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Weekly national intelligencer. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1841-1869, October 07, 1848, Image 2

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NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER.
FROM OUK EUROPEAN COHKESPONDEyT.
London, September 13, 1848.
It is extremely probable that the Parliamen
tary practice of England, at least in the House
ol Commons, will be improved by an imitation
of some of the peculiar features exhibited in the
late French Chamber of Deputies and in the
House of Representatives at Washington. Mr.
Shaw Lefevre, the Speaker of the House of
Cominwn*. is of opinion that business would be
much facilitated by limiting, the speakers to half an
hour each, and by giving the power to move the
Previous Question, as with you ; or, in other words,
the power of closing the debate, either inatunter,
or at some day and hour Ij be tixed. To limit the
duration of the speeches would only, he says, in
crease the number of the speaker?, unless the du
ration of the debate was also limited. There is
certainly an increasing number of speakers in the
House ; and, unless something is done to limit the
cucoethes loquendi, the se*?ioH of Parliament will
soon extend to the whole year. The speeches re
ported during the last session tilled 0,420 columns,
or nearly a mile in length of Hansard's Debates :
and, had they been reported in full and spread out
they would have reached a mile and a half. The
forms of the House ol Commons require that eigh
teen questions shall be taken upon all bills during
their progress, and any and all of these questions
may, at present, be interminably debated. Ques
tions of adjourning the debate, or of adjourning the
House, may continually be raised; and a measure
may be defeated by the members leaving the House
and reducing the number present to below forty.
The eighteen motions required to be agreed to upon
each bill, are as follows :
1. Motion f"oi leave to bring in the hill.
2. Thai it muy be read the first time.
3. That it he read a second time, or< a dsy natned.
4. That it be now read a second time.
5. That it he committed on a day named.
t>. That it fie committed.
7. That the Speaker leave the Chuir.
Then, after having.passed through committee:
i?. That the report be read on a dav named.
9. That the report lie now received.
10. That the report be now read.
11. 1 hat thu amendments be now read a second time.
12. That the House do c >ncut with their committee in the
said amendments.
13. That the bill be engrossed.
14. That it be read a third time ?n a day named.
55. That it be now read a third time.
16. That tfie hill do past>.
17. That the following he the title of the bill.
1$. That A and B do carry this bill to the Lords.
I do not know how far this practice is conforma
ble to yours, but it appears to me to be capable of
great simplification and abridgment. T?lr. CrRTts
is much praised by the English journals for the
fhlness and perspicuity of his answers, and the
Tune* speaks of your parliamentary practice in
terms of great commendation.
Late debates in the House of Commons, as well
as the proceed.ngs of the committee upon the sub- I
ject of slavery, tend to prove that the difficulty ol
legislating upon that matter in England is almost as
great as it is with you. The committee had delegated
to it the task ol reporting what were the best means
for thejiial extinction of the slave trade : but, after
a protracted investigation, and after passing some
ten or eleven resolutions which are tantamount to a
declaration that the system hitherto pursued by
this country had proved utterly inadequate to pro
duce the desired effect, the members seem to have
taken lright at the novelty of their own views, and
separated without reporting any opinion on the main
question. The problem whether it be possible for
the African negro and the man of European race to
co-exist in the same society on a footing of equality,
list reached a m iu towards a prac
tical solution that lorces the full amount of its dtfti
culuts upon our convictions. We have no wish to
.n question the dictum that alt Uie powers of
the most civdized races hay exit! in a latent *tatt
in the yet uncivilized Africans. We are a.? sincere
and anxtot:s in our desire that the negroes should
experience the treatment of fellow-inen, as the most '
zealous me.nber ol the Anti-slavery Society here, '
or the most rampant abolitionist w'lth you. But
we cannot shut our eyes to the fact that, between
the civilized and the uncivilized man, there is a gulf
which no tribe or race has been abb- to cross in less
than the lapse of centuries. There is no record of
a people civilized per nullum : there is no record of
any considerable number of individuals of an unci
vtlized race raising themselves to an equality with
men of civilized races. And all experience shows
the difficulty and danger of civilized communities
admitting large numbers of any uncivilized race to
a full participation in the rights of citizenship.
In the British and French colonies alone can the
experiment be said tohave been fully tried of plac
ing a highly civilized race and a race comparative'y
uncivilized upon a footing of perfect equality. In
the French colonies the result has been a Havtie.k 1
HI? ,?? white8- and even men of mixed !
blood, are all but proscribed, and where t>erpetual 1
anarchy prevails. The Knglisl, experiment :s too 1
recent to enable us to predicate its results with con- i '
fidenee ; but the diminution of productive industry, '
and the destruction of capital dependant upon it, !
would seem to indicate that the communities in 1'
which it has been instituted, will have a hard struz
g e to hold their places among civilized societies
One thing, however, is evident, and that is, that
slavery cannot be put an end to so long a# the xlave.
trade exists. Facts and figures, if they prove any I
thing?we remember that Gtoroe Caxwixo said
that ?? facts and figures were two things which he
specially distrusted yet, if they are to be believed
upon any point, they may upon this?that, af.
ter all the exertions made by Great Britain, for near
ly hall a century. to suppress the slave trade, the
number of -laves exported from.the coast of Africa |
? n 1848 falls short only a very few hundreds of the i
number exported in 1807 ! The slave trade of Bra
ail alone in 184* almost equals in magnitude the
wave trade of the whole westeru world in 1807.
It is a lamentable fact that just so last, and in the
exact proportion, in which the industry and wealth
ol llrazil have been developed, so have the demand
and the supply of slave labor and the slave trade
been increased. The extinction of slavery is as far
from being accomplished as ever : it has become
more concentrated; a larger |K>rtion of the earth has
been freed from its inlluences; bat, so far as re
. spects the number of htman beings who are or>e
rated upon by its existence, and the amount of sor-!
row, guilt, and offering which that existence cause*, i
there has been little ,f any diminution in cither. !
