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THE WEEKLY NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. Tht-subscription price of this paper for a year ii Tubes Doll4us, payable in advance. For the long Sessions of Congress, (averaging eight month*,) the price will be Two Dollabs ; for the short Sessions Ose Dollar per copy. A reduction of 20 per cent, (or one-fifth of the full charge) Will bo made to any one who shall order and pay for, at one time, five copies of the Weekly paper ; and a like reduction of 25 per cent, (or one-fourth of the full charge) to any one who will order and pay for at one time ten or more copies No accounts being kept for this paper, it will not be for warded to any one unless paid for in advance, nor sent any longer than the time for which it is so paid. NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER. LETTER FROM HON. R. W. JOHNSON, REPRE SENTATIVE IN CONGRESS FROM ARKANSA8. WAsuiiffiTON, March 21, 1850. To the Editors of the National Intelligencer : My attention has been called to the fact that some time since you gave publication to extracts from aome of the Arkansas pa pers, to show the stalo of public opinion in Arkssnaas in re ference to the slaveiy question, the acquired territory, and the Union. I also see that you continue the sama course of pub i lication, extracting articles from various Southern papers, (o the condition of the Southern pulse upon these grave and vital topics. t The unqualified and high respect in which I have always held the Editors of the Intelligencer teaches me to know that1 what they thus shadow forth, by their Southern quotations, as public opinion at the South, they must believe to be a true reflection. I know that they are gentlemen incapable of urg ing aught for truth which they may know to be erroneous, and that they cannot thus wantonly seek to depress and de stroy the spirit of the people of the South in their defence of absolutely vital rights. I am satined, too, that you cannot wish to mislead the | North ss to the true feeling at the South, and cannot thus seek to confirm them in an aggressive course of action, so un fair, ao destructive, and so degrading to the South. You do not wish to underrate to the minds of your readers the measure of our difficulties and importance of the issues. Now, gentlemen, any sentiment which proclaims this Union more valuable to the people of any section of it than their righta under the constitution, is not correct. Any pub lication which proclaims lhat the value of this Union cannot be estimated, or from which it may be inferred that the people of the South, or any other enlightened people, will worship the Union after it shall have become an engine for their de struction, immediate or remote, instead of a guaranty and security, presents a flat absurdity. Almost all the extracts you publish go to show that the Southern people do not feel that this is the crisis of their fate, ?nd that they do not sustain Southern Representatives in the view they have taken and deolared of the dangers and the shame, immediate and remote, which hang over their con stituents. This is a sad error. The North will be confirmed in a wrong course by this error, when perhaps it is too late. A feeling dangerous to public tranquillity advances daily with giant strides; and we are bound to estimate, not only what that feeling now is, but what, under its present impetus, it will become in six months more. Your extracts from Arkansas papers misrepresent public opinion there, as I have every reason to believe, having ac cess to all the papers of the State, and being in daily receipt of letters from all its parts. Thus, gentlemen, for one, I find myself, by means of your journal, placed in the attitude throughout the Union of one who misrepresents his people ?and violates his trust. This, I-know, you never intended. The only one of those extracts which I saw, was from the Democrat, published at Little Rock. Upon the Democrat, however, on this question, reliance cannot at present be placed. But yet I am not sure that you will not find this paper in a short time moved by public sentiment to become as strongly Southern as any other. The misrepresentation of the opinions of my constituency, and its bearing upon me, I should not notice at all, if it were upon ordinary party topics. But I am informed, by several members, that similar errors have been promulged as the ?sentiments of their constituents; and as I believe the disso lution of the Union will be the alternative of the loss of our rights, and the preventive cure for the consequent insecurity ?and ultimate overthrow of the South ; and as I know in my heart that I sincerely desire the continuance of this Union, if our people can be protected ; and as I am satisfied that ?error thus propagated in the North, as to the public opinion of their sinter Southern Slates, will tend to confirm them in their present views, will destroy all probability of a just and Amicable settlement,.I shall discbarge my duty by declaring to .you that your extracts, as lar as they relate to Arkansas, iare no fair re/kx of public opinion there. 1 assure you too, that, in my humble opinion, drawn from observation, that the attachment of the intelligence of the South for the Union is not so strong, by a vast deal, as it waa Jive years ago. J will-say further,.that in its place there exists, widely ?spread, a pervading and gloomy apprehension of the ultimate ?effect of this Union upon the South, and. that this feeling is ?exceeded only by the fervency, ardor, and confidence of the STorthern assailants. .And I will say further, that I know a nur ber of instances (?ad in.no instance do I refer to an ignorant or unintelligent mini,) in-wkich an actual dread of the Union has taken the plans of an undaubting confidence, love, reveicnce, and devo tio?. AIF swill unite who really love the Union, to deplore the eriis of the times which can produce such results. That they exist it.is Hind folly to deny ; and, without a knowledge of these, hovsshall we expect that proper remedies will be ap plied ? But I do not condcucn that spirit which proclaims this Unioo an svii, when it sLisl! become an engine of tyranny and destruction. If Southern members would choose so to do, many of them could tell of inatacen? within then knowledge of fco advance of this spirit. In testimony of thi?