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Weekly national intelligencer. (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, August 05, 1848, Image 1

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THIRTIETH CONGRESS.
FIRST SESSION.
? [Extracts from oxir Daily Reports."]
Saturday, July 29, 1848.
IN SENATE.
Mr. NILE8 moved to take up the bill granting pub ic land
for the purpose of making a railroad to the Pacific, on the plan
of Asa Whitney. Mr. N. characterized the bill as one of very
mat importance, and it must be evident, if it was to be acted
on at all, it must be taken up at once, as the session was draw
ee to a close. He did not see any nece?ity for debate, as
be presumed the mintls of Senators were pretty generally
Mr^HALE expressed the hope that the Senate would not
take up the bill. He regarded it as one of the most monstrous
propositions that ever entered into the human imagination.
Such a measure he thought would receive the execration of
every laboring man in the country. It was worse even than
those great humbugs, the South Sea bubble and Mississippi
land company,*and he hoped the Senate would not so far en
dorse the measure as even to take it up for consideration. He
declared that he felt 'humiliated that a proposition should be
introduced at this time for such a species of land monopoly as
to take from the public domain ninety-seven million acres
at one fell swoop to make a railroad. He hoped the time was
not distant when there would be a total change in our land
system, when, instead of granting it awiy in such enormous
quantities to individuals, that it would be opened in limited
quantities to all settlers without price. He should regard it
M an alarming omen if such a bill was taken up for con
sideration. ... , ,
Nr. NILES defended his bill with his usual energy, de
claring that it was essentially opposite in character to a land
monopoly. Here was a road to be made which would cause no
sacrifices to the Government or individuals, but, on the other
hand, would be the means of enabling the Government to sell
lands that otherwise would be utterly worthless, and for a cen
tury to come, if this road were not constructed, would not bring
a cent an acre. Ho declared the bill to be carefully guarded
in every particular, and ca^d to the mind of the Senate the
fact that the measure came there endorsed by eighteen States
of this Union, besides innumerable petitions from every
,UM^rBENTON denounced the bill as visionary, and depre
cated the idea of taking it up out of its order at a time when
there were only two weeks of the session left. A bill (said
Mr. B ) to make a railroad to California,when we cannot get
even a law to govern the Territory! At the very momentthat
he was busy in looking over the law relating to Louisiana, to
see if he could not find something on which all might agree
to arrange a government for those Territories, his ears were
assailed by a proposition to take up that bill, to the exclusion
of all other business! Mr. B. said lie had written on this sub
ject more than thirty years ago, and before Mr. Whitney ever
thought of it; but never had it entered into his head to place
at the disposal of any individual a hundred millions of the pub
lic seres to affect such an object. He would trust no living
being with such an amount, not even John Jacob Astor
or 8tephen Girard, men who had made their millions, much
less one who, so far as he knew, did not know how to take
care of a single dollar. Before a atupendous plan like that
- was adoptid, Mr. B. wanted surveys and explorationa, made
by authority snd by persons in whom he could place reliance,
and the public repose confidence, and not go blindfold and
haphazard into a measure too great even tor any State in this
Union to undertake. He bad no-i.lea that ruch a bill should
be ta*en up to the interruption of other business ; he thought
it to uke up the calendar and preserve its order until the
business was diposed of. ,
Mr. BELL defended the bill at some length and with some
warmth. He had observed that when prejudices were enter
tained against psrticular bills they were generally attacked in
limine.without waiting for the measures to come legitimately
before the body. He was aware that it was not strictly in ac
cordance with parliamentary usage to discuss a subject on its
merits on a proposition to take it up, but the example set by
the Senators from New Hampshire and Missouri, would com
pel him to offer some remarks, as this subject bsd been re
commended by the Ijegislsture of his own Stste Mr. B.
then went on to defend the bill snd Mr. Whitney, and ex -
pressed the opinion thst neither of the Senators had examined
the details, or they never could have spoken as they had. He
adverted to the time taken to perfect the details, and the care
which the committee had taken to fence it round with all the
necessary guarda,and eapressed fhe'hopethat the Senate wouM
at least tske it up snd examine it, for If it ware not done this
session the opportunity would be lost.
Mr. BENTON replied at some length, and concluded by
moving to lay the motion to take up on the table ; on which
the yaas and nays ware demanded, and it was decided in the
affirmative as follows :
YEAS?Messrs. Atehison, Atherton, Benton, Borland,
Breese, Butler, Calhoun, Davit, of Mississippi, Dayton, Doug
las, Downs, Hale, Houston, Hunter, Johnson, of Georgia, King,
Maaon, Metcalfe, Pearoe, Phelps, Rusk, Spruance, Sturgeon,
Turner, Underwood, Westeott, and Yulee?87.
NAV'S?Meaara. Allen, Badger, Baldwin, Bell, Bradbury,
Bright, Clarke, Dickinaoa, Dix, Dodge, Felch, Filieersld,
Foote, llamlin, llannegan, Johnson, of Louisiana, Lewis,
Miller, Klles, Upham, and Walker?21.
On motion of Mr. MASON, the Senate proceeded to the
Considersti m of private billa on the calendar, when the fol
lowing House bills were considered in Committee of the
Whole, read the third time and paased :
An act for the rel-ef of John Manley.
An set (or the relief of Sarah Stokes, widow of John Stokes.
An act for the relief of Benjamin White.
An act for the relief of Arazy Judd.
An act for the relief of Charles Chappell.
An act for tbe relief of William Colver.
An act far the relief of John Anderson.
An aet for the relief of the heirs of Mstthew Stewart.
An act Aw the relief of E. Q. Smith.
Aa act for the relief of Jonathan Moore, of the State of
HiMch u setts.
Aa art for the relief of Robert ?llis.
An act for the relief of Catharine Fulton, of Waahington
county, Pennsylvania.
Aa act for the relief o4 Bennett M. Dell.
Aa act for the relief of Elijah H. Willis.
Aa art for the rsfcef of the legal representatives of William
McKaatie, late a seamen on hoard the United States ship
An act f* the relief of Bent, St. Vrain, and Company.
