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The New York herald. [volume] (New York, N.Y.) 1920-1924, October 31, 1922, Image 10

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W? ?
Director and officers: Fraak A. Munsey,
President: Ervln Wardman, Vice-President:
lVm. Dewart. Treasurer; R. H. TltherIngton,
One 81a One I
Ry Mall, Postpaid. Year, Months. Month.
DAII.1 & SUNDAY.. .$12.00 J6.00 <1.00
DAILY only 10.00 .'..00 .8.1
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SUNflXY only, Canada. 5.50 2.73 .50
''DAILY & SUNDAY...$26.00 113.30 |2 40
v DAILY only 17.10 8.70 1.43 I
SUNDAY only 9.75 5.12 .8(1 !
A.:; checks, money orders, Ac., to be made
j payable to The Sun-Itrrald.
it-..? i. ofiin.. r,,r i ?r*.tnt of advertisements |
{ and sale of pai>?rs:
if ? I'lIM ll'AL ClIOWN OFFICE? broadway at |
^ / 37tii St. Entrance 13(57 Broadway. Tele- j
/ phone Eltz Roy 1300. Open until 13 midnight. ;
Haulem Office? 30.3 West 135th St neve,
, Smtmh Avk Tel 704 Marnlngside. Open j
until 13 midnight.
Wvbhisoton I IeigHTS Office?583 West
]N1st St. Tel. DUOS Wadsworth. Open until
10 P. M.
Sixteenth St. Omen? Coiner 18th St. and
Seventh Ave Tel. Chelsea 4000. Open all
day and night.
Bhooklyn Office? 24 Cocbt St. Tel. Triangle
71(10. Open until 10 P. M.
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Sr. Tel. IKiOO Melrose. Open until 10 P. M.
\ rrinripul American und foreign Bureaus.
WASHINGTOM-The Munsey Building.
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LONDON?10-43 Fleet St.
PARIS?10 Avenue de I'Opera, 38 Rue du
' BERLIN?Dorotheenstrasse 34 (Hot Links).
ROME?5G Via Grcgorlana.
PURLIN?37 Westmoreland St.
The New York Heralp was founded by
* ames Gordon Bennett In 1835. It remained
he sole property of Its founder until his
/ lentil. In 1873, when his son, also James
/ Gordon Bennett, succeeded to the ownership
of the paper, which remained In his hands
y; until his death. In 1018. The Herald be|
came the property of Frank A. Munsey, its
{ ; present owner, in luzu.
This City and the Election.
A week before election the political
correspondents have come to the conclusion
that it is up to the city of
New York to say who shall be the
next Governor of the State.
More than one million of the two
and one-half million votes of New
York State will be cast in this city.
7 /Two years ago Smith received 317,000
votes more than Miller in the
I ' city; but two years ago a tremendous
[ vote was cast because it was a Presidential
year. The total vote for Governor
in the five boroughs was 1,240,000.
This year it will be about
1,120,000. If Mili.er and Smith had
the relative strength this year that
they had in 1920 Smith's plurality in
the city would be about 285,000.
But the two candidates have not
the same relative strength that they
had in 1920. Miller was then a political
stranger to most of the voters
of the State. Smiti^, who had just
1 finished two years as Governor, was
I q4 boifrht nf hi?t nnniilRritV.
Two years ago New York city knew
Nathan L. Miller as a distinguished
jurist and "an up-State man." Now
it knows him as a great Governor, a
very great Governor.
This city now knows Governor
Miller as a State officer who has
been as alive to the problems of the
metropolis as if this city were his
home. It has seen him attack and
solve the puzzles of our transportation
and our port. It has seen him
cut down the State expenses, of which
New York city pays so large a part.
Nobody expects Governor Miller
tc have a plurality over Al Smith
in Greater New York. This is a
Democratic city except in national
elections. But does it seem likely
that Smith can meet Mili.er at the
Westchester border with more than
200,000 plurality? It he cannot it is
wholly improbable that he will be
West Virginia's Strife Ends.
The so-called strike in tho West
Virginia coal fields has at last been
called off. As a matter of fact a real
strike was never on. Strike was
merely the name instigators of the
trouble chose to give to an effort to
coerce laboring men to join an organization
they did not want to Join
and resolutely refused to join even
when such refusal carried Imminent
peril of assassination.
That there were a number of miners
who quit work at the behest of
labor leaders is quite true. They
were, however, an inconsiderable minority
of those actually engaged in
getting coal out of the mines. DurI
ing all this Wo t. Virginia disturbance
the coal miners with few interruptions
were kept steadily at work. The
striken were in evidence in various
camps on the adjacent mountainsides,
while the real miners were
at work in the mines.
With the mountain tent camps as
a background a sneaking warfare of
assassination was kept up. Almost
daily American worhlngmen were
shot down by ambushed murderers
for venturing to exercise their right
as Amerii <n citizens to earn a living
at snch employment and under such
conditions or were to them satisfactory.
Their homes were riddled nnd
the lives of their wives and children
were imperiled by bullets from the
^ rifles of ruffians skulking night and
\Iay on the adjacent mountainsides.
This guerrilla warfare culminated
in a pit< lied battle in broad daylight
on the platform of the Matewan
railroad station. The Mayor and
several citizens of that town, as well
as a number of private detectives,
were killed. This was the preliminary
to that reign of terror which
continued uninterruptedly thereafter
until Its climax was reached in an
outbreak of open rebellion against
State and Federal laws.
It was when the disturbance had
' reached the pass that more than 5,00
armed men were on the march t
i Logan county with the avowed pur
' pose of driving all workers from th
i mines that the President issued hi:
proclamation calling upon the mob t<
disperse, a command which was en
forced by sending United States reg
lular soldiers to the scene.
