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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, February 01, 1845, Image 2

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Saturday, January 25, 1845.
As soon as the Journal of yesterday had been read
Mr. ADAMS requested the jwtuiasion of the House to urnke
?n explanation ; to which no objection Iteing made, he was per
mitted by the Snunea to proceed.
He read from the National Intelligencer of this morning the
hrief notice of the remarks which he had yesterday made in
< ommittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, which
not.ee concludes tlnis : " HU general portion wm, that, with
* <rec rol? -,?ve'7, the coiwent of Mexico obtained
vote for annexation to-morrow."
He had, in the course of hw remarks, said what may be con
sidered of similar import-that if slavery in Texas were to
?ir forever abolished, and the voluntary consent of
Mexico could be obtained, he would vote for the annexation of
IT* , not bv any of the bills or resolutions now
Ik 'ore this or the other House ot Congr?iw, all of which were
beyond the constitutional jiowers of Congress But he would
vote or the acqmsiUon of the territory by treaty, duly nego
tiated and ratified, and for the union of the people of Texas
with the people of the Unite.! States by measures for obtain
ing the consent of both, which act neither of them had ever
delegated to the Congress of the United States the power to do
lor them.
Mr. Adams reminfied the House that he hail yesterday ex
plicitly stated that this had been his opinion in the case of the
purchase and acquisition of Louisiana, and that this opinion
stood recorded on the journals of the Senate at that time : but
Mr. Rovi'li* M. SivxritH* interrupted him, and objected
o run proceeding further ; vr here upon he concluded and took
OM scat.
Mr. DROMGOOLE moved that the rules prescribing the
order ol business be susjiended, and that the House resolve
iteelf into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union
and resume the consideration of the joint resolution, rciwrted
from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, for the annexation ol
Texas to the United States.
The motion prevailed, and the House resolved itself into
Committee *f the Y\ hole on the state of the Union according
J'?i ?fVir?:inia' in Chair.)
Mr. 8'I EPHENS, who was entitled to the floor, occupied
his allotted hour, though under severe indisposition, in an im
pressive s|*>ech, in which he avowed himself strongly in favor
r u measure of annexation, but stated the grounds
of hi* objection to most of the metho.1* which had been sug
gested for eflectmg it. 5
He was succeeded by Mr. WOODWARD, who went into
*n elaborate argument in defence of the constitutionality of an
neirng by a joint resolution, and in defence of the strict con
structionists for assenting to this mode.
Mr. RAVNER, borrowing a moment by permission of Mr.
Ausur, who had the floor, complained with much warmth
I, 'i k?i u r8l?rn Whig who was opposed to annexation
bad an opportunity of explaining the grounds of his oppo
sition to the measure. He wished to let the people know that
y some system of management here no Southern Whig had
lieen suffered to open his mouth.
The CHAIRMAN called him to order for these remarks,
and vindicated the course of the Chair.
Mr. CAU8IN occupied the fragment of time yet remaining
before two o'clock (the hour lixed for the termination of the
,a ver}' carneiit speech against the measure proposed.
? ?r* KATHBl N moved that the committee rise with a view
of having a call of the House, but afterwards, as there was
a general expression of disapprobation against it, withdrew the
The CHAIR stated that the question would be put first on
the amendment submitted yesterday by Mr. Own, to the re
solution reported from the Committee on Foreign A flairs and
which Mr. Doi olass accepted as a modification of the amend
ment moved by him on the 23d of December.
This amendment proposed to strike out all the resolution
reported by the Committee on Foreign Affairs after the enact
ing clause, and insert that which follows:
? I?1? '-hr .Co"8rcss .'loth consent that the territory richt fully
included within the limi ts of Texas be erected into a" new State,
to be called the State of Texas, with a republican form of eov
emment, to be adopted by the people off exas with the consent
ot the existing Government, upon the following; condition]) and
guaranties,.which,.when adopted as aforesaid, shall be obli?.
UM7 ** upon die |ieople of Texas as upon the United States.
} . ""t tlie said Sute be formed subject to the adjust*
raeot by the Government of the United Suites of all questions ol
boundary that may arise with other Government*.
" Second. That the Constitution of the said State of Texas
w.ih the proper evidence ot its adoption by the iK-ople thereof!
transmitted to the President of the United States, that the
?.v be Ml betoiv Congress at its next session.
YTtorrf. 1 hat 1 exas slmll retain her public lands and other
puMn: projierty, aud remain, as at present, responsible for her
" hereafter, with tlie consent of the legisla
ture of tlie_ State now proposed to be admitted, new States be
formed within the jurisdiction of said State, said new States
anall not exceed three in number, in addition to the said State.
And such new States shall be admitted into the Union with or
without the institution of slavery, us the (icople, in each of the
aaid States respectively, may at the time of their application to
LzO'igrrss For admission, determine."
And on the question to acTee to Mr. Owix'i amendment
as above, there appeared veas 96, nays 107.
The question then arose on the amendment moved on the
19th ?f December by Mr. Wi.li.eb, proposing to strike out
?'J?* the resolution reported from the Committee on Foreign
Tli "?|f thr rnartinK <*lauae, and inserting the following:
" ilwt from and after the passage of these resolutions, (the
supreme authorities of! exas concurring therein,) the territory
now know n as the Republic of Texas be and the same is hereby
annexed to, and made a portion of, the terrritorv of tlx- United
- j- * ^ *'n<' be ft fa ther resoived, That the people now
residing n|K*i the said territory, and within the limits of Texas
shall be incorporated into the union of the United States, and
|?roteeted in tlie free enjoyment of their liberty and property,
and,admitted, as soon as may be consistent with the principles
or tlie federal Constitution, to the enjoyment of nil the rights,
privilege., and immunities of citizens of the United States.
"Sec. .i. .bid be it further renohvd, Tliat tlie said territory
hereby annexed shall be known as tlie " Territory of Texas
and until otherwise ordered, the laws of Texas'now existing
shall remain in full force ; and all executive and judicial officer*
ol Texas (exee.H tin- President, Vice President, and beads ol
1 "'partments) shall retain their offices, with all authority and
sp|H-rtaining th.-reto; and tl?e courts of justice tin re es
tarnished shall, for tlie present, remain as now organized.
" Sec. K. . inri be it further removed, Tliat all titlvs and claims
to real ektate, valid uwler the existing laws of Texas, shall Im
?let-tn?fl and lield so by the (iovemnM*nt of the United States.
? "l u '1*1 fx it .further re?otved, l liat the public lands
in the swd territory lie and the same are berehj pledgml for tlie
pajinent of the debt, however created, anterior to the imssa^i
ol Uiesr resolutions, {,* which the fkith of the (iovernment of
aniountiHg as is suniM>sed, to ten mil
lions of dollars. 1
, r' ^ ?^J1' ^further reeoh-eil. That commissioners
shall hereafter be apiwniiteil, under such restrictions as Uoner-ess
may ini|K)se, to examine and report the claims which ,,ia\ be
presented against the Government of Texas, in order that the
proc?*dsofthe public lands, as aforesaid, may U applied to the
extiiiguishment thereof. . ' / i i
. ~?1n? ''.J"?'*'' re-hrd, That commissioners
shJI hereafter l^ap,K>i.,t.-d, who shall establish the ?K.undaries
and divide said territory m such manner and form as Coarress
may nireet. "
"? *dj?rtl*r r,?h<e,l, That a, vkhi a. the su
prenie authonties of Texas shall signjfy their approval of fh. s,
SS&SSXir" - """ ?-*?
