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??Liberty and Union, new and lorever, one and inseparable." ~ SATURDAY. OCTOBER 1 1. 1848. PENNSYLVANIA ELECTION. The glorious result in this old Commonwealth was placed beyond doubt some days ago, and each day's returns have only confirmed the success of the Whig candidate, Gov. Johnston. The Key stone State has at last, in the most decisive man ner, proved faithful to her true interests and to her prolessed principles; and we regard the weight of her influence as in the highest degree auspicious for the ultimate permanent ascendency in our Govern ment of those principles which alone can render a nation prosperous, happy, and respected. We insert below returns from nearly.all the coun ties in the Slate, (leaving only eight more to be heard from,) from which it will be seen that where the Democrats last year had a majority of - - 10,114 The Whigs now have a majority of - - 5,210 Showing a Whig gain of ...... 21,324 Thus overcoming the entire Democratic ma jority in the State, last year, of - - - 17,970 And still leaving a Whig majority of - - 3,348 Or, taking another view of the matter, the Whig majority now is *---5,210 The Democratic majority last year in eight counties yet to be heard from was - - 1,802 Supposing these counties to vote the same way this year, the Whig majority will be - 3,348 There can be no doubt, therefore, that William F. Johnston is elected Governor of Pennsylvania by a majority somewhere in the neighborhood of 3,000 votes, assuring the vote of that State for Gen. Tay lor, and virtually deciding the Presidential Election in his favor. Another incident of this glorious victory is, that the Whigs have carried both branches of the State Legislature, which will give us a Whig United States Senator in the place of the Hon. Simon Cameron, whose term of service expires on the 4th day of next March. The State Senate will stand twenty-one Whigs to twelve Democrats. The House of Representatives about sixty-five Whigs to thirty-five Democrats. The reports from the Congressional districts are equally cheering. Wo hear of the election of the following Members : Whig*. Joseph R. Chandler. "Robert R. Reed. Henry D. Moore. Moses Hampton. John Freed ley. LewisC. Levin,(Native.) Jesse C. Dickey. Chester Butler. Thadeus Stevens. Joseph Casey. Charles W. Pitnam. Andrew J. Ogle. Henry Ncs. Samuel Calvin. John W. Howe. James Campbell. Democrats. William Strong. David Wilmot. Job Mar.n. M. M. Diminick. REPORTS FROM PENNSYLVANIA. t 1848. ^ , 1847. ^ Whig. IJem. Whig. Item. Forty-five counties. ..25.249 16,881 15,282 27,816 Adams 750 ? 388 ? Alleghany 2,868 ? 1,300 ? Armstrong -r- 100 ? Bradford ? 100 ? Bedford" ? > 121 ? Blair 809 ? GOO Butler 140 ? ? Beaver 400 ? 169 ? Berks ? 4,276 ? 4,731 Bucks ? 100 ? Carbon ? 191 ? Centre .... ? 890 ? Crawfoid ? 200 Charter 800 ? 538 Clinton ? 150 ? Columbia. ? 1,100 ? Cumberland. ? 75 ? Clarion ? 800 ? Dauphin 975 ? 918 Delaware 493 ? 235 Erie '. 1,400 ? 858 Franklin '. 830 ? 457 Fayette ? 437 ? Greene ? Huntingdon 483 Indiana . * 883 ? Juniata.... ? 98 Lancaster * 4,300 ? 3,810 Lebanon ?... 840 ? ? Lehigh....' ? 443 Luzerne ? 800 Lycoming ? . 450 588 538 253 71 344 302 695 579 281 1,407 308 976 ? 698 1,000 ?. 1,034 ? 371 ? 637 . ? 549 ? 344 800 ? 1,279 w _ 346 Montgomery ? 730 ? 1,418 ~~ "" I 1141 142 740 501 Mercer 600 ? Monroe . ..?? 1230 ? Mifflin ? 153 ? Northumberland ? 589 ? Northampton ? 984 ? Philadelphia City 3,991 ? 2,594 ? Philadelphia County.. 1,070 ? ? 5,087 Perry ? 850 ? 622 Pike _ Schuylkill 750 Sullivan. 475 ? 529 ? ? 887 ? 180 ? 187 Somerset 2,000 ? 1,245 ? Susquehanna ? 1?0 ? 889 ? 570 ? 778 Union. 1,200 ? 984 ? Washington ..... *.. 150 ? ? 196 Westmoreland ? 2,400 Wyomil Wayne. York " ? 2,400 ? 2,188 Wyoming ? 100 ? 166 ? 500 ? 605 ? 250 ? 903 25,792 20,522 15,663 31,767 20,522 10,653 Whig maj. now -5,210 Dem. maj. last year 16,114 Adding the two last sums together, they exhibit a Whig gain of ? ? ? 21,324 The entire Democratic majority in the State last year was - - - - - - 17,970 So that, if the remaining sixteen counties have voted as they did last vear, the Whigs have a clear majority of - - 3,348 FLORIDA. By a private letter, dated Mtrianna, West Flo rida, October 5th, we learn that West Florida and Gadsden county have given Cabell ?? a majority of 600 and upwards," which is a gain of over 200. The returns in the Jacksonville Republican as sure us of Whig gains in East Florida. The Tallahassee Sentinel of October 4th brings us like cheering intelligence from Leon and Gads den, in the middle district. The letter adds: " We have no doubt but the State will be carried by the Whigs." [Richmmd Timet. Minf.sota Territory.?The citizens of this new and remote Territory held a Convention at Still wa'er on the 20th of August, to take measures for the organization of a Territorial Government. A committee was appointed to draw up a memorial to Congress on the subject, and resolutions were adopted expressive of the wishes of the people. Henry H. Sibley, Esq. was appointed a delegate to visit Washington, and represent the interests of the Territory during the ensuing session of Congress. The Hon. Manlius V. Thompson has been ap. pointed a Whig candidate for Elector for the State of Kentucky, at large, in place of the Hon. Wm. J. Gravis, deceased. TARTY C0AL1T10N8. On the 4th of this month, some (lays prior to the Ohio election, the Whig Central Committee at Co lumbus issued an otiicial circular wiiich contained this statement: " Waius or Omu: Information upon which we rely has reached uo that a bargain ha a been made between certnin lead ers of the Free Soil and of the Locofoco partifK, l>y which the Free Moil vole ia to be given for Weller, and in exchange the Locofoco vote ia to be given for the Free Soil candidate lor the Legislature 111 ccrtain districts of the State. This information ia such aa cannot l>? publicly given in proof of the fact; but it ia auch as commands our bt lief. It u enough foi ua to be lieve that auch an iuiquitoun movement is on foot, to prompt ua instantly to put yon on your guard." . The election reports received from Ohio yester day show ut the same time the truth of this combi nation and the degree of success which attended it in certain counties of the State. They had the happy effect also of raising our Locofoco neigh bors from the depths of despondency into which the result in Pennsylvania and the earlier returns from Ohio had plunged them, and ** skies bright" was for'a while faintly heard from up the avenue. But if this unnatural coalition shot Id have proved successful in the Stale elections, how utterly hope less must it be on the Presidential issue, when the two factions will have to dissolve partnership and fall back on their respeclive candidates?the Free Soilera on Mr. Van Buken and the Hunkers on Gen. Cass; , We publish the reports referred to, in connexion with the subjoined returns, prjviously received, comparing them with the Governor's vote of 1816, when the Whig majority was nearly t4,000: l 1818 ^ t 1844 ^ Whig. Devi. Whig. Dem. Adams ? 230 ? 349 Ashlandt 1100 ? (new county.) Belmont '. 458 ? 618 ? Clarke 116G ? 1023 ? Columbiana ? 480 ? 813 Coshocton ? 550 ? 379 Cuyahoga 1003 ? 4 G62 ? Erie 250 ? 119 ? Franklin ? 50 105 ? (Joauga 1108 ? 744 ? Green 900 ? 1109 ? Hamilton ? 1200 ? 1895 Harrison 300 ? 201 ? Highland 30 ? 77 Jeflerson 50 ? 220 ? Lake ?... 897 ? 719 ? Lucas 139 ? 279 ? Medina 93 ? 294 ? Miami 750 ? 670 ? Pickaway 100 ? 183 ? Richland ? 1300 ? 1042 Rom 37 ? 534 ? Sandusky ? 290 ? 207 Scioto 435 ? 231 ? Starke ? 750 ? 69 Summit 800 ? 708 ? Wayne ? 1100 ? 218 0,611 5,950 9,150 5,602 5,950 5,002 O ???? Whig majorities... 3,661 3,515 We do not pretend to say that these returns are correct. They were all transmitted by the Tele graph, passing through several stations at least. In three or four counties we have reduced the reported majorities, because they seemed to us improbable. But, notwithstanding these reductions have been made from the Whig column, the summing up, so far as the returns go, does not appear to be very unfavorable. hater reports, however, unaccompanied by re turns, look inauspicious enough, and the more so because they have been in circulation for more than a day without contradiction or refutation. We insert several of them : "Baltimore, October 12. " Despatches received here by the Democrats state that forty-twc counties of Ohio have been heard from, and that Weller, the Democratic candidate for Governor, has gaiued 2,000 on the vote given for Bebb in 1846. Two members of Congress have also been gained by the Democrats, and the result in the Legislature ia contideied as doubtful." ?? Philadelphia, October 13. '?Returns from thiriy-nine counties show a Whig loss of 2,000, compared with Clay's vote in 1844. " Tba second, third, fourth, eighth, twelfth, fourteenth, and nineteenth Congressional districts are Whig, and tue first, fifth, ninth, and tenth Democratic. The two latter are gains. " The House will probably have a Democratic majority u' two, and a tie in the Senate. " The Whiga every where give up the State." "Baltimore, October 13. " A despatch from the Columbus Stutesman, a Locofoco paper, sajs that 4 Ohio has gone for Weller by 3,000 majori ty.' Doubtful." J PARTV RENUNCIATIONS. Alexander Davidson, Esq., of Detroit, being present at a recent public meeting, and being called for, rose and said : "Mr. President and gentlemen: I did not come here to make a speech, but while I am up I will say this much : I ever have been, am now, and as long as I lire shall be a Democrat. I never voted a Whig ticket in my life. I know Gen. Cass well, and have known hiin for years ; but, gentlemen, I shall not give him my vole at the coming election. If I live until the 7th day of No vember next, I shall vote for that true-hearted genu ine Republican, Major Gen. Zaciiary Taylok, the man who, while in the service of his country, 'asks [of his Government] no favor, and shrinks from no responsibility.' " Mr. James Blair Gilmer, a prominent Demo crat of Georgia, who voted for Mr. Polk, has pub lished a letter, in which he says : " My next vote will be for Gen. Taylor, because I believe him to be the firmest man in the world, the most honest man in the world, and further removed above and beyond party and political influence than any man in the world. I would point out his public and private character, known to th? people of this coun try, for my views of political worth. I would point out his Allison letter for my political creed." Cot.onel Washington's Expedition to Cali , forma.?A friend has obligingly placed in our ' Imnds a letter from a gallant officer of Col. Wash 1 inoton's command, now en route for California. : From it we learn that the command has proceeded four hundred and twenty miles with a train of one j hundred and fifty wagons, heavily loaded, in the ! space of twenty-one days, and was then encampcd | near Maperne, in the State of Durango? The whole command was in excellent condition, and | expected to be in Chihuahua in ten or twelve days. J They had been treated with great kindness and j courtesy by the Mexicans, who furnished thicin with liberal supplies of every thing they wauled. [N. O. Delta. Connecticut.?Returns from the town elections which took place in Connecticut on Monday (eo far as received^ show that thirty-nine towns are Whig, twenty Democratic, and five divided. Five of these are gains for the Whig*, and two gains for the Democrats. Di*tr?