Indictments and trials for murdei
treason and other crimes followed li
great numbers and are still in prog
ress. The case of C. F. Kkf.ny, heai
of District 17 of the local Mine Work
ers Union, charged with murder, i
at present up for adjudication ii
the Jefferson county court, to whicl
bv a change of venue the cases wer
So at last, after an expenditure es
timated a year ago at more thai
$2,.">00,000 in an endeavor to dragooi
men into membership in an organi
zation which they did not want t
join, District Secretary Fred Moone'
of the United Mines Workers o
America announced that the strik
was called off.
Governor Allen of Kansas.
Governor Alien of Kansas wouli
not let coal mine strikers defy th
laws of his State, and the people o
Kansas backed him up. He would no
let railroad strikers defy the law
| of his State, and the people of Kan
I sas backed him up.
| Now Governor Ai.len gives notic
to the Ku Klux Klan that he will no
let them challenge the authority o
his State, and the people of Kansa
will back him up.
Henry J. Allen is the kind of mai
strong in character, strong in sens
of responsibility and strong in pei
forma nee of duty, that puts powe
I into public office, commands respec
for public service and sheds luste
j on American leadership.
When an American like Allen e
: Kansas or Miller of New York is i
the Executive chair there is no rooi
for the presumptuous Intervention c
any private and unofficial ruler
called by whatever name or decked i
whatever colors.
The Living Wage Theory.
Every rational human being in th
country stands for a wage that wi
give American workers an America
living. But the United States Rai
road Labor Board is right in holdir
that the so-called "living wage" do?
not mean what those who advance tl
theory In wage scale disputes pri
tend it means.
The term, as it has been accepte
I in recent years, came into a k^nd i
official designation at a time when tl
I United States Department of Lab<
! was persistently misused in beha
of the doctrines and schemes of trad
unionism. The "living wage" lnvei
! tion of the trade union propagandisi
and their allies in the United Stat<
Department of Labor was created ot
; of a number of fallacies, inaccurach
! and misstatements that were treat*
! by them as if they were truths an
i facts.
One of these was the assumptic
that the desires and needs of millloi
S of workers are very generally ident
cal. Another was the ignoring <
the fundamental and striking diffe
enre ' 'ween the man of thrifi
nature and habits and the man <
wasteful nature and habits. Sti
another was a sheer mlscalculatio
based both upon the average numki
j of members in a family and upon tl
I average number of earners in thi
average sized family. The "livir
, wage" theorists in this case put t<
I many persons in the average fami
| and let nobody but father work i
suppport that family.
On such a false foundation the trad
union statisticians out of and in th
United States Department of Labc
built up the impossible theory thi
the American worker mtfst have ft
the decent and wholesome support <
' those dependent upon him sever
I hundred dollars a year more tha
|'the earnings of ordinary workers ai
j or ever have been?more, in fac
than the whole production of tl
country could provide on any sue
division of earnings. And nothir
I could better illustrate the econom
grotesqueness of their living waj
ineory man wnai was oono wnn
in the Government service. Whi
the theory was sponsored by tt
United States Department of Labo
with voluminous reports and coun
less bulletins, the United States Coi
gress would have none of it in mal
ing appropriations for Governmei
employees. The United States Goi
ernment would havo none of it i
recommending and fixing pay for i
own employees, and the United Stati
, Department of Labor itself did n<
I apply its own thapry of the livlr
wage to its own payroll. So mur
for that.
As for the living wage in its tri
sense, it is a self-evident fact thi
when there is employment for a
i with a growing demand for lab<
commensurate with the growing 0]
I eratlon of industry and busines
there must be a high enough wa/
for workers in a given communil
and In a given industry to cai
j for them or the workers there wi
shift to another community to ol
tain whftt is waiting for them ther
But tt Is equally a self-evident fa<
that what is a "living wage" I
one part of the country could n<
1 be such a living wage, might n
even approximate such a living wag
In another part of the country whei
| rents, coal and light were half agai
, as high as in the first Instance, whei
! food was dearer, where there was
i substantial transportation cost of go
i ting to and from work as again
none at all in the ilrst Instance, whei
clothing expense was greater becaui
of climatic severities, #e.
And In particular nothing won
ever hnppened to the railroad worl
0 ers aa a whole than the irrational 1
o application of a uniform rate of pay
- based on a false living wage theory ;
e at the time of Government operation
s of the roads, when all members in |
d a i lass of workers were put on the
- same ware level no matter in what
- part of the country they were work- ;
ing, no matter how much or how
t little of their strength and effort was ;
a required for their actual railroad
- work.
d Either the railroad worker In a
- small Oklahoma community, where
s food and rent were cheap, where life
a i was easy, where his slight duties left I
ti! him time to cultivate a garden, hunt, ;
e | fish, do his own repairs on his house j
land similar things, was grossly over-j
-: paid when he got the same pay as a
a similar railroad worker in New York
a with everything costing him very j
- ] much more and with no time left for I
o any other duties after his railroad
r I work was .done, or the New York
f worker was grossly underpaid,
e The "living wage" theory that put :
vast masses of railroad men of the j
same classification on the same wage
basis everywhere, irrespective of:
what the wage would do for a man, j
rl n.aa n/v nwd liiof I
LA was UU II UU A1 1CUU UUU 111/ JUOl m v
e warder of the American wage earner.
t j
s Italy's Peaceful Revolution.
" | A successful revolution in which
(the King remains one of the domi?
nant characters is a good cjeal of a !
t; political paradox. That, however, is
f the spectacle in Italy, where the Fas8
i cistt, overthrowing the Government,
I have been careful not to disturb the |
form of government. So we see
? : Victor Emmanuel receiving a spokes"
man frbm the revolutionists and em- |
?r j bracing him as if he had saved the i
t [crown and the country,
if | After all, perhaps that is what the
l Fascist! have done. Their brief history
has been one of constant warfare
n ugainst the forces that bring revolu- i
n tions about. Their revolution, hap- ;
pily bloodless thus far, has not been
8 against a Government because it was
11 strong and tyrannical but because it
was weak and docile in the presence
of national danger.
