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"Liberty aud Union, uow and forever, oue aud inseparable." SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1B47. SUPPOSED PURPOSES o* the ADMINISTRATION. The Washington Correspondent of the New York Herald?more freshly informed probably than the correspondent of another Administration print lately quoted by us?whilst he stales, under date of April 20, that Mr. Secretary Buchanan will do no such unlikely a thing as go to Mexico as a Commis sioner to treat of Peace, admits it to be contem plated as a possibility that it may become necessary for him to go, aud that in that case he will go to Mexi co, (we presume to counsel and direct the terms of peace which may be prescribed or acquiesced in by the United States.) The following is an extract from the letter referred to : 44 In connexion with the Atocha affair, it was 4 stated that Mr. Buchanan intended going to Mexi 1 co on a peace commission. Mr. Buchanan will 4 do no such thing. Should his presence in Mexico 4 be absolutely necessary to the adjustment of the 4 terms of a treaty, he will go?but he will go alone. 4 It would be derogatory to his position as Secre 4 tary of( State to go as a member of a peace com 4 mission in company with others. It is possible, 4 and barely so, that circumstances may arise de 4 manding his presence in Mexico. In such an 4 event he will consider it his duty to go." RESULTS OF THE VIRGINIA ELECTION. As far as heard from the following are the results of the late Congressional elections in the State of Virginia: Whigs elected. Democrats elected. John M. Botts, Archibald Atkinson, Wm. L. Goggin,. Geo. C. Dromgoole, John S. Pendleton, Thos. S. Bocock, Wm. B. Preston, Thos. H. Bayly, Thos. S. Flournoy. R. T. L. Beale, James McDowell, Wm. G. Brown. Being a Whig gain of four Members, and leaving three districts to be heard from. Amongst these is ! the Abingdon district, concerning which the Rich mond Whig of yesterday has the following : " A rumor has reached us that Andhkw S. Fultos, VV hig, is elected to Congress from this district, represented for many years past by Geo. W. Hopkins, Esq., now Minister to the Court of Brazil ; but we still regard the result doubtful. The only actual returns that have reached us are thetfollowing ? Fulton, (W.) McMullen, (L.) Goodson, (L.) Wythe 322 198 92 ' Washington 334 149 .410 Smyth 120 maj. 776 347 602 " Thus far, it will be seen, Fulton's vote is nearly equal to 1 that of both of his opponents combined. The counties of Scott, Russell, Tazewell, Lee, Grayson, and Carroll to be heard from. The contest is supposed to lio between Fulton and McMullen." In addition to the gains above mentioned, it is worthy of remark that three other districts have | been lost by majorities so meager as to amount in the aggregate to but little more than a hundred votes, viz : Mr. Dromgoole is elected by only 18 votes, Mr. Bocock by 12, and Mr. Atkinson by 78. In the Legislature the Whigs have thus far gained 'fifteen Members and lost six. The 44 Union" of Thursday night announces the death of Mr. Dromgoole, a late Representative in Congress from the State of Virginia, and who has just been re-elected. We see no confirmation of this news in the Richmond papers of yesterday, ex cept as rumor, aud therefore we know not whether it can be relied upon. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.?A friend in Baltimore writes us, under date ol Thursday, as follows : 44 A most important committee left here this morning for Wheeling, to endeavor to comproiniae the late law of the State of Virginia granting the right of way to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company through that State. This committee consists of the Hon. Louis McLank, Job. W. Patterson, Thomas Swan*, 8amubi. Hoffman, T. P. Scott, and James Swann, Esqs. The community awaits with great anxiety the result of their conference wjth Wheeling, who has it in her power to make concessions that would enable the company to strike the Ohio at a practicable point." We venture to express the hope that the mission of the committee may be crowned with success, and that the great central line of communication with the West may be speedily completed to the Ohio. Our Baltimore correspondent informs us, through the Telegraph, of the arrival at New York last evening of the steamer Sarah Sands from Liver pool. The news is but two days later. Breadstuff's were steady and firm at the last quotations. Baltimore flour 35s. Gd. ; Ohio 35s.; Canal 37s.: cornmeal 25s. ; Indian corn, white, 49s. ; yellow, 51s. ; Upland cotton 0|d to 6|d. ; Mobile and New Orleans unchanged. Large ar rivals of breadstuffs. Weather favorable for har vests. No special political or general news. THE ARMY". Several officers of the army, lately arrived at New Orleans from Vera Cruz, are of opinion that General Scott will be prevented from marching into the interior of Mexico, further than the high lands of Jalapa, by the approach of the period when the term ol several volunteer regiments under his command will expire. Some of those terms will expire before the first day of next July, when the men may re-enlist or not. If they choose to return home, the General will be under the neces sity of disbanding them, and providing the means of conveying them to their homes ; and this duty he might be called "Upon to perform at a moment when it would be extremely inconvenient tq him and hazardous to the army. It is the part of pru dence, therefore, to remain at Jalapa till he receives reinforcements from the United States, or till Gen. Taylor is so far advanced on his march as to ren der a junction with him easy and sure. Gen. Taylor is in the same situation. The chief part of his force consists of volunteers, en listed for twelve months; and though their terms may not expire so soon as those of some of the regiments under Gen. Scott, yet his situation would be critical, if he found himself at San Luis Potosi, or in the vicinity of the capital of Mexico, while his volunteers claimed their discharge and no troops at hand to replace them.?N. 0. Courier. Ths Tobacco Planters of Prince George's county, Mary land, have recommended the appointment of three special agents from among the tobacco planters of said county, who are interested in the