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STATISTICS OF COMMERCE AND REVENUE OF THE UNITED STATES, Compiled from the Report of the Secretary of the Treasury, December 3, 1845.?[coNTiNutD.] TABLE XI. Exhibiting the amount of principal articles im ported, the amount re-exported, and the amount consumed or on hand, for the year which ended 30th June, 1845. Dyewood in stick* Copper ore Specie Mid bullion leas Cotter Wool, unmanufactured.. Wool, manufacture* of.. Cotton, unmanufactured. Cotton, mauulactures of. Silk, and manufactures ol Flax, manufacture* of.... Clothing, ready-made ? ? ? Iron and steel, unmanul 'ed ?? maiiuiack. oi Wood, unmanufactured... Tobacco, manufactured, fct SllllHi _ i Wines of all kiwis. Spirits Molasses Supar Spices Indigo .... . Opium Coco* and chocolate Cordage, tarred k untarred Leather, tanned tc dressed Pa|K-r of all kinds Salt Coal and coke Fur* undressed, Sec Hat* fee bonnet*, Leghorn, chip, &cc Other enumerated articles] Nou-enumer'd. 11,906,689 Free 2,958,563 Imported. $003,408 48,807 4,070,2421 5,761,788 6,243,532 1,689,794) 10,666,176 646,966 13,863,28* 9,928,411 4,923,109 1,173,028 3,965,611 5,077,788 299,082 1,161,942 1,470,186 1,191,120 3,154,782 4,780,720 533,055 862,700 37,638 94,016 89,600 128,277 53,648 898,663 224,505 783,971 765,026 17,198,439 14,865,2*2] Kc-ex pnrted. $349,067 28,78t?| 7,762,049 927,1 ?7 842,475 53,965 130,611 792,535 502,553 250,634 159,626 64,984 42,169 49,1 83,582 76,809 57,794 95,957 82,761 784,252 229,338 94,686 18,922 152.630 78,699 37,W)3| 6,053 15,3011 35,957 Sl,114| 32,655 621,502 855,895 Consumed fcc on hand. $254,341 20,027 4,834,631 5,401,057 1,635,829 10,535,565 13,360,729 9,677,777 4,763,483 1,100,014 3,923,412 5,028,676 215,500 1,085,133 1,412,392 1,095,163 3,072,021 3,996,468 303,717 768,014 18,716 10,901 91,074 47,595 883,359 188,548 752,857 732,371 16,576,937 14,009,357 1117,254,564)15,346,830ll05,803,724 Deduct for exportalious during the year exceeding importation*? Bullion and specie 3,691,807 ? Cotton (raw) 145,569 Cocoa and chocolatc 58,614 3,895,990 Consumed and on hand, a* before stated $101,907,734 We have classed together a large amount of enu merated articles, because the amount re-exported of the greater portion thereof was very trifling, and because we did not wish to extend our table to too great a length. Here again? however, we are met with the striking defect in the official document, which returns nearly $15,000,000 of our imports (more than one-eighth of the whole) with no other information than that about $12,000,000 (part there of) was imported under different rates of duty, vary ing from one to thirty-five per cent., that nearly $1,500,000 duty was paid thereon, that the remain der was imported free of duty, and that $855,805 in value (part thereof) was re-exported. Surely this Ought to be corrected. How can Congress, when it is now about to be called upon to revolu tionize the existing tariff, act wisely or justly while in almost total ignorance, ho far as this report goes, in respect to more than one-eighth of the subject to which it has relation ? The tariff tables, particularly the rates of duty levied by the various tariffs and modifications there of, from July, 1780, to August, 1842, and extending over eighty-eight pages, contain very little informa tion which was not previously in the possession of the public. The thirteen tables showing the imports of the various descriptions of iron, and its manufactures, during each year, from 1790 to 1844, with the value and rate of duty, certainly contain much valuable information ; but it is spread over too great a space, and will require a good deal of labor in re-arrange ment and compression before it can be available for any practical purposes. The tables relating to coal, sugars, molasses, cof fee, and tea, contain much valuable information. We now coine to the answers to the circulars of the Secretary of the Treasury, which extend, as we have previously stated, over 736 pages. The first circular proposed forty questions, the second twen ty-eight. The greatest number of answers received to any of these questions is 102, the least8. When the great number of manufacturing establishments in the country is taken into consideration, it is evi dent that the highest number of answers received, if it had been extended to every question propound ed by the Secretary, would have afforded very In efficient evidence upon which to found a revolution of our revenue system. I^etit be also remembered that many of these answers, so elaborately recorded, consist of phrases like the following: 44 Cannot speak positively u uncertain ;" 44 very probably should;" 441 should think not;" 441 don't know;" 44 this is not susceptible of an answer44 not acquainted;" 44 thinks there is;" 44 a variety of causes;" 44 probably ;" 44 does not recollect," <fcc. What information the public is to receive from such replies is not very evident. The persons, to whom the Secretary's circulars were addressed, would of course answer such ques tions, and such only, as they pleased: and, know ing the object to which their answers were intended to be applied, they would frame those answers so as not to prejudice their own interests ; and they had every right to do so. Many of the questions were inquisitorial, and were, no doubt, treated as such; many were incapable of an answer by the parties to whom they were addressed, and were either un attended to or replied to in the luminous and satis factory) manner to which we have alluded. Vine ol the questions the most fully and satisfac torily answered is the 13th of the first series, rela ting to the number of hours the men, women, and children employed in the varipus manufactories arc required to labor. Wc have examined the entire 700' pages of this part of the document, and present the following analysis of the answers. Eighty definite answers were received, of which two stated the numbers of hours' labor to be 8 ; seventeen stated them as being 10; one as 10J ; six as 11; five as 11J ; forty-four as 12; one as 12 J ; three as 13 ; and one, a flouring mill in New York, where men were employed during eight months in the year, stated the number of hours' labor to be IS. Is there not a mistake in this last statement T So much for official proof of the rxcennive labor which the manufacturers are charged with imposing upon their operatives. Again : as to the " exorbitant" dividends or pro fits made by manufacturers, we find no evidence of it in this document. It is true that one manufactory of coarse cotton and woollen goods in Georgia states its profits from 1833 to January, 1844, to have been 10 per cent, per annum, and since then 25 per cent., and two others in Georgia state their profits at 20 per cent. One iron and brass foundry and engine manufactory in Alabama states its profits as hieing 20 per cent. A manufactory of edge-tools in Ohio states its profits as being 25 per cent., and two other manufactories state theirs as being 20 per cent. Others in various States estimate as follows: one at 14 per cent.; two at 12J ; three at 12 ; nine at 10 ; two at 8 ; eleven at 7 ; eight at 