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^LATER FROM THE RIO GRAittnjJ.
m No. 286. PUBLISHED BV tiJtJLES K SEJITOJY. TERMS : Two Dollahh a year; or Owit Dollak for the firnt regulai setiion of each Congress ; and Kifti Cikw for the final ten sion of eaoh Congreas ; and the utmc for each Extra Se? tion?payable in all can't in advance. I A POINT OF HISTORY. In our third Number on the President'^Message (in this paper of Saturday last) we undertook to vindicate the truth of a point oi History from what we copceived to be a wrong view of it in the Presi dent's Message. We regret that the indiscretion ol the government paper obliges us to recur to a topic which we supposed that we had finally dismissed. Our statement of the real estimate put at the time upon President Jackson's recommendation to Con gress, in February, 1837, to authorize letters of marque and reprisal against Mexico, is pronounced in " the Union " of Friday night to be " the very most forlorn and desperate statement" that the National Intelligencer has yet made ; adding some thing about 44 Roorbacks " which we do not very well comprehend, not having the Slang Dictionary before us, but which seems to intend the meaning that we should be careful not to make statements which the " record " contradicts. This, we are happy to say, is an offence, which, had it been as carelully avoided by the Message and by the gov ernment paper as it has ever been habitually by the National Intelligencer, we and our readers would have been spared this further trouble, we of re stating the facts, and they of reading our further exposition of them. The view which we have presented of this mat ter is not that Gen. Jackson did not recommend Letters of Marque and Reprisal, but that Congress paid no regard to the recommendation, passing it by, and recommending, instead, further negotiation with Mexico ; and that the President's statement that no difference of opinion upon the subject exist ed in Congress at that time was strictly true only in one sense, viz: thatall concurred in the inexpediency of the measure recommended by the then President. Committees of both Houses, composed in each House of a majority of the President's political friends, made Reports, in which they declined seconding the recommendation ; and these reports were unani mously adopted in both Houses. It there was any sentiment in either House favorable to the Presi dent's recommendation, it was not expressed cither by vote or speech. The present Secretary of State, the organ of the Administration in the Senate, being then Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Re lations, was himself opposed to the course recom mended by the President, and gave in his place in the Senate very good reasons for being so ; one of which we will state from the " record " (Register of Debates, vol. xii, page 984) in his own words: 44 The corrimittee were unanimously of opinion 4 that the 34th article of our treaty with Mexico 4 required that a demand should be made, under 4 its provisions, before resorting cither to war or 4 to reprisals. This article was one of a peculiar 4 nature. It might have been impolitic to agree to. ? it at first; but it was now a part of our treaty, 4 and its requisitions must be held sacred." On the same day, on the consideration of the Report of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Mr. Clay, also a member of that committee, took occa sion to make some remarks, which, though brief, stand as recorded evidence that if no difference ol opinion upon the subject existed in Congress at the time, it was upon the point only of the inexpedien cy and want of sufficient ground for the recommen dation of the issue of letters of marque and reprisal. We quote again from the Register of Debates, vol. xii. p. 982, as follows : 44 Mr. Clay rose and said that he supposed the 4 only question which would be presented to the 4 Senate would be upon the resolution, [recom 4 mending a further application to Mexico, &c.] 4 He had risen merely to say that he concurred 4 with the other gentlemen who composed the com 4 mittee upon the subject under consideration. He ' agreed with the rest of his colleagues that ' the controversy with Mexico had made out no 4 case justifyino a resort to war or for ? the issuing of reprisals ; and he thought that 4 renewed efforts should be made to obtain redress ' before it should become necessary to declare war 4 against Mexico to vindicate the honor and interests 4 of the country. He felt bound to say that, whilst 4 he concurred with the committee, which he believ 4 ed was unanimous in adopting the resolution, he ? did not agree entirely with the body of the report. ? He thought the case was made out rather stronger 4 against Mexico than the correspondence of the 4 Government with that country justified. And he 4 must say, in all candor and truth, that the depar 4 ture of our representative from Mexico, under the ? circumstances, was harsh, abrupt, and uncessa 4 ry," &c. &c. Condition of the Public I reasi'ry.? The Union of yesterday, in correcting a statement of our New York correspondent, explains the follow ing to be the present condition of the Treasury : 44 The Treasurer's wflckly rfcport of the 23d in stant showed in the Treasury, subject to draft, $3,806,483.42, while the whole amount of interest payable at the end of this month is only $441,862.44. Of this sum only $150,081.52 is payable in the city of New York. The Treasurer's report above referred to shows that there was, on that day, $179,386.51 on deposite in the Bank of America, where the interest is payable, being $29,304.99 more-than the whole amount of interest then to be paid in that city. Aside from this, there are large sums on deposite in other banks, as well as with the Assistant Treasurer there, amounting to about a mil lion of dollars." Iowa.?We learn from the Iowa Standard, of the 9th instant, that the Senate and Lower House of the Legislature have disagreed in relation to the appointment of a day on which to proceed to the election of United States Senators and Judges. I he House is Whig, and appointed the 10th as the day on which to go into the elections, and the Senate, which is Loco, refused to concur. The Standard says it can form no idea when the election will take place. The inauguration of Gov. McKnioht took place, on the 3d instant. The retiring Governor, in his message to the Legislature, gives the amount of the debts of the State at $27,791, including a debt of $7,000 to the Bank of Dubuque, and of its^esources to meet the debt, $8,167. 