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REMARKS OF Mr. TRUMAN SMITH,
OF CONNECTICUT, On the imputations of N. B. Blunt Esq., of the city of New York, on his course as u Dele gate to the recent Whig National Convention, to gether with an exposition of the benefits which will result to the country from the elevation oj (itneral Zachar\ 1 aylor to the Presidency ol the United States. TO THE PUBLIC. I perceive from a report in tome of the New York papers of the proceedings of a meeting of the Whigs at that city, convened in the Park on the IGth instant, N. B. hivnr, Esq (one of the delegates to the recent Convention at Philadel phia) took the liberty of introducing my humble in me to the consideration of the meeting, accompanied with the imputa tion of a want of fidelity on my part an a member ot the same Convention to the trust reposed in me by the tyhigg of Con necticut. In one of the papers alluded to, Mr. Blunt is re ported as follows : " Look at your sister of Connecticut. One of her dele gates, who has filled high office in her gift, and who is about to enter u|?on a .still more exalted position before the nation, was ejected and imiructtd to cant hit vote for Henry Clay. He came into that Convention with the name of Henrv Clay on his lips, but with all bis energies predetermined to'defeat him. This, fellow-citiiene, was his conduct, and though I have no personal injuries to redress, I fed that I have a right ' to hold the mirror up to nature,' to say whether this man de serves well at the hands of his constituents." It has ever been with roe a rulo not to take any notice of ecmdal or abuse, from whatever quarter it may come, as I am of the opinion that a public man had better live dowq. all such attacks, and il he has not character enough to do so, be should aeek immunity therefrom in retirement and obscurity. If I make the present case an exception to that rule, it will not be on personal grounds?it will not be because I have the slightest idea that there is any occasion to vindicate myself before the I VV higs of Connecticut, but because such charges tend to bring the Convention itself into disrepute, the proceedings of which were, aa I think, characterized throughout by a spirit of fair ness, moderation, impartiality, and rectitude. I have not the honor of a personal acquaintance with Blunt, but I am free to confess that all I have learned of his standing as an emi nent lawyer, and of bis character as a good reliable Whig, has been adapted to inspire me with respect. I do not there fore desire, and shall not enter into any controversy with him, but shall content myself with stating plainly the facta of the caae, and shall leave him to repent at his leisure of the injustice which he has done to a fellow member of the Convention, who claims no other position than that of being his equal, with the right to consult his own sense of duty, and to be guided by his own convictions of what (in the very difficult and trying circumstances in which the Convention was placed) was best adapted to promote the good of the country and the success of the W hig party. In answer to the unceremonious and unwarrantable use which has been made of my name, and to imputations fiom whatever quarter they may come, I submit the following remarks : I. It is not true, as alleged by Mr. Blunt, that I was elect ed to the Convention and instructed to vote for Henry Ulay. I was a member of the State Convention whirh convened in New Haven last fall, and which a^p tinted the delegation to the National Convention, consisting of Messrs. Rockwell, Stuart, Babcock, Trumbull, White, and myself, and no in structions whatever were given to the delegation. It is not the practice *>f the Whigs of Connecticut to commit their delegate* in advance ; but it is, and ever bas been, expected and desired that they should go into the National Convention untrammelled and prepared to enter into a full and free con sultation with their brethren from other sections of the I'nion, ?rid then do what they shall think just atd r ght under all the circumstances of the caw. Such is my sense of the evils of a packed Convention that I .would not accept of a seat in such * body instructed to vote for any man. 2. it is not tiue that I went into the Convention with tha name of " Henry Clsy on my lipe, but with all my energies predetermined to defeat him." On the contrary, I wa* well assured, from all I knew of the comp ?ition of that body, that , he would in no event get a nomination. I wax, in tact, de "rou* th** h* should receive as large u vote as posbibie, as an "P***"011 ?* ltu high appreciation of his taints and'public i services which all good Wbiga entertain, and as an allevia tion in some degree of a result adverse to his claims, which I I considered in-vtab'e. I even now regTet that the Kentucky delegation did M feel it to be their duty to cast a unanimous ?rote in his favor, for reasons that muat be obvious. But 11 all my energies were predetermined" to ensure the nomination of Gen. Taylor, as between him and some other candidates, not because I did not entertain the utmoet respect for such 1 candidates, but simply because I thought we should beat sub serve the interests of the country by putting forward, in the present conjuncture, the name of Gen. Taylor. When 1 speak of other candidates, I most not be und< rxtood to refer to Mr. Webeter, of whom, permit me to say, (bat tbe people of ibe f nited States would bsve honored themselves, and 1 have rendered our free institution* illustrious, if they bad made him President long ago. It is troe the name of Henry Clay has often been on my lips, but it has ever been in ae- ' cents of praise and admiration; such was Lie fact in 1%44, when I'devoted almost an entire year in eo-nperation with friends to rescuing our Commonwealth from the hands of the opponent, and in giving bimthe electoral vote of Connecticut. I claim to be a much truer friend of Mr. Clay than those who 1 nave so unadvisedly urged him into the field when there was fittM probability that he could be nominated, and less that be 1 could be elected if nominated. 3 It is well known here, and I b?lieve throughout Con- 1 necticut, that, having given tbe entire subject a full and a most I anxious conwderatum, 1 e^y ,n the pre~nt season came te the conclusion that ws could with more cerainty put down ' the present Administration, and pr mote the success of tbe .hf ?use, under the auspice* ot Gen Taylor, than by uang the name of any other of the distinguished men who Dave been brought before the public in this roonexion. Nev ertheleas, I have said on all occasions that I v.?uld not, as a j delegate to the Convention, act on my own private opinions. ' but would co-operate with tbe other delegates from Connec ticut in an effort to obtain such a result a? we laicht on c<?-' saltation, deem to be best. ? , on c?n . 