*m?? Hncmr..?Mr. John P. Kennedy, a citizen of Harper's Ferry, Virginia, took his life on Thursday week, by taking laudanum. He waa about thirty-eight years of age, ami leaves a wife and children. Mortification at having bro ken the pledge, after once reforming, ia supposed to have en the cause. > . GEORGIA ELECTION. We hope soon to have full returns from Georgia, when we shall be able to judge which, if any, des patches have been " manufactured to order," as tlie olhcial journal expresses it. That paper of Wednes day published a despatch which states that in eigh ty-lour counties the Democratic gain on the Gov ernor's election last year is about 1,400; the De mocratic majority then was nearly 1,300; so that this despatch claims a majority for that party in the popular vote of 2,500. We now have a despatch from the office of the Augusta "Chronicle and Sentinel," dated 11th in stant, which states that in ^ighty-eight counties the Democratic majority (not gain) is only 173, leav ing live counties to be heard from, which gave a De mocratic majority last year of 288. Supposing these counties to have voted as they did last year, the De mocrutic majority will be reduced more than two-1 hirds. Our despatch assures us that this is the case, and that Georgia is certain for Gen. Taxj. lor. The counties to be heard from are Emanuel, Montgomery, Ware, Union, and Lincoln. The Georgia Delegation in the next Congress will be equally divided between the two parties, as in the present Congress, viz : IP/tig*. ^ Democrats. i jiomas Butler King, M. J, Wellborn, Allen 1-. Owen, Hugh A. Haralson, Alex. II. Stephens, Thomas C. IIackett, Robert Toombs. Howell Cobb. SOUTH CAROLINA ELECTION. We received on Wednesday a telegraphic despatch Irom Charleston, giving the first report from the election in South Carolina. According to this des patch the 1 aylor men have gained the victory in the city of Charleston, or in that parish, (we can't tell which,) by a handsome majority. The vole is thus stated: Taylor Ticket. Isaac E. Holmes, for Congress 1G29 Porter, for State Senator 1577 Com Ticket. Samuel (i. Baiker, for Congress 1161 Thomas, Lebre, for State Senator 1359 Of the seventeen members of the House of Rep resentatives to which the parish is entitled, the Tay lor party has elected fourteen and the Cass parly three. Phis is an unexpected viotory. Delaware Election.?The election for Inspec tors, which officers are voted for on strictly party grounds, has resulted favorably to the Whigs by a majority slightly increased over that of 1846. The following are the returns : 1818. Whig. Deni. Ncwcasll* county l?ti Kent county 87 Sussex county ? 76 26:i 76 76 Whig majorities 187 NOMINATIONS FOR CONGRESS. New ^ ork.? 13th District, (city and county of Albany,) John L. Schoolcraft, by the Whigs. The Whigs of Richmond and Kings, assembled in County Convention, have nominated Hon. David A. Bockee for Congress. I he Hon.. N. K. Hall, the Whig Representative in Congress from the Buffalo district, New York, having positively declined being a candidate for re election, E. G. Spaildino; a decided Whig, has been nominated by the District Whig Convention as a candidate to succeed hi in. The Whig Convention of the 16th District has re-nominated Hon. Hugh White, of Saratoga, j Mr. W. was not a candidate, but the Convention, | being unable to ngTee upon anv one of the new ( names presented, settled upon Mr. White by a ; strong vote. | The Hon. Peter II. Silvester has been nomi nated for re-election by the Whig Convention of j the 11th district. The Whigs of Broome county have concurred | w lib ihot-e ol Chenango in the nomination of Henry Bennett for Congress from the 22d district. Tioga will also concur. Hermann D. Gould has been nominated for Congress by the Whigs of the 10th district. Massachusetts.?Hon. John G. Palfrey has been nominated for re-election in the 2d district by the I-rec Soil party. Hon. Benjamin Thompson is the Whig candidate. 3d District.?James H. Duncan, of Haverhill, has been nominated by the Whigs. 9M District.-?Rev. Owen Fowler, of Fall River, is the nominee of the Whigs. The Municipal Election in Baltimore on W#d* nesday resulted in the success ol Elijah Stansbi ry (Democrat) by a majority of about 900 votes over Lliai Griffin, (Whig.) Last year, at the Guber natorial election, the Democratic majority in Balti more was about 1,500. Letters from Ohio slate that the very large Ger man population of the State have the best disposi tions in regard to the Free-soil question. The great est pains are, however, taken by the friends of Mr. ( ass to make the Germans believe that he is the onlj true Free-soil candidate, and is prodigiously zealous for the exclusion of slavery from the Ter ritories. German papers which espouse the cause ot C ass are circulated among them with great in dustry.?A'. V. firming Post. Hon. John Tonne lk, the Whig Senator of Hud son county, (N. J.) who was recently nominated by the Free Soilers on their electoral ticket, declines the station, and takes