^ I hand you. one of a number of letters I have received, exhibiting this tenJency, which you, ire re quested to pufetith. I reserve the narao of the writer from publication, with this atetement to y?: that I know his. well. He ia intelligent, .influential, is a genjtieman of characW- and property, and was a member of the State Legislature. The very striking, if not startling changes, in the minds and hearts of our people, new so sppawnt to all observing fljindf, have very near.'y all taken placo wihin a year past. I taight almost say within three months. How l&ng, then, will it be, with this impetus already giw. by the exhibition of a apl/k so determinedlyrfcostile to the inte rs^ fhe equality, and honorable existence uf one section of the Union, (a spirit whieh ia heooming daily ao re intense;) hefoaethe very basis of this Government?theiearts and af ecuons of the people?shall be swept away > I Am, with great respect, your obedient sewanf, R. W. JOHNSON. Copy of a Letter to Air. Johnson. i cophtt, (Ark.) Fib. 18, J.850. Dur Jo*??or : I have this afternoon received and read your aodrsss. |fou are right, as far a. you ,<>, and that to be sure, is a good way. But I hav* made up my mind for something moo* definitive, more speedy of final result*, and an immediate sod eternal settlement of the perplexinjr question. To this opinion I shall adhere without cessation and until the end one way or the other. I regard what so*' getts itself a? the only remedy, the only specific, the only hope for salvation. For b compromise by Clay's, or any body else's resolutions, is fallacious to talk about f it is hope less to think of. I have lost all hope, and have no more confidence. Well, what is it? I intend upon sll occasions, private and public, to urge at ouce a peaceable dissolution. Meet in convention, North and 8outb, and settle the term* ; divide the Territory?Government effects?negotiate treaties of peace and amity. ? ? ? * Hold the North responsible, as a foreign Government, for any interference with slavery, and when ahe transgresses tbat stipulation require indemnity. Now, sir, we may fiddle and fool about this thing until we aie bound hand foot and thrown overboard. But, by rfleeting a dissolution belore this Territory ia all disposed of, we will have equal chancee for our share. A dissolution mow is only what awaits as ia the end ; so let us take tine by the forelock. It is just as sure to come as death. Irrespective of any of the most favorable arrange ments that ran be made in regard to California and other Ter ritories, I go for it. The same fiendish determination will continue to possess the people of the North, and nothing will allay that (ell spirit but dissolution. I have been for months past in doubt and uncertainty about this matter, and never until tbia afternoon could 1 be satisfied with myself on any ground I could take. I presume we shall one and all be called on ere long to take some position. This, then, is mine?unconditionally and irrespective of what may hereafter succeed to allay the storm ; for, like a smothered volcano, it will come forth again with increased wrath and vehemence. Now, my poor humble opinion is worth nothing, of course ; but there it is. I am for peaceable dissolution if we can, forcible if we must; and when I say any thing on the subject it shall be to that end. Your friend, die. ? ? ? EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE. ? ? Lexototo*, (N. C.) March 20, 1850. Gextlbvik : In the .nidst of dangers that now seem to threaten our glorious Union, I am glad to see that you keep jour calmness, deliberation, and prudence ; important quali ties for tbe conductors of a paper so extensively circulated as yours. Your strictures under the head of the " Evil of the day" meet in the main my hearty approval, while those upon the right of Legislative Instruction deserve the cordial appro bation of every true friend of the Union. They have been and are still fruitful sources of evil; indeed, I believe their tendency is evil and "only evil, and that continually Middle North Carolina is sound to the core in her attach ment to the Union, and cannot*be brought to work in the traces of a Southern Convention. It is true that we have a few factionibts who favor this measure; but they are " few and far between," and confined, I believe, in this State, most ly to the party men who are ready to sail upon every current which promises to increase their number at our August elec tion. I believe that, if circumstances should hereafter make it necessary, she will, by a large majority, favor the meeting of a great Union Convention at Washington, or some where upon Mason and Dixon's line, to devise ways and meaps for perpetuating our happy Union. Be this as it may, the Whigs, as a party, in the Old North State, I think I can safely say, will have nothing to do with the proposed Nashville Con vention. Yours, truly. Jefferson County, (Miss.) March 11, 1850. Messrs. Ebitors : A citizen planter of Mississippi and subscriber to your valuable paper, would address you a'few remarks upon the all-abeoibing topic of tbe day. No man, Messrs. Editors, possessing tbe ordinaly faculties and social sympathies with which his Creator has endowed him, can look unmoved upon the present agitation of this our beloved'country : oaucti less is it possiblo for one personally interested and situated in the heart of the cotton-growing re gion to remain undisturbed, and view with composure the un