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?? Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable." SATURDAY, 8EPTEMBER 27, 1845. THE MARYLAND ELECTION. Is the brave and good State of MhvimiBi to which the Whigs throughout the Union hare learnt to look us ever ??First in the onset, last in the rstrsat," suddenly growing willing to yield up not only the national struggle for good principles and a safe Go vernment, but even the domestic contest for the maintenance of order, law, and right policy in her own State Government t Does Maryland, spirit ed as she is, allow herself to think of giving up, be cause the Whig party is outnumbered in Congress just now ? That would ill agree with her past con stancy, her ancient pluck?still leas would it agree with her prudence : for precisely now, when Loco focoiam threatens, with anounresisted majority in Congress, to be able to do its own wild will of de struction, and to traffic away, in the swap of faction with faction and intrigue with intrigue, every thing that wise legislation ought to defend?precisely now, we repeat, is it thatlre need, in the National Coun cil, every true man that we can get, the utmost force of the unflinching that we can muster, to de fend all that can be saved from the free-trade-tariff men, the Jacksonite-nullifiers, the hard-money-bank men, the pet-bank-subtreasury-men, the New Jersey State-rights-men, the Dorrmen that do not like anti Renters, the Calhoun mpn that do not like Dorriam but are fond of all the party that encourage it; and the Northern anti-Texas men that vote for the ex clusive Texas candidate. It is to Maryland and Massachusetts, above all other States, that the States less united and the States where (though really strongest) Whigwm is for the moment overborne, must turn their eyes. with the hope, the confidence?so honorable to its objects?that on their good soil, at least, the brave banner, which has been held aloft through so many ? years of discouragement and of disaster, shall still fly, undiminished of one single fold of breadth or inch of height, until once more, in 1848, at their leading signals, the land shall spring to arms, hill answering to hill, and, flag upon flag rising up into the air, salute those that were never lowered. Let Maryland and her sister of the East hold out, then, for honor to themselves, for example to others, like the last Greek strongholds that beat back the Turk from their walls?hold out until at last tyranny and folly shall once more accomplish what sense has failed to effect, and rouse up a gene ral insurrection of every thing like good principles throughout the land. Let Maryland and Massa chusetts, at least, continue to do their duty to the country, fail whoever else may ! But let Maryland, even more, do her duty to herself: for she must desert that, too, if she aban dons the other struggle. If she consents to be su pine as to the National contest and interests, she will be shipwrecked as to her own. Whatever cause?inertness or division?shall be suffered to injure the Congressional elections, the same must endanger the local, the State ones. The Wmo who shall stay away from either, or who shall in either allow himself to be cajoled by the Locofoco devices for discouraging or distracting those whom they cannot otherwise beat?that Whig will be doing much, not merely to put the great National question of the Tariff entirely into the hands of Locofoooism, but to deliver his State up once ipore, tied neck and heels, to have all her interests, her honor, and her domestic peace dragged in the dirt at the wheels of the triumphant car of Jacobinism i^ithiri, that they may have as strong a Government here, as imbecile one in Maryland. What the move on which this faction, always ready to resort to anarchy when proscription and corruption have failed, now depend for recovering the rule in Maryland, let her citizens judge else where, by the following extracts from a highly re spectable local journal published in a quarter of the State not remote from us?the Frederick Examiner. From that paper we copy the following : "The Wmo PAa-rr.?Wa are glad to perceive that the wily effort of the Locofoco party to seduce the Whig* from their fidelity to their principlea by the clamor for ' Conven tional Reform' ha* proved a signal failure. The Whig par ty of the county are firm, united, and lealoua in their patriotic cause, and they will continue to be ao. The object and mo tive of the Locoa in starting this Conventional Reform move ment is ao glaringly apparent, that no true Whig, of ordinary discernment, could be misled by it. During the whole aix jears that the Locofocos had the patronage of the State in' their hands we heard no agitation about Conventional Re form, and the right of Revolution to overturn the 8tate Gov ernment. The members of that party poaaesacd the " loaves and fishes," and they were contented. At the late Guberna torial election, however, the Whigs succeeded in electing the Governor of the State, and Whigs were accordingly appointed to office, and now forsooth, all of a sudden, the I-ocofocos raise the hoe and cry against the Constitution of the State, and eeek to tear it to peices by violent measures and a revolution ary proceeding ; and, to crown the impudence of their move ment, they gravely ask the Whigs to help thefn to carry out their purposes ! This is rather overdoing the thing. They will find on the first Wednesday of October that they calcu late without their boat, and that the Whig party of Frederick *T ? "UP "? ?