6 ; two at 4 ; two or 3 ; one at 2jtand two at 2 per cent. One manufactory in the 8t*te of New York, which was established in 1834, replies : " There have been divi dends to the amount of 40 percent.but this very probably means the entire amount of profits for the twelve years. Another, which was also commenced in 1834, " lost money until 1841 ; since then it has made 12 to 15 per cent., I should think." Another " cannot say ; but the proits in 1840 and 1841 were Ereater than since." Several state their profits to ave been " nothing;1' others slate a positive loss, and a great number take no notice whatever of the question. Surely, the opponents of the tariff can not make inui'h capital out of materials like these. To the question, 44 What rate of duty is neces 4 sary to enable the manufacturer to enter into com 4 petition in the home-market with similar articles ? imported ?" sixty direct and definite answers were received, of which thirty-four state, in substance, 44 not less than the presentNine manufacturers of coarse cotton goods reply, 44 no duty." One cotton manufacturer replies, 44 not less that 5 cents per square yard on cotton goodsanother 30 per cent, on home valuation." Four require a duly of 25 to 30 per cent, on manufactures of cotton. One woollen manufacturer states the necessary pro tective duty as being 50 per cent. In iron and ma nufactures of iron, one requires not less 40 per cent, on steam engines, mill-gearings, and castings generally ; another says a reduction of duty on Scotch pig iron is necessary ; another requires a duty of 50 per cent, on pig iron. One manufac turer of paper fixes the necessary duty at 40 per cent., and one of pottery at the same rate. One manufacturer of hemlock sole-leather, one proprietor of a brewery and malt-house, two'manufacturers of cotton-bagging and bale-rope, and one of salt and cigars, say 44 no protection is needed." Our read ers will draw their own conclusions from these ex pressed opinions of those who ought to know most about the subject; but we cannot think that opinion will be that the present rates of duty ought to be materially interfered with. The Secretary inquires, 44 If the duty upon the 4 foreign manufacture of the kind of goods which 4 you make* were reduced to 12$ per cent., with a 4 corresponding reduction on all the imports, would 4 it cause you to abandon your business, or would 4 you continue to manufacture at reduced prices ?" Sixty-two answers were received to this question, of which forty-eight assert that such a reduction would cause die manufactures now prosccuted to be abaudoned; nine sa^ they would not abandon ; two are doubtful; one would continue by reducing the price of labor, and two by reducing the price of the raw material. This is certainly decisive enough. To the next question, 44 If it would cause 4 you to abandon your business, in what way would 4 you employ your capital ?" the answers are nearly in the same proportion?that such part of the capi tal as was engaged in buildings and machinery would be rendered useless, and of course without value. ? We will close our examination of this part of die subject with a statement of the answers received to die inquiry, 41 Would the establishment of a ware-' 4 house system promote the trade and increase the 4 commerce of your State ?" One reply from Maine, two from Connecticut, two from Illinois, and one from Missouri, in all six, state that it would not be serviceable. Five replies from Massachu setts, one from Rhode Island, one from New Jer sey, one from South Carolina, three from Georgia, one from Alabama, three from Florida, one from Louisiana, one from Tennessee, and one from Ohio, in all eighteen, think it would be beneficial. So suites the Chamber of Commerce at Charleston. One from Rhode Island diinks it would have no material influence ; one froip Maryland is doubtful, and one from Maryland says it would be injurious. There is, however, much valuable information to be found in the communications from the Charles ton" Chamber of Commerce, and in those from Mr. Rost, Mr. Harris, and forty-seven other gentle men of Louisiana, and from Mr. Forstall, of New Orleans. The letter to the Secretary of the Trea sury from a Committee of the Democratic Conven tion of Hamilton county, Ohio, has more of politics than political economy in its contents, and is, we most be allowed to think, a little out of its place in this document. The uuwen to the Secretary's questions relating to agriculture, from Mr. Henry S. Randall, of Cort land village, New York, appear to be particularly valuable, because they arc based upou facts and practical experience. We wish that we could find space for an analysis of the documents from Charleston and liouisiana, and of Mr. Randall's communication. Those portions of the 736 pages devoted to this subject are, we think, worth all the rest; and, aldiough we cannot exacdy agree wiUr all their conclusions, we regard diem as highly valuable contributions to the stock of sound and useful information. The great faults of this document are those which are chargeable upon many of our official communications?a want of compression, methodi cal arrangement, and adaptation for speedy and easy reference. A document of this description should yield its information on inspection, and not subject the applicant to the labor ol' extracting and arranging, of examination and calculation, before lie receives an answer to his inquiry. We will reserve our observations upon the argu ments of the honorable Secretary's report until we are favored with their embodiment in the plan for remodelling the Tariff, which he has submitted to the Committee of Ways and Means of the House of Representatives. i RAILROADS IN GEORGIA. The Milledgeville Journal of the 17th inston rives the following gratifying account of the enter prise which the Stole of Georgia has within the ast two years manifested in her internal improve nents: Of the rai!way? already finished? Central Railroad, from Savannah to Macon 192 mile*. (?eorgia Railroad, from Augusta to Atlanta 170 do. W. and A. R. R., from Atlanta to Dawaonvillc. ...80 do. 441 do. To be finished in six and in less than twelve months : Macon and Western Railroad, from Macon to At lanta 101 miles. Western and AUantic Railroad, from Dawsonville to Cross Plain* 22 do. 123 do. Already finished, as al-ove 442 do. 565 do. It should I* stated thai the Macon and Western Railroad lias been in operation ?cver*l years for tlie distance of fifty nine miles, and is now undergoing thorough repair in the hands of a new and strong company. The Macon and Western Railroad u virtually an exten sion of the Genual Railroad. Atlanta i? the common point at which the (reorgia Railroad and the Macon and Western Railroad terminate. The Western and Atlantic Railroad is the extension of both to the wentwar^, and when it reaches Cross Plains, the works of internal improvements in the Stat* will be completed within fifteen miles of the southern boun dary of the State of Tennessee. From Cross Plains to the neal>oard, by railroad, ia as fol lows : From Crow Plains to Savannah . 