Aa Mt for the relief of J. Throckmorton.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
By general consent, the joint resolution of tbe Senate for
the speedy payment of the three monthe' extra pay to the
afllcera, n m-eoasewaned officers, musicians, and privstea
Wfcft have aarvad ia the late war with Mexico, allowed by tbe
act sf Jnly It, IM?, was taken up ami read a first and se
aaad tune, and after setae conversation between Mewrs. Mc
LA1YE and HOtJHTON, of Alabama,
Mr HANAMION awed the previous question, which
ww ssrinl d. and nader the opera'ion thereof tbe joint reso
InHen was leaJ a third tune and paased, and returned to the
MoNBAf, Jt'LV 31, 1849.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. ttlEWART, af Pennsylvanis, moved a suspension of
the rules to snaMs hiai la ader the following resolutions :
' M< ?efee< That " the aawer given by the constitution to the
B?ar>u.*e t'? Mtcepnee his veto is a high eoaWrvative power,
wfcseh ahowld (wear ha eaereiseri eacept ia aaaea of alear vio
* (in, eonstiialian, or manifest hsste and want of eonsi
*"j|rssft ' TV*' persot.al opinions of the individual
who ma* UaiMi ? to ocrujiy tlir K.\'-Mitive chair ought not Id
tontrel At sella* ef t'ufisii apoii ipirstiont of itornestie po
lls,. nor hi. to be inter,.need where questions
The* ??afea'X*3HN of the tariff, the eor
raney, the i-yrsi.-iwtsi ear great highways, rivers, lakes.
MdCrhoeaTXs.uTei the People, a. expressed through their
representatives la Csaarsis, ought to be reapeated aad earned
?at by the Eseentlve.,T
That " war, at all times and under all cireuiu
* u:^.^isagi^ssa!:?:?
quit our own to staud on foreign grouiia.
On the motion to suspend the role, the ye,* and nays were
taken, and resulted-Yesa 8t?, nays 08. 1 wo-third? not vol
in* in the affirmative, the iuk? were not appended.
THE MARINE CORPS.
Mr BROWN, of Pennsylvania, the rulea having been
"i" ,"!. porpo- LuodSbed . >?* ~ol?uoo ?
place the officer-, musicians, and wf lhe "iarlne corjP*
wh<Thave aerved in the late war with Mexico on land, on he
* me footing with the officer* musfciana, and private, of the
"my 0f ihe United State, in regard to bounty land, extra
P*Mr&B. trusted there was no necewity of committing this
resolution at this late day, as there was no member who dul
not understand it now as well as he would at anyfuturetme.
Tbete men, instead of being retained on board ship, badl^en
taken into lhe army under Gen. Twig**, and werenowre
turned with the army, and were being discharged without pay.
All that was intended by (he resolution was to place those of he
marines who had served upon the land with the army on he
same footing as the officers, musicians, aud privates of the
Mr BOTTS moved an amendment to extend the provi
sion. of the bill pawed here a f?jw days since,J'?*'J*"
months' extra pay to the officers, muncu^a, |V*
the army to such of the ordnance .corp. J h?d Wn m lb.
service of the United States in He had rece ved an
official communication from the Ordnance U^ar'me.nt
attention specially to the hardships under which these men
Ed. They had performed the same serv.ee, and were
reiurninir under the same circumstance, as the other sol
r~rrr.i,;Tn M?ic.,.nJ
As^connected"with this subject, the SPEAKER laid I efore
the House the proceedings of a meeting of volunteers just re- j
turned from Mexico, held in Philadelphia on the 28th July,
in relation to their extra pay, and asking Congress to allow
them full pay instead of pay proper ; which was referred to
S2 on Military Affairs. [These proceedings will
be found among the paragraphs in to-day .paper. J
Mr. BROWN moved the previous question, but waived it
at Mr. HARALSON, who, with no hostility to the proposi
tion, suggested that it be referred to some committee, 'that
the House might act with a perfect understanding of the
maMrr BROWN would have no objection if it was early in
the session, but he thought the reference, and the conscquen.
delay at this stage of the session, would defeat the measure
entirely. The recommendation, too, of the Secretary of the
Navy to this effect had long been before the Naval Commit
tee "who could not, therefore, complain of being taken by
surprise. His meolation, with ffie amendment ""Mealed by
hi* friend from Virginia, would place such ol the marine
and ordnance corps a. had served with the ?niyontbc?me
footing as the officers, musicians and privates of the army.
Mr. McL \NE moved to amend the resolution by adding,
" and also the artificers and laborers of the ordnance corps
serving in said war. , .
Mr. BROWN moved the previous question.
Mr. BURT suggested to Mr. Brow* to modify hi. resolu
tion by .triking out the words. 44 and other remunerations.
Mr BROWN declined to comply with the request.
The demand for the previous question was ponded ; and,
under its operation, Mr. McLaseV amendment wa. agreed
to and the joint resolution, as amended, was ordered to be
i engrossed, read a third time, and paseed.
LAND PATENTS.
Mr. TAYLOR, from the Committee on the Judiciary, and
as instructed by that committee, asked the unanimous consent
of the House to otter the following resolution :
Iltiohxd. That the Secretary of tho Treasury be directed to
i rtMiorl to this House, at the commencement ot the next session
isspi is?s-? >?
tract of land situated on the noith aide of the read between
Fiafrie due Rother and Kaaka?kias, in tlie State of '
and anv '...formation he can communicate in relationi to the
nutent'for said tract ot land issued by Gen. Arthur Sy Clair,
Whilst acting a? Governor of the Northwestern Territory-, on
the lith dav of August, A D. 1800, to John Kdgar and John
Murray St. Clair, in the Kaskaskis land distnet, amounting,
as wm'originally tol3,yW> .civ. ot land ; whether
any patenU were issued by said Arthur St. Ua.r subsequent to
the 4th day of July, 1800, which were acknowledged to be
valid ; and w hether the acts of said Arthur St. Clair, as Go\
ernor as aforesaid,'aince the 4th Julv, 18fC\ were acknowledg
ed as valid ; and up to what peno<f he continued to perform
the duties and exercise the powers ot Governor as storesaid
And that he be ami is hereby requested to communi?te to this
House, at the commencement ot the next session, all the infor
mation in his possession in relation to the grant of la?d nu.'le
bv Lieut. Col. John Wilkins, on the Ifitji April, A.I). 1/ 69, as
Governor and Commandant of the Illinois Country, under the
authority of the British Crown, to Boynton, W harton, fc^Mor
ean, and which is now alleged to be vested in said John Edgar
and John Murray St. Clair, and their assignees ; and such other
mattars as he may deem material to be communicated in rela
tion to the said grant.
