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PUBLISHED flY GALES A HEATON.
Two Dollars a year; or On* Dollar for the firai regular tea aion of each Congreaa j and Fifty Centh for the final nession of each Congress; and the same for each Extra Session?pay able In all cases in adrance. COMPENSATIONS AND C0N80LATI0N8. In the beautiful letters of consolation and of grief ,between two celebrated men of antiquity, one of Jvises the other to take refuge, from the af q( a severe domestic loss, in the exertions of | public .affairs and the honorable pleasure of confer ring boners on his country. " Alas," he replies, " there was a time when such a remedy as you * propose might have availed, and when they whom individual calamities overwhelmed could escape * from their private misfortunes into the contempla tion or creation of public greatness or Jiappiness. * But now all this is denied us, and every distress at ' home is deepened by the spectacle abroad of pub * lie affairs as disheartening to the citizen as be 4 reavements like mine are to the man." Such i*, in no slight degree, the feeling which, for some time, has been spreading over the minds of many. A dangerous discouragement, amounting almost to dismay, has seized upon the public spirit. The good find that the most unprincipled counsels but too often succeed ; the able, who will not con sent to seek their support in every bad and shallow delusion, are dragged do^u and trodden over by every base competitor ; while the Public, continual ly, deceived in its unwisely etiosen favorites, is, be cause they whom it preferred have proved worth ies!, falling fast into the still more deplorable error of believing that all are corrupt alike. If, in the popular favor, honor, worth, patriotism, capa city, experience, Independence, and all that gives rectitude, zeal, loftiness, disinterestedness to public semte/are continually worsted by the fatal arts of the mere demagogue, so that fitness to perform one's part nobly and to serve the country usefully be comes an almost certain exclusion from popularity, what must follow 1 Ha who would rise must disen cumber himself of every inconvenient virtue abili ties must bend themp^lves, not to working out the public good, buMto^egering the prevailing popular pastion ; and all tbe good, who are not driven from public affairs, niust at last abandon them in despair. With tliis wid^M^^sion or1 withdrawal from the public emplo^M^^^HjfcMe who could give them a just dignitj|^^Hp^K*y, a still more genera) and disastro^^^^^Dp|p|one hand in hand?an of th^j^H^adt^ntelligent at large, who uakMlp direct share In politics, except as portion o^HLcoi^^ent body) might yet, by tieir votes or there, have at last re rieved thinjgmm tneirjfa|seat unhappy condition, jin them^p gloom oHong public adversity, the agit of nearly every hope, has at last engelttferM distrust of our institutions themselves jp and forebodings of a result so uniformly unfortunate, them, too prone to consider public over to hopeless confukion and error, abandon the struggle, and seek in the selfish care of their private pursuits the only remedy or compensa tion which public disorder and distraction can afford, i Yet, while the brave, the good, and the prudent fpreserve their courage and their constancy, there is always hope in public affairs. There is no nobler instance of Roman wisdom than that proceeding of their Senate after the terrible blow at Cannae. Instead of yielding to the popular consternation or visiting upon the unfortunate commander (as would be sure to happen in this country) the wrath which could only have weakened the public spirit still more, they sent a deputation to the brave but ill judging leader, to thank him that, after so dreadful an overthrow, " he had not despaired of the Re public ;" for they knew that while they kept alive in the minds ofatwir countrymen that loftiest of I resources, confidence their own brave spirit and in what that can effect, they could never be reduced too low for hope. Our own Revolutionary history affords a like example of magnanimous prudence in the resolutions sent by the Virginia Assembly to General Gates, after the disastrous battle of Camden. No man can, in such a contest as that we are now waging, safely quit the field. As to withdraw ing from the fight, abandoning the country to its fate, while we can yet " Strike on? stroke for life or death," no man should be weak enough to think of it. Unquestionably it is well to look after our private affairs, as so many of us have need to do. But what will it profit to have done so, if meantime we suffer those to take the sway whose success can give us nothing short of renewed ruin, public and pri vate 1 If, then, we go back to our fields, let it be as our ancestors did in Indian times, when every one ploughed with a rifle and shot-pouch at his back. The entire safety of all we have, public or private, is at stake. It is a question, almost now, whether we are to be a society or not; and every man should now work with one hand and fight Locofo coism with the other. THE POLITICAL BAT. When Esop, or Babrius, or whoever the Boyles ? and Bentleys may settle it to have bean, composed Ibis fable about that equivocal animal that thought to reign king of both birds and beasts, by being made up of either, he certainly must have had in his thoughts some political bat like that which we now havet flitting between night and day, and be longing to neither. It was a discreet thought of a creature of that size to supplant the eagle, that only soars by day, and the wolf that prowls only in the dark, by try 1 'n8 ,0 be fowl and beast at once. It flies, but not J enough for a bird, and loves that doubtful time of I day which birds shun : it has four legs, but creeps f very poorly, ai^Lto the eyes of a beast does not 1 look like oi^^^Hbey that have wings disown and cuff it, if it^QpjKome forth into the air while they are there; andthoae that go on all fours will hold no fellowship with It, because they think it hob once flown, however ill.