happy struggle nowfgoing on between the South and North ; a struggle in which the North, having nothing to lose, as sumes a position towards tbe South calculated to endanger her most sacred rights and privileges. I have read with interest your editorial remarks, and with thrilling interest the debates in Congress upon this perplexed subject. I have examined it coolly and dispassionately, in all its phases, and am not now going to enter into detail as to the merits of the arguments advanced on either side, but am desirous of offering a few general and practical remarks upon the relative attitude assumed by each contending party to this question. First, then, Means. Editors, waiving all considerations ot our constitutional rights, which are indisputable, let me nrfc, in all moderation, what is it we ask of the North > Is it any thing requiring concession on their part ? Any thing requiring more than simply an exercise of common justice towards their brethren of the 8outh 7 Do we auk of them any thing more than simply to let our domestic institutions alone, and to allow us an equal enjoyment of the privileges and blessings of our com mon country } But, say they, "slavery is a national dis grace." To which we would ask, have we not an equal rigbfr to think differently ? In the name of Him who rules the des tinies of man, why will tbey not allow us to be the guardbns of our own consciences ? Surely, Messrs. Editors, they do not believe the South so deficient in intelligence and Chris tianity as to stand in need of their interference. I am aware that these arguments are not new, but I cannot believe that the intelligent and reflecting portion of the North are insen sible to such appeals. We of the South have heietofore look ed upon this opposition to slavery as confined to a few fana tics; but have we not now just cause of alarm, when we see the ^Legislatures of the Northern States sustaining these ob jectionable measures ? And surely our friends of the North, who believe in the justice of our cause, when they consider how much we have been exasperated, should make due allew ances fjr any thing like ultraism proceeding from the South. It eppears to me that the taunting and illiberal epithets of "doughfaccd" on the one side and " submissionists" on the other, should not disturb the equanimity of highminded and consaientious men. The true friends of the Union here, though they feel their rights have been grossly invaded, yet view with painful regret the ultra course of souie of our promi nent inon of the South. You will doubtless have seen by this time the proceedings of twoimcetings, held at our State Capitol, for the purpose of instructing our Senators and Representatives in Congress upon the California question. I shtfil not undertake to comment upon these proceeding*, nor ciwaw (he arguments for and. against the admission of California ; but, so far as my humble opinion maj go, I am firmly persuaded that though the South may disapprove of this measure, yet, should Congress pass the act of admission, the majority of the South will never consider it a sufficient cause for proceeding to extreme measures. One word more as regards the Territori?s, and I have done. It has always struck me that our friends of the North, even allowing them the greatest latitude to theinpeculiar notions of slavery, have never properly-considered the weight of their objections to what they term "extension of slavery." An extended area, with the present restriction upon the importa tion of slaves, can ire no sense imply an increase or aggrava tion of this institution 4 on the ccntrary, it rather ameliorates the condition of the-slave. Then .where, I would ask, is the validity of this objection ' With this unquestionably correct .riew of tbe cace, together ?,ilh the indi?put*ble right of the Sou'h to an equal chare of tfc public domain and au observance of that golden rule "to do m we would be done hy," it noem* to me to he tue impe rative duty of the North to coue from their bitter hostility to an iuUtution which God and awn have sanctioned froct time immemorial. A. M. Natmral Railroad Cortjswtior.?The National Con vention hrfd at St. Looi* in October last, te promote lie construction of a railway from the Mississippi 1a the Pacific, adopted a resolution to .bold another convention to promote the fame object in Philadelphia on Monday, the let Apri.', prox. The citjr council* and board of trade have according ly made preparations for the meeting of the convention, and the gracd saloon of (he Museum building haa been engaged for the purpose Catchiro Wild Piokorb.?The York (Pcnn.) Republi can state* that Mr. Herbert, of Fawn Township, was in Vork on Monday, with a wagon loaded with about 700 wild Egeon*, which bad been taken in a net. One peraon in aacaater caught two thonaandef then in a net a few daya ago. APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRE8IDENT, By and with the advice and consent of the Senate. James Brown Clay, of Kentucky, to be Charge d'Affaires of the United States at the Court of her Most Faithful Majesty. Charles B. Wello, of Vermont, to be Consul of the United Slates for Batavia, Island of Java. George V. Brown, of New York, to be Con sul of the United States for the Empire of Morocco. Henry Navlor, John L. Smith, James Cran dell, Henry Howison, Samuel Smoot, Charles J. Nourse, Joshua Pierce, and Henry Addison, to be Justices of the Peace for the county of Washington, District of Columbia. On Friday last Gov. Johnston, of Pennsylvania, transmitted to the Legislature of that State a mes sage, covering Resolutions of the Legislatures of Virginia and Georgia, relative to Northern aggres sions, which had been formally sent to him by the Executives of those States, for that purpose. The Governor submits them with a denial of their truth, and protests against their injustice. Gov Johnston denies that Pennsylvania has ever failed in her