the only practicable ground upon which the friends of that movement must look for success. He says : ? Should Zachary Tay 1 lor be elected. Congress, as it was intended by ' the trainers of the constitution, will again be. what 4 under the rule of the party which Gen. Cass rep 4 resents it has almost ceased to be, the Govern ment of the country. Honorable peace with for ? cign nations, protection to home industry, and in* 4 ternal improvements will be secured, and our na 4 tion will be prosperous and happy." THE EXILE8. ^ There is at this morofnt a crowil of illustrious exiles in Lon don, instance* of the rever*. of fortune more striking than lUMMjaltifdnhmnCiiiiiide encountered at the Carnival of Venice. A; JVonch papor thus sums them up : Louis Philippe; the Djke ar.J Dneheas of Nemours, the latter born heiress of Saxe Coburg, Coh.ry, am) cousin germari of the , Wuerii ; the Prince and Pr.ncess of Join?ille j (Joixot, who is 1 tt.o guest of the Koeiety for the advancement of Scirr.ct, at j Swansea, Wales i Duchatel, guest of 8ir Robert Peel Kla haut ancient .mbsrsaJor to Venice, Klinrdworth, chief editor of the Ouirot-Metternichian journal, the Spectatuer de Lou drea, and secret agent of Louis Philippe, whose letters rela live to M. Mole the Revue Retrospective has published, Monte,nolm, absolute pretender to the crown of Spnin ( Den i rrancisco, brother to the last-named, and his wife, Arch-! duchess of Austria; Don Miguel, absolute pretender to Hie crown of Portugal, Loui. Napoleon , the Duke of Bordeaux and his wife Archduchca. of Austria, who are supposed to be concealed .0 London ; Prince Metternich , the Count de Co-1 lovroth, Minister of State of Auatria ; the Baron Hsjel, i>ri vate secretary of Metternich, on whom the Tory University of Oxford ha. bertowed lbe decree of Doctor-, degree award ed to Blucher, Prince Albert, Ac., Ynrkee, Chancellor or the court of Austria, author of article, in the Timos, Chronicle, Ac., Louis Blanc and Caussuliere, who, strangely en- nab, clow a hat commenced with th? name of Loui. Philippe. Whit 181G. 85 99 184 37 Dcm. 37 37 147 POLITICAL INCONSISTENCIES. One of the Bahimore Convention resolutions de clares " that the fruits of the great political triumph in 1844 have fulfilled the hopes of the Democracy of the Union." Among the "fruits" of that "triumph" have been a war with Mexico, involving the loss of twen ty thousand lives, a national debt of over a hun dred millions, arid a fearful agitation of the question of slaveiy. If the Baltimore Convention resolu tion is tru<;, then the 44 Democracy" in 1844 hoped that the election of Polk would bring upon the country the "fruits " we have enumerated. Now, it is well known to all persons conversant with the Presidential contest of 1844, that the Lo cofoeos in all sections of the confederacy tie clared that war with Mexico would not and could not follow the annexation of Texas. They ridi-* culed the Wliigs for predicting precisely what has come to pass. If then they cherished the4* hope" that a war with Mexico would be one of the '? fruits " which would grow out of the election of Mr. Polk they kept it to themselves, while they persisted in declaring that no such 44 fruit" would be seen. The resolution of the Baltimore Conven tion declares a monstrous falsehood, and exhibits to the people the uUer recklessness of the members of that body; for no Locofoco will have the hardihood to assert that in 1844 he hoped the election of Mr. Polk would bring upon the country the war with Mexico, with its immense sacrifice of life and trea sure, and its long train of evils. Every Locofoco who did not cherish such a hope must feel that the Baltimore resolution is a vile slander on his pa triotism and humanity. Another of the "fruits" of Mr. Polk's election is his vetoes of the bills making appropriations for river and harbor improvements. Did the Locofocos of the West, who always have been and are very ?generally zealous in advocating such appropriations, hope that Mr. Polk would veto them ! Thousands of them were greatly disappointed when the news of the vetoes reached them, and broke out in the most furious denunciations of their President. The majority of the Locofiuco papers, which published the resolutions of the Baltimore Convention, and expressed their approbation of them, openly and xealously advocate river and harbor improvements by the General Government, and are now vehe mently asserting that, if Gen. Cass is elected, he will sign precisely fiuch bills as Mr. Polk vetoed. Were the hopes of these editors fulfilled by Mr. Polk's vetoes ? Moreover, nearly one-half of the Locofoco members of the House of Representatives at the late session united with the Whigs in declar ing that the improvement of rivers and harbors by the Government was clearly constitutional and pro per. Did they in 1844 hope that Mr. Polk would use the veto power to forbid such improvements ? And yet, in the face of these facts to the contrary, the Balumord Convention adopted the false resolu tion that the Locofocos in 1844 hoped for such ve toes ahd all other bitter fruits of the Polk Admin istration. The Administration of Mr. Polk has not fulfilled the hopes of those who in 1811 promoted his elec tion. Had the party foreseen the course he has pur sued he would not have received the electoral vote of* any State. The members of the Locofoco Na tional Convention of 1844 resolved that th^y would have all of Oregon or none of it. Did they mean by that resolution to express a hope