<? Umir principlea. They art friend* of Law and Order, and art in faoor of all proper reform and refreshment, but they propone to bring them about without retort to violent meaauret." From the same paper, we take the following still stronger appeal: " Keep it before the people, that the Locofocon of Frede rick county, with their randidatea at their head, are advocat ing "a bk volution a av Cobvewtiob." " Keep it twfore the honest and peaceful people of Frede rick county, that they are setting afloat the principle* which led to the massacres and bloodshed of the French Revolution That they proclaim that laws do wot bii?i> kAjoatTita t but that they can be trampled under foot with but a shadow of pretext, by popular violence, or by popular number*. People of Frederick county, thia doctrine leads to mob-law j to ababcbt ! No law can then be binding but tb? law or voaca. Ft la another ' Dorr it m, and another anti-Rentiam / in principle?it toill lead to deatruetion, if followed out! Bk WABB ! BkwaBB IB TIMS !M What, then, appears to be the fact ? Plainly, that this is no movement for any purpose of law, but only for one of party power. These pretend ed Reformers sought no reform while in the ascen dency; yet surely it wa? then that their " reforms" should have come. Admirable reformers! that thought of no benefit, no amelioration, while in the majority, but who no sooner haye lost the power of reforms than they grow hot for them ! Where was this zeal before the last Fall Elec tion ? And where has it lurked since, while they held or hoped soon to have the State without it? Why did they hold in their reforming energies dur ing the late Presidential election? Why, but be i cause they thought the State doubtful, and that a new and untried question might render the result more uncertain? Now, however, they have no thing to lose. In the minority they have naught to fear from anarchy. That, they dread only when in the majority. Then, they abhor all innovation, and become resolute conservatives ! For year upon year, while Jacksonism ruled the State, there were neither too many officers, nor too frequent meetings of the Legislature. Banks they made or managed upon the exquisite model of theirs of " Mud-fog," so admirably described by a writer of their own State ; and, as for Constitution*, what do they matter to them ? When they admin ister them, do they not make them what they please ? And when did Constitutions ever stand in their way, except under Whig rule ? In Maryland, by their old fundamental law of 1776, any defect of the Constitution can be cor rected almost as soon as it is felt: for a concurring vote of two successive yearly Legislatures alters the Constitution. There, then, a Convention is never needed ; for two successive Legislatures serve for a Convention. If the first adopts a change, the act is published to the people ; and they then pass upon it, by electing the next Legislature with a view to that especial question. If they send a ma jority for it, the change is confirmed and becomes a part of the Constitution. If they do not, the pre ceding act becomes void. Thus two great goods are obtained by the Maryland plan, since adopted in other States: to chauge takes tu<o years, two separate bodies, and no Convention; and as the Constitution is all the while subject by parts to re vision, it is never necessary to pull it all down, good and bad together, to repair it. Now, observe the conduct of this pernicious party. When in power, they wanted no Conven tion : they proposed not even to change the Con stitution by the milder, quieter, more legal means of the Legislature. They offered not to change it in part: of course, still less to revolutionize many main parts of it at one blow. They did not ask for that which was quietly and deliberately to be done in two years; still less, of course, for that which was to hurry tilings through in one. They did not call for what the Constitution was ready to give them. Now, they are hot for what it does not authorize, what it has made totally unnecessary. They can even now easily effect by law any thing of change which the majority of their fellow-citi zens think safe or needful : yet they prefer to act without law, suddenly, on every thing at once, and with all the added violence of party agitation: in a word, they seek subversion and anarchy, not wise and honest change. Why not wait two years ?. Surely changes o( the Constitution, especially wide ones, are not best done when done most quickly. But no : two years will be too late for their political game?too late to get them back into immediate power and office? too late to give them the State for the next Presi dential struggle. ' Good people of the old colony of Maryland ! Let yourselves not be entrapped by these bad citi zens into either supineness or agitation ! Much need have you to bestir yourselves as to the affairi of the-General Government: they are in danger? especially that great national interest, the Tariff As to your domestic changes, those men want nc good ones who want to hurry you too fast for de liberation, and too far for law. Take your time, and do your business well. And that you may dc all this calmly yet wisely, turn out, every man ! Let the word be passed round to every good citi zen, and hold him none who disregards it! Meet these wicked and selfish contrivers, who lull the good and stir up the bad, at the pplls ! Meet them and their dupes ! Foil both ! Defend and save your State, the Tariff, and whatever else you can! FURTHER?THE BALTIMORE DI8TRICT. Since the above was in type, we perceive, with great regret, .that another mischief?set on foot by Heaven know? what ill-advised persons, and no doubt secretly fomented by the enemy?has sprung up in the Baltimore Congressional district, and threatens danger to the election of one who is uni versally esteemed for his many excellent public qualities, and who has been for several years past one of the ornaments of the House of Representa tives. We have had abundant occasion, in his ser vice here, to know not merely the talents of John P. Kennedy, (for of these we have little need to tell the country,) but something in him far rarer and less easily appreciated by the public, especially in party times?we mean the calm superiority of his "views, the strong political sagacity, mixed with his political warmth, that make him one in whose opinions