duty, constitutional or otherwise, to her sis ter StaCeaof vthei South. Mr. Yoomss's Letter [to Governor Towns3 takes ground, in reference to the California ques tion, which nine-tenths of the Southern people will approve. Virginia we think we can an swer for; and we do not hesitate to express the belief that, whilst she may second her rep resentatives in legislative opposition to the ad mission of California at this time, she does not recognise in the success of that measure any such encroachment upon her rights or insult to her dignity as she has solemnly declared that she would find in a law of Congress prohibiting slavery in the Territories, abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia, or restricting the slave trade between the States.?Richmond Times. Charles de Valois, the Secretary of the French Legation at Washington, who had charge of the intercourse between the two Republics during the interval between the departure of M. Poussin and the arrival of M. Le Comte, sailed from New York on the 14th instant, in the packet 6hip Bavaria, for Havre.?North American. So far but a very inconsiderable portion of the people of Virginia, and those but in a very few counties, have responded to the call for the South ern Convention. The great body of the people ?/ Virginia are entirely sound on this question. They will and are determined to resist aggression and maintain their rights; but they love and cherish the Union, and will do nothing which can endanger its existence, or put them out of the pale of the advantages which it gives to them, under all cir cumstances. They will not act prematurely, hasti ly, or unwisely.?Alexandria Gazette of Monday. John W. Finnell, Esq., the accomplished and respected Editor of the Frankfort Commonwealth, having accepted the appointment of Secretary of State lor the State of Kentucky, has relinquished the Editorial chair; being succeeded by William J. Callender, whom he introduces to the public as " a true and Jried Whig, and a forcible and ready writer." The Legislature of the State of Ohio adjourned sine die on Monday last. Amongst the laws passed was one taxing Banks as other property is taxed; another ?reeling a State Board of Educa ting ; and another providing for homestead exemp tion. One new county was erected, to be called Vinton, and formed out of a part of Athens, Fair field, and Jackson counties. The Ohio State Jour nal informs us that this new county was named in compliment to the excellent and universally respect ed Representative from that District in Congress. The Legislature of Virginia at its late session added two new counties to the already large num ber in the ancient Commonwealth, viz : Raleigh, from the southern portion of Fayette county; and Wyoming, by a sub-division of Logan county. North Carolina.?The gallant Whigs of Frank lin county, North Carolina, held a meeting on the 13th instant at Louisburg, at which resolutions were passed expressing continued confidence in General Taylor, and deprecating the holding of the Nashville Convention. Connecticut.?The Slate election of Connecti cut will take place on Monday next. The contest is very animated, and there are three tickets in the field. It is charged, however, that in many dis tricts the Democrats and Free-Soilers are entering into coalition. Growth of Wisconsin.?That large extent of territory now forming the State of Wisconsin, which was but a few years ago overshadowed by a dense wilderness, will soon rank among the most important States of the Confederacy. Some idea of the large accessions to the population which she is constantly receiving, may be gathered from the sales of the public lands within her border. The entries of land within the State during the' year 1849 amount in the aggregate to 795,646 acres, of which a little over 200,000 were paid for in cash, and the remainder, nearly 600,000 acres, were paid for with land warrants. During the year *848 more than a million of acres of land in the ' State were entered, about three-fourths of which were paid for with land warrants. Mississippi.?The Natchez Courier takes bold and just ground against the right of the Legislature to appoint delegates to the Nashville Conven tion, and it publishes the following protest from the minority of the members of the Legislature, tweniy-seven in number, on the subject: " Whereas the Legislature, by entering into Convention for the purpose of electing delegates to the Nachville Conven tion, tnwsenda its power*, and thereby usurps authority and tramples .upon the l.gitiaialo rights of the perple : " Therefore, we, representatives of the people in the Legis lature of the Sta'e of Missiscippi, enter this our solemn pro test ngainsi this proceeding of the Legiilature, novel in its nature, transcending its duties, and tending to subvert the dignity, harmony, prosperity, end perpetuity of the Union of the United States of America.* POLITICAL PROJECTS IN EUROPE. The Cronica, of New Y?cit, has commenced ihe publication of a series of articles from the pen of Don Juan Ajua? Ginon, which have been publish ed in the Htraldo, at Madrid* on the subject of uniting Spain aad Portugal. Ia reference to the proposition the Cronica says : "The union of Spain and Portugal under a tingle Govern mmtt, or under aayetem of mercantile reguUtiona entirely un traoaaaelled?a meaaure which, for the welfare of the Penin Mul*f w dk>ubllfaa a highly important and advantageoua one? ia a euhjeel which haa engaged the attention of reflecting men in both count rifle- The public jouroalf of Spaio and Portu gal have taken ti^e matter ia hand, and when the diecuasion ia once opened on ajach an Important queetion, it ie to be ex pected that it will not terminate until Lieboo atn^il be erected into the capiUl of the JLueitano-Spaniah nation, and then ?hall Spain recover her prrpooderaooe in Europe a*d on lb* ?W>A1ll 99 LAMENTATIONS OF THE DI80RGANIZERS. I WO* THE Al'CCSTA (GEORGIA) HEPCULIC. riviuosr at the South?We could weep over, the di viibru at the South if it would do any good. Whig* repel ! Democrats by harsh epithets, and Democrat! repel Whi^s in the same way. God forgive us for the mimic piety of our professions when we should be in dead earnest, with hearts open to brotherly sympathy, and beating as with the same pulse. We c.iuld fill Mir paper with extracts to show how Northern papers re joio at our dissensions, and make them the rallying cry for thef unioa and firmness. fx tracts are made from Southern papers, and the resolu tion of Southern meetings, to portray us as a house divided itself, which cannot stand, or built upon the sands whijh the storm will undermine and destroy. The 8outh has trut) upon her side, but, Heaven help us! how can we pierce the fanaticism of the North with its rays, when they are obscured by clouds which we foolishly create and spread in hugdblaefc masses-over our own heads > We scarcely know what o say, or how to proceed. We wish to unite the people of th South to prevent the triumphs of discord at homer, to hold ip some resplendent light which will attract attention and nite as all, Whiga and Democrats, as if woke up by the wll of trumpet sound and the patriotic call to resistance Ufwr^Ki.' JijfolAljtaff independence and bono*. That t??f which tells you all is right, no dsngei lingers around onr homes, is a tongue of guilt, which moves at the bidding of a heart of gall, unless it is controlled by illusive hope or betray- ' ing ignorance. Let us unitkas a people, unless we are prepared to submit to the scorn ? the oppressor, and to be pursued by selfie proach when 4ab'.e to rise from the weight of his relentless power. There was puhihed in the "Union" of Friday last, an article republish^ by the "Boston Post" from a London paper, which contents unfavorably upon the style of living maintained by out minister to Madrid. We are at a loss to know what motived:ould have induced the publication allud ed to, so much at Wiance with the facts, as we learn them from undoubted auitority. Mr. BAKHiKGEiuLccupiet the elegant mansion erccted and lately occupied by (J*. O'Donnel, Governor General of Cuba; it has been thorougta; furnished with new and elegant furni ture, purchased in iVr.ce and England, and the eHtablish inmt is altogether safe, a one as befits the character and dig nity of an American representative to a Foreign Court. We are assured by pirate letters received in this city tha1 our Representative at tadrid, so far from exhibiting a nar row and contracted mahter of living, as is alleged by the arti cle alluded to, maintains?uch a degree of style as is justified by, if it does not exceed,he salary paid to our Foreign Min isters. Seizure of Frkrcu "Vessels.?The Courier des Elata Unis alleges that Mr. Cok.iKR, the Collector at 8an Fran cisco, has seized four Fro Ah vessels for having on board brandy in bottles, instead ofV casks of not less than five gal lons each. The utmost leni?cy appears to have been shown to the violator* of the customsUw, inasmuch as the Collector contented himself with dec!ari? the brandy confiscated, and gave over the vessels and the* cargoes to the consignees. Four vessels from Bordeaux kadals4 been seized for breaches of the customs law. It appears as though European ship cap tains or their employers suppose that California is out of the pale of United 8tates autho/ty, and it is quite as well that the contrary should be made known. The New York " Tribune" slates that Messrs. Howlind and Aspinwall, of that city, have adopted a very important rule for the prevention of speculation in tickets by their line I of steamers between New York and San Francisco. It if, that persons purchasing tickets at second-hand, having bam originally mcde oat for other parties, cannot go through with them i a moat rigid scrutiny is made by the agents at Panama, I and the holder is not allowed to go on board the steamer, un i less he can prove himself the original purchaser of the ticket. Damages against a Railroad Company.?An interest ing lawsuit was decided at New Orleans a few days apo, in the case of Elizabeth Huhgh vs. Carrollton Railroad Com pany, in which the plaintiff sued for $10,000 damages for the killing of her husband by the explosion of a locomotive on the Carrollton railroad. The evidence showed that the locomotive wa? a very old one, that the boilers were worn very tbin, and that frequent complaints were made of their being unfit for use. It was also proved that Jacob Hubgh, the de ceased, was an excellent engineer, experienced, skilful, and very prudent. Judge Buchanan charged that there was no doubt about the law authorizing the plaintiff to recover in such a case, if the facts established the damages; and the jury, after retiring ten minutes, returned with a verdict for the plainlitf of $5,000. Dreadful Steamboat Disaster at Buffalo.?On last Saturday afternoon, the steamer Troy, Captain Wilkiks, from Sandusky and other ports on Lake Eric, attempted to enter Buffalo harbor, but the ice preventing, she steered for Black Rock. When just entering Niagara river, off the head of Black Rock pier, her boiler exploded, with a terrible effect, blowing a part of her upper machinery and sundry of her passengers overboard. The whole forward part of the boat above the boiler was made a mass of ruins. There were about forty passengers on bcaid ; those in the cabin at the moment were not injured, but of those who were on deck, and about the boiler, none escaped without injury. The wrcck floated down to Black Kock pier, and was secured near the ferry landing. Small boats at once went to the succor of the passengers blown overboard, some of whom got upon cakes of ice, and floated down tho river till they wore taken off. The number of persons who are known to have lost their lives is twelve?seven passengers and five of the crew. Many are wounded. Of the number