prosperity of the tobacco interest, to go to Baltimore and sell their produce until the inspection of to bacco is sent back to the country. THE UNITED STATE8 AND GREAT BRITAIN. PMOM THK UNIOJT Or WKUMKHDAT NIGHT. It affords us sincere pleasure to give publicity to the following despatch from Lord Palmers-ion to Mr. Pakbnham, (a copy of which was communica ted by the latter to Mr. Buchanan,) conveying the thanks of the British Government and the British ! nation to the citizens of the United States for their liberal contributions to relieve the sufferings of the Irish people. The sentiments contained in this despatch do honor to his lordship, and prove that he possesses a warm Irish heart. They will, in his own emphatic language, 44 tend to draw closer and to render stronger and more lasting those ties of friendship and mutual esteem" which now so hap pily bind the kindred nations together ; a consum mation calculated to promote the highest interests of both countries, and to extend the blessings of liberty and law over the whole earth : "Foreign Office, March 31, 1847. 44 Sir: I have received your despatch, No. 8, of 'the 12th ultimo, stating that measures have been 4 taken for the' purpose of raising a subscrip 4 tion in the United States for the relief of the des 4 titute Irish poor; and I have to instruct you to 4 take every opportunity of saying how grateful her 4 Majesty's Government and the British Nation at 4 large feel for this kind and honorable nianifesta 4 tion of sympathy by the citizens of the United 4 States for the sufferings of the Irish people. It 4 might, indeed, have been expected that a generous 4 and high-minded nation would deeply commise 4 rate the sufferings which an awful visitation of 4 Providence has inflicted upon so large a popula * tion, descended from tbe same ancestors as them 4 selves. But the active and energetic assistance ' which the people of the United States are thus af 4 fording to the poor Irish, while it reflects the higli 4 est honor upon our Transatlantic brethren, must 4 tend to draw closer and to render stronger and 4 more lasting those ties of friendship and mutual 4 esteem which her Majesty's Government trusts 4 will long continue to exist between the two great 4 branches of the Anglo-Saxon family?separated, 4 indeed, from each other by geographical position, 4 but united together by common interests/to which 4 every succeeding year must add increasing exten 4 sion and force. I am, &c. 44 PALME R8T0N. 44 To the Right Hon. Kiciiard Pakenham," <fcc. THE.BEST TELEGRAPH. By the following extract of a letter from a gen tleman of distinguished science in London to his friend in America, received by the Cambria, and dated April 3, 1847, we are gratified in knowing that Morse s Llectro Magnetic Telegraph, as yel, stands unrivalled either in Europe or America. As it was the first, so also it proves to be the bent. yet invented : "I have made some inquiry resjiecting the printing tele graphs invented in (.vre&t Britain. They are regarded here, I lind, by scientific men, merely as philosophical toys of no practical value. The grand desideratum in the Electric I elegraph now is in 'ireat Britain to communicate the greatest amount of information in the shortest possible lime, and of course a writing telegraph which can record one hundred and twenty letters in a minute must be vastly superior to any printing telegraph which has yet been invented or suggested. I hear nothing more of the printing telegraphs of Mr. Wheat ston^or Mr. Bain. Both these gentlemen, I believe, regard their indicating telegraphs as much more valuable than their printing telegraphs, because they can indicate more than twice as fast us they can print. But they cannot indicate one-half as fast as the American Telegraph (Morse's) records. The recording telegraph must Uiersforo Ik regarded as the most valuable of all the Electric Telegraphs." GOVERNOR YOUNG AND ANTI-RENTI8M. The following Proclamation, issued by the Whig Governor of New York on Monday last, effectively defines his position in reference to the outrages against Law and Order recently renewed by the deluded nti-Iienters in the interior of New York. I hough, on coming into office, he was induced to extend pardon to some who were suffering punish ment for being concerned in former riots of this sort, our readers will perceive that he is not dispos ed to connive at these villanies, when now repeated. A PROCLAMATION. By John \ovnn, Governor of the State of New York. Whereas it has been represented to me that on the night of the 24th day ol March last, about the hour of twelve o'clock, certain persons, disguised and armed, to the number of fiom twenty-five to thirty persons, unlawfully assembled at the dwelling-house of Peter Sheldon, in the tovyn of Tnghkanic, in the county of Columbia, and with force and violence broke and entered the said dwelling-house and forcibly removed therefrom the persons and property of the said Sheldor; and his family, in violation of the laws of this State, especially the act entitled "An act to prevent persons appearing disguised and armed Now, therefore, I do hereby offer the following rewards for the apprehension of the persons engaged in the commission of the aforesaid offence ; that is to say, for the person who shall be first arrested the sum of five hundred dollars, and for such other of said persons as shall lie subsequently arrested the sum of one hundred dollars each, to be paid upon their respective convictions. And whereas it has also lieen represented to me that on the night of the 21st day of April, instant, about the hour of twelve o'clock, certain )>eraotia, disguised and armed, to the number of ten persons, unlawfully assembled at the dwelling house of one Samuel Coons, in the said town of Taghkanic, and with force and violence broke and entered the said dwel ling-house, and assaulted and wounded the person of the said Samuel Coons, and forcibly removed his property from the said dwelling-house, putting in fear the said Samuel Coons and family, in violation of the laws of this Htate, especially the aforesaid act entitled "An act to prevent persons ap[>earing disguised and armed Now, therefoie, I do hereby offer the following rewards for the apprehension of the persons engaged in the commission of