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SKIES bright !
New York.?The New York Journal of Com-| roerce says : " It now veT evideni tha* Ul? ? thirty-six elecioral votes of New York will be ? given to Tavlor and Fillmore. Many of the ? Free Soilers begin to think they have soiled their * fingers, and are getting out of the scrape as well t M they can. Even Cass's vote in this State will ? be larger than Van Buren's. Many of the Barn . burners will vote for him, and others for Tavlor. ? They don't like their new connexions." Tennessee.?The Nashville Whig says that half of that State has now been well canvassed, and from the information we have received from the most reliable sources, we say to the Whigs of other States, " Tennessee stands as firm as a rock. Have 4 no apprehension whatever about her vote. She * goes for Taylor by a large majority." Ohio.?The Whig sun shines brightly in Ohio. The Cincinnati Adas says: 44 Of Ohio, we can say 4 that every step taken in^he actual canvass ijhows 4 the Whig prospect brighter. We know that in 4 some of what are called disaffected, counties the 4 falling off of the Whig vote is next to nothing. 4 The ballot-box will astonish those who supposed 4 that the great Whig party of Ohio was to be 4 moved from its firm moorings by every wind of 4 new doctrine." A citizen of Boston addressed a letter, some weeks ago, to Mr. Fillmore, our justly-respected candi date for the Vice Presidency, asking him to inform said citizen of his views in relation to the following points : First. Are you in favor of a repeal of the naturaliiation law? of the United States ? If ao, are you in favor of ex cluding foreigners from participating in the elective franchise until they have been here at least twenty-one years ? Second. Are you in favor of imposing a capitation tax upon all foreigners who may hereafter land upon our shores of two hundred and fifty dollars each, or to such an extent as to pro tect the American mechanic from foreign competition in the domestic labor market > Mr. Fillmore answered him as follows : Albany, Jure 17, 1848. Si a I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 10th instant, in which you desire my vitws on certain points expressed in your letter. These inquiries are doubtless addressed to me in consequence of my reccnt nomi nation for the Vice Presidency ; but, while I never have, and trust I never shall, shrink from any official responsibility which may be cast upon me, I am admonished by the experience of others that, as a candidate of the party that has put roe in nomination, I am not at liberty now to make up and publish my political faith.' A Whig Convention, without solicitation on my part, has generously taken me upon trust, and, if there be any other sect or party that have sufficient confidence in my patriotism and integrity to give me their support on the same conditions, I shall be grateful for the favor; but I must say to all that my past conduct is the only pledge I can give for my future course. I must be at liberty, when called upon to act, to do what I think is right. Trusting that, if you do not concur with me in opinion as to the propriety of the course which I have adopted, you will at least believe me when I say that no disrespect is intended to you, or those for whom you speak, in declining to express my opinion on the subjects to which you reler, I remain, truly jours, MILLARD FILLMORE. JoHir E. Gowew, Esq. The honor of a Public Dinner has been lately offered to Mr. Speaker Winthrop, the Representa tive in Congress of the Suffolk District of Massa chusetts, by a large number of Whigs, among his strongest political friends, (Mr. Abbott Lawrence heading the committee,) in testimony of their high respect for the character and abilities of their dis tinguished Representative in Congress, and a deep sense of gratitude for the services he has rendered, and the honor he has reflected upon the State and the Union, by the faithful and successful discharge of the arduous duties of Speaker of the House of Representatives, during a long and laborious ses sion. This high (and we must say deserved) com pliment Mr. Winthrop has thought proper to de cline, in the following Letter : Boston, September 15, 1848. Gintlemxn : Absence from home prevented me from re ceiving your most obliging communication of the 28th ultimo until a late day. I hasten now to acknowledge it, and to assure you of my deep sensibility to the compliment which it contains. I have, indeed, been cnlled to the discharge of 44 arduous duties during a long and laborious session" ot Congress. It would not be easy to over-eptimate the labors which belong to the office of bpeaker of the House of Representatives of the United States. Nothing could afford me higher satisfac tion than to know, that, in tbe judgment of the persons! and political friends whom you represent, my performance of the duties of thst office has been faithful and successful, and that it has reflected no dishooor, either on our own Commonwealth or on the country at large. 8uch an expression, I need hardly say, is peculiarly wel come to me from my immediate constituents?implying, as it does, that they have not been extreme to note any inattention to their local interests, which may have resulted from the en grossing character of the duties of tbe Chair. i Boston has been accustomed to no common services in the National Councils. Few districts in the Union can point to such a succession of distinguished end devoted Representa tives. Fisher Ames, Harrison Gray Otis, William Eustis, Jewish (juincy, Artemas Ward, James Lloyd, Jonathan Ma aon, Benjamin Oorham, Daniel Webster, Nathan Appleton, Abbott Lawrence, Richard Fletcher. This is a catalogue of stars to which any one may be pioud to have been added. If, on retiring from office, at the close of my present term, when I shall have represented the people of Boston in Con grass longer than any one of my predecessors since the adop tion of tbe constitution, my name shall not be thought un worthy of some humble aeeociation, in the kind regards of my fellow-citixens, with tbe names of these eminent men, tbe measure of my political ambition will be full. Be pleased to communicate to those in who?e bebslf you have addressed me my cordial thanka for the honor which they have done me, and to assure them that, while I decline to be made the subject of any