the hlg Kottcrdam of the Holland-America Bine, due tills morning; the French liner France, which will dock this morning with a thousand tons of expensive, high class silks, laces, perfumes, hosiery arm gloves, and the Cunarder Mauretanla. which, like all express steamsr.tps, has a limited cargo capacity, carrying about r thousand tons of English textiles, Irish laces and other high priced goods. The Mauretania will get in to-morrow. Other liners that are filled with large. NEW TARIFFS INCREASED BURDEN ON PEOPLE SHOWN Special Dispatch to Tub New Voik IIeiaio. New York Herald Bureau. ) VTHhhinKton. D. C., Sept. SI. ( OUT of approximately 4,000 Items carried In the Fordney-Mc Cumber tariff law the following have been selected as vital and typical, the new rates being compared with those of the last Republican tariff law, the Payne-Aldrich law, and the Underwood Simmons law passed by the Democrats: PAYNE- UNDERWOOD- FORDNEY ALDRICII. SIMMONS McCUMBER Wool 33 cents a lb. Free. 31 cents a lb. Beef and veal 1cents a lb. Free. 3 cents a lb. Wheat t 45 cents a bushel. Free. 30 cents a bushel. Butter Scents a lb. 4cents a lb. 8 cents a lb. Sugar 1.348 cents a lb. 1.004 cents a lb. 1.704 cents a lb. Toys 35% ad val. 35% ad val. 70% Laces 60 & 70% ad val. 60% ad val. 00% ad val. Silks 04% ad val. 45% ad val. 55% ad val. Cutlery :.. .40% ad val. 45 & 30% ad val. 80 to 175% ad val. Chinaware 55 & 60% ad val. 50 & 55% ad val. 60 & 70% ad val. Glassware 45%adval. 30%adval. 50%adval. Clocks 40% ad val. 30% ad val. 50% ad val. Furniture 45% ad val. 45% ad val. 60% ad val. Gloves (cotton) 50% ad val. 35% ad val. 75% ad val. Jewelry -00% ad val. 00% ad val. 80% ad val. Hosiery (wool) 03% ad val. 40 to 40 % 65% ad val. Carpets (Brussels).. .74% ad val. 46% ad val. 40% ad val. Lemons. 78% ad val. 14% ad val. 88% ad val. Walnuts 3 cents a lb. 4 cents a lb. 4 cents a lb. dutiable cargoes due within the next several days are the United States steamship President Fillmore, heavily laden with German goods; the White Star steamship Baltic, the Lapland of the Bed Star fleet and the Cunarder Scythia. It is predicted that customs receipts of more than a million dollars a day will he common for some time under the new tariff. Among the Imports that will he with drawn in great quantities from the warehouses are nuts, especially almonds, which paid a duly of 4 cents a pound under the old tariff and will pay 10 cents more under the new. Like all other merchandise In warehouses on which Importers have paid duties in the last several weeks, the nuts actually were not taken out. The duties are paid on the issuance of permits that, release the goods to the owners and they may remain In storage under the supervision of the Government for some time. DEFICIENCY BILL IS SENT TO CONFERENCE Senate Increases Its Total to $2,831,742. Special Dispatch to Tub New York Herald. Nfiv York Herald Burraii. ) Washington, I>. Sept. 31. I The first deficiency bill for the fiscal year 1923, carrying appropriations of $2,831,742, was passed by the Senate to-day and sent to conference. Many items were added to the blll_ by the Senate Finance Committee, while others were put In on the floor of the Senate. By unanimous consent, asked by Chairman Warren of the Appropriations Committee, an item of $200,000 for the relief of Americans at Smyrna was in corporated at the request of I'resldent Harding and acting Secretary ,of State Phillips. For the Borah Fact Finding Coal Commission $200,000 was allowed, while $150,000 was left in the House bill for use by the new Federal Coal Distributor. Senator Underwood (Ala.) made an unsuccessful fight to have stricken out the Item providing an appropriation of $180,(100 for the use of the mixed com mission to adjust the claims against Germaity by American citizens tor dam ages incurred by the war. GIBERSON TRIAL PUT OFF. Federal Judge's Brother to Help Defend Accused Woman. Special Dispatch to Tub New York Herald. Toms River, N. J., Sept. 21.?The Giberson murder case, set down by Jus tice James F. Minturn in Supreme Court for October 2, has. been postponed to Octofoer 11 at the request of Justice Samuel Kallsh, who will sit to try the case. W. Howard Jeffrey, former Judge, counsel for Mrs. Ivy Giberson. who is charged with the murder of her husband, William Giberson, will have with him at the trial James Mercer Davis of Camden, brother of J-udge J. Warren Davis of the United States Circuit Court. TARIFF BILL SIGNED; GOODS RUSHED HERE Continued from First Page. law is the authority bestowed upon the President to revise rates without refer ence to Congress, the so-called "flexible i tariff" provision which Mr. Harding praised when signing the bill to-day. Nothing of the sort ever has b-?en writ ten tnto a tariff measure before. It is the outcome of continued agitation for machinery that will allow tho writing of rates on a basis more