the offences last above mentioned ; that in to say, for the per son who shall l>e first arrested the sum of five hundred dollars, and for such persons as shall tie subsequently arrested the sum of one hundred dollars each, to be paid upon their respective convictions. And f do hereby enjoin all officers of justice to lie vigilant in apprehending said offenders and bringing them to punishment. Given under my hand and the Privy Seal of State, at the r - i city of Albany, this 26th day of April, A. D. 1847. L J JOHN YOUNG. By the Governor : Hrnry V. Coi.t, Private Secretary. Three hundred soldiers liclougiiig to the tenth regiment U. S. Volunteers, Col. Trmplk, sailed from Governor's Island on Friday for the seat of war, under the command of Major McCahtt. The tenth has filled up its ranks with unexam pled rapidity. Manufactihiino ht Stkam.?Four companies foi the manufacture of cotton and woollen fabrics have been recently organized at Utica, the capitals of which vary from $100,000 to #3l)0,?00. One of them is already in operation. It has been found, says the Utica Gazette, that steam is not only an economical motive power, but a large contributor to the value of the manufactured article. In addition to its heating the buildings, and driving the machinery, it is used to dry, full, dye, and soften the fabrics with the most perfect success. The steam, after performing these various functions, ia condensed and transformed into the purest water, which is used in wash ing and cleansing the wool, to which it imparts great softness and lustre. The goods thus far produced are in great demand and are sought for in New Vork and Doston, at which latler place they have brought a handsome advance u|ioii the usual pricet.?Alining Statesman. J THE GRATITUDE OF IRELAND. Papers and letters received by the Cambria show that Ireland is not ungrateful. On the contrary, the most abundant evidence comes to us that she feels?deeply feels and fully appreciates the manifes tations of sympathy on this side of the Atlantic, and this feeling is warmly expressed with all the exube rance ol the Irish heart. It is due to both giver and receiver, who is twice blessed in this ministry of mercy, that we should give some space to these tes timonials and olferings of a nation's gratitude. Our readers in general, and especially all those portions of them who have contributed to stay the famine, will, we are sure, be gratified with these grateful responses. I he London Times, of March 25, unites in the universal strain of thanksgiving : " J he tribute we are most bound to acknowledge in the magnificent public subscription made in the United Slated. I We rejoice to see in it one more pledge of that mutual resjiect I and affection which, in spite of many trial* and hindrance*, ! now binds the two countries. The British empire and the ' Union are Iroin one common block. Their language, their j merest*, their literature, and, to a great extent, their custom*, ' their laws, and religion are the same. There are no two na tions in the world mo similar, while they are politically distinct. Happily they are now discovering the interest they severally possess in one another's peace and prosperity. We will con fess to a passing sensation of wounded pride when, we hear of our own fellow-subjects becoming objects of republican be nevolence, and our social sores being exposed in the cities of New England. But, if we are unable to rescue Ireland from the grasp of famine, as confessedly we are, it does not be come us to resent the assistance of a generous kinsman and friend. Whoever is to blame, most true it is that Ireland does not prwper in our hands. We must, therefore, submit to be I commiserated and helped in our task." The following resolution was adopted unani mously, amid loud cheers, at a great public meet ing held in the City Lecture Room, in Finsbury, London, March 24: " That, overpowered with heartfelt gratitude at the prompt,' decisive, and energetic benevolence of the people of the Uni ted States of America, in their spontaneous and unsolicited aid to the poor ]>easantry of Ireland, we feel language to be inad equate to give expression to our gratitude to that noble and independent people; betokening, as it does, to the nations of the earth, whether afflicted by distress caused by Providential calamities Or internal impolicy, that there is a great and mag nanimous people on our globe, ever ready with hope, succor, and consolation in the hour of nt*d, calling forth the over joyed thanks of this meeting, the lasting gratitude of Ireland, and the admiration of the world." The Dublin Freeman's Journal, of April 3, thus breaks out into expressions "of thankfulness : " In America there is no overflowing of lip-charity and lack of that which i? real; no humariity-mongering ; no plen itude of sympathetic words and poverty of sympathetic ac tion; no wallowing in prescriptive slander; no recourse to billingsgate abuse of Ireland and the Irish, after the fashion of many parties in England ; no churlish, mean, money-lend iflK? politico-economic spirit to guide and to disgrace its pro gress. No! the conduct of America stands in bright and glo rious contrast. In the day of our desolation we have found them the readiest hands, ay, and the most bounteous, stretch ed to our aid, from the mouth of the St. Lawrence to the tnouth of the Mississippi, without the flourish of tlje Pharisee | or the cold-blooded calculation of the Legist. "Honor, then, to America ! In it the cause of humanity needs no spur from shame, hyp>crisy, or 'state policy.' In her bosom we knew that our exiles found a refuge where they were safe from exterminating landlords and class legislation ; where the motto for all was, ' live and let live and not, ' live ye the many, or die for the few?the unprivileged for the privi leged ! Uut never, much as our hearts yearned towards America as the asylum of our hopeless, cast-out thousands ; never, we say, great as was our experience of the generosity with which our countrymen were received on it* shores, were we prepared for the surprising acts of humanity and l>enevo lence towards this stricken nation which mail after mail ena bles us to record and to bless. " We write with hearts of overflowing gratitude and love \ gratitude anil love, not springing ?o