* Nothing, therefore, is left to the poor paradox of .political zoology but to flutter about wh?? honest birds have gone to roost, and, in a twilight oT public affairs like the present, catch insects that are looking for offices. It is officially announced that the Hon. Abel P. Upsiiur (the present Secretary of the Navy) has been appointed to act as Secretarv of State ad interim. The office of Attorney General, vacated by the death of Mr. Legare, is yet vacant, so far as the public is informed. The duties of this office cannot be discharged vicariously, there being no provision by law authorizing an acting or ad inte rim appointment to that office in case of vacancy or absence. AS WE SUPPOSED. The New Orleans Bulletin of June 16 says: " An English gentleman who met at Havana with Mr. Simpson, the person of that name who figures so largely in the proceedings which led }o the ces sion of the Sandwich Islands, and who has gone via Havana with despatches from Lord Paulet to the British Government, informs us that Simpson rep resented to him that the seizure h**s without autho | rity of Government." * Ballotings for President are of frequent occur rence on the Western waters. Clav in every in stance has a very large majority of all the votes ; Van Buren, Johnson, Calhoun, and Cass follow after ; and generally in the order here given. One hundred and sixty-five Dutch firms and in dividuals, holders of American State stocks on which the interest has not been paid, have addressed a letter to Mr. Hugh.es, our Charg6 d'Affairs at the Hague, appealing to the national integrity and honor against the dishonesty by which they are suffering. "9? T* ~ Louisiana.?The election for Representatives in Congress from this State will take place in the first week of July. The candidates are: WHIGS. L0C08. George K. Rogers, John Slidell% Edward D. White, Alcce Labranche, James Belum, John H. Dawson, John Moore. Gen. P. E. Bossier. The Albany Argus desires its readers to under stand that the Whig press and party take sides against Repeal because " they deem the ignorant ' and prejudiced Irish unfit to have a Parliament of 4 their own and better governed by English task ? masters." A grosser misrepresentation could not well be penned. In the first place, the great majo rity of the country Whig press have warmly ex pressed their sympathies in behalf of the Irish Re pealers. And, in the second place, those papers which have discouraged agitation in this country have done so, not that they believed the Irish wrong in their demands for a local Parliament, but because they regarded it as one ?1 those questions of domes tic policy with which foreign nations had no right to meddle. The Argus, although aware of this fact, seeks to represent the Whig press as opposed to Re peal and as sympathizing with the English task masters of the Irish people. The only motive for such wilful misrepresentation must be a political one. But the misrepresentation and the motive are equally obvious, and jiierit, as they are likely to re ceive, equal condemnation.? Evening Journal. New Hampshire.?The Legislature ofthis State, after a spirited discussion, has voted, by 136 to 84, that no railroad shall be constiucted within its borders until the company shall first pay to each owner of lands which they propose to cross what ever he shall choose to exact for the privilege. This barbarian act, until repealed, knocks in the head all plans for any further extension of railroads within the limits of New Hampshire. One million of peo ple may earnestly desire the construction of a public work most vital to the interests of all, yet one ra pacious knave or obstinate dunce, who owns fifty acres of good for nothing ravine in some mountain gorges has the power to say to the whole State, " You shall not cross my land unless you pay me five million dollars for it," and the work is pa ralyzed. V A bill to divide the State into four Congressional Districts, in obedience to the Congressional Appor tionment act, has been killed in the House?laid on the table by 122 to 99.?New York Tribune. JoMcnoM op the Rhine and the Danube.?The canal connecting thoee two ureal rivers of Europe wu nearly com pletad at the last account*. It was to have been opened for navigation in a few days between Nuremburg, and shortly after through its whole extent, from the Danube to the Msyn. York Erprttt. Though the completion of this great work has been reserved for modern times, its conception and commencement belong to an age and generation ten centuries distant. In 793 the Emperor Charle magne formed the purpose of establishing a water communication from one extremity of Europe to the other, by means of