Mr. HAMLIN, of Maine, moved to amend this amendment
of Mr. W cLi.Ka by adding to tha arcmnl section thereof the
Muowmg :
"And the terms.upon which sai.l territory shall h- admitted
as States into the I nion shall Im- deterroinct hv Conirress st tl.e
time of admission and in accordance with the Constitution."
This was lost, only thiity-five members voting for it.
Mr. ELMER moved to amend the amendment of Mr
WtLtra, by striking out all afer the word "That "with
which it commence*, and inaertina the following :
" The Congress doth consent that the ten itory ri^.tfulH '
lniJuded within the limits of Tfxas bi- erected'into ? ,M-i !
State, to be called the State of Texas, will, a republican form
of government, to be adopted by the people of Texas with the i
consent of the existing Government, upon the following condi
tjons ami giuranties, which, when adopted as aforewid, shall
be obligate as well upon the people of Texas as upon the
Unlteo Htatrs. 1
?? Fir*. Tlwt said State Im- formed suhjwt to the adjustment
by the Government ol (Ik- United States of all questions of
boundary that may arise with other Governments.
?? Secotul. Hiat the Constitution of the said State of Texas |
with the proper evidence of its adoption bv the people thereof' I
be transmitted to the President of the United States, that the
aame may be laid before Congress at its next session ' 1
"Third. That Texas shalfretain her public lands and other !
public properly, and remain, as at present, responaible for her I
, " *''""?'2 That if, hereafter, with tlie consent of the legis- !
I at u re of the State now pro^?ose?l to be sdmitt.-d, nesr States h<- :
formed within tin- jurisdietion of said Slate, said new States
shall not exceed three in number in addition to the said State
and in that one of the said new States which sliall be first adl
mitted, and in one other of the said new States, slavers or in
voluntary servitude, except for tlie punisliment of crimes sinIII
not exist." '
This proposition of Mr. Kl*ra was also lost, sixteen mein
l?m only voting in tlw aflirmative.
Mr. ROBINSON then moved fo amend Mr. Wkller'h
amendment by striking out all after the word " That," with
which it commence*, and inserting as follows;
"That ao much of Texas as may be embraced in an art*
TV'?r*?linK .th?1- ^ ,,,e UrT"' '? Union, and as
liafl Im- deaerilM.il in the constitution to lie adopted as het-.
.nafter provided, shall, on the adoption of a constitution by
tte jM-opletl^crf ?? a State, In accordance with the Con
st.tutioi. of the United States and of the provisions of this
arr, and on the transmission of such constitution to the Pre- I
anient on or before the 4th of July next, Im- and the samr- ,,
bS?rfXr?sjrl*~Uo" ?wi; ~ i
.i",8**:.8-. Tliat such constitution
.tii/ L. l'<",l,nK lo ll?? United Stat,-, the juris
U,'.," ufue "l,U l-' T<*?, i., u inch dive?
shall "<* ??*?? ""lea* < wigress chad hereafter ?o dele, mine by
Jaw ; hi id this mm of mlinUkioti aludi not be construed to imply
uiy assumption of or intent ton on die juii t oldie United State*
to assume, now or hereafter. the debt*, or any portion thereof,
? 1 exas, or to impair tJie right of said State to die noil of the
territory no to be ceded, or die right of the State of Texas to
determine whether slavery slull or shall not exist in said State.
Sec. X vtxut Ik it Jut the,- reioh-ed, That until the next aimor
tioomeot of Representatives among the States, the said State ol
inS^C^m!^ l? tW? S<u"t01* H"d U o ?rPre*ent?tive?
i liia amendment of Mr. Rub l.xaox was also luat. f<?rtv
members voting for it. ^
Mr. BKINKERHOFF tlien moved to a.ld to the second
section ol Mr. Well* a'a amendment the following proviso :
fitn'uted, I hat, a* a lunda.uental condition of the annexa
tion aforesaid, t he existence of slavery dial I he forever ni ohib
itedin OIK' hall ol all the annexed territory, to include the
a eatern and northwestern parts thereof, and to'be determined aa
l^e question on thin proviso being taken, there appeared in
or ol 11 4b, the negative not counted.
... ,BUf5E lhen n,oml t0 a,IU',1(' Mr. Wkilim's amend
ment, by atnkmg out all after the word "That," with wliich
u commences, and inserting die following :
?onsent that the territory known as the
......... , - " 1 N,as' rightfully belonging to die same, may he
, * "tU.- "te'10 '' w,,,w| Uu' StaUf Texas, with a
ripuhltcHii lorn, ol government, to be adopted by the tteople of
said Republic, in such mode aa the didv constituted authorities
aH .m^iT order diat die same may be admitedi
as one ol the States ol this Union. I
?, V,. ? "? ^ enacted, That the Constitution
lit State ol I exaa, with the proper evidence of its adop
tion by the people ol lYxas, shall be transmitted to the Presi
dent of die I'mk-d States, to be laid before Congress for its
tonal action, on or before the first day of January, one thousand
eight hundred and forty-six.
S i.t. .?. . //??/ be itjurthrr enacted, That die aforesaid terri
on rna\ be iliviHt't! into new StjiU'R, not exceeding five iiintim
K l ,|*1 "*\iri|c a sufficient poiiulation, inny be admitted into
the Union under the term* and provisions of die Federal Con
stitution : J'voyttied, That auch States as may be formed out of
that portion ol said territory lying s?uth of thirty-six degrees
thirty minutes north latitude, commonly known as the Mis
souri Compromise line, shall be admitted into the Union with
or without slavery, as the people of each State asking admis
sion may desire.
" Sr.e. 4. .hid be it further enacted, That the President of the
I nited States, by and with die advice and consent of the Sen
ate, is hereby authorized to adjust and settle all questions rela
ting to the boundaries of said territory, which may ariae with
other Governments.
" Skc. 5. . hid be it further enacted, That said State, when ad
mitted into the Union, after ceding to the United States all
mines, minerals, salt lakes ami springs, and also all public edi
fices, (except her capitol, coiut-houscs, jails, and other build
ings adapted to State and county purposes,) and all foitilica
.ions, barracks, poits, andliarbors, navy and navv-yards, docks
uagaziiies, ki iiu, armaments, and all other projiertv and means
?ortaiiiiiig to the public delence belonging to said'Republic of
feveri kii il"ul"'nI JiVbI'e d*blS' UXe8' and dut'?
ml IT ii !"? ^ lo"K or be due to said Republic;
1 !?? ?? r "tT^111 publ,c Iand* ,Jrin? u it* limits,
3 be appl ed to the payment ot the debts anil liabilities of the
.ul Republtcof Texas; and the residue of s?d landsatS
ischai-gmg aaul debt s and liabilities, may be dispoaed ofasaaid
j r*i"r "TCl ; 0M<^' T,lat iu "o event shall said debts
nd liabilities be assumed by, or become a charge upon, the
jov eminent of the United States.
" Skc. 6. Jbul be it further enacted, That all questions, claims,
?'1 TregWli?n4Ud t,kk's' """"'fj w'thi" the territo
tal limits ol I exas, shall be adjusted, settled, and decided bv
he courts and authorities of said State, subject to the constitu
loiial jurisdiction of the courts of the United States.
S he. 7. . hid be it further enactcd, That thu State of Texas
?lieu admitted into the Union, shall be entitled to two Sena
iiTh.-Ti U"1 lll.t' l,exJapportionment, to two Representatives
.. '8ress ol die U nited States.
li.'i? l t' I' *hui be "f"> lher enacted, That the foregoing con
ii^nVT g'ur*,"ll,fs' w ,r"?cc?Pted by the consdtuied audior
l!i,\ U n as' ,' u '"n(,anl<*"tal basis of union between
taid Republic and the United States."