we confide for their wisdom and ftiodera tion, not less than for their fervor. Such praises we are little addicted to ; npr should we use them now, but that the occasion justifies them, and that the public merits and usefulness of that gentleman, as known to us, must surely be underrated by any who, being not I<ocofocos, can desire to defeat, or will even consent to do what may endanger, his re election. It has chanced that we have been com pelled, on some very critical public steps, to com pare his judgment with onr own; and the event always taught us to value his discrimination: so that really, were we to choose on what member's insight into public events we should rely more than all others, it would be difficult for us to say whom we should prefer to him, or whose usefulness we more esteem in the place in Congress which he has lately filled. The difficulty which menaces his election has arisen, we see, out of the starting in his district (the first fifteen wards of Baltimore city) a com plete Native American ticket; at the head of which ia to be run for Congress Mr. J. McKrn Duncan, a gentleman of whom we hear every thing com mendable as a Whig, which would prevent him, one would think, from letting himself be drawn into a movement from which he can hope nothing, as either Whig or Native American, except to divide the Anti-Locofoco vote just enough to elect a Lo cofoco. This will be a result the more grievous and un just, because Mr. Duncam and his friends must surely, with a little recollection, be perfectly aware that no man has more heartily assented to their par ticular principles than Mr. Kknnkdy. He has stood forth among the foremost to proclaim his ad hesion-to them, and to incur the opposition of their enemies. In but one thing has he differed from them?a question of political expediency?the ] question whether or not all other public questions ought to be or could be merged in a single one. On that question, Mr. K. decided one way, other Whigs another. Whose judgment was right, no one will doubt who considers either the event, or the opinion of an enormous majority of the Whig party, or that of all those leading men on whose patriotism and prudence, in all public questions, the country has so long relied. We say all this with the better right, because we too are as much attached as any body to the reform for which Na tive Americanism calls, and have only refused, like Mr. K? to make that the tole principle of our politics. In his letter to his constituents of 21st Novem ber last, to be found on the file of the National In telligencer, Mr. Kennedy spoke out upon the sub ject of Native Americanism in the following manly terms: " I say to the Whig*, raise again your flag. Stand firm in your preaent array. Go not apart into any other combina tion, but stand your ground aa Waioa. The recent election has forced upon our adoption one addition to oqr old formula of principles ; a great and momentous abuse calls for the aid of the Whigs to THE REINFORCEMENT OF THE PU RITY OF THE BALLOT-BOX. It is fundamental in this Government that the true People of America shall speak truly in their elections ; that their voice shall not be suppressed by fraud or violence ; and that neither shall it be outweighed by voices un-American : I mean by that, that no man shall vote in our elections who has not a heait to feel with American people, and a mind so acclimated aa to understand, at least, the difference between American and foreign interests. To compass this great end, we must have a modification of the Laws of Naturalization?such modification as shall lengthen the term of probation, exact greater care in the introduction to citizenship, and strengthen the securities against fraud. We say with all our heart, hospitality to the stranger, full privilege of holding land, full protection to property, full en couragement to his labor, but no privilege to interfere in the government or legislation of the nation until he has lived long enough in the country to understand its interests, to resist the cajolery of demagogues, who would make him, through hia ig norance, the instrument of the basest designs; and until be has sufficienUy identified himself with our people to feel that their welfare is more important to him than the welfare of all others. Our laws at present do not give us these securities, and we may presume that there is not an intelligent, honest hearted naturalised citizen in this Union who does not feel and acknowledge the necessity of this reform. In accomplishing this great (mrpose, it will he the resolve of the Whig party to atand by the cause of Religious Toleration, ever spurning the base attempt which has been made, and will not cease to be made again, to connect the Whig cause with the odium ol religious persecution. "For these ends the Whioi need no new organization, no new name. That which we bear has been consecrated in many a battle-field of Freedom, and it will, I trust, long serve to rally the brave and pure spirits who stand up for Populai Right and Free Government in time to come. Let us no assume another." Such as the ground here taken by Mr. K. haf been that taken every where by the Whig Party, It is every where Native American in principle?as Native American as Locofocoism is the opposite. What more would any reasonable Native American have ? Can both together carry their measure at present,? Notoriously not. For that purpose, they must have majorities in both branches of Congress; and they have a joint majority in neither. The ef fort was made and a bill introduced, at the last ses sion, by the Whigs, through Mr. J. R. Inoersoll. For such a bill, what Whig will not vote ? And who but Whigs are ever to carry it! Is it by get ting in an anti-Native like Mr. Giles, (Mr. Ken nedy'b opponent,) and turning out a Native ant Whig like Mr. Kennedy, that the naturalizatioi laws are to be changed ? It is a shame to think o such a thing; and they who are willing to