scientific than in the past. This section, which Mr. Harding will take full advantage of, permits the President to change rates by executive order upon the recommendation of the Federal Tariff Commission. The ;ates may be Increased or lowered within the range of 50 per cent, of those pro vided In the law, this to be on the basis of foreign valuation, which Is the standard of the law. If American valua tion is to be tho standard the rates themselves cannot be increased. President Harding already has been advised that the tariff commission will have to be tripled In size in order to carry out the added duties Imposed by the new law. This will mean that in creased appropriations will have to be made available at some early date. It is anticipated that such extra funds will be asked for by the President almost immediately after the next session of Congress begins. Forming; "Industry" Protected. The new measure also Is notable from the fact that this is the first time that agriculture has been fully recognized ?s an industry to be protected by a tariff, the direct result of the efforts of the so-called Senate agricultural tariff bloc, composed of twenty-live Senators ftom agricultural States, the chairman of which is Senator Gooding (Rep., Idaho). High protective rates have been pro vided for all products of the farm, from milk and eggs to butter and cheese, from wheat to beans, and so on down the line. The new tariff m asure is the result of a year and a halfs work by Congress, having been started In April, 1921. when the extra session wan called by Presi dent Harding to revise the tariff and tax laws. The Senate alone considered the bill for a year, while Its opponents fought every Inch of the way against what were termed far too high and unscientific rates. The duties on many of the 4.000 articles In the law admittedly are so high that they will serve as a tariff wall against Imports, but they were written In be cause of the announced theory that they were necessary to prevent American In dustry from being ruined by foreign competition made all the more hurtful because of deflated money values. As a notable example, *!ie rates on cutlery are very high, running up to 200 per cent, ad valorem, to cut off German Importations If possible. There Is considerable of n dispute as to whether the duties on farm product! will be operative, since the law of sup ply and demand may tend to keep prices down, particularly pn Items of which there are few importations. TRACTOR Tows freight ear*, pull* ton* of material* about factoriaa, haul* trailer* loaded with lumber,coal and cruahed atone, drag* log*: doea excavating and hoitting; cruahea atone; mlxea concrete; drive* pile*; haul* atreet clean ing equipment: plow* mow and haul* It awajr; gradea and roll* atreet* and roada, etc. JPbrdaon Trmotor aqalppad with Solid Rakbar tirad whoolo for factory and a treat aaaa. A Great Industrial Worker There isn't any doubt about the de- Fordson for industrial uses. This has pendability, adaptability, efficiency or been proved by manufacturers in most economy of the Fordson Tractor. every line, construction and excavating These things htve all been proved by ?"t'neers cementing contractors, cool the most severe tests on forms oil bm'diJ?. ?""P1" f"~?. ,. . * and road building contractors, cities, over the country where more thsn wwn,TOdvin,g4 170,000 of them are in daily use. You can undoubtedly apply a Fordson Light, easy to handle and operate in to your line of business. Let's talk small spaces, there is absolutely no it over. It will interest you to get all doubt about .the practicability of the the details. Ask Any Authorized Ford Dealer in Metropolitan New York or New Jersey. STRIKERS HEROIC IN COMPERS'S EYES Labor Leader Says Govern ment Muddles Situation. Attempts of governmental agencies and the Railroad Labor Board In par ticular to "meddle" In Industrial disputes have led to Increased antagonism be tween employers and workers and In stead of Improving the situation have muddled It, said Samuel Oompers, presi dent of the American Federation of Labor, yesterday In an address to the Clvitan Club at the Hotel Astor. After assailing the Government for what he termed its endeavor to coerce labor, Mr. Gompers defended strikes and asserted that labor had rendered a great service to the nation by fighting and striking at whatever sacrifice to main tain the standard of the worker's home and repulse an "industrial autocracy." Mr. Gompers prefaced his address with the statement that one of the diffi cult things about the labor movement Is that it Is mlsundersood because most persons view It from the stand of labor's antagonists. Even the press, he said, renders partisan opinion against organ ized labor because proprietors of the great newspapers are largo employers and believe they are serving their own Interests thereby. SUPPLY OF HARD COAL TO BE 