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?!#?*#?? tfcaaa M? held 8mi lha |n>M la Ma ai ry, J.,? tofcatffai 4m i Bui to Man tnm <aa aetttea Mum CMppraa kd fee , aay lata af g?mrnmm* Tb? t ooMNaWm paa'tfa < Ml; Im VtMf, Hi Mi? W I term*. tUktikmh w+^Mfa.aw M n*. abt>? ?h?t I am <4 )??Wii> ww aaqamed W?e?? 'W ?i?|?- / twa M the nmNmm% aaal |? wnaid mfce h?m if U?] Nurthwr*,) awl fa* Immhi, Ah* n, lawn, and, la Am, ?? ifta Tiwk p*w uf ihbUt?wMMiMb?ii autgacl of CoMflMi had aa _,., _ w m; *Im af i MAM** ikmrtH. H* |ijj aly Aarf Uttl Cungteaa y ?? i* anlijart af iUwji la i* Tae nia, tea HehadaftMady tefaawdtofee wdiaaaae of ITfl, and need Ml aftia aaCar la fc. By aa aM jua >< a I ? ?M pruhiUied la IW Mmwiw>i Tawnj. la tfw Mark ?MUr? Terrtlory Ikn ptidukfead 4wf ?lay by aaW corneal. H extaied la IlkaeM la a fcaaial ?tax, km BMrtaal consent ?a> fiwo fct Ha asiMaaea. P i uitaia was aiJi on thia aut.^rt tj the conaMlatiaa M IMmoee fat aa et her wub ihat aaae?8alina t a*U 8 waa aa mmk aaaHaM cew aaal being |)?aa that Ittmat* fa? ? liaaitil paMad, wtaaM km itaw. Tut other parti eat of tkat Tfcanteay ka?* mw aiM (hi* Government to I I la ataak a Mate af lhta??- By 4m act of 1788 fat iha gawninl af tfce Miaaiwt Tertaary, CoafTOM prohibited th? uaihalncuaa af 4evw Iraa abroad. And the rreeen ?h akview? Mm was a Territory, anJ Cm greet had the power to dwpwe ef her w ii ww hi. Theeaw utitulioti gave ('n|tm aa pewer la prat** tha latrudartiua of elate* into the Statea until I MM | and, aher Hut penjO, Congress rianM lha pa a at la pmliM thaw l^nialiia How, than, did Cong raw otxaia tha power la ptehiteiihe aa porta lion of eUvw into tha Mlaaiwippi and Uwaa Tartfaa riet in 1798, if tha oooMitalxai extended taoar Temtenee,? if they were bound ia all reaperte to traat tha Territoriee aad legislate fur than aa far lha Matee * Tha fiiilfawan faaw MiaeitMppi, (Mr. Baawa,) ia aa arytmeaal aa Ala subpart a faar diji since, rafarrad to Aa Florida rawt kat that ww ?hoar* that our jariadiMioo ailanda a*ar lha awira aakywt la the fulleat eitcnt. Tha caw la which ha wfawad aw ihw Florida paaaad a law laying a higher tac upon tha Maaaa af non-reaidento than on tha aiavaa of reaidaala at once you AaU haaa no euch paawr, and FU*mU. ha?tbg cUiined audi power by her law, CaagMw daelarad that tew null and void, thiu aawrting ahadute awl uw.oalralted aa thority. Then, aa to Ijouiaiana. In lha year 1864, aa tha t*th March?four yaara before thw Ooeariuaeat had anah power over the Statea?the importatioa af ate??a waa prohibited ua der heavy panaltiaa? and ha agaia aahad why aad haw waa this done * It wa becauaa the Terriloriw ware aM uaated ae part of tha United State*. They are not aweaable la oar iaw?, unleaa auch law* were given to thorn by Congraaa. Mr. BAYLY wid, if the gentlemen frow lodtana woo Id turn to the cooetitution, ha would aae that tha inhibition as tended to the b la Lea thro exutiog only. Mr. PETTIT observed that Tanaaaiir aad Krutaeky ware not then admitted into the Union, but weee before 1808 , aud the gentleman from Virginia would not pretend la aay that Congreaa could prohibit the introduction of alavee into theae Htatea after "heir admiaaion into tha I'aioo, and prior to 18U8. He then reiterated hie aaaartioo that the Territorteo ware not parU of the United Stelae, and that araa tha riaeon why a power could be exercited in them that could not be exeiHaed over the 8tatee. Nor could they become part* of the failed State* until, by their own free will and action, they ealab liabed a Government, formed a constitution, aud were admit ted aa independent eovereigntiea, the ?ovaraignty over ihem being aurrendered by the General Government. Tha daMriae would be found both fallacioua and untrue that we were bound to extend to the people of the Territoriee the proviaione af the constitution and the aame lawe aa to the people of the I 'nhed State*. Ha conAdently aaeerted that wa c<mld attend la the people of the Territories and impoaa upon them aay law* thM we pleaaed. Ha begged Id call the attention ol the commit tee to the act for tha government of Louisiana, paeeed March 3, 1805. By this Act the eyMea of representation waa not given to them, but they were governed by a Governor and three Judgee only. They were not allowed trial by jury, un lees the amount in controversy exceeded $100, while the con stitution reeerved the right of trial by jury to the peoule with in the States where the amount in controvarey exceeded ftO Why thia waa done he knaw not, unless it araa that I<ouiM ana was not sufficiently Americanized, unless her people had not got to understand the repraoantative principle. It waa, however, a fact that, after Louiaiana had had a terriiorwl faa ernment, with a tenitorial legislature, finding that 8 did nM work well, tbia Government undertook to govern them by a Governor and three Judges, and they might have extended to and establiahed in Louiaiana any other farm of government. Mr. VENABLE inquired if he understood the gentleman from Indiana to wy that thia Government could establiah a despotism in a Territory * Mr. PETTIT replied that this Government could establish a despotism in any of its Territoriee beyond all doubt. Thia Government could mil them into alavery if it pleaaed. He did not, however, suppose, for it would ha preposterous to do so, that thia Government would do any auch thing , there waa a great difference between the posaesMon and tha exercise of power. Thia Government, however, had exerciaed the power, in thia instance, of repealing a Legislature in Louiaiana and forbidding the introduction of aiavea, giving tbem a Governor and three Judgw which were aent there by thia Government; and Congiaaa, he repeated, might give to the people of the Territoriea such terms as it saw fit. He suateHwd this posi tion by assuming that the Territoriee ware no part of the Unit ed States until they formed State Governments and were ad mitted into the Union. The aame principle waa settled by the Missouri compromise, and in ehort by the uniform action of thia Government. In no instance had there bean a divided sovereignty for a moment in any of the Tenitories. In all cases this Government I tad the power to control and legialate in every particular for tha Territoriee, or wherever they awn the aoil or poaaess eminent domain. Unless surrendered by it, the right of sovereignty waa in thia Government. Having cited aevera) authorities, he would refer to another, and that wa* ; hia own, in a speech delivered by him during the fast seaaion of I Congress. In that epeecb, in answer to a question put by the gentleman from South Carolina, (Mr. Rhitt,) he sffirmed the abaolute authority of the United States over all the Terri toriea. That apeoch waa made without having recently ex amined the authoritiea, but ha waa happy to find that on a thorough examination hia views were fully corroborated. In | referring to that speech aa authority, he ww fully sustained by the>gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. Batlt,) who, % fow weeks since, to prove that the first movement* in Great Bri tain for the abolition of alavery were not from philanthropy but cupidity, read from a speech which the gentleman from Virginia had himself mode a few yeara ago, and to hia own mind made the proportion clear. He (Mr. Pittit) would add, that however trifling it might appear to others, be