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NATION A L INTELLIGEN( ER.
AC CO MA C. COUIIEHI'OXIIKNCK Of TUB JUT I OS A L IXTELLIOEXCKU. Eastville, (Vs.) Arum 5, 1848. I cannot spare the lime at present to give you a complete account of my observations while exploring the " Eastern Share of Virginiabut, by way of giving your icadera u taste of iU quulity, I now puqiose to send you a desultory let ter, containing a description of it* pruiuinuut peculiarities. Upward* of two hundred year* ago tbtf long peninsula, now divided into the counties of Accornac and Noithainpion, was known by the Indian name of Acohawmack. An exten sive tribe of Aborigine* who occupied the country bore the same title, and the meaning of the word ia said to have been, People who live upon shell Jivh. Next to a scanty record embodied in Captain Smith's History of Virginia, the earliest printed account of thi* region may be found at the conclusion of a pamphlet written by one Colonel Nohwoou, of England, wherein he describe* "A Voyage to Virginia in I64'J. " At the conclusion of hia perilous voyage across the Atlantic, it was the author'* misfortune to be wrecked upon one of the island* on tbo eastern ahore of Accomac, and that, too, in the stormy month of January. To comment upon Norwood's well written and very interesting pamphlet is not now my ob ject s but I will remark, in passing, that this document, taken in connexion with the county records of the peninsula, which extend as far back a* the year 1632, and also with the an ient grave-yards of the region, would furnish material for an exceedingly valuable and entertaining volume, and I am sur prised that aome enterprising anliqujrian of Virginia has not, long before this, taken the matter in hand. It ia my province to speak of Accomac (by which I mean the ancieut dominion known by that name) as it appears to the traveller of the pre sent day. What the distance may be from Washington to the north ern line of Accomac I cannot imagine, but I know that if the morning cars to Baltimore are punctual, and you are fortunate enough to meet the Whitehaven steamboat at Baltimore at 8 o'clock, you may enjoy yourvnext breakfast atllorntown, a few miles south of the Maryland line. On board of the steamer which brought me down the Bay, there was rather a scarcity of passengers, but among them were some intelligent gentlemen, from one of whom I gathered the following items of information. The entire length of Chesapeake Bay, front Havre do Grace to Norfolk, is two hundred miles; in width it varies from five to twenty-six miles, and in depth from four to twenty-four fa.homs. Its shores are iow and level, with occasional bluff*, however, and its waters clear and of a greenish hue. It contaiua a great number of islands, soine of which are exceedingly fertile, but desiitute of all pic turesque beauty. During the autumn and winter ite shallower waters are filled with almost every variety of waterfowl 5 it is said to yield a larger quantity of oysters than any other sec tion of the globp, of the same size ; and it is also famous for the abundance and quality of its shad, striped basse or rock fish, its drum, shetpsheud, and a species of sea-trout. On approaching the Wicomoco river, an island of one thousand acres was pointed out lo me, called Bloodsworth Island, which is the property of two men, who reside upon their do main, a pair of veritable hermits, who live upon fish and vra terfowl instead of cultivating their soil. My at erition was also directed to a?icighl>oring island, which seemed to be in a state of high cultivation, and I was told that the owner thereof had refused the handsome price of one hundred dollars per acre for the entire isUnd. With regard to Dial's Island and Dame's Quarter, in this vicinity of the Bay, I heard the fol lowing anecdote. The original name of the first was "Devil's Island," and that of the second " Damned Quarter," as any one may see by referring to some of the older maps. Once upon a time, a* the story goes, a Connecticut skipper in his smack chanced to make his course up the Chesapeake, and, as be was a stranger in this region, he hailed nearly every vessel or boat bo met with a lot of question*. " What island is that ?" inquiied the Yankee of a downward houud brig. " Dtvil't Iilund," was the brief reply ; whereupon the stranger's conscience was a little disturbed. About an hour afterwards, ?' What island is that again vociferated the skipper; and a Chesa|>eske fisherman replied, " Damned Vitarter." At this intelligence the Yankee was so much alarmed that he immediately made a sudden tack, and wiih his helm " hard up" started for the outlet of the bay, and was never heard of more in southern waters. The peninsula of Accomac, as nearly as I can ascertain, varies in width from eight to twelve miles, and is net far from seventy miles long. Generally speaking, it is almost as level as the sea, the highest ground not attaining a greater elevation than aome twenty feet. The soil is of a sandy cha racter, and the forests, which are quite extensive, are com posed chiefly of pine and oak. The country is^lmost entires ly destitute of running streams ?'?<! nearly all the inlets, es pecially on the Bsy aide, are lined with extensive marshes, where snakos, turtles, and lizards are particularly abundant. Al >ng the sea side of Aqcomac lie a succession of sandy is lands, which render the navigation dangerous, and between which and the main shore the water is shallow snd far from clear. Two of the above islands, Assateague and Chingoteague, are in habited by a peculiar people, of whom I shall have something to ?ay in another place. The onlj villages in this district, properly so called, are Drum mors! town and Eastville; they are the coun ty seats, and, though bearing an aucient appearance, they con tain some good houses, and are well worth visiting. You can hardly travel eight miles in any direction without coming to a post office, which glories in a village name, and therefore appears on paper lo much better advantage than in reality. In aome parts of the oountry I frequently noticed bouses which seemed to have been abandoned by their owners, as if the soil in the vicinity had been completely worn out, and could not be pro fitably cultivated. Theee household ruins, together with the apparent want of enterprise which one notices every where, coospire to throw a gloom over the traveller's mind, thereby preventing him, perhaps, from fully appreciating the happiness which really prevsils among the people. And these (as is the caw, in fact, with every nook and corner of the world) constitute the principal attraction of Accomac, for man by na ture ia a lover of his kind, and " we have ail one human heart by which we live." If I were called upon to classify the Accomarians, I would divide them into the gentry, the miscellaneous fraternity, and the alave population. The gentry are a comparatively small class, bat the principal landholders of the district. They come of good old English fsmiliee, and are highly intelligent and well edocated. The houses they ocrupy are homely in ap pearance, but well supplied with all the substantiate thst can add to the pleasures of country life. They seem to think more of comfort than display, and are distinguished for their hospitalityto strangers. The miscellaneous fraternity to which I have alluded ia more extensive. A very large proportion