39ft miles. From Cross Plains to Charleston 408 do. I From Cross Plains to Nash Mile, vi$ Chattanooga, is alsMit 160 do. In order to illustrate more fully what this our cvlonu has accomplished, let us suppose that a passenger leaves Wash ington for Nashvi||?: From Washington to Charleston, S. C 48 hours. From Charleston to Atlanta 21 do. From Atlanta to Croaa Plains 10 do. From Cross Plains to Nashvilfa do. 118 d*. being less than five days The estimate of time ii placcd higher than it is supped |.y many in which the distance may Im overcomr Tub Vicasarao Coiru?**Tio?.?The Vicksburg In telligencer says that the distress occasioned by the fire in that place on the 14th ultimo is far greater than any other disaster that has ever yet caused there. There were more indigent fami lies living in the last two squares burnt than in the same space in any other part of the city. The ciuzena have had a meet ing to devise means for their relief. ^ JL?IJL n . ? ?- r - ??? ? ?"1 ?? ? PROCEEDINGS IN CONGRESS. [EXTRACTS ?KOM OWH DAILY Rtl'OKTa.] IN SENATE. And the Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the litem! ordet, being the joint reiiolutioii of the Committee on Foreign Relation*, proving to given notice to Great Britain of the intention of this Uevcrnment to annul the treaty for the joint occupation of thu Oregon territory, and the resolution* of Messrs. Hasnkuah, Calhuch, C?rrrt?UM, and Colquitt having relation to the same subject. Mr. HAYWOOD, of North Carolina, resumed and con cluded the Hjteech which he commenced ytwUnlay. When he had taken his ??at? Mr. HANNEGAN rose to address the Senate ; but yielded the floor at the request of? Mr. CALHOUN, who desired to correct an erroneous impres sion which might Iw conveyed by the remarks ol the Senator from North Carolina, in rcsjiect to the protocol which had been spokeu of. If Senator* would turn to it they would find that it contained simply a declaration on the jmrt ol the British Minister stating the reasons why he did not feel authorized to go on with the negotiations; and that he had a|>|4ied to his Gov ernment for further instructions : whether those instruction* were received or not, he could not say ; he presumed, how ever, that they had been received. The United States never assented to the projwsition that any part of Oregon lielonged to Great Britain. Our negotiators hail always claimed the whole. In his own letter to the British negotiator he had claimed on tlie part of this Government the whole valley of the Columbia river. He wan not aware dial it had over been acknowledged that the title was not in us. Mr. HANNEGAN promised not to detain the Senate very long. Before proceeding to make a few remarks in reply to some parts of what he considered as the most extraordinary speech he had ever heard in his life, he begged to ask the Se nator from North Carolina (Mr. Haywood) one question, which, for greater accuracy, he had reduced to writing. [We did not get a copy of the question ; but it was in substance this : whether he had the authority of the President of Uie United States, direct or indirect, for declaring here that it was his wish to terminate the existing controversy with Great Bri tain by compromising ou the parallel of 49? '] Mr. HAY WOOD replied that he hail already said that which, for fear of mistake, he hail previously written, and which he should print. For the President to authorize any Senator to make such a declaration as that stated by the Sena tor from Indiana was not to be expected, and would be out of character. Mr. ALLEN said he should construe the reply of the Sena tor from North Carolina into a negative, unless forbidden by the Senator himself to do so. Mr. HAYWOOD. I have already endeavored to prove my friend from Ohio a bad hand at construction. (A laugh.] Mr. ALLEN. Then I shall adopt die other construction, and consider his answer as in the affirmative ; and I demand? I demand it as a public light?that be shall answer the inter rogatory put to him. If he does not answer, I am here ready to deny that he has expressed the viows of the President. Mr. HAYWOOD'S answer watt but partially heard, but, he wai understood to say that his constituents had not sent him there to answer questions put to him by any man; but, in regard to the inquiries of the Senator from Ohio, if he (Mr. H.) occupied the ]>osiLioii which that Senator did, and was driven to the necessity of asking questions here alx>ut the opi nions of the President, he should quit. [Much laughter.] Mr. WESTCOTT here called Mr. Haiwoob to order, if he was about to state any thing as from the Pr<:?ident. Mr. HAYWOOD. The Senator need not be %larmed. [Increased merriment in some parts of the chamber.] No Senator had a right to make demands of him on the floor of the Senate, and he should submit to no such demands. Nev ertheless, he might consent, if projwrly lequcsUd, to reply to any reasonable inquiry, either in the house or out of it. He bad often done things in that way out of doors, that he consid ered rather humiliating, for the sake of peace and good fel lowship ; but he recognised in no man a right to demand an swers from him in hut place in the Senate. Mr. ALLEN said he had not demanded an answer as a private or personal right, but as a public right. When a Se nator assumed to *|)cak for the President, it was a public right possessed by every Senator to demand his authority for doing so. The avowal here made by the Senator from North Caro lina was, tluit he was the exponent ol the views of the Presi dent of the United. States on a great national question. The gentleman had assumed this; and Mr. A. now again asked whether he was in possession of any authority from the Pre sident for saying what he had ' Mr. WESTCOTT called Mr. Allxk to order. It was not in order to inquire here what were the President's personal opinions or purposes. Mr. ALLEN' said that he had not asked what the opinions of the President were. Mr. HAYWOOD said that he was not at all excitcd. He would, however, lake leave to observe that he tfid not s6e any thing like a catiechism in the rules of order. He had not as sumed to speak-by authority of the President. Mr. ALLEN. Then the Senator takes lock his whole speech. Mr. H A Y WOOD. I am glad to see that tlie sjK.cch takes. |Much laughter.] Mr. ALLEN, (much excited :) With the British ! [Much excitement and conversation here (as, indeed, through out this entire scene) prevented the Reporter from hearing all that Mr. Alikn said.] Mr. HANNEGAN wished the Senate tonotice that though the Senator from North Carolina had written his speech, he had not printed it, so that other Senators might have it to refer to in reply. It was not to be found in any of the papers. Mr. HAYWOOD. I desired that, for fear of mistakes : and it seems I was right ;^for one of the papers, in its brief account of my remarks this morning, has said of my specch that it was a speech in favor of arbitration. Mr. HANNEGAN said it was quite immaterial whether the Senator from North Carolina gave a direct answer to Mr. H.'s inquiry or not. The Senator had said that there was no meaning in language, no truth in man, if the President had any where committed himself to the line of 54? 