4. When the delegation aarmbled at Philadelphia for ami sulfation, in advanee of the deliberatiooa of the Convention, my opinion* favorable to Geo. Taylor, and th? ground* on which those opinion* are beard, wrre fully *taWJ to my eo delegatea ; but, at the him time, I avowed th< purpose of abiding by the decision of my associates. W?! hen deter mine*) unanimously to vote for Mr. Clay.s and I can aswre Mr. Blunt that wa *booid not have departed from that < laser mmatiun one hair, if other dele*utea bad been disposed to co-j operate with o?, *o a* to give Mr. Clay a majority of the Con vention ; in such case he would have been the nominee of the Whig party, and I would have esertrd myaelC, e* in IS44, to make him the Chief Magistrate of the American peopte. &. On the firat ballot Mr. Clay received 97 vutea, (fewer, by far, than 1 anticipated,) and on the eeeond be receded to N. Tbe delegation assembled the next morning far further consultation ; arid knowing, a* we did, that many delegate* who voted for Mr. Clay on tbe Ant and second ballot* would vote for other candidate* on the third, and that therefore ki< no ax notion was unattainable, we decided unanimously the' each delegate might the.-psfter give such a vote as he ehould be convinced the good of the country required. I then re curred, for the first time, to my real opinion*, and voted for Gen. Zachary Taylor, and found myself supported by two of any eolleagu<?, Meaars. Mtuarl aad Trumbull, who acted on their own judgment, wholly uninfiuenced by Be, directly or indtreeily. I preaome I ehnll not be guilty of a breach of confidence if I say that Gen. Taylor would have received, if min?i j to bia nomination, (Mr. t |?y being out of tbe quea boo,) tare more votea frm Connecticut. I believe the sea* thing ie true of some delegates from ither Btatea who voted for Mr. Clay to the last. 6. "I entertain the utmost reapec' for and confidence in tbe Wbiga of the cttf nt New York s but it miM be recollected j that I ???( into the Convention not m their a rent, bat ae Hip representative of the Wbiga of Connecticut. I thought myself a free man, acting for the free Whig* of a noble Ktate, in a perfectly free National Convention, with no obligation* to Mr. Blunt except thuee of courtesy and respect. In that cberac- ? ter I did cot deem mveetf a mere antomaton, Imt a reaeonahle being, in doty bound to OCt fairly and candidly toward* all, but with liberty to eierdee an honeet judgment ae to the be*t j meana' to be aeleeted to arcomplieh an objfct which all good Wbig* desire. I am supported in the cour ?? which T puraued , by cooacioua rectitude ; and through "evil report and good report" I shall pursue "the even tenor of any way," paying no more attenti hi to denunciation, from whatever quarier it may come, than I would to " the idle wind." I am not at all ap Bben?i*e of having irvurred the reoentment, either of Mr. y or my own constituent. I know too much of that mag nanimous md noble hearted man to believe that he will har bor a particle of iH will towarda such of the Contention a* frarloaaly did what they bettered to be their doty, whatever he may think of thoae who ha*a ?? gambled" w*h Ma name, of which, by the way, I do not sospect Mr. Blont A* to my conetitaente, I fuel myself under infinite obligation* to them I have received many rtprearmsof confidence Ot their heoda, and recently one which nearly toochea my heart. Bnt I can assure Mr Blunt wo can eettle account* between ouracier* without hi* aid or interference; and farther, that whenever it ahall appear that I bare incurred their dwplewKtra, I ahall in ' j n(antly return into their hand* any trust which they may have | confided to me, and take refuge from the misconstructions and j malevolence of politica in the dutiea of my (irot??ion and (he repose of private lite. I hope Mr. B. will excuse me for in timating tbat if certain Whigs of the city of New York were , leaa in the habit of maligning the motives and traducing the conduct of the Whigaof other partaof the country, they would have more influence in giving a direction to public a Hairs. Prom tbia exposition 1 think it is manifest that Mr. Blunt, " in holding the mirror up to nature," has placed it in false " lights, and has reflected a distorted image ; and, in view of the facts stated, I fearlessly submit my course in the Convention to the scrutiny of all honorable and upright men. I have act ed openly and, above board on all occasions in reference to this subject, and, avoiding ultraism and violence oh the ono hand, I hope my conduct on the other has been characterized by the independence and firmness which all should possets who de sire to be of any use to the country. Dismissing, then, tbia subject, which I shall not be sur prised to And regarded as of little moment, I seize the occasion to give a brief exposition of the benefits which I conceive will result to the country frojn the elevation of General Zachary Taylor to the Presidency. I anticipate trom such a consum mation? 1. An essential alleviation of the acerbity and violence of party spirit, which has been running to extremes for many years past, and which has produced nothing but evil to the country, and tbat continually. 2. A more moderate and reasonable action on the part both of Congress and the Executive, in establishing a policy in reference to all essential interests, in which all good men, if not perfectly satisfied, can acquiesce. I wish to see public men disenthralled, in some degree, from the iron rule of party, and placed in a condition to act freely according to thei; own conscientious convictions of right and duty. Time was when leading men of the same party felt themselves at liberty to dif fer on great questions of public poliry, but now the state of the case is widely different, and many are force ij, by the tyranny of party, into the support of measures which tbey cordially disapprove, if Ihey do not detest. Relentless proscription awaits every man who falters in the least. I have, within the | last few days, heard an upright and truly patriotic Senator, | frum my own Stale, bitterly denounced by a leading Demo ' cratic member of the House of Representative*, merely be j cause be will not go the whole figure in supporting all the wild and mischievous measures of the present Administration. The state of things which ha? long existed at the seat of Government, 1 can sufficiently illustrate by an anecdote : At the time the final vote was taken in the House, at the first session of the last Congress, re-enacting the Subtreasury law, a highly respectable Democratic member came across the hall to my seat, and exclaimed, with an oath, (which I will not repeat,) " it is a shame that a law should be passed to which a large majority of the House is opposed," or words to that effect. I am confident that, had it not been for " the bonds of party," the tarill" of 1846 could not have been passed, thuugh that of 1842 might have been essentially, and perhaps advantageously, modified. I am equally confident that, but for the same cause, the country would not have been plunged into "an unnecessary and unconstitutional war with Mexico," the past and present evils whereof few yet comprehend, and the future evils of which will only bo taught us by many years of bitter experience. But when moderation shall become the order of the day, which I am well assured will be inculcated by Gen. Taylor, should he be President, by both precept and example, a new spirit will come over Congress, and I trust the great body of the people, sod we shall all feel that we have common institutions to preserve, a common country to serve ; and, whether we sink or swim, we are all