The middle class worm when he
turns is a powerftfl creature. Mubsolini,
heading an organization ren|cruited
from neither princes nor
j peasants, found the overturn of the
'Facta Government an easy matter.
The King, knowing that armed re8
sistance to the determined Fascisti
[would mean civil war, wisely refused
I to send troops against the revolutionj
ists. The army, lining the streets
!C through which Mhssolini's men pass,
J salute them cordially. Everybody In
>e j Italy, from King to peasant, seems
'^ ; to be happy over, the coup?except
| the politicians and the Bolshevists.
As the politicians and the Bolshe1_
ovists were the cause of the rerots
lutlon no one will be sorry for
58 j them. The politicians misbehaved
lt as their kind does in most countries.
;s They played the game for their own
5(1 i Jobs. They were cowards when Italy
1(1 needed brave men. They stood idle
when the Bolshevists fomented riots
in and strikes, seized factories, com18
mitted sabotage, robbed the peasant
and the bourgeois and did not stop
at arson and murder. The politicians
r~ stood idle while the profiteers put
ty .bread so high that Italy went hungry,
if: 11 was then that the middle class
organization known as the Fascist!
'n was formed in self-protection.
?r Ti_1 1 l.li _
iLajy ueiure tnu raacisu aruse was,
16 because of Government weakness, at
the mercy of mobs of cranks and
lg criminals and organized labor. In,0
stead of taking hold of anarchy with
,y an Iron hand Premier Nitti and his
to successors dodged the simple Issue of
law and order. They did, not have
the iron hand. When the OovernIe
ment would not art the Fasdstl, to
)r : save themselves and Italy's soul, did
lt ; act.
>r These Fascist! are practical men.
m They did not distribute tracts among
al the criminal Bolshevists. They went
in to their nests and cleaned them out.
re They wrecked and burned the Bol:t*,
shevist headquarters and the alleged
,e ! labor exchanges where deluded work11
Ingmen were incited to Btrlkes and
18 sabotage. They recovered the facto'c
j ries which had been seized from
'e 1 their owners after the war by these
combinations. Deliberately and sys'e
tematically the Fascist! mopped up
le the regions of Italy which had been
r' impoverished and disgraced by the
j emulators of the Russian mob.
s" | The Fascists movement at Its bel~
I ginning was not Intended to become
14 a political movement. Circumstances
r" i forced It In that direction. The elecn
tlon last year of forty Fascists memts
bers of Parliament showed that the
58 people liked the sanitary work which
the Fascisti had done. If Premier
Facta had consented to a general
'h election, as the Fascisti demanded,
they might have held the balance of
le power afterward. Failing to get the
election by peaceful means the new
II. political power would not wait. The
5r Fascisti took by force what they
[>- could not get by asking.
j What will Mt ksoi.jm and his men
do with their conquest? They will
!y fnd the problems confronting them
*e now much more complex than the
II ones they solved with physical force.
1- i Italy is in a bad way financially and
8. commercially. Its people nrc suiTerrt
ing from poverty and lack of work.
In Their relations with their neighbors
>t are not all pleasant. When it Isn't
ut Flume it is something else. No won8,
der the excitable D'AxrrtJNzto has
re counseled Mussonvr to "TJe calm."
In The Fascisti, meanwhile, aspire to
re greater national possessions, broad3
ened national power,
t- A great opportunity is at Mrrsno.
ft urn's hand. The King has done the
re obvions and has asked the Fascists
?e leader to become Premier. The boss
of the Black Shirts shouts to the
'8 i crowd that he Is going to give them
t-inot merely a Ministry but a Oovern- |
ment. It Is believed in Rome that
he will have the support of the Popular
or Catholic party and in fact
of all the parties except the Socialist.
If a general election should give him
a Parliamentary majority then he
will have clear sailing?right into
the storm of a distressed country.
Young Farmers Score.
Records made by boys and girls
who raise live stock are occasionally
so unusual as to attract attention not
only in the communities in which
their .success has been achieved but
among breeders elsewhere.
Raising hogs, because of the quick
return they yield, has been a favorite
venture of young people, and some of
the results obtained by members of
pig clubs are rather surprising. A
writer in the Breeders Gazette of
Chicago cites the record made by
Bibch Morgan of Piatt county, Illinois.
Beginning with a single Poland
china sow two years ago, he has developed
a herd of thirty-three pure
breds, one of which was good enough
to win a second prize at the International
Live Stock Exhibition in
Chicago last fall.
Young Morgan began with a sow
selected for him by the county adviser.
It weighed forty-seven pounds
on June 1, and under the care of its
youthful owner it grew to 300 pounds
when the local fair was held'in October.
It won a premium of $20. This
was the original cost of the sow.
One of the progeny of this sow
was the prize winner at the Chicago
exhibition. The quality of the other
hogs may be determined from the
announcement that young Morgan
intends having a herd exhibit at the
next international show.
The East also has its examples of
old heads on young shoulders. At
the recent show of the Genesee Vallev
Breeders Association at Avon.
near Rochester, one of the exhibitors
was Harrington A. Leedom of
Linden. He is 13, but for a year
he has had entire charge of eightyfive
acres of land, most of it in grass,
on which cattle, sheep and horses are
! kept. One of the horses under hie
| care, the Irish three-quarter bred
j hunting mare Glenda, by Glendai
laugh, was shown along with her
weanling filly by Eyebrow. No mare
, was slicker than Glenda, and she and
1 her foal showed the benefits of the
| care bestowed on them by their
owner, whoN was constant in his at
leniion (luring me periuu ol iubshuw,
: None of the men surpassed him In
' the skill with which he posed his
fcal, which won a ribbon,
i There are other country boys. East
1 and West, who are doing things thai
| cannot fail to have an Inspirational
1 value in the communities in whlcb
\ they live.
The American Bathtub.
Humor on the subject of Amerlcar
affection for the bathtub is nearlj
always with us. It is certain to bubble
up at frequent intervals. Whethei
it is of foreign or native origin, satirical
or good natured, its effect if
always the same: Americans keei
! on in their old cleanly way despite
: the jokes.
