JANUARY 9, 1847.
rt BhlHMKIt MW UALEH K MMJI TOJY.
Two l)ullahh ? \rar j or Oss Dollau for the firat rewlm
mmurn olV?cl. Coujcrv?? s miJ Firri CssTfforthe hiial ???
lion ol (juufrrM i mid tl?* mum: I"' ExU^a si v
noii?yi]r?Ue in all cut* a in ndvuw. ? ?
THE FINANCIAL CK18I8.
We had occasion, in our last paper, to refer to
die apparent indisposition on the part oi the ( 0111
mittee of Ways and Means in the House ol Repre
sentative* to sustain like Administration in the pre
sent financial emergency, suggesting that 1 ime would
probably throw some light on what then appeared
to us incomprehensible.
A very short 44 tune" has elapsed before what
was uttered by us only a* surmise has ripened into
certainty. A few hours after our publication of
that day, a leading member of the Western division
of ?? the Democracy" introduced in the House of
Representauves a resotution that it it inexpedient
to levy any tax tijton 7Va arut (\>ffet; and that re
solution was agreed to by the House, under the
stricture of the previous question, and so without
debate, by the extraordinary tote of one hundred
and fifteen yeas to forty-eight nays! This vote
must, under all the circumstances, be considered as
the answer of the House to the urgent instance of
the Secretary of the Treasury, addressed to%the
Committee of Ways and Means, and* made public
and seconded by the government paper, to lay these
identical taxes, as being indispensable to the ob
taining of any further loan for the support of the
Government. The Administration has very plainly
disclosed the necessities of the Treasury, with a
suggestion of the only means by which, in its opi
nion, they can be met. The House of Representa
tives refuses to vote the necessary supplies ; refuses
before the question is formally put to it, declaring
in advance its determination not to tax the people
in the manner and form thus proposed by the Ex
ecutive. We have never before witnessed juti such
a crisis in public affairs; and, if the House adhere
to its determination, so far as to refuse to lay any
immediately productive taxes, we do not sec what
is to prevent the bankruptcy of the Treasury, if the
Administration itself be not broken to pieces.
It may be, however, that, after having thus
sturdily shown its want or confidence in the Ad
ministration, and (we suspect) its rankling dis
pleasure at the Executive > eto of last year, and
the intimation in the President's annual message
of a repetition of it whenever the same question is
again presented, the House of Representatives may
cool off in a day or two, and reconsider this de
cision. Of one thing Mr. Tibbatts, the mover of
a resolution (agreed to on Saturday) directing certain
inquiries to be made by the Committee of Ways
and Means, may be assured; that, however expedient
and necessary may hereafter become the duties on
domestic distilled spirits and other excises proposed
by him, no such taxes, were they to be laid by
Congress, and approved by the President within the
next forty-eight hours, would be of any avail for the
present wants of the Treasury. Before such taxes
could be made to yield the first dollar of revenue,
the Treasury would have become literally " a
beggarly account of empty boxes." I here is some
thing more practical, however?more proximate to
the duty of the majority under present circum
stances?in that part of the resolution of the same
gentleman which proposes an increase of the duties
on imports under the present Tariff, and also in
the proposition of another Member to levy duties on
all articles that are free under the present (new)
Tariff. This last proposition would include, of
course, the articles of Tea and Coffee.
Let the gentlemen of the majority, who see the
dilemma in which, by their acts of the last session,
they have involved the Government, go but one step
further; let them repeal the Subtreasury, and rein
state in three words the Tarill of 1842, adding to it
the proposed duties on Tea and Coffee, and they will
at once be able to replenish the Treasury, and re
lieve the Government from the disastrous predica
ment in which it cannot fail otherwise soon to find
The New Orleans Bulletin gives a sample of the
beauties of the Subtreasury in its practical results.
Colonel Hunt, Quartermaster of the U. S. Army
stationed in that city, received, on the 20th ultimo,
$500,000 in gold from the North. It was trans
ported across the mountains, and down the river,
at a cost to the Government of $7,500, while the
banks would have transferred it, by draft, at par.
At the vcrv moment, indeed, that this specie was
sent from New York to New Orleans, the Bulletin
savs, the banks in New Orleans Were checking on
New York at par, and had they been applied to
by Secretary Walker, would have supplied the
amount in specie for a similar amount placed to their
credit in the latter city, if not at par, certainly at
one-third of the sum given by the Government to
the carriers of its specie. But this is not nil. 1 lie
Bulletin says; " Besides the expense ol bringing it
here, somebody has now to bear the expense or
takinir it back; for the course of trade does not re
quire the specie in New Orleans, but does in New
York, to which place, as a matter of course, it must
return." What folly can be greater than this, un
less it be that of refusing to trust the banks, with
their ample securities as a guaranty for its safety,
with the transfer of the public money, while they
trust it to an individual travelling affent, who can
give no security at all??Richmond King.
The Paris papers state that M. dk la Hosiers
has been appointed Minister of France to Mexico,
in place or M. de Cyprey, and that the new am
bassador will probably proceed at once o that
country. It is, however, stated that M. ijk i.k R -
HiERE will not go to Mexico until all the d'^u'11?"
which induced M. i>k Cyprky to leave shall have
been reconciled. Things now are in doubtful po-,
sition, France being represented by the Spanish
ambassador, and the Barons Goury d? KoselaW)
and nr. Nkitfmze, Secretaries of the ci-devati
French Legation, being, by order of their Govern
ment, at Havana, with instructions to return as soon
as any invitation shall be extended them by Mexico
to do so.