had egotism enough to believe hit aa good a* any other authority t, and in quoting it he but followed the example of the courts, in which it was the regular and every day practice to cite their own deciaiona. He had ahown that we were under no obligation to extend our lawa to the Territoriea. The gentleman from South Ca rolina (Mr. Rut-no had taken the position that the laws of the several States followed their citizens to the Territories, and that tbey were entitled to the protection of the laws of the Statea from which they came. If, then, a settler should go from each of tha thirty Statea of thia Union to any one terri tory, the lawa of all those 8tatea would be operative there. And in auch cases who would lie the judge and who tha jury ' W ho should dacide and overcome the difficulties which the discrepanciea would present > Suppose, for inatance, that a man ahould go to the Oregon Territory from South Carolina with hia slave, and another from Mamachusetta without any I slave, and that the Maaaachuaetta man should buy the slave of the South Carolina man, by what law* would the Massachu setts man be protected in the poateaaion of hia slave property 1 By the lawa of Maaaachuaetta ' Why, those lawa would af ford him no protection. But, again, suppose the South Ca rolina man and himself (Mr. Pittit) ahould emigrate to Oregon, and should each buy a township of adjoining land. The South Carolina man takes with him his slave., and if the lawa of South Carolina follow him there, ao long aa he remaine on hia own farm there would be no difficulty. But suppose the South Carolina man haa not got hia farm fenced in and hia cow ahould stray upon his (Mr. Pittit's) farm, the moment that the Smith Carolina man'a alave, that he might send in ?"arch of the cow, put hia foot on hie (Mr. PaTtiT'a) farm, according to the laws of Indiana, (which, if the gentleman's doctrine be true, woultffollow him there,) thai slave became a free man. Again : If a lawsnit ahould be inatituted between two men, one from South Carolina and another from Maamchusetts, or from any rrther of the thirty Statea of thia Union, or from the District of Columbia, what law would prevail } Tha idea was utterly absurd 5 hence he concluded that slavery could only exiM by the local or municipal law, and that law could only be given by the I Jailed State*. There would le do property hi Jim in a Tenitory unleae they could obtain the affirma oi ihie Uovwmmont. The South would not be con but would ere long demand the m of thia tiofernmeut to eecure to _ property. He affirmed that ?!avea may !*? cre Tot I' l -y-4 by thia M by all other Govoriimrnta, and that iM?bi Av all ?ur public worka and inai all our ahipa by _Jto|| we w* St. Ii ?** only a qur?Oon of expediency. Vl~e U?? the eeen|WW?'? rifhta and puwera, but it may riot be pet ad wtmit-m to eterciee them. TV? U;' *f of ?he Chairman'* hanunrr apprized the gen ?4 tike ?jpft*f?** ol Hie hour, and he yielded the floor, HOUttE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mmxday, Jvmc IV, 1648. MEMORIAL OP CHICAGO CONVENTION. Mr. JOHNSON, of Tanneveee, demanded the order of the day t a -4 the CM All elated that crder to be the calling of the Ma(M fter ammmiak ami pennon*. The tall being rraumxd at the Ml tie of Illinois, and that t*N T WORTH mmtuKiI the memorial of the Chi nfl- I',, mil? m behalf uf nm *uJ harbor improvements, ! gSkBMMi that it >w read and referred to the Committee on Mr. Ml Vf?, irum the Committee on Commerce, advocat ed with muro lanwatium tlie motion Ui print, baaing hia ar | MMMmi, let, mi the great and vital importance of the aubject M Hm n'ltaii ii rflhi American people , a more Important pa Mr bad net, he uliaanodi come btiore Congreaa for many ream , and ?d, an the dietingufohed ability with which it had leew drewa up. h emrtaianl an argument on the conetitu n.?,el paltor <4 tiiia Uovceumeut over the navigation of the ami Hia unprovrinrnt of it* rivera and harbora, which would te found uuaneweieble. It Lad been prepared by a l? uTirnun muo had i lilt"in venoua eminent atatioua of public irwet, very uupuftarrt services to the country and the ti.rn.rarwt Tina turned an additional raaaon why the rac 25 ?h?uld nrHv* ihr re*|?ectlul attention of the Houee. B,i?, mam Bmn afi? thta reapect waedue to the*occasion which ?*11. J ??rth ibi* eli-queut and cogent expression of enlighten ed iKibik et'Ho m. The pei*r came from a Convention ae ided a.TSrega 9m th. expm- purpom of taking there ^.^reta fata cannier at ton. In that d?tiagttiahad aaaemblage el the people, repreaentativee were prewnt fiom eighteen HtaiM ?t tb ? l ukHi. and this memorial embodied the eenti |ZZ? m the body in regard ? the 5%)** of the General iMMNM I' I" ??>de it t:?e improvement of the nvt ri and barters of the laion. Many atntes ware represented in that t wpwottai by very targe deleg.Uoo*; and the unanimity with whmb they agreed an the adoption of thia memorial waa wideime of the iris bold which thia qumtion had taken on the public l ift Greet aniiety prevailed that the anbject should earnve dm epedy actioo of Coiigieae, sad It wae cer tainly ? j tat and leaaanabla eipectatwu, and one winch the |Mmam euald not respectfully disregard. linn bills had bean reported from the Committee on Commoue for the improvement of rivare and harbora, but none of them lad yet been taken up, nor bad any motion succeed ed aulmrto augend the rule* for the r consul,ration, nor had thay baei made the sj-ecial order of the day. But the ex piniaan if public opinion wae general and emphatic, and it would pwee irreaietible. It we* ne atwwer to my that the Eiecotive bad refuaed hia MMtMM to Ulla o? thia aiibjtct. The people did not inquire whet tie Preeident would or would not do ( they expected a?d they demanded that their repreeentetivee ahould do their | duty. Gentlemen were celled on by the necemiltea of their eauotry? and they wouM tind that that country would not i be oattaied if the duty waa not done. The oppoaition of the Eiecutwe wae but a temporary enag which would ahortly be raatovr. bv the forea el popular opinion. In the hope that the Home would aperdily act on line Memorial and adopt aatiafactary mreeuree en the whok- aubject, Mr. H. would conclude by mooing the previou* qaeetian. The mU for the prevtoua .(ueeuoo waa aeconded by the Houee. The previoua queetton waa thereupon put and car ried, and the main qu ret ion being on referring the memorial to the Cammittee on Commerce Md ordering it to be printed, it waa decided in the affirmative, a* followa . VKAt-Mceara. Adama, Aahm.m, Barrow, Bclelicr, Bit.g Imuu. Manehant, Bmdv, MMT, QmL Can by, Chapman, Coche. Cetbainer, Colltna, Conger, CraaMvo, Oiifteld, Crow ell, Crauier, Ceaumint, DaHlng, IHelury,' IMekinaon, liooocll, IKier, Uaalal Dunean. G. I>?inr?n, Ihmn, Eekert, Edayda, Labrra, Nathan Ltaaa, I'arrelly, fiaher, Preedley, G?y^. (?entry, Giddinga, <?<*?, Grweorj, (.niinell, Hale, Nathan K. Hall, Jaaaca G. MaiujHon, Mow a Hampton, Henley, Henry, fcliaa B. Hoiiaea, John W. Houaton, Hubbard, Hwlaon, Hum, Chartea J. Ii.geraoll, J >arph R. InCei aoU, Jvukma, Kellogg, Tboa B. King. U?' Kiug, Lahm!