1 LATE FROM MEXICO. The packet ship Norma arrived at New York on Wednesday with Mexican dates several days later than heretofore received, viz. Vera Cruz De cember 2 ; Mexico November 27; Tampico No vember 25; and Chihuahua October 20. The following is furnished by the New York Sun : The war engrosses public attention, and in recording the efforts making to strengthen Santa Anna's army the editors and newspaper correspondents generally agree that the lust struggle is to be made at Ban Luis Potosi. No effort is ap parent to prepare the public mind lor negotiations, except such as casual allusions to the approaching session ol Con gress and the deliberations of that body upon the melancholy condition of tho Republic. The new Government works satisfactorily. Arrangements for restoring the State Govern ments to their former positions under the constitution ol 1824 have been completed in all the late departments, with great satisfaction to the people. The Leginlatuie of Yucatan, hitherto the last to hold out against revolutions, met and promptly ratified the re annexa tion and the restoration of the constitution ol 1824. Next in importance to tho meeting of Congress was the election of President. Santa Anna positively declines the office, although some of the States have petitioned Government in favor of giving him dictatorial powers. All he asks, or professes to ask, is the title " benefactor of liis country.1' Another change has occurred in the Cabinet, owing to the convicting views of the men in powor: Don Antonio Haro y ramaru, Secretary of State, has l^en superseded by Don Juan N. Almonte. Tho popular candidate for .President is Almonte. He unites the masses in his favor. Gen. Cana lizo is reported to have arrived at Vera Cruz in the steamer from England. Great enthusiasm is said to exist among the people in favor of the army and the war. The church has been pressed into the service of the country, (iovernmcnt having exacted contributions upon tho property of " the secular and regular clergy of both sexes to the imount of two millions of dollars, for which dratu have been issued as follows : on the Archbishop $1,000,000 ; on the Bishop of Puebla $400,000; on the Bishop of Guadalaxara ?200,000 ; on the Bishop of Michoacan $170,000 ; on the Bishop of Oajaca $100,000; on the Bishop of Durango ?80,000. Popular opinion was in favor of this exaction, as :he church had recently shown itself too officious in the cause of the monarchists. While these contributions are being levied throughout the country, large amounts of specie are being exported. 1 he iteamer Clyde alone took $1,600,000 in specie to England, on the 2d instant, from Vera Cruz. Despatches from Santa Anna were received at the capital on the 23d ultimo, dated at San Luis Potosi. He had made arrangements to post his troops at certain quarters not made public. He presses the Government for more resources. Accounts from San Luis praise, the discipline and valor of the army. There were twenty-five thousand men, with fifty two pieces of artillery. Five thousand additional troops were expected daily. The magazines of powder and the stores of balls and other missiles are said to exceed belief. Every piece of iron that can be found is converted into pikes or other deadly weapons. In one store house alone there are two hundred mechanics working day and night, mounting guns and manufacturing munitions of war. There are five hun dred more at work in the fortifications, which are being strengthened jn every possible manner. One thousand women, filled with enthusiasm in the national cause, had come down to the camp from San Diego and Tlascala, to aid in making articles for the soldiers. Santa Anna had a grand review of the whole army on the 13th November. It is described as a magnificent pageant. So overpowered was he by the boundless enthusiasm which greeted him as he passed along the lines that his feelings over came him, and the tears rolled down his swarthy cheeks amid the prolonged huzzas of tho various regiments, and cries of " Victory or death!" "God and liberty!" "Long live 3aiita Anna !" " We will beat the Yankees this time," Ac. Provisions were pouring into the camp in immense quanti ties. Language is said to fail in attempting a description of the formidable preparations making at San Luis. There was to be the last great struggle. There, say tip newspapers, will the fate of Mexico be decided, and further resistance, it is said, will be useless. Fears were entertained, however, that even there the fortunes of war would be against them, and accordingly we find preparations going on to defend the road to the capital. Forts were being erected at various points, md the passes were being strengthened ; but these works do not seem to progress very rapidly. Santa Anna's evacuation of Tampico is defended on the ground of his inability to resist the vessels of war ? and that port being one in wliicli the yellow lever rages fiercely eight months in the year, the editors predict that it will become a ^ravc far thousands of Americans, as it was for the invadini Spaniards. The burning of an American steamer at Tampi co, the wreck of so many United States vessels on the coast, and the loss of prizes taken at Tabasco, are matters which the Mexican editors record with joyous exclamations. The I mt ed States frigate Potomac was in a sinking condition off An ton Lizardo. Four sailors were taken prisoners from an American ves sel wrecked at Sotto Vento. Various accounts are given of the burning of the Mexican vessel of war Creole, under the walls San Juan d'Ulua. The battlement of San Miguel saw the United States boat approach the fort, but mistook it for a boat from the British steamer, and made no alarm. Others allege that an alarm was given, but the officers of the fort would not fire for fear of killing their own people. Other versions are given of the affair. The fort begins to be an ob ject of suspicion among the Vera Cruzanos, who seem to think it less formidable to the Americans than they did formerly. Accounts from Chihuahua to the 20th October confirm the arrest of the American traders, six in all, whose property was confiscated. J sines McGoffin, Henry Connelly, and Mr. Francisco were the principal victims, and lose large fortunes. Mr. Connelly had been an old resident. Several caravans of Mexican traders cams down about the s*me time from iNew Mexico, who reported Gen. Kearny's