ceremonious entertainment, I shall always cherish the roost grateful remembrance of their courtesy and kindness. I am, gentlemen, with the highest respect and esteem, your faithful friend and servant, ROBT. C. WINTHROP. COMMISSIONS IN THE ARMY. Referring to the applications which are constantly being made for commissions in the Army, the 44 Union" says: 44 Since the discharges which the law required to be made on the termination of the war with Mexico, there is no proba bility of any such appointments l?eing made for some time to come. We learn, on inquiry, that there are now attached to the army fifty-eight brevet second lieutenants waiting promo tion. Of these, forty-one ere graduadea from the Militaiy Academy, and seventeen are non-commissioned oAiders ap pointed brevet lieutenants for meritorious services, under the set of March 3d, 1847. As vscancies occur these brevet of ficers will be commissioned, and it must be some considerable time before any other can be appointed. We trust, therefore, that it will be seen that the wisbee of those now in civil life, who desire to adopt tbe military profession, cannot be gra lifted." _ _ The Workwomen Moviro.?A friend has sent us a pls eard, containing a call for a meeting of tbe working men of Phrcnixville, Pennsylvania, who are favorable to the election of Tat low, Fillmore, and Johrsto*. The meeting is to be held on Satunlsy evening next, at six o'clock. The call is signed by upwards of one hundred and thirty individuals? puddleis, beaters, rollers, spike cutters, nailers, snd others engaged in the iron-works, as well a* shoemakers, bricklayera, carpenters, dtc.; and our friends inform us that one-third of the names sre those of Democrats, who have determined to go for Taylor, Fillmore, and Johneton. Tbia is a significant sign of the times. The working men o? Pennsylvania are moving, and in the right spirit.?Phil. Inquirer. THE " BUFFALO HUNT. ?? The official gazette has a way of mixing up its party projects and conceits with the acts of the Ad ministration which it communicates to the People, so as to oblige us to winnow its articles and sepa rate its facts from its fallacies and fancier, in order to place them fairly before our readers. Nothing, for instance, can be further from any proper connexion with the contest between Gen. Taylor and Gen. Cass for the Presidency than the project of an unlawful armed invasion of the Mexican territories by citizens of the United States, with which rumor has lately been busy, and, as it is now known, not without very sufficient reason. Yet, replying to a complaint of the levity with which this subject has been suffered to be treated in its columns, the 44 Union," though acknowledg ing inadvertence on its part, turns round and asks us to settle the matter with Gen. Taylor, because, forsooth, he has just been assigned to the command of the Military Division which includes the Kio Grande; as if he, who was, by an order issued from the War Department seven and twenty days ago, placed in that command, could have prevented the movements which the Administration itself has been conniving at for months?from the moment, at latest, when the first Military Officers reached this city after the conclusion of the Treaty of Peace with Mexico! We must, however, we suppose, take the infor mation of the acts of the Executive as the govern ment paper chooses to give it, and be thankful for what we get in any way. We therefore extract from an article in yester day's " Union" on that subject, for the information of our readers, the following statements : " On the 30th August last, the Secretary of State ? issued circular instructions in detail to all the 4 district attorneys of the Southwestern States, di ? reeling them to enforce the provisions of the act ' of Congress of the 20th April, 1818, in relation 1 to this subject. On the same day the Secretary ? of War issued an order to Maj >r General Zachary 4 Taylor, now in command of the southern railita 4 ry division of the United States, from which the 4 following is an extract : " You are directed by the President to causc vigilance to 4 be observed along the Mexican frontier within tbe geogra ' phical division under your command. Should you discover 4 any attempt by any portion of our citizens to invade Mexico, 4 you will employ the military forcc to prevent it. If you 4 should receive any information of such a movement as I 4 have alluded to, you will not only take prompt measures to 4 avert it, but give early notice to the Department of all you 4 may learp on the subject." 44 The Secretary of War refers General Taylor 4 to the 8th section of the act of 20th April, 1818, 4 for his authority, which, so far as the same would seem to 4 be applicable to the present case, is as follows : ?That in 4 every case,' 4 in which any military expedition or enterprise 4 shall be begun, or aet on foot, contrary to the provisions 4 and prohibitions of this act,' 4 it shall be lawful for the 4 President of the United Slates, or such other person as be 4 shall have empowered for that purpose, to employ such part 4 of the land and naval forces of the United States, or of the ' militia thereof,' ? for the purpose of preventing the carrying ? on of any such expedition or enterprise from the territories 4 or jurisdiction of the United States, against the territories 4 or dominions of any foreign Prince or Stale, or of any 4 colony, district, or people with whom the United States are 4 at peacc." On the 30th of August last! Better late than never. But the President is entitled to the credit of having, even at so late an hour, interfered to discourage an enterprise so fatal, if successful, to the Reputation of the country, yet more to be cherished than its Peace. Such credit, to that extent, we willingly accord to him. The Buffalo Hunt.?The44 Washington Union" publishes a letter from its Now Orleans correspon dent, of the date of the 1st of September, commenc ing in this manner: 44 ? Thus far we sail before the wind,' and 4 the akies are 4 bright and brightening.' Tbe star of Democracy is in tbe 4 ascendant." After more rigmarole of the same sort, the writer thus concludes: " The ' Buffalo Hunters' are organizing for the sport upon * the Rio Grande next fall, and, should theweather provefine, 4 will no doubt he abundantly gratified with tlie result of their 4 excursion. There are several ' .marvellously