Newspaper Page Text
JANUARY 9, 1847.
No. 2l>7. '? rt BhlHMKIt MW UALEH K MMJI TOJY. TKKMS: VB Two l)ullahh ? \rar j or Oss Dollau for the firat rewlm mmurn olV?cl. Coujcrv?? s miJ Firri CssTfforthe hiial ??? lion ol (juufrrM i mid tl?* mum: I"' ExU^a si v noii?yi]r?Ue in all cut* a in ndvuw. ? ? THE FINANCIAL CK18I8. We had occasion, in our last paper, to refer to die apparent indisposition on the part oi the ( 0111 mittee of Ways and Means in the House ol Repre sentative* to sustain like Administration in the pre sent financial emergency, suggesting that 1 ime would probably throw some light on what then appeared to us incomprehensible. A very short 44 tune" has elapsed before what was uttered by us only a* surmise has ripened into certainty. A few hours after our publication of that day, a leading member of the Western division of ?? the Democracy" introduced in the House of Representauves a resotution that it it inexpedient to levy any tax tijton 7Va arut (\>ffet; and that re solution was agreed to by the House, under the stricture of the previous question, and so without debate, by the extraordinary tote of one hundred and fifteen yeas to forty-eight nays! This vote must, under all the circumstances, be considered as the answer of the House to the urgent instance of the Secretary of the Treasury, addressed to%the Committee of Ways and Means, and* made public and seconded by the government paper, to lay these identical taxes, as being indispensable to the ob taining of any further loan for the support of the Government. The Administration has very plainly disclosed the necessities of the Treasury, with a suggestion of the only means by which, in its opi nion, they can be met. The House of Representa tives refuses to vote the necessary supplies ; refuses before the question is formally put to it, declaring in advance its determination not to tax the people in the manner and form thus proposed by the Ex ecutive. We have never before witnessed juti such a crisis in public affairs; and, if the House adhere to its determination, so far as to refuse to lay any immediately productive taxes, we do not sec what is to prevent the bankruptcy of the Treasury, if the Administration itself be not broken to pieces. It may be, however, that, after having thus sturdily shown its want or confidence in the Ad ministration, and (we suspect) its rankling dis pleasure at the Executive > eto of last year, and the intimation in the President's annual message of a repetition of it whenever the same question is again presented, the House of Representatives may cool off in a day or two, and reconsider this de cision. Of one thing Mr. Tibbatts, the mover of a resolution (agreed to on Saturday) directing certain inquiries to be made by the Committee of Ways and Means, may be assured; that, however expedient and necessary may hereafter become the duties on domestic distilled spirits and other excises proposed by him, no such taxes, were they to be laid by Congress, and approved by the President within the next forty-eight hours, would be of any avail for the present wants of the Treasury. Before such taxes could be made to yield the first dollar of revenue, the Treasury would have become literally " a beggarly account of empty boxes." I here is some thing more practical, however?more proximate to the duty of the majority under present circum stances?in that part of the resolution of the same gentleman which proposes an increase of the duties on imports under the present Tariff, and also in the proposition of another Member to levy duties on all articles that are free under the present (new) Tariff. This last proposition would include, of course, the articles of Tea and Coffee. Let the gentlemen of the majority, who see the dilemma in which, by their acts of the last session, they have involved the Government, go but one step further; let them repeal the Subtreasury, and rein state in three words the Tarill of 1842, adding to it the proposed duties on Tea and Coffee, and they will at once be able to replenish the Treasury, and re lieve the Government from the disastrous predica ment in which it cannot fail otherwise soon to find itself. _ The New Orleans Bulletin gives a sample of the beauties of the Subtreasury in its practical results. Colonel Hunt, Quartermaster of the U. S. Army stationed in that city, received, on the 20th ultimo, $500,000 in gold from the North. It was trans ported across the mountains, and down the river, at a cost to the Government of $7,500, while the banks would have transferred it, by draft, at par. At the vcrv moment, indeed, that this specie was sent from New York to New Orleans, the Bulletin savs, the banks in New Orleans Were checking on New York at par, and had they been applied to by Secretary Walker, would have supplied the amount in specie for a similar amount placed to their credit in the latter city, if not at par, certainly at one-third of the sum given by the Government to the carriers of its specie. But this is not nil. 1 lie Bulletin says; " Besides the expense ol bringing it here, somebody has now to bear the expense or takinir it back; for the course of trade does not re quire the specie in New Orleans, but does in New York, to which place, as a matter of course, it must return." What folly can be greater than this, un less it be that of refusing to trust the banks, with their ample securities as a guaranty for its safety, with the transfer of the public money, while they trust it to an individual travelling affent, who can give no security at all??Richmond King. The Paris papers state that M. dk la Hosiers has been appointed Minister of France to Mexico, in place or M. de Cyprey, and that the new am bassador will probably proceed at once o that country. It is, however, stated that M. ijk i.k R - HiERE will not go to Mexico until all the d'^u'11?" which induced M. i>k Cyprky to leave shall have