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PUBL18MEU BV VALES K MEJiTOJV.
Two Doll*** i y?ar; or Om Dolla? for the firtl regular session of each Congress , and K.TT Curl for th* ?,v. of each Congress; mid the name for each Lxtra Ses sion?payable In ail cases in advance^ THE GLOBE NEW8PAPER. A publication in the Globe of Monday night ap prizes the Public that the Proprietors of that con cern have made a sale of it to Thomas Ritchie, of Richmond, and John P. Heiss, constituting the firm of Ritchk and Heiss, by whom it will be hence forth conducted (it is intimated) under a new name. Never having had personally any other than a kind feeling towards the Senior of this new firm, for many long years our contemporary, it ia not without a feeling of regret that w? see him, at his time of life, entering upon a new with which he is not familiar, and in which h?- will find himself M at We ahould be reooncueato it, on his account, however, 11 we De lieved that fthe condition of his worldly circum stances would be improved by it. Fearing for him the contrary, we shall not the less desire that the change which he has resolved upon may be condu cive to the welfare of himself and his family. Politically, we shall, we presume, be as much opposed to him as ever ; not the less so from his having, in travelling from one stage to another of the Texas question, abandoned all the principles of political construction in maintaining which he had formed a school, of which he was the head and leader, and actually forced upon us the duty of de fending the Constitution from his later interpreta tion of it, more latitudinarian than Federalist of old ever dreamed of. The citizens of Nottingham district, Prince Georgdf county, (Md.) have tendered a public din ner to the Hon. R. W. Bowie, " in testimony of 4 their appreciation of his services during the late 4 session of the General Assembly, in procuring 4 the passage of the act to complete the Canal to 4 Cumberland." Texas.?Verbal intelligence from Corpus Chris ti, received at Galveston on the 25th ultimo, states that the whole country between the Nueces and Rio Grande is in possession of the Camanche Indians. AH trade has ceased between Corpus Christi and San Antonio, and several parties of Mexican traders have been captured and murdered. The Indians are reported to number about eight hundred or one thousand strong. This great inundation of savages I in Northern Mexico has produced great consterna tion in the region of country bordering upon the Rio Grande. They have committed numerous depre dations upon citizens and property, and carried in to captivity men, women, and children. \Ve understand that the President has this day dismissed Lieut W?, Decatur Hurst from the navy. It ha* been ascertained that Lieut. Hurst, while employed as first lieutenant of the United States brig Truxton on the coast of Africa, and ex ercising the duties of chief executive officer of that vessel, engaged in a duel with a midshipman under his command. It is said, and not denied, that Lieut. Hurst, on an intimation of an intention by Passed Midshipman Creighton to appeal, for some alleged wrong received from Lieut. Hurst, to higher autho rity, told that officer that such appeal was unneces sary, as he, Lieut. H., would give him personal satisfaction. The President has seized the earliest opportunity to express, by the strongest action, his disapproba tion of the course pursued by an officer who should have set an example of discipline and subordina tion. It cannot be doubted that, after due inquiry into the conduct of all the officers engaged in the duel, who are now absent on the African station, such further measures will be taken a* are neces sary to promote just discipline in the navy.?Globe. The Astronomical Observatory at Cincinnati is completed. The great telescope has been placed in the building, the grounds have been enclosed, and the Astronomer is at his post. New Jersey.?The new Election Law, which has just passed the Legislature of New Jersey, en tirely does away with all the October elections in that State, and requires all the fall elections to be held on 44 the Tuesday after the first Monday in November," which is the same day fixed bv Con gress at its late session for the Presidential Elec tions to be held in each State in the Union, and for one day only, and not two, as formerly. The elec tions of New York and New Jersey will hereafter be held on the same day. The statement made in the Alexandria papers a few days ago that Mr. Lanotree, of 1 ennessee, had been appointed Collector of that port, was in correct. The President has appointed to that of fice Edward Green, the present Deputy Collector. Fia* lie tm Mountain?.?The Winchester (Va.) Re Tiuhj u-*n of lh? llth instant mmym dial thai* hta been raging, for several day* pant, a very destructive fire in the North . Mountain above Winchester, destroying much timber, fenc ing, Ac. The Blue Ridge has also been on fire, and great damage has been suffered. We learn from the Gettysburg (Pa.) Star that the South Mountains in that vicinity have been oil fire for several days. The flames have destroyed immense quantities of growing timber, and a large amount of corded wood. Several houses have also been destroyed. CovvTiRTitiT.?Some five hundred dollar billa of the Port Carbon Railroad and Coal Company have been detected in Philadelphia, altered so as'to appear of the Philadelphia Bank. The lettering and vignette* are different from those on the true notes of the Philadelphia Bank. The vignette of the true bill is a locomotive and train?that of the false represents two females. The Cherokee Advocate of March 20th gives a long account of outrages which it says have been committed within the Cherokee territory by soldiers from Port Gibson. It charges them with burning a house from which the inmates barely es caped, with brutal aasults on men and women, and, in short, with being a plague and a terror to the Indian population. Col. Masow, the commandant of the fort, is represented as taking prompt and proper measures to detect