departure for Califor nia, and Col. Doniphan's movement upon Chihuahua. I ive hundred men were equipped to resist the latter at El Passo del Norte, where there is a fort which they were to occupy. Indian depredations continue in the central and noithwest crn departments. The "Yankees" were charged with be ing in league with the savages. Gen. Armijo had been de feated by the Indians, losing thirty men before he retreated. Porto Paz, in Lower California, was blockaded in Octol>er by i United States corvette, which made prizes of two Mexican ichooners, the Romano and Julia. Sl?e then proceeded to nuayamas, and ordered the commander to deliver two gun itosts, which was refused, and on the 7th October the Tni ted States commander bombarded the city. We find no further accounts of the rumored insurrection it the city of Angels, in which 150 Americans were said to have been mastered. We have various rumors <?f Santa Anna's movements, apparently intended to conceal his real lesigns. One announces his retTcat to Querstaro, another put* him on the road to Mexico, a third sends him to Saltillo, See Two large forts are going up to defend the road to the capital, one at Tlascala, and the other at Santiago. Our advices by this arrival lead to only one conclusion?a Operate battle is to fought at or near Son but* 1'oton. Mexico will have thirty thousand of her best troops m that conflict, and the United States will probably have at least half that number. FURTHRR PARTICULARS. The New Orleans papers of the 18th contain extracts from the Havana papers of the news from Mexico, received by the steamer Clyde, at that port. We copy from the New Orleans Mercury as follows : Frauds and peculations in the administration of the finances are hinted at by the paper*, and aeveral persona, particularly Haro y Tamariz, are accused of being guilty of them. Al monte, immediately on taking charge of the finances, issued an order to stop all payments from the Treasury, but the or der was scarcely issued before it was countermanded, owing doubtless to seeing its effects upon the public credit. 8anta Anna is said to lie much dissatisfied with the management of the finances. Scnor Adame haa I wen elected Governor of the State of Han Luis Poto*i, which aeems to afford much satisfaction. Sala* isaued a dec&e on the 21st, declaring all goods entered through towns in the possession of the American army con traband, admitting the entry of goods at no custotu-houso nearer to the American line* than twenty-five miles ; and if not entered within a month, declaring thein to be forfeited. There are account* from the Pacific to the 11th, but no further than the arrival of the sloop of war Cyanc off the port of Guyamas, and her blockading it, and the statement of a letter-writer 6at the blockade of Mazatlan was conducted in so loose a manner that vessels entered and departed with im punity, we find nothing new. rHOM THE MEW OKLEANB PICAYUNE. Com. Stockton returned to Monterey in the Congress on the 15th September, where he was warmlv greeted. With his ioice lie took possession of Loa Angeles without resist ance, Gen. Castro, although superior in numbers, retreating into Sonora. The frigate Savunnah, under Capt. Mervine, was to sail from Monterey with sealed orders. No clue is given to their destination. The store-ship Erie was also about to sail, but her destination is not mentioned. Ex-Governor Alvarado has returned to his residence in Monterey, and been kindly received. Other Mexicans are exhorted to pursue the same course. FROM THE NEW ORLEANS TIMES. On the 11th ultimo Generals Valencia, Cortazan, and Pa checo reached San Luis, the first named having left his divi sion of 8,000 men stationed in the valley of San Francisco, through want of quarters in the capital. The two brigades under Generals Vasqucz and Lombardini, and the 5th caval ry, at the head of whom are Generals Minon, Romero, Juve ra, Guzman, and Cortazar, are said to be in the most perfect equipment. Eight thousand men besides are organized in the town of Puibla, to act according to circumstances. Tampico was known to be in the possession of the Americans. The nuinlier comprised in Gen. Wool's army is given at 2,000 men, whose destined route is for Monclova to Monterey or Saltillo. The division of Gen. Lombardini has been formed into light troops, except one or two regiments of horse that have been incorporated with the cavalry brigade. Gen. Vas quez's division is composed of three brigade* under the orders of Generals Perez, Mejia, and Colonels Baneneli and Berra, with a reserve, composed of the grenadiers of the guards and the zapadores. El Locomotor of the 23d ultimo publishes a letter address ed to the editor by a correspondent at San Luis Potosi, dated the 14th ultimo, in which the latter says : " You may im agine how wc are situated here with respect to the approach of the irtvader*. Yesterday they entered Saltillo, and must now be in Tampico, since the mail which should have pro ceeded thither to-day has been stopped by order of Gen. Santa Anna. Who can tell what will be our fate } Yet we have 25,000 men, more or less ; 52 pieces of artillery, 24-pounders and below, in excellent condition ; an incredible quantity of powder and ball of every caliber. All this I have seen with my own eyes; of the truth of my representation there can be no doubt There is a magazine in which two hundred men are constantly at work, blacksmiths and carpenters; and at the fortifications five hundred men, assisted by one thousand women from the town of Santiago and Tlascala, the sight of whom is delightful, from the enthusiasm with which they la bor. They carry bricks taken from their own dwellings to construct the defences, or collect clay for the purpose of ma king them, bearing it along on the huge leaves of the aloe. The men are wholly employed in laying bricks for the fortifi tions. In one store six thousand daggers have been bought and distributed amongst the men and women of the town. On all sides t?ey are fabricating lances, swords, guns, and rifles, and every thing breathes of war, and we are stunned with the frightful sounds of arms. The courier* who go hence will inform of the thousand alarms which exist here, and which I could never adequately describe." LATER FROM THE SEAT OF WAR. The steamship McKim arrived at New Orleans on the 20th instant, bringing two' or three day? later accounts from the Army. She brought as passengers Col. Weller, Major Arthur, Capt. Cooper, Drs. Chamberlin, Hoxie, and