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WASHINGTON: SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 1848. . - No. 340.
THE WEEKLY NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.
The subscription price of thin paper for a year U Thkeb
Doi.urs, payable in advance.
For (he long Sessions of Congress (averaging eight months)
tho price will be Two Dollars ; for the short Sessions One
Dollar per copy.
A reduction of 20 per cent, (or one-fifth of the full charge)
will be made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one
time, live copies of the Weekly paper; and a like reduction
of 25 per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one
who will order and pay for at one time ten or more copies.
No accounts being kept for this paper, it will not be for
warded to any one unless paid for in advance, nor sent any
longer than the time for whidh it is so paid for.
THIRTIETH CONGRESS.
Extracts from the Business Proceedings.
IN SENATE. -
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
By Mr. MASON,</rot# the Committee of Claims : A bill
for the relief of the legW lrpreseoWtive* of George Fisher, de
ceased.
Bv Mr. CA88, from the Committee on Military Affairs :
A bill for an increase of the medical staff of thte army for a li
mited time. The following is the bill as reported :
Be it enacted by the Senute and Home of liepresentative*
of the United States of America in Congreit auembled,, That
in addition to the present medical staff* of the army there shall
be appointed, by and with the advice and content of the Se
nate, tor and during the war with Mexico, six hospital aur
Seons, with the rant, pay, and emoluments of a surgeon iu
le army.
By Mr. RUSK, from the Committee on the Post Office and
Post Roads: A bill for the relief of Jones & Boker.
Bv Mr. SEVIER, from the Committee on Indian Affairs :
A bill authorizing pernors to whom reservations of land have
been made under Indian treaties to alienate the sime in fee.
By Mr. SEVIER, from the Committee on Foreign Ref
lations : The joint resolution to create a board to ascertain and
determine the amount of each of the claims of the citizens of
the United States against Mexico, with amendments contain
ing a proviso that nothing contained in said resolution shall
be so understood as making the' United States answerable for
the payment of such claims or any of them } provided, fur
ther, that said board shall not continue in session more than
one year from the day which may be fired by the President
for its first sitting. ?
By Mr. DOWN8, from the Committee on Private Land
Claims : A bill for the relief of the legal representatives of
Jacques Moulon.
By Mr. WES'fCOTT, from the Committee on the Judi
ciary : A bill for the relief of Richard Blo^s and others.
Also, from the same committee, asking to be discharged
from the further consideration of the petition of the heirs of
Abner L. Duncan.
By Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana, from the Committee on
Pensions, the following bills :
i^A bill for the relief of Ferdinand Fellany;
A bill for the relief of Elizabeth Pistole, widow of Charles
Pistole;
A bill for the relief of Peter Engels, senior.
Also, from the sa ne committee, an adverse report on the
petition of Geo. Petty.'
Also, from the same committee, asking to be discharged
from the further consideration of the memorial of Mary D.
WaiV, and that it be referred to the Committee on Naval
. A flairs.
By Mr. ASHLEY, from the Committee on the Judiciary :
Asking to be dischatged from the further consideration of the
memorial of Geo. Lee and other members of the bar of the
western district of Virginia.
Also, from the same committee, a bill to change the time
for holding the District Courts of the United States in the
western district of Virginia, with amendment.
By Mr. YULEE, from the Committee on Naval Aflaira,
. the following bills :
A bill for the relief of the legal representatives of Captain
Jesse D. Elliot;
A bill fjr the relief of the forward officers of the late explor
ing expedition;
A bill directing the Secretary of the Navy to purchase from
Po ;tor J. P. Espy his patent right for the conical ventilator
for the use of the United State*. ?
Also, from the aaine committee, asking to be discharged
from the further consideration of the petition of Commander
Wm. M. Glendv. ?
Als}, from the Committee on Private Land Claims, a bill
for the relief of Jesse Turner.
Mr. CAMBRON moved to postpono the previous orders
with a view to take up the bill for the relief of William B.
Slaughter, late Secretary of State of the Territory of Michi
gan ; which motion having been agreed to, the bill was con
sidered in Committee of the Whole, read a third time by
unanimous consent, and passed.
By Mr. SEVIER, from the Committee on Foifeign Rela
tions : A bill for the relief of John Black, late Consul at
Mexico.
By Mr. NILES, from the Committee on the Post Office
and Post Roads: A bill for the relief of Joseph Caldwell.
Also, from the same committee: A bill for the relief of
Creed Taylor. ^
By Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana, from the Committee
on Pensions: HoUse bill making further provision for survi
ving widows of the soldiers of the Revolution, without amend
ment. t
By Mr. RUSK, from the Committee on Military Affairs:
Asking to be discharged from the further consideration of the
petition of George Center, and that it be referred to the
Committee of Claims.
BILLS INTRODUCED ON LEAVE, Ac.
By Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana : A bill for the issuing
of patents in a certain class of cases, and for other purposes.
By Mr. DOUGLASS : A bill to establish the territorial
government of Oregon.
By Mr. BRIGHT : A hill author'zingthe Secretary of War
to surrender certain lands of the State of Indiana (held by the
United States) to the agent for said State of Indiana.
By Mr. ASHLEY : A bill to alter and amend the judicial
system of the United States.
Also, a bill for the relief of Creed Taylor.
By Mr. FELCH: A bill to apply certain alternate sections
of the public domain toward the completion of the Clinton
and Kalamazoo Canal, in the State of Michigan.
By Mr. HUNTER : A bill supplemental to an act passed
the 9lh diy of July, 1846, entitled "An act to retrocede
the county of Alexandria, in ihe District of Columbia, to the
State of Virginia."
By Mr. BREESE : A bill to provide for the compensation
of Samuel Lreeh lor services in the investigation of suspend
ed sales in the Mineral Point district, Wisconsin.
Mr. JOHXSON, of Maryland, moved to take, up the bill
exempting \essele employed by the American Colonization So
ciety in transporting colored emigrants from the United States
to the coast of Africa from the provisions of the acts of the
22d February and 2d March, 1847, regulating the carriage of
passenger* in merchant vessels ; which motion was agreed to.
The bill having been explained by Mr. J., it was onltred
t > be engrossed ; and, by unanimous consent, was read a third
time and piiss'd.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
REPORTS FROM COMMITTEES.
Mr. DANIEL, from the Committee of Cl?ms, made an
adv? rs ? report up.tn the pelitiun ol George Hix. Laid on the '
table. j
Als.i, from the same committee, reported a bill for the relief i
of William Hogan, administrator of Michael Hogan, deceased, j
Read and committed.