committed to one common destiny, whether for good or evil. 3. An Administration which will consecrate all its faculties to the preservation of the peace of the country. I regard this a* an object of paramount importance. No man is better qua lified than Gen. Taylor to seize with a firm grasp the spirit of war which unhappily infests the American people, (the great besetting sin of all republics,) anu to hold it effectually in check. That be entertains sentiments of the utmost abhor rence of war, and that he will be the resolute/iiend of peace, I know. I hope I shall be excused for presenting here an ex tract from a letter which I had the honor to receive from Gen. Taylor, dated at Baton Rouge, on the 4th of March last: " 1 need hardly reply to your concluding inquiry, that 1 am a peace man, and that I deem a state of peace to be absolutely ? necessary to the proper and healthful action of our republican imtitutioni. On this important question I freely confess my self to be the unqualified advocate of the principles so often laid I down bv the Father of' his Country, and so urgently reeom* j mended by him in his Farewell Address to the American peo pie. Indeed, I think I may safely say that no man can put a ; more implicit faith than I do in the wisdom of hisadvioe, when j be urged upou us the propriety of always standing upon our | "own soil." In hi* letter to Captain J. S. Allison, dated April 22, Gen. Taylor mti : ?' My life hat been devoted to srma, vet I look upon war, at all timet anil under all circumataneea, ai a national calamity, to be avoided it' coni|iauble with national honor. The principles of out Government, ai well a* it* true pol.ey, are opposed to the ?nbjugntioo ot other nations, and the dismemberment of other countries by conquest." At a dinner in New Orleans given in December last in honor of Gen. Taylor, be responded to ? complimentary ?en limerit by declaring? " That the joy and exultation of the greatest victories were always, after the heat and excitement Of the battle, succeeded by leelings of poignant sorrow and pain ; and that war, alter all, vas a great calamity, and his the greatest glory who could terminate it." General Taylor baa on other occasions avowed similar aen ' timen'a; they do him much honor. He will reaiat the lust of dominion and the passion tor acquisition which mark* ao dis tinctly the character of the American people, and which in fraught with more peril to oar Ire* institutions, and the perpe tuity of our glorious Union, than any other cause whatever. 1 There vrill be no danger of the annexation of either Cub* or Yucatan under the auspice* of Gen. Taylor. 4. Also an Adminiatration of the strictest impartiality, and of the m-st rigid justice, as between all the great interests of the country, and all sections of the confederacy. I believe Gen. Taylor to be entirely above aectional prejudice j and there are not any of the interest* of the free States which I would not unhesitatingly confide to hia hand. He has a bead to comprehend, and a heart to embrace hu country, and his whole country. Having spent hi* whole life in the public aervice, and on terma of cordial and friendly intercourse with the people of all parte of the Union, he entertains the broadest and most liberal aentimenU of nationality. I do not regard him aa a citizen of Louisiana, but as a citixen of the United Btates ot Amcrica. 5. He will do much, if elected, to pat down the efforts now making in varwaa quartets to run all the politic* of the coun try into a mischievous spirit of sectionalism. If be shall prove to be the President I doubt not he will be, the people will learn that id all the qualificationa fur that high office, that of c:tizenahip, residence, or domicil is the lowest. I am more disposed to look to the man himself to the qualities of hia head and heart, rather than to the accidente of birth or re sidence Who would not rejoice to have a succession of Pre sident* for the next five centuries who shall adminisler the Government after the fashion and in the apirit of Washing ton, though every one of them should come from the Capes of Florida * 6. t'ongreaawili be restored to the powers and prerogatives which the framers of the constitution intended that body should eiereiee. It must be obvious, on the slightest exami nation of that instrument, that to Congress wa* confided the power of expressing the will of the people, in the form oi laws, and to the Executive the duty only of executing that will when ascertained by Congreaa. But within the last few years there haa been in progress a rapid concentration of all power in the hands of the Executive. The Preaident has become every thing and Congress nothing. An irresponsible body, called a convention, and generally a small committee of such tody, assembled in the upper room of some tavein, have arrogated the right of settling every thing in advance, and of binding both Congrats and the Executive. The lat ter has become the agent of a debased and grovelling partisan ship to overrule the fotmer, either through the instrumentality of the veto, or by a corrupt exercise of patronage. To the correction of the enormoua evila of *' the one-man power," (ieoeral Taylor stands distinctly pledged The moment this ia done, the great questions of p-jMk policy are taken out of the Presidential canvass, snd sra earned into the Congres sional districts. If ilie people desire a protective tariff, the improvement of oar harbors and rivers, or any policy in re ( gard to our territories, they will elect member* of Con free* accordingly. Thi? wi'l releve the legislation of the country from the malign influence of party, and will be likely to give much greater inability to audi measure* aa have a fiTorahle hearing .in the important mtereeta of the country than ha. ob tained for many years part. 7. The influence of the name and character of (ieneral Taylor will be quite certain to giee us a Congre?? wh.?o imwi of puMic policy will accord with thoae of the Whig party. In thia respect he can do more for the country than any man now living. Few of thoae who undertake to pronounce ao peremptorily on the question of the Praaidency have given thia aulfect any consideration whatever. While I am free lo admit that Mr. (Jlay ought to have bean elected President long ago, yet I think it certain that if he could now be brought miccraafolly into the field, be would have the two llouaea of Congreai to thwart and embarraaa him during the whole of hia Presidential term. Any man who will consider the con dition of the representation hi both branches of Congress from the Northwestern, Western, and Hoaih western State*, moat admit the truth of thia remark. I want a Whig Preaident, a Whig Henate, and a Whig Houae of Representatives; and General Taylor being atrong ? thoae parte of the Union where we are weak, will favor in a high degree ao desirable a eonautn mation. S. In ?h?rt, I believe that all department of the Govern ment will become eornervative under the auapima of General Taylor. That ha will administer the E*ecuti?e department in :hat spirit no mm ean doobt? and this makea him a good Whig enough for me. He will take high conaervatrve ground on all question* appertaining to our foreign relations. Ha will dispense the patronage of the Government