much from the sense ol benefits received a* from a respect for the manner in which they have been rendered. In the efforts that are made bv America to succor and to save us, we view the promise of that sure and Christian friendship which ought to keep pace with the progress of civilization, but which pseudo-statesmen never cultivate between nations, unless for an occasion?as if the interests of mankind were not identified with amity." The following Letter from the Rt. Rev. Tiiko bold Mathkw, by the Cambria, (says the Albany Evening Journal,) is too precious, both in its glow ing acknowledgment of American sympathy lor suf ering Ireland and the announcement of his purpose to visit us, to be withheld : Cork, March 31, 18-17. Mr Dearest Friend : The magnificent humanity evinced j by our beloved brethren in the States for the suffering Irish has inspired every heart in this Island with ardent gratitude. We shall ever regard America as our deliverer in the hour of bitter calamity. The immense supply of Indian corn waft ed into the Cove of Cork the last few days, and ths free-gift cargoes daily expected, have had an unexpected effect on the corn market. Maize has fallen from ?19 to X'10 thaton. In the darkest hour of calamity we should not despair. The ( mercies of the Lord are above all His wondrous work*. I ain resolved, God willing, to leave Ireland for the Sftites next summer. It shall be my constant anxious prayer that the Lord may remove every obstacle, and allow me to indulge this darling desire of my heart. As soon as the cxpected breadstuff' vessels will arrive in Cork, I shall have the pleasure of writing to you again, ex pressing my thanks. Presenting kindest remembrance to all my friend*, I have the honor to be, dear Mr. Weed, yours affectionately, THEOBOLD MATHEW. Vkra Cruz.?A Mexican paper contains a letter from Vera Cruz, written near the close of the siege, which describes the sufferings of the inhab itants, under the fire of our artillery, as awful in the extreme. Says the writer : We are yet ignorant of the exact number of our killed and wounded, but by the best data we have obtained estimate both at not less than one thousand persons. The damage done to dwellings and edifices is five or six millions of dol lurs, which cannot be repaired for many years." The remains of Lieut. Archibald B. Botts, who died at (-onmrgo, in Mexico, of the disease of the climate, on his way to join his regiment, having been received at Richmond, (Va.) were interred in that city with proper funeral honors on Thursday last. [rkportkii roil the rational i*tkli.mikwcer.] Destructive Fire at Georgetown.?Yesterday morn ing, between the hours of one and two o'clock, a fire broke out in the extensive bread and biscuit bakery of Mr. Thomas Brown, at Georgetown, situated near the aqueduct. The fire companies of Georgetown and Washington, with a nu merous Itody of citizens, turned out with their usual alacrity to render assistance, but all to no purpose, as the bakery was entirely consumed and another building contiguous to it. We learn that there was an insurance on the prajierty destroyed, but to what amount and by what offices we are unable to learn. It will be remembered that Mr. Brown's bakery was entirely destroyed by fire a few years ago. The Fish Market. ? We leported the prifce of shad and herring in the National Intelligencer of last Tuesday correctly as stated to us by one of our merchants, who hod visited the neighboring fish-wharves on that day. Since then shad and herring have lieen only |>oorly supplied at Alexandria and Georgetown. Yesterday, however, shad and herring were plentiful. The prices ut the Corporation fish-wharf yesterday were, for shad $7 per hundred, and for herring #5 per thou sand?weather favorable. We have 'just seen a fisherman direct from the landing near Jackson city, on the opposite side of the Potomac, and he reports that a tine haul was made there yesterday afternoon of about f?0,000 herring. LATE FflOM THE CITY OF MEXICO. Our latest intelligence from the city of Mexico is the following, translated for the New York Com mercial Advertiser from the Havana Diurio de lu Marina of the 9th ultimo : "On the 31st of March was published in Mexi co the capitulation pf Vera Cruz. President Santa Anna issued an address to his countrymen, in which, among other things, he says : " Mexicans : Vera Cruz i? in the power of the enemy. It bus fallen, not before the valor of the Americana or the in fluence of their good fortune. We ouraeivea, to our sharne be it said, have brought thin fatal disgrace upon our arum by our interminable dissensions. ? ? ? ? | am resolved to go and meet the enemy. ? ? ? Chance may decree that the proud American host shall take the capital of the Aztec empire; I shall not behold that disaster, for I Khali first lay down my life in the- struggle. * * * Yet the nation shall not perish ; I swear that Mexico shall triumph if my wishes are seconded by a sincere ami unanimous effort. A thousand times fortunate for us will prove the disaster of Vera Cruz, if the fall of that city shall awaken in the breasts of the Mexicans the enthusiasm, the dignity, and generous ardor of a true patriotism. It will undoubtedly prove the salvation of the country." FROM VEKA CRUZ. Advices from Vera Cruz to the 8th instant do not present much that is new with that division of the Army. Every tiling was quiet, and perfect order prevailed in the city. The troops continued healthy, and were busy preparing for the onward inarch. On the 8th, in pursuance of the following order, Gen. Twiugs, with a command of some 3,000 men, commenced the line of march for Jalapa : Limited means of transportation being in readiness, portions of army will march as follow* : The second division of regulars on the Nth instant, ami The division of volunteers (two brigades only) twenty-four hours later. Major General Patterson will leave one of his three bri gad.'s in this immediate vicinity for further means of transpor tation, and also the Tennessee dismounted cavalry, until the airi'al of their horses. Both of these corps, for the time, will be mder the immediate orders of the same brigadier general, and the latter, when his division marches, will report to gene ral leadquarters for instructions. ?The respective chiefs of the general