proper men* 4 connected with it. Who are they ? We shall see anon." How many days have passed since this very Washington Union denied the existence of any such project as this Buffalo Hunt, and asserted that the Government had sever heard of the thinirf It was all a 44 Whig lie." Let us now see how the Government of the United States will countenance this 44 sport," of making war upon a neighboring nation, before the ink is dry with which a treaty of peace has been signed with that nation. ? Sport," forsooth ! and this in the official organ ! The plain English of the matter is this: The Rio Grande is the boundary between the United States and the Mexican territory. The Buffalo hunters are an organized gang of land pirates, thieves, and cut-throats. The 44 sport" is, to cross the Rio Grande into the Mexican territory; steal, rob, and plunder every thing by wholesale, and if the plundered inhabitants resist, knock them on the head. The persons who are about to do this are 44 marvellous proper men," as they are designated in the journal published under the patronage and sanc tion of the American Executive. Most people will think they are 44 marvellous proper" subjects for the halter.?Boston Courier, 44 UNION AND HARMONY." I hese terms, applied to the salutary influences now at work in the Whig party, have an emphatic meaning. Our friends are being drawn together, and will be found as heretofore acting shoulder to shoulder. The last letter of Gen. Taylor com mends itself powerfully to the confidence of Whigs. It is open, frank, and manly, h shows that he will be in the cabinet what he has been in the field, enlightened, firm, patriotic, and faithful. It cor rects misapprehensions and removes doubts. He is no longer in a false position. He will be elected, and when elected he will show himself a good W liig President. 1 he country, under his auspices, emerging from wrong and misrule, and healed of its wounds and bruises, will go on rejoicing, happy and prosperous, until its high and glorious mission of freedom, greatness, and glory has been a*om pushed.?Albany Evening Journal. DEATH OF THE HON. MICHAEL HOFFMAN. The New York papers announce the death of the Hon. Michakl Hoffman, formerly of Herkimer county, but for a few years past Naval Officer for the port of New York. He died at Brooklyn on Wednesday, at the advanced age of sixty. Mr. Hoffman has filled a large space in the political history of his Slate?his commanding talents giv ing him influence every where. He was perhaps the most distinguished man among the 44 Barn burners." and, had his life and health been spared, , would have been a candidate for their highest ho nors. He took a prominent part in the Convention which framed the present New York State Consti tution, and some of its most valuable features are due to his suggestions?Journal of Commerce. THE GOLD MEDAL TO GEN. TAYLOR. Whilst Gen. Taylor was on his late visit to Pass Christian, occasion was taken to present to him the Gold Medal voted to him by Congress. In delivering the medal, Mr. Charles Harrod, to whom the Secretary of War had committed this pleasing duty, addressed the General as follows : General Tailor : You arc already aware, air, that I ana the bearer of a Gold Medal, voted to you by Congresc, to com* memorate your brilliant achievement* at Monterey. It wan handed to me in Washington by the President of the United State*, through the Hon. Secretary of War, with a request that I would place it in your bauds; and now I have the honor of doing to, together with the official- document* accompanying it, handed me at the same time. Permit me, General, on thia occasion, to express my grati fication at being the bearer of this Medal, and having tha op portunity to present it to you ill the presence of such a nu merous and brilliant assembly of your fine ceuntrywofoen, and at the same time to pay my respects to you, whom the nation thus honors for bravery and skill in conducting her armies. This, General, is a tribute from your country in which our whole people from Maine to Oregon wiU cordially unite, as a proper, though feeble, expression of the nation's gratitude to one of its bravest sons and most faithful patriots. The General's reply was as follows: 1 accept, sir, from your hands, with emotions of gratitude which I can never adequately express, this high testimonial of my country's approbation. These repeated evidences of the kind favor with which my countrymen have been pleased to look upon my humble services inMexico have already placed me under obligations to them which I feel that no services that I have performed, nor any that I can possibly render, can ever repay. In this Medal I receive for the second lime at the hand* of our National Legislature the highest mark of their approba tion. In justice to the gallant men whom I had the honor to command in Mexico, I must take occasion to acknowledge that, through their bravery and patriotism, rather than through any personal merit or servico of my own, I have become the recipient of these distinguished honors. In conclusion, sir, permit me to render you my thanks for your kind offices on this occasion, and for the very flattering language in which you have been pleased to discharge them. PROSPECTS IN OHIO. We are happy in being able to lay before our readers the following information from a reliable source in the State of Ohio: , (Ohio,) Sei-tehser 23, 1848. Gentlemen : Private letters from our Whig friends in Washington express serious apprehensions (or the Presiden tial result in Ohio. These forebodings are predicated upon the fsct of your city Democracy offering heavy bets on the re mit in our 8tate. Our friends should recollect that this sys tem of betting and bragging is but characteristic of the other reckless principles and practices of progressive Democracy, and should therefore cease their apprehensions; and they should also remember that men who have so long been well fed out of the public crib wish still to feed on the same aliment, and consequently are very willing to part with a portion of pop in order to secure to them the abundant crib of Uncle Sam for four years to come. Their hazards cannot affect us, and they will result as did those on Kentucky upon five thou sand majority for Crittenden. There does not rest the sha dow of a doubt upon the mind of any well-informed (and not timid) Whig here as