that Mr. Polk would, as soon as he was elected, offer to compro mise the Oregon question, then turn round and be come furious and warlike, and, after indulging that humor for a while, throw the responsibility of set tling the difficulty on the Semite, signifying his wil lingness to sign a treaty relinquishing half of the territory if that body saw proper to advise him to do so! ? ? The truth is, the fruits of Mr. Polk's Adminis tration were not such fruits as were hoped for by the men who voted for him in the last Presidential election. No one admitted that such fruits would result from his election, and therefore it is both monstrously absurd and false to declare the Loco focos hoped for what has come to pass. What ought to be said of the members of the late Balti more convention who adopted the falsehood, or of the Locofoco candidate, Gen. Cass, who has declar ed that he had read it carfully and approved of it cordially?? Louisville Journal. Nrw Ouun. 0<toii?:k 10, 1848. 8th* boat Accihejtt a*h Loas or Lira.?-'The steamer Piney Wi*>d?, bound to tbli port, hu been burnt on the Like. Fifteen lived were U>?t by the accident and eight so red. Anions 'he loot wa* a gentleman and hi* wife, three ladies, and two children. The 1'niversity of Virginia commence* it* present annual aoaaioii with 213 students?a larger number than at any pre vious .mwrion except in 1836-'7, when there were 209. ' The Medical School ha* alao a larger claasthan ever before. Awother Itk*.?Of the regular army about thirty-five thouMml men are entitled to bounty land*. The volunteer* who a^c entitled to llieae land* are about fifty-five thouaand. Fourteen million four hundred thouaand acre* of land will be require! lo *ati*fy the claim* of the noldier* in the Mexican war. This l*nd at the Government price i* worth eighteen million two hundred thouaand dollar*. ? h<ui*rilU Jour. NitEMiviTT to M*HTiKi?rK.?The French Government having fixed the indemnity to the French Weet India colo niata, in consequence of the abolition of slavery, at 90,000,000 franc*. (?3,000,000,) the committee of the National A**em bly, to whom the subject wa* referred, ha* increased it to 120,900,000 franc*, (?4,000,000,) of which two-third* i* to be paid in ca*h and the remainder in Government stork. The Minister of Finance warmly opposed the amount, aa well a* the mode of payment recommended by the committee. The amount of wine already made thi* year in the neigh borhood of Hcrmana, Ohio, ia about 6,000 gallon*. It i* ' worth on an average f 1.85 per gallon. A considerable amount, however, remain* to arrive, a* the Catawba grape ha* not attained ptrfect maturity. Peraona who are in the reprehensible habit of carrying j deadly weapon* arc not onfr-quently the victim* of it. A j caae of thia kind occurred at l'ittaburg a few days since, which ia thu* noted in the Journal : 44 A vouns; man named Jame* Daw*on, a member of the I)u lju?ane lire company, came to his death on Saturday night undir extraordinary circumstance*. He had Iteen on parade during the thy, and in the evening, near the Theatre, wa* cutting soma caper* on the pavement*, and while attempting to lift an empty barrel from the ground, it i* *upi>o.*d, to caat into the atreat, he was heard to utter a painful exclamaUon, and "si obaoived, almost instantly, to aink to the earth. On exaniiiial'on it wa* found that he had in the aleeve of hia fire man'* ahirt iconmon Bowie knife, open and protruding aev eral inchra from the ahirt, below the elbow. He had put it > in hi* *lteve a* the only convenient place about hia uniform, i which he *ti|| wore \ and in hi* etTwla it had worked up on the inside of hia arm until the blade projected through the garment at the elbow. Tliu*, oti lifting the empty barrel with a violent jerk, the weapon entered hia body aomewhere near | the groin, severing an artery in it* course, and producing ' almost immediate dea'h." T>? Last or $3,(>00.?A five dollar bill of tbe Fulton | Dank paaaed through our hands yesterday, on the back of which waa written a* fellows : ?? Thia is the laat of three thouaand d >llar* left to me by my mother at her death, oo the 27th day of Auguat, 1846. j Would to God she had never left it to iiw, and that I had been learned to work to have earner! my living ; I w raid not now . be what I am,"?Journal of Vommcrte. CORRESPONDENCE. FBOM Till HIVT OHLKASS BULtBTIN. We have been favored wilh a copy of the follow ing correspondence relative to the gold medal voted by Congress to Gen. I aylor, for the battle ot Monterey, and which was recently presented to him at Pass Christian, on the part of the Govern ment, by Charles Harrod, hsq. WASHIKOTOS, Jl'LT 3, 1848. Sin : Pursuant to a joint resolution of Congress, appioved thu 3J of March, 1847, I Ijave caused to I* prepared, and now have the honor to presont to you, the gold medal vottd to you l>y that resolution, as a testimony of the high sen?c entertained by Congress of your judicious and distinguished conduct in tue brilliant military operations at Monterey, Mex ico, in September, 1846. I have the honor to be, very n specially, your obedient servant* JAMBS K.. POLK. To Major General Zachaht Tatlor, l<. b. Army. Hatojt Kol'be, (La.) Sin. 28, 1848. Sin : I have had the honor to receive your communication of July :i, and with it the gold medal voted by a joint reso lution of Congress as a testimonial of iny services in the re duction of Monterey. I be< leave to express my deep sense of the distinguished honor which the Houses ot Congress