40'. Mr. H ? would say, in turn, that there was neither meaning in lan guage nor truth in man if he had not so comnutn-d himself, -and that in language strong as that of the holy book itself. Before the Baltimore Convention met he stood already com mitted to the whole of Oregon up to M? 40' before all the world. Mr. II. would go bark to the year 1814, and call the Senator's attention to Mr. Polk's reply to a committee of the citizens of Cincinnati. Their inquiries referred to the annex ation of Texas; but, in replying, Mr. Polk volunteered Opin ions in regard to Oregon also ; and this while he was before the nation as a candidate for the seat he now occupies. In reply to a question as to the date of the letter, Mr. H. said it was the 23d April, I844. [Mr. H. here quoted the let ter.] Here Mr. Polk expressed the opinion that the Union ought never to have been " dismembered" by the separation of Texas. Did the sfK-ech of tlie Senator from North Caro lina sustain the principle of this declaration } Mr. H. would leave it to the world to say. [He further quoted the letter where it declared we ought to ?snert and hold our right of dominion.over the whole territory of the Republic.] Who defined the limits of Oregon ' Did not the President himself' [Mr. H. here quoted the fol lowing passage from the President'* message . "The ex ? traordinary and wholly inadmissible demands of the Bri ' tish Government, and the rejection of the proposition made ? in deference alone to what had lieen done by my predecea ' *ors, ami the implied obligation which their acts seemed to ' impose, afford satisfactory evidence that no compromise which ? the United 8tates ought to accept can be effected. With ' this conviction, the proposition of com|>roinise which had ' been made and rejected was, by my direction, subsequently ' withdrawn, and our title to the whole Oregon territory as ' sertcd, and, as is believed, maintained by irrefragable facts ? and arguments."] What did this language mean > The offer of 49? * , What compromise could he moke short of the Russian line of M? 40* > Did he not assert our title to be clear ami indisputable to the country lietwcen 49? and M? 4(?' > Besides, Mr. H. held the language of the Secretary of State to be virtually the language of the President; and hail not Mr. Buchanan claimed the whole territory up to M? 40' } He had. Mr. H. here read from the closing [>art of Mr. Buchanan's last letter to Mr. Pakenham. Mr. B. here de clared that it was still the opinion of the President that our title was the best in th* world to the whole territory. Did not the Secretary here speak for the Presulent } And did not the President see this document liefore it was sent} And did not the President adept the language as his own, ami plint him self upon M? 40* > It wss his own doctrine?his own posi tion ; he planted himself on 54? 40', and nothing short of that line. Mr. H. well remembered that Mr. Polk had not hern his own first choice, nor that of the Senator from North Carolina. Neither of them had preferred him for the office of Chief Ma gistrate. They lioth preferred another; but he was happy to see that Mr. Polk had won his way no fast in the regard of the Senator as to induce him to volunteer his defence against the attacks of men who n?vcr made any. But Mr. H. would here say that if the. President hail l?e trayed the standard of the Baltimore Convention to its ene mies?he would not do as the Senator from North Carolina had threatened to do?tum his l?ack upon the President?(for he rather supjmeed tlie President would care but little if they lioth turned their hacks upon him)?bat he would denounce him as recreant to his own avowed princi|>le*?recreant to the weighty trust confided to his hands?recreant to the generous confidence of the American people. Mr. H. would not on that account almndon hi* principles, nor abate one jot or tittle of the demand he net up to the whole of Oregon. He would speak of those who did in the language of truth and fearlessness The Senator from North Carolina had undertaken to give to the Senate the language of the resolution of the Baltimore Convention on the subject of Oregon : he understood him as I professing to read it as it stood : if that was what he pro fessed, what he did was unworthy of a 8enator. I Mr. HAYWOOD said that, in reply to this, be would read to the Senator a part of Mr. B?kk?x'b speech , and he quoted f a pasaage from that ttypech. | Mr. HAINNKUAN, resuming, said tbcre wu a great dif ference between this, an explained by the 8enatur, and the re solution a* adopted at Haiti more lie would read lite resolu tion an it was. Mr. il. hfte lead it, a* follows t " /teiohfd, Tliat our title to the whole of the terr itory of Oregon u clear and unquestionsble ; that nojtortion of the same ought to be ceded to England or any other Power j and that the re-occupation of Oregon and the re-annexation of Texas, atllie earliest practicable period, afe great American measure*, which this Convention recommend* U> the cordial support of the Democracy of the Union." ? ? This committed the Democratic party to the whole of Ore gon?every foot of it. Let any 8enator rise in his place, and tell iu what quarter of tbe Union the names of Texas aiwl Oregon had not flown, aide by aide, upoa the Democratic ban ners. W hcrever Mr. H. had I teen, it Was so. Texas and Oregon?Oregon and Texas??alWays went together. Did the Henator from North Carolina (latter himself that he could win the applause of tbe Democratic party, and bliud their eyes, as he seemed to think he had tickled their ears, while he withheld from them the substance of what they were contending for ' If be did, he was greatly mistaken. Texas and Oregon were twin measures, and they dwelt together in every American heart. With all who had gone for Texas, I and (as he was told) in Texas itself, the two names floated together on all tbe Democratic banners. And now, when "Texas" was admitted, when they had stretched forth their hands and seised on one of the two and secured the prise, did they mean to turn about and say we meant by ?? Oregon" just so much of it as we should afterwards choose to give you ! They little knew the people of the West if they dreamed that they were going to be trampled upon in that way. Let gentleman look at their own recorded votes in favor of taking up the Oregon bill at the close of the last session, and then let theiu look at the language of that bill, and see if it did not propose to take possession of Oregon up to 54? 