in a spirit of mode ration. He will be particularly cautioua to Me that justice is done to all sections in this regard. And aa to questions ap pertaining to our domeatic policy, he wilt follow the example of the earlier President*, and will throw them into Congress. What more can be deaired by the ju?t, moderate, and patriotic ol the Whig party > I doubt whether there has ever been aaeembled in this coun try a Convention the proceedings of which were more justand fu r, and in which there was lean of management and intrigue than that which recently assembled at Philadelphia. It was refreshing to meet from tho furthest extremity of our wide spread Union good and true hearted Whigs, who had incur red the fatigue and the expense of a journey of many hundred miles to participate in our consultations. All seemed to be actuvied by the best spirit, and anxious for the success of the common cause.' It is true tfcere were strong differences of opinion among the members, honestly entertained and aspect fnlly and kindly expressed, and thesa differences were submit ted to the proper arbiter, voluntarily conatituted, and pre eminently worthy of the confidence of all. The result was the nomination of General Zachary Taylor as the Whig can didate for the Presidency, and by the blessing of God he will be elected, whoever may bolt the track. I accord fully in the opinions recently expressed by the Hon. C. C. Cambreleng, in a political assembly, as follows : "The great object of the wise men ol the capital, for three years past, has been to make a President. They I lave labored day and night, zealously and assiduously, and have succeeded admirably and triumphantly. They have most effectually ac complished their object; they have, by their own aets, made a President of the United States, but it happens not to be the man, nor either of the men, they intended. It is neither the Pmident nor any of his Cabinet, nor is it the conservative no minee of the Baltimore Convention. From the first roll of the drum at Palo Alto, through all our splendid victories, to the final and glorious conquest of Mexico, the President and his Cabinet have labored, zealously and successfully labored, to muke Zachary Taylor President of the Uuitetl States. It matters not whether he is Irom the North, the South, the East, or the West, nor how he gets into the field. Whether sup ported bv volunteers pr regulars, once ia the field, the mart ivho ha* the heart of the nation with him in irresistible, and must inevitably triumph." And why should it not be so, when the real issue to which we a>e brought is whether Lewis Caps or Zachary Taylor thali tie the next President of the United States ? I deiire to say nothing disrespectful of G?n. Cass, but his career in Con gress, particularly on the Oregon question and the A'exkan war, are too well known to render mistake possible as to wk?t will Ik the tendency of an Administration of which he shall be ihe chief. Unfortunately he is one of those who think they can find an inexhaustible fund or source of popularity in the belligerent propensities of the American people. War, war, has been incessantly on his lips for years past. I trust that Whigs every where will ponder well on the consequen ces which resulted from third party organization in 1844. Did it not elect Mr. Polk, overthrow the tariff of 1842, re-enact an odious and oppressive Subtreasury, annex Texas, involve us in the war with Mexico, commit twenty-live thousand American citizen* to a premature grave, and squander over one hundred and fifty millions of the public treasure ' Does not a large share ol the responsibility of all these evils lie at the door of those who, by a third party movement, defeated Mr. Clay!> Whoever takes a similar course now, will incur dread responsibilities. What if war again should follow from it: the annexation of Cuba or indefinite extension on the side of Mexico } I cannot believe that any such suicidal policy will be pursued. No ; the hour of retribution has come, and those who have been gambling with war in reference to the Presi dency, will find themselves put down by a man who by his noble conduct and brilliant exploits has rai?ed himself to the level of the most eminent commanders of modern times. Let us now elect Gen- Taylor President, and aspirants for that high office will be little inclined hereafter " to make of war and its bloody front a game of politics." I declare my utmost confidence in Gen. Taylor. I feel that I have a thorough insight into his principles and his character. As he is an honest man, I confide in him ; as he is a mode rate man, I respect him j as he ia a humane man, I admire him ; as he is a man of unsurpassed bravery, I honor him ; as he is distinguished for good sense and sound discretion, I think be will make a safe President; as a high sense of jus tice has ever characterized his conduct, I am willing to trust him with the righta and interests of all parts of the country, I and particularly those of the free States ; as he has ever been remarkable for firmness and decision of character, " asks no favors and fears no responsibility," I believe he will, with a steady hand, guide the country aafely through all the perila which may environ it; as he possesses ?he utmost purity and ex cellence of character, I shall take pleasure in seeing bim at the head of public affaire ; as he is truly republican in his hab ita and manners, being one of the people, and aynipathizing thoroughly with the masses, I think there is a fitness in ma king him the chief magistrate of those tame masses, of whom the humblest can exclaim with truth, " he is one of us !" and as he is a good, sound, conservative, and reliable Whig, abom inating war and contemning meanneea, fraud, chicanery, and trickery, who will put far from him all evil-doer*, political or otherwise, I am for him from the beginning to the end of the chapter. I consecrate my hand and my heart to the good old cause as represented by Zachary Taylor, and will do all within the range of my feeble abilities to make htm the next Presi dent of the United Statea. TRUMAN SMITH. W A?Hi*ii-ro.v, Ji he 20, 1848. APPENDIX. Since penning the foregoing remark* I hava reerived the following communication from his excellency Clarke Biasell, the Governor of our 8tate ; Lis honor Charles J. McCurdy, the Lieutenant Governor thereof; Hon. L. F. 8. Foster, Speaker of the Houae of Repreaentativea, and John B. Rob eitaon, Esq., Secretary of the Commonwealth. I need not aay that (he coutents have afforded me unalloyed satut action : New Hat**, Jen* 19, 1818. Hon. Ticma* S*ith?Dear Sir: Aa there tppears a dia poaition in certain quartern to impugn your course as one of the delegstea of Connecticut at the Philadelphia Contention, wf deem it a duty, and feel it a pleasure, to express to you our views on the subject. Mr. Clay waa, undoubtedly, the firit choice of a Urge pro portion of the Whiga of Connecticut, and a clar* of them? good men and true, and faithful to the end?were, to tbe last, earnest and ansioua for hia nomination, and willing to abide the chance of it? *ucceas. But another portion, perhaps aa numerous, as respectable, and as judicious, with tbe ame at tachment to the per*>n and principles of their noble leader, had tiecoine at the