lost overboard, nothing certain can be ascertained. The current being swift, and filled with floating ice, there is no probability of recovering the bodies, which will find their way over the falls. Gentle men who witnessed the explosion from the shore, say they saw a number in the water, only five of whom were rescued. The new war steamer Susc^ukhansa was to have been launched at Philadelphia on Wednesday, but she stopped on the stocks. She ia a large vessel, and her boilers, made entirely of copper have coat about $150,000. The water-wheel shafts are of wrought iron, and when in the rpugh, as they came from the forge, weighed 34,000 pounds each. They have been re duced, however, to only 25,000 pounds eich, having lost 9,000 poumW in the lathe, every portion having been turned and sul jeeted to the highes: polish. A committee of the New Yoik Assembly, in (heir report on intemperance in the State, estimate the amount annually expended for drink*, at 7000 grog-shops existing in the cities of that State, exclusive of tillages, at upwards of twenty-five million dollars. They have collected statistics from the various city and county prison*, with the exception of twenty-three, whence no returns have been received, which prove that up wards of 36,000 intemperate persons were arrested in 1849, ?ad that from four-fifibs to nine-tenths of all the crime com mitted has its origin ?n intemperance. Dkatit or a Rcvolti-ion aht Patriot.-?The Jackson ville (Ala.) Republican coaUin# an obituary notice of Jomr Chaxplib, "better known a* grandaire (/handler," who died near that place on the 13ih ultimo, aged 104 year*- He was a native of Virginia, and atrved aeven yearn in the Revo lutionary war, under General* Uaaspa and 8omtbr, and darticipated in the battles of Eutaw, Camden, and Cowpens, | FROM OUR EUROPE AS CORRESPONDENT. London, March 8, 1650. By a fortunate concurrence of circumstances it happens that at this season, when your columns are so fully occupied with your own Congressional proceeding* and other interesting home matters, there is literally nothing occurring in this quarter of the globe which can very much interest your readers. Perhaps the best news we can send is that there is no news. Plenty of rumors, but scarcely any thing to-day that will not be contra dicted to-morrow. Our Parliament is proceeding in its usual routine business, varied with some little mixture of novelty. Mr. W. J. Fox has made the annual motion for extending education to the lower classes of the people. He introduced this motion by a speech of singular good feeling and judgment, and obtained praise from all quarters, and the unanimous consent of the House to introduce the bill to carry out his object. Mr. Hume has made his annual motion for reform in the construction of the House of Commons, and it has met with its usual fate, rejection, by a vote of 242 against 96 ; being a majority of 146 against it. Last year the majority was 186 ; the yev before 267. The real naoteriott strength of the MForm patty in the HtliKnr of Coaunous is said to be 119. Lord John Rus sell, however, holds out hopes of an extension of the eleotoral suffrage, and other improvements in our representative system; but then the question as to the proper time for making them always re curs, and it is always as promptly answered that the present is not the proper time. His lordship said, 44 although he negatived Mr. Hume's motion, 4 he did not therefore hold that the existing limits 4 of the franchise must be permanently maintained ; 4 hut he and his colleagues had thought it would not 4 be advisable in the present session to put aside all ? other questions in order to raise one that must 4 lead to long and protracted debates ; that the sen 4 timents of the country should be matured and 4 settled respecting other questions, before this, 4 which must create a great division of parties, and 4 required fuller information and further reflection, 4 was launched." Referring to recent events in other countries, Lord John contended that we | should derive a lesson from their experience, and not grasp at too much at once, nor make a wide step without mature deliberation. Lord John, in j these observations, had evidently an allusion to the corn-law' question, free-trade, the navigation laws, 6cc., all of which, though apparently, under their present adjustment, working well for the country, may be said to be yet under a course of trial. The division upon Mr. D'Israeli's motion respect ing a revision of the poor laws, with a view of mitigating the distress of the agricultural classes, although apparently a triumph to Ministers, was in reality the reverse, for it exhibited the fact that sixteen Liberals and seventeen members of Sir Kobert Peel's party were reduced, by the specious arguments of Mr. 1)'1sraeli, to leave their old friends and vote with the Protectionists, thus reducing the Ministerial majority to 21, which, but for this de fection, would have been 87. There are rumors that Sir Robert Peel and Sir James Graham are about to take office, that Lord John Russell and Lord Palmerston will be re moved to the House of Peers, and that Mr. Glad stone's not being included in the arrangement led to his abandonment of his par^f* and his forfeiture of the high character which he had hitherto main tained for political honesty and consistency. These rumors have lasted for nearly a week, and therefore we communicate-them, bwtwakAow nothings of the. foundation upon which they rest. It is quite certain that the Administration could not consent to any stirring of the reform question whilst such Minis terial arrangements were on the tapis; hence the rumor has been strengthened by the language of Lord John Russell himself. Ministers have brought in a bill for the extension of the elective franchise in Ireland, which will have the effect of raising the number of electors in Ireland from 30,000 to more than 300,000. This