On the question to agree to this proportion there appeared
37 in favor of it, and 111 against it
Mr. MILTON BROWN then moved toamend Mr. WEl
lih s amendment by striking out all after the word "That "
with which it commences, and inserting the following :
" CougiTss dodiconsent that the territory properly included
within and rightfully belonging to the Republic of Texas may
''ri'cU'<l inl? a '"-w State, to be called the State of Texas,
with a republican form of government, to be adopted bv the
people of .aid Republic, by deputes in Convention assembled
with the consent of the existing government, in order that the
wmo inay lie admitted as one of the States of this Union.
" Skc. -Z. . fnd be it further rrtoived, That the foregoing c.on
senrof.Congress is given upon the following conditions, and with
the lollow ing guaranties, to wit :
" 1 - Said Stu?^ to be formed, subject to thr adjustment hr this
(.overnment of all question, of boundarv that mav arise with
?'Ov?niments, and the Constitution thereof, with the p,x>
per evidence of its adoption by the I(eople of said Republic of
exas, shall be t,-ansmitted to the President of the United
states to be laid before Congress for its final action, on or be
fore the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and
lortv-Hix. *
" '2. Said State, w hen admitted into the Union, after ceding to
'"te*1 States all public edifices, fortifications, barracks, ports
,,Hrbo^,' a,',, ?vy yaids, docks, magazines, arms, arma
ments, and all other property and means ja rtaining to the pub
, "1 said Republic of Texas, diall retain all
Jie public funds, delits, taxes, and dues of every ki?d which
n?y belong to or I*- due and owing said Republic ; and shall
dso retain all the vacant and unappropriated lands lying widiin
ts limits, to be applied to the pa\ inent of the debts and liabili
ies ol said Republic of Texas ; and the residue of said lands,
?!'*-harging said debts and liabilities, to he disposed of as
wid State may direct; but in no event are said debts and lia
?ilities to become a charge upon the Government of the United
"3. New States of convenient size, not exceeding four in num
in addition to said Stale of Texas, and having sufficient po
pulation, may hereafter, by the consent of said State, be formed
out of the territory thereof, ? hich shall Ik- entitled to admis
mon under tl? provisions of the Federal Constitution. And
such States as may l.e formed out of that portion of said terri
lory ly ing s,,,,th ol thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north lati
tude, commonly know n as tint Missouri compromise line, shall
lie admitted into the Union, with or without slavery, as the peo
ple of each State asking admission may desire."
Mr. DO! GLASS moved to amend the proposition of Mr.
Umiwx by adding thereto thr following :
" And in such State or States as shall be formed out of said
Territory north of said Missouri compromise line, slavery or
inioluiitary servitude (except for crime) shall be prohibited."
fiI,,TO:V nK0.W:S' thia amendment, and
modified hi- projKwjtion by adding the same to the end there
of accordingly.
The question was then put that the committee do agree to
Hr Bio* > a pro|position aa modified, and there amrarrd
10.) in lav or, ami 99 apainst it.
'I'he question then recurred that the House do agree to Mr
Wkllkiis amendment a* thu* amended, that ia, bv atrikine
out all after the word " That," with which it commences, and
inarrtinir Mr. Milton llaowx s ariieridmeiit aa tiKvlifieil at
the instance of Mr. Doi ol***.
Ami the queHtion beinar put, there apja>ared 110 in the af
lirmative, 93 in the negative.
And ao the proposition of Mr. Mitrox Baowx waaailopt
rd by the Committee of the Whole on the atatc of the Union
t>y a majority of 17 votra.
Mr. WrXTHROP inquire.l of the Chairman of the Com
mittee of the V\ hole if the amendment waa not still open to
amendment '
The CHAIRMAN answered that it wax not; that it waa too
ate to amend an amendment after it hail la-en agreed to Ml
uneruhm-nta should lie moved I*fore the question to agroewaa put
[Although it waa not in order In amend the amendment
>v striking out any port.on or inserting any thine in the body
hereof, it waa in order further to amend the crrtsmnl rc*ohi
jon by the addition of any matter which the Houae mijrht
'ins proper to add. It waa also in order further to amend the
IT.?", rrKoIuiu,)" ty ?" insertion of matter to prerrdc the
atiien-lmrnt which had been adopted.]
Or nmc and rPportrd to the Houw
iieTa r 'r" h" Comm,Uw! on FW" Aflkira for the
whi, J'*" 10 ,hr Hut"' wi,h amendment,
clatiHe !,<:m 'H <,rik" out a" l^rwf after the ena,-Ung
*SlT",h,t whifh had bccn ^
man"of H.e r announced the report of theChair
^ ^,hr Who1'. * number of gentlemen
sprung to the floor ami addreaaed "Mr. Shaker. "
when he ohwerved that u'w-, T * ** !**',
1,1,1 " was time to nut an end to thia >1.
qtH-sfion ,r-It?waa,,n'1 hP| ,hpr'>fore n,rtv'" ^ I^vious
rtT r-M I 'f?7. noea 97.
the main quesi.on ^ ? : Sh?"
I he CHAIR answered in the negative
Mr. HTETHON desired to know if ther?. ?
which the veaa and nay. could he^ taken ? .u "? W"V ,n
his colleatruc, Mr. Roa.Vso" > " ^
Mr. SPEAKER answered that whenever ik- 1 ?
should come before the House in order the , J"",^*lllon
coold donbflsM be obtained on it. ' 3
ShaVl'ih ,rrVi?,W ',IK'"tK>n by y*" ""'I nays , that ia.
' *n"*?
And ao the noun queMion waa ordered to he runu put.
The main question was first on Mr. Miltoj* Brow*Y
aiiieiulmtnt; and the Chair having propounded the question,
Mr. BLMER moved for leave to be excused from voting.
In a^M^ning hi* reasons for thu ri <|iuM, lie said h? wao favor
able to the adiuuaoon of Texas, and fkoukl be willing to vole
lor it it there had lieen any proportion before the House
which he could deem reasonable. [Voices, ??!? thin in
order ' '] But he had been cut olf, In the previous qu? stinu,
from the ojijkii(unity of asking the ryea* and nays. [Here
Mr. L. was called to orjlcr for irrelevi iicy.J
***}??? tut unrirn mj.j
He resumed, aial aaid Uiat he ask <1, then, to be excused
from voting, because he was called e i to vote for a measure
which, if it were in the right shape, h should have lieen very
willing to vote for. He should have voted if he could have
Inn! the opportunity of demanding the j ?as and nays upon any
reasonable compromise on the subject i slavery.
Having made this explanation, he w hdrew his motion.
The question wan then taken, by y as and nays, that the
House do concur with the Committee >f the Whole on the
stale of the "I'nion, in adopting Mr Milton Baow *'?
amendment. Arid passed in the xtfirmiive, as follows :
Arlington, Ashe, Aliiaaon, Hailv, Reiser,
Bidluck, hduurd J. HI... k, James BlaMc James \ Illu.L
Black well, Bouer Howl,,, Boyd, HrojIlJW, Aaron V. Brown,'
.Milton Browi, VVilhain J. Brown, BurL Burt, Caldwell,
C ampbell, Shepherd Can, Benben CliaAuan, Augustus A
Cbapmsu.C Implicit, (Jiiieh^ Clinton, &hb, Cole., Cross.