of them obtain their living from the sea, annually bringing up from Ha bed an immense quantity of oysters and clams, which they sell to the fishermen of Philadelphis and New York ; but these fishermen not only send lo market large numbers of fish, but during the winter and autumn months they mske a, good deal of money by killing waterfowl, which abound on all the shores of the peninsula. The more legitimate fishermen of Accomac, who number between thirty and forty voters, reside on the neighboring ielands of Chingoteague and Assa teague. They are an exceedingly hardy, rude, and simple hesrted race, and a little more at borne on the water than on the land. The dangers to which they wilfully expose themselves are truly artoniahing, and almost lesd one to sup pose that they sre web-footed. I have been told of one indi vidual who, for the want of a boat, once swam a distance of three miles in midwinter merely for the purpoee of examining the wreck of a brig which had been abandoned by ita owners; and I have heard of others who bad been upset at sea, a dis tance of ten miles from shoes, but who have regsined their mother earth with the ease and carelessness of wild geese. In the miscellaneous fraternity may also be included the mechanics of the country, and all such peop|? ss stage-drivers, drsm shop keepers, peddlers, and other kindred birda. The slave population of this district ie decidedly the most extensive, and, if we are to judge by their general deportment and by what they say, they are undoubtedly by far the hap piest class on the peninsuls. I questioned them occasionslly with regard to what I have been educated to look upon as a hard lot, but I never saw but one individual who succeeded in roosing my sympathies, and before he finished talking to me * 8ee Force's Collection of Historical Tracts, vol iit, No. 10. I discovered that he was u scsmp of the first water, and there fore net worthy of credit. Every negro in this action of country has the evening hour* to himself, as well at the entire Sabbath, and, instead of being ?? lashed" inlo obedience, ^ constantly treated with the utmost kindness. Many of the in, who choose to lubur for themselves, have fle? permission to follow any employment they please ; and I know ot sev. ral individuals who earn thirty dollara per month by voluntary la bor, and wh.?M> services are valued by their masters at only ten or fifteen dollars ; so that the servant pockets fifty per cent, of his monthly earnings. But what proves more con. clusively than any thing else that the black man's bondage is not unbearable, is the fact that they are the most moral and religious people t>f the country. They are, at the same time, the most polite and the most kindly apoken people that I have met with in my wanderings : and I verily believe that they would not break the imaginary chain which now binds them I to their masters. I confess that I havo a natural repugnance to the word bondage, but my dread of a mere idea cannot make 1 me deaf to the eloquence of what I have seen. It is true that my experience has not been extemive, but I cannot see thai j the slaves so called of this region are any more to be pitied than the children of any careful and affectionate parent. A ! goodly number pf the blacks in this region are free; and I know of one individual who is not only free, but tlie owner of no lest than three farms. And now, with regard to those traits which the Accomacians possess in common. In religion they are Methodi.ts and Bap tists, and in politics they belong to the rank and file of the ununified Demociacy. Those who are at all educated are highly educated ; but of the twenty-five thousand ?ouls who inhabit the peninsula, I suppose that not more than one thou sand could distinguish the difierence between the English and the Chippewa alphabet. In the two counties of Accoinac and -Northampton the idea of even a weekly newspaper was never dreamed of. The people are fond of amusements, which con sist principally of dancing and card-play in ^parties, and the Sa turday of each week is usually appropriated as a holyday. A ny event which can bring together a crowd is gladly welcomed, ?o that court days, training Jays, election days, the Fourth of July, Christmas day, New Year's day, and Thanksgiving day are among the white days of the unwritten calendar of the Acco macians. The roads of the country are all by nature very good, and the people exceedingly fond of going through the world as pleasantly as possible 5 so that each man who can own a horse is sure of owning a gig, and many of them are particulorly unique and tottkish, something like a scow-boat in a gale of wind. But the crowning peculiarity of this nook of the great world has reference to the custom ot raising and taming wild horses. Like every thing poetical connected with the habits of our people, this custom is rapidly becoming obsolete, and will soon be remembered merely as an idle and romantic tale. The veiy idea of having to do with wild horses excited my fancy the Nery moment I heard the custom alluded to ; and 1 made every effort to collect reliable information upon it, as it exitted half a century ago. As good fortune would have it, I found out an intelligent and venerable gentleman, who supplied me with many interesting particulars. The "oldest inhabitant" to whom I allude is the Rev. David Watts, of Horntown,who is now in tho 82.1 year of his age, and the substance of his information is as follows : I11 the Atlantic ocean, off the northeastern shore of Acco muc, lies a long and sandy island known by me name of Assateague. The distance from one extremity to the other is perhaps ten miles, and in reaching it you have to cross a bay that is perhaps eight miles wide. At the present time there are only four families residing upoii the island, one of them having charge of the lighthouse, the remaining three being de voted to the fishing business. From time immemorial it has been famous for its luxuriant grass, and from the period of the Revolution down to the year 1800 supplied an immense num ber of wild horses with food. When these animals were firM introduced upon the inland has not been ascertained, but it is said that they were the most abundant about half a century ago. At that pariod there wai a kind of stock company in existence, composed principally of the wealthier planters re siding on the main shore. The animals w*rc ?f Uie pony breed, but generally beautifully formed and very fleet ; of a deep black color, and with remarkably long tail, and manes. I bey lived and multiplied upon the i.Und without the leatt , . are from the hand of man, and, though feeding entirely on the grass of the salt meadows, they were in good condition throughout the year. They were employed by their owners, to a considerable extent, for purposes of agriculture, but the finer specimens were kept or disposed of as i?