been reconciled. Things now are in doubtful po-, sition, France being represented by the Spanish ambassador, and the Barons Goury d? KoselaW) and nr. Nkitfmze, Secretaries of the ci-devati French Legation, being, by order of their Govern ment, at Havana, with instructions to return as soon as any invitation shall be extended them by Mexico to do so. Frmhst. The Columbu* (Ohio) Journal of Saturday say* : " The Scioto at thi* plat* hat attained a height of two feet lie yon 11 any previoua example. The national roail between the river and FranKlinton ia completely Inundated and can lie named hot with difficulty on horseback. The water ia seve ral feet deep in the lower atory of several warehouse*. Miifh damage ia apprehended " FROM THE NEAT OF WAlt. I lie following Letter, being from a well-informed and highly intelligent citizen of the United States, now accidentally near the Headquarters of our Are my in Mexico, we publish as entitled, in regard to its facts, to the very highest consideration. As to j the writer's views in relation ty the best manner of terminating the war, we submit them, without offer ing any opinion of our own on them, to the judg ment of our readers: _ _ _ " Camaroo, December 6, 1840. " My Dear Sir: * * * From the best infor mation we can obtain, we are certainly at the end oi our rope as to a further advance towards San Luis 1 otosi in our present position. We have a columi} of troops at Saltillo, some seventy-five miles in advance of Monterey, and General Wool's com mand has or will be ordered to take position at ar.aSL ,?Ut .0ne hun(,red utiles west of Saltillo. unci thiiu it is the intention of the Commanding General to cover the country with his troops from this to 1 ampico, which will effectually keep the Mexicans on the other side of the Sierra Madre Mountains General Santa Anna, it is reported, * at San Luis Potosi at the head of a. very large lorce, and, il the difiiculties were not, as we have conclusive evidence, almost insurmountable in the way of obtaining water, &c. on the rOad, I have no doubt but General Taylor would seek and fight him at that place, though the odds be greatly against him. From Saltillo to San Luis Potosi, or a great distance, we would have to depend on tanks lor water, and the supply of tl.aj very limit ed, w hile the enemy are in a position to destroy the tanks, if necessary, at a moment's warning, should we advance. ? # " Now, it does appear to me that the Administra tion should pursue one of two courses in this vile and unprofitable war, viz. cither appropriate largely m lie way of men and troops, and take Vera Cruz and the castle ol San Juan, and then threaten the city ol Mexico by an advance, or be satisfied with the acquisition ol California and hold it, and say to Mexico, ' Now we have paid ourselves and, if hey do not like it, let them drive us from the coun try it they can. ?' Indeed, as to the country from this to the Sierra Madre it would be worthless to us, and it would be worth a war of some years to make the Mefci eans take it back with the present population. From appearances we can see no end to this war; we may light battles, win victories, and take towns, and it all amounts to nothing, as we get nothing ex cept bloody noses, broken limbs, and loss of life, hvery thing valuable is claimed or owned by for eigners, and of course beyond our reaeh. The Mexican people export nothing, barely raising suffi cient for their own subsistence, and'have but little n S!',aS y arC ?b,'ged t0 irri*atc their lands n order to grow any thing, as but little rain falls in tins country. The people live in ranches or villa ges in order to protect themselves from the Indians and the numerous hordes of robbers that infest the country. " 1 sincerely hope Congress may take the war into their own hand*, and compel the President to say what he wants whether it be acquisition of erritory or not. If not, why not fall back to the Grande, and let the Mexicans, if they think proper, come and attack us ? Hold on to Califor nia and take the Rio Grande for our line, and, my word for it, we will receive no trouble from the Mexican nation. It may be advisable to hold this place and some other towns on the river, merely to keep a foothold, and for convenience in the way of depots, &ic. J ** I he proclamation of General Kearny, after taking Santa te, we consider here ol a most extra ordinary character; and, if Congress submits to it, men I say there is no limit to the constitution, and every military commander may act as lie sees fit without regard to the Go?ernnient." I he New (Means papers have accounts from the mouth of the Kio Grande to the 24th ultimo, brought by the steamer Fashion. We make the following extracts from the Mercury : To Captain Vri rM (*, of the 3d regiment of Tcnne*see y'T"'- * "?lunU*r ??W*-earap of General Wool, who left Parras, the hMd.ju.rtrM of General Wool, on tho 10th trutant, and pawed through" Saltillo, Monterey, and Camar go, we are indebted for the subjoined information. General Wool has retired order* from General Taylor to take up hi* winter quarter, at P.rras, and had seized two thousand barrel* of flour, and several thousand bushel. of wheat, and other Government .tore.. Parras ia one hundred and fifteen mile. d.recUy west of Saltillo, and, the portion being farthest in advance, the let and 2d regimenta of Indiana volunteer* had been ordered from Camargo to reinforce Gen. Wodl. 1 hi* would .well hi. command to about four thou aend five hundred men. General Worth, at SalUllo, was alro to be reinforred l?y four companies of Kentucky cavalry, or dered to Monterey, which would bring his command up to about seventeen hundred men. General Patter-on had retired a private letter informing him of a rumor thai Santa Anna wan advancing upon Sal tillo from San Luis PoUwt, but Captain Yeatmun attaches no credit to the rumor, as he travelled from Parrasand