time of the nomination unwiliirg to com mit the eaute to the hazard of so doubtful an experiment. They were also afraid that, even if the nomination was suc cessful, it would be but a lurren victory, not producing that effect upon the Coogrcaeional elections which is necessary to ensure a practical and substantial triumph. This state of feel ing and opinion at home, the first wish and the ultimate doubt, was fairly reflected by the course of our delegation at Phila delphia. They were under no instructions, (ndrttt enough they unquestionably had,) hut each member wae expeced and desired to exercise his own discretion in view of all the cir cumstances which should be developed at the Convention \ and their frienda here were willing to trust tbe entire subject to the prudence and wiadom of their decision. As far is we know, their couree is entirely satiefactory to the great maaa of the Whigs of Connecticut. The nominationa are rrsjxmded to with enthusiaam, and will receive at least as large a major ity as any that could have been made. With much reaped, we are your friends, C. BI88EI.L, CHA8. J. McCITRDY, I,. F. 8. FOSTER. JOHiN B. R0BLRT80N. The law* in relation marriage in France ire to be mate rially altered. In the projected than cm (4 M. CuailTt, the condemnation of one party to at. infamous jMiniahment ?hall be ((round of ?everance. Mutual conaentof hu*band and wife, and eipreawd in a manner preac.rihei! hy |?w with the cdnditiona impoaed by law, ahall be ground of divorce. A pkcard printed on red paper had baen poafoj on the walla in Pfcria, calling a meeting of all female* ainrerely devoted to republican principle* at th eplace Vendome, to exprraa to citizen Oemieu* their gratitude for hi* advocacy of the principleao i|MBk Rirax* take Wises.?-The imtfi'i* r*tiie of M. d'Ali gre, who died Ust tear in France, wu atill unsettled when the re?olution of February broke ool. 'This estate ?m in ventoried at 53,000,000 franca, but it wu incumbered with legacies and Rifi? to the rum of 1 ft,000,000 francs. Tbi* litter ram even, owin? to the exee?.iv*|<i ruinous depeecia lion of property, cannot be restated from the estate t ao that the heir* of tbi? heretofore magnificent h- nUge expect to re afire li'?le or nothing threfrom, after the I. juries and expenees ?re settle*!. FtTatowntwtar Unrw.?A little fi*b!ng wbooner was lying at one rf <mr wharves last week which deserves notice. Hbe wi? manned by a veteran crew, coesrxting of skipper Mar shall, aged 78 ; his brother aged 75 ( another man aged 76, and ? boy 65. The vessel i? forty fl?e yasrs old, and the unit ed ages of v?>sse| and crew number 340 yeire ! The skipper has followed the permit from the age of nine years. | SaUm Regiiter. A 1.ocewoTtTr Bratcw ?The other day a bores, with the thills ef a broken rhaiae or wagnn attached, was aeon eoming ai fall speed al >n? the Brighton road, just whore it rone paral lel with the Worcester railroad. The sound of the *eea> whistle of an app'oaching Iraki did not by any meana tend to leeae? the apeed of the horse, and for a mile or mow, whh the broken fragments trailing behind, he kept ahead of a train go ing at the rate of twenty or twenty-Ave miles an boor. At the ship-yard bridge the fugitive creased, and when laat seen was far ahead of the train. ? Button Trmotlkr. FRANCE AND THE REVOLUTION. The following, which we copy from the London Times, we believe may be taken as an accurate picture of the present state of J^aris, and of France. It is confirmed by the daily details of events, not only in tlie London, but in the Paris papers, all the material facts of which go fully to support the cor rectness of the general outlines of the descriptions here given. How long Buch a state of things is likely lo continue, or how long it can be endured, remains to be seen.?Boston Advocate. " No observation ia sufficiently extensive to embrace the infinite variety of the forms of distress and embarrassment which are pressing at this time with a daily increasing weight upon tbe French nation ; no description can be sufficiently graphic or minute to convey to the inhabitants of a peaceful land and the subjects of an established Government a full and complete conception of the effects of such a revolution. The revolution is iu every houso and at every door. The terrors it still inspires have twice in this last week roused the citizcns of Paris from their beds at the break of day, and kept them under arms till midnightj for the defence of property and life is there tho principal, we might say, the only business of man. The multifarious pursuits of life have been suddenly stopped. I Official services and even judicial experience have been turned udrift into the streets ; the learned professions and the liberal arts have lost for a time their objects and their rewards f the trades have ceased te purvey abundant supplies to the wants of a metropolis and to the taste of Europe j industry herself, in her humblest walks, has been ousted of her rights by the scandalous example and the base competition of 100,000 workmen, converted into paupers by the delusive pledges and the mischievous prodigality of tbe State ; and the republic, which is responsible for the past and for the future of the na tion whose power it has assumed, totters under this tremen dous crisis, without the means to supply the resources it has already dissipated, without a man to give a vigoro^ impulse to the Executive power, without even a definite object St a political system to govern the loose and turbulent deliberations of the National Assembly. What we behold, what we know of this extraordinaiy state of anarchy and confusion, is but the superficial and perplexiug aspect of a scene where tbe mind seeks in vain to arrive at any conclusion, and the multi plicity of irregular and disordered objects confounds even tbe sight. But take the daily life of any individual citizen of that huge town of Paris at this moment, and see what it consists of. What privations, what duties, what reluctant submission, what luin, what terror! The authority of Government has ceased to provide for the security of his person and his family, and he must therefore mount guard, and perhaps expose his life in actual conflict with the revolution. Tbe faith of the Government has already been so far violated that he has lost a portion of his deposited savings, and the rest of his property invested in public securities is enormously depreciated and threatened with total ruin. The condition of public afiaira is so disastrous that it has interrupted ail the avocations and j amusements of private life; and all that men care for and live for isengulphed in an unprofitable sacrifice to an idol of imsgi- j nary freedom, which can confer none of the blessings of free- | dom, but only the harshest drudgery and misery in return. The statements recently published iu the Moniteur of the trade and revenue of the first four months of the present year in France, as compared with the first four months of 1646 and 1847, demonstrate with the utmost clearness what the extent of these national losses has already been. In the im port duties on various articles, including especially all raw ma terials employed in manufactures, the fall has been on an aver age about 66 per cent. ; or, in