60 P. C. NORMAL AdministratorsSay Prices Will Remain Same. Philadelphia, Sept. 21.?Only BO per cent, of the normal supply of domestic sizes of anthracite coal will be avail able this winter, but prices will be vir tually the same as last winter. It was announced to-day at a conference of fuel administrat >rs representing all of the hard coal consuming States and Canada. To overcome this shortage in supply a campaign for the education of the public In the use of the smaller sizes of anthracite, known as buckwheat, of which there Is an abundance, is to be inaugurated. MASONS TO MEET HERE. Cleveland. Sept. 21.?New York city was selected as the place for hold'ng the next conclave of the Supreme Council of the thirty-third degree, Ancient Ac cepted Scottish Rite, of the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of tho Unked States of America, at the closing session here to-day. The date of the next con clave was not announced. STATE ASSURES PUBLIC COAL AND FULL WEIGHT Sealers and Fuel Chief Are to Work Together. Special Dispatch to Turn New Yosk Hjuulo New York Herald Burr" Albany, Sept. SI, ( Through an arrangement by W, _T White, Director of the Bureau *o! Weights and Measures of the State De partment of Agriculture, and William H. Woodin, the State Fuel Administrator, the people of the State this fall and win ter will not only be assured of getting coal but of obtaining the full amount they pay for. Mr. White announced that the 175 sealers of weights and measures In the State will cooperato with the coal ad ministrator. "The details of the plan will be worked out at a further conference next week," said Mr. White. "Because of the scar city and high price of coal people will have to buy It In small lots, and they should be protected In getting all that they pay for. Officials who will aid In carrying out ! the plan include all of the county and city sealers. They come under the Juris diction of the State Bureau, and Mr. White said that they have been In structed to follow up all complaints of short weight without any charge or fee. SOFT COAL PARLEY CALLED. National Meeting la Planned tr> Avert Strike Next April. Cleveland, Sept. 21 (Associated Press).?An Invitation to all bituminous operators of the United States to meet here October 2 with representatives of the United Mine Workers of America to devise entirely new machinery of wage bargainings to replace that of the central competitive, field which broke down prior to the recent national coal strike was sent out from here to-day. The main object of the conference, it was explained, is to prevent another coal strike next April. The conference also will Initiate an investigation of the industry concur rently with that carried on by the fact finding commission to be named by President Harding. rnoF. hobson is farm envoy. Washington, Sept. 21.?Prof. Asher Ilobson of the Department of Agriculture has been made United States member of the permanent committee of the Interna tional Institute of Agriculture at Rome, succeeding William G. Stevenson, re signed. Prof. Hobson formerly was con nected successively with the University of Wisconsin, Washington State College and Columbia University. DARTMOUTH'S HEAD WOULD BAR MANY President Hopkins Wants Col lege Advantages Reserved to Aristocracy of Brains. Sprrial Pitpotrh to Tit? N?w Tout Hwaid. Hanoveh, N- H., Sept, 21.?President Krneest Mar<ln Hopkins opened Dart mouth's one hundred and fifty-fourth year to-day with an address to the stu dents this morning. Bearing upon the competence of men entering college at the present time, he said: "Too many men are going to college. The opportunities for securing an edu cation by way of the college course are. definitely a privilege and not a uni versal right. It consequently becomes essential that a working theory he sought that will operate with some de gree of accuracy to define the Individuals who shall make up the group to whom, in Justice to the public good, the priv ilege be extended, and to specify those from whom the privilege should be with held. "It would he Incompatible with all af the conceptions of democracy to assume that the privilege of higher education should be restricted to any class defined by the accident of birth or by the for tuitous circumstances of possession of "wealth. But there is such a thing as an aristocracy of brains, made up of men intellectually alert and Intellectually cag>T. to whom Increasingly the oppor tunities of higher education ought to be restricted. If democracy is to be a qual ity product rather than simply a quan tity one. and If excellence and effective ness arc to displace mediocrity, towards which democracy has such a tendency to skid. In discussing the need of search for trim values President Hopkins said: "The two great conflicting forces of the world at the present time are the spirit of truth, and the spirit of pro paganda, the