leat their fellow-citizens into such a mistake are surelj very indifferent, after their present turn shall b? served, how completely such conduct may break uf all sympathy with the Native American cause. LACONIC. The Secretary of War thus replies to General Hinton's offer of his brigade of Ohio Militia to the President for the war with Mexico : Wak DiriiTMtKT, September 8, 1845. Si* : Your letter of the 29th August has been received by the President, and referred to this Department. The Presi dent and this Department fully appreciate the patriotic mo tive! which prompt your offer, and your name will be entered on the list of candidates for military service. Very respectfully, your obodient servant, W. L. MARCY, Secretary of War. ' Brig. Gen. 0. Htirro*, Ohio Militia, Delaware, O. The Boston Atlas of Tuesday aays : " The United States frigate Constitution, Captyin Percival, on her passage from Borneo to Canton, put into Turon Bay, Cochin China, to re fit and repaint the ahip. Although thia place is the principal seaport of the Kingdom of Cochin China, yet there was not a foreigner to be found in the place, and no csmmunication was to be had with these natives, except through a servant of one of the officers, and that by writing only. They remained three or four daya before any of the authorities would visit the ship, (the officers had been allowed to go ashore, but not to walk about.) When the Mandarins came on board, a letter was secretly delivered by one of them, purporting to be from a Frenchman of the name of Le Fevre, who signed himself Bishop of Isauriopilea, and Apostolic Vicar of Cochin China, stating that he had been seized by the Government, put in irons, and condemned to death. The Mandarins had return ed to the ahore before the contents of this letter were ascer tained, when Capt P. determined to demand the priest in person, and proceeded on shore with an armed force. As he could get no answera, nor sight of the highest or chief Man darin, he seized three of the Mandarina, and subsequently took possession, with three of the ship's boats, of three of their war junks. The gunboats fled at the approach of our lioata, and the soldiers were much frightened and fled when oar men chained them. The Junks and Mandarins were subsequently released." Sicaiissa.?We regret to learn from every part of the Western couritry that intermittent fevers of every type pre vail to an unusual extent. At Dubuque, Galena, Chicago, throughout Iowa, Wisconsin, Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, not only individuals, but frequently whole families, are pros trated with the epidemic. Even Ohio and Kentucky have not escaped ita ravages. Fall fever ia the prevailing disease, but it is not malignant in its character.?Cm. Atlas. Wm. Gnat, Esq., British Consul for the State of Virginia for the last twenty-seven years, haa retired from that office. He left Norfolk on Friday afternoon for Nova Scotia, where he intends to spend the winter. Mr. G. was an attach^ to the British Consulate at Norfolk in 1800. Five or six store* were burnt at Middletown, Orange coun ty, (N. Y.) on last Tueaday evening. The sufferers are James Jackson, Dr. Lewis, W. Hoyt, Shaw and Handford, dry goods merchants, and Broadwall 4 White, grocers. The oss s said to be 15 or $80,000. House Bra jit at Mica.?The residence of Mrs. M. B. Bratton, of Bath county, Virginia, waa destroyed by fire last week, in the following singular manner. The fire was first observed issuing from a drawer in a bureau, in which there were lucifer mutches, and it is presumed they were ignited by mice gnawing at them. The mice in thia case were the incendiaries, and the matches were their fire. Another in stance of th?i fruits of culpable negligence in leaving matches lying loosely al>out. Lucifer matches are made by dipping a pine split in phosphorus and sulphur combined, m a liquid state, and then coating it over with melted sulphur. Phos phorus and sulphur combined will burn by cominn in contact with the air. All the mice had to do was to grind off the outer coat, and the inner, especially in warm weather, would ignite.?Charlertoum Republican. I A STARTLING PUBLICATION The New York papers apprized ua of the ap pearance od Monday last, for sale in the book-shops of that city, of a pamphlet embracing much very curious matter, the most exciting part of its con tents being copies of a great number of letters to Jessk Hoyt, former Collector of the port of New York, from political and personal friends who have had a great agency in the politics of the country, and especially *f the State of New York, during the last twenty-five years. From a friend in the city of New York we have received by mail a copy of the work, the title of which is as follows: "The Lives and Opinions of Bihj. Fhahui* Butl**, t United States District Attorney for the Southern District of ' New York, and Jessk Hott, Counsellor at Law, formerly ? Collector of Customs foi the port of New York, with anec ' dotes or biographical sketches of Stephen Allen, George P. ? Barker, Jacob Barker, James Gordon Bennett, 8amuel R. 4 Betts, Isaac W. Bishop, F. P. Blair, Walter Bowne, C. ? C. Cambreleng, Moses I. Cantine, J. I. Coddington, W. ? H. Crawford, Edwin Croswell, John W. Edmonds, Aza ' riah C. Flagg, Lorenzo Hoyt, Jeromus Johnson, Isaac Kib 4 be, Cornelius W. Lawrence, Isaac Q. Leake, Charles L. 4 Livingston, Edward Livingston, William L. Marcy, Mor 4 decai M. Noah, "fhaddeus Phelps, Elijah F. Pordy, Rogrr 4 Skinner, Peter W. Spicer, Samuel Swartwout, Enos T. 4 Throop, Henry Ulshoefler, John Van Buien, Martin Van ? Buren, Prosper M. Wetmore, Campbell P. White, Levi 4 Woodbury, Silas Wright, Samuel Young, and their friends ? and poliUcal associates : .by William L. Mackenzie." We have hastily run our eye over this publica tion, and we are not surprised at the curiosity which it has excited, and that not among the lovers of scandal merely, whose appetite the contents of the compilation