Which wa. received and adopted without objection.
Wednesday, August 2, 1848.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. McCLELLAND obtained the floor, but yielded it to
Mr. BURT, who obeerved that a message bad been re
ceived from the President containing information called for
by the House in regard to th. number of ludiana, Ac- If the
chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means intended to
call up the army appropriation bill, it was important, nay al
most indupennble, that this mesuge and the documents ac
companying it .hould be before the Houee when they acted
on (hat bill. He would therefore propose that by
consent that message should now be taken up, and, with the
accompanying documenU, ordered to be printed.
The SPEAKER stited that there were upon his Uble two
Executive roe wage, which had been received prior to this
one., beside, many bills from the Senaie. Was it the plea
mire of the House now to di.poee of them '
Mr. STEPHENS wanted to know what this la?t messsge
contained. . .
Mr. BURT explained that it related to the number of In
dian, in Oregon and other territories, &c-, and the requisite
military force that would in consequence be required to be
retained when the army should bs reduced.
Mr. STEPHEN? said he lud no objection thet this mes
sage should be taken up and considered, but if the motion
was understood to include the peace message, he should objeot.
The SPE AKER replied that it did not j and he then laid
before the House the following mersage :
WiannaToif, Jolt 29, 1848.
To the House of Representatives of the United States :
In answer to thfc resolution of the House of Representatives
of the 17lh instant, requesting the President "to communi
cate (if not inconsistent with the public interest) copies of sll |
instructions given to the Hon. Ambrose H. Hevierand Nathan
Clifford, commissioners appointed to conduct negotiations for
the ratification of the treaty lately concluded between the
United States and the republic of Mexico," I have to
state that in my opinion it would be "inconsistent with the
public interest" to give publicity to these instructions st the
present time. I avail myself of this occaaion to obeerve that,
as a general rule, applicable to all our important negotiations
with foreign Powers, It could not fail to be prejudicial to the
public interest to publish the instructions to our Ministers until
some time had elapsed after the conclusion of such negotia
tions. In the present esse the object of the mission of our
commissioners to Mexico has b?en accomplished. The treaty,
as amended by the Senate of the United Stales, has been rsti
fled, the ratifications have been exchanged, and the treaty has
been proclaimed as the supreme lew ol the land. No contin
gency occurred which made it either necessary or proper for
our commissioners to enter upon sny negotiations with the
Mexican Government, further than to urge upon that Govern
ment the ratification of the treaty in its amended form.
JAMES K. POLK.
Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered
to be printed.
The SPEAKER also Isid before the House the following
moesage .
Wasbihotoii, AcnrsT 1, 18*8.
To the Howe of Representatives of the United States
I communicate herewith a report from the Secretary of War,
containing the information called lor by the resolution of the
House of Representatives of the 17tb July, 1848, in rslati?? i
to the number of Indisns in Oregon, California, and New
Mexico, the number of military posts, the nrsmbei of troops
which will be required in each, end " the whole military force
which should constitute the peace eetebliehment."
I have neen no reason to chsnge the opinion expreesed in
my message to Congress of the Oth July, 1848, transmitting
lhe treaty of peace with Mexico, that " the old army, as it
? existed before the commencement of the war with Mexico,
? especially if authority be given to fill up the rank and file of
' the ssv.ral corps to the maximum number authorised during
?the war, will be a sufficient force to be retained in service
? during a period of peace." The old army connote of fifteen
regiments. By the act of 13th May, 1848, the President wait
authorized by voluntary enlistments to increase the number of
private*) " in each or any of the companies of the existing re
' giments of dragoons, arti lery, and infantry to any number
? not exceeding 0110 hundred," and to " reduce the same to
' ?ixty-lour when the exigencies requiring the present increase
? shall cease." Should thin act remain in force the maximum
number of the rank and file of the army authorised by it would
be over 16,600 men, exclutivs of officers. Should the autho
rity conferred bv this act be continued, it would depend on the
exigencies of the service whether the number of the rank and
file should be increased, and if so, to what amount beyond ihe
minimum number of sixty-four privates to a company. ' Al
lowing sixty-four privates to a company, the army would be
over 10,000 men, exclusive of commissioned and non-com
missioned officers, a number which It is believed will bu suffi
cient $ but, as a precautionary measure, it is deemed expedient
that the Executive should possess the power of increasing the
strength of tho respective corps, should the exigencies of tbe
service be such ae to require it. Should these exigencies not
call for such increase, tike discretionary power given by the act
to the President will not be exercised.
It will be seen from the report of the Secretary of War that
a portion of the forces will be employed in Oregon, New Mexi
co, and Upper California, a portion for the protection of the
Texas frontier, adjoining the Mexican possesions, and bor
dering on the territory occupied by the Indian tribes within
her limits. After detailing the force nccessary for these ob
jects, it is believed a sufficient number of troops will remain
to afford security"- protection to our Indian frontier in the
West and Northwest^ and to hcofepy with sufficient garrisons
the posts on our Northern and Atlantic borders. I have no
reason at present to believe that any increase of the number of
regiments or corps will* be required during a pei iod of pence.
JAMES K. POLK.
Referred to the Committee of the Whole on the state of the
j Union and ordered to be printed.
The SPEAKER also laid before the House a com
munication from ihe Commissioner of the General Land
j Office, enclosing a map of the estimated surface of the
Territories of the United States, north and west of the regu
larly organised States of the Union, compiled from Tanner's
, large map of North America, and Disturnell's map of Mexi
co, published in New York in 1847, and on which is repre
| sented the parallel of 36? 30' north latitude. Referred to the
Committee on Engraving.
ARMY APPROPRIATIONS.
The committee, on motion of Mr. VINTON, proceeded to
the consideration of the bill making appropriations for the sup
I port of the army for the year ending June 30, 1849.
Mr. VINTON said it was perhaps proper that he should
state that the original army bill, which was reported some five
or six months ago, and which was predicated upon the suppo
sition of the continuance of the war through the present fiscal
1 year, had, at a subsequent period, been lecommitted to the
I Committee of Ways and Means. That was the bill that was,
in fact, before the committee. He did not propose to ask that
it should be read, but he sent up to the Chair the bill which
the Committee of Ways and Means had reported as a substi
tute for that bill upon its recommitment. It was No. 618.