to the result. The Abolitionist* will, as they have heretofore, go ag.inst us. A crry considerable portion of men, who call themselves Whigs, and who have heretofore been with us, are-no* against us, and are running after that pink of free aoil, Martin Van Buren, the author of the Subtreasury apd a catalogue of other political iniquities. But thete cannot prevent tu from currying Ohio for Tat tom and Fillmore by a triumphant majority; certainly larger than Mr. Clai'b, though not so large as Harris's. Information from our distinguished townwnan (and, I am proud to add, my personal friend) assures mc that the Qua kers are right: he has been with them, at their special invi tation, for the last ten days. Information from the most relia ble sources assures me that Corwin ha* done great good on the Reserve. A letter from an intelligent friend at Cleveland, received last night, gives me the cheering intelligence that the "bolteis" are coming into rank by scores, and that the disaf fection will not be more than one-fouith of what our appre hension* were a month ago. My calculation it that we shall I get full out as many Democratic votes as we shall lose ' bolters. This, of course, will be a gain to our cause. We shall carry our State election by such a majority as to secure the floating vote, which is wry considerable. Our friends are active, and we will not cease our efforts until Ohio has last her vote for Tailor and Fillmore. On this reault you can rely. I will advise you again. The Georgia papers appriie us of the death of the Hon. Thomas F. Foster, of that State, for thirty years a Member of the Bar, and generally known and highly esteemed, not in his own State merely, but also by his service for several years as a Representative of his district in Congress. Hon. W. C. Rives, whose name is on the I ay lor and Fillmore Electoral Ticket for the State of Virginia, is doing manful duty in behalf of the Whig cause. He delivered a speech in the city of Richmond on Wednesday night, which the "Rich mond Whig " says was one of transcendent ability : "For our own part," adds the Whig, "we are disposed U, place it among the first that we have ever heard, and we profess to have beard good speaking in our day. It indeed combined all the elements necessary, in the opinion of fasti dious critics, to constitute a finished oration beauty, strength, vehemence, and eloquence. That our judgment is neither overstrained nor too partial, may, we think, be sufficently established by the deep and absorbing interest with which he was listened to?an interest not confined to the Whig party, but equally felt by all." _ Col. Hays's Expedition to Chihuahua.?The Chihuahua expedition under Colonel Hays was to leave San Antonio, Texas, about the last of August. In reference to it we find the following in the (?al ?verton News of the 9th instant: ; "Some persons have supposed that the announcement of the expedition of Col. Haya, with one hundred armed men, to Chihuahua, bad something to do with the mysienona But- j falo Hunt. Such is not the fact. The object of the cxpedr tron is to mark out and open a good road for commercial put poses in order to draw the Chihuahua tra.le into Bexar. Col. Hays left or was to have left that city about the,S7th ulumo, with some twenty of the citiiens of Bex*r and about forty ranger' from Capt. Higbsmith's company, to explore the route. The exiwnees of the party are borne by the meichant* of Bexar The success of this undertaking, which wa do not doubt, and of others which will follow it, will result, unless we arc greatly mistaken, in a complete change of the route of the overland Irade to Mexico. The distance from San Anto nio to Chihuahua is not one-third that of the route now tra velled from Missouri. Naval.?A letter dated on board the U. S. ship ? Jndeptndt.nct, off MaiaUan, July 2d, says : ?? We have just hove off this pwt, and I have only time to we are going to the islands, and expect to be home next April or May. The Congrta* will be home in January. ??The U. 8. ahip Relief, Lieut. Com. Poor, will sail from this port for Norfolk in all this week, there to take stores, as supposed, for Rio." Several of the settlers in Lireria, who are engaged in the cultivation of tho Coffee Tree, desire information as to the mode adopted in the West Indies for cleaning the berry from j the hull, with an exact description of the machinery used. We shall be happy to receive from any of the readers of our i journal the information desired. Ma. McDvma.?Tha MilledgeviUe (Ga.) Union of U* 19th says: " Hon. Geo. McDcifi* srrived in Milledgeville last week in feeble health. The object of hia visit is to try the virtues of the -Cold Water Institute.' His numerous friends will be gratified 10 ?**rn ** bl* hw,th " fon,Wmb,J unproved." WHIG CELEBRATION OF THE BATHES OF I MONTEREY. J he anniversary of Gen. Taylor's storming and capturing that thoroughly fortilied and ably defended town in Mexico, Monterey, was celebrated in this city by the Whig party, on Friday evening last, in a style and manner worthy of the occasion. The star-spangled banner and the flags, with their appro priate device* and mottoes, floated proudly in the bieeze. The Whig tires blazed brilliantly ; the soul-stirring music, dia couraed by an excellent bandj added it* thrilling influence to the joyous occaaiun. The concourse of people assembled was very large, one of the largeat which has been called together in this city during the present campaign. The enthusiasm waa in keeping with the spirit of the occasion. W. W. Siato*, Esq. presided. He stepped to the front of the stand and staled that he waa rejoiced to behold so many of his fellow-citizens assembled together to do honor to the brilliant victory achieved by Gen. Taiior and his gallant little army at the strongly fortified city of Monterey. He did not, he said, come prepared to make a speech, for he had just returned home from a viait to the North, from the aeaboard to the lakes, and he was happy to inform the meeting that he had been greatly strengthened in hie belief by what he bad witnessed and heard on his late trip, of the triumph of the Whig party and the election of General Tat lor to the Pre sidency. Great numbers in the North, who, on the nomina tion of General Taylor, bad hesitated about supporting him, were becoming convinced that he waa a true Whig in senti ment and principle, if