Saltillo to Matamoro. a. rapidly as possible, arnl when he left those places he heard nothing whatever of it. The Generals in command at both point* have cavalry parties scouting in the direction of Ssn Luis Potosi, and the scouts of General Wool are at least seventy-five mile, from his camp, so that he would lie likely to lie apprised of any movement of Santa Anna as early aspossilile. General Taylor left Monterey on the 15th, with an Mx>rt of cavalry, for V ictoria, timer.I Twiggs .nd Colonel P. F *mith, with their re^icctive commands, were at Victoria , and previous to ths departure of General Taylor from Mon terey, General Quitman, with his hrig*]c, had left for that point, (trneral Taylor, in a conversation with Captain Yeat man, expressed the opinion that it would be imj>oasil>lc to march upon San Luia Pofri from .he northern extremity of his lines until the rainy season sata in, in June next. The report that Santa Anna had cut ciT the water tanks betw,*,, him and the American ports ia not true, but the country is almost destitute of water unless during the rainy seaaon, and in one part of the road there is even in that season a distance of ninety miles to he marched without the possibility 0f find ing any. Gen. Butler was in command at Monterey, with about two thousand men ? Col. McKee, wilh ait companies of the Ken tucky regiment of cavalry, at Oralvo, Captain Willis, with two companies of the same regiment, at Mier 4 ami General Marshal nt Camargo, with about nine hundred men. A gentleman who arrived last night from Ta.npico, and! left (here on the IfUh, stairs that a body of Mexican cavalry, 4 estimated at about arven thoaaand, had appeared in th? viei mty of that place, and, coming within range of the artillery were fired upon and driven off. The garrison there had been ' reinforced by the Alabama regiment of volunteers and the *e cond regiment of artillery, and Gen. Patterson was to have 1 marched from Matarnoros on the 23d, with Col. Thorn*,'* regiment of Tennessee cavalry, for that point, (im. Shiel.U wna in command at Tampico, hut would be superseded by Gen. Patterson, when he arrived. I Great exertions have l?en making by Mexican officers to raise men in the small towns along the Rio Grande, and with howc Huccom. C.pt. Stone, with a detachment of seventy men, lately ensured ? p*rty of two hundred Mexican. in ? ranch* about thirty-seven mile* up the Ban Juan, together wilii ('apt. Cantova, by whom they lud been rocrmted, and a,,d t,le ,nt'n ww* t*ken a. pri.<*tera to Camargo. Fifty bland of arm., ammunition. Ac. were taken at the same time. On Hie e veiling of the IOth a Mciic, wa. taken by the guard, at Camargo attenq*iug to cuUr U?e |K?wder magaxine, with a deign, it i. supposed, of blowing it up. The troop, under Gen. Wool, C.pt. Veatman also inform* us, are in the very highest ati.tr of di^ipline, and regard their commander with lespect and affection. Purras, he says, ia a most delightful place. It ia situated about ww miles west of the great -San Luis Potoai road, and he term, it the vine yard of Mexico. The climate is unexceptionable, and the soil fertile < the grape is cultivated there, and the wine ex tracud from it i. deliciou.. The Fashion brought up eighty diaeharged voluntoer. and nineteen cabin passengers. LETTERS FROM THE ARMY. I'OHtiKKroffDBxcK or nu nx.\r oatrtx. delta. i ... . _ Moxtkrki, Ukckmiikk 4, 1840. Although I stated in my last that there would be no imme diate movement of the army, there i. to be one in less than ten days, but it will be something on the retrograde order. General i ay lor has fitter l>eer. informed of the concentration a Mexican force at \ ictoria, or designs opening a commu nication with 1 ampico, for he move, on to the capital of i amauhpas with two regiment*, if not a whole division, in tttlo more than one week's time. Order, to thi. effect have been read to the first regiment of infantry, with whom the Baltimore battalion acts, and the Georgia volunteers. As yet, none others have been notified, though it is thought that the entire division, with probably the 7th infantry, will move. - gain there is much sickness in camp to chronicle, and it generally terminates more fatally than the attacks incident to acclimation. There is probably le.s diarrhoja now, but the ! chills and lever prevail to a great extent, and the worst thing I is that they generally assume a sort ofbilious type. Thi. was i the complaint that deprived thecountry of the services of General Harurt, andof Lieutenant Uesment, of the Georgia volun teers, who died last evening. Those who are ?t all incapaci tated from duty by disease obtain their discharges very readily and many who are convalescent, but debilitated, get a ready permission to go home. ? y Dkckmhkr 8, 1840.?There is a train in from Saltillo, by which letters have been received a day or two later. Infor mation is thus received from San Luis Potoai up to the 16th ultimo. The anticipated approach of our forces had induced Santa Anna to send out lmtween four and live thousand cavalry, for toe double purpose of reconnoitring the country and driv ing in the herds of cattle on the road. Other than this, there is nothing worth mentioning from the enemy's camp. 1 here was some difficulty about obtaining com, one day last week?the Mexican* not hking the idea of furnishing it at the rate of $2 60, when, for the same quantity, $5 is paid at this place. General Worth ordered out a part of hi. com mand, and had a large number of mule loads brought in for which he refused payment altogether. He then issued an order hat all corn brought in voluntarily would be paid for on delivery but if he had to send for it, the ownersuiight whistle lor their money. Tg 1 ho most perfect order prevails in Saltillo. Gen. Worth has all his command?but two or three companies?occupy ing one square where his artillery is stationed. In an adja cent square he