-t* for the use of Indies and children. The prices which they commanded on the island varied from ten to twenty dollars, but by the time a handsome animal could reach New York or New Orleans, he wa? likely to command one hundred and fifty or two hundred dollara. But by fcr the moat interesting circumrtance connected with the wild horses of Assateagu- had reference to the an nual festival of penning the animals, for the purp.se, not only of bringing them under rejection, but of aelling them to any who might desire to purchase. The day in queation was the tenth of June, on which occasion'there was alw.y, an immense concourse of (>eople assembled on the island from all parts of the surrounding country, not only men, bat women and children, planters who came to make money strangers who wished to purchase . beautiful animal for a pre ?ent together with the grooms or horse-tamers, who were rioted at the time for their wooderful feat, of horsemanship. But a large proportion of the multitude came together for the purpose of having a regular frolic ? and feasting and dancing were carried on to a great extent, and that too upon the open sandy shore of the ocean, the people being exposed, during Uie day, to the scorching sunshine, and the scene being en livened at night by immenae bonfires, made of wrecked vessels or drift wood, and the light Of the moon and stars. The ata ple busmen of the* anniversary however, was to tame and brand the horaes , hut to g,v. an M5count ^ ^ psrtiruIarB attending these exerting scenes would require more time thsn I can spare at the preaent moment. Suffice it to aay that the horses were usually cornered in a pen, perhaps a hundred., . ume when, in the pn*ence of the immense concowree of peo pie, the tamers would rush into the midst of the herd, and not only noo~ and halter the wild and untamed creature^ hut mounting them, at times even w.thout a bridle, would ru-h from the pen and perform a thousand fantartic and daring feats ape. the sand Few, if anyi of lhese horeem.n were r k^?? WhiW P^'forming these exploits, though tli" 1** 7 ^Uen,ly rtIB" *" Hoee contact with ,o w,ih ,h?' - ? With man. But, what w.. st.ll more remarkable, these men were never known to fail m completely .ubduing ibe horses they attempted to tame ? and H w? often the c*? that an so, mal wfoch was as wild .. . hswk i? ,he morning oould be ?? Wy ridden by a child at the sunset ho,,,. Bu, m hi Ul sime future daj, on this interesting theme Mountains! ^ ^ *mon* ,hp Alleghany NATIONAL WASHINGTON MONUMENT. The receipts since the 29lh of March, reported by the General Ajjent from the returns of the Stib Apenta, are as follows : Thomas Twining, Berkshire county, Mass $100 00 T. F. Martin, 12th Congressional district, V?..... 100 00 E. M.Quiik, New Orleans 1,300 00 Charles A. Blake, 2ftth Congressional district, N.V. 12ft 00 J. O. Moshy, Richmond, Va 710 00 Gunnell Saunders, Leesburg, Va 110 00 J.W. EcklofT, for Dr. Bufl, 1st Cong. District, Va. 340 00 O. L. Gillchrsit, Waahington and Alleghany coun ties, Md 200 00 Charles Scott, Alexandria, Va *f>fl 40 Alexander Keesh, Bladensburg, Md 50 00 Moses Bliss, Hampden county, Maas lftO 00 H. T. Oarnett, Mobile, Ala I,?ftO 00 Thomas Jones, Baltimore county, Md........... 43 ftO Frederick J. Fenn, Harrisburg. Pa 75 00 Contributed by Purser Oeorge H. White to the Gen eral Agent in New \ ork ft 00 ftft,OI4 90 Mr. Scott and Mr. Oarnett hare retired from the service Committees have been formed in New, York snd Albany under very fcwrsMe and enoou raging circumstances. They will be organized soon in other cities. There is a prevailing inclination to contribute towards a National Monument alike honorable to the country and to the memory of Wasbiwotoiv. GENERAL WORTH. The Boston papers received yesterday contain the following letter from General Worm, offered to the Court of Inquiry sitting in Mexico, in reply to a paper liled by Gen. Scott, and which we have published in the course of the proceedings of the Court: Mtxico, March 17, 1848. j Mr. frenidtrnt and Gentlemen of the Court; Having, without reservation, in my loiter to the Court, dated the 14th instant, and tor reuaoiu therein ?uted, withdrawn my charges against lien, Scott, it i?? with leelmgn of deep regret ttiat I tind uiy*elf called upon again to allude to the subject ; but the paper this day presented ami lead to tuia Court render* it iwy duty to do no. 1(1 am misunder stood or misrepresented, here or elsewhere, in respect to the course I have lelt it ruv duty to pursue, it is my misfortune. That course was the dictate of my own heart; its propriety is confirmed by my own judgment. , I i-hull say nothing in relation to the appeal of Major Scott tor sympathy, or to the attitude of defiance he hus thought proper to assume before this Court} this is at all times a matter of taste, and is alike the resort of the innocent and the guilty. . , . . Nor shall I remark upon the violent denunciations he has been pleased to level against his Government, whose commis sion he heirs, and whose lawful decisions he is bound in duty and iu honor to respect; neither shall I allude to the origin of the difficulty bet woeii Major General Scott and iny^elt. The facts of the case are belore the public, and 1 am willing to abide the impartial judgment of my countrymen. I now projwse to set Major General Scott right with regard to my participation iu any malign influences toward* him. Gem Scott says I have caused him 44 to be prejudged and punished at home and then U> be tried bete, while he (meali ng Gen. Worth) my junior has been pre-acquitted and re warded." ? If Gen. Scott means to say that the Government has pre judged" and " punished" hnn, he either misstates or misun derstands its action. , . It will be seen by reference to the facts already betore the public that the General-iti-chtef attempted to stifle my accu sations by shilling hinuelf, by an exercise of power, from the position of an accuser to that of a prosecutor, which, if per mitted, would bs to establish a precedent of service latal to the rights of subordinate officers, and contrary to the articles I applied to the Government for protection against what I thought to be an insinuation on the part of Major General Scott towards myself?us I had an unquestionable right to do? and for that I was arrested. This court has l>een ordered to investigate the facts in reference to the matter of my appeal. The usages and interests of the service, as well as the rights of the parties concerned, required that Major General Scott should lie suspended from command pending the investigation. Where, then, is .to be found the '?pre-judgment" and "pun ishment" so bitterly complained of ? Certainly not in the action of the Government?and even if found there, wherem am I responsible for it' But, if General Scott means that public opinion has " pre-judged" and " punished bun, still less can I be held accountable for the decision of that tribunal; it judges men according to their acts. Public opinion is a severe but upright judge, before whom "the innocent have nothing to fear?the guilty nothing to hope." ? . , As regards my own caw, 1 have not been ?'prc-acquittcd, nor have I been " rewarded. > The charges of Major Genernl Scott nga.nst me have not been dismissed, nor do I desire that they should be. I am prepaid to meet not only the charges preferred against me, but alit) that t( other probable matter" wheiewith I have l>een menaced. But, as the charge preferred against me by Major General Scott was based upon my appeal to the Government against the injustice qf that officer towards mysell, the Gov ernment in accordance with law and justice has sus|>ended the accusation# against me until those previously preferred by me shall have l>een disposed ot. In reference to the ??reward" spoken of by Major General Scott, he can only mean my assignment to command, accord ing to my brevet of Major General, by the President or the United Slates. If