Mr. CROW ELL, from the same committee, reported bills ,
for (he relief of the secu/ities of Elijih J. Weed, late Quarier
mistrr of Murines, deceased < for the relief of Aurelia Urere
ton ; foi the rolicl of the legal heirs of John Snyder, deceased ; j
and for I he relief of Thomas Scott ? which several bills were |
rea l and.committed.
Mr. JOHN QUINCY ADAMS '< >eaking in an exceed
ingly low tone of voice) was understood to sa^ that the peti
tioner had deceased during the recess of Congress, and that
the bill should, therefore, be amended so at to accrue to the
l>etiefit of his heirs.
The SPEAKER suggested, at the bill was already referred
to the Committee of the whole House, the desired amendment
might lt?t made by them when (he bill cmne Uf for consider
ation. 4
Mr. CROW ELL, from the Committee of Claims, made
adverse rnpo'ts on the petitions of William Harris, Charles
Foreman, E i Ackley, Martin L. Patterson, Kamuel Reed,
William Greer, and upon a memorial of the Legislature of Il
linois. Laid on the table.
Mr. THOMAS, from the earn-? committee, male adverse
reports on the petitions of Daniel Brown, A. R. S. Hunter,
and Marlin Thomas. Laid on (he (able.
Abo, froiw the same committee, retried bills for the relief
of Reginald alias Nick Hillary, and for the relief of James
Mr A Toy. Read ami committed.
Mr. t LO LRN O Y, from the same committee, reported a
bill for the relief of the legal heirs and representative* of Na
thaniel Cox, deceased, formerly naval agent at New Orleans.
Head and committed. /
Mi. DUNN, from tha same committee, reported bills for
the relief of William Ralston; fat the relief of Charles Benns ;
for the relief of Jobn W. Hockett, and for the relief of the
heirs of Matthew Stewart j which severul bills were r^ad and
committed.
j Mr. THIBODEAUX, from the Committee on Commerce,
to which it had been referred, reported a bill relating to the
collection district of New Orleans*, and for other purposes.
Read and committed.
Mr. GRIN NELL, from the some committee, reported a
bill for the relief of Barclay & Livingston and Smith, Thur
gar & Co. Read and committed.
Mr. COI,LAMER, from the Committee on Public Lands,
asked to be discharged from tin consideration of the papers of
Jacob Keer, and that they be referred to the Committee on
Private Land Claims. Agreed to.
Mr. PUTNAM, from the same committee, reported a bill
for the relief of Amzy Judd. Read and commuted.
Mr. DUNCAN, of Kentucky, from the same committee,
reported a bill giving fortbvT time for satisfying claims for
bounty lands, and for othei"purpo?os. Read and committed.
Also, from the same committee, asked to be discharged
from the consideration of the petition of James Vangorden
anil that it lie on the table. Agreed to.
I . ^r" l^GERSOLL, from the Committee on the Ju
diciary, asked to be discharged from the consideration of the
petition of citizens of Northumberland county, Pennsylvania,
and that it lie on the table. Agreed to.
Mr. KING, of Massachusetts, from the Committee on Re
volutionary Claims, asked to be discharged fro.m the consider
ation of the petition of Isaac Beall, and that the petitioner
have leave to withdraw his paper*. Agreed to.
Mr. KING alw a*ked that the Committee on Revolutiona
ry Claims be discharged from the consideration of the petition
Welsh, administrator of Churchill Gibbs, and that it
be referred to the Secretary of War. Agreed to.
Mr. WICK, from the Committee on Private Land Claim*,
made an adverse report on the petition of Thomas iennc.
Laid on the table.
Mr. BARRINOER, from the Committee on Indian Affairs,
made an adverse report on the petition of Jno. A. Bryaii. Laid
1 on the table.
Mr. GIDDINGS, from the same committee, reported a bill
for the relief of Joseph and Lindsley Ward. Rea I and com
mitted.
Mr. BOY D, from the Committee on Military Airairs, re
ported a bill to amend an act entitled ?? An act to raise for a
limited time an add.tional military force, and for other pur
poses." Read and committed.
Mr. KING, of Georgia, from the Committee on Naval
Affairs, reported a bill to authorize certain promotions in the
naval service ; and a bill to direct the Secretary of the Navy to
settle certain accounts of persons in the navy who have been
required to act as pursers of the vessels of which they were
placed in command during the existing war with Mexico.
Read and committed.
Mr. HOLMES, of South Carolina, from the same com
mittee, reported a bill for the relief of Ann W. Angus. Read
and committed.
Mr. WHITE, from the same committee, reported a bill
for the ^relief of Ehzalieth Mays; and a bill for the relief of
Nnncy Tompkins. Read and committed.
Mr. SCHENCK, from the same committee, reported a
I joint resolution for the relief of J. Melville Gilliss and others ;
and bills for the relief of James Glynn and others ; and f .r the
relief of James H. Conley. Which several bills and joint
resolution were read and committed.
Mr. SCHENCK, from the same committee, reported the
following res >lution, which was adopted.
I * ?Scso/rct/, 1 hut the Committee on Naval Affairs be instruct
ed to inquire into the legality of the order of the Secretary of
ttie Navy giving assimilated rank to surgeons, assistant sur
| geons, an ! pursers, and the expediency of repealing or con
tinuing the same by law ; and that the committee report by
bill or otherwise."
Mr. STANTON, from the Committee on Naval Affairs,
reported a bill to amend the act of the 3d of March, 1847,
I entitled "An act to establish certain post routes, and for
other purposes."
Mr. liOGGIN moved to commit the bill to the Committee
on Ihe Poet Office and Post 4to ids. Agreed to.
Mr. STANTON, from the Committee on Naval Affairs,
, reported a bill for the relief of Charles Reeder, W. R. John
son, and Thomas P. Jones. Read and committed.
I Mr. BO 1 I s, from the Committee on Military Affairs, ask
ed to be discharged from the petition of Iiliamar Rogers, and
that it l>e laid on the table. Agreed to.
Also, from the same committee, asked to be discharg
ed from the petitions of certain officers of the army of the
Ignited States in Mexico; of Francos P. (iardiner, widow of
I the late George W. Gardiner; of Frances Fowler, widow of i
the late Abraham Fowler ; of Mary M. Foot, widow of LyJ
man I oot; and of tho widows and orphans of sundry officers j
of the army, and that they be referred to the Committee on
Revolutionary Pensions. Agreed to.
Mr. HILLIARD, from the Committee on Foreign Aflsirs,
reported a bill to regulate the diplomatic intercourse of the
United States-with foreign nations. Read and committed.
Mr. C. J. INGERSOLL, from the same committee, re
ported a bill for settling the claims of the heirs of Richard W.
| Meade, deceased. Read and committed.
I k ^ri- '"rofn same committee, reported a bill for j
u ?f r ?!" l*Prf*ent*tive|' Benjamin Hodges, and
abator the relief of the legal representatives of Cornelius I
Manning. Read and committed.