not a proscriptive or intolerant one, and that he waa a wibe and prudent and just man, aa Well as a good and brave one, and were now ready to give him a hearty support. The Whig skies were very bright where he had been, and he was glad to find them so here at the seat of Go vernment. lie would not say more, but would introduce to the meeting his frisnd, Francis L. Smith, Esq., of Alex andria, who would gratify the meeting with the expression of some good Whig sentiments. Mr. Smith made hia bow, and followed it with a good, sound, able argument to show why General Taylor deserved to be and should be elected President, and why General Cass did not deserve to be and ought not to be exalted to that high and responsible statisn. He dwelt upon Taylor's eminent and valuable services to his country, his great success in all his battles, and (he outbursts of gratitude which the whole people of (his groat Union poured forth upon receiving the news of the victory of Taylor and his little army at Monte rey, which victory that meeting had assembled to honor ? the spontaneous rejoicings of the whole nation, which went upon the receipt of the news of each of hia other grand victories in Mexico j and upon Taylor's excellencics as a man of firm nes., of wisdom, of humanity, and of prudence. He main tained thct such a pubhc servant, with a spotless character pnvite and public, was the man, of .11 others, to be placed at lie head of Una great nation in the present crisis of affairs. lie reviewed the political and military career of Gen. Cass with much ability and severity. He denied that he had ren dered any military service to his country ; denied that he had evej broken his sword ; and insisted that it would be fairer to suppose he had swallowed that warlike inatrument, and bad become, in consequence, terribly bellicose, and fond of swal lowing whole nations. He exhibited Gen. Case's conduct in ptcu luting a splendid fortune out of the people's Treasury and contrasted it with Gen. Taylor's conduct, who had never charged or received one cent in the shape of exfra allowances. He exhibited the manner in which Gen. Cass had turned fl'i> flaps aud sprang somersets upon almost every leading uueT tion of the day, to the great amusement of the meeting. He had (he corpulent old gentleman rigged up in tights and pumps and made him spring a somerset, like a supple-jack, now on the Bank questtoh, now on the Texas question, now on the Oregon question, now on the Wilmot proviso, now on inter nal improvements, dtc. In conclusion be asked, in triumph if the people who heard bim could support such a man for President in preference to Gen. Taylor > ??Mr 8rW,%rn.COmplimeQt 10 ^e wal and indus try of the Whigs of Washington, who had no privilege of casting their votes, but were, nevertheless, sending the light and the truth to all portions of the country. If they could no: vote, he said?if toey could not march up to the ballot boxes, they could mould bullets, and load and fire the cannon. i hey had a ? Baiitry " which was carrying havoc and dis may into the ranks of the enemy. Upon that " Balteru " was " Old Zack," with " the sword of Gideon " in his hand, dnviug Lass and his forces, amid their own " noise and confusion," into the regions of Salt River. The Whigs of Alexandria, he said, were nobly doing their duty also to helo te disenthral old Virgin a. Mr. Smith closed with some remarks againat the conduct of a few professed Whigs in New York and elsewhere, who have been insisting upon running Mr. Gist for President. Colkmar \ ellott, Esq , of Baltimore, was next intro duced to the assemblage. He made a capital Whig speech. With a manner earnest and sincere, and in well uttered En gliA, he bore down upon Genersl Cass, his arts, tergiversa tions, ari*ocracy, fawning sycophancy to Louis Philippe and bis Court, and to the Baltimore Convention in order to catch a nomination, with a power and force which caused hia audi tors to make the welkin ring with their approbation. He I rung out the changes upon Cass's changes in fine style, and illustrated his points with many good anecdotes. He showed no mercy to the American Minister at Paris, who had written a book in praise of a King and a Court, and in derogation of the immortal George Washington, and who published that book, in numbers, in au English magazine for pay.' Mr. Yillott ridiculed Caaa's pretended military exploits and his pretended democracy, and pointed out the sum and substance of both with great ability. He glanced rapidly at tteoeral Taylor s great and meritorious services to his coun try?at his victory at Monterey, which that meeting had as sembled to commemorate and celebrate?at his other brilliant victoria*?at hia pure and s(iotleas character?at his great firm ness, wisdom, and raode*y?-and called upon his auditors to ! ?ay if any fair and right minded man could hesita'e as to which to choose for President, Zachary Taylor or Lewia Cut'1 His iUuatration ol General Caas's military exploits was very j'PPy- He said he could not aay what General Caas actually did with that famous sword, except that he never killed any "?"J with it. It reminded him of the prayer of another war rior, on bis return home, which was: " Oh Lord, I never killed any body, and nobody ever killed me ! Oh Lord bless all mankind For aught be knew this might have been General Cass's prayer! Mr. Ybllott spoke of Maryland and of the Whig fires that were brightly burning all over that old revolutionary State, and aaaored the assemblage that Maryland would lie found true as *eel to General Taylor and the Whig caase on the 'jf pf November next, with aa large a majority aa ever, the official organ's calculation to the oonUary notwithstanding. At the local elections, Maryland had not always come up Whig, bat in the Presidential contests the Whigs would never find the Old Maryland Line wanting I Mr. Y?lwtt closed hia speech with a warning to the Go vernment officeholders to attend to their duties and eritertain their opinions, and vote where they had the right and privi lege to do so, but not to interfere in the elections, for Old tatk unis coming to take poeeesaion of the White House snd to overlook them and their works. His remarks were receiv ed with rounds of applause. Groans Washirotor Parrs Ctsris, Esq., the venerable and only surviving member of General Washing ton's family, was introduced to the