correct iu this conjecture the allusion is mo>t unfortunate, inasmuch as the Resident, by this act only did, iu accoidance with law, what General Scott had done in violation of it nearly one year betore?the propriety ot which act on the pa.t of General Scott I at the time repudiated. General Scott has been pleased publicly to announce that at the end of this (jourt he shall " be done with him (me) forever " Be it it so. I have the consolation of knowing that the ties of friendship formed from intimate personal and ^professional association, and strengthened for t'lirty-live years tiy many reciprocities of kindnesa and obligation, have not lieuu broken asunder by any act of mine. ' Verv respectfully submitted, W. J. WORTH, Brevet Maj. Gen. U. S. A. THE LEON IDAS LETTER. In defending Mr. Freaner front the strictures of a Democratic contemporary, brought upon him by what has occurred before the Military Court silting in Mexico, the New Orleans Delta discloses the manner in which the celebrated " I*onidas Letter obtained publication through its columns, as follows : ??Our attitude in lelation to this trial prevtnts our going very fully into the tacts of the case. We will, therefore, con tent ouisdves with stating the reasons which influenced Mr. FatAXKR to act as he has done in the matter. In the lirst place we can assure th- Uegister 'hat Mr. Freaner went to the scene of war with the kindest feelings towards Gen. I illow, and with a strong de*It to conUibuie, to the extent of his ability, to advance thst ortker'a military tepuUtion. As proot of this feeling, we need only refer to the very numlier ot our paper in which the Leonids* letter appeared, which contains a wirm and earnest compliment to Gen. P '? beiring at Con treras and Churubuscc, as affording a full refutation of the slanders which had been propagated against him. Eutertam ii g this kindly feeling for Gen. Pillow, Mr. h reanei very pro perly omitted to send to us the letter which appears to I* the original of l^onida*, but placed it away among bis papers ; which, by the by, on account of his travelling without bag gsge, were usually left with Mr. That, who was well supplied, m ibat respect. So much for the original letter. ?? In the mean time, however, the real Leonulas letter, which had been copied from the original"(Wore it went into the hands of Mr. Freaner, and was intended for the t nion, by aome hoau pocu* got into the package of our corresjwnU ent, and was sent on by our special courier. It was in con sequence ot this, and of the supposed imprimatur of our cor respondent, who had never before misled or deceived us^ that this letter got into our paper. When we read it the next morning, we were so dissatisfied and disgusted with its tenor that we wrote to out correspondent blaming him for tranamit tingto u? such objectionable documents. ... , i i Mr. Freaner naturally fell indignant that, after hi* refusal to forward this letter, a copy of it should have been smuggled into his package, and into the columns of our paper a feeling which was no doubt h. ightened by the gross injustice dlone iti this letter to the real hero of Contreras, Pen for F. Smith. In his own defence, therefore, Mr. Freaner showed the ongl- j nal letter to aeveral officers, and denounced in strong terms the deception which had been perpetrated in his name. 1 be dental of Gen. Pillow of any connexion with the affair raised an issue of veracity between Gen. Pillow and Mr. Freaner an issue which the latter is not the man to be unprepared to meet To sustain his position, be wss, therefore, compelled to preserve carefully the original letter received by him from the hands of (Jen. Pillow. Those who remember the circuffr stances under which Mr. Freaner performed hia unparalleled journey from the cfy of Mexico to Washington, in sixteen days, will not inquire why b? should leave his papers with Mr. Trist. ... ? n.,| ?? The issoe of veracity being raised between Gen. Pillow and Mr. Freaner, the latter very properly and prudently de clined giving to the former the evidence upon which he relied for bis justification. There waa nothing at all" discreditable in the insnner in which Mr. Freaner got possession of this letter. It waa given to htm hy Gen. 'Pillow, and, after read, was laid away among hia papers, which he carefully preserved. Had not the question of veracity arisen, it would never, perhaps, have seen the light. The letlef of I?eo,mlss, which we had preserved, was given to Mr. I resner ss an es sential part of hia defence, and under the belief that its pro duction before the Court of Inquiry would do Gen. Pillow no harm. We do not think thin letter was wriUen or interlined by Gen. Pillow. It is not at all improbable that he was ig norant of its transmission to us. That waa the woik of Major Boms. We do not desire to take sides or pronounce any judgment upon the merit* of this controversy, but this we feel bound to say, that whatever proceeds from James L. t reancr in relation to this or any other matter upon which he may be required to give his evidence, will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth." ? It is worthy of note that a Letter of identical character with the Leontdae letter sppeared in the "I nion of this rily on the 33d of October, ondsr the signature of" Veritd*." Tr? Trird RsoimanT Ktwrrc** VotuirT*K?*.?'The Shelby News of the 5th instant, contains a long and quite in teresting letter from Lieut. Whitakxk, of the Shelby volun teers, 3d Kentucky infantry, dated Mexico, February 2fith, 1848, from which it ap|>ears that the following deaths hsve ocenrred in Captain Toon's company up lo the date above, sis: James Ashby, James B. Tellev, John C. Drake, Wm. Boothe, A C. dW, N. M. Pifer, Moees R^ Garnett, War field Bright, Cyrenos W. Doss, John J. Williamson, John W. Berry, Eaekiel Brown, and Dr. Joel D. Sublet I. From the same source we leam that of the regiment over one hundred have died, thirty or forty have been discharge,!, and the number on the sick list st the time of writing was one hundred and eight It is a sad and msUfKfcoly sccount to render to those who hsve relations and frienda In the regiment. ' [Commonwealth. TO THE EDITORS. EasTON, (MARYLAND,) APRIL 4, 1848. Miuri. Oii.im & Mivro* : I feel assured that it will afford you pleasure to publish ihe following euljgiuin paid Gen. Wash ingtok by that great statesman Fox, in a debate held in 17^4. I extract it from a letter written in K-bruary, 1701, by a professional gentleman (an hnglishman) to an American citizen who at that time filled an important station abroad. The wri ter w s present, and says he was induced to write what .Mr. I'ox said from the known pleasure it would afford his friend, in addition to the circuin* stance of its not having been reported by the news papers : "The noble Lord Mojrnrom (who had mad extracts from Brissots pamphlet) muitt have been mistaken when he ?tumbled upon the case of Moo. Gkwet. America is still at peace. Mon. Gkx kt behaved in a very indecent manner, and usurped come of the powera of the Ejecutive Govern ment, and insulted the President; but America had not gone to war, she had only remonstrated. She thought the miscon duct of an individual ground not for war, but for explanation. She bad, in a temperate dignified manner, represented Mon. Gi.nkt's conduct to the Government of prance, and he un derstood that Mon. Gknet was recalled. Happy America ! in po.aes*iflg a Washikoto* whose temper and wisdom had saved his country from a ruinous and bloody war, and whose virtues had made him the admiration of the world. I mean no disrespect to our own Royal Family, but, when compared with General Wasiiihgtox, the Princes and Potentates of Europe appear mean and contemptible. Fortunate man ! I mean not h> detract from his merits and his virtues, but it surely is an instance of singular fortune that, without one sus picion of his integrity, without one stain upon his character, he has made himself the First Man in the World." The above is authentic, and will no doubt be read with interest by all. Paris, Mabcii 22 ?A new lithographic groupof the heads of the members of the Provisional Government has appeared upon the Boulevard*. It is a curious study for a physiogno mist. I will take them in the order in which they stand : Walk up ladies and gentlemen ! There you see" Louis j IJlanc, with his sharp, intelligent, and slightly sensual face. | Paoxmihk, frowning, but not unkindly, yvith the air of a man looking into the distance. Laxarti.vk, whom every I body knows, with his fine dreamy head, not without a melan chiily look, us if with a presentiment of evil. MAitRAST.wifh a bold but discontented air. Dufo.vt de l'Eithe, a mild old true-looking head. Cieniiox, with a good-tempered smile, I but an inexpressible air of the profoundest cunning and calcu 1 lation. M\mif, gentlemanly looking, but with an inquisitive air, and an undercurrent look of suspicion and mistrust. Gar j kikr Pages, with folded arms, looking determined and reso lute, but not ill-intentioned. Floco*, heavy-browed and rou?h, but not unagreeable. Araoo, a noble intelligent old I head, seemingly full of straightforwardness. Albert, with a look of agreeable intelligence, but something of a grasping expression ; and, lastly, Lf.iihi: Roi.lix, without one re deeming quality of physiognomy?insolent, arrogant, conceit ed, reckless, headstrong, and cruel.?London Times. THE MILITARY COURT IN MEXICO. We copy from the New Orleans Picayune of the 9th instant.the subjoined account of further Pro ; ceedings by the Military Court in the ease of Gen. j Pillow. The first five days' proceedings of this Court were published in our paper of the 8th inst. Sixth Day?March 22, 1848. The Court met at the usual hour. Present all the mem bers, namely, Brig. Gen. Nathan Towsox, President; Brig. Gen. Calku Craaiiio and Col. W. G. Bklknai, members; Capt. Hamckl C. Ridsut, Judge Advocate. Before the commencement ot proceedings the room was cleared of all except the parties immediately interested, in or der to hold a conference desired by the Court. J he Court being opened, General Pillow addressed the court, making complaint against the report that appeared this J morning in the ?? 8tar" newspaper. Gen. Scott also reminded the couit of the notice he had taken yesterday of a pajier published in the " Star" signed " W . J. Worth," &c. Alter some further conversation on this subject, the court proceeded to business. I he first witness called was Mr. Trist, who was sworn. Question by the prosecution. Will the witness look over the two papers markeJ (by the court) Noa. t and 3, and state whether, according to his knowledge of the handwriting of Major Gen. Pdlow, there be, on the face or No. 3, words in the same handwriting of that general ' Answer. I have received many notes from Gen. Pillow, and one very important one I compared with the interlinea tions in No. 1. I recognise in No. 1 a paper with which I am familiar, and Mieve the interlineations to be in C?en. Pil low s handwriting. There are s>me others tha' appear to be in the same handwriting, but I felt less confident about the resemblance. In the paper No. 3 I see three interlineations which I believe to he in the same handwriting. (ten. Scott. Will the witness specify the words* Answer. " Victorious" in page 3 < the word "General" in psge 4 ; in page 5 the words " General Smith " there are some others that appear to me to be in the same handwriting, but I feel leas confident about them than about the others. 'Question. What knowledge has the witness, if any, direct or circumstantial, respecting the time, the manner, and the I channel in which 'he letter in question was transmitted to the , ' ?''?d Sutra, and by whom ' Answer. The knowledge was purely circumstantial. I will state the facts By the President of the United States, or hy the person occupying that post?for it was not in his official capacity?| was placed upon very intimate personal relations with General Pillow, and formed a very favorable opinion of him?had great confidence in him. From that cause I did not hesitate to comply with his request to trsnsmit letters for him by the same channel through which I transmitted my despech <js- That channel was chiefly James L. Freaner, correspon dent of the New Orleans Delta, having good reason to believe that it was the safest that I could possibly command. The mode uaed by me in tranamitting letters by him I will describe; it is a fact which connects itself with others. Knowing thst a parcel directed to the editors of the Delta would paas through M< xicsn hands, where any thing else would have been opened thai feM into the same hands, I got Mr. Freaner to call on me always daring the last moments previous to the departure of his courier, snd then every thing thst I had to send by him was put up within his own package?in his own rough prin ter s way. In thst way, chiefly, did I send whatever letters I hsve sent to the United States, and every letter ever put into my hands by General Pillow, either by his own bands or by messengei, was forwarded by me on the fir?t opportunity, ex ?"pt m one single instance, which happened at Tacubaya. On that occasion I receive11 from General Pillow several letters,' which were returned to him in consequence of my not being able to send them by the mmns he wished thrni to'go ; among the lettera received by me from General Pillow I recollect dis ttnctfy one or more letters addressed to the editors of the "t" ?">? or more to the editors of the "Union," W ashingtnn ; and one or more addressed to two other news papers in the United States? one, I think, was in Tennessee, snd the other in Alabama. Gen. Pillow here raised a point of order. 1 he ( oart directed the witness to confine his answer strict ly to the question propounded. Answi>r oootinued. It was on the 31st of August, 1847, that I '<>rcived from Gen. Pillow the note referred to in my reply t> Ihe first question, which note I will read. The note la marked on the hack " Private," with a hand pointing to that word, and reads as follows t Endorsed on outside?"Private. Mr. Trist, Tacubaya." On the inside, " Miscoar, August 31, 1847." "a#'*"~Wi" Mr. Trist do me the favor of having the enclosed letters go by the morrow's courier ' I have a fhrrct intrreil in their going. If they cannot go return them to me. .. .. . J . "Gin. J I'lLI.OW. But do aend them if pottiblc. They are nilJnr my b,-nrfit. "G.J. P.? I o'he best of my recollection the p<irkn?e referred to in that note contained one addressed to the editors of the Delia, and one addressed to the Union ; and those letters, so far ?