I ? ^r.' A W RENCE, of New York, from the Committee on
Revolutionary Pensions, made an advcise report on the pc
tMion of Anna fSmith and others. Laid on the table.
Mr. HAMMONS, from the same committee, made an ad
verse report on the petition of James Hillman. Laid on the
table.
Mr. NY LV ESTER, /rom the same committee, anked that
the committee be discharged from the petitions of Peter Rife
and Silvia Pond, widow of Beriah Pond, and that they be laid
on the table. Agreed to.
Also, an adverse report on the petition of Esther Scollev.
Laid on the table. J
Mr. DONNELL, from the same committee, made advene
reports on the petitions of Joseph Carter and Benjamin John
son. Laid on the table.
Al?>, that ihe committee be discharged from the further
consideration of the resolution of the House relative to the ex
pediency of allowing a pennon to Artemas Conant, and
that it b<- referred to the Committee on Invalid Pensions.
Airrccd to.
Mr. FULTON, from the Committee on Invalid Pensions,
reported a lull for the relief of John Mitchell , a bill for the re
lief of Jesse Y oung , ami a bill for the relief of Si'as Water
man. Read and committed.
Mr. ROCKWELL, of Connecticut, from the Committee
of Maims, to whom was referred Senate bill for the relief of
the administratrix of El.sba L. Keen, deceased, reported the
same without amendment. Committed.
Mr. THOMAS, from the same committee, made-adverse
reports on the petitions of Daniel Brown and A. Conkling.
Laid or the table. B
Mr. COLLAMEfc, from the Committee on Public Lands,
reported the following resolution, which wa. read and agreed to :
0f u,e Keologicsl observation.?
of Lake Superior, made .luring the Is.l ses
sion under the direction ot Dr. J?ckson, Uniterf States Geo
logical Surveyor, be and the same is hereby ordered to be
1 E2. " r< |M)rt ^ Comn.iiai.mer of Public
J Mr. TUCK, from the Committee on Naval Affairs, report
ed a b II for the relief of Stephen Champlin , which was read
and committed.
Mr. WHI I E, trom the same committee, reported the fol
lowing resolution, which was ?ad and agreed to :
K'ioh^ That the Committed on X?*?| AfTsirs inquire in
to the expediency of c?miii,0,llg the MJr,hs| ,
E?l"I". ?'"! report
Mr. FULTON, from the Committee on InTalid Pensi ins,
asked that the said committee be discharged from the petition
I ,!,nd th"t/ l,e ?* th? Agreed to.
Mr. SMITH, of Illinois, from the Committee on Road,
and Canals, to whom was referred a Mil to provide for ro.n
| pleting the Cumberland Road in the States of Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois/ and to Jefferson city, Missouri, reported the same
back to the House wiihout amendment. Committed
The bill from the 8enate for the relief of W. ?. Slaughter,
late Secretary of the Territory of WiKonan, was taken up,
read, and referred. r
Mr JAMIESON by general consent, introduced a bill for
the relief of N. C. Orear. Read and referred.
Mr. CONGER, from the Committee on PubHc Printing
to which was referred the resolution of the House providing
^r the printing of 1,000 extra Cop,e. of the report of the
Nec.etsry of the Treasury upon Ihe co.?t survey, msde a re
port, and recommended the adoption of th. w#0lution; where
upon the question was put on the resolution, and it was
agreed to.
SENATE BILL8.
The following bill* from the Senate were taken up, read a
first and second time, and referred :
A bill for the relief of Joaeph Wilson.
A bill concerning certain collection district* and for other
H'Sfor the relief of the administrator of Elislia L. Keen,
A bill providing for the payment of the claim of Walter
H. Johnson against the United Slates.
A bill supplementary to an act entitled " An act to regulate
the exercise of the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Cour
in certain cases and lor other purpoi?es.
A bill for the relief of Thomas llhodes.
A bill providing for the appointment of assistant pursers to
tli6 navy# t (
\ bill to provide for the purchase of the manuscript papers
of "the late Jumes Madison, former President of the United
State*. , <?
A bill to provide clothing for volunteers in the service ot
the United Stales. . .
A bill to promote the filling up of vacancies in the volun
teer corps now in the service of the United States.
A bill making an additional appropriation for the dry-dock
at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.
A resolution^ favor of David Shaw and Solomon T. Corser.
BILLS PASSED.
The bill to authorize the issuing of a register to the barque
Canton was read a first and second time.
Mr. GRINNELL moved that the bill be now put on Us
^ The question was put, and the bill was read a thiid time,
passed, and returned to the Senate.
The bill of the House authorizing the Secretiry ol tne
Treasury to grant a register to the barque Sarrfh and Lltza,
engrossed bv order of the House some days since, was talten
up, read u" third time, passed, and Bent to the Senate for
concurrence.
BILLS INTRODUCED ON LEAVE.
By Mr. HOLMES, of New York : A bill to ercct fortifi
cations and establish a military depot at or near the mouth of
the CJenceee river, in the Stale of New York. Read twice and
referred. , ?
By Mr. RHETT : A bill declaring the assent of Congress
to the acts passed by the States laying tonnage duties to im
' prove the navigation within the States. Read and referred.
By Mr. BINGHAM : A bill to apply certain alternate sec
tions of the public domain to the completion of the Clinton
and Kalamazoo Canal, in the State of Michigan. Read and
Mr. SIMS presented resolutions of the Legislature of the
State of South Carolina relative to the establishment of a
branch mint at Charleston, in said State. Referred.
Mr. TAYLOR gave notice that on to-morrow, oi on some
subsequent day, he should a^k leave to bring in a bill to ex
tend the time for locating Virginia military land warrants in
the State of Ohio, and returning surveys thereon to the Gene
ral Land Office.
PRIVATE BILLS.
On motion of Mr. ROCKWELL, of Connecticut, the
House resolved itself into Committee of the Whole (.Mr.
Cobb, of Georgia, in the chair) on the private calendar.
The bill for the relief of Robert Roberta, and the bill for
the reli f of Phineas Capen, legul administrator of John Cox,
deceased, of Boston, were taken up, considered, and laid aside
to be reported to the House.
The next bill in order was the bill for the relief of Mary
Brown, widow of Jacob Brown. The bill provides for the
granting of a pension to Mrs. Brown, of Clarksburg, Mas
sachusetts, at the rate of twenty dollars per month, to com
mence January 1, 1817, to continue during her natural We.