sseembly. In bis own rich tull-toned voice the old orator addressed the attentive crowd for near three quitters of an hour, upon the glories of our republic and its institutions?of the noble chsracter and many exalted virtues of the Father of his Country?and of the noMe deeds and exalted traita of character of that grea living man who* career most resembles that of Washington, and for whom be, an oil grandfather, should cast, on the 7th of November next?if life and health were spared to him?hia maiden vote ' From the retired shades of Mount \ernon, said he, I ahall cast that vote in favor of Zachart Tailor for President, and I feel assured that an immortal spirit will look down from above with an approving amilr that I have selected the most worthy As Mr. Custia took his seat, "the old man elo>/tient " was roundly applauded. Col. Jour A. Rooirk, of Pennsylvania, who was with Gen. < sss as a captain in the regular army in the war of 1*12, was next introduced to the meeting, and made many statements of fact, on record or susceptible of proof, going to show that Gen. Cass was no soldier, was not a brave man, and that he waa never in any fight or skirmish where any body was killed or wounded. Col. *hxrmaw, of this city, being loudly called for by the crowd, next stepped forward, and made a brief and eloquent speech in favor of Old Zack, his great favorite, and against the swallower of ten rations a day, three solJieis, and all Mexico. At the conclusion of Col. Sherman's speech, nine cheer. were given for Taylor and Fillmore, and the meeting formed in procession, headed by the twnd, and marched to the resi dences of several of our prominent Whigs, whom they sere naded, and cheered in the most enthusiastic manner. A TRUMPET CALL! rmoM ruEFATrrTSviu.* (w. c.) ?? oi??*?vk* " or s*rr. 26. Only Six Weeks !?We would beg leave to re mind our Whig readers that from this day till the Presidential election is only six weeks. Jill that is to be done to effect the election of Taylor and Fillmore taunt be done within those six weeks, j The time is short; the consequences to follow the j performance or the neglect of duty within those weeks are momentous and of long duration. For four years at least shall we rejoice in the triumph of good government, or for four years at least shall we groan under misrule, according as the Whigs do I their duty to themselves and their country, tor , four years ? Yes, for more than four times four years! Look at the results of the election of James K. Polk! . A war which has made thousands of widows and orphans, corrupted the morals of thou sands, brought upon us a debt which will not be paid in twenty years, and precipitated the slavery question to an issue which may even rend this Union asunder. Whigs! If you are content that this Locoloco policy shall be perpetuated, fold your arms in in difference. If you rightly feel the evils which it has entailed upon the country, go to work to hurl its authors and abettors from power. Cass and Butler are parties to all that has been done under this Locofoco reign; they altogether approve of it all, and are determined to " follow in the foot steps." Taylor and Fillmore are opposed to it all; to war, to conquest, to annexation, to debt, to extravagance, to proscription for opinion s sake. They are in favor of encouraging the mechanics and laborers of our own country in preference to those of Europe. Above all, they are in favor of giving to Congress and the People their rightful and constitutional power in the Government, and against the practical usurpation of all power by I one man, the President. ' MR. FILLMORE'S ORIGIN AND CAREER. Mr. Ex-Senator Rives's eloquent eulogium upon Mr. Fillmore will render peculiarly interesting to "those who had the pleasure of hearing it, the fol lowing brief account of Mr. Fillmore's early life and subsequent career: "? Millard Fillmore ia a native of New \ ork. He was burn in Cayuga county, at a place called Bummer Hill, on the 7th of January, 1800. His father, Nathaniel Fillmore, was born in Burlington, Vermont, 1771 ; he emigrated in early life to the western part of New York, then a wilderness and in 1819 purchased a faira in Erie county, which he still cultivates. The educational advantage enjoyed by young Fillmoro were very tlender ; the Bible and such book* aa were used in the very common achools then existing, were the limits of his literary pursuits until the age of fifteen, when he was apprenticed to the wool-carding buaineas in Livingston j county. He was afterwards placed with * person in the same business in the town where his father resided, and passed four years at the trade, devouring in the mean time the contents of a small village library. At the age of nineteen fortune threw in hia way a beuevolent man, who had the penetration to dis cover the youth's good parts, and the kindness to place him in a condition to cultivate them. This gentleman was the late Walter Wood?a man whose name should be held in reverence by all who have known what it is to struggle with adversity and gather knowledge ia the thorn-beset waysides of early poverty. Judge Wood (for this benevolent gentle man was a lawyer) poetised a good library and a handsome fortune. He prevailed upon young Fillmore to quit the trade of wool-carding and take to the study of law. Tbe clothier's apprentice purchased the remainder of hie time, ?nd studied law and surveying in the office of his benefactor until he was twenty-one. During this time he partly supported himself by teaching school. In 1821 he removed to Erie county, and entered a lawyer's office in Buffalo, where be pursued his legal studies, and taught a school for his support, until 1823, wheu he was admitted to practice in the Court of Com mon Pleas. From this time his course haa been up, up, up. He first commenced practising in the village of Aurora, in Cayuga county, but returned to Buffalo in 1830, where he glill resides. In 1829 he was elected a member of the State legislature, and was r-elected the two succeeding years. ??In 1832 Mr. Fllixssi was elecud to Congress, and again in 1836, when he distinguished himself by his report on the New Jersey elecUon case. He was re-elected to the neit Congress by a largely increased majority, and was placed at the head of the Committee of Ways and Means, in which poet be gained great distinction by his energy, aptness, and industry, and