staff will assign to the healqunrters of each marching division an engineer, topogra phi-al engineer and ordnance officer, an assistant quartermas ter. an assistant commissary, and a medical officer. "he chief quartermaster will assign to the second division forty-five wagons, and to the division of volunteers fifty-five, for the entire baggage of the officers of every grade, the regi ments and companies. The interior distribution of wagons wi I be made at the headquarters of each division. Taylor's and Talcott's field batteries will match with the setond division, anjl Steptoe's with the division of volunteers. Col. Harney will detach a squadron of 2d dragoons with ea?h of these divisions. A special requisition for tra- sportation will be made for each of those field batteries and squadrons, and one wagon will be assigned to the medical director of the division for ex tra medicines and hospital stores. E very man will take, for his musket or rifle, forty rounds of ammunition, and in his haversack hard bread for four days, and bacon or pork (cooked) for two days. Fresh beef, with rations of salt, will be issued on the march. The utmost care will always be taken of ammunition and food issued to troops. The chief quartermaster will Hend in extra wagons grain for the saddle, artillery, and cavalry horses of each division for four days, and each baggage wagon will take grain for the same number of days for its own team. He will also turn over to the chief of ordnance tori wagons, and to the chief commissary one hundred wagons, to be Idad ed by them, respectively, with cartridges for small arms and subsistence stores. These extra wagons will lie divided between the two divi sions, march with and be escorted and guarded like other wa gons attached to the divisions. The quartermaster's and commissary's departments will take prompt measures for the purchase and issue on the march of such forage and subsistence as it may tie practicable to ob tain, as also for trains and escorts that may be sent back to this dejiot. Each general of division will receive a route of march and instructions from general headquarters.- ? By command of Major General Scott : , H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. Gen. The latest Picayune says : " It was distinctly understood at Vera Cruz that the Puente National had l>een almndnned. Thin wan the point tit which the first resistance to the march of the American forces upon the city of Mexico would t>e made 5 but, though the defence of litis point was given up, it was by no means certain that the progress of oar army into the interior would not be dis puted at others. Indeed, it was asserted that the forces des tined to defend the National Bridge (Piicnte Naciona!) haJ fallen back a lew leagues in the direction of Jahpa to a stronger position, where preparations were being made for a stout defence. An intelligent officer just from Vera Cruz thinks it quite probable that a battle may have occurred about the 14th instant. " Rumors from the city of Mexico represented Santa Anna as more intently bent upon war than ever. The reports are not the best authority, in so far as the wishes of Santa Anna arc conccrni-d ; but they indicate the temper ot the public mind, which is as good an index of his purposes as any other." A New Planet.?Professor Pierce, of Harvard University, in a letter to the Boston Courier, says : " Whatever may be shown to lie the mass and orbit of Neptune, I am prepared to publish the corresponding ele ments ami mass of another planet, (should one he needed,) which, combined with Neptune, and having a period of revo lution of 168 years, will be sufficient to account for all the 4>erturbatiuns of Uranus." GEN. HOUSTON?THE MEXICAN WAR. Gen. Hoi-stun was at San Augustine, Texas, on his way home from Washington, on the 19th ultimo. During the few hours lie tarried, he delivered a short address to the people. Alluding to his speech, the San Augustine "Shield" observes: " He stated that the commission of Major General in the Army invading Mexico wa* tendered to himself and his col league, ((ten. Rusk.,) but lioth had declined its acceptance. His own reason for doing so was that he differed in opinion as to the proper plan of carrying on the war with the officers who would have been his seniors in rank, and he would not assist in carrying out measures directly antagonistic to his own judgment." ALEXANDRIA AND FAIRFAX. The last Legislature refused to allow to Alexandria a dele gate in the Legislature, and attached it to Fairfax, as part of the name election district. This was done to avoid a con stitutional difficulty, whirh seemed insuperable to a majority of the niem!>ers. Dut in endeavoring to avoid Kcylla, that IhmIv hi* run upon Charvlnlis. The constitution fixes the numlier of delegates; and Alexandria was not allowed a re presentative because the constitutional limit would have l>een thereby transcended. But the constitution also says that Fairfax shall be entitled to one member?and the people of Fairfax deny the right of the Legislature to transfer the mem ber I" whom they are entitled to the people of Alexandria, who have elected Edgar Snowden, Esq. against the votes of a majority of the citizens of Fairfax, who expressed a pre ference for Major H. W. Thomas. The Utter gentleman will accordingly contest Mr. Nnowden's right to the seat. [ Hick mnnd Whig. N ob Lit Cos duct or * Ni;w Jkbskt Fahmkr.?Mr. Jo seph Davis, of Morristown, Burlington co., New Jersey, has taken from the New York Almshouse, within the last thrre months, no less than 250 Irish and German emigrants, for whom he has found employment among his friends and neigh bors. With a very few exceptions they are all well satisfied with their several situations, and they are not only earning a comfortable living but actually laying up money. Lafayette Hubble, Mr. Cawell, Mr. Coyle, and Mr. Nixon, persons that were scalded by the explosion of the steamer Newark, near Fast Liverpool, Ohio, on the MHh instant, have since died.? Wheeling Times. Mr. Elij?h Fitch fell dead upon the railroad track at the Brighton Station, near Boston, on Tuesday morning al>out 10 o'clock. He was at Brighton on business, and was waiting at the depot for the ears. He was altout seventy years of age, a worthy and estimable