are well calculated to gratify, but among men of all classes and all parties. The letters cer tainly contain strange developments. They are, however, letters evidently written in all the free dom of intimacy, and with the most entire confi dence in the sanctity of private porrespondence, the violation of which no circumstances of political animosity or personal difference can justify. It is hardly possible to refrain from reading such matter when placed in print before one, but we cannot re concile it to the rule of conduct by which we have ever been governed to be instrumental in extending the publicity already given to these private letters. We therefore refrain, however strongly tempted, from extracting from this book any part of its con tents. The other matter in the book consists chief f \y of facts extracted from the report made by the Commissioners appointed in the year 1841 by the i Executive of the United States to investigate the 1 affairs of the New York Custom-house. Those ' facts, officially ascertained, important in themselves r and fit subject for exposition, have not before been prominently presented to the public attention, not animadverted upon as they ought to be. The large volume of the reports deterred public journalists from the attempt to publish them; and the labor of an analysis of them was almost as appalling. Such at least is the reason why our- readers have heard so little of these reports, of which a small number of copies only were printed for Con gress, and a still smaller number of these of course found their way into the hands of individuals. Re minded by Mr. Mackenzie's publication of the in teresting facts disclosed in these reports, it is per j haps not yet too late to bring them to the particulai notice of our own readers. We will think of it. With regard to the general character of the ex j citing publication to which we refer, we find in th? New York Courier and Enquirer the following re marks, corresponding so much wiUi our own firs j impression on the subject, that we transfer them U our columns: r ; 44 A pamphlet was sent to us yesterday containing wha purport to be private letters addressed by various politician ' and personal friends to Jxssa Hott, late Collector of thii port. Tbay are published by W*. L. Mackenzie, a fugi tire patriot from Canada, who was appointed by Mr. Yah Nlss, while Collector, an officer in the custom-house of tbia city, and went out of office with his patron. It is insinuated in a preliminary notice that these papers were obtained by the Poindexter commission, and carried to Washington, and in that way, by some una vowed means, have seen the light. " We do not believe this story, and rather imagine it will turn out?i? as we suppose is undoubted, the letters be genu ine?that they have been feloniously purloined from a locked depository in one aof the rooms of the custom-house, where they were left for safe-keeping by Mr. Hott, and are now given to the public from a mingled feeling of personal ven geance and mercenary speculation. " In this shape the publication is infamous, and should be denounced by all who value the inviolability of private papers, which, even more than the inviolability of persons, goes to make freedom secure. " The consequences of this publication, however, to the chief correspondents of Mr. Hott, the influence it is to ex ercise upon their character, and the unveiling of intrigues and of hearts thus brought about, cannot be recalled. There are those made manifest in these pages who might gladly invoke the mountains to fall on and cover them. "The pamphlet was sold yesterday by thousands." The following paragraphs from two of the New York papers of Tuesday evening, referring to the j abovementioned publication as having created great excitement in the city of New York, possess some interest for all readers : That pamphlet, of which we merely gave notice yesterday, having only received it an hour or two before going to press, is a very curious and very disgraceful revelation. We read ( (a# much of it last evening as could lie got through in some two hours, and see no reason to doubt that its contents are genuine?that the letters were actually written by the persons whose names are appended to them. But the story of their being left in the custom-house we take to be a transparent "fetch very many of them bear date twelve, fifteen, or even twenty years ago?long before Mr. Jesse Hoyt had any thing to do with the custom-house. We cannot help thinking that the publication has not been made without the knowledge and consent of Mr. Hoyt; and it is evident that some other than Mr. Mackenzie has had an active part in supplying the con necting links of narrative. None but a contemporary and actor in the scenes could know so much of the details connect ed with Jacob Barker's long since exploded tanking opera tions, and other stirring events which kept the public excite ment up, long before Mr. Mackenzie ran his head against Sir Francis Head. Who is the real compiler ? What object is to he gained by this extraonlinary movement ' 8o far as we have read, the book tells awfully against friends and partisans of Mr. Van | Buren alone. It is a formidable armory of weapons to be used I in demolishing the political ami personal reputation of that j gentleman, and of all who have moved under his pulling of j the wires. Is he still a lion in the path qf Mr. Polk, or of any other present aspirant to the future Presidency } We do not know that we shall publish any of the letters. It is dreadful to read such withering exposures of political pro fligacy, such shocking exhibitions of venality, chicanery, hy pocrisy, and fraud. moM the hkw Tom* kvekiko oat.ktte ot tvbsdat. The Globe of this morning, in its notice of Mackenzie's in famous publication?which it styles, by the way, " a queer book"?has this paragraph : " Mackenzie, who has published this hook, is prr se a man in whom wi place no kind of confidence, if