by the wisdom of his measure* and the ability with which he advocated them. At the close of this Con gress he declined a re-election, and resumed the practice of his profession at the bar. In 1844 he was nominated by the Whigs for Governor of the Bute in opposition toSilas Wright, i but was unsuccessful. Last year he was elected Comptroller j 0f the State, and has tilled the office with honor to himsell and protit to the people. ?? Mr. Fillmore is in hia 49th year, a fiue luaty looking man, with a sanguine temperament, a tall commanding pre aence, and a grave but good-natured countenance. He is an excellent specimen of a genuine Northern Yankee, aa old Kough and Ready is of the Southern breed. They are both unadulterated Americana, who owe nothing to adventitious circumstance#, but have been self-created by theif own native energies. The colleges in which they have acquired their knowledge are the busiest and most trying haunts of every day life. We cannot doubt their election by a greater majo rity than any Presidential ticket has received since the days of Washington, nor that the country will rejoice and grow pros perous under their beneficent rule. (iKit. Bewhkt H. Rilbt.?A complimentary dinner was given on tbe 15ih instant at Detroit to this gallant officer, (on the eve of his departure for California.) Major Gen. Jon* R. Williams presided, assisted by Hon. Chief Justice C.W. WmrPLB. The festival was also graced by the presence of Gen. Cass. Gen. Bbabi, and a large number of the most respectable citizens of the ancient '* City of the Straits, were present. The Episcopsl Bishop of Michigan, (for a abort hme a lesident of New York,) Right Rev. Dr. 8amwbl A. McCoskbt, could not attend, but in a note to the Committee on Invitation says : ?? I do assure you that no one can have a more exalted opin ion of the General than myself. As ? citizen, he enjoys the confidence of the whole community ; as a a>Mier, our eountry can boast of him with pride. I regret very much that I have to deny myself the pleasure of uniting with you in the propos ed public msrk of respect to our worthy friend." Tbe regular toasts of the Union, the memory of Wash ington, the President of the Uoited States, and the Army and Novy having teen duly honored, the President propoeed the following : ii Qu,. Gallant and Distinguished Guest: The soldier of three wars , the officer who pockets his orders only to olmy them ? signalised as the bravest of the brave in the brilliant victory of Confreres." [Nine cheers.] After the cheers bad subsided Gen. Rilet rose, and with great modesty returned thanks, and briefly delineated themili- j taiy events of his life. On the conclusion of his remarks the | General was again cordially cheered. Gen. RiLtv arrived in Buffalo on the 19th instant, en mule lor California, for which Territory he will probably sail with his regiment the Utter jnrt of neit month. Qcarbatlbe or tbe Circle.?Mr. 8eba Smith deliver ed a lecture in Portlsnd, on Friday evening lust, on "the Quadrature of the Circle," in the course of which he claimed that this problem, the solution of which has from time imme morial set st defisnce the ablest mathematicians, has at length been accurately solved by Jon* A. Pabkir, formerly of Port land and now of New York. Mr. Smith further atated that several important astronomical calculations have already re sulted in consequence. The process which led to this solu tion sre in preparation for tbe press, and will soon be pub lisfird. ?ombtih!?? New.?A Yankee (it must be) has recently invented an article that will be the delight of every house keeper. It is '? Cheever's patent Fire Kindler." It is a neat little cake of highly combustible materials, nuuked into ten |f*ser squares. Each of these divisions is amply sufficient to kindle a coal fire, as it burns with a strong steady flame for some twenty minutes.--Buffalo Advertiter. THE WHIG8 OF NEW YORK CITY. rB?M T" ",W TOBK v 6 Ratification Meeting on Wednesday evening, at suxhall Garden, wu the moat enthusiastic of the ?.r? psign, and threw all othei meeting., whether Caea, Van J1i,y' ?r Ta,lor' into the Bbade' The great bail "" , before lbe meeting was called to order, or the ball lighted up, and from half put ux to eight o'clock there was a continued inundation of people. The acene, throughout, wan one of (he greatest enthusiasm and excitement. The crowds were impatient to begin and reluctant to clow. Our oIda* Whigs were present, and the graveat mingled their cheer, and congratulation, with those of the youngest and moat enthuaiaatic. The oldeat heads seemed at time, to hat. the warmest hearts, but all were in earnest, and reaolved that the Whig firea should bum on, and burn brightly to the end. Old \ auxhall, the scene of so many and such a variety of meetings, waa never more animated. There was music, flags, banner., inscriptions, Nme., cheer., and every possible de monstration to stir the blood and warm the heart, of the peo ple assembled. The booming of cannon without responded to the music within, and the word, within again to the vocal strains without. The very groves were musical with Whig songs, and every tree echoed back a song of welcome. The singing, indeed, was one of the marked features of the meet ing, and gave infinite delight to ail whose hearts were attuned to thia innocent mode of appeal. The speaking was excellent. Com hi and Ho?r*Air, after the Address and Resolutions were read, .poke within the ball: the one with mingled humor and the strong earnest ness of Kentucky eloquence, and the other in those silver tonea and impassioned atraina which always make him so w?W come to a New York audience. The cheering was continu ed, and hour after hour the spirit did not flag. The names of Tatlor and Fillmohs, of Fish, and of all the Whig nominees, made the welkin ring; and thf shouts wdre of that loud, boisterous, and hearty kind which seemed to give a sort of electrical vitality to all who were present. Whjg mea sures or Whig men never found more eloquent defenders or more enthusiastic supporters. At one of the stands without Hush Maxwell made a logical and solid speech of an hour; an argument against Caasand Van Buren, and in favor of Geo. Taylor, almost equal to the best which has been made. His speech was ushered in and followed up with music from the Glee Clubs in attendance. | At the third stand, there was a band