have seen lit to confer upon me by the presentation of this medal, an honor which is enhanced by its reception at the hands ot the Chief Magistrate of the republic. I have the honor to be, with high respect, your most obe dient servant, '?? J AYLOR, Major General U S. Army. lion. J am kb K. Polk, President of the United States, \V ashington. . GEN. TAYLOR AND HIS WOUNDED. I Col. JfcrFEMON Davis, now a Senator of the United Stales, and the brave leader of the Missis sippi rifles, so distinguished at Monterey and at Buena Vista, addressed the people of Vicksburg not long since on political matters. I lie Colonel belongs to the Cass party, but evidently gives no great tribute of enthusiasm to the gentleman in Mississippi, while he cannot speak of Gen. Tay lor without being moved into eloquence and ex citement. Col. Davis served under the old chief, has been in battle with him, knows him well, anil, consider ing him one of the best and noblest men in the world, loves and admires him accordingly. An account of the honorable Senator s speech, given in one of the Vicksburg papers, says: " He ran over some of the prominent mensurcs of public policy in which he took an interest during'the late session of Congress ; sp< kc in terms of severe condemnation concerning . the ' defection' of Benton and' Houston on the Oregon bill; said nothing about Polk ; gave out that the Northern Demo crats were no longer worthy of being called ' allies of the South,' and he should never again speak of them cs such ; and came at last, with evident reluctance, to the Presidential contest. He said that if any person expected him to speak evil of Gen. Taylor they would be disappointed. He knew no evil of tha old hero, and spoke of him as one of the purest and noblest men the world had ever seen. T he Colonel seem eJ greatly moved in speaking of Gen..Taylor, and his eulogy on the old man was beyond all question the finest we ever heard. It wa? received wilh thunders of involuntary applause. He referred to the kindne-s and almost paternal regard shown by Gen. Taylor to the' Mississippiuns under his command, and was agein interrupted by a storm of cheers. " He taid that the old General stood god!ather to the sons of Mississippi when, amid the war and smoke of thu tight, tluy w?!te baptised in blood on the heights of Buena \ ista; and was again compelled to paure by a burricine of applause. He said that during the progress ot the battle, alter he (Col. Davis) was wounded, Gen. Taylor came and sat down by him?ihe firm domination on his brow seemed struggling with an expression of deep sorrow for the brsve fellows who had fallen and those who were yet to bite the Just?when, on being interrogated as to Ins purposes, he replied, while the fire of an unconqucred will gleamed in his eve, 'My wound ed are behind me, and I iltall never past them alive /' About this time the crowd lieeame so excited that they were alnn.*! ready to cariy the Colonel from the stand. This touching and most heroir reply has never before coine to our knowledge. It is one of those characteristic sayings which so strongly mark Gen. Taylor's firm yet generous nature. No wonder his soldiers had confidence in him. No wonder that victory went with him and perched upon his standard wherever it floated over a contested field. While the best faelings of the American heart are rising in sympathetic emoiion with that great ness of soul which prompted such an answer as Gen. Taylor gave to his wounded friend on the bloody field of Buena Vista, the official paper, wor thily representing an Administration which perse cuted the too successful hero, and left him to fight that very batde as a forlorn hope destined to sacri fice?the official paper may fitly employ itself in collating the items of Gen. Taylor's pay ; in enu merating his rations; in stating his allowances for fuel anu quarters, wilh the number of horses the service authorizes him to keep at the expense of the Government; and the sum total, when ascer tained, may be put down with all the emphasis that may belong to olficial statistics. Nay, let that jour nal go over again, a* it has done more than once, the whole course of Gen. Taylor?not to speak of his bravery, not to applaud his victories, not to ex press a patriotic pride in a glory so national as his, but to peer into the pay accounts of forty years, with miserable calculations of forage and rations, to show by an aggregate most imposing to a mercena ry soul the compensation that Geo. Taylor has re ceived from the Treasury since his commission as a Lieutenant was signed by Mr. Jefferson. Yes; let it point to the blood shed at Fort Harrison, and in the swamps of Florida, and on the banks of the Rio Grande, and at Monterey and Buen* Vista, and tell the American peop'e the value of it all in dollars and cents. And let it not publish, let it particularly omit to publish, the letter of Adjutant Gen. Jokes to Mr. Senator Johnson, dcclarinjr that in no case since Gen. Taylor became an officer of the army has he received one penny in the way of extra al lowance, or beyond the regular rates of the services for officers of his grade. From its lucubrations in pigeon-holes, the official paper is likely to be nroused into a dim-eyed per ception of some startling facts. It may discover that it has made a woful mistake in its denuncia tions of a man who is too strongly in the hearts of the people to be reached by its attacks, and that, in spite of its suppression of facts which its own in vectives have called forth, the people know enough of Gen. Taylor to confide in him, and to place the great trust of the Presidency in his hands. [Baltimore A'wrican. A Cmi.nor na!?t Seoxsos* ash Na*k?