a canal which should unite the waters of the Rhine with those of ihe Danube. With this object an army of workmea was assem bled, the Emperor himself superintending and di recting their labors, and for several months the undertaking was most industriously prosecuted. But sickness breaking out among the laborers, and distant wars demanding Charlemagne's attention, the enterprise was abandoned, only to be resumed after the lapse of more than a thousand years. [Albany Journal. The United States Arm*.?The improved i appearance of the soldiers of the United States Army is a subject of general remark. Necessity, four years ago, compelled the enlistment of foreigners ; this is now discontinued. The class of young Na tive Americans who now fill the ranks have greatly improved the appearance of the troops. f New York American. A contract has been entered into by competent persons (Messrs. Taylor, Fassett, and Avery, of Licking county) for the completion of the Miami Canal. The whole sum for which they have en gaged to complete the whole job (canal and reser voir) is $322,000, being $45,000 less than the ap propriation made for the work. Proposals were put in for the work by more than a hundred and fifty individuals. Money Matters.?The New York Commercial Advertiser of Saturday afternoon says ; " The intelligence reeeived since our last notice, per the Columbia, has had a depressing influence upon themaiket, and business in the street has been quite inactive. It was generally anticipated that the improved prices which had pre vailed on this side of the Atlantic for three or four months, and the firmness with which those prices were maintained, would restore the confidence of European capitalists in our securities, and excite a disposition to make new investments. It was supposed that orders for that purpose would be receiv ed by this steamer; and it is rather to the disappointment oc casioned in this respect than to any thing really unfavorable in the news, that the depression which has since existed is to b? attributed." THE WHIGS OF GEORGIA. A Convention of Delegates of the Whigs of the State of Georgia was held at Milledgeville on the 19th and 20th instant, at which seventy-six counties were represented. John Macpherson Berrien was by acclamation appointed President of the Convention. ? The proceedings of this Convention were worthy o[ its high character and patriotic principles ; and we have unfeigned gratification in being able to pre sent to our readers the substance of them, as follows : 7 A committee of twenty one delegate*, appointed to consid er such matters aa were proper to be brought before this Con vention, submitted the following, to wit: The committee have considered the question whether it is proper for this Convention to nominate a candida'e of the Whig party to fill the vacancy in our Congressional repre<-en talion expected to be produced by the resignation of the Hon. Mark A. Cooper. It is a question not free from difficulty ; but we hold that the law of Congres* prescribing the mode of electing members of the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States is constitutional; and that the election held in this State in October la?t in contravention of that law was wholly illegal and void; and that a valid and lawful election for that purpose cannot be held without farther legislalion upon that subject, either by the State or National Government. But we are admonished by the uni form conduct of the Democratic parly, in disregarding law arid juatice whenever that party considers it necessary to their supposed party interests, and especially by their conduct in the late New Jersey contested election, not to rely upon them for the execution or enforcement of the laws in this case ; but we deem it the duty of the Whig party to preserve the integrity of the law by defeating the Democratic candi date at the ballot box.' Tberefoie, we recommend to the Convention to proceed to the nomination of a candidate ef the Whig party of this State for Congress, in the event of the resignation of the Hon. Mark A. Cooper. Resolved, That the following gentlemen be appointed Delegates to the Wmo National Convention to be held in the city of Baltimore in May, 1844, and that they be in .tructed to vote for Henry Clay as the choice of the Whig party of Georgia as the candidate for the Presidency; and that, in the event of any vacancy in the delegation, the other Delegates be authorized to fill the same: J. Macpherson Berrien, James, S. Calhoun, William C. Dawson, A. H. Kennan, Thomas Butler King, F. M. Robinson, Jjott Warren, Joshua Hill, Robert A. Toombs, A. R. Wright. Resulted, That the Hon. Georue W. Crawford, of the cmnty of Richmond, be and he is hereby unanimously nomi nated by this Convention as the candidate of the Whig party for the office of Governor of the Slate of Georgia at the election in October next. Resolved, That the name of A. H. Stephens, of the ciunty of Taliaferro, be put in nomination by .this Convrn tion as the candidate for Cocgreas to fill the vacancy expect ed lo occur by the resignation of the Hon. Mark A. Ceoper. Resolved, That the committfe of twenty-one, or a majority of them, appointed by the President of this Convention, have power to fill any vacancy which may occur in the nomina tions made by tbia Convention, and lo nominate suitable can didates for