has all the wagons and store rooms. In case o an alarm, his fighting ground is picked out, where all the companies are to repair to. Ho?ae^. of ll?c Georgia volunteers, died at camp ,, ? hY a11!e"tenanl of the regiment is not ex pected to live. Unless the Sickness abates in a short time, many a noble fellow will fall a victim to its ravages. Men who were proof against the enemy's balls are, in many in stance*, f?rced to submit to the diseases of the country. It may be thought strange that, in Uie month of December, in a country like Monterey, fevers should prevail; but it i. no matter of wonder to those who are familiar with the cli mate, and are aware that there is no time in which vegetation i. not springing up. Mr. Armstrong, who was accused of the murder of younc t orrest, has been put in close confinement. A committee of officers were appointed to take testimony; and after it wa. referred to General Taylor, he ordered the immediate arrest) of Armstrong. INothuig has been made public in the affair of the Alcalde s son and others, accused of tampering with our soldiers. They arc still in prison. 1 The movement from this place into Tainaulipa. has de veloped itself sufficiently to be spoken of. All the regulars at this place?with the exception of an artillery company, and one or two of infantry, from the 7th?with the Mississippi, I enilessee, and Georgia volunteers, will shortly leave for Vic toria, accompanied by General 'Taylor and Ms 8uff. From this you may infer that the headquarters will be at or near I ampico. It may still be eight or ten days before this move " , ush 80rm: of lhc regiments are ordered to march next Thursday. As there is nothing apprehended from the enemy at this time, the movement will l*e made by easv marches, stopping sometime, two and three davs at a place he division will move down the valley, from the southeast I ill vT r pissing through Caydente, Monte Morales, iinares, Villa Grande, and Hidalgo, a distance of near 200 miles, to V ictoria. After reaching the latter place, a halt will * J1?? fljr 80rue,lJ",e' wIlcn ? garrison will be left of 1,000 or 1,600 men, and the remainder will accompany Gen. Taylor towards 7 ampico. For aught I know, u junction may be ormed at Victoria with the troops under Gen. Patterson/but cannot speak with any ccrtainly on this head, not being ad :iTw the movements l?low. This move, leaving Worth Ji00'. abovo uf? ar^ues v"y strongly, to my thinking, that offensive operations for the present have censed. r?i ? "L- 'e,r 18 ** ,eft in command at Monterey, with the hio, Kentucky, and the Indiana volunteer.?spoken of be fore as being ordered to reinforce Gen. Worth. -_ .he,7tb recetved marching orders, and were in f cted yesterday. It is not known in what direction they Kkl tTh fkt"nfral Worth ha? intimated that he should ke to have them again in his division, and whether their des Uuation is Saltillo or \ ictoria a few days will tell. Pnm . . T**i-ieo, Dxcembkh 12, 1846. PnwZ r Trr vrTr'lay for Anton Lizar,l? in 'he I l n"i a-nV , ? "" c*Pe<htion will sail fo, -aguna, and I believe it is his intention to occupy Tabasco permanently. At the capture of this place three Mexican eun T*h fell intothehsndsof the Americans. J hcae schooner, were built by Brown & Bell, in New York and are the twin sisters of the Reefer, Bonita, and Petrel, w there are now six vesselsin the Gulf squadron precisely alike a I of them beauty to look at, bdt rather rum 'Ens to go, ^ draft of water being too hght to make them crack sailer. ? however, the efficiency of the fleet for the shoal waters of this COM: has bean enhanced l>y their ac<|uisition. ? triT i,er? ,ar? ""joy'"? 'he benefit of excellent quarter, and a fine climate, and although some cases of inter imttei.t fever are prevalent, the general health of the place is S!', I. ?ear MWn "pokcn of f,y lhe oncers as In-ing preferable to any in Mexico where they have yet been. 'This can very readily believe 4 it i. sufficiently large to enable Simr* ,rr",,ion^ fowl abound, and in quality the very best: same of all kind. nrsiTj* ""T", ru" any epicure. M""fy th" Piousness of T?e Noh wsoiajts.-?Howlittlo is required to make a peo ple hap,?y. A traveller in the northern countries of Europe, speaking of bleak and barren Norway, nys ? iur,' r" 'T 'nd .m?, li,. wood^ and dales, in the midst of iu quiet and virtuous |>eople. No one ever left Norway without reerri izizr.'y^ Ty,r" r' "hich * t,"u arwut with a bag of gold, and no one would molest him hP si'sars?Jz&z* m,y ^ A?d TM lhl,,,Ml,.,tor,|wHta. th. Norwegiin. a, ex W,!, TJn, "-"?"JM-brt.J ?" "-H- l-ed. bkr . del ho,, into which .ho, .11 :::,r ^" "?* ^ ^ *>'. jh z , it i ? ['r wa'n"co,9 ue composed of trees, with moss Inl'w . 1 80,110 h?W" "hote at'^ rf uU ?,,|B wr? 0 , JK)t> aX6) onc kn.fn> ^ } wf ^ ^ en wooden bowls and Still they were very happy. L?keAHm^itU!,Thp Middle Island, enure trap region of Uk. HuVrior^'magn^TlSh'i !h igneous rocks in connexion ^rith the trao k an iJ? r, *z: m,r.TjZ, "el regions, attract an,I repel the needle, at short dbiC. In the Mivif mnnn^r hm iron ore. ' I DOSING THE DOCTOR. I It is perfectly known to all our readers tlia ! when, in May last, the gallant Taylor and his glo rious little army lav opposite Matainoros, inappa-j rent jeopardy of being cut off from all supply and ? reinforcement, the party majority in Congress found this pressing and alarming emergency just the tun# for contriving such a fortn for voting them sup plies as must necessarily embarrass the mea sure, and force opposition to it, of which other wise there would have been none. Lvery body re members how, when they could have had an in stant and unanimous vote for any sum or any lorce necessary to relieve Gen. Taylor, (no matter how he uot there, or who the authors of the war,) they, this majority, ehose-*having by their numbers the power to control the whole thing, matter and form to