40', after giving unqualified notice to Great Britain that the con vention must cease. At that time we still held Texas in our hands; and this was a test question ; and every man in the Senate voted for it save the Senator who sat there, (understood ts refer to Mr. McDunri*,) aud the peerless Husks. And thatmost excellent Senator (IIuueb) had afterwards told him that he had voted in the negative because it was suggested to him that unless he did so the civil and diplomatic bill would fail which was then pending; but on further conversation and consideration he wished to move a reconsideration of the vote, but his friends would not consent that it should lie done. In the House of Representatives but four out of fifty Southern Democrats had voted against tbe bill. These were the rea sons given to him why he should not distrust the South on the question of Oregorf; the results were now manifesting themselves; and let the speech just concluded by the Senator from North Carolina show whether or not he was justified in his distrust. ? The Senator put language in tho President's mouth which Mr. H. would hero undertake to deny: not that he appeared here as the champion of the President?he claimed no such position. He only defended the right: and, personally, he would prefer doing it in behalf of the humblest man in the country than of the greatest. But he would here deny for the President what the Senator from North Carolina imputed to him. If the statement of the Senator was true, and the President meant what 'the Senator understood him to mean, then he was an infamous man. Tbe gentleman from North Csrolina had told the Senate that, in the message, there were, here and there, in various j?arts of it, "slickings in, paren thetically, to gratify the ultraisms of the country," hut which he never meant to carry out. The-meaning of this could only be that the President, in these "stickings in," employed false and hollow words to hide his real motives and purposes. What was this but deliberately aud wilfully deceiving the country. If this was true it must soon come to light * and then what must be his fate but disgrace > The story of his infamy would lw circulated from one end of the land to the other, and his perfidious course would sink him in an infamy so profound, in a damnation so deep, that the hand of resur rection could never reach him. A traitor to his country so superlatively base need hope for neither forgiveness from God nor mercy from man. Mr. H. cared not if the Senator from North Carolina was charged with missives from the Presi dent ; or whether (as he should suspect from the dogmatical style Mr. H. sometimes displayed here) he made these as sertion* "on his own responsibility." Mr. MANGUM here called Mr. H. to order. Mr. HANNEGAN immediately apologized, saying that, if be had used language that was disrespectful to the Senate, it had not been his intention. He would not knowingly for get for a moment the respect due to the body and whjU he owed to himself. He would endeavor to reply in the spirit which the Senator from North Carolina so repeatedly profess ed, declaring that be meant nothing personal while he used the plainest language. The 8enator had told them that the country had been agi tated from one end to the other for the sake of " putting small men into large offices." Mr. H. had eeen such things before to-day. " Small inen in large offices !" And tha country agitated for an end like this ! Mr. H. had seen small men in large offices. There was an old proverb which said that men who lived in glass houses should not throw stones : it was true to tbe letter. Mr. H. might turn on the Senator and reply that he had far rather be a small man seeking a high office, than be a supple subservient tool, bending before the footstool of power, and considering it honor enough to rwt from the back stairs of tbe palace on errands to win the fcvor of a great man. Mr. H. would be the last to show to Europe such a spec tacle as the relinquishment of all Oregon north of 40?, and the acceptance of a line commercial treaty with the bonus of free trade. Free trade, Mr. H. said, he dearly loved, bat it never should be bought by him with the territory of his country. It was outrageous in any?and in a Western Democrat it would be treason?moral treason of the deepest dye. To surrender any part of the soil of an empire destined to stand through all time, was treason. He did not speak for other , parts of the Union ; but for his own he coold speak ; and this was its sentiment Free trade?with the surrender of Van couver's Island and the harbor of Nootka?(and be it remem bered Britain had never offered to make this a free port?she understood its value too well)?what did it amount to ' Who did not know that the o|iening of her ports was forced from the British Government by the frantic cries of starving millions ' And that the haughty aristocracy were compelled to submit to it to save their lives from the avenging knife of the assassin and their palaces from the torch ' But be was told we must put Oregon and the Tariff together < that the West was to have a market, a vast market, for their bread stuffs and pork and beef. Was she > True it is (said Mr. H.) we in the WW are born in the woods, but there are some among us who know a little, and, amongst other things, know that, long before our supplies could reach tbe British market* the granaries of the Baltic and the Black Sea and the Medi terranean would have been poured into it to overflowing. In conclusion, for he would not longer detain the Senate, he coold only say of the whole tone and meaning of the speech of the Henator from North Carolina, that, if it spoke the lan guage and breathed the feelings and purposes of James K. Polk, he had uttered words of falsehood and spoken with the tongue of a serpent. Mr. ALLEN rose to speak ; but? On motion of Mr. EVAN8, the Senate adjourned. 4 HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. NEW JERSEY CONTESTED ELECTION. The SPEAKER announced the report of the Committee of Elections, on the memorial of Isaac G. Farlee, contesting and claiming the seat now held in this House by Mr. Rcxk, ax one of the Representatives from the State of New Jersey. [See the statement of the case in this [taper of the 3d of March instant.] Mr. HOPKINS moved a call of the House; which wss carried. The roll of members was called ; 156 answered to their names. The sbsentees srere then again called ? and 34 of them having in the mean timo entered the Hall, answered to their names ; making in all 180 present. Mr. ADAMS moved to dispense with further proceedings in the csll. Carried. The SPEAKER then divided the House on the call for the previous question, msde yesterday by Mr. Tibbatts. After the ayes had been counted by the Chair, tellers were demanded, and the House was again divided on the se cond for the previous question ; and there appeared 68 in fsvor of K, snd 7ft against it. And so the House refused to demand the previous question. The resolution reported by the Committee of Elections is as follows: RftnhnL, That Issse G. Farlee is not entitled to a seat ia this House as a Representative from the State of New Jersey. On the first day of the consideration of the report, Mr. Hamlin moved to smend the resolution by striking out all after the word " Hemlvcd," and inserting the following : "That John Hunk is not entitled to a seat on this floor. That Isaac G. Farlee, having received a majority of the le gal votes of the legally qualified voter* of the Third Congres sional District of New Jersey, is entitled to a seat on this floor." Mr. Sciiknck moved yesterday to substitute for the amend ment moved by Mr. Hanm* the following s That at the time of the last Congressional election