A wise hotel man said twenty yean
' ago that the ideal hotel for commerI
rial success in this city would be on?
with a private bath connected with
every room, to be let at the minimum
rate. He has lived to see that suggestion
adopted. The America# traveler
is so eager for his own bathroom
that the minimum rate maj
I not always be necessary.
But now Dr. Ralph Bernrtf.tx ia
urging the race to do less bathing,
He advises Americans against what
he terms their excessive use ol
| water on the akin and against the
daily bath. Nevertheless, the aver,
ago man will continue to take thf
risk. The daily tub as an institution
used to be regarded as distinctively
British. With such a sturdy race ae
an example of the effect of frequent
ablution it will be difficult to scare
us out of the bathtub.
This is tV.e night when email boys
are almost as nervous as Congress,
Another October is gathered to Its
i fathers. It tried to be a good month
but it was not kind to the coal bins.
Professor BnAoo, an eminent English
scientist, has found a method by
which the most tnlrtute portion of a
I crystal may be measured, and this !?
hailed as a long step toward the measurement
of the atom. As the atom
.is now held to be an aggregation oi
many electrons, physicists need nol
fenr for the future of their profession
because of this triumph.
Duck hunters are starting out from
other places besides the American
Museum of Natural History and they
do not Insist that their game be pink
or mm uie nur?s mey gei nve jr
a Jungle In India. Many of them
; journey no further than Barnegat and
do not worry over the color of th?
game If they only get enough.
The Weinnry of Ton.
The memory of you Is like a light;
A gleam of sun upon some old gra>
A flare of maple crimson In the fall
Or one lone candle shining In the night
And though to-day I may not sec the
bright *
Glad rapture of your smile, 1 may recall
Glimpse upon glimpse of you to banish
Earth's shrouding gloom, and turn graj
care to (light.
The memory of you will span the years
Building a bridge from that which
might have been
Across void chasms to the vast Tc
For sometime there will come an end ol
When things misunderstood now wll
be seen.
And I shall have you, not youi
Er,is a arm flcoixsan.
A Golden Leakage.
Invisible Transactions and Europe's
Ability to Pay War Debts. j
To Thb New York Herald: "When
an Individual or a nation cannot pay
the principal of an honest debt and can
pay the interest every fair motive commands
the principal to be secured and
the interest to be promptly paid" (Marshall,
House of Delegates of Virginia,
January 22, 1799, p. 90). This principle,
which Marshall declared found constitutional
sanction and formed the
basis of the funded debt, furnishes a useful
criterion both as to the allied debt
situation and the reparations question.
Ability to pay Is the first consideration.
America should estimate whether, 1
without reference to her tariff wall, she 1
is not furnishing to Europe both principal
and interest by losses inherent in J
invisible transactions such as lost ocean ]
freights and depreciation In purchases
of foreign exchange: whether the ability
to pay is not being directly created
as a present burden on American commerce.
The question then resolves it
sen into one 01 wnciner mis ireinen-1 i
dous annual loss does not overbalance
the cost to the taxpayer of marking
off European debts to the United States,
and to what degree may the loss through
Invisible transactions be legislatively '
corrected and the retention as surplus
wealth of the consequent saving made
to contribute to the reduction of taxation,
particularly that Incident to forgiving
these war debts.
For decades this has been going on
and for decades It will continue unless 1
the facts are faced and the seams In
the ship of America's commerce are
calked. It Is a golden leakage which
must be turned inward toward the ln'
ternal self-sustaining economy of this i
i country. Joseph Whitla Stinson.
New York, October 30.
Deborah's Soul.
The Prophetess Inspired Barak to 1
Fight Against Slsera.
' I To The New York Herald : Ambas- '
Bador Harvey's attempt to make a hu- ;
> morous address to an English audience
would naturally be taken seriously, i
1! though the subject given him, "Have
| Women Souls?" hardly calls for serious
treatment. His persiflage, under i
the guise of critical exegesis, Is amusing
' and clever.
* While his critics are citing instances
I of Hebrew women with souls let us not
[ forget Deborah, the great prophetess
. and judge of Israel, who Inspired Harak j .
. to flght against the enemy. Barak agreed j
to go If Deborah would go with him,
which she did, and after he sang his
' victory over the hosts of Slsera she
' added her own song, which Is one of,
' the most beautiful passages In Hebrew
. literature. (^. S. B.
'New York, October 30.
[ '
1 High Taxes in England.
:! Specifications In One of the Com.
pinims Against, liioya unorRe.
I j To The New York Herald: Nobody
I! can deny that Lloyd George worked
hartl during and since the war. The
great complaint that the taxpayers of
England have against him is that he
will not curtail expenditure but keeps
l launching Into new wildcat schemes of I
, spending money. Conferences, leagues of j
this and that ?11 take money to run and !
Lloyd George & Co. are 'groat hands at |
staging them and keeping themselves In '
I the limelight.
| England owes a lot of money. If a
' good business man finds himself running
Into debt the first thing he does Is
to practice retrenchment. The Gcddes
committee In England pointed out several
ways of saving to the late Government
; some suggestions were followed ;
but what t^as the use when other means
of spending were speedily found? To
pay for debts at home we English people
are heavily taxed; more heavily, I
believe, than any other nation.
Take my own case. I happen to be
master on a British steamship. Last
r year my income from all sources was
??10; say |4,0r>0. From this ?$10 be(
fore ever I handled It was deducted
?16* for Income tax, say $820. The rent j
' of my house before the war was ?40 a ;
vciir I hrmirht it rnitrlirht nine VMM
! i iiro. Rates and taxes have been going
> up ever since the municipal councils, tak- \
. : ing pattern from the Oovernment, are
^! spending money right and left. Last'
* 1 year the taxes on my house were. ?50,
1 say $230. So Mint out of my $4,060 sal'
! ary for last year I have paid in direct
i | taxation $1,070. Is It any wonder we
; ! taxpayers are kicking?