Lullom, Daniel, John H. Davis, Daw?on, ltaii 1VIlet Doug
lass, Dromgoolft. Duncau, Ellis, FarleeTFicklin, Porter,
t rencbtulUr, Haujmett. Haralioti Havsilknle,, Holmes
Hoge, Hopkins, Houston, Hubaid, HubbellWgli., Charted
J.Ingersofl, Jameson,Uve Johnson, Andre ^Johnson, George
W. Jones, Amb-ew Kennedy, Kirkpatrick,%bran?k, LecH
,W!i \VU.Vu..M I?r0,\M?elar, MeaHwri, MeCon
nell, MiDoutll, McKay, Matthews, Issue E. Morse, Murnbv
i Newton, Norris, Owen, Panuenter Pavne PHiit ij_,
IlTLu'?*tn' i'ntL]D"vi<ls- k?iS;
Hobeits, Russell, bamulers, Sealer, Thomas JI. Seymour
Robert Smhl'"'0'k;,| '?h" T* Sn,ith- Tenuis SniiU,
Kobert Smith, Steenrod, Stephens, John Stewart Stiles
James W. Stone, Alfred P. Stone, Strong, S^TsS?
US"C ?T.uckt,r?Wel,c'. w^Ah?, wSE
"S vS? W1r,'fht' Yancey, Yost?118.
ri?.^ w Messrs. Abbott, Ailaius, Anderson, Biker, Har
Wn "rinkerlioft, Jeremiah
I rown Buftii.gtoii Carpenter, Jeremiah E. Carv, Carroll
Ifadm, Washington Hunt, J.me's ThZx!jS^\
soU, Irvm, Jenkti, Perlev? B. Johnson, J. 1\ Kennedy, PrrTton
Mai^'b , vi ^Causlm, MeCIe,1*nd, MeBvaine,
Mai si,, L Joy Morris, Joseph Morris, Freemen H. Morse
Pe*'l Ph?uix, Pollock, Elislia R. Potter,
I reston, I urtly, Ramsey, Kathhun, Ruvncr Recline Knhin
.o', R?kwdll, Rogrrs, aL jK
.evuaiicts David L. Seymour, Albert SiniUi, Caleb B. Smith,
'fen Tvlr^'v vW Ste*iut' Suni,'"',-s. Thomassoii,
J Vamneter, Vinton, Wethered, Wltea
And so the amendment moved by Mr. M. Brown in Com
mittee of the Whole was agreed to by the House by a ma
jority of 17 votes. .
And the mam question was then taken, secondly, that the
resolution l>e engrossed and read a third time. It was decided
in the affirmative?Yeas 119, nays 97.
And so the resolution was ordered to be read a third time
And it was read the third time forthwith.
Keveral members simultaneously rose and moved the pre
vious question. 1
It was seconded, and was put, viz : Shall the main que*
tion he now put ' ^
And passed in the affirmative without a division.
8h ?""?""S'y-'h" i. (??.,
Ami passed in the affirmative by the following vote :
Ashe, Atkinson, Bayly, Belser
Sen Bow;rWBJo; Black' Ws ? BlHck, bS:
In. it Vt n '. Ho.vf'' Brodhead, Aaron V. Brown, Mil
bell ShTnh J iWO' Burke. Burt. Caldwell, Cami>
n Ucube" Chapman, Aug. A. Chapnwn
jW sswis? gs^ sb crL?Mucu,i,T' ^Difi;
tw Hub?7.1,?H 'fcn Iienlt3 ' Ho,nil s' Hopkins,' Hous
( ave Jol?nsliri A ^harlesj. Bigerwll, Jameson,
l ave Johnson Andrew Johnson, George \V. Jones. Andrew
Kennedy KirWr.ek, Ubnu.che, Ix-oiSml, I.ucas, Lumpkin
Uon, MeLaushn Maclay, MeClernand, McConnell Mc
Dowe I, McKay, Matthew., Joseph Mo.ru, Isaac E. Morse
I . Iurphy Newton, Norris, Owen Parmetiter, Pavne, Pettit*
Pev ton, Kmei-y I) Potter, Pratt, havicfS. tteid, Relfe, lihett'
Bitter, Roberts Russell, Saunders, Scoter, Thomas H. Sevl
niour biinons, Simpson, Slidell, John T. Smith, Thos. Smith
&?tephc,,i'oj^,n stewart'j??
?r-i i i ' ?t,0"e' Strong, Svkes, 1'avlor, Thompson
V' "TV eller, Went worth, Woodward, Joseph a!
u right, lancey, Yost? l'Jt). 1
NAVS?Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Anderson, Baker, Barrin
fiuftinrt^^r IS"' H,1', nKle' BrinkerholF, Jeremiah Brown,
Sfni 'W1ltr' Jeremiah K. Carj, Cairoll, Catlin
sin, ( In It on, Clingnian, Collamer, Cranston, Dana Dar
ras;h, (.arivft Davis, Richard D. Davis, Deberrv, Dicker Dil
! L? H'illVUf P* nr' Fi#h/. yUn?e> y<**> biddings (>og
u -I !1 Ryrom Green, Grinnell, Grider. Hale
II cknHnri vv ;?Wapl S?,Um,!n' ,Iarf,i?. Harper, Herl
ni'rifn rn' """V J" B- Hunt' ?'oseph B.
Ingerso", Irvin, Jenks, Perlev B. Johnson, John P. Kennc
' Fd'?Ir'lT ? l- Kinp' McClell?"d, MeBvaine. Marsh
Kdward Joy Morns, freeman H. Morse, Movlev, Nrs pHI
terson, Phariix, Pollock, Elislia K. Potter, Pnston, Punlv
,t%vJ<aUtn'. ?,VB?di* Robinson, Rockwell, Ro.U
ney, Itoger^ St. John, Sample, Selmiek, So. ranee, David L
Seymoiir, Alla-it Smith, (ialeb B. Snith, Stetson, \mlrew
Stewart, -Snmniera, I hf.masson, Tiltlen, Tyler, Vanri Van
metrr, V inton, Wethered, Wheaton, John White Bctiiamin
H lute, M illiams, Wintlirop, Win. Wright?OR.
And ?o the resolution for the Annexation of Texas to the
Statr? W!*? parsed by the House of Representatives bv
a majority of 22 votea. y
I he title was then called for from various quarters. It was
read by the Clerk, "Joint ruolutum for Annexing Texu to
the United Statet.
Without putting a question formally, the SPEAKER an
nounced that this would l?e the title of "the resolution.
Mr. GIDDINGS mid he rose to move an amendment to the
The CHAIR said it was too late , that he had read the title
?nd, no amendment lieing proposed, he had formally announe
Hn'' 11 ,VH^ to? late now to ofler an amendment.
Mr. GIDDIN'GM submitted, but did not spjtear satisfied.
And so the res<ilution, title and all, panned the House of
Kcpresentatives, and was directed to be sent to the Senate for
And the House adjourned.
Mr. Shi'nk, the new (tovernor of the State of
Pennsyh-ama, transmitted to the Le|ri?laUire on
I hursday last a special mcaaage on the subject of
the finances of the State, the tendency of which is
to depress in some measure the hopes of those who
were ianguine that the interest due on the State
debt on the first days of February and August of
the present year would be promptly paid. The
(.overnor says that the balance remaining in the
reasury on the first of this month will not be ade
quate by some ?122.000 to the full payment of the
interest due that day ; and, if the full payment be
made, there will then be a deficiency of means to
meet the payment in August of about 0900,000.
Under these circumstances, the (iovernor does not
think that the State is yet prepared to resume the
payment of its interest in full, and to continue to
pay it punctually hereafter; and he submits, as an
alternative, whether all the moneys in the Treasury
on the first of February shall be paid out as far as
they will po in discharge of the interest then due, or
whether such a rate of interest shall be paid on the
1st of r ebruary as can with reasonable certainty be
again paid on the 1st of August, looking to a gradual
increase in the amount of future interest payments
as the improving circumstances of the Stale shall
warrant, and holding the State fully bound to make
payment of the arrears at the earliest time.