join with the resolution for supplies a declaration of opinion as to the origin of the war, which, ilI t hey believed it themselves, they perfectly well knew that many Representatives and Senators du n I nnd could not believe. Without thi* declaralionthey would not allow the Whig* to jomm the vote for rescuing our endangered army. Never was there a more unjustifiable device for putting men into a false position. The dominant party were bent, even at the hazard of a delay that might prove fatal to Gen. Taylor, on compelling men either to vote against sending help to our army, or to declare the war to have been brought on by the act of Mexico. They forgot, seemingly, that such grossly unjus tifiable proceedings as these could be retaliatei ; that they were not m a majority every where, and might not always be so where they were ; that, 011 the contrary, they were by their own measures pre paring for themselves speedy minorities , and that with them would come retribution when they could he served in the same way, without any Imrt w dancer to the public service and the lives ot citi zens ; and when, therefore, every body would rejoice in seeing them dragged up to vote thetruthwuh as much repugnance as they expected iroin ot tie men at being obliged to vote for a proposition which thev knew to be the contrary. ? . . ^ All those, who believed the declaration in the pre-, amble to the act of Congress of May last to be un true, will rejoice accordingly at the spirit in which this proceeding in Congress has been met in the Legislature of the State of North Carolina, in the proceedings of which an account is give" e 0 These proceedings took place just before ( hristmas in the Senate of the State; and we condense from the Raleigh Register the best passages of them, as 0 Chi^ Saturday last tho resolution to appropriate % 10,000 for the purpose of defraying the expenses of the reKlmenl of ?" lunteers until their arrival at the place of rendezvous came up for discussion in the Senate. _ Dr. Gilliam, who introduced the resolution, advocated its passage in a short speech, in which be maintained the press ing necessity of the appropriation. Congress had made no SSTfo U? cx^nSes, and the formation of the regi ment would be retarded by this neglect, if not wholly present eJ unle? the State should place funds in the hands of the Executive to meet the emergency. He urged tion, and hoped the resolution would pass immediately, an by of Edgtcomb, said he desired that ] tution should pass, and pass unanimously,, and he 1though thi- unanimity might l?e secured by m.k.ng a slight a very slight amendment to the preamble. 1 here was a word^or in it which he thought might very'properlybe rfneken out, without marring the resolution itselt. He arranged I11 l tacles and smiled blandly as he read the objectionable word., across which be proposal that the pen should bet1:rawn. They were insignificant, to be sure, and might 1*. horn less , , as a matter of taste, he would prefer tlieir om w on. The resolution reads thus : ?? Whereas, by the actionof the Exe rutin, and the tubgequent sanctum oj Limgrus, he is involved in a foreign war," &c. He proposed to strike lout a few words alter "whereas," so that it should' ?? .. Whereas this Republic is involved m a foreign war <Vc. The words proposed to be erased rather seemed to cast a sha dow of censure upon the President which he did 1not dese rve. In fact he (Mr. W.) had in his hand very high evidence that the President had been right in tins unfortunate matter The President's own message was before h ru, and h t marked several passages in it, which he would not read then, hut which clcarly exculpated the President from all blame. No one knew better than the writer that message l>?w lit tle censure properly belonged to tho Executive ; and the pas sages which he had taken the trouble to mark with his pencil, and might read hereafter, would prove Mr. Polk had acted. With an air of great courtesy, Mr. W. suggested that these few small words?inadvertently p ;irc< then-, perhaps?had letter l?e dropped, and then the resolu tion would pass, he presumed, without a dissenUng vote. m7 G,,.^ replied that these few small words were not, in his opinion, either insignificant nor^ without i?g. Ncithei were they put there inadvertently. They were inserted on purpose, and because they speak ^e Uuth ; and .t l>eing the truth, why should the Senate it > He remembered that not long ago, were made to say that war existed " by the^ac of Mexico^ which thev knew to be false, or they must t-We the od.ons po Hition of seeming to vote against supplies for the^army^ An unscrupulous Democratic majonty had resolved U> make them swallow the pill. They would not alter one iota of the reso utl th'oVgh besought by the Whigs to putU^A-pe in which they could vote for it. No, si . They had it to nwallow?falsehood and all?or 1* placed in a m?1 ^ nition before the country. Can our fnends over the way^re fuse their own physic > Do their stomachs rebel Do ibev dread the dose? Vhey must take Besides, it cannot nauseate them so bad after a I. SSSd they were asked to digest. It .. solemn trul h what thev know in their hearts to be true-and only bad to take because it does not accord with the party crewb U may do for our Democratic friends to maintain a party doc 1 that Mexico made war upon us. The country knows better the world knows better/ Here Mr. G. traced the hiatory of the war, and of our relations with Mexico, in a masterly man ner and poured hot shot into Mr. Polk's administration of affairs, a's well as into those who echo hi. peculiar noUons of what constitutes treason in this free country. . ? ? he was in favor of the resolution, and the whole ?>'ut?on. No one was more anxious than he that the war should he con ducted with vigor, until it could be honora ry etorf. B?