citizen. I EXCITING NEWS FROM VERA CRIJZ PROM TIIB NEW ORLEANS riCUVII IV APHIL 23. The United Slates steamship Massachusetts ar rived here last evening from Vera Cruz, which place she left on the evening of the 14th. Our correspondence is down to the latest hour. The news is of the most stirring interest. The best advices lead to the impression that a battle was fought at Cerro Gordo, nearly'midway iHitwcen U:u Puente National and Julapa, on Thurikluy or Friday lust. We have heretofore announced the advance of Gen- Twiggs's division into the interior. When last heard from he was beyond the Puente National, and in close proximity to the Mexican army. Uen. Scott wan expected to arrive at Gen. Twiggs's headquurters on the night of the 11th instant. Gen. Worth left Vera Cruz with the last division of the army on the 13th, and bivouacked that night at San Juan?about twelve mile* in the interior. He probably joined the advance on the 15th. Hanta Anna was said to be at (Jurro Gordo, where La Vega and Canalizo were posted with a considerable command* The Mexican force at that point, when joined by Santa Anna, was fHtimated at fifleen thousand strong?consisting of two thousand regular infantry, three thousand cavalry, and the remainder irregulars. The pass of Cerro Gordo is forty four miles from Vera Cruz, and is nuturnlly a very strong one. Some difficulty is anticipated in forcing it. Rumors state that Sunta Anna can obtain any amount of irregular force he may detire. Reconnoitering parties from the American army had been fired upon and several wounded?amongst whom was Uaptain (now Lieut. Col.) Johnston, of the Topogra phical Engineers, who was ahot in the arm and hip whilst examining the Mexican works at Cerro Gordo. Intelligent officers, who arrived in the Massachusetts, entertain very little doubt that a general engagement has taken place. A number of soldiers have been shot in passing the road to and fio. All accounts represent the Americans as confi dent of victory, and the Mexicans as burning for vengeance. Our next advices from Vera Cruz will, we doubt not, bring , us the details of an important engagement. We subjoin the news from the Vera Cruz papers and our correspondence. The letter from Mr. Kendall, of the 14th, 1 written at San Juan, is the very latest from the army. The soldiers were suffeiing at Vera Cruz from sickness, but the vomito had not appeared. Correspondence of the Aeu> Orleans Picayune. Camp at San Juan, April 14, 1847. I arrived in this camp at 11 o'clock last night, the road from Vera Cruz running for the most part through heavy sand. The division of Gen. Worth, from the excessive heat and wearisome road, suffered incredibly. The news in camp is siirring. An express has comedown from Gen. Twiggs to the eflect that Sunta Anna was before him at Cerro Gordo with .15,000 men, as near as could be judged from rcconnoissances made by Capt. Hardie and other officers of dragoons. Lieut. Col. J. E. Johnston has been severely but not mor tally wounded while examining Santa Anna's works, which appear to lie a succession of breastworks on the eminences in the vicinity of Cerro Gordo. Every thing would now go to show that Santa Anna is determined to make a bold stand. ? A dragoon who had been sent down express by (Jen. Twiggs was yesterday found shot by the roadside just beyond this, llis papers had not been touched. The Mexicans are playing a bloody, and at the same time bolder, game than is usual for them, as it is thought they have killed no less than fitly of our men within the last three days on the road. Grn. Scott stop[ied last night nine miles from this ; to-night he will reach Gen. Twiggs's position. It Santa Anna is as strong as he is represented, he probably will not lie attacked for two or three days. Correspondence of the New Orleans Delia. VtuA Cruz,' April 13, 1847. As I stated in my letter of this morning, the brigude of Gen. Worth took up the line of march for Jalapa ; but, from rather sudden indisposition, the General did not leave with them.' About one o'clock an express reached him with the important information that the column of Gen. Twiggs hud fallen in with a large force of the enemy at Cerro Gordo, a strong position beyond Puente Nacional, and that a skirmish had ta^en place between Twiggs's advance guard and the enemy, in which Cgpt. Johnston, Topographical Engineer, was severely wound ed, and several others. In half an hour after the reception ol this news Gen. Worth had mounted his horse and was off? so sudden, indeed, that I missed him, notwithstanding I re paired to his quarters to gather the particulars as soon as I heard it. . ' There is no doubt at all but that Santa Anna, with from 12,000 to 15,000 men, is between us and Julapa. It in con ceded on all sides. But if Gen- Twiggs does not whip him, he will at least keep him in check until Gen. Scott, who left yesterday, reaches liirn, which will be to-morrow night. Major Gen. Patterson left here with two brigades of volunteers on Friday, and he has no doubt reached the advance before thin hour. Gen. Twiggs has between 2,500 and 2,700 m<-n?choice ones, too?under his command, and I entertain little fear for his safety. General Patterson marched with Shields'a and Pillow's brigades, and all the lorce, except the garrison of the town and Quitman's brigade, are either at the scene ol action or on the road to it. Gen. Scott, I think, was pretty well satisfied before his de parture that Santa Anna was in the neighborhood of Jalapa, and was making good time towards that point before the ex press reached him. A terrible battle will be fought at Ccrro Gordo, or there will be little or no fighting. An intelligent Mexican told me to-night that there would be no light, and that Santa Anna had with him four prominent members of the National Con gress, with the aid of whom he hopes to negotiate a peace I believe truly that it is ^hc wish of his Excellency to end the strife, but whether he will embrace this occasion (which, by the way, is an excellent one) I cannot say. The horses of the Tennessee cavalry arrived to-day from Tampico, and as soon as they are landed I expect Cjuitman i will leave here. Vera Crcz, April 14, 1847. There has l>een a skirmish at Puente -Nacional, and we hourly look for the intelligence of the capturo of Cerro