The last of these alternatives appears to us to be
an entirely fair and honest proposition; such a one
as it seems to us ought to be acceptable to the cre
ditors of the State.
Mr. I olk. the President Elect, according to an
announcement in the Nashville Union, was to leave
that city for Washington on the 1st of February,
(this day.) Having declined, it is understood to'
accept the invitations tendered him bv his iK.litical
friends of public attentions by the way, he will
probably reach this city about the 10th of the
MririricitsiT L?n?hautt-TheTlon. Anarrrr L*w
??>( *, of Boston, has jfiven the sum of twenty thomisnd
Hollars to the Massaehusetts Charitable Mechanic Aviation
to aid in the erection of a hall and the establishment of ? free
school therein, for the education of Apprentices in those brandies
of learning which may be moat beneficial to their several pur
iiiita. rhe Boston rmnncrijii mav* j
This noble and princely donation has been accepted by
the Association, the Boott cstste.in Mowdoin square purchased
and a premium of #1,500 offered for the best design for a hall'
which we trust will be of such a character as to reflect honw
on tile Association, HII'IU- a fitting monument of the industry
enterprise, and enlightened liberality of the citizens of Boston."
Besides the presentation of a great number of me
morials and petitions, the following reports from
committees were made:
Mr. BERRIEN, from the Committee on the Judiciary, re
ported n bill to amend the naturalization 1.?wk of the United
Staten accompanied by a report , which was ordered to 1*
Mr. JARNAGIN, from the Committee on Revolutionary
Claims, made an unlkvorable report on the petition of Frances
Edward*. .
Also, an unfavorable report un In# petition of the heirs of
Thomas G. Peachy.
Also, an unfavorable report in the case of Kally Ba.?. I
Also, an unfavorable report on the petition of the heirs el
the late Nathaniel Ashley.
Mr. BAYARD, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, re
ported a bill entitled " Au act to amend an act making ap
propriations for the naval service for the fiscal year ending the
thirtieth day of June, eighteen hundred and forty-five."
Mr. BATES, from the Committee on Pensions, reported,
without amendment, the bill for the relief of David Currier.
Also, an unfavorable report on the petition of James Arnold.
Mr. DAYTON, from the Committee on the Judiciary, re
ported, with un amendment, the joint resolution to tecurc a
better accountability of the public property.
Mr. BERRIEN, from the Committee on the Judiciary, re
ported without amendment the act giving the courts of Wis
consin and Iowa jurisdiction over offences committed in the
Indian territories within their boundaries.
Mr. ATCHISON reported a bill for the relief of JSeth M.
Mr. DICKINSON, from the Committee 011 Naval Affairs,
made an adverse report 011 the claim of Hugh Wal'iace
Mr. WALKER, from the Committee on the Judiciary, re
ported a bill to authoiize the settlement of the accounts of the
late Joseph Nourse.
Mr. COLQUITT, from the Committee on the Jiidiciary,
made an adverse report 011 the petition from William and
Mary College.
Mr. PEARCE, from the Joint Committee on the Library,
reported without amendment the joint resolution, for the pur
chase of a History of Oregon.
Mr. CRITTENDEN, from the Committee on Military
Affaire, made an adverse report on the petition of Aldun
Parti idge.
On motion of Mr. EVANS, the Committee on Finance
were discharged from the further consideration of the papers of
Harvey and Hogg, and they were ordered to lie on the table.
Mr. BARROW, from the Cwmmittee on Military Affairs,
reported h bill making an appropriation for the building of
barracks of Pasij-jferh^intian.
Tho following bills, introduced on leave, were ordered to a
second reading and referred:
By Mr. ASHLEY : A bill supplementary to tin act enti
tled "An act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales of the
public lands and to grant pre-emption rights,'' approved 4th
September, 1841, so as to authorize pre-emptors to ?nter quar
ter-quarter Mictions of the public lands.
By Mr. JOHNSON: A bill for the relief of William P.
Allen and Martin Thomas.
The following bills were ordered to be engrossed :
The bill relating to revenue cutters and steamers.
The bill for the relief of tlie legal representatives of James
Bell, deceased.
The bill to amend an act entitled an act to provide for the
enlistment of boys in the sea service, and to extend the term
of enlistment of seamen." .
The bill to provide for the enlistment of boys in the nea
service was, on motion of Mr. BAYARD, taken up and af
terwards postponed till to-morrow.
The bill to provide for the payment of the evidences of pub
lic debt was read a third time and passed.
The bill to quiet titles to certain lands in the towns of Cxog.
hansville and Perrysburg, in the State of Ohio, was read a
third time and passed.
The bill for the reduction of postage has been the leading
question under discussion in the Senate during the week. We
cannot give the debate. The bill has not been disposed of.
One whole day of the week was devoted to the reception of
reports from committees and of resolutions. A great number
of both were presented. We have room only for the follow
ing notice of such bills as received the immediate final action
of the House:
Mr. JOHN W. DAVIS, from the Committee on the Pub
lic Lands, reported a bill to provide for the compensation of
certain registers and receivers of land office* in Florida; which
was read the first and second time, and committed to tho Com
mittee of the Whole House.
Also, from the same committee, to which was referred a bill
to give the consent of Congress to the sale or other disposition
of certain salt spring lands heretofore granted to the State of
Michigan, reported the same back to the House, and asked the
imiuMiitlc action thereon.
Mr. STETSON, from the Committee for the District of
Columbia, to which was referred the bill to change the time
of holding the circuit court of the United States for the
county of Washington in the District of Columbia, reported
the same back with amendments; which were read and
agreed to.
Mr. W. J. BROWN, from the Committee on Private Land
Claims, repotted a bill for the relief of the heirs of John Hart,
deceased : which was read the first and second time, and was
ordered to be engrossed and read a thin! time.
The bill being engToased, was read the third time and [Miss
ed, anil sent to the Senate for concurrence.
. Mr. CAVE JOHNSON, from the Committee on Indian
A Hairs, reported a bill (riving jurisdiction to the courts of Iowa
and Wisconsin in certain cases ; which was read the first and
second time, and ordered to be engrossed and read a third
Being engrossed, the bill was read the third time, passed,
and sent to the Senate for concurrence.
Mr. CAVE JOHNSON, from the Committee on Indian
Affairs, reported a joint resolution for the benefit of Frances
Slocum and her children, and others of the Miami trilw of In
diana ; which was read the first and second time, and ordered
to lie engrossed and read the thiid time.
The resolution being engrossed, was read the third time,
passed, anil sent to the Senate for concurrence.
Mr. BRINKERHOFF, from the Committee on Invalid
Pensions, to which was referred the bill from the Senate for
the rrTief Captain Asahel Brainard, reported the same without
amendment, and asked for immediate action on it.
Mr. B. explained the bill, and made a feeling and eloquent
ap|>eal in !>ehalf of the old aoldicr ; after which
The bill was passed by acclamation, and now only needs
the approbation of the President to become a law.
Mr. BURKE moved the following resolution t
Retolned, That the Committee on the Expenditures of the
Navy Department lie directed to inquire into all mutters rela
ting to any contrai l or contracts entered into by .latin's C. Za
briskie, of New Jersey, or which he has hod any part in negotia
ting, with the Navy Department, or any of the Bureaus con
nected therewith, since March 4, 1841 ; and also to inquire
whether any officer of the Government of the United States
has had any particijwtion in the profits of said contract or
contracts ; and also to inquire what orders ami directions have
been given l?y the Secretary of the N.ivy for the time being,
or other officer of th? United States, respecting snch contract
or contracts; and report the facts to this House, with a recom
mendation of such jiroceedmgs as the nature of the rase re
quires ; and that the committee have power to send for |>er
soiix ami pa|<ers.