in the Third District of New Jersey, Richard H. Richardson, one of the electors st raid election, was, as appears from the testimony ?h fore this Honse, s legal voter, ami his vote should not be fttmok from the poll." The question first arose on the substitute by Mr. SrnicwcK. The debate was resumed < snd the right of Mr. Res* was supported by Messrs. HAMPTON and McHENRY, and the right of Mr. Faklkb by Mr. JONEH, of Georgia. Mr. TIBBATTS moved the previous question. Mr. VINTON moved a call of the House 4 which was ordered. Tiie roll was called, and 171 ant. wared to their namea. Th<e absentees were agnin called, and 22 uf them uow an swered ; making in a}i |(J3 prc??Dl. Mr. BOYD moved that further proceedings in the call to dispensed with t which waa agreed to. Mr. 8CHKNCK hero withdrew the amendment i*oj>o?ed by him yesterday. And the previous (jiiMtion was aeconded ; the question Waa ordered U be now put. That maiu queation was, first, on the proposition of Mr. Hamliv, to atrike out the resolution fepdhodby the fcommit tee of Election*, vix : " That Isaac Q. Fw>? it not entitled to a aeat in this Home aa a KofireaeBtative Iroia the bLate of Mew Jersey," And to inaert : " That J olio Hunk it not entitled to a teat upon this floor. Tlkat Isaac G. Farlee, having received a minority of Oik !?> gal vote* of the legally qualified voter* of the Third CdH grcaaioual District of New Jcraey, ia entitled to 4 teat upou Uiit floor." Ho fore the queation frta put? Mr. YANCEY inquired if it could not be divided, ao as to taka the queation on striking out the resolution reported by the committee, separately, afcd then, if that should be decided af firmatively, on inserting fee propoaition of Mr. Hamlim. The SPEAKER said fat the queation could not to divided* one of the rulea of the tyuse saying, expressly, that " * ttod tiou to strike outind insert shall to deemed indivisible." Mr. MORSE then aslpd to to fcxctoAd from voting, saving that he could vote very ?efl W strike out the name of John Runk, but that he ofakl not vote for inserting the name of Isaac U. Fartac. After some conversation between various members and the SPEAKER as to qufstious which would arise, or could to raiaed, and be (Hit after the queation on Mr. Hamlik's amend ment should have beet taken? Mr. MORSE did nH preaa his request to to extuiftd. And the queation wis put on Mr. Hahi^h'i proposition, and waa decided in the negative, as foNow* t . YEA8?Messrs. Anderson, Atkinson, Rayley, Jas. Black, Bowlin, Brinkerhoff, Bttokenbrotigh, Brodhead, Chase, Chip man,Clarke, ColKn,Constable, Cunningham, Daniel, Jefferson Davis. De Mott, Dillingham, Douglass, Dromgoole, Dunlap, Edaell, Ellsworth, Krdnuui, Foster, Fries, Goodyear, Grovrr, Hamlin, Haralsoo, Harmanson, Hose, Hough, Hungerford, James B. Hunt, Jenkins, James u. Johnson, Joseph John sou, Seaborn Jones, Andrew Kennedy, Preston King, Leake, La Sere, Liron, MeCleau, McClelland, McClernand, Mc Dowell, McKay, John P. Martin, Barclay Martin, Moirii, Moulton, Niveu, Norria, Payne, Perrill, Phelps, Kitted, Ro lierts, Russell, Sawtelle, Sawyer, ScamiYicM, strong, Sykea, Jas. Thompson, .1 acob Thompson,TibhslttsWeut worth, Whea , ton. Wick, Williams, Wood worth, Yost?76. NAYS?Messrs. Abbolt, John Quincy Adams, Stephen Adams, Arnold, Bur-ringer, Bedinger, Bell, Blanahard, Boyd, Milton Brown, William G. Brown, Bnfftngton, William W. , Campbell, John H. Campbell, Carroll, Catheart, John G. Clianman, Augustus A. Chapmttn, Reuben Chapman, Cobb, Cocke, Collamer, Cranston, Croxier, Cullom, Culver. Gar rett Davis, Delano, Dixon, Dobbin, Dopkery, John H. Kwing, R. H. Ewing, Faran, Foot, Gentry, Giddmrs, Giles, Gordon, Graham, Grider, Hampton, Harper, Henley, Merrick, Hil liard, Elias B. Holmes, L E. Holmes, Hopkins, John W. Houston, George S. Houston, KdnmrtJ W. Hubard, Samuel D. Hubbard, Hudson, Washington Hunt, Hunier, Charles J Inrnwll ? ?-u s ? ? ? - ? - ?x-'?is, uevin, l.ong, Lumpkin, McConnell, McGaaghey, Mc Henry, Mcllvaine, Marsh, Miller, Mosefcey, Perry, Pollock, Price, Rantscy, Rathbun, Reid, Rhett, Julius Rockwell, John A. Rockwcil, Root, Scherrck, St a man, Seddon, Sever ance, Alexander D. Sims, l<entiard H. Sims, Truman Smith, Albert Smith, Thomas 'Smith, Caleb B. Smith, Stanton, St. John, Strolim, TMhodeaux, Tbomasson, Benj. Thompson, Thurman, Toombs, Trumbo, Vinton, White, WinUirop, Wood, Woodward, Wright, Yancey, Yell, Young?114. | The question then recurrcd on tho resolution reported by the Committee of Elections, which u u follows : " Rctvlved, That Isaac G. Fxaui: it not entitled to a aeat in this House as a RepresenUftiVfc from the State of New Jersey." And, being put, passed itt the affirmative, aa follows : YEAS?Messrs. Abbott, J. Q. Adams, Stephen Adams, Arnold, Barrmgei\ Bedinger, Bell, Blanchard, Boyd, MiRon Brown, W. G. Brown, Bnffington, Wm. W. Campbell. -J<AkVt H. Campbell, Carroll, Catheart, John G. Chapman, A. A. Chapman, Reuben Chapman, Clarke, Cobb, GoUke, Colla mer, Constable, Cranston, Croxier, CwMom, Culver, Garrett Davis, Jefferson Davis, Delano, Dixon, Dobbin, Dockcry, John H. Ewing, Edwin H. Kv'im^ Foot, Gentry, Giddings, Giles, Gordon, Graham, (irrdee, Hampton, Haruuuiaon, Har Gr, Henley, Herrick, Milliard, Elias B. Holmes, Isaac E. olmes, Hopkins, John W. Houston, George S. Houston, Edmund W. liubard, Samuel D. Hubbard, Hudson, Wash* ington Hunt, Hunter, Joseph R. Ingersoll, Andrew JohaMtt, G. W. Jones, Daniel P. King, Thomas Butler King, Leake, Leib, La Sere, Lewis, Levin, Long, Lumpkin, McConnell, McGaugtoy, McHcnry, Mcllvaine, Marsh, Miller, Morse, Moarfcy, Owen, Pariah, Phelps, Podoek, Price, Ramsey, Rathbun, Reid, Rhett, Julius Rockwell, John A. Rockwell, Root, Schenck, Seaman, Seddon, Severance, Alexander D. Sims, Leonard H. Sims, Truman Smith, Albert Smith, Tho mas Smith, Caleb B. Smith, Stanton, 8t. John, Strohm, Thi bodeaux, Tbomasson, Benjamin lliompaon, Jacob Thompson, Thurman, Toombs, Trumbo, Vinton, White, Winthrop, Woodward, Wright, Yancey, Yell, Young?119. NAYS ?Messrs. Anderson, Atkinson, Jamea Black, Bow lin, Rrinkerhoff, Brockenbrough, Brodhead, Chase, Cbipman, Collin, Cumiuins^Cunningham, Daniel, De Mott, Dillingham, Douglass, Dromgoole, Dunlap, F<dsall, Ellsworth, Erdman, Faran, Foster, Fries, Goodyear, Grover, Hamlin, Haralson, I logo, Hough, Hungerford, James B. Hunt, Jenkins, James II. Johnson, Joseph Johnson, Seaborn Jomsa, Kennedy, Preston King, McCtean, McClelland, McClernand, McDow ell, John P. Martin, Barclay Martin, Morris, Moulton, Ni ven, Norris, Payne, Perrill, Ritter, Roberts, Russell, Sawtelle, Sawyer, Gammon, Strong, Sykes, James Thomp, son, Tib balls, Went worth, Wheaton, Wick, Williams Wood worth, Yost?66. And ao the House decided that Isaac G. Faubk ia not entitled to a aeat Mr. HAMLIN then moved the following resolution : Rrtoh-rd, That Joan Rukk is not entitled to a seat in this House. Mr. HAMLIN said he did not intend to make a long apoech: he would only make a few remarks in support of hia resolu tion, and then move the previous queation. Here many voices cried out, " that won't do !"