The extinction of the slave .rade, as an absolutely !
necessary preliminary step to the extinction ol sla-1
very, is a problem yet to he solved, and English I*. I
gislatdrs appear to have abandoned the study of it1
in despair. Among the acts of Parliament parsed I
during the last session arc two relative to the slave 1
trade. In one the " republic of the finuator"
agrees with Great Britain " to abolish the traffic car
ried on in negroes brought from Africa." By the
other slavery is abolished by the Imuuin of Muscat.
The bill for establishing diplomatic relations with
the Court of Rome became operative on the 4th
instant, when it received the Koynl assent. The
principal enactments of this bill are the establish
ment of diplomatic relations with the "Sovereign
of the Koman StateThe substitution in the
Mouse of Lords of the words in italics for the ori
ginal words, which had reference to an ecclesiasti
cal head, has an eye to probable changes in the
Government of that country. No person is to be
received as an ambassador, <Lc. from the Court of
Jiome who shall be in holy orders, 6ic., and nothing I
in this aet is to affect any laws now in force for
upaolding the supremacy of the Crown. The bill
is ?o cautiously worded that many persons think
his Holiness will regard it as an insult, and that it
wi 1 be inoperative.
Lord John Rissell has left Ireland, and has
joined her Majesty in Scotland. What was the
object, or what has been the result of his conference
will Lord Clarlndon, is yet unknown. One re
port is that an abolition of the vice-regal court lias
br*en determined upon. Another is, that a difference
0 opinion exists between the two noble conferees in
respect to the judicial proceedings about to com
nence against the parties'concerned in the late out
Ireak. Among Mr. O'Brien's papers some have
leen found which implicate the Catholic ecclesias
ical body to a very great extent. Four prelates,
including an archbishop, are said to be compromised
in these disclosures. Lord John Russell?for
what reason it is not stated?wishes an amnesty'
for the. past towards all ecclesiastical offenders.
1 he Lord Lieutenant, it is said, desires that all par
ties, whether lay or clerical, should he treated :>1 ike.
One curious circumstance connected with the Pre
mier s visit to Ireland is, that he has been subpc ned
to attend Mr. O'Brien's trial as a witness on his
behalf. AH sorts of rumors are afloat with respect
to the state of Ireland. One account states that
new organizations and combinations are hatching
at the town of Carrick on Suir, and on the Slieve
namon mountains, under the management of Mr.
Doheny, whilst another represents that person as
being an inmate of the Castle of Dublin, to be pro
duced as a witness fur the Crown at the approach
ing trials.
1 he bill providing for the recommencing proceed
ing upon bills at a subsequent session at the stage
which they had reached at a preceding one, will
very much facilitate business, and save a great deal
of valuable time. \ou have, I belieVe, adopted a
similar measure in your Congress.
Lord Georoe Bentinck says that he does not
intend to vi?it Ireland, and that he never intended
to do so. He has published a letter in answer to
some sympathizers with Mr. Mitchell. lie says'
that he icjards Mitchell as a traitor to his Queen,
and a felon by the verdict of a jury. He speaks in
high terms of approval of the course adopted to
wards Ireland by Lord John Russell's Ministry,
and intimates that, If these sentiments are to make
him unpopular, he does not care twopence for the
popularity he loses thereby.
The Turn* newspaper has lately published two
or three very ably written articles, in which it adopts
a much improved tone of speaking about the Uni
ted States. The writer says that he has been're
monstrate J with ior representing that the American
paperb from which lie so frequently quotes, the
Aeto I uik Herald ujul Tribune, fairly typify the
temper and feeling of the United States' towards
England. He hopes that they do not; but since
their circulation is, he states, greater than those of
other American journals, he cannot avoid inferring
that they speak the sentiments of the'people in the
same proportion. It would not he difficult, even
admitting Ins statements, to refute his conclusions.
No doubt lie is aware of this himself, but he seems
desirous of retreating from his false position with
the least possible admission of error.
Some very far-seeing politicians fancy that they
perceive in \ ancovver s Island a future bone of
contention between the United States and lireat
Britain. The importance of this island, from its
geographical position, in the event ol a communica
tion being made through the Isth.nus of Panama
between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and also
from its fertility, mineral wealth, and especially its
extensive coal deposites, so valuable and necessary
to the success of any steain communication between
California or Oregon and China, have, it is said,
attracted the attention of the people of the United
States, and induced an irregular colonization bv
squatters, from which future difficulties ma/ arise.
Colonization by the British is regarded as the best
and, in feet, tbe only mean* 0f preventing this c m-1
ungvnev. The mo,!e propose,1 m ,hi
colonization is. to say the least, a novel one, being [
neither more nor les* than to cede to the Hudson's j
Bay Company the exclusive right of colonizing the
island until the year J 85?. A great deal of discus-1
sion, both in Parliament and through the press, has
been had upon the subject. The opposers of the
administration charge the Government with hav-l
ing in this affair sanctioned a huge "job but they !
have not, by any means, proved the assertion. Nor
have they proposed a better plan of colonization.
Hie administration say that British settlement i?
necessary; that it is not probable that the House
of Commons would grant the neccssary funds for
direct colonization by the Government; and that,
therefore, the settlement of the island must either
be abandoned or delegated to others. The Hud
son s Bay Company have conic forward both with
tiie money and a plan of operation. They propose
to take the istond until 1859, to sell the land in
small allotments, and apply the proceeds, as has
been done elsewhere, to the purposes of coloniza
tion. U pon the whole, admitting it necessary that
something should be done, it is "probable that the
best possible has been done, providing for the set
tlement and improvement of an important colony
without any expense to the mother country. Would
that England could provide in a similar manner for
a few more of her distant possessions ! It was a
curious observation made by Lord John Russell
the other day, that many of the British colonies did
not produce men capable of discharging properly
the official duties connected with their local govern
ment, and that it wa> necessary to send out persons
from England to hold such positions. This was
certainly not the case with the United States during
the greater part of their colonial history ; and when
they asserted their independence, they found men
not only capable of wielding a colonial government
under the direction of Great Bri'ain, but also of es
tablishing a government of their own, in opposition
to, and in defiance of, the mother country. The
time is not, perhaps, very distant when British In
?Jia and Canada may have similar power.