\V. T. Uwreaee, La?rraee, Lrlier, Uv.n, Laneol >. Lynde, MaeU), McClel land, MelUamr, Job Maan, H. Mann, Marah, Marvin, More head, Morria,Murphy, Nelaon, Nta, Neuall, NkoIL Outlaw, Peek, IMrie, P?tn. Polio*k, Pre?on, Richer, Kockhill, Jul.ua Reek well. Job a A. Rockwell, Hoaaan, Mamaey, St. Jidu^ hcheaek, Shrpperd, Sbirrel, b.Ureter. Sllagerlaud, Caleb B. Smith, RoUn Smitl., hurk?eaiher, Ste(diena, And. tkrwari, Chariea E. Stuart, BimUaa, Htroag, TaUmatge, Taylor, Thibodaui, Jamea Thomson, Kiehard W. Thotiip aOu, Joha B Thomptou, Wm. Thompaou, Tompklua, Twenba, Tuek, Turner, Vimoa, Warren, Weataorth, White, W ilnaot, Wilion Itftl SA\%?Meaara. Atklaaoo, BayW. B ale. BirdaaU, Bow. 4m, Bowlw, Boyd, Bredbmd, Wdliara G Brown, Cbaae, Beverly L. CUrk. Howali Cebh, W. K. W. Cobb, Daniel, Feathrraton, Fiaklm, Freueh, Frvea, Fulton, tioggin. Green, Haiamoua, H-ralaon. Hartia, IliU, Geors* ? Houaioa, luge, A. Johaaon, Robert W. Johnaoa, George W. Jooca, Kaut man, Kennoai, Ligon, Lumpkin, MtUrrnand, MalXrwell, MeKay, MUler, Morae, PeaeUe, POytcm, Pheipa, PilaWy , Slvyer, Sinit, Sia?rt# Tkoouii, JacoI* ThomMon, TUurtlori, Veaable, Wallaee, Wiek, WUey , Williama, Woodward? M. J Botha memorial wm referred and ordered to be printed. DITIEI ON LUXCRIES,^^^^H Mr. STEWART, of Penneytvawia. moved a anepenaion at the ruiee to enable him to oiler the following reeolutmn ? ?r.oVe./, That the ComaaMtaa of Wava and Meaua be ie> atructod to inquire iato the ?ped*ene? ? rr|meting a bill In areaaii^ th.- vluiiea on iorrign lu*uri?-? d all kiuda, and on aucb foreign raanufoeterea aa are ao? < miag late rumoua competition aith Aaaerica* labor. The qoeauon on the euapenmoo ot the rulee waadocided by yeaa and nay a, ea followa YEAS?Meaara. Adama, Admtm, Barrow, Befoher, Blatv thard, Brady, Cbapamn, Caehe, Collainer, ( oncer, Crawaton, Criaf,eld, Crowall, Croeier,Cummina, Inekey.Unrtnell, thaer, |>. Duncan, Eekert, Edaaida, Eaabrr<. Nathan Evaaa, Far relly, Fiaher, Flounmy, Freodley. Gayle.Giddinga, Goggla, Gott, Grefery, GilnneU, Hale, Natf-a-. K. Hall, Jaaaea G. Hampton, Moat a Hamphm, Henry, Ehea R llolmea, Jeha W. Houaton, Hubbard, Hudeon, flhaM. Jnaepl, R. Ingeraoil, Jeakina, Kellogg, Thomm Boiler king, lhaial P. King, Wm. T. Laoreaee, Levin, Lincoln, Mcllv?ine, Horace Mann, Marah, Marvin, Mm^hped, Nefoon, Nea, NeaalL Outlaw, Peck, Polloek, Preaton, Julina Reek-? It, John A. Roakuell, Roman, Rumaey, Sc John, tabeaeh, Sbeppm<d, SherrlR, tal veater, Sliagerfond, Caleb B. Smhb, 1 rumen Santh, Stark weather, Strphena, Andrew Stewart, Tallumde, Taylor, Thi bodaui, Richard W. Thempeon, Thmapkma, Viatou,Warren, WRaon?M. NAYS?Meaara. Atkinaoa, Bey lev, B*ale? Binghem, Bird mil, Boeotk, Bowden, Bowlin, Boyd. Bitdgea. W. G. Brown, Cat bean, Cbaae, Beverly L. Clark, Howell Cobb, Wiliiamaoa R. W. Cobb, Daniel, Darliag, tfcektnaon. !>??*?. Earon, Faatb eraton, Fieklia, Freneh. Friea, Fulton, Green, llaralaon, Har manaon, Herri a, Hill, Goo. S. Houaton, Inge, Andrew Jeha aon, Robert W. Johnaon, G. W. Janet, Ke<itma*, Keanou, Lahm, Letter, Ugon. iximpktn, Lynde, \M4ay, McClel land, MeClcmaad, MoDoweR. MeKey, Job Maim, Meade, Morria, Morae, Murphy, Niaoll, Penalee, Petrio, Pettk, Pey, ? ton, PMpa, Pilabury, Rbrtt, Rithev, RovkhiH, Sawyer, Sima, Smart, Robert Smith, Chariea E. Stuart, Strang Thomaa, Jaa. Tbompeon, Jaaeo Thempe- i, W illmaa Theaap aon, Turner. Venahfoi/WaUgM, Weal worth, Wiek, Wiley, Williama, Wilmot, and Woeduard?M. Two-thirda not voting In the aArmatire, the rulee were not auapended, and the raeolutien waa net letrirud. VIRGINIA MILITARY LAND WAMUWlL [ I Mr. TAYLOR moved a auepenafon of the rulea to I ton o? tie ruira tc w?w htm to offer the following reeotuuoo i Uriahe</. That the Committee of the W hole oa the Hate of the Union be diaeharged from the fort her aaaa.derat.on ef Hon at bill eatemling the time for loaadng Vlrginu milHmy lard warrants and returning aorveya thereon to the General Land Office, ami that the aame be put apm ki paaaage. The qoeetion being pot, there wrere ayea S7, nom tS?a quorum not voting. Mr. VEN A BLE moved a called af the Honao L*t The queetion on auapervltng the rahe waa again put, and there were ayea Wl, noe* S*. Two-thitde having voted in the alBnuetree, the rulee were Miapended, and the reeoluuon waa reed and agreed ??. The Houee then took up the NH eiteuding the time for eating Virginia military land watrant^ Ate, Mr. TAYLOR eiplained tho frnelnana ef tho MS, and urged iU immediate paaaage. He mid, aa ? area mmoly a focal ; mcaaure which conkl not be injunoua to any other porttun M the Union, he could not eorpoee there weuld ha any eertoua oppoaition to it. It rotated ta that pert ef the Mete <rf Ohm known aa the Virginia military duanct ef Ohm, lying between the Scioto river, the Little M iami, and the fiver Oho, cm bracing aomo four million* of acrea or moee. Thet dmteirt, when the ceaefona of public land wore mode In Bw I'nHed 8tate?, waa reeerved by Virginia for her ofltaora and mblien of the Continental army who mrved in the Rev ahrtmnery war The greater part of that land haa been eunwyed ami lorated, leaving but eome two hundred thooaand acw? of very mfarw quality, which waa particularly dearnbnd Ir, the annual a^ort of the CominieaioneT of the Land Office, in document No. 1 of the preaent aeaaion. Them two ht ,adrad thou maul nerea of land were the only remaining puMl?; lamia in the Stale of Ohio that were nnaurreyed, and tm'icaathia bill were pneaad the public land office at Chillicotha v mold he clem J. In fo**, it bad been euepended nnce the flrr, ef January laet for want of authority, which bad been rem /wed rwpaatidly during the laet twenty yeara, to extend th<, ume to am ray and loeam those lands. The laet act of th character waa paeeed in tlw month of August, J 844, extending the time to the 1st of Ja nuary, 1848; but (till there were some portions remaining unsurveyed and not located, for which the authority of this tail was accessary. The passage of thia bill would work no lnjusUce to any body. It waa not for Ohio alone that be a?k ?d lor the passage of thia measure, for it would extend the ; r.ght to locate land warrant* to those who held them, whether they resided in Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, or any other Slate And aurely they ought to be allowed thia privilege. After fully explaining hia object, and making some allusions to an I other measure in which the gentleman from Virginia (Mr UooGi*) took some interest, he aaid be waa unwilling to con ?ume the time of the Houae at greater length than waa neces sary. He waa not in the habit of occupying much of fed time, ?nd he waa opposed to long speeches any where. At thia late period of the Vision they had better act than talk. He therefore moved the previoua question ; which waa aeconJed, mLTl \!haf,?Peratlon thereof 'he following amendment, to v!z ATLOm on 3d ?f May last, waa agreed ??5rC'i f' T,hut the M,ne r'gbt ?n<1 privilege i* hereby alao ex. tended lor Uie aame time to all such warranta as iiave issued subsequent to said tenth day of August, A. D. 1841 ; provided that, before the location thereof, it shall be shown to the satis taction oi the Commissioner of the General Laud Office that ?uch warrant was issued justly and legally, and that the person who received said warrant was legally- entitled to the same. The bill waa then ordered to be engrossed, and, being, en groat>ed, waa read a third time and passed. BOUNTY LAND CLAIMS. Mr. COLLAMER offered the following resolution : ,. ,, ved' 1 hat 'he Committee of the Whole on the state of discharged from the further consideration of the f ""*? bl 1 "tending