Frmhst. The Columbu* (Ohio) Journal of Saturday
say* : " The Scioto at thi* plat* hat attained a height of two
feet lie yon 11 any previoua example. The national roail between
the river and FranKlinton ia completely Inundated and can lie
named hot with difficulty on horseback. The water ia seve
ral feet deep in the lower atory of several warehouse*. Miifh
damage ia apprehended "
FROM THE NEAT OF WAlt.
I lie following Letter, being from a well-informed
and highly intelligent citizen of the United States,
now accidentally near the Headquarters of our Are
my in Mexico, we publish as entitled, in regard to
its facts, to the very highest consideration. As to j
the writer's views in relation ty the best manner of
terminating the war, we submit them, without offer
ing any opinion of our own on them, to the judg
ment of our readers:
_ _ _ " Camaroo, December 6, 1840.
" My Dear Sir: * * * From the best infor
mation we can obtain, we are certainly at the end
oi our rope as to a further advance towards San
Luis 1 otosi in our present position. We have a
columi} of troops at Saltillo, some seventy-five miles
in advance of Monterey, and General Wool's com
mand has or will be ordered to take position at
ar.aSL ,?Ut .0ne hun(,red utiles west of Saltillo.
unci thiiu it is the intention of the Commanding
General to cover the country with his troops from
this to 1 ampico, which will effectually keep the
Mexicans on the other side of the Sierra Madre
Mountains General Santa Anna, it is reported,
* at San Luis Potosi at the head of a. very large
lorce, and, il the difiiculties were not, as we have
conclusive evidence, almost insurmountable in the
way of obtaining water, &c. on the rOad, I
have no doubt but General Taylor would seek and
fight him at that place, though the odds be greatly
against him. From Saltillo to San Luis Potosi,
or a great distance, we would have to depend on
tanks lor water, and the supply of tl.aj very limit
ed, w hile the enemy are in a position to destroy
the tanks, if necessary, at a moment's warning,
should we advance. ? #
" Now, it does appear to me that the Administra
tion should pursue one of two courses in this vile
and unprofitable war, viz. cither appropriate largely
m lie way of men and troops, and take Vera Cruz
and the castle ol San Juan, and then threaten the
city ol Mexico by an advance, or be satisfied with
the acquisition ol California and hold it, and say to
Mexico, ' Now we have paid ourselves and, if
hey do not like it, let them drive us from the coun
try it they can.
?' Indeed, as to the country from this to the Sierra
Madre it would be worthless to us, and it would
be worth a war of some years to make the Mefci
eans take it back with the present population. From
appearances we can see no end to this war; we
may light battles, win victories, and take towns,
and it all amounts to nothing, as we get nothing ex
cept bloody noses, broken limbs, and loss of life,
hvery thing valuable is claimed or owned by for
eigners, and of course beyond our reaeh. The
Mexican people export nothing, barely raising suffi
cient for their own subsistence, and'have but little
n S!',aS y arC ?b,'ged t0 irri*atc their lands
n order to grow any thing, as but little rain falls in
tins country. The people live in ranches or villa
ges in order to protect themselves from the Indians
and the numerous hordes of robbers that infest the
" 1 sincerely hope Congress may take the war
into their own hand*, and compel the President to
say what he wants whether it be acquisition of
erritory or not. If not, why not fall back to the
Grande, and let the Mexicans, if they think
proper, come and attack us ? Hold on to Califor
nia and take the Rio Grande for our line, and, my
word for it, we will receive no trouble from the
Mexican nation. It may be advisable to hold this
place and some other towns on the river, merely to
keep a foothold, and for convenience in the way of
depots, &ic. J
** I he proclamation of General Kearny, after
taking Santa te, we consider here ol a most extra
ordinary character; and, if Congress submits to it,
men I say there is no limit to the constitution, and
every military commander may act as lie sees fit
without regard to the Go?ernnient."
I he New (Means papers have accounts from the
mouth of the Kio Grande to the 24th ultimo,
brought by the steamer Fashion. We make the
following extracts from the Mercury :
To Captain Vri rM (*, of the 3d regiment of Tcnne*see
y'T"'- * "?lunU*r ??W*-earap of General Wool, who
left Parras, the hMd.ju.rtrM of General Wool, on tho 10th
trutant, and pawed through" Saltillo, Monterey, and Camar
go, we are indebted for the subjoined information.
General Wool has retired order* from General Taylor to
take up hi* winter quarter, at P.rras, and had seized two
thousand barrel* of flour, and several thousand bushel. of
wheat, and other Government .tore.. Parras ia one hundred
and fifteen mile. d.recUy west of Saltillo, and, the portion
being farthest in advance, the let and 2d regimenta of Indiana
volunteer* had been ordered from Camargo to reinforce Gen.
Wodl. 1 hi* would .well hi. command to about four thou
aend five hundred men. General Worth, at SalUllo, was alro
to be reinforred l?y four companies of Kentucky cavalry, or
dered to Monterey, which would bring his command up to
about seventeen hundred men.
General Patter-on had retired a private letter informing
him of a rumor thai Santa Anna wan advancing upon Sal
tillo from San Luis PoUwt, but Captain Yeatmun attaches no
credit to the rumor, as he travelled from Parrasand Saltillo to
Matamoro. a. rapidly as possible, arnl when he left those
places he heard nothing whatever of it. The Generals in
command at both point* have cavalry parties scouting in the
direction of Ssn Luis Potosi, and the scouts of General
Wool are at least seventy-five mile, from his camp, so that he
would lie likely to lie apprised of any movement of Santa
Anna as early aspossilile.