He offered it as a substitute for the original bill, together with
the following amendment, to come in after line twenty-one.
[The amendment was read, and appropriates {3,000,000
' for*the three months' extra pay granted by the act of the last
month to the officers, musicians, and privates of the army.]
He would briefly state the grounds on which the new, or
the substitute bill bad been reported by the Committee of
Ways and Means. After the resumption of peace with Mex
ico, the President of the United States, as will be recollected
by all the members of the committee, had sent in a message
to Congress, recommending that the peace establishment of
the army should stand on the ha*is on which it was placed by
the act of 13th May, 1846 ; that was to -ay, that all the regi
ments of the regular army should be refined, with the com
plement of one hundred men to each company. The Secre
| tary of War, after that message of the President, had sent to
the Committee of Ways and Means sstimates for the expen
ditures of the array during the current fiscal year, predicated
I on that basis. According to these estimates, the army of the
United States, exclusive of the officers, would consist of
I 20,919 persons. That numtar embraced, as a matter of
J course, not only all tbe army proper, but all the employes?
' all the persons composing the army or connected with the
army. Tbe aggregate of these estimates, sent in by the Sec
retary of War, upon the basis of one hundred men to each
company, was $13,858,866 56. If the committee should de
cide upon tbe basis recommended by the President of the Uni
ted States and the estimates sent in by the Secretary of War,
the aggregate of this bill would be the sum be had mentioned,
' viz. $13,858,865 56.
Mr. SAWYER-rose to a question of order, and made the
point that the bill had not yet been read through, as the rules
reuuired. before either debate or amendment.
Mr. vin i'Ufl. I bat wfcs waived by common csnsent. |
The CHAIR decided that it ?u too late to make objection.
Mr. VINTON continued. The Committee of Ways and
1 Mean* had directed him to ask the Secretary of War to send
in estimate* to them predicated npon the basis of the army as
it stood prior to the commencement of the war with Mexico,
or, in other words, to send in estimates to the Committee of
Ways and Means predicated on the establishment of the army,
at it would have been if the act of May 13, 1846, was repeal
ed. That, as a matter of course, would leave the army in
this way ; the act of 1812 reduced the artillery and infantry
from 64 to 40 in a company. That was the basis on which
the army stood at the time of the declaration of war with
Mexico. Since the declaration of war with Mexico a regi
ment of mounted riflemen had been raided of 64 men to a corn
i pany, and alao a company of engineers composed of 100 men.
That was the estimate on which this bill was predicated i
' and if the committee abould be of opinion that that should be
the basis of the peace cstabliahment of the army, the army
: would then stand as it stood prior to the commencement of
' the war with Mexico, together with this additional regiment
: of mounted riflemen, and this company ?f engineers composed
I pf 100 m n. The number of persona estimated for, including
i employes and all, was 9,891 men of every description, ex- j
' elusive of officers, who would then be in the employment of
the Government; and the bill, as it now stood on that esti- ;
mate as a basis, appropriated $10,595,076 56.
The Committee of Wars and Mesns had also directed him
to ask the Secretary of War to send to them an estimate pre ?
dicated on the sup|>osilion that the authority given to the Pre
sident of the United States by the act of 13th May, 1846, to
i raise the companies to 100 men were repealed, leaving the ;
! companies at 64 men. It would be recollected that by the
act of 13th May, 1846, they bad tilled up what was the skele
ton srtny upon the peace establishment, as determined by the
I act of 1842. The act of May, 1846, raised the companies of |
the regiments of artillery and infantry from 42 men each to
not less than 64 or more than 100 men each?giving the Pre
sident authority to All up these companies to 100 men, but not
I to reduce them below 64 men in each company. The Com
mittee of Way a and Means had directed him lo call on the
Secretary of War lo send in to them an estimate predicated on
the supposition that thia discretion be token away from the
President of the United States, leaving the companirs at 64 I
men in a company, as they would then stand under the act of
13th May, 1846. The Secretary of War had sent that esti
mate also to the Committee of Ways and Means. Under that
estimate, if it should be adopted by this committee as the pesre
establishment, the number of persons in the employment of
the army or belonging to the army, exclusive of the officers,
would be 13,158 men, and the amount of the estimates predi
cated on that basis was $11,325,531.
The details of all these estimates were before him. They
were in such a shape that, if the committee should decide up
on either basis, the blanks could be filled up in a very little
time. As the bill now stood, it was filled up in all instances
on the second basis he had mentioned ; that was, of the peace
establishment as it was prior to the war with Mexico, together
with the additional regiment of mounted riflemen raised since,
snd the company of engineers of one hundred men. Thst
would be the army of the United States if the bill stood in its j
present form.
Mr. DUNCAN, of Kentucky, inquired what was the dif
ference in the estimated expense between the basis of 42 men
and 64 men to the company >
Mr. VINTON replied that the estimate for 42 men to the
company wss $10,595,076 ; for 64 men to the company,
$11,325,536.
Mr. DUNCAN said the difference, then, was about
$800,000 '
Mr. VINTON, (continuing.) And for 100 to each?compa
ny the estimate was $13,868,000.
Mr. BOYD said before the war the number of etfch csm
pany was 42 < they all understood that during the war the
companies were increased to 64 each, and authority was given
to the President to increase the number to 100 each. Did
the bill provide that they ahould continue on the baeia of 64 ' I
Mr. VINTON bad already been endeavoring to explain that
point. This bill contained a clause repealing the act of 13th
May, 1846, the effect of which would be to reduce the army
to the basis on which it stood before, under the act of 1842,
vix. to 42 men in each company ; so that the army would
stand in >11 respects as it stood before the war with Mexico,
excepting the sedition of the regiment of mounted riflemen,
and the company of engineers of 100 men.
Mr. BOYD. The bill reduce* the coropjaies from 64 to i
42 men V
Mr. VINTON. Yes; that is the peace establishment of
1842.
Mr. OOTT said, by the act of 1842 we bad fourteen regi
ments $ two regiments of dragoons, fifty me.-) in the company,
four of artillery, and eight of infantry, forty-two in the com
pany. By the act of 13th May, 1846, the President was
authorized to increase the number of privates to 100 in each
company, aud to reduce i^em to sixty-four vrhen the exigencies
of the service would permit. By the act the 19th of May,
the Oregon regiment of riflemen was rai?ed. By the act of
1847, the prevision of the act of the 13tb May was made ap
plicable to the Oregon regiment. By the act of 1847, also,
there were added eight companies of artillery?lw? to each
regiment. If the act of 13th of May was repealed k would
Itave the army a little above 10,000 men.