." make a speech and move the previous question !" and there waa much sensation manifested in the House, during which? Mr. EWING, of Pennsylvania, rose to a question of order. It was this, dial the House bad refused to adopt the propoai tion iutrodnced, by way of amendment, to the report of the Committee of Elections ; and had then agreed to the resolu tion recommended by the committee, and that there the sub ject "ended ; that the House eribld take no further action on the subject, unless it was to recommit it to the committee, to report other and fresh propositions. The CHAIR overruled the point raiaed by Mr. Ewiwe, and said it waa competent to entertain a new and distinct pro position, without the intervention of a committee. Mr.?WINO then raised another queation of order : that it was not competent in an individual member of the House to introduce a proposition going to deprive any member of hia right to a seat in the House. The CHAIR overruled the point; and? Mr. HAMLIN moved the previous question. Mr. HOPKINH said that, for the purpoae of bringing the questions in this contest to a final teat, he would move to lay the whole subject on the table. The question on this motion being taken, it passed in the negative, by the following vote : Yeas 03, nays 99. Andao the House decided, by a majority of six votea, not to lay the subject on the table. The previous question was then seconded, and the main Juestion was ordered to be now put, and waa put, vix. that on* Rriva is not entitled to a seat in this House, and decid ed as follows : YEAS?Messrs. Anderson, Atkinson, Bsylv, Jamea Black, Jaa. A. Black. Bowlin. Boyd, Brinkerhofl, Brockenbrough, Brodhead, Catheart, Chase, Cbipman, Clarke, Collin, Con stable, Cummins, Cunningham, Daniel, Jefferson Davis, De Mott, Dillingham, Douglass, Dromgoole, Dunlap, F.daall, Klls worth, Erdman, Faran, Ficklln, FVister, Friea, ttilea. Good rear, Gordon, Grovrr, Hamlin, Haralson, Harm on son, Hen ley, Hoarc, Hough, Geo. 8. Houston, Hungerford, Jamea B. Hunt, Charles J. Ingersoll, Jenkins, James 11. Johnson, Jo seph Johnson, Seaborn Jones, Kennedy, Preston King, Leake, La Sere, Limn, McClean, McClelland, McClernand. Mc Dowell, McKay, John P. Martin, Barclay Martin, Morris, Morse, Moulton, Nlven, Norris, Owen, Pariah, .Payne, Per rill. Perry, Phelpa, Rhett, Kitten, Roberta, Russell, Saw. telle, Sawyer, Scammon. Simpson, Thomas Smith, St, John, Strong, 8ykes, Jamea Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Tibbatts, Went worth, Wheaton, Wick, Williams, Woodward, Wood worth, Yanoey, Yost.?96. NAYS?Messrs. Abbott, John Q. Adams, Stephen Adams, Arnold, Baker, Barringer, Bedinger, Bell, Blanchard, Milton Brown, William G. Brown, Buffington, William W. Camp- | bell, John H. Campbell, Carroll, J. G. Chapman, Augustus A. Chapman, Iteulien Chapman, Cohb, Cocke, Collamer, Cranston, Croxier, Cullom, Culver, G. Davis, Delano, Dixon, Dobbin, Doekery, John II. F/wing, Edwin H. Ewing, Foot, Gentry, Giddings, Graham, Grider, Hampton, Harper, Her rick, Milliard, Ritas B. Holmes, Isaac E. Holmes, Hopkins, John W. Houston, Edm. W. Hubard, Samuel 1). Hnbard, Hudson, Washington Hunt, Hunter, Joseph R. Ingersoll, An- i drew Johnson, Gsorge W. Jones, Daniel P. King, Thomas Butler King, Leib, Lewis, Levin, l<ong, Lumpkin, MeCon-1 nell, McGsughey, McHenry, Mellvstne, Marsh, Miller, Moseley, Pollock, Price, Ramsey, Reid, Julius KoekwAl, John A. Rockwell, Root, Schenck, Seaman, Seddon, Sever ance, Alex. D. Sims, L. II. Sims, Truman Smith, Albert Smith, Caleb R. Smith, Strohm, Thibodeairx, Tbomasson, Benjamin Thompson, I'hurman, Toombs, Trumbo, Vinton, White, Winthrop, Wright, Yell, Young?-96. The House being tints equally divided on this queation, the RriAtcan voted with the nays. Andm the resolution vtu rrjrcted, nnd Mr. Rukk retains hit tent. Mr. BAYLY here rose snd said that he wished, as an act of justice to an absent, colleague, (Mr. pMDtrroir,) testate that Mr.. P. had been called off by very urgent business to Baltimore this morning, and as they differed on the question of the contested election which hna Just been decided, Mr. B. taid thai be agreed if any question should be Uken, which hia vote, if given, would change, he woukl abstain from voting. When he gave his vote on the question just taken be did not expect it woukl be ao clone i if be had entertained that opinion lie should not have volcd. NEW YORK TRIBUNE REPORTER**. Mr. SAWYER here row) lo a matter which he -aid waa Crbonal to himself, And ?ent to the table the New York I n ne newspaper, and requested the Clerk to read from ita letter purpoiting to be writtten by the Reporter or letter-water ot that paper on the floor of the Houae. The Clerk having read the letter? Mr. SAWYER made such remarks m be thought tbeocge sion called for, and which were due to luinaelf and Hut poiitioh aa a member of Congress. When he took his sea Mr. BRINKBUlfOFF moved the following resolution : ftewtved, That the Reporter* and Letter-writers for the New York Tribune be expelled from thu House. Mr. BRINKERHOFF alao moved the previous question. Mr. WASHINGTON HUNT moved that the reaoluUon be bud on the table. \ Mr. WINTHROP raited is a question of order, the* it a subject over which the Houae had. no Ittriadfctlori. By the rule, Stenographers Ittajr (A admitted by the Speaker, who ?baH Mstou pitch place* to them on the floor or elsewhere, to IE* obj^VdLu not interfere with the convenient of the Houae. Mr. W. thought it would be Been by this rule that the subject raata aotely with the Speaker. The CHAIR decided that it waa iu order to entertain the resolution. Mr. GARRETT DAVIS aucgested to the mover of the we* lution so to modify his proposition as to refer the aubject 16 ihfc investigation of a aelect cdmttittoe. IF tnfe tianie oT the whtei of the lettet *a* given, he Woilkl vote to eipel him the Houae. Ml. MILLIARD moved an adjournment. Negatived. Ami the queatieu recurred on the motion to lay the reaolu tion on the table ; when? Mr. HUNT withdrew die motion. The previous question waa then seconded, and the main question was ordered to be now put. * And the main question was put accordingly, to wit, that the House do agree to the resolution moved toy Ml. BalfrKka Horr ; and passed in the affirmative by thto folto*lhg vole : YEAS?Messrs. Sterthen AtUms, Anderson, Atkinson, Bay ly, Bedlnrclr, lteutoh, Jfcmes Black, James A. Black, Bowlln, Boyd, fjnnkerhoff, Broekenbrough, Brodhead, Milton Brown, Wri. G. Brown, Cathcart, Aug. A. Chapman, R. Chapman, Chase, Cbipman, Clarke, Cobb, Coeke, Collin, Cull?m, Cum mins, Daniel, Jefferson Davis, DeMoU, DjHlughamv Dobbin, Douglass, Dromgoole, Dunlap, Erdman, Edward H. Ewing, Faran, Fieklin, Foster, Fries, Gentry, Giles, Goodyear, Gor don, Graham, Grider. Hamlin, Haralson, Harmanson, Hoge, Hopkins, Hough, G. S. Houston, E.W. Hubard, Hnngerlbtdv James B. Hunt, Hunler, Charles J. Ingersoll, Jenkins, Jartek H. Johnson, Joseph Johnson, Andrew Johnson, George W. Jones, Seaborn Jones, Preston Ring, l^wlw^. L^ake, LfcitH La But, Levin, Ligon, l^umpkin, MoClean, McClelland, Me Clwnanl, McDowell, McHenry, MtK*y, Barclay Martin, Morris, Morse, Moultpn. WWh, Norris, Owen Parish, Payne, Perrill. Perry, mips, Price, Rathbun. Reid, Rilter, Russell, SawteTlev Sawyer, Scammon, A. D. Sims, Leonard H. Simma, Simpson, Thomas Smith, Stanton, Starkweather, lianas, Woodward, Yaneey, Yell, Young, Yostr?