General Taylor left Monterey on the 15th, with an Mx>rt of
cavalry, for V ictoria, timer.I Twiggs .nd Colonel P. F
*mith, with their re^icctive commands, were at Victoria ,
and previous to ths departure of General Taylor from Mon
terey, General Quitman, with his hrig*]c, had left for that
point, (trneral Taylor, in a conversation with Captain Yeat
man, expressed the opinion that it would be imj>oasil>lc to
march upon San Luia Pofri from .he northern extremity of
his lines until the rainy season sata in, in June next. The
report that Santa Anna had cut ciT the water tanks betw,*,,
him and the American ports ia not true, but the country is
almost destitute of water unless during the rainy seaaon, and
in one part of the road there is even in that season a distance
of ninety miles to he marched without the possibility 0f find
Gen. Butler was in command at Monterey, with about two
thousand men ? Col. McKee, wilh ait companies of the Ken
tucky regiment of cavalry, at Oralvo, Captain Willis, with
two companies of the same regiment, at Mier 4 ami General
Marshal nt Camargo, with about nine hundred men.
A gentleman who arrived last night from Ta.npico, and!
left (here on the IfUh, stairs that a body of Mexican cavalry, 4
estimated at about arven thoaaand, had appeared in th? viei
mty of that place, and, coming within range of the artillery
were fired upon and driven off. The garrison there had been '
reinforced by the Alabama regiment of volunteers and the *e
cond regiment of artillery, and Gen. Patterson was to have 1
marched from Matarnoros on the 23d, with Col. Thorn*,'*
regiment of Tennessee cavalry, for that point, (im. Shiel.U
wna in command at Tampico, hut would be superseded by
Gen. Patterson, when he arrived. I
Great exertions have l?en making by Mexican officers to
raise men in the small towns along the Rio Grande, and with
howc Huccom. C.pt. Stone, with a detachment of seventy
men, lately ensured ? p*rty of two hundred Mexican. in ?
ranch* about thirty-seven mile* up the Ban Juan, together
wilii ('apt. Cantova, by whom they lud been rocrmted, and
a,,d t,le ,nt'n ww* t*ken a. pri.<*tera to Camargo. Fifty
bland of arm., ammunition. Ac. were taken at the same time.
On Hie e veiling of the IOth a Mciic, wa. taken by the
guard, at Camargo attenq*iug to cuUr U?e |K?wder magaxine,
with a deign, it i. supposed, of blowing it up.
The troop, under Gen. Wool, C.pt. Veatman also inform*
us, are in the very highest ati.tr of di^ipline, and regard their
commander with lespect and affection. Purras, he says, ia a
most delightful place. It ia situated about ww miles west
of the great -San Luis Potoai road, and he term, it the vine
yard of Mexico. The climate is unexceptionable, and the
soil fertile < the grape is cultivated there, and the wine ex
tracud from it i. deliciou..
The Fashion brought up eighty diaeharged voluntoer. and
nineteen cabin passengers.
LETTERS FROM THE ARMY.
I'OHtiKKroffDBxcK or nu nx.\r oatrtx. delta. i
... . _ Moxtkrki, Ukckmiikk 4, 1840.
Although I stated in my last that there would be no imme
diate movement of the army, there i. to be one in less than
ten days, but it will be something on the retrograde order.
General i ay lor has fitter l>eer. informed of the concentration
a Mexican force at \ ictoria, or designs opening a commu
nication with 1 ampico, for he move, on to the capital of
i amauhpas with two regiment*, if not a whole division, in
tttlo more than one week's time. Order, to thi. effect have
been read to the first regiment of infantry, with whom the
Baltimore battalion acts, and the Georgia volunteers. As
yet, none others have been notified, though it is thought that
the entire division, with probably the 7th infantry, will move.
- gain there is much sickness in camp to chronicle, and it
generally terminates more fatally than the attacks incident to
acclimation. There is probably le.s diarrhoja now, but the !
chills and lever prevail to a great extent, and the worst thing I
is that they generally assume a sort ofbilious type. Thi. was i
the complaint that deprived thecountry of the services of General
Harurt, andof Lieutenant Uesment, of the Georgia volun
teers, who died last evening. Those who are ?t all incapaci
tated from duty by disease obtain their discharges very readily
and many who are convalescent, but debilitated, get a ready
permission to go home. ? y
Dkckmhkr 8, 1840.?There is a train in from Saltillo, by
which letters have been received a day or two later. Infor
mation is thus received from San Luis Potoai up to the 16th
ultimo. The anticipated approach of our forces had induced
Santa Anna to send out lmtween four and live thousand cavalry,
for toe double purpose of reconnoitring the country and driv
ing in the herds of cattle on the road. Other than this, there
is nothing worth mentioning from the enemy's camp.
1 here was some difficulty about obtaining com, one day
last week?the Mexican* not hking the idea of furnishing it
at the rate of $2 60, when, for the same quantity, $5 is paid
at this place. General Worth ordered out a part of hi. com
mand, and had a large number of mule loads brought in for
which he refused payment altogether. He then issued an
order hat all corn brought in voluntarily would be paid for
on delivery but if he had to send for it, the ownersuiight
whistle lor their money. Tg
1 ho most perfect order prevails in Saltillo. Gen. Worth
has all his command?but two or three companies?occupy
ing one square where his artillery is stationed. In an adja
cent square he has all the wagons and store rooms. In case
o an alarm, his fighting ground is picked out, where all the
companies are to repair to.
Ho?ae^. of ll?c Georgia volunteers, died at camp
,, ? hY a11!e"tenanl of the regiment is not ex
pected to live. Unless the Sickness abates in a short time,
many a noble fellow will fall a victim to its ravages. Men
who were proof against the enemy's balls are, in many in
stance*, f?rced to submit to the diseases of the country. It
may be thought strange that, in Uie month of December, in a
country like Monterey, fevers should prevail; but it i.
no matter of wonder to those who are familiar with the cli
mate, and are aware that there is no time in which vegetation
i. not springing up.