- On the 12th of August last, the anniversary of the birthday of the Grand Duk>-, the ceiennny of the christening o! ihe irf.int son of the Hereditary Grand Duke and Dochess of Mecklen burg Htreliii took place in the pa'aco at StreTtz. in the pre sence of the relatives of the illustrious house, a l.irge a-awmbly of the nobility, Ac., amount whoin wers the Earl of West moreland and Count Kniphausen, the Hanoverian Minis'er of the Court of Berlin, who acted as proiy for the King of Han over, on* of the godfathers. The mother of the infant prince received the congratulations of the rompuny on this aospHous event, and his venerable grandfather, the grand Duke, held the Prince at the font. The sponsors were her Msjestv Queen Victoria, the Queen Do<vager, the King of Hanover, j the Duke and Dnchcts of Cambridge, the Dnch*?? of Gloo cester, the GranJ Duke of Mecklenburg Schw.rin, the Grand Dukt ami Dnche?.? of Mecklenburg Mrollti, Duke Gus'avus of e*chwerin, the Landgrave of Hesee Caesel, and the Duke of: Wellington. The nsroes of the Prince?Gt?rga Adolphns Frederic Augustus Victor Adelbert Ernest Gustavus William j Wellington.?London paper. I would never separate myself from any man upon the dif ference of an opinion, or be angry with his judgm-nt tor not agreeinK with me in that from which, perhaps within a few days, I should dissent myself. Good nature is one of the sweetest gift* of Providence. Like the pure sunshine, it gladdens, enlivens, ami rheers. In ( the midst of hate, revenge, sorrow, and despair, how glorious ? are its effects. f FROM OUR XEW YORK CORRESI'OKDEAT. New York, October 11, 1848. 1 he i lection returns from Pennsylvania and Ohio, receiv ed here (gut night and thin morning, are exciting a strong in terest, and causing Tat lor stock to rise. Even the Barn burner* begin to think Tatlok will run ahead of Cass, am! i the Hunkers admit that he will run Vas Uchkjt clear out ol ; *ight j and the Whigs universally adopt Itoth opmious. The I Barnburner mass-meeting in the Paik night before last his been exceedingly exaggerated, as to its numbers, by several I ol the city papers. I dont know that it is of the least import ance to correct tne statements, but, should it be thought to be I ?o, 1 will say t!)at I went through jhe meeting and around it, at the time it was the largest, and from the most careful ob servation I could nut estimate the number to lie over three thousand. Mr. John Yax Buuk.k'u speech is getting to be rather a stereotyped affair. It is said he is about goin? to Ohio to issue a few editions of it there; and as he seta down New York for his father, the further he goes from New York j to proclaim that opinion the more witdom he will show, for ! ho will probably not find a believer this side of Oregon. Tat ! loh will have New York by a larger plurality than any State has ever yet given to a Presidenlial candidate. The Fruit-growers' Convention, which met yesterday at | Clinton Hall, is quito a lion. The first Convention of the kind on record, and now people begin to wonder the thing was not thought of before. I looked in a little while yester : day and again to day ; the number in attendance was a hun , dred and fifty to two hundred, and the display of fruit upon I some two thousand plates was very beautiful and interesting. ' Never before certainly in this country were so many varieties ' of [tears, apples, quinces, grapes, &c. collected together at j one place. And there were the growers of them, a very re spectable and intelligent looking body of men, organized into a grave and dignified Convention, conducting their business in parliamentary style, discuvsing the propoities and the merits of the various kinds and varieties of fruit spread out before them, and comparing notes as to best localities, best stock, and best mode of culture. ?Substantial good must come out of this Convention. If he who teaches how to make two blades cl grass grow where but one grew before is a benefactor of his species, surely that man is no less so who gives us the ! best and most delicious fruits in place of those which are poor and undesirable. The. Fair of the American Institute is so far prosperous and successful beyond any former year. The receipts up to this tiaie uie larger than ever before, and I have never before seen it so crowded with visiters as it was last evening. The number probably was not less than six thousand. In the course of the evening Judge Muss delivered a brief but high ly interesting address on agriculture. To-morrow evening is the anniversary, to be held in the Broadway Tabernacle, when an address will be delivered by Rev. Dr. Truro. j The great ca'tle show will be held on Wednesday and I Thursday this week, and will probably be equal to any previ ous exhibition of the kind in this vicinity. The agricul'ural implements at the Fair are very numerous, and no doubt present many improvements. The moving ma chinery is also more extensive and better exhibited than at any previous Fair of the Institute. I shall examine it more particularly and We what is worthy of special notice. Among the eccentricities observable as I walked round the Fair, there was one man exhibiting a straw-cutter, a corn sheller, and a churn, each ami all moved by one-dog power. He had a stout intelligent looking dog in harness, treading a wheel slightly inclined, which moveJ under him and kept the three articles in motiorj. 