, London, Skptkmrkr 14.
, on is comparatively empty and quiet, but the
good citizens appear to have always some excitablc
matter or other before them. Passjng alone Ixnh
urv last evening, I observed a considerable crowd
gathered round the terminus of the Electric Tele
graph. Connecting this gathering with the arrival
ol some important news from the Continent, I in
quired of a very sed::tc but rather anxious-looking
genil? man, what news was expected ? He seemed
to pity my ignorance, and replied: " Why, don't
you k.iow that the result of the race for the great
? l?cg?r stakes, at Doncaster, has arrived, and we
.,0 kno1w ,tl,e n*m* Winning
I do not think that I ever beheid more
anxious suspense in the faces of a crowd round a
newspaper office waiting a "new edition," an
nwmcing the progress of the Continental revolutions
' ?'*' spring, than was exhibited by this collection
?' filers upon a horse-race. But I have i,efore
alluded to the ragK for |)eUjng ?nd for adventuring
upon wh it are railed ?? $u>eep3lake$." which seems
| Ptnade all classes of the London population. It
i* carried to such an extent that the attention of
i 'iniament has been directed to it. But if the Peer
i an legally bet his thousands at Epsom or Newmar
j kei, we do not ?ee why the porter should not haz
ard in* ?hillmg or halfcrown in London. The peo
pit gathered round U.e Telegraph Office were-how-!
eve,, all of the middle and well-dressed class.
' ie Cholera is now rife at the following cities I
estern Europe : Petersburg!!, Moscow, Posen,
Wars .w, Spnndau, Magdeburgh, Vienna. Stettin,
and Herlin. At the latter city there occurred thirty
nine new cases on the 4th, sixty-four on the 5th
and forty-four on the Gth. It had abated somewhat i
on the 8th. I do not hear of any cases in England.
London is as healthy a# usual at this season.
There is very little new in Franc?. Austria has
accepted the mediation of England and France with
Italy, a:?d conferences have been opened by the ne
gotiators ; but, in so doing, Austria has, in great
measure, prescribed her own conditions. She de
mands that the sovereignty of the Lombardo-Veni
tian provinces shall be preserved for her, and per- |
emptorily declines surrendering an inch of territory
to Charles Albert. She will grant certain adminis
trative reforms, and a liberal constitution to Milan
and Venice, under an Austrian Viceroy, so that
these States shall stand in the same relation to Aus
tria as Hungary and some of the other provinces ol
the empire. The social condition of Par'w is evi
dently fast returning to its former state. The Pre
sident of the National Assembly, M. Marra.?t, jrave a
grand ball at the Hotel of the Presidency on he even
ing of the 7th, to fifteen hundred persons. Tlis was at
tended by the representatives of every pirty, *he (
corps diplomatique, ?-c. The other members of the
Government are about giving similar entert;inment?, <
and fetes, receptions, and balls are becomingthe or
der of the day. It is stated that M. Amo? is about
publishing a pamphlet in reply to certain parts of,
M. Lamartink's address. Lamar tine't honor j
will not be affected, however, by this rejoinder, ,
which applies only to differences of opinion upon |
public matters. The French nation wen deeply !:
indebted to Lainartine for the manner in vhich he i
bure the weight of public affairs, and the skill with
which he restrained and moderated proceedings on i
the part of his colleagues, which wouli! ii evitably i
have led to an awful anarchy throughout France.
Prince Louis Napoleon has accepted the r.omina- 1
tion as a candidate for election to'one of the vacant i
places in the representation of Paris in the National '
Assembly. M. Mole is certain of his eleetion at ,
Bordeaux. Amidst all the apparent security at
Paris, there is still a dread of communist plots, and i
projects of the " Red Republic," aid the Govern- i
ment considers it necessary not mly to continue i
the state of siege, but also the suspnsion of the lib- :
erty of the press. i
Spain still remains in a state of taftquillity under
Narvaez, although there are rumors of outbreaks i
in Catalonia, and of the republicailfaclion acting in i
harmony with the Carlists. Then have been some ]
additional arrests in Madrid. Wiatever may be i
the defects of Narvaez'3 adminisration, it has, at |
least, the merit of being a strong ?ne, and this is i
what Spain especially requires.
Germany is the theatre of attrition at the pre- i
sent moment. The National Pariament at Frank- j
fort has, by its rejection of the treay with Denmark, '
caused the powerful and populai ministry of the i
Archduke to resign. This, with he defeat of the i
Prussian ministry at Berlin, has tlrown all Germa
ny into confusion. The central pwer will not be j
hardy enough to go to war with Piussia and North- !
em Germany, and the whole of ISorthern Europe,
together with France and England.but their present
course seems unavoidably to have that tendency.
If Prussia gives way and allows the Frankfort Par
liament to reject a ueaty which she has made, she
loses every attribute of sovereignty, and acknow
ledges that she has no power to make a treaty. II
the Central Government now retracts, where is the
power of '? United Germany .'"
T.he majority at Frankfort was produced by the
union of the extreme revolutionists with the party
who have nlways been violent for the dismember
ment of Denmark, but the majority caused by this
union was only 14 in a body of 684. The Arch
duke John is said to have formed a new ministry,
at the head of which is Baron-Vow Arm* as Minis- J
ter of Foreign Affairs. It is thought that this will
lead to r.ew combinations in the Central Parliament,
and to the final acceptance of the treaty. Thus
this trouble will be got over by a sort of compro
mise. But the difficulties of the Convention at
Frankfort are only now beginning to be felt. This
id the first idea the constitution-mi^ '? will hare
received of ?*??<!??? nf NtntA and 1 ? leral right-".