, ! British Ship Master.
New York, October 30.
Fires in Tenements.
Two More Possible Sources of. Dan,
fer Pointed Out.
i To The New YoUk Herald: The]
points mado In Joseph D. Holmes's let- |
ter regarding tenement house fires are'
well taken. 'There are other sources of
danger to consider also.
1 Baby carriages should not be kept In
1 the public halls In apartment and tcne- |
ment house structures. Another condi1
tlon which should have careful constd- J
'.cratlon by the authorities Is that In,
some anartment houses the elevator and
1 the main telephone switchboard are |
operated hy one person. Owners should 11
be compelled to employ one operator for
1 the telephones and one for the elevator.
1 I know of a case In Washington i
Heights In which Are started on the I
' fifth floor. The occupant endeavored to :
1 reach the telephone operator In the
' usual way, not caring to disturb the'
' other tenants unduly by opening the
* front door and creating additional draft!
end allowing smoke to enter the main j
j hall. The tenant had to wait for nearly |
five minutes before the telephone was
answered, the operator being on the eler
vator and In the basement of the build- i
tug, taking It easy. H. M. U.
New York, October 30.
i Sensible Shoes In Staten Island. I
To Thk New York Herald: In de- j
mandlng high shoes for women to wear j
In winter Instead of pumps and sandals
1 J. Edwards of Brooklyn was right. And 1
If women cannot And high shoes In th?
' great cities of New York and Brooklyn
let them come down to little old Staten
Island and here they can tlnd several
up to date stylea In women's high shoe*.
1 D. W. Clark.
} Tort Hichmond. October 30.
f Busy Week In the Osarfcs.
From the Otark Jlemoemt-Knterprite.
j Ozark Is strictly on the map this week, as ,
fellows: Monday, a little blown; Tuesday,
election; Wednesday, Nichols-Watson wadding;
Thursday, Circuit Court reconvened;
Friday, football. Charleston vs. Osark, and
Saturday, i clreus day. ,
n, 1922. Beethoven
Hutcheson, Lhevinne, Sal
Wendling Quart*
The Beethoven Association began Its
fourth season of six subscription concerts
last evening In Aeolian Hail. The
artists who gave their services for this i
entertainment were Ernest Hutcheson i
and Josef Lhevinne, pianists; Felix
Salmond, the Engllsh^-celMst; Georges!
Grisez, clarinet, and the Wendling !
String Quartet from Stuttgart, lately j
heard in Its own concert. The program j
consisted of the Brahms clarinet trio,
p ayed by Messrs. Hutcheson, Salmond
and Grisez, Beethoven's C major sonata,
opus 53, by Mr. Lhevinne and Max
Kcger's quintet for clarinet and strings.
Air. times ana tne Wcnuung musicians.
The Beethoven Association is unique
In that Its entertainments could not
bo presented under commercial conditions.
The fees of the assembled performers
would make the cost too great.
The musicians are volunteers who appear
for the sake of the cause which is
the artistic interpretation of masterpieces,
especially those of Beethover.,
and the aid of certain artistic enter-.
i?ast evening's program was not one
of the most uplifting that the associa- ;
tlon has presented. The Brahms clar- 1
inet trio is admitted even by his dis- 1
ciples to be one of his least inspired
creations. Of course it is characteristic.
No one but BraHms could have
written it. Not even one of his thousand
imitators could have approached it.
Yet is misses the supreme exaltation
which vitalizes the master's greater
chamber compositions and cannot keep
pace with the clarinet quintet made
also with Muehlfeld's tone and technic
in view.
Beethoven's "Waldstein" sonata is one
of his most popular works and in Its
last movement ascends to celestial regions,
but it has been hammered into
insensibility by so many heartless
pianists that Its charm exists now '
chiefly for those who have seldom heard
it. The Reger quintet doubtless owed
Its inclusion in the program to the
devotion of the four musicians from
Germany, where Reger's efficiency in
composition building is accepted as 6vi- i
dence of true greatness. Occasionally
he is an artist, but usually he is an
accomplished artisan.
However, the achievements of the
cAueiicni uiusiuiauD wuu vuiuiuccrcu iur | :
last evening's concert were such as
to give much pleasure to a large audience
of confirmed music lovers.
Nothing could have afforded more satisfaction
than the performance of the
A Boarding House Room. 1
I count the faded daisies on the wall !
Each night and morning, and I scrub
the stain
Upon the bureau drawer each day
It won't come oft; stray nits or celling
When foosteps hasten outside down the
With heavy tread; two wide eyed lovers
Above the mantel, where no embers
But feeble flames along a gas log crawl.
1 sense the brave youths that lived here
Dreaming wild dreams of wide success
and fame.
And wonder whence they went from this
warped door,
And if the things they longed for ever
Bare little room that keeps strange secrets
You lend me courage from your haunting
" t
The Original of Hortense. '
Dickens Attended the Trial of Maria '
Manning for Murder.
To The New Yop.k Herald: Your cor- i
respondent R. M. S. Putnam ask* details i
of the case of Maria Manning, who, with t
her husband, was hanged In Ixindon November
t3, 1849. for the murder of Patrick
I was very young at the time, but this
Manning trial I distinctly remember be- j
cause it created great public excitement.
Tha startling discovery of O'Connor's
body, the singularly base and cold
blooded treachery of the murderers, their j
flight and concealment, the reported t
beauty of the murderess and the firm- I i
ness nnd protestations of Infiocence by ' J
both all tended to stimulate morbid eu- t
rloslty. Everybody talked of the crime j I
and I recollect as a schoolboy seeing 1 i
men carrying In London street* rudely : i
painted canvases on staffs on both sides
of which were portraits nnd scenes and I
Incidents of the murder, the bearers j I
gathering a harvest of coppers by de- s
scribing the crime In stentorian tones. 3
to crowds at street corners. I
When I was a law student, reading
for the English bar, this murder trial
was nmong the leading criminal cases
because important points of law were
Involved, hence my familiarity with It.