other vacancies for those offices, if any should occor. Mr. Lcceitt, a delegate from the conuty of Taliaferro, offered the following resolution, (the President of the Con vention having retired, and Mr. Dougherty being in the chair,) which was unavimously adopted, vii: Resolved, That in relation to the question of the Vice Presidency, the Whig party has a decided preference for the able and dignified Senator from Georgia, the Hon. John Macpherson Berrien ; and that our Delegates to the Whig Convention to assemble in the city of Baltimore in May, 1844, be instructed unanimously by this Convention to urge his claims to that office. Mr. Chappell, of Bibb, then offered the following, which was unanimously adopted, vii: Resolved further, as the sense of this Convention, That the Hon. John M. Berrien is entitled to the spproval and thanks of his political friends and of the country at large fer the firm and patriotic spirit and high ability with which he has discharged the duties of a Senator of the United States, and particularly for the mamier in which he has sustained and vindicated the conatitutional lights and independence of the Senatorial office against the unwarrantable denunciations of a portion of the members of the Legislature, and theii lawless assumption of a right to control him by their instruc tions, and to drive him from his seat for disregarding those instructions. A committee of five was appointed by the chair to commu nicate the above resolution lo the Hon. John M. Berrien. The President, having resumed the chair, addressed the Convention at length upon the subject matter of the resolu tions adopted, and returned his acknowledgments for the high ly complimentary manner in which the body had bfen pleased to notice him during his absence from the seat. United States Steamer Union.?The Norfolk Herald of Monday says: " We have the pleasure to announce the arrival Of the United States steamer Union from an experi mental cruise, during which she has visited Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, at all of which places her means of propulsion, form, and construction n*t from the large num ber of persons visiting her very general and warmly express ed approbation." PREsBTTERiAN Union.?The Associate Reformed and the Reformed Presbyterian Churches of the United States have taken measures lo unite, under the designation of the Unit ed "Presbyterian Church in North America. They are to meet, by their representatives, in Alleghany City, near Pitts burg, on the 2.1 Tuesday of May next, to adopt a form of government, book of discipline, Ac. Case op Mrs Gilmore.?This ycfting woman, recently arrived from Scotland, and charged with murder, had a hear ing in New York on Saturday, before Mr. Rapelje, United States commissioner, when her counsel, Thomas Warner, Esq , said there were good reasons for believing her to be insane. He therefore moved for an adjournment, in order that medical men might have an opportunity to eiamine her, and observe her conduct, for the determination of the fact whether she be of sound mind. The examination was then adjourned to Saturday morning next, when physicians will be examined as to her insanity. ? Hemp Raised at Ashland.?We have at our office, ready for the inspection of the knowing or the curious, a specimen of water-rotted hemp, the product of the farm of Henry Clay, at Ashland, Kentucky. A large quantity of it has lately been sent tothisciiy for sale, some of which has brought upwards of ?190 per ton. The article is pronounced by com petent judges in every way equal to the best Russia hemp. It will no doubt in a few years become one of the prominent products of this country, instead of being imported aa now. Mr. Clay deserves his titlo of Cincinnatus, and increases the obligations due him from his country in turning his talents to the excellent use of adding to its productive wealth. [Philadelphia North American. The late Receiver at Chicago, Illinois, Mr. Prescott, has recently been tried before the United States Circuit Court at Springfield. He was charg.d with having embezzled some ten or twelve thousand dollars of public moneys. 1 he trial commenced on the 15 h instant, and the examination of wit nesses was continued until the following noon. In the after noon Judge McLean charged thejgry, (the case having been submitted to them without, argument,) and the jury decided the prisoner not guilty without leaving their aeats. r [Baltimore Patriot. The Cheraw (S. C.) Farmera' Gaiette says that a few days since the summer residence of Lawrence Prince, b.*q. situated in the Sand Hills, near that place, was destroyed by fire, supposed to be the act of an incendiary. On the Mon day following Mr. Prince, intending to move hie fsmily out on the next day, sent some of his servanta to prepare the bouse for their reception, when they lound it a heap ot smouldering ruin*. Thomas M. T. McKennan, the able, useful, and justly popular Representative in Congress from the Washington county district in Pennsylvania, has declined being a candidate for re-election. We can readily believe what the Washington Reporter says on the occasion in the first part of the following paragraph ; and we can from our own knowledge confirm what is said in the latter part of it, that Mr. McK.'s declension will be unwelcome news to the whole Whig party : " The withdrawal of Mr. McKennan from public * life will be no unwelcome news to those friends * and neighbors who are the every day witnesses of 4 his usefulness, and who enjoy the pleasure of his 4 society, and to his family it will be joyful news 4 indeed ; but to the community at large, and the 4 Whig party in particular, both at home and abroad, 4 this announcement will be received with regret, 4 that one Who has done so much for his country, 4 and who is so well calculated to be eminently use 4 ful in public Jife, has sought repose from its toils 4 and xlr".