Mr. VINTON accepted this explanation, and wished to add
one word in reference to the manuscript amendment he hud
sent to the Oterk, and it was all he proponed to say. It had
been bis intention amply to state to tho committee the several
estimates which the Committee of Ways and Means had pro
cured from the War Department, and what would be the milij
tary establishment if either of these bases was adopted, s?
that they would have the wl\ple subject before them.
The amendment which had been sent up in manuscript, and
which comfoeed a part of the proposition before them, was a
provision to- pay the three months' extra pay provided by a
law whirh-Congesa had passed on tho 19th of last month.
The SeerotaiQr of War had aent in the estimate of $3,000(000'
as necessary to provide for the three month*' extra pay thua
authorised to tlte officers, musicians, and privates of the army.
The Commi'tee of Ways and Means had directed him, as a
matter of aourse, to raovo that as an amendment to this biil.
It must be provided for. And it should be remarked that in.
all the estimates he had nentioned this $3,000,000 was in- I
eluded ; thus the estimate ?f $13,898,000 on the basis of tb?
largest number of men ; tht estimate of $ll,32.r>,000 on the !
second basis; and the lowe estimate of $10,595,000, cach
included this $3.000,000; so that the $10,695,000 included ,
in this substitute reported not only provided for the support of
the army of Jbe United State#for the current year, but pro
vided for the three months' ext|a pay. The actual expenses,
then of the army for the curren\ year under the bill would be
but $7,595,000.
Mr. JOHNSON, of Tennessee then addressed tho com
mittee for an hour. He first examined the veto power which
bad engaged go much of the attention of 'he House, tracing it
to its rue among the Romans, whtrc it was employed for the
protection of the people, until it was abused by. those who
succeeded to sovereign sway. He next glanced at iu uses and
abuses in Norway, and then under the English crown, and
showed that it was restored to its rightful purpose in this re
public, by whose Presidents it has been used only twenty-five
times, though the enactments during that period hate amount- 1
ed to 7,000. He then proceeded to the examination of ano- '
; ther fertile topic, the oiigin, progress, and consequences of
i the war with Mexico. He said the opposite party had con
tended that the annexation of Texas was the cause of the war,
which they denounced as unnecessary, unconstitutional, un
holy, and damnable. He then proceeded to show that the
annexation of Texas was a Whig measure, for the annexa
tion resolutions were those of Mr. Milton Brown, a Whig
representative from Tennessee, which received sufficient Whig I
j votes to secure their adoption. He adduced documentary
j evidence to show that those resolutions were claimed by mem
? bers of the Whig party, and therefore he argued they were 1
answerable for the war and its consequences. He begged,
however, that it might be distinctly understood that the De- I
mocratic party shrank from no responsibility which rightfully
belong to them in this respect.
Mr. MARSH next obtained the floor, but gave way to a
motion to rise. The committee accordingly rose and reported
progress.
Mr. VINTON then submitted a resolution fixing twelve
o'clock on Friday next for the termination of debate on the
army bill, which, after some discussion, was agreed to.
The House then aJjourned.
Thursday, August 3, 1848.
IN SENATE.
Tbe bill to establish the Territorial Government of Oregon
was read a first time, when?
Mr. CLAYTON took the occasion to address tbe Senate at
some length, and moved the reference of the bill } but with- i
drew the motion. j
Mr. BADGER then addressed the Senate, and concluded
by moving that ihe bill be indefinitely postponed.
Mr. PHELP!" aiso addressed the Senate in defencc of the
j Senate bill.
And the question was taken on indefini'e postponement,
and resulted as follows : Yea'I, nays 47.
[The yeawa* Mr. Yilee, Mr. Bauulh vo'.ing against bis
' own motion.}
The bill wtt# then referred to the Committee on Territories.
Mr. DOWNS then submitted an amendment, embracing
the Missouri compromise, which he intended to offer when the
bill came up.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
On notion ot Mr. VINTON, the House resolved itself into
Committee ol the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr.
Ashmck in thr chair,) and resumed the consideration of the
I bill making appropriations for the support of the army for the
year ending June 30, 1848.
A long debate ensued, embracing almost every political
topic, which was continued till after midnight. The floor
was first taken by?
Mr. MAR^H, who entered into an examination of the con
dition of the Territories in relation to the existence of slavery,
and showed the necessity of preventing its existence in the
Territory of Oregon by the legislation of Congress.
Mr. WILMOT addressed the committee during his hour in
general vindiution of the principles of the proviso offered by
htm two year* since. He traced its origin up to Thomas Jef
ferson and thr ordinance of 1787, and took a comprehensive
survey of the question as affecting the great interests of the
new Tmitonra and their inhabitants through all coming time
He professed himself a Democrat of " the most straiteat Beet,"
but denounce! as a perversion of Democratic principles the
attempt to incorporate slavery propagandism as one of them,
and argued that alavery ahould be forever prohibited in Tern- i
toriea now free, in regard to the rights and interesta of the
inhabitant* of those Territories, their children, and their chil
dren's children.
Mr. CROZIER addre*eed tbe committee in defence of the
nummary action of the House in rejecting tbe tenate'a com
promiae bill; and in tbe course of his speech adduced aundry
teasona why be had himaelf voted to lay the bill upon the
table.
Mr. BIRDSALL then occupied some time in repelling cer
than insinuations which had been cast upon him by Mr. Col
li's and Mr. Htarkwkathib, in a former debate, which
were mixed up with New York party politics and the existing
struggle between the Old Hunkers and Barnburners in that
Stato.
Mr. STARK WEATHER interposed several questions and
explanations. And Mr. COLLINS, at a subsequent period ,
of the debate, made a brief reply, having reference to the same I
local matters.
Mr. CATHCART went into a speech at large on general
politics, in which he noticed a great variety of topics.
Mr. BAYLY addressed the House in exposition of his
views upon the constitutional question of the respective pow
ers of Congress and of the people of the Territories over tbe
Territories, and incidentally in defence of the Territorial bill j
recently received from the Senate and laid on the table of tbe :
House.