The petitioner ia the stepmother of Major Jacob Brown,
who was killed while conducting the military operations at
Fort Brown, on the Rio Grande, and the widow of Jacob
Brown, senitr, a soldier of the Revolutionary war, who d.ed
in October last, in the eighty-third year of his age. She is
now seventy-four years of age, and, by the death of her hus
band, and the more recent death of his son, she is deprived o
the means of support which she heretofore enjoyed, of which
a revolutionary pension of twenty-four dollars, received by net
husband, was a part. To her husband she was married more
than lortv years ago, which did not bring her within the pro
visions of the general pension law ; but all the circumstances
furnished a case which appealed to the sym^ih.es of the
House. For the last thirteen years of the life of her husband
he was verv infirm, and suffered eatremely by sickness, by
which their means were limited, and now she is cnPrely
destitute. A provision in the bill put this i>en?on on the
ground of ihe services of her step son, but it was opposed oy
several gentleman as the introduction of a principle that might
lead to invidious di-tinctions, and very objectionable as a pre
cedent in the bestowal of the bounties of the Government in
the shape of pensions, however much they miijht sympathize
vilhAhe applicant.
Mr. UIDD1NUS having moved to strike out the enacting
words of (he bill, a debate of considerable length tten
on which was participated in by Messrs. GIDDINba, KIMj,
>?' jSTchuJU H ASK Ell, JOHNSON, of
ilOCKWELL, of Massachusetts, HENLEY, ^M^IN*,
SAWYER. POLLOCK. 8. LArt'REtNCE, FICKLIN,
BOWLl.V, McLANE, JAMIESON, LAHM, JONES, of
Tenneaaee, TOMPKINS, and TURNER.
Mr. GIDDINUS, pending the debate, withdrew his mi
tion to strike out the enacting words of the bill, and moved as
an amendment that the bill be recommitted, " with instruc
tions to report a general bill, including sll such cares as may
Ik, considered proper." This amendment, it is believed, was
I ruled out of order by the Chairman. , , .
j Mr. GIDDING8 then moved that the bill 1* reported to the
House with ihe recommendation that it do not pass.
Mr. FICKLIN moved to amend the lull by adding a* a
I proviso, ?? that ihi? pension ia granted in consideration of the
! gallantry and death of Maji-r Jacob Brown, (her rtep-son,) in
command of the fort opposite Matamoros, and shall not tie re
garded as a precedent in other cases." .
Mr. BOWLIN moved to amend the bill by inserting alter
the word " Massachusetts" the following : ?? Aged seventy
four years, and was born before the close of the Revolution.
The foregoing propositions of amendment were offered land
ing the debate. ... .
Alter Mr. TURNER conclude ! his remarks?
Mr. STUART, of Michigan, obtained the floor, and on his
motion the committee rose and reported to the House the bills
for the relief of Robert Roberta and of Phineas Capcn.
The committee reported progress on the bill for the relief of
Mary Brown, widow of Jacob Brown.
FROM THE RIO GRANDE.
It appears by the Monterey Gazette of the 4th
instant that the Governor of that place, Colonel
Tibbatts, has charged Morales, the Governor ol I
Nuevo-Leon, with assisting in raising guerrilla par-1
ties against the United States forces ; and besides, i
that he (Morales) was not legally elected, according i
to the laws and constitution of the State. Colonel |
Tibbatts further prohibits him from exercising
gubernatorial authority in said State, and all persons
are prohibited from obeying his orders. Morai.es
was required by Col. T. to reside at Monterey, but
the former declined, alleging^s a reason that the
Government would be without energy in the pre
sence of an enemy's force.
The same paper states that a skirmish lately took
place on the road between that place and Saliillo, between a
small detachment of ten men, under Lieut. Col. Randolph, o ,
the Virginia regiment, and a body of ranchero cavalry, armed
with lances and pistols, and said to I* commanded by a de
serter from our army. The enemy, forty in number, were
put to flight. In the skirmish Cspt. Dr.as, of the 4th artil-1
lery, was severely wounded in the back by a thrust from ? ^
lancc''. I
The Matamoros Flag ot the 22d has the following: j
' ? We bear that information hat been communicated to Col. ,
Davenpoit of the. burning of Captain Capestrnn's ranclio?soi l
to Inre been burnt by a party of Americans, citixens of Ma-,
tumoros, who made a recentexcursion into the country. I hat
Americans would be guijty ol such an act we are loth to be
lieve, though we cannot discredit the information. I he at
fair in now be:ng by C?1. Davenport, and it tin*
case as represented is true, and the guil-v can be found out,
they will, as they deserve to t>e, severely punished.*
Thr Last Stkam boat Disasts*.? An extra from the
(tallipolia Journal gives a detailed account of the explosion of
the steamer Hhu Rid^r, which was mentioned in our paper
a day or two ago, and contains a list of persons who were on
buard, as far as ascertained, from which we learn that the
following are among the killed and miaaing :
William F. Whittaker, dead , mother-in-law of >fr. Stew
art, missing ; Mr. Overshiner, mining ; Joaeph Brnlon, mis
sing ; F. J. Sanns, dead ; (ieorge Beard, dead t Joseph Mil'
Icr, missing ; P. Carpenter, miasing ; F. Scot*, missing.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Tvesuay, January 11, 1848.
On motion of Mr. VINTON, the House then reaolved itself
into Committee of the Whole, (Mr. John H. Imoihroll
in tb? chair,) and proceeded to the consideration of the an
nua! message of the President of the United States and t i<
resolutions offered by Mr. Vijctox referring the same to the
various appropriate committees.
Mr. STEWART, of Pennsylvania, said that when he ob
tained the ff>or it had been with no design or desire to reply
to the remarks of the gentleman over the way from Illinois,
(Mr. McClbkuaxii,) in laudation of the President anu the
policy of his administration. He had had a very different
object in view. But be felt so strongly tempted to say a few
wordi in reply that he could not wholly refrain, but woulf
occupy only a few minutes in making a few passing remark*
on some of the positions the gentleman had taken.