Many grievances will have to be re<!r. std, and it
will be their business to provide for t*ir redress;
but before they can even attempt t In this they
have to constitute and define the pot by which
such redress is to be enforced. How that is to be
done appears to be a puzzle as great to ihose who
have the game to play as it is to those who are only
spectators. Individually, no one deputy seems to
have any opinion on the matter, either as to the future
duties of the Regent, or the positions of the respec
tive Sovereigns as members of a tonlederated em
pire. Collectively, however, they afhun that these
difficulties will soon be removed, and that then all
will go along smoothly. This is a good deal like
saying, when the work is done there will be no
thing to do.
The citizens of tbo United States wlo are con
versant with the history of their constitution will
fully apprehend the difficulties which stand in the
way of the legislators at Frankfort. If the ques
tion of State rights is yet at times a vexing subject
at Washington, where all the States have equal and
similar rights, and where all have a republican form
of government, what will be the difficulties in Ger
many, where each component part of the proposed
confederacy has a number of vested, varying, and,
in some instances, conflicting interests, and where
the individual form of government of the States is
as varying as human ingenuity can well devise ?
The Kegent (the good old Archduke John) and the
President of the Parliament (Mr. Von Gaoirn) are
two of the best men possible for the emergency.
We have both hopes and fears for the result. The
King of Prussia lias not yet formed his now Minis
tty. It is said that there is no reason to dread a rup
ture in the peace of Northern Europe. A large ma
jority of the Assembly at Frankfort desires no |
other settlement of the Schleswig-Hol-tein ques- ,
tion than such as is desired by all impartial third i
parties. The difficulty has arisen from the treaty of |
peace with Denmark having been made by " one ,
of the Kings of Germany" without submitting it j
to the consideration of the central power, although
the first law promulgated by the representatives of (
Germany declared that all treaties of peace and al- ,
liance "hall be submitted to the National Assembly.
This, although a question of principle, is also one
of etiquette, and will be, it is hoped, easily got
over under the consideration of the yet absolutely
unfixed, and, of course, loose working of German
national law.
Hungary, now that she hap obtained a very fair
approximation to self-government, shows a loyal at- ;
tnchment towards Austria, voting troops by accla- (
mation to fight against the Italians. This is hardly
generous. The Hungarians having recovered their j
liberty, ought to have a little sympathy for other ?
nations who are battling in the same holy cause.
Of Italy there is not much more to be said. I
The King of Sardinia is fa?t recovering the good I
opinion of his subjects, which had been somewhat j
shaken by hir reverses ; by the end of the month he t
will have 80,000 troops, wtll equipped, and ready
to take the field. Milan presents a desperate scene
of desolation : her palaces are filled with soldiery;
her theatres, her promenades, and her churches are
all deserted. An extensive popular insurrection has I
taken place at Leghorn, and the whole of TrfCANY
in ready for, if not absolutely engaged in, revolt.
The Neapolitan army has landed in Sicily, and
commenced the bombardment of Messina ; it will
be war to the knife, and the knife to the hilt, unless
some third influential Power steps in to prevent the
horrid conflict. There is not a single word of news
from or of Rone.
The late fire at Constantinople destroyed pro
perty 'o the amount of 3.500,000. The Cholera
was raging in most of the Turkish towns. Smyrna
was, especially, suffering. It was also very bad in
the Greek Islam*, and apprehended at Athens.
Again we have rumors ol the Potato Crop be
ing almost exhausted, and of the stock of old wheat
on hand being very small; but speculation is at the
foundation of these rumors. Government ought,
and it very easily might, pui it out of the power of
any one inan, or any body of men, to lri!le thus
with such an important article as bread. Ihe col
lection and publication of isitioual agricultural sta
tistics would in a great measure correct this l.agrant
evil. ' -
The approaching Comet (a undoubtedly the lead
ing event in scientific matters. It has been seen,
on the verge of our system, by Dr. Petersen, of
Altona. Mr. Taylor, of Liverpool, has also had
an interview with the illustrious stranger. It is
two hundred and ninety-two years since it last fa
vored our eartli with a visi*. It will not, however,
come so near us as it did in 1264, when the dis
play was terrific, 44 great., bright, and spreading a
long broad tail," as described in the annals of Col
mar. In the year 155t? its distance from the earth
was less than seven millions of miles. It will not
during the present visit be nearer than thirty mil
lions of miles, fn 1550 it was in its ascending
node ; it is now passing the descending one, as in
1204.
The atmospheric railway has probably received
its death-blow by the abandonment of that mode ol
traction by the South Devon Railway Company,
after having spent JOUOO.UOO in experimenting up
on it. The system is found to be too expeusive.
It costs ?108 to earn ?100! No more need be
said about it. Punch places it in his obituary of
this week.
The business of reviewing is carried on in Eng
land in a very shameful, or rather shame/ens '^9*
ner. For instance, Miss Lynn's "Amymone is
very highly extolled in Bentley's Magazine, and
John S. Mills's ? Political Economy" in Fraser s.
Now, we do not wish to say a word against either
of these publications, for we have no doubt but each
is excellent in its way ; but it happens that Bentlky
is the proprietor and publisher ol " Amymone,
and that Mr. Parker, the publisher of Fraser, is
ilso the publisher of Mr. Mills's book, f erbutn sap.
The subject of Jusn's is just now engrossing
much of the attention of the Litkrary world. It is
jo far from being exhausted that a new harvest ol
publications is ready for the sickle. Mr. Coulton, ,
the editor of the Britannia newspaper, has just
published a volume relative to Junius. Mr. Mur
ray advertises a new work on the same subject.
Lady Francis, is about producing some new argu
met ts in favor of her husband being the author. A
gentleman in Sussex is writing in favor of Lord
Chesterfield. Mr. Woodkall is preparing a newr
edition for Mr. Bohn. The Gentlemen1 s Magazine
says iwo new works are preparing in America.
Sir David Br^wstkr has been engaged for some
years in investigating the authorship of Junius,
and m inclined to ascribe it to Mr. Lachlan Mac
lean., M*\ Britton, in his late work on the "Author
ship df Junius," thinks that these letters produced
a verv?xtensive influence on the public mind, and
led to ^iany of the political privileges and advan
tages wiich the people of England now possess.