and punish the offender*. America* Cotton MAHUFACTirais.?The exportation of cotton goods continues on an enlarged scale. We see it stated that from Boston the entire shipments of March were *,428 packagea, and since 1st June, 1844, ten months, />l,814 packages. Of the shipments in March the largest amounts were, to Canton 1,863 packages , East Indiea 820 do. The exports of cotton goods from New York since 1st April reach MM BP?kH?? The New Lisbon (Ohio) Palladium says that the robberjr of letters from the mail has become so frequent of late that it kelievee it to lie unsafe to send letters from that place to Co luinbu*, or Washington, (Pa.) Several letter* recently sent fo those and other points have been rifled of their contents. AN AWFUL CONFLAGRATION. By the subjoined distressing intelligence, extract ed from the Pittsburg Gazette of the 4th instant, (and written, of course, on the preceding night,) it appears that all the most ancient and closely-built part of the manufacturing and flourishing city of Pittsburg, in the State of Pennsylvania, has been consumed by fire. The part described as having been destroyed is the southeastern section of the city, extending to and bordering on the Mononga hela river. It is not mentioned that the fire had reached Penn street, or taken a direction westward ly towards the Alleghany river, or Northern Liber tie., Bayardstown, &c. It is much to be lamented that, situated as Pittsburg is between two large rivers, there should have been so great a scarcity of water within the limits of the city; an oversight ?? -which, no doubt, must be mainly attributed the surprising extent of the conflagration, and the im-j mense losses and suffering which have thus been inflicted upon its enterprising and industrious in habitants. FROM TBI FITTftRURU OAZKTTE OP KRIDAT. Pittsburg i* Rvixa !?We sit down to our desk with a aid heart to record the most fearful calamity which ever befell any,city of the sire of Pittsburg. While we now write an awful fire u raging, consuming the fairest portion of our city, land no human being can tell where it will stay its ravages. It has now been burniug for six hours, and, amidst the confu-, won which reigns, it cannot be expected we shall give any I thing like a particular statement of a calamity so extensive and inyoWng such fearful ruin. What general particulars we can give we lay before our readers. The fire broke out about twelve o'clock on Thursday, in an old frame sbed on the east side of Ferry street, used as a smoke house, immediately surrounded on two sides with old frame buildings. The weather was extremely dry, the wind blpw ing almost a gale from the west. The houses adjoining, on Second street, caught fire imme diately. The engines at this time began to play, and, had there been a sufficiency of water, would have subdued the fire. But from want of water, and high wind, the fire extended across Second street to the Globe Cotton Factory, which, to gether with a dwelling adjoining, was consumed. The Third Presbyterian Church was on fire, but was saved with great exertion. The fire, also, about the same time, extended across Ferry street, to the west side, where it consumed some ?x or eight dwellings, when it was stopped in that direction, the wind being favorable. But it was east of Ferry street where the fire raged with most fury. It immediately extended towards Market street, ?weeping every house on both sides of Second street, and the whole square bounded by Market, Ferry, Sccond, and Front ?treets, except one building, the warehouse of the Cotton Fac tory. In the square bounded by Market, Ferry, Second, and Third streets, every building was destroyed except the Third Church, and Johnston & 8tockton's prinUng office, and the American office. The square bounded by Market, Ferry, Front, and Water streets was saved, with but little injury. The fire crossed Market at Front street, and then began to rage with awful fury. This was about two o'clock P. M., ?h* wind K.H I Herein) to .1 perfect g>U. The fir* lutely appeared to dance from roof to root, and in an incredi bly short space of time the three immense squares, composed mostly of warehouses, bounded by Market and Wood, and ex tending from Third to the river, were a sea of flame. rhe heat by this time was tremendous. Wood street formed no barrier at all. The flames went hissing across as if eager for their prey. They also crossed Third street, below the new Post Office, and went rushing up Wo*l street ariom Fourth, and Wood street was a sea of fire from the river to Diamond alley ! But this was not all. The fire had become ungovernable. The arm of man was impotent. Even the goods removed to the streets for safety were seized upon and destroyed. On, on, marched the raging element. A sea of flame rolls on from _Wood street to Smithfield. The Monongahela House, that noblest of modern hotels, is surrounded with flames?it takes fire ! Still the ruin rolls on?crossing Smithfield street and Grant street, and sweeping 8cotch Hill enUrely. Even the Canal does not stop it. The Gas Works take fire, and directly all Kensington is in flames, and the fire rolls on and is only "topped in that direction, about one mile from where it com menced, from the wan: of food to feed its voracious maw. In the mean time the Monongahela Bridge has taken fire and is entirely consumed. The Pittsburg Bank, supposed to be fire-proef, extending from Third to Fourth streets, is in flames. The Mayor's Office is also on fire, and the new Post Office is in great danger. Let any one who is acquainted with Pittsburg survey this scene, and look over the extent of ground covered by this vast conflagration. 