bill has been impeded by every possible parliamentary ina nauvre by Mr. D'Israeli, who divided the House eight times one evening upon the most trivial and i unimportant points, upon each of which he was | defeated by very large majorities?his new allies, Mr. Goulburn and Lord Castlereagh, deserting him after the second division. There is no doubt that the bill will pass the Commons triumphantly, and probably the Peers. It gives the right of voting to every person occupying land rated for the poor rale at a nett annual value of eight pounds or up wards. The opposition, now known by the title of " obstructionistsendeavored to fix the elective qualification at fifteen pounds per annum, but were defeated by a majority of 213 against a minority of 144. Mr. D'Israeli is at present confined by severe indisposition. Science has achieved a great triumph in the com pletion of the Tubular Bridge across the Menai Straits; it was opened the 4th instant, when Mr. Stephenson, its celebrated constructor, drove the first engine and train through it. It was afterwards tested with weights much greater than it will ever have to bear when in full operation, and a train of coal wagons, which, with the coal, weighed more than 200 tons, remained stationary on the middle of one of the long tubes for more than two hours, without deflecting it as much as it is calculated it will be by the operation of a hot summer's day. This noble structure appears to realize every ex pectation of its scientific constructor, and to be more than equal to all that it has to assist in accom plishing. We send you a long account of the opening of the bridge, on a slip cut from one of the morning papers. The great industrial exhibition of 1851 is going on exceedingly well as respects its preliminary arrangements. Manchester will raise at least ten thousand pounds, and,Liverpool and all other of our principal places in proportion. We believe it is intended that the fund to be raised for carrying out the work is to be subscribed by British sub jects, or by foreign merchants domiciled in England. The exhibition is to be opened on the 1st of May, 1851, but articles intended for exhibition cannot be received after the 1st of March inclusive. The site of the building to be erected is fixed by her Ma jesty on the south side of Hyde Park, where it will cover a space of from 16 to 20 acres, or about 1,000,000 of square feet. The productions of all nations will be exhibited together under one general classification. The articles exhibited are to be divided into the following four sections : 1st. Raw material? and produce, illustrative of the natu ral productions on which human industry is employed. 'idly. Machinery for agricultural, manufacturing, engi neering, and other purposes, and mechanical invention*, illus trative of the agents which human ingenuity brings to bear upon the products of nature. 3Jly. Manufactures, illustrative of the results produced by the operation of human induatry upon natural product*. 4ibly. Sculpture, models, and the plastic art generally,, illustrative of the taste and skill displayed in such applica tions of human industry. The building is to be provided to the eihibitors free of rent, and will be fire proof. The objects for exhibition to be delivered at the building in the Park, at the charge and risk of the exhibitor!; but no charge* of any kind will be made whilst they remain there. Colonial and foreign goods will be admitted free of duty for exhibition, but not for sale or inter nal consumption. All articles received will be considered as bonded goods. The Royal Commissioners are in communi cation with the Foreign Office concerning the means of in forming foreign Governments of the arrangements making for the exhibition. The French Government bar, however, taken the initiative, without waiting for official information upon the subject. It has appointed a committee of scientific men, manufacturers, <Stc., to take the necessary measures for causing the various productions of France to be transmitted to England, and for establishing official communications with the Royal Commissioners in England. M. Chahlf.s Dcriir, to advantageously known for hia various publications on the commerce, manufactures, <kc. of England, ia at the head of the French committee. Similar committees are about being formed at Berlin, Vienna, Brussels, Madrid, 6cc. By the last overland nail from India we learn that the contributions from thence will be of the moat ingenious and cosily descrip tion. The Board of Health have published a plan for the abolition of intramural interments in the metropolis and its environs. This is eonsMaied a very valuable document; but it is far too long to attempt ev#<| a summary of. The board recommend* (be establishment of a national eemetery ; and, although they do not exactly designate its locality, there is no doubt that the contemplated position of this " city of tha silent" is at Birrs, in Kent, on th? shore of the Thames, about half an hour dis tant from London by railway, and an hour and a quarter down the river by steamboat. All parties agree in consider ing Erith to be the best of all possible places for this ceme tery, and we earnestly hope its foundation will be set about at once, and in earnest. The extent of the present public cemeteries immediately round the metropolis is two hundred and eighty-two acre*); but a few years hence this space will be abundantly occupied. From this subject tho transition is very natural to that of deaths; and it is pleasant to have to report that our vast human hive was seldom more blessed with general good health than it is at present. The deaths fer the last two weeks have been 911 and 896, respec tively ; the average of the corresponding period, during the pre ceding ten years, was 1,165 and 1,138.' Yopr neighbor, Liout. Maury, will be gratified to learn that tbe practice of "sailing by the great circle," which