* tier a use he would vote means to carry on seal his hps as to the abominable usurpations of him who rastn ly commenced it f Must he utter an untruth Mu.theexen ruppre** what he knows to be true He thank, d<?h t a i l.lirtv of speech and of thought is yet left us, though James K. Polk has lately applied to those who speak " this matter language which dcflnes trea-OO. ? aid and comfort to our enemies is it, to ^ , A .y, to impugn his conduct, or to censure hi. ? our friends over the way yet in favor of freedom of *j>ee Or do thev, liKe James K. Polk, think that there are al?>?it ten millions of traitors in the United Ktate^-trattoia, l*cai?e Ihsy have dared to make months at His Majesty ? Mr. Ehhinohavs addressed the Senate, and was h n. many parts of his s(?eech. Speaking of the army plant">g; - self on the banks of the Rio < irande, an.ll " upon Matamoros with a precision of *nn that, Tone of the engineers, could pick can who showed himself in the city, ^E?^lhepe??^ he had a right to carry arms, even loaded in*, * 1,leased. He might even march, with his gnn on his ?h> der, along the public streets. He might associate with him a numlier of his friends, who might alao carry arms in this way. and nobody would have a right to complain, provi.?ed they molested ami threatened no one But if they ahouW pis themselves in front of his neighbor , house, and point the r guns at his window, there might lie just eauae of complaint. Such an act, of itself, would provoke resistance, even aggrss ' The last act of the Senate to-day (Monday) was a vote ?i the motion of Mr. Hawkins, of Warren, to amend theamend ment, by substituting the words "the Government of Mexi W' for the words "the Executive," by whK-h amen, men. It would read thus : " W hereas, by tha action of the Govern ' mentof Mexico, subsequently sanctioned by tAmgro-, this < Republic is engaged in a foreign war " Ac. This amend inent received the unanimous vote of Ikmocrahr Senator-* On Tuesday, Mr. Tho-si-so*. of Wake, opened the dwcua sion uis.n the resolution in aid of the volunteers, with a | "Jeremy Dismal" air, and in tones so sepulchral and hollow that the cold chills crawled bodily over all l*hold?r*. rheu fellow soldiers in the service, he said, are calling on ,,'?'u ^ come to their aid. The country needs their services now and here we are debating about a miserable prea?We which ha no proper connexion with the resolution. y can pass the resolution at once, and send them the money. of us wish to provide the money, but we are required to lam some YVhig physic before we can do what we wish. Mr. Wiudk'h, in rejily, was sorry to see the (Senator trom i Wake so discomposed. It was only a change of circum stance*. He used to laugh when he was in a majority, and we had to take the physic. Let the Senator have more phi losophy. Let him nerve himself like a man. I his will ao happen sometimes. It is prudent to school ourselves to these reverses. It is no sport to the Senator now. He deems it cruel to force this physic upon them, and threatens us with due retribution unless we desist. But when did Use Senator l>ecoma so sensitive about right and wrong in this matter ' Did he not approve the act of his party 111 Congress, when they forced the Whigs to assert as a truth, what Mr. Calhoun declared his own right hand should let out his hearts blood sooner than he would say > It was naturally possible that the one might bo done 5 it was morally impossible for him to do the other. Did the Senator groan over the |*oor insulted Whigs when his party forced thein to vouch as truth for what another Democrat (Mr. Holmes, of South Carolina) declared befofc his God was "a lie,,ror vote against supplies tor the war > Has not the Senator, in his harangues before the peo ple, even this last summer, publicly justified his party for that very act ? And now shall he beseech that the cup may pass The subject was resumed again on Wednesday, but we have no fuither space to-day for a-continuation of the sketch. We will give the finale in our next. The Senate continued in session until 6 o'clock P. M. Speeches were delivered by Messrs. Waddkll, Fhahcis, and Gilmkh, on the Whig side, and by Messrs. Ashk, Thompson, and Cameuo.x on the opposite. Of these speeches we will give an account in our next, but must add here that Mr. Waujjm.1., by his speech, did what no one else could have done, eclipsed hi> previous efforts. At length the voting commenced. On the adoption of Mr. Wilson's amendment, mentioned above, the vote s oud yeas 19, nays 24. Mr. Speight then moved a di vision of the question, and that a vote be taken lirst upon the preamble. Mr. Halsiv, the excellent Senator from 'I yrrell and Washington, being in the chair, decided that the ques tion was not divisible. From this decision an appeal was ta ken, but the Senate sustained the chair by a vote of S3 to 19. The question was then taken on the adoption of the preamble and resolution, and was decided in the affirmative, 11 to 2 every Democratic Senator buttwo (Messrs. Ashe and Stow*) voting for a measure which they have waoted so much time in arguing against, though they knew it would pasa. Gen. Hawkins gave notice that he should avail himself of his constitutional right to have his protest against the pream ble entered upon the journal. Gen. LESLIE COMBS. Inasmuch as the petition presented to Congress by this gentleman early in this session presents a claim of some magnitude, and involves important principles, we ought perhaps before now to have given it the place in our columns which wc now assign to it: Tu (he honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled : Your petitioner, Leslie Comhs, of the State of Kentucky, respectfully represents that the late Republic of Texas is just ly indebted to hiin in the sum of sixty-nine thousand two hun dred dollars (569,200) principal, with interest nt the rate of ten per cent, per annum on the sum of $59,000 from the 1st day of March, 1839, till