Hortense, the French lady's maid In
Charles Dickens's "Bleak House." Is In- ,
tended as a portrait of'Maria Manning. i
at whose trial Pickens was present and ,
whose broken English. Impatient ges- )
Hires and volubility he has reproduced j
with wonderful exactness. The story of
the crime is briefly as follows:
Maria Manning, whose maiden name
was De Roux, was a native of French
Switzerland and was lady's maid to
Lady Blantyro, daughter of the Dueh- |
ess of Sutherland. She married George <
Frederick Manning, who had been a
railway guard?conductor?of the Oreat !
Western Railway Company. Maria Man- *
ninir had had a love affair with one Pat
rick O'Connor, a thrifty and well to <)o ]
pauper In the London Custom House.
Manning knew of their rclatlona, which f
rontlnued after the marrlaRc, apparently
with his connivance. On the mornlnir of i
August 9. 1849, O'Connor went to the
London docks In performance of his <
duties. At 4 o'clock he left the docks, having
finished his day's work, and by In- i
vitatlon went to the Mannings' to dine. j
Never afterward wns he seen alive.
The Mannings closed their house and
disappeared on August 13. It was proved j
that on August 11 Mrs. Manning went
lo a stork broker's office and changed a J
hundred pound banknote which had been I.
owned by O'Connor.
On August 17 the police entered the, j
house and under the recently disturbed
ttngged pavement of the kitchen was j'
found the body of O'Conner with a bul- 1
let in the brain and a fractured skull ! 1
caused by repeated blows from a hard
Instrument. The crime had been care- 1
fully premedltntcd. as a shovel and a
quantity of quicklime had been bought j
by the Mannings a few days before the
murder. The woman was arrested In Scot- j
land, the man In the Island of Jersey.
They were tried at the Old Bailey ,
Sessions. On October 25 the Jury, after '
three-quarters of an hpur deliberation.
I '....t: B . I M m m ... |. |
* s
oil's Concerts Start 1
mpnd and Grisez and
et in Program.
Mr. Grisez may or may not be the
squal of Muelhfeld. lie Is in no need
>f comparisons. He can stand for himiclf,
a clarinetist who lias an exquisite
one. a supreme mastery of graduation
ind a beautiful linish of Btyle. He
was well joined with such a tine cellist
is Mr. Saimond and such an accomplished
chamber music player as Mr
tiutcheson. It would be difficult to
ibtain a nicer balance of tone or clarity
>f ensemble than these three artists chained.
Miss Ethel Jones, mezzo contralto,
fave her first recital here yesterday in
iVeollan Hall. This singer, who comes |
!rom Chicago, was heard by a large and j
liscrlminaling audience. Her singing ,
was enjoyed. Hec program was not of
widest range. It began with modern '
trench songs, the llrst one oeing i
'Cloches de Paques." by Tournemlre; j
Russian songs figured In the second:
rroujL with Stravinsky's "Pastorale"; ;
:he TOird and fourth groups contained
ingllsh and?Amerlcan songs, among the !
atter being "The Sailor Wife." by Harry
Rurleigh, and "Go, Lovely Hose," which |
s dedicated to Miss Jones by Carol Rob- ;
nson. The singer was nervous at the,
uitset, but gained self-control later. Her j
rolce is a good one, although not all of!
>er tones were perfectly free. Her seectlons
had a tendency toward monot- ;
myt which her delivery shared to some !
iegree. But on the whole she was an
nterestlng artist, and in Fourdrain's
'L'Isba en Flammes" and Scott's "The ,
huckster" she showed fine dramatic
iblllty. Leroy Shield played good accompaniments.
Miss Helen Leveron, a mezzo soprano,
rom Des Moines, who was heard here
ast season and showed promise, gave a
song recital at Town Hall last evening,
.vith Walter .Golde at the piano. Her
crogram was one of wide range. There
vero old Italian and French airs, an aria
'rom "Mignon," Russian and classic Ger- ;
nan songs and American lyrics, with
leveral by Samuels Bennett, Ahnelt and
Silberta which were new. Miss Leve>on's
style has gained in freedom and
luthority. She rang with much understanding
of different schools and her
nood was varied with ease to suit the
exts she sang. There was some shortless
of breath in the old airs, nor was
ter line voice at all times well focused. ,1
Her recital gave evidently much pleas- . J
ound them guilty. They were hanged s
it Horsemonger lane Jail November 13.
.849, In the presence of 60,000 persons. J
The moot law points for the defense 1
vero whether the Manning woman, be-i
ng an alien, was entitled to a Jury |
mown as de medietate Ungusp, that la I :
lalf Englishmen and half foreigners, not! 1
tecessarlly compatriots of the accused. !
rhls was denied by the court on the
rround that her marriage to Manning
nade her a British subject. Another In*
creating point argued by her counsel I '
vas as to the control the husband had j
>ver his wife In the perpetration of the '
rime, and whether or not she waa a | :
veiling instrument. This point was also
iwept aside by the court, both prisoners
jelng equally guilty
Mr. Ballantiue, afterward the famous
terjeant at law, was Mrs. Manning's
:ounsel. I mode his acquaintance at
he Lotos Club in New York, when he
rlsited this country In the '80s. He
.vas renowned for his skillful defense of I
he Tlchborne claimant In 1871, j
Maria Manning maintained her lnno-1
icriCfi tO the last Armislnar h#?r hitohnnH I
iii the murderer;- A few days before his i
;xecutIon Manning made a full confes- I
don. At each examination and at the
rial and at even the execution Mrs.
Manning; was always carefully umi
<martly attired In dark, close fitting;
jowna, and sometimes wore a gaudy
thawl. She refused the consolation of .
eliglon but gave much time and atten- |
tlon to dress and her personal appear ince.
B. B. Vallentine. j
New York, October JO.