the time for sati Hying claims for bounty ,h" Air. C. explained the necessity of passing thia bilL other wue many holders of military land warranta would not be able to locate them. Jv Cf;MMIN8, Mr. McCLERNAND, and Mr. JOHN ' of Atkanaaa, also made some remarks on this bill; the latter gentleman moving the previoua question, which was seconded, and under the operation thereof the bill waa or S ^ "** '-J ? *? ? " "bich"?biU ?? Wednesday, June 21, 1848. ANNUAL REPORT FROM THE TREA8URY. . th.MC^m?.IXGEp & S"?' I" behtlf 9f tfae '"inoritj of he Committee on Public Expenditures, made a report in re lation to the annual report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the state of the finance*, made to Congreaa during the pre sent session. r Mr. STROHM inquired whether the question would not 'ru r*"?'u,ion? contained in the report > The CHAIR replied that the first question would be on P?2?in*. and fcen on adopting the resolutions reported. agreed toUeSt,?n put on Panting the report, it was The question then being on the adoption of the resolutions contained in the minority report Mr. COBB moved to amend tip second resolution in such a manner as to order the same number of copies of the mi nority s report u of the majority's, and that the two reports be printed together. ^ Mr. STROHM said he had no objection to the adoption of I the amendment, but he felt it due to the majority of the com i ,0 "T * words the question should be uken. I fJ br?u*h politeness of the gentleman from Virginia, i ^ BxuiiiGsa,) he had had an opportunity of looking over a copy of the report of the minority, and he must say that a part of that report appeared to him to be of a very extraordi nary character ; ao much so that be must embrace this oppor tunity to offer a few remarks upon it. The minority aat out j by saying that certain members of the committee had gone into an examination of the report submitted to Congress by J the t*ecretary of the Treasury, and had prepared an elaborate statement of alleged errors in that report, without givinir any "ifoimatmn either to the Secretary or to the other membera Sr *??h ,n 'nveatigation would take place. ? i ? . ^R ?*"1' m explanation, that the copy sub mittedI by him to the honorable gentleman from Pennsylvania i u.T*r0HL*) Wa*' ** he gtated to him, only a rough draught of the report, and the charge Jo which the gentleman bad now alluded was not inserted in the report. The gen 1 NTfinuu DOt * ,WOrd the kind m th,t document. Mr. BTROHVl was happy to hear that this charge had been dropped. 1 here had a misunderstanding existed among he inembers of the committer as to the time and place of meeting. But Mr. 8. aaid, on behalf of the majority of the committee, that they did not consider themselves called upon j J? B'/e *??.DoUc? 10 th" 8etrctary before thev went into a | acrutiny ol his report to ihe House. That was a public offi I cial document, and as such fairly subject to the most careful examination. It was a Isrge document, and contained state .ku er*ntu",bordin,,e of the Department, from the Register, the Tresaurer, 6lc. < but the whole had *en submitted to toe House as the report of the Secretary of 1 rM*ul7- The several portions of it were made by offi cers over whom he had control, and therefore the entire ddfcu ment wae to be considered, and always was treated and spo ken of, as emanating from the Secretary. In the report of ? ?*T?ky hmd <nde,"omi ?? Point out and explain ?otne jf the errors contained in that report. The minority report now submitted was occupied in the first fifteen or twen y pages v an argument intended to show that, if there were : ?*a?ta the report submitted to Congress, the Secretary was not rhargesiiie with them. He was not called upon b^ law to eubnu, there details to the House. This Mr. 8. was not joing to dispute; but these several statements came to the Howe under the aanctiun of the Secretary , he rent them to Si? TT M M,d lhe entirely jusuied in rooaidering and traating them as his. If, however, ,K I"?!?-' * ,hifUn? ^ responsibility from ^shoulders ofthe Secretary, and fixing h on hu subordi ^ _ ""PPo^d they would have to bear it as they could, n f .^KrrP?rt ^ ? "?H?d that the SecreUry had ri fit0 *? Co?irw? ^ information required 1 Z ^ frWB ^ ? right to expect, but had, -f - j;?.C'.>."tr]>tf^fWW">d ?rroow>0? statements calculated to Mi. 8. here referred to the act of 1847, 22d section, to ^ "?"?fry in relation to the T>easory notos authort^ by that act, and recapitulated the K bl^^bl'n,T!r51^ of ,h" S6CreUrv 10 rV ^n detertiv. Te soma of these charges the minority ~ ' *ny^?/"*>0n41 * "J the first part of their reply ^ overlooked enUrely ?r J expI'in'd-,n;j wed that t*is report which be was charged with having over ih? H ^ h,nl w "T oUwr number of Uli a (rw day HO, vil: on the 17th of ths pre^nt L'.'\ the Secretary's report was aent m.U had been reportad to the House and immediately sent ?heir haifa r pr4"lrr" ^ btd i,in How this happened Mr. ^ Committee on Printing) dofn'nwlt "b^b. ? the CI ^ repeatedly back to ! him i and the pemters bad wpanmwd Ihe greats difficulty i IV tod^i toit waamthi . wwhs, and ao continu *n-?po?ib.i.?y forth!.; .7 h*a?sleii, and with him alone I n*L TT. ?udl *? tha fact, konorable gentleman at the ' ^ wp*ann>lon hehnd ? Ms H appeared Aat the iNisraaaHon which the aa lonij at the wwatlw wees shargsil with having overlooked had kHNi witnbeJ t hy the INanui htmaelf. What he had lem? with this daroamrt al that whlla, whether he de tained it to aaehe altasatiaais alker H had ksMi sliialtv report ed te the Hove*, Mr. ?. did not knew, Wot h seemed to him at the t iiHtu had got iitss. to this Mr. la asa ? Yankee phrase, cenld Nr. *. |sw want mte ran ens ynnainaas. Best treni the re port if te mmjfOlttf, iw?ill nase Ire honself. and ihen from the report at ths mawtr M rsVly.(MliyM?lM?1rehMi,)b.t, as ihsee whlsd In Igasee, na layert m Miinhrs r?nld, at eanrsa, ha ?ii? hy a lepstn se aa In he Nrtattg ?U? lo the rends*. M.we0?v?, the?e .lewMs sssre thall| areHsileal, H^nse was hi! al nsisa, awl |l was at mm scarce poess 14s m henr Mr. I. n A hk ?sm^ ikregh clew, n?t twag v#*y string The Isf inw, heww, is ?a?tolad with the kn?wlad(a that Ant |Mtkms ai htereh psepaee a detail ?4 esfMrt el Ma amm apss?rh. Ana mm*King what an mn, hawvves fcnnhas wlA Aa aiMM^ eenliinftaan Ae ear. Hi~irg am il raah a w-rtrtaB a# the < hergee el ervee eon talnnd in ilia aMfashy^e npA and aMrAwed hf thssn N the ftaneawy, and having daAnsAai AaniasweftMandad and AUjt mj?tilled H tkss dstmeart?. n.xwMhstawdaM Aa eaalanaiii n? ^natdkad ky Aal < and pafttaHene al Aa annertty s^ert, Mr. ? the nasi flare, in gsiin Ani ptNM al An ? which irtntal An ehaage <1 artar an the ispsit at Aat rlty. He nrem is! Aa Mease Aal Aa mmj re , mtn m. ie I tla al Amaan AmMI I <HVI ,MM> n?p WMP wiwiwea WW ?*Mi an evaaManaan asMMww, Aal tans haad^ la ha i aad while he aAwnad Aal there ware aaaae aevasa A Aa re pert, Aa sasly wan In area thai Aev wase aa law. And ha " iJLETiiJb?