Mr. Armstrong, who was accused of the murder of younc
t orrest, has been put in close confinement. A committee of
officers were appointed to take testimony; and after it wa.
referred to General Taylor, he ordered the immediate arrest)
of Armstrong. INothuig has been made public in the affair
of the Alcalde s son and others, accused of tampering with our
soldiers. They arc still in prison. 1
The movement from this place into Tainaulipa. has de
veloped itself sufficiently to be spoken of. All the regulars
at this place?with the exception of an artillery company, and
one or two of infantry, from the 7th?with the Mississippi,
I enilessee, and Georgia volunteers, will shortly leave for Vic
toria, accompanied by General 'Taylor and Ms 8uff. From
this you may infer that the headquarters will be at or near
I ampico. It may still be eight or ten days before this move
" , ush 80rm: of lhc regiments are ordered to march
next Thursday. As there is nothing apprehended from the
enemy at this time, the movement will l*e made by easv
marches, stopping sometime, two and three davs at a place
he division will move down the valley, from the southeast
I ill vT r pissing through Caydente, Monte Morales,
iinares, Villa Grande, and Hidalgo, a distance of near 200
miles, to V ictoria. After reaching the latter place, a halt will
* J1?? fljr 80rue,lJ",e' wIlcn ? garrison will be left of 1,000
or 1,600 men, and the remainder will accompany Gen. Taylor
towards 7 ampico. For aught I know, u junction may be
ormed at Victoria with the troops under Gen. Patterson/but
cannot speak with any ccrtainly on this head, not being ad
:iTw the movements l?low. This move, leaving Worth
Ji00'. abovo uf? ar^ues v"y strongly, to my thinking,
that offensive operations for the present have censed.
r?i ? "L- 'e,r 18 ** ,eft in command at Monterey, with the
hio, Kentucky, and the Indiana volunteer.?spoken of be
fore as being ordered to reinforce Gen. Worth.
-_ .he,7tb recetved marching orders, and were in
f cted yesterday. It is not known in what direction they
Kkl tTh fkt"nfral Worth ha? intimated that he should
ke to have them again in his division, and whether their des
Uuation is Saltillo or \ ictoria a few days will tell.
Pnm . . T**i-ieo, Dxcembkh 12, 1846.
PnwZ r Trr vrTr'lay for Anton Lizar,l? in 'he
I l n"i a-nV , ? "" c*Pe<htion will sail fo,
-aguna, and I believe it is his intention to occupy Tabasco
permanently. At the capture of this place three Mexican eun
T*h fell intothehsndsof the Americans.
J hcae schooner, were built by Brown & Bell, in New York
and are the twin sisters of the Reefer, Bonita, and Petrel, w
there are now six vesselsin the Gulf squadron precisely alike
a I of them beauty to look at, bdt rather rum 'Ens to go, ^
draft of water being too hght to make them crack sailer. ?
however, the efficiency of the fleet for the shoal waters of this
COM: has bean enhanced l>y their ac<|uisition.
? triT i,er? ,ar? ""joy'"? 'he benefit of excellent
quarter, and a fine climate, and although some cases of inter
imttei.t fever are prevalent, the general health of the place is
S!', I. ?ear MWn "pokcn of f,y lhe oncers as In-ing
preferable to any in Mexico where they have yet been. 'This
can very readily believe 4 it i. sufficiently large to enable
fowl abound, and in quality the very best: same of all kind.
nrsiTj* ""T", ru"
any epicure. M""fy th" Piousness of
T?e Noh wsoiajts.-?Howlittlo is required to make a peo
ple hap,?y. A traveller in the northern countries of Europe,
speaking of bleak and barren Norway, nys ?
iur,' r" 'T 'nd .m?,
li,. wood^ and dales, in the midst of iu quiet and
virtuous |>eople. No one ever left Norway without reerri
izizr.'y^ Ty,r" r' "hich * t,"u
arwut with a bag of gold, and no one would molest him
hP si'sars?Jz&z* m,y ^
A?d TM lhl,,,Ml,.,tor,|wHta. th. Norwegiin. a, ex
W,!, TJn, "-"?"JM-brt.J
?" "-H- l-ed. bkr . del ho,, into which .ho, .11
:::,r ^" "?* ^ ^ *>'. jh z
, it i ? ['r wa'n"co,9 ue composed of trees, with moss
Inl'w . 1 80,110 h?W" "hote at'^ rf
uU ?,,|B wr? 0 , JK)t> aX6) onc kn.fn> ^ } wf ^ ^
en wooden bowls and Still they were very happy.
L?keAHm^itU!,Thp Middle Island,
enure trap region of Uk. HuVrior^'magn^TlSh'i !h
igneous rocks in connexion ^rith the trao k an iJ?
r, *z: m,r.TjZ,
"el regions, attract an,I repel the needle, at short dbiC.
In the Mivif mnnn^r hm iron ore. ' I
DOSING THE DOCTOR.