Think of Lunn.
Reason of a Democrat for Deciding
to Vote for .Miller. j
To Tite New York Herald: I asked a
Democrat last night how h? was going
;o vote and he replied that as both Smith
md Miller were good men he was going
:o vote for Miller because he was afraid
;hat If Smith were elected and should die
Lunn would be Governor an-.l Lunn was
i strong Socialist and a dangerous man
to have In ofllce as Governor. | (
n ut-mocrauc voters would Rive careful
consideration to this Important mat- j <
ter I think 60.000 of them would think 1
is thin man thinks and would vote for
Wilier and the safety of the State In
:he future. H.
Niv York, October 30.
1 I
Attributed to Hair Dye.
To The New York Herald: For the
nformatlon of "Humane" and his peace
jf mind I would suggest that the reason
why he sees so few gray haired patenters
In the subways Is that most of those ,
.vhose hair would be gray are probably
jslng hair color restorer. What could*
)e a simpler explanation? Diogenes. 1
New York, October 30.
Musical Nets From Arkansas.
OnrKtdn cdVre.ipoiufewe* tlir .Urnterrttonlm. ;
When the young people fall to have sing- I
ln?r* the faithful old frogs keep the good 1
nork going.
Exit October,
hie wayside weeds were white with ,
frost, the morning air was cold, |
! saw a gypsy lay who danced on fallen
leaves of ffrld.
She wore a scarf of amber silk, a scarlet
v ttlcoat. |
Knd hoo;>s of garnets In her ears and
coral at her throat.
She flung the yellow leaves aloft and i
strewed them far and wide,
'Come, see my gold and help yourself,
for 1 am rich," aho cried, i
'The sky Is blue, the sun Is bright, the
world from care Is free, ?
[ am October, prithee, shake a merry
leg with me."
V snowflnke drifted on the wind, the
day began to wane,
t vagrant In a ragged coat came shuf- j
fling down the lane.
The gold (alas! 'twas fairy gold, the
glitter that deceived) ,
Renenth his stumbling feet was turned
to heaps of withered leaves.
He lifted up his peevish voice and called
the gypey maid
\nd she put on a russet cloak and tearfully
\nd In the chilly dusk between the
sumo:'* last red ember
\nd gaunt gray ghosts of goldenrod she
vanished with November.
Minna Irtino.
i .. .. , i i 1
Daily Calendar ^
For Kastem New York?Fair to-day
and to-morrow; little change In temperature
; fresh northwest and norm
For New Jersey?Fair to-day and tomorrow
; little change In temperature;
ficsh northwest and north winds.
For Northern New England?Mostly
cloudy to-day; to-morrow fair; little
rhangc in temperature; fresh, possibly
strong, *north west and north winds.
For Southern New England?Fair today
and to-morrow; little change In
temperature; fresh, possibly strong,
rorthwest and north winds.
For Western New York?Fair to-day
and" to-morrow* little change In temperature
; fresh north and northwest
WASHINGTON, Oct. 30.?Pressure
emained abnormally low over the
Canadian maritime provinces and rela- '
tively low over the Gulf of Mexico and 1
die Middle and West Uulf States, while
another disturbance was over the Canadian
Northwest and moving eastward. ' ?
rhe area of high pressure from the Hudson
Bay region southward to North Car. ^ I
allna has remained almost stationary
during the last forty-eight hours. The
temperature continued much above J
nr.rmni in-iiav from southern Minnesota '
and southern Wisconsin southward to
the middle Gulf coast, but the weather
lecame cooler throughout the plains
States and the southern Rocky Mountain
The Indications are for a continuation
:>f fair weather without material change
In temperature during the next two days
In tlie lower lake region, the Ohio ^valley,
Tennessee and the Atlantic ' and
*a?t Gulf States, except that local rains
tre probable In the east Gulf States and *
jorlions of the south Atlantic States. ^
Observations at United States Weather 4
Hureati stations taken at 8 P. M. yesterday^
iiventy-fitth meridian time: v
Temperature Rainfall *
last 24 hra. IJarom last 24
.stations. High. Low. eter. lira Weather
U.llenc 58 r, 8 29.94 1.01 Rain
llbany 50 32 30.10 .. l't. Cldy
Atlantic City. 58 311 30.04 .. Clear l
nltlmore.... 00 42 30.10 .. Clear
llrmarck.... .34 32 30.00 .30 Cloudy
ioston 52 30 23.80 .. clear
luffalo 44 34 30.26 .. Clear
Iriclnnatl.... 80 44 30.12 .. Clear
Charleston... 78 00 30.00 .. Clear
hlcago 04 54 30.10 .. Clear
"leveland.... 52 44 30.24 .. Clear
icnver 40 30 30.00 .. Clear I
etrolt 54 40 30.20 .. Clear
lalveston.... 74 08 28.80 .. Clear
elenn 48 22 23.00 .. Cloudv
aek vtlle. Kla 82 08 29.08 .18 Pt. CldT
'ansas City.. 72 58 23.82 .. Clear *
.os Angeles.. 72 52 30.02 .. I't. Cldy J
d'lwaukeu... 50 52 30.02 .. Clear
tciv Orleans. 78 70 20.82 .. Cloudy
Iklahoma*... 00 54 29 94 .12 Rain
"lillnrlelnhin SO 38 30 08 Clear
-ittsburth... 64 44 30.16 . Clear
'ortland, Me. 48 36 20.04 .. Cleac
rtland. Ore 48 38 20.08 .00 Rain
Salt Lake City 46 36 30.08 .. Clear
an Antonio.. 82 70 2J.76 .. Pt. Cldy
Sen Diego.... 68 00 002 .. Pt. Cldy
Sen Francisco 66 52 50.06 .. Cloudy
Vattle 46 44 20* 2 .40 Rain
St. Louts 78 00 20.00 .. Cloudy
> . Paul 72 52 20.98 .. Cloudy
Washington.. 64 40 30.10 .. Clear
8 A. M. 8 P. M. i
Parameter 30,07 30.03
Humidity 59 50
Wind?direction N.W. N.W.