paid, and with like interest on the the sum of 510,000 from the 1st day of April, 1841, till paid ; all which wdl appear by reference to the books of the 1 rea sury Department of said Republic, as well as by the bonds now in the jtosses?ion of your petitioner, which he is ready to ex hibit to your honorable bodies when required so to do. He hereto anuexes a copy of one of his bonds as a part of this petition. . ... He slates that he made his investment in the public war debt of Texas in the winter of 1838 and 1839, whilst on a visit to that Republic, under the firm belief, based on the assur ances of many distinguished citizens, some of them occupying high public stations, thut their entire indebtedness was very inconsiderable compared with their resources, not exceeding, perhaps, half a million of dollars, and that negotiations were then on loot by which it was confidently expected the whole amount would be very soon discharged. Your petitioner saw a regular Government is peaceful and successful action in all its departments, and was informed that the debt aforesaid, of which he thus become a large holder, was for the provisions, arms, clothing, services, and blood expend ed in gaining the independence of Texas in the battlefield, a* well as in since maintaining her integrity and national exist ence. Por the payment thereof the public faith was so lemnlv pledged law, and so much of the revenue arising from i"*i posts anil direct taxation as might be necessary, was appropriated and set apart to pay accruing interest. He i-tates that he is not a stock-speculator, never having bought or sold one dollar since his investment aforesaid ; on the contrary, all he has on earth is the product of his own Iat>or, and he is unwilling to have his entire earnings for more than twenty years now taken from him and his family driven from their home in distressful poverty. He refers to the an nexed letter of the piesent Governor of Texas to show that the whole amount ultove stated still stands to his credit on the books of the Treasury. As one of the consequences of the annexation of Texas and her adoption into the Federal Union, the Government of the United States has taken possession of her custom houses, and thus deprived her of her most important and reliable source of annual income, the proceeds of which had been rnKviorsLf appropriated and "set apart," by law and by express con tract with your petitioner, for the j?ayment of Uie interest on his bonds. He is therefore impelled (with a full sense of what is right) by every motive of self-preservation to ask you to pay what is due him. He cannot believe that such a demand will be deemed un reasonable by an American Congress.* All which is respectfully submitted. Dec ins eh 7, 1840. . LESLIE COMBS. ? Note.?Van Bvnkcrshock, an authority to which all civi lized nations refer as conclusive on the point, think* the ques tion a. to the rights and responsibilities of the conquering Pow er so well settled that he does not even dismiss it, but contents himself with the simple remark that " conquered countries pass in the same manner as lands purchased cum onere," and after wards explains the meaning of cum mitre to be that the con queror can hold no higher right than the original possessor.? i'ide, questionif jtiri* pubfici, chap, xxv?ii. .Much more forcibly docs this law of common honesty apply when one State is absorbed hv another by contract. I he pur chaser or teolfe of an estate always takes it cum onerc. THE STATE,OF KENTUCKY. The Legislature of Kentucky commenced its annual session at Frankfort on I hursday last. In the Senate the Hon. Archibald Dixon, the Lieute nant Governor, took the chair as its President, and the House of Representatives having proceeded to an election for Speaker of that body, the choice fell on (Jen. Lkklk Comb# by a vote of 61 to 35. The Annual Message of Governor Owsley was communicated to the Assembly on the same day. It is commendable for its brevity, as well as lor the concise and plain manner in which it treat** ol the affairs of the State. Wc learn from it that the Slate's indebtedness at the beginning of the fiscal year which ended on the 10th ol October, 1810, was *4,059,456. Since then payments have been made upon the principal of the debt to the amount of *81.490, and new liabilities created to the amount of *18,000, hut resulting in a further actual diminu tion of the debt $03,430; and the State is in the poMscsHion of stock* to the amount ol *1,270,500, by which part of the above debt may be discharged with out burdening the people with taxation. This lat ter Min being deducted, reduces the actual debt to *3.325,526. Thus, borrowing the language of the Frankfort (Commonwealth, "with n taxable property of near two ? hundred and liftv millions ; her citizens prosper ? ous and happy ; her aggregate public indebtedness ? al?ove her available resources but #3,325,526 ; a ? sinking fund not only ample for the prompt pay ? ment of the interest noon the State's indebtedness, ? but sufficient to liquidate yearly a portion of the ? principal?-Kentucky has abundant reason ?o he ? proud, and to congratulate herself upon the wts ? dom and foresight which have distinguished her ? legislation in day* that are past." REPORT ON THE l-'INAWKM. The following extract from the Annual Hr^turl of the Secretary of the Treaaurv, "Iiowiii/ the state of the National Finance*, in all that our limit* permit us to give of that document: Th? receipt* and expenditure* for the (Wat year ending <h? 30ih June, 1410, were u lollom. Her rip!* and Mean. From custom* f?0, 71?, < n I From *ale* of public laml* '-',W4,4 . 