I It is perfectly known to all our readers tlia
! when, in May last, the gallant Taylor and his glo
rious little army lav opposite Matainoros, inappa-j
rent jeopardy of being cut off from all supply and ?
reinforcement, the party majority in Congress found
this pressing and alarming emergency just the tun#
for contriving such a fortn for voting them sup
plies as must necessarily embarrass the mea
sure, and force opposition to it, of which other
wise there would have been none. Lvery body re
members how, when they could have had an in
stant and unanimous vote for any sum or any lorce
necessary to relieve Gen. Taylor, (no matter how
he uot there, or who the authors of the war,) they,
this majority, ehose-*having by their numbers the
power to control the whole thing, matter and form
to join with the resolution for supplies a declaration
of opinion as to the origin of the war, which, ilI t hey
believed it themselves, they perfectly well knew
that many Representatives and Senators du n
I nnd could not believe. Without thi* declaralionthey
would not allow the Whig* to jomm the vote for
rescuing our endangered army. Never was there
a more unjustifiable device for putting men into a
false position. The dominant party were bent,
even at the hazard of a delay that might prove
fatal to Gen. Taylor, on compelling men either to
vote against sending help to our army, or to declare
the war to have been brought on by the act of Mexico.
They forgot, seemingly, that such grossly unjus
tifiable proceedings as these could be retaliatei ;
that they were not m a majority every where, and
might not always be so where they were ; that, 011
the contrary, they were by their own measures pre
paring for themselves speedy minorities , and that
with them would come retribution when they could
he served in the same way, without any Imrt w
dancer to the public service and the lives ot citi
zens ; and when, therefore, every body would rejoice
in seeing them dragged up to vote thetruthwuh
as much repugnance as they expected iroin ot tie
men at being obliged to vote for a proposition which
thev knew to be the contrary. ? . . ^
All those, who believed the declaration in the pre-,
amble to the act of Congress of May last to be un
true, will rejoice accordingly at the spirit in which
this proceeding in Congress has been met in the
Legislature of the State of North Carolina, in the
proceedings of which an account is give" e 0
These proceedings took place just before ( hristmas
in the Senate of the State; and we condense from
the Raleigh Register the best passages of them, as
0 Chi^ Saturday last tho resolution to appropriate % 10,000 for
the purpose of defraying the expenses of the reKlmenl of ?"
lunteers until their arrival at the place of rendezvous came up
for discussion in the Senate. _
Dr. Gilliam, who introduced the resolution, advocated its
passage in a short speech, in which be maintained the press
ing necessity of the appropriation. Congress had made no
SSTfo U? cx^nSes, and the formation of the regi
ment would be retarded by this neglect, if not wholly present
eJ unle? the State should place funds in the hands of the
Executive to meet the emergency. He urged
tion, and hoped the resolution would pass immediately, an
by of Edgtcomb, said he desired that ]
tution should pass, and pass unanimously,, and he 1though
thi- unanimity might l?e secured by m.k.ng a slight a very
slight amendment to the preamble. 1 here was a word^or
in it which he thought might very'properlybe rfneken out,
without marring the resolution itselt. He arranged I11 l
tacles and smiled blandly as he read the objectionable word.,
across which be proposal that the pen should bet1:rawn. They
were insignificant, to be sure, and might 1*. horn less , ,
as a matter of taste, he would prefer tlieir om w on. The
resolution reads thus : ?? Whereas, by the actionof the Exe
rutin, and the tubgequent sanctum oj Limgrus,
he is involved in a foreign war," &c. He proposed to strike
lout a few words alter "whereas," so that it should' ??
.. Whereas this Republic is involved m a foreign war <Vc.
The words proposed to be erased rather seemed to cast a sha
dow of censure upon the President which he did 1not dese rve.
In fact he (Mr. W.) had in his hand very high evidence
that the President had been right in tins unfortunate matter
The President's own message was before h ru, and h t
marked several passages in it, which he would not read then,
hut which clcarly exculpated the President from all blame.
No one knew better than the writer that message l>?w lit
tle censure properly belonged to tho Executive ; and the pas
sages which he had taken the trouble to mark with his pencil,
and might read hereafter, would prove
Mr. Polk had acted. With an air of great courtesy, Mr. W.
suggested that these few small words?inadvertently p ;irc<
then-, perhaps?had letter l?e dropped, and then the resolu
tion would pass, he presumed, without a dissenUng vote.
m7 G,,.^ replied that these few small words were not,
in his opinion, either insignificant nor^ without
i?g. Ncithei were they put there inadvertently. They were
inserted on purpose, and because they speak ^e Uuth ; and .t
l>eing the truth, why should the Senate
it > He remembered that not long ago,
were made to say that war existed " by the^ac of Mexico^
which thev knew to be false, or they must t-We the od.ons po
Hition of seeming to vote against supplies for the^army^ An
unscrupulous Democratic majonty had resolved U> make them
swallow the pill. They would not alter one iota of the reso
utl th'oVgh besought by the Whigs to putU^A-pe
in which they could vote for it. No, si . They had it to
nwallow?falsehood and all?or 1* placed in a m?1 ^
nition before the country. Can our fnends over the way^re
fuse their own physic > Do their stomachs rebel Do ibev
dread the dose? Vhey must take
Besides, it cannot nauseate them so bad after a I.
SSSd they were asked to digest. It .. solemn trul h
what thev know in their hearts to be true-and only bad to
take because it does not accord with the party crewb U may
do for our Democratic friends to maintain a party doc 1
that Mexico made war upon us. The country knows better
the world knows better/ Here Mr. G. traced the hiatory of
the war, and of our relations with Mexico, in a masterly man
ner and poured hot shot into Mr. Polk's administration
of affairs, a's well as into those who echo hi. peculiar noUons
of what constitutes treason in this free country. . ? ?
he was in favor of the resolution, and the whole ?>'ut?on.