" The abolition of the Corporation and Test acts,
4 CatholV emancipation and reform in Parliament
i might,'V^e says, " huve been unknown in the pre
4 sent ag<\if the Letters of Junius had not led the
4 way to t^it free and unfet'ered expression ol pub
4 lie opinim which has produced such important
4 results." \lf a tenth part of this be true, the peo
ple of EnglVid ought to spare no pains to discover
the author <f a work to which they owe #o much.
Sei'Tei*?* 15.?The principal news of the
morning is i^e surrender of Mkssina to the Neapo
litan troops, ifter a bombardment of some hours.
An interesting debate is going on in the trench
Chamber, in wia^h M. Thiers, as the head of the
practical party, ^kes a prominent part. A song
called ".Monsieurl/redit" has been seized by the
police in Paris. 'I^e Duke of Bordeaux is known
by Oils n;iiiir, bcin^ regarded by his party as the
restorer of confidence and credit. The name of
Hknri he Boi'rbon is also anagramized into Hoi
de Bonheur. Ireland is threatening again. ***
Extracts from /hi Newspapers.
IRELAND.
The Cork Exaniner of the 13th Scpumber con
tains the following:
44 Rumors reached < ork this morning in reference to the
diatuibances in the c.unty of Waterford. Information was
received by the polict mthoritiee this day that the police bar
rack at Portlaw was a lacked at an early hour by a body of
armed peasantry. Tie 1-arrack was occupied by ten police,
commanded by con ibie O'Regan. After a abort struggle
the assailants were pit to flight, but not wiihout serious loss
on either side ; two f the police having been ?hot and seve
ral of the aasailanta Uring been killed and others seriously
wounded. It Is not V own whether the police were shot dead
or only wounded. V ? give this report as it reached us, with
out being enabled to id any confirmation to it.
,?It in rumored th morning that the bridge at WaterUml
had been blown up o> .therwiae destroyed yesterday. It is
also rumored that th bridge of Grany ferry, about a mile
from the city of Wat <ord on the road to Carrick, shared a
similar fate.
44 by the arrival ot b< Youghal coach at 12 o dock we
hare confirmatory intei igence with respect to the latter bridge.
44The troops atatiornd at Youghal barracks were dispatch
ed al early dawn thin no'ning to Cappoquin ty a steamer,
on their route to the lo-alitiea aeid to be disturbed. It may
be mentioned in contiination of thia movement of troops to
war Is Waterford th?t Wo detat bmenta have received order*
to hold themselves in inmediste readiness to leave Cork as a
garrison for Youghal and Middleton, to replace the troops
sent on. They may lave marched out ol Cork before this. '
The subjoined iccount of this fresh outbreak
comes from Kilkemy:
44 The intelligence fom Carrick and the surrounding dis
trict has been much m<re alarming than we bad then antici
pated. No doubt nov remains of the fact of an insurgent
force having assembled >nd shown a spirit of the utmost deter
minalioii. The main tody of the rebela, said to be 4,000
stroug, is encamped on Aheny Hill, In the county of I ippe- i
rary, but immediately idjoining the slate quarriea, in this |
county. The position i. an extremely strong one, and every
possible measure appear* to have been taken to add to ita se
curity. There ia no dojbt that leaders of some military ex
l>enence are in the camp, and the peasantry are being regu
larly drilled. They are ihiefly armed with pikes, but many
have rifle'. Richard O'Gr-man ia said to be the chief in com
mand, and Doheny ia alao said to be among them. The com
missariat is regularly supplied by the neighboring farmers,
who voluntarily aend in cattle and other provisiona, knowing
that otherwiae they would have to surrender theia by com
pulsion. ' I
44 At about 4 A'clockP. M. yesterday a detachment from
the camp proceeded to |h.' police Ixirrack of the Slate Quar
ries, which the consultary had only quitted twenty minutes
previously, to take refo^ at Piltown. The insurgents atsoine
distance from th? housed red through the windows, but, find
ing that there was not r.ny person* within, they soon took
|NtsMM*ion of it, and ultimately set it on fire, reducing the en
tire house and furniturtto s?he*. Rumor slates that all the
other surrounding confabulary stations were attacked, and
that in some cases the police were disarmed, whilst in others
the men had fortunate^ quitted their barracks previoualy, and
retired upon Carrick aid Clonmel. The driver and guard of
the Cork mail, which Arrived here abont ten o'clock last night,
report that the police bad quitted the Glenbower station, and
had letired to that of Nine-mile-house. Khortly previous to
the arrival of the coacl at the latter place a party of tnau'genfs
had surrounded the station, and demanded that the united
part tea within, uumbeilng about ten men, should surrender
their arms. The polifcc refused, nnd, upon the insurgents
proceeding to attack the house, the little garrison fired out,
and put Ihe belligerent* to flight. The guards rtates that he
saw one man, an athktie young peasant, lying dead on the
road, and the |ieople ?f the neighborhood told him that many
had lieen wounded. He wa? also told that the inaurgenta had
only gone for a reinforcement, and that they would soon re
turn trom the camp to take vengeance for the loaa of their
comrade.
41 Rumors, which are not yet authenticated, aaaert that a
skirmish took place yesterday between lbe police and insur
gents, in which some were killed on both sides. Another im
port asserts that yeettrdav morping eight hundred men armed
with pikes marcheS through Coolnamuck-wood, fron,MV?c
county of Waterfotd, to joia the inaurgenta at Aheny Hill,
i It ia also stated that a temporary encampment of inaurgenta
; waa held last night at I.ismatigue. in thia county, and ne*r
I Kilcash, in Tipperary. In the middle of yerterday ? mob of I
I laborers paraded tha streets of Thoourtown, dcmandini tott
they should be given employment or food, or otherwise they
would join the rebel*. What their ultimate proceeding was
we have tut yet ascertained.