80 rapid did the flames progress, that, at one time, between four and five o'clock in the afternoon, the fire was raging with undiminished fury over a space extending from Market street, at the comer of Third, down Market street to the river, up the river to the upper end of Kensington or Pipe town, opposite to Birmingham, down from Kensington to Fourth street, down Fourth street to Smithfield, up Smithfield to Diamond alley, down Diamond alley to the large brick warehouse on Wood street, across Wood, extending in a di agonical direction towards the Bank, up Fourth street to the Mayor's office, and across to Third street, the place of begin ning. In all this vast space, the very heart of the cily, in cluding most of the warehouses of our manufacturers, and eur principal wholesale grocers and commission merchants, there is not one house standing that we know of. Twewti 8<icABxa are entirely destroyed, and several parte of squares, besides all of Pipetown, and all the buildings around Bakewell's Glassworks, which were also consumed. The loss of property must be immense. We shall not at tempt to compute it. The fire spread so rapidly that it was im possible to save property. The Front street merchants, whom immense warehouses were full of goods, groceries, and Pitts burg manufactures, removed their goods to the wharf, which *hey covered over its whole extent, down to the water's edge, but there they caught fire, and the most of them were con mimed. Among the public buildings destroyed are the Pittsburg nank, the Monongahela House, the Merchant's Hotel, the ' 'tnown "" Philo Hall, and all our Pittsburg in ed Tn.?^u"' ^ronicle and Age offices were remov eate an.) Pr^!I!lniC'*?l0"t itB P"*"*"- Presbyterian Advo Bunt IJnioni,,t office" tre ?***> Proved. of this r?T U" atlrmPt to give the particulars Now hm^'has received a dreadful At Z Z.7 "h" rise from her ashes. j not extending, blTi? rrt^'"! burnt district. HniwtJj w,lh ,wfil1 "ublimity in the ??as and homelew.^d !k ^ huru,I*d? of families are house to the distress, the 5? ^ To "Al will be involved in darkness . *n<l our Cl,y avrar *oon *" ,h* lurid flames die Millions of dollars will not ???? ? extent of loss and wide-spread "*r*?nced. For ofhoZ!? MOO, of which ?bo?, 700 " '??"? <?<*>? P-??. "f epZ" I 160 yards, making an area of about ?0 acres. Only one life -known h?. I?? Mm. ?ho ^ in her house on Third street. The vaults of the Baw* Pittsburh ami the iron safes of Mr. Kr**,? aiKj 8irrkt A Jorks, Brokers, have been opened and their contents f0Und almost entirely uninjured. THE WRECK OP THE SWALLOW. The following are tie names of the persons who, so far as has been astertained, lost their lives by the late unfortunate disaster on the Hudson river: Mrs. Conklin, of Bennington, Yt. Mr?. Elizabeth Cofln, West Troy. Mr*. Louisa Coffin, do. Mrs. Walker, of New York. Mine L. Driggs, of Troy. Miss Mary Torrey, of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Parker, of T'tiea. Two Misses Wood, of Albany. Mr. William Dsvu, do. Mine Spencer, of IVoy. Mm. Ann Lamberson, of Jamaica, L. I. Mm. Brewster, of Mohawk Yalley. One young man, supposed to be from the West. The New York "News" remarks that it is not probable any more bodies will be found about the wreck until the cabin is raised out of the water, and this it will take several days to accomplish. But meanwhile a number of boats is employed in the work of searching the river. As the current was run ning very strong at the time of the accident, it is not unlikely that many persons were swept off by it a long distance. The body of Mrs. Torrey was raked up about half a mile from the vessel. That of Mrs. Parker was found within a few rods of it Seldom has an accident occurred occasioning as much prolonged anxiety and suffering as this. Hundreds of persons all over the country have been thrown into a state of more or less alarm for the friends whom they supposed might be com ing down the river on that memorable night of the 7th of April. Not a few families, from which some loved member was absent, journeying to this city, will long be kept in a state of wretched fear that he, too, may have been a victim to this disaster; and horrid fancies of the death-scene of those who have been lost will forever haunt the memories of their surviving friends. A resolution has been introduced into the Legis lature asking for an investigation into the causes which led to this fatal disaster. FROM THE NEW YORK EVERIHO POST. In looking over what is said in the public journals of the late calamitous wreck of the Swallow, we are sorry to find that nobody is to blame. If nobody is to blame, there can be no avoiding ot such ter rible accidents for the future, and wc navigate the Hudson in constant peril of our lives. If no exercise of skill, caution, or foresight could have prevented the disaster, if it was absolutely necessary that so many lives should be lost, and so many fami lies overwhelmed with grief for the loss of those who were dearest to them ; if the speed of the boat could not be slack ened to allow it to make its way slowly and safely through a dangerous passage, or if the steamboat could not be stopped altogether, in case the storm and darkness made the passage undistinguishable, it is time to cease navigating the North river except under a clear sky and in broad daylight. To us, however, it seems clear that there was blame, and that the only way to make passengers safe against disasters of the kind, is to bestow censure freely when censure is just. Let us consider the circumstances and sec whether the disas ter might not have been avoided. The Swallow was wrecked between eight and nine o'clock in the evening, on a small rocky island, about fifteen feet high, covered with shrubs, close to the village of Athens, with a very narrow passage between it and the main land. The rivei at Hudson, our readers may remember, is divided into two channels ny a large rmiiK or mua, culled me rials, covered in summer with long grass, and cut through transversely by ti canal, whic h forms a passage for the ferry boats. The chan nel east of the Flats leads by the city of Hudson, and is com paratively narrow and circuitous. It is generally taken only by steamboats which have occasion to land at Hudson. The channel on Uie west side, passing by the village of A thens, is broad and direct, about half a mile ill width, with depth ot water enough to float a seventy-four. It was in this western channel that the Swallow was wrecked. The