^t:ry in retirement." Mr. McKENNAN'S LETTER. Mr. Bausman: I observe from your paper that the kindness of my friends in different parts of the county has presented 'my name again for the Congressional nomination for this dis trict. I gratefully acknowledge and highly appreciate the coutinued Confidence of my patriotic and intelligent consti tuents, who have so faithfully sustained me throughout a long term of public service, and would be willing to make any reasonable sacrifice to gratify their wishes. But my interests, my professional engagements, my comfort, and my duty to my family, all imperiously demand that I should retire from public life; and i'am constrained to say that I cannot be a candidate. When I suffered my name to be mentioned to supply the vacancy in the last Congress occasioned by the decease of | the lamented Lawrence, I requested a friend to announce to the Convention that I could, under no circumstances, content to be a candidate for further elections; am] as this was the understanding at the time, I am sure that none of my friends will censure me for adhering to that determination, I have less reluctance now in announcing my determina tion to withdraw because I know we havo in the district many good and true Whigs who can ably and faithfully re present the interests of the district, upon one of whom 1 hope our friinds will unite, and give to him their firm and hearty support. Yours, &c. TH. M. T. McKENNAN. Wakiinoton, (Pa.) June 16, 1843. ' FROM HAYTI. The New York Commercial Advertiser has advices to 1st instant from Port-au-Prince. The principal item of intelligence is the promulgation of a Government plan for suppressing indolence, and for encouraging agriculture among the people. Out of 6,000 voters in Port au Prince only 300 had subscribed their names on the list of electors for members of the Convention which is to meet in July aid form a Constitution. Unit?d States Iron War Steamer.?The Pittsburg Ame rican states that the iron war steamer now being built at that place for the United States service on Lake Erie is fast ap proaching the point' when she will be ready to be taken to pieces for the purpose of shipment to Erie. Her dimensions are as follows: Length of keel . 156 feet 4 inches. Length on deck . . . 167 " 6 41 ?? Length over all . . . 176 " 6 " C.-radth of hero . . . 2} " Breadth over guards . . 45 * 10 11 D.pth of hold . . . 12 " Height from lop of keel to top of rail 17 " 10 " The hull of the vessel is entirely of iron, except the gun deck. There are four water-tight bulkheads athwartships, for the better security of the ship against sinking. There are four keelsons for the engine-frames to rest upon, and one main keelson 17 inches deep. The bottom planking is 3 8 inches thick, the keel 5 8 inches. The wheel-house and guards will be entirely of iron. She will have three mas(s, and be schooner rigged?is pierced for 16 guns, but her pre sent armament will be two 64 Paixhan guns on pivots, and four 32-pound carronades. The whole will be ready to trans port to Erie about the 1st of July. PENNSYLVANIA. Governor Porter has vetoed the bill for the sale of the main line of the public works of Pennsylvania, which was left in his hands at the time of the adjournment of the Slate Legislature. His veto message is sent to the Secretary of Stale, with instructions to present il to the Hou?e of Repre sentatives within three days after the meeting of the next Legislature. The Governor's principal reasons are: First, that the 23d section, which provides the mode for repealing or forfeiting the charter of the company in case of any violation of it, give* a perfect immunity to the company for any infraction of its charter, as it allows it to enjoy and possess all its rights, privileges, and franchises, as if said judgment of forfeiture had not been pronounced, until the Commonwealth pays to the company the par value of its stock, ($16,000,000.) The payment, the Govertior says, would be a moral impossibility, and would be a temptation to the company to violate its char ter, to make the Slate pay the par value of the stock, which was bought and subscribed at less than fifty per cent, of its nominal value by the stockholders. Secondly, he deems the measure impolitic and unwise, and though he signed a bill substantially the same for the creatioh of the Delaware Canal Company, yet he did it more in accordance with the rish of the people, announced through the Legislature, than from Any conviction that it would be to the public interest. He still thinks that the works would be liable to fall into the hands of foreign capitalists, and become private monopolies. The income from them this year will greatly exceed last year, and there is every reason for confidence and hope in the future value of these improvements. If they are