No one was more anxious than he that the war should he con
ducted with vigor, until it could be honora ry etorf. B?*
tier a use he would vote means to carry on
seal his hps as to the abominable usurpations of him who rastn
ly commenced it f Must he utter an untruth Mu.theexen
ruppre** what he knows to be true He thank, d<?h t a
i l.lirtv of speech and of thought is yet left us, though James
K. Polk has lately applied to those who speak "
this matter language which dcflnes trea-OO. ?
aid and comfort to our enemies is it, to ^ , A
.y, to impugn his conduct, or to censure hi. ?
our friends over the way yet in favor of freedom of *j>ee
Or do thev, liKe James K. Polk, think that there are al?>?it
ten millions of traitors in the United Ktate^-trattoia, l*cai?e
Ihsy have dared to make months at His Majesty ?
Mr. Ehhinohavs addressed the Senate, and was h n.
many parts of his s(?eech. Speaking of the army plant">g; -
self on the banks of the Rio < irande, an.ll "
upon Matamoros with a precision of *nn that,
Tone of the engineers, could pick
can who showed himself in the city, ^E?^lhepe??^
he had a right to carry arms, even loaded in*, *
1,leased. He might even march, with his gnn on his ?h>
der, along the public streets. He might associate with him a
numlier of his friends, who might alao carry arms in this way.
and nobody would have a right to complain, provi.?ed they
molested ami threatened no one But if they ahouW pis
themselves in front of his neighbor , house, and point the r
guns at his window, there might lie just eauae of complaint.
Such an act, of itself, would provoke resistance, even aggrss
' The last act of the Senate to-day (Monday) was a vote ?i
the motion of Mr. Hawkins, of Warren, to amend theamend
ment, by substituting the words "the Government of Mexi
W' for the words "the Executive," by whK-h amen, men. It
would read thus : " W hereas, by tha action of the Govern
' mentof Mexico, subsequently sanctioned by tAmgro-, this
< Republic is engaged in a foreign war " Ac. This amend
inent received the unanimous vote of Ikmocrahr Senator-*
On Tuesday, Mr. Tho-si-so*. of Wake, opened the dwcua
sion uis.n the resolution in aid of the volunteers, with a
| "Jeremy Dismal" air, and in tones so sepulchral and hollow
that the cold chills crawled bodily over all l*hold?r*. rheu
fellow soldiers in the service, he said, are calling on ,,'?'u ^
come to their aid. The country needs their services now and
here we are debating about a miserable prea?We which ha
no proper connexion with the resolution. y can
pass the resolution at once, and send them the money.
of us wish to provide the money, but we are required to lam
some YVhig physic before we can do what we wish.
Mr. Wiudk'h, in rejily, was sorry to see the (Senator trom i
Wake so discomposed. It was only a change of circum
stance*. He used to laugh when he was in a majority, and
we had to take the physic. Let the Senator have more phi
losophy. Let him nerve himself like a man. I his will ao
happen sometimes. It is prudent to school ourselves to these
reverses. It is no sport to the Senator now. He deems it
cruel to force this physic upon them, and threatens us with
due retribution unless we desist. But when did Use Senator
l>ecoma so sensitive about right and wrong in this matter '
Did he not approve the act of his party 111 Congress, when
they forced the Whigs to assert as a truth, what Mr. Calhoun
declared his own right hand should let out his hearts blood
sooner than he would say > It was naturally possible that the
one might bo done 5 it was morally impossible for him to do
the other. Did the Senator groan over the |*oor insulted
Whigs when his party forced thein to vouch as truth for what
another Democrat (Mr. Holmes, of South Carolina) declared
befofc his God was "a lie,,ror vote against supplies tor the
war > Has not the Senator, in his harangues before the peo
ple, even this last summer, publicly justified his party for that
very act ? And now shall he beseech that the cup may pass
The subject was resumed again on Wednesday, but we
have no fuither space to-day for a-continuation of the sketch.
We will give the finale in our next. The Senate continued
in session until 6 o'clock P. M. Speeches were delivered by
Messrs. Waddkll, Fhahcis, and Gilmkh, on the Whig
side, and by Messrs. Ashk, Thompson, and Cameuo.x on
the opposite. Of these speeches we will give an account in
our next, but must add here that Mr. Waujjm.1., by his
speech, did what no one else could have done, eclipsed hi>
previous efforts. At length the voting commenced. On the
adoption of Mr. Wilson's amendment, mentioned above, the
vote s oud yeas 19, nays 24. Mr. Speight then moved a di
vision of the question, and that a vote be taken lirst upon the
preamble. Mr. Halsiv, the excellent Senator from 'I yrrell
and Washington, being in the chair, decided that the ques
tion was not divisible. From this decision an appeal was ta
ken, but the Senate sustained the chair by a vote of S3 to 19.
The question was then taken on the adoption of the preamble
and resolution, and was decided in the affirmative, 11 to 2
every Democratic Senator buttwo (Messrs. Ashe and Stow*)
voting for a measure which they have waoted so much time in
arguing against, though they knew it would pasa.
Gen. Hawkins gave notice that he should avail himself of
his constitutional right to have his protest against the pream
ble entered upon the journal.
Gen. LESLIE COMBS.
Inasmuch as the petition presented to Congress
by this gentleman early in this session presents a
claim of some magnitude, and involves important
principles, we ought perhaps before now to have
given it the place in our columns which wc now
assign to it:
Tu (he honorable the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress assembled :
Your petitioner, Leslie Comhs, of the State of Kentucky,
respectfully represents that the late Republic of Texas is just
ly indebted to hiin in the sum of sixty-nine thousand two hun
dred dollars (569,200) principal, with interest nt the rate of
ten per cent, per annum on the sum of $59,000 from the 1st
day of March, 1839, till paid, and with like interest on the
the sum of 510,000 from the 1st day of April, 1841, till paid ;
all which wdl appear by reference to the books of the 1 rea
sury Department of said Republic, as well as by the bonds now
in the jtosses?ion of your petitioner, which he is ready to ex
hibit to your honorable bodies when required so to do. He
hereto anuexes a copy of one of his bonds as a part of this
petition. . ...