<? I rccollert and believe, were forwarded in the manner above indtean il?through Mr. Freaner. Some time after the ap prarsnce of ?? Leonidas" I rend a letter addressed to Mr. Frea ner from 'he principal editor of the Delia. General Pillow objected, when some discussion arose as to the propriety of admitting the testimony, and it was finally de trrmifui that it wm not fttrictly in order, arul *o rule<l. I he examination in chief of Mr. Trist was closed. Gen. Scott intimated that he should call the wilnesa again on other s|iecificaliam. ^ ?*n. Pillow.?Question. Witness will please to State whether there were not in Ihe package re ferred to a letter to my wife, one to Mrs. Col Trousdale, one to Mrs. Captain Irwin, one to Mrs. 8urgeon Jordan, ami other ladiee > Answer. I don't recollect, among the letters returned or otherwise, noticing hot one letter to sny lady except Mrs. Pil low, and I recollect also being struck with the fsct that there was not alwaye a letter for her in those sent me. Question. State if any addresses of the U tter* you have re ferred to were in my handwriting except the one to my wife ' Arfkwer. I did not attend particularly to th? handwriting of the addresses on the letter*. I think that the letters to the editors u ere generally addressed in a la'ger, plaiiier, and bet ter hand than Gen. Pillow's. Question. Were the letter* you refer to addressed to the editors, in all the same handwriting ' Answer. To the heat of my recollection they were. I did not attend particularly to the handwriting. It wirt a subject that hud no inteiest to my mind then. Que.Uoii. How many letter* were there in the first packuge you refer to, and how many in the second * Answer. I do not refer to any first package?have not made any such reference. [Gen. Pillow said he wanted to learn from the witness if his whole statemunt applies lo thut one package?the one for wurded. Wittier* replied that if the question should Iks pro perly put he would answer it ] Question. Did you receive at Tacubaya two packages or one ? Answer. I do not recollect. I received one certainly ; I may bave received several at Tacubaya. '1 he letters mentioned by me as having been retained, were retained?at Tacubaj a, to the Inist of my recullection, and nut in thi# city. My U'tief is thut the letters mentioned in that note wero not the letters re tained I am not certain m to that lact, but iny belief is that they were sent. Question. Were the two letters referred to by you?one ad dressed to the editors of the New Orleans Deltu, and one ad dressed to the editors of the Union?sent through Mr. !? rea ner, or were they returned to me ? Answer. I have stated my general practice respecting letters received from Gen. Pillow for transmission. Excepting one single instance, all such letters were forwarded. My present belief i. that exception did not occur in the case ot the letters mentioned in this note. But as the subject did not attract iny attention nt all at the time, I cannot speak with absolute cer tainty on this subject. [Gen. Pillow here remarked that the above question was not lull, and put the following :] Question. Weic you in the habit of sending all letters which Gen. Pillow sent you for transmission, as well letUiklint by his friends as letters sent to his own family ' Answer. I was in the habit of sending all letters which Gen. Pillow sunt me for transmission. I very generally did not look at the address. The letters addressed to editors caught mv attention from their being generally, perhupu always, thick er than the others, arid because thick letters were especially in convenient at that time. Question. Did you send off any packages yourself to the United States Government from the 31st of August to the time hostilities commenced ? Answer. I think not, but do not recollect positively. Mr. Preaner invariably, I believe, calledon me during the last mo menlB before the departure of his expresses, and when I had any thing to send, either of my own or others, it was put in his package, which package was generally made up in my presence, sealed, and sent off. Question. You have said you sent Gen. Pillow one pack age of lelteis. State if the package was sent to me in Septem ber, in this city, through Lieut. Kodgers, of the navy, who I sent for them. Answer. The mention of Midshipman Rodgers s name re vives a very indistinct recollection of his having called upon me, in the hame of (Jen. Pillow, for tome letter or letters which had been placed in my ha<:ds, in some manner which 1 do not recollcct. I cannot say whether it was in the city ot Mexico or befoie we came here, so very imperfect i* my recollection If it were in the citv of Mexico, the letter or letters returned by him (Kodgers) wi re, I feelfati-fied, different from the par cel mentioned in my former answer. Que-tion. By whom and where did you receive the package referrtd to iu the note, and how many letters WCre in that package ? Answer. I do not recollect by whom ; the where was Tacu baya. 1 think there w> re at least half a doien letters per j haps more. j Question. Did you not receive that package from Lieut. ' Ripley, and return me a card with the endorsement " O.K.? tOey shall go ?" ... Answer. At the mention of "O. 1\.,' being a peculiarity of mine, as a short way of writing notes, it renders it quite probable (hit that did c.ccur. Question. Did you not 6how the note that you have read, and did you not furnish the jiaper marked "No. 1 to Gen. Scott ' Answer. This paper ("No. 1") was furnished by me to Gen. Scott. That note (received Irom Geu. Pillow on the 31st of August) wa4 either read to Gen. Scott or shown to him, or I told bim of its character ; which of those then hap pened I do not recollect. [Gen. Scott. The witness read it to me, Mr. President. Question. Did you suggest to Mr Freaner the necessity of writing to the Delta office to preserve the original "Leonidas" letter ; and did you also suggest to htm to bring back that letter on his return from Washington as bearer of despatches' Answer. I made no such suggestion, and regretted exceed ingly, alter his d> parture, that I had not mode it. Question. Do you entertain feelings of hostility and preju dice against Gen. Pillow ? [The witness inquired if the Court wished that question answered ' The Court replied in the affirmative.] Answer. With regard to prejudice, the only prejudice that ever existed in my mind with regard lo the person who put" the question, was prejudice in bis favor. The only feel ings of hostility which I entertain are those arising froia a studied attempt on his pad to avail himself of the position in whirh I had been placed towards him by bis lriend (Mr. Polk) to make me the accomplice and tool in a s-herne of vil lartv and imposture?of imposture towards our whole country, ami villany toward* individual officers of this army, the most audacious by far that 1 bave any knowledge of Gen. Pillow desired his question afTswered?the witness was wandering from the point. Answer. I have no personal hostility or prejudice against him or any body else ; my hostility is against villany. Question. Have you or not written a letter or letters calcu lated ami intended to injure roe, and to whom ' Answer. I have written no letters to any press, or any per son connected with any press, or intendtd to influence the mind of any person connected with any press. 