Mr. B-, at the time that he sent the above resolution to the
table, also sent a pa|>er to be read by the Clerk. It was read,
anil is as follows :
"Some fifteen or eighteen month* ago, in a catual conversation
I had with the late B. M. Voortiecs, chief clerk of the Bureau of
Construction and Repairs, (an individual with whom I bad been
on term* of familiar aoq<Mntaner for years,) he remarked he
had a matter of great importance to communicate, and would
willingly do so provided I promised not to divulge the matter,
a* its publicity 11111*1 necessarily lose him his situation. I assured
him that no act of mine would endanger his office, unless the
substance of the communication materially interested myself or
my friends. His disclosure was to the following effect : That
Jas. C. Zahriskie, of New Jersey, had made application to the
President for a certain contract, representing to him the sacri
fice* he hail made' in his service, personal and pecuniary :
j that he was completely out. of pocket., and that unless he fa
vored him with this contract he must lie irretrievably ruined.
That the President told him be *hould have it, ami, as the na
ture of the contract apj?ertahie?I to his office, he ( Vonrbees) was
directed by the President to prejMire the papers? he did so :
that a certain extensive contractor, then in the city, (supposed
to be 8wift, of New Bedford, Massachusetts,) had agreed to
give Zahriskie $11,000 for hi* bargain ; which terms Zahriskie
accepted : that, when the ]W|iers were perfected, the contractor
changed his mind, and refused to pey more than $$,(JU0 : that
Zehriskie haggled for the original turn, and that Voorhecs, avail
ing himself of thi* hesitancy in the negotiation, and aware of
1 the character of the transection, stole a inarch on Zahriskie,
called u|ton the purchaser at Gadsby's Hotel, delivered him the
papers, and pocketed the f (1,000 ? that Zahriskie talked lofty,
stormed, ami insisted upon the whole of the money ; that (le
iVootkecs) Istigbed at his fury, held firmly to the cash, told him
Zahritkie) lie should give him but one-half, ($4,000,) which
sum Zahriskie at last gladly accepted : that he (Voorhees) ob
sirved to him, he knew he had $1,000 of the money to pay over
to a certain Individual; but who this Individual was I did not.
at the time inquire, but 1 have reason to suspcct 1 have now as
fcSSSlJ' irJidm "p,"Ti *lr"*thw*'d f,0,n ?'?e
matter f called uuon Mr .'7 r! -"y.-f"? ^ ,uJhh
Dei>artmeiit,appri/.iu|r i,, , * r V e' Clurk in the Navy
and the- aUoJouslv *, .^, ,. }'? ?Uted,
ihIhiiious trtiliMto^n jm ltnC* ?' tht* '?
(edged lie Miaitected an murh .1 77~ *** ??tonibhetl; atknow
riouHly implicate the Pre., .^nfl^d M''^V. U T?''1
the paper, connected uith u w'*u(| ,'lat ??
n.ro?fci, i?s *i,it.ij UHS " ?"k .to,mw- i,aswd
moncd before it tommitti :e he woul.t * ,W'*Y " "l.> sum"
"I mentioned to Mr. became hUn.
Agent, was more or le? ^ 8c0tt? ,hr N"v-V
circumstances, indepen dent of the i niatter?oollatcral
.is,,,lb<,u,.,1Voorl,er^^Vhi,1 bu"f*Pr *'",h 8"l>
!,u" h?j '.-a. liit
begged me to be very careful T ? ' '
imputation ; aasertinr its i?,,iohsihil!? M 'i1"V*u.rl,r,M' 1,1 ,l,(
rumor might prove liighly lneindi.; belief that auuiia
re-nomination by Tyler w?s noon i? Sl ?u? especially as bin
i-cplicd I made ,,a cU? ",e 8e,mH'- '
Bui, lo my utter r^oiiLsbmcri'i il .'Tn ? n>?t?*i* ended.
from Mr. such information i" . ?W . iV K'e*ne<l
doubt the criminal in ivitv of Si i t ? i' ' ," ^on a manner of
Mr. olis. iAfd tlmi hboiH^ li) 1 i'Tw Hul
incnt Scott happened to di m i. | U *i Na, v
?'t'niarke!l.| < Wlu S ^ * ' ? J" " ba..teri.,R
self into a preUv scram*'- iJiat -l b tlu,t >ou have got youi
kie contract fmS1,/,: " ? nuf a!e ^merued in the ZabHs
he (Mr. .) hu?| oht-ii. ,.,) M 10 him the iidoi*m.*t*on which
fie.!, anxious/. M Xo w'a"
u" -
the oblitration of , i c .* , undersign eil from
tion of enlistiiiL' all tl "l C< !*V.'"K l''Us learned in v inten
Xiri,r.f.the *** a,-,d de"^*t ^w,d,T'*?? ?2s! "?5^
.1 . i'" 1 ''' ^'??u*de me from prosecuting thi * mat
ever exah "1^!''.Ink d'^" l",'TUl,,io" i"<livi<inal, how
flit ion ' K'1,nUcd debased in co?
Mr. PABMENTBIt ^d he hi no intend to
l,Ut he WM.UnwiJ,in8 that il -hould 1.C BO .Lin
ecSd wS, th/F "" rJUrTB ,,<:arinB ?" ?mver* n?w ??"
Mr P T?d . hX6CuUve ^Partment of the Government
retarv of t^N? "l ^ aPart,Dent- of the preaeut 8ec
_ 1. 1 il^ ^',and ht!rd hmi Htate that contract refer
1 7 ? *V ' Za,>ri"kie. and admit that it had
^ unlawfully made, becauKe it had been entered into with
frrre" bvrtMrnztth T^'" F !*W;. hut ,hal U had ^
i and leat ? Was ,he imP^?n of the
than^ Of^ T. "0t reu,2T by the tran-action more
than $1,000. I he contrac t had been made not by order of
the present Secretary It was for the delivery of live oak tim
1k b U0' httd notilied hy Houston, the man
whg held the contract, that he was now ready to deliver the
Umber in compliance with its terms, but the Secretary had re
used to receive it, on the ground that the contract had been
? mpro^rly obtained. Mr. P. thieved that the statement made
1 J-? ^Tk.WBS Ur??ir^!d u W!Ui c<,rt?jnly clear that the con
trau had been unlawfully made, L^cause it had not been pre
cedcd by the requisite advertisement. The price in the con
act would, some years since, have been perhapa a fair one -
but, a, prices now stood, it was, he believed, higher than
would have been given had the contract been advertiaed for
according to law. [A voice, ??What is the price >"1 The
pnee in the contract was $1 25 per cubic foot, delivered at
he navy yard. The amount of the contract, Mr. P. had been
told and Mieved, was $30,000.
Mr. BURKE moved the previous question ; and under its
operation the resolution was adopted.
Mr. ADAMS submitted the following resolution :
heao/red, That the President lie requested to lay before the
House of Representative*, .fin his judgment that may U- done
without prejudice to the public interests, a copy of any instruc
tions which may have been given by the Executive to the
American Minister in England on the subject of the title to
and rccupation of the Territory of Oregon since the 4th day of
March, 1841 ; also, a copy of any correspondence which may
have passed !>etwecn this Government and that of Great Bri
tam, or between either of the two Governments and the Min
.ster of the other, m 1relaUon to that subject, ?nce thatUme.