he has earnestly and ably recommended, has been very success fully carried out in a voyage lately made from Plymouth to Adelaide, in Australia. The ship Constance, Capt. Godfrey, has, by pursuing this track, accomplished the voyage in seventy-seven days, the average period being one hundred and ten days. The principles upon which this mode of sail ing is established are laid down in a work by Mr. Towsojr, of Devonport, entitled tbe " Tables to Facilitate Great-Cir cle Sailing,-" and it is in that work denominated the " Com posite Track " This book was published by the British Ad miralty, to whom the manuscript was ptes^nteJ by its author. By adopting this track Captain Godfrey saved nearly one thousand miles in distance, and secured more favorable winds than are generally met with on the usual route. Nothing new in Parliament these last few days. The Tinus of yesterday announced officially the abolition of the Lord Lieutenancy of Ireland, and the Vice Regal Court at Dublin. This will be a great saving of expense. Whether it will tend to a better state of things in Ireland remains to be seen. The morning papers also furnish extracts from a letter received from Mr. Stewart Erskioe Rolland, who accompa nied Mr. Layard on his present visit to tbe site of Nineveh. These extracts are so interesting that we enclose the tlip from the Times which contains them, for the information of our American friends. % There is nothing important from France. The elections, which are about to talte place to supply the vacancies in the Legislative Assembly, excite the attention of all parties. It is thought that the Red Repubticana, or ultra, party, will beaeftbtedf?tot only in Paris, but also in the provinces. The Gov ernment, however, appears to depend more, if not for its stability, for its peaceful continuance, upon iu military povrer and arrangements than upon any principle of obedience in the people to the laws and authority of the republic. The whole territory of France is occupied by 400,000 men, divided into six armies, prepared for instant war?not against a foreign enemy, but against their own countrymen. This is a melancholy position for Fiance, after two years of a Government founded on the principle of uni veisal suffrage. We do not wUh to draw any illiberal con clusions from this fait, but unfeignedly expre.-s our sorrow that it is so. An extraordinary military force is spread over the country, yet every where the prefects and generals are demanding increase of authority and more troops, as the only protection of public tranquillity and private property. The expense of maintaining thiB army is immense, and, in the di lapidated condition of the French finances, is ruinous. Its annual cost to the nation is about 7,000,000 sterling. The As <embly has at last finished the debate* upon the second reading of the bill relative to public instruction. The principal news fiom Hp a iff is, that railroad speculation was never so active in that country as at the present moment. This is, prima facie, satisfactory as to the political quiet of the kingdom. An English engineer has expressed an opinion that the coal of the Asturias is equal in quality to any which is found in Great Britain, and may successfully compete with the latter in the markets of France and the Mediterranean. These things speak well for Spain 5 the deve!o| ment of her internal resources and the facilitating internal communica tions are the very best first steps to be taken towards the reco very of her ancient power and fame. The dispute between Eholami and Greece is said to be very nearly arranged to the attraction of both parties by the good offices of the French Government. The renewal of di plomatic relations between Tuikey and Austria will most pro bably very soon take place ; the only obstacle his long been a disagreement as to the length of time which the Hungarian refugees should be detained by Turkey at Kuteyah. 77<rce o'clock.?Mr. H. Berkeley's anneal motion in favor of the vote by billot came off last 1 ight, and was lost by a majority of 176 against 121 in favor Of the proposition. Private letters from Madrid of the 2J mention that at no period has the Spanish Government been more a!arm< d than at the present moment respecting the Iidat d of Cuba. It appears that designs arc imputed to some citizens of the Unit ed States of taking possesion of that colony by a coup de main. Owing to these fears, Count Mibasol has departed to take the command at the Havana, accompanied by a Brigadier General and a C.donel of Engineers. AGENCY FOR PROCURING PATENTS, ?fcc. THK UNDERSIGNED, late of the United States Patent Office, has established an Agency for procuring Patents for new inventions. Those at a distance having business to transact at the Patent Office can have it attended to promptly by addressing a letter, enclosing a rough sketch or description of I he nature of the invention, postige paid. For making examinations of the Records and Models in the office, and for fu nilhing information thereof, a fee of will be required. For making Specifics!ions and Drawings, anil attending to the interest 4kf an applicant until the issue of a Patent, his charges will be moderate. WM. J. DOXOHOO, Oftce 8th st. a few doors south ot the Patent Office, opposite (imeral Post Office. He w ill also attend to the prosecution of claims before either of the Departments of the Government, such as Pensions, Bounty Land, Extra and Back Pay ot the war in Mcxieo, Sic., mar 18?dtawgin ((ilobe) WHITE J.ttkKl , or the WorM i:i a \1?n~ot-T\ by Herman Melville, author ofTypce, Ontoo, Mardi, and Kedbum. The Life of John Calvin, compiled from authentic sourcea, and particularly Irom his correspondence, by Tbos. H. Dyer, with a portrait. Posthumous Works of the Rev. Dr. Chalmers, vol. 9, com prising his Lectures and Addresses. Latter-l)?v Pamphlets, edited by Thomas Carlyle, Now 1, The Present Time. ruartt R. FARNHAM.