4? From miscellaneous source* rot.il receipt* t, ini Add balance in the Trea*ury 1st JuJy, IMA. Total mean* 37,157,553 The expenditures during the same fiscal year amounted to the auui of 30,031,1 It ?!?? Leaving a balance in Uie Treasury oil the tat July, 1046, (a* appear* in detail by accooi pniiying atntement A.) of 9, 120, tail im The estimated receipu and expenditure* tor the ti? ai year ending :tt)th June, 1847, are aa lblluw? Rtctiplt, rit: Prom customs, 1st quarter, by actual return* of the collectors $6,153,<*?0 .<8 For the 2d, 3d, and 1th quarter*, a* estimated 21,001,904 ?>2 r Total from customs r. S? M35 701 oo From sales of public land* 3,400,000 no From miscellaneous sources . . Ino.oon on Total receipts exclusive of Treasury note- and loans 31,*35,701 <K| From Treasury notes, under the act of 22d July, 1846.. $5,000,01)0 no ? from loan under the same act 5,000,000 no ? 10,000,000 no \dd balance in tho Treasury 1st July, 1840. . 9,126,439 00 Total means as estimated 50,462,170 tw Expenditures, nr. I'he actual expenditures Iflr the 1st quarter, ending 30th September, 1846, (a* ap jiear* in detail by the ac companying statement B) amount to 14,088,661 27 The estimated expenditures for the public service during the other three quarters, from 1st October, 1846, to 36 th J One, 1847, are as fol lows, viz: Civil list, foreign intercourse and miscellaneous purposes 5,310,022 61 \rmy proper, including vo lunteers 19,579,437 83 Fortifications, ordnance, arm ing militia, ?Sco 2,371,763 38 Indian Department 1,643,772 18 Pensions 1,498,612 62 Interest on the public debt and Treasury note* 1,036,986 82 Redemption of the residue ol the loan of 1841 3,000 00 Treasury notes which ar6 jet outstanding and payable when presented 430,183 97 Naval establishment 9,278,771 41 ? 56,241,212 09 Excess of expenditures o\er mean* IstJuly, 1847 4,779,042 01 The estimated receipts, means, and expenditure* for the Am-aI year commencing the 1st July, 1847, and ending 30th June, H|8, are as follows, viz ; ' From customs for the four quarters $28,000,000 00 From sales of public lands 3,900,000 on From miscellaneous sources ' 100,000 <N> Total revenue. $32,000,000 00 Deduct deficit on IstJuly, 1847 4,779,042 01 Total means for the service of the fiscal year ending June ;K)th, 1848. $27,220,957 99 f. Expenditure*. The expenditures during the same period* as estimated ,by the several Department* of State, Treasury, War, Navy, and Postmaster General, viz : The balance* of former appropriations which will be required to be expended in this year $724,204 31 Permanent and indefinite appropriations. . . 3,340,141 72 Specific appropriations asked for this year. . 11,717,355 40 Total estimated expenditure $15,781,784 51 Thi* sum is composed of the following particular* : Civil list, foreign intercourse, and miscella neous $6,041,399 80 Army proper 6,370,213 2.f? Volunteers ..17,932,331 00 Fortification*, ordnance, arming militia, Ac. . 1,672,165 00 Pensions 2,102,690(0) Indian Department 1,246,913 00 Naval establishment 9,004,727 74 Interest on public debt f 1,408,344 7 $45,701,784 51 Deduct total means for the service of the fiycal year ending June 30, 1848 27,220,957 99 Excess of ei[ienditures over means 1st July, 1846 $18,500,826 53 This excess is baaed on the assumption that the whole amount of five millions is outstanding of Treasury notes au thorized by the act of 22d July, 1046, under a renewed au thority now requested to be conferred by Congress to issue tho saine ; but as the whole amount cannot be outstanding at the name time, on account of the number of notes cancelled before ei new note is issued, the excess of expenditures over means, on the 1st of July, 1848, stionld be estimated at nineteen mil lions of dollars, which will cover all expenditures, including that of the war, if continued up to that date. Preamble anp Resolutions in the Illinois Legislature.?>-The following. resolutions, intro duced into the Illinois* House of Representatives by Mr. Lindkr, on the 21st ultimo, cxctted a loud and general laugh: Whereas, as appears from the message of President Polk to the Congreaa of the United States, Santa Anna has been i*uilty of the most black-hearted treachery, in failing to per form and make good certain promises made to President Polk, (the consideration of said promises being a passport to Mexi co,) one of which was, that on his arrival at Mexico he would get up a fight with Paredes, and thereby bring the war be tween the United States and Mexico to a close : Therefore, ? Resolved by the House of Represent at ires of the State of Illinois, the Senate concurring herein, That we deeply sym pathize with President Polk, inasmuch as his reasonable ex pectations have not been realized in consequencc of the treach ery of the aforesaid Santa Anna. And be it further resolred, That Santa Anna ia unworthy the further confidence of President Polk, and that we most res|tectfully recommend to the President to place no further reliance upon the promises of Santa Anna to bring the war to a close. And be it further reaohed, That, inasmuch as Santa Anna ha* heretofore, on all occasions, been governed by a strict re gard to truth, fidelity, and honor in his conduct, that Presi dent Polk had good reason to believe that he would hold sa cred his word, thus solemnly pledged, and which we still !*? lieve he would havo done had he received the two millions of dollars, as per contract with the President. Fkhrral Rklatioms.?A member of the Iowa Legisla tive was highly indignant at the Speaker ot ihe House when he announce,! him a member of the committee on " federal Relations." He considered if a rank, biting insult. "Look here, Mr. Speaker," *ai.l he, "none of your tricks upon travellers. You need** ifcmk that, bacauae I am a new mem ber, vou can run your rigs upon tne. I am not a* green aa vou suppose. Oo to thunder with your federal relations .' I have'rit one of ihem in the world?and would nt own him .1 I had. " Loin f?. Dk RrssV, a graduate of Weat Point, has been chosen Colonel of the new regiment of volunteers from Lou isiana, and Fmseis Rihai lt, Major. The Lieut, ("olonel js yet to be appointed.