He slates that he made his investment in the public war
debt of Texas in the winter of 1838 and 1839, whilst on a visit
to that Republic, under the firm belief, based on the assur
ances of many distinguished citizens, some of them occupying
high public stations, thut their entire indebtedness was very
inconsiderable compared with their resources, not exceeding,
perhaps, half a million of dollars, and that negotiations were
then on loot by which it was confidently expected the whole
amount would be very soon discharged.
Your petitioner saw a regular Government is peaceful and
successful action in all its departments, and was informed that
the debt aforesaid, of which he thus become a large holder, was
for the provisions, arms, clothing, services, and blood expend
ed in gaining the independence of Texas in the battlefield, a*
well as in since maintaining her integrity and national exist
ence. Por the payment thereof the public faith was so
lemnlv pledged law, and so much of the revenue arising
from i"*i posts anil direct taxation as might be necessary, was
appropriated and set apart to pay accruing interest.
He i-tates that he is not a stock-speculator, never having
bought or sold one dollar since his investment aforesaid ; on
the contrary, all he has on earth is the product of his own
Iat>or, and he is unwilling to have his entire earnings for more
than twenty years now taken from him and his family driven
from their home in distressful poverty. He refers to the an
nexed letter of the piesent Governor of Texas to show that the
whole amount ultove stated still stands to his credit on the books
of the Treasury.
As one of the consequences of the annexation of Texas and
her adoption into the Federal Union, the Government of the
United States has taken possession of her custom houses, and
thus deprived her of her most important and reliable source of
annual income, the proceeds of which had been rnKviorsLf
appropriated and "set apart," by law and by express con
tract with your petitioner, for the j?ayment of Uie interest on
his bonds. He is therefore impelled (with a full sense of what
is right) by every motive of self-preservation to ask you to pay
what is due him.
He cannot believe that such a demand will be deemed un
reasonable by an American Congress.*
All which is respectfully submitted.
Dec ins eh 7, 1840. . LESLIE COMBS.
? Note.?Van Bvnkcrshock, an authority to which all civi
lized nations refer as conclusive on the point, think* the ques
tion a. to the rights and responsibilities of the conquering Pow
er so well settled that he does not even dismiss it, but contents
himself with the simple remark that " conquered countries pass
in the same manner as lands purchased cum onere," and after
wards explains the meaning of cum mitre to be that the con
queror can hold no higher right than the original possessor.?
i'ide, questionif jtiri* pubfici, chap, xxv?ii.
.Much more forcibly docs this law of common honesty apply
when one State is absorbed hv another by contract. I he pur
chaser or teolfe of an estate always takes it cum onerc.
THE STATE,OF KENTUCKY.
The Legislature of Kentucky commenced its
annual session at Frankfort on I hursday last. In
the Senate the Hon. Archibald Dixon, the Lieute
nant Governor, took the chair as its President, and
the House of Representatives having proceeded to
an election for Speaker of that body, the choice
fell on (Jen. Lkklk Comb# by a vote of 61 to 35.
The Annual Message of Governor Owsley was
communicated to the Assembly on the same day.
It is commendable for its brevity, as well as lor
the concise and plain manner in which it treat** ol
the affairs of the State. Wc learn from it that the
Slate's indebtedness at the beginning of the fiscal
year which ended on the 10th ol October, 1810,
was *4,059,456. Since then payments have been
made upon the principal of the debt to the amount
of *81.490, and new liabilities created to the amount
of *18,000, hut resulting in a further actual diminu
tion of the debt $03,430; and the State is in the
poMscsHion of stock* to the amount ol *1,270,500, by
which part of the above debt may be discharged with
out burdening the people with taxation. This lat
ter Min being deducted, reduces the actual debt to
Thus, borrowing the language of the Frankfort
(Commonwealth, "with n taxable property of near two
? hundred and liftv millions ; her citizens prosper
? ous and happy ; her aggregate public indebtedness
? al?ove her available resources but #3,325,526 ; a
? sinking fund not only ample for the prompt pay
? ment of the interest noon the State's indebtedness,
? but sufficient to liquidate yearly a portion of the
? principal?-Kentucky has abundant reason ?o he
? proud, and to congratulate herself upon the wts
? dom and foresight which have distinguished her
? legislation in day* that are past."
REPORT ON THE l-'INAWKM.
The following extract from the Annual Hr^turl
of the Secretary of the Treaaurv, "Iiowiii/ the
state of the National Finance*, in all that our limit*
permit us to give of that document:
Th? receipt* and expenditure* for the (Wat year ending <h?
30ih June, 1410, were u lollom.
Her rip!* and Mean.
From custom* f?0, 71?, < n I
From *ale* of public laml* '-',W4,4 . 4?
From miscellaneous source*
rot.il receipt* t, ini
Add balance in the Trea*ury 1st JuJy, IMA.
Total mean* 37,157,553
The expenditures during the same fiscal year
amounted to the auui of 30,031,1 It ?!??
Leaving a balance in Uie Treasury oil the tat
July, 1046, (a* appear* in detail by accooi
pniiying atntement A.) of 9, 120, tail im
The estimated receipu and expenditure* tor the ti? ai year
ending :tt)th June, 1847, are aa lblluw?