The eloquent gentleman from Illinois had pronounced a
moat splendid and high-wrought eulogium on the President ol
the United States. It was a eulogy not on any one of the
departed, but on the living, ruling, reigning President of the
day. The gentleman informed the members' of the House
ftiat oars was " a model President." As for such President*
as Wellington, and Madison, and Jefferson, they sank into
utter Insignificance before the finished perfection of J?ine*K
Polk, the " model President," now living. And the gentle
man went on to say that it had beeu reserved for this, our
model President, to build up the great Democratic column
that was to stand as the bright and enduring monument of
his adrninifttotion. Well, sir, inquired Mr. S., and what
sort of a column is it ? And how has it been erected In the
fir?t p|icf| in order to clear a place for itlo fctand on, this mo
del Preside* began l>y tearing down and utterly demolishing
the great D mocratic column which Washington, and Jeffer
son, and M idison, and Monroe had, by their joint labors,
built up. ml when he had got this down, then he set him
self to worljto build up a new one in its place?a ccifcimii of
military gliy. Built of what > Why, sir, of the luncs of
the best pj<ion of the American people, victims of the cli
i mate and o the sword in a foreign land, and he has cement
ed it with t^eir blood. The old Washington and Jefferson
column?a :olumn of wisdom and of peace?had long stpod
t amidst tbe torme of our political atmosphere ; and when and
how was tlM erected ? At the foundation lay the great sys
tem of intdnal improvements, recommended first by W ash
ington hin wlf, and sustained as the policy of every subse
quent Adi inistration?rivers, harbors, and all. (The gen
tleman qui b forgot to tell us that in knocking down the old
I column, hihad utterly demolished the only system by which
his own cO>stituents and his own district and State ever hail,
or ever wcild receive a single dollar out of the United States
Treasury *this he entirely omitted to mention.) The se
cond stonl in this glorious old Washingtonian column was the
great protitive system. This he has laid flat with the ground
that he light replace it by a system which takes oil taxes
from the Itoor of foreigners to impose them on the necks and
the str ing arms of our own native laboring population?a
system witch must soon come to direct taxation in order to
sustain th< extravagance and gratify the ambition of this our
model Preudent. The old Democratic column of Jcllerson
and Wastington being thus demolished, how is this new Polk
column obstructed?this magnificent column which has call
ed forth to so enthusiastic a degree the admiration ot the ho
norable gutleman from Illinois. Tlw firs', the Inundation
sjone of ikis stupendous structure, was the Subfrtatury ;
and so warhy was this of its important position that in a lit
tle while *e Administration would not have a single dollar to
place in it?vaults; no, not one bit of coin to jingle against
another; Bid Congtess would soon be refreshed by an appeal
from this model man to repeal the great Subt ea?ury law.
The next stone in this modern Democratic column, as the
| gentleman from Illinois boasted, was the present glorious
I wilt. Irjthat the gentleman was certainly right. 1 he war
was brou^t on by the President alone, by his own individu
al act, without submitting the question ot its propriety to
Congress, then in session at tho other end of the avenue.
For all tint has followed that act he is responsible, and he
may have the glory and the responsibility together. Next
came a great and overshadowing navy. And the stone that
next was laid was a tremendous national debt. that was
his Jsffersoiiian democracy ; that was liw admiration for Sri
feraonian doctrine. Next was built into this column a vast
standing army of ninety or one hundred thousand men ; and,
| to crown the whole, a system of oppressive taxatw* to dis- ,
charge the debt, imj>osed not on foreigners, but upon the tohor
and domestic industry of the people of the United States. Here
xtood the magnificent Democratic column of Mr. yAk. ad
ministration?a column built up with the skulls and Ideaching
lionet of our l>cst citizens, cemented by their bio >d ! It is set
up for the admiration of mankind And the gentleman from
1 Illinois seeins to revel, with his model master, in the contem
plation of so sublime a piece of Executive architecture. Thev
1 seem to revel in delight at the view. But they have quailed
their cup of glory to its very dregs, its dregs of bitterness and
gall. Now let them swim in the oceans of blood that had
been spiit ? Let them sport their pleasure-boat in the rivers |
of tears shed bv orphan children and tluir widowed mothers '
i Tbey appeared delighted to l.tok around them i they listened
with rapture to the music of the groans of tho dying?of the
cries of children made fatherless?of the agonized shrieks and
despairing cries of the widows which the sword hod ma le.
Hut, while thus gaily sailing and listening to music ao grate
ful to their ears 'here was a phantom?a ghost?a horrible
shadow, which rose suddenly to "sear their eye-balls' in the
midst of this joyous Wiry. What was it > The gentleman
raised his eyes and looked acro-s the way to thia side ol the
House, siff cried out to us, in a hollow voice, that see me. I to
shake with sudden fear, " Don't get behind that military
chieftain!" Ave, sir s he saw a shadow dressed inarms.
with nodding plume, and lie turned pale at the sight. And
why were we not to gather behind this 11 noble old chieftain
Was it because he never led his followers but to victory '
But, sir, if the mere shadow of that nodding crest so affright
ed the gentleman, liow will he sustom himself when he lie
holds the living rcslity in breath and being/ How will his
j heart beat when he hears the rattling of grape and canister
when the roar of small-arms and great guns falls upon his
cars' What will bo the fieling at the white house then '
Sir, the gentleman and his party, his model President and
all, will fly before him as did the Mexicans at Buena \ ?ta.
The gentleman tokl us another thin*. He was not content
with holding up Mr. Polk as the model President: be aaid lie
was the " reflex of popular opinion.'' ^ es, sir ; that was it;
"the reflex of popular opinion." Aye, indeed Mr. Polk
the reflex of popular opinion in this country ! Why, air, I
will point the gentleman, on that subject, to another reflex
(an bumble one, it may be) of public opinion. Let him cast
his eyes on this side of t!ie House and on that side ; at the
last session Mr. Polk's majority in this House was nearly two
to one ; but where is the majority now, sir ' Here is a lilt e
?? rtfcx" for the gentleman to look on, and for the Presi
dent loo.
Mr. McCLERNAND interposed to r/akc some remark in
reply; but, owing to his position and some noise in the hall, it
was wholly lost to the Reporter. ^
Mr. STEWART resumed. Yes, sir, here is one " rrfle*,'
and there will be another " reflex" when old Rough and
Reidy comes. He will drive the gentleman and his party
where they never will be aeen again. I leave tnis nflct !?)
the gentleman and his reflections ; let hiin contrast it with the
splendid column which his model President has built of the
bones and blood of armies and navies, of debt and taxation
piled up mountain high, for the admiration of posterity.
But enough ot this. 1 rose for the purpose of examining
a recent Report of the Secretary of the Treasury which has
l*>?n lauded here and elsewhere as " the greatest production
of the age;" a document which has been pinted in the
Herman, and in I don< know how many other languages, and
has been profusely circulated among the people ; and it is
working in every dire, ion that cllect for which 1 w.i< intent ?
e.l by misleading and deceiving the people on the ^u ject of
| the tariff of l?46. I will here say, in my pla.-e, t,;.i never 1
did an officiaf paper emanate from any civilized Government in
I ih<* world which contained many (I cannot use
any milder term,) falsehoods so numerous and so grrjsa.