Gordo, a strong mour.taiq fort, twenty-two miles from Julapa. A de cisive battle is expected at this point, for it is the best vantage ground this side of Perote. Gen. Santa Anna was at or near Jalapa at tHfc last accounts, but by this time there is scarcely a doubt that Cerro Gordo is mirieil by assault, and the army in snug quarters at. the healthy and delightful city of Jalapa. Vera Cruz is as quiet ami well governed as any city in the United States. It would improve the health some to throw down the walls and let in the fresh air, as the commander thinks of doing. Vkiia (,'hi z A<ii'Hiira?e, April 12, 1847. A large detachment of the squadron leaves to-day for Tus pan, ?commanded by the Commodore in [>er*on. The officers anticipate something of a tight there. It is believed that there are upwards of 2,000 troops at that place, under the com mand of (Jen. Cos, with some sixty pieces of cannon. The squadron captured at Alvarado sixty pieces of heavy cannon, all s rviceahle and in tine order, with the exception of three. The greater portion of the army is now on the road to Ja lapa j rumor has it that Sanla Anna is there with a large force, and intends to dispute the pass near that place. The vomito has not yet miule its appearance. Mktico, March 21>, 1847. The city of the Montezumas is in a most extraordinary situa tion at this present writing. Farias and the " Constitutional ists" had a civil war of twenty three days' ifurition, in wliich nobody was killed, and neither party lost or sained an inch of ground. That is, no one was killed of the fighters, unless we count some accidental deaths ; hut n great number of harm less citizens lost their lives hy the incessant firing up and d.>wn the streets, with which th? belligerents amused themselves in stead of going within reach of each other. Santa Anna wrote lovingly to both parties, and did his best to urge them to eat each other up, hut, as soon as he could reach the city with some force, he threw them all overboa'd. He is pl.iying for the Dictatorship, ant! is, in fact, clothed with absolute power at thi* moment. He ha? induced the clergy to aid him with money to meet, and, as he says, to exterminate Hcott and the " perfidious invaders/' Hut his plan undoubt edly is to make |>cac?, while he ia yet entrenched l>ehind Ame rican bayonets, and perhajm, with the help of American gold, he will put his enemies where they cannot interfere with him. As soon as he has a clear field he will use his tinny to seize the possessions of the church, to maintain mid increase it as a foundation of a throne. Whatever he pretends, he ha# his eye 1*11 the church property, and has twice put forward (Jomcz Farias as a catspaw to grasp it, but when he found the clergy too strong for him, he made no scruple t.> sacrifice his tool and come out on the other side. FROM TilK VKIM CRUZ RAHI.lt or APIIIt. 13. Saxta An ft a.?Again must we appear before our readers without having any positive information as to the doings ami whereabouts of the enemy. Rumor in the mean time is rife with news, and we must perforce set down to her account many things, which, however much we inay b< lieve them, we dare not give to the public us veritable. One of the most im portant outgivings up to this time, is that Santa Anna, second ed by l<a Vega, and a force of near 13,000 strong, has taken a position between this and Jalapa, which is *aid by those familiar with the country to t?e very strong. Thw report we find very generally believed by many officers of the army and by the citizens of the place. A Plot Discovered.?Some day last week a number of Mexicans were discovered in (he act of inciting the citizen* of Tampico to revolt and drive the Americans trom the place. We ure not advised of (he particulars, but learn that Colonel Gates banished them from the city, forbidding their return un der penalty of death. Uhkakish i p or (jenehal Hka?<ii7ABTehs.?Yesterday evening at 5 o'clock Gen. Scott and his staff left their quarters in the Plaza and started foi Julapa. They were escorted by Col. Hartley's 2d dragoons, and will probably l>e up with CJen. Twiggs, of the advance, iu two or three days. Alvahauo.?The port of AlVaTado, which has leen cloned for several months, is now open to our commerce and to all neutral vessel* not having on board articles contraband of war. Worth's IIriuade.?Mujor (Jen. Worth, with the 1st bltgade, will probably leave Vera Cruz to-day, following in the footsteps of his illustrious predecessor. The government of the town and dependencies have lieen turned over to Col. Wilson, of the 1st infantry. The Hospital.?Many of our gallant soldiers are now pros trated by disease, and the hospitals are tilled to overflowing with them. The disease most prevalent is diaj-rho>u, which in many cases has proved fatal. Expedition to Tdipaw.?On Friday last the sloops of war (Jtrmuntown and Albany and two bomb vessels departed for 'I'usjian. On Sunday the Haritatt, with one hundred ad di'ional marines from the Potomac, sailed for the same place, and yesterday Com. Perry, with the flag-ship Mississippi and Mteamers Spitfire and Vixen, having bomb vessels in tow. The Petrel, iloriita, and Beta followed suit. The object of thin expedition is to take possession of Tuspan, which we under stand will be effected by landing the sailors and marines at a convenient point. Hkad(il-ahteus of the Army, Veiia Cruz, April 11, 1847. Major General Scott, General-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States of America, to the good people of Mexico : PROCLAMATION. Mexicans : At the head of a powerful army, noon to be doubled?a part of which in advancing upon your capital, and with another army under Major General Taylor in march from Saltillo towards San Luis Potosi?I think myself called upon to addrexs you. Mexicans: Americans are not your enemies, but 4he ene mies, for a time, of the men who a year ago mi?governed you, and brought about this unnatural war between two great Re publics. We are the friends of the peaceful inhabitants of the country we occupy, and the friends of your holy religion, its hierarchy and its priesthood. The same church is found in all parts of our own country, crowded with devout Catholics, and retqtected by our Government, laws, and people. For the church of Mexico, the unoffending