of music, songs, and good speeches. One from Mr. Romaire, of Ulster,' and another from Mr. Austin, of Louisiana, the friend and neigh bor of Gen. Taylor. Such meetings as these, where but one was calicd and three held, and all harmonious, give additional assurance*, if they were wanted, that New Y ork, from the city to the lakes, from the heart to the extremes, is Whig?Whig only?and* in the grand result, Whig altogether. A*,lle meeting above referred to, the assemblage was called to|order by the Hon. Philip Hose, who aceompanied the call with a few pertinent and pointed remarks. The Hon. Wil liam Kkst (the distinguished son of the late Chancellor Kent) was called to preside at the meeting, ussisted by the usual number of Vice Presidents and Secretaries?all good (Whigs and true. J. C. Pirckrkt, Esq., one of the Delegates to the Whig State Convention, having read the report of the Delegates on the State nominations, 6c.c., the Hon. James Ltxc h came for ward and read the following resolutions, which (saya the Tribune) were received arid adopted with loud and repeated cheers : ? Th*t ,h? Whig Platform, upon which we stand, u the old W hig Platform of? 1. Opposition to Executive, Prerogative, Monarchical, One-Man Power. Down with the arbitrary self will of one l man, is the W hig idea ; and the government of the People I " '!? (;^r^ICT",Utionall3r exPre?*d. ? tte main plank in the Whig Platform. ' J. The currency of the People is good enough currency for the (government. 1 he money that will buv our bread and meat ia good enough money for the salaries "of officeholders No fi'i,700,000 locked up in Wall street, as now in the vault* of theSubtnasuiy, and abstracted from the currency?but where the merchant and mechanic can safely trust their mo ! n?7? tVre *hould the .ervanUof the people trust theirs also ? another plank in the Whig Platform. 3. Adequate ProtecUon to the American citizen and Ame thc pmup'r Ubor of EuroP?> >od from their ill-fed, ill-clad, ill houaed, starved competition?another plank in the Whig Platform. 4. A prudent but efficient development of the resources and capabilities of the lakes, rivers, and harbors of the vast inte nor by the Federal Government. The Eris Canal, bringing here the trade of the West, supports and makes prosperous a : half a million ol human beings in thU city and its suburbs ? to , double and treble that number, by brioging here the trade of Lake Superior, of the Upper Mississippi, and of the Missouri I through an adequate system of internal improvement in the great West, is another plank in the great Whig Platform on j which we stand. | kamlved, That we cannot and will not desert the old Whig | platform to stand on any other; and that, with our consent, ! not.ubs black plank nor Yucatan yellow plank shall he added , to it by I<ewis Cass, or a Buffalo composite, mosaic work, by Martin Van Buren. t pon a "Free Soil" oar platform has always stood, and j ever will stand, and they who will stand with us upon it are invited to come, and shall lie welcomed thereon ; but we can I not leave it to mount any new one, especially that one which has bat a solitary prop to support it, and that of very doubtful timber, to say the least. i That ^ Wh'? nominations made, both at Phi adelphia and Mica, are entitled to our support, and to our hearty support, and that in ZACHARY TAYLOR for President, and MILLARD FILLMORE for Vies President, while we shall have able and illuatrioua heads of the Repub lic, we shall also have in Hamilton Fish, for Governor, and Geo. W. Pattbssox, for Lieut. Governor, effinent and enlightened beads of the Bute. The ticket, the e wWr ticket, and nothing but the ticket, we earnestly com mend to Whig support and Whig entfausissm. KfnUoed, That Hermt Clat, in his distinct and emphatic annunciation that bis name shall not be u?ed for disorganisa tion, again shows that honor and patriotism are dearer to hiin than ambition or ** revenge i" and that while his example ad motiishee all his friends to abide by ths decision of the Whigs in National Convention, his self sacrificing act the more en dears him to our hearts. Besides Col. Coombs and Ocnsw HorrMas, the People were addressed, either in the 8aloon or at two stands in ths garden of Vauxhall, by Mr. H. Grbelet, by Hpor Maf wbll, by Mr. Marches-tie, and by Mr. Crarlei Rii.dle. ???? 1 The Late ArrRar at Yicksbcro?Under the oppres sion of most sorrowful feelings, we sre compelled to record a fatal rencounter Iwtween two of our most estimable citizen*. A difficulty occurred between Hbmrt A. Crabbe, Esq. and Jorm Jirkirs, one of the editors of the 8enliDel,'at the p?. litical meeting of Tuesday night, which was far from being allayed by an article referring to it in the Sentinel of Thurs day. Yesterday the two gentlemen met on Washington rtreet ; words ensued j Mr. Jenkina drew a knife and stabbed Mr. Crabbe in several places, when the latter presented a pistol and shot the former in the heart, killing him almost in stantly. It is thought Mi. Crab be ia moitilIv wounded. Mr. Jereirs leaves an estimable Isdy and several children to lament hi. untimely death. Both of them have always been regarded as peaceable men?VitMurg Whig, 16//,. Hex. Aleiabbir H. 8Tr.rR.xs ? We regret to learn, from the (Jeorgia Journal and Meaaenger, that, after proceed ing as h? as (?ritfin, on his way to attend his appointments in Wilkinson county, Mr. Stephens was obliged to .leant, and return home. Hw hand bad grown extremely painful, and the general debility of his system increased to riicb an extent,, that it *aa thought advisable by his physicians that he should abandon all idea of further engaging in the excitement and fatigues of the campaign. Spots on the 8r* A correspondent at the Alexandria Oaiette says there is an unusual number of spota at present visible on the sun's d>sc. One dark cavern, in particular, now near the centre of the sun, and distinctly visible thrruih . *moked glas*, i. upwards of sixty thousand miles in diame ter. rhia will ba visible for about a week longer Bmd*. this, there are four other large clusters. Frederic* Jerome, the seaman of the New VVarU, who displayed such noWa-hearted daring .t the burning of the Ocean Monarch, has arrived at New York from Liverpool. He is to receive the freedom of the city preaen., d in a gv*T box ; besides subscriptions from the merchants, now amount ing k> nearly $3,000.