<^*"P ^ "***> after aft Afte* nAfiag, A detail, thsar several chasgee at aim, Mr. ft. aaid Aat tha Mfnrfcy had had an inlanliea, by then re pen, to make a paraasrel attack apan Mr WaAar i they had na wish to injara hire , their etfaei had haan in have the aawasl Isral report at the country reaAaad cenact. They had painted aal aaaw at Aa eereas ft eaartainad , al which I aaass nught have kaaa nsads ky Mr. Yavg at Mr. Orehaaa | but as they appeared in the official document rendered to Con gress, under me sanction and in the name of the Secretary, the committee had treated (hem as hi*. Mr. Young had mtde a supplemental report correcting aome of the statements previously made. The minysity charged the majority with having fallen into error* in their report to the amount of SI 1,000 ? it might be that they had, though Mr. S. did not admit it to be ao, not having had time fuliy to etamine. But, admitting that they had erred to the amount of $11,000, they had detected error* in the Secretary'* report to the amount of $1,400,000. ^ Mr. BEDIN(?ER next obtained the floor, but the morning hour had expired and the aubject therefore went over. P08T ROUTE BILL. Mr. GOGGIN moved to reconsider the vote by which thia bill waa ordered to be engrossed for a third reading, that he might have an opportunity to aubmit the following amendment? " Provided, That nothing contained in this bill shall be so const rued a* to express any opinion at to the true be unitary of any State or 1 erntory therein named." Mr. VINTON read an amendment which he deaired to offer, as follows : ^.e. ?' Jythf enacted, Tliat nothing in this act con taintu shall be iitld or construed to affect any claim or uuet tion of boundary or jurisdiction of any State or Territory of the Uuited States. 7 Mr. GOGGIN explained. He said that the amendment offered by the gentleman from Ohio was in substance the amendment which he had offered. Mr. THOMPSON, of Pennsylvania, asked what necessity there was for such an amendment, for all questions of bound ary were completely settled and set at rest. Mr. GO(>(jL\ again explained. The necessity did not arise between this country and Mexico, but between State and State* The pott routes were arranged by Slates, and thia was to avoid anv difficulty between Texas "and the new Slates which may lie formed out of the new territory which we have now acquired from Mexico. Mr- THOMPSON still insisted that the gentleman 'i an swer was not a good one, and he could not see why the amend ment should be inserted. Mr. GOl*GIN said if the gentleman from Pennsylvania had only looked at the bill he would have seen that the post routes were separated into States, and when they c*mc to Texas the distinction was drawn between the State and the Territories, and it was deemed prudent to guard against the establishment of a boundary by a post route bill, which heretofore had occa sioned some trouble. It was designed to avoid the expression of an opinion that Texas extends to this or that or the other plice, leaving the settlement of boundaries to those whom it concerns. J Mr. PIL8BURY protested against the course pursued by | the gentlemen from Virginia. He said the people of that territory who asked for these poet routes were citizens of this country, paying taxes to support its Government. Why then should the question of boundary be started here in a poet route bill, especially when they were carrying post routes to Bre men, Norway, and Liverpool ? Mr. GOGGIN did not blame the honorable gentleman from Texas (Mr. Pilsbuht) and his colleauge (Mr. Kaup.xas) for standing by every iqch of that territory so strenuously; but he must be permitted to tell the gentlemen that this question had been raised by the people of Texas themselves. And ?ven the President had maintained that a portion of that temtory did not belong to Texas, for he had treated Santa Pe as a por tion of the republic of Mexico. Mr. PILSBURY denied that the question was disj-uta ble. The right of Texas was well established, and hence it was with the utmost astonishment that he heard these objec tions raised. Mr. KAUFMAN said the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Goooijr) was mistaken in saying that the President had in any manner denied the right of Texas to the territory east of the Rio Grande. If he would look at the President's special message of December 22, 1846, to this House, he woild as certain his error. The President there said that the govern ment instituted at 8anta Fe was only for temporary purposes, and as in no way calculated to impair any of the rights of Texas. He would also find in one of the President's annual messages that the President said that the Texas annexed to the United States was with the boundaries as described by Texas herself. Mr. K. said that the gentleman from Virginia feared that the establishment of these routes would confirm the title to I exaa. W ell, air, if it would be a confirmation, that con firmation has already been made. The last Congress had es tablished post routes in this same section of country, (on the lower Rio Grande.) They had established routes from Corpus Clinsti to Point Isabel, snd from Point Isabel to Fort Brown, which is on the east bank of the Rio Grande, opposite to Fort Brown. Mr. K. said that the routes so strenuously objected to had ail been recommended by the Legislature of Texas, and none of them were within six hundred miles" of Santa Fe. He said be waa astonished to hear these objections at this time. Last session a similar objection was made by gentlemen- We were then, they said, treading on Mexican territory. Now, battrever, the war had closed, and the boundary had been es J (wished to the Rio Grande. The same objection was still made, but the reasons had assumed a different phase. We were now treading on the rights of the United States ! Mr. ; K. said that Col. Benton admitted that the boundary of Texas included the Lower Rio Grande. Even John Quincy Adams, ( as late as the 13th of May, 1846, (the day war was declared ! against the United States,) admitted that the western line ol I Texas run a abort distance up the Rio Grande. Mr. K. said I that the right of Texas to all the soil east of the Rio Grande had been confirmed to Texas by a treaty with Mexico dated May 14, 1836, which on another occasion he had shown was ! a valid and binding treaty. To this portion of the territory where these routes are proposed to be established Texas had always held possession since the days of her revolution. Mexico was afraid to meet our rangers on the east side of the Rio Grande. Her right was good. It was founded upon re volution j it was maintained by force of arms. Mr. GOGGIN replied, amidst much noise and confusion. He was very partially heard by the Reporter, but was under stood as saving that Mr. Kacfxak had himself virtually ac knuwledgod that the claim of Texas up to the upper Rio Grande was subject to d>ubt. He knew that the capital of ! New Mexico had submitted to the arms of the United States, i Did our army attack a city in the midst of one of the States of the Union * What sort of a conquest was it to subdue one of our own cities' The gentleman had referred to the autho ? ity of Col. Benton. Mr. G. was glad to hear such an au thority invoked by him. Col. Benton bad said, in his place in the 8enate, when our arm? was on the Rio Grande, and our fleet blockading the mouth of the river, that our march was a piratical war?a war in disguise?and that the country on that river no more belonged to us thsn to s nation which never had beard of its existence. The same gentleman, speaking of the advance of our army under the orders of the President, said that if he were sitting on a court-martial be would ??ang any man who had obeyed such an order of the President The gentle man from Pennsylvania (Mr. C. J. Ihobbsoll) while efcairmm of the Committee on Foreign Affaire, and speaking officially on the subject of the Texaa boundary, had '?'