we are to believe the information received from some of his Canadian friends, j In 1841 he published a violent paper in this pity, iu which, 'without rhyme or reason,' he denounced the democratic candidate for the Presidency, and was ot great service to the Federal party. He was subsequently appointed a clerk in the custom-house by Collector Curtis, and held the place until recently, when he was either removed or resigned, taking with him, probably, the private letters from which he obtain ed material for the book we notice." Of the degree ol confidence placed in Mackenzie by the De mocracy, we care not now to speak ; but the a?sertion that he was appointed to office in the custom-house by Mr. Cub tis is untrue. That gentleman, on the contrary, refused pe remptorily to give an appointment to Mackenzie, though he was backed by letters direct from Washington, recommend ing, or, in plainer language, requiring that an office should be conferred upon him ; and for this and other similar instances of honest isde|>endence, Mr. Cchtih was removed from the collectorship to make room for Mr. Vaw Nehh. With,Mr. Van Ness, Mackenzie came in, and with Mr. Van Ness he went out of the custom-house, without waiting to be turned out, or even going through the formality of writ ing his resignation. THAT PAMPHLET, AGAIN. FROM THE HEW TOKK COURIER AND ENQUIRER. We said, in our former allusion to this pamphlet, that the letters were probably feloniously obtained. Mr. Hoyt assures us that they have been abstract ed from a trunk marked " The Law Papers of J. L. Hoyt" the key of which is still in his pos session. FROM THE 1TEW YORK MORNINU NEWS. Statement by Ex-Collector Van Ness. A few weeks before I left the office of Collector, a person, not connected with the Custom-house, informed me, in a casual conversation, that he understood some important private correspondence of Jesse Hoyt, Esq., and certain of his friends, had been discovered among the archives of the Cus tom-house by Mr. Mackenzie. I immediately sent for Mr. Bogardus, the assistant Collector, and requested him to em ploy a confidential clerk to make a private examination in the room where Mr. Mackenzie with other clerks waa employed, and where the papvra, if any, were supposed *o bow found, and, if there were any private papers, to have them secured and taken care of for the owner, whoever he might be. Home days afterwards Mr. Bogardus informed me that be had caused the examination to 1*) made by a trusty clerk, and Uiat some letters and papers, belonging probably to Mr. Hoyt, had been found in a large chest, but that they were of nq apparent consequence. Believing that there was really nothing of importance in the matter, and being then prepar ing to leave the office, I gave it no further attention. This is all I hail ever known or heard upon the subject until the appearance of Mr. Mackenzie's book, which sur prised me as much as it can have done any other person in the world. C. P. VAN NESS. MORE MORMON TROUBLES. We learn from a letter published in the St. Louis Republican that a serious disturbance has lately taken place in the upper part of Adams county, Illinois, between a portion of the "old citizens" of that and Hancock counties and the Mormons. The letter, which is dated atQuincy on the 14th instant, says: " A gentleman belonging to this city returned from Lima, in the vicinity of the outbreak, last evening, and informs us that on Thursday last the anti-Mormons attacked a settlement known by the name of ? Morley's Settlement,' a short distance northeast of Lima, in this county, and that up to the time he left twenty-Jive or thirty houses had been burnt, together with several I tarns and wheat stacks. The excitement was very great, and large numbers of anti-Mormons were pouring in from the adjoining counties and froqt Missouri, and they were still burning and destroying property, and were determined to drive the Mormons out of the county. Our informant saw about fifty Mormons under arms within about two miles from the settlement, who appeared determined to defend themselves, ft was in contemplation by the anti-Mormons to attack two more settlements iast evening." In addiuon to what is stated in the above letter, the Repub lican informs us that a gentleman who had visited the camp of the anti-Mornwns, near Lima, estimated them to be aboul three hundred strong. He was also at the camp of the Mor mons, and found them to number about one hundred. Aflei ? leaving the camps, ho returned to Warsaw, where he remain ? ed some time, and learned there that the Mormons had al moved into Nauvoo, and that the Mormon 8hcrifThad ordere< out the legion to arrest those who had commenced these dis ? orders. The Republican adds that, if this report be true, an< , the legion turns out, a conflict is inevitable. A letter receive* at St. Louis, from Warsaw, says that business was suspendet " on account of the difficulties with the Mormons, and that ae t veral houses had been burnt and lives lost. > Later.?The St. Louis Republican of the 17tl instant says: t " Oui accounts by the last boats are brought down to Sun day night. The work of destruction was progressing, ant ' extending itself with hourly increasing violence. The anti 1 Mormons, it is understood, have taken measures to secure i general concentration of forces from far and near, and the; declare that they will not stop short of the expulsion of ever] Mormon from Hancock county?in which Nauvoo is situated. It is said that up to Sunday night about sixty houses had beer burned down in Adams and Hancock counties." LATER 8TILL. Accounts from St. Louis as late as the 19th do not indicate any cessaUon of the war between the Mormons and anti-Mor mons of Illinois. The "Nauvoo Neighbor" states that up wards of forty houses and out-houses had already been burnt in Green Plains and Lima districts. It is reported that the same process of burning out the Mormons has been com menced in other settlement*. On