" A gentleman from Kilmaganny assures us that he had
conversed with a perron who obtained a very near view of the
rebel camp upon Aheny Hill, and saw * large force being
drilled to the exercise 0f the pike, whilit other* were engaged
in slaughtering the cattle anJ cooking at an immense fir* light
ed on the centre of the hill. He also states that there were
three piecea of cannon on the hill, which the lebela nad ob
tained by u successful attack on Curraghmore-house. During
the night fires were blazing on all the surrounding hills."
The Liverpool Journal of September 16th has
the aunexed Telegraphic despatch lroiu London,
purporting to give the latest news :
" CIosmkl, BtPTkMBia 1-t.?The out offices of a Pro
testant clergyuiui were burnt down last night and a farmer
shot for refusing to givo up arms.
"The 3d BUS* came into Clonmel to-day, and had twen
ty-eight of thei' men hainlcuffed for hating shouted repeal.
" The insurant camp is now seven miles iron C Ion rue 1,
md I ain inforned that they MoU the bullocks and sheep on
iron gates. Tley are proving every one to join them.
" A real rebellion has broken out at las'. The rebels are
posted in ulmol inaccessible positions on Newtown and Kil
macthomas hilli. Doheny commands in the county ol Wa
terford.
"The troeptyesterday only captured nine scouts. Last
night there wa?a general rising of the peabantry within about
six milis from Oarrick. Many had guns.
? At six o'ebek a larje body marched to attack the police
station at Olenlower, al>out eight miles from Clonmel. The
police were prewring to take refuge in Carrick when the re
bels fired on toem. The police returned the fire, and the
fight lasted a tuarter 6f an hour. The result was that a
number of the Qsurgnnts were killed, and only three of the
police wounded. The rebel* fled, and the dead bodies were
left behind.
"The police ?ave fled from all the outer stations, and to
night, it is feared, will reveal some awful scenes."
On the alK)ve the Journal remarks, that it wns " received
' late last evening from the office of the Eloctric J'elcgrnph
? Company. Our readers must judge for themselves as to
? giving ful/ credit to the statement. The Dublin papers of
'yesterday morning via Holyhead, in the usual way, reached
? us yesterday evening, and they distinctly stated that the
'trains arriving at faur o'clock yesterday morning, in Dublin,
? from the south, tuid nu eonjinnatum of the alarming rumors
?of Thursday. We suppose that the Electric Telegraph Com
' pany have obtained their information by an arrival at Bris
?tol. We have taken every precaution to prove-the authen
' ticity of the communication ; but, in reply to our messages
'of inquiry forwarded to London, we are only informed that
' the news went by Crewe to the metropolis, and was thence
?tclegr plied to Liverpool."
The Liverpool Times says that "accounts received from
' the south of Ireland lead, to the belief that the disturbances
' referred to at Carrick, and the whole district of the valley of
' the Suir, are much more of an agrarian than a political na
' ture. 'The movement,'says the Dublin Freeman, 'if it
' could be called a rising, was a rising of poverty, and not a
' manifestation of political discontent. As to the presence of
' Doheny, Mr. O'Gorman, or Mr. O'Mahony, it is a pure
' fabrication : none of these gentlemen were ever said to have
' been present by any ot the parties who spoke of what they
' saw or even heard in the vicinity.' In fact, it wis purely
' guerrilla warfare directed againut certain landlords who have
4 lately distrained upon the growing crops of their tenants for
' arrears of rent; and the absence of any political feeling on
? the part of the rioters lias been throughout remarkable. The
? movements of the party were irregular arid without concert.
4 At one moment the insurgents are reported to be on the hill
' at Carrickbeg, at another at Lowry b'idgc; in the evening
' they are *aid to be encamped at Curraghmore wood, and the
? next morning they appepr at Kilmacthwmas."
FRANCE.
The debate on the interminable subjects, "the right to la
bor " and " the hour* of labor," have occupied a considerable
portion of the Assembly's time. The latter quest on has been
set at rest for the present by the vote of the Assembly in fa
vor of abrogating the system laid down and acted upon by
Louis Blanc and others.
Another convov of insurgents sentenced to transportation
left Paris for Havre on the 12th instant.
The commission appointed to regulate the indemnity to be
paid to the French colonists, in consequence of the abolition
of slavery, meet every day. It appears that three plans have
been proposed : the first denies the right of the colonists to an
indemnity , but accords it to their necessities ; the second re
cognises the right cf the colonists to a full indemnity, according
to the value of the slaves emancipated ^ the third plan fixes
the indemnity at HO,000,000 francs, (?4,800,000,) to be
divided amongst the colonists.
Prince Louis Napoleon has written a letter, dated London,
to his uncle Jerome, arnouncing bia intention to take hu> scat
i* the National Assembly in case he shall be elected a repro
senutive.
The u-njy 0f the Alps i* to be redsced to 28,000 men, iU
original anKiint,
There are aw-.,jy seventeen candidates 'n the fiold for the
three vacancies in representation of the fopartment of the
Seine.
In the Assembly, Lamartine's amendment, pMging the
State to provide labor for all its citizens, was lost, amidst
much tumult, by a majority of 187 to 59.
- NAPLES AND 8ICILY.
The advices from Sicily are discouraging for the cause ot
the people. A large body of Neapolitan troopa left Naples
on the 30th ultimo, in several war steamers. These troops
had etfbcted a landing at Metaina,* but were subsequently re
pulsed by the Sicilians.
A steamer, which had arrived from Messina at Genoa, and
which left the former town on the 3d, announced that the
struggle had commenced. At six in the morning, Messina
was fired on by 18 gun-boats, as well as by \he citadel, but
the town answered with such spirit that the gun-boats were
damaged and compelled to retire. They the* went to the
Terra Nuova, where tliry threw a great numbe of balls to
clear the shore of some batteries which were esta'jfahod there.
The Sicilians made feint of a retreat, having sp'ked tbeir
"guns, when the gun-boals landed 500 or 600 Swiu, upon
whom the Sicilians turned with fury, snd massacred \ part,
carry ing their heads on bayonets through the city, and nuking
prisoners of the rest.* At b.alf-pa?t two in the afternooq 0f
the 3d the advantage appeared to be on the side of the Sici
lians. Several houses were then burning in the town.