-119. NAYS?Messrs. Abbott, John Quiuey Adarna, Arnold, Baker, Barringcr, Bell, W. W. Campbell, John H. Camp^U Can-oil, J. G. Chapman, Cranston, Croaier, Culver* CUntWg ham, Delano, Dixon, Doekery, Foot, Giddtafs, Grbver, Har per, Henley, Derrick, El.as % Holmes, John W. Houston, Samuel D. Hublmrd, Httdson, Washington Hunt, Joseph R. lnrersoll, Daniel P. King, Thomas Butler King. CewJ*> | MeConnell, McGaughey, Moselcy, Julius Rockwell, Root, ^cbenck, Severance, Truman Smith, Albert Smith, Stewart, i Strohm, Tbibodcaux, Toombs, White, Winthrop, Wright?48. I And so the Reporters ami Letter-Writers for the New York Tribune were expelled the House. raoa raa e**fcirt?tth'due? (kAim) patriot. L, A, W,?LAW. Somewhat remarkable, yet not altogether singular in the history 6f county courts, have been the proceedings of thia our February term for Guilford. After the annual county business waa dispatched, the docket of civil causes occupied the cofcrt until Thursday evening. * Some four or fl** litigated cases, which consumrd nearly all the time specified, resulted in re coveries amounting in the eggrtfc*fe to one dollar thirty-aeven and a half ccnta, moro or less ! So " they say and Mr. They is as gooi Authority, we suppose, in matters of law as of politic*. ? 1\> give a more accurate idea of the litigaUon of the week, some particulars, derived from divers gentlemen of the legal and other professions, are annexed. Not having been in the court-room ourselves, we cannot vouch fc* complete accuracy i but we can say that all whom we heard to report upon the subject soemed honestly desirous to tfevelop the grand of the matter. One case, perhaps the first in fcAa a suit for the en trails of a fist hog 5 damages dmrgfcd to the amount of seventy five cents, and a vertfict chained for sixty-two and a half cents. Id. A suit attoAt k lot of corn, in which something like a dollar and -a half was involved. 3d. An ox, an old blind bridle, and some of our reporters ?ay alao a hame string, were in controversy. The plaintiff recoveied a verdict for seventy-five cents, which, alter final procees, will probably he paid over in actual cash. 4th. A suit whe^e both parties were admitted to be insol vent. There being, therefore, no possibility of either party rac3vering or losing any thing, we did not inquire which way it went. 6th. A suit on contract for certain rent corn, where, for want of soil, or elbow-grease, ar rain, most probably, a third of a crop waa not made, and consequently not recovered. We have no room for the declarations, examination of witnesses, arguments of counsel, charges to the jury, dtc. on these important cases. Some men will go to law, In spite of good counael from lawyers, friends, and every body else. But it ia a duty which the legal profession owe to their own elevated standing, and it would always be an act of good grace to the community, to keep auch picayune business as much as possible out of Court. llaaALitar.?There ? some talk of establishing a College of Heraldry in this country. Some object to it that it is not in accordance with our republican institutions. The objection is not well taken. Whatever enlightens, improvea, or en large* the mind, is the very thing for which Republic* are fitted. There is a great deal of curious knowledge acquired in the atudy of heraldry. There ia a significance in the em blems used, which are often as true aa ingenious. The notion that a "coat of arms" ia always conclusive of high birth or renowned anceatry is erroneous. They often prove the reverse. It is a very innocent desire to know who were your ancestors, and, having found them out, thdrt la no harm in hia adopting, if he choose, an armorial, bearing some emblem of the occupation, which, industriously followed, led them to riches and honor, with an appropriate device. The Boston Journal tells a story in point of an " old Com modore," residing in one of the Middle States, who once sported a plain carriage for the accommodation of himself and family. Hia wife, who liked display, and had a leaning towards aristocracy, urged him to have a handsome " coat of arms" painted on the panels of the carriage. ??Certainly, my dear, (replied he,) ir you wish it What shall we have ? I can think of nothing better or more appropriate than a TAK-amitkT for my side of the carriage, as my father was a sailor, and a loaf or aaxAB for your side, aa your father waa a baker !" There is much good aense in the Commodore'* suggestion, and we hope that his example will be fallowed by others. [Ball. Patriot. fxpoaT or SrmtTs?The quantity of spirits and cordials imparted into the United States in the year ending the 30th of June last waa 1,978,836 gallons, of a value ot $1,191,180. This importation of spirits paid a revenue to the Government, under the present tariff, of $1,636,434:- the duty on bratuty averaging 132 per cent, that on gin 143 per cent, on rum 213 per cent, and on cordiala 41 per cent. The above quantity of apirita, if avtyect to the rale of duty recommended by Mr. Walker'a bill, vix. 7fi per cent ad va lorem, (auppoaing it to be invoiced at the same rates whan chargeable with the high ad valorem duty of 75 par cent aa when the duty waa pacific,) would yield a revenue of $893,340, making a lose to the revenue, from spirits alone, in a single year ef 9748,094 by thia change in the tariff. This is on the improbable supposition that there ia no fraud. By abolishing the specific form of doty the door will be opened for frauds, and the consequent further diminution ?f * avenue. The theory of the new tariff aa expounded in the Presi dent's massage, is to establish such ad valorem rates as will produce the greatest amount of duty, except on thoar articles which are entitled, for soma reason, to br specially fevared. It ia not to be presumed that any special fovor is intended to be given to this class of imports, and it must therefore he in ferred that the Secretary anticipates, from the reduction of duty, double the amount of imports, so as to make up the deficiency. Although the import of last year waa greater than that of either of the two preceding yeara, the frienda of temperance had been congratulating themselves and thto coun try on the fact of the sensible diminution of this branch of imports compared with the import of dormer years. The proposed reduction of about SO per cent, in the rate of duty will doubtleaa have the effect of again increasing the import and encouraging the consumption?Botton Daily A fiver. ArrLtcATiox or tbe Baoccaiaai Waraa.?-A young man, who ia a butcher, while in the act of cutting meat in the Centre market yesterday morning, stuck the point of the knife in his hand, and cut one of the small arteries. The blood (lowed profusely, but it waa soon stopped by the application of Brdcohieri water by Dr. Pinkney. A few days since another young man had his thumb mashed and nearly severed by the fall of a window. The application of the styptic was as sue* :essfu| in this case as in the former.?Ball. CUpper.