inhabitants of the country, and thpir property, I have from the first done overy thing in iny power to place thein under the safeguard of murlial lata against the few bad men in this army. My or ders to that eirect, known to all, are precise and rigorous. Under them several Americans have already been punished, by fine, for the benefit of Mexicans, besides imprisonment, and one for a rape has been hung by the neck. U this not a proof of good faith and energetic discipline > Other proofs shall l>e given as often as injuries to Mexicans may lie detected. On the other hand, injuries committed by individuals or parties of Moxico, not belonging to the public forces, upon indivi duals, small parties, trains of wagons and teams, or of pack mules, or any other person or property belonging to this army contrary to the laws of war, shall be punished with rigor; or if the particular offenders be not delivered up by Mexican au thorities, the punishment shull fall upon entire cities, towns, or neighborhoods. Let, then, all good Mexicans remain at home, or at their peaceful occupations ; but they are invited to bring in for sale horseu, mules, lienf, ? cattle, corn, barley, wheat, flour for bread, and vegetables. Cash will be paid for every thing this army may take or purchase, and protection will be given to all sellers. The Americans are strong enough to offer these assurances, which, should Mexicans wisely accept, this war may soon be happily ended to the honor and advantage of both belligerents. Then the Americans, having converted enemies into friends, will be happy to take leave of Mexico and return to their own country. WINFIELD SCOTT. .FROM RIO JANEIRO. From the Rio Janeiro " Mercantil " of February 28tli the following is translated : "It appears that Mr. Wise, American Minister at thin Court, fiddressed a note to the Imperial Government, asking an audience to deliver to his Majesty a letter of congratulation from the President of the United States on account of tho birth of her most serene Highness Isabel ; and that the Gov ernment replied, that, in view of the occurrences which took place in the months of November and December last, and the expressions of public opinion on that occasion, it was deemed inexpedient U*grant such an audience at present." CENTRAL AMERICA. The Franco Amen coin publishes advices from Guatemala to the 27th of March, whieh are conside rably interesting. , First, it gives extracts from the Official Gazette in refer, ence to the pretended invasion of Chiapas and Soconusco, Mexican provinces, by President Carrera?an invasion the talk of which has comc trom Mexican journals. The Official Gazette denies and ridicules the whole story, adding a word of advice to the Mexican Government, to the effect that its own bad management is the sole cause of any difficulties existing in those provinces ; that Guatemala has no agency in producing them. President Carrera, (but a few years since an ignorant, po verty-stricken Indian pig-driver,) by a decree issueJ on the !i1st of March, declares the Republic of Guatemala iudejieud ent and sovereign, and announces the approaching assemblage of the Representative Chambers to consider the project of a constitution which the Government will lay before them. This decree is preceded by a manifesto, addressed to the nation, in which Carrera explains his views and motives. He wishes to define specifically the position of the Republic with reference to adjoining States. The Central American Con federation has been for eight years in fact dissolved. It has been found impracticable either to re-establish it or construct it anew. This condition of things lias placcd Guatemala in an ano malous position, which has been harmful to her political and commercial relations, and put it out of her power to provide herself with a constitution. To remedy these inconvenienc e* the step now taken by Carrera has l?een resolved on. It is declared, however, in the decree, that the distinct in dependence of Guatemala shall In* no bar to a reorganization >f the Central American Confederacy, whenever such reor ganization may U-come practicable. [ New York Commercial Advertiser. FROM BALTIMORE AN/) THE NORTH. Baltimore, April 30?5 P. M. I sent you last owning, exclusively, by Telegraph, an ac cwunt of the steamer's arrival, and a brief digest of her com mercial advices. No further particulars of interest have yet come to hand. The news has unsettled the flour and grain markets. How ard street flour is firmer under the advices, and holJers are asking #6.81 j a 0.87.}; there arc, however,,no buyers. I think #6.75 will be settled upon. City Mills held at #7. Small sales of corn meal at #'1.25 prior to the news ; it ia now held at #4.37}. Very little grain in market. Prime Maryland red wheat will bring 145 a 150 cents, and Pennsylvania do. 155 cents. White corn firmer; held at 81 a 82, and yellow 93 a 94. Oat* 50: rye 80. Sales 500 bushels clovcrseed at #4.25 ; flaxseed 140. Whiskey 28} a 30. Provisions firm. Beef cattle #4.75 gross ; hogs #7.02}. Holders of tobacco are firm. The receipts and inspections arc small and transactions limited. The tendency of prices ia upward, though last week's quotations are continued. Sales at the Stock Board of #1,000 Maryland 6's at 86 ; 45 shares Ohio Railroad 4.">i a 45} } United States 6's 103$ bid ; City 6's W9J bid. FROM NEW YORK. The Telegraph reports as follows up to the present writing : In New York to-day there haa Iwen no transactions in flour or grain of moment. There is an upward tendency to bread stuffs, but I am unable to give reliable quotations. The Stock market has been dull and prices declining. Nothing doing in cotton, though the feeling ia said to be better. The prices, as quoted on Wednesday last, are as follows : Upland & Fhrida. MoMe U.\". O. Inferior none none. Ordinary to good ordinary.. 11 a 11} IIJ a 11$ M iddling to good middling. . 11j a I2|... 11 a 12} Middling fair to fair 12} a 13 I2j a 13} Fully fair to good fair 13.J a 13^ -..14 a 14^ Fine none none. From Philadelphia there is no news of interest. Among the killed at the battle ot linen* Vista was Lieut. William Prick, of Illinois, in the seventy secondyear of his ugr. He hod left his home of affluence and ease with the expressed wish to die in the service of his country.