1 bave writ ten letters which, in one sense of the word?" injure were calculated t? make his character known, and therefore to in jure him. The first of these letters was written to my family in Washington s it contained a message for Mr. Buchanan, Secretary of State, dictated by feelings of kindness toward* him, and the desire to aave bim (Mr. B.) from disgrace. That message was Gen Pillow said the message was not called for. The witness then passed on to the second letter, and conti nued : The second letter, in order of date, so far as I can re collec', waa written [loGen.Dix] about o'clock in the morn ing preceding the departure of the train t>y which Gens. Quit man and Shields left here, after I bad been at work all day ami all night writing. It was addressed to him solely because ho was the only member of the military committee in t hat body whose nsme I knew. It was enclosed to my family, with these instructions : " Take a copy of this letter, and as soon as you know of Gen. Dix's arrival in Washington, direct it, seal i?, and send it to the post office. One week exactly after that time send for Mr. Buchanan, Secretary of State, and show him the copy." The letter was couched, as well as I can recollect, in the following terms " Beware of precipitan cy in your confirmation of generals' nominations in thia'quar ter. If you neglect this caution it can only serve to involve the Senate in disgrace?a deep, damning, ineffable disgrace which no earthly power, or all earthly p"wer* combined, can avert." This was the substsnce of the letter, so far as I can recollect, and the terms. There was a postscript to it, desir ing that, if my friend Robert Dale Owen, of Indiana, was Washington, to show it to him. The third letter was a long despatch to the l)ep?rtment of .state?sn official paper?which was sure to go immediately into the hand* of the President, whom I thought it might aave from the infatuation that be wi< lalioring under, by stsriling and alarming him, if in no other way. In that official despatch, after speaking ot Gen. Pil low's charscter Gen. Pillow here interrupted the witneef, and desired thst he would shape his answer to correspond with the question. Questi n. The nomination of what general officar was your letter intended to affect ' Answer. It wa? intended to nflect that of Major General Gideon J. Pillow, *ho?e confirmation I had no douM every attempt would Ih* ma?le to hurry through the Senate I deem ed the general caution, however, sufficient for the purpose. Question. In the official letter alluded to did you use the following language : *? Of these two dupes, the one was Santa Anna, the other the moat tfrorthv coroj'cer of Santa Anna, so far as he can be made ao by the same low craving for distinction ami the same happy facilin in deviating from the waya of truth, and in Iwtng deaf to the dictate* of commrn justice and common honesty while pursuing hi* object. A peraon, in fine, whose charac ter, in regard to the teach of his mind ami the tone of his mind, was most felicitoudy ar.d sccnra?ely sketched by a friend of mine in these words : ? It is such as to qualify him for striving st a county court bar in the defence of a fellow charged with horse stealing,' particularly if the ease weie a bad one, ami required dexterous tampering with witnesses " Answer. A li hough I cannot pretend to be certain of the w uda, I have no doubt lie (Gen. P ) haa been furnished with sn ac curate copy of them, and those were the words as far as my memory can be relied on. Qnes'ion. Did yon, in that same letteT, make use of the following language in reference to myself, via : M But most arievonsly would he have erred, if Msj* Gen. Gideon J. Pillow is to he relied upon as an eiponent of the views of our Government This person, then the second in command in this srmy,(!) took occasion to hava a diplomatic conversation with a gentleman belonging to one of the foreign legations here, who, with expressions of surprise, repeated it to me directly after. Gen. Pillow having expressed great dis satisfaction of the armistice (which he had been in favor of before it was entered into) had bean answered by explanation* of i.s i')dispeof*hlane?s to negotiation. These appearing not to have any weight with him, the gentleman ill question wu? lt d to H*y, ? Why, I thought tlio object of your Government V? 11 """ a ,rea,v 'Tiue, (replied General J Hlow,) that is ihe object of the war, hut the object of this campaign wa* to capture the capital and then make peace." Answer. I have no ii.>uht those were the word* I used. Question. Did you not, in that sime letter, make use of the Ian8??K" relation to myself, viz : I his was Iroin the individual then, as I have already oI> tju., ^ rar''i army, and who, in the event of .. 1 1 'r ' lM "'"y I*?"' Scitt, would have succeeded fo r . u "" ""''''dual K've* bimaelf out for the ' 'l>l. M having produced his nomination At the Halttmom Convention] and as the President's other *t!f. A pretension wh.ch I have reason to believe but too well /bund ed. Justice toward- .Mr. Polk and reject lor truth alike re SUwme'lime'' "ot uU"r belief, without at !! ?! C,| r',?? ?*'rf,,ct ?"'vicOou that the iden rri I*?rr< n eV K no 'u,|hfr than the point to which it is tUiTr!w.Ll COn.fi,lence on the part of the President in huve ivvr U * n' Pr,nclplea ot a man who, of all that hu e e er known, is thn most unworthy of confidence. Be eTr linir"1 'dl'nti'y K0W "?l- TUere ? n,,t lhe ali?bt est resemblance between their characters in any one respect." ab^rzv r; ,hrHa,ne i,,iHwrr? 1 cannnt positive thHi Ul 8uU"a,lcu " c"rrBCt. ?"d I doubt not tile copy is a correct one. Question. Did >ou not in the same letter make use of the tuitowing language in relation to myself '' " Of all this the President knew nothing and the supposi tion by which he allowed himself to lie governed (under the influence, doubtless, of private representations from an in nguer, who, to the deep disgrace of our country, as she wilt ere long deep.y leel on tsehokJin^ the picture, faint though it wil ?e, ot ihe unimaginalile arid incomprehensible baseness of his character, pollutes this glorious army by hia presence) made the state of things in this country entirely the reverse of that w uc/i art Mil!// exmtn, and which already existed when hia de termination wm formed. Had he known the truth; had he formed the faintest conception of it; had he ?o much asdream e o (he possibility of a state of things here approaching in the remote,t degree to that which actually existed, he could not have l>elteved that the continuance of this mission could do much hatm, unless, indeed, the indefinite protraction of the war was aimed at." Answer. I a.iswer, in reference to the sense of that pas sage, thai it i* a douhtlul extract, not conveying the exact ideas the whole passage would have given. In retard to the , wor<J*t I have no doubt the copy is correct. | Question. To whom did you show that letter to the Secre j tary of State, before you sent it from this city, or after ? Answer. To the best ol my recollection I did not show it to any body before I sent it from the city. It was my own work entirely, written without consultation with any human being. Alter it was sent I showed the letter, or parts of iL (for it was a very long despatch,) to Gen. Scott an I to Gen. f*. r. Smith. The despatch chiefly related to the question of war and |>eac?, announcing my intention of remaining in Mexico to make a treaty of peace, and giving my reasons Lr so remaining Question. Did you show to Generals Scott and Smith that my sell } ' wh'ch ha* J1"' bec" "bown you relating to Answer I cannot recollect, the lefer was on a great many sheets. My motive