other words, the consumption of the country has been reduced to one third of what it was in preceding years. The period of four months for which the refurn i? made up includes of course the month of January and twenty-two days of February anterior to The commencement of the revolution, during which tiiqe trade was slackened, but not, as it has since been, annihilated ; so that in reality the burden 1 of the deficiency on the months of March and April is even greater than the aggregate amount of the four first months would make it appear to be. The receipts on imports, which were 12,725,150f. in April, 1846, end 10,750,672f. in April, 1847, fell to 3,764,590f. in April, 1848. In the same month the amount paid on cotton wool imported fell from 1,197,193f. in 1846, to 578,633f. in 1847, and 202,405f. in 1848. Cast iron from 433,597f. in 1847 to 92,125f. in 1848. Cofls from 473,887f to 194,269f. At this rate of reduction the falling off in the revenue from ths customs alone would exceed three millions sterling per annum, which is more than half their total amount in the present stale of the French ta riff. But the other branches of the revenue derived from di rect taxstion have not fared at all better. The falling off in them for the month of April alone is twenty-three millions of francs, or ?920,000 < and the cums collected, either by the prepayment of taxes, or by the extraordinary impost of 45 centimes additional on every frsnc heretofore levied, (that is, an augmentation of 46 per cent,) hare by no means supplied the actual deficiency in the most direct and certain portion ol the public revenue. The resources of the State have, therefore, enormously di- j minished, snd its expenses have actually increased. The actual coet of the ateliers na'ionaux has risen to ?10,000 sterling a day in Paris alone. The Assembly itself receives ?900 a day, or about the same sum as the whole civil list of (jueen Victoria. The garde mobile have certainly done good | service, but they are paid four limes as much as the soldiers of \ the regular army. Theee are public and acknowledged ex penses ; but, in addition to thene disbursements, an enormous outlay of a more secret kind ha* been going on. The sum found in the Treasury by the Republican (hwemrnent on it* accession has never yet been acromnted far or even named ? j what is more extraordinary, we believe h has never been asked for, although it certainly exceeded five millions sterling. Yet it is thst sum which has chiefly kept the Government on Ha i legs for the last three months, and there are now manifest signs that it is rapidly coming to an end. Many of these dif ficulties were from the first foreseen, but instead of being pro 1 vided sgainst they were aggravated by such absurdities as tb< guaranty of labor to the working classes. The ateliers na- . timonx have become mere haunts of the diseolote and the idle ; j they have drawn off workmen who might have found employ ment elsewhere; they have attracted the Paris looee bands of "companions," al they are termed ; they have surrounded the capital with an army of deceived, irritated, and starving men t and at last the " guaranty of Isboi" is come to this, that the Minister of Public Works calif upon all'able-bodied men be tween 18 and 25 to enlist at once in the regular army upon pain of immediate dismissal from the national workshops. Meanwhile, P?n? i* daily and nightly ?n the alert, until *ome method ohall have been found of removing thia enormou* mam of pauperized citixen? from the vicinity of the Lrgiela ture and the faubourga of the capital Very probably thm removal will not be effected without a '"rioue collinon. Wc do not for a moment deny thai the embairawmcnta ariaing out of th? irtale of thinga into which the revolution of February plonged the French nation were so terrible that it waa not to lie aoppoeqd, and we never did auppa*, that any amount of political energy and wiedom could avert very great calamitiea from the nation. But it could hardly have been fireaeen that the French people would dixp'ay, both in their Eiecutiva Government ard in their National Aaeemhly, ao <ery alender an amount of theaa e*senti?| qualitiea in nuch an emergency. The tfcree weeks which have now ehp*ed aince the opening of the AaeemMy have been *pent without an ep- i proximation to the real work of Government, One or two good commitUee have l>een named, chkly romp.^ed of mem bera of the old Chamber of Deputies and their labora may produce aomething uaet'ul ? but the d?!>at?a of the Aavembly have l>een to the l*at degree aterile, indecorous, and in I coherent. Not only hare no auhjact* been eerionsly discussed, except | the auperfluoua question of the benishment of the Houae of Or lean*, but no part leu have been foimed, no leaden riaen up, no confidence baa been eetablished between the Government and the repreeentativee of the people. And by aome atrange caprice of fortune, at a moment when thia labor-quart ion in volve* the eafcty of Paria and the deetmy of France, the in aotuble ta*k of dealing with it ia assigns), not to the man of geniua or acience, or experience or war, but to the citixen Tralat, lute an apothecary in the Faubourg St. Antcine, and now Minuter of Public Works, whose good inten'iona are the only cempeaaatien for the coofueed prolixity of hia apeeche* ?nd the infirmity of hia judgment Huch a ?tata of thing* dierloeea it* own inevitable eoocluaion. It will drag on fir month* or yeara in the aame miaery and diacredit, until tome man of a atrong will and a clear intelligence make* hia ap pearance i and to that men France will transfer herself with out reservation, provided be undertake to reecue her otiee more from ev?J* more intolerable than thoee of the former Directory WASHINGTON. ??Liberty and Uulou, uow ?ud forever, oue and inseparable." SATURDAY. JUNE 24, 1848. - ; ; ?*" j^'in - " r ' 'T? INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGES. Our readers will have perceived, from the Reports we give of Congressional Proceedings, that the bill making provision for the system of International Exchanges, so zealously advocated by M. Alex. Vattkmare, has triumphantly passed both Houses of Congress, and waits but the Presidential signature to become a law. The promptitude with which this offering has been made to the cause of the pro gress and the peace of nations is highly honorable to us as one of them. As Anjericaus we'feel gratified and proud to observe the growing devotion mani fested in our National Councils to objects connect ed with science and the general social improve ment of mankind, Our Government has been charged, and not without some show of justice, with a discreditable indifference, if not a positive prejudice, in regard to matters of this character, which have been held by some as lying wholly without the jurisdiction of the National Legisla ture. This change in the views of the People's Representatives argues a like advance in the opinions of the People themselves, and is cheering evidence of the gradual advance of light and a cor responding elevation and enlargement of thought in the community. The project of an international exchange of the the records of legislation, the results of official in quiry, the products of science and literature, and the beautiful