houses of the village stand in a range along the shore, lioth above and be low the island on which the Swallow struck. Between that island and the flats, the channel is nearly half a mile in width. The accounts of the disaster say that the night was dark and stormy, and the snow falling fast. At the hour in the evening when the Swallow was wrecked, the houses along the shore must have presented a line of lights, the position und distance of which enabled the pilot, if not altogether in competent or inattentive, to judge of the nearness of the steam boat to the shore. It was his business to keep in the middle of the channel < he was inexcusable if at such a time he either attempted to approach the village on the one side or the Hats on the other. He must have known of the existence of the island, and how it was situated in regard to the village he was passing, unless he was wholly ignorant of his calling, and if the lights of the houses were discernible from the shore, it is manifest that he might easily have avoided it. If, on the other hand, the thickness of the storm prevented the lights from being seen, if no object was distinguishable, and the steamboat was groping its way in the blindness of ut ter darkness, it was the duty of those who managed her to cast anchor, and wait till the tempest was over. Taking the di rection she did, dese to the shore, ifothe frail steamboat had not struck upon the island, she would inevitably have dashed to pieces against one of the wharves at Athens. No steam boat is allowed by commandants of ordinary caution to pro ceed under such circumstances. In thick fogs that conceal surrounding objects, they lie to and wait for clear weather. But if there was simply a difficulty in clearly making out objects, and yet not such (icrfect obscurity as to justify stop ping, the proper method was to preceed slowly and with cau tion, particularly when there was a possibility of danger, ma king no progress until it became certain that it was safe to do so. We cannot leam that any thing like this was done on board of the 8wallow. The passengers are under the im pression that she was going at the height of her speed when she dashed against the rock. She had left the Rochester and the Express at some distance behind her. There is no way in which we can look at the matter in which it does not appear to us that there is a fearful responsi bility to be borne by somebody for the lives that were lost on that dreadful night. The Swallow was a boat of very slight and fragile construction, so much so is to be the dread of many timid people who knew the fact, and the navigation of such a vessel ought to have been entrusted only to the most careful and vigilant persons. When she touched the rock she fell to pieces like wet paper. Yet she, with the lives of her three hundred passengers, was manifestly put under the charge of an unskilful or inattentive pilot. We take no pleasure in making these remarks, and we sup pose they will be offensive to some, but this is a matter in which we must deal plainly. There is no safety for those who travel but in holding the proprietors of steamboats to a rigid responsibility for disasters like this. The navigation of the Hudson has lately become fearfully careless. The number of accidents which have already occurred since the opening of navigation is very large j we have heard it remarked that as many have happened in these few weeks as in years before, and it is time tVint public opinion, which is sovereign in these cases, should apply the remedy. The terrible disaster of the Lexington has made the steamboat navigation of the Long Island Sound safe for passengers ever since it happened. There have been no more unavoidable accidents of the kind. The steamboat accidents on the Hudson only require to be judged by a similar severity to prevent their recurrence. Wash iHGToif Court* 4i*d Tar Cixtt.?The Hagers town Torch Light lenms thai five of the districts of Washing ton county have filled up the guaranties for the delivery of that portion of the 195.000 tons of tonnage which was required of Washington county. The Mgnatures to the paper in the re maining sixth have not been completed, although more than adequate security has already been obtained. The Torch Light expresses the ronvictioa that the work on the canal will be under way before the end sf June. Fire i* Zawesviiik, Ohio.?The Zanesville Gazette says that by the fire in thst town on Monday last, the dwelling houses of Messrs. Parke and Eastman, Mrs. Print*, and the business rooms on Main street of Messrs. Briton and Gibbons, Williams and Greeland, Clements and Warner were com pletely destroyed ; $12,000 joss and $1,000 insurance. The Gazette says: The most melancholy fact connected with the fire that we have to reconl is the death of Mr. John Cooper, son of Judge Cooper. He was found dead in his mom. He was seen in the neighlwrhood of the fire a short time after it commenced ; he returned to his room, and the presumption is that his death was caused by the excitement under which he was laboring. NATIONAL EFFECTS OF REPUDIATION. The new editor of the Nashville Banner (Mr. j Barxow) gives an able and pungent article on State Repudiation, from which we extract the annexed forcible passages. Mr. B. has represented his Gov- ( eminent abroad, and speaks from personal know- j ledge of the disgrace inflicted on the whole coun try, in the eyes of Europe, by State repudiation. " We know full well that it has been flippantly aanerted that Ue people of other States have nothing to do with the conduct or act* of the people of Miudwippi; that repudiation u an afluir of their own, and, if they choone to advocate it, it ia none of our business. Thin, in our opinion, is a flagrant mistake, a glaring error. Abroad, the distinction is rarely if ever nude between the citizens of the Union and the citizens of the different States: we are all viewed as Americans, as one family ; and the misconduct of one of the members is in juriou* to the character of the whole. We believe sincerely that the refusal of Mississippi