the 16th instant an anti Mormon of the name of Franklin A. Wobrell, a mer chant of Carthage, and a lieutenant of a volunteer company, was shot dead by a party of Mormons. This, it is feared, will increase the excitement A correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, writing from Warsaw under date of the 17th in stant, concludes his letter as follows : "This week, I believe, must bring matters to an issue. ' From the apparent concert with which the anti-Mormons ' are acting?their simultaneous attacks?the deep and deadly ? hatred which they entertain to the Mormons?the fact that ? the Mormons from all the settlements out of Nauvoo are ? being driven into the city?I judge a fight must come off 'this week, which will probably give a predominancy to ' one party or the other. I shall wait the result. It is very ' doubtful whether the Governor or civil authorities can act in ? Utne to prevent the worst results." THE ANTI-RENT TRIAL8. The Court of Oyer and Terminer was opened at Delhi (New York) on Monday. Judge Parker,#in commencing his charge to the Grand Jury, alluded to the fact that the Court was held in a county declared in a state of insurrection, for the first time in the history of the .State. The peculiar cir cumstances of the present occasion seemed, in his mind, infi nitely to increase the impotent responsibilities of the Grand Inquest?inasmuch as the Government of the country and the wry existence of free institutions had been periled hy re bellion, and preserved only by the strong arm of the law, aid ed by military force. He then animadverted on the impolicy and inexpediency of a resistance to the laws on the part of the leasehold tenants, as a course of action cakulated to turn back the tide of sympathy previously flowing strongly in favor of those whose tenure, so burdensome to the holders, was generally deemed incompatible with the nature of our insti tutions. In regard to the character of these titles Judge Parker remarked : " These lands were granted in large tracts, before the Re volution, by the Colonial Government. The titles were (riven by the sovereign authority ? and it is a principle recognised throughout the civilized world that unappropriated lands be long to the State, and the right to give a title to them rests in the sovereign authority. So it was here. These titles to large tracts of lands were thus granted to individuals ; and at the time of the Revolution the titles, which descended toothers by assignment or devise, remained unchanged and unimpair ed. The change ol Government does not change the tide to individual property." He then proceeded to show that no greater misfortune could befall the tenants than the substantiating of a defect in the title of their landlord ; for then the soil, with all its improvements, woukl revert to other hands, and the tenants woukl lose the whole lal>or of their lives. The lease constitutes a solemn compact between the land lord and tenant, vesting each with rights which no act of the Ilegislature can infringe. If the tenant has by his contract voluntarily assumed onerous conditions, he can obtain relief only by compromise?by purchase by arrangement. In conclusion, he cailed upon the Grand Jury to vindicate the supremacy of law, by presenting for punishment all who, under whatever pretext, had been guilty of its violation. The same evening the Grand Jury presented indictments of ninety-four individuals for murder in the first degree, and of thirty-nine for cons|>iracy, being armed and disguised, Ac. [Journal of Commerce. THE CHESAPEAKE AND OHIO C^NAt. It gives uh pleasure to be able to announce that the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company have entered into a contract with Walter Gwynn, Wm. Bevkrhoitt Thompson, James Hunter, and Wal ter ( -i nningham for the completion of the Canal to Cumberland within two years from this time, and that the agents of the State of Maryland have ap proved the contract. The work is to be commenced within thirty days from the 25th instant; and, from the experience which these contractors have had in the execution of works of this character, and their high standing as gentlemen and men of business, we may confi dently hope that they will accomplish their great undertaking with advantage to all parties interested. THE MARYLAND ELECTION. The election in the State of Maryland for six Representatives in Congress, and for Members of the Legislature, County Sheriffs, &c. will take place on Wednesday next, the first day of October. The following are the names of the candidates for Congress : W HIOS. Locos. John G. Chapman, H. G. S. Key, ' Jacob Snively, Thomas Perry, John Wethered, T. W. Ligon, John P. Kennedy, Win. F. Giles, Henry E. Wright, Albert Constable, Edward Long. James L. Martin. FROM NEW ZEALAND. Capt. Pierce, of the whaling ship General Pike, which arrived at New Bedford on Saturday from the South Pacific Ocean, states that, with the ex ception of Auckland, the capital of New /nland. the natives had completely routed the European po lonium iind obtained possession of the island. They were making preparations to attack Auckland. The island included about fourteen European settle ments. The Bay of Islands, formerly the seat of Government, contained previously to the attack of the natives a population of about 3,000, mostly Eng lish. The population of Auckland is about 4,000. Captain Pierce brought with him an English family, consisting of. John Florance, his wife, and two daughters, 20 and 22 years of age, to whom he had afforded a refuge and protection on board of his vessel from the exterminating warfare of the natives at Vangaf-oa, New Zealand. The colonists at Van garoa, about forty in number, with the exception of this family, had ^previously fled, Mr. Florance being prevented from doing so in consequence of the se vere illness of one of his daughters. His house and property had been wholly destroyed by the natives. LATE FROM CORPUS