fruits of art between the people of the Old and the New World, is one of those signs of the times which have an auspicious bearing on the prospects.of the world. Perhaps there never has been exhibited in the annals of human character a more striking instance of total unreserved devotion of soul and body, time, talents, labor, enterprise, and influence to one grand and useful idea, than is found in the course pursued, now for many years,' by the benevolent enthusiast who first struck out this plan; and the entire success whichha? crowned the efforts of a solitary unaided individual, sus tained and borne on by an inward convictuii that success was possible, is a striking and an instruc tive phenomenon in the history of our natuie and our race. It is peculiarly fitted to encourage Ame ricans, held generally to be the most enterprising among men. Never did audacity itself atUmpt a more improbable task than that of influencing, by the efforts of a single man, and he from the ordi nary ranks of life, the Governments of all the nations of Christendom, and uniting them?mo narchs, legislators, scholar?, artists, and all?in one grand scheme of union and mutual good will. Yet M. VATrEMARK has achieved or is achieving all this. Nation after nation is falling into the ranks and joining this alliance of the wise and good among all people. It is one of those few, those very few enterprises, in which the good to be ef ectcd is untainted, unalloyed with evil. Exchanges like those here proposed, while they must obvi ously benefit all concerned in them, cannot, as it would seem, by any possibility, prove injurious to any. Whoever has thus far engaged in the scheme has derived from it solid and important benefits, and has the rational prospect of many more. What is peculiarly gratifying in our own case is the great unanimity with which the law providing for the System of Exchange passed in both Houses of the National Legislature. We may now hope that the plan has been put upon a permanent basis, and will continue to bless the nations after the teeming head of its amiable author lies low in death. And if it does, what hero ever had a prouder monument! A tomb adorned with the olive wreathes of national peace, hung round with all the chaplets of art and all the honors of science, and inscribed all over with the blessings of his racc. The project has hitherto been but an experiment: if it attains to pcrmanence, and fills the world with its benefits, a large measure of human gratitude will be due to the men who have carried it with such triumphant unanimity through the American Congress. The A'ennebec Journal, a well-known Whig paper, edited by the Hon. Luther Severance, late member of Congress, and a member of the recent National Convention, comes in to the support of General Taylor with a hearty good will. In the course of a long and able article the Journal says : "Gen. Tatlor i? a man of good person*! character. He is upright, exemplary ami amiable, modest and unobtrusive. His integrity has never been impoached. He ia loved like a brother by all who have ever served under him. While other officers of the arrov have bad their squabbles for precedence, and maligned each others' reputation, none of them have said aught against, not one has opened his mouth against ' Old Zach.' He ha* always been regarded by all aaa single-heart ed and honest man, who bad no jealousy of any body, nt> enemies but those of bis country, and no malice even against them. In short, be seems to have hi an eminent degree that peculiar simplicity and c??t of character which almost in stinctively attaches masses of men as with hooka of steel; a thing to he perceived and felt far better than to be reasoned about or explained. We are wall assorril, indeed we have seen a private letter from him to the effect, that, if elected, be shall bring into the Garnet the ablest men in the nation to aid by their counsel* < he will strive to correct abuses, to pre serve pcact, and to promote the prosperity of this great re public. This will he the object of his ambition He has no dreams of conqoeet, bat brieves in the truly democratic doc trine that the people of sU countries ihould be left to manage their affairs without interference from abroad." Gen. Leslie Combs ANn his Good Example.? Gen. Combs is the personal friend of Henry Clay, but he is no j doing all he can to secure the election of Gen. Taylor. Having spoken in Newark on Monday evening, in Brooklyn on Tuesday evening, he and Gov. Jones go now to speak in Connecti cut. Gen. Conr*, jn the course of his speech a^ Newark, speaking of Gen. Taylor, said : " Fellow-citiiem, if joq knew this old man as I know him, you would wonder how any other man coold fail lo love and honor him. He rcmindsme more of Gincinnatus, whom Rome called from the field to save her, than any other man of an cient story. He is my lieau ideal of a soldier." " I ? fetter to Hawar Ciav received the day before I left home, in which the old patriot aays : ? If you are select ' ed as the candidate, you have no friend in America who will ' give you a more fervent support than I will.' " Ata late meeting of the Farmers' Glub in New York, Lieut. WiiiiMTOj A Buti itt, of the United Htatee Navy, pre sented two bulbs of the Amok, or soap plant, of Galifornia. The bulbs are used throughout Galifornia for washing every description of clothing In cold running water. In uaing them as soap, the women cut off the roots from U* bulbs and rub them on the clothee, and a rich and strong lather is formed, which ctenaas most thoroughly. To propagate the plant the bulbs are art in n moist rich soil, and grow most luxuriantly io the soft bottoms of valleys on streama. FROM BALTIMORE AND THE NORTH. Baltimore, June 20?5 P. M. Although lho ratification meeting wa? postponed from last night until this evening, and notwithatanding the inclemency of the weather, a very large number of peraona assembled in front of Barnum'a Hotel. Like their favorite champion, old "Rough and Ready," being, aa one of the apeakera aaid, " made neither of augar nor salt, bat of sterner atufii" they determined at all hazarda to atand their ground, and have a aort of prelude to the poetponed meeting for to-nigbt. Accordingly, raining aa it waa, the multitude gathered in ' front of Barnum'a |Hotel, and with irreaiatible power called for aome one to addreea them. Finally, Z. Collin* Lee, Esq. came forward, and from the portico of the hotel, after atating that the meeting had been poetponed, made a very neat and appropriate apeech. He waa followed by Mr. Thompson, of Indiana, who addresatd the crowd effectually and eloquently. To him succeeded J. Morrison Harris, Eaq., of Baltimore, one of the electora. Hia remarka were heard with much at tention, and received an enthusiastic response. George R. Richardson, Esq. waa next called for. He appeared upon the stand, and in a moat able and effective manner addreaaed hia fellow-countrymen. At the close of hia remarks the meeting adjourned until thia evening, exhibiting an enthusiasm not surpaaaed by that of 1840. The signs of the timea are unmiatakable, and even in this interrupted prelude to what must take place to-night, if the weather be fair, there were evidencea of victory clear aa thoae visible alter the glorious