to pay money that her agents have borrowed and her people have used, ha* done more to lower tike reputation of tike eiiucns uf the United States in the eyes of other nations, and to retard the progress of free principles, than any one act or series of acts that have been committed since the organization of our Government. But 'what care we (say the repudiators) what other countries think of ui: we are free and independent; the bravest, the greatest, tht most enlightened nation on the face of the earth, and it mattei* not a fig's worth to us whether we are esteemed or despised, admired or hated in the worn-out countries of the old world ; we can whip them all put togetherOh, but dear good fiends, (might well be said in reply t? them,) you are playing t^e very game of all others that tike kings and nobility of Europe would desire. Your example is furnish ing them with the ^nost powerful argument they could use against liberal institufVms, against self-government. You are destroying the hopes of millions of your fellow-creatures, who, inspired by the stccess of the experiment which you were trying, have been vndcavoring, through long years of misery and oppression, t* obtain sdme alleviation of their hapless lot, and ^ few ef tht privileges and franchises of free men. In unhallawed and tnnatuial combination with the monarchs and lords of Europe, you arc heaping U|ton the already over-burdened backs of the poor and laboring classes of the old world, a weight which must soon crush thein to the earth. Is this your object, can tliw be your desire > " When,|in private life, men manifest a disregard of public I opinion, and boast of placing it at defiance, such men are rarely to be trusted ; they have already lost their character, or are contemplating the commission of some act that will destioy it. Thus it is with nations. Credit and good repute are the breath of their nostril'', and raust be an object and aim of their exertions, unless they are willing snd prepared to sink into ihe very depths of inferiority and infamy." THE CURTAIN LIFTED?A LITTLE. FROM THK KAMI t MO (ILLINOIS) JOVHNil.. We find the following precious paragraphs in the Hon. John Wentworth's correspondence in the Chicago Democrat It shows how the " spoils" are disposed of. A candidate, in stead of presenting his papers to the proper Department, must hand them over to our Locofoco delegation in Congress. Some of the appointments agreed on by them are curiout enough. i The recommendations from the Locofoco memlx-re of th? I.t-gi?faiuTe ami mtiei leniing mourners of uxr |??rty arc to g< for nothing. This will lie a sad disappointment to many These recommendations cost a good deal of trouble to obtair them, more especially those procured early in the session. A a later date all recommendations were signed indiscriminately, as it was understood, ami without much regard to their con tents. The members of Congress were apprized of this (act, and consequently these recommendations are regarded by thein as of iitUe or no importance. Mum 8th.?Our delegation unfortunately can come to no united rule of aetion in relation to presenting candid.itcs for nomination to the President. Many candidates are here still ' in suspemic. The Misaouri delegation, four Representatives and two Se nators, met on an equality. Whoever got four votes was de clared unanimously nominated, aikd his name sent to the Pre sident For a rule like thiR a majority of our Illinois delegation con tend ; but a minority hold out ; and up to this time we are all in the woods. Thi* difficulty has been brought about because men, sent to Springfield to legislate for the good of the people, claim the right to dictate to the Senators whom they shall get appointed to office here. But, claim what they please, the inemliers of the lower Houae contend that six of their constituents in the legislatori al no better than six men out of it whether residing at Chi cago, on the banks of Fox river, or scattered over any of the long prairies. March 11.?After a great diversity of opinion as to the proper course to pursue and the proper men to support, and after wading through cartloads of conflicting petitions from the sachems of the party at Springfield, tending to divide and em barrass ua, the delegation had a meeting last night conse quence of a refusal to act by Col. Polk until tike delegation be came united. In pursuance of a mutual agreement last evening, the united Democratic delegation called upon Col. Polk, who received it very politely and kindly indeed, and asked the following ap pointments. In addition to the united eflbits of both Srnators and Representatives, this agreement was brought aliout by the request of all the candidates here who submitted their claims to a majority of the delegation. Too much praise cannot be bestowed upon Mark Skinner, of Chicago, and Col. Dunlap, of Jacksonville, one the most proaihient candidate for District ' Attorney, and the other fpr Marshal, who, in order to unite the delegation, and so make us stand strong before the Presi dent peremptorily declined being a candidate for any office. James Shields, Supreme Judge, was recommended for Com missioner of the General Land Office. Samuel Hackleton, of Fulton, for Surveyor General. D. I?. Gregg, of Juliet, for United States District Attorney. 