Craig, Lieut*. Steward, Dolon, McMahon, Roe, Murphy, and Richmond, and sixty-one sick and discharged volunteers. Gen. Taylor was to move, in column, on the 8th, 9th, and 10th instant for Victoria, with about 1,500 men. Victoria is equi-distant from Monterey and Tampico, and it was sup posed that Gen. Taylor would make that place his head quarters. No further demonstrations, it is said, will lie made towards San Luis Potosi until further orders from our Government. Brigadier General Hamer, of Ohio, died at Monterey on the 3d instant. General Butler was in command of the district of country comprised within Saltillo, Monterey, and the Rio Grande. Gen. Wool was at Paris, 100 mile* north of Chihuahua, with 1,000 men. Gen. Worth was at Saltillo, and will shortly have under his command 2,000. Colonel Riley was at Monte Moreles with about 1,000 men. Gen. Pillow was to move to Victoria on the 14th. Two regiments of Indiana volunteers, the 2d and 3d, and Lieut. Mackall'* (Capt. Taylor's) battery had gone to Sal tillo to join Gen. Worth. The steamship Virginia left the Brasos for Tampico on Tuesday, the 15th instant, with Lieut. Col. Clarke and six companies of the Alabama regiment, numbering nearly 400 men, rank and file. The steamer Cincinnati and U. 8. pro peller James Cage left on the 16th with Gen. Shields and staff and Capt. Shelly'* company of Alabama volunteers, all bound for Tampico. Fronj the report of the McKim we learn that the United States steamer Gopher broke her hog chain* and steam con nexions in crossing the bar on Sunday, the 13th. She was, however, enabled to get out*ide and come to anchor in five fathoms water, but the wind blowing strong from the south east, and a heavy sea running, she wii literally mashed to pieces and sunk at her anchor*. The United State* steamer* De Rossett and John R. Thompson were dispatched to her assistance, and but barely succeeded in Having Home fifty lives before she went down. The pilot boat Ariel .was lost the same day, a largo sea splitting open her wood end*. Cargo and crcw saved. Gen. Taylor had imprisoned the Alcalde of Monterey and his son, for furnishing money and horse* to deserters from the American army. Santa Anna had sent out a detachment of 2,000 men to destroy the water tanks between S*lti||oand San Luis Potot>i. An Explosion or Sixty Kkos or Phwiikm.?On Wed nesday morning last, at quarter part three o'clock, the city of Providence was alarmed by an explosion which shook the building* and startled many persons from their sleep. A powder house belonging to Messrs. Storey, Wood A Vdder, rontaining about sixty keg* of powder, had been art on fire by *ome incendiary. The building was situated alwut 2 J mile* from the bridge near the residence of L. C. Eaton, Esq. The mansion house of Mr. Eaton wa* much injured, and some of the furniture destroyed. The farm house on the estate wa* much injured, and the trees ami fence* blown down. The Exchange wharf in Charleston (8. C.) was *old at auction on Tuesday last for $100,000?bought by Charles A. Mag wood. DEATH OF SENATOR BARROW. IN SENATE?WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1846. Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana, ro*e and addressed the Senate an follows : Mr. President: Louisiana has to mourn the loss of another ofherdiatiiigui?hedaona. It is with unfeigned Morrow I announce to the Senate the death of my late friend and colleague, the Hon. Alkxaxiikr Barrow, who died at Baltimore yesterday morn ing at 5 o'clock, after a short and violent attack of illness, which would not yield to the beat medical ?kill. All the re lief that medical science and akill could accomplish was ap plied in vain. He left tins city on the 24th instant, on a short visit to Baltimore, apparently in pcrfect health, and 1 only heard of his illness the day before his death. Indeed, so sudden and unexpected was the shock produced by the an nunciation of the sad event yesterday, that I cannot yet hardly realize the fact, and do not feel sufficiently composed to do justice to the memory of the deceased in the few remarks I propo.se to make. The deep anxiety felt hero not only by the members of Itolh Houses of Congress, but by all classes of the community, when his dangerous situation became known through the Telegraph, is now dispelled by the melancholy gloom spread over the whole city. It is indeed but too true that Aluxamikh Bah how, the pure patriot and enlightened statesman, is no more. Three years have not passed away since Mr. Barrow an nounced it) appropriate and eloquent terms tho death of his late distinguished colleuguo < and since then it ha* devolved on me to present the ordinary resolutions as a mark of respect to the memory of two of my colleagues of the other House of Congress, and a similar resolution will now be offered on this melancholy occasion. In less than three years two Sen ators and two Representatives in Congress from the same State have been gathered to their fathers. The death of my late colleague was the most unexpected ; for he was not only in the vigor of life, but he possessed a strong constitution. The ways of Providence are indeed inscrutable. It may with truth be said that " whilst in life we are in death." Of Mr. Barrow's early history I know but little. He was a nativfi of Tennessee, and was, I am told; about forty five years of age. His family and connexion? are of the highest respectability, and have been long distinguished for their talenti and patriotism. After having completed his education, Vlr. Bariiow studied law, and was admitted to the bar in Tennessee ; immediately after which, I believe, he Temoved to Louisiana, where he pursued his profession for some time wth success ; and, had he remained at the bar, would have a.tained the highest distinction. Being indepen dent in his cirtumstances, and fond of agricultural pursuits, [ after a few yea-s' practice he retired from the bar and became a successful plmter, and has since devoted his attention mainly to the cultivation of the earth. Mr. Barrov served, however, repeatedly in the Legisla ture of Louisiana with reputation, and was regarded as a dis tinguished menber; and he received from the people of the State many other proofs of their highest respect and confi dence. His election to the Senate of the United States, under circumstances tb; most flattering, is the best evidence of the high estimation it which he was held by the people of his adopted State, by whom his character and services