sold, he s&ys, that if, instead of confining the commissioners to taking sub scriptions of stock on the terms mentioned, they were allowed lo sell the stock at public auction to the highest and best bid ders, in amounts to suit purchasers, an advance would prob ably be realized beyond the simple subscription. The Influenza, heretofore noticed as prevailing in New York, appears to be spreading itself over quite an extensive range of sountry, both north and south of that place, and some cases have already occurred at Baltimore. It is said that frequent smelling at a common salts bottle, or a vial of spirits of hartshorne or ammonia, will alleviate it in an hour or so. Drawing a few deep inspirations of the volatile mat ter into the lungs from the mouth of the vial is alto suggested. Nine prisoners escaped from the penitentiary at Jefferson city, Missouri, on the 10 h instant, by knocking down the guard at one of the gates after it had been opened by him. They were immediately pursued, and six were apprehended, not, however, before two of them had been mortally wound ed. One of these, named Buffalo Bill,; who was the leader of the revolt, before expiring, confessed the particulars of the Floyd murder, and disclosed the names of the parties engaged in that, bloody transaction. This desperate man had been tried for the murder of Major Floyd, and acquitted for want of evidence. He was subsequently imprisoned for parsing counterfeit money. DisaureeaBi.s Pr kmc am but.?On Wednesday night a fellow somewhere about Front street, Philadelphia, attempt ed to break into a house by crawling down the chimney. He got in easy enough, but when he had started down he became wedged so fast that he could neither "go ahead" nor "back out;" there he struck, and was compelled to hallo most lustily for help, which soon came. A rope was thrown him, but he was so olOsely hugged in the dark embrace that rope-power would not budge him : it was therefore necessary to cut out the chimney wall nearly his entire length before he was released. We think this chimney should be repaired and purchased by the City Council ; it is decidedly the most successful rogue-catcher we know of, for the opportunity it haa Philadelphia Inquirer, ' DELEGATES TO THE WHIG NATIONAL CON VENTION. At a Whig Convention in the fourth Congression al district o! Illinois, T. L. Dickey, Esq. ap pointed a delegate from that district to the Whig National Convention which is to meet at Baltimore hi May, 1844. At the District Convention of the Whigs of the third Congressional district of Vermont, holder at Burlington on the 8th instant, John Peck was unani mously elected a delegate to the National Con ventipn to be holden in May, 1844, and Samuel W. Keyes as substitute. Both these gentlemen are said to be warmly in favor of the election of Hen ry Clay. 1 he Whigs ol Georgia have acted promptly and definitively in this matter?they having, as will be seen on reference to the proceedings of their late State Convention, selected a full complement of Delegates to the National Convention, under in structions to vote for Henry Clay. WHIG CONVENTION IN MISSISSIPPI. The Whigs of the State of Mississippi met in convention at Jackson on the 12th instant, for the purpose of nominating candidates for Governor, -Treasurer, Secretary of State, and Auditor of Pub lic Accounts. It was one of the largest assemblages of the kind ever convened in the State. The utmost harmony and good feeling prevailed throughout its deliberations. Numerous eloquent and able speeches were made by the Hon. S. S. Prentisis and other talented gentlemen present during the session of the Convention, which lasted two days. On Tuesday evening an adjournment was carried, after nominat ing unanimously the following candidates : FOR GOVERNOR, GEORGE H. CLAYTON, of Lowndes. FOR SECRETARY op state, LOUIS G. GALLOWAY, of Holmes. FOB AUDITOR, LUKE LEA, of Hinds. FJR treasurer, WILLIAM HARDEMAN, of Madison. Hie gentlemen composing it are all men of high character, and as true Whigs as any State in the Union can boast. No Congressional nominations were made, for the reason that the State has not been districted in ac cordance with the act of Congress. If the Legisla ture, which convenes in July, performs its duty and divides the State into Congressional districts, each district will make its own nomination. But if that body refuses obedience to the law of Congress, the Whigs will take no part in the matter, but allow the election to go by default.?New Orleans Tropic. A SUBLIME SCENE. A citizen of Erie, Pennsylvania, writU_ Erie Observer, thus describes a scene which nessed on Lake Erie on Sunday morning, bet 10 and 11 o'clock : The line of the horizon upon the water was as distinctly marked as the boundaries upon a map, without an interven ing object in view beyond the land upon this sh?re. Yet, at ao apparent elevation above the horizon of nenrf) two decree* to its water line, a ship appeared in full and periect view hull, masts, and rigging all in order, and moving majestically through the heavens. At an deration somewhat higher (say two and a half degrees above the horison) appeared a faint outline, which, from its enape, w?