8. H. Anderson, (late Lieutenant Governor,) ofMt Ver non, Jeflerson county, for Marshal. George Mixter, Register at Dixon. W. E. Russell, Register at Danville. Thomas Dyer, Receiver at Chicago. William Wilson, Receiver at Palestine. Dr. I. B. Berry, Consul to some foreign port. Braxton Parrish, Receiver at Shawneetown. N. W. Alexander, Register at Palestine. W.W. Happy, Postmaster at Jacksonville. Alfred Hinton, Postmaster at Carrollton. Wm. M. Jackson, Register at Chicago. March 12.?The delegation have united on Mr. Backin tos for Superintendent of the l<ead Mines ; John Dement for Receiver at Dixon, in case of a removal; and I. R. Mooers for Postmaster at Danville. The candidates for Postmaster at Chicago are S. A hell, James Turney, John Bates, l)r. Kimlierly, A. Lloyd, Isaac Cook, and On. Stewart. Many of the office-seekers complain that tlie President does not act quick enough. He replies, however, that he is will ing to act as soon as they leave town. The greediness for office has been most signally rebuked by him ; and the di*|>o*ilion of the offices l?y our delegation has broken into all the arrangements made at Springfield during the past winter, and especially as our delegation is all united. Stkamroat Exmmion.?The steamboat Kli/aMh, which left New Orleans on Sunday, the 30th ultimo, collapsed her boilers when she was entering the Courtanhlcau from the At chafslaya, on the Tuesday following, and tore away her en tire works above the (toilers, together with her boilers and deck fixtures, killing and wounding several of her crew. The pas sengers escaped without injury, except a few who were slight ly bruised. Mis4iifn Vrssici.s.?The New York Express contains a list of forty-two vessels, which are now missing and supposed or known to he lost forming an aggregate destruction of life and property almost without a parallel in the history of com mercial enterprise. We select from among the number the following, which had sailed from or were hound to Baltimore : Brig Mary Ann, from Baltimore for Nassau ; sailed Septcm lier 27?not heard from. Schooner Joseph Brown, from Pro vidence for Baltimore oil the 10th December?not heard from. Schooner Susan Rliza, from Baltimore for Castiue?40 day* out. Brig Ciaxelle, from Antigua for Baltimore 24th Septem ber?not heard from. FROM TEXAS We learn from Galveston papers, received last night, that Mr. Donelson, our Charg6 to Texas, arrived in Galveston on the 27th ultimo and pro ceeded direcUy to the seat of Government. In an nouncing his arrival the Civilum states that it has not learnt 41 whether he is prepared to promote an nexation under Mr. Brown's or Mr. Benton's plan, or empowered to act under either that may he most convenient in attaining the end desired." Mr. Yell, who, it was reported some days ago, was sent with despatches to Mr. Donelson, was also at Galveston. The papers are mostly occupied with the subject of annexation. The Civilian of the 20th says: " The British sloop of war EUctra arrived here on Thurs day I ant, from Jamaica, with despatches (brought there by steam) for the Engliah Minister in Texas. They are said to be of importance in the present slate of our affairs, and simi lar to, or the duplicates of, those of which intelligence had reached the Legation here by way of the United States, though the despatches themselves had not come to hand. Capt. Elliot, who was here, proceeded to the seat of Govern ment yesterday, in company with the French Minister, who also received despatches by this arrival." The same paper of the 29th says : "Nothing has yet transpired here relative to the character of the despatches brought by the Eltctra. Should this ves sel not have brought definite and complete proportions for tbe settlement of our affairs with Mexico, we shall regard annex ation as settled. For ourselves we ask nothing better than the present condition of things in Texas, and the advantages which she, of herself, is capable of deriving from them. This, however, is not the general feeling, and, unless a clear and unconditional acknowledgment of our independence is now extended to the country, we believe that it will be useless to contend with the popular desire for annexation." The News of the 25th, referring to the floating conjectures and vague surmises as to the nature of the despatches brought by the Electra, says : "The English and French Ministers have already left for Washington, on the Brazos ; and it is exultingly stated that England has at last obtained our recognition by Mexico, and that annexation must and will now lie defeated in Texas, since it has succceded in the United States, contrary to all the pre dictions of foreign agents heie, and in spite of all the efforts made to prevent it. It is positively asserted by those who profess to understand the full plan of operations, that annex ation ran never take place ; and that measures are now ir. operation to counteract the public opinion and defeat the ac knowledged wishes of the people of Texas. We can only [ say that those who undertake to resist the strong democratic I feeling of this country should " take care how they stand lest they fall." The offer of our recognition, through the agency of foreign mediation, at this time, can only 1* looked upon as a bribe to defeat annexation. Whether such an offer is now made or not, we do not pretend to know. But one thing we do know, that the people of Texan have sense enough to ap preciate fully favors that have been withheld while they were needed, und are now only offered as the last alternative to defeat the progress of republicanism, and to make us instru mental in carrying a foreign policy upon this continent." The Civilian of the 2Gth, alluding to the great i anxiety felt to know what estimate General Ilons > tr>n put* upon the resolutions of the United States Congress, as his influence with the people is eal i ciliated to have a material hearing upon the matter, i says: " We have seen a letter from him, unteu the 20th instant. He had not boar J of the passage of the resolutions, and did not anticipate the passage of any measures amounting to an i negation by the United States Congress previous to its adjourn ment. We are inclined to U-licve that he would not l>e dis posed to present any obstacle to annexation on fail term* to Texas; but we doubt whether lie will reganl the resolutions adopted (except under the second plart proposed) as art!in line the means of effecting it." The same paper, speaking of the late meeting of the friends of annexation in Galveston, says : 44 The meeting was respectable, both in numbers and deco rum ; but it did not express, nr profess to express, the senti ments of a majority of the |?oplc of Galveston. A majority of our citizens are opposed to annexation ; a greater majority are not satisfied with the resolutions of the United States Con gress. In