achievements at Buena Vista. I regret very muoh to atate that Mr. Websteb, who was quite sick when he arrived here last evening, will be unable to address tbe meeting to-night. Under the admonitions of his physician?, he yielded reluctantly to their advice not to apeak upon this occaaion. Himself and family left in the boat this afternoon for Philadelphia, en route for Boaton. He haa promised, however, qn his return, if a suitable occasion of fers, to addreaa the citizens of Baltimore. Mr. Wjihstx* warmly declares himaelf in favor of the Philadelphia nomi nations. Baltimore, June 21?ft P. M. The Ratification Meeting last night in Monument Square was a magnificent affair. The weather was moat propitious. Notwithstanding the announcem?nt that Mr. Webstm. could not be present, in consequence of severe indisposition, and the fact that a very large meeting was held on Monday evening, yet the people poured out in thousands from all parts of the city, and before nine o'clock the entire Square was densely crowded, presenting a congregated mass' of not much less than thirty thousand souls. All the windows and doora of the surrounding houses were filled mostly with ladies, who lent their smiles, as if to complete the ratification. The stand ? was handsomely decorated, and a fine band discoursed at in tervals mosf eloquent music. The meeting was called to order by appointing Huoa Bi kckhead, Esq. to the Chair, and a large number ot Vice Presidents. I. Nkvitt Steele was first introduced to tha assemblage. He came upon the stand, and after a few brief remarks, read a set of resolutions, responsive to the Philadelphia nomina tions, and embodying other sound Whig sentiments. He was followed by J. Mohhihon Habris, one of the Presidential Electors, who made a brief speech. To him succeeded? Hon. Mr. Thomproit, of Indians, who spoke for over two hours and a half, and during this whole period co-completely enchained the vast audience that scarcely a person led hi* position from the beginning to the end of his remarks. It was one of the ablest and most eloquent political speeches I have ever listened to. Every argument was sound, and presented so forcibly that conviction must follow. He was repeatedly and loudly cheered, and, though having spoken .an unuaual length of time, the multitude did not seem willing that he should stop, which is the highest evidence of his merit as a speaker. Having concluded his remarks? Cole.* aj* Yellott, of Baltimore, took the stand, and spoke for some time in his usual happy manner. After closing his remarks, the hour being late, on motion the meeting adjourn ed. A large procession, headed by a bead of music, banners, transparencies, &<). escorted the Hon. Mr. Thohp soif to hi4 lodgings at Burnum's Hotel, where they gave him three hearty cheers. The meeting was altogether one of the largest and moat enthusiastic I have ever seen on any similar occasion. The warmest enthusiasm and roost perfect unanimity of feeling prevailed. The cheers for Taylor and Fillmore were loud and long, and ofltn repeated. It was decidedly a most glo rious meeting, and gave evidence that nothing can stop tbe mighty tornado whictt is now sweeping over the country for (Md Zack. The spirit is thoroughly aroused, and it cannot alumber until Gen. Taylor is President of the United Statea. - Baltimore, Junk 23. Oar maiket to-day is very quiet. Small aatea of Howard street flour at $5.62 and City Mills at $5.75 ; rye flour $3.75; corn meal dull at $2.37. Grain is scarce. Sales of red wheat a( 105 a 116 cents , white 120 a 125 cents; white com ia selling at 39 a 40 centa; yellow do. 45 a 46 cents < oat* 33 cents < rye 65 cent*. Provisions and groceries unchanged. Tobacco very dull and quiet; no sales except a few hogsheads to manufacturers. The receipts about 300 hogshead*. 8ales of unwashed com mon wool at 14 a 15 cents and washed do. 24 a 25 centa per lb. There is no chaoge whatever to notice in other arti cles. Nothing doing in stocks; prices firm. The money market is very tight. FROM YUCATAN. Advices from Merida to the 27tb ultimo in much more en couraging to the friend* of humanity in the peninsula. The Yucatecoe had attacked the Indians on several detached points, and their success was signal. At Cililan, the latter bad been driven from their entrenchments, and pursued a league and ? balf into the interior. At Lsguna the endemic fever pecu liar to that spot was making great ravage*. The city of Merida is crowded with fugitives Irom the country, of whom there are tbrre timea more women than men, and mora than half are in a state of poverty and infirm health. It is stated that 2,000 men of the Indian race, living in the envirene of Campeachy, have offered their aervices to the Government to fight against the insurrectionist*. THE TELEGRAPH. We understand tbst during the sever* thunder-storm on Monday evening aeveral of tbe telegraph poets between Phila delphia and New York were struck by lightning, and the communication interrupted. It will not probably be restored for a day or two. Deaths from Glims.?In our last paper we published the death of Mr. John Nowland, of Marblehead, caused by the eating of clams. In addition to thie, we learn that a simi lar death occurred in Lynn on Sunday last, the victim being a Scotchman employed in the print-works in that town, named William Austin, aged rfbout thirty, who ate a few raw clams upon the borders of Sangos river on 8unday afternoon, and expired in convulaions shortly after.?Salem Reg., Thurt. A Family Recsiob.?The deaeendants of Mr. Jacob Bradbury, of Pittsfleld, Illinois, aays the Free Press, to the number of eighty-five, recently assembled by appointment at the house of Samuel Bradbury, the second eon. After listen ing to a very Imprassive discourse by the Rev. B. B. Car penter, they repaired to a richly furnWied table, one hundred and ten feet lung, where they passed the afternoon in social chat. Tbey aU reside within six miles of tbe father's house, are all of them uprighf, correct, and boneet men, ami, of course, they are all, men* women, and children, Uunch Whign and Taylor men. Gem. Taylor's Hcma9it*.-*-After tha battle of Bueita Viata Gen. Taylor made his dispositions for tbe renewal of the conflict on the following morning. But at the dawn of the next day 8a*ta Awma was ixj fall nfcreat. The Ameri can cavalry were dispatched in pursuit. Soon messengers i returned informing the General that ibe Mexican*, broken and scattered, ware in rapid flight, but that tbe road* and the way aides were strewn with exhausted, famislied, and WtaiHled sol diers, all ef whom, In the precipitation of Santa Anna's flight,, were left to die without either mod, wster, or medical attend ants. Upon receiving this informawm Gen. Taylor imme diately ordered twenty wagons to he furnished with all that was reqatred for tbe relief of those whom tha Mexican Gnne ?al had left to suffer and die. These wagon* were promptly , dispatched, accompanied fay surgeons, who were directed to find and administer to all (he sufferers. And to the quarter master who executed this order Ueu. Taylor aaid : "Keep an exact account of every article aenl, so that if any flnobt shoaM arise of the propriety of tbos relieving tbe enemy's wounded* I can pay for them myself?Albany Journal.