will ever be held in grateful remembrance. The news of his death will produce throughout the State, as it has produced here, the deepest emotiois of sorrow. Mr. Barhov was distinguished for his bland and courteous manners, for lis frank and manly deportment, and for his many generoui and noble traits of character. No man, in fact, had more sincere and devoted friends whilst living, and no one has d,ed more lamented. He performed his duties here with Zealand ability, and, at the same time, in the most | frank and conciliatory spirit; and I am sure that it is no j exaggeration to say that, in his intercourse with his brother Senators, his deportment on all occasions was such as to com mand the respect and confidence of every member, of this body. He has now closed his earthly career, but he has gone, I hope, to a better and happier world. Although he expired far from his home, and from the cher ished partner of his bosom, it must be a source of some con solation to her, and to her orphan children, to learn that he was surrounded at that awful moment by devoted friends, from whom he received every attention which friendship could be stow, and that he died as he had lived, without fear and with out reproach, relying upon the mercy of his Redeemer. And what shall ne ?uid of their bereavement' There is u ntlence which is more expressive than language. We lorbear, in humble submission to the will of Heaven?in grateful recollec tion that " He who strikes has power to heal." The character of the deceased was indeed, sir, of the high est order. Asa Senator, a citizen, and a gentleman?indeed, in all the relations of public and private lifo, he was esteemed and beloved. As a patriot, a firm and uncompromising friend of his country and of her constitution, be had no superior. Brave, ardent, and chivalrous in his temperament, and de voted to the principles of civil and religious liberty, had he lived in tfce days of the early struggles for English freedom, he would have bled by the side of Hampden in the field, or | died with Sidney on the scaffold. Yet, sir? " His life was gentle, And the element* so mixed in hini, TLat Nature might stand up Aiidsaytoall the world, 'this was a ma*.'" Mr. BENTON. In rising, Mr. President, to second the motion fur paying to the memory of our deceased brother Se nator the last honors of this body, 1 feel myself to be obeying the impulsions of an hereditary friendship, as well as conform ing to the practice of the Senate. Forty years ago, when coining ti the bar at Nashville, it was my good fortune to en joy the friendship of the father of the deceased, then an in- j habitant of Nashville, and one of its moat respected citizens. The deceased was then too young to be noted amongst the rest of the family. The pursuits of life soon carried us far apart, and long after, and for the first time to know each other, we met on thia floor. We met not as strangers, but as friends? friends of early and hereditary recollections ; and all our inter course since?every incident, and every word of our lives, (public and private, has gone to strengthen and confirm the J eelings under which we met, and to perpetuate with the son the friendship which had existed with the father. Up to the ^ last moment of his presence in this chamber?up to the last moment that I saw him?our meetings and partings were the cordial greetings of hereditary friendship ; and now, not only as one of the elder Senators, but a? the early and family friend of the deceased, I come forward to second the motion tor the honors to his memory. The Senator from Louisiana (Mr. Johwso*) has per formed the office of duty and of friendship to his deceased friend and colleague. Justly, truly, and feelingly has he performed it. With deep and heartfelt emotion he has por trayed the virtues, and sketched the qualities, which consti tuted the manly and lofty character of Auxaxhir Barrow. He has given us a picture as faithful as it is honorable, and it does not become me to dilate upon what he has so well presented ; but, in contemplating the rich and full portrait of the high qualities of the head and heart which he has pre sented, suff'et inc to look for an instant to the source, the fountain, from which flowed the foil stream of generous and noble actions which distinguished the entire life of our de ceased brother Senator. I sj>ctfk of the heart?the noble j heart?of Ai.f.t ASDFii Barrow. Honor, courage, patriotism, friendship, generosity?fidelity to his friend and his country? I tho social affections?devotion to the wife of his bosom, and | the children of their lovo : all?all, were there and never, , not once, did any cold, or selfish, or timid calculation ever come from his manly head to check or balk the noble impul sions of his generous heart. A quick, clear, and strong judg ment found nothing to restrain in these impulsions ; and in all the wide circle of his public and private relations?in all the words and acts- of his life?it was the heart that moved first j and always so true to honor that judgment had nothing to do Imt to approve the impulsion. From that fountain flowed the stream of the actions of his life ; and now what we all deplore?what so many will join in deploring?is, that such a fountain, so unexpectedly, in the full tide of its flow, should have been so suddenly dried up. He was one of the youngei meml>ers of this hotly, and in all the hoj>e ami vigor of meridian manhood. Time was ripening and maturing his faculties. He seemed to have a right to look forward to many years of usefulness to his country and to his family. With qualities evidently fitted for the Jirld as well as for the Senate, a brilliant future was before him, ready a* I know ho was, to serve his country in any way that honor and duty should require. Mr. BREESE next arose, and spoke as follows : Mr. President: It is not in Iny power to add any thing to the eulogies already so eloquently pronounced by the more par ticular friends of the deceased, in the beautiful language of sincerity and truth. Be it my humble purpose to fling but one flower upon his grave?to add but one slight tribute, nmnng more valued offerings, to his acknowledged worth ( a tribute, sir, though slight, perhaps not altogether valueless, coming as it does from a political opponent as ardent and as decided in the sup|>ort of his principles as he whom we all mourn was known to be in the cause he espoused. It was not my fortune, Mr. President, to know intimately the de ceased until after the