Galveston, at least, the passage of these resolutions has excited but little enthusiasm. The meeting alluded to passed a resolution requesting the friends of annexation to illuminate their houses on Saturday evening. The whole number illu minated in the city, in accordance with this resolution, did not exceed twenty." The 44 News," speaking of the joint resolutions, says that it has 44 information from various sources entitled to the utmost credit that President Jovr.s will give this great measure his cordial support." CANADA POST OFFICE CIRCULAR. General Post Office, Montreal, March 26, lH4fi. The Postmaster General hnving concluded an agreement with the Government of the United Slate* for the conveyance through its territory of the corres|?ondenie of Great Britain and Canada, the mails to and from Canada will in futnre lie landed and embarked at Boston, instead of Halifax, (as here tofore,) and will be conveyed between Montreal and Boston in charge of a British officer, appointed by the Postmaster General. All letters and newspapers, therefore, addressed to Europe will be forwarded from Montreal via Boston, units* specially directed to be sent by some other route. The first letters from England by the new channel will come by the steamer of the 4th of April next, (from Liverpool,) and the first transmissions hence will be for the packet leaving Boston on the 1st of May. No additional postage will be charged upon letters to and from Canada in consequence of the transit rate which is to be paid to the United State* Post Office, but a charge of one half-penny will l>e levied on the delivery of each newspaper, whether in the United Kingdom or in Canada. In Canada thia half-penny will be in currency. A Crash.?On the 1.1th, at Barnard, Vermont, Professor Wrmht was lecturing on galvanism, electricity, Ac. in the old Universalis! meeting house, when the false floor which had lieen put up between the galleries gave way, and the au diencr, of one hundred ami fifty persons, apparatus, lights and all were precipitated to the floor beneath. Fortunately no bones were bn?ken, and none very seriously injured. Nome of the spectators supposed the accident to be a part of the per formance, and one fellow, who lay sprawling at the bottom of the melee, sung out, like the sailor who was blown up by the fireworks, " well, he gave us a tremendous shock that time !" The Trial of I'id/y Rtxfinr was terminated at New York on Saturday afternoon, the jury returning a verdict of guilty of murder, accom|?anied, however, with a recommendation to tnercv. The prisoner received the verdict without evincing anv emotion, ami was removed in the custody of the sheriff, to her quarters in the Eldridge street prison. The Courier says : 44 The verdict will lie sent to the Supreme Court for confir mation and sentence, but meanwhile her counsel aw prepar ing a bill of exceptions, on which to ground a motion for a new trial. So the end is not yet. There are ihree other in dictments pending against her?one for murder, in killing Mrs. Houseman's infant; one for arson ; and a third for grand lar ceny. The past trial b*" occupied twenty working days, and has cost upwards of $3,000 to this city ; but an application is now before the 1 legislature to transfer the expense to Rich mond county, where of right it belongs." ( THE OFFICIAL ORGAN. FIIOM THE BOSTON DAILY A I)V EBTIHKH. The new Administration has now been in existence more than a month, during which period it has acquired no political character, except by isolated acts, affecting individuals only, for want of an official organ to explain its principles of action. It has been unable even to announce officially the appoint rneiitd which have been almost daily made, because an author ized publication would be giving an official character to the journal selected for the purpose. It has been in the predica ment of the Virginia Legislature, unable to appoint a Chap lain becauso such appointment would be a violation of that provision of the bill of rights which forbids the giving of a preference of one religious denomination over another. It seems, from what is stated in the letter given below, which we copy from the New York Evening Post, that this difficulty is altout to be removed. The Washington Globe, which has hitherto been the organ of a section of the Democratic party, is to undergo a thorough reform, and to become the organ of the Administration party. The details of the arrangement for "tfecting this object, which i* rather a. compl?*-OJie, OttLfijl dentiy the result of much difficult negotiation, we suppose are correctly stated in this letter. The great object to be accom plished, we suppoae, was to (fctain the good-will and influence of the Globe, at the same time that it took from its late pro prietors the power of controlling it. The pecuniary consider ations which have governed the arrangement are not stated. That is a private aflkir, and the public have no right to pry into the particulars. But in the change of editors, the public have an inter est. From the importance which has been attached to the ne gotiation, it is evident that a very material change is antici pated in the character of the paper, and the principles to be advocated by it, and that it is to represent the views of the Administration, which were not truly reflected by it before. The new editors are of course expected to act in harmony with President Polk and his Cabinet. We may expect, then, soon to be informed, more definitely than we have yet been, what are those views. In thin there will doubtless be a great ad vantage, both to the Administration and to the public. If those views are such as will meet the approbation of the pub lic, most persons will have no hesitation in expressing their satisfaction in a manner which will give the Administration a confidence in their support. On the other hand, if the ^1 ministration meditate a course of action not likely to meet with the support of the country, the sooner their purposes are known the lietter. The following is the information [abridged from the