Mr. t. J. IAGERSOLL asked leave to make an explana
ion : and, leave being given, he proceeded to say he had asked
the floor that he might say to the House that a negotiation was
I ?? I**0'ln^' House might expect a communica
tion from the President on the subject in the course of the ses
?ion. [Here a voic* was heard making some remarks which
the Reporter could not distinctly hear.) Mr. I. observed that
an insinuation was made by some gentleman behind him which
was totally unfounded. Tlve Secretary of State was at pre
sent too ill to be spoken with ; but there wa> reason to believe
that a negotiation was still pending, and within a reasonable
time a communication would be received.
Mr. RA 1 HBl'IV (whose seat is in the rear of that of Mr.
Ixoe nnoli.) said, that as an alliuion seemed to have been made
to him by the gentleman who had just taken his seat, he de
sired to explain. Mr. R. did make the remark that the Presi
dent would not make any communication on this subject dur
ing this session, but he had added the words, "before Texas
had parsed the Senate." He had not intended that this re
mark should reach the gentleman's ear; it was made in pri
vate conversation : but the gentleman had now put Mr. R. in
I u 'n wh?th he felt called on to avow to the House that
he had no exjiectatiuii that it would receive any Executive
communication such as was alluded to liy the gentleman miU|
the question of Texas should have been determined in the af-'
finnative or neKative by the Senate. If the gentleman wished
to know Mr. R. * jwsition before the House and the nation on
that matter he now had it. And Mr. R. would rail upon all
to notice what he had pre,li, ted, and remember it, and they
would see whether that communication, if it came at all, would
?-?-? 'n. at 'he heel of the action of the S?nate.
: 1 he previous question wan ordered ; and, under its opera
ion, the question was taken by yeas and nav* that the Hou>*
do agree to the resolution, and passed in the Affirmative : Ye*,
' 1 on, nays 4.
appropriation BILLS.
On motion of Mr. McKAY, the. House resolved itself into
Committee of the Whole on the slate of the Union, (Mr.
riaai-rrs in the (.'hair,) and procreded to the consideration
ol sundry appropriation bills for the lineal year commencing on
the 1st July, 1845..
i! hPTt'i" rnakl"? appro|.riatioiw for the sen ice of the Post
Office Department, was first called up.
I he bill was read, and no amendment beinr proixwd it
was laid a?dc to be reported to the House. ^ '
' he hill rnaking appropriations for the payment of pensions
was next taken up.
Tins bill was amended, on motion of Mr. McKAY bv ad
ding the following section :
be ami rnar,r'l> That the following sums
e and the same are hereby appropriated lo supply deficiencies
in the appropriation made for ibe payment of pensioners dn
Kch;i;! ?' ~ "?3""' ?' V^....1JC s.
For pensions under the act of July 4, JS36 fVift
or * "low s' |tensions under tlic act of July 7 I S <8 '
and August -J ?,l 84i ?THUVV)
for widows' ,h*?moiis under act of H<| M;?xh 184.3 .'Jo'(KK)
,p',r W|t^ tJ,cn ?"?le l? he reported to the House.
I he bill making appropriations for fortifications was next
I called up.
On motion of Mr. McKAY, it was amended by striking
out the following :
K?.r repairs of Fort Maron, North Carolina <?_> oro
for prvwrrstion of site of Fort Macon TiintK)
AihI inserting?
FW repairs and prrsemrtim. of site of Fort Maeo... .. ff,/W0
I he bill was then laid a?ido to be reported to the Hoiim*.
ihe bill inaking appropriations for the Indian department,
and for fulfilling Indian treaties and stipulationa with the In
dians, next came up.
I he bill having lieen read through by the Clerk, and fwo or
three immaterial amendment* having been iqade?
Mr. McKAY said, as several members were absent who
might desire to look more into this b II, he would not pre*s it
through the committee to-day, but would move that the com
mittee rise ami report the other bills.
This was accordingly done, and the committee rose and re
ported the bills making appropriations for the Post Office De
partment, for the jwyment of Pensions, and for Fortifications.
7*heae Nils were severally taken up in the House in fhrir
propeT order, were onlered to la- engrossed and read a third
tin**, arid were engrossed, and severally read the third time
anil passed, and sent to the Senate for concurrence.
Mr. SAUNDERS, from the Committee on the Judiciary
to which hail been referred sundry memorials prayine altera'
tions and amendments in the naturalization laws/made a de
tailed rejwt in writiruj, accompanied by a bill to establish a
uniform rule of naturalisation, and to repeal all acts and i>arts
of acts heretofore pa*,ed on that subject . which bill was read
Jk xvv 'V W!T" tlmr' ,,nd rn,,,rnilu?d to 'he Committee of
the VV hole on the state of the Union.
The prin. i|w| features of the hill are?
Sec. I- That the applicant shall declare on oath two yean.
? t least Is-fore Ilia.admission, that it is his intention tolavome a
allien, and the declaration shall lie accompanied by a written
| "Mffurot on oath, stating the {airficular place and country of
. his birth, his age when he first arrived in the United States,
and the State or States in which he has since resided; which
declaration, with all proceedings had in the court, is to be inadei
matter 01 record.
S?c. 1. That an alien having resided in the United States
I two years afier he shall Imvn made his declaration, and who
shall have resided at least five years within the limits of the
United States succeeding the lime hs shall make application
to he admitted a citizen, may be admitted, provided such alien
shall then declare on oath that he will support the Constitu
tion and renounce all foreign allegiance, anil also renonnce all
title to nobility to which he may have been entitled t and pro
vided he shall, at the time of such application, exhibit the cer
(tiiicate of declaration of intention, &c., and ?ball declare on
oath that he is the person mentioned and described in such
declaration i and shall prove by one or more witnesses, citi
zeus of the United States, on oath, that they are well ac
quainted with him, and believe him to be the person mention
ed in the declaration, ami that the applicant hat. resided within
tlie United States five years at leant, and within the State Or
Territory where the court in held one year at lemt; and nhall
further prove to the satisfaction of the court that, during the
time afoiesaul, the alien has behaved as a man of good moral
character, attached to the principles of the Constitution, and
ia well disposed \ all these facts to be set forth on the record
of the court before a certificate of naturalization is issued.
Sec. 3. That a minor under 21 years of age, who haa resi
ded in the United States two years next preceding his arrival
at the age -of twenty-one, and who shall have continued to re
side therein to the time he may make application, may, after
he arrives at twentysoue years of age, and shall have resided
live years within the United States, including the two years ot
minority, lie admitted *a citizen without having made the de
claration required by the first section, provided he shall make
the declaration required therein at the time of apply ins for ad
mission, and shall further declare on oath, and prova that, for
the three yeara next preceding it has been his bona tide inten
tion to Inicoiue a citizen.
Sec. 4. If an alien who shall luivc complied with the first
section shall die before admission, hi* widow and children, if
then residing within the United States, shall be considered ci
tizens upon making renunciation of allegiance ; anc^the chil
dren of all such persons aa may be naturalized, being under
the age of twenty one years at the time of the parent a natu
ralization, shall, if dwelling in the United States, be consider
ed citizens.
Sec 5 and 6. Details.
Sec. 7 provider that if an alien shall by fraud procure him
self to be naturalized, or make application to be naturalized
when he is not lawfully entitled to be so, he shall, on conviction,
be punished by fino not. exceeding $1,000, or imprisonment
not exceeding six mouths, or both < and if such person shall
already have been naturalized, the naturalization shall be
deemed null and void ; and any person aiding *ueh alien, as a
witness or otherwise, in procuring a fraudulent naturalization,
shall be pu nished by fine not exceeding <>500, or imprisonment
not exceeding three months, or both.