CHRI8TI, (Tkxas.) Intelligence from Aransas Bay to the 15th instant has been brought to New Orleans by the steamship Alabama. Among the news is an account of a deplorable r catastrophe, resulting from the explosion of the boil ers of the steamer Dayton, on the 12th instant, when she was about half way between Corpus Christi and St. Joseph's Island, by which eleven per sons were killed, including among them Lieutenants Berry and Hiooins, of the Fourth Regiment of Infantry. The names of the rest are not stated. Sixteen persons were wounded, but none of their wounds were considered dangerous. The steam boat is a total loss. At the time of the disaster there were on board only between thirty and forty persons, consisting of United States soldiers and hands attached to the boat. There is no news of interest from the army un der General Taylor. The sloop-of-war St. Mary's arrived at the Bay of Aransas on the 15th instant with a bearer of despatches on board for General Taylor from Washington. On the evening of the same day, the brig Porpoise hove to off the bar and communicated with the St. Mary's, and in half an hour thereafter sailed towards Vera Cruz. A letter from General Taylor to a citizen of New Orleans, under date of the 14th instant, says : " As yet we have met with no enemy, nor do I expect we shall do so, at any rate for some time, as our Chief Magistrate cannot declare war ; and from all the information I can obtain, I do not believe Mexico will declare war against us ; and even should she have the temerity to do so, she will hardly attempt to invade any portion of our territory, but will act on the de fensive and by non-intercourse. I was quite surprised to leam that considerable apprehensions were felt by the good citizens of New Orleans and elsewhere for our safety, particularly as I neither, by letter or in any other way, expreaaed nor entertain ed the opinion that I thought oar situation a critical one, much i that I desired a reinforcement, or that my command was not adequate to repel any force that might be brought againa>t it; at the same time I duly appreciate, as Aire 11 as feel, under the greatest obligations to the good people of your city, not only for the interest they manifested for our safety, but more especially for the efficient aid of the two excellent volunteer companies of artillery so promptly despatched." TEXAS LANDS. The New Orleans Picayune announces the re ceipt of an entire copy of the State Constitution of Texas, as lately adopted by the People's Conven tion. Attached to it is the annexed ordinance, which, if it be legally effective, has an important bearing upon grants of Texas lands : AN ORDINANCE. Whkreas various contracts have been entered into by the President of the Republic of Texas with divers individuals, with the expressed intention of colonizing an enormous amount of the public domain of Texas; and whereas it is believe.) that said contracts are unconstitutional, and therefore void from the beginning, and, if carried out, would operate as a monopoly of upwards of a million ef acre* of the public do main of Texas in the hands of a few individuala, when in truth the citizen soldiers and creditors of the Republic of Texas had, by the laws and constitution of said Republic, a clear and indisputable previously subsisting right to locate up on public domain thus attempted to be assigned to said con tractors : S ? Therefore, it i* hertby ordained and declared. That it aha!) be the duty of the Attorney General of this State, at the Dis trict Attorney of the district in which any portion of the colo nies may be situate, as soon as the organization of the State shall lie completed, to institute legal proceeding* '(r""4 *H colony contractor* who have entered into contract with the President of Texas , and if, upon such investigation, it shall be found that any such contract was unconstitutional, illegal, or fraudulent, or that the conditions of the same have not been complied with according to its terms, such contract shall be adjudged and decreed null and void : Provided, however. That all actual settler* under such contract shall he entitled to their quantity of land a* colonists?not to exceed six hundred ami forty acres to the head of a family, and three hundred and twenty acres to a single man. And in all suits brought by or against any contractors, or any person claiming under, by, or through them, or either of them, it shall he lawful for the advene claimant to set forth any plea that it would have been competent for the State to plead j and the party may in troduce testimony to prove the claim or title to have been for feited, as well for fraud* or illegality, or unconstitutionality, as on account of a failure to comply with the conditions of the original grant or contract; and any such plea shall be deemed good and valid in law in all such suit or suit* in this State. Sec. 2. tie it further ordained, That the legislature is hereby restrained from extending any contract for settling a colony, ami from relieving a contractor from the failure of the conditions, or the forfeiture accruing from non-compliance with the contract. Sec. 3. And be it further ordained, That this ordinance shall lie presented to the people for their adoption or rejection at the same time this Constitution shall be presented to them, and the returns of the vote* taken on this ordinance, shall be made to th?f office of the Secretary of State of the Republic of Texaa at the same time the votes for the (Constitution may be returned. Adopted in Convention thia 27th day of Augunt, 184ft. THOMAS J. RUSK, Preaident. Attest : Jams* H. Rtiaoxn, Secretary. A strong armed force was organized in Clay county, Ken tucky, some days since, for the purpone of liberatinK from jail one Dr. Bakku, awaiting his execution for the murder of a man named Bates. Information of their design* reached (?ov. Owslbt, who ordered out the military without delay, and hua frustrated the plans of the molt.