?tiled the question : be had said, so far from the Rio Grande t*ing the boundary, that the line ran through the centre of a ^lupendous desrrt, which neither nation could ever pare with impunity. That it had been placed there by the hand of the AI mighty as a barrier between the two races?the Anglo ?Sg 1 on on the north of it and the Msuritsnian race on the south- ?d that whenever H was crossed one or the other race most be destroyed. Mr. TH0MP8ON, of Pennsylvania, here deaired to put * Viestion to the honorable gentleman from Virginia. The floor being yielded to him, (as Mr. G. said for the 1 ihird time,) Mr. T. srked whether Mr. G. considered the ter ^Wwsau the Nueces snd the Rio Grande as belonging Mr. GOGGIN aaid he denied that it belonged to Texas. He would refer the gentleman from Pennsylvania to his col Irafue fraaa Philadelph.s, ^Mr. C. J. IsoaaaoLL.) Mf? ' HOMPMON adted whether the treaty did not recrg rose the Rio Grande aa our boundary ' Mr. GOGGIN said that the treaty was not now before 'he | House, and ba did not know, officially, what it contained. , Dentiemen contended tbai a vast extent of country, for whi:h j I thr I niteJ Htataa were to pay fifteen millions of dollars, all |1 beloofvd to Texas. Did the treaty lately concluded give Ii Texas a right to the Rio Grande as contended > Mr. KAUFMAN aaid he had referred to the treaty le- I' tweeti Maji. ?> and Texas, and not the treaty between tie ' United Htaiee and MMro. Mr- G"<?01 N faotod that there wee, or ever had been, a , treaty ?,(w*eo Mexico and Texas. He was aware that Sarta ; Anna "hen a captive bad entered into some sort of an agree- i nent, 11 wk,<"h be consented to a boundary proposed by i Texas M that e?-catted treaty was of no binding force? had been re podia tad by President Jackson, and denied hv the Mexican I 'overmaant. Mr. ni^BURY hare made some explanations, which : were to ? grant measure lost st the Reporter's sea?. He was mderstood to say that Mexico had made the treaty, had got all the f<enei?, and had received all shs agreed for. Mr ??' MJtllN aaid be bad merely referred to the fact that ^*e Tm? boundary was a disputed question. The gsn t.einan iriwn Texas (Mr. Karrnaa) had called on him for ?j" '"JJ : "? w??ld refer the gentleman to Mr. Secretary Merer, who *t*t?d In his official instructions to Gen. Taylor ih? Meiu-o had esrtain military poeta on the Rio Grande which ^ad always bean in bar poseessien, that the country on "7 T*" m ** ???ed occupation of Mexico, and thst teen Taylor waa not to dieturb or in any Way interfere with T*** Mow did this agree with the gentle^ aaaa s doctrine thai the whole countiy op the river had always *7 * P"1 . ^ Secretary of War said it was, 1 ?* possession of Mexico, and she was f?* ^. ^arbed ? are la sis d either in bar people there or la bar mlMarr pasta. Mr KAITMAN aaid thst, according to hia recollection, the ismtiiy did not any (hat Mexico held thoaa military poets on *e near, but anly that ha bad beard that she did , the Depart ment had been co " tofonned." Be that as it might, the Sec reury wu in error} no such posts were there. Of this he was positive. ? . . ?? Mr. GOGGIN said tb^t the Secretary informed i ?> lor thai the Department had been informed that there ware Mexican post* on this aide of the Rio Grande, and these were not to be molestcJ. And, besides, the despatches of General Taylor himself showed that auch post* were there. Mr. KAUFMAN said that Gen. Taylor had met Mexican soldiers eaat of the Rio Grande, and to said \ but he nt-ver re poitcd that he bad found any pvstt. ., . , Mr. GOGGIN went on to aay that heh*d no idea that tM question of the Texaa boundary would come up on this occa ?ion. The amendment he wished to insert in tlw hill was merely of a declaratory character, disclaiming all declaration in this bill as to what ihe boundary of Texaa was. He was not opposed to the Texan mail route, m the bill; not at all. He waa perfectly willing that theae route* should all remain, and should be still further extended. The country waa now said to have been acquired by treaty, and waa now a part oi the United States. But he had deemed it important to guard against any inference*, from the establishment o| thoae routes, as to the question of the Texaa boundary. The whole pur iwse of his amendment was to guard agaimt such inference. I Mr PILSBURY observed that the United States was ar biter under the treaty, and was to settle the boundary quea tion between Mexico and Texas. She was not a residuary legatee. He made some other remarks which, in the confusion, and from his position, were totally inaudible to the Reporter. Mr. GOGGIN said he had merely risen to state what were the facts in the case ; and, not wishing to protract any discus sion on this question of the boundary of Texas, he moved the pr.ti?u ... put. mt -nWU and the main question being on the reconsideration of the order lo engrots the hill, the vote was taken by yeas and ?ays, and resulted aa follows : YEAS?Messrs. Abbott, Adams, Aihmun, Bamoger, Belcher, Brady, Butler, Cabell, Cliap^n Urngman, CocWe, Collamer, Collina, Conger, Cranston. CrUfield, Crowell, Cro xier, Dickey, Dixon, Donnell, Daniel Duncan, Dunn, Ed wards, Embree, Alexander Evans, Nathan E^ans, Farrdjt Fisher, Flournoy, Freedley, Fulton, G.yle, G<^ry,Gogtf?. Gott, Gregory, Grinnell, Hale, Nathan K. Hal , J Hampton, Moses Hampton, Henry, Hilltard, *-l'?B Ho "' John W. Houston, Hubbard, Hudson, Hun , J?>?ph RJjglj soli, Kellogg, Daniel P. King, Lahm, William 1. Uwrence, Lincoln, Mcllvaine, Horace Mann, Manh, .JJuU?a* Outlaw. Pollock, Preston, Julius Rockwell, John A. Kook well, Roman, Root, Rumsey, St. John, Schenck SheppeKl, S her rill. Silvester, Slingerland, Caleb B. Smith, 1 Smith, Stephens, Andrew Stewart, Tallmadge, Taylor, Rich ard W. Thompson, John B. Thompson, Toombs, Van Djke, Vinton, Warren, White, Wilson?88. NAYS?Messrs. Atkinson, Beale, Bingham, Birdsall, Bo cock, Bowdon, Bowlin, Boyd, Bridges, William G. IbWjn, Charles Brown, Albert G. Brown, Uthcart, Chase, Franklin Clark, Howell Cobb, Williamson R. W. Cobb, Cummins, Daniel, Darling, Dickinson, Faran, Featheriton, Fieklin, French, Fries, Green, Willard P. HUB, Hammons, Harals , Harmanson, Harris, Henley, Hill, George S. Houston lnge, Charles J. Ingersoll, Robert \V. Johnson, George W. Jones, Kaufman, Kennon, Sidney Lawrence, Leffler,lagon, Lor , Lumpkin Lynde, Maclay, McClelland, M^ernwrf,^ Mc Dowell, McLane, Job Mann, Miller, Morris, Mm Nn0U. Peaslee, Feck, Petrie, Flielps, Rockhill, Sawyer, Sim?, Smart, Robert Smith, aunton, Starkweather, Charles E. Stuart, Thomaa, J^?? ^o?p wn Robert A. Thompsen, William Thompson, Thurston, Turner, Venable, Wallace, Wentworth, Wick, Wiley, Wil liams. Wilniot, Woodward?87. The CHAIR, (occupied by Mr. Bcnr, of South Carolina,) not having been called and not having voted, now chose to exercise ita right, and voted in the negative \ which crea.ing a tie, the motion to reconsider waa lost. Mr. GOGGIN moved to lay the bill npon thrtable, and on that motion demanded the yeas and nays. Mr. CROW ELL moved a call of the House, an J demand ed the yeas and nays; which were ordered, and being taken resulted aa