1 did not ask the man where he came from, but you may set him down for a Yankee, and I'll take the responsibility. But the strangest article of all, to ! be presented at a fair, was a dead infant, preserved in Fish's 1 patent metallic sarcophagus. As to the value of such a pa tent improvement tastes and opinions will doubtless diil'-'r. Mine, however, rather revolt at all such attempts to contra vene the great law of our nature, so early proclaimed to cur race, "from dust thou art, and to dust shalt ihou return." When the Fruit Convention closes its session, the fruit is to be presented to the Fair, agreeably to a vote of the Con vention. LATEST DESPATCHES. Baltimore, October 13?5 P. M. As was expected, the Locofocos of Baltimore have elected their Mayor. They are, however, much disappointed, al ' though suecesifiil, in the result, inasmuch as they made a strong effort. Some of them l*t freely on 1500 majority for I Stansbu.v, and others looked for 2000. The Whigs made very little efiort. Had they all turned out, as was their duty, | the 886 majority for Stansbury would not have been chrom l cled. If Baltimore goes for Cass and Butler in November j next, it will be by a mighty small majority over Gen. Taylor, i the People's candidate. An affray occurred last night about 9 o'clock, in front of the 7th Ward pells, between two men nameJ Juhn McGal ? lagher and Wm. Hunter, which resulted in the death of the 1 lat'er. It appears thst the two men, both of whom are De mocrats, bad qu-trrelltd early in the evening, and had been sepaiated by tbeir friends, and then apparently became re conciled. About 9 o'clock they went into the tavern at the corner of Orleans and Eden streets, and renewed the quarrel there. The keeper of the tavern, Boyd, turned them out of the house, and in a very few minutes Hunter came to the door ol tne tavern, with tbe blood running from a wound in his neck, and crying out that be was subbed. He was con ducted to the apothecary shop of Mr. Cooper, at the opposite corner of the street, and Drs. Piggot, Dunbar, and Bradford were soon in attendance. The wound was examiued, and it was found that tbe carotid artery had been severed. Every fcffort was made to save the life of Hunter, but without avail, and he bled to death about two o'clock this morning. Galla gher was arrested immediately, and committed for further ex amination by Justice Hudson. He states that tbe wound wm inflicted in self-defence, Hunter having hold of him and chok ing him at tho time. I send you encloeed all ibe election returns received here up to the present writing. Some 6.' wi* frvounts from Ohio are based on authority in which I have but little faith, fn other words, they are Loeofoco statements, and svrve to throw matters into a fog. Pennsylvania, however, has come out bright, and my hopes in Ohi:? are yet strong. When Old Rough and Ready romes before the Buckeye boys there will tie a mighty change. The flour market to-day exhibits no change. Bales of about 600 bbls. Howard street brands at $o.45j corn meal, $3.25; rye flour, $1.2*. Wheat is steady : rales of good to prime red at 10* to 112 i cents s white do. 112 to 120; in the early part of tbe wick corn wns very scarrc, to-day tbe receipt# increaaed, and prices declined 6 to 7 c*nta |>er bushel j sales of white at 60 to 63 cents, and yel[ow do. 65 to 67 ; oats 28 to 32 ; rye 70. Tiers is no change in provisions, and gr(*.-eries are steady ; swrars not quite so firm ; beef cattlp $2.40 cents per 100 |I?. gross average 5 hogs $5 5 whiskey 26 to 27 cents. Tbe receipts of tobacco have slightly fallen ofl; and the market continues very dull. The weekly inspections amount to 840 hogsheads, of which 47ft we e Maryland. Pn es 1 rrnge as follows : Maryland $2 a $3 for inferior ami common : #3 a $3.75 for good common 1 $f a |fj tor gwd , a JSl.1 for fine and better qua'itiee ; common Ohio $3 a $3.50; good $4..">0 a #6 t fine rsd and wrappery $6 .VI a ?!J, fina yell, w $<.) a $11, and exiia wrapperv >10 a $13. Stocks are firmer: Sales of $1,006 Maryland quarterly 5'a at 69 : $1,000 Baltimore 6'a, 1870, 96J t $3,000 Baltimore and Ohio Railroad dividend bonds 71 t *125 shares Baltimore and Ohio railroad 28 a 28) 4 U. 8. 6's firmer?no sales. The money market ia eaaier. Philadelphia, Oct. 13?2 P. M.' Stocks firm. Flour $5.37 a $5.50 ; red wheit 114 a 11 tt cents 1 corn heavy?yellow held at 69 a 70. The canal boat 1'ition was burnt near Duncan's island on Tuesday. It look fire from the explosion of a ramplune lamp. Two of the crew, a?l*ep at the time, were b.irnt to death. The cargo, valued at $60,000, was more than one-half lost. New York, Oct. 13?2 P. M. Stochs firm ns quoted yesterday ; Treasury 6'a 103-j ; I". 8. 6's 104* a 1MJ. Flt-ur rather in favor of buyers licne see at $5,314 10 $5.66$ ; com meal $3.Jl>t wheat firm Ge nesee held at 124 a 126 cents; corn 67 a 69 for white, and 67 a 71 for yellow j oats 34. Uoston, October 13. A fire occurred at Nashua (N. H ) this morning, which destroyed the Baptist Church and about a do*en stores and dwellings adjoining. Lowe climated at $50,000, about one third insured. The building in which the telegraph office is kept was consumed. PARTMKK?Hir. LYON k PRINCE. THE underaigned will practice law in partnership in th? several Courts of the eouuties ol Marergo, Sumter, sr?J Greene, and in the SupremeCcurt et ths State. Offiw at !>"? mopolis, Alabama. F. S. LYON, aug 7?Ijr 0. ti. PRINCE.