Mr. TALLMADGE, after a few remarkn on the course of
the ilel'ate and the waste of public time, went into an anima
ted ?peech on the subject of internal improvementa and Mr.
Polk * veto on the harbor bill.
Mr. NEWELL then rose and delivered a prepared speech.
Mr. BOYDEN, of North Carolina, expressed his astonish
ment at the speech** which he had heard on this floor on the
subject of the compromise bill, and he denied that some of hie j
Democratic friends truly represented the State of North Caro
lina in relation to it He held that instead of bringing peace
*o the country, the compromise bill would only serve to con
tinue the existing agitation.
Mr. MILLER got the floor, but yielded for a moment to
Mr. COBB, of Alabama, who inquired at the Chair whe- ;
ther the proposition he held in his hand would lie in order as
an amendment to the bill under consideration ? U it were in
order, he would desire the indulgence of the committee to
make a few remarka upon it. If It were not in order, he would
not uselessly consume the time of the committee in discussing
it. He would, by permission of the committee, read it. Mr. I
C. then read aa follows t
Br it further enactor/, Tl>at to much of " An set to amend
an act to raise for a limited time an additional military toree,
and for other purpose a," approved February II, IM7, as pro- j
vide* that bountiea of lands shall be located " in one body,"
containing not less than one hundred and aixty acrea, be and
the same l? hereby repealed 5 and hereafter warrants for the
said bountiea may be issned for quantities containing not less
than forty aarea, at the option of the holdera, and in conformi
ty to the legal aubdlviaiona of the public lands. Prvtidfdj uIn,
That, llie return of any such warrant already issued, by
the person to whom it was issued, it may be competent to re
issue to uid person warrant*, in the aggregate, lor one hun
dred and sixty acres, and in quantities jonluining not lew than
forty aares.
The CHAIR decided that the amendment was not in order
at thin time.
Mr. MILLER then proceeded in his remark?, and went
extensively into general politic* and th? Presidential election.
Mr. TAYLOR, of Ohio, spoke at length on the various
topics which have of late occupied so large a share of the
public attention.
Mr PECK commented on the uacourteous terms in which
one department of this Government (the Executive) was fre
quently spoken of by gentlemen on this floor, gnd then ex
amined the position of gentlemen of ill* South, that it was
unjcsl to them to prohibit their geing to the new Territories
with their slaves. Ha denied lhat it was unjust. He re
minded them that slavery existed by municipal laws, and
quoted decisions of Southern Judges to show that a slave
taken bv his master voluntarily beyond the jurisdiction of the
municipal laws of th? State in which be lives, becomes a free
men.
Mr. OUTLAW entered into an argument on the power of
Congress over the Territories, and commented with severity
on the acquisition of California and New Mexico, and on the
war generally. In the course of his remarks, having referred
to the design to create in Mexico the new republic of Sierra
Mfcdre?
Mr. RICHARDSON took occasion to rape I an accusation
made againat General Shield*, of having a participation in the
design, and stated that tbe President hoi aaaured him tho
Government had no information on the subject, but that all
auch measures would be resisted by him.
Mr. JAMESOIS next took the floor, awl made a speech on
the subjects of the veto power, the Presidential election, sla
very in the Territories, &.c.
Mr. 8TEWART, of Pennsylvania, followed, in a speech
on the extra allowances made to Gen. Cars while he was
Governor of Michigan Territory.
Mr. DANIEL then got the floor, and, on motion, the |
committee rose, and the House adjourned at a quarter past
o'clock.
Friday, Aioist 4, 1848.
IN SENATE.
On motion of Mr. ATHEKTQN, the Senate proceeded to
the consideration of the bill making appropriations for the civil
and diplomatic expenses of the Govern men t for the year end
ing on the 30th of June, 1849.
Numerous amendments were offered and adopted, and se
veral others rejected, among which was an amendment offered
bv Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana, making an appropriation
for a survev of the land raft in Red river, which was advoca
ted by Messrs DOWNS and JOHNSON.
An amendment was offered by Mr. Downs, to pay
$141,000, with twenty years' interest, to a portion of the Creek
Indians ; which amendment led to a protracted debute, in
which Messrs. DOWNS, ATCHISON, FOOTE, KING,
ATHERTON, LEWIS, JOHNSON, of Georgia, UNDER
WOOD, TURNEY, MANGUM, NILES, ALLEN,
WALKER, BRIGHT, CALHOUN, BELL, NILES,
HOUSTON, JOHNSON, of Maryland, and BITLER
participated ; when the question was taken on the amendment,
and decided in the affirmative, as follows :
YEAS?Messrs. Atchison, Badger, Baldwin, Bell, Duller,
8avis, of Miss., Dix, Downs, Fooie, Greene, Hale, Houston,
unter, Johnson, of Md., Johnson, of La., Lewis, Mason,
Miller, Niles, Phelps, Sebastian, Walker, Yulee?'23.
NAYS?Messrs. Allen, Atherton, Benton, Borland, Itrad
bury, Breese, Bright, Calhoun, Clarke, Corwin, Fetch, John
son, of Georgia, King, Metcalfe, Pearce, Sprttance, Stur
geon, Turney, Underwood?19!
The question was then taken on striking out the interest,
and decided in the affirmative, as follows :
YEAS?Messrs. Allen, Atherton, Badger, Bell, Brnton,
Borland, Bradbury, Breese, Bright, Butler, Calhoun, Came
ron, Corwin, Davis, of Mass., Davis, of Miss , Dix, Douglas,
Fetch, Foote, Hunter, Johnson, of Md., Johnson, of Ga.,
King, Mason, Metcalfe, Miller, Niles, Pearce, Phelps, Se
bastian, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood?34.
NAYS?Messrs. Atcni on, Baldwin, Clarke, Dickinson,
Hale, Hannegan, Houston, Johnson, of La., Lewis, Walker,
Yulee?11.
Mr. DIX moved to amend the bill by inserting an appro
priation for the building of six revenue cutters.