I Falsehoods, not in hundreds or in thousand* misstated, >?'
falsehoods in millions and hundreds of millions ot dollara.
| That ita statements are false I am prepare*I to prove from the
Secret ary'a own reports. I will show from his own figures
that he has fallen into mistakes, or misstatement'ot the truth,
in one ease of eighty-two millions; in Mother insane? of
i one hundred and seventy five millions : in another of four
I hundted.and one millions, and in another of four hundred am
twenty-throe millions. I do not say, I will not positively |
charge, that these misstatements were made with design ; with
that question it belongs not lo me to meddle ; but 1 say that :
his own figures prove the fact to 1* so. I will give the S? ere- j
tary'a own figures, exposing their grow, theii palpable mis
statement*, book and page, and I pray gentlemen to take them
a:id show them to Mr. Walker, and let him deny or explain
them away if he can. This wonderful effort of financial
ability, this greatest production of the age, is so replete with
monstrous errors that it is not wonderful that the honorable
Secretary should havelaintr l (as he is said tobave ir?ne1 under
the amazing task of producing them and endeavoring to put
them forth as truth. Sir, it is an easy thing to prove the troth
to be ttue ; but the task of working error into truth is too great
for even the sublime genius, the herculeen ability of Mr.
Walker himself; and 11>ay it is no wonder he fainted under
the attempt.
Sir, the honorable Secretaty has in his report thres great
objects in view. The first is to prove that low duties always
produce increased revenue ; the' second is to prove that the
reduction of duties has proJuced not only an increase of im
port* but of exports, and especially of the exports of bread
studs and provisions ; and the third is to show that, by re
ducing the duties and increasing imports, he has benefited
the farming, mechanical, and manufacturing interests of the
country. Yes, to show that importing foreign gcods by mil
lions on millions, and sending money out of the country to
pay for them, is the way to help the interests of American
ialwr ! Yet so says the Secretary.
The first position this report attempts to establish is that his
project of reducing duties has produced an increase of cifht
millions of dollars in the revenue. Ho far is this from being
true, or any thing like the truth, that I will show that instead
oT bunging into the Treasury eight millions more, it has
j actually brought $7,402,657 less than would have been re
ceived during the last year, had the tariff of 1842 remained in
operation ; a blunder of the small amount of fiAeen millions of
dollars in a single year.
if gentlemen will look at the first pages cf<U*c three last an
nual ieports of the Secretary they will find that, bv his own
?towing, the tariff of 1842 produced, in 18-15, ?*T)'528,112;
in 1846, #26,712,667; and in 1847, uridrr Mr. WtlWV
tariff of 1846, he received only ?23,747,864, almost three
millions less than was received in 1846, and neurly four mH
lions lens than in 1845. Now, u'r, by looking ut l ?< a e r
port of the Secretary, it appears thut lust year we irnpor.eu
about ten and a half million* more dutiable goods than in
1845, which, at 32 per cent., the average dulie. under the
tariff011842, would yield *3,416,429, which, withi theex
cess received in 1846 over 1847, *3,718,288, makes >7,-02,
657 more revenue which woulJ have l<een received if the tarill
of 1842 had not been repealed. This is mathematically true;
and vet, in the face of these facts the President and Secretary
says the revenue has been increased more than light millions
ef dollars. . . r
In his report of last session he gives his own for the
proceeds of the present or last year (1??) at ?-7,8J?>,mi ; j
yet it has actually produced but $23,147,864, more than four
millions less than his own official estimate. Yet fco'.h he an
the model President say that the tariff ha* more than reahwd
the most sanguine hopes of its friends ! I con ess o no
comprehend statements like these. Perhapa tie ccre ary
may explain them. , . , , . .,
Now as to the modus operandi, the legerdemain, the sleig -
of-hand by which falsehoods are mudo to appear true, the
plan by which he attempts to make it out that he has received
more revenue under the tariff of 1846 than wai received under
that of 1842. How is this done^ It U done by cutting up
the years ; taking a few months of one year end four or live
months of another?five months under the tarill of 1842 and
seven under the tariff of 1846. Every body knows the tariff
of 1816 was passed in July, and did not go into operation till
December; during this time imports paying duties were almost
entirely arrested. The fact being that the duties would in a
few months be greatly reduced, a very large amount of
goods which would have come in and paid duty a" 'rdlri!: 10
The then existing tariff of 184? were withheld till the duties
cue down. They were pilrd up in warehouses or kept in
bond till the tariff of 1846 and low duties took effect; be
sides, goods which had paid heavy dutie. were re-exported,
and the duties withdrawn from the I reasury. During this
period, of course, little revenue, in comparison, was coming
in, though the country was still nominal!* under the tariff o
1812. Now these are the months which this very fair and
candid Secretary takes for his estimate of the produce ?f the
tariff of 1842. As soon as the reduced tarifl of 18 went
into operation all these goods, whirh had been held back wait
ing for the reduced duties, were at once pound in, and in
,H>urs revenue by millions. The good, and dotics^drawn
from the tariff of 1842 now return under the tariff of 184b ;
and these are the months which this truth-seeking Secretary
lakes, as showing the comparative product of this model tarill,
contracted with five mouths of the tariff of 1842, giving a lit
tle over seven millions, when, for two years before, the reve
nue had exceeded an average of twenty-seven millions
\nd this i? put forth as a fair compari*on. This is no decep
tion. Oh, no; this is fair. This is the way to bring truth
to the people ! He might as well comj>are ttic strength of a
giant and that of a child, by putting dmn what the giant
could lift when on his sick t>ed and in hi. last hours, and
what the chilJ could lift in the vigor of health and ui der a
sudden and violent excitement. \N ould ?h>s be a y. ry .a
ti-fcrtory way of proving that the child was stronger than the
* The next thing the learned Secretary at empta to prove is.
that under low duties more revenue is always obtained than
under high duties. To show this he selects ten years
under a high tariff and ten years under a low one.
ten years, from 1832 to 1?42, under the compromise bill, for
his low tariff, and ten years, from 1824 to 1832, eight years
uiiJcr h, liigh tariff of HH .r,J .?!*, Mh'??>?? -*?
the tariff of 1842, as the high tarill penod. >ow, I assert
that, in the very years on which he relies, and which he has
selected for the comparison, his own figures prove, not that tie
got less revenue under the high than the low paid, but it
proves that he got eighty-two millions more under the high
tariff than he did under the low. I or the proof, I refer gen
tlemen and the Secretary to hi. own official report on the
finances in IM5, page 956. Here jon have bis own rcpoit.
Take it down, gentlemen ; I desire you to take a nnnute of
what I state ; for what I say I can provif. 1 hope the chan
cellor of the exchequer that was (Mr. McKvt) . p >
siteeial attention to these statements. I sav, ou Mr. ^ allkur ?
own showing, that under the ten years o low tariff the re
ceipts were $214,895,858, and that under ,hc h,?l, tjr i
years the receipt, were $297,842,215. The difference in
favor of the high tariff i. $82,956,356- 8,295,635 pe
year 5 and yet the Secretary and the President say lhat all
experience prove, that low tariffs give the most
Whether such statement* proceeded from ignorance or deaign
he would not say, but it was one or the other.