Wind?velocity Tt.... . 26 ?4
Weather Clear Clear
1'reclpitatlon None Nona
The temperature In this city yesterday, as
recorded by the official thermometer, is
shown In the annexed table:
8 A. M...38 1 P. M...53 6 P. 31...48
0 A. 31.. .43 2 r. 31...56 7 P. M.. .45
10 A. M... 46 3 P. 31... 36 8 P. M...44
11 A 31...40 4 P. 31...54 9 P. M...42
11! 31 50 5 I*. M.. .51 10 P. 31... 40
1922. 1921. 1922. 1911. '
9 A. 31....43 51 6 P.M....48 60
11! M 50 -57 9 P. 31 42 58
? , . III li -VIIO SU ? OT
Highest temperature, M, Rt 3 P. M.
Lovest temperature, 38. at U A. SI.'
Average temperature. -17.
"Tho English Novel In the Twentieth Cen- '
.ury," flrrt In a course of sir lectures by
J ugh Walpole, Brondhttrst Theatel, In tho
"Working Class Political Action: Is tha
lame Worth the Canrllo?" Norman Thomas i
>n the affirmative. Scott Ncaring on the
:< gatlve, supper conference. New York Com radorle,
White Hose Restaurant, i>8l Eighth ^
vvenue, 11:30.
Greenwich Village Historical Society, diner,
addresses by Representative T J. Ryan,
rurrogate J. P. Cohalan and others, Hotel
tenfarone, 0:43 P. M.
Traffic Club of New York meeting. Joseph
' Large on "Salesmanship." Waldorf-Astrla,
7:30 p. M.
New York Electrical Society meeting, C.
It. Ripley on "What" Electricity lias Done
'or Civilization," Engineering Societies
ttutldtng, 30 West Thirty-ninth etreet, H
\ M.
Central Branch Y. W. C. A., 376 Sehermer- "
urn street, Brooklyn, P. T. Bowers on
'What Does Advertising Work Offer ta
Women?" 3:15 P. M.
Park Community Council, non-partisan
ra?s meeting, addresses by Democratic and
Republican candidates, P. S. 37, Eightyleventh
street, near Park avenue. 8:17 P. St.
Brooklyn -Institute of Arts and Sciences,
'.lustrnted lecture, "From Sierra Crests to
['tah's Painted Canyons," Branson De Covi,
\vadeiny of Music, 8:15 1?. M.
Broadway Tabernacle Forum, nt Fifty- ^
itxth street. Senator Schuyler M. Meyer on
'Reasons for Voting the Republican Ticket,"
15 P. M. pj
The Writers, meeting. Hugh McNair Kahe>
on "A Workshop View of Storymaklug,"
13 Fifth avenue. 8:30 P. M.
luncheon, Theater Owners Chamber of
Commerce, Hotel Astor, 1 P. M.
Meeting of the Westchester Counts Chapter
:f the Red Cross, Hotel Commodore, 2:30
P. M. ) '
"Trend of the Times." by George A. Hastrig*,
at Wadlolgh II. S.t 11.1th street, east
it Seyenth avenue.
"Current Thought," by Dr. Alexander
I.yo-.s, at P. S. fltt. Eighty-eighth street, east
nf Klrst avenue. t
"Modern Masters of Eight Opera." by Miss
June Mullin, at P. ft. l.'t'J. 1v2u street and
U'ailmvorth avenue. Vocal selections.
"Scnya." by Miss ('.lady* Lott, at American
Museum of Natural History, Seventy-seventh
street and Central Park West. The first of
three drnmntlc readings of "Rtage Success
nt 1921-22."
"Music Wo All Should Know." by Miss
Mnrie Joseplilnc Wietlian, at Hunter College
Kixty-elghth street and Lexington avenue.
Illustrated at the piano.
"Sea Hovers Who Put America on the
,?ai>, ny evetozar I. Tonjoroff. at P. a.
56, -'07 th street and Hull avenue, The Bronx.
Bn rioptlron view*.
"Alaska," by Mux Kmma It. atclnrr, at
St. Anxalm'N Halt, Tlnton avenue. -ear 138tli ?
itreet, The Bronx. Stereoptlcon view*.
"Trend of the Time*," by Ml*s Jennie M. ?JI
Davie, at Hay nidge H. 3_, Vj. _ .. -.a
xntl Blxty-seventn street.
"Book of the Hour." ^ OnM
Troop, at Brooklyn 1'ubllc I,lb.?./, Pacific
Branch, Fourth avenue and Pacific street.
"Pottery and Porcelain," by Joseph P.
Hnrnev, at Ihibllc School 30. Conover and
\\< Dott turret*. fltereoptleoii vlrtv*.
"r'.'tne Native Composer* and Port*." by
MD: Holly Hamlin, at P 8. 17I. Dumont
nut Alabama avenue*. Ilecltatlona and piano
"Til" Story of the Telegraph." by Tatrlck
H. O'Neill, at P. 8. 1?. Ilmad and Wright
treets, atapleton, 8. 1. Btereoptlco i view*.
Feodor Challapln, Huusltin basso, will
arrive to-day by the Olympic of th?
White Star T,ine. Coming by thr same
steamship to help round out tho local
season In music are Josef Hofmann,
pianist; Hronlsinw Ifubermann, violinist,
and Mme. Frieda Hetnpel, soprano.
They took, part In the concert
on board Saturday night, at which
Prince Caslmlr I.abomtrski, Polish envoy
to this country, presided. Several
American and British girls pans, d the
hat and collected a four figured sum
for the benefit of American and British
seamen's charities. /
The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled
to the use for republication of all new* dispatches
credited to It or not otherwise
credited In this pan<T, and also tho local
news published herein. .
All right* of republication of special dispatches
herein are also reserved.
...' -.DjitC'ilAti-i.:. ,.i..-.D

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