letter] given by the correspondent of the New York Post, to which we have referred : " Wasmiwutoji, Aphil7, 1844. " There is much reason to believe that the selection of an official <? organ ' has been a subject of anxious, delicate, and protracted negotiation one which haft called into requisition the exercise of more tact, (kill, and acumen than could be. found in the whole body of the foreign diplomats practiced as they ure, now at the seat of Government. ? "The result of the negotiation U supposed to be recorded in & contract between Messrs. Ritchie and Heisn, (the former of the Kichmoml Enquirer, Virginia, the latter of the Nashville Union, Tennessee,) of the first part, and John C. liive*, of the. great " Globe," of the second part, tor one-half of the Globe establishment, Mr. Francis P. Blair still retaining the other half as a silent partner. Mr. Ritchie having a enrie blanche as to the tariff, with liberty to treat it as he pleases? "judirioitxly," of course. " Mr. Ritchie, I presume, is nearly ne\enty years of age? ntlier too old to enable on ordinary man to encounter much ruu^ll wpathrr?although I nut not pr>. rsely rrtfinmrtf ns to this particular instance. I can only hope that he may lie ena bled to keep in smooth water while he steers his new 'organ.' Simultaneously with this arrangement with the Glolie, Mr. Jesse E. Dow, late doorkeeper of the House, and Mr. The ophiluH Fisk, late editor of the ' Old Dominion,' publislted at Portsmouth, Virginia, perfected their pure hut* of the Madi ?onian?John Jones's Madisonian?and are preparing, I un derstand, to commence the publication of an organ par exrrl Unc? of the ' voting democracy.' " The * Constitution,' also, by Messrs. Harris and Heart, which has now been published for some months, is another competitor for the favor of the 'young democracy,' and is con ducted with much ability." TEXAS LANDS. ril(l? THE XF.W f OR K F. XI'IIFSS. We have the authority of Mr. Benton for saying that the claims to the land* of Texas are live and nix deep upon all the valuable portion of the public domain in Texan. We know that there are Spanish claims Mexican claims, and Texas claim*, and if Texan wan our* frem the beginning, ax some of the politicians tell us it was, we suppose that our Government has a right also to put in a claim. In the multitude of claim ants, it is very certain that there is the groundwork laid for a most costly litigation ; and, to moke the caw even more per plexing than it usually is, there is to be a fierce struggle lie tween honest and fraudulent claimants, and probably from more nations than one. Hani upon the annexation resolutions adopted by us?and as was predicted from a hundred presses and a thousand tongues?the Houston Telegraph announces that some of the holders of colonization contracts, or their agents, have been offering land scrip for sale, pretending that they have valid titles to the land* they have contracted to colo nize. These arc sold in cities in the United States and in Eu rope. The editor (and we shall let him tell his own story) says : " It apfiear* that the territory designated in these contract* has been divided in shares similar to the shares of the Colora do, the Rio Grand*, and Arkansas companies, and to the shares of Bsales Co. It is well knewn that these companies, be fore the revolution, inundated the United States with fraudu lent scrip. We have often, while visiting the United States, been shown samples of this scrip, ornamented with beautiful engravings and maps of lands, to which these companies have no more title than they have to the Crown of England. We believe most of the contracts have been, or soon will be, for feited, and we hope Congress will, at the earliest practicable moment, adopt measures to prevent the contractors or their agents from continuing their schemes ?f deception. As the nature of these contracts is not generally known in Europa and in portions of the United States, these speculators meet with little difficulty in effecting sales of their fraudulent scrip. We have been informed that some of these shares have been sold for a thousand dollars, and a part of the money was paid down. The purrhasera will be bitterly disappointed when they find that their titles are not worth a farthing, and that their beautifully engraved scrip is as worthless as so much blank P*l*r'" I.EUISLATIVE IstlCIHT I M To Til F. I.ATE I)|S**TER.?The Albany Argus of last Saturday says : 44 We are glad to |>er ceive that the Senate yesterday directed a standing commiltrc of that hotly to inquire into the cause and circumstances of th? late disaster of the steamboat Swallow, with power to send for persons and |>a|>er*. The committee consists of Messrs. Bar low, Beck man, ami ('hamberlain. 44 So much is due not only to the public sentiment ami ex pectation in this instance, but to public considerations which affect the well lieing of the vast travelling community. Cer tainly it was an extraordinary deviation?a quarter of a mile from the centre of the channel?the causes of which the pub lit* are entitled to know, as far as they can be known under the circumstances." Mr*icir*i. Eucctio* 11 CiJU'MSATt.?In the ( harter Election which has just passed Cincinnati has again done its duty in the re-election of her excellent Mayor Spf.xckr and her faithful and energetic Marshal Sirriw. A handsome majority of the City Council, ami other municipal officers, are also Whigs, This is the more gratifying, as in the amalga mution and division of |?arfics it was feared that the H big ranks might be so far distracted and broken up, as to throw the election into the hands of our opponents. There was, however, no strict jMirty test made or adhered to. All three of the candidates for Mayor have heretofore l?een ranked as (food Whigs. The \ merit* n Republican party, who for the tirst time undertook to organize and' rim a ticket, have found |,v the result that it is no go in onr Qneln City. The vote was ,or H. K. SeKX^ER 3,360, for Hkmrt Morse 3,161, for Gkorke W. Ji?if.s, tV \menc?n Repub lican candidate, 418.?-At la.*.