Mr. S.) to day. to date, book, and page. Let them look at 1 .
w,?t Mr. Walker fcinwelf to look at it. I *uppo? when he
?ent us his l?ook, wiih all these confident statements, support
ed by figure, too, he thought it would answer its purp?e. He
owes it to hi. character for truth and candor to come out and
admit or deny thi. atatement, or authors wine friend to do
it for him on this floor. Will it l>e done VV e Wl" M!e T.
And now for his position, on the subject of export..
Secretary affirm, that the balance of tiade is always in our
favor under a low tariff; that our exports exced ?M
and that the exports of breadatufli. and proM-ion. are wpwa'l}
increased. Now I sav that, deducting the import, during the
ten yean, of high tariffs, aelocte-f by the ^cn t.ry
rison/from the import. dunn? the ten years of low tariff-, and
,l would appear lhat the balance gainst the country under
the low tariff was $40l,976,076-cqual to 197,607 a
vcar 1 amVdeducting during each period the g< oda re exported,
the' balance against the country would be mcreaaed to the sum
of $423,455,724. And how hs<l it been paid By two lutii
dred millions of State bonds, sent to Europe to pay for goods;
.? mercantile debt of nearly .n equal amount, resulting at the
ond of the low duty peri.sl, in 1840, '41, and 42, in rrI'u"1''"
tion and bankruptcy, State, int.on.l, and indivrinal, through
out the land. Vet we are told by the President and Seen- a
ry that low duties produce property, national and mdmdu >1,
and especially ihe prosperity of the tanner, and laborer* of the
?Moling millions ,
But this is not all, Take theexport. from the import, do
ring these ten year, of low dut <#Wd -it will be found that the
debt against the pe?,U of the trilled State, in avor fo
reigners is >176,166,242. 'Whet a sum of national prosperity
* Sueh'is''the tvilenee in favor of Mr. Walker", position that
low tariffs alw.%s t.rn the balance of trade in our favor. Such
are the happy etfcct. "f his policy of free trade. Low tinfft
nlwavs have been and alway. wiil be the ruin .if the country.
Let ur man look at the scene, of general d.atress which al
ways have fallowed this insane policy ; the ruin of flourishing
establishments the multiplication of bankruptcies, the *lver
the menu of sheriff- sales the destruction of credit and confi
dence the prostration of enterprise, the stag.,a'ion of iraue
and general condition of discontent and nti*crv which have
invaria' !v succeeded the adoption of these false and vi?onarv
theories, and be wid find one of the best criterions to judge of
tl cir rolitual soundness. And .uch, I say, will alwaysJ-e
the confluences of ? repetition M ihe experiment. Mr.
Walker says that they never have followed. I shy they
always have. Their whole theory is a mirtako, and practice
will ever si prove it to be ; and when it is put forth in the v.ry
face of facts which every intelligent man knows, it is difficult
to resist the conclusion that if is done to deceive ; that there is
an object to 1* attained by misleading the public mind.
Again : the Secretary assert, that low duties have always
been accompanied by a greatly increased export of hreadstulls.
\n.l he attributes the sudden augmentation in those export,
during the last season, not to the famine in Ireland and over
the South of Europ. ; not at all , but solely to hr. model tariff
of 1816! that is what has done it all. Low duties, not
starvation, have induced the people of the old world suddenly
looat Indian meal and call out for American (lour and American
beef. Out I wish to ask him?end 1 put the same question
to Southern gentlemen in this Hon*?if this reduction of du
ties is the thing wh*h ha. prodactd *0 large an expjrt ol
breadstuff, pray why had it not inthis same degree incrwed
the export* of cotton and tobacco' The export of cotton
under this model tariff of our model President has been lew
by four millions of dollar* than the average exports of ten
years past, from 1835 to 1845.
VV hat diil this ' What produced this falling ? IT under this
beautiful free-trade policy > Was that, too, the fruit t f the
turill of 18-16 ' Why has there been no increased export of
cotton ' Southern gentlemen, cotton growers, how i? tbis '
And you, ye tobacco growers, how pomes it that, under Mr.
Wa'.kei's patent machine to increase exports, the export of to
bacco has fallen oil' a million artd a half * What say you to
that * Was this the happy eflect of the tariff of 1846 ' The
Secretary Ulls us that the starvation in Europe has had little
or nothing to do with the consumption there of our breads-tuff* ;
nothing whatever. Well, the starvation has ceaied, bread
stuff* are down, and now the redoubtable Mr. Secretary
Walker is like to be caught in his own Irap ! I tell you that
in a few weeks more the corn-laws in England, tliding
scale and all, will be in full operation. They were merely sus
pended, not repealed, during the famine ; and now, when the
famine is over,and Air. Walker is caught in Sir Robert Peel's
trap, the corn-laws go into full effect on the first day ?>f March
next, and then exports cease, the revenue fall* oil, and Mr.
Walker will have to appeal t? ua to restore the tariff of 1848,
to replenish his empty Subtreasury and feed tht starving
armies, civil ?ud military, at hoiomtud abrornt.
Ut (text tel's us with infinite *at sftuti.m th*t roport in
faror of free trude and BriU-h goutls in 1H45 wuj'rrpnnted in
'England ; that "Sir Robert Peel raued his eyes to the light
of truth." No wonder Sir Robert raised his eyes in a?ton
mhnient. No wonder that he 8usj>ended the du ies on brsud
stulli, and lit them in to feed Ireland thai was s'arving. But,
when (liat fit of starvation is relieved, the protection to British
agriculture as well as manufactures is at once restored.
The Secretary asserts that under high tariffs the export of
breadfetufla has always fallen oft". The whole experience of
the past, he say?, establishes this general fact; and he wants
our formers to look at the fact. Now, I aver that for four
years under the highest tariff we ever had?I mean the "bill
of abominations," the tariff of 1828?we exported to Great
Britain (England, Scotland, and Ireland) a hunt/re I times ax
much breadstuffe as we did during four years from. 1835 to
1839, under the low tariff or compromise bill of 1832. Yes,
J repeat It; during four y< ars of the operation of the " bill of
abominations" our exports of breadstuffs (wheat, flour, corn,
and corn meal) were one hundred times greater to England
than during four years under the compromise bill. Yet the
Secretary says the exports of breadstuff* have uniformly been
less under a high than under a low tariff!
Here Mr. HOLMES, of South Carolina, called for the
proof of Mr. Stewart's position.