Finally, we regret to learn that the important intelligence
has been received, by means of telegraph, by the French Go
vernment, via Marseille*, that Messina had been taken by the
Neapolitan troops, after a bombardment of the most frightful
kind. The s^j^Jasted five days. The city is in ruins;
7,000 of the unfo?Oinatc inhabitants took refuge in the Eng
lish ami French vessels, which, however, did not further in
terfere than to atfird that protection which humanity dictated.
The two Admirals, however, jointly called upon the Neapo
litan fleet not to attack Palermo, and when the accounts lef
this request bail been respected.
MISCELLANEOUS.
In consequence of the frequent collisions of railway trains
on curves, a signal has besn invented in England which pro
auses good results. It is worked by a crank, which moves a
wire on poles, like the electric telegraph, and operates at a
distance of three-quarters of a mile. If a train approaches,
the lookout turns the crank, and a signal is msde at the dis
tance mentioned, awl there is time to stop before any danger
occurs.
It is contended in England that the cholera does not attack
peraona who live near breweries or mineral springs, in conse
quence of the counter-influence of carbonic acid gas evolved
there. All the watering places with springs that emit this gas
escaped the pes'ilence in Germany, Spain, and England. To
these we may add Ballston and Saratoga.
The act of the British Parliament which permita the estab
lishment of diplomatic relations with the Pope forbids the re
ceiving of any amlmssador in return who is in holy orders.
Dr. Jamks ind his wife, missionaries from the United States,
were recently lost in a veasel ofT Hong Kong.
The number of persons who have travelled on the British
railways the six months previous to the 30th of June was
over twenty-six millions.
The King of the. Belgians has refused to receive the French
Minister because he was once a ahoemaker in Brussels.
Encke's comet is expected to arrive at the point of its orbit
nearest the earth on the 19th of October, forty millions of
miles distsnt. It will be barely visible to the naked eye. Its
peried is 1210 dsys.
A bed of lithographic limestone, twenty miles in extent,
has been discovered in the Dec can.
The increase of American ship* in the trade of the United
Kingdom during the last year is noticed in the English p?
pers. It bu gone up from 35,000 to 60,000 tons.
GREAT BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES.
_ *IW TOIK maun.
ha following article from ,ho London Times containa
noma iut with regard to the land-gnuping propensities of
our p*,,,,.. htadrf witk 11 'J. '?
?? .Ubil#, ouriwtaL UjJnJ
ant on the continued extension of our territory and diffusion
tf I U'? *hould ,,e ,nor? <|uiet, more stable,more
OunatiT"' 7 !imiUw're^ unchangeable.
Our nanonal appetitefor more i. a vice, but one for which
Great Britain has little right to reproach u?
r irr'
n; ! W0H 'o admit and guaranty the ?< po.ses
?ory rights" of the Hudson'. Bay Company io Oregon in ZZ
jng the treaty, and even to concede the free navigation of the
Columbia , but this i. to be submitted to only until it can to
r? '?>br,M^- r?p?p?? *? p-m.r,..,
? to expose the two countries to incessant collision*, heart
burnings, and the peril of war. The distance of Oregon alike
rom turope and thia country is 6? great that the wild border
era there w,]| l* restrained from mutual feud, by no aalutary
feara of law or penalty. It i. very important that the linT
should lie run and marked, and all our aide of it be ours, at
the earliest possible peri?d. Let the lighta of thc.Hud.on'.
ay Company in our Oregon be extinguished aa aoon <*
practicable, and the Dritiah claim to navigate the Columbia
Ooea with it. Such la the opinion of our ablest juriata. Let
hem navigate it ,f they need to, on sufferance, but not aa
eir right by treaty, if our revenue and other laws are to be
really extended over that region.
As to Vancojver's island, it is said to be exceedingly rich
in soil umber, coal, harbor.., &c.; and its possesion may be
come desirable to us , but for the present we would rather see
some part of our national debt paid than any considerable
?um expended to acquire it. And, should it ever
cemry to u*. we believe it will bo much more easily procured
from a trading, money-makin, Company than from the Bii
.wh Government. Contrary, Wore, t0 the ^ q{ ^
contemporaries, we hear with pleasure that this inland has been
ceded to the Hudson's Bay Compuij.
>HOM THE LOSDOW TIMES ?f MtrrEMBBB 8.
1 he policy pursued by the Government'the United Sim*.
with regard to territorial aggrandisement^ ^JJ?*?
serving of attention. Prussia, in her vital u
the middle of the last century, was not more t
upon consolidation and enlargement than is atmS
?ent? and a Si.te which -till ,etainB in iu oi%i?~iE?
sufficient unoccupied land to maintain double t^? of
population, is impressing into its service all the expedients of
COnque#t' and P?rchase, with as much letermina
tion ant^energy as if u were actually gaspirir inthnso ?v
'remiues of political existence which necessitated tbx seizure
of Silesia, and almost palliated the first parti;ion of ?Xnd
tlon of?.hC^ perllaPB> k> tome extent, the matjfcgtal
tion of that high national purpose occasionally proclaim*! bv
Amertcan statesmen, of reducing the utteroifpSTSfi
continent under their rule, upon the faith and sanction of scr*!