close of the last long and laborious sea- I Hon of Congress. We met, in our journey to our distant homes, at the Fall* of Niagara, and proceeded thence through our vast ocean lakes quite to Illinois?he pursuing his way by the river* to his, and I overland my route to my home. In I tins intercourse, ho cordial and friendly as it wa?, there wert ! daily developed the mo&t amiable points of his character, win ning ray regard, and advancing us speedily irorn mere ac quaintances to intimate friends. This I know, sir, from the mutual regrets expressed in parting, and from the warm and 1 cordial welcome on our meeting here at the commencement of this session?he then, in all the pride of his manhood, gazing with joyous and contented eyes upon the beautiful world before him, and wliirh the apparent healthfulness and vigor of his frame gave him promise he should long enjoy. But, Mr. President, what a change a few days have made ! " All, all, that promise fair Mas sought the grave to sleep forever there." Ardently and sincerely devoted as he was to his party arid i its principles, it was his good fortune, Mr. President, I take it upon myself to say, to enjoy in the highest degree the un bounded respect of his opponents, and of all his associates here ; no matter how amiable, sincere, or kind they may be, he alone, perhaps, of all of them, could say, " I have no per sonal enemy." Nor could he have ; for a kinder or a man lier hea,rt never beat within a human bosotn. But now he is no more ! Though but in his meridian, life's evening sha dows have lallen, and the portals of the tomb will soon close upon him forever ! Gone from among us, and forever, and from all he loved, is that manly foriu we delighted to look upon ; quenched is the fire and spirit of that eye that so often beamed in kindness ; pulseless is now that heart whose every throb was in unison with friendship, fidelity, and with all the generous and captivating .v>aliti?? that adorn man's best na ture. Faults he had?let the grave hide them. The memory of his many virtues will lie preserved, if not in brass or mar ble, upon a more valued and more durable material?the hearts of his friends and his country uien. I join, Mr. Presi dent, with melancholy satisfaction in assent to such resolutions as may be offered, appropriate to the occasion. Mr. HANNEGAN remarked : I also desire, with a mourn ful heart, to add my Iceble but sincere testimony to the exalt ed worth, and noble and manly and generous spirit which in life adorned, and now, as he lies cold and shrouded, sanc tify the memory of Alexander Barrow. Como when it may in our midst, Mr. President, death never fails to make its impress upon those who survey its work. There are none so careless, none so indifferent, as to defy its impressions, when even a casual acquaintance falls. But the feeling of awe and of gloom which pervades this chamber to-day is far beyond the usual and ordinary feeling. One of us?one who has long occupied a high place hers, in his country's highest place, has been suddenly, and almost without warning, stricken down. But a day or two since?to me it seems but an hour? and he was here, beloved and respected by all: in all the pride of intellect, and in all the royalty of the most vigorous and athlelic manhood. Wlieie, sir, shall we look to find a more manly, commanding, and symmetrical form ' Where shall we seek a nobler and more majestic front * Where are we to seek and where to find a loftier nature, a soul more ele vated, or a heart more kind, more generous, and more gen tle } I know not one?not one. Heaven had blessed him with that high nature which knows no disguise, and scorns all unmanly concealment. He knew no art; dissimulation, with its fell train of poisons, had no home in his bosom. In all his bearings here, from the hour in which my eyes first rested upon him, I have known nothing of him but what became, proudly became an American Senator. Brave, generous, manly, and highly gifted, he discharged his duties here as a proud representative of a proud people. And how beautifully, how happily were all the elements of our na ture commingled in him ! He had " a heart formed for pity, and a hand open as day to melting charity." That heart? that heurt is cold, and that hand is still, an^ Barrow?JJar row, the name so often uttered in this chamber, and never but in tones of kindness?Barhow, with his elastic step, with his joyous look, his noble presence, and his winning virtues? Barrow sits with us here no more ; yon vacant chair tells the stern reality?Barrow will be with us no more. Strange and mysterious Providence ! The most robust ol all our num ber?he who but a week since stood here fit model for an ancient hero or a demigod?he is the first to he gathered to dust, and that, too, before his noon of life was reached, and long, long before the harvest to our eyes seemed ready for the reaper. It was my happy fortune to contract an acquaintance with him shortly after 1 entered the Senate, which gradually ripen ed into a most intimate iuendstup. i knew him well?I knew him well- I hiiv. M. X will say that in private, as in his public life, I found him ever distinguished by the same lofty characteristics, the same scru pulous regard lor honor and propriety, the same rare endow ment of remarkable common sense, the same sound discrimi nating judgment, and a perception unusually, singularly clear, quick, and correct. The delight of the social circle, Alex ander Barrow was master of all the social virtues He won all hearts that approached him as with a spell. The last time that 1 saw him, Mr. President, he came to visit mo in my sick room. It was but a few days since, not ten ; we were alone for some time ; the conversation turned upon home? upon our own homes?and we spoke of distant and dearly loved friends ; and, sir, I shall never forget bow his eye lighted up as he talked of his approaching retirement from public life, and dwelt upon his future career of tranquil happiness, when, engaged only in domestic pursuits, he should he surrounded daily and hourly by those endearments which he fondly? but alas ! how vainly?fancied were reserved for him through many, many long years at home. Ho dwelt upon bis home, and those who were there?o( her, its light, its joy?his wife. He spoke, as 1 have often heard him speak of her before, in those tender and respectful terms which tell that the love of the heart borders on idolatry. " Hut alas ! nor wife nor children more shall he behold, Nor friends, nor sacred home," I have come here to-day, Mr. President, all unfit for the duty, feeble and out of health?to bear a passing slight, slight tribute to friendship?to give a slight expression of my feel ings on this mournful occasion. I come, prompted by those feelings of attachment and respect which I cherished for our deceased friend in life, and by that melancholy regard with which I shall continue to hold him in memory through life. I could not forbear?I could not do less. I will add the ex pression of the single hope that she to whom I have alluded? the partner of his bosom?when the lapse of time shall have relieved her overcharged heart of its heavy burden?that she may find a mournful consolation in turning back to the pro ceedings which marked his last hours ; and after those hours were gone, the sombre scenes which filled up his little abiding time above the ground. 