follows : Yeas 91, nays 104. So the House refused to order a call. The question being now put on laying the bill on the table, it was decided as follows : YEAS?Messrs. Abbott, Adams,Ashmu^Barrow, Belcher, Blanchard, Brady. Buckner, Butler, Ca^U. Ca .b} ,^ha^ man Cocke, Collamer, Conger, Cranston. Cnsfield, Lroweu, Croxter, Dickev, Dixon, Donnell, Daniel F Duncan, Dunn, Eckert, Edwards, Embree, N. Evans, Far rellv Fisher Flournoy, Freedley, Gavle, Goggm, Gott, Lawn-nee, Mcllvaine. H. Mtrih, Mum M??h . ! Nelson Xes, Xewall, Outlaw, Palfrey, Pollock, rreHon, Julius Rockwell, John A. Rockwell, R?01*"' Root' ^?,^ra*>r, St. John. Schenck, Shepperd, Shirrell, Silvester, Slinger land Caleb B. Smith, Truman Smith, A. Stewart, Strufiin, Tallmadge, Tavly, Richard W. Thompson, John B Thomp son Van Dykei Vinton, Warren, \\ hit*, Wilson?. I. NAYS?Messrs. Atkinson, Barringer, Bayly, Beadle, ng ham Birdsall, Boeock, Bowdon, Bowlin, Boyd, Brodhead, William G. Brown, Charles Brown, C"kkC*J>r9^'(- ^:n " Hn Clark, Howell Cobb, WiUiamson * S Housten Inge. Charles J. Ingersoll, Jenkins, Andrew Johnson, Robert W Joh^^^er,juSK Lord^Lumpkin, Lynde. Maclay, McClelland Scdernand, ?, ???, Kykhil'. ?""? Smart Robert Smith, Stanton, Starkweather, Stephens Charles E. Stuart, Strong, Thibodaux, 1 bo">a?; 'sine* I onit?K.ni*, . v?r j a hia Wiley, Williams, Wilmot, Woodward?iuO. So the roouon to lay on the table waa lost. The question then recurring on the third reading of the b The previous question waa moved and saconoea. ^ Mr. WHITE inquired if the bill had been engrossed The SPEAKER pro tem. replied that it hadI not, j Mr. WHITE objected, then, to the third reading to-day The SPEAKER pro tem. sustained the objecU<m, and de- | cided that under the rule, if the point were mada, tfas bUI , could not be read a third time unUl it was | Mr. JONES, of Tennessee, suggested thst the objection did not apply in this case, as the bill had been ordered to be I engrraLetf several days ?nce. It must, therefore, b. receded | as engrossed, constructively at least. ? The SPEAKER replied that a notice to reconsider having been made at that time, and having remained undecided, suspended the vote ordering the engrossment Mr. SIM8 read from the rules, and insisted that the Hou having just ordered the main question to be put, it was ^a direc JUJe vote of the House that the bill should be red a third t"^fhe?SPEAKER adhered to his decision upon the point ^ raised by Mr. Whit*. Mr. SIMS appealed from the decision. Mr. COBB raised the point that the objection of the gen I - man from New York was made too early, not be pertinent until after the vote on ordenng thr third re ing. When that reading was ordered the . The SPEAKER overruled this point, frdJtof ?h? objection applied now, since, if it was .ustsmed-t ?ouWbe Smrd to go on and vote upon the question ot orderinf to a third reading at thie time. . . . f After some further conversation upon 'nclJ?,t4' J*"" ' * order, the question was taken, and the decision of tbeHp * thst it wa? not in order to read the bill a third ume to-day was rustained by the House : Ayes 100, now ?7. IN SENATE?Wednf.sdav, Jcne 21, 1848. REDUCTION OF POSTAGE. Mr. NILE?, from the Committee on tbe Poet Office and Post Road*, reported a bill to reduce the rate* of pottage. The following if a rvnopti* of the bill I Br it enacted, ifc. That from and after the lat day of July, IMV, the postage on letter* thall be aa followt: Letter* not exceeding halt an ouoee in weight, conveyed any di*tance, ?hall be charged w ith three cent* pottage, and a like *um for every additional half ounce or fractional part thereof, the post age being prepaid, and if not *a prepaid then tlie pottage shall be fi?e cenu ; and all drop Irtters or letter* to be delivered at the office where deposited thaU be charged one eent pottage if prepaid, and two cent* if not prepaid.' That it ahall be the dnty of the Postmaster General at all nffiees where the pottage amount* to?? thousand dollar* an- 4 onally, to provide for convey ing letter* to the poat office by es tablishing convenient place* of <lepo*iteand by employing car riera to receive and depo*ite them in the no*t offie< tree of i. barge j and to cau*e letter* to be delivered by tuitable car- | rier*, to he appointed by him for that purpote, for which one cent on each letter i* to be charged, and on advertited letter* an additional charge of one cent. That the pontage on newtpaper* and other printed matter thall bo aa follow*: All paper*, pamphlet*, magaaine*, and l>ook*, whether periodical or not, (exchange paper* excepted,) I not exceeding one ounce, shall pay one cent postagd, ami a like Mim for evei7 additional oonce or fractional part thereof: pro vided that papert not exceeding one ounce, and not conveyed more than fifty mile*, thall be charged with half a cent post age ; and on all paper* *etit from the office of publication the 1 postage mu*t he prepaid. All handbill* and circular* to be considered as letter*, and charged accordingly. Mr. Nttx* adJreeeed the Senate at eome length In relation to th? bill. ADVERTI?KMEJIT.~F. RLANCAKI) hat the honor to return hi* sincere thanka to hia friends and the pnMie generally for the unceasing patronage, lie ha* rOMtod dunng ; the lent twelve year*. He hat the pleature to foform them that he hat taken the VUp Hotel* >Sm lVfc, under a long lease, and thi* eitablithmeot being much mora apacioun and commodious than hi* former one, he will he able toaocommo date a greater number of hi* kind friend*. He haa refitted It ami famished it anew, *o that in point of elegance and com fort it is equal to any Hotel in the city. P. Rlancard't establishment, the Pwdtoa, JWw ttrigh. tmi, Stmten htmid, j? also open for the reception of guest* who may prefer a country residence and tea air. F. BLANCARD, may *3?9aw5w City Hotel, New York. NEW YORK CORRESPONDENCE. New York, June 17, 1848. All'* Well.?The ardent supporter* of Mr. Clay in this city, who have been no sorely disappointed by the nomination at Philadelphia that they could not very readily get over it, gave their lest grand hurrah last night in the Park for the fa vorite and honored candidate they have so long and eo leal ously supported, and will now one by one quietly fall into the ranks and sustain the interests of the party and the country i by supporting the regular Whig nomination. The signs of the times cannot be mistaken. Not only in this State, but from all parts of the country, they indicate that Gen. Taylo* will be eleded by an overwhelming majority of the people of the Unions r The meeting in the Park last night was called by a portion of the delegates from this city to Philadelphia, to hear their report of the doings of the Convention. The meeting was prematura and rather ill-advised, but it will do no harm. The Whig (ieneral Committee will call a ratification meeting, pro bably next week, to respond to the nomination of the National Convention, and it will be such a meeting as will give a new impulse to the ball which has already acquired an irresistible momentum. There was ho harm in the friends of another candidate meeting and giving vent to their feelings of disap 1 pointment, and expressing in a few more cheers their ardent unshalfen attachment to that candidate ; but, in this case, the time and the place were injudiciously chosen. As it was know? to be a meeting of the