. f aml?va l ?f ll ma} "'"P'y the nu,ural development
of ambition and activity ,r, a thriving, uncontrolled, and un
quiet people. But witu either or both' of thei-e motives we
statesmen0" t re 7 COmP?untle<,< on ">? part of forecasting
? tateHraen, a strong desire to multiply and extend, as far^
possible, those outlets for d.?content and restleMneas which are
he very lungs of the American body politic, and to postpone '
o the remotest practicable period that moment*hen the m,h
tng stream of expansive population must at length be checked
and with a sudden and terrible recoil. What emigration is'
Stales ThdJ c'l '.,niSr*,!?n * ,0 the United
? heir colonies are in their wei-tcrn provinces All
opuuM. concur ,n stating that the facilities afforded by 'the
. ,k e8t l? thesPiril adventure or change
the rh^ f M,lvat""1 of the Government, and have been
the chief means ot pr. serving intact, for seventy vears a con- k
stitution which, by the side of rapre recent incarnations of de
mocracy, teems to wear not a few of the features of a steady and
consolidated monarchy. The efforts of the American Govern
ment to perpetuate the existence and secure the free action of
T '""1 safety-valve, have been commensurate in success,
not |?*s than in spirit, with the necessities of the esse. Tike A
with the previously vacant territories of the United Stste* pro
per, we may aay that the annexation of Texas, the acquisi
Uons from Mexico, and the awards in Oregon, have placed at
the .Impos*1 of the authorities at Washington a tract of land
nZl re " "paCI0,"i 3# ,he who,e f,re8, ritly inhabited poi
Uon of their possessions. In fact, taking the whole breadth
Stnh^TaoT1' fr??lhe A,Un,ic to lbe between the
ion ? , |*ralkls, a. representing the present domi*V
ions Of the United States of America, it would t.o substan- \
a 7 correct to say that the whole space west of the Missouri, v
or, in other words, two-thirds of the whole territory, isyetun
u nanted, and lies in reserve for the caprices or necessities of
generations to come. It is particularly instructive to observe
with whit summary and business-like promptitude every acre
of this accumulated property is secured in the Government
stores, and stamped, a*H were, with the national mark, for
the undetermined purposes of the nation.
Already that coast, to the capabilities of which we seem to
pay so little heed, has been brought within call of Wash.na-*
ton, and the ports of the Pacific will be kept well in hand b%
the Cabinet sitting on the shores of the oppos te ?cean. A
line of mail steamers i? forthwith to run between New York
and ISew Orleans , at New Orleans it will join a second line
from that port to Chagre.% on the Isthmus of Panama ; irom
the Isthmus a third line of steamers will traverse the Pacific
to and fiom the Columbia river. The ink of the treaties ia
scarcely dry, and yet, in January next, the direct and regular
communication between New Yoik aiH Oregon will b? such ?
as, at this time last year, had not been established between
London and Ascension. The Americans want no sharesmen
in their operations. The t^ms of the con vem ion left certain
possessory rights to thu Hudson'. Bay Com,.any within the
"rotier assigned to the United Statea. These rights the States
*.rfc ?n*">us to purchase immediately, and it is probaVle that
me /resident, without waiting for the re-assembling of Con
Kr?w, will negotiate during the recess, st uo illiberal valuation
ms barjtm for the whole of these possessions. How much cf
P""* paid fo^ Louisiana or California would the Govern
ment of Washington give for an island which seems to have
gone beggu^ for twelve months in London! There is this
peculiar interest attached to these transactions on the Ameri
can Continent?that we there see in artual operation the courn
ol those events of which in our own world we can only read.
We may look ?t the North America of 1818 aa at the North
ern burope of ? thousand years before, and msy watch with
our own eyes the territorial settlement of a continent. Then
are the Hpamards of the Isthmus, the rival Saxons in the
centre, the Sclavomans in the northwestern angle, and a
powerful element of Celts interspersed. We may imagine a
new race of f ranks establishing itself in a transatlantic Gaul;
a new colony of Hclavea struggling up to a new Pomerania,
or a new swarm of Huns aettling upon a new Danube. We '
have civilised instead of barbarous races to deal with; and
therein consists the whole difference. W ith this variatioa, we
??r ?P?cul,li,r,! ?7? upon a continent of which th?
'nrt ia a. uncertain and fortuitous a.
one ^ d'} " ?f Charlemagne. There mav *
one empir. or two, of one ,wo rM^ or thrrp ^ ki
^ a ""'"T? ??' calculate the
member, of the AmencA family, when the parti-iwn .nd ten
ancy of the continent shall be at length complete. The inter
est felt in such a prospect as this is not diminished by the
c?,s.der.Uon of the extent to which our own national credit is
involved. Over half nf thu nut territory trr have at leant
right*, and it It indeed fitting that the institutiona
{ ,j7TI to whUh u e Mr#** ?> important a tenaneu
should be introduced to general notice. It should not be over
, , ?"r ^maining portion in these possesion, is mainly
?lencient in those very advantages which we have recently pro
posed to bargain away. The immense tract of British North
America has on the Pscific but s very inadequate proportion
ol seaboard. The Russisn territories straggle half wsy down
out western coast from ?he north i and south of the Colum- '
bia river, all will soon be subject to American rule Van
couver', island ia not only the mort promising harbor and
poart'on in theM parte, but it is literally neariy one-half of the
wextem seaboard of our whole dominion. - An l vet ibis i. ,h.
settlement on which we set so little store.
M. Gitizot at YARMoirrn.-At a p^|ic cnter.
tainment given at (vreal Yarmouth, (England,) af
ter the ro-opentng of St. NirhoU Church, W. 6vi- '
zor, who is stopping at Lowest*,fTe, was present,
antl on his health being drunk by the chairman,
spoke as follows:
land ' but ,wice during my life to Eng
l- ' |S ir!" t'me I eamc as the ambassador of a powerful
king ; the seeon<l ss an exile. F have hitherto refused to mv
* every invitation to feasts and to great meetings. Far from'
,/**[ <*ou",7' "n<l ?*<1? it i? my inclination as well
my duty to live in retirement) and this I am doing. But
Ill's occasion is one of a very different kind. The restoration
f a church of God, the piety of an immense people, the elo
quence of two worthy Bishops these w?re the motives that
attracted me to yoor town after I had refused every other in
mW , 'f 'tfret 'l ^ [ *m h.!52' df*p,y b"PPy? have
*en what I have seen, to have heard what I have heard, to
have felt what I feel just ?t this moment. Allow me to saft
keep yoar faith, keep your laws ? be fakhf.il to the examples.
to the tradition, of your mcestors, and I trust God will conti
nue to poor on yon and yoor county His best, his most abun
dant, his most fertile Measings."?paper.

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