lor showing the letter, or a part of it, to Generals Scot' and Smith, was that they might understand my | position "inference to the public hu-iness-the affair, of the nation. W hi ther the sheets containing those passages went in o their hands I cannot say. Those passages were mere in cidents, separate from the main objects of the letter. Question. Since almut what date has the hostility alluded l" tti0 previous testimony ken entertained by you ? Answer. Since his character has been almost completely re vealed to me. The thing was of gradual growth; I cannot h* a day ; I will try and fix a period. It was at Tacub.iva, during the early part of our stay there, that I became aware that he had placed me in the alternative of being an accomplice and tool in villany, or of exposing him to the country if he should persist in a statement he Lad made. I hoped, however, at that time that this necessity would be avoided. My mind was then made up, if the necessity presented itself, to meet i?. r roin that lime events occurred darkening the shades of his character, arid which increased the feeling referred to. It has increased to this day ; it may go on increasing forever, as long as 1 live, although that is scarcely po*?iblo. Question. Did the villany of which you speak relate to your views about the armistice, and the course of events under it, and my opposition thereto; if not, to what scheme of vil lany do you allude in your answer to the last question ' Answer. With regard to Ihe armistice and the course of events under it. th-re was a little of the same corresponding developments of character to which I have referred. They, however, had very little influence. I will now state what I mean by the scheme of villany and imposture to which I | allude-? [General l*illow here interrupted the witness. He desired to know to what he wa< going to allude. This did not appear to in- in answer to this question. Witness asked for the read ing of ihe question, which was done, and the coutt instructed the witness lo proceed.] Answer resumed. The scheme of villany to which I allude was a tchetne of imposture for passing himaelf off upon the country for a skilful general arid able commander. The war in which I was to be an accomplice in that game?a tool in it and be led thu? to deceive the country and do injustice to wards individuals, was this : Availing himself of 'he relatione est a bl shed l*lween us by the President, (alluded to before.) and of I 1m; character which I had enjoyed with those who ha?e known me tor great discretion, be would make me the confi dential depositary of his views, in anticipation of events ; so that, in case of failure in the operations which took place, I should lie a living witness, and bound to eome forward'm such at his call, to the fact that bis military genius had pene trated through the whole thing, and that he had been opposed to eve?y thing that failed. TTiis game was played by him th rough out, as I afterwards on reflection perrei?ed. General Pillow here stated that be had no further questions to ask the witness in regard to the present charge. He should desire to call hira on one specification to another charge, when i expecta] lo bring: torn# further proof, Ac. General Scott said he desired to put one Or two quealiona more., and the couit assented. Question by General Scott. Will the witness please state whether General Scott had any agency or part whatever in advising or suggest.tig the letters written by him (the witness) aga.nst General Pillow > ^ ' Answer. Major General 8cott nor any other he man being has ever been consulted with or spoken to coocerning thoee letters, or any one determination taken by me oo any subject ?tnee I have been in Mexico. The first intimation that any friend ol mioe ever had upon any determination taken by me, wes after that determination had assumed a shape which neither he nor any other human being could have chanced. Question. The witness has spoken of letters transmitted by him for Major General Pillow to the United States. Did Gen eral Scott, from the period of bis arrival at Taeubaya?say the 21st of Augaet?to the resumption of hostilities?*ev the 7th of September-?ever request you to Ir rismit any letter, by Mr. Preaner or otherwise, to the I'nited States 1 Please to state, as far as you know, how General Sco t was occupied'durint that period ' An*wer. To the best of my recollection he did net daring that period. I have a very positive genersl recollection ?hm? nothing was ever transmitted by him thrcugh me or Mr. Frea ner to my knowledge, except communications to the War De partment snd a very small number of letters to Mrs. Scott written on % quarter sheet of p<per, spperently, it lieing an object to condense spsce. I know thst the whole time of Gen. Scoit, during the period referred to, except such part of that time as was consumed in interviews with officer*, was employed in drawing up h*< report, comparing the su?-repotta, and ohtsining in'ormatnw in regard tot.ie parts in which they conflicted?calling in ollicors for the purpose. Question. If the witness has not already elated it to the Court, will he add how he t<ecame poewweed of the paper marked No. 1 ' [The pa|*r was here exhibited. J Answer. When the I .eon id as letter first appeared here I went one forenoon in quest of a wafer or ink?something or other?into the room of general headquarters, occupied by the aids and military secretary , there were a number ot young officers there?sarnie five or six or more, including the aida, or some of them, and Ihe military secretary. Bv some one or more of them I greeted with the question, " Mr. Tri*, have you sen I.e midas [Gen. Pillow here interrupted?said he had no objections to what Ihe wituews ?vss stating, but he desired that he would confine him-elf to evidence. He was now detailing a con versation Gen. Scott rose and stated that, he desired the witne* to stste how he came in |>ossesn,>n of the paper.) Witness continued. I answered negatively, ami a*knd what was Leomtla* , they answered, ? Oh, it is an account of the ' ba'tles of ('onirerss and Churubusco," and that it was worth reading, which I declined doing on<account of want of lime ? Mid 1 was engaged. One of them put the |>aper in my hand and desired me to read it, remarking that it was curwua. or words to that effect. My eye lighted some where on the mid d!e or the letter, and after reading a few sentences, in one of which the amaiernent of the marlineta wag Mated I threw the lel'er down and said I had enough of I.eonidM. That s irne day Mr. Preaner called to see me, as he was in the ha bit of doing almost daily ; he gave me such Mexican news as he haH collected ; after he bad given me that news I ask ed him tf he had seen that rascally string of fabrication* under < the signature of ? ? Leontdaahe answered that he had, or heard of it, I don t remember which , and that he had a pa?er in his (Kieseesinn which he had received from Gen. Pillow at Miscoec, which he meant to *ho?v me, either the next day or very soon after that he came and brought with him this pa per, (witness producing the paper referred to as No. I.) and after 1 had examined it, asked me to take care of it <** him. Question by the Court. What is the date of the despstch to Ihe Secretary of State mentioned in the cross-examination* Answer. My impreaaioo is that it is the 6th of December. I can ascertain. The Court then mourned.