1 trust, sir, that when time, and years, and above all, the soothing voice of religion, shall have abated the mighty burden of her grief, and she shsll have be come calm in her wo, she will find a relief, a sad relief, in the thought, that though it was denied her hand to sm<?oth his dying pillow, to bathe hi* fevered brow, and to catch from his pallid hps the last fond sigh, yet kind and devoted friends, his best-loved associates ami comrades in this chamber, were there to watch, not with her love?ah no ! that could not be?but with the I.>ve and sorrow of brothers to watch over the closing scene, and minis ter to his departing struggles. And I trust, also, that she may find something to break her grief in the thought that at his obsequies strangers of whom she never heard were eager to pay ju?t tribute to his exalted worth, and embalm with heart felt homage the memory of her husband. Mr. CHITTENDEN then rose, much affected, and said: I desire, Mr. President, however needless it may lie after what has l>cen said, t? offer my tribute in a few words. Mr. C. then paused, and, after an evident struggle with his feelings, he could only say, " I beg your pardon, Mr. President," and sat down. Mr. MANGUM thereupon rose and moved the following : /ietolved uiumiwtiuly, That a committee be appointed by the Vice President to take order tor superintending the tunenu of the lion. AiniJiiKR Barrow, which will take place to-morrow st 1*2 M.,and that the Senate will attend the tame. Ursnh-rrl tituiriimnutlti, That the members of the Senate, from a sincere desire of showing every mark of respect due to the memory of the lion. Alexander tUasow, deceased, late a member thereof, will go into mourning for him one month, by the usual mode of wearing crape on the left'arm. Hr*olvetl wianimoutfu, That, a* an additional mark ot re spect for the memory of the Hon. Alexander Barrow, the Senate do now adjourn. Ordered, 'I hat th- Secretary communicate these proceedings to the House of Representatives. The Senate then adjourned. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, A message having been received from the S~nate announc ing the death of the Hon. Alexander Barrow, Senator from the State of Louisiana? Mr. MORSE, of Louisiana, addressed the House as fol lows : Mr. Speaker : The melancholy communication which has just been read, and a request from my colleagues in this House, has devolved upon me the painful duty of arresting Ihe ordinary business of your body for the purpose of announc ing the solemn intelligence that Alexander Barrow, late one of the t^enators from the State of Louisiana, is now iio more. Within the past year Death has reaped a golden harvest, and numbers among his victims some of the brightest orna ments of our Commonwealth. To many of these it has been permitted to give the latest pulsation of their hearts and th? last lifedrop of their blood in defence of their country?to realize the noblest sentiment that can animate the human heart, '? How sweet it is to die for , i our country." But that death is still more noble when hurald . od by the shout* of victory, so dearly purchased by their own valor, Among the many noble sons whose untimely <ieath our common mother now deplores, none, not one, combined in ? more enviable form those rare qualities of head and heart which make men love them than did my departed friend. A native of the State of Tennessee, born within a few miles of the city of Nashville, the tirst elements of that chivalric character, that noble bearing, that manly form and vigorous constitution, were in pqrt received from early education and discipline at the Military Academy at M est Point. He pursued his legal studies in Tennessee, and there laid the foundation of a thorough acquaintance with English juris prudence. He removed soon afterwards to the State of Lou isiana, and made himself well acquainted with th>- principles of the civil law, in which he promised to become one of the most distinguished jurisconsult?, had not the paitiality of his friends and his own inclinations marked out for him another career. ' His fine talent*, generous impulses, and integrity of charac ter soon won for him the esteem and admiration of an enlight ened constituency, who selected him as their representative in the Legislature of his adopted.State, and continued their con fidence in him by re-electing him as often as was agreeable to his wishes. The occasional development of talenta which, on ordinary subjects, he seemed unwilling or averse to exhibit, the suavity of his manners in his intercourse with hi* brother member*, and ilio i ouKJeuco in the purity of bit onrtiMs, served stilt . more to increase the admiration of his friends, and extorted homage from his opponents. In 1840, then not forty years of age, he was elected to a full term in the Senate of the United States, which elevated position he filled in a manner highly honorable to himself a?d eminently useful to his country. There was it blunt honesty of purpose and a frank boldness in his manner which, though it might sometimes olfend, al ways commended itself to our respect from the consciousness of its integrity. < He was taken suddenly ill on Friday evening, while on a visit to Baltimore. His disease resisted all the skill and at tention which the solicitude of his friends had summoned from Baltimore and Philadelphia, and on Tuesday morning about five o'clock, in the full possession of all his faculties, with a perfcct consciousness of his approaching end, with a firmness which marked his whole life, surrounded by numerous friends from both houses of Congress, perished