Sec. 8 directs the district attorneys, when they abalJ ha**
received srttisfactory information of a naturalization obtained
by fraud or falsehood, to proceed against the naturalized per
son, and a. scire facias shall issue against him to show cause
why his i>.uturalization shall not lie revoked and made null and
void ; aiv 1 if oiv trial he l? found to be improperly or unlaw
iully nat uralized, judgment?shall go against him.
Sec. H. If any person shall use, or suffer to be used, any
certificate of declaration or certificate of naturalization hereto
fore granted for any purpose whatever, other than the person
who ia entitled bona fide to the same, shall be .punished l?y
tine not exceeding $500, or by imprisonment not exceeding
t three inontlix, or both.
' Sec. 10 repeals all acts heretofore passed.
Mr. AARON V. BROWN moved that the rules be sus
pended, and that the House again resolve itself into Com
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, to resume the
consideration of the bill to establish a Territorial Government
in Oregon.
The motion prevailed, and the House resolved itself into
Committee of the Whole accordingly, (Mr. Weu.ee, ot
Ohio, in the Chair.)
The first section of the bill was read, and is as follows :
J9> it enacted, &c. That, from and after the passage of this
act, all the country belonging to the United States lying west of
the summit of the Ilocky Mountains, and bounded on the south
by the forty-second and on the north by the fifty-fourth degree
mikI forty -nine minutes of north latitude, shall constitute and be
organized into a temporary Government, to be called "the
Oregon Territory."
A motion was made by Mr. A. V. BROWN to amend the
said firet section bv strikii' g out the word " nine."
Mr. ADAM8said that, before the question should be taken,
he was desirous of inqui</ing of the chairman of the Commit
tee on Territories on what ground it was that he made this
motion ; as also, on wh.at authority it was that the latitude of
54? 407 was inserted in the bill as the northern boundary of
Oregon '
And, before the Chairman replied?
Mr. A. would take this opportunity to fcay that it appeared
to him that the Conr.ruttee pf the Whole was not now pre
pared to act on the hill, and to express hin hope that the hon
orable chairman wo'jld consent to postpone it for some days.
The House had juM i?a?wed, not without great difficulty, a bill
the avowed object, of which was to obtain information to en
lighten iti action oil the subject; and they were told that this
book of Mr. Greeuhow's, which thev had ordered to be sup
plied to members, contained indisputable proof of our right to
the territory ; wl icthei it designated the northern boundary aa
54? 49' north or 54? 40', he could not tell.
But this was, not a soliject to be handled lightly. The
time he believr <) was come when we ought to come to an un
derstanding w <th Great Britain on the whole subject; he be
lieved the tin ti was come when the postponement of the final
settlement of the question and the continuation of a joint occu
pation of tbje Territory by both Governments ought to come
to ail end. At the time the arrangement had been made,
(and Mr. A. had had some hand in making it,) we were not
quite so perfectly sure that 54? 40' was the true boundary as
some gentlemen appeared to be now. It was said that the
book whic\i the. House had made itself a present of, would
make all clear on that matter, and that it established our title
beyond all dispute?but whether to M0 40' or to M? 49 hail
not Vteen explained. He wished to acquire a perfect kirtrw
led jrf of the question. So far as he knew there was little
dou'ot of our right as far a* from 42? to 493 ; but whether it
c ^tended to M? 40', Mr. A. hud only a conviction, [so the
'/Reporter understood him, at least, to say.] He wished for more
information. He presumed the honorable chairman had the
requisite information on the subject, or that he would move a
call upon the Executive that we might be able to see what had
taken place between that Department and Great Britain in re
ference to the subject. When this subject had been brought
up at the last session Mr. A. had not been prepared to agice to
the termination of the joint occupation of the Territory; he was
now. Ho was now ready to give notice to Great Britain that
the matter milst be settled. And, indeed, he did not know but
that was the course to be pursued now instead of organizing a
Territorial Government. He did not know what the present
state of the negotiation might be. Congress had been inform
ed, indeed, that the question was in a train ot negotiation.
But the British Minister had been here now nearly seven
months, with full power*, as it had been stated, to settle the
question. This certain) v was ample time, and he thought the
British Government ou^ht to be called on to come to some un
derstanding in the affair. But here was a projwsltion to erect
Oregon into a Territory without any information of what had
been done in the negotiation. Was it itomible for the Hmiae
properly to art without further information on that subject '
Were we ready to take ground as to what was our true bound
ary line on t'.ia South Sea without knowing what had been
done. Thi iMr. A. did know, that Great Britain claimed
every part ? y{ the line, and that she considered her assent as
necessary t>efore any line could he established. She contested
every foo,t of it with us ; and a line which we might think very
convenivnt, she might no* lie disposed to acknowledge as our
It ww* doubtless very easy for gentlemen in speeches on this
fl.jor to aay that the matter was perfectly plain : but Mr. A.
ltad lived long enough to observe that on questions of territory
and national Itoundaries, men, all men, weie ready to think a
xrry slight claim as quite indisputable. He doubted not there
J were hundreds and thousands, nay, hundreds of thousands,
perhaps millions, of British subjects, who would say that their
title to Oregon w??asiiidi*{Hiteble as we thought ours w? h? ?
and they might perhaps he disposed to add that they had a
Government and great guns to sustain it. When under snch
circumstances we extended our laws over it, promised our
citizens who might go there ample protection, and guarantied
to them all the lights of citizens of the United States against
the whole world, we ought to do it coolly and underrtaadiiiglf:
and not immediately after passing a vote to obtain further^in
formation, and liefore that information was obtained. e
ought not certainly to act in such a matter without the fullest
and amplest in formation that could be obtained, w hy, he
would ask, was the chairman willing to stnke out the word
?? nine >" and thus give up nine miles; yes, nine entire
miles of the independent territory of the United States on the
Pacific Ocean' Nine miles! [A laugh.] Mr. A. wanted
a reason. He wanted the how and the why before we ren
dered up such an entent of our territory. [Much memment. J
Yes; that was the language he had heard when Texas was un
der consideration. The great liberality o the honorable ch?r
man of the Committee on Terntortes induced him to give op
at a stroke of the pen nine entire miles of ow claim : why not
surrender five degrees and forty minutes of latitude >
Mr. A. had made this inquiry, first, that he might get an
answer from the gentleman ; and, secondly, with a view to
suggest to all the gentlemen who were so extremely anxious
mtake possession forthwith of this disputed territory, to post
pone this bill at least till ive should get this gospel of our title, ,
[laughter,] so that it should be put at once beyond doubt or dis
putation ; till wr should have had an opportunity to con it, to
examine and look it over and over, to see whether there might
not by possibility be something to be said on the other side.
Mr. A. did not wish unnecessary delay, lie was as desi
rous aa any man to bring this question to an issue?to have
the discussion brought to a?point: but not with such haste,
and such want of knowledge, as to give Great Britain the best
of the argument befif e the world. He wanted to have such
reason, to show as should satisfy all the workl that the right
was on our side, when we took seven, and perhaps twelve,
degrees of latitude more than England held tts entitled to.
When the chairman of the committee should give his state
ment to the House. Mr. A. hoped our position would be de
fined not geographically and politically only, hut morally above
all. If this should beSatisfactorily marie out, and then Great
Britain should refuse to give up her adverse claim, he should
be iireiiared to say, " Come on, McDuff !"
Mr.. A. V. BROWN said he would first state, in reply to

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