Mr. STEWART. The^rutleman shall have it. I will
give it to him. Here it is. I have got it from official reports,
carefully revised by an officer of this Houte. Here is the re
sult. He would give the details in tabular form hereafter ;
they were ready, but he had no time to read them how ; his
brief hour was fast running away, and witb all the haste he
cuuld make he would not be able to get half through what he
wi-hed to say. But he would furnish the gentleman from
South Carolina (Mr. Holmes) with the information he de
sir. d ; he could'only give him the aggregates.
In four years, from 1835 to 1839, under low duties, we
imported from Great Britain $253,000,00* worth of goods,
equal to $63,000,000 a year, and she took from us during this
period of low duties $94,629 worth of breadsluffs, equal to
>23,657 per year ! Well, now for the high tariff of 1828,
which lasted four years, from 1828 to 1833. During this time
we took from Greaf Britain $142,000,000 worth of goods,
equal to $35,000,000 a year ; and she took from us, under
this enormously high tariff, $9,504,241 worth of cur bread
stuffs equal to $2,376,060 per year. We, under the high
tariff, taking about half us much ofdicr goods, and she taking
one hundred times as much of our breadstuffs. Vet the Se
cre'arv and Pres dcnlsay that lowduties always haveaud always
will increase the exportation of our breadstuffs ! Vet the Secre
tary says that if we do not take more British goods in pay for
otir breadstuffs, "England will have to pay specie for our
bromlstuffs, and, not having it to spare, she will take less or
pay Iras for our cotton."
Yea, let the gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. Holmes)
put these amounts down ami disprove them if he can. Let
him take it to Mr. Walker?if he does not 1 will send it to
him, and call upon him to vindicate himself from the charge
of having given his official sanction and the weight of his
high station to these gross misstatements, calculated if not
intended to deceive the people. He has Muff d every page
almost of hia report full of breadstuffs. But I am mistaken
if he will not be sick of his breadstuff* before all is over. [A
laugh ] In J836 we imjiorte.l eighty-six millions worth of
British goods, and site took from us in breadstuffs the heavy
amount of $1,684; that is, we take $460 from her in her
manufactures to every single cent she takes from us in the
form of our breadstuff*. And let it not be forgotten that of
tho-e very manufactures moie than one eighth ptrt of the
whole value is made up of British Ireadatuff* consumed in
the making of the goods. (When I say Britain, I mean
England, Inland, and Scotland, not her dependencies.)
The gentleman from Illinois (Mr. McC*L?a>AHn) con- '
gratulates himself very highly on tne repeal of the tariff of
1842. Now, he probably forgets that his own district con
sumed, in 1836, $373,913 worth of British gcods to every
$732 she took of it* agricultural products?assuming that his
district consumes in proportion to all others. Vet we are
congratulated on the great increase in the export of breadstufls
under low duties !
What I have here stated I hold myself bound to maintain.
The statements caunot be successfully contradicted. They
will not lie contradict d. I doubt whether it will be attempt
ed. They may reply, but they cannot and will not attempt
to disprove the*e facta. They are afraid to deny and ashamed
to almit them. [A voice : It will be ar.swered, probably, by
a personal attack. ] Well, ?o bo it. I am used to personal
attacks, but they have not and cannot diter me from the fe ar
less discharge of my duty on this floor.
Again : the Secretary says another thing. lie says tlia:
by the tariff of 1816 dutks have be?n reduced from 100 and
200 per cent, down to 20 and 30 per .cent. : that three-fifths
j of the duty has been taken off of iron i and more thin one
I half the duty off ef coal: and yet he says the price of ir. n
is higher than it was before, and of coal too. W e?', s.r, if
the fact is so, who then is benefited by 'be reduction ot the
duly ? The foreigner, most clearly, and the foreigner alone.
American consumers pay more fort'ieir iron than they did be
fore. The amount of the change i* this, that the foreigner
brings his iron into our market, and the I reasury %>sea tbree
tifths of the former duty. On ?uch a state of things this
model of a Secretary congratulates Penn*\ Ivania, and alludes
to the result of the late elections as speaking her approval ol
his financiering !
I will tell you one way in which he lowers duties. Ho
takes off one-half the duty on brandy and puts it upon tea and
coif. c. He relieves the rich man's brandy and burdens with
a heavy hand the tea and coffee of " the toiling millions."
And for this he got the v tes of Pennsylvania! He take*
nearly one-haif of the duty off of hats and fifty and thif :y per
cent, off of cloths ai.d sho. s. What for ? To incease reve
nue. How will this increase revenue ? By increasing imports.
He says he has reduced the duties one-third, so that now he
must import one hundred and fifty millions worth of goods to
get the same revenue that one hundred millions gave under
the tariff of 1842, and he must send fifty millions of dollars to
pay for them. Sa the foreigner sells us fifty millions to dis
place fifty millions now mado at home, without paying our
Treasury ot.e cent more revenue? foreigners have a!l the Iwdc
fit and Americans besr all the Ijss. That is the beautiful
policy if our model President and bis model Sccrttiry, and a
pretty pair of models they are ! [A laugh ] But, there ia a
shadow over them! Old Rough ami Heady is coin ug to cor
reel all this anti -American policy and see justice done to the
American j??-? pie. L'ndor this preciou<doctrine ol Mr. \\ allcer
j we must import six millions m ire o! foreign iron to get the
I duties we did, and legve so much of our own iron under the
! ground- Why must we lake V> nmch more of British iron
' while England will not take any mors of our c?Uon '
| Once more t this Secretary tills us that thr uniform
of a high tsriff ia to oppress labor, and that of low tariffs is to
tavor it. It will soon, he says, become " an axiomatic Uuth
that all TtmrFB are a mnm isaon. A tax on foreign
good* a tax on our own lab.ir! Icdeed ! I will adopt the
maxim, but with an amendment. 1 move to insert the word
, "foreign." All tariffs are a tax on foreign labor. Mo they
nre, when fbtt ign labor com s in competition with our own.
! But, to encourago the latter, Mr. Walker takes the duty off
1 of foreign lal>or and puts it on out own. The reduction
1 int?es to the benefit of the foreigner, and the Tr> asury Ices
1 the revenue.
He saya that low du'ies are always followed by puld,V
prosper.ty < and he very modestly says it was the effect of b s
report of 1845, which was published for the use of Parliament,
that produced the repeal of the British corn laws Sir, the
corn laws are not repealed { they never were repealed. They
were temporarily suspended, it ia true ; ami in a very few
weeks they will again go into efleet. The Secretary says it
is susceptible of mathematical demonstration that, iii all coun
tries, this and every other, the public prosperity is advanced
by low dutiee. I deny it. I ssy the very reverse is the re
sult of the whole experience of this country, and I will pro
ceed to prove it by the Secretary's own (.ffieisl reports.

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