all but the immortal spirit of Alexander Baiirow. Although his disease was so violent in its course that many of his friends scarcely knew of his illness until after its fatal termination, I had the melancholy satisfaction of being with him a few hours before he died. His last moments were oc cupied with the tenderest and heart-rending allusions to his wife, children, and country. When these melancholy tidings shall reach his now happy home, who can penetrate, in imagination, that veil of wo that must enshroud his wife and only daughter, but will offer up to the Disposer of all things one prayer that he will " tem per the wind to the shorn lamb." Two sons, the younger of whom was with him, and the other a student of Harvard College, with his wife and his daughter in Louisiana, constitute all his immediate family. A recommendation to his friends to watch over their education, s and be as a father to them, one bitter pang that he could not for the last time press her to his bosom who bad been to him the most devoted wife, were the last of earthly matters that occupied his thoughts. May his children be only worthy of their sire ! Hit friends ask no more. When I pressed his cold hand for the last time, he re turned that grasp with a strength which even disease seemed scarcely to have weakened, and, in a voice of more than usual firmness, said, "I shall never see Louisiana more." No, brave spirit, you will not again revisit the scenes of so-many bright and happy years, but your numerous friends need not the presence of that manly form, nor the marble nor the can vass, to recall the many kind and delightful associations that will forever be entwined with the name of Alsxands* Barrow. Was this dispensation of Providence visited upon us to re mind us how frail the tenure of our lives is, the death of our friend forms an impressive lesson. Among the youngest members of the Senate, blessed with competence, extensive aud influential family connexions, * hrnith ami a comlUott<ru iiof or hj disease, theie was no member of either Houae who had a more reasonable expectation in looking forward to a long and brilliant career ; and, wtyn the summons shall come to all of us, may the consciousness of a well-spent life enable us*to meet it likea "Prcux Chevalier, sanspeuretsansreproache." The death ot Alexander Barrow is the fourth that has occurred, within the brief space of four years, in the smai?~ delegation from Louisiana; and true it is "death loves a shining mark." Portf.r, Bossier, Dawson? Barrow ! What four names living can outweigh yours dead ? The earth that holds you dead hears not alive four nobler spirits ; and, while the mighty Mississippi rolls her tribute to the sea, your memories will live in the hearts of your countrymen. In conclusion, I move you the adoption of the following resolutions : Retobved, That this House has heard with deep sensibility the announcement of the death of the Hon. Alexander Bar row, a Senator in Congress from the State of Louisiana. RetUved, That as a testimony of respect for the memory of the deceased, the members and officers of this House will wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days. Rrtohvil, That the proceedings of this House, in relation to the death of the Hon. Alexavrkr Barrow, be communicated to the family of the deceased by the Clerk. Retolvnl, That this House will attend the funeral of the de~ ceased in a body ; and, as a further mark of respect for his me mory, that it do now adjourn. And the House accordingly adjourned. A letter from C'amargo complains of the bad pay ment of the troops. It says : " It is true that they have l>*cn offering to pay our men in Treasury notes of the size of $500?a beautiful coin certainly for our men to buy the little luxuries and necessaries of the sol dier not supplied by Government. These notes cannot be used much short of ten percent, discount. This deducted from tfto scanty pay of $7 per month leaves but a poor recompense for the many privations which our men have suffered since their departure from their comfortable home and kind friends." California.?Account* from Monterey to the 19th 8ep- ? tembor state that the elections were held in California in regu lar form, agreeably to the form of government instituted by Commodore Stockton. In San Juan, Don Mateo Feron wa? elected Alcalde. In Monterey, Don Walter Colton, a parson, and Chaplain of the frigate Congress, was elected Alcalde, having l<eaten half a dozen competitors. Don Milton Little was elected to act as his substitute in case of sickness oi ?bsence. The first trial by jury took place at Monterey, in which an American and a Mexican appear to have been the parties. Mr. Colton presided as judge ; the jury was composed of in Jividuals who, from their names, appear to have been half Americans, half Mexicans. The verdict seems to have given general satisfaction. The Alledep Massacre in California.?A writer in the Boston Atlas has been dissecting that Mexican story about the lf>0 soldiers of the North American navy at the City of the Angels, and the result of his operation is that he does not believe a word of it. The grounds of his unbelief are, that the place designated is thirty miles from the sea, and there fore not likely to be visited by bosts from a man-of-war ; that the Indians of California, by whom the throat-cutting is said to have been done, are the most imbecile, cowardly race of beings on the face of the globe, a thousand of whom would flee before ten American marines ; and, finally, that Flores, who is named as the Mexican commander on the occasion, is a miserable and notorious coward, who could not by iny menus be driven to the undertaking of any movement involv ing even a suspicion of personal danger.?N. i". Com- Ade. From Venf.xi ela.?We have Camera* papers to the 'id instant, by which we learn that the late revolutionary disturb ances in Venezuela have been completely quelled. Antokio Leoi apio (Icixai, the chief in the insurrection, (formerly editor rff kl Patriota in Camera*) had l-eer. tried as a con spirator and condemned to death. t*eneial Josr I apeo Mo naoas i., without doubt, elected President of the Republic of Veno/uelaHaiti?u>rr American. The National Council of the Cherokee Nation seems to be intent on fathering public instruction in the Nation. It has directed the establishment of two public schools, ->oe for males and the other for females, and it is probata manual labor school for orphans will also be set in jr*Tat,c>n.