Mr. ALLEN said he was not disposed to make a speech at
that late hoar, and would content himself with calling the
yeas auJ Day#, which were ordered, and the vote stood :
YEAS?Messrs. Atchison, Atherton, Badger, Baldwin,
Bell, Benton, Borland, Bradbury, Breese, Butler, Calhoun,
Clarke, Corwin, Davis, of Massachusetts, Davis, of Missis
sippi, IJaytun, Dickinson, Dix, Dodge, Douglas. Dowus, Fetch,
Foote, Hale, Hanut-jgan, Houston, Johnson, of Maryland, Jehu*
son. of Louisiana, King, Lewis, Mason, Miller, Niles, Pcaice,
Phelps, Sebastian, Spruance, Walker?38.
NAYS?Messrs. Allen, Bright, Johnson, of Georgia, Met
calfe, Sturgeon, Turney, Underwood, Yulee?5.
An amendment offered by Mr. DOWNS, in favor of cer
tain allowances to the district jadge of Louisiana, and advo
cated with much earnestness by Messrs. DOWNS and JOHN
SON, of Louisiana, was lost by a large vote.
An effort was made to adjourn, but failed on a call of the
yea* and nays.
Mr. HANNEGAN submitted an amendment making an
appropriation of $5,400 to Commodore Diddle for his diplo
matic aervices in China.
Mr. HALE moved to amend the amendment by deducting
his pay while serving in a diplomatic capacity, but the amend
ment was lost.
Mr. NILES denounced the amendment as setting a dan
gerous precedent.
Mr. DOWNS said, to deny the judge and give to the com
modore, would not be doing exact justice. He thought some
rule should be observed.
Mr. DAYTON thought more information should be ob
tained in lelation to the claim before there was any action on
it, admitting, at the aame time, that any expense to which
Capt. Diddle had been necessarily subjected would constitute
a fair charge.
Messrs. HANNEGAN, BADGER, JOHNSON, of Mary
land, and others advocated the amendment The question
waa then taken by yeas and nays and decided in the negative,
as follows:
YEAS?Messrs. Badger, Baldwin, Butler, Clarke, Corw in,
Davis, ot Massachusetts, Green, Hanucgan, Johnson, of Md.,
Johnson, of Louisiana, Pearce?II.
NAYS?Messrs. Allen, Atherton, Benton, Borland, Brad
bury, Breese, Bright, Davis, of Mississippi, Da>ton, Dick
inson, Dix, Dodge, Douglas, Downs, Filch, Foote, Hale,
Hamlin, Houston, Johnson, of Georgia, King, Mason, Metcalfe,
Miller, Niles, Sebastian, Spruance, Sturgeon, Turney, Un
derwood, Walker, Yulee?<33.
Mr. HANNEGAN said he had *cversl other amendments
to offer, when there were cries of adjourn.
Mr. CLARKE moved that the Senate adjourn, which mo
tion waa passed, and the Senate adjourned, after a continuous
session of eight hours within a very few minutes.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
On motion of Mr. HOLMES, of New York, the House
resolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the state of the
Union, (Mr. Ashmck in the chair,) and resumed the con-1
sideration of the bill making appropriations for the support of i
the army for the year ending the 30th June, 1849.
Mi. DANIELS, of North Carolina, who had the floor ,
from the midnight adjournment yesterday, then proceeded to
address the committee on the general topics which have been
the subjects of discussion for some time past.
Mr. BOTTS followed, snd spoke until the arrival of the
hour of IS, which had been fixed for the termination of debate.
Mr. VINTON, the chairman of the committee from which
the bill was reported, availed himself of the privilege allowed
to a gentleman who reports a bill to apeak at length in expla
nation of its provisions ; and during the time allotted to him
he allowed M>veral gentlemen to make brief explanations.
Sundry propositions in amendment of the bill were then
offered, and explained under the live minutes' rule i after
which, without completing the bill, the committee rose and
the House adjourned.
Horhe or RrraKaEirraTivta, Apoujt 2, 1848.
Gbrtlim eh : Hsving paired off for a few days with Mr.
Phelps, of Missouri, f availed myself of the opportunity of
visiting my family, and was consequently absent from the city '
on Friday week, when the vote was taken in the House on the
motion of Mr. 8T?rnsws to lay the "compromise bill" upon
the table. I desire to state that if I had been in my scat, and
privileged to vote, I should have voted for the notion.
Respectfully, yours, Ac. J. E. BRADY.
BY ACTUM IIB&A.?"The Tenant of Wildfell Hall,"
by Acton Bell, author of Wuthering Heights, -2 volumes,
85 cents each. Vanity Fair j Pen and Peneil Sketches of Eng
lish Society, by W. M. Thackeray, with many engravings, SO
eents. Illustrated edition of the Arabian flights, pert 6, 35
cents. Self-Control, a novel, by Mary Brunt.m, S5 cents.
Franee, its King, Court, and Government, by Ceneral Cass,
85 eents. Eureka, a prose poem, by R. A. Vot.
au| 1? F.TAYLOR.
JXEfV YORK CORRESPONDENCE.
New York, July 29, 1848.
The shuttered remnant of the Regiment of New Yoaic
Volunteers who served in Mexico were honored, the day
Before ye-inday, with * public reception by the authorities
md citizen# A tho metropolis. But a little more than a third
?rt of tho original number who went out from us a year and
i half ago have Returned to enjoy even this poor compensa
ion for the hardships and perils they have endured in Mr.
Jolk'k reckless war, nearly half of the regiment having fallen
, bloody conflict, 01 died ot diseese in the bloody campaign.
At eight o'clock in the morning the bteamer Columbia, hav
ktg on board the members of thp Common Council ?nd other
f*r*oim, public and private, with the band of music from
ttovernor's Inland, started for Fort Hamilton, which is nine
ten mile* down the bay, on the Long Island shore, where
the volunteers had been quartered since their return. Here
the volunteers, who were waiting their arrival, were reviewed
by Col. Bcrhett, and then marched on board the boat, and
all returned to the dty a little after ten o'clock. They land
ed at the Battery under a military salute, and in preaence of
a large body of the finest and best troops of the city, both
infantry and cavalry. The contrast between theee fine troops
in their splendid military costume, and the tattered, rusty, and
fu.UOTt-tonkine band from the wa\ was painfully striking.
They have been represented as being in a destitute condition,
and their appearance indicated as much. A publio meeting
was held a few days since at the Mayor's office, and a com
mitlee appointed to raise funds for their relief.