* supposed to be Long Point, distant about thirty aides,-??d consequently re quiring an elevation above the water-level here of nearly ?even hundred feet to be seen without the aid of refraction. Between the horizon and the vessel, as well as for several de grees above her, the apg^^nce was that of a sky clea clouds, but dimly obscureS^a light mist. " I have several times before now seen Long Point I this shore much more distinctly than on the prevent occasion; but it was then accompanied by a continued appearance the water to its very beach. The singularity of case is, that the water disappeared beyond tile h? the opaque objects alone were refracted, giving I pearance of being suspended in mid-air. that of the Arabian desert, is often se^S^^L wilds, but it is very seldom that the refraction of sphere brings to view such scenes as the above. In climates, where refraction accompanies reflection, several views of the same objects have been seen in the sky, no thai upon the top of one would appear it? counterpart With the apex reversed." ^ 1 The following letter from Mr. Grattan, the British Con sul at B >?ton, declining the invitation to attend the Bunker Hill celebration, turns off an awkward affair in a very plea sant manner: British Consulate, Boston, June 14, 1843. Dear Sir: I beg to thank you for your obliging letter, and, through you, the committee of the Bunker Hill Asso ciation for their invitation to join in the celebration on the 17ih instant. Under the peculiar circumstance* of the occasion I feel very sensibly the liberality of the invitation. It would have given me great pleasure, on personal accounts, to be with my colleagues of the consular corps in the place assigned to us in the ceremenies. But, on consideration, I think it better, forseveral reasons, that I should respectfully decline the honor intended to me by the coTnmittee, and I have no doubt the gentlemen composing it will understand my motives, without requiring of me the somewhat difficult and always doubtful tank of " defining my position." Trusting to your kindness to make known my sentiments to the other members, I am, dear sir, with much truth, your obliged and obedient servant, * T- c- GRATTAN. G. Washington Warren, Esq. SLOW MOVING JUSTICE. At the trial of Wm. H. Piatt, in Augusta, (Ga.) for the murder of Mr. Hardino, three hundred and fifty-three per sons were " sounded" brfore a jury could be obtained. More than fifty witnesses were subpuenaed. The examination of seven of them consumed two days. On the 22J instant, the jury after an absence of about forty-five minutes returned a verdict of " Not Quilly." " Thus," says the Augusta Chronicle, " is settled, so far as the verdict of this jury can, settle it, that in Richmond county, in the city of Augusta, a man may, at midday, in the principal street of the city, shoot down another without provocation, or without such provocation as the laws of the land recognise, and be turned loose upon the country, with his hands imbrued with the blood of his victim, ' unwhipt of justice.' If such a verdict met any other than the execra tion of the great mass of our population it would indeed be a deep disgrace." Important Decision.?The laat Alton (III.) Telegraph says: " I'he Circuit Court of.the United States for this dis trict decided last week, in a case brought before the Court, that the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States only settled the question thatjhe two-third or valuation law of Illinois was unconstitutional when applied to the foreclo sure of mortgages; and that upon all judgments at law where the centract or cause of action accrued prior to the first day of May, 1841, the valuation law waa applicable apd binding, and that sales upon execution must be made in Vc<3>rflance with its provisions. The attorney for the plaintrflV*i/r thia case has taken exceptions, and the case will go up to the Su preme Court of the United Statea, and in all probably be argued and decided at the next January term." The New Orleans Mint.?The " Cresent" of the 17th instant says : " Our mint in thia city is now in a flourishing condition, and has in deposite at the present lime nearly S3,(XX),000, most of which is gold. It is not generally known that our moneyed men, who are in the habit receivfc large quantities of foreign gold, send most of infefhfc blishment to have it melted and recoined into ney. The premium on this is sufficiei handsome prollP' and there u | DISASTROUS CONFLAGRATION IN C^#ADAl The Tillage of Boucherville, which stand* oo the south aide of (he river St. Lawrence, and about ten miles below Montreal, was almost entirely destroyed by fire on Tuesday week. The fire broke out about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, and waated its fury about ten o'clock at night, after having apread over a apace of ground nearly a mile fa) length. A list of the sufferers, it ia atated, would embrace almost ? cen aua of the village, which contained ft popalation approximat ing athouaandaoula, many of whom haes toet all their work effects. We have the lateat account of calamity in the Montreal Courier of' Destruction of the Village of Be We are worry to aay that the fear* we eX[ respecting the extent of the fire at Booehervil)s have been too nearly realized. At halfpaat 9 o'clock yesterday morn-t | ing the Colbomt proceeded to Boochenrille, taking a qaait? tity of proviaiona for the uae of the unfortunate sufferer*. On reaching the village, the inhabitants were found endeavoring to collect the scattered wreck