Prom customs, 1st quarter, by actual return*
of the collectors $6,153,<*?0 .<8
For the 2d, 3d, and 1th quarter*, a* estimated 21,001,904 ?>2
Total from customs r. S? M35 701 oo
From sales of public land* 3,400,000 no
From miscellaneous sources . . Ino.oon on
Total receipts exclusive of Treasury note- and
loans 31,*35,701 <K|
From Treasury notes, under
the act of 22d July, 1846.. $5,000,01)0 no ?
from loan under the same act 5,000,000 no
? 10,000,000 no
\dd balance in tho Treasury 1st July, 1840. . 9,126,439 00
Total means as estimated 50,462,170 tw
I'he actual expenditures Iflr
the 1st quarter, ending 30th
September, 1846, (a* ap
jiear* in detail by the ac
companying statement B)
amount to 14,088,661 27
The estimated expenditures
for the public service during
the other three quarters,
from 1st October, 1846, to
36 th J One, 1847, are as fol
Civil list, foreign intercourse
and miscellaneous purposes 5,310,022 61
\rmy proper, including vo
lunteers 19,579,437 83
Fortifications, ordnance, arm
ing militia, ?Sco 2,371,763 38
Indian Department 1,643,772 18
Pensions 1,498,612 62
Interest on the public debt and
Treasury note* 1,036,986 82
Redemption of the residue ol
the loan of 1841 3,000 00
Treasury notes which ar6 jet
outstanding and payable
when presented 430,183 97
Naval establishment 9,278,771 41
? 56,241,212 09
Excess of expenditures o\er
mean* IstJuly, 1847 4,779,042 01
The estimated receipts, means, and expenditure* for the
Am-aI year commencing the 1st July, 1847, and ending 30th
June, H|8, are as follows, viz ; '
From customs for the four quarters $28,000,000 00
From sales of public lands 3,900,000 on
From miscellaneous sources ' 100,000 <N>
Total revenue. $32,000,000 00
Deduct deficit on IstJuly, 1847 4,779,042 01
Total means for the service of the fiscal
year ending June ;K)th, 1848. $27,220,957 99
The expenditures during the same period* as estimated ,by
the several Department* of State, Treasury, War, Navy,
and Postmaster General, viz :
The balance* of former appropriations which
will be required to be expended in this
year $724,204 31
Permanent and indefinite appropriations. . . 3,340,141 72
Specific appropriations asked for this year. . 11,717,355 40
Total estimated expenditure $15,781,784 51
Thi* sum is composed of the following particular* :
Civil list, foreign intercourse, and miscella
neous $6,041,399 80
Army proper 6,370,213 2.f?
Volunteers ..17,932,331 00
Fortification*, ordnance, arming militia, Ac. . 1,672,165 00
Indian Department 1,246,913 00
Naval establishment 9,004,727 74
Interest on public debt f 1,408,344 7
Deduct total means for the service of the fiycal
year ending June 30, 1848 27,220,957 99
Excess of ei[ienditures over means 1st July,
1846 $18,500,826 53
This excess is baaed on the assumption that the whole
amount of five millions is outstanding of Treasury notes au
thorized by the act of 22d July, 1046, under a renewed au
thority now requested to be conferred by Congress to issue tho
saine ; but as the whole amount cannot be outstanding at the
name time, on account of the number of notes cancelled before
ei new note is issued, the excess of expenditures over means,
on the 1st of July, 1848, stionld be estimated at nineteen mil
lions of dollars, which will cover all expenditures, including
that of the war, if continued up to that date.
Preamble anp Resolutions in the Illinois
Legislature.?>-The following. resolutions, intro
duced into the Illinois* House of Representatives by
Mr. Lindkr, on the 21st ultimo, cxctted a loud and
Whereas, as appears from the message of President Polk
to the Congreaa of the United States, Santa Anna has been
i*uilty of the most black-hearted treachery, in failing to per
form and make good certain promises made to President Polk,
(the consideration of said promises being a passport to Mexi
co,) one of which was, that on his arrival at Mexico he would
get up a fight with Paredes, and thereby bring the war be
tween the United States and Mexico to a close : Therefore,
? Resolved by the House of Represent at ires of the State of
Illinois, the Senate concurring herein, That we deeply sym
pathize with President Polk, inasmuch as his reasonable ex
pectations have not been realized in consequencc of the treach
ery of the aforesaid Santa Anna.
And be it further resolred, That Santa Anna ia unworthy
the further confidence of President Polk, and that we most
res|tectfully recommend to the President to place no further
reliance upon the promises of Santa Anna to bring the war to
And be it further reaohed, That, inasmuch as Santa Anna
ha* heretofore, on all occasions, been governed by a strict re
gard to truth, fidelity, and honor in his conduct, that Presi
dent Polk had good reason to believe that he would hold sa
cred his word, thus solemnly pledged, and which we still !*?
lieve he would havo done had he received the two millions of
dollars, as per contract with the President.
Fkhrral Rklatioms.?A member of the Iowa Legisla
tive was highly indignant at the Speaker ot ihe House when
he announce,! him a member of the committee on " federal
Relations." He considered if a rank, biting insult. "Look
here, Mr. Speaker," *ai.l he, "none of your tricks upon
travellers. You need** ifcmk that, bacauae I am a new mem
ber, vou can run your rigs upon tne. I am not a* green aa
vou suppose. Oo to thunder with your federal relations .'
I have'rit one of ihem in the world?and would nt own him
.1 I had. "
Loin f?. Dk RrssV, a graduate of Weat Point, has been
chosen Colonel of the new regiment of volunteers from Lou
isiana, and Fmseis Rihai lt, Major. The Lieut, ("olonel
js yet to be appointed.
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