After landing at the Battery, they were marched into Cas
tle Garden, where they were welcomed home by Mayor
Hwemeter in a neat and appropriate address, to which
Col. Bl rxktv, who bad led the regiment in Mexico, made
a soldierly and suitable reply. A procession was then formed,
with a numerous and splendid military escort, and marcht.d
up Uroadway. The whole procession extended some two
miles in length. The streets through which they moved were
thickly lined with people, and at different points, as the ?bat
tered and forlorn band made their appcarance, the multitude
cheered them from the side-walks, and ladies waved their
handkerchiefs from the windows. Having marched through
several of the principal streets, they returned again to Castle
Garden, where other ceremonies were to be performed. Here
Colonel Burxett, in behalf of the regiment, presented to
the city the colors under which they had fought in Mexi
co, and which bore marks of hard service not less con
spicuous than the soldiers themselves. Colonel Burnett,
in his address on the occasion, stated that the regiment,
on arriving in Mexico, had all made a solemn vow to main
tain the honor of their flag, and if they ever returned to
their country again alive to bring it with them. They had
kept their vow, and now here, in this same Castle Garden
where it had been presented to them, on their departure tor
Mexico, they returned it, rent with violence and stained
with blood and smoke as it was, into the hands of the donors.
The Mayor, with an appropriate address, received the flag in
behalf of the city.
Col. Bvbnett then in like manner presented to the .Mayor,
to be preserved in the archives of the ciiy, the flag which was
prosented to the regiment in the city of Mexico. After this,
Alderman Frasklis, President of the Board, presented suj
ver medals, which had been ordered to be struck by the City
Council, bearing suitable inscriptions, for each member of the
returning regiment. When the ceremonies were closed, the .
volunteers were escorted back in the steamer to r ort Ha
milton.
4 Free Scil Meeting was held last evening in the Park, in
front of the City Hall. Four or five thousand persons, per
hnpe, were collected. The meeting was orderly and quirt
Hkkht Gbewnell presided, and addresses were made by
David Duiilei Field, Mr. Greblet, of the Tribune, and
several others. The speakers, as well as the resolutions adopt
ed bv the meeting, were strongly opposed to the compromise
bill which has just passed the Senate, and is now before the
House, at Washington. . -
The weather, most of the time, for a couple of weeks past,
in this vicinity, has been very warm, the mercury ranfmf
from eightv to ninety degrees, and once or twice as high as
ninety-two Fine weather for vegetation, but people wilt and .
' droop. Hard work to get about the hot streets, even under
the shadv sides of the buildings. Business in general some
what drooping too. All who can do so get away into the
I countrv, or to some of the watering places and the multitude
go down to Coney Island and plunge into the surf, bull,
although the ciiy is resting on its summer vacation, a stranger
wou'd harJIy suspect it. The roar of the countless carnages
in Brosdwav is as unceasing as the roar of Niagara, ex
cept for a few hour* after twelve o'clock at night. I hat we
may not miss the citizens who are absent, some twenty thou
sand persons from aU pjints of the compass arrive daily in
the city, walk up and down the streets, eat, drink. Mid smoke
at the hotels, and visit ths jmblic amusements in the evening.
The Whigs of Sale* (Massachusetts) are of the true grit,
and in their prompt fidelity are after our own heart. They
were the first in the State to respond to the nomination of
Tatlok and Fillmore, and have since been amongst ..he
most active in their preparations for their support. In the
Salem Register of Thursday we find a call for a public meet
ing of ail citizens favorable t6 the formation of a Taylor Club,
signed by four hundred of the principal citizens. The Regis
ter says : ?? The list of signers comprises a pretty fair and full
representation of all interests in the community, including
many of our oldest and most respectable citizens ; and, had
there been an opportunity to circulate the call more exten
sively, hundreds more of names might easily have been
obtained."
The French ship Industrie arrived at New York on Thure
day with a large number of planters as passengers from Mar
tinique, who left their plantations with their crops growing,
on account of the insurrection. They say that they applied
to their Government to ascertain whether they would be re
compensed for their property, and received no satisfaction.
The blacks would have the control of the whole island in a
few days, and were maswerewg the white inhabitants. The
Government has taken no means to put them down.
Losses or the New Yobk Reoi* Birr.?Killed in the
battle of Cerro Gordo 11; at Cootreras 17, at Cburubuseo
103; and at Cbapultepec and Garita de Belen 30. Total
killed 160. Losses by diseases, wounds, and exposure, over
400. Number returned aboat 360.
Ishiak Masbacbe.?The Lake 8uperior News of the * 1*
ultimo learns from Lspointe that a aavage encounter had token
place between a party of Chippewaa and Siouxs in the vicini
ty of Sandy Lake. The Chippewa*, about eighty in num
ber, were out as a fishing party and unarmed, when they
were surprised by a party of the 8ioux, who maaaacred some
seventy of the number, among whom was young Hole-in-the
day. There was much excitement among the Chippewas at
the Point, who seemed bent on the most summary vengeance.
Mr. Gailj.abi.et, in his laat Paris letter, says' " La*a?
tihe has fallen from his 'pride of place,'>n3 by his own
fault, I think ; but the eagle is only wounded, l?d some day
with a sweep of ita wings it will remount into those regions
where, sooner or later, eagles must hover."
Wibsebaoo Ihdiaws.?We learn from the ofteesa of the
Dubuque, from 8t. Peter*, that the principal portion of the
Winnebago Indians have left for their new location, leaving
about six hundred who are yet scattered about on the west side
of the river. It is thoaght that they will soon come in and
follow the balance of the tribe.?t>t- Louis New Era.
Tobi*ABO tw Ri".ir, (Me.)?There was ai violen t torna
do, over a tract sbou* fifteen miles leng and half a milewrde,
last Thursday, in the towns of Ripley, Dexter, and Garland.
(Maine ) The chief damage was tn the town of Ripley,
where (the Bangor Whig says) fifteen houses were com
pletely demolished. A school-house, with the ?e^'*r\*V
sembled, was lifted and turned round. A large bsrn. ai
other buildings in Dexter, were destroyed and s?tt?wJouV^
sight. Great hemlock and other tree* were twisted off. an
whirled with fearful force high into the air. tropa, S
?tone walls, and every thing in ha course,
?tant dcati uctioo. It wae accompanied by a loud an JJjj *Jt
roar. An observer from half a mile jhstsnce wy ?
po,ranee as it peaaed along was like the s?ok? of a hug*
[ steamboat ta wiW and furiout aiotwa.

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