of their properties, and the scene which presented itself waa really piteous. On every side were blackened walla atill giving forth smoke and flame, whilat what had been beautiful gardena were reduced to waste by the trampling the villagers as they rushed from the acene ol destruction. Before this conflagration, Boucher ville was one of the prettiest villages on the banks of. the St. Lawrence, furnished with a number of good stone houses, which gave an air of substantiality to the place. Now it can hardly be said to have a place on the map. Fifty-two houses have been destroyed, beaidea other ^Idinga. The Church, Convent, and School-bouse are gone; all the principal atores, with the houses of many of the principal leaidenta, are reduc ed to ashes. Just enough is left to ahow the terrible destruc (ion which has taken place. The Church of Boucherville waa ft fine buildiogiplaced in an open apace in the centre of the villftge, and facing on th? river. It waa furniahed with an orgftn ftnd four bells. The rapidity with which the flames Spread prevented any thing from being aaved. Of the bells, three were melted, and the foorti* rendered entirely uaeleaa. The Convent, which is cloee ta the church on the right, was deetroyed at the same time. The presbyt&re, which is on the left, and the house occupied by the e?6que, which is a short distance removed, both fortu nately escaped. The beautiful garden, however, ftttftched to the former, has sustained great injury* Among the property destroyed were three fin< belonging to Messrs. Roy and TeBDelle, whe be very great. The other storekeepers whose | burnt are Gautier, Amie Dog as, end Coll had two stoics, both of which ftfe deetroyed. horse, severil cows, pigs, sod a grant deal becD consumed, but it is some salisfftCtlon tt We saw one poor child whose burnt in bringing him through tha i juries of this kind not saeataf the fire is attributed, i lievroorrectly attribut ehimney of named Wilbrener, end ad to the adjoining bmldings. ?I uuiacj oc*c bee^ const] been lost, been tSSfa yond a WW yond T> son to the sparks from ing to fti flames qi W 1lJurH Oo| ks from thee t '"MMHdsi ui^J^a | ? PtJ 1 atoree ?tier uftble of BLIC LAND SALES. Extensive Salb jpr Government Lands.?The Pr dent of the United tijtktea baa iesued five proclamations, e bearing date the eigtfth instant, and describing certain ernment lands to be offered for sale at the periods the: mentioned, to wit; In the State oflticbifan, at (be land office at the sales will eosMMnce on Monday, October 9th,' disposal jf eighteen townships and fractional townships" of the bese line and east ?f the meridian, and of north of the bsM Una ami of the meridian. At office at Detrcit the saM wffl commence on Moo t#mbertiMi.4or thed'-T***! six lote rsaanU; township six, south of range ten and In the State of Illinois, at Dixon on the 30th of October next; a tember; at Daoville ftt Bid war Pr and practicable The Dun or1 in ft spsseh laUly i General Government States recommended by quota received by Indiana.^ $6,000,000 of her indebted! $2 000,000 to be provM raised by an assessment Of ten dollars, and ftt ft rate of US Of on*half now puid. 'ijl'i ! American Locomotives.?At a meeting of UmTOHI En gineers Institution in London, some tine since, th* subject American locomotive steam engines w?edi*eaeed. It wee stated that the superiority of the American locomotives was incontestable. In a trial on an inclined plane, in American " Bi>gie" engine, with a cylinder of I8t inches in dial driving wheels 4 feet diameter, weighing 14 tons, oodj gross load of 54 tons up the incline at the rate an hour; while the best of the English engines, inch cylinder, 5 feet driving wheels, end wei| drew 38 tons up the incline at the rate of si& miU hour. It was stated that the America* engines consumed a greater amount of fuel thin the English. Reines, one of the persons arrested in this city some week* ago on a charge of being an accomplice of Breedlove in robbing the New Orleans custom-house of Treasury notes, has been released from imprisonment al New Orleans on hie own recognizance in the sum of five hundred dollsrs. He was examined before Judge McCaleb, of the United Statee Circuit Court, on Monday week, on a writ of hsbeas corpus. It does not appear from the confeesion of Breedloyb that he was in any way concerned in the robbery, ftnd other evi dence goes to prove sn alibi. The examination of JeweLi was continued to the following day. A Relic op tbe Revolution.?Died in Derry, (N."R$ on the 8th instant, Major Georub Burnham, in the H4thysax of his age. He served in the CogiiMMMJtaHF'lhloui entire Revolutionary struggle wit to visit his friends, and was enf, the Revolution. He possessed sin iatsUsetof hi which he retained in an extraordi period of hia life. FROM the JOURNAL 09 pOMMBR.^ Tricks upon Countrymen.?A coentrymftn from Scl harie county, who came to town for the Srst time in hie life on Thuraday evening, left hie lodging* In Greenwich streeti before brenkfaat yeaterday morning to lakes looh at lh tropolis. He had not proceeded far wlfcn he was sai by some person who offered him two dollars to l the arbitrament of ft bet. The other party to I little way off. Wheal til was desired to hold th| ft roll of bills, which to depoeite in his his constituents will ment tbst required the < deretsnd, the other countryman had iht.