former of which leads toward light and to ultimate peace and happiness for mankind and the latter of which is not only the father of lies but the whole ancestral tree, ultimately making for confusion and distress." The enrollment of the college this morning stood at approximately 1,000. one hundred less than last year due to the selective admission process put in effect this year. New York ranks second among the States represented In the incoming class, with Massachusetts leading. Illinois, New Jersey, New Hampshire, and Pennsylvania follow in crder. NEW style, a new finish and new colors?shown for le first time this morning by Knox Agents in all leading cities. Shown in a variety of beautiful mixtures with a soft silken nap in shades which will harmonize with new Fall suitings. N SEVEN DOLLARS KNOX HAT COMPANY INCORPORATED VPTOWN DOWNTOWN Fifth Ave. nt 4'Hh Street The Singer Ituildlng ? ">2 Fifth Avenue Hi I Broadway No Cost For a 10-Day Tube Simply Mail Coupon linity of the saliva. That is there to neutralize mouth adds, the cauae of tooth decay. It multiplies the starch diges tant in the saliva. That is there to digest starch deposits on teeth which may otherwise ferment and form acids. It thus gives manifold effect to Nature's great tooth-protecting agents. The result, the world over, is a fast-coming new dental era. Dainty People Now combat that film on teeth Have you noted how many with tartar, are the chief cause of people now have whiter, prettier pyorrhea. So nothing is more teeth? You see them wherever important to teeth than combat - you look. The reason liu in a ing the film daily, new cleaning method whicn mil lions now employ. If you don't Two ways found know it, you should try it now. _ , . . * Dental science, after long re Film is dingy "earch- found |wo ,c1ombat ?* ants. One acts to curdle film, one Tell your child Your teeth are coated with a to remove and without any U1J viscous film. You can feel it now. harmful scouring want your children to en It dings to teeth, gets between ... . . . . . deavor to avoid the troubles that the teeth and stays. That film Abl? ?'"honties Pr?*?d these you suffered. Then tell them of absorbs stains, then it forms methods effective. Then dentists Pepsodent. show them its effects, dingy coats. Tartar is based on everywhere began to advise them. Dentists now urge that children ftlm Now careful people of some fifty use it from the time the first ' . nations employ them, largely by tooth anoeara No ordinary tooth paste can denUl advice. tooth appears. effectively combat film. So, under Send the coupon for a 10-Day old methods beautiful teeth were A n^w-type tooth paste was Tube. Note how clean the teeth less often seen than today. And created, based on modern re- feej after using. Mark the ab tooth troubles, mainly caused by search. The name is Pepsodent. nence of the viscous film. Set film, became almost universal. These two great film combatants how teeth whiten as the film Film holds food substance were ?mbod,cd ,n !t- coats disappear, which ferments and forms acids. jy . rji_ -lone That test will bt a revelation. It holds the acids in contact with It will convince you that you and the teeth to cause decay. Germs But Pepsodent does more than yours need this new-day method, breed by millions in it They, fight film. It multiplies the alka- Cut out the coupon now. Pfins23fiivl RCG.U.S. LBsamHMaHaawaMamwnM The New-Day Dentifrice Now advised by dentists the world over. All druggists supply the large tubes. 10-Day Tube Free THE PEPSODENT COMPANY, Dept. A-aso, 1104 S. Wabash Ave..Chicago,111 Mail 10-Day Tube of Pepsodent to OftlY nn? tuh# to a. famtlv Light Weight Brogue Made in "E" shade Russia Calf. Lasts and Patterns exclusively our own design. BOTH SHOPS THE Whitehouse. & Hardy BROADWAY ?40~ STREET UU WEST 43- STREET baa* Una Bug. Km NEW YORK m ? lo When the Trees are Shedding their Foliage We have an ample production of Fall topcoats, possessing abundant style and models to answer the call for con servative design. Loose-fitting and raglans in Ameri can fabrics of tested soundness and English and Scotch cloths in exclu sive designs. $40 to $75 Brokaw Brothers Broadway at Forty-Second Street m y, ^ ?rb (FOUNDED 1856; The Cooperative Apartment Plan of Tenant Ownership PRINCIPLES and advantageous features of the Cooperative Apartment tenant ownership plan will be discussed by brokers interested in this comparatively recent real estate development in a leading article in The New York Herald Real Estate Section next Sunday. Expenses of ownership, details of ownership and methods of management will be dis cussed in detail. Watch for this article next Sunday Lists of Cooperative Apartments for sale will be included in the Herald's Apartment House Directory published in the same section. THE NEW YORK HERALD Real Estate Department 280 BROADWAY Telephone Worth 10,000 '