disappointed and disaffected, large numbers of Locofocos took advantage of the opportunity to ntjhgle in the meeting for purposes of mischief. Mr. Bluxt, one of the delegates to Philadelphia, was the principal speaker, and gave a long verbal report and apparent ly 4 fair account of the proceedings of the Convention. After going through the whole hiatory, which certainly proved the nomination to have been fairly and honorably made, lie closed hie address with the declaration that, having gone into the Convention as a member, and acted with it through all ita proceedings, he felt bound as a man of honor to support ita nomination. Mr. of the Tribune, made a brief address, ex* pressing his dissatisfaction and painful disappointment at the result of the Convention, but h* declined to give any advice as to what coarse ought to be pursued. He would not under take to lead. The Whigs must bad off themselves, and ha was ready to follow. Gov. Jones, of Tennessee, being present, and called for, made a short address, strongly advocating Whig principles and unanimity in the Whig party ; bat, with regard to differ ences of opinion in the present meeting, he did not think it delicate for him to interfere. Mr. Sildis, of this city, spoke rather warmly against the nomination of the Convention, and declared that ha never woule vote for Gen. Taylor till he should see something more satisfactory with regard to his Whig principles than ha i had yet met with. There were probably three or four thousand in the meeting, and there was considerable confusion. Cheers and groans intermingled, sometimes for Clay, sometimes for Tarioa, I and sometimes a hurrah for Cass. The special friends of Mr. Clay felt that it was their own meeting, and they were re solved to have the last word ; accordingly, when the time ar rived for adjournment, they suddenly demolished the stage to prevent a meeting of a different complex ion from being organ ized. This little ripple in the Whig current here can have no 1 effcct to change its courae or to impede its force. I again re j peat, "All's well!" We find the subjoined account of the close of the I above meeting in the New York Express of Satur day evening: "As a Georgia gentleman was about addressing the meet ing the stage was torn down by the mob and the boards shat tered into a thousand pieces. When we left, boys and youtha were dancing over its ruins, some screaming " Cass," some "Clay," some "Taylor," but all yelling and howling w if so many demons had come up from amid the Subterranean Democracy. j "Our distant tesders need not trouble themselves about this emeute in New York. After the steam is off we shall go on, right on, as a band of brothers, all, or about all, for Tatlob and Fill*ore. New York city will give the ticket a larger Whig majority than it ever had before. In ? popu lation of half a million of people, grievously disappointed, 1 there must be an etfcivcscence ; but it is no Paris, this. When we are votad down we stay down, if we are only per mitted to growl and grumble, (inalienable privileges of a mi nority defeated ;) but we do not, as the Parisians do, go into a ballot, and then turn to and fight a majority, or create a counter-re\oiation, because we were not numerous enough to outvote our opponents. June 20, 1848. The Waie Geveral Committee of New York, at their meeting last evening, unanimously passed a resolution to unite in support of the nomination of the National Convention at Philadelphia, and resolved also to call a General Meeting of the Whigs of this City on the 27th instant, to respood to the nomination. The response from the Empire City will be load and hearty, Beooklyx too is moving. The mammoth daughter of the mammoth metropolis holds her ratification meeting this even ing, where it is announced that Governor Joaas, of Tennes see, and General Leslie Cokbs, of Kentucky, will be pre sent and add reus the meeting. I can answer for it, that the turn out in Brooklyn to-night will be large, and of the right sort. From thr interior of the State we also hear a good ac count. Tayl* a and Fillmobe would carry the State by a large majority to-day, and that majority will be steadily in creasing till naxt November. A Word to FaaMEsa. At the meeting of "the Far mers' Club 6f the American Institute" to-dsy, some facts were ststed in regard to the curing of clover hay, which are opportune to the season and important to the great farming intrests of the country. The aggregate value of the hay crop I believe is larger than that of any other crop in tike country, and the clover is the most valuable grass, when wall cured, but is more difficult than other grasses to be eared and preserved ht a good condition. It is usual among some for mers to sprinkle salt with the clover when it ia packed in the mow ; about a jock of fine salt to the U n is judged to be a suitable gusntity. But two gentlemen stated at the Club to *y, that they bad discovered by experiment another method equally useful; that is, to pack a layer of clover about a foot in thickness in the mow, and then a layer of dry rye or wheat straw sn inch or two in thickness, and eo on alternately through the mow. It cures and keeps the clover in great swestness and perfection, and the straw itself imbibes the juices and flavor of the clover to aoch a degree that it baoo?s as good a fodder as the clover, and wiH be eaten by cattle as heartily. This is an idea well worth the attention of farmers, and may prove to be of vast utility. Another subject of equal importance, and perhape greater, inasmuch as it relates to the food of man Instead of beast, came before the Farmers1 Club to-day, in the shape of a re port from a committee who had been appointed to examine " Stafford's patent revolving dryer and cooler for drying and cooling grain, fl >ur, meal, and other substances." The com mittee recommend it as being an improvement of very greet importance. The flour, meal, or grain passe* over the sur face of a cylinder, the interior of which is heated by steam to such a degree as to expel all the moisture from the article, which can after this process be kept for any length of time, without fermentation, mustiness, or decay. To all lovers of health and good hreud this is vastly important, to say nothing of its effect upon commerce and wealth. MAKBL.E PAVING TIE.cn, II article, tuitab) ? for aide and garden walk*, 1 ard*. Italia, portioot, aptiiift :*, Ice., manufactured at Bolton Mill, Cathedral atrect, Baltimore. Theae tilea are prepared by machinery ready for laying ; they are more ihan double the thickne** of Italian tllea, and are tquare on the edge* ; ihey un he laid in *and with the tame utility aa brick*, and make a beautiful and per manent pavement Half-tile* and edging to border the pave ment will be fnroiahed when ordered. The facilitiea the advertiser hat for manufacturing them t'* cludea all tear of competition from my quarter of the United State*. A Miuple of the tilea can be aoen at the Patent Offce* Ad?h*?* THOS. SYMINGTON, may 1?8aw9mo [Union] Baltimore 4PPLKTOJIH RAILROAD AMD srrB*MR?AT COMPANION, being a Traveller'sGuide throagh the *d State* of Ameriaa, Gonad*. New Bnnxviek. and I Nova Scotia, illustrated Wy 30 map* engraved on Heel, iocnid ; ing foor plan* of citiea, and embelliahed with 96 engravmn, ! by W. Willia?*. Price $1.95. Just publi*hed and forf*de by | june 14 R. FARNHAM.